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Lindsay White
Rod Fricker

:-..:. r- EIrt'ation Limited.


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\\'e are gratefui to the follou,ing for permission to use copl,r'ight photographs:
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- .ostock), pg 39(br) (Steve Vidler), pg 89(tr) (Superstock, Inc); Topfoto:

:g !,8ttr) (HiP).

i'-:

'.u'e

research bv Ann Thomson

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Lindsay White
Rod Fricker

GOf,IETTS
Exam strategies

1
llnit 2

lhit

Who am I?
Globetrotter!

T2

Self-Assessment Test 1 Units 1-2

19

3
Unit 4

Growing up

21

Inspiration

27

Unit

Self-Assessment Test

5
Unit 6

Unit

7
Unit 8

.-t A

DZi

No place like home

36

Eat up!

42

Self-Assessment Test
Unit

2 Units 3-4

3 Units 5-6

49

Look to the future

51

The world of work

57

Self-Assessment Test

4 Units 7-8

64

Unit

Love and trust

OC)

Unit

10

The media

72

Self-Assessment Test

5 Units 9-10

11 Crime doesn't
Unit 12 Entertain us!

Unit

Self-Assessment Test

pay

6 Units 11-t2

13 Health matters
Unit 14 Europe, Europe

Unit

Self-Assessment Test

7 Units 13-14

79
81

87
qA

96

t02
109

Self-Assessment Tests Answer KeY

111

Self-Assessment Tests Tapescripts

t12

EXAM STRATEGIES
T}re Success Workbook, provides practice

with

exercise types fcund in exams including PET, KET,


fCE and Ttinity. These exercises are graded to
elementary level to help students familiarise
themselves with the exercise t;,pes. Page numbers
where these exercises appear are next to each task
type. Most exams consist of a listening
comprehension, a reading comprehension,
grarrunar exercises/Use of Engiish and (a) w'rithg
task(s). The Szr,cces s Workbook includes exercises
that will help you to prepare for all these. f'ollow
these to help you do particular task types.

Listening comprehension
General guidelines
Always

,"ud the instructions carefully before


Iisterung to a recording for the first time.
Tty to predict what kind of lrformalion you

.
.

mioht henr
look at the questions and mark your ans\\ers
when listening lor the lirst 1ime.
read through all the questions again before
the second lislening. in parlicular, Lhe
queslions you didn'L answer cluring lhe tirst
tistening.

Don't

.
r

Tbue/False exercises (page 15, exercise 3)


. Remember that 1-ou uill hear the questions/
sentences in the order 1-ou hear them.
o When deciding lvhether a sentence is true or
false, take into account n-hat 1-ou actualiy hear
and not what you knou- or think.
r A sentence/question at the r-er1- end may refer to
a speaker's intention or the general context. In
general, it is important to refer to the rvhole
recording.

Multiple-choice exercises
(page 30, exercise 1)
Remember that you wiil hear lhe questlonsi
sentences in the order you hear them.
r While listening for the first time, make noies of
suggested answers. Then compare them to the
choices you have been given and choose the
most similar.
. Be careful with answ-ers that sound exactl;i the
same as the information in the recorcling. The5.
are often incorrect. Pay special attention to

Matching exercises (page 80, exercise 1)


. If you have to find out who a person is or where

panic if you don't understand every4hing. You

don'l have to undersland the whole texl Lo


be able to llLrd the correct answers to a
question. Try Lo get the main idea ol a text
and work oul Lhe meaning of words you don't
know from the context.
spend too much time LhirLking about
questions you ale nol able lo answer - you
can come back to those during your second

r
.

IisLening.

leave any questions unanswered. If you are


nol sure - guess. You have a fifty percent
chance of getting it righi! [n class, ask your
teacher l"or the correcl answers. If they difler
a lot from yours, listen lo the recording once
more Lo analyse the reason for your mistake.

--+.
ills -'^J
allu anton.)'ms.
Sometimes the information needed to answer a
question is not directly given, you may have to
u.ork it out on lhe basis of what you have heard.
If you are not sure which answer is correct, try
to choose it by eliminating the incorrect answers.

s) n(')il)

a recording takes place, concentrate on typical


phrases which relate to the person or p1ace.
Sometimes one characteristic phrase will help
you choose the right answer.

