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4.02.08
updated

Reducing engine emissions.


Tier 4 Interim and Tier 4 Final Engine Transition

The Story behind new emission requirements


As part of the Clean Air Act, the United States government has adopted a
comprehensive national program to reduce emissions (diesel particulate
matter and nitrogen oxide) from non-road diesel engines. To meet these
new emission standards, equipment manufacturers using advanced engine
and emission control technologies similar to those already used for highway
diesel vehicles. The requirements to reduce the air pollution from diesel
engines become more stringent over time. These increased requirements
were implemented in multiple stages (or tiers). The timing for meeting the
requirements of each tier is based on engine horse power. The chart below
shows the Tier implementation required by the EPA (Environmental
Protection Agency) by year and horsepower range.

An explanation of the chart

PM

TIER 1
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TIER

TIER

TIER

TIER

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0-24.9 HP: By January 1, 2011,



all machines must be Tier 4 Final.
Requirements are less stringent and
can be easily met without the need
for exhaust after treatment.
25-74.9 HP: By January 1, 2013,

all machines must be Tier 4 Final
More stringent requirements typically
requiring exhaust filters or catalysts.
75-174.9 HP: By January 1, 2015,

all machines must be Tier 4 Final.
Most stringent requirements involve
multiple after treatments.
While the chart outlines the requirements for
equipment manufacturers, equipment owners
are not required to retrofit their machines to
the current emissions regulations.
Although the EPA requires equipment
manufacturers to convert their new machines
to the new regulations, the law has a provision
allowing Tier 4 Interim machines to be sold
using Flex Credits until they transition to
Tier 4 Final.

Wacker Neuson and the Clean Air Act:


At Wacker Neuson, we have always made it a priority to design and build
equipment with the customer as well as the environment in mind. With this in
mind, Wacker Neuson remains compliant with the Clean Air Act the resulting
various Tier requirements for non-road diesel engines.
In order to meet the stringent requirements set forth by the EPA,
Wacker Neuson will implement various solutions across multiple product
lines. The specific solution for each machine will vary depending on the type
of machine, engine horsepower, and its intended use.
Wacker Neuson will utilize various technologies to achieve Tier 4 Final
requirements. Some of these technologies include Exhaust after-treatment
systems such as Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF), Particulate Matter Catalyst
(PMC), and Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC). Explanations of each technology
are listed on next page.

NEW TECHNOLOGY
to meet the
NEW STANDARDS

DPF

Diesel Particulate Filter


A DPF works in conjunction with the oxidation
catalystand EGR valveto remove a majority of the
NOx, particulate matter and unburned hydrocarbons
from burned diesel fuel. Inside the DPF is a porous
honeycomb structure that catches the soot as it
passes through. After the soot builds up over time,
the onboard computer controls fuel injection to
allow unburned fuel to enter the filter at measured
intervals where it flares off and generates increased
temperatures that incinerate the accumulated soot.

DOC

Diesel Oxidation Catalyst


Many of todays cars and trucks use catalytic
converters to reduce emissions. The diesel
oxidation catalysts operates the same way by
causing chemical reactions to reduce emissions
without any moving parts.

PMC

Particulate Matter Catalyst


The PMC aftertreatment utilizes a flow-through
concept in which particulate matter from the engine
exhaust reacts with the catalyst to reduce emissions
exhausted out of the machine. The PMC technology is
an ideal aftertreatment solution to achieve Tier 4 Final
standards due to it never requiring maintenance.
The PMC does require periodic regeneration but the
process does not require maintenance or impact the
performance of the machine.

Tier 4
Model

Current Engine Manufacturer

Current Engine Model

Current EPA Stage


4.02.08
updated

Excavators
803 Yanmar

3TNV70

T4F

1404 Yanmar

3TNV76

T4F

EZ17 Yanmar

3TNV80

T4F

ET20 Yanmar

3TNV80

T4F

28z3 Yanmar

3TNV80

T4F

3503 Yanmar

4TNV88

T4I

38z3 Yanmar

3TNV88

T4I

50z3 Yanmar

4TNV88

T4I

6003 Yanmar

4TNV98

T4I

8003 Yanmar

4TNV98

T4I

ET90 N/A

N/A

N/A

6503 Yanmar

4TNV98

T4I

EW100 Perkins

854

T4I

Dumpers
1501

Yanmar 3TNV76

3001

Yanmar 3TNV88 T4F

T4F

5001

Duetz TD2011

T4F

All-Wheel Steer
550 Yanmar
750 T

Duetz

4TNV88C T4F
D2011

T4I

850 Duetz

D2012

T4I

1150 Duetz

TD2011

T4I

Articulating
WL30

Perkins

404D-22

T4I

WL36

Perkins

404D-22

T4I

WL37 Duetz

TD2011

T4I

WL50 Duetz

TD2011

T4I

SSL/CTL
SW24 Perkins

854-E34T

T4F
T4F

SW28 Perkins

854-E34T

ST35 Perkins

854-E34T T4F

ST45 Perkins

854-E34T T4F

www.wackerneuson.com

0986171/March-2014/Layout Goes Studio/Printing Marek Group

At left is a list of the


current models of
Compact Equipment of
Wacker Neuson along
with the Engine
Manufacturer, Current
Engine Model, and
Current EPA Stage. All
information listed is as-of
April 1, 2014 and subject
to change in future
revisions of each model.