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Executive Summary

Public Hearing: Wednesday, 12 February 2014, Gabaldon Bldg., Canaman Central School
Technical Working Group containing representatives of
Municipal Engineering
Agricultural, Environment and Natural Resources Office,
Municipal Social Welfare & Development Office and
Municipal Budget Office.

What is the CLUP?

LGU Canaman is currently updating its Comprehensive
Land Use Plan (CLUP) to provide a responsive and up-todate plan for land use and development.
The CLUP outlines the challenges and opportunities
being experienced by the municipality for the period
2013-2023, and ways to respond to these.

There has been regular consultation and input from

other municipality offices, elected officials, external
stakeholders and the community. The barangay
consultations in June 2013 validated draft findings,
and provided new ideas to strengthen the CLUP.

Being a land use plan, the CLUP focuses on places, and

the geographical areas impacted by the various
challenges and opportunities.

What is the purpose of the Public Hearing?

representatives, and the general public are all invited
to attend the Public Hearing on Wednesday 12
February 2014 to provide comments about the CLUP
and the proposed changes to the Zoning Ordinance.
At the Public Hearing, you will hear the highlights of the
CLUP and proposed changes to the municipalitys
Zoning Ordinance, have an opportunity to ask
questions, and provide comments and feedback to
improve the documents before they are adopted.

The CLUP consists of three volumes the

Comprehensive Land Use Plan itself (Volume 1), the
Zoning Ordinance, which contains guidelines as to what
can be developed on any piece of land in the
municipality (Volume 2) and Sectoral Studies which
contain background data and investigations (Volume 3).

The Office of the Sangguniang Bayan Secretary will

gladly accept any comments, suggestions, or position
papers on the draft CLUP and Zoning Ordinance during
office hours until February 28, 2014.

How is the CLUP being developed?

What is included in the following pages?

A well researched and responsive CLUP is the product of

research, analysis and consultation over a long period of
time, bringing together statistical and other data with
consultations, surveys and field work.
The CLUP is being prepared by the Municipal Planning
and Development Office, working closely with a

New Vision/Mission for Canaman

Setting the Scene (challenges & opportunities)
Concept Plan
Proposed Land Use/Zoning Plan
Changes to the Zoning Ordinance
Projects to support CLUP implementation.


Updating the CLUP provided the opportunity to refine and adopt a new vision and mission for Canaman, based upon the
information gathered as part of the consultations with 24 barangays. The new vision and mission were adopted by
elected officials and department heads in September 2013 as follows:


On the basis of the research, investigations and

consultations undertaken as part of the CLUP
preparation, the following have been identified as
major challenges and opportunities for Canaman as we
think about the future. A more detailed profile of
Canaman is provided in the CLUP Volume 3 The
Sectoral Studies.

Shortage of PNP and BFP personnel and facilities

Limited recreation amenities
Lack of burial facilities (cemetery)
Malnutrition impacting an estimated 27% of
children under the age of 5
Limited LGU fund for financial assistance to indigent

Population, Housing and Development

Population concentrated in 9 urban barangays

Managing urban growth and spill-over from Naga
City in a well-planned manner
Strong and steady rate of population growth
1.69% per annum will see Canaman home to 40,274
people by 2023
Making best use of good infrastructure and short
distance to Naga City
Presence of settlers in danger zones
Estimated 42% of homes constructed from
light/makeshift materials

Environment and Hazards


Use of Bicol River for tourism and fisheries

Flood prone and low elevation, making the town
particularly vulnerable to floods and typhoons
Silted/clogged waterways
Limited implementation of Solid Waste
Management activities.
Agricultural sector impacted by erosion, soil
salinization, flooding and land degradation
Climate change is expected to bring warmer and
dryer dry season, and more rain in the wet season


Steady rates of agricultural production

Value-adding to the strong agricultural sector
Need to continue to promote integrated and
organic farming

Finding ways to share and take advantage of our

rich Bicol culture

Livelihood and Education

Home to major tertiary education institutions

Low household incomes and under employment
Low numbers and proportion of college graduates
Undeveloped tourism sector


Health, Safety and Wellbeing


Insufficient infrastructure support facilities such as

Farm to Market Roads, Irrigation, drainage canals,
bridges, and warehouses
Road projects need maintenance/completion
Lack of transport terminals
15 % of the total number of households have no
Insufficient and/or poor water supply and quality
Need Comprehensive Drainage Plan.










Ecological protection, along with sustainable

economic development, climate change
adaptation and disaster resilience are achieved
through careful management of our environment
and natural resources.

All taga-Canaman are self-sufficient and able to

achieve their desired quality of life through improved
livelihood opportunities, housing, education, health
and other support services

A strong and distinctly Canaman local

economy characterized by sustainable
agriculture, expanding industries and
businesses, creative use of nipa and abaniko
and growing tourism sector.

The provision of infrastructure is integrated

with all other areas of service delivery, so
that it brings multiple benefits to tagaCanaman.






