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Periodical Exam in Biology (S.Y.

NaMe :
general Directions: No erasures.
I. Identification
Identify what is being needed in the statement.
1. Aspirin is taken in when a person has fever to induce sweating and subsequently, lower
body temperature. This is termed as
2. The organisms being studied in phycology.
3. The atomic weight of an element is equal to its

4. In carbohydrates the ratio of hydrogen to oxygen (H:O) is

5. The synthesis of RNA under the direction of DNA.

6. The process involving the building of the cell, such as the synthesis of proteins and other
macromolecules which results in growth repair of cell structures.
7. The movement of molecules from greater to lesser concentration without using up energy.
8. The movement of solvent molecules from the region of greater concentration of the solvent
(lesser concentration of solute) to a region of lower concentration of solvent through a semipermmeable membrane is called
9. The phenomenon whereby the cell engulfs solid material into the cytoplasm, which are then
digested by intracellular enzymes is known as
10. The metabolic stage of the cell where no signs of division takes place.
11. The stage where DNA replication takes place.
12. The process by which cells proliferate and transmit hereditary characteristics faithfully to
the next generation.
13. The stage of mitosis wherein the chromosomes split and move to opposite directions.
14. A hexose is broken down into 3-carbon pyruvate during

15. The 4-carbon compound that is regenerated during the Krebs cycle is

16. The enzyme that facilitates the conversion of glucose 6-phosphate to fructose 6phosphate.
17. The process whereby ATP is formed by the transfer of a phosphate group from an
intermidiate product to ATP.
18. The unit structure of a muscle tissue is the

19. The substance that accumulates in the blood when fatigue sets in during muscular
20. The molecule in the muscle that possess bundles of twisted polypeptides and globular

21. Molecule whre the calcium attach during muscular contraction is

22. The type of root that develops from other parts of the plant.
23. The portion of the root that contains the apical meristem.
24. Endodermis is found only in the

25. Woody stems are produced by the

26. The bone that supports the tongue is

27. The appendicular skeleton is composed of

28. Oxygen liberated during photolysis comes from

29. The measurement of the light wavelength that is most efficient for photosynthesis.
30. During the C3 pathway , CO2 combines with

31. Where the Calvin Cycle occurs.

32. The most efficient pathway for photosynthesis.
33. The number of NADPH produced during the light reaction.
34. The color with the highest amount of energy.
35. TRUE OR FALSE. H2O is a raw material and byproduct of photosynthesis.
36. In CAM plants, the stomata open during

37. The first recognizable product of photosynthesis.

38. In intracellular digestion, food is taken by

39. These aborsorbs the intestinal enzymes which complete the digestion of proteins and
carbohydrates in the small intestine.
40. Salivary glands which located at the bottom of the jawbone are
41. Another term for large intestines is

42. Organisms which derive energy from inorganic chemical reactions.

43. A disease of the respiratory system characterized by an obstruction of airflow through the
bronchioles as a result of excessive mucus secretion, inflammation, and/or contraction of
smooth muscles in the bronchioles is
44. Tracheal system in insects and arthropods carry airy intoand out of body through special
structures known as
45. Diastole refers to the relaxation of

46. As a result of low blood pressure, blood in the veins as it returns to the heart could
backflow. This is prevented by the presence of
47. Chamber of the heart that recieves oxygenated blood.
48.Animals that excretes mainly ammonia.

49.When the filtration of the blood in the glomerulus slows down because opf problems of
heart vessel blockage, or damage to kidney by disease, the renal failure condition is
50. The Bowmans capsule and glomerulus together is called

51. The skin, mucus membrane, cough reflex, fever and substratum released by WBC are part
of the bodys
52. Diseases causing microorganism that are able to penetrate the skin and enter the blood
system will be destroyed by
53. Our tears, saliva, and nasal secretions have an enzyme which attacks bacterial cell wall
and is called
54. Plasma cells secrete antibodies called
55. B-cells are involved in

56. The most important organ of the immune system.

57. Cells produced in the skin which are used for waterproofing purposes are

58. The basic unit of the nervous system.

59. Inflammation of the meninges.
60. Photoreceptors are located in the

61. A short constricted mass of white matter which connects the pons and the cerebellum.
62. If the controlling center of the reflex arc is located in the brain, the it is called a
63. The hormone that controls the growth of tissues, bones, muscles, and internal organs.
64. The contraction of the uterus in females during childbirth and the regulation of lactation is
caused by
65. A complex chemical compound directly poured into the bloodstream to carry out its
specific function is a
66. Calcitonin, a hormone which maintains blood calcium level, is ssecreted by the
67. A secretion of the pineal body which regulates the wake-sleep cycle.
68. Hypersecretion of somatotrophic hormone leads to

69. Mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids and sex steroids are hormones secreted by the
70. The main function of the fruit is for
71. The accessory parts of the flower include the

