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Observation

Tips
The purpose of
observation is to provide
opportunity for you to relate
theory to actual practice. To
help you do this, remember to:
know and understand
what exactly you need
to observe
study the observation
guides, listen to your
FS teacher and ask
questions to be sure all
is clear to you.
have paper and pen to
jot down details.
carefully separate facts
from interpretations
accomplish
checklists/forms
a.s.a.p. so that the
details are still fresh in
your mind.

FIELD

Episode
1

The Learners
Development
and
The Learners
Environment
Development
The Learners and
Environment
Development and
Environment

THE SCHOOL AS A LEARNING


ENVIRONMENT
Name of FS Student __________________________________________________
Field
Study
1 Episode 1 The School as a Learning
Course
________________________________
Year &Environment
Section _______________
Focused on: Determining a school environment that provides social,
Resource Teacher
___________
psychological,
and __________________
physical environmentSignature
supportive
of learning.Date _________
Superior
Satisfactory
Unsatisfactory
Cooperating
SchoolExemplary
__________________________________________________
Tasks
4
3
2
1
All tasks were
All or near all
Nearly all tasks
Fewer than half of
Observation/
with
tasks were done
were done with
tasks were done;
My done
Documentation
outstanding
with high quality
acceptable quality or most objectives
Target
quality;
met but awith
poor
At the end
of work
this activity, I will be competent in determining
school
exceeds
quality
environment that provides social, psychological, and physical environment
expectations
supportive of learning.
4
3
2
1.
Analysis
Analysis
Analysis
Analysis
My Analysis
questions were
questions were
questions were
questions were
My Performance
(How I Will
Be Rated)
answered
answered
not answered
not answered.
completely; in
completely
completely.
depth answers;
thoroughly
Grammar and
grounded on
Clear connection
Vaguely related to spelling
theories\
with theories
the theories
unsatisfactory.
Grammar and

FIELD STUDY

Grammar and
spelling

Tasks

My Reflection

My Portfolio

Exemplary
4
-Exemplary
grammar and
spelling.
4
Reflection
statements are
profound and
clear, supported
by experiences
from the episode.

Superior
3
spelling are
superior.

Satisfactory
2
acceptable

3
Reflection
statements are
clear, but not
clearly supported
by experiences
from the episode.

2
Reflection
statements are
shallow;
supported by
experiences from
the episode.

4
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and all are
supporting
documentation
are located in
sections clearly
designated.

3
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and most
supporting
documentation
are available
and/or in logical
and clearly
marked locations.
3
On the deadline

2
Portfolio is
incomplete;
supporting
documentation is
organized but is
lacking.

4
Before deadline

2
A day after the
deadline

Submission
4

Unsatisfactory
1

1.
Reflection
statements are
unclear and
shallow and are
not supported by
experiences from
the episode.
1
Portfolio has
many lacking
components; is
unorganized and
unclear.

1
Two days after the
deadline
1

Sub Totals

Rating:
(Based on
transmutation)

Over-all Score

_______________________________
Signature of FS Teacher
Above Printed Name

_____________________________
Date

Transmutation of score to grade/rating


Score
20
18-19
17
16
15
14

Grade
1.0
1.25
1.5
1.75
2.00
2.25

99
96
93
90
87
84

Score
12-13
11
10
8-9
7-below

Grade
2.50
2.75
3.00
3. 5
5.00

81
78
75
72 and
below

FIELD STUDY

My Map
A general observation of the campus and the classroom is an
exciting way to start my observation.
My mission is to do the following tasks:

Accomplish
checklist
as you
move
around
the school premises.
Visit a school. Look into facilities and support learning
areas in
the campus,
then
in the
classroom.

Make a reflection on the characteristics


Based on your
ofgathered
a school environment
data in the checklist,
that promotes
describe
learning.
the school environment.

Present your idea of a good school environment through any of these:


Descriptive Paragraph; b) Photo Essay
c) Sketch or drawing; d) Poem, song or rap

FIELD STUDY

My Tools
As you move around the campus, activity forms are provided for you to
document your observations. It is advised that you read the entire worksheet before
proceeding to the school site. A good understanding of activities and tasks to be
accomplished in the activity sheets yield better learning results.

Write your
observatio
n notes
here:

SCHOOL FACILITIES CHECKLIST


Familiarize yourself with the different areas and facilities of the
school. Check the column to indicate their availability. Give brief
description of those that are available on the last column.
Facilities

Available

Not
Available

Description

Office of the Principal


Library
Counseling Room
Canteen/Cafeteria
Medical Clinic
Audio Visual/Media Center
Reading Center
Speech Laboratory

FIELD STUDY

Facilities
Science Laboratory
Gymnasium
Auditorium
Home Economics Room
Industrial Workshop Area
PTA Office
Comfort Room for Boys
Comfort Room for Girls
Others (Please specify.)

FIELD STUDY

Available

Not
Available

Description

An Observation Guide for the CLASSROOM VISIT


Read the following statements carefully. Then Write your
observation report on the provided space.

Write your
observation
notes here:

1. Describe the community or neighborhood where the school is


found.
2. Describe the school campus. What colors do you see? What
colors do you see? What is the condition of the buildings?
3. Pass by the offices. What impression do you have of these
offices?
4. Walk through the school halls, the library, the cafeteria. Look
around and find out the other facilities that the school has.

