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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [1]

Grade 6
Kangaroo
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Answer t he quest ions


(1)

Brian remembers that his mother's birthday is af ter 6th but bef ore 13th of November. His sister
Sandra remembers that her mother's birthday is bef ore 15th and af ter 11th of November. On
which date of November is their mother's borthday ?

(2)

Ruth is constructing a building. She f inishes

1
8

of the construction in 7

weeks. How many

days in total will she f inish constructing the building?


(3)

What f raction of f ollowing letters can be drawn using only straight lines ?
SWG DQ IHEZ UB

(4) T wo walls of an auditorium have to be painted. T he f irst wall is of length 12 meters and height
12 meters. T he cost of the paint f or this wall is $20 per square meter. T he second wall is of
length 20 meters and height 6 meters. T he cost of the paint f or this wall is $30 per square
meters. What is the ratio of the costs of painting the f irst wall to the second one?
(5)

Ages of Joseph and Sharon are in ratio 3:5 . If sum of their ages is 48 years, what is the age of
Sharon ?

(6) Kimberly can f inish a work in 126 minutes. Donna works twice as f ast as Kimberly. How long will
it take to f inish the work, if Kimberly and Donna work together?

Choose correct answer(s) f rom given choice


(7) If you write down all the numbers f rom 1 to 188 (including 1 and 188), how many digits would you
have written down?

(8)

a. 450

b. 465

c. 456

d. 451

How many lines of symmetry are there in a rectangle ?


a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 1

(9) Kevin is the brother of the son of Anthony's son. How is Kevin related to Anthony ?
a. Son

b. Nephew

c. Grandson

d. Brother

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [2]

(10) T he table shows description of f our Scanners.


Printer

Specification

Scanner 1 Scans 242 pages per minute


Scanner 2 Scans 240 pages per minute
Scanner 3 Scans 1 page every 4 seconds
Scanner 4 Scans 4 pages per second

Which is the f astest?


a. Scanner 4

b. Scanner 3

c. Scanner 2

d. Scanner 1

(11) T he product of two digit number is 1924. If the product of their units digit is 14 and their tens
digits is 15, then the numbers are
a. 33, 52

b. 55, 37

c. 52, 37

d. 57, 32

(12)

= 400 grams

= 200 grams

If the total weight of

and

is 2500 grams, what is the weight of

?
a. 1300 grams

b. 1100 grams

c. 900 grams

d. 1200 grams

(13) Which is the next f igure in the sequence shown below?

b.
a.

c.

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d.

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [3]

(14) If Michael writes all the numbers f rom 3 to 54, which are divisible by 3. What will be the number at
13th position?
a. 33

b. 45

c. 39

d. 42

Fill in t he blanks
(15)

If AB and CD are parallel, X =

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [4]

Answers
(1)

12th
Step 1
Since Brian remembers that his mother's birthdays is af ter 6th November and bef ore 13th
November, the only possible dates are,
7 th November , 8th November , 9th November , 10th November , 11th November , 12th
November
Step 2
Similarly Sandra remembers that her mother's birthdays is af ter 11th November and bef ore
15th November, the only possible dates are,
12th November , 13th November , 14 th November
Step 3
Now we can see that 12th November is the common date, theref ore their mother's birthdays
is on 12th November.

(2)

420
Step 1
We know that, 1 week = 7 days.
T heref ore, the number of days in 7

15

1
2

weeks = 7

7 days

7 days

2
=

105

days.

2
Step 2
1

of the construction is f inished in

105

days.

2
105

T heref ore, the total construction will be f inished in =

days

1
8
=

105

days

= 420 days.

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [5]

(3)

5
11
Step 1
We have been given the f ollowing letters:
S W G D Q I H E Z U B.
We have been asked to f ind the f raction of letters f rom these letters that can be drawn
using only straight lines.
Step 2
Let us count the total number of letters given to us. It is 11.
Step 3
We can see that out of the given 11 letters, only the f ollowing 5 letters can be drawn using
only straight lines:
E H I W Z.
None of these 5 letters have any curves.
Step 4
Fraction of the letters that can be drawn using only straight lines =
Number of letters that can be drawn using only straight lines
T otal number of letters
=

5
11

Step 5
Hence,

is the f raction of letters out of the given set of letters that can be drawn

11
using only straight lines.

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [6]

(4) 4:5
Step 1
T he length of f irst wall = 12 meters
T he height of f irst wall = 12 meters
T he area of f irst wall = length of f irst wall height of f irst wall = 12 12 m2
Step 2
T he cost of the paint f or f irst wall is $20 per square meter.
T heref ore the cost of painting the f irst wall = $20 12 12
Step 3
T he length of second wall = 20 meters
T he height of second wall = 6 meters
T he area of second wall = length of second wall height of second wall = 20 6 m2
Step 4
T he cost of the paint f or second wall is $30 per square meter.
T heref ore the cost of painting the second wall = $30 20 6
Step 5
T he f raction of the costs of painting the f irst wall to the second one =

$20 12 12

$30 20 6
4
5
Step 6
T heref ore the ratio of the costs of painting the f irst wall to the second one = 4:5

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [7]

(5)

30 years
Step 1
If you look at the question caref ully, you will notice that the ratio of Joseph and Sharon
ages is 3:5.
Step 2
Lets the age of Joseph is 3x,
then the age of Sharon is 5x.
Step 3
Since the sum of thier ages is 48 years,
theref ore 3x + 5x = 48
8x = 48
x=

48
8

x=6
Step 4
T heref ore the age of Sharon is = 5x
= 5 6 [Put x = 6]
= 30 years.

