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# DESIGN CALCULATION Of

A.

GENERAL
1 Tower

Max Compression
Max Tension
Max Momen

72

=
=
=

Hx
47.939
-48.016
6.496

Hy
F
46.269
745.95
-48.228 -617.464
6.384

## Section top base plate

C. PROPERTIES
1 Profile
(w)
(fy)
(fc')
(t)

= L 150x150x15 + L 120x120x12
=
150 mm
=
245 MPa
=
18.61 MPa
=
15 mm

2 Base Plate
(b) =
(tb) =
(n) =
(A1) =
(fy) =
(fu) =

450 mm
25
150
202500
240
360

mm
mm
mm2
MPa
MPa

3 Pedestal
(bped) =
(A2) =
Concrete K225-(fc') =
teel reinforcement bar-(fy) =
4 Anchor Bolt
(na) =
(D) =
(Ab) =
(fy) =
(fu) =
n =
=

600 mm
360000 mm2
18.63 MPa
390 MPa
8 unit
25 mm
490.874
360
540
9
0.2286

mm2
MPa
MPa
per-in
per-mm

## (from table ASTM A-307)

ANCHOR BOLT
Tensile Strength of Fasteners,
In accordance with the fracture limit state in tension, the nominal strength R n of one fastener in tension is :

. Rn =. f b . A n
u

0 . 974
A n = . d
4
n

Where,

= 0.75
fub = Tensile strength of the bolt material
An = Area through the threaded portion of the bolt

## Tensile stress area

Ab = Gross cross sectional area of bolt
n = Threads per in or mm

Dimension of Bolt,
An =
.Rn =

337.81 mm2
134.17 kN/bolt

## Shear Strength of fasteners,

In accordance with the fracture limit state as the basis for fastener strength, the nominal strength R n of one fastener :

. Rn =. m . A b . u = . m. A b . ( 0 . 60 . f
Where,

b
u

)
= 0.75
ub = Ultimate shear strength
Ab = Gross cross sectional area of one bolt
fub = Tensile strength of the bolt material
m = Number of shear planes.
=

.Rn =

77.98 kN/bolt

## Bearing Strength of Fasteners,

In standard and short slotted holes,

. Rn =. 2 . 4 . f p . d . t
u

.Rn =

Where,

= 0.75
fup = Tensile strength of base plate
d = Nominal bolt diameter
t = Thickness of plate

397.17 kN/bolt

## Used Anchor Bolt :

n
=
d or D
=
Capacity for 1 anchor bolt :
Tensile Strength of fasteners =
Shear Strength of fasteners
=
Bearing Strength of fasteners =
Total for
=
Tensile Strength of fasteners =
Shear Strength of fasteners
=
Bearing Strength of fasteners =

8 Anchor bolt
25 mm
134.17 kN/bolt
77.98 kN/bolt
397.17 kN/bolt
8
1073.35
623.87
3177.36

Anchor bolt
kN/bolt
kN/bolt
kN/bolt

745.95

617.464

<

1073.35

OK

## Max. Shear, Vmax

47.939

<

623.87

OK

BASE PLATE
The calculation of thickness of base plate,
Max. Tension at bolt in base plate

T=

T Max
n

77.18 kN

M bp. act =T . e

6.50 kN-m

## Momen capacity at base plate,

1
M bp . cap =Z . f y = . b . h2 . f y
6
=

11.03 kN-m
<
<

6.50

## Momen actual acting at base plate,

11.03
OK

The base plate covers less than the supporting concrete surface.
The allowable bearing stress is :

F p 0. 35 . f ' c

A2
A1

Where,

0 .7 . f ' c

## Fp = Allowable concrete stress

A1 = Area of base plate
A2 = Area of supporting member of pedestal

Base Plate,

P
A1

3.684

18.63

F p=

F p 0. 35 . f 'c
3.684

A2
A1

Mpa

0 .7 . f ' c
8.694

13.041

OK

t p =2. n
=

n1 =

Fp
fy

wt
(
2. w2t )

wt
1
2 1+3.2.3

t p =2. n

## Fp = Allowable concrete stress

fy = Yield strength

Where,

Fp

=
1
2

0.563

53.879 mm

13.213 mm

fy
tp =

13.21

6.50

<
<

25

OK

11.03

OK

## Used Base Plate :

tp
d or D

=
=

25 Anchor bolt
450 mm

DESIGN CHECK Of
BASE PLATE AND ANCHOR BOLT
A.

GENERAL
1 Tower

Max Compression
Max Tension

C. PROPERTIES
1 Profile
(w)
(fy)
(fc')
(t)
2 Base Plate
(b)
(tb)

72

=
=

Hx
47.939
-48.016

Hy
F
46.269
745.95
-48.228 -617.464

= L 150x150x15 + L 120x120x12
=
150 mm
=
245 MPa
=
18.61 MPa
=
15 mm
=

450 mm

=
=
=
=

(n)
(Ap)
(fy)
3 Pedestal
(bped)

25
150
202500
245

(Aped)

mm
mm
mm2
MPa

600 mm

4 Anchor
(na)

360000 mm2
n

=
=
=
=

(D)
(Aa)
(fy)

8
25
490.874
390

unit
mm
mm2
MPa

## Section top base plate

D. ANALISYS
According to Analisys and Design Foundatin by Joseph E. Bowles
Minimum areas is the smallest amount of :

Ap 1=

1
FVc
Ap 0 .35 . f 'c

Ap 2=

FVc
0. 7 . f 'c

(Ap1)

64768.759 mm2

(Ap2)

57261.841 mm2

57261.841 mm2

Minimum areas
(Ap)

202500 mm2

>

Apmin

57261.8408 mm2

...OK

wt
2.( w2. t )

wt
1
2 1+3. 2 . 3

( )
FVc
t =2.n1. (
Ap . fy )
n 1=

1
2

1
2

0.5625

(n1)

