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PERMANENT

APPOINTMEN
TS
-those
extended to
persons
possessing
the
requisite
eligibility
and are thus
protected by
the
constitutiona
l guarantee
of security
of tenure.

TEMPORARY
APPOINMENTS

REGULAR APPOINTMENTS

AD INTERIM APPOINTMENT

- those given to
persons without
such eligibility,
revocable at will and
without necessity of
just cause or a valid
investigation, made
on the understanding
that the appointing
power has not yet
decided on a
permanent appointee
and that the
temporary appointee
may be replaced at
any time a permanent
choice is made.

-Appointment by the President when


Congress is in session.

-Appointment by the President when


Congress is not in session.
-ad interim means in the meantime or
for the time being. An ad interim
appointment means a permanent
appointment made by the President in
the meantime that Congress is in
recess.

Temporary
appointment and
Designation are not
subject to
confirmation by the
Commission on
Appointments. Such
confirmation, if given
erroneously, will not
make the incumbent
permanent appointee

It takes effect only after


confirmation by the CA, and once
approved, continues until the
end of the term of the appointee.

Appointment in an acting capacity


Made any time there is vacancy,
i.e., whether Congress is in session or
not
Does not require confirmation of
CA
Temporary in nature
The appointee does not enjoy
security of tenure

It takes effect immediately but


ceases to be valid if disapproved by
the CA or upon the next
adjournment of Congress.

It is deemed by-passed through


inaction. It is intended to prevent
interruptions in vital government
services that would otherwise result
from the prolonged vacancies in
government offices. It is a permanent
appointment because it takes effect
immediately and can no longer be
withdrawn by the President once the
appointee has qualified into office.
The fact that it is subject to
confirmation by the Commission on
Appointments does not alter its
permanent character. The Constitution

itself makes an ad interim appointment


permanent in character by making it
effective until disapproved by the CA or
until the next adjournment of Congress.