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missing

fYaI
w;sflh

iuu

2016 iema;en

j n,h
iy

nqoa ka

iuu 2016 iema;en

47

missing 2
iuu

2016 iema;en

yekau

Facebook iy ;j;a iudc cd, fj wv ksid


.%diaf.a nqoau;=ka ms<sn| m%jdoh w;ska iQ;%.;
l< yel' zis h ks i q k a nq o a u;= k a h 'Z uka o h;a
Facebook jeks fj wv ksid iEu fokdgu nqoauh
ldhNdhhla Wreu we;' fuu kj ;;ajh ksid
ys we;s reoaOdNdih jkafka iudcfha ish
fokdg nqoauh ldhhla ys u ksid znqoahZ k
ixl,amhg isjk ohf,la;sl mhdihhs' iudc
cd, fj wv we;=<; kskdlj mjd fmkS ish
yels ksid nqoauh l%shdld;ajfhka ksoyia th
wd;auuQ,sl m%mxphla njg mj;kh fjhs' ka
fndas,dia lSjdla fuka fujeks fj wv ;=<
ziudchZ hkak m%nkaO udkhg .uka lrhs' m%nkaO
iudchlg iufmal
% I
a Kh lrkq i wka ldhhla
b;sj ke;'

nqoau;=ka ms<sn| w.kd jrKhla lrK b;d,s


cd;s l udla i a j dhl= jk wka f ;da k s f hda .% d ia
nqoau;d k ixl,amh fuf,i jrKh lrhs' Tyqg
wkqj ish ksiqka jkdys nqoau;=kah' fuhska Tyq
woyia lrkafka yeu ksfil=gu hlsis f,dal
oelaula we;s w;r Tjqka ;ukaf.au nqoauh
wdf.hkag wkqj lghq;= lrk njhs'
.% d ia g wkq j nq o a u;= k a " nq o a u;= k a
fkdjk hk fnf iudcuh w:hla we;'
tu w:h ;yjqre jkafka iudcfhka nqoauh
ldhhla nqoau;=kag kshu we;ao hk lreK
u;hs' B<g nqoau;=kag lKavdh f,i fyda
yqol,d mqoa.,hka f,i .;a g Tjqkag iudc
mka;shla ;sfo hkak .%diaf.a B<
.egjhs ' Tyq g wkq j nq o a u;= k a k
iudc lKavdhug mka;shla ke;' kuq;a
Odldr nqoauh msia Odldr mka;s
wm f j;ajk iuld,Sk foaYmd,k lekajih u; ;h
mokj,ska ysjkafkah' tu ksid wmg
fyda
jk ,dis;d .ek l;d fkdlr foaYmd,kh .ek l;d
nqo
a u;=ka k iudc lKavdhu .ek l;d
l<
fkdyel'
j foaYmd,kh ke;fyd;a Bio politics hkq n,
l< yelafla O mka;sj,g wh;a msia
;%sfldaKfha uqyqK; is rc;=ud >d;kh lr t;ekg wdfoaY jQ
jYfhka mu'
ck;djf.a mrudm;H n,h (sovereignty) jv jvd fj<|fmdf<a
wka ; cd,h ,dN fia j d ,ndfok
i;Hh iska iSud lrka t;ekg fYaI olaI;d iys; nqoauh
;;ajhla ;=< wm .%diaf.a nqoau;=ka
fYa%hla wdfoaY Tjqka u.ska iudch md,kh uhs'
ms<sn| m%jdoh iu;sl%uKh l< hq;=h'

