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REGIONS

South American States of the Future

South American
States of the Future
2016/17
Winners
So Paulo has retained the top spot in the South American
States of the Future ranking for 2016/17, with Buenos Aires
Autonomous City rising to claim second place and Rio de
Janeiro ranking third. Cathy Mullan reports

or the second time in a row,


Brazils most populous state of
So Paulo has been named fDis
South American State of the Future.
The state ranked first in both the
Economic Potential and Human
Capital and Lifestyle categories of the
ranking, second in Connectivity and
Business Friendliness and third in FDI
Strategy. The state attracted the highest number of inward FDI projects of
all states analysed. In total, 870 projects were recorded between 2011 and
2015, according to greenfield investment monitor fDi Markets.
The highest proportion of investments in So Paulo were in the software and IT sector, which attracted 17%
of all projects. US-based Rocket Fuel, a
digital ad sales company, invested in
So Paulo in January 2015, stating that
Brazil is primed to be a Latin American
bellwether for programmatic media,
while US-based Search Optics said of its
June 2015 investment in the state: The
opportunity in Brazil is huge. So
Paulo state is home to the Brazilian
Silicon Valley region of Campinas, an
area close to So Paulo city with a focus
on research and innovation. Of all
states in South America, So Paulo
attracted the highest number of R&D
FDI projects.
R&D investment in So Paulo state
reached a peak in 2012, then fell by
55% in 2013. However, there have been

26

TOP 25 South American States of the Future 2016/17: overall


RANK State

country

1
So Paulo
2
Buenos Aires Autonomous City
3
Rio de Janeiro
4 Bogot
5
Metropolitana de Santiago
6 Antofagasta
7
Buenos Aires Province
8 Paran
9
Rio Grande do Sul
10 Lima
11 Atacama
12
Minas Gerais
13
Santa Catarina
14 Montevideo
15 Atlantico
16 Pichincha
17
Tierra del Fuego
18 Flores
19 Antioquia
20
Santa F
21 Guayas
22 Casanare
23
Rio Negro
24 Maldonado
25 Callao

Brazil
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Chile
Chile
Argentina
Brazil
Brazil
Peru
Chile
Brazil
Brazil
Uruguay
Colombia
Ecuador
Argentina
Uruguay
Colombia
Argentina
Ecuador
Colombia
Uruguay
Uruguay
Peru

www.fDiIntelligence.com

April/May 2016

REGIONS
South American States of the Future

year-on-year increases in the number


of R&D projects recorded since 2013,
signalling a slight improvement in
the R&D investment landscape. Chinabased BYD, a manufacturer of
rechargeable batteries and automobiles, invested in Campinas in July
2014, crediting its investment decision to the citys spirit of innovation.
Campinas is home to many universities, which contributes greatly to the
research environment in the state.
So Paulo boasts the highest number
of higher education institutions of all
states in the study, which contributed
to the states first place ranking in the
Human Capital and Lifestyle category.
Twelve of the states universities are
featured in the QS University
Rankings list of Top 300 Universities
in Latin America, and 1.6 million students study in So Paulo, the highest
number of any state analysed.
Buenos Aires on the rise
Buenos Aires Autonomous City in
Argentina ranked in second place in
this years ranking. The state rose from
fourth place in 2014/15, ranking second in the Human Capital and Lifestyle
category and third in both Economic
Potential and Business Friendliness. Of
the 106 FDI projects that were recorded
in the state between 2011 and 2015, 24
investments were made by companies
in the software and IT sector.
Capital expenditure in software
and IT peaked in Buenos Aires
Autonomous City in 2015, having suffered declines in 2013 and 2014. In
November 2015, US-based Bluesmart,
a developer of smart luggage,
announced a $100m investment in
the state, establishing an R&D centre
that will create about 150 jobs.
Thirteen of the states universities are featured on the QS ranking
of Top 300 Universities in Latin
America, the joint-highest of all
states analysed (along with Brazils
Minas Gerais), and Buenos Aires
Autonomous Citys student population is one of the highest of all South
American states (as a percentage of
its total population).
Rio de Janeiro, Brazils second largest state, ranked third in this years
ranking. The state performed well in
several categories, notably ranking
second place in Economic Potential.
Almost 250 FDI projects were recorded
in the state between 2011 and 2015,
with the automotive OEM sector commanding the highest level of capital
investment of all sectors.

