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5/14/2016

RELIKT1Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

RELIKT1
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

RELIKT1(sometimesRELICT1fromRussian:1)aSovietcosmicmicrowavebackground
anisotropyexperimentonboardthePrognoz9satellite(launched1July1983)gaveupperlimitsonthe
largescaleanisotropy.Areanalysisofthedatainthelateryearsclaimedaconfidentblackbodyformand
anisotropyofthecosmicmicrowavebackgroundradiation.ResultshavebeenreportedinJanuary1992at
theAllMoscowAstronomySeminarheldatSternbergAstronomicalInstitute,andpublished,forexample,
inissue4/1992ofthe"ScienceinUSSR"journal[1]andinSovietAstronomyLettersinMayJune1992.[2]
Nevertheless,theNobelPrizeinPhysicsfor2006wasawardedtoateamofAmericanscientists,who
announcedthefactonApril23,1992basedondatatakenbytheCOBEspacecraft.
ThisexperimentwaspreparedbytheSpaceResearchInstituteoftheUSSRAcademyofSciencesand
supervisedbyDr.IgorStrukov.
Amapoftheskyat37GHzwasbuiltusingan8mmbandDicketypemodulationradiometer.The
radiometercouldnotconductmultibandastronomicalobservations.Theentireskywasobservedin6
months.Theangularresolutionwas5.5degrees,withatemperatureresolutionof0.6mK.
ThegalacticmicrowavefluxwasmeasuredandtheCMBdipoleobserved.Aquadrupolemomentwas
foundbetween17and95microkelvinsrms,with90%confidencelevel.
TheheatradiationmapoftheUniverseservedastheemblemofthe1989internationalconference"The
CosmicWaveBackground:25YearsLater"inL'Aquila,Italy.
ThediscoveryofanisotropybytheRELIKT1spacecraftwasfirstreportedofficiallyinJanuary1992atthe
AllMoscowAstronomySeminarheldatSternbergAstronomicalInstitute.
AsafollowuptoRELIKT1,itwasdecidedin1986tostudytheanisotropyofCMBaspartoftheRelikt2
project.Thesensitivityoftheequipmenthadgreatlyincreased.Thespacecraftwasscheduledtolaunchin
19931994,butthelaunchnevertookplacebecauseoftheSovietUnion'sbreakupandlackoffunding.

Notes
1.http://epizodsspace.airbase.ru/bibl/naukavussr/1992/vzglad.html
2.Strukov,I.A.,Brukhanov,A.A.,Skulachev,D.P.,&Sazhin,M.V.(1992)."Anisotropyofthemicrowave
backgroundradiation".SovietAstronomyLetters18:153156.Bibcode:1992SvAL...18..153S.

References
Strukov,I.A.Skulachev,D.P.DeepSpaceMeasurementsoftheMicrowaveBackground
AnisotropyFirstResultsoftheReliktExperiment.1984
Strukov,I.A.Brukhanov,A.A.Skulachev,D.P.Sazhin,M.V.Anisotropyofrelicradiationinthe
RELICT1experimentandparametersofgrandunification.PhysicsLettersB,Volume315,Issue12,
p.198202.09/1993

Externallinks
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RELIKT1

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5/14/2016

RELIKT1Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

TheReliktExperiment(http://lambda.gsfc.nasa.gov/product/relikt/)atNASA'sLAMBDA
Retrievedfrom"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=RELIKT1&oldid=666592599"
Categories: 1983inspaceflight 1983intheSovietUnion Cosmicmicrowavebackgroundexperiments
Spaceobservatories Sovietspaceobservatories
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