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DMP3xxC1
Microprocessor-based Generator
Protection Device

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION
Version 2.0

HNAC

Technology Co.,Ltd.

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

Preface
Thanks for using DMP series microprocessor-based protection products
developed by HNAC

Technology Co.,Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as HNAC).

This is the technical instruction for 6.3 kV (10 kV) Microprocessor-based


Generator Protection Device. If there are any mistakes or defects, please
feel free to inform us.
HNAC Technology Co.,Ltd. reserves the right to explain and modify this
instruction. And the inconsistence between the product and the instruction
owing to the production time or the product upgrading is subject to the product
and it will not be further informed!

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Abbreviations
1.

P: Active power

2.

Q: Reactive power

3.

cos: Power factor

4.

Pd: Active energy

5.

Qd: Reactive energy

6.

F: Frequency (Phase Ua)

7.

Ia. Ib. Ic: Bus phase current

8.

Ua. Ub. Uc: Bus phase voltage

9.

Uab. Ubc. Uca: Bus line voltage

10.

: Angle

11.

U0: Open-delta voltage

12.

I0: Zero sequence channel current

13.

3U0j: Calculate zero sequence voltage

14.

3I0j: Calculate zero sequence current

15.

U2: Bus negative sequence voltage

16.

I2: Negative sequence current

17.

T1: Reseved

19.

Ia1, Ib1, Ic1: Generator terminal phase current

20.

Ia2, Ib2, Ic2: Generator neutral point phase current

21.

In: Protection CT rated secondary current

22.

DI0: Generator zero sequence differential current

23.

Harmonic voltage Ua2~Ua11 phase A 2~11 harmonic voltage

24.

Harmonic current Ia2~Ia11 phase A 2~11 harmonic voltage

25.

Ie1: Generator terminal rated secondary current

26.

Ie2: Gnerator neutral point rated secondary current

27.

DIa. DIb. DIc: Differential current of generator each phase

28.

ZDIa. ZDIb. ZDIc: Braking current of generator each phase

29.

XDIa. XDIb. XDIc: Secondary harmonic braking current of generator each phase

30.

: Intersection (AND gate, means and)

31.

: Union (OR gate, means or)

32.

Kb: Times of over excitation

33.

U03: Generator terminal open-delta third harmonic voltage

34.

Un3: Generator neutral point third harmonic voltage

18.

T2: Reseved

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

35.

K3: U03/Un3

36.

Zx, Zy: Generator terminal computing impedance

37.

U2: Max. value of generator terminal phase voltage secondary harmonic

38.

Ulc: Excitation voltage

39.

Rg: Earth resistance

40.

a: Rotor earthing position (to excitation voltage plus end)

41.

Ux: System Voltage

42.

Uz+Uz-Uzc: Positive, Reverse or Differential Voltage when Application the toggle

switch shifting principle


43.

Uzc: Voltage of Internal gathering when Rotor earthing

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Contents
Chapter 1 Overview ....................................................................................... 1
1.1 Main features .................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Measuring and control function ........................................................................ 2
1.3 Protection function ............................................................................................ 2
Chapter 2 Technical parameter ..................................................................... 4
2.1 AC work power ................................................................................................. 4
2.2 DC power .......................................................................................................... 4
2.3 Ratings .............................................................................................................. 4
2.3.1 Rated AC data ........................................................................................... 4
2.3.2 Power consumption ................................................................................... 4
2.3.3 Overload capacity ..................................................................................... 4
2.3.4 Protection, measuring and OPTO I/P accuracy...................................... 5
2.3.5 Accurate working range ............................................................................ 5
2.4 Output relay contact capacity............................................................................ 5
2.5 Insulation performance ..................................................................................... 5
2.6 Moisture and heat resistance performance ........................................................ 6
2.7 Vibration............................................................................................................ 6
2.8 Impact ............................................................................................................... 6
2.9 Collision ............................................................................................................ 6
2.10 Electrical interference resistance performance ............................................... 6
2.11 Ambient conditions ......................................................................................... 7
Chapter 3 Hardware description ................................................................... 8
3.1 Hardware structure ............................................................................................ 8
3.2 AC input plug-in ............................................................................................... 8
3.3 CPU plug-in ...................................................................................................... 8
3.4 Operation and relay output plug-in ................................................................... 9
3.5 Power plug-in .................................................................................................. 10
3.6 Man-machine interface ................................................................................... 10
Chapter 4 Protection principle and configuration..................................... 12
4.1 Mutation starting component .......................................................................... 12
4.2 Proportional differential protection................................................................. 12
4.3 Differential quick-break protection ................................................................. 14

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

4.4 Zero sequence transverse differential protection ............................................ 14


4.5 Over current protection ................................................................................... 14
4.6 Zero sequence over current protection ............................................................ 16
4.7 Zero sequence over voltage protection ........................................................... 16
4.8 Stator earthing third harmonic ratio protection ............................................... 16
4.9 Rotor one point earthing protection ................................................................ 17
4.10 Rotor two points earthing protection ............................................................ 18
4.11 Overload protection....................................................................................... 19
4.12 Loss Excitation protection ............................................................................ 20
4.13 Over frequency protection ............................................................................ 25
4.14 Under frequency protection .......................................................................... 25
4.15 Over Voltage protection ................................................................................ 25
4.16 Under Voltage protection .............................................................................. 25
4.17 Negative sequence over current protection ................................................... 26
4.18 Inverse power protection............................................................................... 27
4.19 Pole Slipping protection ................................................................................ 27
4.20 Over excitation protection............................................................................. 29
4.21 Low Impedance protection ........................................................................... 31
4.22 Breaker Failure protection ............................................................................ 34
4.23 OperatingMechanism Stuck .......................................................................... 34
4.24 Non-electric protection and alarm ................................................................ 35
4.25 Abnormal operation alarm ............................................................................ 35
4.25.1 Differential current over limit alarm ..................................................... 35
4.25.2 TA break detection ................................................................................ 35
4.25.3 Control Loop break detection ............................................................... 35
4.25.4 TV abnormal detection.......................................................................... 36
4.25.5 Other alarms .......................................................................................... 36
Chapter 5 Monitoring ................................................................................... 38
5.1 Measuring function ......................................................................................... 38
5.2 Opto I/P collection .......................................................................................... 38
5.3 Control ............................................................................................................ 39
5.4 SOE(Sequence of Event) record ..................................................................... 40
5.5 RTU function .................................................................................................. 40
Chapter 6 Operation instruction ................................................................. 41

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

6.1 Real time data inquiry ..................................................................................... 44


6.2 Settings view and edit ..................................................................................... 44
6.2.1 System parameter .................................................................................... 45
6.2.2 Protection settings ................................................................................... 45
6.3 Device debug .................................................................................................. 48
6.4 Event report and inquiry ................................................................................. 50
6.5 Version information......................................................................................... 51
6.6 Print function .................................................................................................. 51
Chapter 7 Attached lists and figures .......................................................... 53
7.1 DMP320C1F generator differential protection device settings list ................ 53
7.1.1 System parameter .................................................................................... 53
7.1.2 Protection setting value ........................................................................... 53
7.2 DMP321C1F generator backup protection device settings list....................... 56
7.2.1 System Para ............................................................................................. 56
7.2.2 Protection setting value ........................................................................... 57
7.3 Unit box overall dimension and opening size ................................................. 62
7.4

Logic diagram .............................................................................................. 63

7.5

Back terminal diagram ................................................................................. 65

Chapter 8 Debug .......................................................................................... 67


8.1 Check before external connection and energizing .......................................... 67
8.1.1 External wiring check ............................................................................. 67
8.1.2 Check before energizing ......................................................................... 67
8.2 Energizing check ............................................................................................. 68
8.2.1 DC power energizing check .................................................................... 68
8.2.2 Energizing check for the whole machine ................................................ 68
8.3 Insulation check .............................................................................................. 68
8.4 Clock setting, checking and version No. checking ......................................... 69
8.5 Settings ............................................................................................................ 69
8.6 Sampling accuracy correction and DI and DO check ..................................... 70
8.7 Communication test ........................................................................................ 70
8.8 Power and electric degree test......................................................................... 71
8.9 Overall function test ........................................................................................ 71
8.9.1 DMP320C1F generator differential protection device............................ 72
8.9.2 DMP321C1F generator backup protection device .................................. 73

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

Chapter 9 Precautions ................................................................................. 87


Chapter 10 Storage ...................................................................................... 88
Chapter 11 Appendix ................................................................................... 89

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Chapter 1 Overview
DMP300C1 series microprocessor-based generator protection devices, as a new
generation of power plant integrated automatic products, is integrated with the advantage
of domestic and overseas whole-set microprocessor-based protection, successful
operation experiences of many power plants and the latest software and hardware
technology.
It is applicable for the protection, measuring and control for 6.3 (10) kV generator or
below and 35kV generator-transformer unit or below. It is capable of being mounted in
group panel or in the switch cubicle on site.

1.1 Main features


High performance and reliability
It is provided with dual CPU structure----a piece of high performance 32-bit DSP
(digital signal processor) to realize the main function like the computer protection; and
another single-chip CPU to realize the display function. Both of CPUs are provided with
the reliable embedded real-time multi-task operation system to ensure a real-time and
quick calculation and an operable display. The device is designed with integral panels,
reinforcing units and anti-strong interference and vibration performance, which makes it
function normally in the bad work conditions. It adopts new back pluggable compound
structure that separates the weak current and the strong current from each other. It leads
the heavy current out from the plug directly, which ensures the high reliability for the
device.
It is designed with completely independent measuring and protection AI isolated
sampling channels with special design for analog and digital filtering and highly accurate
AC sampling techniques, which meets the requirement for the measuring accuracy and
the protection action wide dynamic range. The protection algorithm is mature, perfect and
reliable.
Comprehensive functional design
It is provided with the modularized software design and flexibly-configurable
protection functions to meet the requirement of different users.
It is capable of storing 8 sets of setting values and designed with an easy settings
modification and operation mode shifting.
Provided with functions of the sequential accident recording and the accident
recalling, it is capable of storing the latest 200 pieces of event records with time, fault
current and voltage. Besides, it has the large-capacity fault wave-recording function that
ensures the fault data will not be lost even at power loss. The wave-recording time is set
by the user and the total wave-recording time can achieve 20s at maximum.
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It is embedded with the timing hardware self-checking function that will trigger the
alarm once it detects any internal faults.
The user is capable of defining the operation mode for 16 loops of DI and 12 loops of
DO on line for different application purposes (like gas protection, temperature protection,
craft intertripping, and craft blocking etc.); 12 loops of DO relay can be checked on line for
an easy maintenance.
Friendly user interface
It is capable of displaying current, voltage, frequency, power, various events
information and the wiring diagram in real-time. The display interface can be configured
on line via RS-232 interface in the front panel. It is provided with the easy- to- operate
press key, Chinese and English operation interface and multilevel user authority
management, all of which eases the operation and the maintenance on site.
High-accuracy clock
It is integrated the high-accuracy hardware clock circuit with the network and GPS
time setting to synchronize with the system clock.
Diversified communication interface
It is provided with high-speed Ethernet interface and RS-485 interface. The software
supports MODBUS/RTU, 103 protocol /RTU, MODBUS/TCP, 103 protocol/ TCP protocol.

1.2 Measuring and control function


Please refer to the chapter 5 Monitoring Function for detailed description.

1.3 Protection function

Function

Type

DMP320C1F

Differential quick-break protection

Proportion differential protection

DMP321C1F

(with secondary harmonic brake)


Zero sequence transversal differential protection
3 -seg. over current protection

(with compound voltage, directional block and


current memory)
2-seg. Zero sequence over current protection

Zero sequence over voltage protection

Stator Ground (third harmonic ratio)

Rotor 1 point earthing

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Rotor 2 points earthing


3-seg. Overload protection (the 3

rd

can be set as

the Inverse Time)


Loss Excitation protection

Pole Slipping Protection

Over/Under frequency protection

Over/Under voltage protection

2-seg. negative sequence over current protection

Inverse Power protection

2-seg. Low Impedance protection

2-seg. Over Excitation protection

Breaker Failure protection

OperMech Stuck Protection

Non-electrical protection

Table1-1: Main functions of microprocessor-based generator protection devices

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Chapter 2 Technical parameter


2.1 AC work power
Rated voltage: Single phase 220V;
Allowable tolerance: -20%+20%;
Waveform: The sine waveform distortion is not more than 5%;
Frequency: 50Hz 1% or 60Hz 1%
2.2 DC power
Rated voltage: DC220V/DC110V (be specified at order);
Allowable tolerance: -20%+15%;
Ripple factor: 5%.
2.3 Ratings
2.3.1 Rated AC data

Current (In): 5A or 1A or 2A (be specified at order);


Voltage (Un): 100V(100V/ 3 ) or 110V(110V/ 3 );
Frequency (fn): 50Hz or 60Hz
2.3.2 Power consumption
AC current circuit: At In=5A, it is not more than 0.5VA/ phase;
At In=1A, it is not more than 0.2VA/ phase;

At In=2A, it is not more than 0.4VA/ phase;


AC voltage circuit: At rated voltage, it is not more than 0.2VA/phase;
DC power circuit: At normal work, it is not more than 15W, and 20W at maximum;
2.3.3 Overload capacity
Measuring current input: Be capable of continuous work at 2 times of rated
current;
Protection current: Be capable of continuous work at 2 times of rated current;
Be capable of working for 10s at 10 times of rated current;
Be capable of working for 1s at 40 times of rated current;
AC voltage input:

Be capable of continuous work at 1.2 times of rated voltage

(The zero sequence voltage channels can achieve 200V at maximum);


Be allowed to work for 10s at 1.4 times of rated voltage;

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2.3.4 Protection, measuring and OPTO I/P

accuracy

Monitoring analogue quantity accuracy: 0.2% (not incl. main TA/TV error)
Fixed value error of current and voltage: < 5% settings
Time settings error: < 1% setting time or + 35ms
OPTO I/P resolution: 1ms
Voltage/current frequency: grade 0.2
2.3.5 Accurate working range
Current:

0.2In20In

Voltage:

1V120V

Open-delta voltage:

2V200V

Frequency:

45Hz55Hz or 55Hz65Hz

Time:

0.0100.0s

2.4 Output relay contact capacity


Output tripping contact: In DC inductive load circuit whose voltage is not more than
250V and current not more than 1A and time constant L/R is 50.75ms, the contact is
50W in capacity and capable of letting through the current that is not more than 5A (8A at
maximum).
Other output contacts: In DC inductive load circuit whose voltage is not more than
250V and current not more than 0.5A and time constant L/R is 50.75ms, the contact is
20W in capacity and capable of letting through the current that is not more than 3A.

2.5 Insulation performance


Insulation resistance: It adopts the megger with 500V open circuit voltage to measure
the insulation resistance among the energized and non-energized parts, enclosures and
circuits without electrical connections. Under the normal test conditions, the circuit
insulation resistance at all voltage levels is not less than 100M.
Dielectric strength: under the normal test atmospheric condition, the device can
endure the power frequency voltage withstand test with 50Hz frequency and 2000V
voltage for 1 minute but cause no flashover and components damage.
Impulse voltage: under the normal test atmospheric condition, the power input circuit,
AC circuit, output contact circuit to earth and among circuits can endure the impulse
voltage test with 1.2/50us standard lightning wave and 5kV open-circuit test voltage at an
appropriate time.

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2.6 Moisture and heat resistance performance


The device is capable of enduring the moisture test and the alternate moisture and
heat test of which the max. test temperature is +40 and the maximum humidity 95%
and test time lasts for 2 periods (48h) according to the 20th chapter of GB/T
7261-2000( eqv IEC60068-2-30:1980 ). 2 hours before finishing the test, the insulation
resistance measured by the megger with 500V open-circuit voltage among all conductive
circuits, exposed non-energized metal parts, enclosures and circuits without electrical
connections is not less than 1.5M, and the dielectric strength is not less than 1500V.

2.7 Vibration
The device is capable of enduring the vibration response test (severity level I) and the
vibration endurance test (severity level I) according to the 16th chapter of GB/T
7261-2000( idt IEC 60255-21-1:1988 ).

2.8 Impact
The device is capable of enduring the impact response test (severity level I) and the
impact endurance test (severity level I) according to the 17th chapter of GB/T
7261-2000( idt IEC 60255-21-2:1988 ).

2.9 Collision
The device is capable of enduring the collision test (severity level I) according to the
18th chapter of GB/T 7261-2000( idt IEC 60255-21-2:1988 ).

