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Hydraulic Oil

Shamsulbahrin Salleh
Lubricant Business

Contents
Hydraulic system, functions
and applications
PETRONAS Product Range
Specifications
Hydraulic oil Contents
PETRONAS Product Benefits
Fluid Maintenance

Seal compatibility
Hydraulic Oil

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Hydraulic System
Piping/Hoses

Pump

Filter

Actuator
Hydraulic Oil

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Hydraulic Oil Applications

Die casting

Injection moulding

Tile press

Excavator

Excavator
Stamping machine

Many more.
Hydraulic Oil

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Functions of Hydraulic Oil


lubricate pump

transmit power

protect against wear

transport debris
and contamination

transport heat

Hydraulic Oil

protect against
corrosion
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PETRONAS Products Range


PETRONAS
Hidraulik EP

Premium quality mineral based hydraulic oils.


Outstanding anti wear performance covering the
majority of applications.

PETRONAS
Hidraulik HVI

High Viscosity Index for wide temperature range


Premium quality anti wear hydraulic oils.
Very high performance zinc free hydraulic oils.

PETRONAS
Hidraulik FZ

Ideal for system with non avoided water contamination.

PETRONAS
Hidraulik HL

High quality mineral hydraulic oils with improved anti-rust


and anti-oxidant properties. For use where anti-wear
properties are not critical.

PETRONAS
Hidraulik 68

High quality hydraulic fluid intended for use as general


purpose industrial circulating oil in machinery lubricated
by oil bath or circulation lubrication systems.

Hydraulic Oil

Conventional hydraulic oil will react with water to produce Zinc hydroxide
which appear as white particles and will cause plugging to filtration
system.

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What is it?

Hidraulik HVI

Hidraulik FZ

V
Hidraulik HL

Hidraulik EP

V
Hydraulic Oil

V
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ISO Viscosity Classification


ISO Viscosity
Grades

Minimum
Viscosity

Mid-point
Viscosity

Maximum
Viscosity

ISO VG 2
ISO VG 3
ISO VG 5
ISO VG 7
ISO VG 10
ISO VG 15
ISO VG 22
ISO VG 32
ISO VG 46
ISO VG 68
ISO VG 100
ISO VG 150
ISO VG 220
ISO VG 320
ISO VG 460
ISO VG 680
ISO VG 1000

1.8
2.7
4.5
6.3
9
13.5
19.8
28.8
41.4
61.2
90
135
198
288
414
612
900

2
3
5
7
10
15
22
32
46
68
100
150
220
320
460
680
1000

2.2
3.3
5.5
7.7
11
16.5
24.2
35.2
50.6
74.8
110
165
242
352
506
748
1100

Hydraulic Oil

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Viscosity Index (VI)


High VI means less change of viscosity with temperature

Hydraulic Oil

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Pour Point and Flash Point


Principle & Significant :
F The lowest temperature at which a
lubricant will flow under specified condition.
FThe pour point of a lubricant specimen is
an index of the lowest temperature of its utility
for certain applications.

Principle & Significant :


FDefine flammable and combustible materials
used in safety regulations and shipping
F It can indicate the possible presence of
highly volatile and flammable materials in a
relatively nonvolatile material.
Hydraulic Oil

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Pour Point

Flash Point

Hydraulic Oil Specifications


Specifications
DIN 51524

DIN 51517

Denison

Significants

Benefits

Part 1

Rust and oxidation

Part 2

Antiwear

Part 3

High VI

C(Part 1)

Plain lubrication

General purpose industrial circulating oil in


machinery

CL(Part 2)

Corrosion protection

Keeps the hydraulic system corrosion free

CLP(Part3)

Extreme Pressure

HF 1

Piston pump

HF 2

Vane pump

HF 0

HF 1 + HF 2

Keeps the hydraulic system corrosion free


Reduces pump wear & component wear
Able to operate in wide operating temperatures

Able to provide protection for high load operation


Helps reduce pump wear, protects against
cavitation & keeps the system corrosion free
Provides a long service life under severe wet &
dry operating conditions

AFNOR
Filterability

NFE 48680
NFE 48691

Cincinnati
Milacron

P68, P69,
P70

Oxidation and thermal


Longer oil and filter life
stability

Vickers

I 286 S
M 2950 S

Vane pump wear test Reduces pump wear & component wear

Hydraulic Oil

Filterability under dry


Longer lifespan and save filter cost
and wet conditions

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Hydraulic Oil Contents

Hydraulic Oil

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Hydraulic Oil Contents


may content part of
the listed additives:
based on applications.

Base oil
Antioxidant

Pour Point Depressant


with
PPD

base
oil
wax
crystals
room
temperature

low
temp.

Anti wear

low
temp.

