18/07/2011

Answer the Future :Contents
I. Introduction
II. General Cocept of Wind power
III.Formulas
IV.General Parts
V. Limitations
VI.Future of Wind Power(MARS)
VII.Advantages of MARS
VIII.Wind Data
IX. Innovative Wind Turbines
X. Top Five countries in World

Conversion Energy
10 – Wind Energy
Halina Pawlak-Kruczek
2011 Technical University of Wrocław

1

I.Introduction

2

II.General Concept Wind Power.

1.Electricity Basic Need.

• Wind sytems are due to Movement of
atmospheric air masses which inturn

2.Currently conventional energy resoures
available last till next 50 years or So.

result of differnce in Solar heating.
• Energy contained in wind is it’s Kinetic

3.We need take immediate action
considering future energy demands,also
take care about pollution .

energy.
3

4

1

3.18/07/2011 III.5 pAV^3 joules per second 2. mountain area 8 2 .Shaft Where p=Density of air. Colour Localization Green Extremaly beneficial Yelow Beneficial Orange Quite beneficial Red Negative Brown Extremaly negative Black Off site site. V=Velocity of Air 5 V.Limitations of Windturbines  Constructing and installing of Conventional windmill is time consuming and expensive.  Noise Pollution.  They catch low speed wind at 200 m to 300 m.Generator A=Area enclosed by Wind Blades..  High maintanenace cost.Formulas IV.Rotor Blades P(watts) = 0. General Part of Wind Turbine •Suppose wind blades enclosing area of 100 m^2 cutting wind of 10 m/s then energy generated by it is Simple Wind turbine consist of : 1.

6 m/s Rated power 37. Regions • Energy potentail of wind ( H = 20m.6 m Outline of the rotor surface 47. PREBUD 13. World year avarage wind speed is determined at the height of a 20 m (current velocity measurements were performed in the wind stations IMGW przewaĹźnie at an altitude of 10 m).5. provinces from szczecińskie to krosnieńskie 750 – 1000 4./min Rotatory speed of rotor 3 szt. 4.firma NORDTA. part of bydgoskiego.7 m Rotor diameter 12 m Rotor diameter 24.0 Region 3 middle part of Polski.5 m/s Year avarage wind speed 5.łódzkiego.5 kVA Rated power 150 kW Hight of rotor 12 m Hight of rotor 32.5 .WE-12 W.5 m2 113 m2 Outline of the rotor surface Number of blades 3 szt. 38 obr. Dania ok.0 . suwalskie.5 9 Plant type. v = 4-16 m/s) Year avarage wind speed H = 20m kWh/m2 m/s Region 1 coast.4 t Mass of complete plant 11 ok. including Denmark. Rotatory speed of rotor Number of blades 60 obr./min Start speed of power plant 4 m/s Start speed of power plant 4 m/s Unregulative speed 18 m/s Unregulative speed 25 m/s annual productivity of electrical power 24 000 kWh annual productivity of electrical power 250 000 kWh Time of usage installed power 640 godzin Time of usage installed power 1660 godzin Mass of complete plant Localization Rzezawa k/Bochni. while in the U. warszawskiego i szczecińskiego 1000-1250 4.S. constuction IBMER Year avarage wind speed In 1988 the installed capacity wind turbines operating in the world was about 1700 MW.16 m / s in the area free of trees and superstructure. part of ciechanowskie 1250-2250 5-6 Region 2 poznańskie.4. installed capacity was about 1400 MW 10 Plant type NTK 150 XLR . ciechanowskie.18/07/2011 It was appointed at the height of a 20 m above ground level and calculated for the wind speed velocity of 4 .NK. approximately 210 MW. of which about 300 MW of Europe. ESP Zarnowiec 12 3 . 16 t Localization Lisewo k/Żarnowca.

162 87 Stockholm Manufacturer: Kvaerner Turbin AB Project: WTS80-3 / 1 (prototype) • Location: Näsudden (one of the islands of Gotland in the Baltic Sea) The turbine was installed in November and 1992 and the technical studies in March 1993 and past the operation.Future of Wind Power MARS a) Working "There is enough energy in high altitude winds to power civilization 100 times over.000 kg elevation angle 8 deg abbot Airlines 13 14 VI. 3000 kW Optimal current 14 m / s height of tower 78 m Current calls off 25 m / s Rotor diameter â Food 80 m abbot World Number 2 weight 162. This MARS turbine Capures wind at higher speed which found at higher altitude 1000 m. and sooner or later. Specifications: • • • • • horizontal design Current wind 6 m / s Power max. we're going to learn to tap into the power of winds and use it to run civilization.” This is Future Wind Mill called Magnen Air rotor System. 4 .18/07/2011 Owner: Vattenfall AB.

   5 .     VII.  They desigend for no maintainace. Inner part is coated with Myler this will prevent hellium gas from esacpe. Blimp made by Bullet Proof Material. Lined with coating that protects it from UV and abrasion.  Placed closer to Demand centers.  Rotors operated in between 2 m/s to 28m/s wind speed. Magnus Effect : Due to Stay Vertical at high Wind speed.18/07/2011 b) Parts of MARS c) Inside MARS   Blades:Blimp itself. Less expensive per unit of Electricity. Time Avaraged output much closer to rated capacity.  Generator  Tether : Transmission cable itself act as tension cable to hold MARS.Wind Data(Capacity incresed with Height) Easy deploy anywhere and move. VIII.Advantags of MARS MARS envelope made by Vectran material.

Wind Turbines c) Some Applications of MARS 6 .18/07/2011 Hight comparision b) MARS Vs.

kitegen.com   7 . IX) Innovative Wind mills a)Kite Generation www.18/07/2011 Economical Aspect of Mars Economics of Convention WT Final pricing is yet to be determined on the 10kW MARS unit.00 dollars per watt.com b) VAWT Vertical Axis Wind Tubine 17 m diameter VAWT at New Mexico. We are aiming to have Magenn's target list price between $4.windstuffnow.5 dollars to $7. (Please Note: this price is subject to change).US www.

China : 5899 MW Answer of Future (Conclusion)  Renewble energy : Power for Sustainable future.com kitefen.com International Renewbal Energy Agency Peswiki.com U. Referances        Windstuffnow. 8 .  Energy Efficiency: Need for Future.Energy dept.Top Five Countries in Windpower 1.S.18/07/2011 X. India : 7850 MW 5.S.discovery. Renewble energy by Godfrey Boyle. U. Germany : 22247 MW 2.com dsc. Spain : 15145 MW 4. : 16819 MW 3.

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