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CLCULO III INTEGRAIS TRIPLAS

Exerccios 8.5.
1. Calcule

xyz dV , onde T o paraleleppedo retngulo 0,1 0,2 1,3


2

Soluo:
2
xyz dV =
T

1 2 3

2
2
xyz dzdydx = xdx ydy z dz
0 0 1

z3
1 22 33 1
=


3
2
2
3
3

T
0
0
1
26
1
27 1 26
=
xyz2dV =
2
xyz2dV =

3
3
2
3
T
T
2
xyz dV =

2. Calcule

x2
2

y2
2

xdV , onde T o tetraedro limitado pelos planos coordenados e pelo plano x + 2 + z = 4 .


T

Soluo:

Fig. 01

Fig. 02

y
y
0z4x
(Fig. 01)
2
2
y
y
z = 0 4 x = 0 = 4 x y = 2x + 8
2
2
Assim :
z=4x

0 x 4

0 y 2x + 8

4 2x + 8

4x

xdV =
T

xdV =
T

xdV =
T

(Fig. 02)

4x

y
2

xz

4 2x + 8

xdzdydx

4 2x + 8

y
2

4 2x + 8

dydx =

2x

x 4 x dydx
2

4
x y2
xy

2
2

4x

dydx
=
4xy

x
y

0
2
2 2

2x + 8

dx

2x + 8
4

x 2
2
xdV
=
4xy

x
y

dx

4
0
T
0

xdV =
T

4x ( 2x + 8 ) x ( 2x + 8) 4 ( 2x + 8)

x
( 2x + 8) dx
4

xdV =

( 2x + 8) 4x x

xdV =

x2
2
2x
8
4x
x

+
2x dx
(
)

0
2

xdV =

x2

2x
8
2x
)
dx
0 (
2

xdV = ( 4x

+ x + 16x 4x
3

xdV = 64 + 128
T

3. (Exerc. 11) Calcule

+ 16x 8x2 dx

x4
8x3
=
+ 8x2
4
3

=
0

44
8 43
+ 8 42
=
4
3

512
512 64
64
= 192
=
xdV =
3
3
3
3
T

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

x + y + z = 2.

) dx = ( x
0

x4 16x2 8x3
xdV
=
+

4
2
3
T

Soluo:

dx

, onde T o slido delimitado pelos planos coordenados e pelo plano

Fig. 01
Fig. 02

z =2xy0z2xy

(Fig. 01)

z = 0 2 x y = 0 y = x + 2
Assim :
0 x 2

0 y x + 2

(Fig. 02)
2 x +2 2 x y

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

Re solvendo

dzdydx

( x + y + z + 1)

dz

( x + y + z + 1)

Fazendo :
u = x + y + z +1

du
= 1 dz = du
dz

Substituindo :
dz

( x + y + z + 1)

dz

( x + y + z + 1)

du
u1
1
2
=
u
du
=
+c= +c
u2
u
( 1)

1
+c
x + y + z +1

2 x +2 2 x y

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

dz

( x + y + z + 1)

dzdydx

( x + y + z + 1)
0

1
+c
x + y + z +1

Assim :
dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

2 x +2

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

2 x +2

dxdydz

2 x +2

( x + y + z + 1)

2 x +2

2xy

dydx
x + y + z +10

1
1

dydx
x + y + 2 x y + 1 x + y + 0 + 1
1

1

dydx
3 x + y + 1

1
1
dydx

x + y + 1 3

x +2
x +2

dy
1
=

dy
dx
x + y + 1 3 0
0 0

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

x +2

1
ln
x
+
y
+
1

y
dx
)
0 (
3
0

( x + y + z + 1)

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

x +2 +1

dxdydz

ln ( x

ln (3) + 3 x 3 ln ( x + 1) dx
0

= ln (3) dx +
0

1
2
xdx dx ln ( x + 1)dx

30
30
0
2

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

1 x2 2
= x ln (3) +
x ( x + 1) ln ( x + 1) ( x + 1)
3 2 3
0
= 2 ln (3) +

22 2
2 (2 + 1) ln (2 + 1) (2 + 1) 1
6 3

= 2 ln (3) +

4 4
4
3ln (3) + 3 1 = ln (3)
6 3
3

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

dxdydz

( x + y + z + 1)

