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International Exposure


Norwegian School of Economics 100 days

Watched football match
Travelled 18 countries
Completing this exchange has impacted me in following ways.
The first is new lifelong friendships. These have been formed not only with
my wonderful host family but also with people from school, fellow
exchange students and my coordinator. I now feel comfortable
approaching strangers and find it easy to form new friendships. I am no
longer as anxious or shy about meeting new people. The building of my
interpersonal skills will help me greatly in the future as I feel like I can now
communicate easily with anyone.
6. The second is my career goals. This experience has allowed me to
find myself and think deeply about what I hope to achieve in the
future. This exchange has given me the time to decide exactly
who and what I want to be. Travelling has given me a sense of
wanderlust-I feel as if I need to be in a career that allows me to
work anywhere in the world. [MODIFY]
7. The third is personal growth. Having the opportunity to travel overseas
has given me greater awareness of my own national identity. It has also
allowed me to widen my perspective and become self-sufficient. I am
now always thinking about things from a broader point of view. My world
has been expanded significantly and with it I have expanded as a person. I
am much more self-aware and already feel more confident and
independent than when India.
8. Development Economics: Amartya sen,
9. Strategic Analysis
Subsidising MFI in India
a. First off, it is not clear that there is a market failure to
b. Second, subsidies for microfinance suffer the same shortcomings as
other industrial subsidies.
c. Third, these subsidies may stifle competition that would improve
financial services for the poor.
d. Fourth, increased access to credit may not significantly improve
productivity in the absence of complementary inputs.
e. Fifth, there is an opportunity cost to these subsidies.
f. Sixth, subsidies for microfinance is no more "bottom up" or less
interventionist than many other government and donor policies

Hybrid Search Engines

A hybrid search engine (HSE) is a type of computer search engine that uses
different types of data with or without ontologies to produce the algorithmically
generated results based on web crawling.
A Web crawler is an Internet bot which systematically browses the World Wide
Web, typically for the purpose of Web indexing.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application
for retrieving, presenting, and traversing information resources on the World
Wide Web.

In computing, a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) is a string of characters

used to identify the name of a resource.
The World Wide Web (WWW) is an open source information space where
documents and other web resources are identified by URLs, interlinked by
hypertext links, and can be accessed via the Internet.
A web search engine is a software system that is designed to search for
information on the World Wide Web. The search results are generally presented
in a line of results often referred to as search engine results pages (SERPs). They
maintain real time information by running an algorithm.
1. Crawlers, or spiders, are the most common type of search engine.
Crawlers are user friendly and produce a large number of results. These
can be manipulated with search engine optimization, a ranking system
used to organize search results. Filtering through the huge number of
search results can be difficult for inexperienced users looking for specific
information. Examples of crawlers are Google and Bing.
2. Meta engines search multiple search engines at the same time to get a
composite list, and includes engines like Dogpile.
3. Directories are run by humans instead of bots and programs. Human
editors review each page or item submitted to be included to ensure that
the results are relevant and high quality. Examples of directories include
Open Directory Project and Look Smart.
4. Hybrids are a combination of crawlers and directories that either give you
a choice between the two result groups or mix the groups together. Some
hybrids include Yahoo Directories and MSN Search.
5. Within these groups, there are numerous search engines and often these
engines have a specialty. For example, there are search engines that focus
on searching for educational results that return intellectual articles, such
as Google Scholar.

Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full
text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and
While most academic databases and search engines allow users to select one
factor (e.g. relevance, citation counts, or publication date) to rank results, Google
Scholar ranks results with a combined ranking algorithm in a "way researchers
do, weighing the full text of each article, the author, the publication in which the
article appears, and how often the piece has been cited in other scholarly

1. Quality some searchers consider Google Scholar of comparable quality

and utility to commercial databases.
2. Matthew effect Google Scholar puts high weight on citation counts in its
ranking algorithm and therefore is being criticised for strengthening the
Matthew effect; as highly cited papers appear in top positions they gain
more citations while new papers hardly appear in top positions and
therefore get less attention by the users of Google Scholar and hence
fewer citations.
3. Lack of screening for quality Google Scholar strives to include as many
journals as possible, including predatory journals, which "have polluted the
global scientific record with pseudo-science, a record that Google Scholar
dutifully and perhaps blindly includes in its central index."
Features that can be added
1. Using its "group of" feature, it shows the available links to journal articles.
2. Through its "cited by" feature, Google Scholar provides access to abstracts
of articles that have cited the article being viewed.
3. Through its "Related articles" feature, Google Scholar presents a list of
closely related articles, ranked primarily by how similar these articles are
to the original result, but also taking into account the relevance of each