Você está na página 1de 20

PROPAGATION MODEL

TUNING in ICS Telecom

ADVANCED
TOPOGRAPHIC
DEVELOPMENT
& IMAGES
SOFTWARE DESIGNERS: P & D MISSUD

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

VERSIONS HISTORY
Version

1.0

Date

14/11/2013

Writer

GALAS
Jarosaw

PROPAGATION
MODEL TUNING
in ICS Telecom
version

12.2.6

Remarks
The present version of the
document covers the features
available in the release v.12.3.6.
This document will be upadted at
regulars intervals to ensure that it
considers the latest uptates of ICS
Telecom.

Limited Warranty
This manual is subject to the limited warranty conditions as specified by the general
operating license of the whole package. ATDI reserves the right to modify this manual
without prior warning.

Page 2 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Versions History .................................................................................................................................... 2
Table of Contents ................................................................................................................................. 3
1.

Scope.............................................................................................................................................. 4

2.

Propagation model tuning ........................................................................................................... 4


2.1.

2.1.1.

Configuration of Clutter tuning ..................................................................................... 4

2.1.2.

Clutter tuning report and results .................................................................................. 6

2.2.

3.

Clutter tuning .......................................................................................................................... 4

Subpath tuning....................................................................................................................... 7

2.2.1.

Configuration of Subpath tuning .................................................................................. 7

2.2.2.

Subpath tuning report and results ............................................................................... 9

Example ....................................................................................................................................... 11
3.1.

Project setup ........................................................................................................................ 11

3.1.1.

Cartographic data ........................................................................................................ 11

3.1.2.

Base station configuration .......................................................................................... 12

3.1.3.

Base configuration of clutter and propagation model ............................................. 12

3.2.

Measurements data ............................................................................................................ 14

3.2.1.
3.3.

Conversion factor for measurements ........................................................................ 14

Propagation model tuning .................................................................................................. 15

3.3.1.

Correlation before model tuning ................................................................................ 15

3.3.2.

Clutter tuning ................................................................................................................ 16

3.3.3.

Subpath tuning ............................................................................................................. 18

3.3.4.

Conclusion.................................................................................................................... 20

Page 3 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

1. SCOPE
Designing a network using a planning tool is meaningful as soon as the results obtained can be
considered as reliable. The ATDI Planning tool provides dedicated functions for:
comparison of the measurement data (drive tests, punctual measurements) and the prediction,
tuning propagation model.
This paper will detail a new automated propagation model tuning functions.
With this new function it is possible to tune propagation model in a two different ways:
-

clutter tuning (diffraction factor, clutter attenuation in dB, clutter attenuation in dB/km),
modify subpath attenuation calculation method.

2. PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING


2.1. Clutter tuning
The new clutter tuning function is available in the menu Measure

2.1.1.

Tuning

Measurements

Configuration of Clutter tuning

Figure 1: Clutter tuning generic format

Measurement file name: The Clutter tuning generic format function requires a standard ASCII file
following the structure: X [Separator] Y [Separator] FS <CR>
Input format: display first line of loaded measurement file
Separator symbol: The type of separator (, ;) can be specified by the user.
X and Y are inverted: should be checked when the X and Y coordinates are inverted in the
measurement file