April/May 2016

www.fDiIntelligence.com

Top 10 South American States


of the Future 2016/17
Economic Potential Overall

Top 10 South American States


of the Future 2016/17 Human
Capital and Lifestyle overall

RANK State

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

country

So Paulo Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
Buenos Aires AC
Argentina
Metro. de Santiago
Chile
Antofagasta Chile
Bogot Colombia
Atacama Chile
Lima Peru
Paran Brazil
Tierra del Fuego
Argentina

1 So Paulo
Brazil
2
Buenos Aires AC
Argentina
3
Lima Peru
4
Pichincha Ecuador
5
Minas Gerais
Brazil
6
Metro. de Santiago
Chile
7
Bogot
Colombia
8
Guayas Ecuador
9
Montevideo Uruguay
10 Buenos Aires Prov.
Argentina

Top 10 South American States


of the Future 2016/17 Cost
Effectiveness overall

Top 10 South American States


of the Future 2016/17
Connectivity overall

RANK State

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Cochabamba Bolivia
Oruro Bolivia
Ayacucho Peru
Apurimac Peru
La Paz
Bolivia
Chimborazo Ecuador
Junin Peru
Itapua Paraguay
Lambayeque Peru
Cotopaxi Ecuador

country

1
Buenos Aires Prov.
Argentina
2 So Paulo Brazil
3
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
4
Bogot
Colombia
5
Buenos Aires AC
Argentina
6
Montevideo Uruguay
7
Callao Peru
8
Metro. de Santiago
Chile
9
Paran Brazil
10 Rio Grande do Sul
Brazil

Top 10 South American


States of the Future 2016/17
Business Friendliness overall
RANK State

country

1 So Paulo Brazil
2
Bogot
Colombia
3
Buenos Aires AC
Argentina
4
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
5
Buenos Aires Prov.
Argentina
6
Atlantico Colombia
7
Antioquia Colombia
8
Cundinamarca Colombia
9
Cuzco Peru
10 Paran Brazil

27

REGIONS
South American States of the Future

Major states
Top 10 Major South American States of
the Future 2016/17 overall

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

So Paulo
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
Bogot Colombia
Metropolitana de Santiago Chile
Buenos Aires Province
Argentina
Paran Brazil
Rio Grande do Sul
Brazil
Lima Peru
Minas Gerais
Brazil
Santa Catarina
Brazil

Top 10 Major South American States


of the Future 2016/17 Human Capital
and Lifestyle

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

So Paulo
Brazil
Lima Peru
Minas Gerais
Brazil
Metropolitana de Santiago Chile
Bogot Colombia
Guayas Ecuador
Buenos Aires Province
Argentina
Paran Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
Rio Grande do Sul
Brazil

Top 10 Major South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Connectivity

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Buenos Aires Province


Argentina
So Paulo
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
Bogot Colombia
Metropolitana de Santiago Chile
Paran Brazil
Rio Grande do Sul
Brazil
Santa Catarina
Brazil
Bahia Brazil
Guayas Ecuador

Top 10 Major South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Economic Potential

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

So Paulo
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
Metropolitana de Santiago Chile
Bogot Colombia
Lima Peru
Paran Brazil
Rio Grande do Sul
Brazil
Buenos Aires Province
Argentina
Santa Catarina
Brazil
Minas Gerais
Brazil

Top 10 Major South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Cost Effectiveness

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Guayas Ecuador
Lima Peru
Maranhao Brazil
Goias Brazil
Pernambuco Brazil
Minas Gerais
Brazil
Bahia Brazil
Ceara Brazil
Par Brazil
Metropolitana de Santiago Chile

Top 10 Major South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Business
Friendliness

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

So Paulo
Brazil
Bogot Colombia
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
Buenos Aires Province
Argentina
Antioquia Colombia
Paran Brazil
Rio Grande do Sul
Brazil
Metropolitana de Santiago Chile
Lima Peru
Valle del Cauca
Colombia