2.10 Electrical interference resistance performance


Static discharge interference resistance
Have passed the static discharge interference resistance test (level IV) according to
GB/T 14598.14 -1998 standard( idt IEC 60255-22-2:1996 ).
Radiated radio-frequency electromagnetic field interference resistance
Have passed the radiated radio-frequency electromagnetic field interference
resistance test (level III) according to GB/T 14598.9-2002 standard( idt IEC
60255-22-3:2000 ).
Electrical fast transient interference resistance
Have passed the electrical fast transient interference resistance test (level A /IV)
according to GB/T 14598.10-2007 standard( idt IEC 60255-22-4:2002 ).
Surge impact interference resistance
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Have passed the surge impact interference resistance test (level III) according to
GB/T 14598.18-2007 standard ( idt IEC 60255-22-5:2002 ).
The conduction interference of the radio-frequency field induction
Have passed the conduction interference test (level III) of the radio-frequency field
induction according to GB/T 14598.17-2005 standard( idt IEC 60255-22-6:2001 ).
Power frequency magnetic field interference resistance
Have passed the power frequency magnetic field interference resistance test (level A)
according to GB/T 14598.19-2007 standard( idt IEC 60255-22-7:2003).
Oscillatory wave interference resistance
Have passed the oscillatory wave interference resistance test (level III) according to
GB/T 14598.13-2008 standard (idt

IEC 60255-22-1:2007 ).

2.11 Ambient conditions


Operation temperature: -10

+55

Storage and transportation: -25

+70

, it is capable of

increasing energizing quantity and causing irreversible changes after the temperature
recovers to the limit value. The location should be the rain/snow proof and surrounded no
acidic, alkaline, corrosive and explosive air.
Relative humidity 90%, and no condensation
Atmosphere pressure: 80110kPa

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Chapter 3 Hardware description


3.1 Hardware structure
DMP300C1 series microprocessor-based protection devices is comprised of 6
functional standard plug-ins including AC input plug-in, DSP plug-in, relay plug-in,
operation plug-in, power plug-in and man-machine interface parts (incl. LCD and press
keys). The plug-in is replaceable in the same series, which eases the maintenance and
reduces the spare parts. The plug installation position inside the machine case is as the
following picture 3-1.

P 3-1: DMP300C1 microprocessor-based protection devices functional plug-ins


installation positions (front view)
It is provided with the back-plug structured machine case, imported connectors,
rigorously screened and tested components to fulfill a stable, reliable and convenient
operation and maintenance; the modularized and standardized functional plug-in to
realize the compatibility and the interchangeability; and the embedded installation and the
simple and back connection mode to ease the routine inspection and maintenance.

3.2 AC input plug-in


It converts the secondary signal of PT (TV) and CT (TA) into the weak current signal
needed by the devices firstly, and isolates the signal in the meanwhile, and then filters the
signal to enhance the anti-interference performance.

3.3 CPU plug-in


As the core of the device, the CPU plug-in is provided with the multilayer printed
board and SMT (surface mount technology) and various electromagnetic interference
means and excellent EMC performance.
With the analysis on the application object and the system design and the aim to fulfill
the advancement of the technology, the generality of the hardware and the software and
the reliability of the system, the CPU plug-in adopts the high-performance 32-digit DSP
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

(digital signal processor) as the basic hardware platform and realizes functions as data
collection, protection, measuring, I/O, control and communication in the veneer; besides, it
has the independent A/D sampling conversion and isolates the protection from the
measuring in channels and A/D sampling conversion completely and thus meets the
requirement of protection and measuring in feature and accuracy, therefore, is applicable
for various protection and measuring devices; it is provided with 3 independent and
isolated communication port, 3 communication modes including Ethernet, RS485 and
CAN (optional) to fulfill the monitor and the remote communication and 1 printer port
output (optional).
The OPTO I/P

function is capable of collecting 31 loops of OPTO I/P

quantity (viz.

the digital quantity, 15 of which are for internal application), 2 loops of impulse (capable of
being set by the software) and external signals (after the photoelectric isolated filtering).
The hardware structure diagram of DMP300C1 microprocessor-based protection
devices is as the following 3-2:

P 3-2: The hardware structure diagram of DMP300C1 microprocessor-based protection


devices

3.4 Operation and relay output plug-in


It is provided with 12 relay outputs, 10 of which are provided with N.O. contacts only
for output and another 2 with both N.O. contacts and N.C. contacts. It equips with the

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imported strong-current high-speed relay to realize the protection trip and other automatic
functions through programming and 1 protection reset relay to output. The drive of each
relay is isolated by the CPU plug-in.
Each protection action outlet relay is capable of setting 1 or several combinations
corresponding to 12 relays in the software and provided with 3 kinds of Outleut Modes.
1) Impulse output: capable of setting the relay impulse output time and auto resetting
the relay once it reaches the defined time;
2) Tracking signal output: capable of tracking the accident signal output and auto
resetting the relay at the signal reset;
3)

Holding output: the relay stays in the output status until the external reset signal

or manual reset signal is reset.


It is equipped with a start relay in the DO circuit to avoid the unwanted operation
arising out of the breakdown by driving the photoelectric isolation in the CPU plug-in; and
another fault blocking relay to switch off the outlet relays power and block the outlet circuit
to avoid the relay false output when the device operates abnormally.
The device is provided with the integral operation circuit including the closing holding
circuits, tripping holding circuits, tripping/closing position monitoring circuits, anti-tripping
circuits and electrical functions for a part of signal (spring not stored energy, and low
pressure, etc.) to operate the mechanism directly. Being adaptive (0.5~8A), the
tripping/closing current has 2 tripping output terminals, 1 of which is provided with the
internal anti-tripping circuit output and another has not.
The device can utilize the external operation box (to be specified at order).

3.5 Power plug-in


The input power voltage is DC 220V/110V (to be indicated at order) or AC 220V. The
output voltage is+5V, 9V and 2 groups of +24V, all of which are not common-ground.
1) +5V: applicable for DSP or displaying CPU;
2) 9V: applicable for the analog circuit;
3) +24V: a group is applicable for driving the outlet relay and another is outputted
outside for the external connection.
It has been provided with the power-loss alarm function.

3.6 Man-machine interface


It is comprised of 240128 graphic LCD and the 7-key-combined keyboard to fulfill
the display and the man-machine dialogue. It is provided with information display in
Chinese/English and the menu operation interface.
When runs normally, it displays information including real-time measured values,
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

clock; when runs abnormally and activates the protection action, it prompts the
event message and turns on the indicator lamp.
View measured values, protection and operation values and harmonic quantity,
etc;
View the history report record;
View the settings of the setting device;
View the setting protection value, switching link and the output control;
Set up the password and the time;
View the DI status;
View the version information and the operation description;
Debug via RS-232 interface.
Please refer to the corresponding Operation Manual for the detailed description.

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Chapter 4 Protection principle and configuration


4.1 Mutation starting component
The current protection of all the devices is provided with the mutation starting
components. The starting mode is as follows:

I > Iqd
: Phase A, B, C;
Iqd: mutation current starting setting values

4.2 Proportional differential protection


The proportional differential protection adopts the two polyline proportional differential
principle. Its action equation is as below:

DI > Icdmk

DI Icdmk > Kbl * ( ZDI Izdmk )


Icdmk: the differential threshold;
Izdmk: the restraint threshold;
Kbl: the proportional restraint coefficient;

DI =| I1 *

Ie2
+ I 2 |
Ie1

ZDI = (| I1 *

KphIe2/Ie1

Ie2
| + | I 2 |) / 2
Ie1

DI: the differential current;


ZDI: the restraint current (=a, b, c);
Ie1: the secondary rated current of the motor end;
Ie2: the secondary rated current of the motor neutral side. (le, the differential
calculation and the corresponding settings adopt the generator neutral side as the datum).
The action curve is as below:

Second harmonic restraint

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The proportional differential protection utilizes the second harmonic as the criterion of
the excitation surge blocking. The blocking action equation is as below:

XDI > Kxb * DI


XDI: second harmonic restraint current (the calculation method is identical with DI);
DI: the fundamental wave of the corresponding 3-phase differential (=a, b, c);
Kxb: the second harmonic restraint coefficient;
The protection adopts the independent harmonic blocking technique. The second
harmonic restraint function can be OFF/ON through the soft link.
TA break blocking and alarm
a. Delay TA break alarm
Trigger the delay TA break alarm that is processed in the alarm fault program when
the following 2 requirements have been fulfilled for over 10s and resulted in no
proportional differential protection blocking, which can also be applied for the self-check of
the protection device AC sampling circuit. It can be triggered or quitted in the Device
Parametermenu.
a) The current in one phase is less than the no-current settings 0.04In;
b) The no-voltage phase difference is larger than 0.12 In.
When all the above requirements are fulfilled, trigger Delay TA Break alarming signal
after 10s delay and then send Delay TA Break recover alarming signal after 10s recovery.
b. Instantaneous TA break blocking
The instantaneous TA break blocking is processed in the proportional differential
protection program. It can enter the instantaneous TA break discrimination program only
after starting the proportional differential components, which avoids blocking the
instantaneous TA break mistakenly. When the TA break discrimination is not initiated due
to any requirements in the below, the instantaneous TA break blocking function can be
triggered or quitted viaDifferential Protectionmenu.

a) The max. phase current in all sides is less than 0.2le before the starting;
b) The max. phase current in all sides is less than 1.2le after the starting;
c) The current in any side is larger than its counterpart before the starting (the
increment is more than the settings IbIbs).
TA break has happened when the above requirement not available but the following
is (It blocks the proportional differential protection instantaneously firstly, triggers the
instantaneous TA break alarm subsequently and then the Instantaneous TA Break
Recover alarm after 10s delay behind the current resuming normal):
a)

Any phase current is less than the no-current settings 0.04In;

b) The current in the other 2 phases are equal to their counterparts before the
starting (the variation is within the settings Iblbs);
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Iblbs: the proportional differential blocking setting value

4.3 Differential quick-break protection


When the differential current in any phase is larger than the differential quick-break
setting value, it acts on the outlet relay instantly. Its action equation is as below:

DI > Icdsd
DI: the differential current (=a, b, c);
Icdsd: the differential quick-break setting value;
Ie2 (the secondary rated current in the generator neutral point) and Kph (TA balance
coefficient) can be set up among the setting value: Ie1 =

Ie2
Kph

4.4 Zero sequence transverse differential protection


When the generator transverse differential current is more than the transverse
differential setting value, it acts on the outlet relay after delaying the setting time. The
action equation is as below:

DI 0 > Ihcdz
DI0: zero sequence transverse differential current;
Ihcdz: zero sequence transverse differential value.

4.5 Over current protection


It is provided with the compound voltage starting and directional blocking over current
protection as the backup protection for the generator, generator and transformer unit and
the adjacent component. It is equipped with 3-segment over current protection which can
be OFF/ON through Link Setupmenu . The settings of current and time can be set
separately.
Compound voltage starting component
It is comprised of negative sequence voltage and Under voltage component. The
negative sequence voltage reflects the unbalanced fault while Under voltage reflects the
balance fault. After input the corresponding compound voltage blocking link, activate the
compound voltage and the corresponding protection. The action criterion is as below:
a. U 2 > U 2dz
U2dz: the negative sequence voltage setting value;
U2: the negative sequence voltage calculation value;
b. U < Udy

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Udy: the Under voltage setting value;


U: the minimum of 3 line voltages;
Over current component
When any phase current meet the below condition, the over current component starts
action. The action criterion is as below:

I > Ixdz
Ixdz (x=1, 2, 3): Over current protection setting value;
I: any phase current;
Interphase power directional component
The software of directional components adopt 90 wiring mode (la: Ubc; Ib: Uca; Ic:
Uab;); when TV line breaks, The protection directional component or the protection can be
quitted through TV Break Exit Protectioncontrol bit. The action criterion is as below
(take Ia, Ib as examples):

Ia

< 90
90 < arg
j
Ubc * e

: Over current directional sensitive angle and can be set to 45 and 30.
At serving as the generator-transformer unit backup protection, it acts in forward
direction at meeting the above criterion. Over Current Power Directiondefines Bus To
ward Transformer as the positive direction and Transformer Toward Bus as the
negative; At serving as the generator backup protection, Bus to Transformer stands for
To Generator.
Action range is as below:

The over current directional component is provided with the memory function to guard
against the directivity loss of outlet short circuit over current protection.
Current memory function
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For the self shunt excitation, the current memory function of 3 segments over current
can be OFF/ON separately. The memory time can be set up.

4.6 Zero sequence over current protection


For the Under voltage network comprising of the generator, the neutral point is
designed to be unearthed and the stator is earthed in single phase arising out of insulation
damage. The zero sequence current is capacitance current, therefore, it recommends the
self zero sequence current special TA for the protection zero sequence current. It is
equipped with 2 segments zero sequence over current protection, each of which can be
set independently and be OFF/ON throughLink Setupmenu.
It is provided with zero sequence channel 3I0 for TA. The action criterion is as below:

3I 0 > I 0 xdz
I0xdz (x=1, 2): zero sequence over current protection setting value;
3I0: zero sequence current

4.7 Zero sequence over voltage protection


Serving as the generator stator circuit single phase earthing fault protection, any point
of the running generator stator is earthed in single phase and the generator zero
sequence voltage (TV open delta voltage) is larger than the stator protection earthing
protection setting value, when it is judged to be the stator earthing fault after setting up the
delay.
Protection principle: the fundamental wave zero sequence voltage is fed from the
generator terminal TV open delta voltage, and 85%~95% of stator winding from the
protection generator terminal are single phase earthed. It selects 5~10v.
The zero sequence and time settings can be set independently and the zero
sequence over voltage protection can be OFF/ON throughLink Setupmenu.
The action criterion is as below:

3u0>U0dz
U0dz: zero sequence voltage protection setting value;
3U0: open delta voltage;

4.8 Stator earthing third harmonic ratio protection


The stator earthing third harmonic ratio protection together with the zero sequence
over voltage form 100 stator earthing protection.
To fulfill the function, it is required to collect the voltage of the stator winding neutral
point and applicable for the condition that the voltage transformer locates in the generator
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

neutral point side.


100% stator earthing protection is comprised of the fundamental wave zero sequence
voltage protection and the third harmonic voltage protection. The fundamental zero
sequence voltage is fed from the generator terminal. The third harmonic ratio protection is
judged according to the ratio of the generator terminal TV open-delta winding third
harmonic voltage and the neutral point TV third harmonic voltage.
About 90% of the stator winding earthing is protected by the fundamental wave zero
sequence voltage and another 10% is responsible by the third harmonic voltage.
The third harmonic ratio settings and the time settings can be set separately and the
zero sequence over voltage protection can be OFF/ON throughLink Setupmenu.
The action criterion is as below:
a. at running state;
b. k3>XB3dz
K3=U03/UN3 (U03: the generator TV open-delta third harmonic voltage; Un3: the
neutral TV third harmonic voltage ;)
XB3dz: the third harmonic ration setting value;
XB3 dzK*a1;
K: the reliability coefficient, and adopt 1.31.5 in this device;
a1: the ratio of 3 maximum harmonic voltage measured at running;

4.9 Rotor one point earthing protection


It is provided with the toggle switch shifting principle to monitor the generator
excitation circuit earth insulation protection; the protection voltage is fed from the rotor
voltage and applicable for the generator excitation circuit except all the rotating excitation
modes and the generator adopting the brushless excitation and leading the rotor voltage
from no slip ring.
When one point is earthed besides the rotor, 2 points form the circuit and generates
the earthing current (Please refer P5-5, in which the rotor excitation power is not
indicated). It can acquire 2 different groups of earthing current data through the making
and breaking of electric switches S1 and S 2 . It can utilize the foresaid data and the
measured rotor voltage to judge whether the rotor circuit is earthed or not.
The rotor one point earthing protection acts on the signal after delay. When the
protection operates, check the excitation circuit at sending Rotor One Point Earthing
signal.

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P 5-5 Rotor earthing check shifting principle


Rotor one point earthing settings and time can be set independently and the rotor one
point earthing can be OFF/ON throughLink Setupmenu.
The action criterion is as below:
a. at running state (with current and CB is closed);
b. ULC>10.00v
c. Rg<ZZ1Ddz
ULC: measured excitation voltage;
Rg: measured earthing resistance;
ZZ1 Ddz: Rotor one point earthing setting value

4.10 Rotor two points earthing protection


The generator excitation circuit is earthed fault in one point and causes no damage to
the generator. But if the rotor two points earthing happened, it will seriously threaten the
safety of generator.
After rotor one point earth fault protection acted, if the earth point variation and the
secondary harmonic of generator terminal voltage exceed the settings, the protection can
be set OFF/ON viaRotor two points earthing secondary harmonic criterion.
The rotor two points earth setting and time setting can be set separately. You can set
the OFF/ON mode of rotor two points earth fault protection via Link setupmenu.
The operating equation is as follows:
a. The device is in operation (there is flow and CB is not on trip position)
b. Rotor one-point earthing protection acted
c. a>ZZ2wc
d. u2>ZZ2u2
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

a is the variation value of earthing point;


u2 is the maximum value of secondary harmonic voltage in generator terminal
phase voltage;
ZZ2wc generally adopts 5~10%;
ZZ2wc is rotor two points earthing position difference setting;
ZZ2u2 is rotor two points earthing secondary harmonic setting, the setting range is
0-10V;
ZZ2u2=k*Ubpn
Ubpn is the measured value of secondary harmonic voltage under rated load;
K is the reliability coefficient, it is usually 2.5~3.

