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Aretha Cunha

INGLS
Mdulo 1

So Lus

2016

Governador do Estado do Maranho


Flvio Dino de Castro e Costa
Reitor da UEMA
Prof. Gustavo Pereira da Costa
Vice-reitor da UEMA
Prof. Walter Canales Santana
Pr-reitor de Administrao
Prof. Gilson Martins Mendona
Pr-reitor de Extenso e Assuntos Estudantis
Prof. Porfrio Candanedo Guerra
Pr-reitora de Graduao
Prof. Andra de Arajo
Pr-reitor de Pesquisa e Ps-graduao
Prof. Marcelo Cheche Galves
Pr-reitor de Planejamento
Prof. Antonio Roberto Coelho Serra

Edio
Universidade Estadual do Maranho - UEMA
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Coordenadora Administrativa de Designer Educacional
Cristiane Costa Peixoto
Professora Conteudista
Aretha Cunha
Designer Educacional
Clecia Assuno Silva Lima
Revisoras de Linguagem
Aretha Cunha
Clecia Assuno Silva Lima
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Tonho Lemos Martins
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Universidade Estadual do Maranho
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Proibida a reproduo desta publicao, no todo ou em parte, sem a prvia autorizao
desta instituio.

Cunha, Aretha.
Ingls: mdulo 1 / Aretha Cunha. So Lus: UemaNet, 2016.
131 p.

1.Lngua inglesa. 2.Ensino - Aprendizagem. I.Ttulo
CDU: 811.111:37

SUMRIO
INTRODUO .............................................................................................................
A LNGUA INGLESA ....................................................................................................
O alfabeto .................................................................................................................
Texto: Com atividade .................................................................................................
Texto: Como destravar no ingls na conversao .......................................................
Lesson 1 ....................................................................................................................
Lesson 2 ....................................................................................................................
Lesson 3 ....................................................................................................................
Lesson 4 ....................................................................................................................
Lesson 5 - Review 1 ...................................................................................................
Lesson 6 ....................................................................................................................
Lesson 7 ....................................................................................................................
Lesson 8 ....................................................................................................................
Lesson 9 ....................................................................................................................
Lesson 10 - Review 2 .................................................................................................
Lesson 11 ..................................................................................................................
Lesson 12 ..................................................................................................................
Lesson 13 ..................................................................................................................
Lesson 14 ..................................................................................................................
Lesson 15 - Review 3 .................................................................................................
Tcnicas de leitura .....................................................................................................
Coletnea de textos com atividades ..........................................................................
Concluso ..................................................................................................................

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O Ingls a lngua mais falada e difundida em todo o mundo.

APRESENTAO
Este curso tem o objetivo de ensinar as bases necessrias para que o(a)
aluno(a) possa aprender uma nova lngua, de forma simples e objetiva,
motivando-o(a) a aprofundar seu interesse pelo ingls e se aperfeioar,
para que possa utiliz-lo como meio de comunicao.
Nesse sentido, o curso lhe oferece a oportunidade de aprender noes
bsicas de conversao em ingls, conhecer as principais diferenas entre o
ingls americano e o britnico, desenvolver habilidades para interpretao
e anlise gramatical e ainda, conhecer o vocabulrio bsico para iniciantes
na lngua inglesa.

INGLS | Mdulo 1

INTRODUO
Por que importante aprender ingls?
A capacidade de falar e entender Ingls tem um valor incalculvel.
A lngua inglesa, considerada universal, utilizada nas mais diversas
instncias da nossa vida, seja para ler textos, entender msicas e filmes, ler
sites em ingls, adquirir uma oportunidade profissional, entre outras.
Com o Ingls, voc sempre vai encontrar algum, em qualquer parte do
mundo, que ir entend-lo(a). Com esse tipo de conhecimento, dentre as
vrias possibilidades, voc consegue:

Excelentes empregos em empresa de grande porte;

Viajar para qualquer lugar do mundo sem enfrentar dificuldades com


o idioma;

Ter capacidade para se comunicar com dois teros dos 130 milhes
de usurios da Internet, bem como, ler a maioria das pginas da rede
mundial, que so feitas em Ingls.

O INGLS a lngua mais falada e difundida em todo o mundo! Por isso, no


perca a oportunidade de adquirir essa habilidade essencial para o mundo
globalizado.
Para isto, necessrio que voc se empenhe em seus estudos, pois somente
com dedicao e comprometimento voc vai obter xito no aprendizado
do novo idioma.
Se esforce que com certeza obter sucesso!

INGLS | Mdulo 1

A Lngua inglesa
Encontramos constantemente em nosso dia a dia milhares de palavras
em ingls. Por isso, essencial aprendermos este idioma que ganhou
abrangncia universal, sendo o mais utilizado nos negcios, na Internet
e no mundo do entretenimento.
praticamente impossvel viver sem ter noes bsicas de ingls. No
entanto, a notcia boa que aprender este idioma mais fcil do que
imaginamos. Ento, vamos comear!

O Alfabeto (The Alphabet)


O alfabeto o primeiro passo para que voc se familiarize com o novo
idioma. Ele semelhante ao alfabeto em portugus. A diferena est no
nome das letras e na sua pronncia.
Ao lado das letras est escrita a pronncia de cada uma. Veja para
memorizar a sequncia.

A = i apple
B = b ball
C = c cat
D = d dog
E = elephant
F = f fish
G = dj giraffe
H = itch hammer
I = i ice cream
J = dji jet
K = ki kite
L = l lion
M = m mother
N = n nursc

O = u owl
P = pi pig
Q = quu queen
R = r rain
S = ss soccer
T = tl teacher
U = iu umbrela
V = vi van
W = dbliu woman
X = cs xebec
Y = ui yellow
Z = zi. Na Inlgaterra se
diz Zed. zebra

Viu como simples? Aprendendo o alfabeto voc obtm um dos


conhecimentos essenciais para sua comunicao oral e escrita em ingls.

INGLS
| Mdulo
1 1
INGLS
| Mdulo

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Se liga no texto

English as a global language, a good or bad thing?


The English language is everywhere. The language of most of the
Internet sites around the world is English. We are using this language to
write our articles on this site, even though I am positive that English is
not the first language of everybody using this website. It is not my first
language, I come from Finland. I learned English at school. It is the most
widely studied language in the world.
It is the language of media, medicine and business. Computing uses
English as does the international airtraffic control. But is the spread of
this language a good thing or a bad one, is the spread of one such a
powerful language a disadvantage or an advantage?
This is a difficult question to answer. Academics in the field of linguistics
have tried to find the best solution for this puzzle for decades now. One
disadvantage which is often mentioned in this context is the fact that
many languages have died because of the spread of English. Many still
have lost a large number of speakers and are bound to be doomed in
the near future. These are the disadvantages, and while they certainly
seem gloomy, there are many advantages of having a global language.
Doctors, for instance, from around the world can communicate with
each other while using one language. As a consequence of numerous
people knowing this language there are less misunderstandings which
of course in medicine could be fatal. People from all corners of the world
can communicate easier because they share a common language. Media
can more easily tell us the most recent news from all over the world.
People can use the Internet as a tool for research, which means more
people are being educated about different issues.
I am happy that my son will speak this wonderful language as his first
language, I am sure that I will learn a lot from him when he enters school in
the UK. However, I wish that my son would also be able to speak Finnish as
this is my mother tongue. It is important for a person's identity to remember
their roots, and language is a very integral part of one's identity. Are people
whose languages are being lost because of the dominance of the English
language losing their identities then? As you can see, the question is a
difficult one to answer, and in my opinion there is no right or wrong answer.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

Responda:
a) Escreva aqui 5 palavras que voc viu no texto e seus significados.

b) De uma maneira resumida o que voc acha que o texto acima fala?

INGLS
INGLS
| Mdulo
| Mdulo
1 1

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Se liga no texto

Como destravar o ingls na conversao


Comear a estudar o idioma o primeiro passo. Mas o caminho at a
fluncia longo e para algumas pessoas passa obrigatoriamente por
um obstculo difcil de superar: o bloqueio para falar.
Para o instrutor do Berlitz Educao Global, Luis Simes, que tem duas
dcadas de experincia em ensino da lngua inglesa, casos de estudantes
que reclamam da dificuldade em por em prtica o que aprenderam em
uma conversao so frequentes.
Mas o que fazer, neste caso? possvel destravar as habilidades de
conversao em ingls ou em qualquer outro idioma? Para dois
especialistas consultados por EXAME , sim, totalmente possvel. Para
isso, eles selecionaram algumas dicas. Confira:
1 No tenha vergonha do sotaque
As pessoas se preocupam muito, principalmente, as mais tmidas e
reservadas. Elas tendem a procurar desculpas para no falar, diz Simes.
Uma das justificativas para o bloqueio o sotaque forte, segundo o
professor do Berlitz.
Na opinio dele, a vergonha por no ter a pronncia de um nativo reflexo
do perfeccionismo. Mas, antes de ficar mudo ao menor sinal de uma conversa
em outra lngua, leve em considerao que o importante transmitir a
mensagem e ser compreendido. Hoje em dia no se censura a regionalidade,
at se valoriza que traos locais sejam conservados, diz Simes.
2 Fale sem medo de errar
Autocrtica muito elevada um dos fatores limitantes para o aprendizado,
diz Rosngela Souza, fundadora e scia-diretora da Companhia de
Idiomas e do ProfCerto.
A exposio ao idioma e o erro so fundamentais para o aprendizado,
afirma a especialista. como aprender a dirigir. Se s estudar o livrinho,
no sai dirigindo. Se tiver medo de pegar o carro ou de deixar o carro
morrer, no aprender, explica.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

S se aprende comeando a falar, concorda Simes. Errar importante


durante o processo de aprendizado, explica. timo acertar, mas a
pessoa no esquece os erros especialmente quando so corrigidos, diz
o professor do Berlitz.
3 No tenha receio de ser corrigido
A no ser que voc pea para um estrangeiro corrigi-lo, ele no o far,
afirma categoricamente, Luis Simes. Nunca vi isso acontecer, diz.
comum o receio de que o estrangeiro vai agir com dureza ao ouvir seu
interlocutor cometendo um erro. Muito pelo contrrio, ao perceber o
interesse em aprender a sua lngua, o estrangeiro fica feliz e valoriza o
esforo, diz Simes.
Por isso, raro que faam qualquer correo espontaneamente. Seria
uma grosseria, diz o professor do Berlitz.
4 Aproveite as oportunidades para praticar
No fuja, pratique. Procure pessoas que estudem ou j falem a lngua e
com quem tenha mais intimidade para conversar, indica Simes.
Para os mais tmidos, uma boa forma ir soltando a lngua em situaes
mais informais, primeiro.
Quem frequenta cursos regulares do idioma deve entender que aquele
o momento certo para se esforar e tentar, de fato, falar na outra lngua.
Dificilmente as pessoas saem da escola e vo buscar sozinhas situaes
em que vo praticar o idioma. Por isso, importante praticar em sala de
aula, diz.
5 Equilibre habilidades de compreenso, leitura, escrita e fala
O ideal ter o equilbrio na prtica das quatro habilidades, defende
Rosngela. S que a mais difcil a conversao, ressalta.
E a especialista alerta: Monteiro Lobato disse: quem no l, mal ouve,
mal fala, mal v. A leitura constante nos d vocabulrio, consolidao
de estruturas gramaticais e milhes de ideias de como se expressar. Por
isso lembre-se, ler e ouvir so essenciais tambm para destravar a fala.

INGLS | Mdulo 1

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A leitura no aprendizado do ingls ou de outros idiomas muito diferentes


do portugus acontece de forma gradativa, pois o aluno precisa ter um
nvel pr-intermedirio para comear a ler temas variados e contedo
mais densos, lembra a especialista. Comece aos poucos e escolha textos
adequados ao seu nvel de conhecimento.
Ficar traduzindo palavra por palavra de um texto, alm de chato e
demorado, um perigo, diz Simes. As palavras tm significado cultural,
lembra Simes. Ele cita a expresso ch de cadeira, em portugus.
Nesse caso, fica claro que a traduo literal no funcionaria.
O importante perceber quais so as palavras mais importantes e se
est sendo possvel acompanhar a histria. Se no est, hora de parar
e procurar o significado das palavras, diz Simes.
6 Assista filmes com legendas no idioma original
Para nveis a partir do intermedirio, Simes indica assistir a sries ou
filmes com legendas no idioma original. Para acompanhar juntamente
com o udio, diz o professor.
Comece com filmes que voc j viu e conhece a histria para testar sua
capacidade de compreenso. Ou aposte em filmes de ao, que tm
frases mais curtas e objetivas. As comdias tm muita gria e romances
picos trazem vocabulrio de difcil compreenso, lembra Simes.
7 Oua msicas acompanhando a letra
Mais uma forma de usar o interesse a favor do aprendizado do idioma.
Escolha msicas de que gosta e pesquise a letra.
Msica ajuda muito e acrescenta vocabulrio. Mas importante ter em
mente que trata-se de uma poesia, portanto quem manda a harmonia,
diz Simes se referindo s grias e linguagem mais distante do padro
de algumas canes.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

Diferenas entre o Ingls Americano e Britnico


O ingls uma lngua falada com muitos sotaques e por muitas pessoas
em todo mundo. Nesse sentido, o ingls britnico uma dentre as
muitas variedades singulares de ingls que existem.
As maiores diferenas entre o ingls americano e o britnico esto na
pronncia e no vocabulrio. A ortografia difere em algumas palavras, no
entanto, as diferenas gramaticais so mnimas.
Porm, por enquanto, no necessrio que voc memorize todas
as regras e diferenas. O mais importante para quem est iniciando
os estudos em ingls saber que existem DIFERENAS no idioma,
conforme o local onde falado.
Neste curso inicial adotaremos o ingls Americano, pois o mais falado
no mundo.