So Paulo
is the overall
winner and
the leading
major state
for economic
potential,
human capital
and business
friendliness

28

www.fDiIntelligence.com

April/May 2016

REGIONS
South American States of the Future

Large states
Top 10 Large South American States
of the Future 2016/17 overall

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Buenos Aires AC
Argentina
Atlantico Colombia
Pichincha Ecuador
Santa F
Argentina
Cordoba
Argentina
Federal District
Brazil
Bolivar Colombia
Cundinamarca Colombia
Valparaiso Chile
Santander Colombia

Top 10 large South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Human Capital
and Lifestyle

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Buenos Aires AC
Argentina
Pichincha Ecuador
Valparaiso Chile
Bo Bo
Chile
Cordoba Argentina
Santa F
Argentina
Federal District
Brazil
Capital District Venezuela
Tucuman Argentina
La Libertad
Peru

Top 10 Large South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Connectivity

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Buenos Aires AC
Argentina
Santa F
Argentina
Cordoba Argentina
Bolivar Colombia
Atlantico Colombia
Valparaiso Chile
Mendoza Argentina
Amazonas Brazil
Federal District
Brazil
Pichincha Ecuador

Top 10 large South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Economic Potential

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Buenos Aires AC
Argentina
Pichincha Ecuador
Atlantico Colombia
Federal District
Brazil
Amazonas Brazil
Santa F
Argentina
Bolivar Colombia
Santander Colombia
Valparaiso Chile
Cundinamarca Colombia

Top 10 Large South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Cost Effectiveness

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Cochabamba Bolivia
La Paz
Bolivia
Cajamarca Peru
Piura Peru
Santa Cruz
Bolivia
La Libertad
Peru
Central Paraguay
Cundinamarca Colombia
Bo Bo
Chile
Pichincha Ecuador

Top 10 Large South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Business
Friendliness

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Buenos Aires AC
Argentina
Atlantico Colombia
Cundinamarca Colombia
Santa F
Argentina
Santander Colombia
Bolivar Colombia
Cordoba Argentina
Federal District
Brazil
Mendoza Argentina
Central Paraguay

Buenos Aires
Autonomous
City finished
second in the
overall
ranking,
and was the
standout
Large state in
South America

30

www.fDiIntelligence.com

April/May 2016

Mid-sized states
Top 10 Mid-Sized South American
States of the Future 2016/17 overall

RANK state

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Antofagasta Chile
Montevideo Uruguay
Callao Peru
Cuzco Peru
Arequipa Peru
Coquimbo Chile
Meta Colombia
Canelones Uruguay
Capital District
Paraguay
Ica Peru

Top 10 Mid-Sized South American


States of the Future 2016/17
Economic Potential

RANK state

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Antofagasta Chile
Montevideo Uruguay
Cuzco Peru
Meta Colombia
Arequipa Peru
Coquimbo Chile
Callao Peru
Ica Peru
Los Lagos
Chile
Capital District
Paraguay

Top 10 Mid-Sized South American


States of the Future 2016/17
Human Capital and Lifestyle

RANK state

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Montevideo Uruguay
Manab Ecuador
Tungurahua Ecuador
Chimborazo Ecuador
Antofagasta Chile
La Araucania
Chile
Maule Chile
Coquimbo Chile
Canelones Uruguay
Los Lagos
Chile

Top 10 Mid-Sized South American


States of the Future 2016/17
Cost Effectiveness
RANK state

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Oruro Bolivia
Ayacucho Peru
Chimborazo Ecuador
Junin Peru
Itapua Paraguay
Lambayeque Peru
Manab Ecuador
Puno Peru
Tungurahua Ecuador
Esmeraldas Ecuador

April/May 2016

www.fDiIntelligence.com

31

REGIONS
South American States of the Future

Mid-sized states (continued)


Top 10 Mid-sized South American States
of the Future 2016/17 Connectivity

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Montevideo Uruguay
Callao Peru
Antofagasta Chile
Canelones Uruguay
Rio Negro
Argentina
Risaralda Colombia
Chubut Argentina
Salta Argentina
Norte de Santander
Colombia
Neuquen Argentina

