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THERMODYNAMICS

PREVIOUS EAMCET QUESTIONS


ENGINEERING
1.

An ideal gas is subjected to a cyclic process ABCD as depicted in the P-V diagram given below :
Which of the following curves represents the equivalent cyclic process :

C)

1) A

2) B

3) C

Ans : 1

4) D
(2009 E)

In P,V diagram process AB is isobaric process in which pressure remains constant.

et
Ba

Sol:

D)

.in

B)

di

A)

Process BC is isothermal process in which, temperature remains constant.


Process CD is isochoric process in which, volume remains constant.

An ideal gas is subjected to a cyclic process involving four thermodynamic states; the amount of heat
(Q) and work (W) involved in each these states are
(2009 E)
Q1 =6000J, Q2 =-5500J, Q3 =-3000J, Q4 =+3500J

2.

.N

Process AD is adiabatic process in which no exchange of heat takes place.

W1 =2500J, W2 =-1000J, W3 =-1200J, W4 =X.J

are

The ratio of network done by gas to the total heat absorbed by the gas is . The value of x and
nearly
1)500:7.5%
2)700:10.5 %
3)1000:21%
4)1500:15%
Ans :2
Sol:

Total heat in the process = Q = Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4

Q = 6000 + ( 5500 ) + ( 3000 ) + 3500

Q = 1000 J
Total work done in the process = W = W1+W2+W3+W4

W = 2500 + ( 1000 ) + ( 1200 ) + x

W = 300 + x

Total heat = Total work


1000 = 300 + x

x = 700 J
net work done
=
total heat absrobed

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1000

100
6000 + 3500

= 10.5%
Two cylinders A and B fitted with pistons contain equal number of moles of an ideal monoatomic gas
at 400 K. The piston of A is free to move while that of B is held fixed, same amount of heat energy is
given to the gas in each cylinder. If the rise in temperature of the gas
in A is 42K., The rise in

3.

temperature of the gas in B is


1)21K

= 5 / 3)

(2009 E)

2)35 K

3)42 K

4)70 K

Ans :4
Sol:

Process A is at constant pressure

( dQ ) p = nc p ( dT ) A

Process B is at constant volume

( dQ )V = ncV ( dT ) B

.in

As same amount of heat energy is given to both the cylinders A and B

ncP ( dT ) A = ncV ( dT ) B

5R
3R
42 =
( dT ) B
2
2

di

et
Ba

[For monoatomic gas CP = 5R/2, CV = 3R/2 ]

( dT ) B = 70 K

In the adiabatic compression the decrease in volume is associated with


1) increase in temperature and decrease in pressure
2) decrease in temperature and increase in pressure
3) decrease in temperature and decrease in pressure
4) increase in temperature and increase in pressure

(2008 E)

.N

4.

Sol:

In any compression, the decrease in volume is associated with increase in temperature. As volume

Ans :

decreases pressure increases.

5.

Which of the following is true in the case of an adiabatic process where


1

T = cons tan t

3) p T = cons tan t

1) p

Cp
Cv

? (2008 E)

2) pT = cons tan t
4) pT = cons tan t

Ans:1
1

In Adiabatic process, the relation between P & T is P

Sol:
6.

T = constant.

The temperature of the system decreases in the process of


1) Free expansion
2) Adiabatic expansion
3) Isothermal expansion
4) Isothermal compression

(2007 E)

Ans : 2
Sol:

In adiabatic expansion, work done is at the expense of internal energy.

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Therefore temperature decreases


7.

