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What are needed are:

1) Detailed instructions;
2) A detailed listing of all nomenclature
used.
3) Indication of all required INPUT cells
Too much color --- especially black
background. Keep it simple....
This is just a small size image, the
sheet size is not due to its
backgroud. THis is just to make an
attractive interface, as I had to
present it so I just made it a little
attractive
Dark Green Cells = input cells
Light green Cells = drop down
menu's
Red Cells= Warning ur data may be
wrong a temperature cross exists
etc

Register of Community

https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B_gujaWhid_3VjlSb

What are these for? They work, but doesn't this belong in "Design"???
When I select the fluid(s), the boxes turn RED and some random "Design" ce
turn RED. This is bad.

Acutually this is to define the type of process fluid u r going to use


which side (shell, tube) and later on design page it gives u a valid ra
of assuming U overall heat transfer co-efficient,

u cant make an assumption so thats why if that falls out of range of


cell turns red ... it turns red when u r doing something wrong that is
warns u ...
Why is 1/3 of the page
duplicated at the
bottom???
Didnt understand
what u r poitning

Click the magnifying glass to see the possible fluids and their range
practice we assume ourselves by seeing the table. This sheet does t
most of indexing itself
Same goes for BWG , u just select the valid gauge and the dia is
calculated automatically. Shell dia is also indexed from table

This takes you to "Design", not to Help.


You might have ur sheeted zoomed in or zoomed
out. You can use these buttons only if ur sheets
are at a 100% zoom level.
Either u are using a open office? or google docs.
So u can navigate between sheets clicking the
sheets

What is this for? It doesn't work a

ty

This is to help u know that u c


exchange heat between steam
both shell and tube sides :( ..

VjlSb25xWlUweFk

n" cells also

use on
id range

e of U that
at is it

anges. In
oes the

Organic Solvents

Shell Side

11

Water

Tube Side

r zoomed
r sheets

gle docs.
king the

What is this for? It doesn't work anyway.


This is to help u know that u cannot
exchange heat between steam on
both shell and tube sides :( ...

SHELL SIDE

Ethylene
symbol

values

TUBE SIDE

1
units

SI Values

Water
symbol

values

-1
units

SI Values

Thermophysical Properties :
Density of Fluid

S =

Viscosity

S =

Thermal Conductivity

kS =

Specific Heat

cp,S =

Fouling Factor

RdO =

kg/m3
840
cP
0.33
J/s m K
0.1156
KJ/kg K
2.093
0.00021 h m2 C / kcal

Density of Fluid

T =

0.00033

Viscosity

T =

0.11560

Thermal Conductivity

kT =

840.00000

2093.00000
0.00018

Specific Heat

cp,T =

Fouling Factor

Rdi =

kg/m3
993
kg/ms
0.0008
J/s m K
0.623
KJ/kg K
4.175
0.00035 h m2 C / kcal

993.00000
0.00080
0.62300
4175.00000
0.00030

Temperature T:
Temperature In
Temperature Out

TS,in =

135
40

TS,out =

408.15000

Temperature In

313.15000

Temperature Out

Specify :

Ethylene
kg/s

Mass Flow Rate

Volumetric Flow Rate

qS = 0.000688933

m /s

Volumetric Flow Rate

Heat Duty

Q = 115066.5512

J/sec

50

Range:
U* =

Correction Factor

R=

Auto

fT =

350 kcal/h m2 C
9.5
0

S=
fT =

407.05
0
.0952380952

0.8

303.15000

313.15000

tonne/day 5.7870370500E-01
kg/s

qT = 0.002775514

m3/s

LMTD Calculation:

115066.551184

250 - 750 W/m2 K

mT = 2.756085058

Flow Type :
[assume] Overall Heat
Transfer coefficient

30
40

TT,out =

Mass Flow Rate

mS = 0.578703705

Mass Flow Rate

TT,in =

Counter-Current

Hot Ends Temp. Dif

T1 =

Cold Ends Temp. Dif

T2 =

95

K
K

Log Mean Temp. Dif

10
0
LMTD = 37.75610077

LMTD (corrected)

LMTD* = 30.20488061

Heat Transfer Area :

AHT =

9.358887

m2

4.5
0.75
16

4.5

in.

