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REVIEW QUESTIONS

Sections 2.22.7
2.1 Which of the following identifiers are valid? Which are Java
keywords?
applet, Applet, a++, a, 4#R, $4, #44, apps
class, public, int, x, y, radius
Valid identifiers
Applet , applet ,$4, x , y , radius,
apps

Invalid identifiers
a++ , --a,4#R , #44, class,
public, int ,

Java keywords: class, public, int


Example of error in NetBeans when you use invalid identifiers:

2.2 Translate the following algorithm into Java code:


Step 1: Declare a double variable named miles with initial value
100;
Step 2: Declare a double constant named
MILES_PER_KILOMETER with value1.609;
Step 3: Declare a double variable named kilometers, multiply
miles and
MILES_PER_KILOMETER, and assign the result to kilometers.
Step 4: Display kilometers to the console.
What is kilometers after Step 4?

2.3 What are the benefits of using constants? Declare an int


constant SIZE with value 20.
1.
2.
3.

You dont have to repeatedly type the same value.


If you have to change the constant value, you need to change it only in a single
location in the source code
A descriptive name for a constant makes the program easy to read.

Must be declared and initialized in the


same statement
Constants named in uppercase

Sections 2.82.10
2.4 Assume that int a = 1 and double d = 1.0, and that each
expression is independent.
What are the results of the following expressions?
Expression
Result
a = 46 / 9;
5
a = 46 % 9 + 4 * 4 - 2;
15//% in the same level of *
a = 45 + 43 % 5 * (23 * 3 %
48
2);
a %= 3 / a + 3;
1//%assignment at the end
d = 4 + d * d + 4;
9.0
d += 1.5 * 3 + (++a);
7.5
d -= 1.5 * 3 + a++;
-4.5

2.5 Show the result of the following remainders.

% output takes the sign of the


numerator
Remainder
56 % 6
78 % -4
-34 % 5
-34 % -5
5%1
1%5

Result
2
2
-4
-4
0
1

2.6 If today is Tuesday, what will be the day in 100 days?


Day1: Monday, Day2: Tuesday, Day3: Wednesday,
Day4: Thursday, Day5:Firday, Day6:Saturday, Day7: Sunday
(2+100)%7
2: today Tuesday is the second day
100: after 100
7: a week has 7 days
The result is 4 Thursday

2.7 Find the largest and smallest byte, short, int, long, float, and
double.
Which of these data types requires the least amount of memory?

Name

Range

Storage Size

byte

27 (-128) to 271 (127)

8-bit signed

short

215 (-32768) to 2151 (32767)

16-bit signed

int

231 (-2147483648) to 2311 (2147483647) 32-bit signed

long

263 to 2631
(i.e., -9223372036854775808
to 9223372036854775807)

64-bit signed

float

Negative range:
-3.4028235E+38 to -1.4E-45
Positive range:
1.4E-45 to 3.4028235E+38

32-bit IEEE 754

double

Negative range:
-1.7976931348623157E+308 to
-4.9E-324
Positive range:
4.9E-324 to 1.7976931348623157E+308

64-bit IEEE 754

2.8 What is the result of 25 / 4? 6


How would you rewrite the expression if you wished
the result to be a floating-point number? 25.0 / 4 OR 25.0 /4.0 OR
25/4.0
2.9 Are the following statements correct? If so, show the output.
System.out.println("25 / 4 is " + 25 / 4);
System.out.println("25 / 4.0 is " + 25 / 4.0);
System.out.println("3 * 2 / 4 is " + 3 * 2 / 4);
System.out.println("3.0 * 2 / 4 is " + 3.0 * 2 / 4);

2.10 How would you write the following arithmetic expression in


Java?

4/(3*(r+34))- 9*(a+b*c)+(3+d*(2+a)/(a+b*d));
2.11 Suppose m and r are integers. Write a Java expression for mr2
to obtain a floatingpoint result.
m*r*2.0
2.12 Which of these statements are true?
(a) Any expression can be used as a statement.
(b) The expression x++ can be used as a statement.
(c) The statement x = x + 5 is also an expression.
(d) The statement x = y = x = 0 is illegal.

2.13 Which of the following are correct literals for floating-point


numbers?
12.3, 12.3e+2, 23.4e-2, 334.4, 20, 39F, 40D
2.14 Identify and fix the errors in the following code:
1 public class Test {
2 public void main(string[] args) {
3 int i;
4 int k = 100.0;//K=100;
5 int j = i + 1; // i has to be initialized
6
7 System.out.println("j is " + j + " and
8 k is " + k);
9}
10 }
2.15 How do you obtain the current minute using the
System.currentTimeMillis()
method?

Section 2.11
2.16 Can different types of numeric values be used together in a
computation?
Yes
2.17 What does an explicit conversion from a double to an int do
with the fractional part of the double value?
Does casting change the variable being cast?

2.18 Show the following output.


float f = 12.5F;
int i = (int)f;
System.out.println("f is " + f);
System.out.println("i is " + i);

Section 2.13
2.19 Use print statements to find out the ASCII code for '1', 'A', 'B',
'a', 'b'.

Wrong result because it


:has to be
;'int x='1
;System.out.println(x)

Use print statements to find out the character for the decimal code
40, 59, 79, 85, 90.

Extra work to verify results

Use print statements to find out the character for the hexadecimal
code
40, 5A, 71, 72, 7A.

2.20 Which of the following are correct literals for characters?


'1', '\u345dE', '\u3fFa', '\b', \t

2.21 How do you display characters \ and "?


2.22 Evaluate the following:
int i = '1';
int j = '1' + '2';
int k = 'a';
char c = 90;

2.23 Can the following conversions involving casting be allowed? If


so, find the converted result.
char c = 'A';
i = (int)c;

float f = 1000.34f;
int i = (int)f;

double d = 1000.34;
int i = (int)d;

int i = 97;
char c = (char)i;

2.24 Show the output of the following program:


public class Test {
public static void main(String[] args) {
char x = 'a';
char y = 'c';
System.out.println(++x);
System.out.println(y++);
System.out.println(x - y);
}
}

Section 2.15
2.25 Show the output of the following statements (write a program
to verify your result):
System.out.println("1" + 1);
System.out.println('1' + 1);
System.out.println("1" + 1 + 1);
System.out.println("1" + (1 + 1));
System.out.println('1' + 1 + 1);

2.26 Evaluate the following expressions (write a program to verify


your result):
1 + "Welcome " + 1 + 1
1 + "Welcome " + (1 + 1)
1 + "Welcome " + ('\u0001' + 1)
1 + "Welcome " + 'a' + 1

Sections 2.162.17
2.27 What are the naming conventions for class names, method
names, constants, and
variables? Which of the following items can be a constant, a
method, a variable, or a class according to the Java naming
conventions?
MAX_VALUE, Test, read, readInt
2.28 Reformat the following program according to the programming
style and documentation guidelines. Use the next-line brace style.
public class Test
{
// Main method
public static void main(String[] args) {
/** Print a line */
System.out.println("2 % 3 = "+2%3);
}
}
2.29 Describe syntax errors, runtime errors, and logic errors.

Section 2.18
2.30 Why do you have to import JOptionPane but not the Math
class?
2.31 How do you prompt the user to enter an input using a dialog
box?
2.32 How do you convert a string to an integer? How do you
convert a string to a double?