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Health Informatics

NURS1114
Course Introduction
First Examiner: Miss Kimarie Brown
Second Examiner: Mrs. Pauline AndersonJohnson

WELCOME BACK!

Objectives:
Discuss the following:

course outline
logistics of the course
teachers/timetable/communication
required reading & other resources
setting ground rules

Course Outline
Course Rationale:

Information and computer technologies have


significant impact on healthcare.
These technologies are being used to support all
aspects of nursing.
Future nurses must prepared to use IT to
provide holistic and safe patient care.

Course Outline
COURSE DESCRIPTION
Please read when you receive the course outline.

Course Outline
Duration: 75 hours
Credits (2 Theory, 1 Lab)

Lecture: (insert day and time)


Labs: (insert day and time)

Course Objectives
On successful completion of the course, the
student should be able to:
Define basic computer terminology;

State the meaning and functions of networks;


Describe the term social media and their uses;
Discuss the various forms of e-health;

Course Objectives
Utilize the Internet/Web, social media networks for
health care information access, communication and
interactivity;
Examine the impact of information technology on
nursing practice, patient care and nursing
education;

Analyze the social, ethical, legal and economic issues


of information technology in nursing and health
systems documentation;

Course Objectives
Apply ethical, legal and confidentiality principles
and institutional protocols in the use of health
information systems in managing administrative
and patient documentation systems;
Utilise health information systems in the
conduct of scientific enquiry.

Course Outline
Required Reading
Hebda, T. & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of
informatics for nurses and health care professionals
(5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson.
Recommended Reading
Thede, L., & Sewell, J. (2010). Informatics and
Nursing: Competencies and Applications (3rd ed.).
Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Other Necessities:
A computer (or access to one)
Internet connection

Course Evaluation
Mid-semester examination (40%) - 40 objectivetype items to be completed on OurVLE (date and
time to be announced)

Final written examination (60%) - 60 objectivetype items

Contact information
Kimarie Brown
Email: kimarie.brown03@uwimona.edu.jm
Office: Room 205
Office Hours: Mondays 9 am t0 10:30 am
Mrs. Pauline Anderson Johnson
Email: auline.andersonjohnson@uwimona.edu.jm
Office: Room 204

Ground Rules

You Decide!

Introduction Health Informatics

Objectives
At the end of this 3 hour lecture/discussion,
students will be able to:
Define terms used in informatics
Differentiate between health and nursing
informatics
Explain the differences between data,
Information, knowledge and wisdom

What is Health Informatics?

http://ClipartOf.com/12894

Informatics

science and art of turning data into


information

(Hebda & Czar, 2013, p. 6)

Informatics
The application of computer and
statistical techniques to the management
of information

(Hebda & Czar, 2013 , p 31)

Health Informatics
The application of computer and

information science in all basic and applied


biomedical sciences to facilitate the
acquisition, processing, interpretation, optimal
use and communication of health related
data
(Hebda & Czar, 2013 , p 6)

Health Informatics
Focus: patient/patient care process
Goal: enhance quality/ efficiency of care

(Hebda & Czar, 2013)

http://www.ukchip.org/?page_id=1512

http://mastersinhealthinformatics.com/public-health-informatics-careers-what-are-my-options/

What is Nursing Informatics?

https://healthsciencetechnology.wikispaces.com/7th+Period+Team+8+2010-2011

Try again!

http://www.nursingschoolhub.com/nursing-informatics/

Nursing Informatics
the use of information and computer
technology to support all aspects of nursing

practice, including direct delivery of care,


administration and research

(Hebda & Czar, 2013 , p 6)

What is data?

Data (pleural)
A collection of numbers, characters, or facts that
are gathered according to some perceived need
for analysis and possibly action at a later point in
time
Example:
1. Vital signs
2. Marital status
(Anderson, 1992 as cited in Hebda & Czar, 2013, 9 2)

what is it?

www.carerslewisham.org.uk

Information
Data that have been interpreted
Example:

When a patients temperature is plotted onto a


graph, the changes over time create a pattern
and comparison with normal values becomes
evident and an interpretation can be made.
(Hebda & Czar, 2013)

Knowledge

http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2011/12/is-the-expansion-of-knowledge-endangeringgenius/249735/

Knowledge
The synthesis of information derived from various
sources to produce a single concept or idea.
It is based on a logical process of analysis (eg.
research)
Validation of information provides knowledge
that can be used again
(Ayer, 1966 & Engelhardt, 1980 as cited in Hebda & Czar 2013)

Knowledge
Example:
The determination of the most effective nursing
intervention for the prevention of skin
breakdown.

Wisdom
Can I be knowledgeable
and unwise?
Explain?

illuminatusobservor.blogspot.com

Wisdom
Occurs when knowledge is used
appropriately to manage and solve
problems

(Ackoff, 1989 & ANA, 2008, as cited in Hebda & Czar, 2013, p. 3)

Wisdom
Knowledge
Information

Data

Nursing Informatics
Why are the terms data, information and
knowledge important for nurses?

Nurse as Knowledge Worker


Roles of the nurse:
Data gatherer collection clinical data (e.g.
obtaining vital signs)
Information user structures and interprets
clinical data (e.g. client reports pain, nurse uses
that information to intervene)

Nurse as Knowledge Worker


Roles of the nurse (continued):
Knowledge user interpretation and comparison of
patient data with existing nursing knowledge (e.g.
patient HR 55 bpm; normal HR 60-100bpm)
Knowledge builder - compile clinical data, show
patterns across patients that serve to create new
knowledge or can be interpreted within the context
of existing knowledge (e.g. nursing research)

Applications of Nursing Informatics

Nursing Practice
Nursing Administration
Nursing Education
Nursing Research

Recap
Health Informatics - the application of computer
and information science in all basic and applied
biomedical sciences.

Nursing Informatics - the use of information and


computer technology to support all aspects of
nursing practice, including direct delivery of
care, administration and research.

Recap
Data- collection of numbers/characters/facts
gathered according to need for analysis or future
action.

Information data that have been interpreted.


Knowledge synthesis of information.
Wisdom the appropriate use of knowledge to
solve a problem.

Reference
Hebda, T. & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of
informatics for nurses and health care
professionals (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New
Jersey: Pearson.