If an exercise is about matching a passage/text/


headline to a summarising sentence or a title, try
to summarise the main idea yourself and choose
one of the given answers on that basis.
If an exercise is about deciding on the type of
text, pay special attention to expressions that
are characteristic to a particular type of a text.

Sentence or information ordering


(page 60, exercise 1)
If you have to put events in chronological order,

llsten out for time expressions (o,nd tlten, nert,


Ji,naLLy, in the end ...).
. Ifyou have to put events in the order they
appear in the listening, concentrate on
understanding a sequence of events.
Understanding a logical connection between
them is not necessary to do this task.
o Use your general knowledge - it might help you
predict a logical sequence of events.

Multiple choice exercises

Reading comprehension

(page B, exercise 1)

MI

Identi{y the parts of the text that your questions


refer to.
Focus on the detail of a paragraph or sentence'
An incorrect answer may only differ from the
correct one in the tense that is used, slightly
different information or information that only
partly corresponds with the text.
Eiiminate incorrect answers and then mark your
final answer.

Matching exercises (page 53, exercise 2)

While matching headlines to a text, pay attention


to the main idea of a text. Always read all the
titles first and then match them to the relevant
parts of the text.
While matching questions to a text, try to find
the right place in the text where there is an
answer to a particular question.
Remember that this kind of exercise may include
(an) extra sentence(s), so you will have to
eliminate unnecessary items.

Gap-fill exercises (page 38, exercise 2)


. Skim the text first to get its general meaning,

I'
,,::,,tt::*.
l

lll]]!l:rl:

ignoring the gaps. Then read the sentences or


words which are needed to fill the gaps.
When you select your answers, pay attention to
what is in the text both before and after the gap.

Sentence or information ordering


(page 59, exercise 4)

.
Thue/False exercises (page B, exercise 3)
. Skim the text first to get a general idea of where
the information is.
. Different sentences will require different reading
strategies. For example, you may need to focus
on just one phrase or you may need to interpret
the meaning of a whole text.
. If you don't find information confirming that a
particular sentence is true, mark it as false.

r
.
.

While doing this kind of exercise, try to find


sentences or paragraphs which have to be
piaced at the beginning. Look out for
expressions typically used when introducing a
topic or a character.

ocus on linking words (then,fi'nally, nert ...).


These words will give you a clue to the order.
You may not need to study a whole paragraph.
Focus on sentences/words that will help you link
sentences/paragraPhs.
Make sure the last paragraph,/sentence
summarises the whole text or provides a logical
F

conclusion.

Writing

Speaking

You may be required to write a short, practical


piece of writing such as a note, an email,
an invitation, an advertisement and,ior a longer,
practical piece of nriting, for example a formal or
informal letter, a story or a discursive text. The

The Success Workbook will also prepare you for


oral exams. The techniques below will help you to
pass your exam successfully.

Success Workbook will help you prepare for these


types of writing tasks. Remember that the exam
techniques that you learn even at elementary level
will help you pass exams successfully in the future.

Try to stick to the aim of the task. Always keep


the question in mind when answering.
. Do not panic if you cannot remember a word.
Use a word that has a similar meaning or give a
definition or description of the word.
o If you do not understand what an examiner has
said, ask hjm/trer to repeat him,4rerself. You can
also repeat the information you have been given
and, in this way, you can make sure that you
have understood it correctly.
o If you are not ready with your answers and need
time to think, use conversational fillers or
hesitation devices (weII, Let me thi,nk, erm, ... )
r Avoid using the same words and structures show that you have a varied vocabulary and can
use a range of grammar structures.
o If you are taking the exam with another person,
make sure you listen as well as speak - don't
dominate the conversation.

Who am I?
GRAMMAR
Present Simple
Spelling for third person s
do not

(don't)
'---.

---,,--"does not (doesn't)

speaks English.

t,

spo?k English

Yes, l/we/you/they do.

speak English?

After

-s,

-x, -2, -ch, -sh. -goand -clo,

add es:
we watch

Shoft answers

Yes/No questions

For most verbs, add s:


she smiles
I smile

No, he/she/it does not idoesn t)

We use the Present SimPle for


facts whrch are always true: The sun rises in the east'
o routines and habits: loften walkto school'

Adverbs, eg always, sometimes, often, nevershow the frequency of an activity.

they

go

, -it goes

he watches

Alter consonant + y, change


add es:
You flY
they go

--+

--

yto I

it flies
it goes

After vowel + y, add s:


she PtaYs
we PlaY

-'

Remember havebecomes has.

