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Analysis of TRBs Research Needs Statements (RNS) Database for Records Related

The purpose of this analysis was to determine the extent to which the topic of
sustainable transportation is addressed in the proposed research projects listed in
the TRB Research Needs Statements (RNS) database (http://rns.trb.org/).

What is meant by sustainability?


While definitions of sustainability and sustainable development vary considerably, most
comprehensive definitions of sustainable development consider impacts in the three areas of
environment, economy, and society (equity), sometimes referred to as the "three Es". Within
these three broad areas, different topics in sustainability were identified (see Table 1), and for
each record, the areas of sustainability which it addressed were noted (up to three). Records
were then given a "Sustainability Score" based on how well the proposed project addresses
one or more of the three Es.

Search terms:
Although there are theoretically many terms that could fall under one of the three dimensions
of sustainability, for the purposes of this research effort, terms were chosen that were
expected to garner as many records as possible while still remaining relevant to sustainability.
The terms used in the searches for this study were: economic development, economy,
environment, equity, society, sustainability, and sustainable. Where multiple search terms
pulled up the same record, this is noted in subsequent "Search Term" fields in the "Records"
tab. Obviously, there are more terms that could be used for additional searches, including
conservation, preservation, energy, safety, and others.

How records were scored:


Scoring the RNS records in terms of whether they address issues of sustainability and in what
ways was largely a subjective exercise. Using the Table 1 information, the evaluator
determined which, if any, of the listed sustainability topics was clearly addressed in the RNS
record. The record was given up to a full point in each of the three categories (Environment,
Economy and Equity); half points were given where some aspect of that sustainability
dimension was addressed. For example, a record that only discussed safety issues would score
0.5 for its "Equity" score, whereas a record that addressed multiple societal aspects, such as
safety and access, or safety and access and intragenerational equity, was recognized as
addressing equity/society in a more comprehensive way, and so was given a full point. All
records received a score between 0 and 3 (up to 1 point in each category). It should also be
noted that in some cases, a record's research focus may have the potential to impact
sustainability beyond the category/categories indicated, but this was not explicitly discussed in
the problem description, research objective or other piece of the proposal. For example, the
record entitled "Modern Streetcars and Economic Development: The Rest of the Story"
specifically discussed streetcar research that focuses solely on economic impact, even though
streetcar promotion might also have environmental or even social impacts. For this reason, its
total score was 0.5 (awarded in the "Economy" category).

records received a score between 0 and 3 (up to 1 point in each category). It should also be
noted that in some cases, a record's research focus may have the potential to impact
sustainability beyond the category/categories indicated, but this was not explicitly discussed in
the problem description, research objective or other piece of the proposal. For example, the
record entitled "Modern Streetcars and Economic Development: The Rest of the Story"
specifically discussed streetcar research that focuses solely on economic impact, even though
streetcar promotion might also have environmental or even social impacts. For this reason, its
total score was 0.5 (awarded in the "Economy" category).

ords Related to Sustainability


Table 1: Comprehensive Definition of Sustainable Transportation
Dimension
Area
Environment
Health and
Environmental
Damage
Standards

Noise
Land Use
Emissions and
Waste

Renewable
Resources

Non-renewable
Resources
Energy
Recycling
Equity/Society Access
Safety
Intragenerational
Equity

Intergenerational
Equity
Economy

Affordability
Efficiency
Social Cost

Employment

efinition of Sustainable Transportation


A sustainable transportation system
minimizes activities that cause serious public health
concerns and damage to the environment;
maintains high environmental quality and human
health standards throughout urban and rural areas;
minimizes the production of noise;
minimizes the use of land;
limits emissions and waste to levels within the
planets ability to absorb them, and does not
aggravate adverse global phenomena including
climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, and
the spread of persistent organic pollutants;

ensures that renewable resources are managed and


used in ways that do not diminish the capacity of
ecological systems to continue providing these
resources;
ensures that non-renewable resources are used at
or below the rate of development of renewable
substitutes;
is powered by renewable energy sources; and
reuses and recycles its components.
provides access to goods, resources, and services
while reducing the need to travel;
operates safely; ensures the secure movement of
people and goods
promotes equity between societies and groups
within the current generation, specifically in relation
to concerns for environmental justice; and
promotes equity between generations.
is affordable;
operates efficiently to support a competitive
economy; and
ensures that users pay the full social and
environmental costs for their transportation
decisions.
provides meaningful and well-paid employment
opportunities.

Project
Data for Health and Transportation Planning and
Programs
Management of Roadside Trees
Not all Dementias Are Alike: Implications for Driver
Safety
Promotion
Roadside
Design for Conflicts in Proximity to Bridge
Ends
Intersecting
Roadways
Olderand
Road
User Evaluation
of Road Safety
Understanding Variability in Road-Based
Passengership
between Corridors
in for
Order
to
Uniform
ScalingRates
of Performance
Measures
Bridge
Identify
Opportunities
for
Improvement
Management
Systems
Bridging
the Digital
Divide: Ensuring Information
Equity
for
Electronic
Communications
Information Clearinghouse
for Utilities
Weekday Exception Scheduling in Rapid Transit System
Pricing Strategies for Public Transit Fares
The Value of Life-Cycle Costing and Asset Management i
Structural Design Methods for Alternate Pipe Materials
Design and Load Rating of Culverts
Hybrid Box Culvert - Using Optimized Cement-Fiber
Reinforced
Polymer
Composites
Modulus-based
Quality
Control in Culvert Backfill Instal
Bedding Design for Culverts and Underground Structu
Inspection Around Existing Deep Sewers and Tunnels
for
Restoration
and
Rehabilitation
Trenchless
Utility
Pipe
Installation and Replacement
Under
toDrain
Minimize
Traffic Disruption
CulvertHighways
and Storm
Management
System and
Other
Direct
and
Indirect
Costs
Electrochemical Corrosion Repair of Concrete Culverts
Methods to Optimize Source Allocation and Field
Evaluation
of Construction
Aggregates
Residual
Capacity
of Fire Damaged
Surface
Transportation
Structures
Acceptable Heat Affected Zone Toughness of A709
Bridge
Steel
LRFD Calibration
of Differential Support Settlement
Water Conservation Practices for Highway
Transportation
and Road Operations and
Repair of OlderConstruction
Bridges by Welding
Facility
Management
Estimating the Economic Value of Historic Properties
for
Purposes of
Mitigationofunder
Section
106 of the
Comparative
Evaluation
Alternative
Financing
Costs
National
Historic
Preservation
Act
and
Benefits
for Complex
Transportation
Projects.
Sustainable
Modification
of
Performance-Graded
Asphalts to for
Enhance
Low-Temperature
Framework
National
Pedestrian andProperties
Bicycle
Performance
Measures
Best Practices for Sidewalk Maintenance
Data Sources to Measure Pedestrian and Bicycle
Safety
in Parking
Lots of Using High Carbon Fly Ash
Environmental
Impacts
in Structural
Fill Applications
Influence
of Physical
and Chemical Properties of
Aggregates
andAdvancement
Hydraulic Performance
Case StudiesonofMechanical
Carrier Safety
of
Highway
Bases
Values and Methods for Incorporating Travel Time
Reliability
in Highway
Benefit-Cost
Analysis
Safety Effects
of Roadside
Mowing Practices
Maintaining Transit Effectiveness under Major
FinancialStreetcars
Constraints
Modern
and Economic Development: The
Rest of theTransit
Story Markets: The Effect of Changing
Emerging
Demographics
andand
Lifestyle
in Service
Long-Term Trends
CriticalChoices
Issues Impacting
Planning
Regional
Transportationfor
Systems
Management
&
Survey Methodologies
Motor Carrier
Research
Operations
Bicycle Research Needs for National Parks and Public
Lands
Prediction Methodology for Cyclist Route Choice Using
Revealed and Stated Preference Data

Methodology for Bicycle Network Analysis


Research Program to Develop a Sustainable Decision
Making Tool
for Transportation
Applications
Based on
Research
Program
to Compile Life
Cycle Inventories
Life
Cycle
Assessment
for
Nano
Additives
Used
in
Asphalt
and
Concrete
Construction Equipment Simulators for Training Safe
Construction
and Efficient
Operators
Emerging
Rapid
Technologies for Characterizing the
Cracking
Behavior
of Asphalt Techniques
Mix
Remote Structure Monitoring
for
Infrastructure
Applications
Effects
of Pedestrian
Improvements on Transit
Ridership and
CustomerInfrastructure
Satisfaction Assessment
Synthesis
of Pedestrian
Methods
and
Tools
Developing Guidelines to Improve Pedestrian Access
to
Transit
Stopsfor Pedestrian Facility Maintenance
Best
Practices
Improving the Safety of Mid-Block Pedestrian
Crossings
near
Crash Harm
perTransit
FreightStops
Ton-Mile for Different Large
Truck Configurations
Behavior
and Design of Steel Bridges Strengthened
with
FRP Materials
Improving
Travel Behavior Data for Environmental
Vehicle
AnalysesSystems Lessons Learned
Transit Security
ITS Services: Security Aspects of Data Quality
Management
An Examination of Roadway Feature Identification
Lighting versus
Designed
Systems MultiDeveloping
Design
CriteriaLighting
for Cost-Effective
Lane
Loop
Ramp
Design
Developing a Methodology for Evaluating Design
Tradeoffs Allocation
to Accommodate
Multiple
Roadway
Users
Effective
of Available
Freeway
Travel
Lane
and Shoulder
Widths
Speed
Prediction
Models for Rural Multilane Highways
and
Urban
and
Suburban
Arterials
Integrated Ramp and Ramp
Terminal Design
Developing a Basis of Evidence for Medical Advisory
Board
AircraftDriver
NoiseReview
Health Effects Study
Seismically Induced Earth Pressures for LRFD Seismic
Design
of Retaining
Structures to Transit
Ridesharing
as a Complement
Managed Lanes Planning and Design Guidance
Development and Validation of an Optimal Stress
Relief
for
Unbonded Concrete
Using Layer
Human
Performance
Models toOverlays
Improve
RailroadEffective
Safety and
Performance
Identify
Interventions
that Prevent Injuries
Related to
Switching
Activities
Context
Sensitive
Design
to Influence Operating
Speeds
Analysis of Social Costs and Benefits of Advanced
Biofuels and
Other Low
Carbon Transit,
Fuels Land Use, and
Analysis
of Synergies
between
Pricing
Strategies
to
Reduce
Greenhouse
Driving and the Built Environment Part II Gas
Emissions
Quantify and Incorporate Environmental Benefits into
Improved Modal Operating Profiles for Comparisons
with
Transit
Understanding
and Reducing the Contribution of
Landside Traffic
to Greenhouse
Gas
Emissions
Assessing
the Impact
of Leakage
on(GHG)
the Effectiveness
at
Airports
of
a
Low
Carbon
Fuel
Standard
Assessing Direct and Indirect Lifecycle GHG Impacts
of Advanced of
Fuels
Vehicles
Assessment
the and
Potential
for a Climate Change
"Truth
in
Advertising"
Initiative
for the
Transportation
Assessing Inter-City Passenger and
Interand Intra-Cit
Sector
Carbon Footprint of Supply Chains
Framework to Enable Multiple Agencies to Develop
Policies
Relating
Climate
Change
and
Impact of
Non-CO2
Emissions
from
JetInfrastructure
Aircraft
Protection
Assessment of Potential Emissions Reductions from Li
Adaptation as a Defensive Strategy to Address
Climate Variability
Impacts
on CriticalSolutions
Transportation
Transformative
Public
Transportation
for
Infrastructure
Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Comprehensive Evaluation Framework for Climate


Change Analysis
in Transportation
Collaborative
Decision-Making
Framework for Climate
Change
Adaptation Sector Specific
Cap
andMitigation
Trade and and
Transportation
Policies
Three-Dimensional Approach for Measuring Pavement
Macrotexture
Investigating School Bus Driver Distraction
Development of Simplified Design Guidelines for
Reinforced
Self-Consolidating
Concrete
Bridge
Piers
Major Cities'
Adaptation to Global
Climate
Change
Confined
with
CFRP
Grids
Measuring Upgrades to Bus Transit
Public Transit Parking: Meeting Transit Agency
Policies,
Community
Planning
Goals
Public Private
Partnerships
(PPPs)
in and
Transit Projects
Neighborhood
Concerns
Pedestrian Envrionment Improvements to Increase
Transit
Ridership
Methods
to Improve Physical Conditions for
Pedestrians Along
ExistingBest
Roads
Determinants
of Success:
Practices for
Evaluating
Safe
Routes
to
School
Programs
Understanding Users Diverse Vision
Needs for Safe,
Usable
Transit
Systems
A Platform
for the
Simulation of Pedestrians
Development of an All-User Detection-Based
Intersection
Signal System
Capable
of Intelligent
Automated Pedestrian
Safety
Analysis
Using Video
Traffic
Management
Data
Effect of Hand-Held Communication Device Use on
Pedestrian
The EffectsSafety
of Vehicle Miles of Travel Pricing on
Travelers in Different
Income
Differentiating
the Benefits
ofGroups
Congestion Pricing on
both
Commercial
and Non-Commercial
of Priced
The Effects
of Congestion
Pricing on TripUsers
Reliability
Facilities
Diversion to Arterials under Congestion Pricing
Transitioning from High Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lanes to
Full
Facility/System
Pricing:
Identify
and
Address
Reducing
Cracking of
Concrete
Bridge
Piers
and
Design
and Operation
Issues
Abutments
Pilot
Program
for the Implementation
of Public
InvolvementofTools
Techniques
Application
Dataand
Visualization
and Visual Analytics
to
Freight
Operations
and
Logistics
at the SubOptimizing Flexible Pavement Performance
Based on
National
Level
Aggregate
Best
Value Physical
GranularProperties
Materials for Pavements and
Road
Bases
Demonstrating
A Systematic, Multi-Criteria Approach
to
Deicer
Selection
Winter
Road
Maintenance Research Roadmap
Economic Benefits of Winter Highway Maintenance
Post-Tensioning Friction Losses in Concrete Girder
Bridges
Performance Measures for Highway Stimulus
Spending
and
Economic
Importance
of Related
Corporate
Aircraft Impacts
Manufacturing to the
U.S.Roadways
Economy and Related Structures a Detriment to
Are
Safety
in Applications
the Airport Environment?
Highway
of Translucent Concrete
Techniques for Assessing the Integrity of Tunnels
Environmental Characterization of Coal Fly Ash for
Use in Pavement
Structures
Performance
Analysis
for Section 106 Programmatic
Agreements
Effect of Accelerated Testing on the Rutting and
Cracking
Performance
of Flexible
Pavements
Transit Corridor
& Network
Analysis
Effect of Superstructure Flexibility on Bridge Deck
Cracking
Problem Statement MD 1.5. Integrating Recycled
Materials
PCC
Construction
Driverlessinto
Road
Vehicles:
Now or Never?
Common List of Services for State DOT Information
Systems
Collaboration Site for Transportation Open
Architecture
Community
Improving Pedestrian
and Bicyclist Accessibility and
Safety at At-Grade Railroad Crossings

Pedestrian Signals: Visibility to Pedestrians with


Varying
Levels of Vision
Using
Visualization
to Communicate the Benefits of
to the Vicinity
Public of a Freeway
Access Management in
Interchange
Protection of Sensitive Utilities Information
Next Steps for Car-Sharing: Strategies, Challenges,
and
Impacts
Improving
Transit Efficiency through Evolution to a
Shared
Electric-Powered
Transportation
Network
Frictional
Demand Requirements
for Higher
Friction
Evaluation of Safe Routes to School Programs
Airport Ownership Analysis for Public-Use Airports
Land Value Impacts from Aviation Easements
Model to Forecast Air Passenger Demand Across a
System
of Commercial
Service
Airports (Network
Public Involvement
Related
to Planning
for BicycleAir
Demand
Analysis
Model
(NADAM))
and Pedestrian Facilities
Macroeconomic
Consequences of Elderly Mobility Loss
and
Mitigation
Policy
Transit Revenue and Inventory Security Guidebook
Transit Cyber Security Guidebook
Analyze the Issues that Influence Widespread
Deployability
of Automated
Systems,
Reducing Flangeway
Gaps atTransportation
Railroad Crossings
to
such
as
Human
Attitudes
Toward
Automation
and and
Better Accommodate
Pedestrians
Develop
a Comprehensive
Evaluation Framework
Impacts
Transportation
and Cooperative
Community
Tools
for on
Vehicle-Infrastructure
Systems
Develop
Truck
and Bus Cooperative
Automation
Development
Systems
that
can beat
Deployed
on Their Own Lanes
Pedestrian
Visibility
a Roundabout
Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Sensor
Technology
Applications
forfor
General
Aviation
Airports
Public-Private
Partnerships
Increasing
Capacity
in
Rail Corridors
Intermodal
Connections for the Transportation of
Containers
by Pneumatic Capsule
Pipelines
Land Use, Transportation,
and other
Issues Associated
with Major Intermodal
Cargo Hubs
in Metropolitan
Consolidating
Freight Movement
Origins
and
Areas
Destinations
at Inland
Distribution
Centers
Early
Integration
of Technology
Transfer
into the
Research
Process
Gap Acceptance Behavior of Different Types of Drivers
Effect of Advanced Technologies on Traffic Flow
Pedestrian Signals: Visibility to Pedestrians with
Varying
Levels
The
Other
Side of
of Vision
Coordination What Are the Barriers
and Why AreBenefits
They There?
Maximizing
and Addressing Challenges of
Volunteer
Driver
Transportation
ProgramsProgram
GHG Inventory as Part of a Sustainability
INM and EDMS Model Validation and Verification
Integrating Safety into Regional Capital Improvement
Programming
Processes:
Best
Practices
and
Rate
of Degradation
of High
Strength
Galvanized
Wire
Recommended
Procedures
UsedEffect
in Cable
Supported
Bridges
(Deterioration
Rates
The
of Vertical
Ground
Motion
on Column Shear
of
Wires)
Capacity
Standards and Specifications for Utility Data
Submissions
Estimating Density of Rail Use in Planning for Intercity
Rail
Networks
Evaluation
of Alcohol Education Media and
EnforcementRoadway
Programs
in Neighborhoods
with High
Prototyping
Engineering
Improvements
to
Concentrations
of
DWI
Offenders
Reduce Drunk
Driving Crashes
Integrated
Assessment
of Freight Data Needs for
Management
and
Policy
Decisions
Creating a Demand for Road
Safety Education
The Economic Impact of Transportation Systems on
Gateway
Communities
Best Practices
in Working with Retail Outlets for the
Sale
of Transit
FareTransit
Media
Parking
for Public
The Interface of Smart Cards and Transit Benefits
Potential Travel Responses to Alternative Highway
Pricing and Financing Systems and the Impact of Fuel
Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Alternative Fuels, Multimodal Freight Transportation


Access/Efficiency
and Infrastructure
Investment
Analyzing
the Sustainability
of Various
Alternative
Needs
FuelsEconomy
and Advanced
Technology
Vehicles
in Selected
Fuel
and Global
Warming:
Understanding
Niche
Vehicle
Markets
Consumer
Behavior
and
the
Increasing
Awareness
Analysis of Alternatives to CAFE for Increasing Fleetof
the
Between
Fuel Consumption
Global from
FuelLink
Economy
Evaluating
and Predicting
the Effectsand
of Vibration
Warning
Construction
and Use
of Transportation
Structures
Policy Sensitivity:
Trip-Based
vs. Tour- and
Activity- on
Buried Models
Archaeological
Deposits.
Based
Quantifying
the Costs and
Benefits of Red Light
Camera Enforcement
Identifying
and Using Existing Data Sources to
Support
the
Use of Other
Less Traditional
Develop a Framework
andorMethodology
for
Performance
Incorporating
Environmental
Factors
into Performance
Evolving
RoleMeasures
of "Mega-Regions"
in Statewide
Management
Transportation
Planning
Best
PracticesPrograms
on
TDM Applications in Regional LongRange
Plans,
Land
Use Plans/Smart
Growthof Tolling
Performance Measurement
and Evaluation
and Congestion
Project
Benefits
System
New
StakeholderPricing
Outreach
Emphasis
in and
Statewide
Impacts
Transportation
Planning
Integrating Risk Management into Performance
Measurement
for Decision Making
Public
Private Partnerships-How
Do We Evaluate the
Deal?
Motorists Perceptions of Bicyclists on Roadways
Road Pricing Concepts and Projects: Educating &
Informing
Groups
& The Public
SuccessfulUser
Strategic
Planning
Practices
Survey Design for Activity-Based and Tour-Based
(ABTB) ModelofCalibration
Assessment
Opportunities to Integrate and
SupplementofSafety
and Security
Measures
for
Evaluation
the Potential
Benefits
of Electronic
Hazardous
Materials
Transportation
Shipping
Papers
for Hazardous
Materials
Marketing,
Communications
and
Funding Shipments
Quantifying
and
Articulating the Benefits/Costs of
Governing by
Network
Making/Deferring
Investments
National Highway Transportation
System Connector
Roads to
Airports:
Condition
and Needs
A
Synthesis
of Construction
Vibration and Potential
Effects
Historic Buildings
Adjacent to Transportation
CSS andtoSustainability
in Transportation
Projects
Improving Transit and Transportation Agency
Coordination Factors
to Increase
SafetyCrashes,
of Mid-Block
Determining
that the
Increase
Injuries,
Pedestrian
Crossings
near
Transit
Stops
and
Perceived
Risk
at
Midblock
Locations
Benefits of Community Involvement to Project
Delivery
Pedestrian-Vehicle Conflicts Near Schools
Increasing the Safety of Interactions between
Pedestrians
and
Large Commercial
Vehicles
in Urban
Guidelines for
Establishing,
Sustaining
and Evaluating
Areas
Inter-Disciplinary
Teams
Information
Dissemination
about the Economic
Development
Consequences
of Transportation
Analytic Methods for Evaluating
the Economic
Investments
Development
Consequences
New Technologies and
Data
for Evaluating
EconomicofDevelopment
Innovations
Consequences
of Transportation
Investments Data
Costs
and Benefits
of Pavement Management
Collection
Movements of Imported Goods within the United
States
Assessment of Freight Needs in Urban Transportation
Planning
Investigating the Disaggregate Travel Behavior Effects
of the Built
Environment
Parking
Strategies
to Reduce Environmental Impacts
and Improve of
Place
Implications
Habit Formation and Retention, and
Perception
of
the
Built
on Time Use,of
Develop Guidelines
forEnvironment
Design and Construction
Travel
Choice,
and
Location
Ultra-Thin Impact
HMA Overlays
Economic
of Transportation on People and
Communities
Long-Term Transportation System Impacts on
Communities
Climate Change, Displacement, and EJ Populations
Synthesis Report of BESTUFS (Best Urban Freight
Systems)
Research
The Economic
Impact of Public Lands Transportation
Systems on Gateway Communities

Controlling Air Emissions At Marine Port Terminal


Operations
Costs and Financing of Transportation Security:
NationalEnvironmental
Policy and Planning
Roadmap
Marine
Windows:
Beyond Process to
Performance
Improving the Adoption of Ballast Water Treatment
Systems
Catastrophic Transportation Emergency Management
Guidebook
Development of Infrastructure Protection Training
Standards
and Implementation
Strategy
Applying Multimodal
LOS to Areawide
Analysis
Freight Impact on Highway Capacity and Level of
Service
for UrbanOver
Conditions
Moving America
the Road -- Trucking's Impact on
Highway
Capacity
and Level
Multimodal
Intersection
LevelofofService
Service
Performance Measures for Societal Goals
Innovative Applications of Sustainability Performance
Measures
for Transit
Planning
Transit Route
Management
by Demand
Transit Corridor & Network Analysis
Impact of Land Use and Zoning on Urban Goods
Movement
Impact of Poverty on Children's Access to Activities
Inventory and Assessment of Transit Willingness-topay in
National Parks
and Public for
Lands
The
Development
of 'Guidance'
the Use of
Visualization
within
the
Transportation
Planning
Role of Network Attributes on Telecommuting
Process
Determining The Economic Value of Roadway Access
Management
Case Studies of Model City/County Ordinances that
Support
a Vibrant Pedestrian
NetworkManagement
Security/Hardening
of Transportation
Systems
Quantifying the Air Quality Impacts of Implementing
Access
Management
Crash Walls
vs. Guard Rails in Urban Transit Projects
Guidelines for Developing Performance-Based, Transit
Track Safety Equity
CriteriaMeasures for Environmental
Establishing
Justice
Cost-Benefit
Analyses
Economic Viability and
Community Impact
Assessments
Transportation
Decision Making
Assessing
thein
Impact
of New Transportation
Investments
and
Emerging
Transportation
Real-Time Transfer of Information to the Customer
TechnologiesInformation
on Traditionally
Underserved
Groups
Geographic
System
Cost/Benefit
Analysis
Template
Analysis of Property Value Impacts of Transportation
Projects
Distribution of the Value of Travel Time Savings
Cost of Alternative Finance Systems
Predicting Soil Loss on Highway Systems Based on a
Revised Universal
Equation
(RUSLE) Specific
Economic
value of Soil
TDMLoss
impacts
to community
to
Highway
Site
Conditions
development;
role of
in community
vitality and
Multimodal Design
to TDM
Create
"Complete Streets"
regeneration
Operational and Safety Impacts of Angle versus
Parallel versus
Back-inFlangeway
Parking Gaps at Railroad
Wheelchairs
Crossing
Crossings
Operational and Safety Impacts of Four- and Six-Lane
Sections
with Raised
Medians- Versus
Two-Way Left
Vehicle-Highway
Automation
Policy Implications
Turn
Lanes
Automated Vehicle Guidance for Mobility Services
Saturation Flow Rate Model Verification and Validation
Uncertainty Assessment of the FAA Environmental
Assessment Tools
(AEDT and
and Airport
APMT) Hazardous Air
Development
of Aircraft
Pollutant
Assessment
Guidelines
Identification of Improvements in Environmental
Review and Compliance
Development
of AirspaceProcesses
Analysis Tool for Airport
Planning
Guidelines for Using Environment-Friendly Concrete
(EFC) in Transportation Infrastructure

Implementation of the Use of New Materials into


Highway Construction
Practice,
including
sustainable
Economics
of Modern Timber
Bridges
in the
United
materials
States
Remediation of Highway Rights-of-Way
Design and Effects of Variable Bedding Thicknesses
for Precast Concrete
Pipe and Box
Sections
Establishing
Performance-Based
Criteria
for Concrete
Pavements
Validation and Implementation of Surface Fatigue
Cracking
Mechanism
for Both
Mixture and Structural
Update OC
Curve Analysis
Program
Design
Use of Field-Measured Soil Stiffness in Culvert Backfill
Installation
Control
Reliability ofQuality
Metal Loss
& Service-Life Estimates for
Metal-Tensioned
in Geotechnical
Applications
Development
of Systems
Tools for "First
Cut" Evaluation
of
Carbonate
Aggregate
Durability
Use
of 4D-CAD
for Planning,
Designing, and
Constructing
Transportation
Projects
Performance Measurement for Evaluating Stakeholder
Satisfaction
withand
Context
Sensitive
Design
& Solutions
Tools
to Identify
Define
Project and
Regional
Context
Development of National Service Level Criteria for the
Interstate
and Loading
National and
Highway
System
Effect
of Solar
Radiational
Cooling on
Pavement
Surface to
Temperature
Research Program
Establish Environmental Best Man
Modelling the Evolution of Reinforcing Steel Corrosion
and
Concrete
Deterioration as Affected by
Simple
BridgeStructure
Security Inspection
Chloride
Ingress
Bridge Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Synthesis of Practice
Early and Continuous Scoping and Stakeholder Involv
Guidelines for the Development of Bioretention Storm
Remediation of Areas Treated with Residual Herbicides
Performance Measurement for Evaluating Stakeholder Sa
Tools to Identify and Define Project and Regional Conte
Guidelines for Sustainable Use of Unconventional Fills
Optimizing Aggregate Blends in Concrete Pavements
for
Improved
Performance
Long-Term
Performance
of Rockfall Mitigation Systems
Multimodal Design to Create Complete Streets
Accommodating Bicycles on Rural Highways
Distribution Factors for Design of Bridge Girder with
FRP
Decks
Environmental
Impact of Coal Fly Ash in Road Construc
Operational and Safety Impacts of Angle versus Paralle
Development of Design Provisions for and Extending th
A Decision Support System for FRP Laminate Strengthen
Rapid Construction of Pre-Fabricated Substructure Sys
See-Ahead Technologies for Directional Drilling
Operational and Safety Impacts of Four- and Six-Lane
Safety and Operational Tradeoffs of Freeway Lane and
Ramp Design as a System
Transition Zones Design from High-Speed to Low-Speed
Investigation of Alternative Geometric Design Highway
Guidelines for Design and Construction of Curved Pre
Performance of Laterally Loaded Drilled Shafts in Rock
Undefined Effects of Rough Airfield Pavements on Aircr
Managing Environmental Impacts of Erosion And
Sedimentation From Local Rural Roads in the Federal
Aid Program Due to New Agricultural, Mining and
Logging Economies

Link
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=32623
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=32336
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=32328
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=32316
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=32205
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=31838
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=31793
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=31742
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=31683
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=30041
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29859
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29855
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29853
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29852
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29387
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29389
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29388
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29386
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29385
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29384
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29383
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29367
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29362
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29365
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29359
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29358
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29360
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29245
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29234
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29233
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29215
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29217
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29214
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29205
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29206
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=29150
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28967
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28854
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28630
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28629
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28616
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28398
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28338
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28135
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28137

Date Posted
9/13/2012
8/16/2012
8/16/2012
8/14/2012
8/2/2012
6/18/2012
6/11/2012
5/22/2012
5/18/2012
5/8/2012
3/26/2012
3/23/2012
3/22/2012
3/22/2012
3/13/2012
3/13/2012
3/13/2012
3/13/2012
3/13/2012
3/13/2012
3/13/2012
3/8/2012
3/7/2012
3/7/2012
3/6/2012
3/6/2012
3/6/2012
1/30/2012
1/23/2012
1/23/2012
1/14/2012
1/14/2012
1/14/2012
1/11/2012
1/11/2012
12/18/2011
11/21/2011
10/10/2011
8/16/2011
8/16/2011
8/9/2011
6/14/2011
5/27/2011
3/30/2011
3/30/2011

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28124
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27908
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27907
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27906
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27894
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27870
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27843
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27840
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27842
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27839
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27841
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27486
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27383
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27379
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27253
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27249
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27117
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27113
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27107
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27105
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27109
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27111
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27023
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=26923
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=26862
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=26730
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=26732
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=26609
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=26367
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=26368
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=26040
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25848
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25878
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25859
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25861
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25877
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25867
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25852
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25845
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25866
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25847
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25871
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25843
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25868
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25854
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25844
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25876

3/24/2011
1/31/2011
1/31/2011
1/31/2011
1/28/2011
1/24/2011
1/13/2011
1/13/2011
1/13/2011
1/13/2011
1/13/2011
11/23/2010
10/29/2010
10/27/2010
10/6/2010
10/6/2010
9/16/2010
9/15/2010
9/15/2010
9/15/2010
9/15/2010
9/15/2010
8/23/2010
7/30/2010
7/20/2010
7/7/2010
7/7/2010
6/22/2010
6/7/2010
6/7/2010
5/6/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010
4/17/2010

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25790
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25792
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25793
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25426
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25341
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25202
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25168
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24844
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24849
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24846
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24823
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24822
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24816
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24817
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24818
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24820
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24821
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24815
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24738
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24735
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24741
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24737
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24742
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24727
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=24368
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=23011
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=22502
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=22501
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=22203
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=22202
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=22201
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=21904
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=21833
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=21824
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=21826
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=21817
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=21819
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=21282
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=21225
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20928
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20835
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20749
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20637
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20517
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20466
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20464
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20408

4/9/2010
4/9/2010
4/9/2010
3/8/2010
3/1/2010
2/19/2010
2/15/2010
1/13/2010
1/13/2010
1/13/2010
1/9/2010
1/9/2010
1/9/2010
1/9/2010
1/9/2010
1/9/2010
1/9/2010
1/9/2010
1/6/2010
1/6/2010
1/6/2010
1/6/2010
1/6/2010
1/5/2010
11/25/2009
7/6/2009
6/2/2009
6/2/2009
5/4/2009
5/4/2009
5/4/2009
4/16/2009
4/14/2009
4/13/2009
4/13/2009
4/12/2009
4/12/2009
3/3/2009
2/27/2009
2/12/2009
2/3/2009
1/28/2009
1/23/2009
1/16/2009
1/13/2009
1/13/2009
1/8/2009

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20407
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20068
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=20067
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=19403
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=19046
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=19044
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=18983
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=18724
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=18561
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=18562
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=18565
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=18473
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=18441
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=17799
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=17769
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=17637
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=17644
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=17628
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=17638
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=17504
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=17232
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15883
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15887
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15884
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15886
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15604
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15595
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15589
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15575
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15379
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15380
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15235
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15234
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15226
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15213
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15214
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15184
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14892
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14753
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14749
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14700
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14473
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14405
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14383
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14384
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14385
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14292

1/8/2009
12/2/2008
12/2/2008
9/29/2008
9/8/2008
9/8/2008
9/3/2008
8/18/2008
8/3/2008
8/3/2008
8/3/2008
7/28/2008
7/25/2008
6/10/2008
6/6/2008
5/27/2008
5/27/2008
5/27/2008
5/27/2008
5/19/2008
4/30/2008
3/19/2008
3/19/2008
3/19/2008
3/19/2008
3/11/2008
3/6/2008
3/6/2008
3/5/2008
2/12/2008
2/12/2008
1/14/2008
1/14/2008
1/11/2008
1/8/2008
1/8/2008
1/1/2008
10/26/2007
10/4/2007
10/4/2007
9/26/2007
9/4/2007
8/28/2007
8/27/2007
8/27/2007
8/27/2007
8/16/2007

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14300
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14290
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14295
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14289
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14299
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14266
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http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14156
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14173
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14176
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14159
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14147
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14145
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14146
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14144
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14118
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14115
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14112
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14113
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14108
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14043
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14036
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14035
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14034
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13958
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13930

8/16/2007
8/16/2007
8/16/2007
8/16/2007
8/16/2007
8/15/2007
8/15/2007
8/15/2007
8/15/2007
8/15/2007
8/15/2007
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8/15/2007
8/15/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/14/2007
8/12/2007
8/12/2007
8/12/2007
8/12/2007
8/12/2007
8/12/2007
8/12/2007
8/11/2007
8/11/2007
8/11/2007
8/11/2007
8/9/2007
8/9/2007
8/8/2007
8/8/2007
8/8/2007
8/6/2007
8/5/2007
8/5/2007
8/5/2007
8/1/2007
7/30/2007

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13903
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13919
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13898
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13901
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13920
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13914
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13887
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13890
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13889
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13888
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13873
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13868
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13872
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13869
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13867
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13858
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13844
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13829
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13817
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13779
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13743
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http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13726
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13724
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13723
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13633
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13632
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13631
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13579
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13581
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13543
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13545
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13546
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13539
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13470
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13441
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13459
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13462
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13448
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http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13004
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13010
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13099
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13089
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13041
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13011
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13003
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13000
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=12994
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=12773
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=12772
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http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=12511

