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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE TERESINA PMT

SECRETARIA MUNICIPAL DE EDUCAO SEMEC


E. M. MANOEL NOGUEIRA LIMA
ALUNO:______________________________________________ TURMA: 8
ANO
PROFESSOR: ANDERSON
AVALIAO BIMESTRAL DE INGLS
The Programma 101 was the first commercial "desktop personal computer",
produced by the Italian company Olivetti and invented by the Italian engineer Pier Giorgio
Perotto, inventor of the magnetic card system. The project started in 1962. It was launched
at the 1964 New York World's Fair, and volume production began in 1965, the computer
retailing for $3,200.
NASA bought at least ten Programma
101s and used them for the calculations for the
1969 Apollo 11 Moon landing. Then ABC1
used the Programma 101 to predict the
presidential election of 1969, and the U.S.
military used the machine to plan their
operations

in

the

Vietnam

War.

The

Programma 101 was also used in schools,


hospitals, government offices. This marked the
Figure 1. Programma 101, the first personal computer

beginning of the era of the personal computer.

In 1968, Hewlett-Packard was ordered to pay about $900,000 in royalties to Olivetti


after their Hewlett-Packard 9100A was ruled to have copied some of the solutions
adopted in the Programma 101, including the magnetic card, the architecture and other
similar components.
1. rede de televiso americana
Vocabulrio:

Plan: planejar

Started: comeou

War: guerra

Launched: lanou

Offices: escritrios

Bought: comprou

Pay: pagar

Moon landing: pouso na lua

1) Marque F ou V nas sentenas abaixo, baseado no texto acima:


( ) O primeiro computador pessoal vendido na histria se chamava Programma 101 e era
produzido pela Olivetti.
( ) Esse computador foi inventado por cientistas americanos e lanado em Nova York em
1962.
( ) A produo comercial do Programma 101 foi iniciada em 1965 e o computador era
vendido no varejo por U$ 3.200.
( ) A NASA comprou 10 unidades do Programma 101 e os usou para o pouso na Lua da
nave Apollo 11 em 1969.
( ) A ABC usou a mquina para prever os resultados da guerra do Vietn em 1969.
( ) A empresa americana Hewlett-Packard pagou U$900.000 para a Olivetti referente
aquisio de computadores, solues e componente para produzir seu prprio
computador o Hewlett-Packard 9100A.
( ) A Hewlett-Packard lanou no mercado o Hewlett-Packard 9100A um computador que
adotava tanto solues idnticas, como o carto magntico e componentes similares, ao
do programa 101 da Olivetti. Por isso foi ordenada a pagar U$ 900.000 empresa
Italiana.
2) ainda sobre o textos marque a alternativa correta nos itens a seguir:
a) O Programma 101 foi lanado na Feira Mundial de Nova York no ano de:
________________________________________________________________________
b) A rede de televiso americana ABC usou o Programma 101 para:
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
c) Segundo o texto o Programma 101 tambm foi usado em:
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
d) A NASA, segundo o texto, comprou pelo menos quantos Programma 101?
________________________________________________________________________
3) Indique o ncleo e os respectivos modificadores dos grupos nominais retirados
do texto:
a) Commercial personal computer
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

b) Presidential election

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
c) Italian company
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
d) Magnetic card system
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
e) Similar components
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
4) Traduza os grupos nominais presente na questo anterior:
a) ______________________________________________________________________
b) ______________________________________________________________________
c) ______________________________________________________________________
d) ______________________________________________________________________
e) ______________________________________________________________________