Present Gontinuous
Affirmative

Negative

I am (m)

am not ('m not)

We,{ou/They are ('re)

are not

He/She/lt is ('s)

is not (isn't)

Spelling

eating dtnner now

.
Yes/No questions

Shoft answers

Aml

Yes, I am
No, I am ('m) not

Are we/you/they

'

Yes, we/you/theY are.

eating dinner now?

No, we/you/theY are not (aren't).

ls he/she/it

After most verbs, add -ing',


go--. going. sleeP -n steePing
After one vowel + one consonant,
double the consonant and add -tng:
sit --+ sitting
Verbs ending with consonant
remove th.e eand add -ing'.
Eave -+ leavng

e,

Verbs ending with ie, change le to Y


and add -ing:

die -'+ dying

Yes, he/she/it is.

f=

No, he/she/it is not (isn't)

l-a-

We use the Present Continuous for


temporary situations: l'm working in Paris at the moment'
changing situations: My English is getting better
o things which are happening now: /'m reading a b00k'

.
.

now or around now.


Time expressions like now, these days, at the moment show the activity is happening

Complete the sentences with the correct alternative'

hard at the moment.


b work c works
@are- workrrg
in tlte morning.
2 My mother rtsually
1 We

a is
3

i
d

c ltorks

lot of science fiction this year.

-read

4 We

working b work
b

reading

c 'm reading

more time in the library this term'

a're- spending

sPend c's

sPending

in that big house? Yes' they do'


they
b Do / live c Does / live
-a Are / llving
to school this r.veek.
6I
a -'m not going b don't go c doesn't go
tlred?
7 It's very late.
you getting c Do you getting
get
you
Are
b
a Do
-

from the USA.


Jazz
a comes b is coming c come

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the


verbs in brackets.

There are five more wrong sentences. Find and

correct them.

1 Our cat always elee?a irr the kitchen. (sleep)


2 My
the prano a iot these

We are

days. (play)
3 My mum

usually

2
3

her car on

Sundays. (wash)
4 My friend never

to the library

during the holidal s. (go)


5 Our neighbour _
to work this week.
His car is at the garage. (not drive)
very
6 Now my sister is three, she _
talkative. (get)
7 My British penfriend
here today.
(fiv)
I I_
today because I'm ill fnnf qfrrdrrl
9_you_agood
book at the
mnrnent? frerr])
10 _
she usually
the bus to
work? (get)

t:b

Put the words in the correct order t0 make sentences,

1 do i llve? I vou lWhere

for our exams at the monent. X


aludyinTfor our exame aLLhe rrt::.:. -.
Do you iike Arsenal or Manchester Llrutecll
Tt always is getling dark al nighl.
My uncle regularly speaks French for his job
My sister never is reading science fiction.
Do you sometimes walking to school?
More girls are playing football these days.
I always listemng to music on the bus.
My grandmother stays with us this week.
My cousins visit us every sununer.

1 We study

sister

5
6
7

I
9
10

ffi

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs


in brackets. Use the Present Simple 0r the Present
Continuous.

2 do lfootbail lyou lteam / support? / \\hich


3 studying I you I are / this year? / What
4 nationality? / is / What / your
5 u'rite

I you I lots / of / emails? / Do

6 working

14

I you lat home? / Are

Complete the email with the correct form of the


verbs in the box.

be do (x 2) rLot live nol spend


-'11 v9{l (l ?) *l!: (l ?l

stay

Parents and teachers olten reay (say) thal


young people'(not read) enough.
t_
(be) this true? These days, children
(read) lots of books
and teenagers 1_
by authors like Meg Rosoff, JK Rowling and

Philip Pullman.
1 .: tlcetrrAtt

5f Fo'"aro

B S t* + +

4erot,ovus

-A.

My teenage neighbour Ben says: 'I

(read) a great book at the mornent. It


(be) a detective story by Henning
Mankel.'His friend Sam, adds: 'My favourite
(be) by science fiction
books t_
(buy) books rryriters but I never'_
t_
(gel) lhem from the
lalrvirys
library.' Sam's sister also reads: 'My parents
(give) me books for my
usually 'u_
(read) iots of
birthday this year, I r'_
short stories.'

n_

,^ks for your email! | 1'm writinq this on Danny's computer


:-se hc isn t here thrs week.