INGLS | Mdulo 1

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APRENDENDO A GRAMTICA
A) Existem trs partes bsicas em uma sentena ou frase em ingls: o
sujeito (subject), o verbo (verb) e o complemento (complement).
Uma sentena ter no mnimo, um sujeito e um verbo geralmente

B) A ordem das palavras importante no ingls, por exemplo, em


perguntas o sujeito vir aps o verbo. Ex.: Are you happy? - are: verbo
to be; you: sujeito
E nas respostas o sujeito vir antes do verbo. Ex.: You are happy!
O uso de `yes` ou `no`, quando necessrio, vir no comeo da resposta.
Ex.: Yes, I am happy.
Mas chega de teoria, vamos agora para a prtica! Vamos comear com
coisas simples:

II - Verbos
To speak:falar
To eat:comer
To drink: beber (colocar figura)

III - Sujeito
Veremos primeiro, alguns dos sujeitos mais usados em frases: os
pronomes, especificamente os pronomes pessoais do caso reto (EU, TU,
VOC, ELE/ELA, NS, VOCS, ELES/ELAS).

Lesson One

poder ser acompanhada de complemento.

Personal Pronoun
I = eu
You = voc
She = ela
He = ele
It = ele, ela (para animais e objetos)
We = ns
You = vocs
They = elas, eles

IV - Sentences
Agora vamos colocar essas novas palavras em ao?!!
I speak portuguese - I = subject; speak = verb; portuguese = complement;
You eat meat - you = subject; eat = verb; meat = complement;
I drink water - I = subject; drink = verb; water = complement;
You drink milk - you = subject; drink = verb; milk = complement;
I eat bread and ham - I = subject; eat = verb; bread and ham = complement;
Viu como foi fcil!? s no se esquecer dessa regrinha, para as sentenas
afirmativas!

Subject + Verb + Complement


Ex.: I speak English.
I eat fish.
I drink juice.
I drink coffee.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

V - Expressions
Agora, veja e memorize algumas expresses comuns para pelo menos
iniciar uma conversa:

Good morning = bom dia


Good afternoon = boa tarde
Good evening = boa noite (chegada)
Good night = boa noite (sada)
Thanks = obrigado
Thank you = obrigado
Please = por favor
Hi = oi
Hello = ol, al
Youre welcome = de nada
How are you? = como vai voc?

NOTE: voc deve ter notado que a expresso boa noite repetida
duas vezes e como duas formas diferentes. Por qu? Talvez seja sua
pergunta, o motivo simples: good evening a expresso usada
quando se chega em algum lugar, ou quando ainda cedo (incio
da noite), good night a expresso usada quando j est saindo de
algum lugar ou quando j est tarde da noite.

Agora, vamos fazer mais frases usando as palavras que j aprendemos


juntamente com essas expresses:
Hi, I speak English.
Please, I drink water!
Good evening, how are you?
I eat fish, thanks.

Aprendendo a Gramtica | LESSON ONE

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At agora vimos frases afirmativas, mas como elas ficariam se fossem


negativas?
Hi, I dont speak English.
Please, I dont drink water.
I dont eat fish, thanks.

NOTE: a expresso dont e doesnt servem como um auxiliar para


frases negativas no tempo presente do indicativo. Geralmente
aparecem quando no h verbo to be. Estas expresses so uma
forma, digamos que, abreviada.

Veja: do + not = dont does + not = doesnt


Como eles devem aparecer nas sentenas? Isto depender do sujeito
que estiver na frase. Essa ttica bem prtica: quando o sujeito for da
terceira pessoa do singular (she, he, it) deve-se usar doesnt, nos demais
casos deve-se usar dont, veja o esquema:
I She
You He = Doesnt
We = Dont

It

They
No se preocupe esses auxiliares sero relembrados em lies posteriores no se esquea que eles s aparecero em frases no tempo presente
do indicativo.

New Words
Observe as palavras que voc aprendeu nesta lio e note algumas
novas que so comuns no cotidiano. Esforce-se em memoriz-las para
que possa aprend-las e assim facilitar no seu domnio desse idioma,
pois quanto mais se l , mais se aprende!!

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

VIMOS:

Portuguese: portugus
Ham: presunto
Hi; oi Good afternoon: boa tarde
Meat: carne Fish: peixe
Hello: al, ol Good evening: boa noite
Water: gua Juice: suco
Please: por favor Good night: boa noite
Milk: leite Coffee: caf
Thanks: obrigado English: ingls
Bread: po To eat: comer
Thank you: obrigado To speak: falar
And: e To drink: beber, tomar
Good morning: bom dia

ACTIVITY
1 - Translation: (traduza)

a) Eu bebo. Eu falo. Eu como - I drink, I speak, I eat


b) Eu como peixe. ____________________________________________
c) Eu bebo gua. ____________________________________________
d) Eu falo ingls. _____________________________________________
e) Eu como po. _____________________________________________
f ) Bom dia, como vai voc? _____________________________________
g) Oi, eu no falo portugus. ___________________________________
h) Eu no como carne. ________________________________________
i) Eu no como presunto. ______________________________________

2 - Agora coloque as frases na forma negativa.usando dont ou doesnt:

a) I speak English. ____________________________________________


b) You eat meat. _____________________________________________
c) I drink juice. _______________________________________________

Aprendendo a Gramtica | LESSON ONE

23

d) I speak portuguese. ________________________________________


e) You drink milk. ____________________________________________
f ) You eat bread and ham. _____________________________________
g) I drink coffee. _____________________________________________
h) You eat fish. ______________________________________________
i) You drink water. ____________________________________________

3 - Numere a 2 coluna de acordo com 1.

(1) Bom dia

( ) ham

(2) Al

( ) thanks

(3) Com vai voc?

( ) you

(4) Presunto ( ) good night


(5) Carne ( ) hello
(6) Por favor

( ) good morning

(7) Obrigado ( ) she


(8) Boa noite (chegada)

( ) juice

(9) Boa tarde

( ) how are you?

(10) Voc ( ) good evening


(11) Ela ( ) meat
(12) Peixe ( ) please
(13) Suco ( ) good afternoon
(14) Boa noite (sada)

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

( ) fish

Rio runs rings around Obama


by Gideon Rachman Financial Times
Publicado em: 30/12/2009
After a little fumbling with the envelope, the head of the International
Olympic Committee has just announced the venue for the 2016
Olympics - Rio de Janeiro. It all seems a confirmation of the mood
of the moment - Brazil is deeply fashionable and on the way up; and
the shine has come off Barack Obama, who turned up in person
to lobby for Chicago - only to see his home town eliminated early.
Poor Obama, he really didnt deserve this. I bet he now regrets going
all the way to Copenhagen to lobby for Chicago. His great trumpcard was meant to be his global popularity. But the International
Olympic Committee had no trouble in brushing him aside. Im
afraid this is all going to play into the gathering conservative
narrative in the US of Obamas a naive dupe, who grovels in front
of foreigners - and gets nothing back in return. It seems to be
setback after setback for the US president at the moment - healthcare, Iran, the Afghanistan mess, unemployment up at nearly 10%.
As for Brazil - never has the country been so fashionable. The
Brazilians are hosting the World Cup in 2014 and now the Olympics,
two years later. They provide the first letter of the much-touted
group of emerging economic superpowers - the BRICs. They are
key members of the G20. In Lula, Brazil at last has a leader who
is a recognised global figure. He gave the lead-off address at the
UN General Assembly last week. (Just before Obama, symbolically
enough.) And Brazil has also just discovered massive reserves of
offshore oil. Oh lucky country!

Aprendendo a Gramtica | LESSON ONE

25

HI, WHATS THIS?


Quem j no ficou curioso com alguma coisa ? Acho que todos ns. Veja
o dilogo abaixo:
ANE: Hi, John?
JOHN: Hi, Ane!
JOHN: Its a book. Is that an umbrella?
ANE: Yes, its an umbrella.
As frases grifadas sero o foco desta lio. Vamos retir-las do texto para
entend-las.
WHATS THIS? ITS A BOOK.;
WHATS THAT? ITS AN UMBRELLA.

I - Structure
The indefinitive article
A book

AN eraser

A pencil

AN activity

A desk

AN umbrella

O artigo indefinido A usado antes de uma consoante ou de um som


consonantal. AN o outro artigo indefinido usado antes de vogal e de
som voclico.

Contractions
Elas sempre aparecem, pode ser com os verbos ou com pronomes, nesta
lio veremos com alguns dos pronomes.

Lesson Two

ANE: Whats this, John?

Whats e its podem ficar na forma contrada quando juntos com


verbo to be, desde que esteja na terceira pessoa do singular (is) e no
presente do indicativo, neste caso omite-se a letra i e usa-se o apstrofe
(), essas contraes geralmente aparecem na conversao. Resumindo,
podemos imaginar o seguinte esquema:
What + is = whats It + is = Its
Whats = what is its = it is
Veja as sentenas:
Whats this? Its a book. Whats that ? Its a desk
Usando o que j aprendemos at agora, podemos ter os seguintes
exemplos:
A pen (uma caneta) IT`S a pen (isto uma caneta)
Respostas simples pergunta: whats this? (o que isto?) a nica
diferena o uso ou da contrao ou do artigo indefinido.
Mas agora h outra pergunta: quando se usa that e this?
THAT AND THIS
Whats this? Is this a pencil?
Whats that?Is that a door?
This = isto, este, esta. usado para identificar algo que geralmente est
perto de voc.
That = aquele, aquela, aquilo. usado para identificar algo que est
longe de voc, ou seja, para o que est perto usa-se this, para o que est
longe usa-se that (depois veremos outra utilidades do that). Ambos os
casos so usados na forma do singular, mas existe tambm para o plural
so estas: these and those.
These = estes, estas. Plural de this.
Those = esses, essas, aqueles, aquelas. Plural de that.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

Um detalhe, se os pronomes esto no plural, isto quer dizer que tambm


os verbos devem ser flexionados junto com eles. Logo se antes usvamos
Is, agora usaremos ARE. Observe:
What are these?
What are those?
Is this a ball?
Yes, its a ball.
Whats that?
Its that a book.
Is this a pencil?
No. Its a box.

IV - Word Order
Talvez isto d problema para alguns principalmente porque no ingls,
algumas palavras gostam de trocar de lugar, mas veja essa "regrinha
bsica" para entender a ordem das palavras. Quando e porque elas
precisam mudar. Afinal este idioma as posies das palavras pode fazer
uma boa diferena. Veja o esquema:

IW V S C?

(Question)

S V C.

(Answer)

NOTE: os smbolos representam:


IW = Interrogative Word
S = Subject
V = Verb
C = Complement

WHATS THIS ? ITS AN ERASER.


WHATS THAT ? ITS A CHAIR.
IS THAT A PEN ? YES, ITS A PEN.
IS THIS A DOOR? NO, ITS A WINDOW.

Hi, whats this? | LESSON TWO

29

Agora fica mais fcil entender o esquema da pgina anterio ento, nas perguntas primeiro vem pronome interrogativo, depois o verbo podendo ser
contrado logo em seguida o sujeito e se for o caso o complemento. Nas
resposta, ocorre uma pequena mudana, primeiro vem o sujeito, depois o
verbo e logo em seguida, se tiver, o complemento. De certa forma, a estrutura das respostas tem uma semelhana com as respostas em portugus.

ACTIVITY
1 - Use os artigos indefinidos aprendidos hoje, como no exemplo: A book.
a)--A-- book f ) _____ map
b) ____ desk

g) _____ window

c) ____ pencil

h) _____ exercise

d) ____ ball

i) _____ chair

e) ____ eraser

j) _____ door

2 - Agora, complete as sentenas com its e com os artigos indefinidos.


Veja o exemplo:
a) Its a pen
b) ________ umbrella

e) ________ glass

c) ________ picture

f ) ________ ball

d) ________ cup of water

g) ________ apple

3 - Responda de acordo com a gravura.

Whats tha ? Its a cow.


___________________________

Whats this?

Is that a ball?
Yes, its a ball.

Is this a door?

___________________________ ____________________________

30

INGLS | Mdulo 1

Whats this?

Is this an airplane?

____________________________ __________________________
Is this a pencil?

No, its a helmt.

Depois de termos testado nosso conhecimento, vamos relembrar as


novas palavras aprendidas nesta lio.
Voc deve lembrar desta expresso: How are you? Ela foi vista na lesson
1, mas existe outra forma para ela. esta: How do you do? Ambas frases
significam a mesma coisa. Mesmo assim, existe uma pequena diferena
entre elas.
"How are you ?" mais usado quando refere-se ao seu bem-estar
pessoal.
"How do you do" empregado em respostas formal. Veja o quadro:
How are you? How do you do?

I am very well, thanks.

