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QUIZ: VAPOR-LIQUID EQUILIBRIUM

Que. 1 What are the main characteristics of vapor liquid equilibrium? In other words, how do you characterize
the condition of equilibrium between liquid and vapor in general?

Que. 2 State the role of refractometer in the experiment in detail. In other words, how does refractometer help
you in interpretation of the VLE data? Draw necessary curve to support your claim.

Que. 3 Observe the following diagrams. They represent results of standard data for Ethanol/Water VLE
obtained from literature. Answer the following questions:
Txy Diagram for Ethanol/Water at 760mmHg

100
95
90
Temperature (C)

85
80
75
0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00
Mol% Water

(A)
i)
ii)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
y 0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

12.66 KPa
25.33 KPa
55.6 KPa
line
0.1 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.9
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1
x

(B)

What is significance of the line L in diagram B?


Circle the section of figure B showing water-ethanol azeotrope. Explain the reason for your choice
of section.
(Use back page FOR BOTH QUESTIONS)

QUIZ: MASS TRANSFER W/WO CHEMICAL REACTION


Que. 1. During experiment for study of mass transfer with chemical reaction, addition of methyl orange to the
sample withdrawn for titration does not turn the sample yellow at all. In such a case, what can be assumed about
the NaOH concentration in the reactor? To attain this condition perfectly, what reaction order must be followed?

Que. 2. Define enhancement factor. Give its formula. Explain its significance.

Que. 3. State advantages and disadvantages of:


a) Using initial and final cylinder diameter as indicator of mass transfer
b) Using initial and final weight of cylinder as indicator of mass transfer

Que. 4. For system in above question, effectiveness factor is 30.76. If the solubility of benzoic acid in water is
0.0276 kmol/m3, what is value of k? (Hint: Match units for formula)

QUIZ: ADSORPTION IN PACKED BED


Que. 1. What is a breakthrough curve? With a neat diagram explain the nature of a typical breakthrough curve
and define and show breakthrough point.
[5 m]

Que. 2. A) How do we regenerate the activity of the used activated charcoal?


B) Despite flowing water/hot water at very high flow rate for regeneration; in a similar experiment with
industrial grade KMnO4, the activity of the bed keeps falling with each run. What may be the reason? How do
we regenerate the catalyst then?
[5 m]

Que. 3. State the assumptions made in the experiment. What is the effect of cross sectional area on the
adsorption patterns observed in the experiment?
[5 m]

QUIZ: WETTED WALL COLUMN


Que. 1 Define absolute humidity and relative humidity. State the importance of dry bulb temperature and wet
bulb temperature in humidity estimation.

Que. 2 The correlation for theoretical calculation of mass transfer coefficient is:
K G PA
=0.046 R e 0.5 S c 0.33
V
Given that diameter of column = 45 mm, flow rate of air=20 LPM, kinematic viscosity of air=1.45*10^-5 m2/s,
Diffusivity=0.282 cm2/s, calculate theoretical mass transfer coefficient at atmospheric pressure.

Que. 3. What are the assumptions made in the experiment? How do real conditions defy these assumptions?