Page 4 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM


Coordinate code: it is specified by the user, enabling the measurement file to be compatible with any
coordinate code handled by the ATDI tools.
Conversion to dBu (+-dB): this applies an offset to measured values, in order to convert them into
dBV/m (conversion from dBm values into dBV/m for instance)
Min range (measurement): The user can define minimum value of measurements that will be taken
into account. This value can be updated from measurement file by clicking upd button
Max range (measurement): The user can define maximum value of measurements that will be taken
into account. This value can be updated from measurement file by clicking upd button
Threshold (dBu): The user specifies a value in dBV/m below which all measured values will not be
imported on screen
Rx antenna height (m): receiving antenna height in m used during measurements
Number of values: display number of values in measurement file. This value can be updated from
measurement file by clicking upd button
Set clutter to 0 on measurement point: clutter code in the location of the measurement point is
modified to code 0. Measurement point is considered as open area
Move measurements on vector line: if a vector line is present, the measurement point will be relocated
on the vector line.
Clutter selection (tuning): in this box the user can define which clutters will be tuned
Choice of clutter parameter to be tuned:
Clutter height tuning (diffraction factor): with this option clutter tuning function will tune clutter height
(diffraction factor) parameter. The user need to set: minimum diffraction factor, maximum diffraction
factor and step.
During the clutter height tuning for a given measurement point program will calculate coverage for
each clutter code with a diffraction factor (from a given range, with a given step) and compare it with
measurements.
Clutter attenuation tuning (dB): with this option clutter tuning function will tune clutter attenuation (dB)
parameter. The user need to set: minimum attenuation (dB), maximum attenuation (dB) and step (dB).
During the clutter attenuation tuning (dB) for a given measurement point program will calculate
coverage for each clutter code with a clutter attenuation (dB) (from a given range, with a given step) and
compare it with measurements.
Clutter attenuation tuning (dB/km): with this option clutter tuning function will tune clutter attenuation
(dB) parameter. The user need to set: minimum attenuation (dB/km), maximum attenuation (dB/km) and
step (dB).
During the clutter attenuation tuning (dB/km) for a given measurement point program will calculate
coverage for each clutter code with a clutter attenuation (dB/km) (from a given range, with a given step)
and compare it with measurements.
From Clutter tuning generic format dialog box user has also access to clutter parameters,
propagation model selector, calculation distance, station list.

Page 5 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

2.1.2.

Clutter tuning report and results

After the clutter tuning function finish calculations Report listing window appear:

Figure 2: Clutter tuning Report listing

The report list for each clutter code and for tuned parameter (from min/max range):
Mean delta (dB): mean delta in dB between measurements and prediction for a given clutter code
and value of tuned parameter
Pc < 6 dB: percent of values (delta between measurements and prediction) that are lower than 6
dB for a given clutter code and value of tuned parameter
Report can be exported to CSV file by Listing button.
-

Result of clutter tuning:


Clutter tuning function will automatically update clutter parameters (Diffraction factor, Attenuation (dB)
or attenuation (dB/km) according to the best Pc < 6 dB results.

Page 6 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Figure 3: Clutter parameters. Diffraction factor after clutter tuning

2.2. Subpath tuning

2.2.1.

Configuration of Subpath tuning

The new subpath tuning function is available in the menu Measure

Tuning

Subpath methods

Page 7 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Figure 4: Subpath tuning generic format

Measurement file name: The Clutter tuning generic format function requires a standard ASCII file
following the structure: X [Separator] Y [Separator] FS <CR>
Input format: display first line of loaded measurement file
Separator symbol: The type of separator (, ;) can be specified by the user.
X and Y are inverted: should be checked when the X and Y coordinates are inverted in the
measurement file
Coordinate code: it is specified by the user, enabling the measurement file to be compatible with any
coordinate code handled by the ATDI tools.
Conversion to dBu (+-dB): this applies an offset to measured values, in order to convert them into
dBV/m (conversion from dBm values into dBV/m for instance)
Min range (measurement): The user can define minimum value of measurements that will be taken
into account. This value can be updated from measurement file by clicking upd button
Max range (measurement): The user can define maximum value of measurements that will be taken
into account. This value can be updated from measurement file by clicking upd button
Threshold (dBu): The user specifies a value in dBV/m below which all measured values will not be
imported on screen
Rx antenna height (m): receiving antenna height in m used during measurements
Number of values: display number of values in measurement file. This value can be updated from
measurement file by clicking upd button

Page 8 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM


Set clutter to 0 on measurement point: clutter code in the location of the measurement point is
modified to code 0. Measurement point is considered as open area
Move measurements on vector line: if a vector line is present, the measurement point will be relocated
on the vector line.
During the subpath tuning for a given measurement point program will calculate coverage with a
different subpath methods and compare it with measurements.
From Subpath tuning generic format dialog box user has also access to clutter parameters,
propagation model selector, calculation distance, station list.

2.2.2.

Subpath tuning report and results

After the subpath tuning function finish calculations Report listing window appear:

Figure 5: Subpath tuning Report listing

The report list for each subpath model:


Mean delta (dB): mean delta in dB between measurements and prediction,
Percentage 6 dB: percent of values (delta between measurements and prediction) that are lower
than 6 dB for a given clutter code and value of tuned parameter
Report can be exported to CSV file by Listing button.
-

Result of subpath tuning:


Subpath tuning function will automatically update Subpath attenuation model in Propagation model
configuration according to the best Pc < 6 dB results.