(I am not ill.)
How do you do?( formal)

(I am happy to meet you.)
VOCABULARY

A = Um, uma Window = Lanela


Glass = Copo Whats this? = O que isto?
Pencil = Lpis Whats that? = O que aquilo?
Cup of water = Copo de gua Box = Caixa
Pen = Caneta Apple = Ma
Money = Dinheiro
Door = Porta
Book = Livro Umbrella = Guarda-chuva
Chair = Cadeira Ball = Bola
Picture = Pintura Star = Estrela
Desk = Carteira (escolar) Helmt = Capacete
Map = Mapa Airplane = Avio
ill = Doente

Hi, whats this? | LESSON TWO

31

DO YOU WANT??
Pergunta interessante, no acha??! Voc quer? Bem, veremos agora mais
um reforo aula anterior. Veja as seguinte sentenas:

- Is this a classroom? Yes, its a classroom.


- Is that a wall? Yes, its a wall.
- Is this the first lesson? No, its not the fisrt lessin. Its the second lesson.
- Is that a light? No, its not a light. Its a clock.
- Is the light on the ceiling? Yes, the light is on the ceiling.
- Is the paper in the desk? Yes, the paper is in the desk.
Essas perguntas sero a base desta lio.

Structure
Do you want?
Mais uma maneira de perguntar, usando o auxiliar do:
Do you play?
Do you work? Do I speak?
Do you want a cup of tea?

I - Afirmative or negative sentences


Afirmative Negative
Its a slice of cheese. / Its not a slice of cheese.
Its an orange. / Its not an orange.
Its an egg. / Its not an egg.
A palavra not seguida do verbo "is" forma a sentena negativa. Como
mostra os exemplos acima.

Lesson Three

- Do you work?

II - The definite article the


O artigo definido the indica uma pessoa ou coisa especfica, no singular
ou no plural. Exemplos:
The book, the books the eraser, the erasers
The door, the doors the umbrella, the umbrellas
The cup, the cups the girl, the girls

III - Prepositions of place: on, in.


On = usado para algo que est sobre algum lugar, superfcie.
In = usado para indicar algo que est dentro, inserido em alguma coisa
ou lugar. Exemplos:
On the wall in the room.
On the desk in the classroom.
On the floor in the notebook.

IV - The verb to be (is, are)


O verbo to be irregular. usado na forma is (primeira ou terceira
pessoa do singular) quando o sujeito for um substantivo singular. Usase a forma are quando o sujeito for estiver no plural. Exemplo:
The pencil is on the table.
The pencils on the table.
The ball is in the box.
The balls in the boxes.

34

INGLS | Mdulo 1

V - Word order in questions


>Simple Questions
Verb Subject Complement
Is The picture On the wall?
Are The pictures On the wall?
Is The umbrella In the classroom?
A ordem das palavras em perguntas, em sentenas afirmativas fica da
seguinte maneira: primeiro o verbo, depois o sujeito e por ltimo o
complemento.

Perguntas com pronomes interrogativos


Um pronome ou palavra interrogativa sempre precede o verbo e pode
servir de complemento para ele.

Interrogative word Verb Subject


WHATS THIS (THAT)?
WHERES THE PICTURE?
WHERES PICTURES?
"Where is" usado quando o sujeito est no singular.
"Where are" usado quando o sujeito est no plural.

New Verbs
To want = querer
To work = trabalhar
To play = jogar, brincar, tocar

Do you want?? | LESSON THREE

35

Do you want? Do you play? Do you work?


I want / I play / I work.
They dont want. / they dont play. / they dont work.

New Words
Son = Filho German = Alemo
Daughter = Filha Tea = Ch
Mother = Me Cup = Xcara
Father = Pai Cheese = Queijo
Boy = Menino Wall = Parede
Girl = Menina Classroom = Sala de aula
Children = Crianas, filhos First = Primeiro
Sister = Irm Second = Segundo
Brother = Irmo Ceiling = Teto
Of = de Floor = Cho
Slice = Fatia Notebook = Caderno
Orange = Laranja Now = Agora
Light = Luz Tomorrow = Amanh
Ruler = Rgua Today = Hoje
Room = Sala

New Expressions
Sorry = Desculpe
Good-bye = Tchau
Bye-bye = Tchau
Excuse-me = Desculpe,com licena
In the morning = De manh
In the afternoon = De tarde, tarde
In the evening = De noite, noite
At night = noite
Fine, thank you = Bem, obrigado

36

INGLS | Mdulo 1

ACTIVITY
1 - Translation:
a) I work in the morning. I dont work in the afternoon.
b) I want to drink wine now.
c) I play with my son and my daughter in the evening.
D) I dont work with my father. Do you work with your brothers and sisters?
e) Do you speak German? Sorry, I dont speak German.

2 - Answer:
a) Is the light in the ceiling?
b) Is the paper on the desk?
c) Is the map in the classroom?
d) Are the pictures on the wall?
e) Are the books on the table?
f ) Are the chair in the classroom?

3 - Answer the questions in the negative form and add a sentence in


the afirmative: Example: Is this an orange? No, its not a orange. Its a
notebook.
a) Is this a light?
b) Is that a floor?
d) Is this a chair?
e) Isthis the first lesson?

4 - Transforme as afirmaes em perguntas:


a) The picture is on the wall.
b) The orange is on the table.
c) The pencil is on the desk.
d) The maps are on the floor.
e) The rules are in the boxes.

Do you want?? | LESSON THREE

37

WHAT DAY IS TODAY?


Observe as seguintes frases e veja em que se basear esta lio.
The days of the week are:
Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurday, Friday and

What are the days of the week?


What day is today?
What day is tomorrow?
What day was yesterday? (passado)
What are these? Theyre boxes.
Are those desks? Yes, theyre desks.
Is this an orange or an apple? Its an apple.
Are there any lights in the classroom? Yes, there two lights in the classroom.
Where are they? Theyre on the ceiling.
Is there a clock on the wall? No, theres not a clock on the wall.
Como voc deve ter notado, em cada frase acima, h palavras
grifadas. Estes grifos fazem parte do que ser destaque nesta lio.

Structure
I - The plural of nouns (general rule)
O plural formado por se acrescentar a letra s a forma singular da palavra.
Ex.: desk, desks; book, books; map, maps; light, lights.

II - Especial rules
a) Substantivos terminados em ch, sh, s, ss, x and z forma plural por se
acrescentar es na forma singular da palavra.

Lesson Four

Saturday.

Ex.: class, classes; church, churches; brush, brushes; bus, buses; Box, boxes;
Exceptions: substantivos terminados com ch, mas com som de k formam
o plural por colocar s na forma singular. Ex.: monarch; monarchs

b) Substantivos terminados com o e precedidos por uma consoante vo


para o plural por colocar o ES na sua forma no singular.
Ex.: potato, potatoes

NOTE: substantivos terminados em o precedidos por vogal fazem


plural por simplesmente acrescentar s.
Ex.: radio, rdios

c) Substantivos terminados em y e precedidos de uma consoante vo


para o plural por trocar o y por ies.
Ex.: city, cities.

NOTE: os substantivos que terminam com y, mas so acompanhados


de vogal , vo para o plural por apenas se acrescentar o s.
Ex.: key, keys

d) Substantivos com terminaes em f, ff, fe formam plural por trocar


essas terminaes e colocar ves:
Ex.: wife, wives;

40

INGLS | Mdulo 1

III - These and Those


Eles representam o plural de this and that.
Ex.: Is this a key? Are these keys?
Whats that? What are those?

IV - The subject pronouns it and they


It geralmente usado quando est ligado ao pronome that ou this, j
they usado quando est referindo-se aos pronomes those and these.
Theyre a contrao de they are.
Ex.: Whats this? Its an apple.
Whats that? Its an orange.
What are those ?theyre boxes.
What are these? Theyre erasers.
Eles tambm so usados para referir-se a um substantivo j mencionado.
Ex.: Wheres the clock? Its on the wall.
Where are the notebooks? Theyre on the desk.

V - There is and There are


Estas expresses significam = existir, elas no indicam lugar.
A palavra there fica sem significado nestas expresses ela serve apenas
como uma palavra introdutria na posio do sujeito. O real sujeito o
substantivo que vir logo aps o verbo. Estas expresses concordaro com
o verbo, sendo assim podem ir tanto para o singular como para o plural.
Ex.: Is there a ruler in the Box? Yes, theres a ruler in the box.
Are there any chairs in the room? Yes, there are many chairs in the room.

What day is today? | LESSON FOUR

41

VI - Questions with or
Este caso ocorre quando a pergunta nos coloca uma escolha como se
fosse uma dvida.
Ex.: Is a pen or a pencil? Its a pencil.
Are those tables or desks? Theyre tables.

VII - questions with the subject What


Quando o what aparece em uma pergunta, o verbo sempre estar no
singular, mas a resposta pode ser ou no plural ou no singular. A resposta
geralmente comear com there is or there are.
Ex: Whats that? (birds)

New Verbs
To like = gostar
To go = ir
To need = precisar

New Words
Church = Igreja French = Francs
Brush = Escova Where = Onde
Teacher = Professor When = Quando
Bus = nibus Friend = Amigo
Day = Dia Sunday = Domigo
Potato = Batata Monday = Sengunda
Week = Semana Tuesday = Tera
City = Cidade Wednesday = Quarta
To = Para, a Thurday = Quinta
Wife = Esposa Friday = Sexta
Or = Ou Saturday = Sbado

42

INGLS | Mdulo 1

New Expressions
So-so = Mais ou menos
See you tomorrow = At amanh
With me = Comigo
Weekend = Fim de semana
What do you want? = O que voc quer?
I need to go to church = Eu preciso ir igreja
I work on the weekend = Eu trabalho no fim de semana

Ok, depois deste assunto, vamos ver o que aprendemos??

ACTIVITY
1 - Write questions for the sentence:
a) _______________________________________________
No, I dont work
b) _______________________________________________
Yes, I like to drink tea on Thursday afternoons.
c) _______________________________________________
No, I dont like to drink milk.
d) _______________________________________________
This is my notebook.
e) _______________________________________________
Sorry, I dont speak French.

What day is today? | LESSON FOUR

43

2 - Change each sentence from singular to plural.


a) The exercise is in the book.
_______________________________________________
b) Is the light on the ceiling?
_______________________________________________
c)Wheres the boy?
_______________________________________________
d) Wheres the sliece of cheese?
_______________________________________________
e) Wheres they book?
_______________________________________________

3 - Answer each question in affirmative and in the negative form:


Example: Is this a pen?
Yes, its a pen.
No, its not a pen.
a) Is this a glass?
_______________________________________________
b) Is that a box?
_______________________________________________
c) Are these an apples?
_______________________________________________
d) Are those keys?
_______________________________________________
e) Are these exercises?
_______________________________________________

44

INGLS | Mdulo 1

4 - Complete with is there or are there:


a) ___________ a class in the room?
b) ___________ any windows in the room?
c) ___________ seven days in a week?
d) ___________ an orange in the box?

What day is today? | LESSON FOUR

45

REVIEW 1
Nesta lio relembraremos alguns dos assuntos abordados nas lies
anteriores. E tambm aprenderemos novos verbos e expresses.

To have = ter to buy = comprar


To understand = entender to sell = vender

New Expressions
For breakfast = no caf da manh
For lunch = no almoo
For dinner = no jantar
Nice to meet you = prazer em conhecer voc
Very much = muito
How many = quantos
Every day = todos os dias

Structure
how many, pode ser usado para os substantivos que no ingls vo para
o plural.
Ex.: How many notebooks do you have? = Quantos cadernos voc tem?
Nesta lio, h um detalhe sobre dois verbos, que ser enfatizado. So
os verbos:
Verbs - To buy and to sell

Lesson Five

New Verbs

Veja as frases:
I want to buy a eraser for my sister. (Eu quero comprar uma borracha
para minha irm.)
I need to sell house to my friend. (Eu preciso vender minha casa para
meu amigo.)

Nas frases h duas palavras sublinhadas, vamos entend-las. O verbo to


buy pede como complemento for, enquanto to sell usa o to.
Ex: I need to buy a book for my student. (Eu preciso comprar um livro
para meu aluno.)
I want to sell my book to my friend. (Eu quero vender meu livro para meu
amigo.)

Entendendo os novos verbos


I have a house = eu tenho uma casa
I have to study = eu tenho que estudar
I have to understand = eu tenho que entender
Repare nas ltimas duas frases, como observado nos exemplos, para
formarmos frases com mais de um verbo e esses venham na sequncia,
usa-se o to para haver coerncia na frase.
Ex.: I like to study! (Eu gosto de estudar!)
I need to go home now. (Eu preciso ir para casa agora.)
I want to eat apple in the morning. (Eu gosto de comer ma de manh.)
Agora note uma das expresses: very much. Como podemos us-la? Veja:
I like my friend very much. (Eu gosto muito de minha amiga.)
I like my car very much. (Eu gosto muito de meu carro.)
Very much aparece no final de frases e tem o sentido de intensidade.

48

INGLS | Mdulo 1

NEW WORDS

Bank = banco Some = algum


Work = trabalho Spanish = espanhol
Time = tempo Husband = marido
Car = carro Braekfast = caf da manh
Big = grande Lunch = almoo
Small = pequeno Dinner = jantar
Old = velho

LEMBRE-SE!!!!
I - Indefinitive and definitive articles
Indefinitive Article: A - AN. Equivalem aos um e uma no portugus.
A usada para palavras iniciadas com consoantes;
AN usado para palavras iniciadas com vogais.
Ex.: A map; an apple
A chair; an orange
A day; an envelope
A name; an eraser
A picture; an umbrella
A week; an exercise

a) Complete with A or AN:


a) _________ apple
b) _________ friend
c) _________ city
d) _________ orange
e) _________ table
f ) _________ class
g) _________ notebook

Review 1 | LESSON FIVE

49

Definitive article: the o equivalente em portugus para o, a

Ex: The table; the banana


The door; the key
The week; the weekend

II - Plural of Nouns
A regra geral colocar o s no final da palavra. Ex: map, maps no se
esquea que toda regra tem suas excees, por exemplo:
Os substantivos terminados em ss,ch,sh,s and x acrescenta-se es no
plural.
Os substantivos terminados em y, mas precedidos por uma consoante
perde o y e recebe o ies.
No entanto, se este y vier precedido de vogal , acrescenta-se apenas o s.