OBS.:

1
1
( x + 2 ) ln ( x + 0 + 1) + 0
3
3

4
ln (3)
3

lnudu = u lnu u + c

Exerccios 8.7
1. (Exerc. 12) Calcular a integral

( x
T

e exterior ao cone

x +y =z
2

+ y2 + z2 dV , sendo

T a regio interior esfera

x2 + y2 + z2 = 9

Soluo:

Em coordenadas esfricas, temos que:

x2 + y2 + z2 = 9 r 2sen2 cos2 + r2sen2sen2 + r2 cos2 = 9 r 2sen2 cos2 + sen2 + r2 cos2 = 9


Assim :

r 2sen2 + r2 cos2 = 9 r 2 cos2 + sen2 = 9 r2 = 9 0 r 3


e

x2 + y2 = z2 r2sen2 cos2 + r 2sen2 sen2 = r2 cos2 r2sen2 cos2 + sen2 = r2 cos2


Assim :
r2 sen2 = r2 cos2
Logo :
0 r 3
3

B:
4
4

0 2

Substituindo:

sen2
3

= 1 tan = 1

cos2
4
4

( x

3
2 4 3

+y +z
2

3
4

) dV = r r sendrdd = d send r dr
2 2

0
4

Integrando :

( x

+y +z
2

) dV = ( cos )
2
0

( x

( x

3
4

r5

35
3
=

+
0
2
0
cos
cos
(
)

4 5
4

5 0

2
2 243 486 2
+ y2 + z2 dV = 2
+
=

2
2
5
5

486 2
5

+ y2 + z2 dV =

2. (Exerc. 14) Calcular

dV , sendo T a casca esfrica delimitada por x

+ y2 + z2 = 9 e x2 + y2 + z2 = 16 .

Soluo:

Em coordenadas esfricas, temos que:

x2 + y2 + z2 = 9 r 2sen2 cos2 + r 2sen2 sen2 + r2 cos2 = 9 r2sen2 cos2 + sen2 + r 2 cos2 = 9


Assim :

r2sen2 + r2 cos2 = 9 r2 cos2 + sen2 = 9 r2 = 9 0 r1 3


e

x2 + y2 + z2 = 16 r2sen2 cos2 + r 2sen2sen2 + r2 cos2 = 16 r2sen2 cos2 + sen2 + r2 cos2 = 16


Assim :

r2sen2 + r2 cos2 = 16 r 2 cos2 + sen2 = 16 r 2 = 16 0 r2 4


Logo :
3 r 4

B : 0
0 2

Substituindo:

dV =

2 4

0 0 3

2
r sendrdd =

d send r2dr

Integrando :
4

dV =

2
0

r3
43 33
( cos ) 0 = (2 0 ) cos ( ) + cos (0 )
3
3 3
3

37 148
64 27

= 4
=

3
3
3
3

dV = 2 (1 + 1)
T

dV =
T

148
3

3. (Exerc. 17) Calcular

xdV , sendo T a regio delimitada por x

+ ( y 3) + ( z 2 ) = 9 .
2

Soluo:
1 Transformao:

( x, y, z ) (u, v, w )

u = xx = u

v = y 3y = v + 3

( x, y, z )

dV =

(u, v, w )

w = z 2z = w + 2

dudvdw

Onde :
x
u
( x, y, z )
y
=
(u, v, w )
u
z
u

x
v
y
v
z
v

x
w
1 0 0
y
= 0 1 0 =1
w
0 0 1
z
w

Assim :
( x, y, z )

xdV = u (u, v, w ) dudvdw = ududvdw


T

T'

T'

Onde :
T ' = u2 + v2 + w2 = 9
Logo:

xdV = ududvdw
T

T ' : u2 + v2 + w2 = 9

T'