53.879 mm

(tb)

13.213 mm

<

25 mm

...OK

Anchor

(Rc)

66.626 kN

(Ru)

68.055 kN

68.055 kN

Max. R

(Ranc)

8.507 kN

## Bearing base plate

(Bpl)

13.611 MPa

(Aanc)

77.183 kN

Strength on anchor
Total strength anchor

(Panc)
(Tot)

=
=

157.236 MPa
165.743 MPa

Bonding strength
Perimeter
Minimun of length

Fr
p
Lmin

=
=
=

1.03 MPa
78.54 mm
1152.64 mm

Development length
Minimun development length
Basic
0.02.Aa.fy/(fc')0.5
Minimum 0.06.db.fy

=
=
=

585 mm

## Available development length ldb

1000 mm

<

245 MPa

...OK

<

390 MPa

...OK

300 mm
888 mm
Use

1200 mm

Foot Plate

DESIGN CALCULATION OF

Single footing - Subjected to Compressive & Tensile Force (P), Shear Force (V) (No Moment)
Design Code TIA/EIA 222 F, ACI 318-99)

A.

B.

C.

GENERAL
1 Tower Height (m)
2 Soil Class
Condition
Max Compression
Max Tension
Max Moment

=
=
=

MATERIAL PROPERTIES
1 Soil angle of friction / frustum angle
2 Soil density
3
4
5
6
7
8

D.

=
=

## Allowable soil bearing cap

Concrete density
Surcharge (If any)
Soil Type
Soil angle of friction (Drained condition)
Soil angle of friction (Undrained condition)

()
(s)

=
=

(all) =
(c)
Sur
(')
(T)

=
=
=
=
=

30

Hx - kN
Hy - kN
F - kN
39.000
0.000
90.000
39.000
0.000
-90.000
726

30 0
1640 kg/m3

## [But this value should be EXACTLY 30]

=
16.09 kN/m3
[But this value E

2 kg/cm2
=
196.20 kN/m2
2400 kg/m3
=
23.54 kN/m3
0.1 kg/cm2
=
9.81 kN/m2
Clean fine sand, silty or clayey fine to medium sand.
30 0
0

DIMENSIONS
Footing Outer width / Length
Footing Thickness
2 Overall soil depth, above pad
Height of chimney above GL

(BO)
(hp) or (T)
(h)
(h1)

=
=
=

6 m
0.65 m
1.25 m

0.3 m

(bc)

1.5 m

5 Total depth

(Bb)

=
=

m
1.9 m

(hp+h)

Ba
h

h1

hp
M=HR.h
Bo

Bt

## 5 Checking of free space between soil frustum, at GL

Add, width, due to soil frustum
Free space
Effective add width, due to soil frustum
Effective soil frustum angle

(sf)

(Ba')

=
=

0.72 m
30 O

7.44

(')
(Bt)

E.

(Ba)

0.72 m

UPLIFT CAPACITY
1 Concrete
Volume above GL

(Vch1)

0.68 m3

## Volume within frustum

Volume below frustum

(Vch2)

=
=

2.8125 m3
23.4 m3

=
=

3.49 m3
0.00 m3

26.89 m3

(W c)

633.04 kN

(Vcone)

22.59 m3

(Vsoil)

42.19 m3

(Vs)

64.78 m3

W s)

1042 kN

## Vol. chimney / Pedestal

Counter Weight (Not Surcharge)

(Vp)
(Vch1+Vch2)
(Cw)
(Vc)

## Vol concrete total

2
A

Concrete weigth
Soil Weight Calculation
Method A
Volume Soil Cone
Volume of Soil just above the footing
Total Volume Soil
Soil weight

328896000.xls

(Method A,

09/07/2016

Eq OK

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Foot Plate

Method B
Volume Soil Cone
Volume of Soil just above the footing

Qu
(Vsoil)

5.41 m3

42.19 m3

(Vs)

47.60 m3

W s)

766 kN

(W s)

766 kN
1399 kN

## Total Volume Soil

(Method B,

Soil weight
Total Soil Volume (Smaller of Method A & B)

766 kN

## So Final Soil weight

Checking of uplift Capacity

(W c+Ws)

>

90.000 kN

933

>

90.000

...OK

889

>

90.000

...OK

222F

(W c+Ws)/1.5

222F

(W c/1.25+Ws/2)

(Fc)

(W c')

=
=
=
=

F.

## [Coefficient of lateral earth pressure K = 0.5]

15.54

BEARING CAPACITY
1 Vertical Load from tower base (Downward)
Concrete weight (Excluding soil weight)
Maximum vertical load - (Compression Force)
Minimum vertical load - (Tension Force)

N max
N min

90.00 kN
200.46 kN
290.46 kN
Tension force need NOT to be checked for bearing, if compression passes
Yes

## 2 Bending momnet, due to Sliding / Shear force

My =
811.80 kN
e1 or ex =
2.795 Bo/6 =
1.000
Mx =
0.00 kN
e2 or ey =
0.000 Bo/6 =
1.000
A.1 Remember, Here footing has been designed for ONE WAY ECCENTRICITY (Uniaxial Moment), SO it should be checked for Mx,ex first
then again in another calculation the footing should be checked for My, ey (Here calculation for My, ey has not been shown)

q MAX

6e

P 1
(max)
L
L

q s 0.15 w s T , for e
qs
BL
6
T
2P
L
q s 0.15 w s T , for e
(min)
3B(0.5L e)
6

40.43

<

260.95 kN/m2

...OK

=
=
=

surcharge
Footing thickness
-4.67
<

260.95 kN/m2

...OK

167.16

260.95 kN/m2

...OK

(max) =

A.2

Use this eq if e > B/6, otherwise use above A.1 (max) & (min)
If negative pressure comes then, footing size has to be increased.
B

For TWO WAY ECCENTRICITY (Biaxial Moment) , below eq 1 must be satisfied FIRST. Most tower has biaxial moment for single
footing / Pile. If eq 1) passes then use eq 2) to calculate the footing's 4 corner pressure, otherwise increase footing size.