Name of the School Observed ________________________________


School Address ___________________________________________
Date of Visit ______________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

An Observation Guide for the CLASSROOM VISIT


I entered
the
classroom
with conviction
that is was
crucial for
me and every
other
student to
be an active
participant,
not a
passive
consumer
Learning is
a place where
paradise can
be created.
-Bell Hooks,
Teaching to
Transgress,
NY:Routledge,
1994.

Be guided by the tasks as you do your observation. Then


accomplish the matrix to record your data.
1. Look at the walls of the classroom. What are posted on the
walls? What heroes, religious figures, lessons, visual aids,
announcements, do you see posted?
2. Examine how the pieces of furniture are arranged. Where is
the teachers table located? How are the tables and
chairs/desks arranged?
3. What learning materials/equipments are present?
4. Observe the students. How many are occupying one room?
5. Is the room well-lighted and well-ventilated?
CLASSROOM FACILITIES MATRIX
Description
(location, number,
Classroom Facilities
arrangement,
condition)
1. Wall Displays
2. Teachers Table
3. Learners Desks
4. Blackboard
5. Learning
Materials/Visual Aids
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

FIELD STUDY

Write your observation report here.


Name of the School Observed _________________________________________
School Address ____________________________________________________
Date of Visit _______________________________________________________

My
Analysis
How do the school campus and the classroom in particular impact on the
learning of the students going to school? What are your conclusions?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

Analysis

The breaking down of


informational materials into
their component parts,
examining (and trying to
understand the
organizational structure of)
such information to develop
divergent conclusions by
identifying motives or
causes, making inferences,
and/or finding evidences to
support generalizations. It
involves:
seeing patterns
organization of parts
recognition of hidden
meanings
identification of components
Question Cues
analyze, separate,
order, explain,
connect, classify,
arrange, divide,
compare, select,
explain, infer
(Blooms Taxonomy)

____________________________________________________________
How does this relate to your knowledge of child and adolescent
development/ How does this relate to your knowledge of facilitating
learning?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

To learn and not to


think over what you
have learned is
perfectly useless. To
think without having
learned is dangerous.
~ Gore Vidal

My
Reflections
1. Would you like to teach in the school environment you just observed?
Why? Why not?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
2. What kind of school campus is conducive to learning
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
3. What kind of classroom is conducive to learning?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
4. In the future, how can you accomplish your answer in number 3?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
5. Write your additional learning insights here.
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My Portfolio
My Personal Illustration of an Effective
School Environment

Let your
Creativity
Shine

On the opposite box,


present an illustration
showing your idea of an
effective school
environment through any
of these:
A descriptive
Paragraph
A photo Essay
A sketch or drawing
A poem, song or rap

FIELD STUDY

To be a teacher in the
right sense is to be a
learner. Instruction
begins when you, the
teacher, learn from the
learner. Put yourself in
his place so that you
may understand what
he understands and in
the way he
understands it.
- Soren Kierkegaard

FIELD

The Learners
Development and
Environment
The Learners

Episode
2

Development and
Environment

THE LEARNERS CHARACTERISTICS AND


NEEDS
Name of FS Student _____________________________________________________
Course ________________________________ Year & Section __________________
Resource Teacher ____________________ Signature ____________ Date _________
Cooperating School _____________________________________________________

My
Target
At the end

of this activity, I will gain competence in differentiating the


characteristics and needs of learners from different developmental levels.

My Performance

(How I Will Be Rated)

Field Study 1 Episode 2 The Learners Characteristics and Needs


Focused on: Differentiating the characteristics and needs of learners from
different developmental levels
Tasks
Observation/
Documentation

My Analysis

FIELD STUDY

Exemplary
4
All tasks were
done with
outstanding
quality; work
exceeds
expectations
4
Analysis
questions were
answered
completely; in
depth answers;
thoroughly
grounded on
theories\

Superior
3
All or near all
tasks were done
with high quality

Satisfactory
2
Nearly all tasks
were done with
acceptable quality

Unsatisfactory
1
Fewer than half of
tasks were done;
or most objectives
met but with poor
quality

3
Analysis
questions were
answered
completely

2
Analysis
questions were
not answered
completely.

1.
Analysis
questions were
not answered.

Clear connection
with theories

Vaguely related to
the theories

Grammar and

Grammar and
spelling

Grammar and
spelling
unsatisfactory.

Tasks

My Reflection

My Portfolio

Exemplary
4
-Exemplary
grammar and
spelling.
4
Reflection
statements are
profound and
clear, supported
by experiences
from the episode.

Superior
3
spelling are
superior.

Satisfactory
2
acceptable

3
Reflection
statements are
clear, but not
clearly supported
by experiences
from the episode.

2
Reflection
statements are
shallow;
supported by
experiences from
the episode.

4
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and all are
supporting
documentation
are located in
sections clearly
designated.

3
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and most
supporting
documentation
are available
and/or in logical
and clearly
marked locations.
3
On the deadline

2
Portfolio is
incomplete;
supporting
documentation is
organized but is
lacking.

4
Before deadline

2
A day after the
deadline

Submission
4

Unsatisfactory
1

1.
Reflection
statements are
unclear and
shallow and are
not supported by
experiences from
the episode.
1
Portfolio has
many lacking
components; is
unorganized and
unclear.

