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ENGLISH 11: CLASS 16

July 27, 2016

KEEPING TENSES CONSISTENT


Verbs
Dont

= time markers

change the tense unless meaning


requires it.

PRACTICE
1.

Rolly goes home and kicked his cat.

2.

Children are quite perceptive and will


know when you are lying to them.

3.

We had just finished painting the floor


when the dog runs through.

4.

He watches television until he finally


went to sleep.

5.

When the pop star walked into the room,


the girls go crazy.

PRACTICE: CHECK YOUR ANSWERS


1.

Rolly went home and kicked his cat.

2.

Children are quite perceptive and know


when you are lying to them.

3.

We had just finished painting the floor


when the dog ran through.

4.

He watched television until he finally


went to sleep.

5.

When the pop star walked into the room,


the girls went crazy.

ACTIVE VS PASSIVE VOICE


Active:
I

Doer is subject.

ate the donut.

Passive:
The

Receiver is subject.

donut was eaten.

ACTIVE VS PASSIVE VOICE: THE RULES


Always

use active, unless you have a specific


reason not to.
Reasons to use passive:
Unknown person or agent did the action.
My wallet was stolen last night.
You want to place emphasis on the object.
Early this morning, the bank was robbed
by four men in clown masks.
You are writing a technical, legal, or scientific
document.
Having been found guilty, the accused
was sentenced to two years.

PRACTICE
1.

A meeting was called by the department


head.

2.

The coffee will be made by the server in a


few minutes.

3.

For many years, steroids have been used by


professional athletes to improve
performance.

4.

The test was written before classes even


started.

5.

The outcome of the game was decided when


the batter hit a triple play.

PRACTICE: CHECK YOUR ANSWERS


1.

The department head called a meeting.

2.

The server will make the coffee in a few


minutes.

3.

Professional athletes have used steroids


for many years to improve performance.

4.

The teacher wrote the test before the


classes even started.

5.

The batter hit a triple play that decided


the outcome of the game.

REVISING YOUR DRAFT


Revision

means re-seeing

Purpose
Clear

understanding

Favourable
DOES

reception

NOT MEAN RE-COPYING

REVISION: RULE OF THREES


Revision

1: Are readers information needs

met?
Revision 2: Is my structure effective?
Revision 3: Is my paper correct?
Step 1: Improve whole paper by revising
content and organization.
Step 2: Refine paragraph and sentence
structure correct grammatical errors.
Step 3: Edit and proofread to catch errors
in word choice, spelling, and
punctuation.

STEP 1: REVISE CONTENT AND ORGANIZATION


Rearrange
Add

info?

info?

Delete

info?

STEP 1: CONTENT AND ORGANIZATION CHECKLIST

Accuracy

Completeness

Significant, single, specific,


supportable?

Main Points

Significant, distinct, relevant,


arranged in logical order?

Introduction

Roadmap, thesis statement,


attention-getting?

Conclusion

Enough main ideas and


development to explain
subject and convince reader?

Subject

Is everything you said


accurate? Up to date?
Consistent?

Summarize/reinforces main
points?
Leaves reader with something
to think about?

Tone

Consistent, reasonable,
courteous, confident?

STEP 2: REVISE PARAGRAPHS AND SENTENCES


Sentences

varied in length and


complexity?

Points
Read

fully explained?

aloud

STEP 2: PARAGRAPH AND SENTENCE CHECKLIST

Paragraphs

Does introduction contain a


clear, comprehensive,
grammatically parallel thesis
statement?

Does each paragraph have


topic sentence?
Supporting sentences
relevant/appropriately
developed.

Unified? Coherent?

Transitions?

Conclusion effective?

Sentences

Correct and clear?

Varied in length?

Grammar

All verbs used correctly?

All pronouns used correctly?

Language

Level of language appropriate/


consistent
Tone- reasonable, courteous,
and consistent?
Accurate?

STEP 3: EDIT AND PROOFREAD


Correcting

errors in word choice, spelling,


and punctuation.

Correcting

errors in typing and writing.

STEP 3: EDITING CHECKLIST

Words

Usage

Punctuation

Used words to mean? No


slang, clichs, jargon?

Spelling

Are all words spelled


correctly
Capital letters
Apostrophes
Hyphens in right
place?

Within Sentences

Commas!!!!!!!!

Colons, semicolons

Quotations

Beginnings and
Endings

All sentences start


with capital letter.
All questions end with
question mark.
All quotation marks
correctly placed?

POETRY: SATIRE
Humour

society.

Who
Is

used to effect positive change in

or what is being ridiculed?

the attack or criticism justified?

POETRY: ANNOTATING A POEM


Identify

elements and
make notations

Rhyme scheme

Figurative language

Images

Symbols

Sound devices

Alliteration

Consonance

Assonance

Rhythm

Onomatopoeia

Circle

parts of the
poem that stand out,
are confusing, seems
important
Write questions in
the margin/highlight
unusual words
Determine the
poems theme. Draw
arrows to the lines
that prove this

Homework
Have nal dra/ ready for peer review on
Thursday.