Eq 1)

## If this dont satisfy then increase footing size

Here,

Eq 2)

SLIDING

328896000.xls

Weigth of footing

c1 & c2

B and L

## ( another eq is max = P / Az + P*e1*c1/I1 + P*e2*c2/I2)

(max) =
G.

Wf

30.62 kN/m2

<

260.95 kN/m2

...OK

(Sliding is important for Tower, specially Monopole or guyed pole or tapered pole)

09/07/2016

8 of 36

Foot Plate

## Coefficient of friction, From table

Coefficient of friction, From Eq

Finally use
Allowable Coefficient of friction (SF = 1.5 ~ 2)

a
a
a
a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## 0.35 - 0.45 Input manually

tan (0.7*')
0.351
0.35
/ SF
0.233
Page 278, Donald P. Coduto
146.667 lb/ft2
Foundation Design, Pprinciples and Practices

## Note Factor of safety for is 1.5 to 2

Note Factor of safety for is 2 to 3
Here is 110 cft
Vfa
Case 1, Considering Compression Force, Down
Case 2, Considering Tension Force, Upward

## Developed shear at tower / pole / guy leg.

Case 1
Case 2
Factor of safety SF (Min 1.5 by TIA 222F code)
Factor of safety SF (Min 1.5 by TIA 222F code)
H.

Downward P
Upward P
Footing Weight
Footing Length B
Footing Depth
V
Vfa, case 1
Vfa, case 2
SF (Case 1)
SF (Case 2)

=
=
=

(HR)
(Mov)

39.00 kN

811.80 kN

(Mres)
SF

=
=

(d')

(fc')
(fy)

=
=

(lc)

OVERTURNING MOMENT
2 Moment overturning
3 Moment resisting
4 Factor of safety SF (Min 1.5 by TIA 222F code)

I.

1 Concrete cover
Concrete K-175
Steel Reinforcing Bar (U-39)
3 Bending Moment
Compression
Soil pressure at the perpendicular side of chimney

=
=
=
=
=

(c)max =
(c)min =

Maximum
Minimum
Ultimate bending moment
Uplift
Soil pressure at the perpendicular side of chimney

(Mu)

(up) =

(Mu)

## Ultimate bending moment

4 Reinforced concrete design for bending

min
max
max

20.23
-20.23
45.07
19.69
6.23
8.77
71.34
61.90
=
=

kip
kip
kip
ft
ft
kip
kip
kip

3926.55 kN
4.84
>

## Page 278, Donald P. Coduto

Foundation Design, Pprinciples and Practices

<
<

V
V

ok
ok

<

3926.55 kN

8.14
7.06

1.50

ok

70 mm
20.68 MPa
413 MPa

3.00 ksi
59.90 ksi

2.25 m

40.43 kN/m2
-4.67 kN/m2
64.28 kNm

-2.50 kN/m2
-6.33 kNm

0.00696
0.75*b

0.01607

0.85

0.8

Mn
Design width
Effective depth
Rn

(Mu/)
(b)
(d)
Rn=Mn/bd2

=
=
=
=

(req) =

## Required area of bar

Spacing s=As1/Asreqxb

(Asreq)

Mn
Design width
Effective depth

328896000.xls

(Mu/)
(b)
(d)

=
=
=
=
=

09/07/2016

-7.91 kN
1000 mm
580 mm
-0.02

db
As1

=
=

16 mm
201.06 mm2

-0.0001
-63.69 mm2
-3157.10 mm
80.35 kN
1000 mm
580 mm

Use D
db
As1

16
=
=

136

16 mm
201.06 mm2

9 of 36

Foot Plate

Rn=Mn/bd2

Rn

0.24

(req) =

0.0011

## Required area of bar

Spacing s=As1/Asreqxb

(Asreq)
nos

Development length
Minimun development length
Basic
Minimum
Available development length ldb

=
=
=

Use

4036.80 mm2
49.81 mm
43.09
=
=

0.02.As.fy/(fc')0.5
0.06.db.fy

0.00696

Use D
Use

16
22

136

300 mm
365 mm

14 mm

580 mm

## 5 Concrete Bearing Capacity

A1

2.25 m2

ab

A2
Max load on the center of cap, (Fc)ver+W ch

36 m2

0.7

156.22 kN

698682.915 kN

>

(Fc)ver+W ch

>

Vu

...OK

>

Vu

...OK

OK

## 6 Checking of one-way shear along Section A-A (eff. Face chimney)

Strength reduction factor
Compression

0.65

Web width
Effective depth
Factored shear force

(bw)

=
=
=

6000.00 mm
580.00 mm
-16.26 kN

1
V c=
6

(d)
(Vu)
(Vc)

'
c bw d

Uplift
Factored shear force

1413.884 kN

(Vc)

919.024 kN

(Vu)
(Vc)

-8.700 kN

919.024 kN

as

0.65

Compression
(bc)

Chimney width
Effective depth

(d)
(bo)

## Perimeter length (bo)=4.(bc+d)

Factored shear force Vu=(c)(B2-(bc+d)2)
(Vu)
Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :

4
c

f 'c b o

as d
+2
bo

f 'c bo

V c= 2+

V c=

V c= 4 f 'c bo

d
12

=
=
=
=

8.32 m
1280.51 kN

10972.27 kN

d
12

d
12

1.5 m
0.58 m

6207.07 kN
(Vc)min

6207.07 kN

(Vc)

4034.60 kN

7314.85 kN

(Vc)

4034.60 kN

(bc)

=
=
=

>

(Vu)

...OK

Uplift
Chimney width
Effective depth
Chimney concrete cover
Perimeter length (bo)=4.(bc+d-2d')
Factored shear force Vu=(up)(bo2-(bc-2d)2)

(d)
(d')
(bo)
(Vu)

1.5 m
0.58 m
0.07 m
7.76 m

-150.26 kN

36352.5635 kN

21174.4313 kN
(Vc)min

21174.43129 kN

(Vc)

13763.38034 kN

## Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :

V c= 2+

V c=

4
c

as d
+2
bo

f 'c b o

f 'c bo 12d

V c = 4 f 'c bo
328896000.xls

d
12

d
12

09/07/2016

24235.0423 kN

10 of 36

Foot Plate

(Vc)

J.