Two cylinders A and B fitted with pistons contain equal number of moles of an ideal monoatomic gas
at 400 K. The piston of A is free to move while that of B is held fixed, same amount of heat energy is
given to the gas in each cylinder. If the rise in temperature of the gas
in A is 42K., The rise in
temperature of the gas in B is
1)21K

= 5 / 3)

(2009 E)

2)35 K

3)42 K

4)70 K

Ans :4
Sol:

Process A is at constant pressure

( dQ ) p = nc p ( dT ) A

Process B is at constant volume

( dQ )V = ncV ( dT ) B
ncP ( dT ) A = ncV ( dT ) B

5R
3R
42 =
( dT ) B
2
2

di

.in

As same amount of heat energy is given to both the cylinders A and B

[For monoatomic gas CP = 5R/2, CV = 3R/2]


A given mass of a gas is compressed isothermaly until its pressure is doubled. It is then allowed to

et
Ba

8.

expand adiabatically until its original volume is restored and its pressure is then found to be 0.75 of
its initial pressure. The ratio of the specific heats of the gas is approximately :
2) 1.41

Ans :2
Sol:

3) 1.67

4) 1.83

.N

1) 1.20

(E 2006)

In Isothermal process temperature remains constant

PV
1 1 = PV
2 2

Given P2

= 2 P1 V2 =

V1
2

PV = constant

PV
1 1 = PV
2 2

In Adibatic process

Given P1 = 2P, P2 =

P V
1 = 2
p2 V1

3P
4

2P 2

=
3P / 4 1

[ As volume is restored]

8
= 2
3

Taking log on both sides

8
log = log 2
3

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On solving

9.

= 1.41

An ideal gas is subjected to a cyclic process ABCD as depicted in the P-V diagram given below :
Which of the following curves represents the equivalent cyclic process :

B)

C)

D)

1) A

2) B

3) C

4) D

.in

A)

Ans : 1

In P,V diagram process AB is isobaric process in which pressure remains constant.

di

Sol:

(2006 E)

et
Ba

Process BC is isothermal process in which, temperature remains constant.


Process CD is isochoric process in which, volume remains constant.
Process AD is adiabatic process in which no exchange of heat takes place.
The ratio of specific heats of a gas is

. The change in internal energy of one mole of the gas when

.N

10.

the volume changes from V to 2V at constant pressure P is

Sol:

2) PV

(2005 E)
4) V

From Ist law of thermodynamics

Ans : 3

PV

PV
3)
1

1)

dQ = du + dw
dw = dQ du
dw = work done = P.dv, dQ = ncP dT, du = ncv dT

du = n ( c p cv ) dT .(1)

But du = ncv dT (2)


Dividing (1) & (2)

P [V2 V1 ] n ( c p cv ) dT
=
du
ncv dT
P [ 2V V ] CP CV

du
CV CV
PV

= r 1
du

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du =

PV
r 1

11. Two identical containers A and B with frictionless pistons contain the same ideal gas at the same
temperature and same volume V. The mass of the gas in A is mA and that in B is mB . The gas in each
cylinder is now allowed to expand isothermally to the final volume2V. The changes in the pressure in A
and B are found to be P and 1.5P respectively. Then
[2005 E]
1) 4mA = 9mB
2) 2mA = 3mB
3) 3mA = 2mB
4) 9mA = 4mB
Ans : 3
Sol:

The pressure and density of a given mass of a diatomic gas ( =7/5) change adiabatically from (P, d)

1.

d|
P|
= 32 then
is ( =ratio of specific heats)
d
P

1
128

2. 32

3. 128

Ans :3

4. 256

From the adiabatic relation between P, V

et
Ba

Sol:

(2004 E)

.in

to (P|, d|). If

di

12.

P1
P
= 2
m1 m2

According to the ideal gas equation

2
2
PV
1 1 = PV
2 2

m
m
P1 = P1
d1
d2

If 4 moles of an ideal monoatomic gas at temperature 400K is mixed with 2 moles of another ideal
monoatomic gas at temperature 700K, the temperature of the mixture is (Volume constant (2004 E)
2) 5000C

Ans :

1) 5500C

13.

.N

P2 d 2
7/5
= = ( 32 ) = 27 = 128
P1 d 2

Sol:

Resultant temperature of mixture =

14.

3) 550K

4) 500 K

n1T1 + n2T2
n1 + n2
4 400 + 2 700
=
4+2

= 500 K
The temperature of 5 moles of a gas at constant volume is changed from 1000C to 1200C. The change
in internal energy is 80J. The heat capacity of the gas at constant volume will be (in J/K) (2003 E)
1) 8

2) 4

3) 0.8

4) 0.4

Ans:2
Sol:

Thermal capacity =

dQ
dT
At constant volume dV = 0

dQ = du

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15.

dQ du
80
=
=
=4
dT dT 120 100

A metal sphere of radius r and specific heat s is rotating about an axis passing through its centre at
a speed of n rotations per sec is suddenly stopped and 50% of its energy is used in increasing its
temperature. The rise in temperature of the sphere is
(2002 E)
1.