4.11 Overload protection


The stator overload protection reflects the average heating condition of generator
stator winding. The equipment is provided with 3 segments overload protection and each
segment of current and time setting can be set independently. Of which the third segment
can select definite time or inverse time.
When it is used for generator-transformer unit protection, the segment 1 and segment
2 are used as blocking on-load tap changing, starting air cooling. When it is used for
generator protection, segment 1 and 2 are coordinating with segment 3 inverse time.
The definite time delay operation criterion is as follows:

I > IFxdz
IFxdz (x=1, 2) is overload protection setting;
I is any phase current.
The overload segment 3 protection is equipped with starting current as per inverse
time operation characteristic curve. When the current is greater than the starting current,
the generator starts heat accumulation.

The characteristic curve of stator winding inverse time overload protection is shown in
above picture. Iqd2 is inverse time starting current setting, namelyOverload 3 setand
this value should be set no less than generator rated current.Overload 3 delaysetting is

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used as the minimum time delay of inverse time action. When inverse time calculated
delay value less than the minimum value, it will act when it reaches the minimum delay.
According to the algorithm, when fault current value is 2 *Iqd2, the inverse time action
time is one third of stator winding thermal capacity constant.
The computing formula for inverse time protection delay t is:

T=

K1
2

I
( ) A1
Ie

Where:
A1:Radiating effect coefficient, usually adopts 1.00~1.05;
K1: generatorStator winding thermal capacity constant;
Iqd2: starting current, namelyOverload 3 set;
Overload 3 delaysetting is used as the delay lower limit of inverse time protection;
Ie is generator rated current.
The inverse time action criterion is as follows:
a. The heat accumulation value is larger thanStator winding thermal capacity
constant
b. Imax> Iqd2
Imax is maximum value of phase current.

4.12 Loss Excitation protection


The failure of generator excitation system will cause excitation decrease or excitation
total loss, thus lead to the generator and system out of step, which will cause damage to
the generator unit and electric power system. Therefore, it is really important to equip with
loss-of-excitation protection for large and medium sized generators.
The loss-of-field protection is formed by generator terminal measuring impedance
criterion, rotor Under voltage criterion, transformer high voltage side Under voltage
criterion and load reducing criterion. The loss-of-field protection is put into operation under
operating condition (non-trip position and there is flow).
The logic diagram is as follows:

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Following we will take static stability boundary criterion for example to illustrate the
loss-of-field protection principle:
If rotor Under voltage criterion or static stability boundary criterion is satisfied, it
sends low excitation voltage or un-stability signal and outputs excitation switchover
command (outlet 4) after t6 delay. This can predict the generator un-stability caused
by Loss Excitation, thus taking steps (excitation switchover) to avoid failure
propagation before the un-stability condition. When rotor Under voltage criterion
refuses to act in loss-of-excitation condition (like the rotor voltage test point to rotor
winding is broke), the un-stability signal is produced by static stability boundary
criterion.
For the system without enough reactive power, when the generator loss of
excitation happened, the high voltage side voltage could reach the system
breakdown value before the generator loss of static and stability. So when rotor
Under voltage criterion and high voltage side Under voltage criterion are met, the
generator loss of excitation is already posed a threat to the safety operation of electric
power system. It will send tripping command to cut off generator (outlet 1) after t1
delay.
For the turbine generator, the generator can maintain operation with certain
active power (like 40%) of rated power for some time (2~15 min) after generator loss
of excitation and this will not cause the instability of system. So if the generator loss of
excitation is found, the protection will send active power decrease command to made
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the active power lower than setting, that is to send trip command (outlet 3) after t3
delay. The operator will have enough time to remove the failure and resume the
excitation during t2, and this saved the system from tripping. If the fault can not
remove during t2 acting, the impedance criterion will send tripping command (outlet 2)
to protect the generator.
The asynchronous operation is not allowed for hydraulic turbines, so is will send
tripping command (outlet 2) after t2 delay when the generator is loss of stability.
The protection principle shows the following principle:
Cut off the faulty generator when the electric power system or generator is
threatened by loss of excitation. When the generator excitation losses but it hasnt
poses a threat to the electric power system or generator yet (in short term), it will
postpone the generator shutdown and make enough time for operator to remove the
failure as far as possible and avoid tripping.
The criterions for Loss Excitation protection are detailed as following:
Impedance criteria:
The boundary can be set to static stability boundary circle or asynchronous
impedance circle, or other shapes.

jX
0

r
A

When generator should be phase advance operated, if static stability boundary


circle can not meet with the requirements, we can avoid phase advance operational
area with following two ways:
a) Shift down impedance circle and set as per asynchronous boundary;
b) Switch on reverse reactive power block (can be set OFF/ON)
reverse reactive power settingis set beyond the range of generator
allowable phase advance operating reactive power.
Qfxwgdz = K*Qjx
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In the formula:
K is reliability coefficient, it is usually 1.11.3;
Qjx is the maximum allowable phase advance reactive power of generator.
Negative sequence voltage block can be used to help the device out of abnormal
operation mode. Negative sequence voltage block settingis set according to the
minimum negative sequence voltage of installation area of device . The setting range
is 6%~8%Ue.
The impedance value is computed by Uab and Iab. TV line-break will block the
impedance criterion.
The impedance criterion settings includesImpedance circle center and
Impedance circle radius. The units are .
For static stability impedance circle:
Impedance circle centeris (Xs-(Xd+Xd/2))/2 (setting are set to positive value)
Impedance circle radiusis (Xs+(Xd+Xd/2))/2
Of which,
Xd and Xd are the transient reactance and synchronous reactance of generator
and adopt unsaturated values;
Xs is the associated reactance (including between step-up transformer
impedance) between generator and system, its unit is .
For asynchronous impedance circle:
Impedance circle centeris -(Xd+Xd)/2 (setting are set to positive value);
Impedance circle radiusis Xd/2
Of which,
Xd and Xd are the transient reactance and synchronous reactance of generator
and adopt unsaturated values;
The unit is .
Rotor voltage criterion (can be set OFF/ON separately)
For there is no excitation voltage collection, you can select quitting rotor voltage
criterion.
The generator is forced to decrease excitation when it is under over voltage
condition, like sudden load rejection. The Ulc falls and it may cause rotor voltage
criterion misoperation. You can select generator terminal over voltage block (can be
set OFF/ON separately), generator terminal over voltage criterion delayed t4 (4~6s)
return after operation block measures to prevent Loss Excitation protection
misoperation.
UgUgdgydz
Where,

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Ugdgydz isGenerator terminal over voltage block setting, usually use


(1.1~1.25)Ugn,
Ugn is rated voltage of generator terminal.
a) Excitation Under voltage criterion:
Ulcdy< Ulcdydz
Where,
Ulcdydz is setting valueExcitation Under voltage setting;
Ulcdydz= K*Ufd0,
K is reliability coefficient, which is usually 0.200.50;
fd0 is generator no-load rated excitation voltage.
b) Excitation voltage change criterion:
The generator in parallel operation with system is corresponding to a certain
active power P. And there should be excitation voltage to maintain the steady
state stability limit. The operation criterion is:
Ulcdy<K(P-Pt)
Of which,
P is the measured secondary side power;
Pt isGenerator salient-pole powersetting, the unit is W.

1
1

Pt = 0.5 * Se *

xq
+
xs
xd
+
xs

Se: The 2nd rated apparent power


K isExcitation Under voltage coefficient
K = K1*(Xs+Xd)*Ufd0/Sn
K1 is reliability coefficient, it is usually 0.70.85;
Xd and Xs are generator synchronous reactance per unit and system
associated impedance per unit respectively (based on generator ratings);
fd0 is generator no-load rated excitation voltage;
Sn is generator rated secondary power.
System Under voltage criterion:
It generally adopts system side busbar voltage. The criterion is mainly used for
preventing the system voltage collapse caused by generator loss of excitation failure.
The system voltage line broken will block the system Under voltage criterion.
U x < Uxtdydz
Uxtdydz isSystem Under voltage setting;
Uxtdydz = K * Uhmin
Where,
K is reliability coefficient, adopts 0.850.90;
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Uhmin is minimum line voltage for normal operating of high voltage side
system.
Load reducing criterion:
It is set according to the allowable active power for turbine generator loss of
excitation (about 15min).
It is generally set according to 40~50% of unit rated capacity.

4.13 Over frequency protection


The criterion for over frequency protection is as below:
a. frequency > over frequency setting;
b. Ua>10V
c. The device is in operation (there is flow and CB is not on trip position)

4.14 Under frequency protection


The criterion for Under frequency protection is as below:
a. The frequency < Under frequency setting;
b. Ua>10V
c. The device is in operation (there is flow and CB is not on trip position)

4.15 Over Voltage protection


The over voltage is the line voltage of 3 phases. The protection voltage is OFF/ON
through Link Setup, and the criterion is as below:

U > Ugydz
Ugydz: over voltage setting value
U: the max. among 3 line voltages

4.16 Under Voltage protection


The criterion is as below:
a) U < Udydz
b) At running (be with-current and the switch is closed);
c) TV break and TV no-voltage requirements are not met;
Udydz: the Under voltage setting value
U: the max. among 3 line voltages

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4.17 Negative sequence over current protection


The protection is used to protect the generator rotor surface overheat caused by
negative sequence current when the generator is asymmetric operating or has
asymmetric fault. It is also used as the backup protection of system asymmetric fault. The
negative sequence over current protection is divided into two segments. The Under
voltage protection OFF/ON is controlled byLink Setup. The definite time or inverse time
of negative sequence over current 2 segments protection is set viaNegative sequence
over current 2 segments mode, and the delay can be set separately.
The negative sequence over current protection 2 segments have the starting current
(viz. negative sequence over current 2 segments settings) when they are set according to
inverse time operation characteristic curve. When the current is larger than starting
current, the generator starts heat accumulation. The starting value is set no less than
long-term allowable negative sequence current.

The inverse time negative sequence over current protection characteristic curve is as
above. In the figure,
Iqd2 is inverse time starting current setting, namelyNegative sequence over current
2 segments setting;
T2max is inverse time minimum operation time, namelyNegative sequence over
current 2 segments delaysetting.
The inverse time protection delay t calculation formula:

K2

T=

(I2>Iqd2)

I 2 A2
) ( )
Ie
Ie

Where,
A2: allowable negative sequence current for generator operation, namelyLong-term
allowable negative sequence current;
K2: generatorNegative sequence rotor heat constant, which is provided by
generator manufacturer;
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Iqd2:Negative sequence over current 2 segments settings, which are determined


by generator negative sequence inverse time starting current and rotor surface negative
sequence overload capacity.
Definite time operation criterion is as below:

I 2 > I 2 xdz
Of which,
I2xdz (x=1, 2) is negative sequence over current protection setting;
I2 is negative sequence current.
Inverse time operation criterion is as below:
a. Heat accumulation >Negative sequence rotor heat constant
b. I2> Iqd2

4.18 Inverse power protection


The inverse power protection is used for the abnormal conditions when there is active
power inversed in turbine generator, which made the generator a motor. The OFF/ON of
inverse power protection is set viaLink Setupmenu.
The operation criterion is as below:
a. P < Ngldz
b. At running (be with-current and the switch is closed);
c. TV break and TV no-voltage requirements are not met;
Ngldz:Inverse Power Setting Value, the power setting is secondary value.
Ngldz calculation:
Ngldz=Krel (P1 + P2)
Where,
Krel: reliability coefficient, it is usually 0.5~0.8;
P1: min. power consumption of steam turbine during inverse power operation,
usually adopts 3~4% of rated power;
P2: max. power consumption of generator during inverse power operation,
usually adopts 1~1.5% of rated power.

4.19 Pole Slipping protection


The pole slipping or Out-of-Stepprotection only be action on the condition of a
generator fall out of step with other power system sources.The EMS will take measures for
step out ,electric braking and fast closing according to the situation after the protection is
action.Only when the swing center inside of the generator\step-up transfomer or last for
a too long time and threat to the generator,the protection will be action in trip.Moreover,the

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break must be trip when the phase difference of both sides of the electromotive forces less

than 90 lest breaker interrupting capacity is too large.The pole slipping characteristic
consists of three parts as shown in the R/X diagram below,The first part is a lenticular(lens)
characteristic impedance component Z1;The second is a blinder straight line impedance
component Z2,and the third is a reactance component Z3.Where Z1 and Z2 split the R/X
diagram into zonezonezone and zone. zonezone are outside of the
lensand zonezone inside of the lens.

jx

Z2
Za

Z3

Zc

Z1

Zb

Figures of out-of-step impedance characteristic


When a generator is out of step with the system ,the viewed impedance locus is
expected to traverse from right to left across the zone IIIIIIIV in turnand then back
to zone I.Its indicate that the swing center happens to lie inside of the generator/step-up
transformer rigion when the locus over the line of Z3,and if the locus below the line of
Z3,the swing center will be outside of the region.Otherwise,the variety of impedance locus
on the condition of swing is more slowly than the variety on the condition of short
circuit.For the mentioned above,we can distinguish short circuit and out of step via set the
lenss internal angle and count the time of the impedance locus across the
lens.thereby,once the viewed impedance has traversed zone IIIIIIIV in turn, then back
to zone I,and the time of locus stayed on every zone more than the setting value,a pole
slip is confirmed. In addition,in the process of pole slip counting,the counter will be reset if
have no new pole slip arrival or the locus stays on the lens all the time in a cetain
time(20s).
2

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PSliping Impedance

ZA Z a = X s *

U gn * n a
S gn * n v

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device


2

PSliping Impedance

ZB Z b = X

U gn * n a
S gn * n v
2

PSliping Impedance ZC Z c = 0.9 * X c *

U gn * n a
S gn * n v

Where
Xd tansient reactance of the generator;
X s reactance of the power system connected to the generator unit;
X c reactance of the main transfomer P.U.;
U gn rated voltage of the generator;
S gn rated apparent power of the generator;
n a \ n v is equal to the transformation ratio of current and voltage respectively.

PSliping Blinder Angle is the system impedance angal adopts 80~ 85

PSliping Lens LimitAngle a = 1802 * arctan

2Z r
Z a + Zb

where
Zr

RL. min
RL. min is equal to minimum load impedanceit's recommonded to
1.3

adopts 120.
PSliping Trip Allow CurrThe device tripped automaticly when the current become
smaller,this setting valua is a assistant criterion.according to the allow interrupt capacity of
the relay.
PSlip(Outside) Slip CountWhen the swing center is outside of the zone,the
protection action on sending signal,PSlip(Outside) Slip CountSlippery setting 2 ~ 15
times;the protection action on trip.PSlip(Outside) Slip Countthe setting value is equal or
greater than 15 times.PSlip(Inside) Slip Countgeneral set 2 times.

4.20 Over excitation protection


The over-excitation protection is used to prevent the damage caused by the iron core
over heat due to the over-excitation. When the generator and the main transformer shares
the same over-excitation protection and has no breaker between them, the fixed value is
set according to the lower over-excitation requirement of the generator and the
transformer. When there are no breakers between the generator and the transformer and
configured with the over-excitation protection respectively, the fixed value is set
respectively according to different over-excitation multiples allowed by the generator and
the transformer.

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The calculation expression of the over-excitation multiples:


Kb=B/Be=(U/f)/(Ue/fe);
There-into: U is the bus voltage, and f is the system frequency;
Ue is the rated bus voltage, and fe is the system rated frequency;
Kb is the over-excitation multiple. The frequency range of the protection
is 45.50~69.50Hz; within the frequency range, the measurement of the
over-excitation multiple is not affected by the frequency change.

