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STAFFING

MEANING:-
Staffing is the process of determining the manpower requirements that could
meet the objectives of the company. This includes appraising and selecting
candidates to fill these requirements and orienting, training and developing
new and existing staff.

NEED FOR STAFFING:-


(1)Filling the roles
(2)Human emphasis
(3)Availability of knowledge
(4)Specialization

IMPORTANCE OF STAFFING:-
(1)Investment costs
(2)Holistic approach
(3)Long term effect
(4)Potential contribution
(5)Costs may surpass investment

PROCESS OF STAFFING:-
(1)Manpower planning
(2)Job analysis
(3)Recruitment
(4)Selection
(5)Placement and orientation
(6)Training
(7)Performance appraisal
(8)Promotion and career planning
(9)Compensation
(10)Separation

RECRUITMENT

MEANING:-
Recruiting is the process of attracting qualified and skilled persons to apply
for the jobs that are vacant in the organization.

SOURCES OF RECRUITMENT:-
(1)Internal recruitment
(2)External recruitment

[i]Sources of internal recruitment:-


(a)Transfer
(b)Promotion
(c)Lay off

[ii]Sources of external recruitment


(a)Waiting list
(b)Recommendations of present employees
(c)Notices exhibited in the workshop, office or at the factory gate
(d)Factory gate
(e)Jobbers ad contractors
(f)Personnel consultants
(g)Colleges, universities tech. institution and schools
(h) Employment exchanges
(i)Media advertising

SELECTION
MEANING:-
Selection is the process of discovering the most suitable and promising
candidate to fill up the vacant position.

STEPS IN SELECTION PROCESS:-


(1)Scrutiny of application received
(2)Preliminary interview
(3)Specialized application form
(4)Testing
(5)Interview
(6)Checking references
(7)Medical examination
(8)Final selection

TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT


MEANING:-
Training is a learning experience which seeks relatively permanent changes
in an individual that will improve his ability to perform on the job.

NEED FOR TRAINING:-


(1)Reduced learning time
(2)Improved performance
(3)Attitude formation
(4)Aid in solving operational problems
(5)Managing manpower needs
(6)Benefits to employees themselves

TRAINING METHODS:-
(1)Apprenticeship training
(2)Vestibule training
(3)Job rotation
(4)Internship

COMPENSATION
Compensation is what employees receive in exchange for their contribution
to the organization.

INCENTIVES
MEANING:-
Incentive usually implies the payment of a guaranteed minimum irrespective
of the output plus additional remuneration for larger output, time saved,
costs reduced and better workmanship.

TYPES ON INCENTIVES:-
(1)Monetary incentives
(2)Non-monetary incentives

[i]Types of monetary incentives:-


(a)Profit sharing
(b)Co-partnership
(c)Bonus
(d)Suggestion systems
(e)Commission

[ii]Types of non-monetary incentives:-


(a)Supervisory relationships
(b)Assignment of challenging jobs
(c)Recognition
(d)Knowledge of results and experience of progress
(e)Level of aspiration and participation in management decisions
(f)Experience of achievement

METHODS OF WAGE PAYMENT:-


(1)Time rate wage system
(2)Piece rate wage system

Compiled by,
Rizwan Basheer Ahmed