1
Two days after the
deadline
1

Sub Totals

Rating:
(Based on
transmutation)

Over-all Score

_______________________________
Signature of FS Teacher
Above Printed Name

_____________________________
Date

Transmutation of score to grade/rating


Score
20
18-19
17
16
15
14

Grade
1.0
1.25
1.5
1.75
2.00
2.25

99
96
93
90
87
84

Score
12-13
11
10
8-9
7-below

Grade
2.50
2.75
3.00
3. 5
5.00

81
78
75
72 and
below

FIELD STUDY

My Map
To reach your target, do the following tasks:

Step 1
Observe a 3 groups of
learners from different levels
(preschool, elem., and high
school)
Step 2
Describe each of the learners
based on your observations.

FIELD STUDY

Step 3
Validate your observation by
interviewing the learners.

Step 4
Compare them in terms of
their interests and needs.

My Tools
Use the activity form provided for you to document your
observations.

Theory
connections

An Observation Guide for the Learners Characteristics


Read the following statements carefully. Then write your
observation report on the provided space. Your teacher may
also recommend another observation checklist if a more
detailed observation is preferred.
Physical
1. Observe their gross motor skills. How they carry
themselves. How they move, walk, run, go up the stairs,
etc.?
2. Are gross movements clumsy or deliberate/smooth?
3. How about their fine motor skills? Writing, drawing, etc.
Social
1. Describe how they interact with teachers and other adults.
2. Note how they also interact with peers. What do they talk
about? What are their concerns?
Emotional
1. Describe the emotional disposition or temperament of the
learners. (happy, sad, easily cries, mood-shifts)
2. How do they express their wants/needs? Can they wait?
3. How do they handle frustrations?
4. Describe their level of confidence as shown in their
behavior. Are they self-conscious?

On Eriksons
Epigenetic Principles
This principle says that
we develop through a
predetermined unfolding of
our personalities. Our
progress through each
stage of life is in part
determined by our success,
or lack of success, in all the
previous stages. A little like
the unfolding of the rose
bud, each petal opens up
at a certain time, in a
certain order, which
through its genetics, has
determined. If we interfere
in the natural order of
development by pulling a
petal forward prematurely
or out of order, we ruin the
development of the entire
flower.
- Dr. C. George Boeree

Cognitive
1. Describe their ability to use words to communicate their
ideas. Note their language proficiency.
2. Describe how they figure out things. Do they comprehend
easily? Look for evidence of their thinking skills.
3. Were there opportunities for problem solving? Describe how
did they show problem solving abilities.

FIELD STUDY

Learners Development Matrix


Record the data you gathered about the learners characteristics and needs in this matrix. This will
allow you to compare the characteristics and needs of learners different levels. The items under each domain
are by no means exhaustive. These are just sample indicators. You may add other aspects which you may have
observed.
Write the most salient developmental characteristics of the learners you observed. Based on these
Preschooler
Elementary
High School
characteristics, think of implication
for the teacher.
Development
Domain Indicate age range of children Indicate age range of children Indicate age range of children
Example:
observed: ________________
observed: ________________
observed: ________________
Salient Characteristics
Implication to the Teaching-Learning
Level
Physical
Observed
Process
Gross-motor
Preschool skills
Preschoolers like to move Therefore, the teacher should remember to
Age Range of
a lot.
use music and movement activities not just
Fine-motor
Learners skills
in PE but in all subject areas.
observed 3-4
Self-help skills
Therefore, teachers should not expect
preschoolers to stay seated for a long
Others
period of time.
Social
Interaction with
Teachers
Interaction with
Level
Classmates/Friends

Salient Characteristics
Observed

Implication to the Teaching-Learning


Process

Interests
Preschool
Age Range of
Others
Learners
Emotional
observed ______
Moods and
temperament,
expression of feelings
Emotional
Independence
Elementary
Age Range of
Others
Learners
Cognitive
observed ______
Communication
Skills
Thinking Skills
Problem Solving
Others
High School
Myof
Age Range
LearnersAnalysis
observed ______

FIELD STUDY

FIELD STUDY

On Reflections

2 teach, is
2 touch lives
4 ever !!!

My
Reflections
1. While you were observing the learners, did you recall your own
experience when you were their age? What similarities or differences do
you have with the learners you observed?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
2. Think of a teacher you cannot forget for positive or negative reasons.
How did she/he help or not help you with your needs (physical,
emotional, social, and cognitive)? How did it affect you?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
3. Share your insights here.
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My Portfolio
Which is your favorite theory development? How can this guide you as a
future teacher?
Clip some readings about this theory and paste them here.

FIELD STUDY

Write your
observation
notes here:

FIELD

The Learners
Development and
Environment
The Learners

Episode
3

Development and
Environment

CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT LEARNING


Name of FS Student _____________________________________________________
Course ________________________________ Year & Section __________________
Resource Teacher ____________________ Signature ____________ Date _________
Cooperating School _____________________________________________________

My
Target
At
the end of this activity, I will gain competence in managing time, space and
resources to provide an environment which is appropriate to the learners and
conducive to learning.