: s all the family news:

-iy

2_

with our grandparents this week. He often


them because he loves Grandma's food and sne
a_
, - ai y
his homework! I t_
a lot of time
- rnem at the moment because I o_
exams this term.

tt_
, .:

busy - she always 8very hard.


tn New
at home this year - he 'o_
-<. He always t'_
lots of emails when he's not at
-e so we know all his news.

,.'t

. e soon,

-.e,

Carrie

Librarrans say: 'It's great. These days, more


young people "_
(use) libraries. They
tt_
(start) with Harry Potter
always
books when they are nine or ten years old but
(try) dlfferent books.'
then they'n_

ritain's multicultural society is bringing a lot of interesting new


& l-)
ffiideas to the arts these days. Young black and Asian authors are

l-lwriting about their lives, and their books are very popular. There
are plays and fil:ns about tl'le life of Britain's ethnie eommunities,
and exciting rnusic frcm rnany different sqltges. Multiculturalisrn !s
making Britain a very lively place.

Andrea Levy

is typical of these authors: she comes from

Britain and all her books are set in London but her parents
are from the Caribbean. Her prize-winning novel, Smatt lsland,
is about people like her parents and their lives in Britain
in

the 1940s and 50s. In the book, she writes about the

experiences of Jamaican soldiers in Wodd War 2 and their


lives when they move to England in 1948.

Parrninder l'lagra is the star of the popular


football film, Bend lt Like Beckham. She comes
from the English town, Leicester, where there is a
large Asian population. In the film, she acts the parl
of a lively gid called Jess Bhamra. Jess decides to
rebel against her family and to play football. This
amusing film shows the problems of young British
people growing up in two cultures. These days
Parminder Nagra is starring in the American W
hosoital drama. ER.

(real name:

Steven Kapur) is a worldfamous musician from


England's second city,
Birmingham. His home city
has large Jamaican and
Indian populations and his
music brings together reggae
from the West Indies, bhangra
from lndia and hip-hop. The
words of his songs are about
trying to understand his
identity in a multicultural
world. His most famous song,
Boom-Shack-A-Lack is in five
Hollywood films and more
than fifty TV advertisements.

READING

Read the anicle again. Tick true and cross false.

g W

1 Cultural life in Britain is very

Read the questions. Then read the afticle

quickly and clrcle the correct answers.


1 The article is about British
a society. c history.

@culture.

a
b

bilingual.
writing now

c
d

3 Paragraph 3 is about
a an American star. c a footballer.
b a comedian. d a British actress.

4 Paragraph 4 is about
aa

musician.

b a Hollr,'wood

actor.

c Indian music.
d a man from Jamaica.

Complete the definitions with the correct underlined


words from the adicle.

amueinQ (ad7) makes you laugh or smile


(n) the ideas and actir,eties of
2_
drnrrnq nf npnnlp

(rr) music, lheatre, film et c.


not science
(z') to fight authority, for example,
4_
the government, parents or teachers
(n) a type of music from Asia
5_
3

actors from ethnic

communities.

3 Andrea Lery is the only black

British
in

living outside Britain.


writing in another language.

boring.

2 There are British rnriters, musicians and

4 Andrea

writers.

2 Paragraph 2 is about an author who is:

Apache Indian
v

author.

tr
U
|--]

Lely writes about people living

London.

5 Parminder Nagra is a footballer.


6 Benct It Li,ke Beckham is a crime film.
7 At the moment Parminder Nagra is
working in an American hospitat.
8 Steven Kapur is from Jamaica.
9 His music comes from different cultures.

Ll
n
tr
f]
I
l-l

Complete the sentences with the words from


Exercise 2.

1 Teenagers often rebel against their parents.


2 When you travel you learn about different

to

on the Internet.
4 My brother is a scientist and he isn't
inl eresl ed in _
.
5 Bhaji, on the Bectch is an _
film
aboul a group of Asiarr women on a journey.
3 You can listen

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the


verbs in brackets.

GRAMMAR
State

a'wd,.,'1clilan

verbs

1 My teacher wanta (want) me to work harder.


(hate) soul music. Can we listen

2I

i,

*ort ourSS:itbi::yo aetions 0r processes. We can use


them in the simple and continuous form.
I often work on Saturdays but Pm not working today.
$ome verbs refer to states. We use these verbs only in
the simple form, For example:

to rock instead?
3 I can't speak now-. I
4 This coffee
5 Look! Julia _
you _
6_
home at 10.30?