0.01905

Design Specifications :
Shell Diameter

DS =

10

in.

0.254

Tube Clearance

cT =

0.0064

Baffle Spacing

B=

0.0064
0.1

0.1

Length of Tube

LT =

Outside Dia. of Tube

dO =

Thickness of Tube

BWG

0.001651

PT =

Tube Pitch

in.

0.0254

di =

Inside Dia. of Tube

Outer Surface Area [Single Tube] :


Pitch Type :
Triangular
Flow Area

[= cT B DS / PT]

Mass Velocity

[= mS / aS]

Equivalent Diameter
DH = 0.0180335
m
aS =

0.0064

GS = 90.42245391

m2

kg/m2 s

0.015748

aST = 0.269313

No. of Tubes

NT =

No. of Tubes per Pass

n=

35
9

m2
No. of Tube Passes NP :
4

Flow Area of Tube [inside]

aT = 0.001753005

m2

Phase:

Linear Velocity of Tube [inside]

uT = 1.583288893

m/s

Liquid

Mass Velocity

GT = 1572.205871

kg/m2 s

[= mT / aT]

Heat Transfer Co-efficient Calculations :


Reynolds #
Prandtl #

[= DHGS/S]

ReS =

4941

[= cp,S S / kS]

PrS =

5.975

Method:
Auto

Shell Side HT Co-efficient

Turbulent Flow

[= cp,T T /kT]
Method:

32

hO,S = 447.681719

[= TuTdi /T]

Prandtl #

NuS = 69.83806222
jH =

Reynolds #

Auto

ReT =

30949

PrT =

5.361

Turbulent Flow

NuT = 174.8456384
jH =

85

Tube Side HT Co-efficient

hi,T = 6916.99471

W/mK

[Design] Overall Heat Transfer coefficient

Udo = 338.6124

W/mK

W/mK

Pressure Drop Calculations :


g=
Friction Factor (use graph)
Number of Baffles
Pressure Drop

Shell Side Pressure Drop

fS =

0.052

Nb =

44

Friction Factor (use graph)


Pressure Drop

PS = 16.36764286

kg / m2

PS = 16.3676429

kg / m2

Return Loss

Tube Side Pressure Drop

fT =

0.0037

PT = 537.1088773
Pr = 2032.04579

kg / m2

PT = 2569.15467

kg / m2

kg / m2

9.8

Background

A shell and tube heat exchanger, also known as the workhorse of industrial process heat transfe

It is the most common type of heat exchanger in oil refineries and other large chemical processe
are used when economical. Though the application of other types of heat exchangers is increasin
largely because of its versatility
Construction

As its name implies, this type of heat exchanger consists of a shell (a largepr
through the tubes, and another fluid flows over the tubes (through the shell) t
called a tube bundle, and may be composed by several types of tubes: plain,
Shell and tube heat exchanger units can be designed for almost any combination of pressure and t
Requirements of Heat Exchangers
Heat exchangers have to fulfil1 the following requirements:
1.
High thermal effectiveness
2.
Pressure drop as low as possible
3.
Reliability and life expectancy
4.
High-quality product and safe operation
5.
Material compatibility with the process fluids
6.
Convenient size, easy for installation, reliable in use
7.
Easy for maintenance and servicing
8.
Light in weight but strong in construction to withstand the operational pressures
9.
Simplicity of manufacture
10. Low cost
11. Possibility of effecting repair to maintenance problems
Design Equations of Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers

Reference: http://www.engineeringpage.com/technology/thermal/transfer.htm

Page 840 | D. Q. Kern' Process Heat Transfer

Typical Overall Coefficients


Shell & Tube Exchangers

Organic Solvents

Water

Hot fluid

Cold fluid

Water
Organic Solvents
Light Oils
Heavy Oils
Reduced Crude
Regenerated DEA
Gases (P = atm)
Gases (P = 200 bar)

Water
Organic Solvents
Light oils
Heavy oils
Flashed crude
Foul DEA
Gases (P = atm)
Gases (P = 200 bar)

Coolers
Organic Solvents
Light Oils
Heavy Oils
Reduced Crude
Gases (P = atm)
Gases (P = 200 bar)
Gases
Organic Solvents
Water
Gases

Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Brine
Brine
Brine

Heaters
Steam
Steam
Steam
Steam
Steam
Dowtherm
Dowtherm
Flue Gases
Flue Gases

Water
Organic Solvents
Light Oils
Heavy Oils
Gases
Heavy Oils
Gases
Steam
Hydrocarbon Vapours

Condensors

Aqueous Vapours
Organic Vapours
Refinery Hydrocarbons
Organics (some non-condensables)
Vacuum Condensors

Water
Water
Water
Water
Water

Vaporisers
Steam
Steam
Steam
Dowtherm

Aqueous Solution
Light organics
Heavy Organics
Refinery Hydrocarbons

ogy/thermal/transfer.html

at Transfer

cients

s
Range
250

750

Index
11

U (W/m2C)
800
100
100
50
35
450
5
100

1500
300
400
300
150
650
35
300

250
350
60
75
5
150
20
150
600
15

750
700
300
200
35
400
300
500
1200
250

1500
500
300
60
30
50
20
30
30

4000
1000
900
450
300
300
200
100
100

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1000
700
400
500
200

1500
1000
550
700
500

1000
900
600
250

1500
1200
900
550

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Special Thanks:
Reference:

Muhammad Arsala

Page 37 | Ernest E. Ludwig' Applied Process Design fo

Tube Count [Fixed

Shell & Tube Exchang


NP
4

Pitch Type

dO (m)

Triangular 0.01905

Inner Diameter of
SHELL
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
6
6
6
6
6
8
8
8
8
8

PT (m)

0.0254

44

72

96

134

180

inches

10

12

13.25

15.25

17.25

metres

Triangular

0.01905

0.0238125

Triangular

0.01905

0.0254

Square

0.01905

0.0254

Triangular

0.0254

0.03175

Square

0.0254

0.03175

Triangular

0.01905

0.0238125

Triangular

0.01905

0.0254

Square

0.01905

0.0254

Triangular

0.0254

0.03175

Square

0.0254

0.03175

Triangular

0.01905

0.0238125

Triangular

0.01905

0.0254

Square

0.01905

0.0254

Triangular

0.0254

0.03175

Square

0.0254

0.03175

Triangular

0.01905

0.0238125

Triangular

0.01905

0.0254

Square

0.01905

0.0254

Triangular

0.0254

0.03175

Square

0.0254

0.03175

Triangular

0.01905

0.0238125

Triangular

0.01905

0.0254

Square

0.01905

0.0254

Triangular

0.0254

0.03175

Square

0.0254

0.03175

0.2032 0.254 0.3048 0.33655 0.38735 0.43815


33
33
33
15
17
32
28
26
16
12

69
57
53
33
33
58
56
48
32
26
48
44
48
24
24

105
91
85
57
45
94
90
78
52
40
84
72
72
44
40

135
117
101
73
65
124
110
94
62
56
108
96
88
60
48
80
66
54
34

193
157
139
103
83
166
154
126
92
76
154
134
126
78
74
116
104
78
56
44
94
82

247
217
183
133
111
228
208
172
126
106
196
180
142
104
84
174
156
116
82
66
140
124
94
66

uhammad Arsalan Khan [2010 - CH - 120]

rocess Design for Chemical & Petrochemical Plants, 3rd Ed, Vol.3 (1999)

ount [Fixed Tubes]


& Tube Exchangers

Calculated # of Tubes

Tube Count
232

294

360

424

508

596

692

802

912

1024

19.25

21.25

23.25

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

0.48895 0.53975 0.59055 0.635 0.6858 0.7366 0.7874 0.8382 0.889 0.9398

307
277
235
163
139
300
264
222
162
136
266
232
192
138
110
230
202
158
112
88
198
170
132
90
74

391
343
287
205
179
370
326
280
204
172
332
294
242
176
142
294
258
212
150
116
258
224
174
120
94

481
423
355
247
215
452
398
346
244
218
412
360
308
212
188
372
322
266
182
154
332
286
228
154
128

553
493
419
307
255
528
468
408
292
248
484
424
366
258
214
440
388
324
226
184
398
344
286
190
150

663
577
495
361
303
626
556
486
346
298
576
508
440
308
260
532
464
394
274
226
484
422
352
240
192

763
667
587
427
359
734
646
560
410
348
680
596
510
368
310
632
548
460
338
268
576
496
414
298
230