Ex.: brush, brushes ; glass, glasses


city, cities; key, keys

b) Change the words from singular to plural:


a) day =
b) class =
c) book =
d) ruler =
e) church =
f ) bus =
g) box =

50

INGLS | Mdulo 1

III - Contractions
whats = what + is
wheres = where + is
its = It + is
theres = there + is
theyre = they + are
Termos muito usados na conversao.
c) Complete each blank with one this contractions:
Ex.: __________ that? ________ an orange.
Whats this? Its an orange.
a) ___________ this? _________ a telephone
b) ___________ the my pencil? ___________ the pencil is on the desk.
c) What are these? __________ slice of cheese.
d) Is this a key? No, __________ a pencil.
e) Are these bananas? No, __________ not bananas. __________ an
apples.

IV - Word order
Tanto para perguntar como para responder a frase sofre mudanas. Na
pergunta primeiro vem o verbo auxiliar, depois o sujeito , em seguida o
verbo e o complemento. Nas respostas vem primeiro o sujeito, o verbo
e depois o complemento.
Ex.: Do you want to eat bread ?
Yes, I want to eat bread.

Review 1 | LESSON FIVE

51

d) Write questions for the sentences:


a) ________________________________________
this is my car.
b) ________________________________________
yes, theres a map in the room.
c) ________________________________________
its an exercise
e) Arrange each group of words in the correct order:
a) ? Your name whats =
b) Its an no apple =
c) ? Are how you =
d) There week a days in are seven? =
e) Its no Sunday not Saturday its
f ) First the lesson ? is

V - Afirmative and negative form


Como voc colocaria as seguintes frases na forma negativas e afirmativas?
Is this a table? =
No, its not a table. Its a box.
f ) Agora tente voc:
Is this an eraser? =
Is that a picture? =
Is this lesson two? =
Are these pens? =
Are those oranges =
Are those bananas? =

52

INGLS | Mdulo 1

VI - Prepositions of place: ON, IN.


Para no esquecer:
ON usado para indicar coisas que esto sobre alguma coisa ou sobre
alguma superfcie. Ex.: on the desk.
IN usado para coisas que esto dentro de algo. Ex.: in the notebook
g) Complete with ON or IN:
Is the picture ____ wall?
The sentences are ____ my notebook.
Are the keys ____ the floor?
Ane is ____ the classroom.

VII - There is and there are


Esses termos tm o significado de existir, haver. Eles so sua forma no
singular e plural respectivamente.
h) Complete each question with IS THERE or ARE THERE:
_____________ an orange on the table?
_____________ many chairs in the classroom?
_____________ any apples in the boxes?
_____________ a notebook on the desk?
_____________ an umbrella on the table?

Review 1 | LESSON FIVE

53

WHO IS HE???
Vamos aprender a fazer perguntas "curiosas". Veremos aqui, sobre alguns
dos pronomes interrogativos. O primeiro ser: interrogative pronounwhy and conjunction- because. Ambos em portugus significam: porque.

Conjunction Because
Why = Por que usado em perguntas
Because = porque usado em respostas
Example:
Why do you study English? (Por que voc estuda ingls?)
Because I want to go to the USA. (Porque eu quero ir aos EUA.)
Why are you saving money? (Por que voc est economizando dinheiro?)
Because I want to buy a cd player. (Porque eu quero comprar um cd player.)
Why usado para fazer perguntas.
Because usado para responder as perguntas.

II - Interrogative pronoun When


When = quando, usado em perguntas.
Example:
When are you going to come back? (Quando voc voltar?)
On Monday morning. (Na Segunda de manh.)

Lesson Six

I - Interrogative pronoun - Why

III - Interrogative pronoun Who


WHO = Quem usado em perguntas
Example:
Whos he ? Hes Dr. Paul.
Whos she? Shes my sister.
Whos that man? Hes my father.
Whos tha womam? Shes my mother.
Who are those men? Theyre my father and my brother.
Who are those women? Theyre my sister and my mother.

IV - Interrogative pronoun What


What = O que ou Qual usado para perguntas
Example:
Whats Mr. Allen? Is he a teacher?
Theyre doctors.

V - Numbers
ZERO = 0; ELEVEN = 11; TWENTY-TWO = 22; TWO HUNDRED = 200
ONE = 1; TWELVE = 12; THIRTY = 30; THREE HUNDRED = 300
TWO = 2; THIRTEEN = 13; THIRTY-ONE = 31; ONE THOUSAND = 1000
THREE = 3; FOURTEEN = 14; FORTY = 40; TWO THOUSAND = 2000
FOUR = 4; FIFTEEN = 15; FORTY-ONE = 41; TEN TOHUSAND = 10000
FIVE = 5; SIXTEEN = 16; FIFTY = 50
SIX = 6; SEVENTEEN = 17; FIFTY-ONE = 51
SEVEN = 7; EIGHTEEN = 18; SIXTY = 60
EIGHT = 8; NINETEEN = 19; EIGTHY = 80
NINE = 9; TWENTY = 20; NINETY = 90
TEN = 10; TWENTY-ONE = 21; ONE HUNDRED = 100

56

INGLS | Mdulo 1

Agora, vamos aprender novas palavras??!

VI - The present tense of to be


O verbo to be irregular, observe a sua conjugao. Note que na primeira
pessoa do singular h uma mudana na forma do verbo. A terceira
pessoa do plural pode referir tanto para pessoas como para objetos.
A segunda pessoa do singular tambm pode ser usada no plural e no
singular, a diferena ser vista no complemento que aparecer na frase.
I AM A TEACHER
YOU ARE A NURSE
HE IS AN ENGINEER
SHE IS A STUDENT
IT IS A DOG
WE ARE DOCTORS

New Verbs
To save = economizar, salvar, guardar
To help = ajudar
To know = conhecer
To write = escrever

New Words
Actor = ator Policeman = policial
Apartment = apartamento Motorcycle = motocicleta
Actress = atriz Artist = artista
Cow = vaca Doctor = doutor
Engineer = engenheiro Boss = chefe
Horse = cavalo Waiter = garom
Nurse = enfermeira Newspaper = jornal

Who is he??? | LESSON SIX

57

Chicken = frango Magazine = revista


Office = escritrio Letter = carta
Pig = porco Post Office = correio
Architect = arquiteto
Postcard = carto postal
Bike = bicicleta Postman = carteiro

New Expressions
This morning = hoje de manh
This afternoon = hoje tarde
Tonight = hoje noite
Tomorrow morning = amanh de manh
Tomorrow night = amanh de noite
About = sobre, mais ou menos ou aproximadamente.

ACTIVITY
Vamos ver se entendemos esta lio??
1 - Consegue traduzir?
a) I need to speak with my father about this.
___________________________________________________________
b) What do you eat? Do you want an apple?
___________________________________________________________
c) I want to sell my bicycle.
___________________________________________________________
d) Whos he? Hes my English teacher.
___________________________________________________________

58

INGLS | Mdulo 1

2 - Responda de acordo com as figuras:

a) Whos he?
___________________________________________________________

b) Who am I?
___________________________________________________________

c) Whats this?
___________________________________________________________

d) Whats that?
___________________________________________________________

e) Whats this?
___________________________________________________________

f ) Whats that?
___________________________________________________________

Who is he??? | LESSON SIX

59

3 - Responda cada questo de modo afirmativo.


a) Are you an engineer?
___________________________________________________________
b) Is she a nurse?
___________________________________________________________
c) Do you have a horse?
___________________________________________________________
d) Are we students?
___________________________________________________________
e) Is she a teacher?
___________________________________________________________
f ) Do you want to help my friend?
___________________________________________________________

60

INGLS | Mdulo 1

WHAT TIME IS IT?


Com certeza j fez essa pergunta. Em portugus rapidinho
responderamos essa pergunta, mas como fica a resposta dela no ingls?

Its nine oclock.


Its nine-ten oclock.
Its nine-fifteen oclock.
Its nine-twenty.
Como os exemplos acima mostram, no to complicado falar as horas.
Um lembrete:
a.m = 0 12h (de meia-noite at meio-dia)
p.m = 1224h (de meio-dia at meia-noite)
Tambm duas preposies podem aparecer nas respostas. Veja:
I go to church at 6 oclock. (Eu vou igreja s 6 horas.)
I study until 12 oclock. (Eu estudo at 12 horas.)
At and until so as preposies que podem surgir .

The preposition at
At is used with the name of a specific place or local point.
At the hospital; at home
At the office; at school

Lesson Seven

Veja as horas abaixo:

Structure
The simple present tense
Simple present = presente do indicativo. Usamos para expresser hbitos
ou fatos. Na 3 pessoa do singular acrescenta-se S no verbo na forma
afirmativa.
Example:
I speak English.
You eat bread.
He wants a motorcycle.
She wants a bicycle.
It likes juice.
We help you.
You write a letter.
They drink vine.

Note: WHEN THE VERB ENDS IN S,SH,CH,X OR O , WE ADD ES.


Example:
He washes the car at home.
She watches TV every night.

As trs situaes em que usamos este tempo verbal: No negativo,


afirmativo e no interrogativo.

NEGATIVE
I dont go home.
She doesnt eat cheese.
They dont have money.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

AFFIRMATIVE
I go home.
She eats cheese.
They have money.

INTERROGATIVE
Do you go home?
Does she eat cheese?
Do they have money?

New Verbs
To open = abrir To watch = assistir
To wash = lavar To prefer = preferir
To close = fechar To read = ler

New Words
Neighbor = vizinho
Until = at
More = mais

State = estado
Country = pas
Rice = arroz

Test = teste
Already = j
Ticket = passagem, bilhete
Ten = ento

Beans = feijo
Salad = salada
Time = tempo, hora
Bear = urso

New Expressions
What time is it? = que horas so?
To get up = levantar-se
To wake up = acordar
To have breakfast = tomar caf da manh
To have lunch = almoar

ACTIVITY
1 - What time is it?
a) 10:00
___________________________________________________________
b) 2:15
___________________________________________________________

What time is it? | LESSON SEVEN

63

c) 9:20
___________________________________________________________
d) 6:30
___________________________________________________________
e) 3:50
___________________________________________________________
f ) 3:10
___________________________________________________________

2 - Write the sentences with the words:


a) you/door/ to close/ the.
___________________________________________________________
b) he/ car/ to wash/ this morning.
___________________________________________________________
c) to watch/ we /TV/ every night.
___________________________________________________________
d) doesnt/ ham/ bread/ and/ to like/ she.
___________________________________________________________
e) they/ salad/ rice/ and/ beans/to eat.
___________________________________________________________
f ) my/ do / mother/ you/to know?
___________________________________________________________
g) neighbor/ my/ you/ do/ with/to speak?
___________________________________________________________
h) to have/ to buy/ the/ this/ month/ tickets/I
___________________________________________________________

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

WHAT ARE YOU DOING?


Look the text:
ANE: What are you doing now, Francis?
want to read this book after me, Ane?
ANE: I still dont know.
FRANCIS: Thats okay!!
Essas frases destacadas, se entendermos como elas funcionam,
poderemos fazer as nossas prprias frases!

Structure
I - Present tense with ing
usado para descrever um fato ou ao que est acontecendo no
momento. A palavra now pode ser usada no final da frase para enfatizar
a ao. Junto com essa forma verbal, usa-se o verbo auxiliar be no
se esquecendo que na frase, o verbo principal que expressa a ao
importante na frase, mas se o verbo principal for terminado em e, omitese esta letra antes de acrescentar ing.
Para entendermos bem, observe o quadro abaixo:
IW AV SUBJECT PV C
IW = INTERROGATIVE PRONOUN
AV = AUXILIARY VERB
PV = PRINCIPAL VERB
C = COMPLEMENT
WHERE + PRESENT TENSE WITH - ING

Lesson Eight

FRANCIS: Im reading this book, because Im liking this story. Do you

WHATS JOHN DOING?


WHAT ARE THE BOYS WRITING ON THE BLACKBOARD?
IS HE SPEAKING SPANISH?
Ex.: Where are you going?

Note: o verbo to go um verbo de locomoo e em seu contexto


comum o uso da preposio to.
Ex : Shes going to the movies. (Ela est indo para o cinema.)