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Description
Sponsoring Committee
Search Term
Research problem statement
ADD20, Social and Economic Environment
Transportation
agencies
are facing an
Factors Roadside
of Transportation
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
AFB20,
Safety
Society
increasing
need
to
include
public
health
Design Safe Mobility of
I PROBLEM
ANB60,
Society
concerns
in
their
transportation
decisionStatistics
show
that
from
2007
through
How
do
different
forms
of
cognitive
Older
Persons
RESEARCH PROBLEM STATEMENT
AFB20, Roadside Safety
Environment
making
andproblem
planning.
This
need
2009
there
were
over
11,400
fatalities
that ANB60,
impairment
impact
critical
driving
skills?
A general
that
occurs
at manifests
many
Design Safe Mobility of
Problem
Environment
itself
in
several
areas
of
the
National
resulted
from
crashes
into
trees.
(Source:
What
intervention
strategies
are
needed
to
existing
highway
bridge
locations
A
substantial
increase
in
both
the
Older
Persons
RESEARCH PROBLEM STATEMENT
AP025(2), Public
Environment
Environmental
Policy Act
process,
MPO
and
Fatal
Analysis
Reporting
System,
NHTSA).
better
inform
helping
licensing
throughout
States
is population
where
the
number
andthe
proportion
in
total
The
Summary
ofUnited
TCRPprofessions,
Synthesis
98,
Transportation
Planning
and Environment
Background
AHD35,
Bridge
Management
State
DOT
long
range
plans
and
atofthe
These
crashes
accounted
half
the
authorities,
individuals,
and
family
required
length
need
forfor
guardrail
that is Development Research
of
older
adults
is
expected
for
most
Ridesharing
as asset
aofComplement
to Transit
Transportation
management
uses
SCOPE:
AP030, Public Transportation Equity
project
design
level.
Yet,
the
various
health
fixed
object
fatalities
and
nearly
20%
members
regarding
awareness
of
variation
required
at
bridge ends
cannot
be installed
developed
countries.
A main
point
of of all Needs
(page
4)
concludes
with
the
following
data
and
objective
analysis
to
improve
and Fare Policy
The
amount
utility-related
resources
AFB70, Utilities
Sustainability
analyses
are of
generally
not existing
required
of and
roadway
departure
fatalities.
To reduce
the Marketing
in
impairments
by
dementia
type?
How
due
to conflicts
within
the
Right-of
consideration
for
road
designers
and
road
statement:
It
is
highly
unlikely
that
transit
decision
making,
with
the
objective
of
Transit
agencies
are
increasingly
using
literature
available
to
assist
utility
transportation
agencies
and
in
most
cases
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AP065,
Rail
Transit
Systems
Environment
numbers
of
people
being
killed
on
the
might
strategies
to
promote
safemay
mobility
Way
(R/W)
limits.
The
conflicts
safety
engineers
is customer
the
resulting
rise
can
absorb
the
anticipated
growth
in ininthe
providing
the
required
level
of
service
electronic
forms
of
stakeholders
in
performing
their
duties
the
needed
tools
and
data
are
not
readily
Weekday
exception
scheduling
in
rail
nations
highways,
it is
critical
that
I.
Research
Statement
differ
byof
dementia
type?
consist
an proportion
existing
intersecting
private
number
and
ofover
older
road
users, AP030, Public Transportation Equity
vehicles
that
isProblem
predicted
the
next
the
most
cost
effective
manner.
Asset
communication,
including
social
media
continues
to
increase.
However,
there
isthe ABE10, Revenue and Finance Equity
accessible
or
known
to
the
transportation
transit
services
can
potentially
provide
guidelines
be
developed
which
consider
Fare
policy
is
one
of
the
most
effective
Over
the
past
decade,
transportation
and
I.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
driveway,
state
or
local
roadway
who,
given
their
physical
vulnerability
and
decade.
Ridesharing
needs
to
be
given
management
systems
are
tools
to
quantify
channels
and
mobile
applications
that
currently
no
information
clearinghouse
agencies.
The
reasons
for
this
vary;
butthat
better
service
to
customers
by
matching
risk
posed
by
these
objects
so
that
this
risk
tools
available
to
public
transit
agencies
aging
researchers
have
increased
our
intersection
other
objects
that
do
III.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
limitations
inorterms
of
perceptual,
serious
consideration
as
aSTATEMENT
solution
innotorto AFF70, Culverts and HydraulicEquity
relevant
performance
measures,
and
provide
real-time
information
and
rider
allows
practitioners
to
easily
exchange
suffice
it
to
say
that
the
need
to
consider
transit
supply
to
ridership
demand
more
can
be
managed
appropriately.
In
areas
influence
revenue
and
ridership
levels.and it AFF70, Culverts and HydraulicEquity
understanding
ofpublic
Alzheimers
disease
While
it is
paramount
invest
allow
the
placement
ofto
the
required
cognitive,
and
psychomotor
performance,
III.RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
partnership
with
transit
ifon
forecast
future
outcomes
ascommunication
they
are
alerts.
These
new
forms
of
otherwise
access
a
wide
array
of
utilitypublic
health
in
transportation
plans
and
precisely,
while
also
reduce
operating
costs
where
trees
are
present
along
the
roadside,
Often,
however,
their
effectiveness
is3,
impact
on
critical
driving
skills
(1,
2,
4).
infrastructure
in
order
to
maintain
guardrail
length
of
need.
It
is
not
unusual
The
AASHTO
LRFD
Bridge
Design
would
be
more
likely
to
have
problems
in
congestion,
pollution,
and
emissions
are
to AFF70, Culverts and HydraulicSustainable
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT:
Some
of
affected
by
agency
policies,
resource
provide
benefits
to
transit
properties
and
related
resources.
For
example,
if
an
programs
on
the
rise
nationally.
of
urban
transit
systems.
Specifically,
a
process
is
needed
to
determine
the
level
limited
because
of
inflexible
fare
structures
While
some
noted
attention
has
been
paid
economic
competitiveness,
traditional
at
some
existing
bridge
sites
to
have
10
Specification
use
different
load
and
driving
and
as
pedestrians
(Staplin
et
al,
Much
effort
has
been
focused
on
load
be
tamed
in
the
future.[1]
the
greatest
concrete
innovations
today
are AFF70, Culverts and HydraulicEquity
levels,
and
exogenous
factors.
III.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
their
customers,
but
questions
remain
agency
wishes
to
learn
how
much
detail
treating
Fridays
(and
perhaps
also
of
risk
to
the
motorist.
When
considering
and
lack
of
market
orientation.
Innovative
to
other
dementias
(5,
6),
much
less
is Box
funding
mechanisms
for
surface
feet
orof
less
between
the
end
of
the
bridge
resistance
factors
for
the
design
of their
pipes
2001),
and
to
adapt
(self-regulate)
rating
bridges
for
vehicular
loads.
focused
on
creating
new
mixes.
Hybrid
Owners
of
transportation
infrastructure
are
about
whether
these
channels
can
bridge
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
other
agencies
require
on
permit
forms
for AFF70, Culverts and HydraulicEquity
relationships
to
the
existing
ofthe
Mondays)
differently
from
other
weekdays
the
placement
of
new
trees
abody
similar
pricing
strategies
may
help
balance
known
about
how
those
impact
transportation
facilities
dementias
primarily
gas
and
the
conflict.
made
from
different
materials.
Seemingly,
behavior
accordingly.
User-centered
However,
most
bridge
design
is
focused
on
It
is
important
for
transit
to
lead
the
way
Culvert
project
is
initiated
by
interest
in
expected
to
satisfy
a
wide
range
of
Historically,
there
has
been
a
disconnect
the
digital
divide,
or
the
perceived
gap
utility
installations,
the
search
can
be rate
time
III.RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
knowledge
offers
interesting
possibilities.
As
process
should
be
considered.
To
that
end
multiple
policy
objectives,
such
asresponse
revenue
critical
driving
skills
in
ways
other
than
thea AFF70, Culverts and HydraulicEquity
tax
gross
have
not
increased
in
the
same
this
practice
results
in
different
factors
of
roadway
design
and
road
improvements
the
truck
weight,
while
the
towards
a
future
where
growth
in
travel
sustainable
development
and
new
stakeholder
expectations
for
performance
soiltrend
properties
used
in culvert
between
people
who
have
access
to
The
thickness
of
bedding
under
buried
consuming,
and
critical
information
can
be
commuters
towards
more
flexible
better
understanding
is
needed
of
highway
III.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
and
ridership
targets,
demand
impacts
observed
in
persons
with
as
the
transportation
investment
needs,
The
traditional
methods
for
treating
these
safety
between
designs
of
the
concrete,
should
accommodate
older
road
users,
the AFF70, Culverts and HydraulicEquity
of
typical
culverts
is "standard"
driven
by
the
response
demand
does
not
automatically
mean
environment
regulations
on
waste
disposal.
outcomes.
Under
limited
funding,
these
design
and
compaction
control
methods
technology
and
those
who
do
not.
pipes
is
often
set
at
values,
missed.
Many
stakeholders
would
benefit
With
the
age
ofand
highway
structures
under
Safety
is
ahave
good
example
ofgroup,
an aarea
where
work
scheduling,
telecommuting
characteristics
which
experience
aIn
higher
management,
social
equity
Alzheimers
disease.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
and
quickly
losing
their
ability
to
fund AFF70, Culverts and HydraulicEquity
situations
included
using
short
metal
plastic
pipes
involved.
some
fastest
growing
population
by
to
a are
single
axle
and
often
awith
single
wheel.
growth
in
private
automobile
numbers.
Supplementary
Cementitious
Materials
expectations
may
conflict
each
other.
used
inand
the
field.
Culvert
design
is
typically
without
regard
to
cost
or
engineering
greatly
from
a
national
clearinghouse
that
freeway
and
trunk
highways
approaching
people
have
been
aligning
health
and
arrangements,
and
4-day
weeks,
gaps
proportion
of
motor-vehicle
tree
crashes,
Trenchless
construction
is
the
process
of
considerations.
the
transportation
system.
result
is
a
AFF70, Culverts and HydraulicEquity
radius
guardrail
system
that
relocates
the
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
instances,
the
apparent
safety
factors
addressing
their
information
needs,
Research
is
needed
to
evaluate
the
impact
However,
in
the
current
climate
of
high
(SCM)
and
Fibers
are
part
ofThe
the
picture,
For
example,
achieving
a
higher
safety
based
on
implicit
or
explicit
assumptions
requirements.
Most
concerns,
with
regards
stores
and
organizes
utility-related
50
years,
there
is
a
need
to
inspect
and
transportation
data.
For
example,
research
between
midweek
and
Friday
ridership
such
that
trees
may
be
planted
with
an
installing
and
replacing
underground
II.
OBJECTIVE
A
great
deal
of
guidance
has
been
widening
gap
between
expenditures
and
barrier
around
the
conflict,
using
a
shorter
Recent
work
with
Kennedy
Space
Center,
appear
to
range
from
roughly
1.2
to
5.0.
limitations
and
capabilitiesand
in
I.
Problem
of
truck
loads
on
the
culvert
population
and
energy
prices
and
budget
shortfalls
this
is AFP70, Mineral Aggregates Sustainable
redirecting
industrial
byproducts
from
objective
may
require
drawing
about
the
deformational
properties
of
the
to
bedding,
relate
to
the
minimum
resources.
A
critical
first
step
isresources
to
prepare
repair
these
systems.
groups
such
as
SafeTREC
at
UC
Berkeley
have
widened.
acceptable
lateral
offset
or
maintained
in
infrastructure
without
open-cut
excavation.
Faced
with
fare
revenue
shortfalls
and
developed
on
culvert
durability,
inspection
revenues.
There
have
been
many
efforts
guardrail
section
that
does
not
meet
the
FL,
has
demonstrated
that
reinforced
This
isseen
a and
historic
practice
that
may
or factor
mayto
addition,
their
perception
of
risk.
to
evaluate
the
loand
and
resistance
often
as
an
impossible
dream.
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
Environment
landfills
supplying
concrete
with
away
from
capacity
projects,
thus
having
a AFF10, General Structures
soil
under
and
around
the
culvert.
The
Two
recent
TCRP
synthesis
studies
touched
thickness,
firmness,
and
the
aggregate
a
plan
for
developing
and
operating
this
have
created
GIS-based
crash
databases
their
existing
locations
without
The
use
of
technology
like
pipe
jacking,
declining
household
income
levels
transit
objectives
are
twofold:
1)
Document
procedures,
and
rating
systems.
This
bridge
this
funding
gap
using
direct
user
required
length
of
need,
using
a
crash
concrete
can
be
strengthened
while
not
be
justified
by
the
loads,
known
A
critical
highway
safety
issue
is
the
Construction
aggregates
make
up
more
design
(LRFR)
procedures
for
rating
Meanwhile,
it
is
often
pointed
out
that
Fire,
although
an
infrequent
load,
greatest
durability,
strength,
and
AFH70, Fabrication and InspecSociety
negative
effect
on
mobility.
Efforts
to should
I.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Youngs
moduli
are
the
principal
soil
upon
this
issue.
Report
91,
Use
and
size.
In
current
specifications,
the
specified
information
clearinghouse.
The
plan
These
structures,
located
beneath
the
that
include
layers
of
health
data
(e.g.,
Exception
schedules
neither
were
nor
compromising
motorist
safety.
micro-tunneling,
horizontal
directional
agencies
are
looking
for
ways
to
improve
evidence
of
the
similarities
and
differences
information
has
been
used
by
departments
charges
or
increasing
taxes,
which
can
be
attenuator,
relocation
of
the
conflict
orare
corrosive
chlorides
are
removed
by
using
strength
of
the
pipe
materials
and
installed
potential
discrepancy
between
the
than
80
percent
of
the
total
aggregates
culverts
addressing
the
loading
conditions
there
is
significant
underused
capacity
in
constitutes
a
severe
load
which
can
performance.
analyze
the
tradeoffs
among
performance
Research
must
be
performed
to
establish
parameters.
However,
during
construction,
Deployment
of
Mobile
Device
Technology
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Economy
bedding
thickness
is
often
the
same,
answer
questions
such
as:
which
roadbeds,
sometimes
at
great
depths,
will
areas
where
a high
proportion
of
students
unusual;
transit
operators
ran
full
Saturday
drilling,
guided
boring,
pipe
bursting,
and
the
effectiveness
of
their
fare
policies.
across
dementias
related
to
the
impact
ona AFF10, General Structures
of
transportation
as
well
as
local
agencies
directly
leveraged.
However,
among
all
leaving
the
end
of
bridge
barrier
electrochemical
repair
treatments.
Such
backfill
soils
involved.
objective
risk
that
is
attributed
to
market,
and
are
used
mainly
for
road
base,
specific
to
culverts.
empty
seats
of
private
vehicles,
compromise
the
integrity
of
a
measures
are
made
difficult
by
the
the
acceptable
limits
of
heat
affected
zone
there
have
not
been
available
practical
for
Real-Time
Transit
Information,
briefly
regardless
of
the
fill
height.
Designs
are
organizations
should
be
involved,
how
tois
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Water
Sustainable
require
that
they
and
surrounding
materials
are
eligible
for
reduced-price
school
lunch),
lunchtime
rush-hours
inand
the
interwar
era,
It
isestimate
not
the
intent
oflife
this
project
to
prove
pipe
splitting
has
significantly
increased
ina ADC60, Waste Management and
Many
have
adopted
private
sector
models,
critical
driving
skills;
and
2)
Increase
to
service
of
different
options
that
can
be
used
to
bridge
unprotected.
Since
most
typical
Test
level
treatment
uses
low
voltages
(<40
V)
to
roadways
(road
sections,
road
sites)
by
riprap,
cement
concrete,
and
asphalt.
As
The
structural
response
of
alevel
culvert
is
particularly
during
peak
travel
times
when
transportation
structure.
Fire
can
Name
a
design
challenge,
and
there
is
a
dissimilar
measurement
systems
used;
for
(HAZ)
toughness
for
all
welding
processes
methods
for
measuring
soil
modulus
and
addressed
the
question
of
information
Geotechnical
designers
need
absolute
most
often
based
on
minimum
bedding
get
started,
what
should
be
the
precious
finite
resource
in
the
United
States
be
inspected
from
within
the
structure
with
safe
routes
to
school
data
and
crash
AFF10,
General
Structures
while
private
bus
companies,
airlines,
and
Research
Problem
Statement
Society
that
inclusion
of their
trees
is
the
right
thing
orfor
recent
years,
driven
by
the
need
to
install
such
as
price
differentiation
and
revenue
awareness
of
those
similarities
and
deterioration
of
culvert
infrastructure.
the
gap,
indirect
leveraging
through
Public
3
(TL-3)
tangent
or
flared
guardrail
end
extract
chlorides
from
the
concrete
while
Load
factor
evaluations
need
to
account
road
safety
professionals
tools
and
the
the
transportation
infrastructure
continues
controlled
by
the
interaction
of
the
culvert
congestion
is
at
its
worst
levels.
significantly
alter
the
mechanical
and
concrete
mix
with
SCMs
and
Fibers
that
can
example,
condition
is
often
measured
in
currently
allowed
by
the
AASHTO/AWS
D1.5
confirming
the
design
assumptions.
equity,
defined
as
providing
real-time
support
settlement
to
size
spread
footings
thickness,
which
usually
relate
to
a
worstimplementation
timeline,
how
much
it
will
and
throughout
the
world.
Water
resource
itself.
Through
the
years,
as
groundwater
information.
Another
safety
data
source,
freight
railroads
operate
exceptions
today.
This
project
will
contribute
to
implementing
wrong
thing
to
do.
There
is
a
need
for
new
pipe
systems
and
rehabilitate
aging
ADC50,
Historic
and
Archeolog
management
(yield
management)
Problem:
Society
differences
and
their
implications
for
safety
In
addition,
a
number
of
highway
agencies
Private
Partnerships
(PPP)
has
received
treatment
systems
are
normally
around
37
simultaneously
inserting
positively
charged
current
day
inspection
controls,
deflection
subjective
risk
attributed
by
road
users.
to
age
and
grow,
the
need
for
repairs,
with
the
surrounding
soil.
Some
load
isto
durability
properties
of
the
concrete
and
solve
it.
Recent
research
evaluated
the
terms
of
element
condition
states
and
Bridge
Welding
Code
(SMAW,
SAW,
FCAW,
Commonly,
soil
density
is
measured
as
ain
information
by
means
of
at
least
two
or
to
tip
the
piles
for
Service
Limit
State
case
scenario
with
regards
to
bedding
cost,
and
what
strategies
should
be
put
limitations
are
currently
and
expected
be
has
infiltrated
the
joints,
it
has
carried
with
Crash
Outcome
Data
Evaluation
System
Systematic
consideration
of
day-of-week
AASHTO-HSCOBS
Grand
Challenge
1:
guidance
for
decision-makers
to
use
in
sewers,
culverts
and
distribution
pipelines.
strategies
to
be
better
able
to
respond
to
Mitigation
for
the
adverse
effects
to
historic
research
and
practice.
The
following
have
implemented,
tomade
various
degrees,
special
attention,
particularly
because
PPPs
III.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
GMAW,
50
feet
in
length,
there
isis
typically
agrows,
pozzolanic
nanoparticles.
The
hardened
testing,
etc.
Effective
means
of
offsetting
Such
discrepancies
can
reveal
how
well
reconstruction
and
new
construction
carried
by
the
culvert
and
some
bymodulus.
the
soil.
For
this
problem
statement
the
concept
of AFH10, Construction Manage Environment
steel
in
these
structures.
Immediately
behavior
of
concrete
with
SCMs
such
health
index,
while
safety
in
terms
of
and
ESW)
using
ASTM
A709
bridge
surrogate
for
measurement
of
soil
dissemination
media
in
both
audio
and
loads.
However,
structural
designers
are
effects.
Some
concerns
have
arisen
place
to
ensure
long-term
sustainability
one
ofused
the
main
environmental
challenges
it
some
of
the
surrounding
soil
which
has
(CODES),
goes
athe
step
further
and
links
scheduling
in
urban
local
buses
and
Extending
Service
Life.
analyzing
the
risk
associated
with
Critical
applications
include
conduit
changes
in
demand.
properties
under
Section
106
of
the
research
activities
are
envisioned:
culvert
inspection
programs,
which
can
leverage
public
resources
and
use
the
SHRP2
Renewal
Project
R-10
(Project
problem
with
fitting
the
end
treatment
cement
paste
phase
in
concrete
can
likely
variations
in
design
assumptions
Research
Problem
Statement
roadway
infrastructure
is
understood,
and
the
demand
for
aggregates
expands.
As
shown
by
NCHRP
Report
647
road-based
passengership
introduced.
after
aconcerned
fire
event,
the
residual
capacity
of a AFK20, Characteristics of Bit Sustainable
as
fly
ash
and
ground
granulated
blastaccident
rate
and
mobility
is
in
terms
of
steels.
Historically,
density
is
measured
rather
visual
formats.
Report
99
(forthcoming),
more
with
differential
settlement
regarding
structures
and
the
appropriate
of
the
information
clearinghouse.
facing
the
United
States
as
population
caused
voids
to
form
around
the
structure.
police-reported
crash
data
with
injury
data
suburban
express
buses
confirmed
that
placement
of
roadside
trees
and
the
crossings
under
highways,
streets,
railroads
National
Historic
Preservation
Act
often
a.
Conduct
a
literature
review
of
incorporate
formalized
inspection
efficiency
of
the
private
sector
to
make
the ANF10, Pedestrians
Management
Strategies
for
Complex
systems
and
guardrail
transitions
to
the
contain
as
much
as
50%
calcium
hydroxide.
need
to
be
identified,
evaluated
and,
where
During
the
Strategic
Highway
Research
perceived,
and
responded
to
road
users.
Nevertheless,
high
quality
aggregate
Recommended
Design
Specifications
for
Scope:
Over
the
past
two
decades,
United
Sustainable
On
the
basis
that
traffic
congestion
occurs
fire-loaded
structure
must
be
assessed
for
furnace
slag
(GGBFS)
and
Fibers
under
a
delay
time
and
distance.
In
a by
multithan
modulus
because
it
is
easier
to
do
so.
Uses
of
Social
Media
in
Public
that
can
develop
forces
in
the
bedding
thickness
when
deep
fills
are
growth
and
unsustainable
water
practices
from
hospital
records.
Friday
modifications
were
best
leveraged
in
Severely
limited
budgets
necessitate
costmaintenance
of
existing
trees.
Research
is
and
other
transportation
lines,
where
use
of
II.
Research
Objective
entails
an
economic
exercise
of
trying
to
multiple
forms
of
dementia
and
their
scheduling
and
documentation.
Most
of
delivery
of
previously
infeasible
projects
Projects)
found
that
the
means
by
which
a
bridge
rail
at
these
restricted
sites.
Thd
nanoparticles
can
rapidly
convert
this
appropriate,
included
in
future
Program
(SHRP),
the
performance-grading
This
knowledge
can
inform
designers
materials
are
becoming
increasingly
scarce
Live
Load
Distribution
to
Buried
Structures,
States
transportation
policy
has
on
the
roads,
and
that
increments
to
rail
determination
of
whether
the
structure
can
ANF10,
Pedestrians
variety
ofestablished
conditions.
Correlations
were
Scope:
Sidewalk
maintenance
practices
Environment
objective
framework,
itcan
is
necessary
tothe
It
is
well
that
the
most
brittle
The
adequacy
density
as
aBoth
surrogate
Transportation,
identified
multicultural
superstructure
components.
absolute
encountered.
These
concerns
are
purpose
of
this
research
is
to
develop
a
continues.
Itpiping
can
be
argued
that
we
in
In
addition,
of
water
flows
has
properly
distributing
services.
effective
repair
of
older
bridges.
Repairing
needed
to
learn
how
roadside
trees
can
be
trenchless
technology
reduce
Describe
pricing
theories
and
strategies,
estimate
the
value
of
the
historic
property
impact
on
critical
driving
skills.
The
review
these
programs,
however,
are
not
tailored
more
possible.
Nevertheless,
Public
Private
complex
transportation
project
is
financed
Additionally,
no
current
short
radius
paste
to
more
of
the
C-S-H
binder
material
specifications.
Resistance
factors
are
to
be ANF10, Pedestrians
system
that
was
developed
for
asphalt
ability
to
accommodate
(older)
road
users,
and
expensive
in
many
parts
of
the
country
the
mechanics
of
this
interaction
are
transitioned
from
focusing
mainly
on
capacity
take
a
long
time
to
realize,
the
remain
in
service.
Unfortunately,
the
lack
found
among
the
source
and
proportion
of
should
be
addressed
in
a
TRB
synthesis.
have
a
way
to
standardize
the
scaling
of
part
of
a
ferritic
steel
weld
is
in
the
HAZ
measurement
for
modulus
depends
on
SCOPE:
Environment
considerations
as
an
area
for
further
and
differential
settlements
can
be
of
magnified
in
the
case
of
a hard
foundation.
master
plan
for
the
implementation
of
awill
United
States
not
paying
for
the
real
potentially
removed
soil
support
from
One
of already
the
primary
limitations
of
using
a
member
of
aare
metal
bridge
is
frequently
introduced
and
maintained
without
disruption
to
transportation
and
problems
and
their
application
to
fare
policy.
This
adversely
affected,
and
taking
an
action
should
culminate
with
identifying
research
to
a SCMs
national
audience,
are
not
Partnership
agreements
are
usually
very
can
have
aand
pronounced
effect
on
the
guardrail
system
has
been
able
to
meet
that
is
found
in
concrete.
Lab
developed
on
the
basis
of
inconsistencies
binders
is
largely
based
on
what
is
known
and
guide
development
of
educational
because
gravel
mines
and
rock
quarries
are
different
among
concrete,
metal
and
automobile
infrastructure,
efficiency,
and
opportunity
for
transit
to
manage
growth
in
of
quantitative
assessment
procedures
has
the
Fibers
for
curing
conditions,
Given
the
severely
constrained
resources
each
relevant
performance
measure,
to
due
to
its
coarse
grained
structure
and
empirical
relationships
between
density
As
an
increasing
number
of
communities
research.
However,
these
considerations
interest
to
maintenance
engineers.
Over
60%
of
the
electricity
generated
in as AFP40, Physicochemical and Bi
Environment
national
clearinghouse
for
utility
cost
and
benefit
of
water
as
local
and
beneath
the
structure.
To
the
extent
that
health
data
for
transportation
decisionWhile
routes
clearly
have
different
day-ofless
expensive
than
fabricating
a3-5
new
one.
compromising
safety.
associated
with
backfilled
trenches.
include
a
review
of
innovative
fare
policy
commensurate
with
the
loss.
Unfortunately,
gaps
or
encouraging
replication
of
studies
comprehensive
in
addressing
all
structural,
complex,
are
associated
with
huge
ultimate
cost
to
design
and
construct
it,
NCHRP
Report
350
or
MASH
Test
Level
3all
results
have
demonstrated
that
day
that
may
actually
occur
within
the
pipe
and
as
the
useful
temperature
interval,
or
UTI.
countermeasures
with
the
potential
to
being
lost
to
other
land
uses.
These
thermoplastic
culverts.
Also
not
captured
safety
to
accommodating
the
needs
of
travel
demand
(and
congestion)
in
the
frequently
resulted
in
structure
owners
concrete
set
time,
strength
development,
facing
local
governments
and
related
make
it
possible
for
decision
makers
to
carbide
dissolution
due
to
the
weld
thermal
and
modulus
that
have
been
previously
promote
walking
and
bicycling
to
improve
were
not
the
primary
focus
of
either
Eastern
U.S.
is
produced
by
coal
information.
Specific
objectives
regional
water
resources
are
decreasing
in
AFP40,
Physicochemical
and
Bi
voids
and
soil
support
problems
exist
Several
states
are
in
need
for
a
pragmatic
Environment
making
is
that
health
data
are
often
week
ridership
characteristics,
overall
If
the
bridge
historic,
there
is
an
and
yield
management
strategies
that
have
the
value
of
an
historic
property
is
difficult
previously
conducted
with
persons
with
hydraulic,
geotechnical,
and
environmental
uncertainties
and
require
a
long
term
well
as
the
final
scope
of
work.
It
also
found
(TL-3)
safety
performance
criteria
for
high
treatments
have
increased
concrete
tensile
backfill
materials
as
specified
as
well
as
the
The
performance
grade
(PG)
of
asphalt
influence
the
perceptions
of
this
group
in(6)
a
aggregate
materials
are
classified
for
use
by
simplified
design
methods
common
types
of
transportation
system
users,
near-term
will
be
tied
to
the
rate
at
which
choosing
to
close
and
replace
structures
and
cracking
potential.
pedestrian
safety,
accessibility,
and
liability
make
valid
comparisons
among
dissimilar
cycle.
The
American
Welding
Society
established
for
different
soil
types
by
public
health,
the
environment,
research
effort.
When
evaluating
settlement,
both
shortThis
research
will
especially
address
six
combustion,
with
resulting
abundant
follow:Identify
the
organizations
to
be
quality
and
quantity.
Aquifer
depletions
for
around
these
structures,
research
is
solution
for
ato
compelling
long-term
problem
aggregated
a
geographic
scale
that
is
trends
were
not
clear.
Some
routes
have
additional
cultural
benefit
of
preserving
ANB70, Truck and Bus Safety Society
While
use
of
this
technology
is
increasing,
An
under-used
methodology
in
motor
been
adopted
by
transit
agencies
both
in
to
estimate.
An
old
photograph
of
family
Alzheimers
disease
to
validate
what
issues,
and
do
not
produce
condition
and
analysis
ofpedestrians
costs
and
revenues.
Asset
that
financing
and
project
delivery
method
speed
roadways.
In
many
cases
the
private
compressive
strengths
by
over
100%
accountability
of
the
materials
involved.
binders
that
are
purchased
today
is
defined
manner
that
enhances
their
and
placed
in
quantities
based
on
use
today
is
the
fact
that
as
the
load
including
and
bicyclists.
people
are
prepared
to
be
passengers
based
on
visual
perception
of
surface
concerns,
many
agencies
would
benefit
objectives.
(AWS)
has
never
prescribed
amobility.
HAZ
laboratory
or
field
testing.
Since
there
are
neighborhood
livability,
there
is
a
need
to
term
and
long-term
components
must
be
issues
on
Congestion,
Energy
and
quantities
of
fly
ash
as
residue.
The
fly
ash
involved
(e.g.,
FHWA,
AASHTO,
APWA,
domestic
and
agricultural
water
demands
needed
to
determine
cost
effective
means
in
the
State:
the
evaluation
of
too
large
for
analyzing
the
effects
of
barely
discernable
Friday
ridership
effects
because
they
are
primary
it
is
largely
a
contractor
driven
industry
and
carrier
research
is
the
intensive
carrier
case
the
U.S.
and
internationally.
Special
members
long
gone
might
fetch
a
few
measures
are
transferrable
to
other
performance
data
compatible
with
culvert
Over
the
last
several
years,
there
has
been
Equity
management
requires
a
strategic
approach
were
highly
correlated.
While
financing
or
public
entity
is
unwilling
to
relocate
the
and
have
reduced
the
migration
rate
of
V.
RESEARCH
OBJECTIVE
as
the
range
of
temperatures
over
which
specifications
and
testing
techniques
that
increases
the
relative
distribution
of
load
to ABE20, Transportation Econom
According
to
the
2010
USDOT
policy
when
traveling
by
road
for
whether
in
buses,
damage.
This
type
of
emergency
There
are
several
structural
Fibers
that
are
from
a
summary
of
best
practices
for
NCHRP
Project
12-67,
published
as
report
toughness
requirement
welds
used
relatively
large
changes
in
modulus
with
broaden
the
understanding
of
pedestrian
considered
in
design.
Current
AASHTO
Environment,
Infrastructure,
Emergency
occasionally
contains
significant
amounts
IRWA,
DBIA,
the
utility
industry,
and
are
unsustainable.
Surface
systems
of
detecting
and
locating
these
voids
from
geomechanical
(stiffness
and
strength)
and
specific
transportation
interventions.
Ain
whereas
others
have
large
and
quite
witnesses
to
the
nations
industrial
engineers
representing
infrastructure
study.
Case
studies
might
be
used
to
tell
a
consideration
shall
be
given
to
examples
of
pennies
at
a
yard
sale,
but
its
owner
might
cognitive
impairments;
what
impacts
on
management
strategies
and
systems.
a
growing
recognition
in
the
transportation
to
consider
on-going
operation
and
state
and
federal
highway
projects
is
driveway,
intersecting
roadway
or
other
AFB20,
Roadside
Safety
Desig
chlorides
by
a
factor
of
seven.
I.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Environment
the
material
can
be
expected
to
have
Objective
are
not
always
linked
to
the
application
culvert
relative
to
the
soil
can
change.
statement,
The
policy
is
todemands
vans,
or
cars.
In
terms
of
the
impact
onof
replacement
tends
to
be
prohibitively
available
in
the
market
place,
but
to
name
sidewalk
maintenance.
Sidewalk
590,
developed
aDOT
utility
function
framework
bridge
fabrication.
The
only
qualifications
relatively
small
changes
in
density,
density
and
bicycle
safety.
This
includes
pedestrian
LRFD
specifications
do
not
provide
clear
Preparedness,
and
Safety.
of
unburned
carbon
(i.e.,
high
loss
on
academia);
continue
to
have
high
depletion
within
the
structures.
drainage
characteristics
of
graded
further
limitation
is
the
level
of
actionable
effects.
Work
is
needed
to
heritage.
owners,
geotechnical
consultants,
and
comprehensive
and
holistic
story
of
how
pricing
strategies
from
the
private
sector
not
be
willing
to
part
with
it
for
thousands
critical
driving
skills
remain
constant
across
community
that
consistent
or
reliable
travel
maintenance
needs
while
involving
the
usually
via
public
funding,
airports,
conflict
and
the
State
DOT
is
left
with
Conventional
chloride
extraction
alone
Nationally,
as
fuel
prices
trend
upward,
This
research
will
significantly
aid
in
acceptable
performance
under
field
The
objectives
of
this
research
the
aggregate
resource.
Though
the
Transit
agencies
are
struggling
to
deliver
These
subjects
need
to
be
investigated
for AP025(2), Public Transportat Sustainable
incorporate
safe
and
convenient
walking
congestion,
aexplanation
traveler
who
travels
as
aare
expensive
and
can
have
significant
impacts
a
few
that
are
promising
for
the
research
maintenance,
as
defined
here,
is
the
to
enable
the
optimization
of
bridge
of
weld
metal
prescribed
in
the
AWS
Bridge
must
be
measured
with
considerable
and
bicycle
safety
in
parking
lot
areas.
Issues
associated
with
information
equity
concise
of
the
two
ignition)
due
to
the
common
use
of
low
that
are
impacting
water
quality
and
aggregate
base
(GAB)
stone
delivered
at
confidentiality
required
for
health
data.
confirm
rail
transit
ridership
patterns,
and
others
still
have
questions
regarding
particular
motor
carriers
have
adopted
new
and
their
adoption
by
the
public
sector.
of
dollars.
In
the
case
of
a
building,
dementias;
and
where
impacts
may
differ
The
Federal
Highway
Administration
times
are
important
to
travelers
and
the
economic
assessment
of
trade-offs
among
seaports,
and
transit
agencies
as
well
as
dealing
with
a
safety
problem.
does
not
increase
strength
and
can
actually
roadside
managers
in
every
state
and
achieving
the
goals
of
the
June
2005
Grand
conditions.
1)
to
determine
the
correlation
between
the AP025(2), Public Transportat Economic
traditional
procedures
and
current
the
most
effective
service
with
limited
heavy
truck
loads
to
assure
that
culvert
and
bicycling
facilities
into
transportation
passenger
rather
than
as
a
driver
has
the
on
the
traveling
public.
At
least
80
US
cities
are
reported
to
be
development
are
as
follows:
function
of
preserving,
repairing
and
program
management
decisions
Welding
Code
(AWS
D1.5)
are
macroetches,
accuracy.
following:
components,
corresponding
load
factors,
Determine
the
effect
of
variable
bedding
nitrogen
oxide
(NOx)
burners
in
recent
include
Conduct
a
survey
of
stakeholders
quantity
requiring
hydrologic
modifications
The
objective
of
this
research
is
to
assist
highly
variable
gradations
to
the
These
data
constraints
can
limit
detailed
identify
and
quantify
underlying
factors
Arc
welding
is
economical
for
localized
disturbance
to
overlying
infrastructure
like
safety
orthe
other
management
practices
and
real
estate
value
of
a
historic
building
by
specific
dementia.
(FHWA)
developed
a
comprehensive
movement
of
goods.
This
may
reflect
a
alternative
options.
This
approach
transportation
agencies
at
the
municipal
cause
damage.
The
assembly
of
a
territory
are
seeking
ways
to
control
the
Challenges
posted
by
the
AASHTO
Highway
level
of
safety
of
particular
roadway
specifications
have
been
adequate
and
resources.
Revenue
streams,
including
fare
capacities
are
properly
evaluated
for
rating.
projects.
Every
transportation
agency,
same
impact
regardless
of
mode.
Research
istests,
needed
to
facilitate
the
advancing
streetcar
projects
as
a
means
to AP025(2), Public Transportat Development
Polypropylene(
structural
fibrillated),
Steel
restoring
hard-surface
sidewalks
considering
multiple
objectives.
Itand
side-bend
reduced
section
tension
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Society
By
design,
parking
lots
are
areas
with
and
the
limits
to
be
used
in
design.
thicknesses
on
the
design
and
performance
years.
This
ash
has
a
carbon
content
of
12practitioners
to
help
characterize
the
for
collection
and
storage.
Water
depletions
state,
federal
and
local
government
construction
sites.
GAB
is
mostly
delivered
and
fine-grained
analysis
for
transportation
affecting
Friday
rail
rapid
ridership
repair
of
damaged
steel
and
iron
members.
pavements,
and
buildings,
and
other
buried
the
outcomes
of
these
interventions.
A
In
particular,
the
study
will
address
the
might
be
low,
due
to
the
location
and
b.Convene
expert
panels:
1)
health
program
in
1986
to
address
the
global
need
resignation
by
the
public
that
some
combines
engineering
and
economic
level
have
athree
variety
financing
instruments
Typically
these
traditional
solutions
are
not
treatment
setup
involves
standard
cost
of
roadside
mowing.
Annually,
Subcommittee
on
Bridges
and
Structures.
Modification
of
asphalt
binders
had
been
an
sites/sections,
as
perceived
by
aging
road
have
generally
produced
long
lasting
roads,
revenues
and
sales
taxes,
were
hit
hard
by
Overly
conservative
rating
procedures
including
DOT,
has
the
responsibility
to
development
of
guidance
for
the
provide
circulation
and
generate
(low
carbon),
Glass
(alkali
resistant-with
keeping
them
in
condition
for
safe,
described
several
methodologies
for
test,
Charpy
V-notch
(CVN)
and
all-weldAs
global
positioning
systems
(GPS)
and
Recent
technology
innovations
have
led
to
frequent
motor
vehicle
and
pedestrian
Currently,
transportation
related
activities
AHB10, Regional
Sustainability
of
pipe,
box
sections,
and
structures
under
20%,
has
no
value
as
athe
concrete
additive,
purpose,
content,
and
structure
of
atheir
in
some
water
systems
have
caused
agencies
to
inspect
and
remediate
from
the
quarries,
but
occasionally
recycled
plans
and
programs.
Yet
there
are
deviations
from
weekday
averages.
Some
Corroded
areas
can
be
restored
to
original
infrastructure
that
occurs
in
the
vicinity.
case
study
is
not
a
controlled
experiment
following
questions:
condition
of
the
building,
but
the
historic
professionals
responsible
for
screening
and
to
identify,
quantify
and
rate
culverts.
The
congestion
inevitable,
so
merely
analysis
to
identify
cost-effective
that
are
available
and
use
of
public
very
practical
for
the
sites
and
prevents
the
trenchless
technology
bladders
that
hold
individual
states
spend
millions
of
dollars
The
7
Grand
Challenges
are:
available
technology
prior
to
the
outcome
users,
and
the
level
of
safety
provided
to
there
is
likely
significant
opportunity
for
the
Great
Recession
and
are
slow
to
result
in
expensive
replacements
or
improve
conditions
and
opportunities
for
The
Ridesharing
Institute
has
analyzed
the
assessment
of
post-event
damage
and
for
development
within
downtowns
and
zirconium),
Polyvinyl
alcohol,
Carbon,
convenient
and
accessible
use.
scaling
performance
measures
to
make
it
metal
tension
tests.
While
the
side
bend
Internet
connections
are
getting
cheaper
of
rapid,
portable,
compact
activity.
While
there
are
few
state
or
Since
absolute
and
differential
settlement
are
being
affected
by
regional
and
global
Transportation
Systems
deep
fills.
This
would
include
answering
and
cannot
be
efficiently
re-burnt
by
using
national
clearinghouse
for
utility
environmental
impacts
that
have
affected
Problem
ANB70,
Truck
and
Bus
Safety
Environment
sewer,
culvert,
and
storm
tunnel
structures
crushed
GAB
produced
some
examples
where
groups
are
using
indices
for
route
properties
(number
and
profile
by
padding,
and
new
steel
can
be
The
expansion
of
soil
around
pipes
being
and
it
cannot
isolate
specific
cause-effect

What
are
examples
of
innovative
value
of
the
building
might
be
great
insofar
assessment
of
impaired
drivers;
2)
Medical
end
product
was
the
publication
titled
achieving
consistency
in
times
rather
investment
decisions.
While
companies
private
partnerships
(P3)
is
increasing
inthe
bridge
end
and
any
other
hazards
around
treatment
liquids
within
atravel
given
section
of
mowing
roadside
turf,
collectively
of
SHRP
research.
What
the
PG
system
road
user
according
to
the
International
better
value
to
be
achieved
in
sustainable
recover.
Transit
ridership
and
operating
upgrades,
while
unconservative
rating
walking
and
bicycling
and
to
integrate
rates
of
road-based
commuter
the
determination
of
residual
capacity.
activity
centers.
Many
are
attracted
to
Cellulose
and
Nylon.
Maintenance
includes
repairing
surface
possible
to
compare
and
weight
them
in
and
reduced
section
tension
test
do
include
cell
phone
users,
innovative
mobile
devices
for
field
measurement
of
soil
national
crash
databases
available
to
for
Access
to
mobile
technology
criteria
are
based
on
engineering
phenomena.
It
is
unclear
how
these
events
Management
and
Operations
the
following
questions:
current
technology.
Recent
data
indicate
information;
threatened
and
endangered
species
(South
Surveys
use
questionnaires
or
interviews
to
using
technology
and
equipment
that
is
manufacturers
are
also
utilized.
Millions
of ANF20, Bicycle TransportationSustainable
neighborhoodand
county-level
data
to
size
of
business
districts
served,
station
joined
to
old
to
replace
severely
damaged
Problem:
replaced
or
the
excavation
ground
for
relationships.
The
advantage
of
the
case
pricing
strategies
that
are
being
used
or
as
people
might
see
aof
strong
Advisory
Board
members
associated
with
Culvert
Inspection
Manual,
FHWA-IP-86-2.
than
eliminating
congestion
has
become
bidding
on
Public-Private
Partnerships
must
the
highway
sector.
Each
financing
bridge
from
properly
protected
pipe.
Prior
to
treatment,
gross
are
estimated
to
be
more
than
$500
million.
1
- many
Extending
Service
Life
showed
was
that
the
addition
ofcracks
polymers
Assessment
Programme
(iRap)
Star
Rating
engineering
practices.
For
example,
locally
costs
have
risen
with
fuel
prices.
Squeezed
procedures
could
result
in
premature
walking
and
bicycling
into
their
passengership,
that
is,
the
rates
at
which
Although
there
a
long
history
of
research
streetcar
concept
by
having
visited
or
read
defects
and
changes
in
level,
controlling
utility
functions.
The
project
demonstrated
the
HAZ,
each
isisbeing
just
a
statically
loaded
applications
have
seriously
impacted
the
modulus.
Devices
include
the
Humboldt
quantify
parking
lot
conflicts,
qualitative
assumptions
and
judgment
rather
than
might
influence
regional
transportation
that
approximately
68%
of
this
high-carbon
Platte
River)
that
impact
water
usage
for
obtain
information
from
knowledgeable
cost
effective
and
dependable.
The
ability
tons
of
GAB
are
used
in
construction
of
understand
health
and
transportation.
character,
route
length,
stop
spacing,
sections.
However,
engineers
are
reluctant
Public
lands
must
serve
a
broad
population
installation
of
new
pipes
can
result
in
study
methodology,
however,
is
that
it
can
have
the
potential
to
be
adopted
by
transit
connection
between
the
building
and
their
Problem:
In
the
last
decade,
bicycle
use
in ANF20, Bicycle
Environment
licensing
authorities;
and
3)
patient
care
There
is
a
critical
need
to
update
this
the
objective.
The
greater
emphasis
on
consider
this
long-term
approach
to
alternative
carries
with
it
a
different
set
of
a
longitudinal
barrier.
In
many
cases
patched
with
non-shrinking
grout.
That
amount
fluctuates
unpredictably
with
2
- higher
Optimizing
Structural
Systems
and
other
additives
increased
the
useful
protocol;
and
2)
to
identify
the
site
available
aggregates,
manufacturing
by
costs
and
lower
revenues,
.many
deterioration
and
even
failures.
transportation
systems.
people
using
the
road
for
their
trip
to
work
assessing
the
performance
of
materials
about
the
development
that
accompanied
The
addition
of
fly
ash,
GGBFS
and
other
vegetation
encroachments
as
well
as
methods
in
an
informal
way,
but
did
not
test.
Since
bridges
are
subject
to
variable
social
networking
habits
of
technology
GeoGauge,
Briaud
Compaction
Device,
assessments
recognize
parking
lots
as
the
Internet
access
systematic
scientific
research
findings,
management
and
operations,
especially
What
effects
does
an
increased
fly
ash
(HCFA)
is
placed
in
landfills,
thereby
Investigate
a
sample
of
successful
transportation
projects
and
operations
(U.S.
individuals
or
those
affected
by
a
particular
determine
the
size
and
location
of
the
highway
bases
due
to
its
satisfactory
Cities
such
as
Madison,
WI
have
GIS-based
express/local/zonal
service,
radialness
or
to
specify
welded
repairs
to
old
material,
in
base
with
diverse
interests
and
desires
for
ground
heave
or
settlement.
The
soil
loads,
tell
a
complete
story
and
present
it
in
a
agencies,
and
what
are
the
lessonspersonal
history.
Similarly,
with
the
United
States
has
seen
a
marked
advocates
representing
dementia-specific
publication
to
incorporate
new
pipe
travel
time
reliability
may
also
reflect
more
optimize
a
bid
that
annual
constraints
and
each
constraint
creates
an
State
Department
of
Transportations
the
price
of
fuel.
3
- an
Accelerating
Bridge
Construction
high
temperature
ofincludes
the
asphalt
binders
by Transportation
characteristics
that
account
for
observed
byproduct
materials
and
recycled
granular
transit
agencies
increased
fares
and
cut
As
example
of
how
important
this
work
ride
as
passengers,
and
found
significant
under
fire,
there
has
been
little
research
the
recent
implementation
of
streetcars
in
industrial
byproducts
to
cement
Fibers
snow/ice
and
debris
removal.
While
major
attempt
a
formal
specification
or
estimation
loading,
fatigue
and
fracture
become
aand
savvy
users
as
well
as
their
behavioral
Prima
Light-Weight
Deflectometer,
smallcomplex
environments
with
potentially
associated
overestimate
or
underestimate
from
the
perspective
of
strategic
planning,
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Virginia
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return
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investment,
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responsible
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passengers
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fire
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inincreasingly
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f
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social
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durability
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AFH30, Emerging
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a
healthy,
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their
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AFH30,
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Environment
economical
alternative
mode
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travel
to
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tool
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ability
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technologies
machines
to
manipulate
earth
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implementation
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f
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the
automobile.
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share
energy
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resource
consumption,
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such
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materials
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mining
sites
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design
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cycling
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generation
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and
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additives.
by
manipulating
foot
pedals,
of
stiffer
binders,
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rutting
problem
that
Ultimately,
the
project
goal
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improve
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much
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specific
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link
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transportation
mode
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construction
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consideration
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net
switches,
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training
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the
performance,
safety
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economy
of
pedestrian
environment
around
transit
transportation
and
other
disciplines
RESEARCH
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integrated
part
ofof
transport
planning
transportation
projects.
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able ANF10, Pedestrians
environmental
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to
typically
consists
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the
physical
engineers
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minimized.
our
nations
infrastructures
for
the
benefit
stops
and
stations
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access
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to
grow,
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interest
in
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availability
and
quality
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pedestrian
modeling.
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Scope:
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maintenance
practices
Environment
to
integrate
the
life
costing
principals
in
its
offsetting
impacts
andnow
an
overall
inferior
equipment
in a
training
environment
while
Recent
studies
have
indicated
that
of
its citizens.
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this
project
will
mode
shares,
transit
system
efficiency,
and
measuring
and
evaluating
the
pedestrian
access
to
transit
stops
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addressed
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product.
studies
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reflection
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fatigue
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develop
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sensor-platform
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overall
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how
environment
will
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increase.
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use
and
promotion
of
transit
services.
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a
report
on
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Given
the
severely
constrained
resources
benefits
in
terms
of
user
time,
health
and
is
needed
to
document
how
out
to
quantify
the
environmental
impact
of
ANB70,
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and
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Safety
Objective
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performance
and
machine
controls.
a
top
concern
foryears,
many
Departments
of
aimed
toseveral
use
state-of-the-art
remote
much
do
pedestrian
improvements
the
past
tools
and
methods
frequent
absence
ofdriving
sidewalks
that
would
sponsored
by
the
Institute
of
Transportation
facing
local
governments
and
related
safety
and
comfort
conditions.
agencies
have
cooperated
with
other
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of
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a
broad
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envisioned
study
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AFF80,
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Problem
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Transportation
(DOT).
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concern
about
technologies
for
short checklists
and
long-term
health
increase
transit
customer
satisfaction?
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ranging
from
informal
to detailed
provide
for
pedestrian
access
toBicycle
transit
Engineers
(ITE)
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and
pedestrian
safety,
accessibility,
and
liability
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this
tool
will
enhance
the
transportation,
planning,
and
law
focuses
on
transportation
applications.
would
ask
which
large
truck
transport
experience
and
allows
for
familiarization
stiffer
more
brittle
mixes
will
continue
ABJ30, Urban Transportation Environment
Problem
Statement:
monitoring
of
infrastructures
and
bridges.
considerable
amount
of research
has
engineering-level
analyses
have
been
stops
is well
known;
however,
this
Council,
a
significant
need
for
usage
ofas
concerns,
many
agencies
would
benefit
sustainability
ofproposed
the
transportation
sector.
enforcement
agencies
tocarbon
address
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research
has
vehicles
provide
the
greatest
benefits
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with
equipment
controls,
maneuvering,
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high-modulus
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especially
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national
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use
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same
time,
it
also
provides
instant
Problem
looked
at
the
walking
behavior
of
public
developed
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intent
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evaluating
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knowledge
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mostly
based
on
separated
bikeways
in
the
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States
from
aand
summary
ofatbest
practices
for
To
create
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tool,
ain
methodology
pedestrian
safety
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pedestrian
overall
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the
initiation
of
studies
inis
society
while
resulting
the
least
harm.
efficiency,
and
reinforced
polymers
have
been
developed
more
more
recycled
asphalt
pavement
Climate
change,
energy
security
and
air
traffic
flow
information,
structure
digital
transit
users.
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pedestrian
environment
ABE40, Critical TransportationSustainable
Problem
ITS
services
(traffic
and
travel
walking
environment.
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methods
vary
experiencing
a
general
lack
of
sidewalks
and
Canada
has
been
identified.
However,
sidewalk
maintenance
Sidewalk
needed
that
can
evaluate
the
ecological
crossings
near
transit
stops.
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existing
which
life
cycle
inventory
(LCI)
are
Specially,
the
study
would
determine
crash
with
(RAP)
and
recycled
asphalt
shingles
(RAS).
quality
concerns
are
at
the
forefront
of
tracking
capability
at
relatively
low
cost.
In
2004,
the
Federal
Transit
Administration
can
affect
an
individual's
decision
to
walk,
information
provided
to
end-users
and
used
in
their
purpose,
degree
of
formality,
III.
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STATEMENT
and
not
on
data,
since
related
data
are
more
often
than
not
itout
is
difficult
maintenance,
as
defined
here,
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the
footprint
of
the
industry,
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selecting
transit
stops
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placed
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locations
where
compiled
for
carrying
evaluations
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harm
per
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ifaassist
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schools
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elasticity
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of
Many
decades
of
research
have
contemporary
challenges
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the
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will
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accomplished
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four
(FTA)
published
the
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as
well
as
tolerable
walking
distance.
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by
traffic
centers
and
emergency
number
and
types
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data AHB65, Operational Effects o Environment
The
proposed
research
project
will
consider
rarely
available.
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pedestrian
proposition
to
provide
separate
I.
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function
of to
preserving,
repairing
and
sustainable
materials,
products
and
the
shortest
pedestrian
access
route
environmental
footprints
of nanocomparable
volume-related
denominators)
equipment
training
courses,
most
training
conventional
mild
steel.
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conducted
develop
or
identify
aand
transportation
sector.
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quality
travel
distinct
work
tasks,
including
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outlining
how
transit
addition,
customers
demand
safe
managers)
tend
to
merge
a
wider
variety
of
collection
processes,
and
geographic
the
benefits
and
trade
offs
associated
with
accommodations,
such
as
transit
stop
bikeways/bike
boulevards
to
all
the
existing
As
traffic
volumes
in
most
areas
continue
restoring
a
sidewalk
and
keeping
inthe
processes
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use
inbusy
construction,
identify
III.
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Problem
Statement:
involves
crossing
a
street
at ita
manufacturing
technologies
used
in
for
major
large
truck
configurations,
occurs
on
the
job
site
with
instruction
fromto AHB65, Operational Effects o Sustainable
research
has
practical,
simple
performance
related
test
behavior
data
provides
an
important
input
agencies
could
benefit
from
taking
a
convenient
ways
to
access
transit.
data
sources
(from
different
sensors,
scope.
Accordingly,
each
tool
has
specific
roadway
feature
identification
lighting
covers,
provisions
for
safe
crossing,
etc.,
routes
in an
urban
set-up.
Hence,
to
grow
and
right-of-way
and
available
condition
for
safe,
convenient
and
data
gaps
inmid-block
current
transportation
challenging
location.
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addition,
transportation
industry.
These
LCIs
will
be
Research
Problem
Statement
including
STs,
CTs,
and
as
many
HPV/LCV
experienced
operators
who
not
familiar
indicated
that
externally
bonded
highfor
characterizing
the
cracking
behavior
of AHB65, Operational Effects o Environment
into
the
analyses
required
toare
address
these
Task
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- designed
Literature
Search.
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task
will
systems
approach
to
designing
security
Pedestrian
improvements
can
help
meet
different
road
network
managers,
different
uses,
and
cons,
and
limitations.
versus
lighting
systems.
(Note:
are
also
often
not
available.
promote
cycling
in
cities
it
is
necessary
to
funding
to
build
new
infrastructure
become
accessible
use.
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includes
processes,
and
guide
the
development
of
There
is
increasing
recognition
that
many
mid-block
crossings
near
transit
used
as
awhat
library
for
life
cycle
assessment
Highway
designers
are
under
increasing
configurations
as
possible.[1]
The
project
with
formalized
training
methods.
Training
III.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
modulus
CFRP
laminates
can
effectively
be AHB65, Operational Effects o Society
(hot/warm)
asphalt
mixes
which
can
be
issues.
Unfortunately,
due
toreflects
focus
on
are
the
essential
and
desired
systems.
Since
that
time,
significant
these
demands.
These
pedestrian
transit
operators).
This
trend
the
However,
many
transportation
roadway
feature
identification
lighting
accept
that
cyclists
will
use
the
same
or
limited,
more
emphasis
isSafety
placed
onand
adding
repairing
surface
defects
and
changes
in
new
processes
or
activities
towards
a
net
successful
roadway
geometric
design,
and
involve
negotiating
high-speed,
highstudies
to
quantify
the
sustainability
of
pressure
to
maximize
the
use
of
available
venue
would
be
a
large
western
U.S.
state
in
this
manner
is
often
inconsistent
The
Interactive
Highway
Design
used
AHB65, Operational Effects o Sustainable
at
the
mix
design
stage.
However,
III.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
organizational
silos,
data
privacy
concerns
parameters
for
researchers
and
engineers
funding
has
been
provided
to
transit
improvements
can
facilities
for
need
to traffic
optimize
data
accuracy
and
professionals
are
unaware
that
such
tools
generally
refers
to
ainclude
single
luminaire
The
issues
that
need
to
be
addressed
adjacent
road-space
as
the
automobiles.
additional
capacity
to
existing
level
as
well
as
snow/ice
and
debris
reduction
of
resource
requirements
and
in
particular
successful
designs
for
urban
volume
and
are
not
equipped
with
integrating
different
nano
products
in
the
right-of-way
in
freeway
corridors
to
provide
permitting
LCVs
or,
preferably,
a
group
of
requires
use
of
the
physical
equipment,
Model
(IHSDM)
is
a
decision
support
tool
for
short-term
strengthening
of
steel
despite
this
effort
there
isanot
no
widely
used
As
we
move
forward
with
more
and
the
high
cost
of
primary
data
to
make
the
comprehensive
assessment
Background
Society
agencies
to
implement
security
walking
along
the
roadway
(e.g.,
sidewalks
coverage.
Though
end-users'
information
exist,
and
furthermore
do
have
an
easy
placed
to
identify
aand
roadway
element.
successfully
before
physical
conditions
toof ANB30, Operator Education an
infrastructure
or
constructing
new
facilities
removal.
While
major
construction
or
emissions
in
an
economically
&
socially
streets,
must
effectively
serve
all
adequate
infrastructure
(e.g.,
median
transportation
industry
safety,
mobility,
and
capacity
for
growing
contiguous
states
Canadian
provinces.
which
is
expensive
due
to
operating
costs
that
consists
of
the
following
modules:
bridges.
A
thorough
investigation
of
the
test
used
to
characterize
the
cracking
sustainable
and
built
environment,
it
is
collection,
key
players
often
do
not
have
the
highway
structures
healthy
and
what
Licenses
to
operate
motor
vehicles
are
technologies,
but
little
information
onofthe a ADC40, Transportation-Related
on
both
sides
of
streets;
adequate
sidewalk
Problem
Statement
Environment
service
providers
are
more
and
more
way
to
determine
which
tool
isas
appropriate
Designed
lighting
systems
refer
to
lighting
access
transit
stops
can
be
improved
To
promote
cycling
as
aleast
major
mode
with
higher
capacities.
Unfortunately,
reconstruction
activities
such
widening
conciseness
protocol.
Objective:
The
transportation
modes
and
provide
an
crossing
islands,
pedestrian
crossing
traffic
demand.
With
right-of-way
The
involvement
of
at
one
U.S.
state
and
lost
productive
time.
There
is
also
an
intersection
review,
traffic
analysis,
long-term
behavior
of
asphalt
mixes
in
terms
of
important
to
provide
an
integrated
ramp
access
to
the
data
needed
for
developing
are
the
currently
available
systems
to
regulated
by
each
of
the
fifty
sates
and
the
extent
to
which
these
initiatives
benefited
width
to
serve
pedestrians
of
all
abilities;
There
has
been
a
steadily
increasing
market
operators,
public
authorities
are
still
in
a
given
context.
This
project
would
In
development
of
the
AASHTO
LRFD
Bridge
AFF50,
Seismic
Design
and
Sustainability
systems
designed
to
meet
specific
visibility
include,
but
are
not
limited
to,
collecting
transport,
itor
is
important
to
assess
the
upgrading
replacing
such
facilities
using
sidewalk
to
comply
with
Americans
with
proposed
research
aims
to
conceive,
appropriate
balance
among
those
modes.
signals,
etc.).
Finally,
because
pedestrians
limitations,
increased
use
of
context
is
important
because
the
largest
North
increased
risk
of
injury
to
other
workers
driver/vehicle,
policy
review,
design
performance
of
steel
bridges
reinforced
reflection
cracking,
fatigue
cracking,
and
and
ramp
terminal
design
that
will
provide
informed
solutions
to
these
challenges.
implement
the
monitoring?
What
is
the
District
of
Columbia
for
all
drivers,
with
an
from
an
integrated,
systems
approach
has
smooth,
level,
slip-resistant
sidewalk
concern
over
the
past
two
decades
about
very
much
involved
in
data
production
on
document
the
range
ofas
tools
and
methods
Design
Specifications
well
as
the
Performance
of Bridges
requirements
on
the
roadway.)
The
results
data
regarding
existing
conditions,
Transit
and
carpooling/vanpooling
High-Occupancy
Sustainability
safety,
accessibility
and
the
efficiency
of
traditional
design
solutions
isproperty.
often
Disability
Act
Accessibility
Guidelines
develop,
test
and
refine
a
multiAn
effective
urban
street
design
must
often
are
under
time
pressure
to
catch
buses
and AHB35,
sensitive
designs,
and
implementation
of
American
studies
on
LCV
safety
to
date
and
damage
to
surrounding
consistency,
and
crash
prediction.
Through
with
high-modulus
CFRP
has
not
yet
been
low
temperature
cracking.
for
safe
and
efficient
transportation
of
the
Key
players
in
reducing
vehicle
current
status
that
individual
states
have
additional
regulation
for
commercial
driver
been
compiled
or
disseminated.
surfaces;
buffer
space
between
the
the
adverse
effects
of
exposure
to
one
hand
and
information
use
for
traffic
in
use
and
establish
guidelines
as
to
the
AASHTO
Guide
Specifications
for
LRFD
of
the
research
will
provide
guidance
to
the
identifying
and
prioritizing
needed
(ridesharing)
can
be
powerful
allies