881
765
665
481
413
846
746
644
462
402
788
692
590
422
360
732
640
536
382
318
682
588
490
342
280

1019
889
765
551
477
964
858
746
530
460
904
802
688
486
414
844
744
634
442
368
790
694
576
400
334

1143
1007
865
633
545
1088
972
840
608
522
1024
912
778
560
476
964
856
224
514
430
902
798
662
466
388

1269
1127
965
699
595
1242
1088
946
688
584
1172
1024
880
638
534
1106
964
818
586
484
1040
902
760
542
438

(1999)

35
Index
12

10
0.254
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

tonne/day

tonne/h
tonne/day

2.77777778E-01
1.15740741E-02

tonne/yr

3.17097921E-05

GaugeRange
(7/0)
(6/0)
(5/0)
(4/0)
(3/0)
(2/0)
0
1

g/s

1.00000000E-03

g/min
g/h
g/day
lb/s

1.66666667E-05
2.77777778E-07
1.15740741E-08
4.53592370E-01

lb/min

7.55987283E-03

3
4
5
6
7

lb/h

1.25997881E-04

Mlb/h

1.25997881E-01

kg/s
kg/min
kg/h
kg/day

1.15740741E-02
Mass.FR
1.00000000E+00
1.66666667E-02
2.77777778E-04
1.15740741E-05

lb/day
M lb/day
MM lb/day
tn(short)/s
tn(short)/min
tn(short)/h
tn(short)/day
tn(long)/s
tn(long)/min
tn(long)/h
tn(long)/day

5.24991169E-06
5.24991169E-03
5.24991169E+00
9.07184740E+02
1.51197457E+01
2.51995761E-01
1.04998234E-02
1.01604691E+03
1.69341152E+01
2.82235253E-01
1.17598022E-02
Vol.FR
m3/sec
1.00000000E+00
m3/min
1.66700000E-02
m3/h
2.77800000E-04
m3/day
1.15700000E-05
L/sec
1.00000000E-03
L/min
1.66700000E-05
L/h
2.77800000E-07
L/day
1.15700000E-08
barrel/s
1.58987295E-01
barrel/min
2.64960000E-03
barrel/h
4.41600000E-05
barrel/day
1.84000000E-06
gallon/s [US]
3.78541200E-03
gallon/min [US]
6.30900000E-05
gallon/h [US]
1.05200000E-06

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

gallon/day [US]
MGPD
MMGPD
gallon/s [UK]
gallon/min [UK]
gallon/h [UK]
gallon/day [UK]

4.38333333E-08
4.38100000E-05
4.38100000E-02
4.54609000E-03
7.57681667E-05
1.26280278E-06
5.26167824E-08

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Hot.Fluids
Aqueous Vapours
Dowtherm
Flue Gases
Gases
Gases (P = 200 bar)
Gases (P = atm)
Heavy Oils
Light Oils

Process.Fluid
Ethylene
Water

Process.FR
Mass Flow Rate
Volumetric Flow Rate

Temp.
K
C

Length

mm

m
cm

Organic Solvents

ft

Organic Vapours
Organics (some non-condensables)
Reduced Crude
Refinery Hydrocarbons

in.

Thermal.Cond

Regenerated DEA

W/m K

Heat.Capacity
J/kg K

Steam

J/s m K

KJ/kg K

Water

BTU/hr ft F

cal/g C
BTU/lb F

Cold.Fluids
Aqueous Solution
Brine
Flashed Crude
Foul DEA
Gases
Gases (P = 200 bar)
Gases (P = atm)
Heavy Oils
Heavy Organics
Hydrocarbon Vapours
Light Oils
Light Organics
Organic Solvents
Refinery Hydrocarbons
Steam
Water

Flow Rate

Fluid.Side
Shell Side
Tube Side

FlowType
Parallel
Counter-Current

PitchType
Triangular
Square

Gauge

Density

Viscosity

BWG
SWG

kg/m
g/L

kg/ms
P

AWG

g/cm3
lb/ft

lb/in.3

HT.C.