Hes going to the beach with his relatives in this vacation. (Ele est indo
para praia com seus parentes nestas frias.)
WHO+ PRESENT TENSE WITH ING
WHO, como j vimos, usado em perguntas e o verbo fica na terceira
pessoa do singular. A resposta pode ser tanto no singular como no
plural, na primeira, segunda e terceira pessoa. Quando for na terceira
pessoa, o sujeito dever ser um substantivo.
Ex.:
Whos writing letters? The boys are writing letters.
(quem est escrevendo cartas? Os meninos esto escrevendo cartas.)
Whos speaking with your father? My sister is speaking with my father.
(Quem est falando com seu pai? Minha irm est falando com meu pai.)
Whos reading this book? Im reading this book.
(Quem est lendo este livra? Eu estou lendo este livro.)
WHO+ TO BE+ PRINCIPAL VERB+ COMPLEMENT

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

II - Possessives pronouns
Voc sabe quais so os pronomes possessivos? Olhe a tabela:

I; My = Meu, Minha
You; Your = Seu
He; His (Dele) = Seu
She; Her (Dela) = Seu
It; Its (Neutro) = Seu
We; Our = Nosso, Nossa
You; Your = (De vocs) Seus
They; Their = (Deles) Seus

Note: Esses pronomes concordam com o sujeito e no com o


objeto.

Ex.: Do you want to buy my car? (Voc quer comprar meu carro?)
Its your notebook!
Vamos aprender mais palavras?

New Verbs
To live = morar, viver
To sleep = dormir
To come = vir
to swim = nadar
To say = dizer
To fill = preencher, completar
To stay = ficar, permanecer

What are you doing? | LESSON EIGHT

67

New Words
House = casa
Beach = praia
Still = ainda Year = ano
Library = biblioteca
Vacation = frias
Yet = ainda Next = prximo
Story = histrias, (contos)
Meeting = reunio
Swimming pool = piscina
Thing = coisa
Relatives = parentes
From = de

New Expressions
Whats the meaning of...? = Qual o significado de..?
Thats okay = no tem problema
How much = quanto - (este usado para substantivos que no ingls no vo para o plural)
Very well = muito bem
By car = de carro
By bus = de nibus
By train = de trem
By plane = de avio
By subway = de metro
On foot = a p, de p

ACTIVITY
1 - Fill each blank with a form of the auxiliar verb to be.
Example: You ____ reading this magazine.

You are reading this magazine.

a) Who_______ going to the library?


b) Where______ you going now?
c) She______ living with my sister.
d) ______ we learning english or spanish?
e) He______ starting to study english with my brother.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

2 - Complete the sentence:


a) ______ you speaking with me?
b) She______ going to the beach.
c) _________ your relatives want to go to the swimming pool?
d) They_________ Coming from New York by plane.

3 - Complete each question with Where and verb to be and answer the
question.
Example: ___ Peter? (Beach) Wheres Peter?

Hes going to the beach.

a) _________ your sister? (School?) ______________________________


b)_________ you now? (Librabry) _______________________________
c)_________ my brother? (Swimming Pool) _______________________
d)_________ the secretary? (Office?) _____________________________

What are you doing? | LESSON EIGHT

69

GOSTA DE DAR ORDENS?


QUEM NO FICA TENTADO A
ISSO! MAS E DE RECEBER??!
Veja as frases abaixo:
Open your notebook (you) - Please, open your notebook!
Write a letter for me (you) - Please, write a letter for me!
Lets learn English! (you and I)

Structure
I - Simple and polite command
Para se formar um comando usa-se apenas a forma simples do verbo,
como mostrado nas frases acima: open, write, learn. O sujeito you,
embora no aparecendo na frase, fica subentendido para deixar o
comando mais polido (gentil) pode-se acrescentar a palavra please,
antes do verbo.
Notou o aparecimento da expresso lets? Bem, essa uma forma
abreviada de let us. usada quando indica que no s quem escuta
est includo, mas tambm quem fala. Deve vir antes do verbo de certa
forma, serve para fazer do comando um convite. Visto que a prpria
pessoa est se incluindo.
Ex.:
Close the door. Open this book.
Please repeat the sentence. Lets close the door.

Lesson Nine

A partir de agora, veremos como dar ordens usando o tempo imperativo.

II - Which or What?
Sobre what, j vimos muitas de suas funes. Vejamos mais uma
agora, ele pode ser usado em perguntas, mas h um outro pronome
interrogativo que tem o mesmo significado que ele tem em portugus,
este o wich. Observe a seguir o quadro:
WHAT = usado quando voc fala sobre um nmero indeterminado de
alternativas ou coisas. Ex.: What color do you like most?
WHICH = usado quando voc fala sobre um nmero especfico de
coisas ou alternativas. Ex.: I have two jackets, one is red and other one is
blue. Which one do you like most?
Resumindo:
WHAT = NO GERAL
WHICH = MAIS ESPECFICO
No se preocupe, mais na frente veremos com detalhes este assunto.

III - Adverbs of frequency: generally,usually, always, never


Os advrbios de frequncia so usados para expressar com quanta
frequncia feita determinada ao, eles aparecem antes do verbo
principal, com exceo do verbo to be.
Veja os exemplos:
Does Ane generally come here on Saturday?
No, she never came here no Saturday.
Are you always write for your friend?
Yes, Im usually write for my friend.
ALWAYS = usado para algo feito com muita frequncia
USUALLY, GENERALLY = usado para algo feito com certa frequncia
NEVER = usado algo que no feito de maneira alguma

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

New Verbs
To Repeat = repetir
To talk = falar, conversar
To start = comear
To visit = vistar

New Words
Before = antes de Party = festa
After = depois de Far = longe
Always = sempre Noon = meio-dia
Never = nunca Midnight = meia-noite
Generally = geralmente Soccer = futebol
Which = que, qual Store = loja, armazm
Near = perto

New Expressions
Lets = vamos
Time = tempo, hora, vez
Sometimes = vezes

ACTIVITY
1 - Translation:
a) Does your sister want to buy a bicycle or a motorcycle?
___________________________________________________________
b) My father likes to get up at seven oclock.
___________________________________________________________

Gosta de dar ordens? Quem no fica tentado a isso! Mas e de receber??! | LESSON NINE

73

c) Please, close your notebooks. We dont need to write now.


___________________________________________________________
d) I sleep until six thirty, and then I open the door and read a magazine.
___________________________________________________________
e) How many children your brother have?
___________________________________________________________

2 - Make Three imperative sentences with each verb and word, but you
need to.
USE: With the simple form of the verb, with please, with lets.
Ex.: Open the window
Please open the window
Lets open the window
a) Repeat/Sentence
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
b) Close/Door
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
c) Read/Book
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
d) Write/Letter
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

e) Go/Store
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
f ) Live/My house
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________

Gosta de dar ordens? Quem no fica tentado a isso! Mas e de receber??! | LESSON NINE

75

REWIEW 2
Objetivo: Esta lio ser uma reviso das lies seis at a nove. Com
novos verbos e palavras. Assim voc poder assimilar bem o contedo
das lies e, assim tirar maior proveito do curso.

Why usado para perguntas. Aparece no incio da pergunta, antes do


sujeito e do verbo.
Because usado para justamente responder as perguntas feitas pelo
pronome interrogativo why.

Note: Why and because = Por que e Porque.


Ex.: Why do you study English?
Because I like English.

II - Preposition at
At uma preposio de lugar. usada para nome de um lugar
especfico ou ponto de encontro.
Ex.: At the library at the store.
At the hospital at home.

Lesson Ten

I - Why and because

III - Present Tense


usado para expressar um fato atual. o equivalente ao presente do
indicativo. No se esquea que na terceira pessoa do singular deve-se
acrescentar a letra s.
Ex.:
Im study English and Spanish.
You need to buy a car.
He sells his motorcycle.
She lives with her mother.
It drink milk.
We like to eat cake.
They dont speak with you.

IV - Present Tense + - ing


usado para descrever algo que est acontecendo no momento da fala
para dar maior nfase. Pode-se usar a palavra now. Tambm neste caso
usa-se o verbo to be, fica como um verbo auxiliar do verbo principal.
Ex.:
What are you drinking?
Im drinking coffee and milk.
Is he speaking with your neighbor?
They are starting to work with my father.
Pode-se usar tambm outros pronomes interrogativos, como where, who.
Ex.: Where are you going? Im going to downtown.
Where is she living? Shes living with her friends near here.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

V - Possessives pronouns
Estes so pronomes que do a ideia de posse. Geralmente concordam
com o sujeito.

My = Meu
Your = Seu
His = Seu (Dele)
Her = Sua (Dela)
Its = Seu (Neutro)
Our = Nosso
Your = Seus (De vocs)
Their = Seu (Deles)
Ex.:
This is my doll.
I want to know your friend.
They are Julie and her aunt.

VI - Simple and polite commands


Neste caso, utilizado o tempo imperativo, onde o verbo fica em sua
forma normal e o sujeito embora no expresso fica subentendido. Mas
para tornar os comandos em pedidos, devemos usar a palavra please.
Ex.:
Close the window.
Please, speak with me!
Go to the meeting.

NOTE: pode-se usar tambm a expresso lets. Onde o prprio


narrador fica includo no pedido ou convite.
Ex.: Lets go to the beach tomorrow morning.

Rewiew 2 | LESSON TEN

79

New Verbs
To make = fazer (no sentido de fabricar)
To do = fazer
To finish = terminar
To cook = cozinhar
To visit = visitar

New Words
Tired = cansado Tape = fita
Job = servio, emprego
Very = muito
Company = companhia
Aunt = tia
Information = informao
Uncle = tio
During = durante Cookies = bolachas, biscoitos
Kid = criana Cake = bolo
Brigde = ponte

New Expressions
A lot = muito (intensidade)
A lot of = muitos (quantidade)

ACTIVITY
1 - Answer the questions, but use the words in your answer:
a) Why do you come here?(to want/ to speak/ you)
___________________________________________________________
b) Are you tired? (affirmative answer)
___________________________________________________________

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

c) Is he wanting to sell his bicycle? ( affirmative answer)


___________________________________________________________
d) What time is it? (9:00)
___________________________________________________________
2 - Make imperative sentences with this verbs:
a) Open
___________________________________________________________
b) Drink
___________________________________________________________
c) Close
___________________________________________________________
3 - What time is it?:
a) 10:15
___________________________________________________________
b) 11:00
___________________________________________________________
c) 9:30
___________________________________________________________
d) 8: 25
___________________________________________________________

4 - Translation:
a) I work a lot.
___________________________________________________________
b) Do you like to drink milk?
___________________________________________________________
c) Why are you come here every day?
___________________________________________________________

Rewiew 2 | LESSON TEN

81

d) She lives with her parents.


___________________________________________________________
e) Im going to visit my ant.
___________________________________________________________
f ) Hi, how are you? Do you want to eat a slice of cake?
___________________________________________________________

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

Simple present tense


look:
I read a good book.
She reads a good book.
No tempo presente pode-se usar o auxiliar do, does, para fazer
interrogaes e sentenas negativas.
Ex.: Do you like to read?
I dont like to read.
Simple present = formado a partir do infinitivo do verbo sem a
particular to. A terceira pessoa do singular (she, he, it), no geral, recebe s
no final do verbo. Mas temos algumas excees.

NOTE:
a) os verbos terminados em sh,ch,o,x,z recebem ES na terceira
pessoa do singular.
Ex.: monarch = monarches brush = brushes
fix = fixes dress = dresses
b) os verbos terminados em y precedidos de consoante mudam y
por ies.
Ex.: I cry = she cries I try = he tries

Lesson Eleven

Structure

c) verbo to have na terceira pessoa tem a forma has.


Ex.: I have a ball. She has a doll.
Quando voc deve usar o simple present??!
Em duas situaes:
1 - para expressar verdades universais, algo concreto e real.
Ex.: The sun is hot.
2 - para expressar aes planejadas para o futuro.
Ex: Our bus leaves in tem minutes.
My mother wants to buy a car next month.

NOTE:
As aes habituais, geralmente, so acompanhadas de advrbios
de frequncia.

Os mais comuns so:


Always
Frequently
Every
Never
Seldom
Often
Rarely
Sometimes
Usually
Ex.: I never eat fish.
You seldom watch TV in afternoon.
She usually goes downtown with her mother.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

Much Many Very


Vamos entender quando e como usamos esses termos:
Much: muito considerado como adjetivo, quando no singular.
Many: muitos considerado como adjetivo quando no plural.
Ambos so usados antes de substantivos para dar ideia de quantidade.
Ex.: I have much money at the bank.
There are many things to do.
Very: muito advrbio. usado no sentido de intensidade.
Ex.: She is very beautiful.

NOTE:
Much and many podem ser substitudos por a lot of.
Ex : There is much money at the bank.
A lot of
I have many things to do today.
A lot of

New Verbs
To cry = chorar; to try = tentar
To push = empurrar; to pull = puxar

Structure Simple present tense | LESSON ELEVEN

85

New Words
Always = sempre; world = mundo
Frequently = frequentemente; good = bom
Often = frequentemente; old = velho
Never = nunca; among = entre, (no meio de vrios)
Seldom = raramente; new = novo
Sometimes = s vezes; people = pessoas
Usually = geralmente; belief = crena, f
Ancient = antigo; black = preto
Modern = moderno; pink = rosa
Bad = mal; yellow = amarelo
Colors = cores; Brown = marrom
White = branco; gray = cinza
Red = vermelho
Blue = azul
Green = verde

New Epressions
To retire = aposentar-se
Data = informaes, dados
Date = data
To take away = retirar
To come across = encontrar por acaso
To go on = continuar
To cut down = economizar dinheiro

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

ACTIVITY

1 - Change to singular:
a) The boys want to play soccer today.
___________________________________________________________
b) Her brothers go to church at 6:30.
___________________________________________________________
c) They eat beans and rice every night.
___________________________________________________________
d) The women need to buy new shirts.
___________________________________________________________
e) The students bring many books this morning.
___________________________________________________________

2 - Complete with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses:


a) I always ________downtown with my mother. (to go)
b) She ________her old bicycle. (sell)
c) The boy________to drink milk every morning. (to drink)
d) That _________intelligence. (to be)
e) This old man __________to buy a lot of cigarettes. (to want)
f ) Do you ____________to try again? (to need)

3 - Complete the senteces with: Many, Much, Very.


a) There are ____________ children in my house.
b) My brother is _________ intelligence.
c) There is ________ meat in this sandwich.
d) John has __________ toys.
e) My son speaks _________ languages.