j n,h fyda j foaYmd,kh

missing 3
iuu

2016 iema;en

wOHdmkh
j foaYmd,khla
f,i
j foaYmd,kh hkq uyckhdf.a
mrudm;Hh iSud lsj,g
hg;a lsug miqj ksmofjk
w;=re M,hls' tys md,k ;ka;%h
hkakg jvd fj<|fmd<g uq,a ;ek
ys fjhs ' j foa Y md,kh k
woyfia mshd fp,a *qflda k m%xY
odYkslhdh' udlaij
a dohg iudka;r
f,i wdm;Hhg (Domination)
wdfoaYlhla f,i zn,hZ ^power& hk
ixl,amh ykajd ka mqfrda.dhd
f,i Tyq j ie,flhs ' n,h k
ixl,a m fha uQ , s l woyi jka f ka
kQ ; k iudchka md,kh jka f ka
n,y;a l drfhka fkdj leue;a ;
^Pkaoh" m%cd;ka;%jdoh& u; mok
h hk woyihs' fuh idm%odhsl
udlaiajdofha tk mka;s wdm;Hh
hk woyi pdrh lrhs' f
fya;=j ksid *qfldaj ykd .kafka
m% ; s u dla i a j dfhl= f,ih' zn,hZ
hkq iajleue;af;ka inkaO;dj,g
t<fUk ks i q k a w;r we;s f jk
wm.ukhls' zn,hZ ksfYaOkd;aul
fkdf' th Okd;aulh'
fp,a *qfldaf.a oYkfha we;s
uQ,sl flakaSh .egj l=ulao@ tA
i|yd fndfyda fofkl= fok ms<s;=r
zn,hZ ^power& k ixl,amh jkq
we;' kuq ; a Bg mria m rj *q f lda
iska tA i|yd fok ms<s;=r fuf,i

idrdxY.; l< yel' zwe;a ; gu


uf.a wruqK jQfha wfma iudch ;=<
ukq I Hhka wd;a u .; lrk O
l%shdoduhkaf.a b;sydih ,suhs'Z
*qflda by; woyia lrk ixlSK
woyia wmg fuf,i ir,u;s l j
meye,s l< yel' b;sydih k
uyd iuqh ;=< olakg ,efnkafka
ukqIHhka iska th ksudKh l<d
hkak muKla fkdf' b;sydih ;=<
b;s y dih is k a Tjq k a j wd;a u hka
^Subject& yehgo ^hg;a j Q j ka &
ksudKh lrhs' b;sydi l%shdj,sh
;=< ksiqka wd;auhka ug wu;rj
;j;a l%shdj,shla o is fjhs' th
k is;k m;k ksiqkaj jia;=ka"
jH" WmlrK" wka ; hka f,i
o b;s y dih ;= < i,ld nef,hs '
frda.Ska" wmrdOlrejka" mqrjeishka"
Wkau;a;lhka hkdka f,i
jia ; = l rKh jk b;s y dihla o
ksidg we;' fuu jia;=lrKh ;=<
ksiqkaj i,ld nef,ka fka is ; k
m;k wh yehg fkdj wdKavq ugq
l< hq;= wh yehgh' f l%uhg
wkqj ksiqkaj m%fNaolrKhg ,la
fjhs' g wkqj iudchg wjYH wh
iy bka neyer l< hq;= wh jYfhka
ldKav .; flfrhs'
is;k - m;k ukqIHhkaj jH
f,i fyda jia;+ka ^Objects& f,i
ie,lSu b;sydih ms<sn| m%Yakhla
f,i *qflda mjikafka ukao@ t;k
zn,hZ hkak kHdh.; lsu jgyd
.ekSu ;SrKd;aulh' *qfldag wkqj
n,h hkq ks i q k a wdKa v q ugq
lsug wod< oekqu ixjdo NdIdj
;= < s k a fidhd .ekS u hs ' n,h iy

wdm;H iudc foayh ;=< mj;skafka


rdcH" yuq o dj" wlrKh" mdi,a
wd wfma weia j ,g fmfkk iy
wdh;ksl jYfhka m%ldYhg m;a jk
udOHhkaf.ka muKla fkdf'
ukqIHhka m%fNaohkag ,la lsu
^fyd| - krl" wdrlaIs; - Nhdkl"
Wu;= - inqoal" frda.S -ksfrda.S&
j.S l rKh ls u" neyer ls u"
n,fha Wmdhud.hla nj wm jgyd
.; hq;=h' fuu Wmdhud.fha ;uka
jeo.;a ixis o a ia : dkhla jka f ka
by; j.S l rK" neyer ls u"
fu,a, lsu zoekqu iy n,h'Z iu`.
;ka ne ;suhs' wm fuys oekqu
hkq f jka woyia lrka f ka hls i s
Ihla .ek ^ridhk oHdj" .;h"
;%& ys lr .kakd hqla; oekqu
fkdf' fuys oekqu hkq iudch
md,kh lrk jHqyhka .ek W;amdo
lr.ka k d oekq u hs ' WodyrKhla
f,i ffjoHjrfhla ;u oekq u
yryd frda.shdj ksYaYo lrjhs'
tg tu oekq u Ihla ms < s n |
oekqula fkdj ksiqka fu,a, lsu
ms < s n | oekq u ls ' tA wkq j zoekq u Z
hkq n, jHqyhka iska ksudKh
lrk" iudch u; wdfrdamKh lrk
n,fhau m%ldYkhls' fuu oekqu$
n,h flfkl= lrd tkafka NdIdj
yrydh' *qfldag wkqj NdIdj hkq
jpk fkdf' jpkj,g tyd hk
fohla NdIdj i;= h ' tk jpk
hkq n,fha m%ldYkhla hkakh' wm
jdia ; l f,da l h .ek is ; ka f ka "
l;d lrka f ka " ia ; r lrka f ka "
n,fha NdIdfjks' tu NdIdjg *qflda
lshkafka l;sldj lshdh'