72. A plant whose flowers are either staminate and pistillate.

73. Consumers and producers are considered as
74. Air is mostly made up of

75. When a process depends on several different factors, the speed of the process is limited
by the

76. This nitrogen-fixing bacteria is found in the nodules of roots.

77. An ecosystem formed by the mixing of salt-water and freshwater is

78. The most complex ecosystem.

79. This refers to the open water region of continental shelf.
80. Is a form of vegetative reproduction or virginal reproduction in which the seeds are formed
but the embryos are asexually produced from the parents.
II. Multiple Choice
Choose the correct answer by writing the letter of your choice in a separate sheet of paper.
1. Many elements, such as hydrogen and carbon, have several isotopic forms. Which
statement does NOT characterize isotopes?
a. They have the same number of electrons.
b. They have the same atomic atomic number.
c. They have the same number of neutrons.
d. They have identical chemical properties.
2. Water is an excellent solvent in cells, and is the most abundant substance in the living
body. Which of the following statements about water is NOT correct?
a. It takes a relatively large amount of heat to raise the temperature of water.
b. Its solid form (ice) is more dense that its liquid form so ice floats in water.
c. It releases heat as water changes from liquid to gaseous state.
d. It has a high surface tension due to the strength of its hydrogen bonds.
3. Meiosis occurs only during gamete(sex) cells formation in order to
a. reduce the number of chromosomes to haploid
b.undergo recombination of genetic material
c.produce more cells
d. both a and b
4. If one pair of electrons passes from NADH to oxygen, protons generate
a. 2 molecules of ADP
b. 2 molecules of ATP
c. 3 molecules of ADP
d. 3 molecules of ATP

5. Striated muscles differ from smooth muscles in the following, EXCEPT:

a. The striated muscle has many control centers
b. The striated muscle is attached to skeleton.
c. The striated muscle has dark and light bands.

d. The striated muscle contracts on its own without stimulation.

6. Cardiac muscle differs from striated muscle in which of the following criteria?
b. striations
c.intercalated disc

7. Which statement does not refer to skeletal muscular contraction?

a.Actin and myosin glides past each other with calcium and ATP present.
b.Muscle fatigue results from the depletion of ATP.
c. Muscle fatigue results as lactic acid in the blood decreases.
d. Contraction starts after an action potential arrives in the muscle.
8. Which of the following cannot supply the ATP needed during muscular contraction?
a. anaerobic respiration
b. aerobic respiration
c. cellular metabolism
d. lactic acid metabolism
9. The pancreas is both an endocrine and exocrine gland because:
a. it produces enzymes which enterer the duodenum via the pancreatic duct
b. it produces insulin which is directly poured in the bloodsteram
c. both a and b
d. neither a or b
10.Which of the following is not a division of the pharynx?
a. bronchopharynx
b. laryngopharynx
c. nasopharynx
d. none of the above
11. Which trait best describes an open type of circulatory sysem?
a. absence of blood vessels
b. absence of capillaries
c. absence of a heart
d. blood with a composition different from the interstitial fluid.
12. The most important function of the erythrocytes is to:
a. protect the body against disease
b. carry nutrients from cell to cell
c. carry oxygen to all cells

d. remove carbon from all cells

13. Which of the following is NOT a function of leucocytes?

a. to phagocytize bacteria
b. to participate in immune response
c. to produce antibodies
d. to produce anticoagulants
14. During blood transfusion agglutination means that:
a. foreign antigens are found in RBC
b. foreign antibodies are found in WBC
c. there is clumping of cells because blood types are compatible
d. there is no reaction
15. Hardening of arteries is caused by the following factors, EXCEPT one:
a. increased cholesterol level in the blood
b. anemia
c. cigarette smoking
d. diabetes mellitus
16.Which of the following statements does not contribute to the regulation of blood pressure?
a. The symphatetic nervous system constricts blood vessel and increase blood pressure.
b. The parasymphatetic nervous system stimulates the heart to beat faster and increase
blood pressure.
c. The kidneys control the volume of blood and indirectly affects blood pressure.
d. The baroreceptors are sensitive to changes in blood pressure.
17. a thin skin contains the following layers, EXCEPT:
a. stratum basale
b. stratum corneum
c. stratum granulosum
d. stratum lucidum
18. Which of the following is not secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland?
a. antidiuretic hormone
b. luteinizing hormone
c. prolactin
d. thyroid stimulating hormone
19. What type of diabetes is caused by inadequare secretion of insulin by the pancreas?
a. type I diabetes insipidus
b. type I diabetes mellitus
c. type II diabetes insipidus

d. type II diabetes mellitus

20. Which of the following organisms do not have membrane-bound organelles?

a. amoeba
b. bacteria
c. molds
d. sponges
21. All the characteristics below are true for organisms under Kingdom Fungi EXCEPT:
a. They form seeds for reproduction
b. They are composed of hyphae.
c. They form spores.
d. They have cell wall.
22. What characteristic makes animals different from fungi?
a. heterotrophic
b. eukaryotic
c. nonphotosynthetic
d. internal digestion
23. What characteristic makes plants different from algae?
a. contain chlorophyll
b. form embryo
c. eukaryotic
d. have cell wall
24. Which of the following plants do not produce seeds and do not have xylem and phloem?
a. grasses
b. pines
c. ferns
d. mosses
25. What animal is nonsegmented, bilaterally symmetrical, and has coelom that forms from
solid masses of cells between the digestive tract and the body wall of the embryo?
a. mollusks
b. flatworms
c. annelid worms
III. Evaluation
Provide what is being asked in the following.
1. Define ecology, explain its scope, and distinguish the different branches of modern biology.

2. Discuss atoms and elements as the chemical basis of life, describe their behavior, roles,
and characteristics, and identify the chemical elements present in living organisms.

3. Explain the hormonal regulation of reproduction with emphasis on the menstrual cycle and
the timing of important events of the cycle.

4. Explain the importance of scientific name and writing it properly.

5. Discuss the growth of plant and animal populations in communities.

IV. Comprehension (Oral Recitation)

Answer the following questions:
1. Based on the current news that you heard about our environment that is destroying, how
could you stop the people who does making our environment destroy that causes much
bigger problems in the food industry, in our health, and in our plants and animals who are

2. What do you think are the causes of the HIV /AIDS in the world that is one of the biggest
and contro- issue in the world?

3. What do you understand about topoisomerase and what is the role of topoisomerase in
our body, speciffically in our cells?