Structure Simple present tense | LESSON ELEVEN

87

f ) Its __________ hot today.


g) I need to sell ________ books this week.
H) Ane has _________ friends.

4 - Complete the senteces with these expressions: to retire, data and to


ake away.
a) My father has 25 years of work and this year he ___________.
b) You need ______________ that book on the box.
c) I have many ___________ about your new friend.

5 - Change to the third person of singular (She/He).


a) They usually like to speak in English.
___________________________________________________________
b) We frequently play volleyball on Saturday.
___________________________________________________________
c) We study English every week.
___________________________________________________________
d) I word in the afternoon and study at night.
___________________________________________________________
e) We try to speak with her this week.
___________________________________________________________

88

INGLS

DO YOU LIKE?
Na pergunta acima vemos o uso do verbo auxiliar do. Como j observado
em lies anteriores, ele tem vrias utilidades, principalmente no tempo

Structure
Simple Present Interrogative and negative form
No verbo to be, quando queremos fazer uma pergunta colocamos o
verbo na frente do sujeito.
Ex.:
Are you a student?
Mas agora, vejamos com os outros verbos!!
Ex.:
Do you like milk?
Does she speak Spanish?
Nestas frases apareceu o verbo auxiliar do/does. Vejamos as mesmas
frases, mas na forma negativa.
Ex.:
You dont like milk.
She doesnt speak Spanish.
Quando so usados o DO e o DOES?
DOES = aparece na terceira pessoa do singular.
DO = aparece nas demais pessoas.
Ex.:
She doesnt like to read.
He doesnt play guitar.
Ane doesnt study French.

Lesson Twelve

presente.

Note:
Neste caso, ocorre uma transformao, o verbo principal volta forma
do infinitivo (perdendo o S ou ES).
Ex.:
John doesnt want to buy a new car.
Does Peter work all day long?

Imperative Tense
No tempo imperativo o sujeito est subentendido. Na verdade , nesse
tempo a conjugao passa a ser uma ordem.
Ex.:
Drink your milk!
Eat your sandwich!!
Open the door!
Notou! Ambas as frases so ordens. Agora, vejamos estas mesmas frases
na forma negativa.
Dont drink your milk!
Dont eat your sandwich!
Dont open the door!
Logo, a forma negativa formada pela unio do verbo auxiliar DO+ NOT.

Pronomes pessoais Objeto


Pronomes que formam sujeito e objeto.

Sujeito objeto

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

I me

She her

You you

You you

It it

They them

He him

We us

Ex.:
Ane loves Peter. Ane loves him.
Peter talks about Ane. Peter talks her.
Como vimos os pronomes podem ser usados como objeto.

NOTE:
Se um verbo tiver dois objetos o direto e o indireto, o que fazer??!
1) a estrutura geralmente usada :
VERBO + OBJETO INDIRETO + OBJETO DIRETO
Ex.: I give her a present.
They sell me some pictures.
2) quando o objeto indireto for usado aps o objeto direto, ele ser
precedido de to ou for. Observe os mesmos exemplos acima, com
a devida mudana:
Ex.: I give a present to her.
They sell me to some pictures.

New Verbs
To give = dar
To love = amar

New Words
Actually = realmente; age = idade, poca
Nowdays = atualmente; back = atrs, de trs
Parents = pais (pai e me); bed = cama
Relatives = parentes; boyfriend = namorado
Library = biblioteca; girlfriend = namorada

Structure Simple present interrogative and negative form | LESSON TWELVE

91

Bookstore = livraria
Fruit = fruta
Cake = bolo
Butter = manteiga
Raincoat = capa de chuva
Above = acima
Agaisnt = contra

New Expressions
Be in love = apaixonar-se
To look over = examiner
To work out = calcular
To call of = cancelar

ACTIVITY
1 - Put the sentences into the interrogative form:
a) She goes to the library.
___________________________________________________________
b) You want to eat cake.
___________________________________________________________
c) John studies English and French.
___________________________________________________________
d) Michael loves Ane.
___________________________________________________________
e) She wants to give a shirt to her friend.
___________________________________________________________

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

2 - Complete with dont or doesnt:


a) I ________ like to drink orange juice.
b) You _______ speak English.
c) I __________ speak with my parents today.
d) Mary ________ use her raincoat.
e) She _______ go to the bookstore this afternoon.
3 - Complete the correct personal pronoun:
a) Francy is talking to John now.
________ is talking to _______ now.
b) Dont open the door!
Dont open ________.
c) Michael is between Peter and Mary.
_________is between ___________.
4 - Put the sentences into the negative form:
a) My relatives like to give presents to us.
___________________________________________________________
b) I love my relatives.
___________________________________________________________
c) John speaks English.
___________________________________________________________
d) Mary wants to eat fruit.
___________________________________________________________
e) You like bread and ham.
___________________________________________________________

Structure Simple present interrogative and negative form | LESSON TWELVE

93

IM GOING TO DANCE TONIGHT!!!


Vejamos os exemplos:
Ex.: Im going to write a letter this morning.
Youre going to buy a new car next year.

Structure
Going to: usado para expressar planos e aes futuras. Para formar
esta expresso verbal necessrio o verbo to be como auxiliar. Mais um
verbo na forma infinitiva, ou seja sem o to.
Ao usar esta forma verbal, os advrbios de tempo geralmente aparecem.
Veja alguns deles:
Next day
Next week
Next month
Next year
In a week
In a month
In a year
Tomorrow
Tonight
Ex.: We are going to dance tonight!!

Interrogative and negative form


Neste caso, assim como nos outros tempos verbais, haver algumas
mudanas.

Lesson Thirteen

Vamos ver como falar de planos futuros.

Um auxiliar necessrio para essa transformao ser o verbo to be.


Ex.:
He is going to a new motorcycle next month.
He isnt ( is not) going to buy a new motorcycle next month.
Is he going to buy a new motorcycle next month?
Como foi mostrado, para ocorrer a devida mudana na frase, o importante
ser a posio do verbo to be . Ele quem far a mudana para negao
ou para a interrogao.

Possessives pronouns
Neste caso, temos que entender a diferena sobre quando os possessives
pronuns funcionam como pronomes e quando agem como adjetivos.
So pronomes possessivos quando estes substituem os substantivos e,
por isso, no aparecem acompanhados deles.
So adjetivos possessivos quando agem, ou melhor modificam os
substantivos, logo sempre aparecem acompanhados deles.
Em ambos os casos tanto os adjetivos como os pronomes possessivos
concordam com o possuidor.
Os pronomes so:

Adjetive pronoun
My; mine
Your; yours
His; his
Her; hers
Its; its
Our; ours
Your; yours
Their; theirs

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Ex.:
I m going to buy my book and he is going to buy his.
This is my book.
This book is mine.

Note:
Look this sentence:
Everybody need to bring his own things.
Para concordar com substantivos indefinidos necessrio o uso
de um adjetivo ou pronome masculino e no singular. Como foi
demonstrado no exemplo acima, onde aparece o pronome his, que
est no masculino (referente a ele) e est no singular.

Vamos aprender mais verbos??

New Verbs
To hope = esperar (desejar, ter esperana)
To wait = esperar (de esperar a hora, algum, como exemplo: um colega que est atrasado)
To change = mudar, modificar, trocar

New Words
From = de (de algum lugar)
Among = entre (no meio de objetos, coisas)
Through = atravs de
Into = em
For = para
Somebody = algum
Nobody = ningum

Im going to dance tonight!!! | LESSON THIRTEEN

97

Anybody = ningum (geralmente usado em frases negativas ou interrogativas)


Park = parque
Party = festa
Newspaper = jornal
Luck = sorte
Habit = hbito
Costume = traje, fantasia

New Expressions
To sort = classificar, separar
Luck = sorte
To put on = vestir, usar
To make out = entender
Depois de tantas novidades vamos ver se realmente entendemos.

ACTIVITY
1 - Use the interrogative form:
a) She going to write a letter today.
___________________________________________________________
b) Im going to use my new motorcycle.
___________________________________________________________
c) He is going to wait for his girlfriend at school tonight.
___________________________________________________________
d) You hope good news this afternoon.
___________________________________________________________
e) He wants to change his costume.
___________________________________________________________

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2) Use the negative form:


a) My son wants to go to the party tonight.
___________________________________________________________
b) She is going to bring her children this afternoon.
___________________________________________________________
c) Im going to wait for you next week.
___________________________________________________________
d) I like to drink milk every morning.
___________________________________________________________
3) Use these words at the sentences: to sort; luck; habit; costume:
a) Ane didnt buy a new ___________________. Because she didnt want
to go to the party.
b) You need to change your____________________.
c) I dont have ________________ with men.
d) I dont know how to __________________ this objects.

Im going to dance tonight!!! | LESSON THIRTEEN

99

DID YOU CALL ME?


indica que a frase est no passado. Vejamos agora como usar o tempo
passado!!

Structure
Simple Past - Regular verbs
Ex.:
I called my brother.
We danced a lot last night.

Simple Past
Nos verbos regulares o passado simples formado por acrescentar D/
ED no final do verbo.
Veja o exemplo abaixo:
You worked all day long.

Note: Toda regra tem sua exceo, essa aqui no diferente. Veja
o porqu:

1 - Se o verbo for terminado em y e vier procedido de consoante, tira-se


o y e coloca-se ied;
Ex.: Cry = cried; study = studied

Lesson Fourteen

Reparou que nessa frase aparece o auxiliar DID? Este verbo auxiliar

2 - Se o verbo for terminado em consoante / vogal / consoante e a


ltima slaba for mais forte, ento dobra-se a consoante e depois
acrescenta-se ed;
Ex.: Stop = stopped permit = permitted
3 - Se os verbos terminarem em consoante /vogal/ consoante, mas a
slaba forte no for a ltima, neste caso no ser necessrio dobrar a
consoante.
Ex.: Open = opened; develop = developed
At agora tudo ok! Afinal so apenas os verbos regulares. Mas vamos
dificultar um pouco mais as coisas??!

Simple Past - Irregular verbs


I spoke with my friend yesterday.
You understood your teacher very well.
Nestas frases notamos mudanas na forma escrita do verbo.

Irregular verbs
Estes no tm regras, cada um tem sua prpria forma para o passado!!
Ex.: She came here last week.
Como e quando usar o simple past??
Ex.: Ane and John always danced together.
I studied Spanish last year.
The simple past is used when:
a) aes terminadas num passado definido. (1 exemplo)
b) aes habituais, comuns , feitas no passado. (2 exemplo)

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O passado simples pode vir acompanhado de alguns advrbios de


tempo, como:
yesterday
last week
last month
last year
last night
three years ago

Interrogative and negative form


(Afirmativa) you liked to eat this cake.
(Interrogativa) did you like to eat cake?
(Negativa) you didnt like to eat cake.
Para a forma negativa e interrogativa necessrio o uso do auxiliar DID.
Neste caso, o verbo principal fica no infinitivo e sem o to.
Ex.:
I didnt work on a ship last month.
We didnt want to speak with you.

New Verbs
To carry = transportar, carregar
To wear = vestir, usar
To find, found = achar
To see, saw, seen = ver
To call = chamar

Structure - Simple past- regular verbs! | LESSON FOURTEEN

103

New Words
Ship = navio; faculty = corpo docente
Together = juntos; college = faculdade
Ago = atrs( tempo); first = primeiro
Pants = calas; cheap = barato
Notice = aviso; expensive = caro
News = notcias

New Expressions
Expert = perito
Smart = esperto

ACTIVITY
1 - Use the simple past in this verbs:
a) love =______________
b) use =______________
c) dance =____________
d) stop =_____________
e) talk =______________
f ) study =_____________
g) need =_____________
h) see =______________

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2 - Put the sentences into simple past:


a) I want to go to church.
___________________________________________________________
b) We need to study a lot.
___________________________________________________________
c) Ane makes a chocolate cake.
___________________________________________________________
d) He stop to work this afternoon.
___________________________________________________________
e) I wear a beautiful dress today.
___________________________________________________________
3 - Put the sentences into negative form:
a) She wore a new pants yesterday.
___________________________________________________________
b) My father stopped to buy chocolate for me.
___________________________________________________________
c) I saw my boyfriend yesterday.
___________________________________________________________
d) Peter carried a lot of things in your car.
___________________________________________________________
e) He found my old book.
___________________________________________________________
4 - Put the sentence into the interrogative form:
a) We worked all day long.
___________________________________________________________
b) They studied English last week.
___________________________________________________________

Structure - Simple past- regular verbs! | LESSON FOURTEEN

105

c) You traveled last month.