In the expression: U,f is the operating voltage and frequency; Ugn and fgn is the rated
voltage and frequency of the generator; U*,f* is the U*,f* are the nominal of the voltage
and the frequency; and B, and Bn is the magnetic flux and the rated magnetic flux.
It can switch OFF/ON the protection via the selection of Definite-time
over-excitation

protection or inverse time over-excitation

protection; the Definite-time

over-excitation

protection delay is acted in the signal and decreases the generator

excitation current; and the inverse-time over-excitation carries on the linear processing via
the given inverse-time limit action characteristic curve and then calculate the
corresponding action time via the piecewise linear interpolation to reverse the time limit.
After the linear processing via the given inverse-time action characteristic curve, the
inverse-time over-excitation limit calculate the over-excitation multiplying factor, and then
calculate the corresponding action time via the piecewise linear interpolation to reverse
the time limit. The inverse-time over-excitation protection has been provided with the
accumulating and cooling functions.
The given inverse-time action characteristic curve is got from the input 8 groups of the
fixed value. The setting value of the over-excitation multiplying factor is ranged 1.05~2.0,
and the time delay can achieve 600s at most.
The inverse time over-excitation action curve is as follows:

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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Figure of inverse time over-excitation action curve


8 groups of the fixed value of the inverse time over-excitation action characteristic curve
meets the following requirement:

1 Factor setting: Ni+1Ni


2 Time setting : Ti+1Ti
Otherwise Unit will alarm , display IT OverExci Set Error.
The over excitation protection setting and time setting can be set independently, and
the protection OFF/ON is set viaLink Setup.

4.21 Low Impedance protection


Low impedance protection (including generator, transformer)
The low impedance protection for generator and transformer is mainly used as the
backup protection for generator and transformer phase fault. Sometimes, it also used as
the backup protection for the phase fault of adjacent devices (busbar, line, etc.).
Protection constitution principle
The protecton is composed of three interphase impedance elements. The voltage and
current of impedance elements are fed from generator terminal TV and TA secondary side,
and also it can fed from the main transformer HV side or MV side TV and TA secondary
side.
The operating characteristic of low impedance protection on impedance complex
plane is a directional impedance circle with maximum sensitivity angle of 85, which is
shown as below. When the mesauring impedance is in the circle, the impedance
protection is acted.

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Operating characteristic of low impedance elements


In above figure,
ZF is the low impedance protection forward impedance setting;
ZB is the low impedance protection backward impedance setting.
Seeing from the figure: Set up the different value for ZF and ZB, you will get different
impedance circle characteristic. When ZF= ZB, it is the full impedance circle; when ZB =0
or ZF =0, it is the directional impedance circle crossing the origin of coordinate; when
ZB<>0 and ZF<>0, it is the directional impedance circle with a certain drift rate.
To improve the reliability of high impedance protection action, TV break criterion is
equipped. In addition, the current and negative sequence current starting elements are
equipped. The impedance protection has two stages.
The operating conditions are as below:
zab or zbc or zca is inside above impedance circle;
Imax> zqd or I2> zqd2.
Of which,
zab = Uab/Iab; zbc = Ubc/Ibc; zca = Uca/Ica;
Uab, Iab, Ubc, Ibc, Uca, Ica are line voltage, current vector value.
Imax is maximum value of phase current, zqd isLowImpedance Start Curr
I2 is negative sequence current value, zqd2 isLowImpedanceStartNegCurr
Setting reference:
The generator, transformer interphase fault backup protection can adopt impedance
protection when current, voltage protections cant meet the sensitivity requirement, or
required by network protection coordination. According to different impedance protection
configuration and different impedance relay characteristics, there are following conditions
for settings calculation.
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(1) Setting calculation of step-up transformer low voltage side full impedance relay
a. When HV busbar short-circuit meet with sensitivity requirement
Zop = Ksen*Zt
In the formula,
Ksen is the sensitivity coefficient of impedance protection, adopt 1.3; Zt is transformer
impedance (secondary value).
b. When related HV side outgoing line distance protection segments coordination
Zop = 0.7Zt + 0.8Kinf*Z
In the formula,
Kinf is infeed coefficient, adopt the minimum value under all kinds of operating modes;
Z is the related HV side outgoing line distance protection segments action impedance
(secondary value).
c. Sensitivity coefficient HV busbar three phase short-circuit is verified as below:
Ksen = Zop / Zt

Ksen1.3

(2) Setting calculation of step-up transformer 220500kV side full impedance relay
a. Action impedance calculation of impedance relay
When the full impedance relay is equipped on 220500kV transformer HV side, the
action value of impedance relay and the related outgoing line impedance protection
segment are coordinated, the value can be calculated as below:
Zop = krel*Kinf*Z
In the formula,
Kinf is infeed coefficient, adopt the minimum value under all kinds of operating modes;
Z is the related HV side outgoing line distance protection segments action impedance
(secondary value); krel is reliability coefficient, adopt 0.8.
b. Sensitivity coefficient is verified according to below formula:
Ksen = Zop / Z
In the formula,
Z is the related impedance (secondary value) of defined protection zone, Ksen1.3.
(3) The directional impedance relay has an offset characteristic. When forward
direction pointed to transformer, the direction impedance action value is set according to
generator terminal fault as above formula. The negative impedance is 5%10% of
forward direction, and the setting should be less than the on-side busbar outgoing line
impedance protection segment I action value.
(4) Delay setting of impedance protection
Segment I acted on tripping the bus coupler, segment II acted on system
disconnection and field extinction. The impedance protection did not equip with power
oscillation blocking function, and the delay setting should not misoperate during oscillation,
1.5s delay at least is preferable.
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(5)LowImpedance Start Curr


It is set according to avoid the max. load current of generator or transformer.
It usually use (1.1 ~ 1.15) Ie

(Ie: rated current of generator or transformer)

(6)LowImpedanceStartNegCurr
It is set according to avoid the max. unbalance negative sequence current during
normal operation.
It usually use (0.1 ~ 0.2) Ie.

4.22 Breaker Failure protection


Although the protected objects are provided with the protection action exits, the
current still passes through the circuit breaker. And the circuit breaker is still on the
switch-on state, and rejects to switch off as the breaker failure, and thus start the failure
protection.
The reason to start the breaker failure protection: phase current, zero sequence
current, negative sequence current , the breaker auxiliary contacts and the normal-open
contact of the protection outlet relay.

The criterion of zero sequence or negative

sequence current can be started by Other Protectionrelated settingZS Curr Start


BreakFail
NS Curr Start BreakFail.
The protection ON/OFF

1I>Slbhdz
or

I2> QFSli2dz
QFSli2dz

is set viaLink Setup with action equoation below:

Slbhdz is Breaker Failure protection O/C start set


& the Link for NSCurr Start BreakFailis on
is NS Curr Start Set, I2 is Negative Sequence Current

Note: The criterion of NS Curr set does not


or

I0> QFSli0dz
QFSli0dz

work

once TA breaks.

& the Link for ZSCurr Start BreakFailis on


is ZS Curr Start Set, I0 is Zero Sequence Current

Note: I0 can select Chanel or Calculation(set at Earting Protection), the


calculation3I0j=Ia+Ib+Ic; If use the calculation zero sequence, it will
block the protection instantly once TA breaks.

2CB on the switch-on state


3Access protection trip signal on the operation panel DB-9

4.23 OperatingMechanism Stuck


For prevention of circuit breaker operating mechanism stuck and coil burned up,
you can put OperMech Stuck Protection into use. (required a statement to OperMech
Stuck Protection when ordering, because the device must be connected to an external
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DC intermediate relay, to cut off the power of operating circuit for CB);
Action Criterion is as follows:
If operations (such as manual or remote control, protection tripping, or reclosing
operation) are performed through the operation board of Unit box / Control box ,but
after

setting time circuit breaker position is not changed , OperMech Stuck

Protection will act.

4.24 Non-electric protection and alarm


Collect various non-electric signals through the OPTO I/P circuit for the sound
signal alarm or the action output.
The OPTO I/P

5~16 can be set up as trip or alarm. Please refer to the chapter 6.22

Protection Settings for detailed description.

4.25 Abnormal operation alarm


4.25.1 Differential current over limit alarm
Delay the alarm when the differential current of any phase is larger than the
differential over setting alarming setting value. The action equation is as below:

XDI > Iclyx


DI: the differential current (=a, b, c)
Iclyx: the differential over limit settings
When the above requirements are met, enable Differential Over Setting Alarm
after 5s delay and sendDifferential Over Setting Recover alarm signal after the
differential has been recovered for 5s.
4.25.2 TA break detection
DMP320C1F--TA break detection criterion is as below:
a) The current in one phase is less than the no-current settings 0.04In;
b) The no-voltage phase difference is larger than 0.12 In.
DMP321C1F--TA break detection criterion is as below:
a) Any phase current is lower than 0.04In;
b) Any phase current is larger than 0.08In;
When the above requirements are met, activate TA Break Alarmafter 10s
delay and send TA Break Recoveryalarm signal after the current has been
recovered for 10s.
4.25.3 Control Loop break detection
The Control Loop break detection criterion is as below: at normal running, both
the tripping position relay and the closing position relay do not act.

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When the above requirements are met, activate Control Loop Break alarm
after 10s delay and Control Loop Break Recovery alarm signal after the current
has been recovered for 10s.
4.25.4 TV abnormal detection
TV abnormal detection criterion is as below:
TV break detection criterion:
a) The negative sequence voltage U2 is above 8V and any voltage difference
between 2 lines is larger than 18V
b)

Be used to detect the break for 1or 2 phases;

3-phase no-voltage criterion:


a) 3-phase voltage are lower than 8V, and a phase current is larger than 0.04In;
b) Be used to detect 3-phase no-voltage;
When the above requirements are met, activate TV Break alarm or TV
No-voltage alarm after 10s delay and TV Break Recoveryor TV No-voltage
Recoveryalarm signal after the current has been recovered for 10s and re-activate
the related protection.
4.25.5 Other alarms
1) The tripping position relay is abnormal: when the tripping position relay
operates with current, enable Tripping Position Relay Abnormal alarm after 10s
delay and Tripping Position Relay Recovery alarm signal after the tripping
position relay has been recovered for 10s.
2) Bus frequency measurement circuit abnormal: collect the frequency through
the bus voltage Ua channel; when the frequency measurement circuit is abnormal,
activate Bus Frequency MeasurIing Circuit Abnormalalarm after 10s delay and

Bus Frequency Measuring Circuit Recoveryalarm signal after the frequency has
been recovered for 10s.
3) Operation circuit abnormal blocking: accessKM signal from the outside to
fulfill functions including Spring Unstored Energy / Low Pressure Blocking
Closed, Tripping Pressure Low Blocking Open, and Low / Abnormal Pressure
General Blocking; when it has detected the corresponding external signal, block the
hardware circuit automatically and activate Unstored Energy / Low Closed
Pressure Act alarm after 20s delay and thenSpring Unstored Energy / Low
Pressure Blocking Closed Reset, Low Tripping Pressure Blocking Reset and
Low / Abnormal Pressure Blocking alarm after another 20s.
4) Internal self-check abnormal: include the settings self check, RAM check,
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EEPROM self-check, outlet optical isolation open circuit self-check, starting relay
optical isolation open circuit self-check,

faulted relay optical open circuit self-check

and alarming relay optical isolation open circuit self-check.

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Chapter 5 Monitoring
It is provided with the independent AC measuring circuit to fulfill the basic measuring
and control function instead of an additional measuring unit (if no special requirements).

5.1 Measuring function


Use the independent TA circuit for current measurement, TV circuit for voltage
measurement and protection and a special frequency collection channel for the frequency
collection. Current, voltage, power, power factor and frequency, etc can be measured
accurately by auto frequency tracking and precise algorithm and be displayed in the LCD
in real time and sent to the background monitoring system and the remote dispatching end
via the communication network.
DMP320C1F:
Protection: temperature T1, T2 (optional), Ia1, Ib1, Ic1, Ia2, Ib2, Ic2, D10;
Measuring: Frequency F, active electrical degree Pd and reactive electrical degree
Qd;
Harmonic: 12 loops of current, 2~11 subharmonic;
OPTO I/P : 16 loops of OPTO I/P DI collection (2 of which can be used as the
impulse input);
DMP321C1F:
Protection: UA, UB, UC, 3U0, Ux, Un, IA, IB, IC, 3I0, Ulc and Rg;
Measuring: Ua, Ub, Uc, Uab, Ubc, Uca, Ia, Ib, Ic, Frequency F, P, Q, COS, active
electrical degree Pd, reactive electrical degree Qd;
Harmonic: 3-phase voltage, 3-phase current 2~11 sub harmonic;
OPTO I/P : 16 loops of OPTO I/P DI collection (2 of which can be used as the
impulse input);

5.2 Opto I/P collection


It is capable of collecting 16 channels of digital quantity (Opto I/P quantity), which are
firstly connected with external contacts and subsequently processed by lightning proof,
filter and photoelectric isolation and then converted to the Opto I/P data after DSP
collection. The real time Opto I/P data can be viewed through Real Time Data and
OPTO I/P Statusand sent to the background monitoring system and the remote
dispatching system via the communication network. The Opto I/P quantity can be defined
as the ordinary Opto I/P or the digital quantity change record OPTO I/P . Please refer to
the Operation Manual for the detailed description about setting up the name and type of
the digital quantity variation record OPTO I/P .
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Partial opto I/P are fixed as the below table:


No.

Application

Remarks

ExtRecorder Start

The starting fault wave record has been fixed


and not allowed for other purposes at inputting;

RemoOperSignal

The blocking background remote operation


has been fixed and not allowed for other
purposes at inputting;

Disconnector 1

Be fixed and not allowed for other purposes.

Disconnector 2

Be fixed and not allowed for other purposes.

17

UnstoredEng/

The internal OPTO I/P quantity from the


operation panel is to fix the block closing only.
EngEnergyCPClosing Pressure
The internal OPTO I/P quantity and closing
signal from the operation panel have been fixed
and not allowed for other purposes.

CP Low
18
ClosePosRelay
19
Trip PosRelay
20
PosAfterClosed
21
PressureLowBlock

22
Trip Pressure

23
Signal Reset

The internal OPTO I/P quantity and tripping


signal from the operation panel have been fixed
and not allowed for other purposes.
The internal OPTO I/P quantity and after-closed
position signal from the operation panel have
been fixed and not allowed for other purposes.
The internal OPTO I/P quantity from the
operation panel has fixed the block
tripping/closing and not allowed for other
purposes.
The internal OPTO I/P quantity from the
operation panel has fixed the block
tripping/closing and not allowed for other
purposes.
The keyboard button or the external reset OPTO
I/P has fixed the reset signal relay and the
alarming indication lamp, etc.

5.3 Control
The unit can realize the control and the signal collection for the circuit breaker through
Close, Open, and Remote/Local button.
The Closing and Opening operation mode of the circuit breaker:
At Local position, switch OFF/ON the circuit breaker by Close or Open button
directly and meanwhile block the remote closing and opening function.

menu, set up the action


ThroughRelay Contact Test underDevice Debug
or reset of the outlet relay 1 and 2,

and meanwhile initiate the closing, opening or


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resetting signal. (! Note: this function is only available under the debugging status
and permitted during the operation, otherwise, it will result in the circuit breaker
unwanted operation.)
At Remote position, set up the parameter

as On through Remote Control

Function of Parameter Editunder Device Parameter menu in the unit box and
then receive the background machine / remote operation command to remote control the
switching OFF/ON of the circuit breaker.

5.4 SOE(Sequence of Event) record


When the status of the protection action or the monitored switch changes, the device
will record the event time, fault information and data, and the latest 200 events before
power off automatically. It can send the SOE(Sequence of Event) record to the
background machine for storage and processing via the communication network.

5.5 RTU function


The event record, Opto I/P quantity, pulse quantity, settings, measured data, circuit
breaker operation will be sent to the dispatching center to fulfill RTU function after being
converted to the dispatching standard communication protocol through the communication
controller or the background machine.

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Chapter 6 Operation instruction


The MMI is designed with the graphic menu featuring on-line configuration and a
straight-forward operation. The menu structure is as below:
Measured Data
Protection Data
Real
Time
Data

Harmonic Voltage
Harmonic Current
Opto I/P Status
Protection

Event
Reports

Opto I/P
Other
All

Setting
View
M
a
i
N
M
e
n
u

Setting
Edit

Group 1

Protect Type 1

Group 2

Group 3

Group 4

Protect Type n

Group 5

Links Setup

Group 6

Trip Setup

Group 7

Opto I/P Setup

Group 8

Relay Setup

Time
Device
Para

Password
View
Edit
SamplingAccuracyCalibrate

Device
Debug

CalibratedSettingInquiry
Relay Contact Test
Clear Debugging Record
Clear DSP Record
Event Uploading Test

Version Info
Instruction

PressEnterkey in the main picture to log in the main menu and then move the cursor to
Operation Manual by pressingUp,Dn,LeftandRightand then pressEnter
for the MMI operation description.

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< Note: Description of the display the date like this: each for month/day/year
above the image(Main screen) for exampleJanuary 9, 2000>

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Pop up the new accident picture automatically as below after returning to the original
main picture at new accidents or alarms in the system. According to the order, No. 001 is
the latest event. PressUpandDnto select the event andEnter to view the event
detailed description.
! Note: When operates via the menu, the new event wont be poped up until
returning to the original main picture manually at new event happening. After 180s
no key-press operation, the device will log in the original main picture and turn the
backlight automatically.

