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Past Perfect

O Past Perfect usado para descrever uma ao que ocorreu no


passado, antes de outra ao tambm passada. Observe as formas e
os usos deste tempo verbal:
FORMAS:
O Past Perfect formado com o passado simples do verbo to have
(had), que funciona como auxiliar do verbo principal, seguido do past
participle (particpio passado) do verbo principal. Lembre-se de que o
particpio passado dos verbos regulares terminam em -ed e os verbos
irregulares possuem forma prpria (verbos irregulares).

- FORMA AFIRMATIVA:
The film had already started when we got to the cinema.
(O filme j tinha comeado quando chegamos ao cinema.)
Compare: The film started when we got to the cinema - As duas aes
ocorreram ao mesmo tempo, diferente do que ocorre no Past Perfect,
onde ambas aes ocorrem no passado, porm uma antes da outra.
The mall had already closed when I arrived there. (O shopping j tinha
fechado quando cheguei l.)

AFFIRMATIVE FORM: SUJEITO + PASSADO SIMPLES DO


VERBO TO HAVE (HAD) + PARTICPIO PASSADO DO VERBO
PRINCIPAL
- FORMA NEGATIVA:
A Forma Negativa do Past Perfect forma-se acrescentando not ao verbo
auxiliar, que o passado simples do verbo to have (had).
* FORMA CONTRADA: HAD + NOT = HADN'T
The couch got soaked because they had not closed the window while it
was raining.
(O sof ficou encharcado porque eles no tinham fechado a janela enquanto
estava chovendo.)
I hadn't heard you knocking the door because I was sleeping.
(No ouvi voc bater na porta porque estava dormindo.)
Peter hadn't realized that the place was so dangerous.
(Pedro no tinha se dado conta de que o lugar era to
perigoso.)

NEGATIVE FORM: SUJEITO + HAD + NOT (HADN'T) + PARTICPIO


PASSADO DO VERBO PRINCIPAL
- FORMA INTERROGATIVA:
Na Forma Interrogativa do Past Perfect, o verbo had posiciona-se antes
do sujeito da orao:
Had the train already left when you got to
the station?
(O trem j tinha partido quando voc chegou
estao?)
Had you already had dinnner when I called
to you?
(Voc j tinha jantado quando eu liguei?)
Had she read the book before seeing the movie?
(Ela tinha lido o livro antes de assistir ao filme?)
INTERROGATIVE FORM: HAD + SUJEITO + PARTICPIO PASSADO DO
VERBO PRINCIPAL

Put the verbs into the correct form (past perfect simple).
1.

The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we (build)

2.

He (not / be)

3.

When she went out to play, she (do / already)

to Cape Town before 1997.


her

homework.
4.
My brother ate all of the cake that our mum (make)
5.

The doctor took off the plaster that he (put on)

before.
6.
The waiter brought a drink that I (not / order)
7.

I could not remember the poem we (learn)

before.
8.
The children collected the chestnuts that (fall)
tree.

six weeks

.
the week

from the

9.

(he / phone)

10.

She (not / ride)

Angie before he went to see her in London?


a horse before that day.

1) When I arrived at the cinema, the film

2) She

3) After they

(start)..

(live) in China before she went to Thailand..

(eat) the shellfish, they began to feel

sick..

4) If you

(listen) to me, you would have got the job..

5) Julie didnt arrive until after I

6) When we

(finish) dinner, we went out..

7) The garden was dead because it


summer..

(leave)..

(be) dry all

8) He

(meet) her somewhere before..

9) We were late for the plane because we

(forget) our

passports..

10) She told me she

(study) a lot before the exam..

11) The grass was yellow because it

(not/rain) all

summer..

12) The lights went off because we

(not/pay) the

electricity bill..

13) The children

(not/do) their homework, so they

were in trouble..

14) They

(not/eat) so we went to a restaurant..

15) We couldnt go into the concert because we


(not/bring)our tickets..

16) She said that she

17) Julie and Anne

18) I

19) He

(not/visit) the UK before..

(not/meet) before the party..

(not/have) breakfast when he arrived..

(not/use) email before, so I showed him how to

use it..

20) You
nervou

(not/study) for the test, so you were very