Ans:1

2 2r 2n 2
5 s

2.

1 2n 2
10 r 2s

3.

7 r 2 n 2s
8 1

4.

5 2r 2n 2
14 s

According to Joules law W = J ( ms )

Sol :

5 moles of hydrogen

1 = initially at S.T.P is compressed adiabatically so that its temperature


5

.N

16.

et
Ba

di

.in

1 1 2
I = ms ( d )
2 2

2 2
For a sphere I = mr
3
1 2 2 2
mr = ms ( d )
4 5

1 2

mr 2 ( 4 2 n 2 ) = ms ( d )
4 5

2 2n2 r 2
( d ) =
5 S

becomes 4000 c. The increase in internal energy in kilojoules is (R = 8.30 J/mole/k)

Ans :2

2.41.5

1.21.55

4.80.55

Increase in internal energy = nCv dT

Sol :

3.65.55

(2002 E)

R
8.3
dT = 5
( 400 )

7 / 5 1
1

du = n

= 41500 J=41.5 KJ
17.

A lead bullet of 10 g travelling with 300 m/s strikes against a block of wood and comes to rest.
Assuming 50% of heat is absorbed by the bullet, the increase in its temperature is (Sp. heat of lead is
(2001 E)
150 Jkg-1 k-1)
1. 1000C

Ans :3
Sol:

2. 1250C

3. 1500 C

4. 2000C

According to Joules law W = J ( ms )


50% of heat is absorbed by the bullet

1 1 2
mv = J [ ms ]
2 2

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( 300 )( 300 ) = 1500 C


v2
=
=
J ( 4s )
4 (150 )
18.

The pressure and density of a diatomic gas

d'
p'
= 32 then
is
p
d
1
1.
128

1
1
= ; changes adiabatically from (p,d) to (p ,d ). If
5

(2001 E)

2. 32

3. 128

4. 256

Ans :3
Sol:

We know

r
r
Pv
1 1 = P2 v2

P1 P2
P P1
=

=
d1r d 2r
d r d1

.in

P1 d1
7/5

= = ( 32 )
P d

temperature, the ratio

cp

et
Ba

19.

di

= 27 = 128
During an adiabatic process, if the pressure of the ideal gas is proportional to the cube of its
is (Cp- Specific heat at constant pressure Cv-Specific heat at constant

cv

volume)

4
2.
3

Ans :4

5
3.
3

.N

7
1.
5

(2000 E)

3
4.
2

P 1 T r
3
According to the given problem, P T
For an adiabatic medium,

Sol:

T 3( 1) T

20.

3 ( 1) = =

3
2

An ideal gas of a pressure of 1 atmosphere and temperature of 27C is compressed adiabatically unit
its pressure becomes 8 times the initial pressure, then the final temperature is
(2000 E)
1. 627 0C

2. 527 0C

3. 427 0C

P1 = 1 atm; T1 = 300 K;

4. 327 0C

Ans : 4
Sol:

P1 1 P2 1
We know
=
P1
P2
3
2

P2 = 8 atm; T2 = ?

(1)

(8)

=
3/2
3/2
( 300 )
(T2 )
3/2

1/2

Squaring on both sides

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(1)
( 300 )

8
T23

T2 = 600 K = 327 0 C
21.

Two liquids at temperatures 600C and 200C respectively have masses in the ratio 3:4 and their specific
heats in the ratio 4:5. If the two liquids are mixed, the resultant temperature is(2000 E)
1. 700C

2. 400C

3. 500C

4. 350C

Ans:4
Sol:

Heat lost by Hot liquid = Heat gained by cold liquid

( mst ) Hot liquid = ( mst )cold liquid


( 3)( 4 )( 60 t ) = ( 4 )( 5 )( t 20 )

Where t is resultant temperature

MEDICAL

An ideal gas is subjected to a cyclic process ABCD as depicted in the P-V diagram given below :

di

22.

