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TABS, INDENTS & PARAGRAPH ALIGNMENT

Tabs -

allow you to vertically align text at specific locations. MS Word has a default of tabs set at every half
inch (.5). Each time you hit the Tab key located on the left size of your keyboard above Caps Lock the text
will move in half an inch from the left margin.

There are 5 tab alignments: left, center, right, decimal and bar.
To set tabs:
1. Go to the Home tab. Go to the Paragraph group.
Click on the Paragraph launcher. Then click on Tabs
located at the bottom, left corner of the Paragraph
Dialog Box. The Tabs Dialog Box will open.
2. If you want all the default set tabs to be removed, click
the Clear All tab.
3. Indicate the position you want for the first tab, such
as .75 in the Tab stop position
4. Indicate the alignment of the tab
5. Indicate whether you want a leader to the tab
6. Click Set
7. If you want additional tabs, follow steps 2 through 5.
8. When you have finished setting your tabs, click the
OK tab on the dialog box
The other way to set tabs is by positioning a specific type of tab from the Ruler. You have to click on the tab
type, move your cursor to the position on the ruler and click. The difficulty with this way is that many times
you click the wrong type of tab and you have to go thru the whole cycle again. Using the Format, Tabs way
allows you to easier place tabs where you want them.

There are three indent markers on the left side of the ruler:
First Line Indent
Hanging Indent
Indent (all lines)

First-line indent:
First line indent looks like you pressed the tab key at the beginning of the paragraph. The
advantage is that you can continue typing with the first line indent.
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If you press the enter key once or twice after the paragraph, the next paragraph will continue the
First line indent.

Hanging indent
Hanging indent indents the first line and all continuing lines are NOT indented. Although this style may
look strange to you, it is sometimes used in Bibliographies
1.

Hanging Indent is also how numbered paragraphs align. Usually we dont think of numbering
paragraphs as indenting, but automatic numbering indents the paragraphs using the Hanging Indent.

Indent all lines of a paragraph


Indenting all lines of a paragraph is like setting a temporary margin for a section of the document.
This section is indented using Indent all lines. You can also use the increase indent button on the
formatting toolbar to accomplish indenting all lines of a paragraph.
To bring the typing back out to the margin after an indented section, click the Decrease Indent button on
the formatting toolbar.
To indent both the left and right of a paragraph, drag the Right Indent Marker in toward the
center of the page.
Right Indent Marker on the right side of the ruler

Right Indent Marker

Paragraph alignment refers to the position of the paragraph relative to the left
and right margins. You can align a paragraph before you start typing. When you do
this, each following paragraph will be aligned in the same position. Paragraph alignment is shown on
the Formatting Toolbar.

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A left aligned paragraph is flush with the left margin and ragged with the right margin. This is the most
common alignment of paragraphs.
A center aligned paragraph is where each line is equal between the left and right margin.
This type of alignment is used when people want to show a paragraphs special position.
A right aligned paragraph is flush with the right margin and ragged with the left margin. This alignment is
sometimes popular when people write poetry.
A justified aligned paragraph is when the left and right margins are both flush. In this alignment the
computer puts extra space between words to allow each line to be flush to the margin. The last line of
the paragraph usually winds up being flush with the left margin.

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