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Diagram 26 shows a simple transformer. The bulb does not light up.

Which step will cause the bulb to light up?

Increase the number of turns of the secondary coil
Decrease the number of turns of the primary coil
Replace the 6 V battery with a 9 V battery
Replace the 6 V battery with a 6 V alternating current supply

Diagram 27 shows part of the National Grid Network.

What is the magnitude of the voltage and the type of current in the transmission cables?

A radioactive sample has an initial activity of 1400 counts per minute. After 54 days,
the activity is 175 counts per minute.
What is the half life of the radioactive sample?
9 days
18 days
27 days
36 days
Diagram 31 shows three possible radioactive decays, P, Q, and R on a graph of nucleon
number, A, against proton number, Z.

Which decay emits a beta particle?


The following equation is for a nuclear fusion.

What is X?
A Proton
B Neutron
C Beta particle
D Alpha particle

In a nuclear reactor, moderator is used to


absorb slow neutrons

slow down the fast neutrons
drive the steam turbine to generate electricity
absorb radioactive emissions from the core of the reactor

Diagram 29 shows an arrangement to determine the types of radioactive rays emitted by

radioactive source.

The result obtained as below:

As the conclusion, this radioactive source emits

A particles only
B particles only
C particles and rays
D particles, particles and rays

Diagram 30 shows the decay curve of a radioactive sample.

What is the activity of the radioactive sample after 10 days?


800 counts per minute

400 counts per minute
250 counts per minute
125 counts per minute

Which of the following is NOT the direction of -particles approach very close to
the nucleus of an atom?


Three nuclei X, Y and Z have proton numbers and nucleon numbers as shown in the
table below.

Which nuclei are isotopes of the same element?

X and Y only
X and Z only
Y and Z only
X, Y and Z

A nuclide23292V decays to nuclide 22090W and emits alpha-particles and beta-particles. How many alpha and
beta particles are produced?
A 4 and 3
B 3 and 4
C 4 and 4
D 3 and 3


Diagram shows a transformer.

What will happen to L if the switch is OFF and ON for every 2 seconds ?

L will light up only if switch S is OFF

L will light up if switch S is ON
L will light up for a while when switch S is ON and OFF
L will light up all the times when switch S is ON

Diagram shows a simple electrical transmission.

Which of the statement is true ?

A Transformers X and Y are the same type.
B Alternating current is used in cables A and B
C Input and output voltages for transformer Y are the same
D Current flows in cable A are equal to the current flows in cable B

Diagram 29 shows the emission of alpha, beta and gamma ray in a strong magnetic field.

What are the radiations of X, Y and Z?


A radioactive isotope has a half-life of 2 minutes. What can be deduced from

the statement?

After 2 minutes, of the isotope remains.

After 2 minutes, of the isotope remains.
After 4 minutes, of the isotope remains.
After 4 minutes, of the isotope remains.


Which of the following is a fussion reaction?


Which of the following is correct about the penetrating power of , and .


The number of turns between each pair of output terminals of a transformer is shown in
the diagram 25. Which of the following 2 terminals produced the output voltage 12V.

A P and Q
B Q and R
C R and S
D P and R

A transformer is 80% efficient with the primary voltage of 240 V and the secondary
voltage of 12 V. If the current in the secondary circuit is 4 A, calculate the current in the
primary circuit.
A 6.50 A
B 5.50 A
C 1.00 A
D 0.25 A


A radioactive source emits radiation that can pass through a sheet of paper but not
through thick aluminium.

What type of radiation is emitted?

A -particles
B -particles
C -particles
D X-rays

Which of the following statements is a characteristic of gamma radiation?

A It has a positive charge
B It is an electromagnetism wave
C It has a higher ionizing power than alpha
D It has a lower penetrating power than beta


A pupil investigates the penetrating power of radiation from a radioactive source.

The table shows her results.

The source emits

A alpha and beta-particles.
B beta-particles and gamma-rays.

C beta-particles only.
D gamma-rays only.

The equation shows the decay of the nuclide X.

What are the values of P and Q?


The diagram shows part of an a.c. generator when its coil is in a horizontal position.

The graph shows the voltage output plotted against time.

Which point on the graph shows when the coil is in a vertical position?


A long flexible wire is wrapped round two wooden pegs. A large current is passed in the direction shown.

Which two pairs of lengths of wire attract each other?


Which action will most increase a persons exposure to radioactivity?



eating food that has been sterilised by exposure to gamma rays

going for a flight in a high-flying aircraft
opening the windows of a house
using a Geiger-Mller tube and counter


A radioactive source is placed 3 cm from a Geiger-Mller tube in air. The average count rate is
742 counts / minute.

Then, in three experiments, measurements are taken with sheets of different materials placed
between the source and the tube. The results are recorded in the table.

Which types of radiation does the source emit?

alpha and beta only
alpha and gamma only
beta and gamma only
alpha, beta and gamma

A student investigates the emission from an unknown radioactive source. The source is 10 cm in
front of a detector. A strong magnetic field between the source and the detector is then switched

The results are shown.

Which radioactive source produced these results?




The diagram shows one type of radiation passing between the poles of a strong magnet and
being detected.

Which type of radiation is being detected?

alpha-particles only
beta-particles only
gamma-rays only
alpha-particles and beta-particles

An experimenter sets up the following apparatus, in air, to discover whether a radioactive source
is emitting alpha-particles.

The experimenter moves the paper between the source and the detector. There is no difference
in the count-rate. Why is this?
Paper does not absorb alpha-particles.
The count-rate due to the background radiation is too high.


The radioactive source is too far from the detector.

The source emits beta-particles and alpha-particles.

33(10) What is the purpose of carbon brushes in the d.c. motor?

A To ensure good contacts between the stationary components and the moving components.
B To allow the coil to rotate continuously
C To ensure the current flowing through the coil is direct current.
D To prevent the wires from entangling.
Unit-20 page-148
34(14) In the diagram below. what are the directions of the electromagnetic forces acting on wire X and wire Y?

Unit-20 page-149
35(16) The figure below shows an upwards force acting on a current-carrying wire. What is the direction of the
magnetic field?

Unit-20 page-149
36(19) The diagram below shows a simple d.c. motor.

Which combination will achieve the direction of rotation shown in the diagram?

Unit-20 page-150
37(18) A conducting rod moves perpendicularly across the gap between two magnets as shown below.
What is the direction of the induce current in the rod?

Unit-21 page-154
38(19) A conducting rod and an insulating rod (both axes go into the paper) are being dropped between two
magnets as shown below. Which of the following are true?

1 The induced current in the conducting rod flows out of the paper.
2 The conducting rod takes a longer time to pass through the magnetic field than the
insulating rod.
3 The conducting rod will be attracted to the magnets.
A 1and 2only
C 2 and 3only
Unit-21 page-154

B l and 3only
D 1,2 and 3

39(28) What is the power loss when 10kW at 200V is supplied through a cable of total resistance 2?
A 100W

B 2000W

C 5000W

Unit-21 page-155
40(18) The diagram below shows a simple d.c. motor

How can the direction of rotation be reversed?

Unit-21 page-149

D 20000W