2 Transformao : (u, v, w ) (r, , )


u = rsen cos

v = rsensen

w = r cos

u + v + w = 9 r sen cos + r 2sen2 sen2 + r 2 cos2 = 9 r2sen2 cos2 + sen2 + r 2 cos2 = 9


2

Assim :

r 2sen2 + r 2 cos2 = 9 r 2 cos2 + sen2 = 9 r 2 = 9 0 r 3


Logo :
0 r 3

B : 0
0 2

Assim :

xdV =
T

2 3

ududvdw =

T'

2
rsen cos r sendrdd =

0 0 0

sen2d cos r3dr

xdV = sen d cos r dr = 2 2 cos (2 ) d cos d r dr


2

Integrando :
3

r4
1
1

xdV
=

sen
2

sen

(
)
(
)

0
4

0
4 0
T
0
1

0
34

1
81

xdV
=
2

sen
4

sen
0

sen

sen
0

0 = 0
=0
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)

2
4
4
4

xdV = 0
T

4. (Exerc. 18) Calcular

dV , onde T elipside
T

x2 y2 z2
+
+
= 1.
a2 b2 c2

Soluo:

1 Transformao : ( x, y, z ) (u, v, w )
x = au y = bv
Assim :

z = cw

x2 y2 z2
a2u2 b2v2 c2w2
+ 2 + 2 = 1 2 + 2 + 2 = 1 T ' : u2 + v2 + w2 = 1
2
a
b
c
a
b
c
e
x
u
( x, y, z )
y
=
(u, v, w )
u
z
u

x
v
y
v
z
v

x
w
a 0 0
y
= 0 b 0 = abc
w
0 0 c
z
w

Assim :
dV =

( x, y, z )

(u, v, w )

dudvdw = abcdudvdw

Dessa forma:

dV = abcdudvdw
T

Onde : T ' : u2 + v2 + w2 = 1

T'

2 Transformao : (u, v, w ) (r, , )


u = rsen cos

v = rsensen

w = r cos

u + v + w = 1 r sen cos + r 2sen2 sen2 + r2 cos2 = 9 r 2sen2 cos2 + sen2 + r2 cos2 = 1


2

Assim :

r 2sen2 + r 2 cos2 = 1 r 2 cos2 + sen2 = 1 r 2 = 1 0 r 1


Logo :
0 r 1

B : 0
0 2

Assim :

dV = abcdudvdw =
T

2 3

0 0 0

2
2
abcr sendrdd = abc send d r dr

dV = abc send d r dr
2

Integrando :
1

2
r3
13

dV = abc cos ( ) ( ) 0 = abc cos ( ) + cos ( 0 ) (2 0 )


0

0
3
3
0

dV = abc (1 + 1) 2 3 =
T

dV =
T

4
abc
3

4
abc
3

5. (Exerc. 20) Calcular

( x 2y ) dV , sendo T a regio delimitada por:


T

( x 1)

+ ( y 2 ) = 1, z = 0 e z = x + y .

Soluo:

1 Transformao : ( x, y ) (u, v )
u = x 1 x = u + 1
Assim :

( x 1)

v = y 2y = v + 2

z=0

+ ( y 2 ) = 1 u2 + v2 = 1 R = u2 + v2 = 1
2

e
x
( x, y )
u
=
(u, v )
x
v
Assim:

y
( x, y )
1 0
u
=
= 1 dS =
dudv = dudv
(u, v )
y
0 1
v

z =u+v+3

u + v + 3

( x 2y ) dV = (u + 1 2v 4) dzdudv

u + v +3
( x 2y ) dV = (u 2v 3) dz dudv

T
R
0

( x 2y ) dV = (u 2v 3)dudv ( z )
T

u+ v + 3
0

( x 2y ) dV = (u 2v 3) (u + v + 3) dudv
T

Mas :
u = cos

v = sen

0 1
R:
0 2

Assim :
u

=
( , )
u

(u, v )