___________________________________________________________
d) You found my red dress.
___________________________________________________________

Lista de alguns verbos irregulares


Nesta lio citamos os verbos irregulares. Veja agora alguns verbos
irregulares e suas formas tanto no passado como no particpio simples:

To be, was/were, been = ser,estar


To become, became, become = tornar-se
To begin, began, begun = comear, iniciar
To bring, brought, brought = trazer
To buy, bought, bought = comprar
To choose, chose, chosen = escolher
To come, came, come = vir
To do, did, done = fazer
To eat, ate, eaten = comer
To find, found, found = achar
To give, gave, given = dar
To go, went, gone = ir
To have, had, had = ter
To leave, left, left = partir, deixar
To make, made, made = fazer
To run, ran, run = correr
To say, said, said = dizer
To see, saw, seen = ver
To sell, sold, sold = vender
To sleep, slept, slept = dormer
To speak, spoke, spoken = falar

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REVIEW 3
Objetivo: Nesta lio, faremos uma reviso geral das ltimas quatro
lies j estudadas, com exerccios de fixao e resumo dos assuntos
entraremos no nvel bsico II.
Pr-requisito: ter visto pelo menos as ltimas quatro lies e feito as
atividades.
Do you remember??
Vamos ver o que aprendemos nas ltimas lies??
Alguns tempos verbais foram analisados.
Vejamos:

Structure
Simple Present Tense
Simple present = indica uma ao que est ocorrendo em tempo real.

Affirmative form
Nesta forma, o verbo aparece no infinitivo sem o to. No geral, na 3
pessoa recebe o acrscimo da letra s., mas h algumas excees onde
pode aparecer es ou ies.
Ex.:
I eat na 3 pessoa it eats
We study; she studies
They cry; she cries
I fix; I fixes

Lesson Fifteen

principais j vistos. a ltima lio dessa srie. A partir da prxima,

No caso do verbo to have, ocorre uma mudana mais ampla.


I have a ball.
He has a ball.
No devemos esquecer que quando nos referimos s aes do cotidiano,
estas podem vir acompanhadas de advrbios de frequncia.
Always never sometimes
Rarely seldom usually

Interrogative form
No verbo to be s colocar o verbo na frente do sujeito. Nos demais
verbos usa-se o auxiliar Do ou Does.
Ex.:
Is she tired?
Do you go home now?
Does he like to eat pineapple?

Negative form
Neste caso, aparece a forma negativa not. Que pode tambm ser usado
na forma abreviada tanto com o verbo to be como com auxiliar do/ does.
Ex.:
She is not (isnt) tired.
You do not (dont) go home.
He does not (doesnt) to eat pineapple.

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Much Many Very


Representam quase a mesma palavra muito, muitos.
Much e many do ideia de quantidade.
Much= muito para o singular, considerado adjetivo.
Many= muitos para o plural tambm considerado adjetivo.
Very= muito advrbio referente intensidade.

Imperative Tense
Como se estivesse dando uma ordem. Deixando o sujeito oculto.
Ex.:
Open the door!
Do me a favor!
Close the window.

Going To
Esta forma verbal, expressa aes futuras, necessrio o uso do verbo to
be como auxiliar, junto com um verbo no infinitivo sem o to.
Ex.:
Im going to see you next week.
Were going to study this afternoon.
Theyre going to buy something tomorrow.

SIMPLE PAST TENSE


Para form-lo nas sentenas afirmativas acrescenta-se D ou ED no final
do verbo, quando este for regular. Mas quando for irregular a variao
ser de acordo com a forma do verbo.

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

109

O auxiliar vai para o passado DID.


Ex.:
I didnt read this book.
We didnt came here yesterday.
Did you sell your car?

New Verbs
To remember = lembrar-se
To visit = visitor
To drive = dirigir

New Words
Something = alguma coisa
Ad = anncio
All = tudo, toda, todo, inteiro
Almost = quase
Already = j
Although = embora, apesar de
Bag = bolsa, saco
Bakery = padaria
Bedroom = quarto
Busy = ocupado
Candy = doce
Pineaplle = abacaxi

New Expressions
To think up = planejar

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ACTIVITY
1 - Change the sentences to interrogative form:
a) They like to go to the beach every month.
___________________________________________________________
b) You visit your family every year.
___________________________________________________________
c) She drives a motorcycle.
___________________________________________________________
d) He remembered to do his homework.
___________________________________________________________
e) You are very busy now.
___________________________________________________________
2 - Change the sentences to negative form:
a) I like to dance every week.
___________________________________________________________
b) We studied English yesterday.
___________________________________________________________
c) She visited her aunt last month.
___________________________________________________________
d) They are going to came here tomorrow.
___________________________________________________________
3 - Complete with many, much or very:
a) My sister is a _______________ smart girl.
b) Ane ia a ______________ curious waman.
c) Mr. Smith is a __________ good doctor.
d) There are ____________ books on th my table.

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

111

4 - Change to the 3 person of singular (he/she)


a) I go to school at 7:00.
___________________________________________________________
b) They like to eat pineapple.
___________________________________________________________
c) You visit your mother every month.
___________________________________________________________
d) Did you remember to buy any fruits?
___________________________________________________________

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Tcnicas de Leitura: Skimming e Scanning


Existem diferentes estilos de leituras para diferentes situaes. Pginas
na Internet, Romances, Livros Textos, Manuais, Revistas, Jornais e
correspondncia so alguns dos itens lidos por pessoas todos os dias.
Leitores eficientes e efetivos aprendem a usar muitos estilos de leitura
para diferentes propsitos. Por exemplo, voc pode ler por prazer, para
obter informaes ou para completar uma tarefa. A tcnica escolhida
ir depender do objetivo da leitura. Scanning, skimming e leituras
crticas so diferentes estilos de leituras. Se voc est procurando por
informao, deve usar scanning para uma palavra especfica. Se voc
est explorando ou revendo um documento deve usar a skimming.
A compreenso do texto lido depende: da capacidade do leitor em
relacionar ideias , estabelecer referncias, fazer inferncias ou dedues
lgicas, identificar palavras que sinalizam ideias , alm da percepo de
elementos que colaborem na compreenso de palavras, como os prefixos
e sufixos e no simplesmente, como muitos acreditam, o conhecimento
de vocabulrio, ou seja, s o conhecimento de vocabulrio insuficiente
para compreender um texto. Como a leitura um processo, para ler de
forma mais ativa, rpida e, desse modo, mais efetiva, procure:

quebrar o hbito de ler palavra por palavra;

usar seu prvio conhecimento sobre o assunto;

dominar as estratgias que fortalecero este processo;

prestar ateno ao contexto em que o texto est colocado;

fortalecer as estruturas gramaticais que sustentam a formulao das


ideias apresentadas.

*Prevendo o contedo de um texto


a primeira coisa a fazer antes de comear a leitura do texto. possvel,
muitas vezes, antecipar ou prever o contedo de um texto, atravs do
ttulo, de um subttulo, grfico ou figura includos. O ttulo, quando bem
escolhido, identifica o assunto do texto.

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

113

Tcnica de leitura Scanning (habilidade de leitura em alta


velocidade)
uma habilidade que ajuda o leitor a obter informao de um texto
sem ler cada palavra. uma rpida visualizao do texto como um
scanner faz quando, rapidamente, l a informao contida naquele
espao. Scanning envolve mover os olhos de cima para baixo na pgina,
procurando palavras chaves, frases especficas ou ideias. Ao realizar
o scanning procure verificar se o autor fez uso de organizadores no
texto, como: nmeros, letras, passos ou as palavras primeiro, segundo,
prximas. Procure por palavras em negrito, itlico, tamanhos de fontes
ou cores diferentes. O processo de scanning muito til para encontrar
informaes especficas de, por exemplo, um nmero de telefone numa
lista, uma palavra num dicionrio, uma data de nascimento, ou de
falecimento numa biografia, um endereo ou a fonte para a resposta
de uma determinada pergunta sua. Aps "escanear" o documento, voc
deve usar a tcnica de skimming.

*Tcnica de leitura Skimming

O processo de skimming permite ao leitor identificar rapidamente a ideia


principal ou o sentido geral do texto. O uso do skimming frequente
quando a pessoa tem muito material para ler em pouco tempo.
Geralmente, a leitura no skimming realizada com a velocidade de trs
a quatro vezes maior que a leitura normal. Diferentemente do scanning,
skimming mais abrangente; exige conhecimento de organizao de
texto, a percepo de dicas de vocabulrio, habilidade para inferir ideias
e outras habilidades de leitura mais avanadas.
Existem muitas estratgias que podem ser usadas ao realizar o skimming.
Algumas pessoas leem o primeiro e o ltimo pargrafo usando ttulos,
sumrios e outros organizadores na medida que leem a pgina ou a tela
do monitor. Voc pode ler o ttulo, subttulo, cabealhos, e ilustraes.
Considere ler somente a primeira sentena de cada pargrafo. Esta
tcnica til quando voc est procurando uma informao especfica
em vez de ler para compreender. Skimming funciona bem para achar
datas, nomes, lugares e para revisar figuras e tabelas. Use skimming
para encontrar a ideia principal do texto e ver se um artigo pode ser de
interesse em sua pesquisa.

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*Muitas pessoas consideram scanning e skimming como tcnicas de


pesquisa do que estratgias de leitura. Entretanto, quando necessrio
ler um grande volume de informao, elas so muito prticas, como
exemplo durante a procura de uma informao especfica, de dicas,
ou ao revisar informaes. Assim, scanning e skimming auxiliam-no na
definio de material que ser lido ou descartado.

Dicas importantes para a leitura de textos em lngua estrangeira


Algumas consideraes relevantes podem ajudar voc ao longo dessas
aulas. Elas sero constantemente retomadas atravs de atividades
e avaliaes, por isso, procure treinar sua leitura sempre de forma a
atender essas orientaes.

Seu conhecimento de mundo essencial na leitura


Ative os seus conhecimentos prvios na procura de pistas que o
ajudem a compreender um texto qualquer. S textos muito especficos,
cientficos, tcnicos etc., podem girar em torno de algo sobre o qual
voc nunca ouviu falar. E mesmo esses apresentam algumas ideias
que voc pode, forando a memria, reconhecer de alguma leitura ou
experincia anterior.

A leitura de um texto envolve a compreenso de seu contexto


semntico
muito comum que o vocabulrio de um texto gire em torno do campo
semntico (ou campo de significado) que se constitui a partir de seu
tema. Assim, uma notcia sobre acidentes na estrada, por exemplo, vai
sempre apresentar palavras como: ambulncia, vtimas, feridos, socorro,
hospital etc.

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

115

Uma boa noo da estrutura da lngua alvo tambm pode ajudar na


compreenso do texto. Saber como se constitui uma orao na lngua
alvo, quais os prefixos e sufixos mais comuns e como se formam adjetivos
e advrbios pode ser muito til na compreenso do texto. No preciso
que voc seja um expert em gramtica, mas conhec-la um pouco
importante, por isso, mos obra, busque uma boa gramtica de lngua
inglesa que o auxilie no aprendizado dessa disciplina.

O contexto no-lingustico pode ser uma boa chave de leitura do texto


Apreender os detalhes estruturais do texto, que no dizem respeito
ao texto em si, mas a seu contexto, tambm muito importante na
compreenso da leitura. Assim, grficos, tabelas, nmeros, diagramas
podem ajud-lo a predizer o contedo de um determinado texto.

A estrutura de organizao do prprio texto tambm informa


Os textos variam de estrutura conforme o veculo onde so publicados,
se jornal, revistas cientficas, revistas de grande circulao etc. Assim
como tambm variam na diviso de pargrafos (mais longos, mais curtos,
entremeados com imagens ou no) e todos esses elementos podem ser
teis na sua compreenso do texto. Textos de algumas revistas, de to
antigas e to populares que so elas, basta que lancemos uma simples
olhada e somos capazes de dizer se uma entrevista ou uma notcia,
se de revista x ou de revista y. A entrevista inicial da revista Veja, por
exemplo, tem um formato e uma cor de pgina especfica que nos leva,
imediatamente a reconhec-la.
1. Identifique, nos textos abaixo, os itens que se pedem:
a) D uma olhada rpida nos textos e observe se voc pode predizer
algo sobre o seu contedo.
b) Busque identificar algumas palavras que voc considera as mais
importantes para a compreenso de cada texto.

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c) Ative seus conhecimentos prvios, o que voc sabe que pode ajudar
a compreender os textos?
d) Que elementos da estrutura do texto podem ser teis na sua
compreenso (nmeros, manchete e ilustraes)?
e) Aps seguir todas as etapas anteriores, reflita sobre o texto,
observando-o. Voc capaz de afirmar o assunto de cada texto?

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

117

TEXTOS E ATIVIDADES
Texto 1
Leia o texto seguindo os passos abaixo.

Precious primate
A new species of primate, the kaapor capuchin (Cebus kaapori), has
been discovered in Maranhao state, in the far east of the Brazilian
Amazon basin.
The animal is similar to the weeping capuchin, which lives in the same
region, says Helder Queiroz, the biologist who discovered the monkey.
But differences in the cranial bones persuaded him that they are separate
species. The kaapor capuchin is a silvery-grey colour, while the weeping
capuchin is brown. The kaapor is about 50 centimetres tall with a 50
centimetre tail, and weighs around 3 kilograms.
Much of the region where the capuchin lives is protected land,
but Queiroz says the government Indian agency, Funai, and the
environment agency, Ibama, do not have enough cash to protect the
reserves properly, and the number of capuchins seems to be declining.
(MACIEL, 2008, p.7, extraido da Internet)

a) D uma olhada rpida no texto e observe se voc pode predizer


algo sobre seu contedo.
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
b) Quais as palavras que voc considera mais importantes?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

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Texto 2
Leia e responda as perguntas abaixo.