missing 4
iuu

2016 iema;en

tA wkqj ukqIHhkag jHd;aul lsug ke;fyd;a


jia;=lrKh lsug n,h yd lsgqfjka neKq
ixjdo NdIdjla wjYHh' .egj jkafka fuu
ixjdo NdIdj l;d l< yelafla ldgo hkakh'
WodyrKhla f,i zWka u dohZ hka k i,luq '
b;sydih ;=< Wkaudoh hkq ;l {dkh fyda
isysh hkafka reoaOdNdihhs' f ksidu Wkaudoh
hk ixl,amhg ffjoH oHd;aul w:hla fyda
idhksl w:hla mej;sh yels uq;a jvd jeo.;a
jkafka tu zw:hZ fkdf' zWkaudohZ hk woyi
iudchg jeo.;a jkafka iudcfha tla fldgila
neyer lsf fldkafoaih
s la f,iskh
a ' f w:fhka
.;a g Wkaudoh k ixl,amh iu`. noaO we;s
iudc Nd;djka fudkjdo@ tAjd k Wkau;a;lhka
iudcfhka fjka lsu" tA i|yd fYaI frday,a we;s
lsu" fy<d oelSu" Wkaudoh jHikhla yehg
oelSu hkdhhs' fjd ms<sn|j ,su *qfldag wkqj
w;a b;sydihls'

50

iuu 2016 iema;en

B<g zfu,a, lsu iy o`vqj lsuZ ^Discipline


and Punish& yryd *qflda fhdackd lrkafka 18 jk
iy 19 jk ishjiaj, hqfrdamfha isrf.j,aj,
fm<m;a oHdjhs' Tyqf.a b;sydih ms<sn| .%yh
b;sydiffhl=f.ka yd wmrdOffhl=f.ka
imqrd fjkiah' Tyq by; lD;sh yryd W;aidy
lrkafka isrf.or hkq ksik
q a mqkre;a:dmkh lrk
;eklau fkdj th ksiqka fu,a, lrk" h joaok"
fldgq lrk" T;a;= fidhk iy iudchg wNsu;
fkdjQjka fldgq lrk ia:dkhla f,i oHdudk
lsugh' idm%odhsl udlaiajdohg wkqj .;a l,
isrf.hla hkq yq rdcH wdh;khla iy uok
WmlrKhla mu' kuq;a *qfldag wkqj isrf.j,a
hkq hq frda mfha m% nq oa O jHdmD;s fha u fldgils '
m%no
q O
a jd ka;kh tl w;lska udkj whs;j
s disl
.ek oYkhla bm;a lrka wfkla w;g
iudch fu,a, lsf iy md,kh lsf ixjdo
NdIdjl=;a ksmouhs'