(u, v )
( , )

v
cos
sen

=
= cos2 + sen2
v
sen cos

= cos2 + sen2

Assim :
dudv =

(u, v )
( , )

dd = dd

Substituindo :

( x 2y ) dV = (u 2v 3) (u + v + 3) dudv
T

2 1

( x 2y ) dV = ( cos 2sen 3) ( cos + sen + 3) dd


T

I=

0 0

( x 2y ) dV
T

2 1

I=

cos2 + 2 cos sen + 3 cos 22sen cos 22sen2 6sen 3 cos 3sen 9 dd

0 0

2 1

I=

cos2 2 cos sen 22sen2 9sen 9 dd

0 0

Resolvendo as seguintes integrais:


2 1

I1 =

2 1

cos dd =
2

0 0

cos

0 0

I1 =

( cos ) dd

d d =
3

4
1 1

+
cos
2

(
)

2 2

4 0

0
1

1
1

1
1
I1 = + sen (2 ) 0 = 2 = I1 =
4 4
4
4
4
2
2

2 1

I2 =

0 0

cos sen dd = cos send 3d


2

4
sen2
1
I2 =
= 0 = 0 I2 = 0
4
4 0 2 0
2 1

I3 =

(
0 0

2 1

22sen2 dd = 2 sen2 3dd


0 0

2
4
1 1

I3 = 2 d sen d = 2 cos (2 ) d

4 0 0 2 2
0
0
1

1 1
1
1 1

I3 = 2 sen (2 ) = 2 = I3 =
4 2
4
2 2
2
2

0
2 1

I4 =

2 1

2
( 9sen )dd = 9 sen dd

0 0

0 0

I4 = 9 d
2

2
3
send = 9 ( cos ) 0
3 0

1
cos (2 ) + cos ( 0 ) = ( 3) ( 0 ) = 0 I4 = 0
3

I4 = 9
2 1

I5 =

2 1

0 0

( 9)dd = 9 dd = 9 d d
0 0

2
2
1
I5 = 9 ( ) 0 = 9 2 = 9 I5 = 9
2
2 0
Assim :
2 1

I=

cos2 2 cos sen 22sen2 9sen 9 dd

0 0

I = I1 + I2 + I3 + I4 + I5

37
+ 0 + 0 9 =
4
2
4
Logo :
37
( x 2y ) dV =

4
T
I=

Exerccios 8.9
1. (Exerc.04) Calcular o volume do slido limitado por
Soluo:
Temos que:

z = 8 x2 2y2 , no primeiro octante.

z = 8 x2 2y2
z = 0:
8 x2 2y2 = 0 x2 + 2y2 = 8 R :

x2 y2
+
=1
8
4

x = 0, y = 0 :
z = 8 x2 2y2 z = 8 0 0 = 8 z = 8
Assim :
8

dV = dxdy dz = 8 dxdy
T

Onde :
R:

x2 y2
+
=1
8
4

Re solvendo 8 dxdy, onde R :


R

x2 y2
+
=1
8
4

1 Transformao : ( x, y ) (u, v )
x = 2 2u
Assim :

y = 2v

x2 y2
8u2 4v2
+
=1
+
= 1 R ' : u2 + v2 = 1
8
4
8
4
e
x
u
=
(u, v )
y
u
Assim :

x
2 2 0
v
=
=4 2
y
0
2
v

( x, y )

dxdy =

( x, y )
(u, v )

dudv = 4 2dudv

Substituindo:

8 dxdy = 8 4 2dudv onde R ' : u2 + v2 = 1


R

R'

2 Transformao : (u, v ) ( , )
u = cos

v = sen

0 1

R':

0 2
e

dudv =

(u, v )
( , )

dd =

d d =

cos

sen

sen cos

d d

dudv = cos2 + sen2 dd = dd


Assim :