How To Train a Puppy - Its not all Fun and Games!


It shocks some new puppy owners when their puppy acts like, well a
puppy. The little critter is a pooping machine who chews barks, digs,
cries and much more! But we still love them anyway - we just need to
provide them with some direction and boundaries to follow. If youre
anything like me you probably just want to get your puppy off to the
best possible start in life, and also set them up to thrive as adult
dogs. Bringing a young pup into our lives is a big responsibility and
commitment to fulfill. Our puppies have a long list of requirements
and deadlines that must be met for their wellbeing. Tasks like puppy
house training, crate training, puppy socialization, leash training
and basic obedience need to be addressed right from the very start.
(HOW..., 2008, extrado da Internet, grifos do autor).

a) Sem ajuda de nenhum meio de traduo, apenas com o seu olhar


prvio diga em poucas palavras,sobre o que texto fala.
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
b) Escreva a traduo das palavras sublinhadas.

________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

119

Texto 3
Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin was one of the famous stars in the history of the cinema.
He was certainly the most famous comic actor of the cinema. His first
films were in the age of silent movies. He wrote and directed nearly all
of his films and composed the music of all his sound pictures.
Charles Spencer Chaplin was born in 1889 in London. His family was
poor and he had a hard childhood. In 1890 he left Britain for the USA,
in 1914 he made his first film. In his films he created the character of a
little man who always faced life with courage.
Chaplin was married four times, he had four kids. In 1952 he left the
USA with his family and lived in Switzerland until his death.
(CHARLIE..., 2011, extrado da Internet).

Responda em ingls:
a) Who was Charlie Chaplin?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
b) What kind of actor was he?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

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Texto 4
Buy a New Car
Linda wants to buy a new car. She has an old car. Her old car is a white
Honda. Linda wants to buy a new Honda. She wants to buy a new red
Honda. She has saved $1,000. She will use $1,000 to help buy the new
car. She will give $1,000 to the Honda dealer. The Honda dealer will
give her a contract to sign. The contract will require her to pay $400
a month for seven years. Her new red Honda will cost Linda a lot of
money. But thats okay, because Linda makes a lot of money.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Texto 5
No Flu Shot for Her
She was a nurse. It was flu season. But she didnt get a flu shot. All the
other nurses got a flu shot. All the doctors got a flu shot. But she didnt
get a flu shot. Flu shots made her sick. She got a flu shot when she was
a little girl. The flu shot made her very sick. She spent a week in the
hospital. Then she came home. She spent three weeks in bed. She was
sick for about a month. After that, no more flu shots for her. She never
got a flu shot again. She never got the flu, either. I never get a flu shot,
but I never get the flu, she told her friend.
(Extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

121

Texto 6
How Rude
Helen is unhappy with her mother. Her mother is unhappy with
Helen. They are both unhappy with each other. Helen has a boyfriend.
His name is Peter. Her mother doesnt like Peter. Her mother said that
Peter is rude. Why did she say that? Because Peter didnt take his hat off
in the house. Helens mother says that is rude. A man should take his
hat off in the house. Your father always took his hat off in the house,
Helens mother said. But, Mom, times are different now, Helen said. I
promise you, Peter will take his hat off next time. Helens mother said
it was too laterude is rude.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Texto 7
Mary
Mary is a nice woman. She is a nurse and works in a big hospital. She
works at night on weekends. Mary has two young children and they
are very intelligent. Their names are Jack and Julie. Jack is nine
years old and Julie is eleven years old. Jack likes soccer and Julie
loves movies. Jack wants to be a soccer player and Julie wants to be
a movie star.
Mary likes to be with her children when she isnt working - they play
board games together. Marys family is very happy, especially when
Jake, Marys husband, is at home with them. Jake usually travels a lot
and visits different places - he is a truck driver.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

Board games: jogos de tabuleiro

Answer the questions


a) What does Mary do?
b) Where does she work?
c) Is Mary married or single?
d) How many children does she have?

Traduza as sentenas
a) Mary likes to be with her children when she isnt working.
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
b) They play board games together.
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
c) He is a truck driver.
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
d) Jack wants to be a soccer player and Julie wants to be a movie star.
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

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Texto 8
A Place to Eat
Jenna was at the airport. She was waiting for her plane. Her plane
would leave at 7 p.m. It was only 2 p.m. She had time to eat. She had
time to study. She went to the airport restaurant. The restaurant was
on the third floor. The restaurant was full. There were no empty seats.
There were no empty tables. She didnt want to stand in line. She
didnt want to wait. There was another restaurant in the airport. It was
on the first floor. She went down to the first floor. That restaurant was
almost empty. There were many seats and many tables.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Texto 9

Do You Want It or Not?

She offered her car to her brother. He said he would think about it.
Let me think about it, he said. She called him up a week later. Do
you want my car for free? she asked. He said, Im thinking about
it. She asked, How long do you have to think about it? He said he
didnt know. Let me think about it some more, he said. She called
up a charity. She said, Do you want my car for free? The man at the
charity said yes. She asked, You dont have to think about it? He said,
No, I dont have to think about it. Who has to think about a free car?
He picked up her car the next day.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

Texto 10
A Patient Mom
May called her mom. Her mom lived in China. China was far away. Her
mom was 50 years old. Her mom had many friends. But she missed her
daughter. May lived in America. She was a waitress. She was a waitress
in a restaurant. It was a Chinese restaurant. Guess what, Mama? May
asked. I met a nice man. Her mom said she was happy. Will you marry
him? she asked. She wanted May to marry. She wanted a grandson.
She wanted a granddaughter. She wanted May to bring her children
back to China. Be patient, May said. I only met him last month. But
hes very nice. Her mom said, Okay, I will be patient. But hurry up!
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Texto 11
Wheres My Money?
Jack was angry. Joe owed him money. Joe owed him $100. Joe had
borrowed $100 a month ago. He had borrowed the money 30 days ago.
He said he would pay Jack back the next week. He said that he would
pay Jack back in seven days. But he didnt pay Jack back in seven days.
He didnt pay Jack back in 14 days, or 21 days, or 28 days. After 30 days,
Jack was very angry. He called up Joe. You owe me $100. You borrowed
$100 from me 30 days ago. Where is my money? I want my money now,
Jack said. Joe said, Oh, Im so sorry. Youre right. I borrowed $100 from
you. I owe you $100. Can I pay you back next week?
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

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Texto 12
Soccer
Soccer is a fun game. It is very popular. It is popular all over the world.
It is fun to watch. It is fun to play. It is a simple game. There are two
teams. They play on a big grassy field. There is one ball. There are two
goals with nets. Each team tries to kick the ball into the other teams
net. The players cannot use their hands. They cannot touch the ball
with their hands. They use their feet to move the ball. They use their
chests to move the ball. They use their heads to move the ball. The
players run back and forth. They slide on the grass. They crash into
one another. They play to win.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Texto 13
He Loves Hot Dogs
He was driving home. He couldnt wait to get home. He was hungry.
He hadnt eaten in eight hours. Eight hours ago he had eaten two
hot dogs. The hot dogs were delicious. He had put lots of mustard,
onions, and relish on the hot dogs. They were so delicious. He got
home. He walked upstairs. He walked into his apartment. He opened
his refrigerator. He took a package out of the refrigerator. It was a
package of hot dogs. He took two hot dogs out of the package. He
put them into the microwave. He took mustard, onions, and relish out
of his refrigerator. He grabbed two hot dog buns. He was ready to eat
two more delicious hot dogs!
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

126

INGLS | Mdulo 1

Texto 14
Lets Go Fishing
They walked onto the dock. They got into the boat. They had all
their fishing gear. They were going fishing. They loved to go fishing.
Sometimes they caught a lot of fish. Sometimes they caught a couple
of fish. Sometimes they caught no fish. But fishing was fun even if they
caught no fish. The boat left the dock. The boat stopped in the middle
of the lake. Everyone put worms on their hooks. Some people put live
worms on their hooks. Some people put dead worms on their hooks.
Some people put rubber worms on their hooks. Everyone dropped
their hooks into the water. Then they waited. They waited for the fish
to bite the worms.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Texto 15
A Brush with God?
He dropped his toothbrush. It fell on the floor. He picked up his
toothbrush. He rinsed it off. He brushed his teeth. He rinsed his mouth.
He walked out of the bathroom. He sat on his bed. He felt something. It
was under the sheet. He took the sheet off the bed. Something was in
his mattress. It was a brand new mattress. He had bought it yesterday.
What is in the mattress, he wondered. He went to the kitchen. He took
a knife from the kitchen drawer. He cut open the mattress. What could
it be, he wondered. It was small. It was black. It was a book. It was the
New Testament. Is God trying to tell me something, he wondered.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

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Texto 16
Eat Like a Wolf
She was a fast eater. She liked to eat fast. She ate like a wolf. I am like
a wolf, she said. He was a slow eater. He liked to eat slow. He ate like a
turtle. You are like a turtle, she said. She didnt talk at the dinner table.
All she did was eat. He liked to talk at the dinner table. He talked about
the news. He talked about the weather. He talked about sports. She
listened to him talk. She nodded her head. That meant yes. She shook
her head. That meant no. He talked. She listened. She never said yes.
She never said no. She never said anything. All she did was eat.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Texto 17
Let Me Drive
Davy was 10. His dad was driving the car. The radio was on. His dad
was listening to the radio. The man on the radio was talking about an
accident. The accident was on the freeway. Two people were dead.
The accident had just happened 30 minutes ago. His dad told him
that life can be short. Accidents happen everywhere. They happen to
everyone. You must always be careful, Davy, his dad said. Never be
in a hurry. Always pay attention to other drivers. Davy said he would
be a careful driver. He would never be in a hurry. He would always pay
attention. Can I drive the car now? he asked his dad.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

128

INGLS | Mdulo 1

Texto 18
A Beautiful Jacket
He loved his new jacket. It was his favorite jacket. He loved the color.
It was tan. He loved the weight. It was medium weight. It was not too
light. It was not too heavy. He loved the fit. It fit him well. He put the
jacket on. He looked at the jacket in the mirror. It looked good. What
a good-looking jacket, he thought. He went to the doctors office. The
office was warm. He took his jacket off. He put it on the chair next to
him. A nurse called his name. He stood up. He went to the examination
room. He forgot that his jacket was on the chair. But it wasnt on the
chair for long. Another patient took it home.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Texto 19
Red Spots
He looked in the mirror. What were all those red spots on his face?
Every morning he had fresh red spots on his face. Were they insect
bites? Were insects biting him at night? What were those red spots?
They would usually disappear in a few hours. Then his face would look
normal. It would look like a normal face. It would have no red spots.
But every morning, he had an ugly face. All those red spots! What was
happening at night? Was it his pillow? Was something in his pillow?
Was something in his pillow making the red spots? He would buy a
new pillow. Maybe his pillow was the problem.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

129

Texto 20
Eat a Peanut
Sandra picked up the bag of peanuts. It was a bag of roasted peanuts.
She opened the bag. She poured out some roasted peanuts onto the
table. There were about eight peanuts on the table. The peanuts were
still in their shells. Each peanut was in its shell. Sandra picked up a
peanut. She held it in her hands. She put her thumbs on the peanut.
She broke the shell open with her thumbs. Sandra opened the shell.
Inside the shell were two little red peanuts. Each peanut had red skin on
it. Thin red skin covered both little peanuts. She took a little red peanut
out of the shell. Sandra ate the little peanut with the red skin on it.
(Jackson Roger- jan 8, 2014 extrado da http://aulasdeinglesgratis.net)

CONCLUSO
Neste curso voc conheceu expresses fundamentais para a
comunicao na lngua inglesa, aprendeu as principais regras gramaticais
para pronomes, verbos, adjetivos, substantivos, entre outras e, tambm
ampliou seu vocabulrio do novo idioma.
Esperamos agora que voc:

Saiba estabelecer dilogos de apresentao e formar frases em


ingls;
Tenha habilidade para interpretar textos de ingls bsico;
Esteja apto(a) para diferenciar as classes gramaticais bsicas das
palavras em ingls;
Utilize todo aprendizado obtido no curso para ampliar suas
oportunidades e conhecimentos;

Para encerrar, preparamos para voc uma mensagem especial sobre


a importncia de se aprender ingls.

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INGLS | Mdulo 1

No mundo contemporneo cada vez maior a importncia de falar


ingls pelas pessoas que buscam melhores oportunidades de vida.
O ingls considerado uma lngua universal, estando presente em
praticamente todos os lugares do mundo, o que significa dizer que
supostamente todas as pessoas deveriam aprend-lo como segunda
lngua, o que possibilitaria a comunicao universal entre todos em
qualquer meio. Perto de 1,5 bilho de pessoas no mundo j possuem
algum conhecimento da lngua inglesa e/ou se encontra na situao
de lidar com ela no seu dia a dia. Cerca de 375 milhes falam ingls
como primeira lngua e 750 milhes o usam como segunda lngua.
Assim, interessante notar que o nmero de pessoas que usam
o ingls como segunda lngua muito maior do que o nmero
de falantes nativos desse idioma. Com o conhecimento da lngua
inglesa possvel buscar a informao de que necessitamos e quem
se recusa a adquirir um conhecimento mnimo deste idioma corre o
risco de perder o bonde da histria. Por isso, parabns para voc que
est se preparando para o mundo em que vivemos.
Desejamos Sucesso para voc!

Review 3! | LESSON FIFTEEN

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