My Performance

(How I Will Be Rated)

Field Study 1 Episode 3 Classroom Management and Learning


Focused on: competence in managing time, space and resources to provide an
environment which is appropriate to the learners and conducive to learning.
Tasks
Observation/
Documentation

My Analysis

FIELD STUDY

Exemplary
4
All tasks were
done with
outstanding
quality; work
exceeds
expectations
4
Analysis
questions were
answered
completely; in
depth answers;
thoroughly
grounded on
theories\

Superior
3
All or near all
tasks were done
with high quality

Satisfactory
2
Nearly all tasks
were done with
acceptable quality

Unsatisfactory
1
Fewer than half of
tasks were done;
or most objectives
met but with poor
quality

3
Analysis
questions were
answered
completely

2
Analysis
questions were
not answered
completely.

1.
Analysis
questions were
not answered.

Clear connection
with theories

Vaguely related to
the theories

Grammar and

Grammar and
spelling

Grammar and
spelling
unsatisfactory.

Tasks

My Reflection

My Portfolio

Exemplary
4
-Exemplary
grammar and
spelling.
4
Reflection
statements are
profound and
clear, supported
by experiences
from the episode.

Superior
3
spelling are
superior.

Satisfactory
2
acceptable

3
Reflection
statements are
clear, but not
clearly supported
by experiences
from the episode.

2
Reflection
statements are
shallow;
supported by
experiences from
the episode.

4
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and all are
supporting
documentation
are located in
sections clearly
designated.

3
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and most
supporting
documentation
are available
and/or in logical
and clearly
marked locations.
3
On the deadline

2
Portfolio is
incomplete;
supporting
documentation is
organized but is
lacking.

4
Before deadline

2
A day after the
deadline

Submission
4

Unsatisfactory
1

1.
Reflection
statements are
unclear and
shallow and are
not supported by
experiences from
the episode.
1
Portfolio has
many lacking
components; is
unorganized and
unclear.

1
Two days after the
deadline
1

Sub Totals

Rating:
(Based on
transmutation)

Over-all Score

_______________________________
Signature of FS Teacher
Above Printed Name

_____________________________
Date

Transmutation of score to grade/rating


Score
20
18-19
17
16
15
14

Grade
1.0
1.25
1.5
1.75
2.00
2.25

99
96
93
90
87
84

Score
12-13
11
10
8-9
7-below

Grade
2.50
2.75
3.00
3. 5
5.00

81
78
75
72 and
below

FIELD STUDY

My Map
To reach your target, do the following tasks:

FIELD STUDY

Observe a class.
Using checklist, find out the
evident classroom components.
Describe how the classroom is
structured/designed to allow
everyone to participate in the
learning activities.
Relate your data in your checklist
to the learner

My Tools
Use the activity form provided for you to document your
observations.
An Observation for the Learners Characteristics
Read the following statements carefully. Then write your
observation report on the provided space.
1. As you observe the class, look into the characteristics of
the learners. Note their ages.
2. How many boys are there? How many girls?
3. Focus on their behavior. Are they already able to manage
their own behavior?
4. Can the learners already work independently?
5. Describe their span of attention.
6. Look into their listening skills and ability to concentrate.
Name of the School ______________________________________________
Observed______________________________________________________
Location of the School ___________________________________________
Date of Visit ___________________________________________________

I entered
the
classroom
with conviction
that is was
crucial for
me and every
other
student to
be an active
participant,
not a
passive
consumer
Learning is
a place where
paradise can
be created.
-Bell Hooks,
Teaching to
Transgress,
NY:Routledge,
1994.

FIELD STUDY

An Observation Guide for the CLASSROOM VISIT


Be guided by these questions as you do your
observations of the classroom management. It is also good
to ask the teacher for additional information so you can
verify your observation. Write your notes below; and then
organize your data in the table that follows.
1. Are there areas in the classroom for specific purposes
(storage of teaching aids, book, students belongings,
supplies, etc.)? Describe these areas.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
2. Are there rules and procedures posted in the room?
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
3. Did the students participate in making the classroom rules?
(Ask the resource teacher.)
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
4. What are the daily routines done by the teacher? (prayer,
attendance, assignments of monitors, war-up, activities,
etc.) How they are done?
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
5. Is there a seating arrangement? What is the basis of this
arrangement?
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

6. Observe the noise level in the classroom. How is this


managed?
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
7. If a learner is not following instructions or is off-task, what
does the teacher do? Describe the behavior strategies
used.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
8. What does the teacher do to reinforce positive behaviors?
(behavior strategies)
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
Observation notes:

FIELD STUDY

CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT MATRIX

Aspect of Classroom
Management
1. Specific Areas in the
Classroom
2. Classroom Rules
3. Classroom Procedures
4. Daily Routines
5. Seating Arrangement
6. Handling
Misbehavior/Off-task
behavior
7. Reinforcement of
Positive Behavior
8. Others
9. Others
10. Others

FIELD STUDY

Description

Effect on the Learners


(to be filled up after you answer
the analysis question)

My
Analysis
1. How did the classroom organization and routines affect the learners
behavior?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
2. What should the teacher have in mind when she/he designs the
classroom organization and routines? What theories and principles you
should have in mind?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. Which behavior strategies were effective in managing the behavior of
the learners? In motivating the students? Why were they effective?
__________________________________________________________

Think about these


practices
1. Teachers ensure that
the learners function
as a carrying
community.
2. Teachers bring each
ones home culture
and language into the
shared culture of the
school.
3. Teachers use
strategies to build a
cohesive community.
4. Teachers let learners
accomplish
meaningful talks and
to participate in
learning experiences
in which they can
succeed.
5. Teachers emphasize
more cooperation,
less competition.
You nay choose to
write a reflection on
this and include it in
your portfolio.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My
Reflections
1. Imagine yourself organizing your classroom in the future. In what
grade/year level do you see yourself? What routines and procedures
would you consider for this level? Why?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
2. Make a list of the rules you are likely to implement in this level. Why
would you choose these rules?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. Should learners be involved in making the class rules? Why?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My Portfolio
Include here pictures of the classroom/s you observed. Write
descriptions/annotations about what you observed in each photo.

