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1.

An equation is called quadratic if the highest power of the variable in it is 2.

The given equation is (x + 2)2 = 3x.
x2 + 4x + 4 = 3x
x2 + x + 4 = 0
Since the highest power of the variable x is 2, this equation is quadratic in nature.
Hence, the equation given in alternative C is quadratic in nature.
Distracter Rationale

2.

A.

(x + 3) x x2 + 4x + 3 = 0
x2 + 3x x2 + 4x + 3 = 0
7x + 3 = 0
Since the highest degree of variable x is 1, this is an example of a linear equation.

B.

x2 + 4x + 5 = 3x3 + x2
x2 + 4x + 5 3x3 x2 = 0
3x3 + 4x + 5 = 0
Since the highest degree of variable x is 3, this is an example of a cubic equation.

D.

3(x2 + 1) = (3x2 + 4x + 7)
3x2 + 3 = 3x2 + 4x + 7
3x2 + 3 3x2 4x 7 = 0
4x 4 = 0
x+1=0
Since the highest degree of variable x is 1, this is an example of a linear equation.

It is given that the number is x. Hence, its reciprocal is

1
.
x

1 5

It is given that x
x 2

2
x 1 5

x
2
2
2 x 2 5x

2 x2 5x 2 0
Hence, the quadratic equation 2x2 5x + 2 = 0 represents the given information.
1

3.

It is given that the breadth of the rectangular field is x m.

The length of the field is 3 m less than twice its breadth.
Thus, length of the field = (2x 3) m
If the length of the field is decreased by 5 m, then new length = (2x 3 5) m = (2x 8) m
If the breadth of the field is decreased by 4 m, then new breadth = (x 4) m
Thus, the area of the field now becomes {(x 4) (2x 8)} m2 = 800 m2
2x2 8x 8x + 32 = 800
2x2 16x = 768
2x2 16x 768 = 0
x2 8x 384 = 0
Hence, the quadratic equation x2 8x 384 = 0 represents the given information.

4.

An arithmetic progression is a sequence of numbers in which the difference between any

two successive terms is constant.
In the sequence 15, 8, 1, 6, 13
a2 a1 = 8 15 = 7
a3 a2 = 1 8 = 7
a4 a3 = 6 1 = 7
a5 a4 = 13 ( 6) = 7
Since the difference between the successive terms of this sequence is constant, this
sequence is an A.P.
Distracter Rationale
B.

The given sequence is 14, 11, 8, 5, 1 .

Here, a2 a1 = 11 14 = 3, a3 a2 = 8 11 = 3,
a4 a3 = 5 8 = 3, a5 a4 = 1 5 = 4
Since the difference between the successive terms of this sequence is not constant,
this sequence is not an A.P.

C.

The given sequence is 123, 112, 101, 91, 80 .

Here, a2 a1 = 112 123 = 11, a3 a2 = 101 112 = 11
a4 a3 = 91 101 = 10
Since the difference between the successive terms of this sequence is not constant,
this sequence is not an A.P.

D.

The given sequence is 147, 126, 105, 85, 64 .

Here, a2 a1 = 126 147 = 21, a3 a2 = 105 126 = 21
a4 a3 = 85 105 = 20
Since the difference between the successive terms of this sequence is not constant,
this sequence is not an A.P.

5.

The given sequence is 2 3, 4 2 3, 6 3 3 ...

Now, a2 a1 4 2 3 2 3 2 3

a3 a2 6 3 3 4 2 3 2 3

Since the difference between the successive terms of this sequence is constant, this
sequence is an A.P. with common difference 2 3 and the first term as 2 3 .
Hence, this statement is correct.
Distracter Rationale
A.

1
The given sequence is 1 ,
2
1 3 5
It can be rewritten as , ,
2 2 2

3
5

3 , 5 ...
2
2

...

3 1
1
2 2
5 3
a3 a2 1
2 2
Since the difference between the successive terms of this sequence is constant,
1
this sequence is an A.P. with common difference 1 and the first term as .
2
Hence, this statement is incorrect.
a2 a1

B.

