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missing

úfYaI
w;sf¾lh

iuìu

2016 iema;eïn¾

Ôj n,h
iy

nqoaê Ôúka

iuìu 2016 iema;eïn¾

47

missing 2
iuìu

2016 iema;eïn¾

ye¢kaùu

Facebook iy ;j;a iudc cd, fjí wvú ksid
.%dïiaÑf.a nqoaêu;=ka ms<sn| m%jdoh w¨;ska iQ;%.;
l< yel' zis h ¨ ñks i q k a nq o a ê u;= k a h 'Z uka o h;a
Facebook jeks fjí wvú ksid iEu fokdgu nqoaêuh
ld¾hNd¾hhla Wreu ù we;' fuu kj ;;ajh ksid
ìys ù we;s úreoaOdNdih jkafka iudcfha ish¨
fokdg nqoaêuh ld¾hhla ysñ ùu ksid znqoaêhZ kï
ixl,amhg isÿjk ohf,la;sl úm¾hdihhs' iudc
cd, fjí wvú we;=<;§ ks¾kdñlj mjd fmkS isáh
yels ksid nqoaêuh l%shdldÍ;ajfhka ksoyia ù th
wd;auuQ,sl m%mxphla njg mßj¾;kh fjhs' Ôka
fndaøs,d¾ia lSjdla fuka fujeks fjí wvú ;=<§
ziudchZ hkak m%nkaO udkhg .uka lrhs' m%nkaO
iudchlg iufmal
% I
a Kh lrkq ñi wka ld¾hhla
b;sßj ke;'

nqoaêu;=ka ms<sn| w.kd újrKhla lrK b;d,s
cd;s l udla i a j dÈhl= jk wka f ;da k s f hda .% d ïia É
nqoaêu;d kï ixl,amh fuf,i újrKh lrhs' Tyqg
wkqj ish¨ ñksiqka jkdys nqoaêu;=kah' fuhska Tyq
woyia lrkafka yeu ñksfil=gu hïlsis f,dal
oelaula we;s w;r Tjqka ;ukaf.au nqoaêuh
wdfõ.hkag wkqj lghq;= lrk njhs'
.% d ïia Ö g wkq j nq o a ê u;= k a " nq o a ê u;= k a
fkdjk hk fn§fï iudcuh w¾:hla we;'
tu w¾:h ;yjqre jkafka iudcfhka nqoaêuh
ld¾hhla nqoaêu;=kag kshu ù we;ao hk lreK
u;hs' B<Õg nqoaêu;=kag lKavdhï f,i fyda
yqol,d mqoa.,hka f,i .;a úg Tjqkag iudc
mka;shla ;sfío hkak .%dïiaÉf.a B<Õ
.eg¨jhs ' Tyq g wkq j nq o a ê u;= k a kï
iudc lKavdhug mka;shla ke;' kuq;a
úúOdldr nqoaêuh msßia úúOdldr mka;s
wm fï Ôj;ajk iuld,Sk foaYmd,k lekajih u;§ Ôú;h
mokïj,ska ìysjkafkah' tu ksid wmg
fyda
Ôjk ú,dis;d .ek l;d fkdlr foaYmd,kh .ek l;d
nqoê
a u;=ka kï iudc lKavdhu .ek l;d
l<
fkdyel'
Ôj foaYmd,kh ke;fyd;a Bio politics hkq n,
l< yelafla úúO mka;sj,g wh;a msßia
;%sfldaKfha uqyqK; isá rc;=ud >d;kh lr t;ekg wdfoaY jQ
jYfhka mu‚'
ck;djf.a mrudêm;H n,h (sovereignty) jv jvd fj<|fmdf<a
wka ; ¾cd,h ,dN fia j d ,ndfok
i;Hh úiska iSud lrñka t;ekg úfYaI olaI;d iys; nqoaêuh
;;ajhla ;=< wm .%dïiaÑf.a nqoaêu;=ka
fYa%‚hla wdfoaY ù Tjqka u.ska iudch md,kh ùuhs'
ms<sn| m%jdoh iu;sl%uKh l< hq;=h'