To achieve effective solid waste management

in the interests of human health and
environmental quality.


Increased and diversified household incomes

through skills trainings, household/agri-based
livelihood, access to capital and marketing support.



Infrastructure provision is integrated

with long term planning, and itself is
planned, to ensure the benefits of
public investment are maximized.


To improve the quality of all waterways to

deliver better environmental (water quality,
biodiversity, erosion control), public health and
livelihood benefits.
To reduce the vulnerability of our people,
buildings and infrastructure to disasters
- mitigating known risks and hazards
- careful management of land use and the
- developing our capacity, especially the
communities, to plan, prevent, prepare
and respond to disasters.


To improve access to, and quality of all forms of

education from barangay day care right through to
college, towards the goal of one college graduate
per household.


To provide infrastructures whose

needs are well documented, such as
but not limited to:
- Public Cemetery
- Completion of Circumferential
Road and the Sua-Liaga-San
Roque connector
- Hanging bridge to Iquin
- Drainage along DPH Boulevard
- Transport terminal in the poblacion
- Water augmentation to rural
- Materials Recovery Facilities in all


To maintain infrastructures in a
planned, funded and co-ordinated



To develop the capacity of all sectors to adapt

to a changing climate, characterized by drier
dry seasons, wetter wet seasons, increased
flood hazard and rising sea levels.


Improved nutrition outcomes through joined-up

agriculture-social welfare-health programs.


Improved primary health outcomes through

enhanced curative and preventative services at
barangay and municipality levels.


Safe and secure housing for those living in informal

settlements, hazardous locations and/or in
makeshift housing.



Increased agricultural and commercial

investment through increasing access to
finance, along with necessary trainings on
financial management.


To increase the capacity of all tagaCanaman to generate income through

education, trainings and skill


To promote alternative livelihoods, such

as Bicol River tourism, local vegetable
production, and value-adding to native

Support well-planned urban development that

houses a growing population.


Infrastructure and service delivery that support

peace and order, recreation, Bicol culture and
quality of life.

To ensure the long term future of

agriculture and fisheries in Canaman
through demonstration of organic and
integrated farming approaches, targeted
infrastructure support and sound
environmental management.

To provide infrastructure that supports

economic activities.


A key thrust for the planning period is finding ways to
integrate livelihood projects with other development
activities. This is because livelihood projects have the
greatest potential to lift household incomes and bring
a range of benefits to a municipality. Achieving total
development requires the integration of various
municipality offices and other agencies, and working
with the entire household and not just the primary

The municipality has a role to ensure that urban growth

is well planned and the provision of infrastructure is coordinated. The preparation of urban development
plans for growth areas, as well as the purchase and
banking of land for public purposes are key strategies to
achieve well planned development.
An urgent priority is the establishment of a public
cemetery, as well as the expansion of the catholic
cemetery. Likewise, there is a need for a better
understanding of demand for parks, open space and
recreational facilities, and provide new facilities and
spaces in response.

Agriculture is and will continue to be the key driver of

the local economy and the source of livelihood for many
of the municipalitys residents. Farm incomes can be
increased by promoting integrated farming systems,
whereby traditional palay production is integrated with
other agricultural processes. Demonstration projects,
technical support and promotion of best practice (such
as organic farming systems) and provision of key
infrastructure and facilities (such as cages and tanks for
fisheries) are all ways of supporting the farming sector.

Well planned flood control and drainage works protect

homes and lives from catastrophic damage in times of
flood and therefore achieve disaster risk reduction and
basic safety goals, while bringing economic benefits
through improved productivity (e.g. waterlogged land)
and reduced costs of disaster recovery. It also
improves the quality of the local environment.

It is also important to support other parts of the

economy. There is an undersupply of commercial
developments in the municipality, and the Public
Market should be expanded with complementary
businesses that provide economic activity as well as
meeting the needs of Canamans constituents.

The overall, long term goal with respect to flood

management and drainage is the preparation of a
Comprehensive Drainage System Plan that considers
flood protection, drainage, existing and future
infrastructure, waterlogged land and topography
holistically. A short term priority is the de-silting of the
Canaman Creek and the main flood control structure to
protect homes while also improving drainage.

With respect to housing, there are still homes that are

constructed from make-shift materials, lack basic
sanitation provided by clean water and a sealed toilet.
Addressing these issues will improve the health,
wellbeing and livelihood of these households, while
also reducing their vulnerability in times of disaster.

Road projects closely follow drainage as priority

infrastructure projects because of the social and
economic benefits that usually follow road construction
and improvements. While the economic benefit of
farm to market roads in rural areas is generally well
known, these roads have the added benefit of
connecting rural residents with key services and
facilities located in the poblacion area and Naga City.
Finally, clean, reliable and affordable water supply is
essential for the health of households, as well as a
range of livelihood projects, and improvements are
needed in rural barangays not served by Metro Naga

The municipality is home to informal settlers living in

locations that are highly vulnerable to risk of natural
disasters in addition to lacking tenure security, living in
often unsanitary conditions and having limited access to
education, health and other social welfare services.
While resettlement and the establishment of socialized
housing projects is a long term goal, the municipality
should focus on its core role which is to identify and
purchase land for relocations and partner with the
National Housing Authority and NGOs.


