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SampleQuestionsChapter16

Kinetics
Examplesof
MultipleChoiceQuestions
1.
Thecombustionofethane(C2H6)isrepresentedbytheequation:
2C2H6(g)+7O2(g) 4CO2(g)+6H2O(l)
Inthisreaction:
(a)therateofconsumptionofethaneisseventimesfasterthantherateofconsumptionofoxygen.
(b)therateofformationofCO2equalstherateofformationofwater.
(c)waterisformedatarateequaltotwothirdstherateofformationofCO2.
(d)therateofconsumptionofoxygenequalstherateofconsumptionofwater.
(e)CO2isformedtwiceasfastasethaneisconsumed.

2.
Thespeedofachemicalreaction
(a)isconstantnomatterwhatthetemperatureis.
(b)isindependentoftheamountofcontactsurfaceofasolidinvolved.
(c)betweengasesshouldinallcasesbeextremelyrapidbecausetheaveragekineticenergyofthe
moleculesisgreat.
(d)betweenionsinaqueoussolutionisextremelyrapidbecausetherearenobondsthatneedtobebroken.
(e)variesinverselywiththeabsolutetemperature.

3.
Forareaction2A+B 2C,withtherateequation:Rate=k[A]2[B]
(a)theorderwithrespecttoAis1andtheorderoverallis1.
(b)theorderwithrespecttoAis2andtheorderoverallis2.
(c)theorderwithrespecttoAis2andtheorderoverallis3.
(d)theorderwithrespecttoBis2andtheorderoverallis2.
(e)theorderwithrespecttoBis2andtheorderoverallis3.

4.
Giventhefollowingdataforthisreaction:
NH4+ (aq)+NO2(aq)
EXPT [NH4+ ]
1
2
3

N2(g)+2H2O(l)

[NO2]

RATE

0.010M 0.020M 0.020M/s


0.015M 0.020M 0.030M/s
0.010M 0.010M 0.005M/s

Theratelawforthereactionis:
(a)Rate=k[NH4+ ][NO2]
(b)Rate=k[NH4+ ]2[NO2]2
(c)Rate=k[NH4+ ]2[NO2]
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SampleQuestionsChapter16

(d)Rate=k[NH4+ ][NO2]2
(e)noneoftheabove

5.
Whataretheunitsofkfortheratelaw:Rate=k[A][B]2,whentheconcentrationunitismol/L?
(a)s1
(b)s
(c)Lmol1s1
(d)L2mol2s1
(e)L2s2mol2

6.
Given:A+3B 2C+D
ThisreactionisfirstorderwithrespecttoreactantAandsecondorderwithrespecttoreactantB.Ifthe
concentrationofAisdoubledandtheconcentrationofBishalved,therateofthereactionwould_____
byafactorof_____.
(a)increase,2
(b)decrease,2
(c)increase,4
(d)decrease,4
(e)notchange

7.
Thedecompositionofcarbondisulfide,CS2,tocarbonmonosulfide,CS,andsulfurisfirstorderwithk=
2.8x107s1at1000oC.
CS2

CS+S

Whatisthehalflifeofthisreactionat1000oC?
(a)5.0x107s
(b)4.7x106s
(c)3.8x105s
(d)6.1x104s
(e)2.5x106s

8.
Thedecompositionofdimethyletherat504oCisfirstorderwithahalflifeof1570seconds.What
fractionofaninitialamountofdimethyletherremainsafter4710seconds?
(a)1/3
(b)1/6
(c)1/8
(d)1/16
(e)1/32

9.
Thehalflifeforafirstorderreactionis32s.Whatwastheoriginalconcentrationif,after2.0minutes,the
reactantconcentrationis0.062M?
(a)0.84M
(b)0.069M
(c)0.091M
(d)0.075M
(e)0.13M
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SampleQuestionsChapter16

10.
Giventhatareactionabsorbsenergyandhasanactivationenergyof50kJ/mol,whichofthefollowing
statementsarecorrect?(Hint:Drawthepotentialenergydiagram.)
(1)Thereversereactionhasanactivationenergyequalto50kJ/mol.
(2)Thereversereactionhasanactivationenergylessthan50kJ/mol.
(3)Thereversereactionhasanactivationenergygreaterthan50kJ/mol.
(4)Thechangeininternalenergyislessthanzero.
(5)Thechangeininternalenergyisgreaterthanzero.
(a)(1)and(4)
(b)(2)and(4)
(c)(3)and(4)
(d)(2)and(5)
(e)(3)and(5)

11.
IfreactionAhasanactivationenergyof250kJandreactionBhasanactivationenergyof100kJ,which
ofthefollowingstatementsmustbecorrect?
(a)IfreactionAisexothermicandreactionBisendothermicthenreactionAisfavoredkinetically.
(b)AtthesametemperaturetherateofreactionBisgreaterthantherateofreactionA.
(c)TheenergyofreactionAmustbegreaterthantheenergyofreactionB.
(d)TheenergyofreactionBmustbegreaterthantheenergyofreactionA.
(e)TherateofreactionAat25oCequalstherateofreactionBat100oC.