After the new event picture popping up, if it is operated by the menu, press Exit
key firstly to reset the new event picture, when the device will pop up the below picture.
PressEnterkey to reset the event picture andExitto cancel it.

During the hardware reset for the whole system, press Reset key and the
corresponding picture as below will pop up after returning to the original main picture.
PressEnterkey to reset all the status flag in the protection software, the fault relay, alarm
and action lamp. And pressExitto cancel the reset.

! Note: After the treatment of protection events, alarms, internal self-check


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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

mistakes (e.g. the settings

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

self-check mistake will drive the fault relay to block all

OPTO O/P relays) or finishing

debugging, press Reset key to reset or

re-energize the device to operate correctly in the initial status.

6.1 Real time data inquiry


SelectReal Time Datain the main menu to inquire the real-time data.

Measured Datacapable of inquiring data including the primary voltage, secondary


measured current, active/reactive power, and active/reactive electrical degree, etc.
Protection Data capable of inquiring data including the secondary protection
current, voltage, etc;
Harmonic Voltage capable of inquiring the secondary measurement 2~11
sub-harmonic phase voltage;
Harmonic Current capable of inquiring the secondary measurement 2~11
sub-harmonic phase current;
Opto I/P Statuscapable of inquiring the present DI status.

6.2 Settings view and edit


The system is provided with the settings self-check function. When it detects any
fault, it starts operating the fault relay, turning on the alarming lamp and blocking every
outlet relay, and then revises the error code manually or remotely. After the completion of
the reset, pressResetkey to reset all the status indication lamp in the protection software,
the fault relay, alarm and action lamp.
The error code is as below:
Error=32: the system data self-check error
Error=33: the calibration settings self-check error
Error=1~10: the protection settings self-check error (corresponding to the current
settings interface, e.g. 6.22 the Protection Setting Value: Over Current Protectionis

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corresponding to 1, Over Voltage Protectionto 2 and Under voltage Protection to


3, and so on )
6.2.1 System parameter
View and revise the parameter through View and Edit under Device
Parameter. Password is required at parameter edition.
Time be set manually or synchronized with the device through the
communication.
Password set up the password for parameter edit in case that the
non-operator revises the data; The user can set the password (8888 as the default)
by themselves before the operation.
Editinclude setting up the protection setting value, parameter related to the
communication, the primary device data, and various fault detection data, etc.

Print Para "Print parameters" include print-related parameters settings:


print, Print Baudrate, Print Address , and more.

6.2.2 Protection settings


View and revise the parameter through View and Edit. Password is
required for the setting edition. There are 8 groups of settings in total. The protection
setting group no. is edited underSettings Group No.of EditunderDevice
Parameter.

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Protection Settings: It is to set the action value, operation delay time, starting
and blocking conditions for various protections.

Link Setup: It is to switch OFF/ON of the soft link of various protections.

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Trip Setup: It is to set the outlet relay for the protection trip according to the
binary mode. The outlet relay J1~J12 are displayed from right to left and their outlet
mode are defined byRelay Setupmenu. For example: the over current.I outlet is set
as 0101 0000 0100 and after the over current protection.I acted, the relay J3, J9 and
J11 start operation.

Opto I/P Link: It can be set to fulfill the Opto I/P deflection, alarm and trip.
When it is set as Off, it is only allowed for the Opto I/P change; when set as On, it
is for alarm and trip. The related setting is as below:
Opto I/P Trigger: It can set the sudden change mode for the DI alarm and trip.
When set as Open -> Close, delay the start-up when the external DI signal is
changed to 1 from 0 suddenly; and when set as Close -> Open, delay the start-up
when the external DI signal is changed to 0 from 1 suddenly.
Opto I/P Delay: It can set the DIsignal sudden-changing delay action time.
When DI signal has fulfilled the sudden-changing condition for the statusd time, the
corresponding DI activates the alarm or the trip.
Opto I/P Outlet: It can set the outlet relay for DIalarm or trip. Please refer to
Trip Setup.

Relay Setup: It is to define the Outleut Mode for J1~J12 outlet relays
separately.
1) Pulse output: It can set the pulse output time to reset the relay automatically.
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The relay action time is the defined pulse output time;


2) Follow signal output: It can follow the accident signal output to reset the relay
automatically once the signal resets. The relay action time is the holding time of the
fault signal;
3) Hold output: The relay will be kept under the output status until the external
reset signal or manual reset signal reset.
! Note:
When J1 and J2 are set as On by [Remote Control Function] underEdit
menu, it is only for remote controlling the closing and opening but invalid in
other outlet seting up.
J9 and J10 are only allowed for Accident Alarm and Alarm Sound. The
alarming mode and Outleut Mode can be set in the corresponding protection
output setting up. The relay alarm time can be set inO/P Relay Setup.

6.3 Device debug


Device Debug: It is for the debugging personnels operation.

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Sampling Accuracy Calibrationis to calibrate AC and DC channel collection


quantity. The AC channel calibration should be done before delivery and become
unnecessary under normal conditions. Adopt a highly-accurate calibration instrument and
add AC and DC signal in the corresponding AC and DC channel. And the menu gives the
defaulted amplitude of addition quantity. After fulfill the above condition, pressEnterkey
and then operate according to the prompt. The entry password of Sampling Accuracy
Calibrationmenu is highly confidential and known only by the debugging personnel.

Calibrated Settings Inquiry: It is to check whether AC and DC channel sampling


quantity is calibrated. The AC channel calibration should be done before delivery and
become unnecessary under normal conditions. The channel is displayed as -1 before the
calibration and a positive number subsequently.
Relay contact Testis to test the outlet relay. Select the to-be-tested relay in this
menu and pressEnterkey to select Action, and then re-pressEnterkey to process the
following step, which ensures the relay under the output status. And clickReset to stop
the relay output. The entry password of Relay contact Testmenu is highly confidential
and known only by the debugging personnel.

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! Note:
Ensure the outlet relay under the reset status in the duration of the relay
contact test; otherwise, the corresponding relay will be kept under the action
status.
Clear Debug Recordis to clear the event record at debugging.
Clear DSP Recordis to clear all the event record in the device.
! Note: Be cautious! For the cleared event record can not be recovered.
Event Upload Testis to upload all the event to the background monitoring system,
which is easy for testing communication at on-site debug.

6.4 Event report and inquiry


When the new event report pops up at alarm occurring, pressEnterkey for the
detailed information including the action time, action value, etc.
At that time, pressExitkey to reset the event picture and then back to the main
picture. In the next step, pressResetkey to reset the corresponding accident signal
including action, alarming relay and alarming lamp, etc.

Protection: It includes the detailed information of all the protection action.


Opto I/P: It includes the detailed information of all the OPTO I/P actions and
alarming events
Others: It includes the detailed information of all the internal fault, external fault
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and other alarming events.


All: It includes the detailed information of all events.

6.5 Version information


Check the type, type code, hardware version no., and protection and displaying
software version no. in the Version Informationmenu.
If the type code of the displaying software is consistent with the protection software,
the device will pop up the message of DSP and MMI do not match! automatically. Please
re-write the matched displaying program and protection program.
When CPU plus are loose contacted or the communication between the display and
the protection is faulted, the device will pop up the message of Communication Fault
automatically.

6.6 Print function


Except for main screen, in all other data screen, parameters screen, SOE screen,
Press "Confirm" + Right key combinations at the same time you can start printing tasks.
When a new SOE event generated print task can also be started automatically this
feature is available in the "Print Parameters" screen.
Device use a standard printing protocol Printing Protocol ,support Chinese /
English mixed print, each line 32 English characters or 16 Chinese characters. Devices
and printer can be connected in two ways: RS232 and RS485, the way has to be
determined when the order. In RS232 mode, each device has a mini printer via RS232
network; in RS485 mode, multiple devices can share a mini-printer via RS485 network; ,
access network printer by RS232/RS485 converter, allows up to 8 devices to share a
printer.
Before you do print, be sure to first set the following parameters according to the
actual situation (This parameter can only be viewed and modified on the unit box):
Code
Range
Step
No.
Name
Remarks
1
PMODE
RS485/RS232
Print Type
2
PBAUD
1200-9600
Print Comm Baudrate
3
PADR
1
18
Printer Address
4
PV
0.3-3.0 l/s
Print Rate
5
PSOEYX
OFF/ON
AutoType OptoI/P EventRep.

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7

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

PSOEO
OFF/ON
PSOEP
OFF/ON
Print method: RS232/RS485, according to the actual application of choice;

AutoType Other EventRep.


AutoType Prot EventRep.

Print communication rate: 960 bpsdefault, according to the printer's baudrate


for choice;
Print Address: 1-8, for RS485 printing mode, be sure that set the only address
in the same printing network;
Print speed: default 0.8 lines / s, this value is based on the actual speed of the
printer, the speed can be set slightly smaller than the actual speed .

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Chapter 7 Attached lists and figures


7.1 DMP320C1F generator differential protection device settings list
7.1.1 System parameter
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

Name
Setting Group No.
Comm Address
IP
MAC
Mask
Gateway
Reserved
Reserved
Pulse Per kWh
Pd Base
Qd Base
RecordDuration
GPS Time Sync
Ethernet
CAN
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Detect TA Break
Detect CtrlLoop Break
Reserved
Remote Operation
Comm Protocol
Comm Baudrate

Code

Setting range

Step

DZQH
TXZH
IP
MAC
CC
GW

18
199
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx

1
1

MDMC
YGDD
WGDD
LBT
GPS
INET
CAN

1030000
099999.9
099999.9
0.000.50
OFF/ON
OFF/ON
OFF/ON

1
0.1
0.1
0.01

TADXYB
KZDXYB

OFF/ON
OFF/ON

YK
TXXY
TXBTL

OFF/ON
MODBUS/103
1200/2400/4800/
9600/19200bit/s
50Hz/60Hz
5A/1A/2A
100V/110V
OFF/ON

System Rated Freq


Fn
TA 2nd Rated Curr
In
TV 2nd Rated Volt
Un
Ethernet MultiConnection
YTWLJ
7.1.2 Protection setting value

No.

Name

Code

Remark

kWh
kvarh
s

Setting range

Step

Remark
A
(Ie) (Secondary
rated current of
generator
neutral point)
kA
A
Ie
Ie
Ie
Ie

Neutral 2nd Rated Curr

Differential
TA22
0.1020.00

0.01

2
3
4
5
6
7
8

TA Bala Coef
Mutation Start Curr
Diff Threshold
Rest Threshold
Quick Break
Diff Block Set
Rest Coeff

Kph
Iqd
Icdmk
Izdmk
Icdsd
Iblbs
Kbl

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

0.1010.00
0.105.00
0.102.00
0.102.00
1.0015.00
0.050.20
0.100.80

53 / 91

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

9
10
11

2ndHarmonicCoef
Diff CurrOverLimit
D-Y Convert

12
13
14

2nd Harmonic Rest


InstantTA Break Block
DiffCurrOverLimitAlarm

1
2

TransDiff Set
TransDiff Delay

OperMech Stuck Delay

1
2
3
4
5

Diff Quick Break


ProportionalDiff
Transverse Diff
OperMech Stuck
Reserved

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

Kxb
Iclyx

0.100.50
0.101.50
Exit / Y/-11/ Y/
-1
XBYB
OFF/ON
TADXBS
OFF/ON
CLYXYB
OFF/ON
Transverse Diff
0.1020.00
0.0020.00
Other Protection
JKys
0.01010.000
Link Setup
CDSDYB
OFF/ON
BLCDYB
OFF/ON
LXHCYB
OFF/ON
JKYB
OFF/ON

0.01
0.01

Ie

0.01
0.01

A
s

0.001

Trip Setup
1

Diff Quick Break Outlet

CDSDCK

0000 0000 0000

ProportionalDiff Outlet

BLCDCK

0000 0000 0000

Transverse Diff Outlet

OperMech Stuck

LXHCCK
JKCK

0000 0000 0000


0000 0000 0000

1
2
3
4
5
6

ExtStartRecorder
RemoOperSignal
Disconnector 1
Disconnector 2
05 Link
05 Trigger

KR05YB
KR05TB

7
8

05 Delay
05 Outlet

KR05YS
KR05CK

9
10

06 Link
06 Trigger

KR06YB
KR06TB

11
12

06 Delay
06 Outlet

KR06YS
KR06CK

13
14

07 Link
07 Trigger

KR07YB
KR07TB

15
16

07 Delay
07 Outlet

KR07YS
KR07CK

The outlet logic is set by


the software and the relay
1~12 is located from right
to left, e.g. if a protection
outlet is set as 0010 0001
0010, the relay no.2, 5, 10
start operating. The 1st in
the right is corresponding
to the 1st relay.

Opto I/P Setup

54 / 91

Fixed internally
Fixed internally
Fixed internally
Fixed internally
OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

17
18

08 Link
08 Trigger

KR08YB
KR08TB

19
20

08 Delay
08 Outlet

KR08YS
KR08CK

21
22

09 Link
09 Trigger

KR09YB
KR09TB

23
24

09 Delay
09 Outlet

KR09YS
KR09CK

25
26

10 Link
10 Trigger

KR10YB
KR10TB

27
28

10 Delay
10 Outlet

KR10YS
KR10CK

29
30

11 Link
11 Trigger

KR11YB
KR11TB

31
32

11 Delay
11 Outlet

KR11YS
KR11CK

33
34

12 Link
12 Trigger

KR12YB
KR12TB

35
36

12 Delay
12 Outlet

KR12YS
KR12CK

37
38

13 Link
13 Trigger

KR13YB
KR13TB

39
40

13 Delay
13 Outlet

KR13YS
KR13CK

41
42

14 Link
14 Trigger

KR14YB
KR14TB

43
44

14 Delay
14 Outlet

KR14YS
KR14CK

45
46
47

1516 for Energy Meter


15 Link
15 Trigger

MCDD
KR15YB
KR15TB

48
49

15 Delay
15 Outlet

KR15YS
KR15CK

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

OFF/ON
OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

0.01

s
Be identical
55 / 91

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

with the trip


setting up
50
51

16 Link
16 Trigger

KR16YB
KR16TB

52
53

16 Delay
16 Outlet

KR16YS
KR16CK

Relay 01 Outlet Mode

2
3

Relay 01 PulseOutputTime
Relay 02 Outlet Mode

4
5

Relay 02 PulseOutputTime
Relay 03 Outlet Mode

6
7

Relay 03 PulseOutputTime
Relay 04 Outlet Mode

8
9

Relay 04 PulseOutputTime
Relay 05 Outlet Mode

10
11

Relay 05 PulseOutputTime
Relay 06 Outlet Mode

12
13

Relay 06 PulseOutputTime
Relay 07 Outlet Mode

14
15

Relay 07 PulseOutputTime
Relay 08 Outlet Mode

16
17

Relay 08 PulseOutputTime
Relay 09 Outlet Mode

18
19

Relay 09 PulseOutputTime
Relay 10 Outlet Mode

20
21

Relay 10 PulseOutputTime
Relay 11 Outlet Mode

22
23

Relay 11 PulseOutputTime
Relay 12 Outlet Mode

24

Relay 12 PulseOutputTime

OFF/ON
Open->close/
Close->Open
0.00300.00
0000 0000 0000

0.01

s
Be identical
with the trip
setting up

O/P Relay Setup


CK01FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK01YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK02FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK02YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK03FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK03YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK04FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK04YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK05FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK05YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK06FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK06YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK07FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK07YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK08FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK08YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK09FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK09YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK10FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK10YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK11FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK11YS
0.01
0.1030.00
CK12FS
Follow Signal Output / Pulse Output / Hold
Output
CK12YS
0.01
0.1030.00

7.2 DMP321C1F generator backup protection device settings list


7.2.1 System Para
NO.
1
56 / 91

Name

Code

Setting range

Step

Setting Group No.

