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7/23/2016

MultipleChoiceQuiz

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Chapter16

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MultipleChoiceQuiz

MultipleChoiceQuiz
(Seerelatedpages)

ResultsReporter
Outof20questions,youanswered4correctlywithafinalgradeof20%
4correct(20%)
15incorrect
(75%)
1unanswered
(5%)

YourResults:
Thecorrectanswerforeachquestionisindicatedbya

1INCORRECT

Themostvisuallystrikingevidenceofglobalwarmingis:
A) theincreasedprecipitationalongtheGulfcoaststates
B) highlyvaryingtemperaturefluctuationsfeltduringthewintermonths
C) rapidmeltingofglacialiceonnearlyeverycontinent
D) alloftheabove

2INCORRECT

Themajorreason(s)forthecollapseofthegreatMayancivilizationwithapopulationofmillionsin800ADtoabout
30,000bythetimesSpanishexplorersarrivedinMexicowereattributedto
A) deforestation
B) soilloss
C) otherlanduseissues
D) alloftheabove

3INCORRECT

Weknowthis(orthese)forsure:
A) theflooding,thunderstormsandhurricaneshaveincreasedoverthepast100years
B) theamountofwatervaporretainedintheatmospherehasincreased
C) outpouringofgreenhousegasessincetheindustrialrevolutioniscausingtheplanettoretainmoreheat
D) alloftheabove

4INCORRECT

Climaterepresents
A) representsthelongtermaverageweatheranditsstatisticalvariationforagivenregion
B) weatheraveragedoverayear
C) itisameasureofvariationsintheamountofprecipitation
D) noneoftheabove

5CORRECT

Climateforcingrefersto
A) theforcesthatactontheclimate
B) theforcesthataffecttheweather
C) processesthatdisruptEarth'sheatbalanceforcingtheclimatetochange
D) noneoftheabove

6INCORRECT

Greenhouseeffectrefersto
A) abilityofatmospheretoretainwatervapor
B) abilityofcertainatmosphericgasestotrapheatandkeeptheplanetrelativelywarm
C) abilityofcloudtoscatterelectromagneticradiation
D) noneoftheabove

7
UNANSWERED

Greenhouseeffectiscausedbynaturalaffectsandanthropogeniceffects.Ifthereisnonaturalgreenhouseeffect,the
Earth'saveragesurfacetemperaturewouldbearound__________C
A) 0
B) 32
C) 14
D) 18

8INCORRECT

OneoftheorbitalparametersinMilankovitchcyclesiseccentricity.Changesineccentricityaffects
A) theshapeoftheellipticalorbit
B) thedifferenceinsolarheatingbetweensummerandwinter
C) themaximumandminimumdistancedistancestotheSun
D) alloftheabove

9INCORRECT

TheaxialtiltreferstohowtheinclinationofEarth'saxisvariesbetween______and_______overa41,000year
period
A) 20.030.0
B) 22.124.5

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7/23/2016

MultipleChoiceQuiz
C) 25.035.0
D) noneoftheabove

10
INCORRECT

Apositiveclimatefeedback
A) exampleisthawingofpermanentlyfrozenground
B) isaprocessthatincreasesoramplifiesthesystem'sresponsetoachangeintheheatbalance
C) intensifiesEarth'scurrentwarmingtrendthatmakesglobalwarmingapotentiallydangerousproblem
D) alloftheabove

11
INCORRECT

Carbonsequestrationis
A) removalofcarbonfromtheoceanandstoreitintheland
B) removalofcarbonfromunderground(suchashydrocarbondeposit)andstoringinEarth'ssurface
C) removalofcarbonfromthesurfaceenvironmentandplacingitinstorage
D) noneoftheabove

12CORRECT

AcomparisonofthetrappingofheatbyCO2andCH4isthat
A) CH4traps21timesmoreheatintheatmospherethandoesCO2
B) CO2traps21timesmoreheatintheatmospherethandoesCH4
C) thesameamountofheatistrappedbybothCO2andCH4
D) noneoftheabove

13
INCORRECT

Asystemofoceancurrentsthatdistributesbothheatandfreshwateraroundtheplanetiscalled
A) Gulfstream
B) thermohalinecirculation
C) hydrologicalcycles
D) noneoftheabove

14
INCORRECT

ElNio
A) occurswhentradewindsslacken
B) occursevery35yearsandlastfor912months
C) producedryconditionsinthewesternPacific,butcommonlybringheavyrainsanddestructivefloodingtoparts
ofcoastalNorthandSouthAmerica
D) alloftheabove

15
INCORRECT

ThetemperatureswingbetweentheMedievalWarmPeriodandtheLittleIceAgewasonly______F,whichenoughto
drivetheVikingsfromGreenlandandbringfaminetocivilizedEurope
A) 3
B) 5
C) 1.7
D) 2.3

16
INCORRECT

Overthepast800,000years,theCO2concentrationintheatmosphere(basedonDomecoreprojectinAntarctica)
rangedbetween______and______ppm
A) 180375
B) 100340
C) 350700
D) 180280

17CORRECT

Highprecipitationareasarewherehumidairmass________andaridzonesarefoundwheredryair______
A) risesdescends
B) descendsrises
C) risesrises
D) descendsdescends

18
INCORRECT

Theeffect(s)ofglobalwarmingis(are)
A) shiftingofclimaticzonesfromtheequatortowardEarth'spolarregions
B) expansionofcirculatingcellslocatedonbothsidesoftheequatorbyabout110km
C) changesinEarth'sbiomes
D) alloftheabove

19CORRECT

LossofseaicebymeltingintheArcticOcean
A) willresultinsealevelrise
B) mayresultinpositivefeedbackthatamplifiesglobalwarming
C) willresultincoolertemperatureintheArctic
D) noneoftheabove

20
INCORRECT

ScientistspredictthepHofseawatertodecreaseto_____,representinga(n)_____%increaseinacidityoverthe
record2007conditions
A) 7.9640
B) 7.9946
C) 7.8964
D) 7.880

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