FIELD STUDY

FIELD

The Learners
Development and
Environment
The Learners

Episode
4

Development and
Environment

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND LEARNERS


INTERACTION
(Focusing on differences in gender, racial, religious backgrounds )

Name of FS Student _____________________________________________________


Course ________________________________ Year & Section __________________
Resource Teacher ____________________ Signature ____________ Date _________
Cooperating School _____________________________________________________

My
AtTarget
the end of this activity, I will gain competence in determining, understanding
and accepting the learners diverse backgrounds.

My Performance

(How I Will Be Rated)

Field Study 1 Episode 4 Individual differences and learners interaction


Focused on: differences in gender, racial, religious backgrounds
Tasks
Observation/
Documentation

My Analysis

FIELD STUDY

Exemplary
4
All tasks were
done with
outstanding
quality; work
exceeds
expectations
4
Analysis
questions were
answered
completely; in
depth answers;
thoroughly
grounded on
theories\

Superior
3
All or near all
tasks were done
with high quality

Satisfactory
2
Nearly all tasks
were done with
acceptable quality

Unsatisfactory
1
Fewer than half of
tasks were done;
or most objectives
met but with poor
quality

3
Analysis
questions were
answered
completely

2
Analysis
questions were
not answered
completely.

1.
Analysis
questions were
not answered.

Clear connection
with theories

Vaguely related to
the theories

Grammar and

Grammar and
spelling

Grammar and
spelling
unsatisfactory.

Tasks

My Reflection

My Portfolio

Exemplary
4
-Exemplary
grammar and
spelling.
4
Reflection
statements are
profound and
clear, supported
by experiences
from the episode.

Superior
3
spelling are
superior.

Satisfactory
2
acceptable

3
Reflection
statements are
clear, but not
clearly supported
by experiences
from the episode.

2
Reflection
statements are
shallow;
supported by
experiences from
the episode.

4
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and all are
supporting
documentation
are located in
sections clearly
designated.

3
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and most
supporting
documentation
are available
and/or in logical
and clearly
marked locations.
3
On the deadline

2
Portfolio is
incomplete;
supporting
documentation is
organized but is
lacking.

4
Before deadline

2
A day after the
deadline

Submission
4

Unsatisfactory
1

1.
Reflection
statements are
unclear and
shallow and are
not supported by
experiences from
the episode.
1
Portfolio has
many lacking
components; is
unorganized and
unclear.

1
Two days after the
deadline
1

Sub Totals

Rating:
(Based on
transmutation)

Over-all Score

_______________________________
Signature of FS Teacher
Above Printed Name

_____________________________
Date

Transmutation of score to grade/rating


Score
20
18-19
17
16
15
14

Grade
1.0
1.25
1.5
1.75
2.00
2.25

99
96
93
90
87
84

Score
12-13
11
10
8-9
7-below

Grade
2.50
2.75
3.00
3. 5
5.00

81
78
75
72 and
below

FIELD STUDY

My Map
The learners individual differences and the type of interaction they bring
surely affect the quality of teaching and learning. This episode is about
observing and gathering data to find out how student diversity affects learning.
To reach your target, do the following tasks:

Step 1. Observe in different parts of school day.


(beginning of the day, class time, recess, etc.)

Step 2. Describe the characteristics of the learners in


terms of age, gender and social and cultural diversity.

Step 3. Describe the interaction that transpires inside


and outside of the classroom.

Step 4. Interview your Resource Teacher about the


principles and practices that she uses in dealing with
diversity in the classroom.

Step 5. Analyze the impact of individual differences on


learners interaction.

FIELD STUDY

My Tools
Use the activity form provided for you to document your
observations.
An Observation for the Learners Characteristics
Read the following statements carefully. Then write your
observation report on the provided space on the next page.
1. Find out the number of students. Gather data as to their
ages, gender, racial groups, religious and ethnic
backgrounds.____________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
During Class:
1. How much interaction is there in the classroom? Describe
how the students interact with one another and with the
teacher. Are there groups that interact more with the
teacher
than
others.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
2. Observe the learners seated at the back and the front part
of the room. Do they behave and interact differently?
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________

It takes a
world of
difference to
make a
difference
in the world.
-from a
childrens
song (Quoted
in Coveys 8th
Habit DVD)
What does
this quotation
mean to you?
Write your
thoughts here.