.in

8t = 2800 t = 350 C

Ans : 1
Sol:

2) B

C)

D)

3) C

4) D
(2009 M)

1) A

B)

A)

.N

et
Ba

Which of the following curves represents the equivalent cyclic process :

In P,V diagram process AB is isobaric process in which pressure remains constant.


Process BC is isothermal process in which, temperature remains constant.
Process CD is isochoric process in which, volume remains constant.
Process AD is adiabatic process in which no exchange of heat takes place.

23.

How much heat energy in joules must be supplied to 14 gms of nitrogen at room temperature to
raise its temperature by 400C at constant pressure (Mol. wt. of N2= 28 gm, R= constant) [2009 M]
1) 50 R

Ans
Sol:

2) 60 R

3) 70 R

4) 80 R

:3

Amount of Heat supplied = Q = nc p ( dT )


But n = no of moles =

mass
m
=
mol.wt M

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m
C p ( dT )
M
14 7 R
=
40 = 70 R
28 2

Q =

24. A lead bullet, of initial temperature 270C and speed v kmph penetrates into a solid object and melts. If
50% of the kinetic energy is used to heat it, the value of v in kmph is (for lead melting point = 600K,
latent heat of fusion = 2.5 10 4 Jkg1 specific heat 125Jkg1 K 1 ).
1) 3600

2) 1800

3) 1200

4) 1000

Ans :2
Sol:

According to Joules law

= JQ
1
mv 2 = J [ mst + mL ]
2

.in

But 50% of K.E. is used to heat it

V = 4 [ S t + L ]

V in kmph = 500

One mole of an ideal gas undergoes an isothermal change at temperature T so that its volume v is
doubled .R is the molar gas constant. The work done by the gas during this change is
(2008 M)
1)

RT log 4

2)

Ans : 2

RT log 2

3)

RT log1

4)

RT log 3

W = Amount of work done is Isothermal process

Sol:

18
= 1800
5

.N

25.

et
Ba

= 2 250 = 500ms

di

= 4 125 300 + 2.5 104

V2

V1

= nRT log e

2V

= 1( RT ) log e
= RT log 2

26.

10 gm of ice at 100C is mixed with 100 gm of water at 500C contained in a calorimeter weighting
50gm. (specific heat of water = 1 calgm-10C and specific heat of copper = 0.09 cal gm-10C). The final
temperature reached by the mixture is
0

1) 25.5 C

2) 30.0 C

Ans:

Sol:

According to the principle of method of mixtures

[2007 M]
0

3) 38.2 C

4) 40.0 C

Heat lost by Hot bodies = Heat gained by cold bodies

m s t + mc sc t = m1s1t + mi sw Dt
1
100 1 ( 50 t R ) + 50 0.09 ( 50 t R ) = 10 ( 0 10 ) + 10 80 + 10 1 ( t R 0 )
2
On solving tR = 38.20C

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27.

For an adiabatic process the relation between V and T is given by


1)

TV = constant 2) T V = constant

(2007 M)

TV 1 = constant 4) TV 1 = constant

3)

Ans : 4
Sol:

The adiabatic relation between V & T is


TV-1 = constant

28.

Consider the following two statements and choose the correct answer :
A) If heat is added to a system its temperature must always increase
B) If positive work is done by a system in thermodynamic process its volume must increase
( 2007 M)
1) Both (A) and (B) are correct
2) (A) is correct but (B) is wrong
3) (B) is correct but (A) is wrong
4) Both (A)and (B)are wrong

Ans :3
Sol:

A) It is not necessary in all cases because in Isothermal process temperature remains constant

An ideal gas after going through a series of four thermodynamic states in order reaches the initial state
again (cyclic process) the amounts of heat (Q) and work (W) involved in the states are
Q1 =6000J, Q2 =-5500J, Q3 =-3000J, Q4 =+3500J

di

29.