Top 10 mid-sized South American


States of the Future 2016/17
Business Friendliness

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Cuzco Peru
Risaralda Colombia
Antofagasta Chile
Montevideo Uruguay
Caldas Colombia
Magdalena Colombia
Meta Colombia
Tolima Colombia
Cauca Colombia
Capital District
Paraguay

Small states
Top 10 small South American States
of the Future 2016/17 overall

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Atacama Chile
Tierra del Fuego
Argentina
Flores Uruguay
Casanare Colombia
Rio Negro
Uruguay
Maldonado Uruguay
Tarapaca Chile
Santa Cruz
Argentina
Demerara-Mahaica Guyana
Moquegua Peru

Top 10 small South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Human Capital
and Lifestyle

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Arica y Parinacota
Chile
Los Rios
Chile
Tarapaca Chile
Cotopaxi Ecuador
Maldonado Uruguay
Atacama Chile
San Luis
Argentina
Salto Uruguay
Paysandu Uruguay
Catamarca Argentina

Top 10 small South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Connectivity

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

32

country

Maldonado Uruguay
Tierra del Fuego
Argentina
Demerara-Mahaica Guyana
Santa Cruz
Argentina
Vargas Venezuela
Casanare Colombia
Florida Uruguay
Colonia Uruguay
Treinta y Tres
Uruguay
Flores Uruguay

Top 10 small South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Economic Potential

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Atacama Chile
Tierra del Fuego
Argentina
Flores Uruguay
Rio Negro
Uruguay
Santa Cruz
Argentina
Moquegua Peru
Tarapaca Chile
Maldonado Uruguay
Casanare Colombia
Demerara-Mahaica Guyana

Top 10 small South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Cost Effectiveness

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Apurimac Peru
Cotopaxi Ecuador
Tacna Peru
Ucayali Peru
Demerara-Mahaica Guyana
Tumbes Peru
Casanare Colombia
Putumayo Colombia
Moquegua Peru
Arica y Parinacota
Chile

Top 10 small South American States of


the Future 2016/17 Business
Friendliness

RANK State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

country

Casanare Colombia
Putumayo Colombia
Treinta y Tres
Uruguay
Tierra del Fuego
Argentina
San Jose
Uruguay
Flores Uruguay
Maldonado Uruguay
Demerara-Mahaica Guyana
Colonia Uruguay
Paramaribo Suriname

www.fDiIntelligence.com

April/May 2016

REGIONS
North American
South
cities
American
and regions
States of
OF the
THE Future
FUTURE

FDI Strategy
Top 10 Xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx

RANK city

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Fact box
first line
1
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
2
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
in bold, The
3
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
rest in thin
4
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
5
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
xxxx xxxx
6
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
xxxxxxx xxxxx
7
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
tax rate, the
import of raw
8 duty-free
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
xxxx xxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
materials 9
and sector-specific
finanEditors
choice
xxxxxxaward
xxxxx
10 The
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
cial incentives.
agency promotes
itself through mobile apps across
xxxxxStates
xxxxx
Top 10 South American
of the

country

Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
lans
are in place for a signifiXxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
cant
increase in staff numbers
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
at
state investment agency for