2 1

2
1
8 dxdy = 32 2 dd = 32 2 ( ) 02 = 32 2 = 8 2
2
2 2
0
0 0
R

Logo:

dV = 8 dxdy = 8
T

2 V = 8 2

2. (Exerc. 05) Calcular o volume do slido acima do plano xy delimitado por


Soluo:
Temos que:

z = x2 + y2 e x2 + y2 = 16
z = 0:
x2 + y2 = 0 ( 0, 0, 0 )
x = 0, y = 0 :
z = 16 ( 0, 0,16 )
Assim :
16

dV =

dxdy dz = 16 dxdy

Onde :
R : x2 + y2 = 16
Re solvendo 16 dxdy, onde R : x2 + y2 = 16
R

Transformao : ( x, y ) ( , )
x = cos

y = sen

0 4
R':
0
e

dxdy =

(u, v )
( , )

dd =

dd =

cos

sen

sen cos

dd

dxdy = cos2 + sen2 dd = dd


Assim :
4

2
16 dxdy = 16 dd = 16 d d = 16 ( ) 0
2 0
R
0 0
0
0

16 dxdy = 16
R

42
= 128
2

Logo :

dV = 16 dxdy = 128 V = 128


T

z = x2 + y2 e x2 + y2 = 16 .

3. (Exerc. 06) Calcular o volume do slido acima do parabolide

z = x2 + y2

e abaixo do cone

z=

x2 + y2

Soluo:
Temos que:

z = x2 + y2

z=

x2 + y2

Assim :

dV = dxdydz
T

x = rsen cos

y = rsensen

z = r cos

z = x + y r cos = r sen cos + r 2sen2 sen2


2

r cos = r 2sen2 cos2 + sen2 r cos = r 2sen2 r =

cos
sen2

e
z=

x2 + y2 r cos = r 2sen2 cos2 + r2sen2sen2

r cos = r 2sen2 cos2 + sen2 = r 2sen2 = rsen


Assim :
r cos = rsen

sen

= 1 tan = 1 =
cos
4

Assim :

0 4

cos

T : 0 r
sen2

0 2

Substituindo :
cos
2 4 sen2

dV = dxdydz =
T

0 0

cos

dV = ( )
T

2
0

r2sendrdd

r3 sen2

send
3 0
0

1
2 4 cos3
cos
dV = 2
send =
d
2

3 0 sen
3 0 sen5
T

2 4
2
dV =
cot an3 cos sec2 d =
u3 cos sec2

3
3
T
0

dV =
T

2 3
2 u4
u du =

3 0
3
4

=
0

du

2
cos sec

2 1

= V =
3 4
6
6

4. (Exerc. 11) Calcular o volume do slido delimitado pelas superfcies


Soluo:
Temos que:

x2 + y2 = 16, z = 2, x + z = 9

x2 + y2 = 16, z = 2, x + z = 9 z = 9 x
Assim :

dV =
T

dV =
T

9x

dzdxdy =

(9 x 2) dxdy
R

2 4

2 4

2 4

0 0

0 0

0 0

2
(7 cos )dd = 7 dd cos dd

4
0
3 4
2
2
2

dV
=
7

sen

( )0 (
)0

2
3

0
T
0

Assim :

42
dV = 7
2 = 112 V = 112

2
T
5. (Exerc.13) Calcular o volume do slido delimitado pelas superfcies
Soluo:
Temos que:

z = 2x2 + y2 e z = 4 3x2 y2
Assim :
2x2 + y2 = 4 3x2 y2 2x2 + 3x2 + y2 + y2 = 4 5x2 + 2y2 = 4
Dividindo por 4 :
5x2
5x
2y
y2
x2 y2
+
=1 5 +
= 1R :
+
=1
4
4
4
4
2
2
5
5
2

4 3x2 y2

dV =
T

dzdxdy =
2

( 4 3x

y2 2x2 y2 dxdy

2x + y

Assim :

dV =
T

( 4 5x

2y2 dxdy, onde R :

x2 y2
+
=1
4
2
5

z = 2x2 + y2 e z = 4 3x2 y2 .