.in

B) If work is done by the system then the work is called positive and the volume increases.

et
Ba

W1 =2500J, W2 =-1000J, W3 =-1200J, W4 =X.J

The ratio of net work done by gas to the total heat absorbed by the gas is
nearly
1)500:7.5

2)700:10.5

Sol:

the value of x and are


(M 2006)

4)1500:15

.N

Ans :2

3)1000:21

Total heat in the process = Q = Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4

Q = 6000 + ( 5500 ) + ( 3000 ) + 3500

Q = 1000 J

Total work done in the process = W = W1+W2+W3+W4

W = 2500 + ( 1000 ) + ( 1200 ) + x

W = 300 + x

Total heat = Total work


1000 = 300 + x

x = 700 J
net work done
=
total heat absrobed

1000

100
6000 + 3500

= 10.5%
30. m grams of a gas of molecular weight M is flowing in an isolated tube with velocity V. If the gas flow is
suddenly stopped the rise in its temperature is : ( = ratio of specific heats; R = universal gas constant;
J = mechanical equivalent of heat)

[2006 M]

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1)

MV 2 ( 1)
2RJ

2)

m V 2 ( 1)
M 2RJ

3)

mV 2
2RJ

4)

MV 2
2RJ

Ans : 1
Sol:

31.

W = JQ
1
1
mv 2 = JQ mv 2 = J [ mst ]
2
2
0
3
1
A bullet of mass 10 10 kg moving with a speed of 20 ms hits an ice 0 c block of 990 g kept at
According to Joules law

( )

rest on a frictionless floor and gets embedded in it, If ice takes 50% of K.E. (in grams) approximately is
:(J=4.2 J/Cal) (Latent heat of ice =80 cal/g)
(2006 M)
1) 6

2)3

3)

6 103

4)

3 103

Ans : 2
Sol:

According to the law of conservation of momentum

10 103 20 = 1000 103 V2

V2 = 0.2ms 1 = 2 101

di

Amount of energy lost by system

.in

m1v1 = ( m1 + m2 ) v2

1
1
m1v12 ( m1 + m2 ) v22
2
2
1
1
= 10 103 400 103 103 4 102
2
2
= 2 0.02

.N

= 1.98 J

et
Ba

As 50% of K.E. is lost by the system


from joules law

W = JQ

32.

1
[1.98] = m 80 4200
2
m = 3 103 kg

=3g
A 42 kg block of ice moving on rough horizontal surface stops due to friction, after some time. If the
initial velocity of the decelerating block is 4 ms-1, the mass of ice (in kg) that has melted due to the heat

3.36 105 Jkg 1 )


(2005 E)
3
3
3) 2 10
4) 2.5 10

generated by the friction is (latent heat of ice is


1)

103

2)

1.5 103

Ans : 1
Sol:

According Joules law

W = JQ

1 2
mv = J [ mL ]
2

1
M ice v 2 = mass of ice melt Latent heat of ice
2
1
42 42 = m 80 4200
2

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m=
33.

2116
= 103 kg
80 4200

The sample of the same gas, x, y and z, for which the ratio of specific heats =3/2 have initially the
same volume. The volume of the each sample is doubled by adiabatic process in the case of x, by
isobaric process in the case of y and by isothermal process in the case of z. If the initial pressure of
the sample of x, y and z are in the ratio

2 2 :1: 2 then the ratio of the their final pressures is


(2004

1) 2 : 1 : 1

2) 1 : 1 : 1

3) 1 : 2 : 1

M)

4) 1 : 1 : 2

Ans :2
Sol:

Sample x : Adiabatic process

1
PV
x 1 = Px V2

V
P = 1 Px
V2
1
x

1.5

Px
V
(1)

Px =
2 2
2V

.in

di

Sample Y = Isobaric process

Py1 = Py

et
Ba

Sample Z = Isothermal process

..(2)

.N

1 1
PV
1 1 = PZ VZ PZ VZ = PZ VZ
PV
PV
P
PZ 1 = Z 1 Z = Z Z = Z (3)
VZ
2VZ
2

From (1), (2) and (3)

Px1 : Py1 : Pz1 =


2 2
2
:1:
2
2 2

Px
P
: Py : Z
2
2 2

34.