Fouling.Factor

W/m K

m2 K / W

cal/s m2 C

s m2 C / cal

kcal/h m2 C

h m2 C / kcal

BTU/hr ft2 F

hr ft2 F / BTU

cP

FT.Entry
Auto
Manual

Phase
Gas
Liquid

Tube.Pitch.Values
15/16
1
1 1/4

Hi.Calc
Auto
Manual

B.W.G
inches
(7/0)
(6/0)
(5/0)
(4/0)
(3/0)
(2/0)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

0.5
0.454
0.425
0.38
0.34
0.3
0.284
0.259
0.238
0.22
0.203
0.18
0.165
0.148
0.134
0.12
0.109
0.095
0.083
0.072
0.065
0.058
0.049
0.042
0.035
0.032
0.028
0.025
0.022
0.02
0.018
0.016
0.014
0.013
0.012
0.01
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.005
0.004

m
0.0127
0.0115316
0.010795
0.009652
0.008636
0.00762
0.0072136
0.0065786
0.0060452
0.005588
0.0051562
0.004572
0.004191
0.0037592
0.0034036
0.003048
0.0027686
0.002413
0.0021082
0.0018288
0.001651
0.0014732
0.0012446
0.0010668
0.000889
0.0008128
0.0007112
0.000635
0.0005588
0.000508
0.0004572
0.0004064
0.0003556
0.0003302
0.0003048
0.000254
0.0002286
0.0002032
0.0001778
0.000127
0.0001016

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

No_Passes
1
2
4
6
8
10

o_Passes

(7/0)
(6/0)
(5/0)
(4/0)
(3/0)
(2/0)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

S.W.G
inches
0.5
0.464
0.432
0.4
0.372
0.348
0.324
0.3
0.276
0.252
0.232
0.212
0.192
0.176
0.16
0.144
0.128
0.116
0.104
0.092
0.08
0.072
0.064
0.056
0.048
0.04
0.036
0.032
0.028
0.024
0.022
0.02
0.018
0.0164
0.0148
0.0136
0.0124
0.0116
0.0108
0.01
0.0092
0.0084
0.0076

m
0.0127
0.0117856
0.0109728
0.01016
0.0094488
0.0088392
0.0082296
0.00762
0.0070104
0.0064008
0.0058928
0.0053848
0.0048768
0.0044704
0.004064
0.0036576
0.0032512
0.0029464
0.0026416
0.0023368
0.002032
0.0018288
0.0016256
0.0014224
0.0012192
0.001016
0.0009144
0.0008128
0.0007112
0.0006096
0.0005588
0.000508
0.0004572
0.00041656
0.00037592
0.00034544
0.00031496
0.00029464
0.00027432
0.000254
0.00023368
0.00021336
0.00019304

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

0.0068
0.006
0.0052
0.0048
0.0044
0.004
0.0036
0.0032
0.0028
0.0024
0.002
0.0016
0.0012
0.001

0.00017272
0.0001524
0.00013208
0.00012192
0.00011176
0.0001016
0.00009144
0.00008128
0.00007112
0.00006096
0.0000508
0.00004064
0.00003048
0.0000254

A.W.G
inches
(7/0)
(6/0)
(5/0)
(4/0)
(3/0)
(2/0)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

0.46
0.4096
0.3648
0.3249
0.2893
0.2576
0.2294
0.2043
0.1819
0.162
0.1443
0.1285
0.1144
0.1019
0.0907
0.0808
0.072
0.0641
0.0571
0.0508
0.0453
0.0403
0.0359
0.032
0.0285
0.0253
0.0226
0.0201
0.0179
0.0159
0.0142
0.0126
0.0113
0.01
0.00893
0.00795
0.00708
0.0063
0.00561
0.005

m
0.011684
0.01040384
0.00926592
0.00825246
0.00734822
0.00654304
0.00582676
0.00518922
0.00462026
0.0041148
0.00366522
0.0032639
0.00290576
0.00258826
0.00230378
0.00205232
0.0018288
0.00162814
0.00145034
0.00129032
0.00115062
0.00102362
0.00091186
0.0008128
0.0007239
0.00064262
0.00057404
0.00051054
0.00045466
0.00040386
0.00036068
0.00032004
0.00028702
0.000254
0.000226822
0.00020193
0.000179832
0.00016002
0.000142494
0.000127

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

0.00445
0.00397
0.00353
0.00314

0.00011303
0.000100838
0.000089662
0.000079756
-