Vehicle,
High-Occupancy
the
existing
road
transport
infrastructure
prohibitively
costly
or
simply
cannot
be
(ADAAG)
requirements
or
adding
missing
Problem
Statement:
The
reality
of
Environment
dimensional
life-cycle
assessment
tool
that AHB35, High-Occupancy
accommodate
motor
vehicles
of
many
trains,
they
may
be
more
willing
to
exhibit
managed
facilities
(i.e.,
HOV,
HOT,
or
have
primarily
been
in
Canada.
2008,
IHSDM
was
only
able
tostates
assess
conducted.
Furthermore,
due
to
the
limited
current
and
future
road
users.
The
environmental
footprint
include
auto
undertaken
pilot
studies
to
implement
licensing
imposed
across
the
by
the Toll, and Managed Lanes
roadway
and
sidewalk),
crossing
roadways
transportation
noise
on
the
health
of
and
emergency
management
on
the
other
appropriateness
of
each
under
differing
Seismic
Bridge
Design
(SGS),
several
following
design
and
operational
decisions:
improvements,
identifying
cost-effective
especially
if
leveraged
together
from
a
mode-specific
perspective.
It
is
thus
accommodated
because
of
space
links
to
sidewalk
networks
are
important
for
improving
the
transportation
infrastructure
Vehicle,
High-Occupancy
integrates
hybrid
life
cycle
assessment
types
passenger
vehicles,
trucks,
buses
risky
behavior
at
mid-block
crossings
near
Concrete
overlays
in
conjunction
with
a
AFD80,
Strength
and
Sustainability
TOTL),
designers
must
maximize
the
use
of
Recently,
the
industry
has
shown
an
planned
or
existing
two-lane
rural
number
of
large-scale
specimens
which
One
study.
under
the
National
Cooperation
American
Association
of
State
Highway
manufacturers,
electric
utility
companies,
health-monitoring
systems
on
critical
federal
government.
Regulation
usually
Objective
(e.g.,
accessible
pedestrian
signals,
curb
exposed
populations.
The
magnitude
of and Toll, and Managed Lanes
hand.
However,
private
with
data
circumstances.
Particular
attention
should
unresolved
issues
associated
the
1.
Does
the
simple
placement
of
a
single
solutions,
and
securing
funding.
These
creatively.By
embracing
ridesharing,
required
to
plan
and
model
the
urban
availability,
environmental
impacts,
or
providing
safe
and
convenient
conditions
today
is
that
agencies
must
consider
the
principals
with
life
cycle
costing
principals
and
sometimes
rail
transit

while
also
transit
stops
(e.g.,
dart
into
the
street
bituminous
interlayer
have
been
used
as
Deformation
Characteristics
freeway
cross
sections.
While
freeway
cross AR070, Railroad Operational Environment
The
project
would
likely
require
several
Today,
inin
models
like
fault
tree
analysis,
interest
training
operators
using
highways.
However,
in
2009,
the
crash
have
Research
Highway
Program
(NCHRP)
9-19
Transportation
Officials
(AASHTO)
Ahave
Policy
and
transportation
planning
agencies
such
highway
structures?
This
information
will
consists
of
for
qualifications
to
extensions,
and
median
islands),
and
these
effects
has
not
fully
determined
providers
(e.g.
floating
car
or
mobile
data)
be
given
to
data
collection
requirements,
design
of
earth
retaining
structures
luminaire
totesting
identify
a
geometric
feature
pose
significant
challenges
and
are
further
transit
agencies
have
been
seen
to
expand
transport
network
of
abeen
city
by
treating
other
factors
that
constrain
the
design
for
pedestrian
travel,
they
are
not
defined
environment
in
the
planning
of
to
assess
the
environmental,
social
and
accommodating
non-vehicular
modes
such
without
looking
for
approaching
traffic,
run AR070,
early
as
1913.
More
recently
unbonded
of Pavement
Sections
section
design
guidance
suggests
that
12years
of
data
collection
to
obtain
a
functions
performed
by
humans
are
just
Safety
equipment
simulators.
Construction
prediction
capabilities
of
the
IHSDM
were
been
tested,
a
detailed
understanding
of
Switching
operations
in
railroad
yards
Railroad
Operational Environment
evaluated
five
tests
1)
dynamic
modulus
on
Geometric
Design
of(e.g.,
Highways
and
as
State
DOTs
and
MPOs.
be
studied
tomajor
determine
ifof
remote
licensure,
including
minimum
driver
This
research
will
document
the
waiting
at
transit
stops
benches,
nor
have
the
cost
of
the
effects.
Most
ofand
the
increase
their
role,
especially
in
information
and
the
relationship
between
the
data
been
identified.
The
most
critical
of
these
(curve,
intersection,
etc.)
provide
any
complicated
by
related
ownership
their
market
base,
as
well
as
enhance
cycling
as
a
mode
travel
similar
to
environment.
as
maintenance.
Although
sidewalks
are
transportation
projects;
minimize
the
economic
performances
of
transportation
pedestrians
and
bicyclists.
Additionally,
diagonally
across
the
street,
not
check
for
overlays
(UBOLs)
have
been
used
in
many
foot
lanes
with
8to
10-foot
inside
and
sufficient
sample
of
HPV/LCV
crashes
and
treated
the
same
way
as
functions
equipment
simulators
consist
of
a
3D
expanded
to
include
rural
multilane
the
load-transfer
mechanisms
of
the
account
for
the
majority
of
employee
Safety Landscape and
test,
2)benefits?
indirect
tensile
creep
test,
3)foron
Streets
contains
general
guidelines
the
I.RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Environment
monitoring
was
used
and
ifdistribution
so,
what
education,
minimum
physical
experiences
of
transit
authorities
in
shelters,
and
arrival
time
information).
Inas AFB40,
concern
has
focused
primarily
on
potential
niches
(e.g.
specific
types
of
traffic/vehicles
intended
uses.
unresolved
issues
are
the
and
safety
arrangements.
Most
frequently,
transit
transit
operations.
Ridesharing
can
public
transport
or
vehicular
traffic.
not
subjected
to
the
same
"traffic
loads"
negative
impacts
of
construction;
and
work
applications
in
order
to
achieve
space
within
the
right-of-way
must
typically
traffic
approaching
from
all
lanes
on
athe
states
over
the
last
30
years,
generally
outside
shoulders
is
ideal,
there
is
limited
exposure
data.
Active
government
performed
by
technical
objects.
Although
it
simulation
computer
application,
virtual
highways
and
urban
and
suburban
high-modulus
CFRP
retrofit
has
not
yet
duty
fatalities
and
injuries.
indirect
tensile
resilient
modulus
test,
4)
relationship
of
ramp
design
speed
to
Inappropriate
speed
is
one
of
the
primary
Environmental
Design
successes
or
failures
did
they
have.
requirements,
imposition
of
sanctions
implementing
security
systems
and
Problem
addition,
with
better
pedestrian
cardiovascular
effects
(e.g.,
hypertension,
or
types
of
events).
There
isways
anthe
increasing
magnitude
oftransit
the
seismic
earth
pressure
2.
Does
aStatement
designed
or
engineered
lighting
agencies
do
not
have
the
responsibility
supplement
services
in
high-cost
Interchanges
represent
the
most
complex,
roads
and
streets,
in
some
to
reduce
transportation-related
pollution
in A0020T, Special Task Force Equity
sustainability.
The
main
research
be
provided
for
roadside
hardware,
multilane
street).
Poorly-designed
midwith
reports
of
varying
degrees
of
research
findings
on
how
deviations
from
participation
and
support
would
be
is
possible
to
state
human
failure
rates,
display
system,
and
equipment
controls.
arterials,
as
a
faithful
implementation
ofor
been
established.
Research
on
the
effect
of
Between
1998
and
2007
human
factors
indirect
tensile
fatigue/repeated
load
test,
mainline
highway
design
speed,
as
well
as
safety
hazards
facing
highway
users.
Deliverable:
Synthesis
report.
for
criminal
traffic
behavior.
Welltechnologies
on
bus
and
rail
vehicles,
Policy
interest
in
low
carbon
fuel
standards
on Climate
Change
and
accommodations,
more
riders
may
be
myocardial
infarctions,
and
arrhythmia)
and
Problem
Special
Task
Force Environment
need
to
set
organizations,
processes
and
The
objective
of
the
synthesis
document
is
behind
walls
that
are
restrained
in
their
arrangement
offer
significant
benefits
over
authority
for
pedestrian
access
to
peak
period,
can
serve
routes
that A0020T,
Objective:
The
goal
of
this
research
isthe
to
and
hence
most
challenging
instance
of
maintenance
of
them
is
more
challenging
the
process
individually,
all
within
the
economic
reality
objectives
are
to:
(a)
develop
a
robust
lifeunderground
and
above-ground
utilities,
block
crossings
can
be
amarginal
safety
risk
to
all
performance.
In
Minnesota,
some
offrom
these
ideals
or
in
combination,
required.
State/provincial
Police
Accident
human
failure
behavior
is
different
Simulators
are
available
in
full-motion
and
Part
Croad
of
the
first
edition
of
the
Highway
environmental
exposure,
including
related
incidents
accounted
for
38%
of
and
5)
indirect
tensile
strength
test.
None
general
guidelines
for
the
design
speed
of
Problem:
Automobile
researchers
and
Most
agencies
attempt
to
achieve
the
established
systems
exist
to
certify
infrastructure
components
and
(LCFS)
as
a
means
of
reducing
GHG
Energy
willing
to
walk
farther
than
the
commonlyimmune
system
deficiencies.
In
addition,
on
Climate
Change
and
techniques
in
order
to
put
traffic
and
travel
to
provide
a
convenient
resource
that
A0020T, Special Task Force o Sustainable
ability
to
laterally.
There
also
remains
a
roadway
feature
identification
lighting
transit
stops.
In
addition,
transit
agencies
are
costly
for
transit,
and
can
increase
the
develop
amove
network
analysis
methodology
these
infrastructure
needs.
At
these
than
maintenance
of
roads
and
streets.
The
of
budget
constraints
and
funding
cycle
assessment
tool
to
determine
the
and
other
urban
fixtures.
Further,
the
pedestrians,
particularly
transit
customers.
earliest
documented
use
of
concrete
will
effect
freeway
operations
and
safety.
Report
(PAR)
forms
would
likely
need
to
beto
technical
failure
behavior.
All
the
equations
static
formats.
Full-motion
simulators
Safety
Methods
to
assess
the
exposure
to
moisture,
chlorides
and
railway
incidents
leading
to
injuries
of
them
was
found
to
have
good
correlation
ramp
terminals,
which
includes
freeway
manufacturers
need
travel
behavior
data
right
operating
speed
among
drivers
by
Task
IIin
-Manual.
Embedded
RF
Remote
Sensorproviders
and
record
the
provision
of[FRA
communications
and
information
systems.
emissions
is
growing
rapidly.
California
assumed
1/4-mile
maximum
walking
exposure
to
transportation
noise
and
the
Evidence
suggests
that
there
are
synergies
Energy
data
common,
in
warehouses,
due
to
would
summarize
the
most
important
uncertainty
regarding
seismic
earth
Transportation
Research
Boards
Special
placement?
often
operate
in
several
jurisdictions
and
justification
for
HOV
designations
that
Problem:
Common
roadway
construction
for
mixed
travel
including
bicycle
as
a
locations,
the
implications
of
difficult
or
situation
is
complicated
by
the
wide
variety
shortfalls.
Managed
lanes
projects
have
environmental,
social,
and
economic
design
should
be
coordinated
with
the
use
Safe
and
convenient
pedestrian
access
to A0020T, Special Task Force o Sustainability
overlays
was
on
TH
12
east
of
St.
Paul
in
Highway
designers
need
guidance
on
the
revised
to
accurately
capture
different
in
fault
tree
analysis
are
based
on
the
include
an
electric
or
hydraulic
motion
design
consistency
for
multi-lane
rural
thermal
loading
on
2005].
The
Federal
Railroad
Administration
with
the
observed
fatigue
cracking
in
entrance
and
exit
terminals
and
highway
investigate
and
develop
electrified
vehicles
imposing
speed
limits.
Unfortunately
Platform
Communication
Design
required
education,
and
existing
criminal
The
benefits
and
lessons
learned
from
Governor
Arnold
Schwarzenegger
signed
an
distance.
Further,
systems
that
have
been
existence
of
any
of
these
medical
problems
between
transit,
land
use,
and
pricing
economies
of
scale
in
data
fusion
and
pedestrian
infrastructure
assessment
pressure
behind
free
standing
walls
that
Report
298:
Driving
and
the
Built
3.
Under
what
conditions
should
an
thus
are
not
even
part
of
the
local
serve
transit
as
well.If
ridesharing
and
practices
impact
our
environment.
Impacts
major
mode
of
transport
in
cities.
Currently,
innovative
design
choices
must
be
carefully
of
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impacts
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transit
stops
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transit
1955.
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operational
and
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impacts
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cross
truck
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rates
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athat
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highways
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the
performance
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design
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hybrid
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several
national
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studies
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proof
concept
sensorjustice
systems
adequately
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and
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the
guidance
contained
in
executive
order
on
January
18,
2007
designed
with
short
distances
between
may
predispose
individuals
to
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higher
strategies
that
enhance
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greenhouse
quality
control.
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of
data
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of
high
methods
and
tools
and
to
succinctly
have
ability
to
move
laterally
during
Environment:
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of
Compact
engineered
lighting
system
be
put
into
government
organizations
where
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transit
alternatives
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packaged
together,
to
streams
and
rivers
have
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monitored
much
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discussion
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paths
for
and
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construction
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state
reducing
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value
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processes;
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design
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successfully
meets
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project
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focus
on
midwide
PCC
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sand
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Special
Task
Force Society
section
design
trade-offs
while
trying
to
police
training
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be
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stochastic
distribution
function.
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know
experienced
during
operation,
while
static
are
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available.
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design
reinforced
bridges
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been
conducted.
most
frequent
contributors
to
these
service
roads.
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of
the
main
reasons
for
ramps
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viewed
asa on
vehicles
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have
shown
that
the
speed
limit
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very
platform
currently
developed
at
report
sanctions
for
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driving
the
FTA
report,
Transit
Security
Design
initiated
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low
carbon
fuel
standard
to
stops
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account
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poor
walking
level
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susceptibility
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gas
(GHG)
reduction
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of
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when
importance
for
travelers
as
well
as
traffic
describe
their
data
requirements.
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seismic
loading.
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resolution
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these
Development
on
Motorized
Travel,
Energy
service?
operate.
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local
government
they
can
attract
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even
larger
market
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considered
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design
and
bicyclists
in
nationally
accepted
manuals,
ensure
the
mobility
goals
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achieved,
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governments,
different
levels
of
local
minimizing
the
impact
on
the
environment.
realistic
auto
operating
context/profile
to
Energy
methodology
that
can
assess
issues
these
objectives
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currently
often
referred
block
pedestrian
crossings
near
all
types
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and
on
TH
169
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SP5209-22
between
Landside
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private
on
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and
balance
corridor
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project
costs,
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low
carbon
fuel
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Task
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that
this
assumption
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for
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these
facility
Furthermore,
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fatigue
capacity
of
largeincidents
between
2001
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the
difficulty
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cracking
test
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integrated
system
consisting
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the
consumer
travel
profiles
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design
much
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best
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asto
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drivers
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highlighted,
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carbon
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fuels
for
conditions
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able
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physiological
effects
from
other
stressors,
implemented
together.
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more
managers,
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abnormal
benefit
of
the
resource
is
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it
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issues
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safe
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economical
Use,
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CO2
Emissions
recommended
It
isas
proposed
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work
for
this
study
does
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have
the
ownership
of
pedestrian
share,
displacing
the
single
occupant
auto
construction
process.
Efforts
have
been
guides,
and
reports
revolves
around
also
that
the
priority
of
preserving
and
jurisdictions,
land
developers,
and
private
Also,
certain
types
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managed
lanes
use
in
comparison
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transit
travel.
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specifically
related
to
transportation
to
a
complete
street.
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need
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transit
stops,
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transit
stations,
bus
Saint
Peter
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Seur
when
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1967
a
6automobiles,
taxis,
limos,
shuttles,
delivery
Energy
public
involvement,
and
environmental
wide
sample
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traffic
monitoring
stations
standard
(LCFS)
sets
a
target
to
reduce
the
failures,
at
least
at
the
static
level
of
the
types
will
provide
a
full
suite
of
mobility
scale
Problem
bridge
Statement:
members
Regulatory
reinforced
and
with
market
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line
switches
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switches
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the
complex
nature
asphalt
three
integral
parts
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form
the
ramp:
decisions
(engine,
motor,
battery
sizing,
guide
to
drivers.
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ability
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influence
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ofpaths
project.
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the
physical/mental
fitness
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drive,
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isuse
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including:
system-wide
security
strategies
light-duty
vehicles.
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standard
limits
the
improve
service
efficiency.
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agencies
including
exposure
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noise,
detailed
information
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magnitude
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serve
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However,
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research
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land
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made
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stops,
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light-rail
stops.
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inch
thick,
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wide
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overlay
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trucks
other
vehicles
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travel
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impacts.
with
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the
capability
gas
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distinguishing
intensity
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middle
part
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the
bath
tube
curve.
Simulators
present
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opportunity
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train
and
safety
assessment
tools
for
use
high-modulus
pressures
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mounting
CFRP
has
not
that
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would
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fully
aligned
during
car
movement)
mixtures
and
their
interactions
with
the
the
ramp
proper
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the
appropriate
etc),
Problem
and
allow
estimation
of
fuel
savings
vehicle
speeds
through
the
selection
of
the
connectivity
of
the
available
sensors
and
patchwork
of
evaluation
and
reporting
architectures,
integrated
security
life
cycle
weighted
average
carbon
and
transportation
planners
need
guidance
other
environmental
noises,
and
non-noise
characteristics
of
these
synergies
is
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inadequate
information
based
on
low
pedestrian
infrastructure
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beand
resolved
with
the
existing
patterns
the
form
and
location
of
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considerable
amounts
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existing
research
county
or
the
state.
This
dispersed
areas.At
the
same
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some
transit
construction
such
as
dust,
noise
and
absolutely
essential
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consider
bicyclists
commonly,
the
capacity
restriction
at
ordinances
or
laws
addressing
sidewalk
alternative
funding
strategies
to
help
the
modes
when
it
comes
to
energy
and
heat
island
mitigation,
energy,
waste
and
design
in
urban
areas
has
been
well
crossings
are
between
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roadway
placed
over
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0.1-mm
polyethylene
sheet
from
the
airportoften
contribute
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different
transportation
large
truck
fuels.
body
Fuel
providers
types.
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must
However,
nobody
knows
about
the
operators
for
stressful
and
tough
designers
throughout
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project
established.
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long-term
performance
ofa on
encourage
a
transition
of
the
ground
(16%)
[FRA
2005].
pavement
structure,
environment,
and
terminals,
whether
freeway
or
highway,
relative
to
conventional
technologies
under
Climate
Change
and
characteristics
of
the
roadway
and
ofwould
the
data
acquisition
systems
will
be
studied
to
approaches,
most
ofat
them
represented
by
Special
Task
Force o Economy
systems,
Problem
Statement
and
aability
systems
approach
to
intensity
of
transportation
fuel.
Several
bills
regarding
the
of
pedestrian
stressors.
All
of
these
concerns
have
been
available.
Research
in
this
area
would
help
quality
data
may
result
in
non
desirable
assessment/evaluation
process,
and
knowledge
base.
Therefore,
research
is
compact,
mixed-use
development
on
on
reductions
intersections.
The
ownership
represents
additional
barriers
to A0020T,
agencies
seem
reluctant
to
get
into
emissions.
However,
the
benefits
of
as
acrash
part
of
network
analysis.
interchanges
involve
ramp
connections,
maintenance.
However,
the
specificity
and
reduce
financial
constraints
and
allow
climate
analysis,
and
yet
we
know
quite
a
emission
reduction,
sustainable
landscapes
recognized,
and
much
has
been
written
intersections.
They
may
include
marked
(bond
breaker).
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the
first
true
significant
proportion
of
an
airports
In
addition,
there
is
concern
over
the
partcapability
reduce
the
does
GHG
exist
intensity
in
some
of
their
commercially
fuels,
distribution
function
of
human
failure
rates.
construction
environments.
Operators
can
development
process.
steel
transportation
system
toward
advanced
In
2003,
the
FRA
determined
that
63%
traffic
loading.
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propagation
itself
is
a
and
on
each
side
of
the
ramp
proper.
real-world
Currently,
transportation
operation.
goods
and
Energy
adjacent
environment
could
be
a
boost
to
determine
how
a
remote
monitoring
single
name;
Medical
Advisory
Board.
designing
Energy
intensity
and
implementing
values
(energy
security
use
per
that
would
establish
a
similar
national
LCFS
environment
changes
to
impact
transit
well
documented
in
the
scientific
literature,
local
and
state
governments,
metropolitan
traffic
and
travel
behaviors.
However,
the
Problem:
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chains
are
designed
for
A0020T,
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Task
Force Sustainability
allow
practitioners
to
quickly
identify
an
needed
to
provide
a
sound
basis
for
these
vehicle
miles
traveled
(VMT),
energy
use,
work
should
result
in
recommendations
improving
physical
conditions
for
transit
ridesharing.
For
the
transit
agencies
that
reducing
each
of
these
environmental
and
the
potential
treatment
to
increase
enforcement
of
these
regulations
vary
projects
to
be
completed
sooner
than
under
bit
about
the
context
for
the
typical
transit
sustaining
ecosystems;
and
(d)
about
the
importance
of
designing
for
the
crosswalks
or
unmarked
crossing
locations.
unbonded
overlay
was
constructed
as
a
greenhouse
gas
(GHG)
emission
inventory.
time
use
of
existing
shoulders
as
HOV,
HOT
available
measured
systems.
on
a
lifecycle
Data
basis.
from
carriers
Concerns
for
We
just
know
the
failure
rates
that
be
quickly
and
efficiently
be
introduced
to
bridges
reinforced
with
high-modulus
CFRP
fuels
and
vehicles.
In
the
US,
EPA
and
of
employees
fatally
injured
in
struck-by
complex
phenomena
where
the
crack
services
are
marketed,
promoted,
and
sold
improving
safety
on
our
roadways.
For
system
can
be
employed
and
reliable
data
technologies.
unit
of
activity)
In
are
addition,
basic
data
the
experience
for
were
introduced
in
the
110th
Congress.
usage
and
service
characteristics.
Such
mainly
from
studies
conducted
in
Europe,
planning
organizations,
transit
agencies,
increasing
centralization
and/or
fusion
ofais on
the
processing,
staging,
and
carriage
of
Climate
Change
and
appropriate
tool
for
their
needs.
Following
aspects
of
the
seismic
design
ofpeak
Earth
A0020T,
Special
Task
Force o Sustainable
and
greenhouse
gas
(GHG)
emissions
are
that
Problem:
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be
applied
to
other
geometric
users.
are
already
very
active
in
ridesharing:
How
impacts
have
not
been
measured.
There
In
brief
the
objectives
of
this
research
will
mobility
service
often
involves
the
widely.
In
spite
of
these
challenges,
there
traditional
funding
schemes.
trip.
In
simple
terms,
this
might
give
us
simulate
the
dynamic
exploring
safe
and
efficient
travel
of
all
user
modes
The
crossings
may
be
controlled
by
traffic
research
test
section,
0.64
miles
long
on
For
example
in
the
case
Dallas
Fort
or
general
use
facilities
during
hour.
employing
the
leakage
HPVs
problem
would
raise
also
doubts
be
required.
about
the
measured.
One
may
assume
that
it
is
some
equipment,
operation,
and
machine
The
objective
of
this
research
is(1)
to
conduct
to
be
established
before
widespread
NHTSA
have
begun
aweakest
joint
rulemaking
incidents
were
involved
in
switching
essentially
finds
the
link
in
the
A
large
number
of
accidents
occur
on
needs
with
very
Utility
little
companies
information
need
related
to
understand
to
their
several
years
now,
this
specific
topic
of
transmission
achieved.
The
performance
of
While
states
may
establish
minimum
forecasting,
benefits
policy
resulting
analysis,
from
collaboration
planning,
and
None
were
adopted,
and
one
was
discussed
guidance
would
need
to
account
for
user
in
the
proceedings
of
various
and
others
estimate
the
potential
GHG
data
raises
quality
and,
above,
vulnerability
goods
to
market.Design
choices
are
Energy
from
the
mindset
that
what
gets
Retaining
Structures
(ERS).
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results
of
needed
to
implement
compact
features
Different
such
agencies
as
curves.
will
continue
The
benefits
to
develop
of
the
do
they
do
it?
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does
it
affect
their
cost
no
readily
available
means
of
evaluating
be,
construction
Problem
of
a
multi-lane
loop
ramps
orto A0020T, Special Task Force Society
are
a
number
of
jurisdictions
that
are
better
profile
reflecting
temporal
and
innovative
and
evolutionary
technologies
along
the
facility.
However,
little
signals
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acoordinates
pedestrian
crossing
signal)
the
northbound
portion
of
TH
71,
and
the
Worth
International
Airport
(DFW),
landside
The
trade-offs
between
operational
benefits
Crash,
effectiveness
mileage
of
exposure,
the
LCFS.
and
There
carrier
are
atusing
kind
of
a
hyper
stochastic
distribution,
but
controls.
The
use
of
simulators
saves
fuel,
basic
research
on
speed
prediction
for
rural
use
of
the
retrofit
system
is
possible.
process
that
GHG
emission
activities
[FRA
2006].
complex
asphalt
aggregate
combination,
freeway
ramps
annually.
Although
ramp
the
carbon
electrical
footprint
grid
or
impact
other
possible
from
powering
impacts
investigation
has
also
been
identified
as
aas
developed
sensor-platform,
especially
physical
requirements
for
licensure
by
among
monitoring
organizations
progress
toward
within
energy
transit
and
on
the
Senate
floor.
In
the
111th
Congress,
characteristics;
land
use
context;
the
international
scientific
conferences,
such
reduction
impacts
of
pursuing
such
issues,
i.e.
serious
default
in
data
quality
determined
by
sourcing
decisions,
measured,
gets
done,
wider
knowledge
this
work
will
be
useful
to
design
engineers
development
more
effectively.
research
policies
related
include
to
support
climate
for
change
the
and
to
Safe
and
convenient
pedestrian
access
to
structure?
What
is
the
full
potential?
What
roadway
construction
practices
that
are
(2)
Aircraft
the
conversion
condensation
of
an
trails
existing
(contrails),
one-lane
on Climate Change and
innovative
practices
to
accomplish
highManaged
lanes
are
defined
as
highway
Problem
geographic
distribution
of
transit
travel
in
direct
research
and
development
efforts
established
practical
engineering
design
or
uncontrolled.
The
most
appropriate
first
complete
unbonded
overlay
project
vehicle
GHG
are
estimated
at
13%
of
the
and
safety
need
to
be
quantified.
Further,
least
two
classification
types
of
the
taxonomies
leakage
problems
would
up
to
now,
nobody
knows
for
sure.
Thus,
all
equipment
wear,
and
the
inherent
risks
of
multi-lane
highways
and
urban
and
Finally,
a
detailed
understanding
of
the
standards
and
Corporate
Average
Fuel
Shoving
movement
(pushing
rail
cars
with
sometime
the
crack
passing
through
design
has
a
major
effect
on
the
ability
of
a A0020T, Special Task Force o Environment
large
to
the
numbers
climate.
of
For
electrified
example,
vehicles.
the
lifecycle
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high
priority
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by
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communication
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platform
statute
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regulation,
most
recognize
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environmental
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with
external
They
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bridge
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surface
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urban
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towards
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compared
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that
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integrated
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construction
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2002.
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presence
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initiatives
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issue
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AASHTO
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and
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research
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context
for
comparison
purposes.
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modes
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infrastructure
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movement
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crash
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import
be
highbecause
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have
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better
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controlled
environment
passenger
car
operating
speeds,
trucks,
established
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testing
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1990
levels)
by
2020.
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2020,
movements
on
an
adjacent
track
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aggregate.
research
or
literature
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been
published
variation
the
vehicle,
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fuel
grid,
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Design
&
Solutions
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Force;
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acuity.
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American
Clean
Energy
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Security
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marketing
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WHO
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research
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(footnote
1)
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more
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roadways
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2000),
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use,
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process
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measurement,
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designers
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bus
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stops.
transit
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metro
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benefits
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different
origin
destinations
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awould
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solution
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impacts
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capacity
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systems,
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developed
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Because
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OBJECTIVE
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impact
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consequently,
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shoreline
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use,
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extension
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and
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areas
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financing
Objective
looked
at
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is
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pavement.
Macrotexture,
which
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to
school
have
been
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popularity
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more
research
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understand
the
who
are
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fully
sighted
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legally
rehabilitation
costs
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attributed
to
Walking
is such
a
key
non-motorized
mode
of
questions
as
assessing
risk
by region
ANF10, Pedestrians
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Environment
upgrades.
The
result
transit
parking
policies
of
thewill
transit
agency
(free,
All
current
motorized
modes
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and
operation
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facilities.
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This
project
will
develop
ainform
greater
transit
users.
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research
has
most
greenhouse
gas
emission
reductions
whether
people
walk
to
local
services;
and,
"medium-sized"
component
of
pavement
way
to
incorporate
physical
activity
into
role
of
driver
distraction
created
by
these
blind?
The
low
vision
population
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the
corrosion
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reinforced
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travel
and
a
vital
component
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most
trips.
and
system
characteristics,
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Pedestrian
safety
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significant
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in
planners
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operators
on
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relative
costResearch
problem
statement:
Road
ANF10, Pedestrians
Sustainability
daily
fee
or
monthly
spaces)
and
the
ability
transportation
rely
on
burning
petroleum
PPPs
in
the
US
transit
sector
within
the
last
understanding
ofreduce
decision-making
and
demonstrated
that
the
pedestrian
would
come
from
other
sectors
as
a
cap
perhaps
most
importantly,
whether
people
texture,
is
aStates,
dominant
contributor
to
wet
childrens
lives,
traffic
congestion
vehicles
passengers.
This
phenomenon
isin
exceeds
the
legally
blind
population,
yetas
components.
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FHWA
aims
at
identifying
Many
research
programs
aim
to
reduce
potential
adaptation
strategies
and
their
the
United
and
the
safety
data
effectiveness
of
such
upgrades,
as
well
collisions
are
described
as
a
global
of
users
to
easily
access
the
station
area
fuels
for
propulsion.
As
populations
grow
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
ANF10,
Pedestrians
Environment
three
decades
have
been
limited
mostly
to
policy
processes
related
to
climate
change
environment
can
affect
an
individuals
and
trade
system
would
only
increase
walk
for
general
health.
In
addition,
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skid
resistance,
tire/pavement
noise
school
zones
and
improve
air
quality
in
especially
important
in
the
nationals
the
needs
of
this
population
have
not
been
and
employing
innovative
technologies,
traffic
emissions
by
promoting
less
impact
on
economic
and
social
well
being.
indicate
that
a
pedestrian
is
killed
in
a
the
results
they
can
expect
from
epidemic.
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global
number
of
road
and
designated
parking
areas.
Parking
economies
expand,
the
demand
for
Due
to
continuing
technological
advances
outsourcing
the
functions
of
service
long to
range
planning
within
the
I.RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Equity
decision
walk,
well
as
the
tolerable
gasoline
costs
by
about
20
cents
per
is
frequently
not
aas
choice,
i.e.
a
person
generation,
rolling
resistance,
and
splash
communities
by
eliminating
auto
trips.
expansive
network
of
pupil
transportation.
adequately
researched
and
documented
so ABE25, Congestion Pricing
materials
and
procedures
to
speed
up
both
polluting
forms
of
transportation
such
as
(TRB
critical
issue:
Energy
and
crash
approximately
every
110
minutes
implementing
similar
upgrades
on
their
collision
fatalities
was
approximately
1.3
policies
and
development/design
issues
transportation,
and
thus
petroleum,
also
over
the
last
two
decades,
hand-held
operation
and
maintenance
of
vehicles,
and
transportation
sector.
The
project
will
walking
distance.
Although
specific
results
gallon.
This
is
not
a
problem
inherently,
I.RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
ABE25,
Congestion
Pricing
Equity
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does
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and
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While
these
programs
are that
increasing
inIn
Jim
Ellis,
Director
of
Research
&global
as
to
inform
transit
systems
planning.
the
design
and
construction
phases
for
walking
and
cycling.
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aoperating
better
Environment)
and
injured
every
9costing
minutes.
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growing
own
systems.
million
in
2004
[1]
the
the
different
perspectives
of
grows.
This
growth
in
transportation
communication
devices
(e.g.,
cell
phones)
facilities,
there
is
an
increasing
interest
in
consider
key
decision
points
for
developing
Transportations
impact
on
the
economy
is
vary,
the
findings
are
generally
consistent
since
if there
are
more
cost
effective
include
being
acurrent
pedestrian
along
(orshift,
on)
a ABE25, Congestion Pricing
assessment
of
pavement
macrotexture
can
I.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Equity
numbers
and
funding,
little
is
known
about
Instructional
Design
atthe
the
Pupil
the
context
of
demographic
preserving,
rehabilitating
and
understanding
of
pedestrian
movement
is
population
of
seniors,
huge
magnitude
economy
approximately
$US
500
billion
per
agencies
and
local
governments
often
activity
will
increase
GHG
emissions
have
become
ubiquitous
around
the
world.
expanding
the
roles
of
private
entities
in
strategies
and
addressing
critical
mitigation
well
documented.
The
Bureau
of
with
the
idea
that
the
pedestrian
greenhouse
gas
(GHG)
reductions
to
be
The
effects
of
highway
congestion
on
roadway.
With
the
almost
exclusive
reliance
be
used
to
support
wet-accident
reduction
the
outcomes,
specifically
in
terms
of
travel
Transportation
Safety
Institute,
stated
that
I.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Equity
we
need
to
better
accommodate
the
needs
reconstructing
bridge
systems.
Innovative
vital
for
improving
the
design
methods
of a ABE25, Congestion Pricing
OBJECTIVE
of
the
visually
impaired,
and
the
increasing
This
research
will
be
conducted
in
three
year
[2].
While
non-motorized
modes
of
result
in
the
potential
for
conflicts,
without
changes
in
modes,
fuels
and
other
Studies
have
shown
that
such
devices
are
the
provision
of
public
transit
and
adaptation
issues
within
Transportation
Statistics
estimates
that
in
environment
can
influence
the
basic
made
in
other
sectors,
then
itainfrastructure
is
more
metropolitan
passenger
travel
have
been
on
the
automobile
for
decades,
pedestrian
programs,
help
reduce
splash
and
spray
Pricing
proposals
are
being
carefully
behavior
changes
and
safety
driver
distraction
because
of
on-board
of
low
vision
Americans
presents
the
threat
approaches
for
rapid
constructing
of
longI.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
ABE25,
Congestion
Pricing
Environment
non-motorized
and
sustainable
modes
of
The
purpose
of
this
research
is
todelay.
provide
mobility
of
children
pose
substantial
phases.
In
the
first
phase
the
researchers
travel
are
promoted
as
key
alternatives
controversy
and
implementation
decisions.
In
order
to
slow
or
reverse
this
distraction
to
motor
vehicle
operators
infor
and
services.
These
new
roles
require
Collaborative
Decision-Making
Framework.
2007
transportation-related
goods
and
decision
of
whether
to
use
transit
and
efficient
for
the
economy
as
a
whole
for
the
extensively
investigated.
A
literature
and
accommodations
were
not
given
a
high
conditions,
promote
lower
tire/pavement
considered
as
a
remedy
for
both
congestion
improvements.
behavior
problems
is
one
of
the
most
One
of
the
primary
objections
to
of
over-burdening
our
more
expensive
lasting
bridges,
with
minimal
disruption
to
High
Occupancy
Toll
(HOT)
lanes
are
travel.
Pedestrians
also
sustain
the
highest
relevant
approaches
for
relocating,
I.
Research
Problem
Statement:
challenges
to
pedestrian
crossing
safety
will
look
for
possible
case
studies
of
bus
improving
the
sustainability
ofaddressing
the
It
Transit
agency
staff
must
often
trend,
public
policy
has
been
that
they
divert
driver
attention
from
theon AFN20, Properties of ConcreteSustainable
contractors
to
share
certain
risks
in
will
develop
a
variety
of
concepts
or
services
contributed
$1.45
trillion
to
the
choice
of
transit
access
mode.
It
follows
reductions
to
come
from
those
other
practice
that
identifies
the
value
of
travel
priority.
During
this
time
period,
sidewalks
noise
production,
promote
lower
energy
and
revenue
issues
that
have
long
plagued
common
causes
of
school
bus
accidents
pricing
of
all
of
the
lanes
of
an
urban
accessible
transportation
system.
the
community,
need
to
be
developed.
gradually
becoming
a
mainstream
share
of
fatal
road
collisions
among
nonredesigning,
or
hardening
transportation
Recently
cracking
has
been
observed
in to
multilane
intersections.
Given
the
transit
lines
where
substantial
upgrades
Many
innovative
tools
and
techniques
transport
system,
they
suffer
an
elevated
respond
to
negative
reactions
by
local
three
components
of
the
link
between
roadway.
Driver
use
of
these
devices
has
a ADA60, Public Involvement in Equity
planning,
construction,
finance,
and
constructs
that
would
support
federal,
$13.8
trillion
U.S.
Gross
Domestic
Product;
that
changes
to(Ellis,
the
sectors.
However,
ifpedestrian
there
are
market
time
savings
(measured
in
both
expected
were
not
included
on
many
arterial,
consumption
through
low
rolling
resistance,
metropolitan
areas.
Although
both
The
current
tools
to
evaluate
these
and
fatalities
2009).
A
recent
school
highway
(full-facility
congestion
pricing)
is
congestion
management
strategy.
Thus
far,
motorized
modes
of
travel.
Non-motorized
systems
and
structures
given
anticipated
new
bridge
piers.
Such
cracking
threatens
escalating
number
of
pedestrian
casualties,
bus
transit
lines
have
been
made
the
intended
for
public
outreach
efforts
have
risk
of and
collision
involvement.
This
officials
and
residents
(whether
real
or
II.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
ABJ95, Visualization in Transp Environment
transportation
GHG
emissions.
The
direct
effect
on
perception-reaction
time,
management
inand
exchange
for
financial
state,
local
agencies
working
together
about
10.5
percent.
However,
traditional
environment
may,
under
certain
failures
that
reduce
the
reaction
toon
higher
trip
duration
and
variation)
has
been
collector,
or
even
local
roads.
These
and
and
monitor
the
quality
of
the
finished
congestion
management
and
revenue
programs
provide
some
information
on
bus
safety
survey
conducted
by
Wiegand,
that
the
presence
of
the
toll
will
cause
If
transportation
and
enforcement
Carbon
fiber
reinforced
polymer
(CFRP)
most
of
the
HOT
lanes
have
been
modes
of
travel
are
receiving
more
long-term
climate
changes
for
the
unique
to
allow
penetration
of
chlorides
and
other
transportation
professionals
are
striving
to
last
ten
years.
Improvements
could
include
been
developed
and
documented
in
recent
exceptional
risk
level
comes
from
the
fact
perceived)
to
new
or
expanded
commuter
It
is
extremely
difficult
for
transportation
three
components
are:
compliance
with
traffic
control
devices,
and
returns.
In
return,
public
entities
could
gain
I.
Problem
Studies
over
the
last
four
to
assure
that
each
had
appropriate
input
funding
mechanisms
additional
primarily
the
gas
tax AFP70, Mineral Aggregates Economy
circumstances,
represent
ato
viable
strategy
prices,
then
pursuing
measures
developed
at
a
sufficient
level
topedestrian
be
used
other
factors
resulted
in
lack
of
traveled
surfaces.
generation
have
been
characterized
as
the
student
travel
behavior
patterns
and
mode
et
al.combination
(2010),
supported
this
notion
with
drivers
to
divert
to
alternative
toll-free
professionals
assume
that
pedestrians
are
reinforcement
was
proven
provide
aas
implemented
as
isolated
projects.
Some
emphasis
in
transportation
engineering
asin
needs
of
transportation
in
major
cities.
harmful
materials
within
the
concrete,
make
crossing
points
safer,
especially
for
any
of
the
following:
installing
years.
While
these
tools
and
techniques
that
main
non-motorized
modes
such
parking
facilities,
in
terms
of
off-site
decision
makers
and
planners
at
the
state
with
other
road
users
and
lower
costs,
lower
financial
risk,
service
decades
have
identified
and
demonstrated
into
policy
development,
and
alternative
communications
are
quickly
losing
their
ability
to
fund
the
for
increasing
walking
to
transit,
transit
I.
Problem
The
availability
of
higher
quality
can
lower
implementation
costs
by
investigating
pricing
strategies.
accommodations
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aplan
large
portion
of
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motivations
forhave
proposed
pricing
schemes,
choice.
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they
are
often
too
limited
93%
ofhave
the
respondents
indicating
that
routes.
However,
whether
such
diversion
either
blind
or
unrestricted
vision,
potential
solution
for
corrosion-deteriorated
areas
begun
to
for
HOT
lane
issues
of
urban
sustainability
and
energy
leading
to
potential
reinforcement
seniors,
children,
and
the
visually
impaired
substantial
stations,
creating
separate
bus
are
intended
to
help
transportation
biking
and
walking
are
performed
by
the
impacts
(such
as,
induced
neighborhood
and
sub-national
level
(e.g.,
state
DOTs,
can
affect
the
vehicles
path.
While
quality
improvement,
efficient
deployment
the
effects
of
aggregate
morphological
strategies
to
mitigate
climate
change
and
transportation
system
and
will
likely
be
system
efficiency,
and
overall
transit
aggregate
material
is
decreasing
in
many
compensating
for
market
failures.
Commercial
and
business
highway
users
road
network
in
the
United
States.
In
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
AHD65, Winter Maintenance Sustainable
Currently
available
technologies
for
the
actual
mechanism
bygrids
which
congestion
in
scope
to
provide
useful
information
student
passengers
behavior
was
will
occur
and
to
what
degree
is
unknown.
they
may
establish
false
expectations
of
bridges.
Recently,
CFRP
have
been
networks.
But
little
attention
has
been
supply
are
coming
to
the
fore
of
the
public
RESEARCH
PROPOSED
corrosion.
These
degradation
mechanisms
who
need
more
crossing
time.
At
a
lanes,
creating
signal
priorities
for
buses,
agencies
create
aor
dialogue
with
most
physically
vulnerable
of
road
users.
traffic
and
safety
nuisance
concerns)
MPOs,
etc.)
to
(a)
identify
the
sources
ofand
Efficiency
(Vehicles)
decade.
this
refers
to
the
research
today
has
focused
primarily
on
of
new
technologies,
innovative
business
properties
(particularly
shape,
size
adapt
to
any
changes
linked
to
multimodal,
phased
out
in
the
next
ridership.
parts
of
the
country
as
gravel
mines
and
must
also
accommodate
the
effects
of
addition,
sidewalk
segments
along
Large
amounts
of
solid
and
liquid
measuring
pavement
texture
use
a
spotis
reduced
needs
to
be
clarified
so
that
about
the
effectiveness
of
individual
I.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT:
During
AHD65, Winter Maintenance Sustainability
distracting
to
the
driver.
According
to
Streff
A
number
of
factors
that
may
influence
the
pedestrians
ability
and
responsibility.
successfully
developed
and
implemented
given
towhich
issues
relating
to
transitioning
HOT
and
policy
makers.
However
these
modes
Generalized
work
on
adaption
issues
has
can
lead
to
severe
deterioration,
increased
signalized
intersection,
pedestrians
are
putting
in
next
bus
message
signs,
lowstakeholders
and
interested
parties,
as
well
Collisions
involving
non-motorized
traffic
community
aesthetics.
data
required
for
different
purposes,
(b)
toin
rate
at
energy
is
consumed
by
vehicular
safety
issues
associated
with
practices,
and
increased
management
distribution,
angularity
and
texture)
on
the
multi
jurisdictional,
and
multi
sector
issues
rock
quarries
are
depleted
or
lost
to
other
There
is
evidence
that
some
aspects
of
reliability
on
their
operations.
However,
roadways
are
often
not
connected;
i.e.,
the
chemicals,
known
as
deicers
,
and
laser
(~1mm
imprint)
to
measure
the
appropriate
pricing
strategies
can
be
program
elements.
Since
funding
is
limited
past
decade
orthe
two
since
and
Spradlin
(2000),
nearly
all
research
on AHD65, Winter Maintenance Society
amount
of
diversion
including:
Indeed,
transit
riders
who
are
not
legally
I.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
the
precast/prestressed
industry.
CFRP
lanes
or
HOT
lane
networks
tothe
full
system
of
travel,
and
walking
in
particular,
have
been
conducted
for
highways,
transit,
maintenance
costs,
and
decreased
service
accommodated
through
phasing
and
timing
floor
buses
or
level
boarding,
implementing
as
to
comply
with
requirement
of
often
produce
severe
injuries.
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year
vehicles.
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the
same
time,
land
use
and
understand
the
nature
of
the
relationships
This
includes,
for
each
hand-held
communication
devices,
expertise
beyond
what
is
expected
in
a in
mechanical
properties
of
hot
mix
asphalt
(including
multi-modal
travel
and
goods
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likely
to
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gas
tax
is
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fee
For
example,
improving
pedestrian
land
uses.
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with
prudent
transportation,
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well
as
other
sectors,
these
operations
are
much
more
complex
sidewalk
network
is
fragmented.
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abrasives
are
applied
onto
winter
highways
texture
of
the
pavement.
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developed.
for
Safe
Routes
to
School
programs
and
completion
of
the
winter
maintenance
inattention
and
distraction
has
produced
blind,
but
are
navigating
with
imperfect
In
the
United
States,
Canada,
and
other
grids
have
been
used
in
architectural
pricing
environments.
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this
mentality
traditionally
received
research
and
practice
III.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
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ports,
other
modal
facilities.
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lives
ofand
bridge
substructure
components.
schemes.
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the
WALK
interval,
the
a
pre-payment
system,
improved
branding,
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many
of
these
agencies
have
the
United
States,
approximately
5,000
community
planners,
transit
agencies
and
between
key
data
elements,
and
(c)
which
transportation
mode,
both
the
vehicle
or
certainly
distracted
drivers
pose
a
risk
tothe AFF30, Concrete Bridges
traditional
contracting-out
approach.
(HMA).
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studies
have
focused
on
movement).
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may
include
assessing
based
on
a
drivers
vehicle
miles
traveled
conditions
near
transit
stops
could
make
consideration,
other
lesser
quality
sources
may
exhibit
market
failures.
For
instance,
those
traditionally
considered
for
absence
of
sidewalks
along
existing
roads
to
keep
them
clear
of
ice
and
snow.
The
there
are
a
few
systems
using
laser
line
evaluation,
most
programs
have
not
done
operations
portion
of
the
Strategic
Highway
the
same
general
conclusion.
Crashes
can
than
Toll
levels
vision
may
constitute
our
most
vulnerable
parts
of
the
world,
snow
and
ice
control
concrete
panels
and
double
tees.
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CFRP
create
potential
problems
later
if
full
focus
secondary
to
motorized
modes.
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post-tensioning
is
often
needed
research
project
would
take
the
generalized
This
is
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urgent
study
because
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MeasureSustainable
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WALK
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a
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of
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service
frequencies.
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the
been
challenged
to
allocate
scarce
funds
are
killed
in
traffic
crashes,
the
development
community,
often
have
methods,
models,
etc.
are
most
appropriate
person
miles
per
gallon
and
the
operating
pedestrians
crossing
or
walking
near
the
aggregate
test
methods;
most
notably,
potential
for
interagency
cooperation
and
(VMT).
The
concept
has
been
endorsed
by
walking
more
pleasant
and
safe,
which
may
prove
equally
acceptable
offering
amay
consumers
tend
to
undervalue
fuel
savings
passenger
travel,
and
can
involve
costs
and
is
the
most
obvious
missing
United
States
spends
2.3
billion
(US)
dollars
sensors
instead
of
spot-lasers.
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may
In
spite
of
the
emphasis
on
congestion
evaluations
of
program
Research
Program
(SHRP)
and
the
be
avoided
to
the
extent
that
drivers
thorough
Desirability
of
alternative
routes
as
population.
Numerous
impairments
affect
operations
are
crucial
to
help
ensure
the
grids
provide
competitive
alternative
to
system
pricing
is
ultimately
where
we
are
Simulation
models
have
been
used
for
aathe
to
cover
the
full
length
of
post-tensioned
information
and
apply
them
to
the
unique
construction
of
substructure
components
is
pedestrian
clearance
interval
(PCI),
is
unprecedented
scale
threatens
to
engulf
second
phase,
researchers
will
collect
the
public
involvement
that
goes
beyond
accounting
for
approximately
11%
of
all
Building
of
corporate
aircraft
is
one
of
conflicting
goals
for
parking.
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approach
for
addressing
different
data-driven
characteristics
that
affect
the
actual
traveled
way.
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the
importance
of
its
potential,
perhaps,
NCHRP
4-30A
recommended
test
analyzing
societal
trends
toward
aofuse
The
National
Surface
Transportation
encourage
new
transit
riders
to
walk
to to AV020, Aviation System PlannEconomy
best
value.
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agencies
aggregate
in
vehicle
purchase
decisions.
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leads
decisions
that
ripple
throughout
logistics
accommodation.
Further
examples
are
annually
to
keep
roads
clear
of
snow
and
produce
nice
picture
illustrations
the
management
and
reduction,
many
pricing
components.
It
is
critical
that
programs
subsequent
field
test
and
evaluation
(TEattend
to
stimuli
that
are
important
for
compared
to
the
tolled
route
this
population
and
their
ability
to
safety
of
traveling
motorists
on
winter
conventional
steel
reinforcement
as
small
headed?
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example,
current
HOT
lane
long
time
to
simulate
the
behavior
of
road
spliced
girder
bridges.
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if
the
circumstances
of
major
cities.
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work
an
important
element
of
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held
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athe
predetermined
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isoff AV020, Aviation System PlannEnvironment
much
of
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States
economy,
relevant
data
on
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chosen
case
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the
basics.
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pilot
program
that
grants
traffic
fatality
victims
[3].
Approximately
few
manufacturing
areas
left
in
the
US.
for
the
station
area
is
toand
promote
transitquestions
and
issues
regarding
system
amount
of
fuel
consumed
during
on
and
Some
airports
have
roadways
that
limited
amount
of
research
has
been
methods
to
accurately
rapidly
measure
preference
for
more
sustainable
and
Infrastructure
Financing
Commission,
the
transit.
In
addition,
with
better
pedestrian
material
specifications
tests
apply
the
conclusion
that
a
cap
and
trade
system
operations,
supply
chain
management
and
missing
accommodations
for
safe
ice;
in
Canada,
more
than
1
billion
(US)
three-dimensional
surface
macrotexture
proposals
meet
stiff
opposition
for
a
variety
document
behavior
changes
and
safety
28)
by
the
Federal
Highway
Administration,
driving
(p.4).
Furthermore,
crashes
can
users
Availability
of
alternative
modes
such
as
existing
transit
systems.
These
vision
highways.
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in
clear
roads
is
cover
concrete
is
required,
resulting
in
design
guidelines
call
for
buffer
space
to
within
a
predefined
road
network
and
length
exceeds
about
800
ft,
friction
losses
would
be
multimodal
and
consider
the
construction,
and
represents
a
considerable
then
followed
by
a
Steady
DONT
WALK
congress
and
federal
policy-makers
have
including
cost
of
the
upgrades,
any
funds
to
states
and
MPOs
to
implement,
22%
of
fatal
road
collisions
in
Canada
and
What
is
its
contribution
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the
gross
oriented
development
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neo-traditional
level
freight
and
logistics
operations.
road
use.
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mitigation
options
Observation
in
urban
business
districts
and
transverse
approach
areas.
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the
conducted
on
the
subject
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PPPs
beyond
aggregate
shape,
texture
and
angularity.
environmentally
friendly
development
Nation
Surface
Transportation
Policy
and
II.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Society
accommodations,
more
riders
may
be
uniformly
without
providing
the
flexibility
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can
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central
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to
guide
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control
systems
of
commercial
crossings,
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those
waiting
for
transit
dollars
is
spent
annually
on
winter
but
lack
sufficient
resolution,
accuracy
and
of
reasons.
Among
those
most
often
improvements
to
help
them
focus
their
there
have
been
major
improvements
in
become
more
prevalent
as
drivers
fail
to
transit
problems
include:
essential
and
beneficial
to
the
public
as
thinner
and
less
expensive
members
separate
HOT
lanes
from
the
adjacent
used
to
predict
the
likely
impact
ofof and
are
estimated
to
be
excessive.
Expensive
difficulty
of
working
incontracting-out
a
highly
constrained
investment
of
infrastructure
dollars.
(SDW)
to
stop
pedestrians.
The
Highway
assembled
a
large
package
of
government
customer
satisfaction
surveys
or
proxy,
assess,
and
document
innovative
public
30%
in
British
Columbia
involve
vulnerable
national
product
(GNP),
jobs,
balance
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Urbanist)
community
design:
creating
We
are
not
talking
about
the
data
needed
include
items
ranging
from
new
vehicle
college
campuses
indicates
that
pedestrian
roadways
contributing
to
the
non
examining
traditional
None
of
these
studies,
however,
have
practices.
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will
identify
materials
already
Revenue
Commission,
and
the
Lighting
for
highways
typically
involves
willing
to
walk
farther
than
the
commonlybalance
cost
and
quality
of
a
wider
range
of
cost-effective
GHG
reductions,
while
AFN10, Basic Research and Em
enterprises.
Moreover,
commercial
II.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Environment
services,
for
students
walking
to
school,
maintenance.
In
the
last
the
speed
for
mobile
data
collection
and
by
planners
and
policy-makers
resources
on
the
elements
that
are
most
winter
maintenance
operations.
This
is
the
attend
properly
to
stimuli
because
of
confronted
The
flexibility
of
drivers
to
divert
to
off
Cataracts
to
Glaucoma
decades,
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well
as
the
economy,
since
the
U.S.
and
especially
in
harsh
and
aggressive
general
purpose
lanes.
As
the
buffer
(or
changes
in
traffic
patterns
resulting
from
solutions,
including
coupling
and
physical
environment
comprised
of
multiple
II.
Research
Objective
Capacity
Manual
(HCM)
prescribes
that
the
stimulus
spending
that
can
reverse
job
ridership
data.
Researchers
will
also
collect
outreach
would
expose
these
agencies
to
road
users,
13%
and
15%
of
which
are
trade,
etc.
Do
we
want
to
chase
another
a
mixed
use,
walk-to
environment
that
by
shippers
manage
the
movement
of
technology
improvement
(CAFE)
to
use
of
hand-held
communication
devices
survivability
of
a
crash
through
the
use
ofis AFS80, Cementitious StabilizaSustainability
approaches.
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systematic,
comprehensive
clearly
established
relationships
between
produced
in
the
planning
process
and
Transportation
Research
Board.
lamps
on
poles.
The
location
of
these
assumed
1/4-mile
maximum
walking
aggregate
resources.
Traditionally
this
has
complementary
policies
(additional
policies
enterprises
are
highly
differentiated
with
Tunnels
are
one
of
the
most
complex
etc.
growing
use
of
deicers
has
raised
concerns
advanced
quantitative
analyses.
The
is
the
resistance
to
pricing
as
a
congestion
Research
Problem
Statement:
Coal
fly
ash
likely
to
improve
walking
and
bicycling
to
joint
outcome
of
improved
understanding
abrupt
distractions
(Streff
and
Spradlin,
peak
orand
peak
shoulder
hours