=1:1:1

When a heat of Q is supplied to one mole of a monoatomic gas ( =5/3),then the molar heat capacity
of the gas at constant volume is
(2004M)
1)

3R

2)

5R

3)

7R

4)

3R

Ans :1
Sol:

The relation between CP and CV is

Cp

=
Cv
R
R
3R
Cv =
=
=
1 5 1 2
3
C p Cv = R and

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35.

During an adiabatic process, the pressure of a gas is proportional to the cube of its adiabatic
temperature. The value of
1) 3

CP

Cv
2) 4
3

for that gas is

(2003 M)
3) 5

4) 3

Ans:

Sol:

In adiabatic process the relation between P & T is P -1 T- = constant

P 1 T
PT

(1)

Comparing (1) with P T ...(2)


3

= 3 = 3 3

1
2 = 3

A gas under constant pressure of 4.5 x 105 pa when subjected to 800KJ of heat, changes the volume
(2002 M)
from 0.5 m3 to 2.0m3. The change in the internal energy of the gas.
2.5.25 x 105J
3. 3.25 x 105J
4.1.25 x 105J
1. 6.75 x 105 J

Ans:

di

36.

3
2

.in

et
Ba

According to first law of thermodynamics dQ = dU +P(dV) dU = dQ = P ( dV )

Sol :

= 800 10 4.5 10
3

) ( 2 0.5)

= 1.25 10 J

If for hydrogen cp - cv = m and for nitrogen cp - cv =n, where cp and cv refer to specific heats per unit
mass respectively at constant pressure and constant volume. The relation between m and n is
(2002 M)

37.

.N

2.n = 7m

3.m = 7n

1.n = 14m

Ans :3

4.m= 14n

Sol :

Cp Cv = R but R = r M

For Hydrogen Cp Cv =m(2) ..(1)


For Nitrogen CP - Cv = n(14) (2)
From (1) & (2) m = 7n
38.

A gas for which

= 1.5 is suddenly compressed to

1
th of its initial value then the ratio of the final to
4

initial pressure is
1. 1:16

(2001 M)
2. 1:8

3. 1:4

4. 8:1

Ans :4
Sol:

PV
1 1 = PV
2 2
V
V2 = 1
4

P V
1
1 = 2 =
P2 V1
4

3/2

1 1
= =
2 8

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P2 : P1 = 8 :1
39.

I mole of an ideal gas with = 1.4 is adiabatically compressed so that its temperature rises from 270C
(2001 M)
to 350C. The change in internal energy of the gas is (R= 8.3 )
1. -166J

2. + 166J

3. -168 J

Ans :

Sol:

Change in internal energy of the gas

4. + 168

R
[T T ]
1 2 1
8.3
=
[308 300]
(1.4 1)
= 166 J
A steel ball of mass 0.1 kg falls freely from a height of 10m and bounces to a height of 5.4 m from the
ground. If the dissipated energy in this process is absorbed by the ball, the rise in its temperature is
(2000 M)
(Specific heat of steel = 460J/kg/0C, g= 10ms-2)
1. 0.010C

2. 0.10C

3. 10C

Ans :2
Energy of falling body E1=mgh

di

Sol:

4. 1.10C

.in

40.

= (0.1)(10)(10) = 10J

E2= (0.1)(5.4)(10) = 5.4J

et
Ba

Energy of the body after rebounding

Loss of Energy = 4.6 J


W = JH = J ( ms )

50g of copper is heated to increase its temperature by 100C. If the same quantity of heat is given to 10
g of water, the rise in its temperature is
(2000 M)
Specific heat of water = 4200J/kg/0C
(Specific heat of copper = 420J/kg/0C

Ans : 1
Sol:

2. 60C

3. 70C

4. 80C

1. 50C

41.

W
4.6
=
= 0.10 C
J ( ms ) ( 0.1)( 460 )

.N

Heat lost by hot body = Heat gained by cold body

Heat lost by copper = Heat gained by water ( mst )copper = ( mst ) water

( 50 )( 420 )(10 ) = 10 ( 4200 ) t


t = 50 C

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