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INTRODUCTIO

Polyme
rs
Fibers
Yarns

Wove
n

Knitte
d

Braid
ed

Nonwoven

Fabrics
Applicati
on

Woven structure

Knitted structure

Braided structure

Introduction
Nonwoven Fabric is a fabric-like material made from long fibers, bonded together
by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment. The term is used in the textile
manufacturing industry to denote fabrics, such as felt, which are neither woven nor knitted.
Nonwoven materials typically lack strength unless densified or reinforced by a backing.
It may also having other names such as Shaped Fabrics (or) Yarn free
Fabrics

Non-Woven structure

Definition
Nonwoven stuffs are largely described as piece or web structures,
bonded simultaneously by entangling fibre or filaments mechanically, thermally
or chemically.

Commercial Nonwoven
Products

Nonwovens are designed to offer particular characteristics, suitable for


certain use. Their various properties are combined together in order
to create the required functionalities.

The modern nonwoven technologies are permits to simulate required


structures and properties as per market need. Some of the
commercially available products are listed below:

Some examples of Day-to-Day use of


Technical Textiles
Kitchen
Clothing
Shoulder Pads
Collar / Cuff Interlinings
Waddings in
Jackets

Civil Engineering
Railway Tracks
Soil Erosion
Slope Stabilizations
Flyovers Landfills

Floor Mops
Tea Bags
Coffee Filters

Factory
Dust Collection Filter Bags
Liquid Filtration
Battery separators

Car
Carpets, Roof-liners,
Seat belts, Tyres,
Airbags

Furnishing
Carpets
Vertical Blinds
Wall Coverings

Hospital
Masks, Gowns,
Caps, Bandage,
Baby Diaper,
Sanitary Napkin
35

Classification
Agrotech Horticulture,
Agricultural, Forest

Buildtech
Construction,
Lightweight
engineering
Clothtech
Garment, Shoes
Geotech Road &
Rail
Infrastructure
Hometech Furniture
& Furnishing

Indutech Filtration
& Chemical
Engineering

Meditech
Personal
Hygiene, Medical
Mobiltech Car,
Ships, Aircraft,
Space

Packtech - Packing

Oekotech
Recyling, Waste
Disposal
Protech Person
& Property
Protection
Sporrtech Sports &
Leisure

Agriculture & Horticulture


Nonwovens are used effectively for optimizing the productivity of crops,
gardens and greenhouses.
In horticultural applications, nonwovens protect the plants against
temperature extremes by day and by night, thus creating the foundation for
earlier harvests with excellent results.

Products
Artificial skin
Wound-contact layer
Wadding, Scaffold
Plasters
Elastic bandages
Non-elastic bandages
Compression bandages
Gauze dressing

Products

Surgical drapes
Surgical gowns
Surgical caps
Absorbent layer
Cover stock

Surgical cloths
Surgical gowns
Masks
Wipes
Outer layer

GEO TEXTILES
Nonwoven Geotextiles are thicker and made either from short and
continuous filaments, carded or laid in even patterns and then mechanically
(needle punched) or thermally bonded.

Benefits of using Nonwoven in


GeoTextiles

Cheap and easy to manufacture.

Superior chemical resistance in even the


aggressive environment application.

Highly porous structure

Staple fibers needle punched together to form


fabric capable of withstanding construction
installation stresses.

Nonwoven applications in

CONSTRUCTION
- Sound insulation
- Anti-radiation-type construction textiles will be very important in the future.
- Foil, a special film, combined with materials such as foam thermal insulation products
- Resistance to hydrolysis with water, which is important in areas where contact is
inevitable PU-ether-based chemical applied to the use of textiles.
- Breathable, wind-and rain-proof light houses.

Household Textiles

China nonwoven
carpet

Nonwoven fabrics can be used in the


following household textile applications:
Floor coverings

Nonwoven wall
hanging

Upholstery materials
Webbings, etc.,

Automotive Interiors
Facings and structural reinforcement materials are
used in a variety of different applications
Includes:
Headliners
Trunk liners
Door trim
Package trays
Sun visors
Seats

I
n
S
h
o

PACKAGING
Example Product:

Food wrap: Meat

Cheese and fish wrappers

Food contact packaging

Tea & coffee bags

Absorbent pads

Sacks, bags & sachets

Envelopes

Sacks and bags

Protection

Sheets, bags, sacks, wraps for delicate


products
(Ex: electronic products, car bumpers,
leather goods)

Advantages of using nonwovens

Easy to recycle and compost

Easy to convert into pads and shapes

High tear resistance

Rice Bag