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Calculation Size of Neutral Earthing Transformer (NET)

Generator Details:
Generator Voltage (VL) (L-L)

11

KV

14.3
50

KV
Hz

Transformer Primary Voltage

33

KV

Transformer Secondary Voltage

11

KV

Maximum Over Voltage


Frequency

Generator Transformer Details:


Capacitance Per Phase:
Generator Winding Capacitance / Phase

0.22

Farad

Generator Connection Capacitance / Phase


Generator Transformer Capacitance / Phase

0.001
0.006

Farad
Farad

Generator Transformer Connection Capacitance / Phase


Transformer Cabale Capacitance / Phase

0
0.0003

Farad

Surge Arrestor Capacitance / Phase

0.25

Other Capacitance / Phase


Total Zero Sequence Capacitance (C):
Total Zero Sequence Capacitance Reactance to Ground (Xc):

0.47730
6672.35

Farad
Farad
Farad
Farad
/Phase

Neutral Earthing Transformer Size:


Primary Voltage of the Grounding Transformer (Vp)

11

KV

Secondary Voltage of the Grounding Transformer (Vs)

240

Volt

Turns Ratio of the Grounding Transformer (N)


Neutral Earthing Transformer % Reactance (X%)
Neutral Earthing Transformer Reactance in PU (Xpu)
Neutral Earthing Transformer Base KV (Bv)

45.83
4%
0.04
0.24

0.04
PU
KV

Jignesh.Parmar, www.electricalnotes.wordpress.com, jiguparmar@yahoo.com

al Earthing Transformer (NET)


:Calculate Size of Neutral Earthing Transformer:
Phase to Neutral Voltage (Vp1)

6.35

KV

VL/1.732

% of Force field condition for Neutral Earthing Transformer


Phase to Neutral Voltage under Force Field Condition (Vf)

30%
8.26

1.3
KV

Vf=Vp1x 1.3

Capacitive charging current/phase (Ic)

1.24

Amp

Ic=Vf / Xc

Total Capacitive charging current (It)

3.71

Amp

It=3xIc

Rating of Neutral Earthing Transformer (Pr)

40.83

KVA

Pr=VpxIt

Neutral Earthing Transformer overloading factor

2.6
KVA

P=Pr/ 2.6

Residual Capacitive reactance (Xct)


Required Resistance value at secondary side (Rsec)

2224.12
1.059

Xct=Xc / 3
Rsec=Xct / (NxN)

Required Grounding Resistor value at primary side (Rp)


Neutral Earthing Transformer Secondary Current

2224.12
65.44

Amp

Rp=Xct

Neutral Earthing Transformer Secondary Resistor Current (for 30 Seconds)

221.18

Amp

Size of Neutral Earthing Transformer (P)

16

Neutral Earthing Transformer Reactance Base(Base X):


Neutral Earthing Transformer Reactance (X)
Neutral Earthing Transformer X/R Ratio

3.67
0.15
0.14

X=Xpu x Base X

Fault current through Neutral (single line to ground fault) (If)

2.86

Amp

If=Vp1/Rp

:Results:
Rating of Neutral Earthing Transformer (P)

16

KVA

Short time Rating of Neutral Earthing Transformer


Ratio of Neutral Earthing Transformer
Neutral Earthing Transformer Secondary Current
Required Grounding Resistor value at primary side (Rp)

41
11000 /240
65.44
2224.12

KVA
Volt
Amp

Required Resistance at secondary side (Rsec)

1.06

Neutral Earthing Transformer Secondary Resistor Current (for 30 Seconds)

221.18

Amp