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# TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

CE473
(TIMBER DESIGN)

Entitled as

## STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

Of a Proposed Two Storey Timber Residential House

Submitted by
LAZO, EMMANUEL M.

Submitted to
Engr. Billy I. Rejuso

October 6, 2015
CONNECTIONS
The main material used for the joint connections of this structure is a bolt with metal plate. All
connections are considered to be in double shear.

Theoretical

Actual

BEAM-COLUMN CONNECTION
The types of connection for beam-column depends on the number of beams which receive support
from columns. The figures below show the dimensions of the column and the dimensions to be extracted
from it.
the

The broken lines show the area to be extracted from the column, and to be added to the beam for
connection.

The

first type
shows a column with two beams connected in it, which is usually a corner
column.
The second type is a column with three beams most likely a
side
column. Lastly, the third type is
a column
with
four
beams
connected
which is most of the time an interior column.

FRONT VIEW

SIDE VIEW

The number of bolts is to be solved in the next sections. This figure shows the interaction that will
happen in the face of the column.

## This figure shows the 3D view

the beam and column.
Beam-Girder (Beam-Beam)

## (X-ray form) of the connection between

The beam-girder connection is almost the same with beam-column. In this structure, there are only
two beam-girder connections and thus no need for type specification.

Truss-Column (Truss-Beam)

## This figure shows the connection of an inclined

member of truss to column. Like the other connections, this
is a double shear using bolts. The rafters of the truss will be
bolted to the extended part of the column.

COMPUTATIONS

BEAM-COLUMN, BEAM-BEAM
Process
1. Determine the vertical (shear) forces in the member ends to be connected to other members.
2. Determine the length of bolt in main member, the diameter of the bolt, and the allowable loads the
bolt could carry.
3. Compute for the number of bolts needed and spacing.

Connection
F4-B1
C1
FA-B1
FA-B1
C2
F3-B1
FA-B2
FA-B2
C3
F2-B1
FA-B3
FA-B3
C4
F1-B1
F4-B1
C5
F4-B2
FB-B1
FB-B1
F3-B1
C6
F3-B2
FB-B2
FB-B2
F2-B1
C7
F2-B2
FB-B3
FB-B3
C8
F1-B1
F1-B2
F4-B2
C9
FD-B1
C10
FD-B1

Type
1
2

2
1
2

2
1
3

Beam L
5
4
4
5
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
5
5
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4

W
6.5826853
0.40068431
0.40068431
11.9753195
0.42320048
0.42320048
14.8984245
0.51162045
0.51162045
9.495686
6.5826853
6.5826853
0.171675
0.171675
11.9753195
6.150751
0.490749
0.490749
14.8984245
9.108191
0.171675
0.171675
9.495686
9.495686
6.5826853
0.43070588
0.43070588

V
16.45671
0.801369
0.801369
29.9383
0.846401
0.846401
37.24606
1.279051
1.279051
23.73922
16.45671
16.45671
0.34335
0.34335
29.9383
15.37688
0.981498
0.981498
37.24606
22.77048
0.429188
0.429188
23.73922
23.73922
16.45671
0.861412
0.861412

x
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

Q
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84

N
2
1
1
4
1
1
4
1
1
3
2
2
1
1
4
2
1
1
4
3
1
1
3
3
2
1
1

C11

C12
C13
C14

F3-B2
FD-B2
F3-B3
FD-B2
F2-B2
FD-B3
F2-B3
FD-B3
F1-B2
F3-B3
FE-B1
F3-B2
FE-B1

5
4
3
4
5
4
3
5
5
3
4
3
4

2
2
2

6.150751
7.7678328
0.27468
7.7678328
9.108191
0.4811697
0.27468
0.4811697
9.495686
0.27468
6.21363008
0.27468
6.21363008

15.37688
15.53567
0.41202
15.53567
22.77048
0.962339
0.41202
1.202924
23.73922
0.41202
12.42726
0.41202
12.42726

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84

2
2
1
2
3
1
1
1
3
1
2
1
2

## W is the total weight carried by the beam

V is the reaction of the beam (WL/2)
x is the length of the main member of the connection
is the diameter of the bolt
Q is the load perpendicular to the grain
N is the number of bolts needed for the connection. (V/Q)
*Values of x and are chosen by the designer, resulting to a value of Q (from Table 6.17 NSCP 2010).