DESIGN OF CHIMNEY
Concrete K225
Steel reinforcement bar
2 Slenderness Evaluation
bc
lu

(fc')
(fy)

=
=

=
=
I

## For a braced frame klu/r

3 Axial and Moment Forces
Compression
Ru'
Pu'
Mu'
Uplift
Ru
Pu
Mu
4 Longitudinal Bar Design

13763.3803 kN

min =
max =

1.5 m
1.55 m
=
=

k
=
r
=
0.421875 m4
3.580
<

=
=
=

39.00 kN
90.00 kN
60.45 kN.m

=
=
=

39.00 kN
-90.00 kN
60.45 kN.m

=
=

min

1
0.433 m
A

0.0145

Diameter of rebar

(Vu)

...OK

=
34

...OK

18.63 MPa
413 MPa

0.0034

## According to Column interaction chart, available rebar

Number of rebar

>

2.25 m2

0.85

0.8

20 nos
Asreq

16 mm

<

=
=

0.000201062 m2

max

0.0018 <

NOT

Development length
Minimum development length
90 degrees standar hook
Available development length

8db

=
=
=

128 mm
259 mm
2250 mm

or

155 mm

>

128 mm

OK

5 Stirrup Design
Steel U-24

fy

V c=

1 '
f b d
6 c w

240 MPa

db

0.65

Av

>

(Vs)

(Vu)
(Vs)

39.000 kN

359.398 kN

(Vc)

3776.159 kN

(Vs)max

14399.752 kN

smax

Maximum spacing

250 mm

(Vc)+(Vs)
K.

Use D 10
>

(Vu)

10 mm
0.000157 m2

OK
-

150

OK

Sloof
Ps = (60%P)
Steel U-39

fy
bs

=
=

54.000 kN
413 MPa

0.3 m

hs

0.5 m

Depth of sloof

hsl

0.3 m

Bb

0 m
664.309 kN

nos
dbs

>

16

54.000 kN

OK

Stirrup Design
240 MPa

db

0.65

Av

smax

250 mm

One leg

fy

Maximum spacing

L.

## ESTIMATED VOLUME OF MATERIALS

1 Volume of concrete K-225

Use D 10

10 mm
0.000157 m2
-

200

26.89 m3

328896000.xls

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11 of 36

Foot Plate

Lower
Upper
3 Chimney
Longitudinal bar
Stirrup
4 Sloof

Use
Use

22
22

D
D

16
16

1.58 kg/m
1.58 kg/m

=
=

Use
Use

20

D
D

16
10 -150

1.58 kg/m
0.62 kg/m

=
=

Use
Use

D
D

16
10 -200

1.58 kg/m
0.62 kg/m

=
=

Total

## 5 Total 4 (four) leg of lattice tower

Volume of concrete K-175
Weight of steel bar

=
=

107.55 m3
2207.18 kg

One leg

(EVs)

26.21 m3

One tower

(EVs)

104.85 m3

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Foot Plate

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Foot Plate

pression passes

Use Eq A.2
USE Eq A.1

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Foot Plate

d Practices

d Practices

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Foot Plate

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Foot Plate

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Foot Plate

244.02 kg
244.02 kg
48.98 kg
14.78 kg
0.00 kg
0.00 kg
551.79 kg

328896000.xls

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18 of 36

Foundation Piles
Tower 42 m Type

## DESIGN CALCULATION FOR

PILE FOUNDATION
A. GENERAL
1 Tower
2 Pile Arrangement

=
=

Max Compression
Max Tension

=
=

72
4

S'

Piles

Hx
47.939
-48.016

Hy
F
46.269 745.950
-48.228 -617.464

1
Y

bc
A

X
Section of bottom cap level
C. MATERIAL PROPERTIES
1 Concrete density
Concrete density(submerged)
2 Pile Unit weigth
Pile Unit weigth(submerged)

(c)
(c')
(p)
(p')

D. DIMENSION
1 Pile
Diameter, outer and inner
Spacing, at top of pile
2 Pile Cap
Width

=
=
=
=

2400
1400
2400
1400

kg/m3
kg/m3
kg/m3
kg/m3

=
=
=
=

23.54
13.73
23.54
13.73

kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m3
Fver

Do
s'

=
=

0.30 m
0.225 m

B
hpc

=
=

0.5 m

ts

0.95 m

bc
he

0.4 m

=
=

0.3 m
1.25

hb

0.15 m

0.000 deg

Bb

## Space between inner side of pile cap

sf

=
=

Thickness
Soil thickness above cap
3 Chimney
Width
Extention above top of cap

Di
s
so
1.2 m

=
=
=

0.00 m
0.375 m
0 m

hb

he
h

ts
hpc
M=HR.h

4 Others

h
E.

Compression
(Fc)ver
=
(HXc)bat
=
(HYc)bat
=
Local coordinate
(HXc)'bat
(HYc)'bat
h
Mcy'
Mcx'

F.