12.
Iftheactivationenergyintheforwarddirectionofanelementarystepis52kJandtheactivationenergyin
thereversedirectionis74kJ,whatistheenergyofreaction Eforthisstep?
(a)22kJ
(b)22kJ
(c)52kJ
(d)52kJ
(e)126kJ

13.
Supposethereaction:A+2B

AB2occursbythefollowingmechanism:

Step1 A+B AB
slow
Step2 AB+B AB2 fast
Overall A+2B AB2
TheratelawexpressionmustbeRate=_________.
(a)k[A]
(b)k[B]
(c)k[A][B]
(d)k[B]2
(e)k[A][B]2

14.
Apossiblemechanismforthereaction,2A+B
(1) A+A
(2) A2+A
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A2
A3

C+D,is:
fast,equilibrium
slow
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(3) A3+B

A+C+D fast

Accordingtothemechanism,theratelawwillbe:
(a)Rate=k[A]2
(b)Rate=k[A][B]
(c)Rate=k[A]2[B]
(d)Rate=k[A]
(e)Rate=k[A]3

15.
At300K,thefollowingreactionisfoundtoobeytheratelaw:Rate=k[NOCl]2:
2NOCl 2NO+Cl2
Considerthethreepostulatedmechanismsgivenbelow.Thenchoosetheresponsethatlistsallthosethat
arepossiblycorrectandnoothers.
Mechanism1 NOCl NO+Cl
Cl+NOCl NOCl2
NOCl2+NO
Overall:2NOCl
Mechanism2 2NOCl
NOCl2

2NO+Cl2

slow
fast
fast

2NO+Cl2

NOCl2+NO

slow

NO+Cl2

fast

Overall:2NOCl

2NO+Cl2

Mechanism3 NOCl NO+Cl


NOCl+Cl NO+Cl2
Overall:2NOCl

fast,equilibrium
slow

2NO+Cl2

(a)2,3
(b)3
(c)1
(d)2
(e)1,2

16.
Acorrectreactionmechanismforagivenreactionusuallyis:
(a)thesameasitsbalancedchemicalequation.
(b)obviousifitsheatofreactionisknown.
(c)obviousifitsreactionorderisknown.
(d)sometimesdifficulttoprove.
(e)obviousifitsactivationenergyisknown.

17.
Supposetheactivationenergyofacertainreactionis250kJ/mol.IftherateconstantatT1=300Kisk1
andtherateconstantatT2=320Kisk2,thenthereactionis__timesfasterat320Kthanat300K.(Hint:
Solvefork2/k1.)
(a)3x1029
(b)0.067
(c)15.0
(d)525
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(e)3x1028

18.
Whatistheactivationenergy(inkJ)ofareactionwhoserateconstantincreasesbyafactorof100upon
increasingthetemperaturefrom300Kto360K?
(a)27
(b)35
(c)42
(d)53
(e)69

19.
Mostreactionsaremorerapidathightemperaturesthanatlowtemperatures.Thisisconsistentwith:
(I)anincreaseintheactivationenergywithincreasingtemperature.
(II)anincreaseintherateconstantwithincreasingtemperatures.
(III)anincreaseinthepercentateof"highenergy"collisionswithincreasingtemperature.
(a)onlyI
(b)onlyII
(c)onlyIII
(d)onlyIandII
(e)onlyIIandIII

20.
Whichitemscorrectlycompletethefollowingstatment?
Acatalystcanactinachemicalreactionto:
(I)increasetheequilibriumconstant.
(II)lowertheactivationenergy.
(III)decrease Eforthereaction.
(IV)provideanewpathforthereaction.
(a)onlyI&II
(b)onlyII&III
(c)onlyIII&IV
(d)onlyI&III
(e)onlyII&IV

21.
Acatalyst:
(a)actuallyparticipatesinthereaction.
(b)changestheequilibriumconcentrationoftheproducts.
(c)doesnotaffectareactionenergypath.
(d)alwaysdecreasestherateforareaction.
(e)alwaysincreasestheactivationenergyforareaction.

22.
Whichstatementisfalse?
(a)Ifareactionisthermodynamicallyspontaneousitmayoccurrapidly.
(b)Ifareactionisthermodynamicallyspontaneousitmayoccurslowly.
(c)Activationenergyisakineticquantityratherthanathermodynamicquantity.
(d)Ifareactionisthermodynamicallynonspontaneous,itwillnotoccurspontaneously.
(e)Ifareactionisthermodynamicallyspontaneous,itmusthavealowactivationenergy.

23.
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Whichofthefollowingstatementsaretrue?
(1)Reactionswithmorenegativevaluesof Goarespontaneousandproceedatahigherratethanthose
withlessnegativevaluesof Go.
(2)Theactivationenergy,Ea,isusuallyaboutthesameas Eforareaction.
(3)Theactivationenergyforareactiondoesnotchangesignificantlyastemperaturechanges.
(4)Reactionsusuallyoccuratfasterratesathighertemperatures.
(a)1,2,4
(b)3,4
(c)1,2,3
(d)2,3,4
(e)1,2,3,4

24.
Whentheconcentrationofreactantmoleculesisincreased,therateofreactionincreases.Thebest
explanationis:Asthereactantconcentrationincreases,
(a)theaveragekineticenergyofmoleculesincreases.
(b)thefrequencyofmolecularcollisionsincreases.
(c)therateconstantincreases.
(d)theactivationenergyincreases.
(e)theorderofreactionincreases.

25.
Forthereaction,2H2S(g)+O2(g) 2S(s)+2H2O(l),whichoneofthefollowingstatementsis
absolutelytrue?
(a)ThereactionisfirstorderwithrespecttoH2SandsecondorderwithrespecttoO2.
(b)Thereactionisfourthorderoverall.
(c)Theratelawis:rate=k[H2S]2[O2].
(d)Theratelawis:rate=k[H2S][O2].
(e)Theratelawcannotbedeterminedfromtheinformationgiven.

Answers:
1.(e)2.(d)3.(c)4.(d)5.(d)6.(b)7.(e)8.(c)9.(a)10.(d)11.(b)12.(b)13.(c)14.(e)15.(d)16.(d)17.(d)
18.(e)19.(e)20.(e)21.(a)22.(e)23.(b)24.(b)25.(e)
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