(make) dinner.
(taste) great.
(run) for lhe bus!
(promise) to be

Senses (often with can)


I reet c0t0,
I can hear the main road from my flat.
Can you smeil petrol?
I can see your house from the train.

feel,
heay, ,

,,,

s;,rn:d:ll',,,,,',,

This

ffini;"t:""""""

Complete the conversation with the correct form of


the verbs in the box.

milk tastes bad.

Thocghts
tflroo

I agree with you.

beligve
+^-^^+

:i2r)

:\l -.'

We believe the world is round.

,.,,

I always forget his nane.

IUI UUT

know,

We knaw Landon very welf.


promise to write to you.

ptom$e

iemember

He remenbers my birthday eve{y year.


She thinks her answers are rigltt.
He daesn't understand Gernan.

think

.,.

understand

Feeling$
]]dt9

'

narc w)rKtng 0n 5aurlay.

They like chocolate cake,

lrke
L'"'^:^"
Ut UlUl

noort

W8llt:

.:r,:

He loves crime novels,


She prefers 1qu ta soul muii1;,::'.;:'
We need a'holiday,
I want a cup of coffee.

'

feel kno-,v look ned

Read the short conversations and circle the correct

form of the verbs.


1

A@l

Are you seei,ng the children?


BNo,bt7Van he@l I'm hearing them.
They ptay l@in
the garden

2A

Look I

I'm

3 A Do

Assistant

Yes. he's brillianl! I

Alex

I know I I'm knouing Tom but


I don't remember I I'm not remembering
his sister.

4A

I don't

beLi,eue I

you

Alex

good wniter?

I'm not be\i,eui,ng the

world's climate is changing.


B I don't understanzd I
I'm no[ understanding youl The polar ice
caps melt I are meltzngl

Are you li,king Italian food?


B No. 1'nz not Li,king I I don't Lzke pasta or
pizza very much. I preJer I I'm prffirrtng

5 A Do

Rose

you knotLt I Are you knowi,ng Tom and

his sister?

one of

his books at lhe moment.


Rose

Assistant
Rose

Lzke I

Indian food.

read

Rose

Rose

and reggae.

forget

train.
What about that delective slory? It
2
interesting.
tNo, I
detective stories.
science fiction. What
'_
about you?
I don't like science fiction - I
tyou
itl 6this crime aulhor, Robert B Parker?
No, I don't. Ask the assistant about
him.
Excuse me. Is Robert B Parker a

Looki,ng for a CD for my new

girlfriend.
What sort of music does she like?
A I think I I'm tlti,nki,ng she likes hip-hop

not

wanl not like not understand prefer


Rose What are you looking for?
Alex I r need something to read on the

Assistant
Rose

Assistant

That sounds goodl


you
the book'?
'Yes nleasc And a hottle oI water I o_
thirsty.
OK, that's 57.50.
Thank you. Goodbye.
toyour bag!

WORN UST

SPEAKING
''./,

Read the conversation. Write the echo questions.

Helen What do you do, Ed?


Ed I work for a travel company.
Helen rDo you ? That sounds great. Do you
like travelling?
Ed Yes, i love it. What sort of holidays do
you enjoy?
Helen I love cycling holidays. I'm a very
enthusiastic cvclist.
Ed
? How far do you go?
Helen
Usualiy no more thrn fiity miies. Tlrp
countryside near my home is bear-rtrful
? Il sounds great . I'r e got a
Ed
bike too.
Helen
'? Let's meel up gpe rteeketr,i
Ed
That sounds good but I allr.a]'s u-ork on
Sqtr rrrl rrr
Helen
Ed

Helen

;)
t'-

I c:n on ner-t Srrrrrl:r? Sorr-u-, I'm br-tsr. in the cla1


but do you u'ant to see a film in the

Londoner

Asian

maJ0r

at the moment
band member
hp nra:v ehnr rf

mistake
modest
mother tongue
mutticultural
multiculturalism
musical

be interested in
believe in
belong to
bilingual
boring

nalion ,

bossv

Britain
British
careless
cheedul
citizen

nalionality
Northern lreland
n0w
otficial

optimistic
organisation
personality

cIever

t^+;^
^puJbil
^^^i'-r ilJLru

p0lrte

come from

p0illcal

Yes that sorrn,ls gleal.