1 Transformao ( x, y ) (u, v )
2 5
u y = 2v
5
( x, y )
dxdy =
dudv
(u, v )
x=

Onde :
x
u
=
(u, v )
x
v

( x, y )

y
2 5
u
= 5
y
0
v

dV = ( 4 5x
T

2y2 dxdy =

2 10
5

( 4 4u

R'

4v2

) 2 510 dudv, onde R ' : u

+ v2 = 1

Assim :

dV =
T

2 10
5

( 4 4u

4v2 dudv, onde R ' : u2 + v2 = 1

R'

2 Transformao : (u, v ) ( , )
u = cos

v = sen

0 1
R':
0 2
Assim :

dV =
T

2 10
5

2 10
dV =

5
T

( 4 4u

4v2 dudv

R'

2 1

( 4 4

cos2 42sen2 dd

0 0

Assim :

dV =
T

2 1
2 1
2 1

2 10
3
2
3
2
4dd 4 cos dd 4 sen dd
5 0 0
0 0
0 0

Resolvendo as Integrais:

dV =

2 10
4
4dd
5 0 0
5

dV =

2 10
( I1 + I2 + I3 )
5

2 1

2 1

3
2
3
2

cos

4
0
0 0 sen dd

2 1

Onde :
2 1

0 0

I1 = 4 dd = 4 d d = 4 ( ) 0
I2 =

4
5

2 1

3
2
cos dd =

0 0

2
12
= 4 2
= 4 I1 = 4
2
2 0

4
3d
5 0

2 + 2 cos (2 )d
0

Integrando :
2

1
0
1

1
4 4
1
I2 = + sen (2 ) = 4
5 4 0 2
4

( )

2
= I2 =

e
2 1

0 0

I3 = 4 3sen2 dd = 4 3d

2 2 cos (2 )d

Integrando :
2

1
0
1

4
1
1
I3 = 4 sen (2 ) = 4
4

4
4 0 2
0

( )

2
= I3 =

Substituindo :

dV =
T

2 10
2 10
2 10
4 10
4 10
2 =
V =
( I1 + I2 + I3 ) =
( 4 ) =
5
5
5
5
5

6. (Exerc. 10) Calcule o volume da parte da esfera,


regio.
Soluo:

x2 + y2 + z2 = 9 ,

entre os planos z= 1; z= 2. Esboce a

z = 1:

x2 + y2 + z2 = 9 x2 + y2 + 12 = 9 x2 + y2 + 1 = 9 x2 + y2 = 8

z = 2:

x2 + y2 + z2 = 9 x2 + y2 + 22 = 9 x2 + y2 + 4 = 9 x2 + y2 = 5

(I) Clculo de V1:

Utilizando coordenadas cilndricas:


2 2 5

9 r2

2 3

V1 = rdrddz +
0 0 0

r2
V1 =
2

rdzdrd

( 5)
2 2 =

2
2 3

4 + r 9 r2 drd

1
9r
= 11 2
99
3
5

8
16 46
46
V1 = 10 + 2 = 10 +
=
V1 =
3
3
3
3
1
V1 = 10 + 2
3

1
3

3
95

(II) Clculo de V2:

Utilizando coordenadas cilndricas:


1 2 8

9 r2

2 3

V2 = rdrddz +
0 0 0

r2
V2 =
2

rdzdrd

( 8)
2 1 =

2
2 3

2 + r 9 r 2 drd

1
9r
= 8 2
99
3
8

1
2 26
26
V2 = 8 + 2 = 8 +
=
V2 =
3
3
3
3
1
V2 = 8 + 2
3

1
3

Assim :
V = V1 V2 =

46 26 20
20

=
u.v. V =
u.v.
3
3
3
3

Resoluo de

2
r 9 r dr

2
r 9 r dr = ?

Fazendo :
u = 9 r2 u2 = 9 r2 2u

du
= 2r rdr = udu
dr

Substituindo :
u3
r 9 r dr = u ( udu) = u du = 3 + c
Assim :
2

2
r 9 r dr =

1
3

9 r2

+c

98