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Egypt Garlic Onion Processing

Garlic and Onion Cultivation in Egypt


Garlic and onions have a long history in Egypt. There are historical
records shows that garlic and onions were an important health food for
the workers during the construction of the great Pyramid of Egypt. Garlic
and onions are two of the most important Egyptian economic crops at
home and abroad that have a global reputation. They are important
crops used for food as well as medicine.
The cultivated areas of garlic and onions in this country are the Lower
Egypt, the Middle Egypt and the Upper Egypt, which is mainly located
Nile Valley and Nile Delta Area. And the production differs from one
province to another.

Egyptian Garlic and Onions for Export

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In Egypt, garlic and onions are generally cultivated for both local
consumption and export. And they are exported both in fresh or dried
form.
Egypt ranks the forth leading country in the world for garlic production
after China, India and Korea. European Union is one of the most
important importers of Egyptian fresh garlic, and Germany and Italy are
the most important markets of EU for fresh garlic; the Arab free traders
zone is the most important economic blocs importers of Egyptian
garlic powder, and Syria and Morocco are the most important markets of
the Arab free traders zone for Egyptian garlic powder.
The Egyptian onion exports occupies the fourth place in exports of
agricultural commodities after each of cotton, rice and potatoes.
Importers of the Egyptian onions includes Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and
Yemen in the Arab free trade zone, Lebanon comes in the first place,
Jordan is ranked second. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is the most
important economic blocs importing Egyptian fresh onions; the Saudi
market is one of the important markets importing Egyptian fresh onions,
followed in the ranking by the Arab free trade zone which occupies the
second place among the economic blocs for fresh onions; the EU is the
most important economic blocs and importers of dried Egyptian onion,
and Germany and Netherlands are considered as the most important
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markets for importing Egyptian dried onions. And, if there is a onion


production lack in US, America is also a great import country for onions
from Egypt.

Egypt Dried Garlic and Onions Processing


Drying or dehydrating is one of the methods used to produce a
concentrated product by reducing the moisture content under suitable
temperature, relative humidity, and air velocity, which is helpful for food
preservation. After dehydration, the food can be simply reconstituted
without substantial loss of flavor, taste, color and aroma.
Dried garlic and onions is a one of the leading products for Egyptian
export, and the export industry of dried garlic and onions is in the first
place with huge investment, so producing dried garlic and onions is a
significant gesture in Egypt. In 2015, there was a new drying plant set up
in Sohag to replace the one closed in January 2009 after a working
period of 49 years. The new drying facility is to take advantage of the
large amount of garlic and onion production and get them ready for
export.
Dehydration of garlic and onions is one of the most profitable process in
terms of economic return in Egypt. There are 15 plants spreading over 11
provinces to dry garlic and onions. The importance of dehydration is to
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increase the value of the manufacturer as well as the availability of labor


and an abundance of excellent raw materials.

---Dried Garlic Powder Production

Garlic powder is a hygienically-prepared product of good quality which


is mainly used in food preparation as a condiment, as well as in many
medicinal preparations as a carminative and gastric stimulant. It is easy
and convenient to use and store and can be transported without any
difficulty.
Machines involved in manufacturing process:
1.Garlic clove separating machine: garlic bulbs are broken in to individual
cloves by soft rollers which exert speed-difference rubbing to crack the
bulbs without damaging the cloves.
2.Garlic peeling machine: the garlic skin is loosed after separating, and it
can be removed by strong air swirling flow.
3.Garlic slicing machine: the peeled cloves are sliced to form flakes.
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4.Garlic dryer machine: to get a good dehydration effect, the garlic slices
or flakes can be dried by tunnel drier or continuous belt drier.
5.Garlic powder grinding machine: dehydrated garlic can be powdered in
the multi-function grinder machine.
6.Packing machine: the finished garlic powder need to be packed
immediately to prevent moisture absorption.
---Dried Onion Production

Dehydrated onions are regarded as a kind of product with potential in


world trade, and it has a large demand of dehydrated onion in the
European countries. Onions are generally dried from an initial moisture
content of about 86% (wb) to 7% (wb) or less to get efficient storage and
processing. Dehydrated onions in the form of flakes or powder are in
extensive demand in several countries, such as UK, Japan, Russia,
Germany, Netherlands and Spain.
Equipment required in dried onion production:
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1.Onion root cutting machine: the tops and tails of onions need to be cut
off so that peeling can be accomplished successfully.
2.Onion peeling machine: onion skin is removed by pneumatic working
principle.
3.Water bubble cleaning machine for onions: cleaning is necessary to
remove the dirt, and water bubble cleaning can retain the original quality
of onions with no damage to them.
4.Surface water removing equipment: after cleaning, to remove the
residual water on the surface of onions, a centrifugal dryer or an air dryer
can be employed, so that it will not affect the further processing.
5.Onion slicing machine: cut the onions into uniform slices to get a
perfect drying result.
6.Onion slices drying oven: slices are passed to the dehydration
equipment to reduce moisture content to a proper degree.
7.Onion powder grinding mill: after drying, the onions are delivered to
milling area, and then they are milled into large chopped, fine chopped,
ground, granulated, and powdered onions.
8.Packaging equipment: the final dried onions can be packed in the form
of chopped, ground, granulated and powdered onions.

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