communi$

popular

c0nTt0ent

nnnr rlaiinn

con{used
crime

puJJruil

(read a lot)
i du. T read all the trme.
I

cnsrs

Yes,

You

Really? (know a good book)


I can take on holirlay"
Yes, I do. Read Tlt,e DcL Vi,nci Cade - lt's a
mixture of history ancl crime.
2

You

Cool! (interested in films)

Ben

Yes,

"_

You

but I don't like going to the cinema


(belong i a DVD library) '

Ben

No, I don't. I alr,vays ask for D\Ds for my

cutture
customer
describe

district
diversity
00 well
drums
rngran0
English

entertainment
elhnic group
European

birthday.

exciting

You

(.gat.

football match

Ben

No, I haven't. But I've got Ben,d

I a lot of DVDs) i

rflen0ry
i,l,

L'ike

BeckLtarn,.

You

rruely

CIUO

Ben

Ben

lil,?'*'
il0rary

evening?
Read Ben's answers and write your questions.
You

agree
always
American
argue
an ogant

Great! (do / at the moment)

'j

Ben

Nothing much ... \Vhy don't u'e n'atch tt?

You

That sounds goocl. Thanks.

-?

runny
generati0n
gener0us
ger oefter
Great Britain
happen
hard-working

1,ulr.

il.y

prefer
proud
punctual
quiet

quite often
regularly
relationship
religion
romantic
rude
science fiction
Scotland
SCOftISN

selllsn
sense of humour
sny
society
sometimes
cnond timo
cteti cfinc
ctr rnid

surprising

talkative
thoco
derrc
L'
vql
v
'vuv

lolerant
,

nerprul

home town

identi$
lrish

fr,^i^^

Lyprrr(1r

uncomfortable
United Kingdom
Vietnamese

island

WAICS

jealous

Website
Welsh

keep fit

&

VOGABULARY

Positive

7A Complele with words from the Word list.


Noun

1 arrogance

Adjective

3
5

6
7
8

B optimism

ffi

10

pessimrsm

punctuality

Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 6.

1 I like people who are / alen'i ...


2 I don't mind people u,ho ale ,' aLen't ...
3 I don't like people n-ho are i at"en't ..

romance
rudeness
selfishness

sh5mess

tolerance

Extend your vocabulary

Circle the differences between each pair of words.

arroqan@ arroqar@

&

Tick the music words.

classic

classical ,/
crime
fantasy
hip-hop

&

arroaant

7 excitement
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Negative

arr^naAf
____9!!v!3L

cultural
entertaining

cheefral

2 carelessness
3 cheerfulness
4 cleverness
5

Put nine more personality adjectives in each list.

mystery
pop
reggae

rock

Look at the expressions with theword crazy.


Then write new sentences for 1-5. Use expressions
witn crazy.

be erazy about
Patr'ick'is crazy
abottt hzs

horror
jazz

tecturo

You are driuing


me crazy!

CRAZY

Complete the definitions with words from the Word list.

1 My mum can speak fluent trnglish and f'rench


- she's bilinAual .

of Britain is about

60 million.

3 I live in Britain but I'm not a British


, I'm Spanish
4 We want a better world for the next
and their children.
5 I can speak German but it isn't my

tongue
6 She goes back to Liverpool whenever she can.
It's her
tov,n.

drive someone
ctazy
Stop that, nozse!

gi,rLfri,end.

science fiction (sci-fi)


soul

2 The

3 go crazy
My dad goes crazA

i,n tralfi,c jams.

1I

to be erazy
My parents thtnk
th,at I'm crazA
becctuse I enjoy
dangerou,s sports.

love my boyfriend very much.

I'm crazy aboaLtty jp$riend.

2 When her football team loses a match she

gets very angry and upsetl

Circle the correct prepositions.

3 Ben is really strange. He wants to build a

1 I'm crazy@boit)l up jazz music.


2 We're all interested at I i,n science
fiction books.
3 I belong at I to a D\D iibrary.
4 Do you believe i,n I to UFOs?
5 I agree wi,th llo you.
6 My friend's family comesJrom I ouer lreland.

4 My sister makes me very angry. She always


takes my CDs and she never tells me!

swimning pool h his smallgarden.