The concept map displays the key direction

for Canaman on a map, providing a
summary of the CLUPs proposed response
to the challenges and opportunities for the
years ahead.
In summary, it shows vast tracts of land
being set aside for agricultural production
and development, as well as areas for urban
expansion and development close to
existing built up areas and Naga City, and
site for tourism development on the Bicol
River in line with other plans. A linear
growth is seen along the national road and
along the San Vicente-del Rosario Road. An
expansion of the commercial area in the
town center is likewise projected and a
satellite node of development is seen at the
junction of Barangay Fundado due to the
approved construction of skybridge that will
connect Canaman to Libmanan and the
possible increase in traffic of people, vehicle
and goods along the route.



The municipalitys Zoning Ordinance has been updated
based upon the investigations and recommendations in
the Sectoral Analysis, the Comprehensive Land use Plan
and the experience from the implementation of the
existing Zoning Ordinance.

Deferred Residential Overlay

The proposed Zoning Ordinance includes a Deferred
Residential overlay in Residential Zone Two. Land
within this mapped overlay area provides a long term
residential land supply but is not expected to be needed
for residential purposes by 2023.

For a more detailed reading, land owners are,

however, encouraged to view the draft Zoning
Ordinance on public exhibition at the Municipal Hall,
and direct any question to the Municipal Planning and
Development Office and/or at the February 12 Public

Land within this overlay will not be subdivided or

developed for residential purposes unless all other
parts of the zone have commenced development, and
adequate agreements are in place between the land
developer and the LGU to infrastructure and utilities.

Below is a summary of the major changes to the


Flood Hazard Overlay

The updated Zoning Ordinance proposes to include a
Flood Hazard Overlay, which covers land within that is
known to be at risk of inundation during Bicol River
floods, storm surges and other storm events.

New Structure of Zones

The updated Zoning Ordinance proposes to classify all
land in the municipality into the following Zones:

Residential Zone One

Residential Zone Two
Commercial Zone One
Commercial Zone Two
Agricultural Zone
Institutional Zone
Water Zone.

The Flood Hazard Area contains many existing

buildings, as well as un-developed land zoned for
residential and commercial development.
buildings will continue to be constructed in the Flood
Hazard Area, although all new development is
required to take measures to mitigate the flood hazard
risk. The regulation is flexible to recognize that there
are many different ways that flood risk can be
mitigated. That being said, it is important that some
efforts are taken to ensure we reduce the vulnerability
of people and property to a known flood hazard.

The classification is, generally, consistent with the

existing Zoning Ordinance and most of the existing land
use patterns. However, landowners should review the
draft Zoning Ordinance to understand the proposed
zoning regulation that applies to their land.

Subdivision Projects
The updated Zoning Ordinance proposes a number of
strategies to manage the approval processes for
subdivision projects. These include:

Greater Flexibility to Promote Innovation

The updated zoning ordinance has sought to provide

greater flexibility with respect to zoning regulations to
promote innovation and livelihood.

This has occurred, in the main, through the introduction

of Desired Character Statements for each zone, which
describes the intensity and performance of uses, and
the general characteristics that will be sought from
development.Importantly, these statements describe
under what conditions non-allowable uses may be
appropriate. For example, they explain under what
conditions internet shops, eateries and videoke bars
can/cannot be established in a Residential Zone.

Detail for subdivision design and layout in the

Desired Character Statement for Residential Zone
Creating a Municipal Subdivisions Technical
Committee to provide expert technical comments on
subdivision projects to assist approval processes
Detailing the approval processes, and information
required for applications for residential subdivisions,
in the Implementing Rules and Regulations.

Implementing Mechanisms
The updated Zoning Ordinance attempts to define more
the roles of the Local Zoning Board of Adjustments and
Appeals, the Zoning Officer and the Enforcement
Officer. Moreover, it also proposes an implementing
rules and regulations to provide guidance to the
previously mentioned officers regarding the operation
of the ordinance.


The CLUP is a ten year plan for the Municipal Government of Canaman. Volume 3 of the CLUP, the Sectoral Studies, contains recommendations and strategies to respond to identified needs for
every sector, as well as integrated sectoral analyses to identify the most pressing concerns. Many of these recommendations and strategies have informed the Land Use Plan and Land Use
Policies, and are implemented in full through Volume 2, the Zoning Ordinance, through the regulation of land use and development.
There are, however, a number of recommendations and strategies arising from the CLUP that cannot be implemented through the Zoning Ordinance and instead require direct action from the
municipality. Below is a summary of the high priority actions needed for Canaman to achieve its vision, mission, goals and objectives, and to support the achievement of the land use plan. More
detail on these projects, and their relationship to the overall Land Use Plan, is provided in CLUP Volume One.