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economies
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barrier)
increases
in
size,
the
costs
changes
to
traffic
flow
or
from
changes
to is
intermediate
anchorages
result.
Existing
legacy
systems.
The
research
would
parallel
vehicular
green
must
be
at
least
losses
revive
consumer
demand.
information
on
other
factors
that
potentially
new
approaches,
and
would
contribute
to
pedestrians,
respectively
[4].
Traffic
safety
sector
overseas?
minimizes
driving
and
extensive
parking
goods
in
a
global
supply
transportation
systems
management
that
widespread
and
that
pedestrian
attention
extreme
cross
sections
and
structures
that
assessment
of
the
efficacy
of
the
transit
the
aggregate
properties
and
ultimate
develop
new
materials
to
fill
gaps.
fixtures
involves
tradeoffs
among
safety,
distance.
Further,
systems
that
have
been
been
ideal
to
produce
long
lasting
roads,
that
work
with
main
cap
and
trade
respect
to
how
they
are
organized
and
expensive
endeavors
of
civil
about
their
effects
on
motor
vehicles,
conventional
laser
spot
systems,
mapping
management
tool
due
to
the
belief
that
is
widely
used
by
itself,
mixed
with
soils
Therefore,
there
is
an
opportunity
the
science
underlying
the
snow
and
ice
2000).
Therefore,
school
bus
crashes
can
school.
The
option
of
combining
or
eliminating
Background:
Environment
Trachoma
of
shutting
down
the
winter
highways.
escalate.
Will
this
capital
investment
the
physical
environment.
Applications
of
recommended
curvature
and
wobble
consider
the
interaction
and
impact
ofcould
nonThe
objective
of
this
proposed
research
will
equivalent
to
WALK
plus
PCI.
Obviously,
Economists
identify
road
construction
as
a ADC50, Historic and Archeolog
influence
ridership,
such
as
fare
level,
the
state
of
the
practice
through
real-world
analysis
has
traditionally
relied
on
historical
areas.
The
other
may
be
to
provide
environment.
We
are
talking
about
data
improves
vehicle
efficiency
by
reducing
affected.
Pedestrian
use
of
these
devices
are
not
truly
break-a-way
if
impacted
by
an
PPP
projects
implemented
up
to
date
pavement
performance.
Therefore,
they
Prior
toneeds
such
asignificant
monumental
change
in
the
visibility,
light
pollution
and
maintenance.
designed
with
short
distances
between
but
there
are
opportunities
to
policy)
also
may
be
pursued
to
lower
logistically,
and
have
varying
sensitivities
engineering
profession.
Do
it
Right
the
When
are
addressed
with
limited
transportation
infrastructure,
and
the
the
surface
in
two
dimensions
(i.e.
congestion
is
either
an
irreducible
part
of
and/or
as
a
component
in
cementitiously
for
Safe
Routes
to
School
program
control,
more
accurate/reliable/timely
road
supposedly
be
reduced
by
identifying
and
trips
Programmatic
Agreements
(PAs)
are

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retinopathy

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yearSelf-consolidating
concrete
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associated
with
creating
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lanes
become
The
evaluation
and
validation
of
pedestrian
simulation
include
modeling
coefficients
vary
greatly
depending
on
the AFD40, Full-Scale and Accele Environment
transportation
infrastructure
and
private
be
to:
the
walking
speed
is
the
critical
factor
in
good
way
to
create
jobs
in
the
short-term
changes
in
service
quantity
and
quality,
tests
of
the
the
applicability
of
these
collision
data.
However,
there
are
several
maximum
commuter
parking
to
support
and
data
concepts
necessary
manage
congestion.
has
a
direct
effect
on
perception-reaction
aircraft.
Do
light
fixtures,
sign
posts,
help
to
identify
future
opportunities
for
have
not
provided
methods
optimize
This
project
will
be
informed
by
the
results
pricing
structure
for
transportation
A
number
of
these
problems
could
be
stops
to
account
poor
walking
still
provide
adequate
roads
and
achieve
implementation
costs
by
compensating
for
to
pricing
materials
particularly
in
their
ability
to
First
Time
is
probably
more
applicable
to
resources,
the
basic
steps
toto
fulfilling
these
environment.
Transportation
agencies
are
providing
a
profile
curve)
may
miss
fabric
of
urban
economics
or
that
stabilized
for
subgrade,
subbase
managers
to
learn
from
leading
weather
forecasts,
and
enhanced
minimizing
the
sources
of
school
bus
driver
the
The
option
of
telecommuting
intended
to
govern
implementation
of
a
Stargardt's
disease
round
travel
on
bare
pavement
specially
proportioned
hydraulic
concrete
throwaway
work
when
the
entire
roadway
new/emerging
pavement
technologies
and
pedestrians
facilities
and
evaluating
their
source.
None
of
the
coefficients
are
based
development
on
transportation
adaption
1.
identify
the
potential
causes
of
cracking
Transit
agencies
conduct
transfer
analysis
determining
how
much
crossing
time
is
and
to
boost
economic
productivity
in
the
local
economy,
and
will
take
into
approaches
in
various
situations.
shortcomings
to
this
approach
[5]:
1.
Traffic
transits
ridership
and
revenue
goals
or
to
key
components
of
the
overall
system
and
Carbon
Content
(Fuels)

this
refers
to
time,
compliance
with
traffic
control
culverts,
etc.
significantly
reduce
the
PPPs
to
further
the
public
interest
within
aggregate
properties
at
design
stage
to AP050, Bus Transit Systems Sustainable
of
SHRP2
C01
and
SHRP2
C09.
Project
C01
services,
there
needs
to
be
extensive
avoided
or
minimized
if
the
lighting
could
conditions
may
be
able
be
redesigned
to
better
value.
The
aggregate
type
and
market
failures
when
they
exist.
pass
along
transportation
cost
increases
to
tunnel
structures
than
many
other
type
of
needs
include
identifying
the
problem,
under
increasing
pressure
to
maintain
high
important
features
due
to
the
very
thin
pricing
options
fail
to
adequately
address
and
base
layers
of
flexible
and
rigid
communities
that
are
conducting
technologies/material/systems,
which
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which
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research
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Economy
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performance.
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research
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be
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the
pavement
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service
efficiency.
quality
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absorb
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research
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facilitated
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The
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closure
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OBJECTIVE
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For
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improved
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models
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ft.
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results
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California
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mixtures
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average
wait
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timing
design.
stimulus
bill
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and
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sophisticated
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pertinent
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is
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agencies
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in
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ash
correlate
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performance
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implementation
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purpose
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this
study
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to
capacity,
increase
speeds,
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travel
cultural
resources.
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the
tools
for
planners
and
engineers
to
following
benefits:
(a)
increased
rate
ofthe
without
adequately
considering
these
traffic
loading,
materials
properties,
and
developed
(not
Helbing
1995,
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2000,
box
girder
bridges
have
shown
friction
and
cracking
in
bridge
piers
and
abutments
to
transfer,
and
then
apply
a
value-of-time
Consequently,
the
use
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normative
values
federal
money
for
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bridges,
and
report
on
the
effectiveness
of
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bridge
decks.
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long
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controls
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fuels
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alternative
fuels
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approaching
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involvement
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site
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ground
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effects
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reliability
on
the
pavements
in
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are
used
under
document.
continues
in
areas
such
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advanced
collect
naturalistic,
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cause
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toand
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effectiveness
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accommodate
the
mobility
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safety
Snow
and
ice
control
operations
allow
production
and
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fast
concrete
issues
in
current
HOT
lane
planning
environmental
effects.
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primary
Kerridge
2001,
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2004,
Teknomo
wobble
coefficients
to
be
very
small,
as
3.
recommend
strategies
to
mitigate
weight
to
calculate
a
transfer
penalty
to
has
remained
common:
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2003
Manual
tunnels
is
likely
to
flow
to
state
upgrades
as
measured
by
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specific
believed
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flexibility
had
change
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observation
period,
are
evolving
due
to
smaller
cars,
use
of
able
to
see
or
to
visualize
the
natural
gas,
propane,
electric
power
and
motor
vehicles
before
entering
the
roadway
entities
in
a
variety
of
aspectsplanning,
shape,
texture
and
angularity
can
now
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current
traffic
situations.
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robotics
MPO
staff
to
access
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use.
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final
tool
necessary
revenues
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increases
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embedding
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fibers
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lightguides
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to
impact
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usage
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service
volume
pavement
design
applications.
information
systems,
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adopting
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policies
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congestion
pricing
proposal,
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construction
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state,
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local
levels,
where
chemical
and
material
usage.
and
everyone
to
contribute
ideas,
share
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current
interpretation
methods,
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performance
of
the
highway
system.
prevailing
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conditions.
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OBJECTIVES
remote
measurements
systems
and
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Society
bus
drivers
performing
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normal
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tolled
highway
error
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focused
on
short-term
rather
needs
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low
vision
transit
users.
maintenance
agencies
to
keep
the
highway
placement;
(c)
improved
quality
of2.
the
design.
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are
other
design
and
disadvantage
of
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an
evaluation
2006,
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2006),
and
a
few
compared
to
segmental
bridges.
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cracking
in
bridge
piers
and
abutments.
estimate
an
OD
travel
matrix.
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on
Uniform
Traffic
Control
Devices
(MUTCD)
departments
of
transportation
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in
data.
no
effect
on
bridge
deck
deterioration.
further
complicating
the
analysis.
shared
vehicles
and
greater
community
measurable
relationships
between
the
hydrogen.
and
following
unpredictable
paths.
design,
build,
finance,
operation,
measured
with
automated
techniques
that
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has
progressed
tremendously
is
called
Transportation
for
Communitiesefficiency
of
the
system
would
be
optimal.
conventional
concrete,
with
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fibers
characteristics.
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guidance
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need
Various
locally
available
aggregates
or
exploring
use
of
open
architecture
or
pursued
in
conjunction
cap
and
trade.
planners
and
policy
makers
understand
the
expensive
if
not
impossible.
The
failure
of
well-developed
methodologies,
processes,
knowledge
and
experience,
post
materials
compute
either
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wavelength
spectrum
or
a
Reliability
is
also
becoming
more
widely
particular,
documented
(EPRI
2006)
timeinnovative
winter
road
surface
treatment
tasks
during
bus
routes.
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data
would
be
than
long-term
results.
Federal
and
state
system
safe,
mobile,
reliable,
and
finished
product;
(d)
reduced
labor
needs;
operation
issues
we
will
face
in
the
approach
is
extensive
time
period
commercial
software
offerings
are
available
is
needed
to
establish
credible
values
to be
there
are
few
tools
service
planners
can
designated
athe
fixed
walking
speed
(4.0
2009
and
2010.
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field
research
and
observations
Collision-based
safety
analysis
is
athe
reactive
design
sensitivity.
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system
parameters
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(Travel)
maintenancein
this
refers
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use
of
management,
and
transit
offer
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precision
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conventional
since
the
1960s
when
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first
robotics
Advancing
through
Partnerships.
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cannot
be
the
only
oriented
in
specific
directions
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light
to
account
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user
characteristics;
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use
granular
materials
can
be
used
to
replace
service
oriented
architectures
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How
would
pursuing
transportation
sector
effects
of
pricing
on
equity
issues
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roof
slabs
the
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and
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Too
often,
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selection
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snow
and
ice
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vision.
Wikipedia
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representing
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texture,
recognized
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delay
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changes
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fly
ash
mineralogy
objective
of
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research
to
describe
techniques.
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and
bicyclist
safety
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thoroughly
analyzed
to
determine
In
the
absence
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empirical
data
developed
agencies
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project
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productive.
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the
cost
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lower
noise
levels;
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pumping
transition?
How
shall
they
be
addressed?
required
to
obtain
potentially
meaningful
(Crowd
Dynamics,
VISSIM
(PTV
2004),
used
in
spliced
girder
designs.
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research
will
be
carried
out
through
a
use
to
analyze
customer
travel
that
uses
feet/second)
for
the
PCI
timing.
This
suggest
that
superstructure
flexibility
plays
approach,
which
means
that
a
significant
system
effectiveness).
all
vehicles
to
provide
transportation
A
multimodal
transportation
system
will
service
provisions
and
projects
up
to
date
methods.
In
addition
to
these
properties,
vehicles
were
able
to
move
centimeter
by
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CO9
attempts
to
determine
how
the
concerns
as
some
travelers,
particularly
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transmitted
from
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side
of
the
concrete
context;
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relative
cost,
convenience,
unsuitable
soil
or
construct
a
flexible
architecture
involves
deployment
of
loosely
specific
policies
in
conjunction
with
cap
and
to
passenger
travel.
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arguably
just
as
in
Boston,
Massachusetts
that
tragically
address
problems
with
the
highway
control
focused
solely
on
the
best
known
of
these
sites
and
provides
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mean
profile
depth
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and
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practices
for
evaluating
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Before,
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after
winter
storms,
significant
concern
for
communities
in
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sources
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designed
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studies,
angry
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into
financial
vision
ismaterials
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ais
major
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pressure,
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wear
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tear
of
results.
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itlocked
is
often
difficult,
SIMWALK).
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there
is
no
thorough
program
of
literature
review,
field
multiple
routes
or
modes
to
complete
trips
practice
has
been
less
than
effective,
For
the
highways
element
of
the
economic
an
important
role
in
bridge
deck
number
of
collisions
must
be
reported
OBJECTIVE
service.
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includes
programs
that
involve
pedestrians
and
vehicles
in
close
has
produced
overall
values
for
public
other
factors
to
consider
include
aggregate
centimeter
up
to
now
where,
thanks
mostly
consideration
of
greenhouse
gas
emissions
low
income
travelers,
may
be
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structure
to
another.
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tips
of
the
fibers
reliability
of
transit
compared
to
other
pavement
base
layer.
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graded
coupled,
modular
software
components
trade
change
the
price
of
allowances,
alter
important

if
not
more
so

for
planners
killed
a
motorist
in
July
2006
is
a
grim
network
to
serve
vehicular
traffic.
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material
cost
and
effectiveness
(effective
a
positive
lesson
on
the
value
of
an
open
be
adequate
in
applications
requiring
recurring
congestion
associated
with
environmental
parameters
of
moisture,
programs
and
develop
a
set
of
winter
maintenance
activities
allow
for
the
United
States.
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and
bicycling
bus
drivers
and
their
association
with
the
the
degree
diversion,
and
its
causes
and
commitments
that
cannot
be
met
when
variety
of
vision
impairments
and
in
the
demands
close
scrutiny.
To
minimize
the
pumps
and
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need
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cranes
to
II.
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impractical,
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expensive
to
obtain
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recognized
model
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ofand
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variables
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as
investigations,
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laboratory
testing.
in
corridor
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network.
its
use
is
increasingly
unsustainable
given
stimulus
package
to
successful,
state
deterioration.
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observations
are
before
an
action
is
taken.
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rail,
bus
and
transit
systems
and
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UPS
whiteboard
ads
represent
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discourage
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use
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vehicles
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use
proximity
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another.
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transit
providers,
transit
users,
private
point
mass
strength
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to
the
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military
programs
throughout
is, a
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RESEARCH PROBLEM STATEMENT


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research
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Many
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concerns
about
information.
Storage
includes
paper,
frictional
expectations
should
be
based
on
built
before
the
widespread
usage
of
motor
technologies
(telecommunications,
(FHWA)
Freight
Analysis
Framework
exception
expire
these
larger
gaps
consistently
yields
the
best
results
for
an
following:
crossing,
pedestrians
need
to
cooperation
involves
such
complex
The
types
and
relative
influences
of
and
recommended
corresponding
hazards
of
normal
driving;
more
binding
as
the
secular
trend
of
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
These
distances
were
adopted
by
Oregon
ramp.
This
would
include
the
point
of
view
implementation
of
innovative
public
for
these
airports
isto
more
readily
available.
will
beand
challenged
preserve
itsare
mobility.
behavior
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recipients.
traffic
has
put
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strain
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rail
systems
are
particularly
vulnerable
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transit
and
freight
vehicles
that
captive
congestion
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pollution
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concerns
magnetic,
electronic,
and
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other
media
highway
alignment,
highway
vehicles.
Cargo
hubs,
residences,
and
software,
computing,
sensing,
electronic
forecasts
that
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domestic
freight
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wheelchair
wheels
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and
airport
in
terms
of
growth
and
Current
practices
for
planning
for
simultaneously
use
signal
information
and
within
the
transportation
III.
OBJECTIVE
exogenous
variables
determining
gap
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based
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custom-made,
high-value
heavy
demand
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against
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NASs
Administrative
Rule.
of
the
pedestrian.
Sight
distance
triangle
involvement
and
facilitation
techniques.
A AHB50, Traffic Control Device Environment
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Smaller
general
aviation
airports,
including
It
has
been
widely
reported
thatof and
Sustainable
development
requirements
the
capacity
of
the
existing
infrastructure.
fare
evasion
problems
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to
the
use
the
to
the
guideway
and
use
off-line
loading
about
safety
and
security
at
port
facilities,
types.
Communications
include
sharing
features/environment,
and
traffic
commercial
areas
tended
to
locate
actuation,
etc.).
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the
volumes
and
international
freight
volumes
motorized,
motorized
mobility
scooter
sustainability.
of
real
case
studies
transferability
inUse
research
project
be
aware
of
vehicular
threats
that
system,
and
with
the
economy
as
ashould
whole,
The
purpose
of
this
project
would
be
to
acceptance
are
unknown
for
situations
criteria.
This
project
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not
intended
to
vehicles
will
be
likely
to
adopt
new
component
limits.
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FAA,
individual
Unlike
other
flows
such
as
air,
water,
and
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illustrations
and
measures
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document
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In
an
increasingly
complex
pedestrian
rural
airports
that
support
local
economies,
about
two
thirds
of
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Gross
Domestic
A
recent
Government
Accountability
Office
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also
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needs
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standardized
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projected
growth
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freight
overall
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and
unloading
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especially
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related
to
possible
terrorist
distribution
information.
characteristics.
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practices,
both
relatively
near
one
another
in
part
because
transportation
environment
has
will
increase
67
percent
and
85
percent,
wheels,
other
mobility
aids
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achanged,
walker,
would
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helpful
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providing
a
full
conceptualization
(scanning,
inhibit
crossing
at
the
onset
of
the
WALK
that
conventional
transportation
project
conduct
a
multi-step
effort
to
assess
the
such
as
lane
changing,
entering
a
priority
validate
existing
research
or
practices,
but
capabilities
in
less
time
and
with
less
states
and
communities,
the
airlines,
and
internet
packets,
traffic
flow
is
unique
in
NCHRP
Synthesis
332,
Access
Management
to
cover
the
motorist
pedestrian
line
of
experiences
of
transportation
agencies
in
environment,
where
the
pedestrian
phases
have
limited
funding
and
resources
Product
ofcontainers
the
United
States
(GDP)
is
(GAO)
report
identified
more
than
60
indicators
revealing
how
each
mode
ofthat
and
intermodal
inabroad,
particular
will
cause
other
access
control
mechanisms.
Fare
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT:
Since
the AP060, Paratransit
Sustainability
guideway,
electric
power
is
fed
to
the
usage
of
to
carry
materials
domestically
and
will
be
critically
transportation
choices
were
limited,
slowwith
increased
concerns
traffic
respectively,
between
1998
and
2020.
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cane,
crutches
or
braces)
and
in
some
understanding
of
airport
ownership.
benchmarking,
etc.)
signal.
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pedestrians
typically
have
evaluation
approaches
are
not
likely
tois
be
question
of
the
impact
of
an
aviation
road
or
passing
other
vehicles
on
ain
rural
is
intended
to
develop
a
visualization
development
cost
than
ifabout
they
were
applied
the
ultimate
consumer
air
transport
that
it
involves
driver
intelligence
the
on
Crossroads
in
the
Vicinity
of
sight
at
all
locations,
especially
the
developing
and
applying
public
may
not
be
concurrent
with
vehicular
available
to
upgrade
the
safety
and
attributable
to
consumer
spending.
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federal
programs
that
provide
funding
for
travel
can
help
in
reducing
negative
more
capacity
constraints
and
issues.
evaders
are
typically
caught
only
when
mid
to
late
1970s,
the
use
of
volunteers,
vehicles
in
real
time
as
they
move,
thus
if
deployed
could
cause
considerable
Currently,
airports
develop
Gas AV030,
(GHG) inventories
Environmental
largely
Impacts
through
Sustainability
voluntary means.One
reviewed,
documented
and
integrated
into
moving,
and
expensive.
Numerous
congestion,
serious
consideration
of
FHWA
suggests
that
this
growth,
especially
cases,
the
feet
of
pedestrians.
That
Potential
for
innovation
in
building
decreased
contrast
sensitivity
and
visual
adequate.
New
evaluation
approaches
easement
on
the
value
of
a
parcel
over
the
road.
Particularly,
the
role
ofGreenhouse
velocity
resource
that
complements
existing
to
passenger
cars;
services
have
practical
and
competitive
loop.
The
effect
of
driver
intelligence
on
Interchanges
(2004)
provided
an
beginning
of
the
cross
walk,
the
point
ofwill
participation
tools
and
strategies
in
green,
recognition
of
pedestrian
signal
security
features
at
their
facility.
Ahas
critical
reasonable
to
conclude
that
the
human
service
transportation.
Itspending
seems
impacts
(environment,
pollution,
car
transit
personnel
conduct
fare
checks;
and
particularly
volunteer
drivers,
eliminating
the
on-board
energy
storage
damage
and
loss
of
life
in
nearby
densely
guidelines
that
will
help
develop
more
probusiness
and
residences
moved
away
from
construction
Many
airport
of
programs
new
toll
require
roads
and
the
use
of
INM
AV030,
and
EDMS
Environmental
to
provide
Impacts
accurate
S
ustainability
noise
contours and emiss
in
international
trade,
is
likely
to
present
committee
recognized,
that
no
transferability
into
the
process
(systems
acuity,
reduced
peripheral
vision,
and
needed
to
simultaneously
satisfy
the
short
and
long-term
of
its
existence
differences
has
been
rarely
investigated.
informational
materials
used
to
-be
introduction
ofperiod
new
capabilities
will
constraints
on
the
commitment
of
financial
traffic
flow
is
two-fold,
i.e.
traffic
flow
exhaustive
review
of
nationwide
practice
entry.
This
helps
avoid
ahowever,
crash
and
should
planning
and
designing
the
bicycle
and
indications
is
necessary.
Safe
initiation
ofof
need
exists
togeneration
examine
low-cost
power
of
the
described
above
that
every
study
done
over
the
past
30
ownership)
and
facilitating
travel
for
all
therefore
while
many
fare
evasion
citations
become
an
increasingly
popular
strategy
to
challenge
that
has
limited
electric
vehicle
populated
areas.
Pneumatic
capsule
Cyber
systems
are
used
in
a
wide
range
active
friction
(or
skid
resistance)
policies
the
cargo
hub
as
technology
improved,
dedicated
truck
facilities,
and
newly
challenges
to
U.S.
ports
and
border
Problem
ANB10, Transportation Safet Equity
technology
exists
to
reduce
the
gap
approaches,
processes,
reduced
useful
field
of
view,
(Wilson
and
needs
ofsubstantial
the
decision
makers
in
the
and
provide
astakeholder-driven
written
that
can
communicate
the
principals
and
benefits
of
be
done
via
professional
drivers
and
resources
to
the
air
transport
system
and
influences
driver
behavior
which,
in
return,
and
provides
recommendations
for
help
improve
yield
behavior.
infrastructure.
pedestrian
crossing
at
signalized
technologies
that
can
be
used
to
increase
plays
a
contributory
role
in
the
years
has
indicated
that
there
are
few,
if of
populations
segments
(increasing
access
to
Public
agencies
face
aitdocument
similar
situation:
are
issued
each
year
is
believed
that
accommodate
the
unmet
mobility
needs
range
and
application.
This
solution
pipelines
(PCPs)
represent
an
alternative
transit
applications,
including
transit
or
programs,
define
frictional
investigatory
core
land
values
increased,
and
concentrated
attention
on
overcoming
the
gateways.
These
challenges
could
be
without
increasing
the
likelihood
of
train
In
a
nation
where
airports
are
closed
daily,
etc.)
Grayson,
PROBLEM
Age-related
STATEMENT
differences
in
the
Environment
political,
corporate,
financial
and
consumer
be
referenced
by
industry
professionals
and
II.
Research
Objectives
access
management.
The
existing
maintenance
staffs
that
will
be
better
the
services
it
provides.
Since
resources
alters
traffic
flow.
Though
advanced
research.
According
towell
this
document,
the
Pedestrian
size
is
not
accounted
for
inis AFF20, Steel Bridges
intersections
depends
on
both
knowledge
the
safety
and
security
at
general
aviation
GDP.
any,
substantive
barriers
to
coordination,
a
flexible
mode
of
travel).
Since
the
TCRP
highways
are
over
capacity,
freight
traffic
many
more
fare
evaders
succeed
in
seniors
and,
to
a
certain
extent,
other
leverages
the
trend
toward
the
that
could
help
address
concerns
about
operations,
maintenance
and
scheduling;
or
intervention
levels,
select
optimized
transportation
options
became
cheaper.
On
deployment
challenges
of
vehiclesubstantial
for
intermodal
facilities
where
Regional
planning
has
long
been
very
derailment.
Flangeway
fillers
that
are
could
there
be
a
direct
relationship
Integration
of
transferability
into
the
road
During
crossing
an
inspection
behavior
of
of
ainterval,
suspension
adult
pedestrians,
bridge
sectors.
real
estate
professionals
when
conducting
Identify
the
main
factors
for
gap
informational
materials
include,
but
are
III.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
equipped
to
deal
with
the
limitations
of
are
finite
it
behooves
the
federal
technologies
come
in
various
forms
following
areas
are
lacking
across
North
sight
distance
research.
Even
apeople.
three
foot
of
the
onset
of
the
walk
as
airport.
There
ismay
a
demonstrated
association
and
that
problems
are
allegedly
due
to
Report
108
was
published
in
2005,
some
exploding,
and
the
financial
resources
to
stealing
revenue
from
transit
systems.
Innotit AFF50, Seismic Design and PeSociety
transportation-disadvantaged
This
electrification
of
the
vehicle
platform,
and
congestion,
pollution,
safety,
and
security.
administration,
HR
functions
and
payroll;
pavement
surfaces,
and/or
define
the
other
hand,
many
businesses
remained
infrastructure
cooperative
systems.
After
freight
is
exchanged
between
modes,
for
sensitive
to
mobility
needs
for
motor
currently
available
do
not
hold
up
to
the
between
airport
ownership,
airport
selection
and
funding
process
Publication
cable,
many,
No.
if
not
TRRL-L-933,
all,
owners
Transport
request
and
an
aviation
easement
projects.
acceptance
and
their
relative
weight.
limited
to,
the
following:
There
has
been
a
great
deal
of
research
immature
systems
when
they
are
first
government
to
allocate
the
discretionary
such
as
better
information,
more
America:
II.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Environment
high
shrub
effectively
screens
the
view
indicated
by
the
pedestrian
signal
between
driving
cessation
and
athe
drop
inoftoa AFB70, Utilities
attitudes
of
state
or
local
staff
personnel
systems
have
experienced
impressive
accommodate
growth
are
limited.
Adding
addition,
transit
systems
have
inventories
is
particularly
the
case
inused
rural
areas
where
opens
the
transportation
energy
market
Such
pipelines
could
be
to
carry
transit
ITS
operations
including
Automatic
performance
specifications
for
new
in
orpossible
near
the
cargo
hub
due
to
advantages
this
hiatus,
it
makes
sense
to
re-examine
example,
at
marine
facilities
in
nations
vehicle,
transit,
and
freight
transportation.
weights
and
speeds
of
travel
common
on
sustainability
and
airport
life
expectancy?
Road
estimate
Research
of
the
Laboratory,
remaining
life
Crowthorne,
of
the
cable.
It
is
to
evaluate
some
aspects
ofthe AR010, Intercity Passenger Rai
Develop
suitable
microscopic
models.
during
the
last
few
years
on
vertical
ground
introduced;
funds
to
those
projects
which
are
most
convenient/comfortable
devices
(e.g.
There
are
a
large
number
of
utility
small
child
standing
or
wheel
chair
user
indication,
and
on
the
ability
to
Problem:
With
growing
highway
and
airport
Equity
Intrusions
to
a
small
general
aviation
consumption
by
about
half
(1).
Among
and/or
to
real
or
perceived
barriers
increases
in
terms
of
members
and
rail
provides
significant
relief
inbe
of
acapacity
wide
range
of
supplies
that
may
be
more
traditional
transit
and
paratransit
any
fuel
that
can
generate
electricity
thus
containers
from
port
facilities
toneed
less
Vehicle
Location
systems
for
buses,
and
pavements.
associated
with
clustering,
the
to
the
issues
that
are
likely
to
influence
the
leading
ports.
More
recently
pedestrian
and
bicycle
freight
systems.
That
committee
stressed
England,
At
the
present
1980),
state
all
of
of
which
knowledge,
may
affect
this
is
vehicle-infrastructure
cooperative
system
FHWA
Access
Management
Primer:
and
its
impact
on
bridges.
Most
of
-likely
automation
technologies
can
help
to
serve
the
most
potential
air
automotive
features),
and
peace
in
mind
motion
The
13
access
spacing
factors
installations
on
state
rights
of
way
(ROW).
sitting
at
a
pedestrian
ramp.
The
AASHTO
simultaneously
monitor
conflicting
congestion,
and
with
increasing
concerns
airports
property
can
come
from
both
elderly,
non-drivers
make
13
shopping
trips
attributable
statutes,
regulations,
and
available
cars
and
stations.
With
these
new
The
purpose
of
the
study
is
to
identify
the
intermodal
supply
chain
while
relieving
accessible
toto
their
employees.
A
NJ
Transit
strategies
are
cost
prohibitive.
Formalized
creating
competition
and
improving
energy
populated
inland
locations
where
the
train
control
and
signal
systems
for
trains
near
transportation
facilities
deployability
of
automated
systems
to
mobility
and
accessibility
needs
have
been
the
need
for
research
to
find
atoo
solution
to ANB10, Transportation Safet Society
III.
Objective
their
only
aspecialized
ability
guess.
to
Several
use
pedestrian
models
have
signal
been
feasibility
and
viability
by
means
of
http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/a
this
research
suggests
that
vertical
ground
reduce
the
high
operating
costs
of
transit
passengers
and
offer
the
most
value
to
(e.g.
safe
road
and
vehicle
designs),
their
presented
in
this
report
(see
chapter
three)
Accurate
locations
and
characteristics
of
standard
is
three
feet.
This
is
high
for
movement
of
vehicles
that
may
be
turning
about
energy
constraints
and
greenhouse
people
and
animals,
creating
both
safety
per
month,
while
drivers
make
30
shopping
policy
interpretations.
In
spite
of
this,
numbers,
car-sharing
organizations
are
neighborhoods
with
high
concentrations
of
the
need
for
enormous
costs
in
highway
employee
was
charged
with
stealing
more
volunteer
driver
programs
have
become
a
security
while
reducing
noise
and
air
The
purpose
of
the
study
is
to
explore
containers
could
be
stored,
inspected,
and
and
other
command
or
control
center
such
as
waterways,
and
other
reasons
that
determine
whether
these
may
be
less
of
a ANB10, Transportation Safet Society
The
increasing
importance
of
meaningfully
integrated
into
regional
this
problem.
This
problem
exists
for
both
information
proposed
to
while
estimate
simultaneously
the
remaining
life.
mathematical
analysis
and
simulation
mprimer/access_mgmt_primer.htm
motion
during
earthquakes
isfocused
not
a
lifebuses
and
heavy
trucks
as
well
as
them.
Communities
regularly
bring
effects
are
eventually
attributed
to
the
and
others
should
be
analyzed
to
many
installations
are
unknown,
making
children
and
chairs.
Only
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taper)
could
beshear
originated
from
utility
relocation
and
utility
on
lighting
placement.
innovations.
Transit
benefits
are
most
often
of
pedestrian
signals
by
pedestrians
with

Problem: An emerging public policy issue


AT030, Agricultural TransportaSustainability
that will
likely should
have significant
and
This
research
address the
numerous ADC80, Alternative TransportaSustainability
potentially
far-reaching
impacts
theand
technology
and
opportunities
The
first goal
of market
this project
is tois
study
and ADC70, Transportation EnergyEconomy
growing
interest
in
and
use
of
renewable
barriers
for
the
use
of
specialized
vehicle
understand
all
aspects
of
consumer
The purpose of this research is to follow up ADC70, Transportation EnergyEquity
and
bio-fuels.
The
goal
ofmarkets
reducing
U.S.
markets
as introductory
and
behaviorhow
they
getwork
information
on
fuel ADC50, Historic and Archeolog
on
the
NRC
committee
on CAFE
and
Problem
Environment
dependence
on
foreign
energy
sources
launching
pads
for
alternative
fuel
and
consumption,
what
they
do
with
it,
how
it
provide
analyses
of
different
alternatives
to
When
determining
the
potential
effect
a
Problem
ADB40, Transportation DemanEquity
while
promoting
domestically
produced
advanced
technology
vehicles
including
the
influences
their
purchase
decisions,
how
CAFE.
evaluation
different
alternative
projectAn
may
have
on of
an
archaeological
site,
Problem:
The
societal
costs
and
benefits
of
ANB40, Traffic Law EnforcemeSociety
renewable
fuels
such
asbeethanol
and
biofollowing.
1.
A comprehensive
identification
much
they
value
the
fuel
savings,
and
why
CAFE
structures
would
performed
indirect
effects
as
well
as
direct
impacts
The
types
of
questions
being
asked
of
red
light
cameras
have
been
minimally
PROBLEM:
The data
and
data
ABC30, Performance MeasureSustainable
diesel
have
considerable
impacts
on
and
characterization
ofsources
vehicle
market
they
do
not
value
fuel
savings
for
the
full
including,
but
not
limited
toexpanding
gallon
target.
must
be
considered.
Encapsulating
a site
travel
demand
models
are
well
evaluated.
The
issue
of
red
light
camera
collection
techniques
used
to
measure
PROBLEM:
Transportation
performance
agricultural/food
markets,
rural
segments
that
are
being
considered
as first ABC30, Performance MeasureEnvironment
useful
life
of
atraffic
vehicle.
The
project
should
An
example
is
modification
to
existing
under
fill
material
or
capping
itthe
with
beyond
mere
projections
and
transit
usage
affects
our
society
inNeed:
multiple
outputs
or
outcomes
of
the
services
or
management
is
now
a
well
established
and ADA10, Statewide MultimodalEquity
communities,
the
environment
and
Statement
of
Purpose
and
A
recent
applications
for
alternative
fuels,
advanced
provide
information
that
would
help
CAFE
structure.
concrete
can
provide
some
direct
surface
ridership.
Decision-makers
are
now
dimensions
that
include
intersection
injury
products
a
transportation
agency
provides,
accepted
best
practice
for
establishing
transportation
systems/infrastructure.
The
report
by the
US
Regional
Plan variables
Association
conventional
fuels,
and
advanced
vehicle
Description
of
Need
and
Research
researchers
assess
the
consumers
value of ABE50, Transportation Dema Sustainable
protection
but
there
are
many
concerned
about
the
technical
assessment
crash
impacts,
jurisprudence
implications,
typically
include
snow
plowing,
highway
accountability
and
driving
results
in
benefits
and
success
of
these
renewable
predicts
that
most
of
the
nations
technologies.
This
should
include
the
Objectives
fuel
savings.
It
should
also
include
an
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
ABC30, Performance MeasureEquity