FIELD STUDY

OBSERVATION REPORT
Name of the School Observed ________________________________________________________________
School Address ____________________________________________________________________________
Date of Visit _______________________________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My
Analysis
1. Identify the persons who play key roles in the relationships and interactions in the classroom. What
roles do they play? Is there somebody who appears to be the leader, a mascot/joker, an intention seeker,
a little teacher, a doubter/pessimist?
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
2. Are students coming from the minority group accepted or rejected by the others? How is this shown?
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
3. How does the teacher influence the class interaction considering the individual differences of the
students?
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
4. What factors influencing the grouping of learners outside the classroom?
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My
Reflections

Write your
notes here:

1. How did you feel being in that classroom? Did you feel a sense of oneness
or unity among the learners and between the teacher and the learners?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
2. In the future, how would you want the learners in your classroom to
interact? How will you make this happen?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My Portfolio
Post a collection of quotations advocating for celebrating diversity in the
classroom. Using these quotations, explain how you will encourage all learners
regardless of religious, ethnic or racial background to interact and participate
well.

FIELD STUDY

FIELD

The Learners
Development and
Environment

I
made it!

The Learners
-Leo in Leo the
Episode
Development
and
Late Bloomer by
5
Environment Robert Kraus.
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND LEARNERS
INTERACTION

(Focusing on different levels of abilities)

Name of FS Student ________________________________________________________


Course ___________________________________ Year & Section __________________
Resource Teacher ____________________ Signature ______________ Date _________
Cooperating School ________________________________________________________

You may want to


read this story. It
is a story for
children, but it
has a profound
message for
teachers and
parents. Look it
up.

My
Target
At the end of this activity, I will gain competence in determining teaching
approaches and techniques considering the learners differences in level of abilities.

My Performance

(How I Will Be Rated)

Field Study 1 Episode 6 Individual Differences and Learners Interaction


Focused on: determining teaching approaches and techniques considering the
learners differences in level of abilities.
Tasks
Observation/
Documentation

My Analysis

Exemplary
4
All tasks were
done with
outstanding
quality; work
exceeds
expectations
4
Analysis
questions were
answered
completely; in
depth answers;
thoroughly
grounded on
theories\

Superior
3
All or near all
tasks were done
with high quality

Satisfactory
2
Nearly all tasks
were done with
acceptable quality

Unsatisfactory
1
Fewer than half of
tasks were done;
or most objectives
met but with poor
quality

3
Analysis
questions were
answered
completely

2
Analysis
questions were
not answered
completely.

1.
Analysis
questions were
not answered.

Clear connection
with theories

Vaguely related to
the theories

Grammar and

Grammar and
spelling

Grammar and
spelling
unsatisfactory.

FIELD STUDY

Tasks

My Reflection

My Portfolio

Exemplary
4
-Exemplary
grammar and
spelling.
4
Reflection
statements are
profound and
clear, supported
by experiences
from the episode.

Superior
3
spelling are
superior.

Satisfactory
2
acceptable

3
Reflection
statements are
clear, but not
clearly supported
by experiences
from the episode.

2
Reflection
statements are
shallow;
supported by
experiences from
the episode.

4
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and all are
supporting
documentation
are located in
sections clearly
designated.

3
Portfolio is
complete, clear,
well organized
and most
supporting
documentation
are available
and/or in logical
and clearly
marked locations.
3
On the deadline

2
Portfolio is
incomplete;
supporting
documentation is
organized but is
lacking.

4
Before deadline

2
A day after the
deadline

Submission
4

Unsatisfactory
1

1.
Reflection
statements are
unclear and
shallow and are
not supported by
experiences from
the episode.
1
Portfolio has
many lacking
components; is
unorganized and
unclear.

1
Two days after the
deadline
1

Sub Totals

Rating:
(Based on
transmutation)

Over-all Score

_______________________________
Signature of FS Teacher
Above Printed Name

_____________________________
Date

Transmutation of score to grade/rating


Score
20
18-19
17
16
15
14

FIELD STUDY
FIELD STUDY

Grade
1.0
1.25
1.5
1.75
2.00
2.25

99
96
93
90
87
84

Score
12-13
11
10
8-9
7-below

Grade
2.50
2.75
3.00
3. 5
5.00

81
78
75
72 and
below

My Map
To reach your target, do the following tasks:

4. Write a report and a brief


reflection on your experience.

3. Observe them
as they participate
in the classroom
activity.

1. Observe two or more than learners of different


abilities but from the same grade or year level.

2. Find out some information about


their background.

FIELD STUDY

Write your
notes here:

My Tools
Use the activity form provided for you to document your
observations.

An Observation for Individual Differences


Read the following carefully before you begin to observe.
Then write your observation report on the space provided.
1. Observe the class to see the differences in abilities of the
learners.
2. Try to identify the students who seem to be performing well and
those that seem to be behind.
3. Validate your observations by asking the teacher about the
background (family, socio-economic, presence of some learning
disability, etc.) of these children.
4. Observe the behavior of both the high achieving and lowachieving learners. Note their dispositions, pace in
accomplishing tasks, interaction with teacher and with others.
5. Observe the teachers method in addressing the individual
learning needs of the students in his/her class.