missing 5
iuu

2016 iema;en

wOHdmkfha
mrudm;Hhg
fYaI j.fha mqoa.,hka
uey;a u

fj<|fmd< i;H iudc ;fha i;Hh njg


mj;kh jk g tys w;=re M,hla f,i uyckhdf.a
mrudm;H n,h Ldokh fjhs' whjefhka wOHdmkhg
fyda fi!LHhg fjka h hq;= msjeh YajoHd,
nqoau;=ka iska" uyckhd fjkqfjka ;Ska lsug
W;aidy oeu tl w;lska wfoaYmd,kh rc lsuls'
wfkla miska th ck;dj iy Tjqkaf.a foaYmd,k
ksfhda;hkaf.a mrudm;Hg w; fmuls' fp,a
*qflda fuu ;;ajh ykd .kafka j foaYmd,kh
f,is k s ' j foa Y md,kh b,la l lrka f ka ^Nd.
l%uhlao we;=<;aj Z-Score hkq ,dxlsl wOHdmkfha j
foaYmd,kh oyd olajk ixfla;hhs& wOHdmkfha fyda
fi!LHfha fyda .=Kd;aul nj fkdj Yd, ck.yKhka
mmd,kh lrkafka flfiao hkakh' j foaYmd,kfha
n,h nysIalrKh u hkq Z-Score jk g tys n,h
wNHka;lrKh u hkq fou<d" uqi,audkqjd ck
i;=frl= f,i w:l:kh lsuhs' j foaYmd,kfha
^foaYmd,kh md,sfka;=fjka fYaI l=i,;d iys;
nqoa kag udre u& is jkafka iudc m%Yakj,

.=Kd;aul ;;ajh jOkh ula fkdf' tA fjkqjg


iudc m%Yakh ck.yKh md,kh lsf l%ufohla
^Nd. l%uh& njg iSre udreula muKla is fjhs'
j foaYmd,kh l%u l%ufhka n,j;a jk g
tjeks iudchl wdKavqjl fya;= - M, inkaOh lvd
je t;kg is,a wjldYhla wdfoaY fjhs' oekg
mj;sk m%;sm;a;s imdok n,h tg uyck;djf.a
mrudm;H n,h iu;slu
% Kh lrka l=i,;d mokka
fiajh lrk ks,Od mokula olajd W!kkh fjhs' fuu
W!kkh iu`.u rdcHh fj<|fmd< u.ska iqmlaIdld
jk w;r rdcH u.ska fj<|fmd< iqmlaIdld f
hdka;%Khka | jefghs' wOHdmkh jeks lafIa;%hla
j foaYmd,khg hg jQ miq is jkafka ;r.ld
iudc mirhg Tfrd;a;= fok mqoa.,fhl= ysu
mu' fuys mqrjeishka ish fokdg jHdmdlhka
ug n, flfrhs' .=rejrekaf.a isg ffjoHjrhd olajd
ish fokd ;u oekqu - n,h fhdod .kafka .=Kd;aul
b,lalhla imqrd .ekSug fkdj m%d.aOkh /ia lsugh'

Wiia m%d.aOkh iy
foaYmd,k
ksjerNdjh
is,slka kskfha mx jHdmdr kdhlhka fofofkl= jk Facebook CEO udla iln.a
iy Apple CEO l=la hk uy;ajreka fofokd W;=re lefrd,skdf wdKavqldrjrhd ,nd ka
wkque;shlg frdaOh mEfh' Tyq w;aika l< kS;shg wkqj mska iy .eyekqka f,i fmd
wjldY ;=< fNao fldg we;s jeisls<sj,g ^foaYmd,ksl ksjer jpkh - Wash Room& ixl%dka;s
,sx.slhkag ^fuu.ska woyia jkafka lD;suj ;u ,sx.h ixialrKh lsuhs& we;=u ;ykh'
kfha mj;sk Apple iud.f ludka; Yd,dj, jyka fuka oji mqrd jev lrk Foxconn
fiajlhka .ek l=la l;d lrkafka ke;' f fya;=j ksid ksm%N+" wjjrm%id; Y%uh
ksfhdackh lrkakg cd;sl;ajh iu`. neug n, flfrhs' Tjqkaj md,kh jkafka iuQy jYfhka
j foaYmd,kh yrydh' m%;sreoaO jYfhka ,snr,a ueo mka;sl ia;%shlg ;ukaf.a f,iahka
wkkH;djh jk ,dis;djla f,i ie,lsh yelsh' ;;ajh fufia k iuld,Sk hq.fha nqo
a uf;l=
hkq fmd jeisls<shla bmsg fufia m%Yakhla ;ukaf.kau wikafklao@ zuu msfhlao@Z mka;s
wr.,fha iuld,Sk wdlD;sh fuu ,sx.sl wkkH;d .egjo@
cdhdrEm -twicopy.org, martinellitranslations.com.br, chicagotribune.com,
blastmagazine.com
ks
iuu pinterest.com,
2016 iema
;en weiq51