-745.950 kN
0.000 kN
0.000 kN

=
=
=
=
=

PILE ARRANGEMENT
1 Pile Spacing Control
Coordinate at bottom of pile
Coordinate at ground level

0.000
0.000
1.65
0.000
0.000

kN
kN
m
kN
kN

5.4

<

OK

Uplift
(Fup)ver
(HXup)bat
(HYup)bat

=
=
=

617.464 kN
0.000 kN
0.000 kN

Local coordinate
(HXup)'bat
(HYup)'bat
h
Muy'
Mux'

=
=
=
=
=

0.000
0.000
1.65
0.000
0.000

Xo'and Yo'

kN
kN
m
kN
kN

x'=xo'+dz*(1/ix)
y=yo'+dz*(1/iy)

## Spacing difference between ground level and bottom of cap

No
Coordinate
X'
Y'
Xo'
Yo'
1
-0.375
0.375
-0.375
0.375
2
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
3
-0.375
-0.375
-0.375
-0.375
4
0.375
-0.375
0.375
-0.375

328896000.xls/2. PILE

7 m

(dz)
=
1.45 m
Spacing at bott of Cap
Spacing at ground
Mark
sjk(m)
>2.5D
Mark
sjk(m)
>2.5D
s12
0.750
OK
s12
0.750
OK
s23
1.061
OK
s23
1.061
OK
s34
0.750
OK
s34
0.750
OK
s41
1.061
OK
s41
1.061
OK

09/07/2016

19 of 36

Foundation Piles
Tower 42 m Type
G. PILE REACTION
1 Weigth of Pile Cap,Chimney, and Piles
Pile Cap
Vcap
=
0.72 m3
c
=
23.54 kN/m3
c'
=
13.73 kN/m3
Wcap
=
16.952 kN
Wcap'
=
9.888 kN
Weight of Piles
n
p'

=
=

4
13.73

Chimney
Vch
c
c'
Wch
Wch'

=
=
=
=
=

0.05
23.54
13.73
1.130
0.659

m3
kN/m3
kN/m3
kN
kN

Laverage =
Wp'
=

6
23.30

m
kN

2 Calculation of Nc and Nu
Nc
=
(Fc)ver+Wcap+Wch
Nc
=
-727.87 kN

Nu
Nu

=
=

(Fup)ver-(Wcap'+Wch'+Wp')
651.31 kN

3 Pile Reactions

( Pc )ver=

+
+
n x2 y 2

No

X'
-0.375
0.375
-0.375
0.375

1
2
3
4

Y'
0.375
0.375
-0.375
-0.375
2

(X')

(X')2
0.1406
0.1406
0.1406
0.1406

(Y')2
0.1406
0.1406
0.1406
0.1406

## 2 Pile cap thickness

3 Concrete cover
4 Bending Moments along Section A-A
Compression
Pile cantilever length and amount

-186.488
-186.488
-186.488
-186.488

0.5625

154.366
154.366
154.366
154.366

-186.4875
0.5625

(Y ' )2
H. PILE CAP REINFORCEMENT
Concrete K-225
Steel reinforcement bar

(Pc)ver
(Pup)ver

(fc')
(fy)
hpc

Max

Max

154.366

=
=

18.63
390

(d')

=
=

0.5
0.07

m
m

(Ic)1

0.375

(n)1

Piles

(Mu)

=
=

-186.488
-139.866

kN
kN.m

(Ic)1

0.375

Max. (Pc)ver

## Maximum pile reaction

Ultimate bending moment
Uplift
Pile cantilever length and amount

(n)1

Piles
kN
kN.m

=
=

154.366
-115.775

0.85

0.8

0.0010

0.0157

## Compression (lower reinforcement)

Mu/
Mn
=
Design width
(b)

=
=

Effective depth

(d)
(nbar)

=
=

20 nos

(smin)

=
=

26.999 mm
55.789 mm

Number of rebar
Minimun rebar spacing
Available rebar spacing

min

<

req

(s)

Max. (Pup)ver
Maximum pile reaction
Ultimate bending moment
(Mu)
5 Reinforcement concrete design for bending moment

min
max

MPa
MPa

-174.832 kN
1.2 m
0.430 m

0.0078

<

Mnreq

Development length
Minimun development length
0.02.As.fy/(fc')0.5
Basic
Minimum 0.06.db.fy

=
=

300 mm
363 mm

374.4 mm

500 mm

544.931 kN.m

db

AS1

16 mm
0.00020 m2

max

OK

>

OK

## Uplift (upper reinforcement)

328896000.xls/2. PILE

09/07/2016

20 of 36

Foundation Piles
Tower 42 m Type
Mn
Design width

Mu/
(b)

=
=

(d)
(nbar)

=
=

20 nos

(smin)

=
=

26.999 mm
55.789 mm

Effective depth
Number of rebar
Minimun rebar spacing
Available rebar spacing

min

req

<

(s)

-144.718 kN
1.2 m
0.430 m

0.0078

<

Mnreq

Development length
Minimun development length
0.02.As.fy/(fc')0.5
Basic
Minimum 0.06.db.fy

=
=

300 mm
363 mm

374 mm

500 mm

544.931 kN.m

db

AS1

16 mm
0.00020 m2

max

OK

>

OK

## 6 Concrete Bearing Capacity

A1

0.16 m2

A2
=
1.44 m
Max load on the center of cap, (Fc)ver+W ch

ab

0.7

-744.820 kN

## Concrete Bearing Capacity .0.85.fc'(ab.A1)

=
3547.152 kN
7 Checking of one-way shear along Section A-A (eff. Face chimney)
Strength reduction factor
Compression

0.65

Web width
Effective depth
Factored shear force

(bw)

=
=
=

1.200 m
0.430 m
-372.975 kN

V c=

1
6

(d)
(Vu)
(Vc)

f 'c b w d

Uplift
Factored shear force

371.197 kN

(Vc)

241.278 kN

(Vu)
(Vc)

-308.732 kN

241.278 kN

> (Fc)ver+W ch

OK

> Vu

OK

> Vu

OK

as

0.65

## 20 (for corner colomn)

Compression
(bc)

Chimney width
Effective depth

(d)

=
=

(bo)=4.(bc+d)
Perimeter length
=
Factored shear force
(Vu)
=
Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :

V c= 2+

V c=

4
c

as d
+2
bo

f 'c b o

d
12

f 'c bo 12d

V c = 4 f 'c bo

d
12

0.4 m
0.430 m
3.32 m
-745.95 kN

3080.9381 kN

2357.1032 kN

2053.9587 kN

(Vc)

1335.0732 kN

(bc)

=
=
=

## (Pile reactions outside of perimeter)

>

(Vc)min

2053.959 kN

(Vc)

1335.073 kN

(Vu)

OK

Uplift
Chimney width
Effective depth
Chimney concrete cover

(d)
(d')
(bo)=4.(bc+d-2d')

Perimeter length
=
Factored shear force
(Vu)
=
Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :

4
c

f 'c b o

as d
+2
bo

f 'c bo

V c= 2+

V c=

V c= 4 f 'c bo

328896000.xls/2. PILE

d
12

d
12

d
12

(Vc)

0.4 m
0.430 m
0.050 m
2.92 m
-617.464 kN

2709.7407 kN

2233.3708 kN

1806.4938 kN

1174.221 kN

09/07/2016

## (Pile reactions outside of perimeter)

>

(Vc)min

1806.494 kN

(Vc)

1174.221 kN

(Vu)

OK

21 of 36

Foundation Piles
Tower 42 m Type
I.

DESIGN OF CHIMNEY
Concrete
Steel reinforcement bar
2 Slenderness Evaluation
bc
=
lu
=
For a braced frame klu/r
3 Axial and Moment Forces
Compression
Ru'
=
Pu'
=
Mu'
=
Uplift
Ru
=
Pu
=
Mu
=
4 Longitudinal Bar Design

min
max

(fc')
(fy)

=
=

0.4 m
1.25 m

k
r
=

1
0.115 m
<

I
A
34

0.002133 m4
0.16 m2

=
=
OK

68.055 kN
617.464 kN
85.069 kN.m

0.0036

=
0.0157
According to Column interaction chart, available rebar
Number of rebar
=
16 nos
min

=
=
10.825

66.626 kN
-745.95 kN
83.282 kN.m

Diameter of rebar

18.63 MPa
390 MPa

0.85

0.8

Asreq

12 mm
<

8db

=
=
=

0.0113 <

0.0001131 m2

max

OK

Development length
Minimum development length
90 degrees standar hook
Available development length

96 mm
195 mm
380 mm

or

150 mm

>

96 mm

OK

5 Stirrup Design
fy

240 MPa

db

0.65

Av

V c=

(Vu)
(Vs)

=
=

87.965 kN

(Vc)

234.961 kN

(Vs)max

939.844 kN

smax

1 '
f b d
6 c w

Maximum spacing
(Vc)+(Vs)
J.

Sloof
Ps
fy
bs

(60%P)

hs

=
=

>

447.570 kN
390 MPa

0.4 m

0.6 m
Bb

## Minimum base width of tower

66.626 kN

>

250 mm
(Vu)

(Vs)

OK

Use D 10

150

OK

nos
dbs
=

10 mm
0.000157 m2

7 m
627.313 kN

16

>

447.570 kN

OK

Stirrup Design
fy

240 MPa

db

0.65

Av

Maximum spacing

328896000.xls/2. PILE

smax

250 mm

09/07/2016

10 mm
0.000157 m2
Use D 10

200

22 of 36

Foundation Piles
Tower 42 m Type

## K. ESTIMATED VOLUME OF MATERIALS

1 Volume of concrete K-225
2 Weight of steel bar
Lower
Use
20
Upper
Use
20
3 Chimney
Longitudinal bar
Use
16
Stirrup
Use
4 Sloof

Use
Use

2.35 m3

D
D

16
16

1.58
1.58

kg/m
kg/m

=
=

130.192 kg
130.192 kg

D
D

12
10 -150

1.58
0.62

kg/m
kg/m

=
=

7.584 kg
1.973 kg

D
D

16
10 -200

1.58
0.62

kg/m
kg/m

=
=

83.424 kg
5.180 kg

Total

358.545 kg

## 4 Total 4 (four) leg of lattice tower

Volume of concrete K-225
Weight of steel bar

=
=

9.408 m3
1434.181 kg

## 5 Excavation soil volume

328896000.xls/2. PILE

One leg

(EVs)

4.216 m3

One tower

(EVs)

16.866 m3

09/07/2016

23 of 36

Foundation Piles
Tower 42 m Type

## REQUIRED END-BEARING AND FRICTION FOR

PILE LENGTH SELECTION OF FOUNDATION BORED PILES
A

GENERAL
Compression

Uplift

Pu

Tu

Lc

Lp

Lc

Lp
Qs

Qs

Do

Do

Qb
Ultimate capacity of one pile can be presented by the following formulas
Compression
Where
Pu
=
ultimate compression pile capacity

Pu = Qb + Qs

Tu
Qb
Qs

Uplift

=
=
=

## ultimate tensile pile capacity

ultimate end-bearing pile capacity
ultimate skin friction pile capacity
Qs

Tu = Qs + Wpiles
By application of appropriate safety factor (SF), it can be obtained the allowable capacity of pile.
Compression

Qb
Qs
Pa=
+
SFb SFs

Uplift

Ta=

Where

Pa
Ta
SFb
SFs

=
=
=
=

## allowable compression pile capacity

allowable tensile pile capacity
end-bearing safety factor
skin friction safety factor