DZQH

18

Remark

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Comm Address
IP
MAC
Mask
Gateway
TV Ratio
TA Ratio
Gen Rated Curr
Pulse Per kWh
Pd Base
Qd Base
RecordDuration
GPS Time Sync
Ethernet
CAN
Reserved
Protection Mode
Detect TV Break
Detect TA Break
Detect CtrlLoop Break
Remote Operation
Comm Protocol
Comm Baudrate

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

TXZH
IP
MAC
CC
GW
TVBB
TABB
EDDL
MDMC
YGDD
WGDD
LBT
GPS
INET
CAN

199
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
1.01200.0
1.03000.0
0.120.00
1030000
099999.9
099999.9
0.000.50
OFF/ON
OFF/ON
OFF/ON

BHFS
TVDX
TADX
KZDX
YK
TXXY
TXBTL

3-phase/ 2-phase
OFF/ON
OFF/ON
OFF/ON
OFF/ON
MODBUS/103
1200/2400/4800/
9600/19200bit/s
50Hz/60Hz
5A/1A/2A
100V/110V
/

System Rated Freq


Fn
TA 2nd Rated Curr
In
TV 2nd Rated Volt
Un
Ethernet MultiConnection
YTWLJ
7.2.2 Protection setting value
Name
Mutation Start Curr
UnderVolt Set
NS Volt Set
O/C.1 Set
O/C.1 Delay
O/C.2 Set
O/C.2 Delay
O/C.3 Set
O/C.3 Delay
CurrentMemoTime
O/C.1 Direction
O/C.1 Power Direction
O/C.1 COV Start
O/C.1 Memorize
O/C.2 Direction
O/C.2 Power Direction
O/C.2 COV Start
O/C.2 Memorize
O/C.3 Direction
O/C.3 Power Direction
O/C.3 COV Start

Code

Setting range

Over Current
Iqd
0.1020.00
Udy
30.00110.00
U2dz
1.0070.00
I1dz
0.10100.00
I1ys
0.0020.00
I2dz
0.10100.00
I2ys
0.1020.00
I3dz
0.10100.00
I3ys
0.1020.00
Tjy
0.1020.00
I1FX
OFF/ON
I1ZX
T to Bus / Bus to T
I1UBS
OFF/ON
I1JY
OFF/ON
I2FX
OFF/ON
I2ZX
T to Bus / Bus to T
I2UBS
OFF/ON
I2JY
OFF/ON
I3FX
OFF/ON
I3ZX
T to Bus / Bus to T
I3UBS
OFF/ON

0.1
0.1
0.1
1
0.1
0.1
0.01

kWh
kvarh
s

Step
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

Remark
A
V
V
A
s
A
s
A
s
s

57 / 91

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

22
23
24
25

O/C.3 Memorize
O/C Char Angle
TV Break Exit COV protect
TV Break Exit Direction

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

ZeroSeq O/V Set


ZeroSeq O/V Delay
3rd-Harmonic Gnd Set
3rd-Harmonic Gnd Delay
ZeroSeq O/C.1 Set
ZeroSeq O/C.1 Delay
ZeroSeq O/C.2 Set
ZeroSeq O/C.2 Delay
Rotor 1point Gnd
Rotor 1point Gnd Delay
Rated ExciVolt
Rotor 2point Gnd Change
2pointGnd 2nd Harmonic
Rotor 2 point Gnd Delay
ZeroSeq O/V Sele

16

ZeroSeq O/C Sele

17

2nd-Harmonic Cond Devote

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

OverLoad. 1 Set
OverLoad. 1 Delay
OverLoad. 2 Set
OverLoad. 2 Delay
Thermal Capacity
Radiation Coef.
OverLoad. 2 Mode

8
9
10
11
12
13
14

NegSeq O/C.1 Set


NegSeq O/C.1 Delay
NegSeq O/C.2 Set
NegSeq O/C.2 Delay
NegSeqHeat Constant
LT Allow NegSeq Curr
NegSeq O/C.2 Mode

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

HV UnderVolt
ImpeCirc Centre
ImpeCirc Radius
InverReacPower
NS Volt Set
UnderExciVolt
UnderExciVolt Coef

58 / 91

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

I3JY
ILMJ
IDXUBS

OFF/ON
45/30
Exit COV Block /
Exit Protect
IDXFXBS
Exit Direction
/ Exit Protect
Earthing Protection
U0dz
20.00180.00
U0ys
0.10200.00
XB3dz
0.503.00
XB3ys
0.10200.00
I01dz
0.01060.000
I01ys
0.05200.00
I02dz
0.01060.000
I02ys
0.05200.00
ZZ1Ddz
0.50100.00
ZZ1Dys
0.10200.00
Uedlc
10.00400.00
ZZ2Dwc
0.010.50
ZZ2Du2
0.1010.00
ZZ2Dys
0.10200.00
U0XZ
Channel /
Calculation
I0XZ
Channel /
Calculation
ZZ2Du2bs
OFF/ON
OverLoad & NegSeq O/C
IF1dz
0.1020.00
IF1ys
0.10600.00
IF2dz
0.1020.00
IF2ys
0.10600.00
IF2rrdz
0.10100.00
IF2srxs
0.102.00
IF2fs
Define time
/Inverse time
I21dz
0.1020.00
I21ys
0.1020.00
I22dz
0.1020.00
I22ys
0.1020.00
I22rrdz
0.10100.00
I22srxs
0.1010.00
I22fs
Define time
/Inverse time
LossExci & PSlipping
Xtdydz
15.00110.00
ZKyx
0.00100.00
ZKbj
0.10100.00
WGbsdz
0.10655.35
U2bsdz
1.0050.00
SCdydz
1.00400.00
SCdyxs
0.0010.00

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.001
0.01
0.001
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

V
s

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

A
s
A
s

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

A
s
A
s

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

V
Ohm
Ohm
Var
V
V

s
A
s
A
s
K
s
V
V
s

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

Gen BulgPower
Gen OverVolt Block Set
DecLoadPower
LossExci.1 Delay
LossExci.2 Delay
LossExciDecLoad.3 Delay
NS Volt Block Delay 4
OverVoltBlock Delay 5
UnderExciVolt Delay 6
UnderExciVoltCond
HV UnderVoltCond
DecLoad Func
InvReacPowerBlock
NS Volt Bolck
Gen OverVoltBlock
Pole Slipping Start Curr
PSlip Trip Allow Curr
PSlip Impedance ZA
PSlip Impedance ZB
PSlip Impedance ZC
PSlip Blinder Angle
PSlip Lens LimitAngle
PSlip Zone Residence Time
PSlip Zone Residence Time
PSlip Zone Residence Time
PSlip Zone Residence Time
PSlip(Outside) Slip Count
PSlip(Inside) Slip Count

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Over Frequency Set


Over Frequency Delay
Under Frequency Set
Under Frequency Delay
OverVoltage Set
OverVoltage t Delay
UnderVoltage Set
UnderVoltage Delay

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Reverse Power
Reverse Power Delay
LowImpedance.1 PosSet
LowImpedance.1 NegSet
LowImpedance.1 Delay
LowImpedance.2 PosSet
LowImpedance.2 NegSet
LowImpedance.2 Delay
LowImpedance Start Curr
LowImpedanceStartNegCurr
Instantaneous TV Break Block
LowImpedance

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Pt
0.10655.35
Gybsdz
100.00150.00
JCLdz
0.10655.35
SCys1
0.10600.00
SCys2
0.10600.00
SCys3
0.10600.00
SCys4
0.10600.00
SCys5
0.10600.00
SCys6
0.10600.00
LCDY
OFF/ON
XTDY
OFF/ON
JCL
OFF/ON
NWGBS
OFF/ON
SCFXBS
OFF/ON
DYGYBS
OFF/ON
SBIqd
0.10100.00
SBTZxyI
0.10100.00
SBZA
0.00100.00
SBZB
0.00100.00
SBZC
0.00100.00
SBLMJ
60~89
SBNJ
60~150
TSB1
1~1000
TSB2
1~1000
TSB3
1~1000
TSB4
1~1000
SBQWdz
1~1000
SBQNdz
1~1000
Frequency/Voltage
Fgpdz
50.0568.00
Fgpys
0.1020.00
Fdpdz
45.5059.50
Fdpys
0.1020.00
Ugydz
100.00200.00
Ugyys
0.1020.00
Udydz
30.00110.00
Udyys
0.1020.00
Other Protection
NGLdz
0.10655.35
NGLys
0.10600.00
Dzk1zxdz
0.00100.00
Dzk1fxdz
0.00100.00
Dzk1ys
0.10100.00
Dzk2zxdz
0.00100.00
Dzk2fxdz
0.00100.00
Dzk2ys
0.10100.00
DzkIqd
0.1050.00
DzkI2qd
0.1050.00
DXBSDzk
OFF/ON

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

W
A
W
s
s
s
s
s
s

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

A
A

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

Hz
S
Hz
S
V
s
V
s

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

w
s

s
s
s
s

59 / 91

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

12
13
14

OverExcitation.1 Set
OverExcitation.1 Delay
OverExcitation.2 Mode

DTGjcdz
DTGjcys
ITGjcfs

1.002.00
0.10600.00
DT / IT

0.01
0.01

15

OverExcitation.2 Set 1

ITGjc1dz

1.012.00

0.01

16

OverExcitation.2 Delay 1

ITGjc1ys

0.16000.0

0.1

17

OverExcitation.2 Set 2

ITGjc2dz

1.012.00

0.01

18

OverExcitation.2 Delay 2

ITGjc2ys

0.16000.0

0.1

19

OverExcitation.2 Set 3

ITGjc3dz

1.012.00

0.01

20

OverExcitation.2 Delay 3

ITGjc3ys

0.16000.0

0.1

21

OverExcitation.2 Set 4

ITGjc4dz

1.012.00

0.01

22

OverExcitation.2 Delay 4

ITGjc4ys

0.16000.0

0.1

23

OverExcitation.2 Set 5

ITGjc5dz

1.012.00

0.01

24

OverExcitation.2 Delay 5

ITGjc5ys

0.16000.0

0.1

25

OverExcitation.2 Set 6

ITGjc6dz

1.012.00

0.01

26

OverExcitation.2 Delay 6

ITGjc6ys

0.16000.0

0.1

27

OverExcitation.2 Set 7

ITGjc7dz

1.012.00

0.01

28

OverExcitation.2 Delay 7

ITGjc7ys

0.16000.0

0.1

29

OverExcitation.2 Set 8

ITGjc8dz

1.012.00

0.01

30

OverExcitation.2 Delay 8

ITGjc8ys

0.16000.0

0.1

31
32
33
34
35
36
37

OperMech Stuck Delay


O/C Start Set
ZS Curr Start Set
NS Curr Start Set
Breaker Failure Delay
ZS Curr Start
NS Curr Start

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

O/C.1
O/C.2
O/C.3
ZeroSeq O/V
3rd-HarmonicPerc
ZeroSeq O/C.1
ZeroSeq O/C.2
Rotor 1point Gnd
Rotor 2point Gnd
OverLoad.1
OverLoad.2
Loss Excitation
OverFrequency
UnderFrequency
OverVoltage
UnderVoltage
NegSeq O/C.1
NegSeq O/C.2
Reverse Power
OverExcitation.1
OverExcitation.2

60 / 91

JKys
0.01010.000
Slbhdz
0.10100.00
Sllxdz
0.01060.000
Slfxdz
0.10100.00
Slys
0.10100.00
SLLXQD
OFF/ON
SLFXQD
OFF/ON
Link Setup
I1YB
OFF/ON
I2YB
OFF/ON
I3YB
OFF/ON
U0YB
OFF/ON
XB3YB
OFF/ON
I01YB
OFF/ON
I02YB
OFF/ON
ZZ1YB
OFF/ON
ZZ2YB
OFF/ON
FH1YB
OFF/ON
FH2YB
OFF/ON
SCYB
OFF/ON
GPYB
OFF/ON
DPYB
OFF/ON
GYYB
OFF/ON
DYYB
OFF/ON
I21YB
OFF/ON
I22YB
OFF/ON
NGLYB
OFF/ON
DTOE
OFF/ON
ITOE
OFF/ON

0.001
0.01
0.001
0.01
0.01

s
s

s
A
A
A

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

22
23
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25
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1
2
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4
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

LowImpedance.1
LowImpedance.2
Pole Slipping(Outside)
Pole Slipping(Inside)
Breaker Failure
OperMech Stuck

DZK1YB
OFF/ON
DZK2YB
OFF/ON
QWSBYB
OFF/ON
QNSBYB
OFF/ON
BF
OFF/ON
JKYB
OFF/ON
Trip Setup
O/C.1
I1CK
0000 0000 0000
O/C.2
I2CK
0000 0000 0000
O/C.3
I3CK
0000 0000 0000
ZeroSeq O/V
U0CK
0000 0000 0000
3rd-HarmonicPerc
XB3CK
0000 0000 0000
ZeroSeq O/C.1
I01CK
0000 0000 0000
ZeroSeq O/C.2
I02CK
0000 0000 0000
Rotor 1point Gnd
ZZ1CK
0000 0000 0000
Rotor 2point Gnd
ZZ2CK
0000 0000 0000
OverLoad.1
FH1CK
0000 0000 0000
OverLoad.2
FH2CK
0000 0000 0000
Loss Excitation.1
SC1CK
0000 0000 0000
Loss Excitation.2
SC2CK
0000 0000 0000
LossExciDecLoad.3
SC3CK
0000 0000 0000
LowExciVolt|LossStable.4
SC4CK
0000 0000 0000
OverFrequency
GPCK
0000 0000 0000
UnderFrequency
DPCK
0000 0000 0000
OverVoltage
GYCK
0000 0000 0000
UnderVoltage
DYCK
0000 0000 0000
NegSeq O/C 1
I21CK
0000 0000 0000
NegSeq O/C 2
I22CK
0000 0000 0000
Reverse Power
NGLCK
0000 0000 0000
OverExcitation.1
DTOECK
0000 0000 0000
OverExcitation.2
ITOECK
0000 0000 0000
LowImpedance.1
DZK1CK
0000 0000 0000
LowImpedance.2
DZK2CK
0000 0000 0000
Pole Slipping(Outside)
QWSBCK
0000 0000 0000
Pole Slipping(Inside)
QNSBCK
0000 0000 0000
Breaker Failure
BFCK
0000 0000 0000
OperMech Stuck
JKCK
0000 0000 0000
Opto I/P set up ( be identical with 7.1)

The outlet logic is set by


the software and the relay
1~12 is located from right
to left, e.g. if a protection
outlet is set as 0010 0001
0010, the relay no.2, 5, 10
start operating. The 1st in
the right is corresponding
to the 1st relay.

O/P Relay set up (be identical with 7.1)

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

7.3 Unit box overall dimension and opening size

P 7.3.1 Front view and side view

P 7.3.2 Back view and opening view


! Note: Either the joist or the pallet is necessary when it is installed dispersedly
in the switch cubicle.

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

7.4

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Logic diagram

P 7.4.1 DMP320C1F generator differential protection device logic diagram

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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

P 7.4.2 DMP321C1F Generator backup protection device logic diagram

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

7.5

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Back terminal diagram

P 7.5.1 DMP320C1F generator differential protection device back terminal diagram

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

P 7.5.2 DMP321C1Fgeneraotr backup protection devices back terminal diagram

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Chapter 8 Debug
8.1 Check before external connection and energizing
8.1.1 External wiring check
Analog quantity
Access current and voltage according to back terminal diagram and AC principle
diagram. The current rated input is 5A (indicate it d if use 1A) and setTA rated
current underSystem Parametermenu as 5A or 1A; The rated input of voltage is
100/ 3 V or 100V.
OPTO I/P (include pulse quantity)
OPTO I/P is through the external 24V active node. The internal terminal BA-15
is connected to 24V ground and another is connected with the corresponding DI
terminal.
The electrical degree quantity impulse input width of the impulse electrical
degree meter is larger than 10ms.
Please refer to the above pictures for the trip/close circuit wiring regarding to
the control and protection.
8.1.2 Check before energizing
Check whether the consistence of the type and the electrical quantity data,
especially whether the rated value of the power voltage, TA and TV are
matched with the on-site data.
Check the condition of the appearance. Pull out all the plug-in to check whether
there is any damage caused by the transportation and every component in the
plug to protect them from loosening, falling off and breaks, etc. It should be
noted that the screw and the joint piece of TA circuit are necessarily free from
any loosening.
Check the insert depth between the plug and the socket and the locking
mechanism.
Check the reliability of the shield earthing and whether there has line breaks,
loosens or crossing.
Check whether the power is wired correctly and the flat cable is inserted in the
right direction and to the right position.
Check the operation flexibility of buttons and keyboards, and use the multimeter
to make ensure there is no short circuit.
Check the cleaning condition of the component.

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

8.2 Energizing check


Note: Please note that the plug can only be pulled out after power off during
energizing check.
8.2.1 DC power energizing check
Pull out all plug-in apart from the power
Access the rated DC (220V or 110V) or AC (220V) power and use the voltmeter
to detect whether the voltage output at every level of the power plug-in is normal.
The test point is in the power panel in the cubicle. In the power output plug-in
terminals, use the voltmeter to measure the output voltage of all levels and
ensure them within the range stated in the below list.
8.2.2 Energizing check for the whole machine
Insert all plug-ins when the power is off, and then close the power switch after
launching the protection and the link into operation. Check the device to detect
Plug terminal

V1-G1

V2-G2

V3-G2

V4-G3

Nominal volt.