FIELD STUDY

OBSERVATION REPORT
Name of the School Observed ________________________________________________________________
School Address ____________________________________________________________________________
Date of Visit _______________________________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My
Analysis
1. Did your observation match the information given by the teacher? Were you able to correctly identify
who among the students performed well and who did not? What behavior helped you identify them?
(volunteering to answer, responding to teachers directions, etc.)
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
2. Describe the differences in ability levels of the students in the class. Is there a wide gap between the
students who are performing well and those that are not?
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
3. Describe the methods used by the teacher in handling the students differences in abilities. How did the
students respond to the teacher?
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My
Reflections

Write your
notes here:

1. Recall the time when you were in elementary or high school. Recall the
high and low achievers in your class. How did your teacher deal with
differences in abilities? Was your teacher effective?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My Portfolio
With the principle of individual differences in mind, what methods and
strategies will you remember in the future to ensure that you will be able to meet
the needs of both the high and low achievers in your class?
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

F
FIELD

Write your
notes here:

The Learners
Development and
Environment

The Learners
Unsatisfactory
Development and1
Environment

Exemplary
Superior
Satisfactory
Episode
Tasks
4
3
2
6
-Exemplary
spelling are
acceptable
grammar and
superior.
spelling.
4
3
2
Reflection
Reflection
Reflection
Name of FS Student ________________________________________________________
My Reflection
statements are
statements are
statements are
profound and
clear, but not
shallow;
Course ___________________________________
& Sectionclearly
__________________
clear,Year
supported
supported
supported by
by experiences
by experiences
experiences from
Resource Teacher ____________________ Signature
______________
Date _________
from the episode.
from the episode.
the episode.

HOME-SCHOOL LINK

Cooperating School ________________________________________________________

4
3
2
Portfolio is
Portfolio is
Portfolio is
My Portfolio
complete, clear,
complete, clear,
incomplete;
well
organized
well
organized
supporting
My
and all are
and most
documentation is
Target
supporting
supporting
organized but is
documentationin identifying
documentation
lacking. the
At the end of this activity, I will gain competence
and describing
are
located
in
are
available
influencing factors in the home environment that impact students learning.
sections clearly
and/or in logical
designated.
and clearly
marked locations.
4
3
2
My Performance (How
I Will
Be Rated)
Before
deadline
On the deadline
A day after the
Submission
deadline

Field Study 1 Episode 6 Home School link


Focused on:
identifying and describing the influencing
factors in the
4
3 home
Sub
Totals
environment that impact students learning
Tasks
Observation/
Documentation

My Analysis

Exemplary
4
All tasks were
done with
outstanding
quality; work
exceeds
expectations
4
Analysis
questions were
answered
completely; in
depth answers;
thoroughly
grounded on
theories\

Superior
3
All or near all
tasks were done
Over-all
Score
with high
quality

Satisfactory
2
Nearly all tasks
were done with
acceptable quality

1.
Reflection
statements are
unclear and
shallow and are
not supported by
experiences from
the episode.
1
Portfolio has
many lacking
components; is
unorganized and
unclear.

1
Two days after the
deadline

Unsatisfactory
1
Rating:
Fewer than
half of
(Based
tasks were
done;on
transmutation)
or most objectives
met but with poor
quality

3
2
1.
Analysis
Analysis
Analysis
questions were
questions were
questions were
_______________________________
answered
not answered
not answered. _____________________________
Signature
of
FS
Teacher
Date
completely
completely.
Above Printed Name
Grammar and
Clear connection
Vaguely related to spelling
with theories
the theories
unsatisfactory.
Transmutation of score to grade/rating
Grammar and
Scoreand Grade
Score
Grade
Grammar
spelling
20
1.0
99
12-13 2.50
81
18-19
1.25
96
11
2.75
78
17
1.5
93
10
3.00
75
IELD
16
1.75
90
8-9 3. 5
72 and
15
2.00
87
7-below 5.00
below
14
2.25
84

STUDY

FIELD STUDY
FIELD STUDY

My Map
To reach your target, do the following tasks:

Home and School


Link

Select a learner from the class whom you have observed.


Interview the teacher about the learners characteristics.
Conduct a home visit to your selected learners residence.
Interview the parents about:
- The rules they implement at home concerning their childs schooling.
- The learners activities and behavior at home.
Describe the family in terms of:
- Number of siblings
- Number of siblings in school
Identify the factors in the home environment that might affect the learners school
performance.
Reflect on how a teacher can communicate effectively with the home.

FIELD STUDY

My Tools
Use the activity form provided for you to document your
observations.

An Observation/Interview for Home-School Link


Read the following carefully before you begin to observe. Then
write your observation report on the space provided.
The Learner
1. Make a general observation of the learner. Describe him in each of
the domains of development.
Physical-body built and height (thin, chubby, underweight,
overweight), level of physical activity (slow, fast, lethargic,
active, etc.)
Social-interaction with teachers and classmates (loner, shy,
sociable, friendly, gets into flights, liked by others, etc.)
Emotional moods, temperament, cries easily, loses temper,
happy, shows enthusiasm, excited, indifferent, etc.
Cognitive (appears to understand lessons, copes with the
lessons, excels, lags behind, shoes reasoning skills)
Interview the Teacher
1. What are the most noticeable characteristics of the learner?
(emotional disposition, behavior and discipline, sense of
responsibility, study habits, academic performance, relationship
with peers, relationship with adults, social adjustment)
2. How does the teacher communicate with parents? How often?
What do they discuss? Agree on?
Interview with Parents
1. Conduct a home visit. Once there, observe the home set-up.
(Home is orderly, family picture in living room)
2. Use the interview questions on the next page. Just ask the
questions with which you feel comfortable.