Page 9 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Figure 6: Propagation models. Subpath attenuations model after subpath tuning

Page 10 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

3. EXAMPLE
Lets consider an example of propagation model tuning based on WiMAX network.

3.1. Project setup


3.1.1.

Cartographic data

Figure 7: From the top let corner: 1m resolution DTM, clutter layer, building layer and BING image layer

Page 11 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

3.1.2.

Base station configuration

Configuration of base station that was used for measurements.

Figure 8: Base station configuration

3.1.3.

Base configuration of clutter parameters and propagation model

Base configuration of clutter parameters and propagation model used for simulation before model
tuning.

Page 12 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Figure 9: Base configuration clutter parameters

Page 13 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Figure 10: Base configuration of propagation model

3.2. Measurements data


Measurements data should be delivered in CSV file with fallowing structure:

X [Separator] Y [Separator] FS <CR>


Sample of measurements:
21.998072;50.034898;-73
21.998212;50.034733;-73
21.998287;50.034645;-73
21.99842;50.034472;-78
21.998485;50.034388;-78
21.998652;50.034193;-80

3.2.1.

Conversion factor for measurements

If measurements are in dBm unit it is necessary convert it to dBV/m. Without using this
conversion factor it will be not possible to correctly display and use measurements. To
calculate conversion factor Field strength converter could be used.
Menu Tools

Field strength converter

Page 14 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

In this example 12 dB antenna gain was used for measurements.

Figure 11: Field strength converter

Calculated conversion factor is equal to + 136 dB.

3.3. Propagation model tuning


In this example propagation model tuning will be made in a two steps:
-

3.3.1.

clutter tuning - diffraction factor tuning,


subpath tuning.

Correlation before model tuning

Correlation between measurements and prediction before tuning of propagation model. Menu
Measure
Correlation
Generic (X Y E)

Page 15 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Figure 12: Correlation function settings

Figure 13: Correlation results before propagation model tuning

Correlation before model tuning:


-

3.3.2.

correlation factor is 0.70,


standard deviation is 4.07%,
78.39% values* < 6 dB (* - delta between measurement and prediction in each point)

Clutter tuning

First step in propagation model tuning is clutter height tuning (diffraction factor) for Vegetation layers
only.

Page 16 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Menu Measure

Tuning

Measurements

Clutter tuning function is configured as below:

Figure 14: Clutter tuning settings diffraction factor tuning

After that clutter tuning is finished will automatically create report and update diffraction factor for
vegetation layers in clutter parameters. After tuning coverage must be recalculated.

Figure 15: Report from clutter tuning

Page 17 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Figure 16: Correlation results after clutter tuning

Correlation after clutter height tuning:


-

3.3.3.

correlation factor is 0.77,


standard deviation is 3.57%,
88.19% values* < 6 dB (* - delta between measurement and prediction in each point)

Subpath tuning

Second step in propagation model tuning is subpath attenuation methods tuning.


Menu Measure

Tuning

Subpath methods

Subpath attenuation method tuning function is configured as below:

Page 18 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Figure 17: Subpath tuning settings

After that subpath tuning is finished program will automatically create report and update subpath
attenuation method in Propagation model settings. After tuning coverage must be recalculated.

Figure 18: Report from subpath tuning

As it is shown on a picture above, the best correlation is for Subpath attenuation method set to coarse
integration. This option is automatically set in propagation model settings.

Page 19 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.

PROPAGATION MODEL TUNING IN ICS TELECOM

Figure 19: Correlation results after clutter and subpath tuning

Correlation after clutter and subpath tuning:


-

3.3.4.

correlation factor is 0.77,


standard deviation is 3.56%,
93.97% values* < 6 dB (* - delta between measurement and prediction in each point)

Conclusion

As it was shown in this example the best results of propagation model tuning are after bought clutter
tuning and subpath tuning.

END OF THE DOCUMENT

Page 20 of 20
The following manual is copyright protected and remains the exclusive property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in
part, may be copied or reproduced in any way without prior written authorization of ATDI.