Qs Wpiles
+
SFs SFs

328896000.xls

09/07/2016

24 of 36

Foundation Piles
Tower 42 m Type
B. CALCULATION BY USING qc and tf of DCPT
1 Formulas
Ap=0.25. Do2
Lc=hpc+ts
Qb=qcp.Ap
Qs= tf.p

p= Do

Uplift

Ta=

t f . p + Wpiles
SFs

SFs

>

Max. (Pu)bat

solving for tf

t f = Ta

W piles SF s
SF s
p

tf

=
=

500.0 kg/cm
490.5 kN/m

Compression

Pa=

qcp . A p
SFb

tf . p

>

Max. (Pc)bat

SFs

q cp=

tf . p
SFb
Max .( Pc )bat
2
SFs
0 . 25 . . D o

## According to sondir report

solving for qcp
where

qcp

solving for tf

30 kg/cm2
2943.00 kN/m2

tf

total of local skin friction fs along the clear length of pile (kN/m)

qcp

average qc of DCPT for 8Do above pile tip to 3Do below tip (kPa)

Ap

=
=

end-bearing area
pile perimeter

2 Calculation
Do =

0.30 m

p =

0.942 m

## Safety factor for the above formulas:

SFb
2
SFs
2.5
Type

Length
Lp
m
6

Lc
(Pc)bat
(Pup)bat
m
kN
kN
1.45 -186.4875 154.366

Required value
tf
qcp
tf
kN/m
kPa
kg/cm
-434.19 -5276.517
-442.60

194.23 kN

-154.37 kN

qcp
kg/cm2
-53.79

4 Piles

Ta

328896000.xls

>

09/07/2016

OK

25 of 36

Foundation Piles
Tower 42 m Type
Pa

328896000.xls

288.93 kN

>

-186.49 kN

09/07/2016

OK

26 of 36

-382.457
280.994

25.059
18.438

24.414
18.321

2
2

## -210.1302 27.34047 27.34047

123.606 1.06929 1.06929

2
2

0. degrees
M3
M2
0
174.5387
270.9921
347.3173
407.0437
453.6305
513.1285
559.8644
467.0733
289.109
0

M3
0
816.4721
1255.378
1611.218
1890.505
2117.707
2415.442
2655.924
2219.995
1567.079
0
60.45
60.45

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Curve 2
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3225.509
-2579.655
-1855.972
-1366.589
-747.8875
181.9167
1061.432
1411.02

P
3754.426
3754.426
3492.602
2990.61
2444.959
1814.326
1537.849
1170.69
517.5989
-307.1542
-1411.02
90.00 comp
90.00 uplift

15. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
94.0813 38.9009
194.2583 67.1838
300.84
71.368
375.2268
77.095
419.4833 86.3058
476.8169 97.8513
473.1539 120.8843
300.6959 119.3587
91.915 67.9075
0
0

Curve 3
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3436.871
-2687.021
-1838.623
-1181.751
-381.0973
480.916
1162.045
1411.02

30. degrees
M3
0
73.8074
143.3543
234.127
322.9736
366.1143
398.7624
362.7851
214.1633
64.7779
0

100.00
90.00

90.00

80.00

AXIAL (kN)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Curve 1
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3492.602
-2990.61
-2444.959
-1814.326
-1537.849
-1170.69
-517.5989
307.1542
1411.02

70.00
60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
50.00

60.00

70.00

80.00
MOM

30. degrees
M2
0
47.9122
97.2319
141.7469
158.8667
174.8533
208.1008
224.3629
160.5585
58.093
0

Curve 4
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3494.44
-2769.793
-1805.052
-1085.065
-277.5657
545.7181
1169.253
1411.02

45. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
59.9103 59.9103
117.9752 117.9752
186.278 186.278
245.8636 245.8636
278.2255 278.2255
306.5616 306.5616
290.3489 290.3489
180.7253 180.7253
59.8429 59.8429
0
0

Curve 5
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3436.871
-2687.021
-1838.623
-1181.751
-381.0973
480.916
1162.045
1411.02

60. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
47.9122 73.8074
97.2319 143.3543
141.7469 234.127
158.8667 322.9736
174.8533 366.1143
208.1008 398.7624
224.3629 362.7851
160.5585 214.1633
58.093 64.7779
0
0

00

00

90.00

00

00

00
PM

00

Comp
Uplift

00

00

00

00

00
50.00

60.00

70.00

80.00
90.00
110.00 120.00 130.00
MOMEN
(kN 100.00
m)

Curve 6
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3225.509
-2579.655
-1855.972
-1366.589
-747.8875
181.9167
1061.432
1411.02

75. degrees
M3
0
38.9009
67.1838
71.368
77.095
86.3058
97.8513
120.8843
119.3587
67.9075
0

75. degrees
M2
0
94.0813
194.2583
300.84
375.2268
419.4833
476.8169
473.1539
300.6959
91.915
0

Curve 7
90. degrees
P
M3
M2
-3754.426
0
0
-3754.426
0 174.5387
-3492.602
0 270.9921
-2990.61
0 347.3173
-2444.959
0 407.0437
-1814.326
0 453.6305
-1537.849
0 513.1285
-1170.69
0 559.8644
-517.5989
0 467.0733
307.1542
0 289.109
1411.02
0
0

Curve 8
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3225.509
-2579.655
-1855.972
-1366.589
-747.8875
181.9167
1061.432
1411.02

105. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
-38.9009 94.0813
-67.1838 194.2583
-71.368
300.84
-77.095 375.2268
-86.3058 419.4833
-97.8513 476.8169
-120.8843 473.1539
-119.3587 300.6959
-67.9075
91.915
0
0

Curve 9
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3436.871
-2687.021
-1838.623
-1181.751
-381.0973
480.916
1162.045
1411.02

120. degrees
M3
0
-47.9122
-97.2319
-141.7469
-158.8667
-174.8533
-208.1008
-224.3629
-160.5585
-58.093
0

120. degrees
M2
0
73.8074
143.3543
234.127
322.9736
366.1143
398.7624
362.7851
214.1633
64.7779
0

Curve 10
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3494.44
-2769.793
-1805.052
-1085.065
-277.5657
545.7181
1169.253
1411.02

135. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
-59.9103 59.9103
-117.9752 117.9752
-186.278 186.278
-245.8636 245.8636
-278.2255 278.2255
-306.5616 306.5616
-290.3489 290.3489
-180.7253 180.7253
-59.8429 59.8429
0
0