FIELD STUDY

Suggested Parent Interview Guide


Your teacher may ask you to use a more detailed interview guide. Be free to translate the questions, if
necessary.
Name of Learner:
Date of Birth:
Grade/Year Level:
Number of Siblings:
Birth Order:
Parents:
Mother:
Age:
Occupation:
Father:
Age:
Occupation:

Age:
Gender:

Educational Attainment:
Educational Attainment:

Learners Physical Aspect:


Health
Mothers Health during pregnancy with the learner:

Ailments or health problems of the learner as a child:

Age of the learner when he started to walk/talk:

Food preferences of the learner as a child and at present:

Who took care of him/her as a child?

FIELD STUDY

Learners Social Aspect:


Describe your childs sociability. (friendly, loner, outgoing or shy)

Who were the learners playmates?

As a child then was he/she allowed to play outside?

Is he/she allowed to go out with friends?


Do you have rules for him/her to follow regarding going out?
What are these rules?

Emotional-Moral
What are your expectations to your child?

How do you provide a nurturing environment for your child?

Does your child go to you when he/she feels down or has a problem? What do you do to meet his/her
emotional needs?

What do you do when he/she is not successful in something?

FIELD STUDY

How do you discipline your children?

Do you have rules in the house? What are they?

How do you impose the rules?

What are the consequences of breaking the rules?

Learners Cognitive Aspect:


What are the childs interests?

What subject is he/she good in school?

In what subject/s does he/she have difficulty?

How do you monitor his/her performance in school? How do you motivate him/her???

Do you have rules at home to help him develop good study habits?
What are these rules? How are they implemented?

FIELD STUDY

After you have gathered all the necessary data, write the learners development profile using the outline
below. Type the profile in a separate sheet and attach it to this learning episode.
THE LEARNERS DEVELOPMENT PROFILE (Outline)
The Learners Development Profile
Name of the Learner _______________________________________________________________
School __________________________________________________________________________
Date of Home Visit _________________________________________________________________
Date of Birth:

Age:

Grade/Year Level:

Gender:

Family Profile
Number of Siblings:
Birth Order:
Parent
Mother:
Age:
Occupation:
Father:
Age:
Occupation:

Educational Attainment:
Educational Attainment:

Physical Development
In paragraph form, describe the physical development of the learner. Combine the
teachers, parents responses and you own observations.
Social Development
In paragraph form, describe the social development of the learner. Combine the
teachers, parents responses and you own observations.
Emotional-Moral Development
In paragraph form, describe the emotional-moral development of the learner. Combine
the teachers, parents responses and you own observations.
Cognitive Development
In paragraph form, describe the cognitive development of the learner. Combine the
teachers, parents responses and you own observations.
Findings
Write here your salient findings about the learner.
Conclusions
Write your conclusions after you have analyzed the impact of the school and the home
on the learners development. The questions in the Your Analysis portion of this learning
episode can help you.
Recommendations
Write your recommendations

FIELD STUDY

My
Analysis
From your findings and recommendations in the Learners
Development Profile will help you answer the questions here.
1. From your home visit and interview, what do you think is the style of
parenting experienced by the learner? Explain your answer.
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
2. Relating your data with what you learned from child development, what
family factors do you think contribute to the development and overall
adjustment of the learner of the school?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. Does the communication between the home-school have an effect on the
learner? If yes, what are these effects?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Bauminrinds Parenting
Styles
Authoritarian. Parents are
very firm with their children
and expect unwavering and
unquestioning obedience.
Rules are set by parents and
misbehavior is met with
withdrawal of affection,
physical punishment or
threats
Permissive. Parents are not
firm or controlling. They have
few expectations. Maybe
warm and caring but appear
to be uninvolved and
uninterested.
Rejecting-Neglecting.
Parents are disengaged from
children. Provide no structure,
supervision, support or
guidance.
Authoritative. Parents
achieve a good blend. They
are firm yet loving. Have clear
and reasonable expectations
and limits for their children.
Treat children with respect
and warmth. Make children
understand consequence of
their behavior.
Children of:
Authoritarian Parents: are
often unhappy, fearful,
withdrawn, inhibited, hostile
and aggressive. They have
low self-esteem and difficulty
with peers.
Permissive Parents: believe
that their parents do not care
for them. They are often
impulsive, aggressive, and
lack of self-control; they may
have low levels of
independence and
responsibility.
Rejecting-Neglecting
Parents: are found to be the
least competent in their
overall functioning and
adjustment.
Authoritative Parents: are
socially competent, selfreliant, and have greater
ability to show self-control.
They have higher self-esteem
and are better adjusted.
-based on Child Development
by Santrock, 2004.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

Write your
notes here:

My
Reflections

1. Reflect your own development as a child. What type of parenting did


you experience? How did it affect you?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. As a future teacher, how would you establish good home-school
collaboration? How can you work well with the parents? How can you
help them? How can they help you?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

FIELD STUDY

My Portfolio
1.

Color Your
World
1. Make an artistic,
colorful and
creative visual
expression of your
feelings or
insights, about the
influence of the
home and school
to the learner.
Then write a few
statements on the
space below about
your visual art

2.

Stick
with
Acrostic
Make a reflection
acrostic about the
home and school
link.

2. HOMESCHOOLLINK-

FIELD STUDY