Fuel
economy-based
systems,
where
that
may
indirectly
affect
archaeological
of
the
effectiveness
ofSTATEMENT
pricing
techniques,
privacy
impacts,
financial
impacts,
and
and
bridge
reconstruction
contracts,
etc.
transportation
agencies.
Holistic
fuels
in
the
marketplace
depends
on
a long ADA10, Statewide MultimodalEquity
population
growth
and
economic
expansion
number
and
type
of
vehicle
sales;
quantity
assessment
of
how
much
energy
security
each
manufacturer
gets
a
fleet-average
Statement
of
Purpose
and
Need:
Recent
deposits
from
construction
and
use
of
the
transit-oriented
development,
greenhouse
stress
issues
driver
safety
There
are
likely
other
or
less
traditional
approaches
toincluding
performance
management
list
of per
dynamic
uncertainties
that
can
between
now
and
the
year
2050
will
take
of
fuel
consumed;
costs;
the
type
and
level
A
growing
number
of
communities
are
concerns
might
affect
consumer
decisions.
Highway
Traffic
congestion
will
likely
miles
Attribute-based
standards,
such
requirements
within
SAFETEA-LU,
plus
the ABC30, Performance MeasureEnvironment
finished
transportation
structure.
PROBLEM:
There
is
no
consensus
on
how
gas
consequences,
peak
spreading,
and
concerns.
Little
available
research
has
uses
that
have
not
been
considered.
There
require
that
performance
measures
and
dramatically
alter
economic
viability
and
place
in
10
emerging
mega-regions.
As
of
subsidy;
suitability
of
vehicle
and
fuel
incorporating
TDM
applications
in
regional
The
second
goal
is
to
assess
ways
to
become
worse
in
the
future
as
demand
for ABC20, Management and Produ
as
weight,
size,
and
class.
increased
emphasis
by
federal
and
state
risk
management
should
be measured
integrated
into
detailed
equity
and
environmental
justice
PROBLEM:
Private
toll
roads,
the
leasing
Equity
focused
on
a
holistic
approach
to
the
may
even
be
some
that
are
by
considerations
be
integrated
into
all
long-term
sustainability,
including
metropolitan
areas
grapple
with
this
characteristics
to
specialized
market;
and
long-range
transportation
and
land-use
increase
public
awareness
of
the
link
highway
facilities
increases
and
supply
(or
The
goal
is
to
provide
comprehensive
officials
on
transportation
security,
result
in
In
evaluating
effects,
construction
methods
performance
metrics.
Yet
risk
management
analyses.
of
publicincluding
assets
tolocal
private
corporations,
evaluation
of automated
traffic
devices.
Problem:
Bicyclists
report
they
are
others,
planning,
health,
functions
from
policy
development
and
transportation
efficiency
(both
into
out ANF20, Bicycle TransportationEnvironment
increased
population
and
compete
for
the
distinction
between
light-,
medium-,
and
planning
processes.
This
is
due
in
part
to
between
fuel
consumption
and
global
capacity)
remains
stagnant.
Peak
time
analyses
that
could
be
used
to
explain
each
the
need
to
reach
out
to
a
broader
set
of
and
equipment
are
key
components.
is
an
increasingly
popular
way
to
better
privatized
bus
services
funded
by
public
This
has
led
to
analyses
focusing
on
a
harassed
by
motorists
when
bicycling
on
economic,
etc.
The
use
of
other
or
less
Problem
ABE25, Congestion Pricing
Equity
long
range
planning
to
programming
and
of
processing
facilities).
Investment
in
means
toStatement:
pay
for
the
infrastructure
heavy-duty
applications.
the
growing
emphasis
on
Smart
Growth,
warming.
Different
strategies
should
be
spreading,
loss
of
productivity
during
alternative;
that
is,
how
the
concept
works
stakeholders
in
the
Statewide
Planning
Excavators,
cranes,
graders,
etc.,
can
identify,
assess,
prioritize,
and
The
activity-based
modeling
approach
hasis ABC10, Strategic ManagemenEconomic
funds,
contractor
leasing
arrangements,
single
affect
or
dimension.
The
outcome
the
roadways.
Motorists
often
believe
that
traditional
performance
measures
may
The
current
system
of
funding
our
roads
budgeting,
program
and
project
delivery,
ethanol
processing
plants
throughout
the
PROBLEM:
Most
transportation
agencies
required
to
meet
increased
demand,
new
sustainable
development,
and
other
assessed,
including,
but
not
limited
to,the
congested
periods
and
underutilization
of
and
the
impact
onentitled
cost,
manufacturer
process.
Statewide
Plans
can
provide
weigh
80-100
metric
tons.
Effects
from
communicate
future
risks,
and
make
emerged
as
a
potentially
more
suitable
tool
and
on
and
on.
All
are
either
being
that
the
law
enforcement
community
and
bicyclists
are
not
to
use
roadways
result
in
benefits
to
sustainable
and
highways
does
not
provide
sufficient
system
operations,
maintenance
and
Midwest
U.S.
has
already
increased
farmhave
strategic
plans
in
place.
Some
use
Development
partnerships
and
a
greater
level
of
2.
An
assessment
of
manufacturer
Task
1:
Model
Assessment
and
Data
Needs
ABJ40, Travel Survey MethodsEconomy
planning
practices
that
strive
to
integrate
consumer
education
campaigns,
existing
capacity
during
off
peak
periods
flexibility,
fuel
consumption
reduction,
primary
means
to
define,
describe
and
vibration,
compaction
or
destabilization
of
decisions
to
maximize
opportunities
and
for
answering
these
types
of
questions
than
discussed
or
being
put
in
place
in
states
policymakers
are
provided
with
a
series
of
or
that
roadways
that
bicyclists
are
legally
transportation,
the
environment,
quality
of
capacity
or
quality
of
service
for
all
who
monitoring
and
reporting
results.
In
gate
corn
prices
and
land
allocated
tosell,
corn AT040, Transportation of HazaEconomy
these
plans
as
their
overarching
guideline
collaboration
will
be
required
balance
willingness
to
develop,
manufacture,
of
ABTB:
trip
reduction
strategies
into
ato
advertising,
social
marketing,
and
outreach
Description
of
the
Need
are
some
of
the
current
system
safety,
and
inequities
between
document
such
outreach
efforts
and
subsurface
soils
from
excavation
are
minimize
threats.
Performance
the
traditional
trip-based
approach.
When
across
the
nation.
But
how
does
one
research
outcomes
that
can
contradict
and
entitled
to
use
should
not
open
to
bicyclist
life,
and
social
equity.
There
may
be
want
to
use
them,
and
traffic
congestion
addition,
holistic
approaches
need
to
reflect
production
as
grain
producers
respond
to
for
business
operations
while
some
do
not
transportation
goals
outlined
at
both
and
service
various
alternative
fuels
and
comprehensive
vision
of
regional
to
schoolteachers
and
administrators.
In
all
50 representation
states
and
U.S.
territories,
the
flow
management
challenges.
Transportation
manufacturers.
To
help
illustrate
the
Description
ofThe
the
Need
provide
of
a
cross-section
of AT040, Transportation of HazaEnvironment
possible.
Vibrations
from
pile
driving
measurement
is
a
vital
management
tool
assessing
the
relative
merits
of
these
two
evaluate
The
Deal
to
ascertain
if
it
is
fair
misinform
the
impact
of
this
law
usage.
Share
Roadway
signs
have
been
creative
uses
that
are
not
widely
known
or
has
grown
to
such
an
extent
that
building
all
the
key
performance
areas
of
concern
market
prices,
leading
to
increased
cost
of
use
them
at
all.
What
are
the
factors
that
regional
and
state
levels.
Traditional
advanced
vehicle
technologies
to
a
niche
There
is
considerable
discussion
on
the
community
mobility
and
accessibility.
Similar
cases,
such
as
the
increasing
public
of
commerce
includes
movement
of
authorities
and
organizations
around
the
various
impacts,
the
analyses
should
Emergency
responders
have
long
stressed
organizations
and
agencies
that
have
not
PROBLEM:
Communicating
to
funding
construction
shoring
or
bridge
footings
can
that
must
include
the
predictable
results
of ABC10, Strategic ManagemenSociety
types
ofthe
modeling
approaches,
one
must
in
both
short
and
long-term,
especially
enforcement
tool.
installed
by
many
jurisdictions
in
an
may
not
have
been
considered,
and
new
roads
by
itself
will
not
solve
the
including
system
and
facility
conditions,
production
for
livestock/meat
producers
make
the
strategic
planning
effort
system
responsibility,
programming
market
over
an
extended
period
of
time.
inadequacies
of
the
four-step
trip-based
concern
with
criteria
air
pollutants,
should
flammable,
explosive,
caustic,
and
country
and
abroad
have
explored
and
include
likely
manufacturer
response.
the
importance
of
having
access
to
real
traditionally
been
considered.
In
this
decision-makers
why
it
is
critical/important
exceed
forces
created
by
earthquakes,
decisions
in
the
design,
construction
and
PROBLEM:
Governing
by
Network
isof
an
Sustainable
make
the
assessment
based
on
not
only
to
the
public?
Is
there
one
aexpectations
set
attempt
toand
reduce
conflicts
between
therefore
unlikely
to
be
implemented.
problem.
Recent
research
has
shown
thatas ABC20, Management and Produ
congestion
and
mobility,
safety,
cost
who
utilize
corn/soybean
asor
inputs
and
worthwhile?
How
can
transportation
authority
service
delivery
What
factors
change
the
willingness
to
modeling
process.
At
present
nearly
all
Research
in
this
topic
area
would
identify
be
evaluated
and
assessed
for
relevant
biological
materials
that
pose
fundamental
applied
capacity
improvement
strategies
time
or
near
real
time
hazardous
materials
context
of
increased
attention
and
concern
to
increase
transportation
allocations
has
which
may
cause
liquefaction.
Liquefaction
operation
of
transportation
facilities
while
emerging
model
of
how
state
DOTs
and
how
well
the
models
replicate
observed
models
that
DOTs
or
the
public
sector
can ABC20, Management and Produ
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Equity
Costs
of
red
light
camera
enforcement
bicyclists
and
motorists
although
use
of
OBJECTIVE:
To
identify
and
use
existing
the
public
and
key
transportation
effectiveness
as
well
as
harder
to
measure
decreased
economic
viability
for
agencies
better
use
their
strategic
planning
will
need
to
be
revisited
in
light
ofethanol
this
sustain
presence
in
the
niche
market?
urban
areas
use
this
approach,
in
one
form
TDM
strategies
and
are
compatible
and
lessons.
risks
to
the
public
if
they
are
accidentally
or
well
as
several
Transportation
Demand
A
market-based
system,
such
as
identification
information
for
responding
to
about
the
security
ofof
the
nations
not
been
easy
to
do.
In
the
past,
long
occurs
because
of
changes
in
pore
pressure
accounting
for
possible
unintended
other
transportation
providers
are
travel
conditions,
but
also
the
models
use
to
assess
the
equity
for
those
involved?
The
Intermodal
Transportation
Efficiency
include
direct
costs
implementation,
these
signs
is
generally
viewed
as
a
Problem
ADC50,
Historic
and
Archeolog
Society
data
sources
to
support
the
innovative
use
stakeholders
do
not
have
apolitical
sense
of
the in
areas
such
as
environmental
factors.
plants
that
developed
process
and
product
to
improve
business
shifting
demographic
and
or
another
and
alternative
methods
are
complementary
to
long-range
planning,
A
variety
ofservices
research
tools
should
be
deliberately
released.
At
the
same
time,
Management
and
Transportation
System
continuously
variable
manufacturer
hazmat
transportation
incidents.
This
need
transportation
systems,
it
is
now
more
standing
relationships
with
politicians
who
and
reduced
effective
stress
between
solid
consequences
of
those
decisions.
delivering
and
programs
once
sensitivity
to
different
demand
Or
are
the
variables
too
complex
and
Act
(ISTEA)
of
1991
authorized
potential
negative
reactions
from
the
public
stopgap
measure
at
best.
This
hostile
of
other
or less
traditional
performance
comparative
costs
benefits
various
This
research
would
focus
on
defining
sustain
production/processing
expectations
with
operations
and
deliver
better
services
to
landscape.
3.
As
assessment
ofand
fuel
provider
experimental
stage,
such
asof
activityreasonable
goals
established
for
TDM,
and
considered
for
each
goal,
including
focus
the
continuous
flow
of
these
hazardous
Management
methods
in
an
effort
to
incentives
(feebates).

Tradable
credits
to AFB50T, Task Force on ContexSustainability
also
includes
the
desire
to
have
definitive
important
to
engage
organizations
at
have
been
engaged
in
transportation
have
particles
generated
by
the
presence
of
exclusively
furnished
by
government.
At
management
policies
and
strategies.
Yet,
different
that
prevent
this
approach?
As
establishment
of
a
National
Highway
due
to
privacy
issues,
indirect
costs
related
environment
can
deter
bicycling
on
Historic
Preservation
professionals
and
measures
by
researchers,
designers
and
solutions
to
traffic
congestion,
particularly
While
some
lower
input
prices.
This
is
particularly
their
customers?
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Environment
willingness
to
establish
and
maintain
aofwith
fuel
based
and
tour-based
models,
with
a of
few
planning
techniques
and
tools
that
groups,
surveys,
and
experimental
materials
is
essential
to
the
strategic
mitigate
the
negative
consequences
determine
their
impact
with
fuel
economymaterial
identification
information,
e.g.,
the ANF10, Pedestrians
multiple
governmental
levels
that
deal
been
relied
on
to
sway
decisions
towards
liquid.
Itand
is
often
caused
by
severe
shaking,
OBJECTIVE:
To
identify
from
the
body
the
Chicago
Summer
TRB
meeting,
William
policy
sensitivities
of
activity-based
PPPs
evolve,
can
we
expect
more
critical
System
(NHS)
to
meet
defense
to
collection
of
fines,
and
other
issues
roadways.
owners
residents
in
historic
buildings
practitioners.
congestion
pricing.
Therefore,
it
would
be
research
has
been
done
on
environmental
complicated
when
considering
thebest
net
OBJECTIVE:
Determine
the
key
Research
is
needed
toand
document
More
research
is
needed
to
better
infrastructure
and
distribute,
and
ones
being
and
applied.
Problem:
Many
pedestrian
injuries
and
Environment
successfully
integrate
TDM
measures
into
economics.
functions
ofimplemented
the
national
current
and
future
congestion
levels.
What
based
systems
and
attribute
based
not
specific
chemical
name
ofeconomy
a
material
that
emergency
response
management,
law
transportation.
In
aproduce,
political
system
that
isis ANF10, Pedestrians
and
can
cause
sediments
to
mix;
much
like
available
research
how
risk
management
Eggers,
who
along
with
former
Mayor
of
models
have
not
been
fully
vetted.
This
assessment
and
realistic
representations?
requirements,
serve
interstate
and
reveled
through
analysis
of
existing
often
express
concern
about
the
potential
valuable
to
research,
design,
develop
and
performance
measures,
environmental
energy
use/utilization
and
air
pollution
components
of
strategic
plans.
Identify
practices
of
transit
agencies
and
local
understand
how
Statewide
Transportation
sell
various
fuels
to
these
markets.
What
Given
the
emergence
of
activity-based
and
fatalities
occur
at
midblock
locations
with
planning
approaches
and
documents.
national
defense.
Risks
to
public
health
and AFB50T, Task Force on ContexSustainable
This
research
would
focus
on
identifying
has
been
realized
inof
many
areas
issecurity,
thatand
consider
taxes
or
other
mechanisms
more
descriptive
than
typical
shipping
enforcement,
international
border
constantly
changing
with
new
players
a
liquid.
There
may
also
be
long
term
techniques
and
methods
have
been
Indianapolis
Steven
Goldsmith
co-authored
research
will
evaluate
the
relative
What
do
we
need
to
do
to
improve
our
interregional
travel,
and
provide
an
research.
Benefits
red
light
camera
Objectives:
This
research
project
would:
1)
damage
caused
by
vibration
from
pilot
test
aneed
national
public
education
and
management
systems
and
particular
aspects
for
ethanol
when
compared
with
where
strategic
transportation
agencies
coordinating
to
Plans
will
to
incorporate
regional
factors
change
the
willingness
to
sustain
tour-based
models,
surveys
(whether
and
without
crosswalks.
Additionally,
the
research
would
highlight
safety
are
managed,
minimized,
and
the
tangible
benefits
of
community
significant
capacity
expansion
directed
primarily
at
consumers
instead
of
names
such
as
flammable
liquids,
n.o.s.
III.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
ANF10, Pedestrians
Environment
ports
of
entry
for
foreign
cargo,
and
more.
in
a
hyper
media
society,
the
need
to
effects
from
vibration
and
compaction
integrated
into
performance
measures.
a
book
of
the
same
name,
presented
the
effectiveness
of
tripand
activity-based
assessment
and
approaches
on
this
interconnected
system
of
principal
arterial
enforcement
may
include
reductions
in
Survey
members
of
the
public
regarding
transportation
construction
activities.
outreach
initiative
on
congestion
pricing
environmental
impact
areas
(air
quality,
fossil
fuels,
including
all
production,
plans
have
made
a
significant
positive
improve
the
safety
and
convenience
of
priorities
and
perspectives,
while
still
presence
in
their
market?4.
The
capacity
of
household
travel
surveys,
transit
on-board
effective
characteristics
of
TDM
elements
mitigated
by
systems
for
handling
and
involvement
as
part
of
project
delivery
opportunities
are
limited
due
to
manufacturers
should
include
the
economic
One
promising
step
toward
realizing
these
Pedestrian
crashes
near
elementary
and
Many
of
agencies
and
organizations
communicate
transportation
funding
needs
caused
by
use
of
the
transportation
facility
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
ANF10, Pedestrians
Sustainable
Specifically
recommendations
and
topic
to
athese
full
house
of
models
at
answering
these
policy
emerging
topic?
routes
to
serve
major
population
centers,
property
damage
costs,
human
costs
due
their
perceptions
on
bicycling
on
roadways;
Expressing
their
concerns
before
the
that
attempts
to
highlight
the
full
spectrum
noise,
wetlands,
etc.),
aconference
comprehensive
transportation,
processing,
distribution
and
impact
on
business
operations.
Look
pedestrian
access
to
transit.
In
particular,
considering
geographic
equity,
system
specialized
markets
to
absorb
one
or
more
surveys,
etc)
must
be
designed
in
ways
Objective:
Use
case
study
analysis
and/or
included
in
long-range
and
land
use
plans.
moving
hazardous
materials
with
highly
including
responsibility
and
ownership
in
environmental,
right
of
way
and
financial
efficiency
of
the
system,
equity
(or
goals
would
be
the
availability
of
electronic
middle
schools
are
a
particular
concern
for
have
little
or
no
history
of
working
with
clearly
and
simply
so
that
everyone
can
over
time.
Pedestrians
and
large
commercial
vehicles
improvements
to
evaluate
transportation
attendees.
The
prototype,
which
is
still
questions.
Results
ofbenefits
NCHRP
synthesis
on
CSS
and
international
border
crossings,
ports,
to
injuries
or
deaths,
reductions
in
stress
2)
determine
the
reasons
why
persons
who AFB50T, Task Force on ContexSustainable
beginning
of
a
project
they
may
request
of
costs,
and
impacts.
The
first
framework
and
approach
has
not
yet
been
passenger
vehicle
consumption.
specifically
for
cases
where
funding
was
case
studies
should
document
how
connectivity,
and
other
system
wide
goals
new
fuels
and
vehicle
technologies
that
meet
the
needs
of
such
efforts,
and
regression
analysis
identify
design
developed
safety
and
accountability
CSS
processes
and
outcomes.
The
benefits
constraints,
thus
maximizing
existing
and
fairness),
and
potential
for
shipping
papers
or
electronic
manifests.
communities
across
the
nation
that
want
to
state
DOTs
in
long-range
system
planning
understand
the
message
isgaming
critical.
(buses,
tractor-semitrailers,
tractor-double
facility
design,
construction
and
operation.
emerging
and
being
shaped
is
becoming
multi-disciplinary
teams
revealed
a
need
OBJECTIVE:
Purpose
of
this
project
is
to
airports,
public
transportation
facilities,
and
associated
with
driver
safety
concerns,
and
Transportation
investments
are
becoming
believe
bicyclists
do
not
belong
on
the
costly
monitoring;
expressed
during
step
inmost
such
an
effort
would
be
abasis.
review
of ADD10, Transportation and E Environment
fully
developed
for
integrating
increased
due
to
strategic
planning.
Select
agencies
have
cooperated
to
address
and
objectives.
Conflicts
will
arise
between
simultaneously
on
a
sustainable
would
likely
be
designed
differently,
characteristics
of
midblock
locations
that
features.
The
excellent
record
of
safety
in
include
increased
occurrences
of
underused
capacity
has
become
(loopholes).
With
the
evolving
wireless
communication
provide
safe
conditions
for
walking
and
and
prioritizing
processes.
OBJECTIVE:
Identify
successful
ways
for
An
alternative
method
to
mitigate
adverse
trailers,
and
tractor-triple
trailers)
routinely
more
used
inand
how
the
public
sector
and
Objective
for
establishing
guidelines
for
the
address
these
questions:
other
major
travel
destinations.
The
issues
revealed
through
analysis
increasingly
complex.
Decision
makers
roadway
feel
that
way;
3)capacity
determine
if ofis ADD10, Transportation and E Economy
construction
their
concerns
are
usually
One
important
area
of
research
is
to
state,
local,
regional
efforts
that
have
environmental
factors
into
performance
The
movement
toward
alternative
fuels
key
three
priority
business
areas
(i.e.,
challenging
mid-block
pedestrian
crossings.
the
need
to
protect
long-distance
mobility
What
factors
change
the
of
fleets
compared
to
surveys
used
for
trip-based
result
in
an
increase
in
crashes
and
injuries.
these
systems
is
largely
due
tocould
the
financial
partnering,
improved
public
paramount.
technology
today,
responders
query
cycling
to
school.
A
recent
national
study
quantifying
and
articulating
the
effects
from
transportation
projects,
other
interact
in
the
urban
road
network.
The
state
DOTs
provide
services.
The
Governing
development
of
multi-disciplinary
teams
existing
How
prevalent
are
public-private
provision
of
an
interconnected
system
was ADD10, Transportation and E Economic
research.
Revenue
generation
must
take
into
account
a
wider
range
of
bikeway
designation
of
roadways
impacts
more
passionate
and
the
sought-after
explore
the
economic
development
been
undertaken.
management
programs.
Specific
issues
Efforts
to
evaluate
the
economic
occurring
at
amid-block
time
when
agriculture
safety,
preservation,
economic
When
agencies
do
not
coordinate,
transit
versus
reliable
access
to
regional
and
local
or
consumers
in
these
markets
to
create
models.
This
task
shall
highlight
such
A
sample
of
pedestrian
crashes
diligence
of
shippers
and
receivers
working
relations,
expedited
project
schedules,
shipment
databases
and
access
shipmentestimated
that,
from
1991
to
1999,
more
More
research
is
required
to
ascertain
benefits/costs
of
making
and
deferring
than
archaeological
data
recovery,
which
increased
demand
for
freight
transportation
by
Network
model
uses
third
party
This
research
item
will
be
geared
toward
including
who
needs
to
be
a
part
of
these
partnerships
in
state
DOTs?
How
do
we
to
include
principal
arterials
and
other
from
red
light
camera
enforcement
iscostly.
factors.
These
factors
include
the
effects
of AFD20, Pavement Monitoring,Development
motorists
perceptions
of
bicyclists
remedies
more
time
consuming
and
consequences
of
productivity-enhancing
include
the
appropriate
environmental
development
consequences
of
producers
are
increasingly
reliant
on
development,
environmental
protection,
stops
may
be
placed
in
locations
that
cause
activity
centers
located
near
critical
Problem
Environment
demand?
How
does
differences.
(taken
from
police
reports)
should
be
closely
with
federal,
state,
and
local
sustainable
transportation
solutions,
etc.
One
of
the
lesser
used
tools
in
the
specific
material
information
in
near-real
than
1,190
children
aged
5-13
were
killed
strategic
approaches
and
methodologies
transportation
investments.
Use
case
can
be
costly,
is
the
controlled
burial
of
coupled
with
the
desire
to
make
urban
providers,
including
the
private
sector,
comparing
sensitivities
of
trip
and
activityteams,
how
these
teams
should
operate,
know
this
and
where
and
what
are
the
highways
providing
connections
to
major
considered
as
a
separate
issue
that
might
transportation
systems
as
a
stimulant
of
entitlement
to
use
the
roadway;
4)
provide
innovations
that
are
being
introduced
into
This
research
effort
would
provide
a
measures
to
include
in
such
a
program
and
investments
frequently
multimodal
freight
transportation
land
use,
etc.)
and
determine
strategies
pedestrians
to
cross
the
street
at
transportation
facilities.
New
protocols
In
the
development
and
introduction
of
competition
within
these
markets
affect
analyzed.
Factors
that
should
be
included
The
U.S.
transportation
system
carries
regulatory
and
enforcement
agencies.
This
research
is
closely
related
to
congestion
management
tool
box
is
tolling
time.
Such
a
system
would
be
a
reasonable
and
more
than
103,000
children
inthe
this
age ABJ40, Travel Survey MethodsEconomy
for
structuring
and
soliciting
input
from
studies
as
well
as
develop
new
techniques
significant
sites
under
highway
fill
or
areas
more
walkable
and
have
NGOs
and
other
organizations
less
based
models
to
the
following
key
what
methods
of
engagement
are
most
sources
for
this
information?
intermodal
terminals,
including
airports.
be
considered
either
a
cost
or
benefit,
growth
and
as
a
cost
of
growth.
They
also
other
recommendations
tosustainable,
increase
Objectives
and
Benefits
existing
transport
systems.
A
framework
synthesis
of
efforts
undertaken
nationally
the
appropriate
approach
and
level
of
come
up
against
a
glaring
gap
-the
lack
of ABJ40, Travel Survey MethodsEquity
efficiencies
to
access
and
compete
in
that
have
helped
agencies
achieve
challenging
mid-block
locations,
and
midmay
be
required
to
engage
multiple
MPOs,
technological
advances
in
pavement
this
capacity?
5.
H
Task
2:
Data
Collection
and
Survey
Needs
in
the
analysis
include
traffic
volume,
merchandise
imports
valued
at
well
over
$1
current
NCHRP
15-32,
Quantification
of
the
and
congestion
pricing
of
existing
and
new
Problem
Statement
alternative
to
higher-cost
satellite
tracking
group
suffered
injuries
(not
involving
school
these
new
partner
agencies.
The
research
for
both
the
quantification
and
the
encapsulation
under
asphalt
or
cement.
resulted
in
high
expectations
for
engineers
commonly
associated
with
federal
and
sensitivity
areas:
useful
for
team
effectiveness,
and
how
depending
What
indicators
are
used
to
measure
With
passage
of
the
National
Highway
on
ones
perspective.
include
the
effects
on
the
environment
and
motorist
acceptance
of
on-road
bicycling.
should
be
provided
and
benchmarks
should
and
internationally
by
both
successful
and
detail
for
considering
environmental
information
on
the
flows
of
goods
and
global
markets
appropriate
investment
strategic
goals
and
objectives.
In
block
crossings
near
transit
may
not
be
local
transportation
agencies,
and
the
state
management,
pavement
design,
and
other
of
ABTB:
pedestrian
volume,
the
number
of
travel
trillion.
But
what
happens
these
imports
PHMSA
promulgates
and
enforces
Benefits
ofpedestrians
CSS
and
the
results
this
infrastructure.
However,
there
isof
a
growing,
While
a
number
of
efforts
to
integrate
and
communication
technology.
However,
buses)
as
or
bicyclists
during
should
define
how
their
input
can
be
communication.
Provide
information
on
Problem
Statement
Some
literature
exists
on
vibration
impacts
other
transportation
professionals
tothe ADD30, Transportation and L Environment
state
government.
should
the
teams
performance
including
success
to
provide
evidence
that
PPPs
are
System
Designation
Act
of
1995,
the
US
on
the
quality
of
life
within
the
area
served
This
synthesis
will
provide
transportation
be
established
for
understanding
the
broad
unsuccessful
pricing
projects
to
highlight
performance
factors
at
various
stages
of
people.
This
is
most
common
in
urban
in
rural
road
and
transportation
implementing
strategic
plans,
what
were
equipped
with
adequate
infrastructure
DOT
in
effective
planning
at
this
megatransportation
management
tools,
the
most
6.
An
assessment
of
the
potential
for
lanes,
travel
speed,
traffic,
crosswalk
once
they
enter
the
United
States?
Current
regulations
for
the
safe
transportation
of
research
would
help
focus
the
research
for
national
momentum
within
government
freight
issues
into
transportation
planning
widespread
availability
of
electronic
bills
of
school
travel
hours[1].
In
a
2004
CDC
incorporated
in
the
formation
of
Statewide
use
of
marketing
approaches
to
proactively
Increasingly,
changes
in
neighborhood
and
to
the
built
environment;
however,
not
provide
efficient,
effective,
and
safe
Problem
Statement
Price
sensitivity,
such
as
in
tolling
or
satisfaction
ofdevelopment,
team
members
be
bringing
awith
more
competitive
market
Congress
developed
specific
criteria
for
Objective:
The
study
should
utilize
a
policy
by
the
transportation
system.
In
some
agencies
necessary
background
and
economic
consequences
of
these
best
practices
and
lessons
learned
about
the
planning,
delivery
and
studies,
though
data
on
region-wide
freight
infrastructure
maintenance
is
critical.
As
ain ADD30, Transportation and L Environment
successful
ways
to
get
agency
staff
(e.g.,
median
crossing
islands,
pedestrian
regional
scale.
Guidance
on
the
type
of
often
neglected
impediment
to
various
specialized
markets
to
serve
as
Data
collection
efforts
must
be
coordinated
presence,
warning
signs,
driveways/curb
(or
currently
accessible)
data
sources
do
hazardous
materials.
The
regulations
are
this
project.
transportation
entities
to
explore
that
at
the
urban
level
have
been
made
over
lading
would
require
substantial
changes
nationwide
survey
of
parents,
traffic-related
goals
and
objectives,
setting
of
priorities,
recast
the
publics
perception
of
the
commercial
area
design
are
being
proposed
regarding
the
archaeological
record
in
a
transportation
systems
to
accommodate
OBJECTIVE:
So
what
does
this
mean
to
One
ofmessages
the
most
powerful
factors
congestion-pricing
applications
measured.
The
NCHRP
project
8-68
may
discipline
to
these
programs
and
services,
identifying
connector
roads
serving
various
Problem
Statement
ADD30, Transportation and L Sustainable
analysis
format
to
compare
a
status
quo
cases,
the
ability
to
locate
athat
transportation
guidance
for
the
evaluation
of
the
potential
innovations.
To
be
assured
research
public
and
communications
operation.
movements
is
also
commonly
deficient.
result,
many
research
questions
arise
engaged
in
the
implementation
and
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research
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available
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port
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iftons
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going
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research
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protect
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health.
transportation
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preservation
are
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study
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lines
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portions
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engineering
solutions
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model
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example,
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time
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World
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transportation
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states
of
California
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11th
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Katrina
necessary
functions
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all
spectrums
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available
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practical
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marine
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traffic
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rate
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growth
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turn
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activity
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aprotection
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DESCRIPTION
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construction
activities
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and
processes
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an
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integrate
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shared
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private
sectors.
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of
critical
way
out
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congestion.
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person
travel.
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rate
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ports.
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quality
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roadway
person
travel.
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growth
equipment
goods,
manufactured
products,
service
of
its
roadways
from
a multimodal
has
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their
transit
on
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wharf
construction)
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research
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treatment
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private
sector,
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public.
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demand
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capacity
particularly
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volume
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hydrocarbons
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chemicals.
perspective.
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Transportation
Equity
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particularly
from
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standpoint
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basis
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increasingly
complex
goals.
and
federal
fish
and
wildlife
agencies
under
measures
for
management
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operations
technology
and
science
improve.
operations
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the
heavy
duty,
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bus.
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catastrophes
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agencies
conduct
aexpectations
transfer
the
overall
national
security.
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research
coordination
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land
use
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transportation,
dominated
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and
local
streets.
number
of
factors
including
the
shift
of
for
the
21st
Century
(TEA-21)
calls
for
the
establishing
an
agreed
public
policy.
agencies
are
implementing
alternative
their
respective
endangered
species
laws
planning
of
public
transit.
Transit
operators
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regulatory
agencies
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entire
operational,
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and
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better
prepared
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not
repeat
past
analysis,
either
electronically
with
new
fare
is
designed
to
develop
infrastructure
Description
of
the
Need.
Land
use
and
AT025, Urban Freight TransporEnvironment
and
providing
choices
to
travelers
for
using
Depending
on
context,
a and
large
truck
many
freight
items
from
rail
other
With
increased
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trade
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of
transit,
pedestrian
and
Indeed,
there
isthe
no
consensus
on
who
fuels
to
help
their
cities
meet
clean
air
determined
that
adverse
impacts
to
have
applied
this
research
and
now
newer
more
stringent
standards
requiring
grant
structure
has
been
built
around
this
mistakes.
collection
technologies,
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manually
by
protection
training
standards
and
their
zoning
decisions
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on
the
alternate
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are
major
themes
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people
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can
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equivalent
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several
cars
modes
to
truck
and
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changes
in
the
increased
concern
from
communities
bicycle
projects
into
the
planning,
design
should
be
involved
in
policy-making
and
mandates.
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are
instituting
new
fishery
and
wildlife
species
do
not
likely
routinely
measure
a
broad
range
of
replacement
equipment.
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and
bus,
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the
point
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the
40-foot
bus
collecting
transfer
slips
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associated
training
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exercise
efficiency
and
movement
of
urban
goods
21.
walking
to
activities.
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practices
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worth
roadway
capacity
due
to
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Research
Problem
Statement:
Public
ADA40, Transportation Needs Sustainable
o
economy
and
business
practices
such
as
surrounding
port
complexes
regarding
and
operation
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the
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transportation
planning,
letstandard
alone
agreement
on
who
transit
routes
to
environmental
occur
or
are
below
a
minimum
threshold
performance,
from
service
effectiveness
shippers
may
be
mandated
to
use
this
defines
the
for
allability
buses.
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is
the
Within
transportation,
the
to
into
aseparated
From/To
matrix.
This
information
is
implementation
strategies.
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standards
within
an
urban
area
by
determining
the
have
uses
make
it
difficult
to
physical
size,
the
acceleration,
turning
transportation
patrons
typically
use
transit
just-in-time
deliveries
of
inventory
items
ambient
air
quality
and
potential
health
RESEARCH
NEED:
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general
consensus
ABJ95,
Visualization
in
Transp
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system.
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for
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justice
concerns.
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others
are
being
told
during
these
seasonal
periods.
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(e.g.,
load
factor),
efficiency
(e.g.,
cost
per
technology,
but
there
is
frequently
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lag
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12-year
vehicle
against
for
and
respond
to
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helpful
in
transfer
centers,
need
to
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developed
by
synthesizing
best
location
ofplanning
the
origins
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destinations
of
Many
State
governments
have
enacted
walk
or
bike
to
activities
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therefore,
radius
and
other
performance
to
save
time,
save
money,
or
the
trip
that
increase
delivery
frequencies.
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the
effects
from
both
localized
and
regional
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there
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NCHRP
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3-70
(Multimodal
Level
of
innovations.
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roadmap
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Past
studies
evaluating
the
role
of
ICT
on
that
they
are
key
to
solving
their
towns
question
recommended
for
study
is
hour
or
mile),
operational
performance
between
the
technological
improvement
which
all
other
transit
vehicles
are
emergencies
holds
added
significance
interlines
and
timed
transfers.
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of
practices
of
infrastructure
protection,
while
goods.
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origins
and
destinations,
as
legislation
that
guides
development
in
people
must
rely
on
being
driven
to
their
characteristics.
quality
and
convenience
is
better
than
same
time
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increasing
proportion
of
the
increased
air
Almost
allare
port
use
by
transportation
system
planning
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for
Urban
Streets)
has
been
funded
date
financial
shortfalls
between
the
costs
travel
behavior
have
largely
limited
the
congestion
problems.
The
difficulty
with
whether
environmental
windows
a
Access
management
on
roadways
has
been AHB70, Access Management Environment
(e.g.,
speed
orpollution.
schedule
adherence),
to
and
the
legislative
action
requiring
the
measured.
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once
a
transit
because
of
the
role
the
system
plays
inthe
travel
behavior
typically
take
one-half
the
implementation
strategies
need
to
well
as
restrictions
on
time
and
routes
harmony
with
transportation
and
other
activities.
In
low-income
households
the
there
private
automobile.
These
factors
highway
system
is
undergoing
emissions
come
from
diesel-fueled
source
personnel
in
the
application
of
visualization
and
is
nearing
completion.
Whereas
that
of
identified
needs
and
available
revenues
focus
to
socio-economic
and
demographic
this
broad
set
of
goals
is
that
no
one
transit
supportable
management
tool
that
demonstrated
to
have
significant
benefits
effectiveness
(e.g.,
fare
box
return
orthe
cost
improvements.
There
is
further
delay
as
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
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operator
has
atraining
fleet
ofSTATEMENT
40-foot
buses,
these
delivering
needed
resources
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render
aid ANF10, Pedestrians
headway
of
the
connecting
route
as
address
both
assessment
followed,
all
impact
the
efficiency
and
cost
infrastructure.
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type
of
development
ratio
of
operational
vehicles
to
licensed
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disproportionate
growth
inbasic
truck
have
traditionally
determined
an
rehabilitation
without
increasing
capacity.
categories
including
ocean
going
vessels,
methods
and
techniques
required
under
project
concentrated
on
integrating
modal
demonstrate
gross
impediments
to
studies.
New
research
is
needed
to
solution
works.
A
solution
for
achieves
the
goals
of
enabling
marine
in
terms
of
reducing
the
costs
of
traffic
per
passenger).
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operators
use
these
companies
wait
until
the
final
due
date
for
An
increasing
number
of
communities
are
must
be
used,
whether
empty
or
full,
and
limit
further
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example,
in AHB20, Freeway Operations Environment
Research
Problem
Statement:
The
purpose
average
wait
time
to work
transfer,
and
then
delivery
mechanisms
and
performance
of
urban
goods
movements
and
the
favors
pedestrian,
bicycle
and
transit
drivers
is
low.
Itattributed
may
be
difficult
for
young
volume
can
be
to
aattributes
number
of
individuals
willingness-to-pay
and
acosts
transit
During
construction,
zones
can
have
on-road
drayage
trucks,
cargo
handling
SAFTEA-LU.
3D/4D
visualization
tools
used
level
of
service
analyses
at
the
facility
level
implementation
of
vital
security
measures.
examine
the
role
of
network
in
mobility
may
not
help
with
congestion
at
construction
projects,
such
as
dredging
and
crash
injuries,
traffic
crash
property
and
similar
measures
to
set
performance
installation
because
there
is
no
incentive
to AHB70, Access Management Economy
working
to
provide
more
comfortable
and
during
peak
or
off-peak.
This
leads
to
a
an
influenza
pandemic
or
a
biological
of
this
project
is
to
research
methods
apply
a
value-of-time
weight
to
calculate
a
measures.
I.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
to
consumers
and
producers.
Often,
land
modes.
This
type
of
development
can
people
from
low
income
households
to bethe
factors
including
the
dispersion
of
service
providers
fee
structure
for
service.
less
than
ideal
conditions
from
the
equipment,
harbor
craft
(tugs),
and
railroad
in
the
engineering
development
do
not
and
incorporating
those
techniques
into
Creative
financing
mechanisms
and
affecting
travel
behavior.
The
hypothesis
is
all,
while
a
solution
developed
for
air
dredged
material
disposal,
to
be
completed
damage,
and
travel
delays.
Most
safety
targets
and
evaluate
progress,
in
peer
incur
the
financial
costs
earlier.
This
delay
convenient
pedestrian
networks.
They
wide
variety
of undesirable
consequences,
attack,
the
transportation
system
must
develop
recommended
practices
on
transfer
penalty.
Transfers
are
considered
There
isactivities
a
renewed
interest
nationally
andin AR055, Rail Transit InfrastructEnvironment
use
and
zoning
decisions
are
made
without
used
to
promote
mixed-use,
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
access
which
are
part
of
growing
population
and
employment,
the
shift
of
passenger
car
perspective
in
terms
of
locomotives.
While
the
Federal
Clean
Air
directly
meet
the
needs
of
planners
for
HCM,
it
did
not
concentrate
on
multimodal
multiple
sources
are
required
to
address
that
an
area
not
extensive
in
transportation
quality
benefits
may
not
alleviate
service
while
simultaneously
protecting
research
studies
have
shown
overall
crash
comparisons,
and
in
benchmarking
to that
may
be
extensive
and
inhibit
adoption
ofto
seek
greater
pedestrian
safety
and
security
including
the
operation
of
buses
that
deliver
needed
pharmaceuticals
and
increasing
or
hardening
the
security
of
service
planning,
but
there
are
few
tools
Background
internationally
in
vehicular
emissions,
consideration
to
the
efficient
flow
of
interconnection,
and
dense
land
uses
In
urban
areas
where
light
rail
up
and
generally
participating
in
society.
many
freight
items
from
rail
and
other
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
The
Alternative
Transportation
Parks
and AR055, Rail Transit InfrastructEnvironment
narrower
lanes,
but
the
impact
on
trucks
Act
(CAA)
and
its
subsequent
amendments
collaboration
in
the
user
needs
and
interactions
at
the
intersection
level,
where
that
problem.
In
addition,
while
there
have
resources
may
prepare
its
residents
to
issues
for
the
elderly
and
persons
with
endangered
fishery
and
wildlife.
rate
reductions
from
managing
access
to
identify
opportunities
to
improve
the
best
solution
a
problem.
to
improve
access
to
activity
locations
and
exceed
weight
standards
on
a
persistent
medical
supplies
to
hospitals,
medical
Transportation
Management
Systems
use
for
analyzing
their
effect
on
ridership
particularly
as
it
relates
to
the
formation
of
commodities
within
the
urban
environment.
are
pedestrian
and
transit
friendly
in
urban
transit
(LRT)
tracks
are
located
next
to
modes
to
truck
and
changes
in
the
The
rail
transit
agencies
ofto
North
America
Public
Lands
program
authorized
in
and
their
influence
on
smaller
vehicles
Problem
Statement
regulate
these
sources,
the
CAA
is
often
requirements
identification
process.
the
greatest
amount
of
interaction
among
been
several
actions
taken
by
the
U.S.
telecommute
more
frequently
than
an
area
disabilities.
The
best
way
approach
this ADD50, Environmental JusticeEquity
be
on
the
order
of
40
to
60
percent.
performance.
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support
these
established
Carriers
should
be
rewarded
for
public
transit,
mitigate
growing
traffic
basis,
reduced
flexibility
to
adapt
schedules
centers,
and
dispensary
points
at
the
right
(TMSs).
The
research
will
cover
how
the
between,
say,
crosstown
routes.
The
Executive
Order
on
Critical
greenhouse
gases.
To
date,
there
has
been
Research
Objective.
A
research
synthesis
form
and
design.
existing
freight
railroad
tracks
because
of
To
examine
access
to
essential
activities
economy
and
business
practices
such
as by ADD50, Environmental JusticeEquity
do
not
have
a
unified
system
of
track
SAFETEA-LU
provides
for
the
development
through
the
work
zone
is
undetermined.
There
are
many
definitions
of
the
term
not
enough
to
control
localized
air
quality
the
modes
occurs.
Problem
Statement
government
re
transportation
security
with
rich
transportation
resources.
problem
may
be
to
recall
that
you
get
The
issue
with
environmental
Reductions
of
personal
injury
crashes
are
applications,
transit
systems
collect
and
moving
beyond
compliance
when
installing,
congestion,
and
reduce
the
community
and
routes
for
varying
demand
over
the
time
and
in
the
right
amounts.
In
addition,
hardening
for
both
logical
and
physical
Infrastructure
Protection
issued
by
the
no
research
specific
to
the
air
quality
project
is
needed
to
identify
both
positive
limited
right-of-way
availability,
freight
young
people
from
low
income
households.
just-in-time
deliveries
of
inventory
items
safety
criteria.
The
Federal
Railroad
of
transportation
alternatives
to
private
equity.