Top 10 Xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx


xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx

RANK city

country

Paran, APD (Paran Development


Agency), which is reaping the various platforms, as well as
future 2016/17 FDI Strategy
RANK State
country
rewards
a 55% increase
budget through an
active
presence
on its xxxxxxx
Top 10 of
Xxxxxxx
xxxxxxxin
xxxxxxx
Top
10 Xxxxxxx
xxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxx
between
2015xxxxxxxxxx
and 2016, with plans websites and
social media
accounts.
1
Paran
Brazil
RANK city
countryInvest in Bogot
RANK city
2 country
Bogot Colombia
for
a further 20% increase by 2020,
is proactive in plan1
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
1
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
3
So Paulo
Brazil
and is the winner of fDis South ning and attending networking and
2
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
2 events,
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
4
Pernambuco Brazil
American
States of the Future promotional
and targets spe3
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
3
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
5
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
2016/17 FDI Strategy award. The cific markets to this end. The agency
4
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
4
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
6
Antioquia Colombia
agency is currently embarking upon also places a focus on aftercare ser5
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
5
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
7
Valle del Cauca
Colombia
a6 new Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
digital strategy, to include vices, to ensure
further success in
6
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
8
Risaralda Colombia
new
analytical
and
web
tools
to
proattracting
reinvestments
and
expan7
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
7
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
9
Barranquilla Colombia
mote
its
strengths to potential inves- sions that 8
mightXxxxxxx Xxxxxx
result from any ini8
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
10
Minas Gerais
Brazil
tors.
A
new
website
is
under
developtial
investments.
9
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
9
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
ment,
which
will improve the agenAn anchor
strategy is
10
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
10 company
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
cys online presence and extend and also in place, which focuses on
refresh its reach. The agency is cur- attracting major investors whose
rently
very
active xxxxxxx
on social media presence in
the10
state
will result
in xxxxxxx
Top 10
Xxxxxxx
Top
Xxxxxxx
xxxxxxx
including
and will
strengthen
xxxxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxx
RANK city on Facebook, LinkedIn
countrycluster activity
RANK city
country
and
and liaises closely with supply chains.
Some major infra1 Twitter
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
the
government news chan- structure 1 developments
are under
2 official
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
nel
the states profile to way in the2 state,Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
including the con3 to increase
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
4
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
international
investors.
struction 3
of the Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
first metro line in
4 while
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
5 APD
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
is engaged in the organisa- Bogot city,
the Bogot@21
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
6 of Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
tion
international roadshows and district is 5
set to become
a smart dis6
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
7
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
events
to showcase and promote the trict, providing
young entrepreXxxxxxx Xxxxxx
8
state
asXxxxxxx Xxxxxx
an investment destination, neurs and7 companies
a research8
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
9
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
and the state also plays host to major focused environment
in which to
9
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
10
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
investor
forums and conferences for flourish.
10
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
South America. A new subway sysSo Paulo, fDis South American
xxxxxxxxx
tem is currently being constructed State of the Future for 2016/17, has
xxxxxxxxxxxx
in Curitiba, the states capital. ranked third for FDI Strategy. The
Top
10
Xxxxxxx
xxxxxxx
xxxxxxx
Top
10
Xxxxxxx
xxxxxxx
xxxxxxx
Additional infrastructure develop- state agency responsible for investxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx
ments
are under way, including
Investe So Paulo,
RANK city
countryment promotion,
RANK city
country
Project
Red Foot, a new metropoli- offers its 1
large workforce
training
1
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
tan
system that will connect 13 programmes
specialist invest2 train
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
2 from
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
cities
and
will serve nearly 2 million ment promotion
bodies, including
3
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
3
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
people
when completed.
t h e I n t4 e r n a tXxxxxxx Xxxxxx
ional Finance
4
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
the World Bank, as
5
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx Corporation
5 andXxxxxxx Xxxxxx
6
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
6
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Bogot
bounds in
well as renowned
universities. The
7
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
7
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Colombias
largest state, Bogot, has agencys website
was developed in
8
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
8
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
finished
second in this years study accordance
wit
h t he Global
9 FDIXxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
for
Strategy. Staff at Invest in Investment9 Promotion
Best Practices
10
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
10 the World
Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
Bogot,
the state agency for invest- Guide from
Bank, and feament promotion, are organised and tures a new matchmaking tool Find
work in team structures closely a Business Partner which helps conaligned to key target sectors for the nect entrepreneurs, investors, disstate, which include BPO, shared ser- tributors and supply chain partners.
vices, software and IT and manufac- Investe So Paulo keeps potential
turing industries.
investors abreast of new developA special regime for free-trade ments in the state via a monthly
zones operates in the state, which newsletter, and the publication of its
allows companies to invest in loca- annual magazine, which highlights
tions benefiting from a preferential recent investments in the state.

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turpis lorem,
porta nec
venenatis
nec. Mauris
viverra iaculis nisl a
hendrerit.
Proin fringilla vehicula
lacus, luctus
luctus mi.

