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Modelling & Simulation

Applicability for a
Cost Effective Operational Capability

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Agenda
1.
2.

Context in PT Armed Forces


Practical Examples of Simulation as a mean
to increase Operational Readiness
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

3.

Warship Environment Simulator


Tactical Simulator
Oversee
Battlefield Management System
Instructor Operator System

Way Forward

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PT Armed Forces Reality

Na definio da forma como desejamos utilizar os

recursos, importa considerar as nossas principais

INVESTMENT PROFILE FOR


PTARMED FORCES

vulnerabilidades: os desequilbrios econmicofinanceiros e os nveis de competitividade da economia;


o envelhecimento da populao; a dependncia

2011

energtica e alimentar; as insuficincias do sistema de

2012

justia e os constrangimentos de ordenamento do

2013

territrio.

2014

O potencial estratgico nacional ser sempre funo

2015

dos recursos que a Nao pode disponibilizar. Porm, o

2016

seu valor real resulta, sobretudo, da forma racional e


inteligente como esses recursos forem utilizados na
edificao de uma capacidade nacional de atuao
efetiva e, principalmente, da vontade coletiva que
nos anima como portugueses de querer continuar a

2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022

construir um futuro comum.


In Conceito Estratgico de Defesa Nacional

Based inthe values presented inLeideProgramaoMilitar


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Contribution to International Missions


NATO ISAF
ONU UNIFIL
NATO OCEAN SHIELD
EU EUNAVFOR ATALANTA
NATO SNMG1
NATO AOE
EU EUTM SOMALIA
NATO KFOR
ONU UNAMA
EU FRONTEX
EUTM MALI
ONU MINUSUMA
NATO BALTICS AIR POLICING
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http://www.emgfa.pt/pt/operacoes/missoes
4

Practical Examples of
Simulation as a mean to
increase Operational
Readiness

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Warship Environment Simulator (WES)


CombatScenariosManagement

WES

WeaponAssignment
Management

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SpecificEquipmentandShip
EnvironmentSimulation

WES Main Functions

Simulation of raw Radar data


Simulation of processed Radar data tracks
Simulation of Sonar processed data tracks
Simulation of Electronic Warfare data tracks
Simulation of Tactical Data Link connection
Simulation of Weapon control
Simulation of Helicopter approach

CMS

Simulation of supporting systems:


Navigation platforms
GPS
Implementation of Weapon Assignment rules

Simulator

Management of Combat Scenarios


Dynamic management of Training session by
instructors

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Integration with other Units

OperationalUnits

Ships

TrainingUnits

WES

CommunicationLink

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Navigation
Simulator

Tactical
Simulator

HLA

WES Operation at Portuguese Navy CITAN


Instructor
Console

ProcessingUnit

RadarSimulation

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Combat Team Operational Readiness

Capability to assess trainee knowledge in specific situations


Provide specific training in singular weapon control
Reduce usage of real systems already at end-of-life
Combat Team operational readiness for real situations
Reduce total cost of operational readiness

Direct Advantages forPoN:


Morethan 5courses performed
peryear (morethan 100trainees)
Flexibility toperform the courses
Nodegration of the onboard
combat capabilities
Noneed forfuelconsuption inon
board generators
Between 30%to50%savings
when compared with on ship
training

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http://www.passarodeferro.com/2011/07/nrpbartolomeudiasnrpd.html
10

Tactical Simulator
ReductionofRealPlatformsuseinTacticalTraining

Different
TacticalScenarios

DifferentNaval
UnitsInvolved

PrepareLeadersforComplexRealNavalOperations
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11

Tactical Simulator Functions

Ships simulation
Tactical scenarios simulation
Simulation of tactical data
Abstraction of sources of
information
Training of Tactical Procedures
Planning effective
countermeasures
Variable number of units and
trainees
Enable Leaders to take Strong
Decisions
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12

Tactical Simulator Instalation

Partnership with Rheinmetall Defence


Portuguese Navy Centro Integrado de Treino e Avaliao Naval
Specific functions development
Support instalation procedures
Interconnect with other simulators
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13

Leaders for Real Naval Operations


Support PT Navy preparing its leaders for complex naval scenarios
Prepare leaders for decision-making under stress situations
Reduce the need for real exercise at sea
Increase the number of graduates and non-graduates with tactical training
Reduce total cost of operational readiness
Direct Advantages forPoN:

1520People percourse
Several command centres
simulated simultaneously
Noneed forfuelconsuption in
onboard generators
Less maintenance problems in
onboard systems
Between 40%to70%savings
when compared with on ship
training
http://www.passarodeferro.com/2011/07/nrpbartolomeudiasnrpd.html

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14

Oversee Integrated Maritime Picture

Suport for SAR operations


End-to-end incident lifecycle
management
Information correlation and fusion
Data quality assurance
Early warning
Time navigation
Drift Calculations and Search
areas Determination

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15

Oversee Operator Training

Scenario Analysis
Ability to analyse diferent incident scenarios
Prediction of drifts based on currents and wind
Simulations of incident evolution with time
Training operator decision process and
communication with the field operations

Direct Advantages:
Reduction of the SARarea
Less operational units inthe field
Faster and better grounded
decisions
Between 10%to30%savings
when compared with traditional
operations management

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EXRCITO

Battlefield Management System - BMS

Command and Control system for low level combat units


Enable communications beyond LOS
Each BMS unit (e.g. vehicle) will contribute to make use of a Common
Operational Picture and at the same time contribute for the overall COP
Network Centric Operations concept
Battlefield IFF support

Tactical Command and


Control System

Battlefield scenario simulation

Dualusealso in
emergency services with
Emergency MobileMesh
concept

Integration and
Synchronization

BMS 1st
Commander

BMS 2nd
Commander

BMS
BMS

Battlefield
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Cognitive Ad-hoc Network

BMS
17

EXRCITO

Common Operational Picture

Field Work
in Combat
Vehicles

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18

EXRCITO

Next Steps in Battlefield Simulator


Mission simulator

Terrain Models
(DTED/DEM)

Weather Models

SICCE
Simulator (Sistema de
Informao para o Comando e
Controlo do Exrcito)

IOS
Instructor
Operational
Station

BMS Simulation Environment

BMS Database

BMS Database

BMS Database

BMS Database

BMS Training
Stations

BMS Training
Stations

BMS Training
Stations

BMS Training
Stations

Instructor
Operator

Operator

Operator

Operator

Novehicles aredeployed.Expected toreduce trainingcost by morethan 50%.


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AgustaWestland A109 Flight Training


Instructor Operator Station (IOS)
IOS allowed the training instructor to
control the complete simulation
Change of scenario in real time
Change of helicopter conditions in real
time for complex flight exercises
Flight exercise debriefed in real time
Capability to add more trainees as viewers

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Satellite Operational Simulators

BepiColombo Simulator
Operational Simulator for the BepiColombo
ESA/JAXA mission
Support on the construction of behabiour models
of the satellite in outer space

Swarm Simulator
Definition of the simulador architecture based on
ESA standards
Guarantee interconnections according with
reference frameworks
Vector Field Magnetometer behavior model

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Way Forward

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Way Forward with Portuguese Armed Forces

Explorar

experincia

recolhida

pela

participao das Foras Armadas em misses


no

exterior

para,

em

colaborao

Partnership with PortugueseNavy


http://www.overseesolutions.com/

entre

universidades, centros de investigao e a


indstria, desenvolver solues tecnolgicas
com interesse para o mercado global da defesa
e de duplo uso civil e militar.
In Conceito Estratgico de Defesa Nacional

Partnership with PortugueseArmy


http://www.criticalsoftware.com/pt/emm

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Portuguese Technology to Export

Some Portuguese Projects in


Defence:

MICE COTS
Warship Environment Simulator (WES)
Action Speed Tactical Trainer (ASTT)
BMS (Battlefield Management System)
Beyond Logistics
OVERSEE

Critical Software Defence Technology


abroad:

AgustaWestland A109 Instructor


Operating Station
AW Health & Usage Monitoring System
BAE Systems Astute Submarine CMS
AW 159 Wildcat Integrated Display Unit
Irish Coast Guard SAR Comand Centre
Rolls Royce Nuclear Submarine
Reactor Safety Assurance
Military Boeing KC-46A Tanker
EMBEDDED
flowmeter validation
SOFTWARE

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VERIFICATION
&VALIDATION

SIMULATION

EARTH
OBSERVATION

CYBERSECURITY

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Questions?

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Jorge Almeida
Principal Engineer
jorge.almeida@criticalsoftware.com
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