The
way
equity
is
defined
issues
because
the
emission
sources
are
OBJECTIVE:
To
develop
user
guidance
for
Transportation
decision
makers
andand
(involving
federal
government
what
you
measure.
Problem
Statement
windows
for
dredging
and
dredged
material
somewhat
lower
but
still
significant.
have
access
to
25
years
of
current
maintaining,
and
operating
equipment.
costs
of
private
auto
travel.
Walking
is
also ADD50, Environmental JusticeEquity
service
day,
and
so
on.
information
is
needed
to
help
decisionsecurity
can
be
addressed
throughout
the
High
frequency
grids
are
the
most
White
House
(on
Oct.
16,
2001)
stated
that
impacts
of
implementing
access
and
negative
impacts
of
land
use
and
Developers
of
projects
ofless
various
sizes
are
tracks
are
often
located
than
25
feet
that
increase
delivery
frequencies.
Administrations
(FRA)
Track
Safety
motor
vehicle
transportation
for
to
Depending
on
the
context,
a
large
truck
influences
the
distributive
goals
of
an
either
exempt
from
federal
regulation
(i.e.
transportation
system
planning
The
current
signalized
intersections
and
stakeholders
have
touted
the
economic
reorganization,
attempts
at
outreach
to
disposal
is
that
itbe
isall
difficult
to
complete
Literature
on
the
traffic
operations
impacts
historic
data
from
transit
operators
Problem:
Shippers
should
rewarded
for
using
being
encouraged
to
improve
personal
and
makers
effectively
manage
the
life
cycle
of
aseeking
TMS.
This
project
will
focus
on ABJ20, Statewide Transportat Equity
customer
attractive
network
design,
but
infrastructure
protection
could
help
to
management
treatments.
Access
zoning
decisions
on
commodity
flows
and
increasingly
multimodal
options
to
from
the
nearest
LRT
track.
In
situations
Standards
were
developed
for
the
railroad
accommodate
visitor
access
and
mobility
can
consume
the
equivalent
of
several
cars
action.
Cost-benefit
analysis,
for
example,
foreign
flagged
vessels)
and/or
are
diesel
professionals
on
alternative
visualization
unsignalized
intersections
chapters
of
the
development
benefit
of
improvements
to
state
governments,
local
&
regional
The
way
to
develop
solutions
that
address
Transportation
investments
produce
needed
dredging
within
a
very
of
access
management
is
somewhat
more
through
the
uniform
system
of
accounts
Transportation
agencies
have
the
ability
carriers
that
are
compliant
and
further
public
health,
provide
recreation,
and
It
would
be
valuable
to
discover
whether
a
Objective
transportation
system
inlocated
order
tonext
limit
TMS
that
support
the
traditional
traffic
they
are
only
sustainable
indue
transit
protect
the
people,
economy,
essential
management
treatments
separate
speed
costs.
A
second
but
also
significant
reduce
or
eliminate
their
anticipated
where
freight
tracks
are
tothe
an ABJ20, Statewide Transportat Environment
The
HCM,
the
worlds
leading
source
for
industry.
Although
not
applicable
by
needs
at
congested
national
parks
and
worth
of
roadway
capacity
to
the
usually
employs
the
utilitarian
concept
of
equipment
with
low
turnover
rates.
tools
and
their
recommended
application.
HCM2000
essentially
only
address
the
level
our
transportation
infrastructure.
It
is
authorities
and
the
private
sector
with
the
multiplicity
of
issues
faced
in
transit
for ADC10, Environmental Analysis
different
benefits
for
different
members
of
shortwindowtime
frame
(in
S.
F.
Bay,
the
limited,
but
indicates
that
access
and
records
established
by
FTA
and
the
to
collect
considerable
data
about
how
a
rewarded
for
using
those
carriers
that
move
create
economic
benefits.
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more
diverse
fleet
and
able
to
carry
the
To
develop
athe
cost/benefit
template
to
spread
of
disease
while
ensuring
the
management
roles
functions
for
intensive
areas.
The
timed-transfer
istraffic
Research
Need:
Highway
and
rail
projects
Economic
human
and
government
services,
and
differentials,
remove
turning
traffic
from
objective
is
to
identify
the
most
efficient
impacts
on
transportation
network
in
LRT
aerial
guideway,
AREMA
guidelines
highway
capacity
and
level
of
service
statute,
these
standards
are
commonly
public
lands
and/or
in
environmentally
physical
size,
the
acceleration,
and
other
equity:
the
distribution
of
goods
and/or
Additionally,
the
larger
US
Ports,
especially
of
service
of
automobile
mode.
important
to
understand
transportation
vested
interests
in
all
modes
of
todays
complex
society
is
to
determine
the
public.
Decision
makers
often
need
to
window
is
about
4-5
months).
Another
management
can
provide
significantly
industry
in
the
National
Transit
Database.
transportation
facility
is
performing.
As
beyond
compliance.
Ideally
there
should
communities
that
have
been
most
maximum
load
in
the
peak
in
40
foot
and
assess
risk
and
prioritize
potential
movement
of
goods,
supplies,
and
signal
control,
freeway
management,
and
designed
to
offer
an
attractive
connection
inevitably
affect
property
values.
Increased
Development
national
security
of
the
United
States.
through
lanes,
and
restrict
left
turns
to
arrangements
of
land
uses
for
the
The
value
ofNY/NJ,
travel
time
savings
(VTTS)
is
a ABE20, Transportation Econom
Equity
other
areas.
require
crash
walls
at
all
piers
of
the
LRT
determinations,
provides
fairly
constant
used
as
a
template
by
many
transit
sensitive
areas
where
private
motor
vehicle
performance
characteristics.
The
HCM,
the
services
that
maximizes
total
welfare
orthen
the
Ports
of
Los
Angeles,
Long
Automobiles,
buses,
pedestrians,
and
environmental
justice
and
equity,
and
transportation)
there
are
discontinuities
what
the
performance
criteria
are,
and
know
how
these
benefits
may
be
issue
encountered
in
the
San
Francisco
Bay
positive
benefits
in
terms
of
reduced
travel
This
research
focuses
on
different
technology
becomes
more
and
more
be
a
positive
reinforcement
for
carriers
and
successful
at
promoting
pedestrian
larger
buses
but
also
providing
a
more
Geographic
Information
System
products
resources.
sub-system
components
(e.g.,
field
that
is
sustainable
with
less
frequent
accessibility
will
increase
the
number
of
Extensive
research
has
been
conducted
improve
traffic
flow
and
improve
safety.
economic
movement
of
commodities
within
critical
input
to
benefit-cost
analysis,
structure
support
locations
to
protect
the
There
is
growing
evidence
that
the
motor
ABE20,
Transportation
Econom
Equity
passenger-car
equivalence
factors
by
agencies
and
for
the
minimum
track
safety
travel
inappropriate.
worlds
leading
source
for
highway
capacity
social
utility.
The
alternative
with
the
Beach,
and
Tacoma,
are
increasingly
bicycles
are
all
potential
users
of
urban
balance
the
incidence
of
impacts
in
and
gaps
in
data
and
information
that
will
to
develop
measures
for
those
criteria.
distributed,
especially
on
traditionally
region,
is
that
there
is
a
shortage
of
delay
and
improved
traffic
level
of
service.
challenges
in
applications
of
transit
sophisticated,
transportation
agencies
have
shippers
that
want
to
move
beyond
transportation
options
recognize
that
aday,
safe
broadly-based
service
throughout
the
for
program
development.
devices,
control
software,
system
software,
service
and
less
intensive
transit
use.
customers
that
can
reach
commercial
area
since
then,
focusing
on
the
methodologies
Access
management
has
been
shown
to
be
an
urban
area.
This
synthesis
would
focus
understanding
traveler
behavior,
and
Current
NCHRP
Project
3-70
would
provide
guideway
from
possible
impacts
that
might
fuel
tax,
the
primary
source
of
roadway
type.
For
example,
the
standards
developed
in-house.
However,
Description
of
Need
and
Research
ADC10, Environmental Analysis
Environment
and
level
of
service
determinations,
highest
net
benefit
is
the
winner.

serving
the
national
market
creating
street
At
urban
street
decision
making.
One
familiar
axiom
is
that
allow
discussion,
debate
and
decisionThus,
ifintersections.
congestion
is
a
problem,
but
underserved
social
groups.
Compared
to
contractors
and
equipment
and
limited
Even
more
limited
research
exists
on further
the
performance
measures.
Although
there
the
ability
to
make
real-time
performance
compliance.
The
EPAs
Smartway
and
usable
pedestrian
environment
including
off-peak,
in
30
foot
and
less
Yet,
the
ever-increasing
complexity,
communication
network,
links
toconsider
share
Timed
transfer
is
commonly
employed
in
and
increase
property
values.
On
the
other
best
practices
of
protecting
critical
highly
effective
in
terms
of
improving
both
on
US
practice,
but
also
should
determining
the
best
use
of
transportation
a
building
block
for
facility
level
multimodal
be
caused
by
a
derailed
freight
train.
transportation
funding
at
the
federal
and
equivalence
factor
for
signalized
because
the
rail
transit
industry
does
not
While
public
transportation
systems
have
Objectives:
Currently
there
is
no
basic
provides
fairly
constant
passenger-car
However,
this
approach
does
not
address
local
conflict
as
local
air
quality
concerns
Description
of
Need
and
Research
ABE50,
Transportation
Dema
Economic
intersections
the
modes
also
interact
four-lane
roadways
are
directly
tied
towith
making
in
the
formulation
of
public
policy
ambient
air
quality
is
also
a
problem,
what
prior
studies
that
focus
on
the
disposal
site
availability
to
accommodate
impacts
of
access
management
on
may
be
broad
support
in
concept
when
date
available
to
the
customer.
Research
is
Transportation
Program
is
an
example
of
requires
much
more
than
meeting
buses
built
for
long
life
sufficient
may
be
more
costResearch
Need
coupled
with
growing
budget
constraints,
information
with
stakeholders,
control
smaller
transit
systems
and
in
larger
metro
hand,
nuisance
effects
(noise,
congestion,
infrastructures.
With
all
these
efforts
in
traffic
safety
and
traffic
flow.
Crash
rate
practices
elsewhere;
especially
in
Europe
capital
funds.
How
to
select
a
proper
VTTS
LOS.
These
crash
walls
are
massive
in
size,
have
state
level,
may
not
be
to
cover
intersections
is
2.0.
A
growing
number
of
share
common
equipment
or
even
track
been
implemented
in
various
National
methodology
to
predict
soil
loss
or
equivalence
factors
by
roadway
type.
For
the
distributions
of
benefits
or
burdens
on
must
be
weighed
against
the
need
to
Objectives:
each
other
such
that
improvements
infoot
economic
development.
In
many
state
and
long-range
transportation
security
Research
Problem
Statement
Environment
performance
criteria
can
we
use
to
measurement
of
direct
outputs
of
the
approximately
4mcy
of
annual
commercial
business
activity
and
land
transit
operators
and
advocates
assert
that
needed
to
determine
costs
and
benefits
of AHB65, Operational Effects o Development
positive
reinforcement
but
it
does
not
minimum
national
standards.
High-quality
effective
a
fixed-size
fleet
of
40
From
a
program
development
standpoint,
requires
athan
fundamentally
new
approach
to
center
(TMC)).
areas
to
facilitate
crosstown
and
suburban
pollution,
etc.)
may
decrease
property
place,
there
is
an
emergent
need
to
reductions
as
high
as
50
percent
are
wellwhere
are
active
initiatives
to
has
been
the
subject
of
numerous
empirical
a
significant
visual
impact
on
the
operation
and
maintenance
costs
of
the
professionals
question
these
values,
gage
and
wheel
profiles
as
the
railroads
do,
Parks
and
Federal
Lands
the
service
type,
recommend
erosion
and
sediment
control
example,
the
factors
for
level
two-lane
specific
populations
because
it
does
not
transport
goods
to
support
U.S.
quality
of
service
to
one
mode
may
highway
departments
it
is
widely
accepted
planning.
.
Considerable
information
and
There
is
increasing
recognition
that
determine
whether
our
proposed
service
transportation
improvements
such
as
more
maintenance
dredging
for
all
sponsors
development/land
values,
but
it
Research
Problem
Statement
AHB65, Operational Effects o Environment
transit
isAnalysis
good
for
the
environment,
real-time
transfer
of
performance
data
to
include
marine
transportation.
The
pedestrian
environments
are
places
where
heavy
duty
vehicles.
Some
ofthe
the
benefits
incorporating
Geographic
Information
address
catastrophes,
especially
those
that
travel
patterns.
However,
travel
behavior
values.
of
such
impacts
is
acapital
develop
training
standards
for
security
documented
in
before
and
after
research
promote
urban
goods
movement
planning,
and
modeling
studies,
however
almost
all
A
significant
amount
of
literature
exists
surrounding
urban
environment,
and
are
existing
highway
system
nor
cost
offor
especially
under
congested
conditions.
In
the
FRA
railroad
standards
do
not
address
fee
structure,
fee
collection
systems
and
measures
specifically
for
highway
projects.
highways
are
1.1,
and
for
freeways
consider
individual
or
community
factors.
economy.
For
example,
about
one
ofand
every
Travel
Demand
Management
(TDM)
improve
or
lower
the
quality
of
service
that
any
roadway
expansion
project
will
data
exists
regarding
technology
and
there
successful
highway
designs,
and
meets
both
goals?
Are
the
issues
lane
miles,
however,
the
measurement
of
during
this
brief
window.
All
dredging
consistently
indicates
a
neutral
economic
There
is
a
sizable
body
of
literature
improves
mobility
for
low-income
the
customer.
cost
of
installing
ballast
water
treatment
pedestrians
are
anticipated,
encouraged
Problem:
might
include
reduced
fuel
use
(grater
use
System
(GIS)
capabilities
intuitively
makes
are
global
in
nature
such
as
pandemics.
All AHB60, Highway/Rail Grade CEnvironment
TMSs
have
the
potential
to
play
ause
vital
role
models
do
not
usually
accommodate
timedcomponent
of
social
and
economic
impact
personal
or
other
individuals
having
where
access
management
has
been
and
in
Canada,
where
urban
land
and
such
investigations
have
produced
average
that
considers
the
potential
to
moderate
expensive
to
build.
replacement
and
capacity
enhancement
of
stop-and-go
traffic,
large
tractor
trailers
many
issues
specific
to
individual
rail
type
of
federal
land
or
National
Park
differ
Lack
a
methodology
impairs
the
ability
of
multilane
highways
1.5.
A
growing
number
An
alternative
with
the
highest
net
benefit
three
containers
that
enters/exits
the
strategies
are
most
often
implemented
to
another
mode.
spur
economic
development
and
provide
is
an
emerging
consensus
that
CTIP
will
be
particularly
successful
designs
for
urban
complimentary?
That
is,
does
addressing
benefits
(or
outcomes)
realized
by
different
projects
require
permits
from
multiple
impact
in
most
situations.
In
cases
where
examining
the
safety
effects
of
angle
and
communities,
or
contributes
to
livable,
Specifically,
research
is
needed
to
systems
will
be
considerable
and
carriers
and
will
congregate.
These
communities
Flangeway
gaps
at
rail
crossings
are
ana
of
smaller
vehicles),
reduced
exhaust
sense
with
increased
access
information
organizations,
including
transportation,
in
managing
traffic
during
and
following
Research
Problem
Statement
AHB65, Operational Effects o Environment
transfer,
often
using
half
the
headway.
This
analysis
as
required
by
NEPA.
Without
responsibility
for
the
protection
of
critical
implemented.
In
addition,
improvements
in
transportation
plans
are
well-linked.
values
for
the
entire
urban
population
or
for
travel
demand
through
changes
in
the
built
congested
segments
of
the
current
have
a
much
slower
start
up
time
than
transit
properties.
(e.g.
through
park,
destination
park,
urban,
DOT's
to
meet
the
requirements
of
of
professionals
question
these
values,
could
concentrate
benefits
in
one
United
States
goes
through
the
Los
mitigate
traffic
congestion
orendangered
contribute
to
jobs.
However,
there
are
no
hard
data
to
best
achieved
by
athis
multi-tiered
system
of
streets,
must
effectively
serve
all
congestion
inconcern
and
of
itself
address
the
air
social
groups
is
complex.
Prior
studies
often
agencies
(including
lengthy
access
management
produces
large
gains
parallel
parking.
What
is
not
always
healthy,
or
economically
viable
determine
the
effectiveness
of
real-time
currently
have
little
economic
incentive
to
are
developing
new
ordinances
and
design
accessibility
for
wheelchair
users,
emissions
per
vehicle,
increased
ridership
and
the
development
of
spatial
analysis
need
to
approach
complexity
with
a
full
emergencies.
The
surface
transportation
Multilane
road
cross
sections
are
often
leads
to
erroneous
ridership
estimates
and
clear
synthesis
and
rigorous
evaluation,
it
infrastructures,
their
departments
or
within
travel
speed
and
traffic
flow
have
also
been
Problem:
policy
issues
that
will
need
to AHB30, Vehicle-Highway AutoEquity
large
subgroups
of
travelers.
There
also
environment.
This
literature
is
summarized
AsThe
an
alternative
to
using
crash
network.
After
adjusting
for
inflation
andIn
passenger
cars.
Especially
relevant
are
the
rural,
etc.).
Also,
the
type
of
public
environmental
laws
such
as
the
especially
under
congested
conditions.
population
segment
and
burdens
in
Angeles/Long
Beach
(San
Pedro
Bay
Ports)
improved
air
quality.
Some
communities,
Compounding
the
problem
of
an
integrated
demonstrate
under
what
situations
technologies,
devices,
and
components.
transportation
modes
and
provide
an
quality
goals?
Or
are
there
unintended
measure
benefits
as
a
function
of
outputs
species
and
essential
fish
habitat
in
mean
travel
speed,
the
economic
impact
evident
is:
communities,
transit
struggles
to
data
to
influence
travel
decisions
of
install
them.
Grants,
low
interest
loans,
and
guidelines
to
encourage
mixed-use
and
are
an
impediment
to
the
Architectural
with
improved
perceived
comfort,
greater
tools
and
outputs
to
improve
decision
integration
of
strategy,
management,
network,
whether
it
is
directly
affected
by
a AHB30, Vehicle-Highway AutoEconomic
designed
to
include
some
type
of
median,
does
not
support
good
corridor
or
network
is
difficult
to
predict
the
impacts
of
various
their
jurisdictions.
The
purpose
is
them
documented.
It
is
not
uncommon
for
the
be
addressed
as
the
potential
for
V-HA
exists
some
research
on
the
value
of
travel
in
an
article
by
Reid
Ewing
and
Robert
walls
mandated
by
AREMA,
this
research
Problem:
The
potential
mobility
increases
in
fuel
efficiency
over
the
years,
equivalencies
of
trucks
in
areas
where
In
order
to
provide
operational
assistance
transportation
system
implemented
vary
Endangered
Species
Act
and
the
Clean
stop-and-go
traffic,
large
tractor-trailers
another.
Such
an
outcome
may
lead
to as
port
complex.
This
research
topic
will
however,
are
exploring
TDM
strategies
multimodal
approach
to
evaluate
roadway
expansion
will
provide
economic
Reliable
cost
data
and
financial
information,
appropriate
balance
among
those
modes.
consequences
of
raising
average
vehicle
from
agency
activities
rather
than
consultations)
and
careful
coordination
and
on
business
activity
and
land
development
demonstrate
credibly
what
it
can
actually
individuals,
passenger
transportation
tax
incentives
have
a
history
of
promoting
development
patterns
and
streets
that
and
Transportation
Barriers
Compliance
mobility
for
the
transit-dependent,
and
making.
However,
the
individual
GIS
operations,
people,
and
technology

disaster
or
not,
istravel
always
the
means
by ona AHB40, Highway Capacity andDevelopment
either
depressed,
raised,
or
flush.
When
service
design.
types
of
transportation
facilities
on
to
better
understand
how
to
protect
the
peak
hour
mean
speed
ofidentified
urban
systems
is
realized
need
to
time
reliability,
which
is
ajustice
closely
related
Cervero
in
the
Transportation
Research
proposal
suggests
the
use
ofbe
guard
rail
improvements,
including
traffic
flow
the
motor
fuel
tax
today
generally
provides
loading
zones
are
present.
to
its
members
in
this
area,
the
American
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
Environment
with
regard
to
being
mandatory
or
Water
Act.
have
a
much
slower
start
up
time
than
potential
environmental
problems.
address
the
dichotomy
between
local
and
possible
tools
to
enhance
the
economic
intersections
is
relatively
little
research
development
opportunities.
The
community
however,
is
sorely
lacking
in
order
to
act
on
effective
street
design
must
speeds
by
improving
the
transit
service,
or
outcomes
that
are
the
social
and
economic
planning
among
agencies
and
project
may
actually
be
positive.
There
is
little
An
the
context
within
which
these
contribute
to
these
and
other
broad
service
providers,
and
freight
haulers.
This
early
adoption
of
anti
pollution
technology
serve
a
variety
of
transportation
modes.
Board
(ATBCB)
goal
of
having
a
continuous
reduced
wear
and
tear
on
the
street
product
development
can
be
complex
with
integrating
not
just
systems,
but
mission
which
response,
recovery
and
evacuation
is
flush
median
is
selected,
it
often
includes
a
property
values.
infrastructures
under
normal
and
arterials
to
improve
by
10
miles
per
hour
and
linked
to
ongoing
research
and
to
although
distinct
consideration.
Record
1780
(2001).
It
demonstrates
the
the
freight
tacks
in
the
vicinity
of
the
LRT
improvements,
offered
by
automated
approximately
one-third
of
the
purchasing
Public
Transit
Association
(APTA)
Rail
Transit
The
ability
to
accurately
estimate
voluntary
use.
passenger
cars.
Especially
relevant
are
the
Thus,
it
is
important
to
understand
which
For
both
the
Aviation
Environmental
Design
AV030,
Environmental
Impacts
Environment
regional
air
emissions
controls
and
an
vitality
of
a
community
or
region
and
conducted
on
how
actual
travelers
evaluate
impacts,
including
the
effects
ofvehicles.
business
implementation
on
such
(a)
system(s)..
accommodate
vehicles
and
users
of
all
of
implementing
alternative
fuels
and
changes
resulting
from
service
provision.
sponsors,
is
essential
or
permits
are
not
literature
on
the
impact
of
access
findings
are
applicable
(surroundings,
societal
goals.
Federal
legislation
in
the
research
is
especially
important
for
should
be
considered
as
possible
There
is
a
need
to
share
information
about
path
for
wheelchairs
with
aStarts
maximum
gap
network
from
over
axle
weight
the
need
to
access
information
across,
and
and
information,
within
a
megaaccomplished.
The
control
center
of
TMSs
two-way
left
turn
lane
(TWLTL).
In
urban
FTA
New
Starts
and
Small
for
LRT
emergency
conditions.
The
developed
after
access
management
treatments
have
deployment
planning
processes.
Both
responsiveness
of
travel
demand
to
aerial
guideway
to
confine
a
derailed
vehicle
guidance
on
freeways
have
been
power
it
did
in
the
1960s,
notwithstanding
There
is
a
growing
need
to
quantify
the
Task
Force
(RT-S-FS-008-01)
developed,
saturation
flow
rates
is
fundamental
for
The
RUSLE
is
an
agriculturally
based
soil
equivalencies
of
trucks
in
work
zones.
standards
of
equity
can
meet
Tool
(AEDT)
and
the
Aviation
Environmental
emphasis
on
expanding
the
goods
support
or
encourage
abe
vibrant
and
healthy
quality
of
service
at
intersections.
Level
of AV030, Environmental Impacts
relocations,
are
particularly
important
Collaborate
with
the
Federal
Aviation
Environment
That
deficiency
has
to
addressed.
types:
passenger
vehicles,
trucks,
technologies?
Perhaps
this
is
one
reason
why
the
social
issued
and
work
uncompleted.
The
management
on
environment,
for
traffic
volumes);
Safe,
Accountable,
Flexible,
Efficient
influences
on
travel
among
regions
and
positive
reinforcement
actions
to
promote
the
tools
used
by
leading
communities
to
of
inch.
Ongoing
regulatory
actions
to
Some
of
the
increased
costs
might
externally
to,
organization.
There
are
community
ofthe
common
purpose
and
unity
contain
the
staff
and
resources
that
are
areas,
the
choice
is
often
between
ainclude
raised
and
BRT
projects
are
examples
of
Research
Objectives:
Existing
case
studies
training
standards
and
materials
should
be
been
implemented.
While
the
improved
intended
and
unintended
outcomes
of
The
use
of
average
VTTS
has
the
virtue
of
changes
in
density,
diversity,
design,
and
freight
train
to
a
limited
lateral
movement
recognized.
However,
the
potential
mobility
increases
in
fuel
tax
rates
over
the
actual
affects
of
trucks
on
our
urban
areas
Standards
for
Inspection
and
Maintenance
determining
signalized
intersection
With
the
implementation
of
the
Alternative
loss
prediction
tool
modified
for
environmental
justice
requirements
and
Portfolio
Management
Tool
(APMT),
conduct
movement
network
in
the
absence
of
a
level
of
development.
In
what
ways
and
to
service
for
motorized
vehicles
in
the
elements
to
evaluate
in
the
decision
to
Administration
(FAA),
the
Environmental
Concomitantly,
with
the
generation
of
pedestrians,
bicycles,
and
transit.
Facilities
benefits
of
different
forms
of
transportation
Research
is
needed
to
support
Environment
research
question
today
is
whether,
under
instance
air
quality,
noise,
energy
often
the
safety
effects
of
back-in
angle
Transportation
Equity
Act:
A
Legacy
for
states
to
support
the
development
of
Ballast
Water
Management.
develop
transportation
systems
that
promulgate
federal
regulations
for
more
vehicles,
higher
maintenance
and
multiple
options
for
GIS
project
of
effort.
Stove-piped
solutions
can
no
critical
to
ensure
the
efficient
and
effective
median
and
athe
TWLTL.
In
some
instances
a AV030, Environmental Impacts
restructuring
routes
into
trunk-and-feeder
and
statistics
that
categorize
property
delivered
in
the
most
effective
manner;
traffic
flow
implies
improved
fuel
economy
deploying
(or
not)
various
levels
of
V-HA
being
simple
and
avoiding
certain
pitfalls
regional
accessibility.
The
literature
onthese
the
and
prevent
possibility
of
an
impact
improvements
for
roads,
congested
decades.
to
support
the
ability
to
safely
and
of
Fixed
Structure
arterial
Transit
Track.
This
performance
measures
such
capacity,
Transportation
in
Parks
and
Public
Lands
construction
sites.
The
Highway
version
of
There
is
a
growing
need
to
quantify
the
how
to
operationalize
them
inas
ways
that
a
quantitative
assessment
of
national
policy.
This
research
topic
will
also
what
extent
can
TDM
strategies
meet
HCM2000
is
based
on
control
delay,
but
widen
a
roadway.
Many
businesses
that
Protection
Agency
(EPA),
and
other
reliable
cost
data
and
financial
information,
for
each
transportation
mode
must
be
One
very
current
example
of
this
is
the
goal
investments
are
so
frequently
overlooked.
improvements
in
environmental
review
and
the
windows
regulation,
there
has
been
efficiency,
and
greenhouse
gas
emissions.
parking;
Users
(SAFETEA-LU)
requires
metropolitan
effective
data
exchanges
among
states
II.
RESEARCH
PROBLEM
STATEMENT
AV020,
Aviation
System
PlannEnvironment
Awards
and
other
forms
of
formal
support
pedestrian
activity.
accessibility
on
public
rights-of-way
require
garaging
costs,
larger
vehicle
maintenance
selection
with
limited
organizational
longer
be
considered
sufficient
or
effective.
response,
recovery,
and
evacuation
that
designer
would
prefer
aexercise
raised
median
inby
corridors
that
force
new
transfers
and
may
value
impacts
of
transportation
projects
therefore,
training
and
and
reduced
emissions,
it
has
not
been
are
unclear.
What
is
clear
is
that
the
effects
related
to
social
equity,
in
which
planning
connection
between
land
use
and
with
the
LRT
support
structure.
surface
streets,
parking
facilities,
and
for
efficiently
move
goods
and
people
in
areas
standard
is
an
excellent
template
for
transit
delay,
and
queues.
The
Highway
Capacity
federal
land
managers
will
need
a
better
the
RUSLE
(HUSLE)
is
needed
to
fill
acontrol
big
actual
effects
of
trucks
on
highway
facilities
facilitate
their
inclusion
in
cost-benefit
uncertainty.This
assessment
will
provide
seek
to
identify
standard
air
quality
objectives?
What
TDM
strategies
provide
that
service
measure
has
not
been
verified.
have
developed
next
to
the
roadway
are
stakeholders
to
create
and
implement
athat AFN10, Basic Research and Em
there
is
aenhance
requirement
to
analyze
and
with
the
modes
safely
separated.
of
meeting
ambient
air
quality
standards
compliance
processes
to
better
achieve
progress
in
the
regional
windows
programs
provided
the
safety
effects
of
buffer
spaces
areas
to
develop
an
intermodal
planning
under
section
1201
of
SAFETEA-LU.
The
development
of
advanced
navigation
recognition
by
environmental
groups,
some
resolution
of
this
issue.
Rail
lines
staff,
additional
drivers
and
other
operating
resources
including
budgetary,
time
and
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
Sustainable
may
be
required
during
various
types
of
order
to
mobility
and
safety,
but
be
perceived
negatively.
However,
new
mode
and
type
of
facility
(various
crossimplementation
methods
need
to
be
quantified.
It
is
well-known
that
motor
of
V-HA
will
play
out
at
the
core
of
the
recommendations
might
otherwise
be
transportation
suggest
that
traditional
trucks
and
transit
buses,
are
not
yet
Fuel-based
revenue
shortfalls
are
expected
where
expansion
of
roadways
ishave
generally
systems
and
is
quite
comprehensive
in
Manaual
(HCM)
method
of
predicting
understanding
of
visitors
willingness-to-pay
void
in
the
way
DOT's
determine
erosion
that
are
either
purely
long-haul
or
dual
analyses.
This
may
mean
disaggregating
guidance
to
airports
and
aviation
measures
that
may
be
implemented
the
greatest
economic
development
Recent
pedestrian
and
bicycle
research
in
dependent
on
the
traffic
and
their
specific
standardized
guideline
for
assessing
determine
the
respective
roles
of
Additionally,
space
must
be
provided
for
with
urban
buses.
Some
cities
bought
Proposed
Research.
This
research
will
be
timely
development
of
aviation
services
established
over
the
past
several
years
to
This
research
is
intended
to
provide
a
between
through
traffic
lanes
and
parking
process
that
begins
with
a
20-year
strategic
systems
and
the
myriad
of
new
procedures
governmental
and
non-governmental
will
document
the
regulatory,
carry
fright
need
a
3
inch
minimum
costs.
personnel.
The
nexus
between
public
health
emergencies.
TMCs
provide
a
number
of
abutting
property
and
business
owners
Light
Rail
lines
with
well
designed
feeder
sections,
greenways)
and/or
surrounding
studied,
including
delivery
mechanisms
vehicles
traveling
at
a
near
constant
speed
countrys
future
social
and
economic
life.
dominated
by
benefits
gained
by
extremely
neighborhoods,
with
high
density,
mixed
OBJECTIVE
understood.
For
all
applications,
the
range
to
increase
in
the
future,
as
we
move
toand
not
an fleets
option.
Planners
and
engineers
scope,
but
it
is
also
fairly
general
in
nature
saturation
flow
rates
has
been
developed
based
on
fare
pricing,
service
type,
federal
control
recommendations
for
highway
purpose
in
their
need
to
serve
both
analysis
of
costs
and
benefits
to
the
local
consultants
performing
airport
air
quality
industry
wide.
benefits?
Can
TDM
strategies
contribute
to
Florida
has
involved
actual
pedestrians
location.
Traditionally,
business
impacts
are
Hazardous
Air
Pollutants
(HAPs)
from
stakeholders
and
beneficiaries
of
the
roadside
hardware
and
underground
and
whole
of
Compressed
Natural
Gas
undertaken
in
three
phases.
The
first
phase
and
protection
of
the
environment.
address
the
issues
discussed
above.
Is
comprehensive
economic
evaluation
of
the
lanes;
plan
with
needs,
goals,
and
problems
to
be
Objectives:
are
athe
great
boon
to
aviation,
but
they
result
agencies
of
shippers
who
use
vessels
that
financial,
and
administrative
tools
used
by
flangeway
width
when
the
crossing
is
newly
Is
the
concrete
industry,
which
preparedness
and
transportation
has
not
functions
perform
tasks
that
are
express
a
strong
preference
for
TWLTL.
services
have
attracted
substantially
more
land
use
(residential
vs.
commercial,
typical
and
assessment
performance
measures.
35
to
50
miles
per
hour
tend
to
produce
As
a
result,
absent
a
comprehensive
and
high
value-of-time
travelers,
who
may
use,
with
a
gridded
street
network
and
The
objective
of
this
research
is
to
of
consequences
from
the
economic,
social,
increased
utilization
and
efficiency
(as
need
to
be
able
to
more
effectively
quantify
as
it
is
intended
as
a
model
for
all
rail
incrementally
over
time.
It
consists
of
a
land/
National
Park
unit
type
and
construction.
It
would
serve
as
the
basis
for
commuters
and
long-haul
freight.
With
level.
analyses
on
the
level
of
confidence
that
regeneration
of
economically
stagnant
bicyclists
in
determining
level
of
service
handled
under
the
areas
where
four
lanes
aircraft
engines
and
other
airport
emission
investments
in
CTIP.
Ultimately
there
will
above-ground
utilities.
Further,
the
design
buses,
because
these
emit
very
low
levels
will
be
a
literature
search
and
review
of
Environmental
review
and
compliance
there
a
reliable,
safe,
and
efficientlyvalue
of
roadway
access
management
from
Challenges
guidelines
for
allocating
cross-section
resolved
through
transportation
in
more
complex
airspace
issues
for
airport
proactively
address
the
spread
of
Invasive
communities
to
create
vibrant
pedestrian
constructed,
and
realistic
allowances
for
The
Rhode
Island
Public
Transit
Authority
to
state
DOT
managers
are
comprises
of
educators,
researchers,
been
sufficiently
studied
or
understood
required
for
emergency
transportation
Some
have
suggested
various
volume
riders
than
the
one-seat
express
services
suburban
vs.
neotraditional,
etc.).
Collect
considerably
less
pollutant
emissions
than
accepted
accounting
of
the
issues,
disproportionally
include
the
rich.
The
transit-oriented
design
features,
have
the
develop
and
provide
reliable
data
regarding
land
use,
and
environmental
perspectives
measured
by
miles
per
gallon)
of
hybrid
the
impacts
of
locating
shipping
intensive
transit
systems.
The
APTA
document
is
multiplicative
model
that
assumes
the
characteristic,
etc.
deciding
erosion
control
treatments
based
more
of
the
national
system
being
can
be
placed
on
tool
outputs
and
The
United
States
Environmental
communities?
For
what
development
thresholds
at
intersections.
Initial
are
not
needed
for
capacity,
it
has
not
been
sources.
Move
from
strictly
looking
at
what
need
to
be
an
agreed
distribution
of
costs
must
fit
within
the
context
of
adjacent
of
Volatile
Organic
Compounds
and
no
current
research
focusing
on
identifying
processes
should
inform
decision
makers
operating
marine
transportation
system
an
economic
viewpoint.
The
analysis
should
width
between
bicycles
and
parked
investments
and
strategies.
On
the
funding
Research
the
best
practices
and
costplanners
and
sponsors.
Part
77
is
no
longer
Species
would
be
very
helpful
in
moving
networks.
Case
studies
should
be
collected
rail
wear,
especially
on
curves,
would
be
reorganized
its
routes
in
the
late
1990s
for
determining
the
feasibility
of
potential
owners,
architects,
engineers,
specifiers,
when
it
comes
to
catastrophic
operations.
thresholds
at
what
volume
to
convert
from
they
replaced.
The
current
tools
appear
to
best
practice
methods
for
evaluating
Research
Objective
and
Approach
those
involved
in
"stop
and
go"
traffic.
So
proponents
and
opponents
alike
may
be
problem
with
the
average
VTTS
approach
is
potential
to
reduce
the
number
of
vehicle
effective
use
of
guard
rail(s)
in
freight
track
have
not
been
established
with
respect
to
and
alternative
fuel
technologies.
The
land
and
improve
the
inputs
to
the
intended
as
a
safety
guideline
for
each
saturation
flow
effect
of
multiple
non-ideal
on
site-specific
environmental
conditions
physically
or
financially
constrained
each
Proposed
Research:
Drawing
on
the
rather
encourage
international
acceptance.The
Protection
Agency
(USEPA)
establishes
concepts,
situations,
or
scenarios
are
TDM
conclusions
are
that
the
level
of
service
documented
that
roadway
expansion
draws
is
currently
known
about
aviation-related
across
multiple
sectors
of
society:
development.
Any
street
design
that
particulate
matter.
However,
with
growing
those
theories
and
associated
and
the
public
of
the
environmental
auses
healthy
marine
environment
as
athein
consider
safety,
travel
time/delay,
business
vehicles;
side,
TEA-21
encourages
a
level
playing
benefit
of
real-time
transfer
of
performance
an
adequate
representation
an
airports