## For Roof (Beam-Column)

Connection
F4-B1
C15
FA-B1
FA-B1
C16
F3-B1
FA-B2
FA-B2
C17
F2-B1
FA-B3
FA-B3
C18
F1-B1
C19
F4-B1
F4-B2

Type
1
2

2
1
2

Beam L
5
4
4
5
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5

W
0.6867
0.54936
0.54936
0.6867
0.54936
0.54936
0.6867
0.6867
0.6867
0.6867
0.6867
0.6867

V
1.71675
1.09872
1.09872
1.71675
1.09872
1.09872
1.71675
1.71675
1.71675
1.71675
1.71675
1.71675

x
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

Q
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84

n
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

C20

C21

C22
C23

C24

C25

C26
C27
C28

Connect
ion

FB-B1
FB-B1
F3-B1
F3-B2
FB-B2
FB-B2
F2-B1
F2-B2
FB-B3
FB-B3
F1-B1
F1-B2
F4-B2
FD-B1
FD-B1
F3-B2
FD-B2
F3-B3
FD-B2
F2-B2
FD-B3
F2-B3
FD-B3
F1-B2
F3-B3
FE-B1
F3-B2
FE-B1

Beam L

4
4
5
5
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
5
4
3
4
5
4
3
5
5
3
4
3
4

2
1

2
2
2

F3-B2
5
F2-B2
5
nd
Beam-Beam (2 Floor Only)
FC-B1

0.54936
0.54936
0.6867
0.6867
0.54936
0.54936
0.6867
0.6867
0.6867
0.6867
0.6867
0.6867
0.6867
0.54936
0.54936
0.6867
0.54936
0.41202
0.54936
0.6867
0.54936
0.41202
0.6867
0.54936
0.41202
0.54936
0.41202
0.54936

1.09872
1.09872
1.71675
1.71675
1.09872
1.09872
1.71675
1.71675
1.71675
1.71675
1.71675
1.71675
1.71675
1.09872
1.09872
1.71675
1.09872
0.61803
1.09872
1.71675
1.09872
0.61803
1.71675
1.3734
0.61803
1.09872
0.61803
1.09872

2.406962 6.017404
2.406962 6.017404

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100

16
16

16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84
9.84

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

n
9840
9840

1
1

TRUSS-COLUMN, TRUSS-BEAM
1. Determine the vertical (shear) forces in the member ends to be connected to other members.
2. Determine the length of bolt in main member, the diameter of the bolt, and the allowable loads the
bolt could carry.
3. Compute for the number of bolts needed and spacing.

Truss-Column
Connection
AB
C1
AC
FG
EG C5
IG
JL
C9
KL

Type
1
2
1

A
45.678
40.451
2.603
28.371
28.371
45.678
40.451

x
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

16
16
16
16
16
16
16

P
14.2
0
0
14.2
14.2
14.2
0

Q
9.84
9.84
9.84
0
0
9.84
9.84

sin
0.4636 0.8944 0.4472
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0.4636 0.8944 0.4472
1
0

R
13.0441
9.8400
9.8400
14.2000
14.2000
13.0441
9.8400

## A is the axial for from the truss member

x is the length of the main member of the connection
is the diameter of the bolt
P is the load perpendicular to the grain
Q is the load perpendicular to the grain
R is the resultant of P and Q (Using Hankinsons Formula)
R=

PQ
P sin +Qcos2
2

## N is the number of bolts needed for the connection. (V/R)

*Values of x and are chosen by the designer, resulting to a value of P and Q (from Table 6.17 NSCP
2010).
*This design applies to all trusses that are connected to columns.

n
4
5
1
2
2
4
5

Truss-Beam
Connection
AB
FA-B1
AC
FG
EG
FB-B1
IG
JL
FD-B1
KL

Type
1
2
1

A
45.678
40.451
2.603
28.371
28.371
45.678
40.451

x
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

16
16
16
16
16
16
16

P
14.2
0
0
14.2
14.2
14.2
0

Q
9.84
9.84
9.84
0
0
9.84
9.84

sin
0.4636 0.8944 0.4472
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0.4636 0.8944 0.4472
1
0

R
13.0441
9.8400
9.8400
14.2000
14.2000
13.0441
9.8400

## A is the axial for from the truss member

x is the length of the main member of the connection
is the diameter of the bolt
P is the load perpendicular to the grain
Q is the load perpendicular to the grain
R is the resultant of P and Q (Using Hankinsons Formula)
R=

PQ
P sin +Qcos2
2

## N is the number of bolts needed for the connection. (V/R)

*Values of x and are chosen by the designer, resulting to a value of P and Q (from Table 6.17 NSCP
2010).
*This design applies to all trusses that are connected to columns.

n
4
5
1
2
2
4
5