The given sequence is 0.7, 0.77, 0.777, 0.7777

a2 a1 0.77 0.7 0.07
a3 a2 0.777 0.77 0.007
Since the difference between the successive terms of this sequence is not same,
this sequence is not an A.P.
Hence, this statement is incorrect.

D.

6.

The given sequence is 512, 500, 489, 479

a2 a1 = 500 512 = 12
a3 a2 = 489 500 = 11
Since the difference between the successive terms of this sequence is not same,
this sequence is not an A.P.
Hence this statement is incorrect.

4
9
5 11 6
,
,
,
,
,
23 46 23 46 23
9
4
1
Here, a2 a1

46 23 46
5
9
1
a3 a2

23 46 46
Since the difference between the successive terms of this sequence is constant, the given
1
sequence is an A.P. with common difference
.
46
6
1 12 1 13
Thus, missing value in the given sequence

23 46
46
46
The given sequence is

7.

Let P (x, y) be equidistant from the points A (2, 8) and B (7, 12).
AP = BP or AP2 = BP2
By distance formula, we obtain
(x ( 2)) 2 + (y 8)2 = (x 7)2 + (y 12)2
(x + 2)2 + (y 8)2 = (x 7)2 + (y 12)2
x2 + 4 + 4x + y2 + 64 16y = x2 + 49 14x + y2 24y + 144
18x + 8y = 125

8.

The distance between two points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is given by the formula

x2 x1 y2 y1
2

Distance between the points whose coordinates are (0, 2) and (4, 5) is

4 0

5 2 42 3
2

16 9 25 5 units
9.

Let A (3, 2) and B (8, 7) be the end points of the line segment AB.
Let P (5, 4) divide the line segment AB in the ratio m: n. Then, by section formula,

8m 3n 7m 2n
(5, 4)
,

mn
mn
8m 3n
7 m 2n
5
, 4
mn
mn
5 m n 8m 3n
5m 5n 8m 3n
3m 2n
m 2

n 3
It can be verified that the y-coordinate also satisfies this ratio.

Thus, the point (5, 4) divides the line segment joining the points (3, 2) and (8, 7) in the
ratio 2: 3.
10.

Let AB be the building of height 30 m and CD be the other building.

It is given that the angle of elevation, CAP is 45 and the angle of depression, PAD is
60.
[Alternate angles]
In ABD,
AB
tan 60
BD
30 m

3
BD
30
30 3
BD
m
m 10 3 m
3
3
PA = BD = 10 3 m
5

In CPA,
CP
tan 45
PA
CP

1
10 3 m

CP 10 3 m
Height of the building = CD = CP + PD = CP + AB
= ( 10 3 + 30) m
= (10 1.732 + 30) m
= (17.32 + 30) m
= 47.32 m
Thus, the height of the taller building is 47.32 m.
11.

Let AB and CD be the poles and let point P be the point of observation on the road. Then
BD = 20 m.
Let the height of the poles be h.
Then, AB = CD = h
Let PD = x
BP = 20 x
In ABP, APB = 45
AB

tan 45
BP
h

1
20 x
h 20 x

x 20 h

In CDP,CPD = 60
CD

tan 60
PD
h
3
x

hx 3
h 20 h 3

from 1

h 20 3 h 3
h h 3 20 3

h 1 3 20 3

20 3 20 3

1 3 1 3

10 3

20 3 3 1
3 1
3 1
3 1

3 1 10 3 10 3 12.68 m

Thus, the height of each pole is 12.68 m.

12.

Let AB be the light house. Let P and Q be the positions of the boat initially and finally
respectively.
Then, PQ = 150 m
Let AB = h and QB = x
In AQB, AQB = 60
AB

tan 60
QB
h
3
x
h
x
3

... 1

In APB, APB = 30
AB

tan 30
PB
h
1

PQ QB
3
h
1

150 x
3
h
1

h
3
150
3
h
h 3 150
3

Using 1

3h 150 3 h
2h 150 3
150
3 m 75 3 m
2
Thus, the height of the light house is 75 3 m .

13.