+5V

+9V

-9V

+24V

Allowable range

+5V0.05V

+90.6V

-90.6V

+241.2V

whether it operates normally. The normal operation is as below:


The power indication lamp of the stabilized voltage power plug-in is on (if any
lamp is off, switch off the power to find the reason.)
The panel operation lamp is on and flickering after electrifying the device;
meanwhile, other alarm lamps and signal lamps are off.
Display the main picture after the start up. If the switch is not in the right position
whenControl Loop Break Detection under System Datamenu is on , it will
pop up alarms like Control Loop break or Tripped relay abnormal. The switch
position indication lamp works if has the switch (The red lamp is on at closing
position and the green is on at opening position). If the above functions normally,
start setting up the value or the whole-set test.

8.3 Insulation check

Test circuit
AC circuit to ground
DC 220V power circuit to
ground
Output circuit to ground
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Insulation resistance (M)

1 min power frequency

500V megameter

withstand voltage (V)

1000

2000

1000

1500

1000

1500

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

DI circuit to ground

500

1000

The device is required to carry on the withstand voltage test at delivery according to
the technical specification in the above list. And it does not suggest the power frequency
withstand voltage test before the site installation, but should measure the insulation
resistance according to the technical specification. The insulation resistance measured by
a 500V megameter should be not less than 20M ( the room temperature is1535
and the relative humidity is 45%73% ). Repair according to the relative diagram when
detect any fault. If the repair is incapable, stop the debug and contact the supplier.

8.4 Clock setting, checking and version No. checking


Set up the time (year/month/date, hour/minute/second) through Time under
Device Parametermenu and then back to the main picture to check whether the time
has been revised (display in the top right corner of the main picture). It realizes the time
synchronization, communication and GPS impulse correction through the background
system.
Please refer to the chapter 6.5 version Information for the version number.

8.5 Settings
The password is 8888 as default and capable of being revised by themselves after
delivery.
Firstly, revise the user password in thePasswordunderDevice Parametermenu.
This password is used for revising all the settings and other operations. Without the
correct password, it is only allowed to browse the menu. Subsequently, revise
Setting Group No.and other parameter throughEditunderDevice Datamenu.
Set the value according to the instruction firstly after inputting the correct password,
and then set up the settings according to the operation instruction. Confirm the
settings group no. and the setting value. Read and revise the settings through the
background communication system.
Under normal conditions, refer to the chapter 6.2 Settings View and Edit for other
detailed operation information and precautions. It should remove all protection outlet
hard links before revising the settings and then starts enabling the corresponding
protection outlet link after the settings are confirmed to be correct.
Please refer to the chapter 6.2 Settings View and Edit for the detailed descriptions.

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

8.6 Sampling accuracy correction and DI and DO check


Enable the sampling accuracy calibration and DO check throughSampling Accuracy
Correction menu. Please refer to the chapter 6.3 Device Debug for the detailed
description.
Select the corresponding settings zone in Protection Settings under Settings
Editmenu. ReviseDI Setupmenu referring to the chapter 6.22 Protection Setting Values
and then access the signal to the DI circuit for the test to check characteristics as the
displacement, the delay and the outlet, etc.

8.7 Communication test


Revise parameter likeCommunication Station No.,IP,MAC, Maskand
Gatewayin EditunderDevice Parametermenu.
The communication protocol is revised according to MODBUS protocol. Refer to C1
Version MODBUS Protocol for the detailed information. RS485 and Ethernet can be
applied simultaneously. RS485 communication Baudrate can be set set between 1200

~ 19200bps , recommended 9600bps. It is required to be specified at order if needs


CAN for communication.
Comm AddressThe setting range is 2~99, and adopted for communication by
RS485 and CAN.
IP: It is set as 192.168.1. xxx generally, and xxx can be set as any number among
2~255;
MAC: It is set as 000.000.000.xxx generally, and xxx ranges 2~255;
Mask: It is set as 255.255.255.0;
Gateway: It is set as 192.168.1.1 generally;
After setting up the address no., baud rate, please confirm the device type is
included in the communication defined file *.def (take the capacitor as an example:
DMP321C1F_V1.2.1_EN.def). Please refer to the background monitoring system for other
setting up and carry on the communication test after connecting the communication cable
correctly.
After the above operation, the device is capable of communicating with the
background normally and reading the device type correctly.
Functions including the background read check, settings edit, system timing and
reset device, etc.
Functions like the remote measure value check, digital quantity upload and
remote control, etc.

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Note: It equips with 485 communication matching dial-up (U17) in DSP board,
in which 1 is 3.9K pull-up resistance, 2 is 3.9 pull-down resistance, 3 and 4 are 120
matching. In general, the above dial-up are shifted to the Off position and utilized
when the communication is not stable.

8.8 Power and electric degree test


Power test
Revise the parameter inTV RatioandTA Ratiomenu.
TVBB = primary voltage rated value/ secondary voltage rated value, e.g. the
transformer ration of the primary TV is 110kV/100V, andTV Ratiois set as TVBB=1100.
TABB= primary current rated value/ secondary current rated value, e.g. the
transformer ration of the primary TA is 300/5A, and TA Ratiois set as TVBB= 60.
Add the test current and voltage to the measured TA and TV as below:
Set up: TVBB=1100, TABB=60
Test data: Ua=50V

Ia=1A

, Ub=50V
120

, Uc=50V
0
-120

, Ib=1A
90
-30, Ic=1A
-150

Pa= (TVBB * TABB)*Ua*Ia*COS=1100*60*50*1*0.866=2860kW


Pb, Pc and Pa, 3-phase balanced active power P=Pa+Pb+Pc=3*Pa=8580kW
Qa= (TVBB * TABB)*Ua*Ia*SIN=1100*60*50*1*0.5=1650kW
Qb. Qc and Qa, 3-phase balanced reactive power Q=Qa+Qb+Qc=3*Qa=4950kW
Power factor COS=0.866
Check the display value to confirm it within the measure error allowable range.
Energy test
Revise the parameter asPulse per kWh(MDMC), Pd Base(YGDD), Qd Base
(WGDD) throughEditunderDevice Parametermenu.
Revise the parameter MCDD to be On in the DI 15, 16 for Impulse Collection
through Protection SettingsunderSettings Editmenu.
Input the impulse electric degree signal to the corresponding terminal and then carry
on the test as below:
MCDD=on, MDMC=200, YGDD=100.0, WGDD=100.0
Input 10000 active electric degree impulse and 8000 reactive electric degree impulse
to each terminal, when the active electric degree Pd= 150.0 degree and reactive Qd=
140.0 degree in Measured DataunderReal Time Datamenu.

8.9 Overall function test


Detect the correction of each protection group action and the voltage, current phase
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

sequence, polarity and the directional components action. Subsequently, switch on the
corresponding software and hardware link and lead the test current and voltage to the
back terminal to check whether all test indexes are in line with the delivery standard.
Please refer to the chapter 4 Protection Principle and Configuration for the detailed
protection principle and formulas.
! Note: It should define the output and reset mode for the outlet relay J1~J12
before the overall function test (J9 is only for the accident sound, and J10 for the
alarm sound; J1 and J2 can be for the remote controlling closing and opening).
Please refer the Chapter 6.22 Protection Set Up for the detailed information.
8.9.1 DMP320C1F generator differential protection device
Input the corresponding transformer parameter before debugging.
If the transformer parameter is as below:
The neutral secondary side rated current Ie2: 5A
TA balance coefficient kph: 1.00
The calculated value of the secondary rated current at all sides is as follows
(le=le2, input the above parameter to query the secondary rated current at all sides in
Protection DataunderReal Time Datamenu ) :

the secondary rated

Gen. Terminal Ie1

Neutral point side Ie2

5.00A

5.00A

current of all sides

8.9.1.1 Differential quick-break protection


Set up: Icdsd=6Ie, CDSDYB= On, CDSDCK=0001 0011 1100.
Add current Ia131.50A (1.05*Ie1*5)orIa231.50A (1.05*Ie2*5)(phase
B and C is identical with phase A) to a phase separately, when the differential
quick-break operates reliably and J3, J4, J5, J6 and J9 action the outlet;
Add currentIa128.50A (0.95*Ie1*5)orIa228.50A (0.95*Ie2*5)to a phase
separately (phase B and C is identical with phase A) , when the differential
quick-break will not be enabled.
8.9.1.2 Zero sequence transverse differential protection
Set up: Ihcdz=10A, Ihcys=0s, LXHCYB=On, LXHCCK=0001 0011 1100;
DI010.00A
At this moment, the zero sequence transverse differential protection should act
reliably and J3, J4, J5, J6 and J9 act on the outlet.
8.9.1.3 Differential current over limit alarm
Set up: Iclyx=0.1Ie, CLYXYB= On;
When the differential current is larger then Iclyx, delay 5s to send the alarm
signal and J10 acts on the alarm outlet.
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

8.9.1.4 Proportional differential protection


Set up: Icdmk=0.2Ie, Izdmk=0.2Ie, BLCDYB= On, Tdjqd=1s; Kbl=0.5,
BLCDCK=0001 0011 1100
0in side I and

Take phase A as an example, input phase A (0.8*Ie1) 4.00A

180in side II,

phase A (0.8*Ie2) 4.00A


formula, when the differential current is 0.
Decrease phase A current amplitude side I slowly, when the differential current
increases till the proportional differential starts operating. Record the size of la1
and la2 to calculate (DIa1, ZDIa1) through the formula.
Increase phase A current amplitude side I slowly, until the differential current
increases till the proportional differential starts operating. Record the size of la1
and la2 to calculate (DIa1, ZDIa1) via the formula. At this moment, (DIa2-DIa1) /
(ZDIa2-ZDIa2) is approximately equal to Kbl.
The operation of other phases is idem.
TA break instantaneously blocking
In the above case, the differential current rises to meet the proportional
differential action requirement and TA line-break blocking requirement when the
input current in a side disappeared suddenly, it should send TA line-break alarm
and block the proportional differential protection reliably. (Please refer to the
protection principle description for the detail).
Second harmonic restraint
Take phase A as an example, input phase A (1.00*Ie1 first harmonic)
5.00A

, (0.3*Ie1 first harmonic) 1.50A


0

, and then calculate according to the


0

formula, the differential current should be 5.00A and it satisfied the ratio differential
operation condition. But the protection should not be operate via secondary
harmonic block (>0.2*5.00A).
Increase phase A current amplitude side slowly until the ratio differential
protection operated. Record Ia1 and harmonic current (XDIa). At this moment,
XDIaDIa is approximately equal to Kxb.
The operation of other phases is idem.
8.9.2 DMP321C1F generator backup protection device
8.9.2.1 Compound voltage start over current protection (directional)
Over current seg. protection
Set up: I1dz=4A, I1ys =0s;
I1CK=0001 0000 0100;
I1UBS=ON, I1FX= ON, I1ZX=Busbar pointing transformer;
ILMJ=45, IDXUBS=quit compound voltage, I1YB= ON;
IDXFXBS=quit direction.

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

Phase A test:
Ia4.0A
|

45Ia|90TV breakTV voltage lost


Ubc

U2U2dzMIN{Uab, Ubc, Uca}UdyTV breakTV voltage


lost
If conditions are met, the over current segment

protection should act

instantly and reliably, J3 and J9 will act on the outlet;


If any of conditions is not met, the over current segment

protection

should not act reliably.


Phase B test:
Ib4.0A
|

45Ia|90TV breakTV voltage lost


Uca

U2U2dzMIN{Uab, Ubc, Uca}UdyTV breakTV voltage


lost
If conditions are met, the over current segment

protection should act

instantly and reliably, J3 and J9 will act on the outlet;


If any of conditions is not met, the over current segment

protection

should not act.


Phase C test:
Ic4.0A
|

45Ia|90TV breakTV voltage lost


Uab

U2U2dzMIN{Uab, Ubc, Uca}UdyTV breakTV voltage


lost
If conditions are met, the over current segment

protection should act

instantly and reliably, J3 and J9 will act on the outlet;


If any of conditions is not met, the over current segment

protection

should not act.


Note: If setup IDXUBS = quit compound voltage block, IDXFXBS = quit
directional block; when TV breaks or TV voltage lost, it will automatically quit
directional judgments and compound voltage block conditions. If setup
IDXUBS = quit protection and IDXFXBS = quit protection; when TV breaks or
TV voltage loses, the whole over current protection is blocked.
Over current. protection
It is the same as over current seg. protection.
Over current. protection
It is the same as over current seg. protection.

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

When the current memory function is applied, Tjy=3s, I1JY=ON, I1ys=2.9s.


Inject the current to make condition satisfied with (<2s) instantaneously, the
over current segment I protection should act instantly and reliably, J3 and J9 will act
on the outlet;
I1ys=3.1s, inject the current to protection should act instantly and reliably, J3
and J9 will act on the outlet; the over current segment I protection should not act
reliably.
8.9.2.2 Zero sequence overcurrent protection
Set up: I0dz=2A, I0ys=0.5S, I0CK=0001 0000 1000;
I0XZ= Channel zero sequence, I0YB= ON.
Channel 3I02.0A
If condition is met, the zero sequence over current.I will act reliably after
0.5s delay, and J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If condition is not met, the zero sequence over current.I should not act
reliably.
Note: When U0XZ= selecting channel, 3I0 selects the channel zero
sequence current; when I0XZ= selecting calculation, 3I0j selects the
calculation (Ia+Ib+Ic); If use the calculation zero sequence, it will block the
zero sequence over voltage instantly once TV breaks.
Zero sequence over current. protection
It is similar to over current seg I protection.
8.9.2.3 Zero sequence over voltage protection
Set up: U0dz=50V, U0ys=0.5s, U0CK=0001 0000 1000;
U0XZ= channel zero sequence, U0YB=ON.
Channel 3U050V
If condition is met, the zero sequence over current protection will act
reliably after 0.5s delay, and J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If condition is not met, the zero sequence over current protection should
not act reliably.
Note: When U0XZ = channel zero sequence, 3I0 adopts open-delta
voltage; when I0XZ = calculation zero sequence, 3I0j = Ua+Ub+Uc. If the
calculation zero sequence is used, it will block the zero sequence over
voltage protection instantly once TV breaks.
8.9.2.4 Stator earthing third harmonic ratio protection
Set up: XB3dz=1.3, XB3ys=0.1s
XB3CK=0001 0000 1000, XB3YB=ON.
K3>XB3dz

K3=U03/Un3

the device is in operation;


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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

U03>0.8V, Un3>0.8V;
If conditions are met, the third harmonic ratio protection should be act
reliably after 0.1s delay; J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the third harmonic ratio protection should
not act reliably.
8.9.2.5 Rotor one point earthing protection
Setup: ZZ1Ddz=15 K, ZZ1Dys=10.00s, ZZ1DCK=0001 0000 1000;
ZZ1DYB=ON
When the rated excitation voltage >80V, please switch the U2 toggle switch on
DC sampling board to 80~300V, or switch it to 20~80V.
Simple test method: inject the same value of excitation voltage to terminals
according to wiring diagram, and then parallel connect a 200 /1A slide-wire
rheostat to excitation voltage input end. Accessing one end of resistance Rg to the
tap of slide-wire rheostat, and then accessing another end to terminal AA-44 of
protector;
Rg<=13k
the device is in operation;
ULC>10.0V
If conditions are met, the rotor one point earth fault protection should
be act reliably after 10.0s delay; J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the rotor one point earth fault protection
should not act reliably.
8.9.2.6 Rotor two points earthing protection
Set up: ZZ2Dwc= 6%, ZZ2Du2 = 5V, ZZ2Dys = 0.5s;
ZZ2DCK=0001 0000 1000, ZZ2DYB=ON, ZZ2Du2bsON;
The connection is the same as rotor one point earting protection.
u2 >5V
a >6%
the device is in operation
ULC>10.0V
If conditions are met, the rotor two points earth fault protection
should be act reliably after 0.5s delay; J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the rotor two points earth fault
protection should not act reliably.
< Notes: when two point grounding protection acts, device or background
interface display : 10 (+ representative to positive direction changes) ,
1 (-represent changes in the negative direction) ,
11 (representative action reverted)
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>

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

8.9.2.7 Overload protection


Overload segment protection
Set up: IF1dz=2A, IF1ys=2s, IJ1CK=0010 0000 0000, IF1YB=ON.
MAX{Ia, Ib, Ic}2A
If condition is met, the overload. protection will act reliably after 2s delay,
and J10 will act on the outlet;
If condition is not met, the overload. protection should not act reliably.
Overload segment protection
Definite time limit
Set up: IF2dz=2A, IF2ys=5s, IF2CK=0001 1000 0000, IF2YB=ON, IF2FS=
definite time
MAX{Ia, Ib, Ic}2A
If condition is met, the overload. protection will act reliably after 2s delay,
and J8 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If condition is not met, the overload. protection should not act reliably.
Inverse Time
Set up: IF2dz=3A, IF2ys=0.5s, IF2rrdz10, IF2srxs1
IF2CK=0001 1000 0000, IF2YB=ON, IF2FS=inverse time.
Set generator rated current EDDL3A and assume the maximum phase
current to be injected is 6A. According to formula t= IF2rrdz /[(Imax/IE)2IF2srxs
2], the t3.33s.
Attention: IF2dz should set no less than EDDL;
MAX {Ia, Ib, Ic}6A
If condition is met, the overload. protection will act reliably after 3.3s
delay, and J8 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If condition is not met, the overload. protection should not act reliably.
8.9.2.8 Loss Excitation protection
Set up: Xtdydz = 80V, ZKyx = 6.00, ZKbj = 5.00, WGbsdz = 20var;
U2bsdz = 5V, SCdydz = 10V, SCdyxs = 0.5, Pt = 30W;
Gybsdz = 110V, JCLdz = 500W, SCys1= 0.5s, SCys2= 3s;
SCys3= 0.5s, SCys4= 4s, SCys5= 5s, SCys6= 0.2s;
SC1CK=0001 0000 1000, SC2CK =0001 0001 0000;
SC3CK =0001 0010 0000, SC4CK =0001 0100 0000;
LCDY =ON, XTDYON, JCL = ON, NWGBSON
SCFXBS = ON, DYGYBSON, SCYB= ON
The logic diagram of loss of excitation protection is as below. We will explain

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the tests based on excitation Under voltage criterion, impedance criterion, load
reduction criterion and system voltage criterion.