I.
Research Problem Statement
AFH10, Construction Manage Sustainable
I. Research Problem Statement
AFH40, Construction of BridgeEconomy
The
U.S.
infrastructure
is
experiencing
Research Problem Statement
AFP40, Physicochemical and Bi
Environment
significant
deterioration.
This
deterioration
There
is
an
abundance
of
misinformation
Highway
traffic,
maintenance,
and
deicing
I. Research Problem Statement:
AFS40, Subsurface Soil-StructEconomy
has
resulted
ineconomics
research
regarding
the
of
timber
bridges AFN10, Basic Research and Em
operations
generate
continuous
surface
The
thickness
ofsignificant
bedding
under
buried
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
Sustainability
programs
in testing,
evaluation,
repair,
in
the
United
States,
resulting
in
poor and
and
groundwater
contaminant
sources.
pipes
is
often
set
at
"standard"
values,
Many
concrete
highways
are
deteriorating
I.
Research Problem
Statement
AFK40, Characteristics of Bi Environment
development
oftimber
materials,
the
perceptions
of
bridges
bywith
decision
Treadware,
brake
abrasion,
and
corrosion
without
regard
tonew
cost
orold
engineering
prematurely
and,
often,
pavements
are AFH20, Management of QualitEnvironment
Fatigue
cracking
is
an
important
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
intent
of The
producing
more
durable,
longer
makers.
economics
should
be
based
on
are
well-documented
heavy
metal
sources
requirements.
Mostthan
concerns,
with
regards
performing
better
the
new.
The
deterioration
mechanism
of
asphalt
It
is
well
recognized
that
an
analysis
of
I.
Research
Problem
Statement:
AFS40, Subsurface Soil-StructEnvironment
lasting
infrastructure
systems.
The
initial
cost,
performance
under
traffic,
associated
with
normal
highway
traffic.
to
bedding,
relate
to
the step
minimum
problem,
need,
and
future
direction
to of
concrete-surfaced
pavements,
because
risks
is
an
indispensable
in
the
Significant
research
concerning
the
soilI.
Research
Problem
Statement
Environment
performance
of
a system
is only
as good
as AFP40, Physicochemical and Bi
maintenance,
and
life
span.
Claims
for the
Leaking
fuels
and
lubricants
are
thickness,
firmness,
and
the
aggregate
overcome
today's
long-term
concrete
the
detrimental
effect
these
cracks
have
on
development
of
any
statistical
acceptance
structure
interaction
phenomenon
has
Transportation
agencies
incorporate
a
its
weakest
link.
Construction
managers,
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFP20,
Exploration
and
Classif
Environment
best
economy
are
made
by
various
designs
continuous,
traffic
based
sources
of
light a
size.
In current
specifications,
the
specified
durability
problems
were
defined
during
the
overall
pavement
strength
and
procedure.
The
construction
of
operating
been
performed
in
recent
years.Because
of
variety
of
metal-tensioned
systems
in
engineers,
and
contractors
are
often
Identifying
carbonate
rock
resources
for
timber
bridges
such
aswhile
T
beams,
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
f
petroleum
hydrocarbons,
repaving,
bedding
thickness
is
often
the
same,
1995
workshop
at the
National
Institute
of AFH30, Emerging Technology Environment
stiffness.
They
also
provide
a path
for
characteristic
(OC)
curves
and
this,
the
user
community
has
aexpected
better
geotechnical
applications
including
soil
and
reluctant
to
use
new
materials
due
to
(limestone,
dolomite,
and
marble)
that
stressed
decks,
box
beams,
parallel
chord
As
transportation
projects
become
more
bridge
repair,
and
other
maintenance
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFB50T, Task Force on ContexEnvironment
regardless
of
the
fillinfiltrate
height.
Designs
are
Standards
and
Technology
(NIST)
toofdiscuss
moisture
to
readily
the
underlying
payment
(EP)
curves
is
the
only
way
to
understanding
ofplated
the
performance
the
rock
reinforcements,
ground
anchors
and
limited
availability
of
long-term
produce
high
durability
aggregate
is the
of
truss
with
metal
connections,
A
complex
to
design
and
build,
it
is
important
activities
generate
heavy
hydrocarbons,
Traditional
methods
of
measuring
the
most
often
based
on
minimum
bedding
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFB50T, Task Force on ContexEnvironment
"Cement
and
Concrete
Standards
of
layers
and
subgrade
soils
of
flexible
know
in
advance
whether
the
acceptance
complex
buried
soil-pipe
system.A
large
tiebacks.
These
elements
are
used
to
performance
data.
Past
experience
of
utmost
importance
to
both
U.S.
producers
frame,
and
so
on.
The
problem
is
that
none
to
take
advantage
of
appropriate
paint
chips,
and
other
residual
contaminant
success
of
transportation
projects
have
thickness,
which
usually
relate
to
a
worstStates
and
communities
do
not
always
Future."
The
attending
North
American
Problem:
During
the
20th
Century,
the
pavements.
Fatigue
cracks
are
caused
byto AHD10, Maintenance and OpeEconomy
procedure
will
perform
as
intended.
Itthere
is
portion
of
the
analytical
work
completed
support
retaining
walls
and
bridge
implementing
new
materials
unsuccessfully
and
consumers
ofschedule,
aggregate
for
portland
can
ascertain
these
claims.
However,
innovative
technologies
for
reducing
loads.
Salt
and
premix
applications
spread
focused
on
cost,
capacity,
case
scenario
with
regards
to
bedding
possess
the
knowledge,
organization,
and
concrete
industry
leaders
concluded,
United
States
installed
a
highway
system
the
application
of
wheel
loads
over
time.
Problem:
Direct
solar
radiation
has
a
AHD65, Winter Maintenance Environment
through
the
study
of
such
curves
that
the
date
considers
the
soil
stiffness
ofcalcium,
the
substructures,
and
stabilize
cuts
have
resulted
in
confusing
cement
concrete
pavements.
Rapidly
are
perceptions
that
many
ofroadway
these
designs
project
cycle
time.
One
technology
that
has
concentrated
deposits
of
sodium,
mobility
and
safety.
These
measures
do
not
effects.
Some
concerns
have
arisen
expertise
to
identify
and
articulate
issues,
"concrete
durability
and
how
it
affects
the
that
helped
build
an
economy
and
a
quality
The
pavement
structure,
mixture
dramatic
impact
on
pavement
surface
risk
to the
state
agency
of
accepting
Problem:
Transportation
practitioners
embedment
and
backfill
material
as
aand
or
fills.
Conditions
of
aging
systems
are
recommendations
by
researchers
and
state AHD10, Maintenance and OpeEnvironment
applicable
tools
for
evaluation
of
aggregate
cannot
complete
with
those
other
received
wider
acceptance
inwith
design
and
chloride
onto
pavement
inthe
northern
provide
transportation
agencies
and
regarding
rigid
structures
and
the
needs
and
desires
that
set
the
contextual
long-term
serviceability
of
a
structure
is
not AHD45, Corrosion
of
life
which
is
the
envy
the
world.
The
composition
and
construction
are
major
temperatures
as
only
a
few
minutes
of
defective
work,
and
the
risk
to
the
researchers
are
pursuing
a
wide
variety
of
primary
design
and
analysis
parameter.
Statement:
Thecorrosion
life
cycle
of
Environment
uncertain,
but
iscosting
known
to have
highway
(SHAs).
quality
inagencies
quarries
are
especially
necessary
materials,
i.e.,
prestressed
concrete,
steel
and
construction
industry
during
the
past
a
latitudes.
Alternative
deicing
agents
transportation
project
managers
with
the
appropriate
bedding
thickness
when
deep
framework
in
which
a
project
or
group
of
adequately
covered
in
current
codes
and
investment
this
system
has
connected
factors
that
have
an
effect
both
onrequired
the
direct
sunlight
willproduction
result
in
aof
sharp
rise
in
contractor
ofin
having
good
work
penalized
approaches,
philosophies,
and
postures
to
However,
construction
installation
highway
structures
is
increasingly
an
impact
on
service-life.
Asset
managers,
Problem:
Enhancing
bridge
security
entails
AHD35,
Bridge
Management
Economy
for
prevention
of
low
and
reinforced
concrete,
even
for
short
few
years
isand
4D-CAD.
This
feature
acetate
orneed
distillation
byproduct
information
they
to
assess
the cracks
fills
are
encountered.
These
concerns
are at
transportation
projects
will
be
standards"
"meeting
aapproach
strength
cities
to
suburbs,
metropolitan
areas
to
initiation
and
propagation
of
fatigue
pavement
surface
temperature.
Likewise,
or
rejected,
can
be
known
and
controlled
enhance
the
environment
when
involved
in
specifications
still
verify
the
structural
by
state
and
federal
agencies
to
ensure
faced
with
the
task
of
allocating
budgets
to
Because
there
is
often
a
relatively
high
several
steps:
on
site
assessment,
analysis
durability
aggregate
and
its
incorporation
spans
inThe
rural
regions.
Facts
regarding
Scope:
use
ofcase
bridge
life
cycle
costlow
involves
the
combination
of
3D
design
data
substrates
that
can
exert
an
oxygen
success
of
projects
completed
within
magnified
in
the
of
a
hard
foundation.
undertaken.To
contribute
constructively
to AHD35, Bridge Management Sustainability
requirement
does
not
necessarily
assure
each
other,
factories
to
markets,
and
with
load
repetitions.
The
environment
and
strong
radiational
cooling
at
night
willthe
suitably
low
levels.
This
provides
not
only
construction,
operations,
and
maintenance
suitability
of
embedment
and
backfill
that
limited
capital
and
maintenance
funds
rehabilitate
aging
facilities,
need
reliable
higher
risks
and
unknown
longof
different
security
components
and
finally
into
highway
projects.
Although
longinitial
cost,
low
maintenance,
long
life,
analysis
(LCCA)
as
an
efficient
decision
with
the
added
dimension
of
time.
demand
on
receiving
water
and
or
I.
Problem
Statement:
contemporary
context
sensitive
the
transportation
project
development
that
a the
concrete
will
be
durable
into
a of
specific
consumers
to
goods
produced
from
all
over
climatic
factors
also
play
an
influential
role AFB40, Landscape and EnviroEnvironment
cause
surface
temperatures
drop
a
great
technical
but
a
huge
activities.
There
isadvantage,
an
aggressive
and
material
using
the
tandem
criteria
soil
are
allocated
and
spent
effectively.
This
techniques
for
corrosion
assessment
and
term
performance
associated
with
the
use
implementing
some
mitigation
measures
duration
physical
tests
have
proven
useful
satisfactory
performance,
ease
of
design
support
tool
is
important
for
the
Considerable
benefits
and
significant
groundwater.
Deicing
agent
additives
pose
Transportation
projects
are
often
planned
environment.Consequently,
there
are
no
II.
Objective:
I.
Problem
AFB40, Landscape and EnviroEnvironment
process,
a Statement:
community
must
first
have
a
environment."
These
conclusions
cause
the
world.
Americans
are
the
most
mobile
on
the
development
of
fatigue
cracks
with
much
faster
than
subsurface
temperatures.
diplomatic
advantage,
as
well,
since
itand
growing
national
movement
to
pursue
type
coupled
with
Proctor
Density.
approach
relies
on
accurate
models
of
theso
estimating
metal
loss.
Service-life
of
such
materials,
many
states
are
that
will
enhance
bridge
security.
Without
in
evaluating
aggregate
durability,
the
and
construction
(for
local
economy)
sustainability
of
bridge
infrastructure.
savings
have
been
reported
from
owners
additional
heavy
metal
sources
as
well.
developed
conceptually
before
public
definitive
objective
measures
to
support
Determine
the
effect
of
variable
bedding
There
is
increasing
evidence
that
nutrients
clear
sense
of
its
vision
and
question
ofseveral
effectiveness
ofwill
traditional
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
people
on
earth,
and
trade
become
an AFB40, Landscape and EnviroEnvironment
time.
Traditional
pavement
temperature
sensors
enables
mistakes
to
be
caught
in
the
office
environmental
stewardship
and
adopt
best
There
are
short
comings
to
this
relevant
structure
deterioration
processes.
estimates
for
new
systems
need
to
be
reluctant
to
take
on
such
a
venture.
Thus,
appropriate
on
site
assessment,
any
timeframe
for
such
tests
is
too
long
to
on,
are
difficult
to
obtain.
Almost
all
There
has
been
a
substantial
amount
of
contractors
for
applying
this
technique
Precipitation
runoff,
airborne
particulate
and
stakeholder
involvement
activities
are AFB40, Landscape and EnviroEnvironment
the
institutionalization
of
context
thicknesses
on
the
design
and
performance
are
major
constituents
in
highway
runoff.
goals.Furthermore,
agency
sponsors
of
planning,
specification,
and
quality
For
years
non-selective,
residual
herbicides
increasingly
important
component
of
the
I.
Problem
Statement:
(e.g.,
pucks)
are
embedded
in
the
before
ever
reaching
the
field.
management
practices
(BMPs).
Many
approach.
For
concrete
the
single
most
improved,
and
consideration
of
metal
loss
the
implementation
of
high
performance
security
measures
can
be
incomplete,
prevent
substandard
aggregate
from
being
designs
claim
theirs
are
the
best!
The
research
done
on
bridge
life
cycle
cost
as
areinforced
construction
planning
tool
for
complex
deposition,
and
plowed
drift
deliver
these
initiated.
Many
transportation
agencies
identification
and
definition
as
part
of
the
of
rigid
precast
concrete
pipe
and
box
This
varies
with
the
area
of
ROW
as
well
transportation
projects
have
ademand
continuing
assurance.
Without
new
knowledge,
will
were
used
to
keep
the
roadsides
at
the
U.S.
economy,
increasing
the
foras
a AFB40, Landscape and EnviroEnvironment
Historically,
the
fatigue
or
load-associated
Traditional
methods
of
measuring
the
pavement
several
millimeters
to
I.
Problem
Statement:
practices
deemed
best,
however,
have
Proctor
Density
is
in
its
design
a
test
for
significant
deterioration
mechanism
is
in
design
needs
to
be
consistent
with
the
materials
is
stifled
at
both
the
SHA
and
inefficient,
or
worst,
provides
no
additional
used
in
construction
projects.
To
evaluate
question
is
then
why
cannot
these
analysis
(BLCCA).
Some
of
the
recent
industrial
and
commercial
projects.
contaminants
from
the
paved
surface
to
have
not
fully
implemented
and
linked
transportation
project
planning,
design
and
sections
under
deep
fills.
the
vegetation
types
and
adjacent
land
responsibility
to
assure
that
the
effects
of
TEA-21
construction
perform
better
than
edge
of
the
pavement
free
of
vegetation.
safe
reliable
highway
system.
One
of
the
wheel
path
cracks
have
been
evaluated
in
success
of
transportation
projects
have
centimeters
deep
and
may
not
accurately
The
only
way
to
analyze
the
more
complex
States
and
communities
do
not
always
never
been
established
as
best
through
cohesive
soils.Suitability
of
the
test
for
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
corrosion
of
the
reinforcement
due
to
the
reliability-based
approach
adopted
by
the
contractor
levels.
In
addition
to
the
measure
of
safety.
The
importance
of
on
carbonate
aggregate
in
a
useful
timeframe,
complete
with
other
types
of
bridges
when
efforts
include
the
NCHRP
Report-483
[1]
However,
application
of
the
technology
on AFS10, Transportation EarthwSustainable
drainage
system,
median,
and
stakeholder
involvement
for
context
implementation
process.
the
What
effect
does
an
increased
use.
However,
many
of
the
states
with
the
project
on
the
landscape
it
traverses
that
currently
experiencing
performance
These
areas,
sometime
referred
to
as
Zone
major
contributors
to
this
success
is
the
most
design
and/or
evaluation
procedures
focused
on
cost,
schedule,
capacity,
represent
pavement
surface
temperature.
highway
acceptance
procedures
is
through
possess
the
knowledge,
organization,
and
any
measurement
procedure
and
thus
are
noncohesive
soils,
such
as
the
well
graded
Stockpiling,
treatment
and
removal
ofrare.
oningress
ofLRFD
chlorides
from
deicing
salt
or
AASHTO
Bridge
Design
Specifications
I.
Problem
Constructability
and
long-term
resistance
by
SHAs
and
contractors,
site
assessment
is
due
to
the
aggregate
durability
must
be
evaluated
contracts
for
construction
are
let.
Most
ofas AFP70, Mineral Aggregates Sustainability
which
presents
a
comprehensive
procedure
roadway
construction
projects
is
still
shoulders
of
the
highway
right
of
way.
sensitive
design/solutions
throughout
the
The
research
is
important
for
two
reasons:
bedding
thickness
have
on
the
design
of
large
agricultural
economic
bases
are
are
identified,
evaluated,
and
problems?
1,
ranged
in
width
from
2
to
10
or
more.
Interstate
Highway
System,
which
will
assuming
that
the
fatigue
cracks
initiate
at
mobility
and
safety.
These
measures
do
not
computer
simulation,
and
the
only
user
expertise
to
identify
and
articulate
issues,
more
properly
referred
to
as
good
granular
materials
used
for
pipe
backfill,
is AFP10, Engineering Geology Environment
site
waste
materials
such
asphalt
and
from
marine
exposure
(or
both)
and
(LRFD
Specifications).
performance
of
concrete
pavements
are
developers
of
new
infrastructure
materials
multidisciplinary
nature
of
security;
it
the
rock
is
quarried.
We
a
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
modern
timber
bridges
built
in
recent
for
life-cycle
cost
analysis
of
bridges
with
With
the
lowering
cost
ofpropose
computing
power
These
latter
right
of
way
elements
have
an
entire
transportation
system
development
1.
It
will
provide
state
transportation
concrete
pipe
and
box
sections?
finding
it
increasingly
difficult
to
deal
with
considered.The
landscape
refers
to
the
The
attendees
also
pointed
out
that
future
Due
to
increase
concerns
about
herbicides
celebrate
its
50th
birthday
in
2006.
the
bottom
of
the
asphalt
concrete
layers
provide
transportation
agencies
and
Research
conducted
as
part
of
the
FHWA
friendly
program
currently
available
is
needs
and
desires
that
set
the
contextual
practices
or
generally
accepted
practices.
questionable.
concrete
and
other
construction
debris
and
resultant
metal
loss,
build-up
of
corrosion
influenced
by
the
characteristics
and
are
often
unable
to
implement
the
use
depends
on
varying
parameters
such
as
continuation
ofand
research
efforts
to
further
Rockfall
mitigation
systems
include
wire
years
have
been
demonstration
bridges
explicit
introduction
of
vulnerability
and
and
growing
popularity
of
3D
CAD,
the
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
Environment
intrinsic
capacity
to
change
the
flux
of
process.
Therefore,
while
the
need
for
aof
agencies
with
the
tools
they
need
in
the
framework
Is
the
benefit
derived
from
an
nutrients
in
their
runoff.
Current
preference
built,
natural,
social
environment
of
a
standards
should
be
"performance-based"
in
the
environment
and
increased
costs,
Financing
for
the
entire
highway
system
is AFB10, Geometric Design
and
propagate
to
the
surface.
The
time
or
transportation
project
managers
with
the
Maintenance
Decision
Support
System
OCPLOT
which
was
made
available
as
part
in
which
aof
project
or
group
of
Environmental
stewardship
and
other
good
Field
measurements
of
soil
density
are
time
by-products,
from
construction
sites
is
often
by-product
and
concrete
cracking
and
The
current
LRFD
Specifications
do
not
physical
properties
of
the
aggregates
used.
these
materials
due
the
high
costs
structural,
foundations,
traffic
patterns,
site
develop
an
arsenal
first-cut
methods
for
and
cable
mesh
slope
protection
systems,
that
exclude
bridges
other
materials.
uncertainty
in
the
analysis.
There
has
also
benefit-to-cost
ratio
of
using
4D-CAD
on
There
is
increasing
recognition
that
heavy
metals,
major
ions,
hydrocarbons,
project
may
be
clearly
articulated,
the
development
processes
to
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFB10, Geometric Design
Environment
increase
in
bedding
thickness
proportional
for
managing
nutrients
is
the
development
community.These
elements
contribute
to
to
cover
the
"important
performance
these
areas
are
being
significantly
based
on
fuel
taxes,
most
of
which
were
number
of
wheel
loads
to
crack
initiation
information
they
need
to
assess
the
(MDSS)
project
suggest
that
the
embedded
of
Demonstration
Project
89
on
Quality
transportation
projects
will
be
undertaken.
practices
have
the
virtue
that
they
can
bein
consuming
and
cumbersome.The
standard
time
consuming,
environmentally
spalling.
At
the
same
time,
interventions
adequately
address
factors
affecting
the
Economy
ofhighway
minimizing
costs
and
associated
with
laboratory
and
field
conditions,
potential
risk
sources,
and
any
analysis
of
aggregate
quality,
to
be
used
catchments
and
barrier
protection
systems.
been
work
done
in
reliability-based
lifetransportation
construction
is
becoming
successful
designs,
and
and
organic
substrates
to
adjacent
surface
community
values
and
context
of
the
built
satisfactorily
respect
and
acknowledge
Much
research
has
been
done
related
to
to
the
depth
of
fill?
of
wet
ponds
or
artificial
wetlands.
These
the
communitys
contextual
identity
that
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFF80,
Structural
Fiber
Society
attributes
required
to
assure
adequate
field
narrowed
or
eliminated.
Because
of
the
also
established
50
years
ago.
Indo
order
to
and
the
rate
of
propagation
through
the
success
of
projects
completed
within
the
pavement
temperature
sensors
not
Management.
This
program
enables
users
To
contribute
constructively
to
the
implemented
quickly
and
if
there
is
use
of
nuclear
density
equipment
is
challenging,
and
expensive.
On-site
uses
required
for
maintenance
oflower
structures
are
service-life
of
buried
metal-tensioned
sustainability
objectives
to
energy
performance
testing
and
long
time
other
qualitative
security
issues
that
cant
quarries
by
Departments
of
Transportation
systems
are
intended
to
control
rock
II.
Research
Objective
cycle
management
of
bridges
[2].
However,
more
and
more
attractive.
particularly
successful
designs
for
urban
groundwater.
and
natural
environment
may
not
have
community
goals
and
objectives.
accommodation
of
bicycles
in
urban
and
These
What
thickness
of
bedding
is
required
are
both
expensive
to
construct
as
well
as
also
includes
the
communitys
vision
Reinforced
Polymers StabilizaEnvironment
performance."
They
added
that
to
achieve
long
term
use
of
residual
herbicides
itfills
has
continue
providing
an
acceptable
level
ofhas AFS80,
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
Cementitious
thickness
of
the
asphalt
concrete
layers
contemporary
context
sensitive
respond
to
solar
loading
and
radiational
with
no
statistical
or
computer
transportation
project
development
guidance
material
available,
effectively.
becoming
increasingly
problematic.The
of
these
materials
as
unconventional
generally
expensive,
disruptive,
and
elements,
particularly
with
respect
to
and
CO2
expenditures
are
better
served
requirements
for
the
acceptance
of
such
be
easily
documented
in
bridge
design
quarry
personnel.
Such
methods
canif
falls
and
minimize
the
likelihood
that
debris
there
is
agive
gap
between
LCCA
state
of
streets,
must
effectively
serve
all
received
sufficient
consideration.
2.
It
will
communities
the
tools
and
suburban
areas,
but
much
less
has
been
to
mitigate
the
effect
of
a
rough
and/or
maintain.
This
is
particularly
true
in
areas
goals.
Building
bridges
with
non-corrosive
FRP
these
goals,
among
other
factors,
"research
been
difficult
to
establish
desirable
service
to
travelers,
competition
for
these
Fly
ash
and
bottom
ash
are
by-products
of
previously
been
related
to
the
tensile
creep
environment.
Consequently,
there
are
no
cooling
in
the
same
manner
asmode,
the
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
Environment
programming
experience
to
analyze
athe
process,
ais
community
must
first
have
awide
equipment
requires
specialized
training,
is AFB10, Geometric Design
can
accelerate
construction
time
and
lead
involve
health
and
safety
risks
for
highway
effects
from
climate,
soil
environment,
locally-available,
durable
aggregates
can
materials
by
regulatory
agencies.
reports.
Because
of
these
varying
also
be
used
in
an
exploration
and
large
blocks
of
rock
will
fall
onto
Research
needed
to
ascertain
the
practice
and
state
of
the
art.
As
such,
there
4D-CAD
systems
originated
from
the
transportation
modes
and
provide
an
II.
Research
Objective
Consequently,
projects
must
then
be
vocabulary
required
to
articulate
elements
carried
out
that
addresses
bicycles
on
rural
hard
trench
bottom
(e.g.
blasted
bedrock).
where
the
natural
hydrology
makes
It
is
essential
the
stakeholders
understand
decks
is
one
of
the
promising
applications
is
needed
to
establish
performance
criteria
vegetation
in
these
areas.
This
problem
funds
has
increased
dramatically
while
coal-fired
power
plants,
which
represent
characteristics,
tensile
strength
and/or
definitive
objective
measures
to
support
pavement
surface,
resulting
in
temperature
There
is
a
sizable
body
of
literature
variety
of
either
pass/fail
or
pay-adjustment
clear
sense
of
its
vision
and
goals.
However,
continued
reference
to
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFF20,
Steel
Bridges
Economy
subject
to
strict
environment
regulations,
to
substantial
cost
savings.
The
use
of
onagency
personnel,
and
the
metallurgy,
and
installation
details.
be
used

even
ifcontractors,
some
of
the
individual
multidisciplinary
security
concerns,
one
can
identifying
potential
sights
for
opening
of
highway
and
railway
rights-of-way.
The
economies
of
modern
timber
bridges,
is
aproject
need
to
carry
out
a
detailed
survey
construction
of
processing,
power,
and
appropriate
balance
among
those
modes.
rescoped
causing
schedule
delays
and
of
acceptance
to
other
roads.
As
more
rural
roads
are
being
used
examining
What
is
the
relative
performance
of
maintaining
a
permanent
water
pool
the
particular
project,
how
it
will
be
for
the
use
of
composite
materials
in
the
including
modeling
of
material
may
be
more
difficult
in
areas
with
drier
inflation
and
more
fuel
efficient
vehicles
part
of
the
inorganic
materials
in
coal.
It
is
elastic
or
dynamic
modulus
of
the
asphalt
the
institutionalization
of
context
reports
that
may
not
be
representative
of
the
safety
effects
of
angle
and
acceptance
plans
based
on
percent
Furthermore,
agency
sponsors
of
undocumented
best
management
In
recent
years
a
new
steel
bridge
system,
and
is
considered
ais
safety
issue.
site
demolition
materials,
and
off-site
or
traveling
public.
Itby
therefore
important
I.
Research
Statement
AFF80, Structural Fiber Reinf Sustainable
Research
is
needed
to
quantify
theis
aggregate
sizes
do
not
meet
grading
or
Thus,
from
aProblem
materials
research
conclude
that
on-site
assessment
always
new
quarries
and
eliminating
unsuitable
systems
perform
absorbing
energy
from
designed
in
accordance
with
AASHTO
specifically
for
bridge
LCCA
to
identify
the
offshore
plants
where
3D
modeling
has
An
effective
street
design
must
The
proposed
research
will
inform
the
budget
revisions.
Additionally,
programmed
communities,
local
and
state
elected
in
various
parts
of
the
country
for
the
different
specified
bedding
materials?
difficult
with
out
supplemental
water.
constructed,
and
how
it
will
contribute
to
civil
infrastructure.
Several
states
have
performance."
climates.
Designers
and
maintenance
have
reduced
the
purchasing
power
of
estimated
that
more
than
150
million
tons
concrete
mixtures.
Various
fatigue
identification
and
definition
as
part
of
the
the
pavement
surface,
which
is
a
critical
parallel
parking.
What
is
not
always
evident
defective
(PD)
or
percent
within
limits
transportation
projects
have
a
continuing
practices,
is
misleading,
causes
confusion,
referred
to
as
Simple
for
Dead
Load
and
Current
analytic
models
for
prediction
of
recycled
waste
materials
such
as
ash,
slag,
that
state
and
federal
agencies
have
the
Bridge
maintenance
often
leads
to
uncertainty
associated
with
service-life
physical
properties
specifications.
Recent
perspective,
there
is
a
significant
research
needed
for
any
security
enhancement
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFF80, Structural Fiber Reinf Sustainable
sights.
impact
or that
controlling
the
momentum
of
bridge
specifications,
to
assist
the
decision
magnitude
of
the
gap
between
state
of
long
been
used
for
checking
space
conflicts
accommodate
vehicles
and
users
of
all
transportation
industry
of
the
capacity
elements
have
been
made
without
full
representatives,
and
other
decision
recreational
bicycling
purposes,
there
isof
the
realization
of
the
communitys
vision
embarked
on
pilot
projects
to
explore
the
personnel
will
be
able
to
use
the
results
of
these
funds
compared
to
the
number
of
of
fly
ash
is
produced
annually
worldwide
relationships
have
also
been
developed
for
transportation
project
planning,
design
and
parameter
for
calculating
the
winter
is:
(PWL).
However,
OCPLOT
is
limited
to
linear
responsibility
to
assure
that
the
effects
of
and
undoubtedly
results
in
environmental
Continuous
for
live
load
has
gained
the
performance
of
the
soil-pipe
system
rubber
tires,
glass
cullet
and
other
best
information
on
the
optimum
time
and
situations
where
bridge
officials
are
faced
estimates
considering
the
potential
loss
of
trends
in
concrete
pavement
specifications
need
to
develop
new
materials
for
project.
A
significant
number
of
bridges
infor
the
US
individual
pieces
of
that
may
range
makers
in
selected
arock
bridge
material.
The
practice
and
state
of
the
art,
and
the
root
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
Environment
of
the
complex
piping
According
types:
passenger
vehicles,
trucks,
right
of
way
elements
to
affect
continuous
stakeholder
input
often
impose
constraints
makers.This
improves
credibility
of
the
some
question
as
to
when
to
provide
Recent
work
in
the
area
of
bioretention
and
goals.It
is
equally
important
the
feasibility
of
this
promising
application.
It
II.
Research
Objective
this
research
to
restore
abandoned
Zone
1is AFB70, Utilities
vehicles
using
the
Highway
System.
from
the
combustion
ofsystems.
coal
in
power
predicting
the
number
of
wheel
load
implementation
process.
maintenance
treatment
plan.
The
Aurora
the
context
within
which
these
findings
are
and
quadratic
pay
schedules
and
is
not
project
on
the
landscape
it
traverses
outcomes
that
are
less
beneficial
than
popularity
in
several
States.
The
new
consider
laboratory
determined
soil
unconventional
materials
as
fill
on
type
of
intervention.
Planned
maintenance
with
tough
decisions
to
make.
A
classic
section
from
corrosion.
Uncertainties
with
are
to
consider
combined
grading
and
infrastructure
facilities;
however,
there
is
a
There
are
many
difficult
issues
that
involve
require
rehabilitation
or
replacement.
As
a
Recent
studies
show
that
carbonate
from
several
centimeters
to
several
meters
economics
should
include:
design
costs,
causes.
Utilities
and
roadways
co-exist
within
the
to
Sheppard
(2004),
4D
modeling
efforts
pedestrians,
bicycles,
and
transit.
Facilities
highway
contaminant
fluxes
prior
to as
that
prevent
designers
from
responding
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
Environment
state
transportation
agency,
thus
special
attention
to
bicyclists,
particularly
seem
to
offer
great
promise
for
being
able
transportation
agency
to
understand
the
well
known
that
the
number
one
item
ofato AFB10, Geometric Design
areas
with
desirable
plant
communities,
Maintaining
and
upgrading
the
highway
plants.
Fly
ash
has
been
recognized
applications
to
abe
predefined
level
and
Program
recently
studied
pavement
applicable
(surroundings,
traffic
volumes);
equipped
to
handle
compound
linear
pay
are
identified,
evaluated,
and
considered.
others
that
can
shown
through
system
is
proved
to
be
economical.
Bridges
stiffness
as
a
principal
design
criteria.Finite
transportation
projects
is
becoming
is
the
safest
and
most
cost
effective
scenario
is
that
of
aas
deficient
bridge
that
is
respect
to
modeling
errors
and
soil/rock
blending
of
all
aggregate
materials
in
the
larger
need
to
develop
accelerated
test
conducting
a
successful
on-site
result,
increased
emphasis
is
being
placed
aggregate
durability
is
controlled
by
both
in
maximum
dimension.
The
mitigation
initial
construction
costs,
projected
It
is
herein
proposed
that
a
synthesis
be
same
narrow
corridor
over
the
vast
might
have
begun
early
as
1973.
The
for
each
transportation
mode
must
be
discharge
into
receiving
surface
and
community
goals
and
values
in
a
context
Multilane
road
cross
sections
are
often
enhancing
public
involvement
and
the
when
most
rural
roads
do
not
consider
to
remove
nutrients
from
stormwater
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFB10,
Geometric
Design
Environment
contextual
framework
of
the
maintenance
cost
is
fixing/replacing
bridge
The
objective
is
to
develop
a
method
to
reduce
long-term
maintenance
costs,
andto
system
is
costly,
and
deferring
the
timely
successful
resource
material
be
severity
of
wheel
path
fatigue
cracks.
research
is
important
for
two
reasons:
temperature
accuracy
using
aand
combination
the
safety
effects
of
back-in
angle
parking;
schedules
that
have
recently
been
found
The
landscape
refers
to
the
built,
natural,
measurement
and
valid
statistical
analysis
using
this
new
concept
are
now
incan
service
Element
Analysis
using
FHWA
CANDE
use
increasingly
common.
The
economic
approach.
It
is
important
that
personnel
up
for
evaluation
for
which
it
is
not
clear
input
parameters
need
to
be
quantified
so
mixture

and
even
sometimes
to
procedures
that
predict
the
field
assessment.
The
two
most
obvious
on
improving
work
zone
safety
and
textural
and
mineralogical
factors,
which
systems
include
metallic
components
such
maintenance
costs,
and
life-cycle
costs
prepared
to
gather
information
on
current
majority
of
the
United
States.
From
first
commercially
available
software
was
provided
with
the
modes
safely
separated.
groundwater.
The
fluxes
and
capacities
will
sensitive
manner.
Under
these
conditions,
designed
include
some
type
of
median,
progress
of
future
projects
and
supporting
bicyclists
in
their
design.
Also,
there
is
a
without
maintaining
a
permanent
water
Highway
designers
are
under
increasing
community.This
proposal
seeks
to
define
decks
that
have
deteriorated
due
to
harsh
identify,
evaluate,
and
quantify
the
reduce
pesticide
use.
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
Environment
maintenance
of
the
infrastructure
results
in AFB10, Geometric Design
added
in
construction
materials
for
its
of
laboratory
and
outdoor
tests.
Although
the
safety
effects
of
buffer
spaces
between
be
very
useful
for
many
highway
and
social
environment
of
aan
community.
to
be
best.
For
example,
International
in
Nebraska,
Tennessee,
New
Mexico
and
soil
stiffness
in
the
representative
soil
benefits,
potential
for
construction
from
state
and
federal
highway
agencies
whether
athe
full
bridge
replacement
or
a
that
appropriate
resistance
factors
may
be
consider
cement
and
supplementary
performance
of
new
materials.
The
difficulties
are
the
same
multi-disciplinary
minimizing
traffic
disruption,
while
are
controlled
by
original
depositional
as
mesh,
cables,
posts,
dowels,
pins,
compared
to
those
of
the
bridges
of
other
practice
and
policies
for
bridge
LCCA
and
congested
inner
city
intersections
to
Construction
Systems
Associates
PMAdditionally,
space
must
be
provided
for
be
cast
into
a
remediation
capacity
design
projects
are
either
delayed,
not
completed,
either
depressed,
raised,
or
flush.
When
a
funding
allocation
opportunities.
need
to
better
understand
and
pool.
pressure
to
maximize
the
use
of
available
and
develop
tools
for
the
identification
and
environmental
conditions.
The
advantages
qualities
of
old
concrete
pavements
that
The
American
Association
of
State
Highway
proportionately
greater
rehabilitation
costs
pozzolanic
nature,
which
will
chemically
More
recently,
however,
there
has
been
an
1)
It
will
provide
state
transportation
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFB10, Geometric Design
Environment
the
research
focused
primarily
on
indoor
through
traffic
lanes
and
parking
lanes;
applications.
This
type
also
tends
to
be
These
elements
contribute
to
the
Database
on
BMPs
for
Urban
Stormwater
few
other
States.
The
most
common
models,
the
Burns
&
Richard
Elastic
acceleration,
plus
fulfilling
the
need
to
have
the
most
up
to
date
information
on
limited
strengthening
operation
is
better.
In
calibrated
for
LRFD.
Relationships
between
cementitious
material
(SCM)
particles
as for
increased
risks
and
costs
associated
with
aspect
of
security,
and
the
lack
of
maintaining
construction
quality
and
environment,
age
of
deposition,
fasteners
and
damping
devices.
These
materials.
It
is
noted
that
determination
related
research.
This
would
include,
but
remote
Interstate
highways,
utilities
Vision,
which
was
released
in
1984.
roadside
hardware
and
underground
and
algorithm
to
facilitate
the
design
of
new
or
result
in
stakeholder
dissatisfaction.
flush
median
is
selected,
it
often
includes
a
II.
Research
Objective
communicate
which
design
features
are
right-of-way
in
freeway
corridors
to
provide
articulation
of
community
context.
that
FRP
decks
have
to
offer
(non-corrosive,
are
performing
beyond
expectations
and
II.
Research
Objective
and
Transportation
Officials
(AASHTO)
at
a
later
date,
while
contributing
to
react
with
calcium
hydroxide
in
cement
or
increasing
number
of
studies
both
in
the
agencies
with
the
tools
they
need
in
the
According
to
the
National
Highway
Traffic
laboratory
tests,
the
limited
testing
that
guidelines
for
allocating
cross-section
width
better
received
by
the
construction
communitys
contextual
identity
that
also
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFB10,
Geometric
Design
Environment
Runoff
has
been
established
and
identifies
application
of
this
concept
has
been
to
the
Solution
uses
soil-stiffness
as
a
direct
input
increase
recycling
efforts
in
the
when
their
structures
will
need
general,
the
alternatives
available
are:
the
intended
service-life,
soil
environment,
part
of
the
combined
grading
in
the
P200
implementing
the
use
of
these
new
conforming
assessment
baseline.
Assessing
reducing
the
life
cycle
costs
and
paleogeography,
local
environment,
components
are
often
subjected
to
very
the
life-cycle
cost
of
any
type
of
bridge
will
not
limited
to:
parallel
or
cross
directly
under
key
However,
due
to
the
high
computing
cost
above-ground
utilities.
Further,
the
design
drainage
systems,
medians,
and
shoulders,
two-way
left
turn
lane
(TWLTL).
In
urban
Performance
measures
and
methodologies
most
appropriate
for
accommodating
Most
of
the
work
that
has
been
done
safety,
mobility,
and
capacity
for
growing
II.
Research
Objective
light
weight,
etc.)
outweigh
its
develop
performance-based
models
for
Determine
what
types
of
remediation
are
Policy
on
Geometric
Design
of
Highways
congestion
accident
rates.
Lack
of
carbonates
in
soil
at
ordinary
temperatures
U.S.,
Japan
and
Europe,
which
have
project
development
processes
to
Safety
Administration,
speeding
is
one
of
was
conducted
outdoors
indicated
that
between
bicycles
and
parked
vehicles;
industry
because
they
can
be
made
to
be
includes
the
communitys
vision
and
goals.
Accomplishing
the
design
of
a
highway
its
BMPs
suitable
for
different
circumstances
case
of
Iwithin
girder
bridges,
with
each
span
parameter,
the
Modified
Iowa
Formula
uses
transportation
industry,
assures
the
II.
Research
Problem
Statement
Economy
maintenance
and
repair
to
allow
them
to
X
Do
nothing
solution
climate,
installation
details
(including
range.
In
concrete
mixture
design
AFF30, Concrete Bridges
materials
should
be
overcome
by
forming
the
security
of
a
bridge
site
will
require
the
environmental
impact.
The
use
of
composition
of
original
sediments,
and
harsh
environments
that
persist
within
be
one
of
the
most
difficult
phases
in
this
transportation
arteries.
Trenchless
at
that
time,
the
system
was
not
widely
must
fit
the
context
of
adjacent
and
the
environmental
assessment
of
II.
Research
Objective:
areas,
the
choice
is
often
between
a
raised
should
be
developed
to
determine
how
well
bicyclists
in
the
rural
environment.
however
has
been
for
relatively
small
traffic
demand.
With
right-of-way
A
succinct
definition
of
context
to
be
disadvantages
(connection
details,
future
construction.
Many
pavements
cast
necessary
to
establish
native
orneeds
desirable
and
Streets
contains
general
guidelines
for
system
preservation
and
rehabilitation
to
form
compounds
possessing
confirmed
that
many
of
the
load-related
satisfactorily
respect
and
acknowledge
the
most
prevalent
factors
contributing
to
sensor
accuracy
may
decline
during
strong
needed
cross-section
width
for
parallel
lenient
for
work
that
is
very
nearly
three-dimensional
features
(alignment
and
based
on
extensive
data
collection
length
of
approximately
less
than
130
ft.
E
which
is
a
measurement
of
soil
stiffness,
interest
in
use
of
such
materials
as
fill
for
Curved
steel
girder
bridges
have
received
optimize
maintenance
planning
and
X
Limited
strengthening
corrosion
protection
afforded
to
the

the
mixture
characteristics
required
for
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
AFS30,
Foundations
of
Bridges
Economy
partnerships
with
shared
funding
and
knowledge
of
people
in
several
fields;
this
innovative
prefabricated
systems
away
their
chemical
and
physical
alteration
in a
mountainous
terrains
including
severe
research.
literature
search
including
online
sources
technology
(directional
drilling
for
accepted
inwithin
the
development.
Any
street
design
that
existing
highway
rights
of
way.
The
median
and
a
TWLTL.
In
some
instances
process
completed
projects
satisfy
drainage
basins
such
as
parking
lots.
This
limitations,
increased
use
of
context
developed
the
community
in
terms
vulnerability
to
dynamic
loads,
etc.),
which
using
locally
available
materials
and
plant
communities
in
areas
where
residual
the
relationship
of
ramp
design
speed
to
produces
a
downward
spiral,
which
is
cementitious
properties
when
it
is
in
fatigue
cracks
initiate
at
the
surface
of
the
community
goals
and
objectives.
traffic
crashes.
In
2002,
speeding
was
a
solar
loading
and
radiational
cooling.
parking;
and
acceptable,
but
can
still
withhold
It
is
essential
the
stakeholders
understand
cross-section)
and
appurtenances
to
regarding
relevant
performance
measures
and
SIDD
design
method
for
reinforced
many
years.
considerable
NCHRP
and
FHWA
research
budgeting.
X
Large
scale
strengthening
system),
methods
of
sampling
and
testing
the
pavement
application
are
developed,
knowledge
between
various
organizations
could
prove
to
be
aand
costly
venue.
The
basic
from
the
work
zone
can
be
an
efficient
response
to
temperature,
pressure,
and
winter
conditions,
high
rainfall,
high
influx
I.
Research
Problem
Statement
surveying
the
state
DOTs
and
local
underground
utility
emplacement
and
some
architecture/engineering/construction
(AEC)
successfully
meets
all
of
these
needs
can
following
tasks
support
this
objective:
The
goal
of
this
research
isdownward
to
identify
designer
would
prefer
a
raised
median
in
purpose
and
need
and
objectives
as
agreed
product
of
this
research
will
be
used
to AFD90, Surface Properties - VeEnvironment
work
needs
to
be
extended
to
the
larger
sensitive
designs,
implementation
of
of
its
aesthetic
character,
visual
quality,
can
all
be
improved
by
further
research.
exposed
in
the
real-world
service
herbicides
were
used.
This
would
include:
the
mainline
highway
design
speed,
as
well
largely
invisible
to
the
traveling
public.
This
contact
with
water.
On
the
other
hand,
pavement
and
propagate
contributing
factor
in
31
percent
of
all
fatal
the
economic
effects
of
different
parking
substantial
payment
for
work
that
isresearch
particular
project,
how
it
will
be
provide
for
drainage,
traffic
control
and
(Biological
Oxygen
Demand,
Dissolved
In
this
system
each
individual
girders,
as
a AFB30, Low-Volume Roads
concrete
pipe
used
soil
stiffness
in
attention
in
the
past
15
years.
The
X
Replacement
of
superstructure
backfills
or
native
soils,
and
modeling
usually
without
reference
to
the
particular
Drilled
shaft
foundations
are
widely
used
(both
public
and
private).
From
a
qualitative
nature
of
on-site
assessments
solution,
which
would
address
many
of
the
chemically
active
fluids
(diagenesis
and
of
water
from
runoff
and
or
groundwater
Airfield
pavement
roughness
is
generally
The
Forest
Product
Laboratory
(FPL),
USDA
agencies
maintenance)
has
had
a
significant
positive
industry.
Bechtel,
the
leading
contractor
of
be
referred
to
as
a
complete
street.
Research
Problem
Statement
Society
processes
and
tools
to
incorporate
early
order
to diversity,
enhance
mobility
and
safety,
but
upon
by
the
full
range
of
determine
when
to
better
accommodate
scale
of
the
highway
environment
to
managed
facilities
(i.e.,
HOV,
HOT,
or
cultural
and
how
these
elements
However,
as
it
is
always
the
case
with
civil
environments
have
been
in
service
for
40
Determine
if
the
climate
makes
a
as
general
guidelines
for
the
design
speed
deterioration
eventually
impacts
the
entire
however,
fly
ash
typically
contains
through
the
thickness
of
the
asphalt
2)
It
will
give
communities
the
tools
and
crashes,
and
13,713
lives
were
lost
in
Pavement
surface
temperature
information
choices.
seriously
deficient.
It
is
proposed
to
modify
constructed,
and
how
it
will
contribute
to
safety,
requires
a
well-defined
process.
Oxygen,
Total
Suspended
Solids,
organics,
simple
beam,
are
placed
over
the
supports
determining
the
Heger
Soil
Pressure
While
use
of
on-site
and
recycled
materials
has
resulted
in
LRFD
Specification
changes
Reinforcement
corrosion
starts
once
the
X
Replacement
of
entire
bridge
errors,
must
all
be
considered
and
aggregate
sources
that
will
be
used.
The
for
bridge
foundations
where
large
axial
construction
perspective,
there
is
also
a
can
make
it
from
one
site
to of
challenges
innon-uniform
bridge
construction,
metamorphism).
Such
a
degree
of
seeps,
corrosive
ground
and
rain
water
associated
with
pilot
and
passenger
Forest
Service,
and
many
universities
interviewing
selected
agencies
impact
on
roadway
safety
through
industrial
plants
of
the
U.S.,
also
developed
The
need
for
complete
streets
has
been
Many
local
rural
roads
were
designed
to
1.
Assessment
of
contamination
sources
and
continuous
scoping
and
stakeholder
abutting
property
and
business
owners
stakeholders.Examples
of
performance
bicyclists
on
rural
roads
what
design
determine
the
practical
limits
of
TOTL),
designers
must
maximize
the
use
translate
into
the
existing
context.
infrastructure
applications,
FRP
decks
have
or
more
years.
The
question
to
be
difference
in
residual
herbicide
breakdown.
of
ramp
terminals,
which
includes
freeway
system
by
causing
much
needed
funding
to
regulated
elements
such
as
arsenic,
concrete
mixture.
This
is
a
more
severe
vocabulary
required
to
articulate
elements
speeding-related
crashes.
Communicating
is
critical
for
winter
snow
and
ice
control
OCPLOT
to
be
capable
of
handling
up
to
the
realization
of
the
communitys
vision
AASHTO
and
its
predecessor,
AASHTO,
metals,
temperature,
pH,
etc.)
and
careful
before
the
deck
slab.
Prior
to
Distribution.
can
have
short-term
benefits,
they
should
in
2004
and
2005
that
unify
the
design
ofof
concentration
of
chloride
ions
at
the
incorporated
in
the
design
process.
The
mixture
design
may
include
a
nominal
and
lateral
loads
are
to
be
resisted.
Where
need
tocasting
determine
factors
that
influence
another,
based
on
the
person(s)
who
are
rehabilitation
and
replacement,
in
terms
complexity
leads
to
a
great
degree
of
conditions,
and
roadway
spray
complaints
about
aon
particular
runway
or
including
West
Virginia
University,
Bucknell
identifying
problem
areas
that
created
reductions
in
pavement
maintenance,
a
3D
computer
aided
engineering
system
recognized,
and
much
has
been
written
provide
land
access
with
little
thought
and
their
impacts
transportation
involvement
that
optimizes
opportunities
express
a
strong
preference
for
TWLTL.
measures
include:
features
are
best
to
accommodate
them.
It
contributing
drainage
basins,
the
relative
freeway
cross
sections.
While
freeway
cross
The
research
will
identify
the
various
not
been
widely
accepted,
and
rightly
so,
answered
by
research
is
"Why
did
they
Determining
what
types
of
remediation
can
entrance
and
exit
terminals
and
highway
be
diverted
from
new
construction
projects
barium,
boron,
cadmium,
chromium,
lead,
case
than
the
traditional
evaluation
of
of
project
acceptance
to
other
changes
in
speed
environment
and
drivers
operations.
The
uncertainty
in
the
actual
Recent
experimentation
examines
back-in
three
connected
linear
pay
equations,
and
goals.
It
is
equally
important
for
the
developed
a
highway
design
process
that
statistical
analysis
(regression,
Analysis
of
hardening
of
slab
deck
each
girder
behaves
Several
light
weight,
portable
gages
have
only
be
utilized
with
engineering
straight
and
curved
beams.
The
concept
of
reinforcing
steel
surface,
termed
the
critical
Obviously,
decisions
are
solely
made
on
likelihood
of
a
successful
design
should
be
maximum
aggregate
size
and
some
rock
bearing
strata
are
present,
individual
long-term
field
performance
of
newly
conducting
the
assessments.
the
systems
design
effort,
on-site
vertical
and
lateral
variability
in
the
contaminated
with
deicing
salts
applied
to
taxiway.
Airfield
pavement
roughness
is12University,
University
of
Maine,
and
Iowa
gap
between
research
and
practice
traffic
congestion,
and
safety
hazards.
called
Walkthru.
Jacobus
Technology,
Inc.,
about
the
importance
of
multimodal
given
to
high
traffic
or
heavy
loadings.
In
facilities
and
the
subsurface
environment.
for
context
sensitive
design/solutions
Some
have
suggested
various
volume
The
project
is
safe
for
both
the
user
and
will
be
used
by
state
and
local
road
officials
life
of
bioretention
vegetative
system,
section
design
guidance
suggests
that
techniques
currently
employed
by
by
the
bridge
community.
This
research
will
perform
as
they
did
and
how
can
the
be
used
to
breakdown
or
neutralized
intersections.
However,
the
design
of
to
repair
prematurely
aging
components.
mercury,
selenium,
etc.
The
environmental
fatigue
cracks,
because
it
allows
water
and
communities,
local
and
state
elected
need
to
adjust
their
speed
is
difficult.
pavement
surface
temperature
complicates
angle
parking
as
an
alternative
to
head-in
suitable
for
matching
the
S
curve
transportation
agency
to
understand
the
has
been
essentially
unchanged
since
it
Variance,
etc.)
as
simple
beam,
with
maximum
moment
been
introduced
to
the
market
which
have
knowledge
of
their
long-term
behavior;
using
curved
concrete
beams
as
an
chloride
concentration,
exceeds
a
threshold
cost
basis.
However,
determining
of
the
quantified,
and
adjusted
on
the
basis
of
a
constraints
on
the
grading.
There
is
a
need
drilled
shafts
are
capable
of
supporting
developed
materials.
Factors
that
influence
It
is
proposed
to
establish
a
security
construction
time,
minimum
lane
closure
durability
of
carbonate
rock
resources.
Each
the
highway
during
winter
conditions.
much
more
than
a
ride
quality
issue.
State
University,
and
others,
under
the
identifying
the
barriers
of
BLCCA
established
in
1991
by
two
former
considerations.
However,
there
is
little
some
areas
this
includes
higher
classified
throughout
the
entire
transportation
thresholds
at
what
volume
to
convert
from
community.
with
jurisdiction
over
rural
roads.
the
cost
of
construction
and
maintenance.
foot
lanes
with
8to
10-foot
inside
and
communities
to
articulate
their
goals
and
address
of
the
major
barriers
that
characteristics
of
that
concrete
remaining
herbicides
in
the
soil,
such
as
ramps
has
not
traditionally
been
viewed
as
Properly
scheduled
highway
and
bridge
impact
ofone
coal
fly
ash
was
primarily
studied
other
foreign
debris
to
penetrate
the
representatives,
and
other
decision
makers.
Transitioning
high-speed
rural
highways
an
already
difficult
decision
making
process
angle
parking.
Current
research
in
Rhode
relationships
that
are
often
associated
with
contextual
framework
of
the
community.
was
formalized
in
the
1940s.
The
current
being
at
the
middle
the
span.
The
the
ability
to
rapidly
measure
soil
poor
selection
or
improper
use
of
these
alternate
to
curved
steel
beams
is
value.
However,
research
and
field
cost
of
each
alternative
is
not
cost/benefit
analysis.
Research
isBridge
needed
to
to
allow
more
leeway
in
arriving
at
an
very
large
loads.
Lateral
load
capacity
can
performance
of
aof
material
in
the
checklist
manual
that
has
potential
ofof
time,
and
minimum
environmental
impact.
ledge
may
have
a
different
durability
and
Rough
pavements
reduce
the
fatigue
life
auspices
of
the
National
Timber
implementation
at
agencies
that
have
BMS
Unfortunately,
the
utility
service
industry
employees
of
Bechtel,
developed
and
practical
guidance
on
how
to
effectively
farm
to
market
or
collector
routes
on
2.
Evaluate
ability
of
the
highway
right
system
development
process
as
follows:
a
five-lane
design
(TWLTL)
a
nonThe
project
is
in
harmony
with
the
outside
shoulders
is
ideal,
there
is
limited
visions.The
success
of
the
techniques
will
prohibit
many
designers
from
adopting
the
construction
be
quantified,
improved
upon,
soil
amendments,
addition
of
soil
a
composite
system
consisting
of
the
three
maintenance
(or
the
lack
ifand
it),
has
a(PRS).
lasting
leaching
tests
(References
1stress
7).
pavement
structure,
increasing
the
improves
credibility
of
the
state
through
small
rural
towns
into
the
whereby
several
environmental
factors
Island
is
examining
tradeoffs
between
bike
performance-related
specifications
This
proposal
seeks
to
define
and
develop
process
can
be
briefly
outlined
as
follows:
Objective:
The
purpose
of
this
research
is
detailing
is
such
that
bridge
behaves
as
stiffness.However,
correlation
with
materials
can
lead
to
increased
unrecognized
by
most
designers.
Several
experience
in
North
America
and
elsewhere
straightforward
simply
because
of
the
develop
the
statistics
for
such
an
analysis.
overall
blend
and
grading
of
aggregate
be
substantial
because
of
their
large
laboratory
are
often
not
the
same
factors
resolving
the
above
difficulties
of
on-site
that
ledge
may
have
widely
different
Rockfall
mitigation
systems
have
been
in
the
aircraft,
increase
operational
and
Initiative
Program
and
FPL,
are
conducting
identifying
the
of
agencies
and
has
encountered
aneeds
significant
technology
marketed
athose
4D
simulation
system
called
serve
all
transportation
modes
along
thethe
which
bridges
and
pavements
were
of
way
elements
to
adsorb,
deposit,
traversable
(e.g.,
raised)
median.
Two
community.
III.
Research
Objective
Give
the
apparent
performance
and
the
research
findings
on
how
deviations
from
be
evaluated
and
recommendations
use
of
FRP
decks.
AASHTO
has
always
and
used
as
a
reference
for
the
future?"
microorganisms,
cover
crops,
etc.
integral
parts
which
form
the
ramp:
the
impact
on
critical
issues
affecting
The
release
of
these
elements
to
the
concentration
at
the
crack
tips
and
transportation
agency,
thus
enhancing
suburban/urban
environment
is
a
design
must
be
considered
together
with
lane
width
and
parking
width.
The
There
are
three
ways
this
could
be
done:
tools
for
the
identification
and
articulation
Dimensionally
based,
with
design
values
to
establish
a
research
program
that
would
continuous
for
any
loads
applied
after
the
laboratory
stiffness
data
is
needed
to
maintenance
costs
and
reduced
projects
in
Florida,
Pennsylvania,
Colorado
has
shown
that
this
value
can
vary
widely
uncertain
nature
of
the
future
of
most
sizes
(and
different
materials
or
minerals
diameter
and
superior
moment
resistance.
that
influence
the
performance
of
aLCCA
security
bridge
assessments.
Such
a
Simultaneously
with
the
FHWAs
drive
characteristics
as
it
is
quarried
laterally.
service
along
roadways
in
Europe
and
theor
support
costs,
increase
require
stopping
research
on
timber
bridges.
the
resources
they
have
for
bridge
hurdle
which
restrains
the
use
of
directional
Construction
Simulation
Toolkit.
CIFE
same
facility
or
corridor.
Most
available
designed
for
infrequent
heavy
loading,
release,
dilute,
concentrate,
or
consume
Identify
traditional
processes
and
practices
concerns
about
non-traversable
median
project
meets
or
exceeds
the
The
proposed
research
will
result
in
a for
guide

