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The lean systems concept is a current trend in operations management. This involves taking
a total system approach to creating an efficient operation. This includes concepts such as justin-time (JIT), total quality management (TQM), continuous improvement, resource planning,
and supply chain management (SCM).
Companies are using the Internet to reach out to customers, and suppliers directly.
Amazon.com has been able to sell books and many other items directly from its warehouse to
people like you and me. The Internet is changing how the supply chains work since we can
now eliminate the middle man or distributor by selling directly from the factory to the final
or end customer. Companies can also ease transactions between businesses, known as B2B
commerce, by using electronic trading networks.Large information systems, called Enterprise
Resource Planning (ERP) systems, are allowing companies to increase efficiency. These
large, sophisticated software programs coordinate, across the entire enterprise, the activities
involved in producing and delivering products to customers.;l;lEach of these concepts makes
intensive use of information and cooperation between partners. OM will most likely continue
to be more information intensive and require greater cooperation among all the players in the
value chain.

Recently there has been a dramatic surge in the outsourcing of parts and services that had
previously been produced internally. This has been encouraged by the availability of fast,
inexpensive communications. A whole new breed of contract manufacturers that specialize in
performing focused manufacturing activities now exists. The success of this kind of traditional
outsourcing has led companies to consider outsourcing other major corporate functions such as
information systems, product development and design, engineering services, packaging, testing,
and distribution. The ability to coordinate these activities is a significant challenge for the
operations manager of the future.
The implementation of global enterprise resource planning systems, now common in large
companies, has challenged managers to use all of this information. This requires a careful
understanding of where control should be centralized and where autonomy is important, among
other issues. Companies have only begun to truly take advantage of the information from these
systems to optimally control such resources as inventory, transportation, and production


Conceptual framework

The Figure 1 shows the Conceptual Framework of the Study.

The INPUT consists of the General Profile of the Graduates First the Demographic Profile which includes the
following variables Civil Status, Gender, and their Present Location. Second Educational Profile which includes
the following variables Degree/s and Specialization, Professional Examination Passed, Reason/s for taking
Bachelors Degree and Post-Graduates Studies Attended after College. Third, The Employment Profile which
includes the following variables Present Employment Status, Nature of Industry, Place/Area of Work, The First
Job after College, Length of time stayed in their First Job, Length of time before they land on their First Job after
College, Reason/s for staying in their First Job, Relevance of the Curriculum in to their Jobs and Present Job
The PROCESS consists of the data-gathering tool to distribute the Questionnaires to the
Respondents are the following In-person distribution, Email Questionnaires, Facebook Messaging, Telephone
Interview, after the distribution of the questionnaires is the Statistical Treatment of Data and lastly in the Process is
the Interpretation of Data. For the OUTPUT, The Employment Status of the PUPQC Graduates Batch 2005 is