Excitation Under voltage criterion:


Ulc < 10VorUlc < 0.5(P-30)(P is the secondary value of active
power) or impedance criterion satisfied (as picture below)
MAX {Uab, Ubc, Uca}< 110Vor DYGYBS = Quit

The device is in operation

If conditions are met, the excitation Under voltage or un-stability


protection should be act reliably (outlet 4) after 0.2s delay; J7 and J9 will act on
the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the excitation Under voltage or
un-stability protection should not act reliably.
Impedance criterion:
Zx and Zy are in given impedance circle. (Zx and Zy are the real and
image of impedance calculated by Uab and Iab.);
TV line not breaks;
The device is in operation mode;
Q <20varor NWGBSQuit;
U2 < 5Vor SCFXBSQuit
If the above conditions are met:
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When excitation Under voltage criterion is operated, the Loss Excitation


protection outlet 2 will act reliably after 3s delay; J5 and J9 will act on the outlet. If
excitation Under voltage criterion is not operated, the Loss Excitation protection
outlet 2 will act reliably after 3+1.5s delay; J5 and J9 will act on the outlet.
If any of above conditions is not met, the Loss Excitation protection outlet 2
will not act reliably.
Load reduction criterion:
The impedance criterion satisfied with the condition (see above picture)
P > 500W (P is the secondary value of active power)
If conditions are met, the Loss Excitation protection should be act on
outlet 3 (load reduction) reliably after 0.5s delay; J6 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the Loss Excitation protection outlet 3
(load reduction) should not act reliably.
System Under voltage criterion:
Ux < 80V

Ux line not breaks

The device is in operation mode;


Excitation Under voltage or un-stability
If conditions are met, the Loss Excitation protection should be act
reliably (outlet 1) after 0.5s delay; J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the Loss Excitation protection
outlet 1 should not act reliably.
8.9.2.9 Pole Slipping Protection
Set up: SBqddl=0.5ASBtzdl=10ASBZa=15SBZb=1SBZc=10
SBlmj=85 degreeSBnj=120 degreeSBt1=50msSBt2=50msSBt3=50ms
SBt4=50msQwhjcs=1Qnhjcs=1QWSBCK=0001 0000 1000QNSBCK=0000
0010 0100QWSBYB=ONQNSBYB=ON
There are two test methods ,one is State sequence, the othe is Oscillation

State sequence
Pole Slipping(Outside)
Status 1Ua=57.7V0Ub=57.7V-120Uc=57.7V120Ia=3A

-40Ib=3A-160Ic=3A80
Status 2Ua=57.7V0Ub=57.7V-120Uc=57.7V120Ia=5A

-80Ib=5A160Ic=5A40
Status 3Ua=57.7V0Ub=57.7V-120Uc=57.7V120Ia=5A

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-100Ib=5A140Ic=5A20
Status 4Ua=57.7V0Ub=57.7V-120Uc=57.7V120Ia=3A

-110Ib=3A130Ic=3A10
Status 5Ua=57.7V0Ub=57.7V-120Uc=57.7V120Ia=3A

-40Ib=3A-160Ic=3A80
Pole Slipping(Inside)
Status 1Ua=40.0V0Ub=40.0V-120Uc=40.0V120Ia=5A

-20Ib=5A-140Ic=5A100
Status 2Ua=40.0V0Ub=40.0V-120Uc=40.0V120Ia=5A

-80Ib=5A160Ic=5A40
Status 3Ua=40.0V0Ub=40.0V-120Uc=40.0V120Ia=5A

-100Ib=5A140Ic=5A20
Status 4Ua=40.0V0Ub=40.0V-120Uc=40.0V120Ia=5A

-150Ib=5A90Ic=5A-30
Status 5Ua=40.0V0Ub=40.0V-120Uc=40.0V120Ia=5A

-20Ib=5A-140Ic=5A100
Because the State must not exceed 8 in the State sequence, so Slip Count can
only be set to one;

Oscillation
Starting power angle: 0 , the oscillation cycle: 1s, oscillation frequency: 2

times, |Em|/|En|=0.5(Inside)|Em|/|En|=2.3(Outside)
Oscillation time in advance: 1s,
TA positive: point to the line, System impedance | Zs|=5, angle = 85 ,
Transformer impedance | Zt|=10, angle = 85 ,
Impedance of generator transient | Xd|=1,
Slip Count can be changed accordingly.
8.9.2.10 Under frequency protection
Set up: Fdpdz=47.5Hz, Fdpys=0.2S, FDPCK=0001 0000 1000, FDPYB=ON
Ua10V;
The device is in operation mode;
Zero sequence Under voltage3U010V
The frequency is lower than 47.5Hz, but 45Hz
If conditions are met, the Under frequency protection should be act
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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

reliably after 0.2s delay; J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;


If any of conditions is not met, the Under frequency protection
should not act reliably.
8.9.2.11 Over frequency protection
Set up: Fgpdz=52Hz, Fgpys=0.5S, Fudz=40V,
FGPCK=0001 0000 1000, FGPYB=ON

Ua10V

The device is in operation;

Zero sequence Under voltage3U010V

F52Hz, but 56Hz

If conditions are met, the over frequency protection should be act


reliably after 0.2s delay; J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the over frequency protection should
not act reliably.
8.9.2.12 Over voltage protection
Set up: Ugydz=120V, Ugyys=1s;
UGYCK=0001 0000 1000, UGYYB=ON.
MAX{Uab, Ubc, Uca}120V
If condition is met, the over voltage. protection will act reliably after 1.0s
delay, and J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If condition is not met, the over voltage. protection should not act
reliably.
8.9.2.13 Under voltage protection
Set up: Udydz=80V, Udyys=0.1s
UDYCK=0001 0000 1000, UDYYB= ON.
MAX{Uab, Ubc, Uca}80V
The device is in operation and TV line is not broken (instantaneous block
Under voltage protection)
If conditions are met, the Under voltage protection should be act reliably
after 0.1s delay; J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the Under voltage protection should not
act reliably.
8.9.2.14 Negative sequence over current protection
The negative sequence current computing formula:

IA+ IB e j120 + IC e j 240


I2 =
3

(For three phase protection)

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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

IA e j 30 + IC e j 90
I2 =
3

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

(For two phase protection)

Negative sequence over current seg. protection


Set up: I21dz=4A, I21ys =0.2s
I21CK=0001 0000 0100;
I21YB=ON
I24A (If the current is injected in negative sequence, the single phase
equivalence > 3A)
If conditions are met, the negative sequence over current. protection
should be act reliably after 0.2s delay; J3 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the negative sequence over current.
protection should not act reliably.
Negative sequence over current. protection
Definite time limit
Set up: I22dz=3A, I22ys =2s
I22CK=0001 0000 0100;
I22YB=ON, I22fsDefinite time
I23A
If conditions are met, the negative sequence over current. protection will
act reliably after 2s delay, and J3 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If one of conditions is not met, the negative sequence over current.
protection should not act reliably.
Inverse Time

K2

The inverse time characteristics: T=

(I2>Iqd2)

I 2 A2
) ( )
Ie
Ie

Where,
I2 is the negative sequence current of secondary side;
Iqd2 is inverse time start current setting;(I22dz: isOver current seg. setting
I22ys isOver current seg. delay, which is the minimum delay setting for
Inverse Time;
K2 isNegative sequence rotor heat constant;
A2 isLong-term allowable negative sequence current
Set up: I22dz=3A, I22ys =0.5s, A2=3A, K2=10s;
I22CK=0001 0000 0100;

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I22YB=ON, I22fsInverse Time


Set the generator rated current EDDL3A, and assume to inject the negative
sequence of 6A, t is calculated to 3.33s according to above formula.
I2=6A
If conditions are met, the negative sequence over current. protection
should be act reliably after 3.33s delay; J3 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If any of conditions is not met, the negative sequence over current.
protection should not act reliably.
8.9.2.15 Inverse power protection
Set up:NGLdz=100.00W, NGLys=1s;
NGLCK=0001 0000 0100, NGLYB= On
Test method:
P- 100.00W;
No TA breaks;
The device is operating;
If conditions are met, the inverse power protection should act after1s
delay and J3 and J9 act on the outlet.
If any of conditions is not met: the inverse power protection should not
act reliably.
8.9.2.16 Over excitation protection
Over excitation.1 protection
Set up: Glc1dz=1.1Glc1ys=0.5SGLC1CK=0001 0000 1000
GLC1YB==ON
Kb1.1

Kb=MAX{UabUbcUca}*Fe/F*Ue

If condition are met, the over excitation.1 protection should be act reliably
after 0.5s delay; J4 and J9 will act on the outlet;
If condition is not met, the over excitation. protection should not act
reliably.
Over excitation.2 protection
When Over Excitation.2 is set as DT(Definite Time), the test is same as Over
Excitation.1, but the settings are Glc2dz1Glc2ys1
When Over Excitation.2 is set as IT(Inverse Time), there are 8 groups of the
fixed value of the inverse time over-excitation . The action characteristic curve
meets the following requirement:
1 Factor setting: Ni+1Ni
2 Time setting : Ti+1Ti

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Otherwise Unit will alarm , display IT OverExci Set Error.


When setting the appropriate value, assuming the Kb to actually join the ratio
of voltage and frequency, fell to a two set point a point (X1,y1), b (X2,y2), the
corresponding action should be:

tx1+(x1-x2)*(kb-y1)/(y1-y2)
Other conditions as with Definite Time .
8.9.2.17 Low impedance protection
Low impedance seg. protection

Set up: ZF1=8, ZB1=8, Z1ys=0.5S, Z1CK=0001 0000 1000,


Z1YB=ON, Zqd= 4A, Zqd2= 0.5A.
Three phase voltage and current are injected according to positive
sequence, Ua=57.7V0, Ub=57.7V-120, Uc=57.7V120, Ia=8A-30,
Ib=8A-120, Ic=8A90. Now ZabZbcZca6.24+3.6i, the impedance
falls in the circle and current is greater than starting value, no TV break happened.
The low impedance segment protection is reliably acted after 0.5s delay, J4
and J9 acted on outlet.
Three phase voltage and current are injected according to positive
sequence, Ua=57.7V0, Ub=57.7V-120, Uc=57.7V120, Ia=5A-30,
Ib=5A-120, Ic=5A90. Now ZabZbcZca10+5.77i, the impedance
falls out of the circle and current is greater than starting value, no TV break
happened. The low impedance segment protection should not act reliably.
When phase current maximum value is smaller than starting value, and NS
current is smaller than starting value, the low impedance segment protection
should not act reliably. When TV breaks, the low impedance segment I protection
should not act reliably.
Low Impedance.2 protection
It is the same as low impedance.1 protection.
8.9.1.18 Breaker Failure protection
The reason to start the breaker failure protection: phase current, zero sequence
current, negative sequence current , the breaker auxiliary contacts and the normal-open
contact of the protection outlet relay.

The criterion of zero sequence or negative

sequence current can be started by Other Protectionrelated settingZS Curr Start


BreakFail
NS Curr Start BreakFail.
The protection ON/OFF

1I>Slbhdz
or
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I2> QFSli2dz

is set viaLink Setup with action equoation below:

Slbhdz is Breaker Failure protection O/C start set


& the Link for NSCurr Start BreakFailis on

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

QFSli2dz

DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

is NS Curr Start Set, I2 is Negative Sequence Current

Note: The criterion of NS Curr set does not


or

& the Link for ZSCurr Start BreakFailis on

I0> QFSli0dz
QFSli0dz

work once TA breaks.

is ZS Curr Start Set, I0 is Zero Sequence Current

Note: I0 can select Chanel or Calculation(set at Earting Protection), the


calculation3I0j=Ia+Ib+Ic; If use the calculation zero sequence, it will
block the protection instantly once TA breaks.

2CB on the switch-on state


3Access protection trip signal on the operation panel DB-9
8.9.1.19 OperMech Stuck Protection
Setup: Jkys=1sJKYB=ONJKCK=0001 0000 0100
Operations (such as manual or remote control, protection tripping, or reclosing operation) are
performed through the operation board of Unit box , after 1s, the circuit breaker position is not
changed (No acquisition to the correct location signal), which is CB s operating mechanism stuck,
OperMech Stuck Protection will act,J4 J9 realy will act on the outlet.
8.9.2.20 TV abnormal inspection
Set up: In=5A, TVDX=ON
TV break
U28V
The voltage difference of any two lines18V
If conditions are met, it sends TV break alarm signal after 10s delayJ10
will act on the alarm outlet.
TV voltage lost
MAX{Ua, Ub, Uc}8V
MAX{Ia, Ib, Ic}0.2A
If conditions are met, it sends TV no voltage alarm signal after 10s delay
J10 will act on the alarm outlet.
Ux break
Ux < 20V
The device is operating;
If conditions are met, it sends Ux break alarm signal after 10s delayJ10
will act on the alarm outlet.
8.9.2.21 TA abnormal detection
Set up: In=5A, TADX= On

MAX{Ia, Ib, Ic}0.4A

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MIN{Ia, Ib, Ic}0.2A


If are met, it should send TA break alarming signal after 10s delay and
J10 acts on the alarming outlet.
8.9.2.22 Others
Control Loop breaks

TWJ=HWJ
If is met, it should send the Control Loop break alarming signal after 10s
delay and J10 acts on the alarming outlet.
Tripping position relay abnormal
Set up: In=5A
TWJ=1 (the switch is tripped.)
MAX {Ia, Ib, Ic}0.2A
If are fulfilled, it should send the tripping position relay abnormal alarming
signal after 10s delay and J10 acts on the alarming outlet.

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Chapter 9 Precautions

It is not allowed to press the keyboard in the panel violating the operation
procedure.

Please switch off the control power and quit the closing and opening hard link in
the duration of overhaul.

The below operations are not allowed particularly:

Sampling Accuracy Calibrationis only allowed in debugging;


Relay Contact Testis only allowed in debugging;
Settings Edit and Parameter Editare required to run by the special operator
according to the operation procedure and inspected by a related personnel at minimum.

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Chapter 10 Storage
The packed product should be stored in the rainproof and snow-proof place which
has no acidic, alkaline, corrosive and explosive air around. The storage temperature
should be 25~ 40

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and the relative humidity shou

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DMP3xxC1 Microprocessor-based Generator Protection Device

Chapter 11 Appendix
W ave record data inquiry: Login Lubo.exe program under the background monitor
system menu to browse the wave record data uploaded from all unit boxes. Please refer
to the corresponding help file in the background monitor system for specific operations.
Background m onitoring system rem ote control dot setting up: for the local unit
circuit breaker remote control , set the remote control dot no. as 001 to switch on J1 relay
and switch off J2 relay; as for relay J3~J12 , those whose control dots are set as 002~011
are for closing output.

Remote control dot can be defined by formula : (RemoTrip Relay Number-1)


x100+ (RemoClose Relay Number -1) .For example, J5 as "Remote Control Trip",
J7 "Remote Control Close", the background needs to define as the remote control dot
0406.

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