April/May
2016 www.fDiIntelligence.com
www.fDiIntelligence.com
Month/2016

33

REGIONS
South American States of the Future

Antofagasta
in Chile is fDis
leading midsized state of
the future,
and also
finished top of
the mid-sized
states economic
potential list

Methodology
To create a shortlist for the fDi South
American States of the Future 2016/17,
the fDi Intelligence division of the
Financial Times collected data using
the specialist online FDI tools fDi
Benchmark and fDi Markets as well as
other sources.
Data was collected for 133 locations, under five categories: Economic

Potential, Human Capital and


Lifestyle, Cost Ef fectiveness,
Infrastr ucture and Business
Friendliness. Locations scored up to a
maximum of 10 points for each data
point, which were weighted by importance to the FDI decision-making process in order to compile both the subcategory rankings as well as the overall

South American States of the Future


2016/17 ranking.
In addition, surveys were collected
under a sixth category, FDI Strategy,
for which there were 28 submissions.
In this category, locations submitted
details about their strategy for promoting FDI, which was then scored by
fDis judging panel.

JUDGINGCRITERIA
Economic potential
Population
Average annual population growth rate
(%)
Unemployment rate
Inflation rate
GDP (PPP current $) (millions)
GDP per Capita (PPP current
international $)
Average annual GDP growth rate
(2009-2014)
Projected average annual GDP growth
rate (2015-2020)
Outward FDI (2011-2015)
Outward FDI per 100,000 people
(2011-2015)
Inward FDI (2011-2015)
Inward FDI per 100,000 people
(2011-2015)
FDI in R&D and DDT (2011-2015)
FDI in advanced manufacturing
(2011-2015)
Number of megaprojects by capex
(more than $100m) (2011-2015)
Number of megaprojects by capex
(more than $100m) per 100,000 people
(2011-2015)
Number of megaprojects by jobs (more
than 1000 jobs) (2011-2015)

34

Number of megaprojects by jobs (more


than 1000 jobs) per 100,000 people
(2011-2015)
Number of patents (2003-2015)
Number of patents per 100,000 people
(2003-2015)
Human Capital and Lifestyle
Labour force as % of population
Secondary enrollment rate (%)
Tertiary enrollment rate (%)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Number of higher education institutions
Number of IB schools
QS University Rankings: Latin America
2015 Top 300 universities
Number of students
Third level students as % of population
Ability to attract and retain talent
Physicians (per 1000 people)
Life expectancy
Cost Effectiveness
Average salary ($) for unskilled worker
Average salary ($) for semi-skilled
worker
Average salary ($) for skilled worker
4*/5* hotel in city centre ($ per night)
Minimum wage ($ per month)

Cost of establishing a business (absolute


value using GNI)
Cost of registering a property (absolute
value using GNI)
Cost of construction permits (% of
warehouse value)
Petrol prices ($ per litre)
Cost of establishing an electricity
connection (absolute value using GNI)
Corporation tax rate (%)
VAT/common indirect tax rate (%)
Total tax rate, % of profit
Country PPP/exchange rate 2015
Connectivity
Upload speed (kb/s)
Download speed (kb/s)
Percentage of people using the internet
(%)
ICT Development Index
Mobile phone subscribers (2014) per
capita
Number of airports within the state
Number of international destinations
served
Number of ports (medium+)
Liner Shipping Connectivity Index 2014
Environmental Performance Index 2014
Logistics Performance Index 2014
Networked Readiness Index 2014

Quality of overall infrastructure


Quality of roads
Quality of railroad infrastructure
Companies in transportation per
100,000 people
Business Friendliness
Total number of companies within the
knowledge based sector 2014
Proportion of companies within the
knowledge based sector 2014 (%)
Number of companies within the
knowledge based sector per 100,000
population
Number of jobs created by all inward FDI
(2011-2015)
Number of expansion/co-location
projects (2011-2015)
Top 1000 World Banks 2015
(The Banker)
FT Global 500 companies (2015)
Corporation tax rate (%)
Days taken to start a business
Firing costs
Ease of doing business index 2015
Strength of Investor Protection Index
Index of Economic Freedom
Corruption Perception Index 2015

www.fDiIntelligence.com

April/May 2016