Curve 11
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3436.871
-2687.021
-1838.623
-1181.751
-381.0973
480.916
1162.045
1411.02

150. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
-73.8074 47.9122
-143.3543 97.2319
-234.127 141.7469
-322.9736 158.8667
-366.1143 174.8533
-398.7624 208.1008
-362.7851 224.3629
-214.1633 160.5585
-64.7779
58.093
0
0

Curve 12
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3225.509
-2579.655
-1855.972
-1366.589
-747.8875
181.9167
1061.432
1411.02

165. degrees
M3
0
-94.0813
-194.2583
-300.84
-375.2268
-419.4833
-476.8169
-473.1539
-300.6959
-91.915
0

165. degrees
M2
0
38.9009
67.1838
71.368
77.095
86.3058
97.8513
120.8843
119.3587
67.9075
0

Curve 13
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3492.602
-2990.61
-2444.959
-1814.326
-1537.849
-1170.69
-517.5989
307.1542
1411.02

180. degrees
M3
M2
0
-174.5387
-270.9921
-347.3173
-407.0437
-453.6305
-513.1285
-559.8644
-467.0733
-289.109
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Curve 14
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3225.509
-2579.655
-1855.972
-1366.589
-747.8875
181.9167
1061.432
1411.02

195. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
-94.0813 -38.9009
-194.2583 -67.1838
-300.84
-71.368
-375.2268
-77.095
-419.4833 -86.3058
-476.8169 -97.8513
-473.1539 -120.8843
-300.6959 -119.3587
-91.915 -67.9075
0
0

Curve 15
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3436.871
-2687.021
-1838.623
-1181.751
-381.0973
480.916
1162.045
1411.02

210. degrees
M3
0
-73.8074
-143.3543
-234.127
-322.9736
-366.1143
-398.7624
-362.7851
-214.1633
-64.7779
0

210. degrees
M2
0
-47.9122
-97.2319
-141.7469
-158.8667
-174.8533
-208.1008
-224.3629
-160.5585
-58.093
0

Curve 16
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3494.44
-2769.793
-1805.052
-1085.065
-277.5657
545.7181
1169.253
1411.02

225. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
-59.9103 -59.9103
-117.9752 -117.9752
-186.278 -186.278
-245.8636 -245.8636
-278.2255 -278.2255
-306.5616 -306.5616
-290.3489 -290.3489
-180.7253 -180.7253
-59.8429 -59.8429
0
0

Curve 17
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3436.871
-2687.021
-1838.623
-1181.751
-381.0973
480.916
1162.045
1411.02

240. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
-47.9122 -73.8074
-97.2319 -143.3543
-141.7469 -234.127
-158.8667 -322.9736
-174.8533 -366.1143
-208.1008 -398.7624
-224.3629 -362.7851
-160.5585 -214.1633
-58.093 -64.7779
0
0

Curve 18
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3225.509
-2579.655
-1855.972
-1366.589
-747.8875
181.9167
1061.432
1411.02

255. degrees
M3
0
-38.9009
-67.1838
-71.368
-77.095
-86.3058
-97.8513
-120.8843
-119.3587
-67.9075
0

255. degrees
M2
0
-94.0813
-194.2583
-300.84
-375.2268
-419.4833
-476.8169
-473.1539
-300.6959
-91.915
0

## Curve 19 270. degrees

P
M3
M2
-3754.426
0
0
-3754.426
0 -174.5387
-3492.602
0 -270.9921
-2990.61
0 -347.3173
-2444.959
0 -407.0437
-1814.326
0 -453.6305
-1537.849
0 -513.1285
-1170.69
0 -559.8644
-517.5989
0 -467.0733
307.1542
0 -289.109
1411.02
0
0

Curve 20
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3225.509
-2579.655
-1855.972
-1366.589
-747.8875
181.9167
1061.432
1411.02

285. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
38.9009 -94.0813
67.1838 -194.2583
71.368
-300.84
77.095 -375.2268
86.3058 -419.4833
97.8513 -476.8169
120.8843 -473.1539
119.3587 -300.6959
67.9075
-91.915
0
0

Curve 21
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3436.871
-2687.021
-1838.623
-1181.751
-381.0973
480.916
1162.045
1411.02

300. degrees
M3
0
47.9122
97.2319
141.7469
158.8667
174.8533
208.1008
224.3629
160.5585
58.093
0

300. degrees
M2
0
-73.8074
-143.3543
-234.127
-322.9736
-366.1143
-398.7624
-362.7851
-214.1633
-64.7779
0

Curve 22
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3494.44
-2769.793
-1805.052
-1085.065
-277.5657
545.7181
1169.253
1411.02

315. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
59.9103 -59.9103
117.9752 -117.9752
186.278 -186.278
245.8636 -245.8636
278.2255 -278.2255
306.5616 -306.5616
290.3489 -290.3489
180.7253 -180.7253
59.8429 -59.8429
0
0

Curve 23
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3436.871
-2687.021
-1838.623
-1181.751
-381.0973
480.916
1162.045
1411.02

330. degrees
M3
M2
0
0
73.8074 -47.9122
143.3543 -97.2319
234.127 -141.7469
322.9736 -158.8667
366.1143 -174.8533
398.7624 -208.1008
362.7851 -224.3629
214.1633 -160.5585
64.7779
-58.093
0
0

Curve 24
P
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3754.426
-3225.509
-2579.655
-1855.972
-1366.589
-747.8875
181.9167
1061.432
1411.02

345. degrees
M3
0
94.0813
194.2583
300.84
375.2268
419.4833
476.8169
473.1539
300.6959
91.915
0

345. degrees
M2
0
-38.9009
-67.1838
-71.368
-77.095
-86.3058
-97.8513
-120.8843
-119.3587
-67.9075
0