Antifoam
Viscosity modifier for High Viscosity Index

Protection
against acid,
rust and water

Temperature
Low

High
Inhibition to Flow

Hydraulic Oil

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PETRONAS Products Benefits


Premium outstanding anti wear performance hydraulic oils
PETRONAS
Provide excellent protection against wear and corrosion,
Hidraulik EP enhanced thermal and oxidation stability, and resistance to
rusting and foaming
Customer Benefits
Cost Saving
Protect pump wear & component wear due to excellent wear protection at all
operating conditions
Longer oil service life due to superior thermal and oxidation stability to resist oil
degradation and thickening
Prevent the formation of damaging deposits, varnish, sludge and rust due to
specially selected additives system

Improved Productivity
Ensure trouble-free operation due to rapid water separation, excellent air release
and anti-foam properties

Hydraulic Oil

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PETRONAS Products Range


PETRONAS
Hidraulik HVI

High Viscosity Index hydraulic oil with shear stable additive,


designed for use in hydraulic and fluid power transmission
systems subjected to wide variations in ambient and system
operating temperatures.
Premium quality anti wear properties
Customer Benefits
Cost Saving

Minimize energy loses and pump cavitation due to shear-stable high viscosity index
additive with superior low temperature fluidity to reduce warm-up time.
Protect pump wear & component wear due to excellent wear protection at all
operating conditions
Longer oil service life due to superior thermal and oxidation stability to resist oil
degradation and thickening
Prevent the formation of damaging deposits, varnish, sludge and rust due to
specially selected additives system

Improved Productivity
Ensure trouble-free operation due to rapid water separation, excellent air release
and anti-foam properties
Hydraulic Oil

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PETRONAS Products Benefits


PETRONAS
Hidraulik FZ

Premium quality ashless anti-wear hydraulic oil


Zinc free additives technology to provide exceptional
protection against wear and corrosion, enhanced thermal
and oxidation stability, and resistance to rusting and
foaming
Customer Benefits
Cost Saving

Reduces filter consumption due to longer intervals between filter changes.


Eliminate whitish particles (zinc hydroxide) that caused plugging to filter
Protect pump wear & component wear due to excellent wear protection at all
operating conditions
Longer oil service life due to superior thermal and oxidation stability to resist oil
degradation and thickening
Prevent the formation of damaging deposits, varnish, sludge and rust due to
specially selected additives system

Improved Productivity
Ensure trouble-free operation due to rapid water separation, excellent air release
and anti-foam properties
Hydraulic Oil

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PETRONAS Products Benefits


PETRONAS
Hidraulik HL

Premium quality Rust &Oxidation hydraulic oil


Intended for use in hydraulic systems in industrial and
mobile service where anti-wear lubricants are not required

Customer Benefits
Cost Saving
Longer oil service life due to superior thermal and oxidation stability to resist oil
degradation and thickening
Prevent the formation of damaging deposits, varnish, sludge and rust due to
specially selected additives system

Improved Productivity
Ensure trouble-free operation due to rapid water separation, excellent air release
and anti-foam properties

Hydraulic Oil

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PETRONAS Products Benefits


PETRONAS
Hidraulik 68

High quality hydraulic oil intended for use as general


purpose industrial circulating oil in machinery lubricated
by oil bath or circulation lubrication systems.

Customer Benefits
Cost Saving
Competitively priced and economical in use
Longer oil service life due to natural oxidation stability to resist oil degradation and
thickening

Improved Productivity
Ensure trouble-free operation due to rapid water separation, excellent air release
and anti-foam properties

Hydraulic Oil

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Fluid Maintenance
FWhat happens to a fluid in service?
FOxidation

Rapidly reduces the service life of a hydraulic fluid


High temperature will promote oxidation
Oxidation produce sludge, gum and varnish
May clog openings of control valves
Hydraulic Oil

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Fluid Maintenance
FWhat happens to a fluid in service?
FContamination
FWear particles
FExternal materials

Hydraulic Oil

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Fluid Maintenance
FWhat happens to a fluid in service?
FContamination
FWater

Rust
Acid

To use
PETRONAS
Hidraulik FZ
Whitish particles

Wear
Hydraulic Oil

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Fluid Maintenance
What happens to a fluid in service?
FFoam
FAir
To add in
Antifoam

Hydraulic Oil

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Seal Compatibility
FThese are a rough indicator of the degree of interaction between some
common fluids and various types of elastomer. Note that the performance
additives used in the fluid might influence compatibility for a particular fluid type.

(NBR)

Important note: this chart is a guide only - you must ALWAYS refer to the data supplied by the OEM or seal
manufacturer before making a recommendation.
Hydraulic Oil

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Seal Compatibility
FSome seal material are good but only for a restricted temperature range. Some
elastomers, such as polyurethane, will react with water at higher temperatures
(hydrolysis).

Important note: this chart is a guide only - you must ALWAYS refer to the data supplied by the OEM or seal
manufacturer before making a recommendation.
Hydraulic Oil

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Thank You

Hydraulic Oil

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