Let us join OA and OB

The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of
contact.
OA AT and OB BT
AOB = 2APB
= 2 75 = 150

[Angle subtended by an arc at the centre is double the angle

subtended by it at the circle]

ATB + OAT + AOB + OBT = 360

ATB + 90 + 150 + 90 = 360
ATB + 330 = 360
ATB = 30
Thus, the measure of ATB is 30.
8

14.

OA is joined as

Here, OA = 8 cm
It is known that the tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through
the point of contact.
Thus, OAB is a right-angled triangle, right-angled at A.
Applying Pythagoras Theorem in OAB,
OB2 = OA2 + AB2
OB2 = (8 cm)2 + (15 cm)2
OB2 = (64 + 225) cm2 = 289 cm2
OB = 17 cm
BC = OB + OC
= 17 cm + 8 cm
= 25 cm

Thus, the length of BC is 25 cm.

15.

Let the sector make an angle with the centre of the circle.

It can be seen that the non-shaded part is also a sector of a circle with centre P and radius
7 cm.
Considering the sector formed by the non-shaded part,
Radius of the circle = r = 7 cm
Angle made by the sector =
Therefore, area of the non-shaded part

360

r 2

360

7 cm

Radius of the circle = r = 14 cm
Angle made by the sector =
Therefore, area of the bigger sector

360

r 2

360

14 cm

Therefore, area of the shaded region

= Area of the bigger sector area of the smaller sector

142
72 cm2
360
360

142 7 2 cm 2
360

147 cm 2
360

Thus, ratio of the area of the shaded part to that of the non-shaded part

147 cm 2

3
360

= 3:1
1

7 2 cm 2

360

16.

It is known that the tangent drawn at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius
through the point of contact.
10

OAC = OBC = 90
Therefore, OAC and OBC are right triangles.
In OAC,
Adjacent side OA 4 cm 1
cos

cos 60
Hypotenuse
OC 8 cm 2
AOC 60
In OAC and OBC,
OAC = OBC
OC = OC
OA = OB

[= 90]
[Common]

OAC OBC

[RHS congruency criterion]

AOC = BOC = 60
AOB 2 AOC 2 60 120

120
16
2
4 cm
cm2
360
3

17.

The area to be painted is the curved surface area of the pole.

It is given that the radius (r) of the cylindrical and hemispherical part is 70 cm or 0.70 m
and the height (h) of the cylindrical part is 14 m.

C.S.A. of the pole = C.S.A. of the hemisphere + C.S.A. of the cylinder

11

2r 2 2rh m 2
2r r h m 2

22
0.70 0.70 14 m 2
7
4.4 14.7 64.68 m 2
2

Cost of painting 1 m2 of pole = Rs 10

Thus, cost of painting 64.68 m2 of pole = Rs 64.68 10 = Rs 646.80
18.

It can be seen from the given figure that the diameter of the base of the tent is 6 m.
6
Thus, radius (r) of the cone = radius (r) of the cylinder = 3 m
2
Also, slant height (l) of the cone is 5 m.
Therefore, vertical height of the conical part l 2 r 2 25 9 16 4 m
The total height of the tent is 7 m.
Therefore, vertical height (h) of the cylindrical part of the tent = (7 4) m = 3 m
The area of cloth required to make the tent is its curved surface area.
Thus, C.S.A. of the tent = C.S.A. of the cone + C.S.A. of the cylinder
= rl + 2rh r l 2h m2

22
22
3 5 2 3 3 11 103.71 m2
7
7

12

19.

, 13 club cards

, and 13 diamond cards

. King, Queen, and Jack are called face cards.
Therefore, there are a total of 12 face cards in a deck of 52 cards.
total number of face cards
total cards in a deck
12 3

52 13
3
Thus, the probability of getting a face card from a deck of 52 cards is
.
13

Therefore, probability of drawing a face card =

20.

The King (K), Queen (Q), and Jack (J) cards are known as face cards.
The possible outcomes when two cards are drawn with replacement are
(K, K), (Q, Q), (J, J), (K, Q), (Q, K), (K, J), (J, K), (Q,J), and (J, Q)
Total number of outcomes are 9.
The number of outcomes when Queen is chosen both the times is 1.
1
Therefore, the required probability =
9
1
Thus, the probability that a queen is drawn each time is .
9