(6) 42 minutes
Step 1
If you look at the question caref ully, you will notice that Kimberly can f inish a work in 126
minutes.
Step 2
Since Donna works twice as f ast as Kimberly, theref ore Donna can f inish a work in one 2nd
time of Kimberly.
Step 3
T heref ore a work can be f inished by Donna =

126

minutes

2
Step 4
If Kimberly and Donna work together, then both of them can f inish a work in one 3rd time of
Kimberly.
Step 5
Now a work can be f inished by Kimberly and Donna =

126

= 42 minutes.

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [8]

(7) c. 456
Step 1
We need to f ind the total number of digits in all numbers f rom 1 to 188.
Step 2
T he range of numbers f rom 1 to 188 can be broken into numbers with 1, 2 and 3 digits
respectively:
1-digit numbers:
1 to 9: A total of 9 - 1 + 1 = 9 numbers.
Number of digits = 9 1 = 9
2-digit numbers:
10 to 99: A total of 99 - 10 + 1 = 90 numbers.
Number of digits = 90 2 = 180
3-digit numbers:
100 to 188: A total of 188 - 100 + 1 numbers = 89 numbers.
Number of digits = 89 3 = 267
Step 3
T otal number of digits = Number of digits f rom 1-digit numbers + Number of digits f rom 2digit numbers + Number of digits f rom 3-digit numbers
= 9 + 180 + 267
= 456
Step 4
T hus, the number of digits we would have written if we wrote down all the numbers f rom 1
to 188 is 456.

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [9]

(8)

a. 2
Step 1
Following picture shows a rectangle

Step 2
Now we can see that this picture is symmetric along vertical and horizontal bisectors

Step 3
T heref ore rectangle has 2 lines of symmetry

(9) c. Grandson
Step 1
It is given that, Kevin is the brother of the son of Anthony's son.

Step 2
From above chart we can see that Kevin is grandson of Anthony.

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [10]

(10) d. Scanner 1
Step 1
From the given table we observe that the scanner 1 scans 242 pages per minute.
Step 2
Scanner 2 scans 240 pages per minute.
Step 3
Scanner 3 scans 1 page every 4 seconds. So it scans

pages in one second. T o f ind

4
the number of pages it scans in one minute, we need to multiply it with 60. Hence

60

4
= 15. T his means it can scan 15 pages per minute.
Step 4
Scanner 4 scans 4 pages in one second. Hence to f ind the number of pages it can scan in
one minute we need to multiply it with 60, which comes out to be 4 60 = 240 pages per
minute.
Step 5
From above steps we conclude that scanner 1 is f astest.

(11) c. 52, 37
Step 1
Lets assume two digit numbers are,
10x1 + y1 and 10x2 + y2
Step 2
It is given that the product of their units digit is 14 and their tens digits is 15,
theref ore x1 x2 = 15 -----(1)
y1 y2 = 14 -----(2)
and the product of two digit number is 1924,
(10x1 + y1) (10x2 + y2) = 1924 -----(3)
Step 3
Now we notice that there are f our variables and only three equations are specif ied. We
know that f our variables cannot be uniqualy determined f rom three equations, theref ore
lets check which option satisf y above three equations.
Step 4
If you look at the option 52, 37, you will notice that the product of their units digit is 14, the
product of their tens digits is 15
and the product of two digit number i.e 52 37 = 1924
Step 5
Since 52, 37 satisf ies the all three equations, theref ore we can say that the numbers are
52, 37.
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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [11]

(12) b. 1100 grams


Step 1
Let us assume,

= A,

= B,

and

=C

Step 2
According to the question, B - A = 400 grams, and C - B = 200 grams, and A + B + C = 2500
grams.
Step 3
Since B - A = 400, we can say that A = B - 400, and since C - B = 200, we can say that C =
B + 200.
Step 4
We can replace the values of A and C in A + B + C = 2500 grams, by the values we f ound in
step 3 as:
(B - 400) + B + (B + 200) = 2500
Step 5
From step 4 we have:
B - 400 + B + B + 200 = 2500
or, B + B + B - 400 + 200 = 2500
or, B + B + B -200 = 2500
or, B + B + B = 2700
Step 6
T he weight of three B is equal to 2700 grams.
T heref ore the weight of one B =

2700

= 900 grams

3
Step 7
From step 3 we have:
C = B + 200
or, C = 900 + 200 = 1100
Step 8
Hence the weight of

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is 1100 grams.

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [12]

(13)

d.
Step 1
On noticing sequence of images, and we can see,
- 1st picture is vertical rectangle
- 2nd picture is triangle
- 3rd picture is horizontal rectangle
- 4 th picture is f lipped triangle
- 5th picture is vertical rectangle
- 6th picture is triangle
- 7 th picture is horizontal rectangle
- 8th picture is f lipped triangle
- 9th picture is vertical rectangle
Step 2
So we can see that every alternate image is a rectangle, and it is rotated f rom horizontal to
vertical and vice-versa
Step 3
Similarly another alternate image is a triangle, which is f lipped horizontally
Step 4
Since image bef ore last image is a horizontal rectangle next image should be vertical
rectangle

(14) c. 39
Step 1
Numbers which are divisible by 3, will be in the f orm 13, 23, 33, 43, ....
Step 2
Since the numbers start f rom 3, the number at 13th position will be = 13 3 = 39.

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ID : ca-6-Kangaroo [13]

(15)

21
Step 1
Parallel line AB and CD are intersected by a transversal as shown below,

Here angle P and Q are corresponding angles. i.e.


P = Q
Step 2
On comparing given angles with P and Q,
3x + 2x = 105
5x = 105
x = 21

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