Ôj n,h fyda Ôj foaYmd,kh

missing 3
iuìu

2016 iema;eïn¾

wOHdmkh
Ôj foaYmd,khla
f,i
Ôj foaYmd,kh hkq uyckhdf.a
mrudêm;Hh iSud lsÍïj,g
hg;a lsÍug miqj ksmofjk
w;=re M,hls' tys§ md,k ;ka;%h
hkakg jvd fj<|fmd<g uq,a ;ek
ys ñ fjhs ' Ôj foa Y md,kh kï
woyfia mshd ñfp,a *qflda kï m%xY
od¾Ykslhdh' udlaij
a dohg iudka;r
f,i wdêm;Hhg (Domination)
wdfoaYlhla f,i zn,hZ ^power& hk
ixl,amh y÷kajd ÿka mqfrda.dñhd
f,i Tyq j ie,flhs ' n,h kï
ixl,a m fha uQ , s l woyi jka f ka
kQ ; k iudchka md,kh jka f ka
n,y;a l drfhka fkdj leue;a ;
^Pkaoh" m%cd;ka;%jdoh& u; mokï
ùh hk woyihs' fuh idïm%odhsl
udlaiajdofha tk mka;s wdêm;Hh
hk woyi úpdrh lrhs' fï
fya;=j ksid *qfldaj y÷kd .kafka
m% ; s u dla i a j dÈfhl= f,ih' zn,hZ
hkq iajleue;af;ka iïnkaO;dj,g
t<fUk ñks i q k a w;r we;s f jk
wm.ukhls' zn,hZ ksfYaOkd;aul
fkdfõ' th Okd;aulh'
ñfp,a *qfldaf.a o¾Ykfha we;s
uQ,sl flakaøSh .eg¨j l=ulao@ tA
i|yd fndfyda fofkl= fok ms<s;=r
zn,hZ ^power& kï ixl,amh jkq
we;' kuq ; a Bg mria m rj *q f lda
úiska tA i|yd fok ms<s;=r fuf,i

idrdxY.; l< yel' zwe;a ; gu
uf.a wruqK jQfha wfma iudch ;=<
ukq I Hhka wd;a u .; lrk úúO
l%shdoduhkaf.a b;sydih ,sùuhs'Z
*qflda by; woyia lrk ixlS¾K
woyia wmg fuf,i ir,u;s l j
meyeÈ,s l< yel' b;sydih kï
uyd iuqøh ;=< olakg ,efnkafka
ukqIHhka úiska th ks¾udKh l<d
hkak muKla fkdfõ' b;sydih ;=<
b;s y dih úis k a Tjq k a j wd;a u hka
^Subject& yeáhgo ^hg;a j Q j ka &
ks¾udKh lrhs' b;sydi l%shdj,sh
;=< ñksiqka wd;auhka ùug wu;rj
;j;a l%shdj,shla o isÿ fjhs' th
kï is;k m;k ñksiqkaj jia;=ka"
øjH" WmlrK" wka ; hka f,i
o b;s y dih ;= < i,ld nef,hs '
frda.Ska" wmrdOlrejka" mqrjeishka"
Wkau;a;lhka hkd§ka f,i
jia ; = l rKh jk b;s y dihla o
ñksidg we;' fuu jia;=lrKh ;=<
ñksiqkaj i,ld nef,ka fka is ; k
m;k wh yeáhg fkdj wdKavq uÜgq
l< hq;= wh yeáhgh' fï l%uhg
wkqj ñksiqkaj m%fNaolrKhg ,la
fjhs' óg wkqj iudchg wjYH wh
iy bka neyer l< hq;= wh jYfhka
ldKav .; flfrhs'
is;k - m;k ukqIHhkaj øjH
f,i fyda jia;+ka ^Objects& f,i
ie,lSu b;sydih ms<sn| m%Yakhla
f,i *qflda mjikafka ukao@ t;k§
zn,hZ hkak kHdh.; lsÍu jgyd
.ekSu ;SrKd;aulh' *qfldag wkqj
n,h hkq ñks i q k a wdKa v q uÜgq
lsÍug wod< oekqu ixjdo NdIdj
;= < s k a fidhd .ekS u hs ' n,h iy

wdêm;H iudc foayh ;=< mj;skafka
rdcH" yuq o dj" wêlrKh" mdi,a
wd§ wfma weia j ,g fmfkk iy
wdh;ksl jYfhka m%ldYhg m;a jk
udOHhkaf.ka muKla fkdfõ'
ukqIHhka m%fNaohkag ,la lsÍu
^fyd| - krl" wdrlaIs; - Nhdkl"
Wu;= - inqoaêl" frda.S -ksfrda.S&
j¾.S l rKh ls Í u" neyer ls Í u"
n,fha Wmdhud¾.hla nj wm jgyd
.; hq;=h' fuu Wmdhud¾.fha ;uka
jeo.;a ixis o a ê ia : dkhla jka f ka
by; j¾.S l rK" neyer ls Í u"
fu,a, lsÍu zoekqu iy n,h'Z iu`.
;Èka ne£ ;sîuhs' wm fuys§ oekqu
hkq f jka woyia lrka f ka hïls i s
úIhla .ek ^ridhk úoHdj" .‚;h"
Ñ;%& ìys lr .kakd úhqla; oekqu
fkdfõ' fuys§ oekqu hkq iudch
md,kh lrk jHqyhka .ek W;amdo
lr.ka k d oekq u hs ' WodyrKhla
f,i ffjoHjrfhla ;u oekq u
yryd frda.shdj ksYaYío lrjhs'
túg tu oekq u úIhla ms < s n |
oekqula fkdj ñksiqka fu,a, lsÍu
ms < s n | oekq u ls ' tA wkq j zoekq u Z
hkq n, jHqyhka úiska ks¾udKh
lrk" iudch u; wdfrdamKh lrk
n,fhau m%ldYkhls' fuu oekqu$
n,h flfkl= lrd tkafka NdIdj
yrydh' *qfldag wkqj NdIdj hkq
jpk fkdfõ' jpkj,g tyd hk
fohla NdIdj i;= h ' tkï jpk
hkq n,fha m%ldYkhla hkakh' wm
jdia ; úl f,da l h .ek is ; ka f ka "
l;d lrka f ka " úia ; r lrka f ka "
n,fha NdIdfjks' tu NdIdjg *qflda
lshkafka l;sldj lshdh'