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Programming
Programming
Programming
Maintenance
Project Development
Construction
Programming
Programming

Emissions and
Efficiency
Waste
Intragenerational Safety
Equity
Efficiency
Emissions and
Waste
Health/Environm
ental Damage
Land Use
Safety
Safety
Intragenerational
Equity
Intragenerational
Equity
Emissions
and
Waste
Land Use
Access
Health/Environm
ental Damage
Employment
Safety
Safety

Health/Environm
ental
Damage
Health/Environm
ental
Damage
Access

Health/Environm
ental
Damage
Efficiency

Safety

Health/Environm Efficiency
ental
Damage
Intragenerational
Employment
Equity
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Access
Social Cost

Social Cost

Intragenerational
Equity
Safety
Intragenerational
Equity
Efficiency

Access
Access

Noise
Emissions and
Waste

Health/Environm
ental
Damage
Land Use

Programming
Programming
Operations
Operations
Systems Planning
Operations
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Programming
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Programming
Programming
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Programming
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Programming
Construction
Programming
Programming
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Programming
Programming
Programming
Systems Planning
Programming
Construction
Programming
Systems Planning
Programming
Construction
Programming
Programming
Systems Planning
Systems Planning
Operations
Programming
Programming
Systems Planning
Construction

Operations
Construction
Maintenance
Programming
Programming
Programming
Programming
Programming
Project Development
Operations
Programming
Programming
Programming

Operations
Operations
Programming
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Programming
Programming
Operations
Operations
Project Development
Programming
Operations
Project Development
Programming
Operations
Operations
Operations
Programming
Programming
Programming
Operations
Project Development
Programming
Maintenance

Emissions and
Waste

Efficiency

Access

Energy
Efficiency
Health/Environm Efficiency
ental Damage
Health/Environm
ental
SafetyDamage

Health/Environm Land Use


ental
Damage
Efficiency

Recycling
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Access
Affordability
Emissions and
Waste

Efficiency
Land Use

Safety

Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Maintenance
Operations
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Project Development
Systems Planning
Maintenance
Maintenance
Construction
Maintenance
Maintenance
Construction
Programming
Construction
Maintenance
Project Development
Project Development
Construction
Construction
Construction
Systems Planning
Programming
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Maintenance
Maintenance
Construction
Programming
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction

Maintenance
Maintenance
Operations
Maintenance
Maintenance
Construction
Programming
Maintenance
Maintenance
Maintenance
Operations
Programming
Project Development
Programming
Operations
Operations
Construction
Operations
Maintenance
Project Development
Operations
Programming
Programming
Programming
Maintenance
Maintenance
Maintenance
Programming
Operations
Maintenance
Operations
Programming

Maintenance
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Maintenance

Maintenance
Maintenance

TRB Subject
Data and
Information
Highways
Technology
Highways
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation and
Administration
Management
Public
Transportation
Highways
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation and
Administration
Management
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Construction
Highways
Highways
Construction
Highways
Highways
Highways
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Highways
Highways
Highways
Motor Carriers
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Motor Carriers
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists and
Pedestrians
Bicyclists

TRB Subject
Planning and
Forecasting
Design
Planning and
Forecasting
Design
Design
Planning and
Forecasting and
Maintenance
Preservation
Data
and
Information
Pipelines
Technology
Railroads
Passenger
Transportation
(General)
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Design
Maintenance and
Preservation
Design
Design
Maintenance and
Preservation
Design
History
Administration and
Management
Construction
Data and
Information
Maintenance and
Technology
Preservation
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Materials
Materials
Research
Planning and
Forecasting
Maintenance and
Preservation
Finance
Planning and
Forecasting
Data
and
Information
Planning and
Technology
Forecasting
Data
and
Information
Administration and
Technology
Management
Data
and
Information
Technology

TRB Subject
Society
Safety and Human
Factorsand Human
Safety
Factors
Safety and Human
Factors and
Planning
Forecasting
Transportation
(General)
Bridges
and other
structures
Data and
Information
Administration
and
Technology
Management
Finance
Finance
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Pavements
Materials
Materials
Geotechnology
Planning and
Forecasting
Maintenance and
Preservation
Environment
Construction
Materials
Planning and
Forecasting
Pavements
Data and
Information
Geotechnology
Technology
Geotechnology
Education and
Training
Economics
Safety and Human
Factors
Policy
Economics
Planning and
Forecasting
Transportation
(General) and
Operations
Traffic
Policy Management
Planning and
Forecasting

TRB Subject
Transportation
(General)
Education and
Training
Bridges and other
structures
Safety
and Human
Factors
Passenger
Transportation
Design
Planning and
Forecasting
Economics
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Geotechnology
Bridges and other
structures
Research
Bridges and other
structures
Energy
Materials
Design
Pavements
Policy
Policy
Safety and Human
Factors

Policy

Policy
Policy
Planning and
Forecasting

Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Construction
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists and
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists and
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
Highways
Motor Carriers
Highways
Data and
Information
Public
Technology
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Aviation
Highways
Public
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Railroads
Railroads
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Aviation
Transportation
(General)
Highways
Transportation
(General)
Highways
Highways
Highways
Aviation
Aviation
Highways
Public
Transportation

Design
Design
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Public
Transportationand
Maintenance
Preservation
Public
Transportationand
Maintenance
Preservationand
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
Freight
Transportation
Design
Planning and
Forecasting
Security
and
Emergencies
Administration and
Management
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Research
Safety and Human
Factors
Geotechnology
Design
Design
Safety and Human
Factors
Safety and Human
Factors
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Public
Transportation
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Highways
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Freight
Transportation
(General)
Energy
Railroads
Transportation
(General)
Energy

Planning and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Design
Education and
Training
Materials
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning
and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Safety
and Human
Factors
Public
Transportation
Vehicles and
Equipment
Materials
Vehicles and
Equipment
Data and
Information
Safety and Human
Technology
Factors
Operations and
Traffic Management
Operations and
Traffic Management
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Operations and
Traffic Management
Safety
and Human
Factors
Society
Bridges and other
structures
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Pavements

Design
Energy

Materials

Safety and Human


Factors
Safety and Human
Factors
Bridges and other
structures
Energy

Safety and Human


Factors and
Planning
Forecasting
Environment

Policy
Research

Society

Environment
Environment
Energy

Environment

Environment
Energy
Energy
Environment
History
Energy
Environment

Energy

Energy
Energy
Energy
Aviation
Motor Carriers
Highways
Security and
Emergencies
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Pedestrians
and
Bicyclists
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists and
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists and
Pedestrians
Bicyclists and
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists and
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
Transportation
(General)
Highways
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Highways
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Construction
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Aviation
Aviation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways

Highways
Research
Design
Transportation
(General)
Data
and
Information
Planning and
Technology
Forecasting
Administration
and
Management
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Safety
and Human
Factors
Public
Transportation
Data
and
Information
Data
and
Technology
Information
Data and
Technology
Information
Safety
and Human
Technology
Factors
Finance
Freight
Transportation
(General)
Operations and
Traffic Management
Transportation
(General)
Bridges and other
structures
Public
Transportation
Marine
Transportation
Construction
Design
Maintenance and
Preservation and
Maintenance
Preservation and
Maintenance
Preservation
Design
Administration and
Management
Economics
Highways
Design
Construction
Construction
Public
Transportation
Design
Data and
Information
Design
Technology
Construction
Public
Transportation
Data and
Information
Data
and
Technology
Information
Pedestrians and
Technology
Bicyclists

Public
Transportation
Safety and Human
Factors
Materials
Policy
Planning and
Forecasting
Transportation
(General)and
Planning
Forecasting
Planning
and
Forecasting
Policy
Education and
Training
Safety and Human
Factors
Operations
and
Traffic Management
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Safety and Human
Factors
Law
Economics
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance

Construction
Education and
Training
Research
Energy
Transportation
(General)
Policy
Finance

Planning and
Forecasting
Data
and
Information
Design
Technology
Pavements
Operations and
Traffic Management
Operations
and
Traffic Management
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Bridges and other
structuresand
Planning
Forecasting
Design
Materials
Design
Materials
Administration and
Management
Materials
Operations and
Traffic
BridgesManagement
and other
structures
Pavements
Research

Society
Freight
Transportation
Materials
Geotechnology
Finance
Planning and
Forecastingand
Education
Training
Research

Design

Safety and Human


Factors

Policy
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning
and
Forecasting
Policy
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics

Safety and Human


Factors
Pavements
Research
Pavements
Planning and
Forecasting
Pavements
Planning and
Forecasting
Research
Vehicles and
Equipment

Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Aviation
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Aviation
Highways
Pipelines
Highways
Highways
Administration and
Management
Highways
Highways
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Aviation
Aviation
Administration and
Management
Highways
Highways
Highways
Railroads
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Highways

Design
Data and
Information
Design
Technology
Design
Public
Transportation
Research
Highways
Public
Transportation
Administration and
Management
Planning
and
Forecasting
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Pedestrians
and
Bicyclists
Research
Data and
Information
Public
Technology
Transportation
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Railroads
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Motor Carriers
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Data
and
Information
Railroads
Technology
Freight
Transportation
Freight
Transportation
Marine
Transportation
Research
Data and
Information
Data
and
Technology
Information
Operations and
Technology
Traffic
Management
Planning
and
Forecasting
Society
Highways
Environment
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Construction
Design
Pipelines
Research
Research
Operations and
Trafficand
Management
Data
Information
Safety and Human
Technology
Factors
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Passenger
Transportation
Operations
and
Traffic Management
Public
Transportation

Safety and Human


Factors
Operations
and
Traffic Management
Operations
and
Traffic Management
Planning and
Forecasting
Energy
Pavements
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Society
Planning and
Forecasting
Public
Transportation
Safety
and Human
Factors
Security and
Emergencies
Data
and
Information
Safety
and Human
Technology
Factors
Operations and
Traffic Management
Planning
and
Forecasting
Public
Transportation
Design
Planning and
Forecasting
Freight
Transportation
Planning
and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Freight
Transportation
Education
and
Training
Operations and
Traffic Management
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Research
Passenger
Transportation
Administration and
Management
Planning and
Forecasting
Design
Research
Construction
Passenger
Transportation
Safety and Human
Factorsand Human
Safety
Factors
Freight
Transportation
Education and
Training and
Terminals
Facilities
Terminals and
Facilities
Planning and
Forecasting

Safety and Human


Factors and
Planning
Forecasting
Research
Safety and Human
Factors
Education
and
Training
Terminals and
Facilities
Economics
Passenger
Transportation
Planning and
Forecasting
Economics
Finance
Education and
Training
Society
Safety and Human
Factors and
Vehicles
Equipment
Research
Operations and
Traffic Management
Terminals
and
Facilities
Security and
Emergencies
Terminals and
Facilities and
Planning
Forecasting
Society
Safety and Human
Factorsand Human
Safety
Factors
Safety and Human
Factors
Environment
Safety and Human
Factors
Research
Geotechnology
Design

Economics
Economics

Finance

Freight
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Administration and
Management
Public
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Planning and
Forecasting
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Aviation
Public
Transportation
Highways
Data and
Information
Highways
Technology
Highways
Aviation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Highways
Public
Transportation

Economics
Motor Carriers
Society
Vehicles and
Equipment
Construction
Public
Transportation and
Administration
Management
Data
and
Information
Administration and
Technology
Management
Planning
and
Forecasting
Public
Transportation
Administration and
Management
Safety
and Human
Factors
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Pedestrians
and
Bicyclists
Public
Transportation
Highways
Data and
Information
Freight
Technology
Transportation
Freight
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Freight
Transportation
Construction
Public
Transportation
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists and
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
Public
Transportation
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Freight
Transportation
Public
Transportation and
Administration
Management
Planning and
Forecasting
Data and
Information
Data
and
Technology
Information
Freight
Technology
Transportation
Freight
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Planning
and
Forecasting and
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
Materials
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Security
and
Emergencies
Freight
Transportation
Administration and
Management

Energy
Vehicles and
Equipment
Vehicles and
Equipment
Energy
Design
Planning and
Forecasting
Safety
and Human
Factors and
Planning
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Economics
Planning and
Forecasting
Operations and
Traffic Management
Security
and
Emergencies
Administration and
Management and
Administration
Management
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Planning and
Forecasting
Public
Transportation
Safety and Human
Factors
Operations
and
Traffic Management
Administration
and
Management and
Administration
Management
Planning and
Forecasting
Design
Economics
Railroads
Design
Construction
Design
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Administration
and
Management
Economics
Economics
Freight
Transportation
Pavements

Planning and
Forecasting
Terminals
and
Facilities
Public
Transportation
Pavements
Society
Research
Society
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting

Energy
Economics
Geotechnology
Finance
Society
Society
Society
Economics
Planning and
Forecastingand
Education
Training
Economics
Safety and Human
Factors
Finance
Administration and
Management
Security and
Emergencies
Safety
and Human
Factors
Economics
Terminals and
Facilities
Planning and
Forecasting
Environment
Operations and
Traffic Management
Safety
and Human
Factors
Design
Planning and
Forecasting
Safety
and Human
Factors
Design

Economics
Finance

Policy
Finance
Planning and
Forecasting
Transportation
(General)
Society
Law
Terminals and
Facilities

Marine
Transportation
Highways
Marine
Transportation
Marine
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Highways
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Public
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Public
Transportation
Highways
Highways
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Highways

Data and
Information
Safety
and Human
Technology
Factors
Construction
Operations and
Traffic Management
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Security and
Emergenciesand
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Administration
and
Management
Administration and
Management and
Administration
Management
Administration and
Management
Freight
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Administration and
Management
Design
Operations and
Traffic
DesignManagement
Design
Administration and
Management
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Construction
Construction
Society
Public
Transportation
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Administration and
Management and
Administration
Management
Railroads
Operations and
Traffic Management
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Construction
Planning and
Forecasting
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Railroads
Design
Operations and
Traffic Management
Public
Transportation
Operations and
Traffic Management
Terminals
and
Facilities
Terminals and
Facilities
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Construction

Freight
Transportation
Security
and
Emergencies
Planning
and
Forecasting
Policy
Security and
Emergencies
Education and
Training
Operations
and
Traffic Management
Freight
Transportation
Freight
Transportation
Operations
and
Traffic Management
Planning
and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning
and
Forecasting
Data and
Information
Planning
and
Technology
Forecasting
Design
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning
and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning
and
Forecasting
Operations and
Traffic Management
Planning
and
Forecasting
Design
Design
Finance
Society
Public
Transportation
Data and
Information
Data
and
Technology
Information
Construction
Technology
Finance
Design
Society
Public
Transportation
Safety and Human
Factors
Design
Operations and
Traffic
Safety Management
and Human
Factors
Operations
and
Traffic
Management
Planning and
Forecasting
Environment
Environment
Environment
Safety and Human
Factors
Design

Society
Finance
Policy
Environment
Economics
Planning and
Forecasting and
Operations
Traffic
Management
Operations
and
Traffic Management

Vehicles and
Equipment
Planning and
Forecasting
Economics
Planning and
Forecasting
Terminals and
Facilities
Economics
Safety and Human
Factors
Security and
Emergencies
Energy
Maintenance and
Preservation
Safety
and Human
Factors
Economics
Economics
Society
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning
and
Forecasting
Economics

Geotechnology
Economics
Design
Terminals and
Facilities
Safety
and Human
Factorsand Human
Safety
Factors
Vehicles and
Equipment
Safety
and Human
Factors

Terminals and
Facilities
Materials

Construction
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Aviation
Highways

Bridges and other


structures
Construction
Construction
Construction
Design
Construction
Construction
Design
Construction
Construction
Construction
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Maintenance and
Preservation and
Maintenance
Preservation
Construction
Maintenance and
Preservation and
Maintenance
Preservation
Maintenance and
Preservation
Public
Transportation
Construction
Construction
Public
Transportation
Public
Transportation
Construction
Design
Design
Construction
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Construction
Construction
Construction
Design
Construction
Construction
Construction
Design
Construction
Construction
Construction
Design
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction

Finance
Design
Design
Design
Materials
Design
Design
Geotechnology
Design
Design
Design
Design
Administration and
Management
Pavements
Operations and
Traffic Management
Maintenance
and
Preservation
Materials
Security and
Emergencies
Operations and
Traffic Management
Administration
and
Management
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Materials
Materials
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Planning and
Forecasting
Design
Design
Design
Operations and
Traffic
DesignManagement
Design
Design
Maintenance and
Preservation
Design
Geotechnology
Design
Design

Energy
Bridges and other
structures
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Pavements
Materials
Pavements
Bridges and other
structures
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Bridges and other
structures
Planning and
Forecasting
Planning
and
Forecasting
Planning and
Forecasting
Pavements
Operations and
Traffic
BridgesManagement
and other
structures
Bridges
and other
structures
Bridges and other
structures
Design
Hydraulics and
Hydrology
Environment

Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Safety and Human
Factors
Operations and
Traffic Management
Bridges
and other
structures
Geotechnology
Terminals and
Facilitiesand other
Bridges
structures
Bridges and other
structures
Materials
Pavements
Safety and Human
Factors
Safety and Human
Factors
Operations and
Traffic
Management
Operations
and
Traffic Management
Planning
and
Forecasting
Bridges and other
structures
Bridges and other
structures
Pavements
Hydraulics and
Hydrology

TRB Subject
Policy
Passenger
Transportation
Policy

Policy

Bridges and
structures
Bridges and
structures
Bridges and
structures
Bridges and
structures
Bridges and
structures
Bridges and
structures
Bridges and
structures
Bridges and
structures
Bridges and
structures

other
other
other
other
other
other
other
other
other

Bridges and other


structures
Environment
Bridges and other
structures
Finance

Policy

Policy

TRB Subject

TRB Subject

Sustainability Score
Environment Economy
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0

Environment

Environment

Environment

0.5
1
1
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0.5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0.5

0.5
1
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0
0.5
1
1
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0

Pavements
Passenger
Transportation
Bridges and other
structures
Environment

Policy

Safety and Human


Factors

Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy

Planning and
Forecasting
Pavements

Terminals and
Facilities

Research
Finance

Finance

Economics

Economics
Terminals and
Facilities
Bridges and other
structures
Bridges and other
structures
Geotechnology
Research
Research

Terminals and
Facilities

Finance

0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
1
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0

Education and
Training
Research

Policy
Terminals and
Facilities
Terminals and
Facilities
Policy

Economics

Economics
Vehicles and
Equipment
Vehicles and
Equipment
Safety and Human
Factors
Terminals and
Facilities
Economics
Terminals and
Facilities
Finance
Vehicles and
Equipment

Bridges and other


structures
Bridges and other
structures

Environment

Energy

Finance

0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5

0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
1

Environment
History
Finance
Environment

Finance
Society

Education and
Training
Education and
Training
Security and
Emergencies

History
Safety and Human
Factors
Planning and
Forecasting
Safety and Human
Factors
Planning and
Forecasting

Safety and Human


Factors
Economics
Economics
Environment
Economics

Terminals and
Facilities

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0
0.5
1
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
1

0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
1
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5

Terminals and
Facilities

Environment

Terminals and
Facilities
Society
Finance

Finance

Economics
Terminals and
Facilities
Safety and Human
Factors
Education and
Training
Finance
Passenger
Transportation
Economics

Environment
Operations and
Passenger
Traffic Management Transportation
Society
Policy
Society

Economics

1
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
1
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
1

0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
1
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
1
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0.5

Environment
Hydraulics and
Hydrology

Finance

Economics
Economics
Hydraulics and
Hydrology
Finance

Economics

Economics

Finance
Bridges and other
structures

Terminals and
Facilities
Environment

0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
1
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0

inability Score
Equity
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5

Total
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
1
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
0
0
1
0.5

0.5
1
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0

1.5
3
1
0
0
1
1.5
1.5
1
0.5
0.5
1
0
1.5
0
0
0.5
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
1
0.5
1.5
1
0
1
0.5
1
2.5
2.5
2
2
1.5
1.5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.5

0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5

1
1
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
1.5
1
1
0.5
1
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1
1
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
1.5
1.5
1
0
1
0.5
0.5
1
0
0
0.5
0
1
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5
0
1
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5
0
1.5
1
0.5
0.5
1
1
0.5
1
0
0.5
0
1.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
1.5
1
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
1.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
2
1
1
0.5
2

0
0
0.5
0
0
1
0.5
0.5
0
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
1
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0.5

1
1
1
0.5
0
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.5
0
1.5
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
1.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
1
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
2
2
0.5
0.5
1
1
0.5
1
2

Note: "Revised - this project has been funded under the HMCRP as project HM-05"

0.5
1
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
0.5
0.5
0
1
0.5
0
0
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0.5
0

2
1.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
1
0.5
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
1
1
0
0.5
2
1.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
2
2
1
1
0.5
2
1
0.5
0.5
1
1
1
0.5
0.5
1.5
1.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1.5

*Note: same project repeated in 2009 but different committee

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0.5
0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0
1
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
1
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0.5
0

1
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.5
0
1.5
1.5
1
1
0.5
0
2
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
1
1

MCRP as project HM-05"

Categories
Systems Planning
Programming
Project Development
Construction
Operations
Maintenance

TRB Subjects
Administration and Management
Aviation
Bridges and other structures
Construction
Data and Information Technology
Design
Economics
Education and Training
Energy
Environment
Finance
Freight Transportation
Geotechnology
Highways
History
Hydraulics and Hydrology
Law
Maintenance and Preservation
Marine Transportation
Materials
Motor Carriers
Operations and Traffic Management
Passenger Transportation
Pavements
Pedestrians and Bicyclists
Pipelines
Planning and Forecasting
Policy
Public Transportation
Railroads
Research
Safety and Human Factors
Security and Emergencies
Society
Terminals and Facilities
Transportation (General)
Vehicles and Equipment

Search Terms
Economic Development
Economy
Environment
Equity
Society
Sustainability
Sustainable

Sustainability Topic
Health/Environmental Damage
Standards
Noise
Land Use
Emissions and Waste
Renewable Resources
Non-renewable Resources
Energy
Recycling
Access
Safety
Intragenerational Equity
Intergenerational Equity
Affordability
Efficiency
Social Cost
Employment

Sustainability Score
0
0.5
1

This sheet includes lists used


to populate the 'Records'
fields in the form of dropdown menus.

ity Score

t includes lists used


te the 'Records'
he form of dropnus.

Total records = 325

Sustainability Topic
Efficiency
Safety
Access
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Health/Environmental Damage
Social Cost
Energy
Affordability
Land Use
Non-renewable Resources
Employment
Noise
Standards
Recycling
Renewable Resources
Intergenerational Equity

Count
115
97
56
44
39
39
20
18
10
10
5
5
4
3
2
2
1

% of records
44.57%
37.60%
21.71%
17.05%
15.12%
15.12%
7.75%
6.98%
3.88%
3.88%
1.94%
1.94%
1.55%
1.16%
0.78%
0.78%
0.39%

Primary Category
Programming
Systems Planning
Operations
Construction
Maintenance
Project Development

Count

Secondary Category
88 Programming
91 Systems Planning
19 Operations
38 Construction
15 Maintenance
7 Project Development

Count

Total
73
2
66
6
28
17

%
161 0.624031
93 0.360465
85 0.329457
44 0.170543
43 0.166667
24 0.093023

Records related to sustainability by year


Total Records
Year
0
0.5
2006
26
2
16
2007
123
22
40
2008
35
9
17
2009
24
10
8
2010
60
6
16
2011
21
4
7
2012
35
13
19

1
7
36
6
4
26
6
3

Score
1.5
0
12
3
2
8
3
0

% related
2
1
12
0
0
2
0
0

2.5
0
1
0
0
2
0
0

3
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

Records that meet sus


One
144

92.3%
82.1%
74.3%
58.3%
90.0%
81.0%
62.9%

55.8%

ecords that meet sustainability categories


Two
Three
Total
82

32

31.8%

12.4%

258

Score for records addressing all three categorie


Score
Records
1.5
16
2
12
2.5
3
3
1

all three categorie Sustainability categories


0.5
Environmen
69
Economy
119
Equity/Soci
156

addressed by RNS Records


1 Total
27
96
12
131
21
177

Total Score
0 points
0.5 points
1 point
1.5 points
2 points
2.5 points
3 points
Total:

Records
67 123
88
28
15
3
1
325

Environment
0.5
1
16
0
27
14
17
4
8
6
1
2
0
1

Economy
0.5
34
54
23
8
0
0

1
0
1
2
5
3
1

Equity
0.5
73
53
20
8
2
0

1
0
6
6
7
1
1

Primary Decision-Making Category258 Records

6%

3%

15%

34%

Programming
Systems Planning
Operations
Construction
Maintenance

7%

Project Development

35%

Secondary Decision-Making Category192 Records

9%

Programming

15%
38%

Systems Planning
Operations
Construction

3%

Maintenance
Project Development

1%
34%

Total Records Addressing Each Decision-Making Area258 Records - Primary and Secondary Areas Combined
70.00%
62.4%
60.00%

50.00%

40.00%
36.0%
32.9%
30.00%

20.00%

17.1%

16.7%

9.3%

10.00%

0.00%
Programming

Systems Planning

Operations

Construction

Maintenance

Project Development

Number of Records per Year by Score and Percent of Records Related to Sustainability
140

100.0%
92.3%
123

90.0% 90.0%

120
82.1%

81.0%80.0%

74.3%

100

70.0%

58.3%

80

3 points
2.5 points

62.9%
60.0%

2 points
1.5 points
1 point

50.0%
Number of Records

Perent of Records Scoring >0

60

60

40.0%

0.5 points
0 points
total
Percent of records scoring >0

40

35
26

35
24

21

30.0%

20.0%

20
10.0%

0.0%

Records by Total Sustainability Score

5% 1%0%
9%

21%
0 points
0.5 points
1 point
1.5 points
2 points
2.5 points

27%

3 points

38%

Categories addressed by Records Scoring 0.5123 Records


80
73
70

60

50

40
34
30

20

16

10

0
Environment

Economy

Equity

Categories addressed by Records Scoring 188 Records


70

60
1

50

40

1
0.5

14
30
54

53

Economy

Equity

20

27
10

0
Environment

Categories addressed by Records Scoring 1.528 Records


30

25
2
6

20
4
1
0.5

15

23
10

20
17

0
Environment

Economy

Equity

Categories addressed by Records Scoring 215 Records


16

14

12

10
1
0.5

Environment

Economy

Equity

Categories addressed by Records Scoring 2.53 Records


3.5

2.5

1
0.5

1.5

0.5

0
Environment

0
Economy

Equity

Summary of Sustainability Categories Addressed by RNS Records (n=258)


200

180

160

1 point
0.5
points

21

140

12

120

100

Number of records
27
80
119

60

40

156

69

20

Environment

Economy

Equity/Society

Record

Environment
11
21
31
4 0.5
51
61
71
81
91
10 1
11 0.5
12 0.5
13 0.5
14 0.5
15 0.5
16 0.5
17 0.5
18 0.5
19
20 1
21 1
22 1
23 1
24 0.5
25 0.5
26 0.5
27 0.5
28 0.5
29 0.5
30 0.5
31 0.5
32 0.5
33 0.5
34 0.5
35 0.5
36 0.5
37 0.5
38 0.5
39 0.5
40 0.5
41
42
43
44
45
46
47

Economy
1
1
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

1
1
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

Equity
1
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
1
1
1

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
1
1
1
1
1

Total
3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

3.5

2.5

2
Score

1.5

0.5

48 1
49 1
50 1
51 1
52 1
53 1
54 1
55 1
56 1
57 1
58 1
59 1
60 1
61 1
62 0.5
63 0.5
64 0.5
65 0.5
66 0.5
67 0.5
68 0.5
69 0.5
70 0.5
71 0.5
72 0.5
73 0.5
74 0.5
75 0.5
76 0.5
77 0.5
78 0.5
79 0.5
80 0.5
81 0.5
82 0.5
83 0.5
84 0.5
85 0.5
86 0.5
87 0.5
88 0.5
89
90
91
92
93
94
95

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136 0.5
137 0.5
138 0.5
139 0.5
140 0.5
141 0.5
142 0.5
143 0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

144 0.5
145 0.5
146 0.5
147 0.5
148 0.5
149 0.5
150 0.5
151 0.5
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Sustainabilty Score for Each Record

3.5

2.5

1.5

0.5

Record

Each Record

Percent of Records (scoring 0.5 and up) that Address Sustainability Areas258 Records
50.00%
45.00%
40.00%

45%

38%

35.00%
30.00%
25.00%
22%
20.00%
15.00%
10.00%
5.00%
0.00%

17%
15%

15%

8%

7%
4%

4%
2%

2%

2%

1%

1%

1%

0%

Percent of Records that Address One or More of the Three Sustainability Dimensions
60.0%
55.8%

50.0%

40.0%

31.8%
Percent of Records

30.0%

20.0%

12.4%
10.0%

0.0%
One

Two

Three

Score for Records Addressing all 3 Dimensions


18

16

16

14
12

12

10
Number of Records
8

0
1.5

2.5
Score

Search Term
Economic Development
Economy
Environment
Equity
Society
Sustainability
Sustainable

No. of Records
Found
20
55
186
50
44
30
56

0
0
10
40
11
9
6
8

Number
0.5
7
17
76
12
16
8
15

of records that scored


1
1.5
7
2
19
6
45
15
12
8
13
3
9
4
23
4

ecords that scored


2
4
2
8
6
1
2
5

2.5
0
1
1
1
1
0
0

3
0
0
1
0
1
1
1

Committee

A0020T, Special Task Force on Climate Change and Energy

AP010, Transit Management and Performance

ADA40, Transportation Needs of National Parks and Public Lands


AFH30, Emerging Technology for Design and Construction
ADB40, Transportation Demand Forecasting
ADC10, Environmental Analysis in Transportation
ADC70, Transportation Energy
ADD30, Transportation and Land Development
ADD50, Environmental Justice in Transportation
AFB40, Landscape and Environmental Design
AHB70, Access Management
AW030, Marine Environment

Sustainability Score
Record Title
Envi. Econ. Eq. Total
Analysis of Social Costs and Benefits of Advanced Biofuels and Other Low Carbon
1
1 0.5
2.5
Fuels
Analysis of Synergies between Transit, Land Use, and Pricing Strategies to Reduce
1
1 0.5
2.5
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Quantify and Incorporate Environmental Benefits into Life Cycle Costing Models
1
0.5 0.5
2
for Common Roadway Construction Practices
Performance Measures for Societal Goals
0.5
1
1
2.5
Innovative Applications of Sustainability Performance Measures for Transit
0.5
0.5
1
2
Planning
The Economic Impact of Public Lands Transportation Systems on Gateway
1
0.5 0.5
2
Communities
The Economic Impact of Transportation Systems on Gateway Communities
0.5
1 0.5
2
Research Program to Develop a Sustainable Decision Making Tool for
1
1
1
3
Transportation Applications Based on Life Cycle Assessment
Policy Sensitivity: Trip-Based vs. Tour- and Activity-Based Models
0.5
0.5
1
2
Analysis of Property Value Impacts of Transportation Projects
0.5
1 0.5
2
Potential Travel Responses to Alternative Highway Pricing and Financing Systems
0.5
1 0.5
2
and the Impact of Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Parking Strategies to Reduce Environmental Impacts and Improve Place
1
0.5 0.5
2
Establishing Equity Measures for Environmental Justice Cost-Benefit Analyses
0.5
0.5
1
2
Early and Continuous Scoping and Stakeholder Involvement
0.5
0.5
1
2
Determining The Economic Value of Roadway Access Management
0.5
1 0.5
2
Controlling Air Emissions At Marine Port Terminal Operations
1
0.5 0.5
2

Committee

AHD65, Winter Maintenance

A0020T, Special Task Force on Climate Change and Energy


AHB30, Vehicle-Highway Automation
ANF10, Pedestrians
ADD30, Transportation and Land Development
ADD50, Environmental Justice in Transportation
ABE30, Transportation Issues in Major U.S. Cities
AFB50T, Task Force on Context Sensitive Design/Solutions (CSD/CSS)
AHB15, Intelligent Transportation Systems
AHB35, High-Occupancy Vehicle, High-Occupancy Toll, and Managed
Lanes
AHD10, Maintenance and Operations Management
ANF20, Bicycle Transportation
AR010, Intercity Passenger Rail
AT045, Intermodal Freight Transport

Record Title
Demonstrating A Systematic, Multi-Criteria Approach to Deicer Selection
Effect of Solar Loading and Radiational Cooling on Pavement Surface
Temperature
Winter Road Maintenance Research Roadmap
Driving and the Built Environment Part II
Improved Modal Operating Profiles for Comparisons with Transit
Vehicle-Highway Automation - Policy Implications
Automated Vehicle Guidance for Mobility Services
Effects of Pedestrian Improvements on Transit Ridership and Customer
Satisfaction
Synthesis of Pedestrian Infrastructure Assessment Methods and Tools
Investigating the Disaggregate Travel Behavior Effects of the Built Environment
Economic Viability and Community Impact Assessments in Transportation
Decision Making
Major Cities' Adaptation to Global Climate Change
CSS and Sustainability in Transportation
Analyze the Issues that Influence Widespread Deployability of Automated
Transportation Systems, such as Human Attitudes Toward Automation and
Impacts on Transportation and Community Development
Ridesharing as a Complement to Transit
Development of National Service Level Criteria for the Interstate and National
Highway System
Methodology for Bicycle Network Analysis
Estimating Density of Rail Use in Planning for Intercity Rail Networks
Public-Private Partnerships for Increasing Capacity in Rail Corridors

Link
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=22203
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=12766

Sustainability Score
Environment Economy Equity Total
0.5
0.5
0.5
1.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1.5

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=22202
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25859
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25877
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13423
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13421
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27843

0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
1
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

1.5
2
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=27840
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14112

0.5
1

0.5
0

0.5
1

1.5
2

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=13632

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=25168
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14153
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=17637

0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5

1.5
1.5
1.5

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=26730
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=12750

0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5

1.5
1.5

http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=28124
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=14892
http://rns.trb.org/dproject.asp?n=15883

0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5
0.5

1.5
1.5
1.5

Sustainability Area
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Social Cost
Social Cost
Standards
Standards
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Efficiency
Affordability
Intragenerational Equity
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Employment
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Social Cost
Affordability
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage

TRB Subject
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration
Administration

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management

This list represents d


used to create cross

Social Cost
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Land Use
Non-renewable Resources
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Noise
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Standards
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Employment
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Noise
Noise
Noise
Renewable Resources
Non-renewable Resources
Efficiency
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency

Administration and Management


Administration and Management
Administration and Management
Administration and Management
Administration and Management
Administration and Management
Administration and Management
Administration and Management
Administration and Management
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Aviation
Bridges and other structures
Bridges and other structures
Bridges and other structures
Bridges and other structures

Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Affordability
Efficiency
Safety
Efficiency
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Non-renewable Resources
Recycling
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety

Bridges and other


Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Bridges and other
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction

structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures
structures

Safety
Standards
Efficiency
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Land Use
Recycling
Safety
Efficiency
Safety
Noise
Social Cost
Safety
Social Cost
Emissions and Waste
Social Cost
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity

Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information
Data and Information

Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology

Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Energy
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Social Cost
Access
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety

Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Data and
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design

Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information
Information

Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology

Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Non-renewable Resources
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Access

Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design

Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Access
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Recycling
Safety
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Social Cost
Access
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Efficiency
Renewable Resources
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency

Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Design
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics

Intragenerational Equity
Standards
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Social Cost
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Employment
Access
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Social Cost
Access
Affordability
Affordability
Efficiency

Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics

Efficiency
Efficiency
Employment
Employment
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Land Use
Social Cost
Social Cost
Social Cost
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Employment
Energy
Recycling
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Employment
Health/Environmental Damage
Social Cost
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Land Use
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Safety

Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Economics
Education and
Education and
Education and
Education and
Education and
Education and
Education and
Education and

Training
Training
Training
Training
Training
Training
Training
Training

Safety
Access
Efficiency
Safety
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Employment
Safety
Access
Health/Environmental Damage
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Access
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Energy
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Energy
Renewable Resources
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Non-renewable Resources
Energy
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency

Education
Education
Education
Education
Education
Education
Education
Education
Education
Education
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Training
Training
Training
Training
Training
Training
Training
Training
Training
Training

Emissions and Waste


Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Non-renewable Resources
Standards
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Energy
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Affordability
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Renewable Resources
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Intergenerational Equity
Non-renewable Resources
Social Cost
Social Cost
Standards
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Noise
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Standards
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste

Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment

Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Standards
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Non-renewable Resources
Safety
Standards
Health/Environmental Damage
Emissions and Waste
Access
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Standards
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Noise
Access
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Land Use
Renewable Resources
Safety
Social Cost
Emissions and Waste
Intergenerational Equity
Social Cost
Standards
Non-renewable Resources
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Efficiency

Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment
Environment

Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Social Cost
Social Cost
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Safety
Social Cost
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Social Cost
Social Cost
Access
Emissions and Waste
Access
Affordability
Social Cost
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Social Cost
Social Cost
Social Cost
Affordability
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage

Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance

Intragenerational Equity
Social Cost
Social Cost
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Efficiency
Renewable Resources
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Land Use
Safety
Social Cost

Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Finance
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation

Social Cost
Access
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental
Safety
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental
Health/Environmental
Health/Environmental
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Recycling
Safety
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Affordability
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency

Damage

Damage
Damage
Damage

Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Freight Transportation
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Geotechnology
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways

Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions
Emissions
Emissions
Emissions
Emissions
Emissions
Emissions

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Waste
Waste
Waste
Waste
Waste
Waste
Waste

Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways

Emissions and Waste


Emissions and Waste
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Non-renewable Resources
Non-renewable Resources
Recycling
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety

Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways

Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Social Cost
Social Cost
Standards
Standards
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Safety
Safety

Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways

Safety
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Affordability
Affordability
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and
Emissions and
Emissions and
Emissions and
Emissions and
Emissions and
Emissions and
Employment
Employment
Employment
Energy
Energy
Energy

Waste
Waste
Waste
Waste
Waste
Waste
Waste

Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways

Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Land Use
Land Use
Land Use
Land Use
Recycling
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Social Cost
Social Cost
Social Cost
Social Cost
Social Cost
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Noise

Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways

Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Employment
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intergenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Land Use
Non-renewable Resources
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Social Cost
Social Cost
Non-renewable Resources
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Renewable Resources
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Standards
Efficiency
Land Use
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Intragenerational Equity

Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
Highways
History
History
History
Hydraulics
Hydraulics
Hydraulics
Hydraulics
Hydraulics
Hydraulics
Hydraulics
Law
Law

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Hydrology
Hydrology
Hydrology
Hydrology
Hydrology
Hydrology
Hydrology

Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Non-renewable Resources
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Standards
Safety
Access
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Health/Environmental Damage
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Safety
Safety

Maintenance and Preservation


Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Maintenance and Preservation
Marine Transportation
Marine Transportation
Marine Transportation
Marine Transportation
Marine Transportation
Marine Transportation
Marine Transportation
Marine Transportation
Marine Transportation
Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials

Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Non-renewable Resources
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Safety
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Social Cost
Affordability
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Social Cost
Access
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Access
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency

Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials
Materials
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Motor Carriers
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and
Operations and

Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic

Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management

Emissions and Waste


Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Standards
Access
Efficiency
Social Cost
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Employment
Health/Environmental Damage
Land Use
Safety
Social Cost
Access
Access
Access
Access

Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations
Operations

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic
Traffic

Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management

Emissions and Waste


Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Access
Access
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Safety
Safety
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Land Use
Intragenerational Equity
Efficiency
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Access
Efficiency
Access
Safety
Safety
Access
Access
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Access
Intragenerational Equity
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency

Operations and Traffic Management


Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Operations and Traffic Management
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Passenger Transportation
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements

Recycling
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Energy
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Noise
Efficiency
Efficiency
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Access
Access
Access

Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pavements
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists

Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Safety
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Health/Environmental Damage

Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians
Pedestrians

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists
Bicyclists

Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Safety
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Safety
Safety
Standards
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency

Pedestrians and Bicyclists


Pedestrians and Bicyclists
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Pipelines
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting
Planning and Forecasting

Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Non-renewable Resources
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Social Cost
Standards
Standards
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety

Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting

Safety
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Noise
Access
Access
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Employment
Employment
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Land Use
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost

Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting

Social Cost
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Land Use
Safety
Social Cost
Efficiency
Efficiency
Access
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Social Cost
Social Cost
Access
Efficiency
Safety
Access
Access
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage

Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Planning
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting
Forecasting

Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Social Cost
Social Cost
Affordability
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Land Use
Safety
Social Cost
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Social Cost
Social Cost
Efficiency
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access

Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Policy
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public

Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation

Access
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Standards
Standards
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Energy
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity

Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public

Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation

Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Social Cost
Standards
Access
Access
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Affordability
Affordability
Affordability
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Standards
Access
Access
Affordability
Efficiency

Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public

Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation
Transportation

Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Social Cost
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Noise
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Social Cost
Access
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Employment
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Land Use
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Efficiency
Safety
Safety
Efficiency

Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Public Transportation
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads

Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Access
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Renewable Resources
Access
Access
Emissions and Waste
Social Cost
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Safety
Safety
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Recycling
Access
Emissions and Waste
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Efficiency
Employment
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Access
Affordability
Emissions and Waste
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety

Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Railroads
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Research
Safety and
Safety and
Safety and
Safety and
Safety and
Safety and

Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human

Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors

Safety
Safety
Affordability
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Access
Access
Access
Affordability
Efficiency
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access

Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human
Human

Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors
Factors

Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Employment
Intragenerational Equity
Noise
Access
Access
Efficiency
Land Use
Noise
Safety
Safety
Access
Access
Access
Access
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Land Use
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Efficiency
Safety
Safety

Safety and Human Factors


Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Safety and Human Factors
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies
Security and Emergencies

Safety
Safety
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Efficiency
Safety
Access
Energy
Intragenerational Equity
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Affordability
Health/Environmental Damage
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Social Cost
Standards
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Social Cost
Efficiency
Intragenerational Equity
Intragenerational Equity
Noise
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Land Use
Safety

Security
Security
Security
Security
Security
Security
Security
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Emergencies
Emergencies
Emergencies
Emergencies
Emergencies
Emergencies
Emergencies

Access
Access
Efficiency
Employment
Efficiency
Efficiency
Social Cost
Land Use
Emissions and Waste
Emissions and Waste
Access
Efficiency
Land Use
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Access
Access
Efficiency
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Safety
Safety
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Safety
Access
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Access
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Noise
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Safety

Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Society
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals
Terminals

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities
Facilities

Access
Efficiency
Health/Environmental Damage
Efficiency
Efficiency
Safety
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Intragenerational Equity
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Emissions and Waste
Health/Environmental Damage
Social Cost
Access
Efficiency
Access
Health/Environmental Damage
Intragenerational Equity
Emissions and Waste
Non-renewable Resources
Social Cost
Affordability
Efficiency
Energy
Safety
Safety
Social Cost
Land Use
Efficiency
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Standards
Efficiency
Energy
Emissions and Waste
Energy
Energy
Safety
Efficiency
Efficiency
Energy
Affordability

Terminals and Facilities


Terminals and Facilities
Terminals and Facilities
Terminals and Facilities
Terminals and Facilities
Terminals and Facilities
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Transportation (General)
Vehicles and Equipment
Vehicles and Equipment
Vehicles and Equipment
Vehicles and Equipment
Vehicles and Equipment
Vehicles and Equipment
Vehicles and Equipment
Vehicles and Equipment
Vehicles and Equipment

Affordability
Energy
Social Cost
Social Cost
Access
Emissions and Waste
Land Use
Efficiency
Access
Health/Environmental Damage

Vehicles
Vehicles
Vehicles
Vehicles
Vehicles
Vehicles
Vehicles
Vehicles
Vehicles
Vehicles

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Equipment
Equipment
Equipment
Equipment
Equipment
Equipment
Equipment
Equipment
Equipment
Equipment

This list represents data


used to create crosstab

Access

Affordability

Efficiency

Emissions
and Waste

16

11

15

10

10

Design
Economics
Education and Training

10
8

2
5

23
34

9
1

Energy
Environment
Finance
Freight Transportation

2
2
2

1
0
3

11
7
25

20
14
2

14

Geotechnology
Highways
History
Hydraulics and
Hydrology
Law
Maintenance and
Preservation
Marine Transportation

0
23
0

0
6
0

5
71
1

3
21
1

Materials
Motor Carriers
Operations and Traffic
Management
Passenger
Transportation
Pavements
Pedestrians and
Bicyclists
Pipelines
Planning and
Forecasting
Policy
Public Transportation

0
0

0
1

8
2

4
0

16

21

24

29

41

18

29

32

3
3

0
1

5
5

3
3

12

TRB Subject

Administration and
Management
Aviation
Bridges and other
structures
Construction
Data and Information
Technology

Railroads
Research
Safety and Human
Factors
Security and
Emergencies

Society
Terminals and Facilities
Transportation (General)
Vehicles and Equipment
Total

10

14

213

41

465

146

Sustainability Area

Employment

Energy

Health/Environmental
Damage

Intergenerational
Equity

Intragenerational
Equity

0
5

0
2

9
4

0
0

8
12

0
0
0

15
4
1

4
13
5

1
1
0

1
1
7

0
4
0

0
11
0

3
22
0

0
1
0

0
24
0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
0

14

19

11

23

0
1

0
1

0
0

0
0

2
2

13

19

57

162

155

Land Use

Noise

Non-renewable
Resources

Recycling

Renewable
Resources

Safety

Social
Cost

Standards

13

2
3

0
0

1
0

1
1

0
1

39
5

1
7

0
1

0
1
1

0
2
0

3
2
0

0
0
0

2
1
0

3
2
7

3
2
12

2
5
0

0
8
0

0
1
0

0
4
0

1
2
0

0
0
1

4
65
0

0
12
0

0
2
0

12

0
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

3
5

0
1

0
0

31

29

24

11

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
1

1
0

5
6

1
0

0
0

48

44

15

17

393

81

26

Total
53
32
22
56
39
105
89
18
68
57
65
35
16
277
3
7
2
28
9
16
10
95
19
19
76
6
161
51
136
20
23
85
18

46
43
30
19
-