missing 4
iuìu

2016 iema;eïn¾

tA wkqj ukqIHhkag øjHd;aul lsÍug ke;fyd;a
jia;=lrKh lsÍug n,h yd lsÜgqfjka ne÷Kq
ixjdo NdIdjla wjYHh' .eg¨j jkafka fuu
ixjdo NdIdj l;d l< yelafla ldgo hkakh'
WodyrKhla f,i zWka u dohZ hka k i,luq '
b;sydih ;=< Wkaudoh hkq ;¾l {dkh fyda
isysh hkafka úreoaOdNdihhs' fï ksidu Wkaudoh
hk ixl,amhg ffjoH úoHd;aul w¾:hla fyda
idhksl w¾:hla mej;sh yels uq;a jvd jeo.;a
jkafka tu zw¾:hZ fkdfõ' zWkaudohZ hk woyi
iudchg jeo.;a jkafka iudcfha tla fldgila
neyer lsÍfï fldkafoaih
s la f,iskh
a ' fï w¾:fhka
.;a úg Wkaudoh kï ixl,amh iu`. noaO ù we;s
iudc Ndú;djka fudkjdo@ tAjd kï Wkau;a;lhka
iudcfhka fjka lsÍu" tA i|yd úfYaI frday,a we;s
lsÍu" fy<d oelSu" Wkaudoh jHikhla yeáhg
oelSu hkdÈhhs' fïjd ms<sn|j ,sùu *qfldag wkqj
w¨;a b;sydihls'

50

iuìu 2016 iema;eïn¾

B<Õg zfu,a, lsÍu iy o`vqjï lsÍuZ ^Discipline
and Punish& yryd *qflda fhdackd lrkafka 18 jk
iy 19 jk ishjiaj, hqfrdamfha isrf.j,aj,
fm<m;a úoHdjhs' Tyqf.a b;sydih ms<sn| ú.%yh
b;sydifõÈfhl=f.ka yd wmrdOfõÈfhl=f.ka
imqrd fjkiah' Tyq by; lD;sh yryd W;aidy
lrkafka isrf.or hkq ñksik
q a mqkre;a:dmkh lrk
;eklau fkdj th ñksiqka fu,a, lrk" ìh joaok"
fldgq lrk" T;a;= fidhk iy iudchg wNsu;
fkdjQjka fldgq lrk ia:dkhla f,i úoHdudk
lsÍugh' idïm%odhsl udlaiajdohg wkqj .;a l,
isrf.hla hkq yqÿ rdcH wdh;khla iy u¾ok
WmlrKhla mu‚' kuq;a *qfldag wkqj isrf.j,a
hkq hq frda mfha m% nq oa O jHdmD;s fha u fldgils '
m%no
q O
a jd§ Ñka;kh tl w;lska udkj whs;j
s dislï
.ek o¾Ykhla bÈßm;a lrñka wfkla w;g
iudch fu,a, lsÍfï iy md,kh lsÍfï ixjdo
NdIdjl=;a ksmoùuhs'

missing 5
iuìu

2016 iema;eïn¾

wOHdmkfha
mrudêm;Hhg
úfYaI j¾.fha mqoa.,hka
ueÈy;a ùu

fj<|fmd< i;H iudc Ôú;fha i;Hh njg
mßj¾;kh jk úg tys w;=re M,hla f,i uyckhdf.a
mrudêm;H n,h Ldokh fjhs' whjefhka wOHdmkhg
fyda fi!LHhg fjka úh hq;= msßjeh úYajúoHd,
nqoaêu;=ka úiska" uyckhd fjkqfjka ;Skaÿ lsÍug
W;aidy oeÍu tl w;lska wfoaYmd,kh rc lsÍuls'
wfkla miska th ck;dj iy Tjqkaf.a foaYmd,k
ksfhdað;hkaf.a mrudêm;Hg w; fmúuls' ñfp,a
*qflda fuu ;;ajh y÷kd .kafka Ôj foaYmd,kh
f,is k s ' Ôj foa Y md,kh b,la l lrka f ka ^úNd.
l%uhlao we;=<;aj Z-Score hkq ,dxlsl wOHdmkfha Ôj
foaYmd,kh úoyd olajk ixfla;hhs& wOHdmkfha fyda
fi!LHfha fyda .=Kd;aul nj fkdj úYd, ck.yKhka
mßmd,kh lrkafka flfiao hkakh' Ôj foaYmd,kfha
n,h nysIalrKh ùu hkq Z-Score jk úg tys n,h
wNHka;ßlrKh ùu hkq fou<d" uqi,audkqjd ck
i;=frl= f,i w¾:l:kh lsÍuhs' Ôj foaYmd,kfha§
^foaYmd,kh md¾,sfïka;=fjka úfYaI l=i,;d iys;
nqoaê Ôùkag udre ùu& isÿ jkafka iudc m%Yakj,

.=Kd;aul ;;ajh j¾Okh ùula fkdfõ' tA fjkqjg
iudc m%Yakh ck.yKh md,kh lsÍfï l%ufõohla
^úNd. l%uh& njg iSre udreùula muKla isÿ fjhs'
Ôj foaYmd,kh l%u l%ufhka n,j;a jk úg
tjeks iudchl wdKavqjl fya;= - M, iïnkaOh lvd
jeà t;kg isú,a wjldYhla wdfoaY fjhs' oekg
mj;sk m%;sm;a;s iïmdok n,h túg uyck;djf.a
mrudêm;H n,h iu;slu
% Kh lrñka l=i,;d mokñka
fiajh lrk ks,OdÍ mokula olajd W!kkh fjhs' fuu
W!kkh iu`.u rdcHh fj<|fmd< u.ska iqmßlaIdldÍ
jk w;r rdcH u.ska fj<|fmd< iqmßlaIdldÍ ùfï
hdka;%Khka ì| jefghs' wOHdmkh jeks lafIa;%hla
Ôj foaYmd,khg hg jQ miq isÿ jkafka ;r.ldÍ
iudc mßirhg Tfrd;a;= fok mqoa.,fhl= ìysùu
mu‚' fuys§ mqrjeishka ish¨ fokdg jHdmdßlhka
ùug n, flfrhs' .=rejrekaf.a isg ffjoHjrhd olajd
ish¨ fokd ;u oekqu - n,h fhdod .kafka .=Kd;aul
b,lalhla imqrd .ekSug fkdj m%d.aOkh /ia lsÍugh'

Wiia m%d.aOkh iy
foaYmd,k
ksjerÈNdjh
is,slka ksïkfha mÈxÑ jHdmdr kdhlhka fofofkl= jk Facebook CEO ud¾la il¾n¾.a
iy Apple CEO áï l=la hk uy;ajreka fofokd W;=re lefrd,skdfõ wdKavqldrjrhd ,nd ÿka
wkque;shlg úfrdaOh mEfõh' Tyq w;aika l< kS;shg wkqj msßñka iy .eyekqka f,i fmdÿ
wjldY ;=< fNao fldg we;s jeisls<sj,g ^foaYmd,ksl ksjerÈ jpkh - Wash Room& ixl%dka;s
,sx.slhkag ^fuu.ska woyia jkafka lD;suj ;u ,sx.h ixialrKh lsÍuhs& we;=¿ùu ;ykïh'
Ökfha mj;sk Apple iud.fï l¾udka; Yd,dj, jy¨ka fuka oji mqrd jev lrk Foxconn
fiajlhka .ek áï l=la l;d lrkafka ke;' fï fya;=j ksid ks¾m%N+" wjjrm%idÈ; Y%uh
ksfhdackh lrkakg cd;sl;ajh iu`. ne£ug n, flfrhs' Tjqkaj md,kh jkafka iuQy jYfhka
Ôj foaYmd,kh yrydh' m%;súreoaO jYfhka ,snr,a ueo mka;sl ia;%shlg ;ukaf.a f,iaìhka
wkkH;djh Ôjk ú,dis;djla f,i ie,lsh yelsh' ;;ajh fufia kï iuld,Sk hq.fha nqoê
a uf;l=
hkq fmdÿ jeisls<shla bÈßmsg fufia m%Yakhla ;ukaf.kau wikafklao@ zuu msßñfhlao@Z mka;s
wr.,fha iuld,Sk wdlD;sh fuu ,sx.sl wkkH;d .eg¨jo@
cdhdrEm -twicopy.org, martinellitranslations.com.br, chicagotribune.com,
blastmagazine.com
ßks
iuìu pinterest.com,
2016 iema
;eïn¾ weiq51