5 Susan lives

for tennis -

she plays every day.

11

Globetrotter!
GRAMMAR
Present Gontinuous for future arrangements
Affirmative

Negative

lam

am not ('m not)

We use the Present Continuous for definite


arrangements and plans in the future
|m seeing my friends tomorrow.

are not (aren't) . driving to Paris tomorrow

Iime expressions, eg soon, tomorrow, later, nert

is not (isn't)

yve.gl</ygntn\ear. on Monday show the activity is


in tne luture.

('m)

We/YourThey are ('re)

l{/fi- questions
No, I am ('m) not

What am I studying next year?


How is he travelling to Greece?
Where are we meeting on Thursday?

Yes, we/you/they are,


No, we/you/they are not (aren't)
Yes, heishe/it is.

No, he/she/it is not (isn't).

be going tolor future intentions


Affirmative

Negative

lam

am not ('m not)

('m)

We,{ou/They are ('re)

are not (aren't) : going

Ho/Qho/lt ic /'c\

is not (isn't)

to r buy a rucksack

We use be going lo + infinitive for


o future intentions:
They're going to get married.
ambitions:
I'm going to buy a motorbike when I'm twenty.
o unfinallsed plans:

I think l'm going to relw at the weekend.


Yes/No questions

l[/fi- questions
No, I am ('m not).

What am I going to

Yes, we/you/they are.

Where are you going to stay?


Who are they going to see?

No, we/you/they are not (aren't),


ls he/she/it

Yes, he/she/it is,

No, he/she/it is not (isn't)

Complete the text. Use going fo and the verbs in brackets.

Next year, I Ym Qoine to viaif, (visit) my French


nor'friand Tthr'nlrTl
(travel)
l
from London to Paris by train. I
(find) a hostel in Paris for two nights and I
(do) some sighlseeing. After
(catch) the train to the
lhat, I 5
penfriend
and her brother
My
south
6
(meet) me at the station and
(drive) to their house
lhen we 7
(not speak)
I'mabitnervous-I8
weeksl
English for two

t2

do?

Complete the short conversations. Use going to and


the words in brackets.

Use the information in Exercise 4 to complete Ken's


diary. Remember to write notes, not sentences.

1 A I'm going to have a big party when I'm

eighteen.

/2 ?C p//1

ntlh --CA.rlrl4
7-3c pnt

(What / do)
3 A We're planning to go

to Spain.
there?

(How i get)
4A

FRIDAY 20

with it?

B
l

Janna*

B Who are,,tou qoinq to invite? (Who / invite)


2 A I've got a lot of money.

&

I don't have trme to get my ticket today.

JanuarY

it?

SATURDAY

(When / get)

tn Jvzn

Iu

5 A We're going to visit Mexico for a holiday.

there?

2i

/i/14

'-"'

/7arlrrt and Lc/7

(How long / stay)

2 OO Prh:

Read and complete the notes. Use them to write four


sentences about yourself.

tt/+

w^q*'w's

ffi

bu'ur a- aar

/ tv\
tnn te V'ls o( eilttbvett /

Complete the conversations. Use going to or the


Present Continuous and the verbs in brackets.

tt

\N. AkTLAIL

woru, lcr A' btry


l'm aoira

lo

V^c^LLff

c'a'/.'\?A-'/v"f

/ h> A'

eLudv larauaaes.

Nigel

t"*"r,o*
Joanna
Nigel

Complete Ken and Andy's conversation. Use the


Present Continuous,

Andy

Ken

Can we have lunch on Friday?


I'm afraid I can't. I vm havinq (have) lunch
with mv sirlfriend. We'z

Andy

Can we meet in the evening? What

"ftilil"l

(So)
Lucky you! Who
with?
A group of friends from school.

--

Bill
David

What's wrong, David?


My exam results are really bad this year.
(study) more next year.
I

Bill

Good idea. I

(meet) at the new caf6 in tor.m.


about dinner?
Ken No, sorry. I'm busy in the evening" I
(play) football.
'you
(do)
Andy tan5,'thing on Saturday?
(see) my
Ken in the morning I t-_
o(not do)
cousins but I
an;,'thing in the afternoon.
(go) to the
Andy OK. Jon and I 7you
want to come with us?
cinema. Do
tyou
Ken What time
(meet)?
(meet) outside the
Andy We o_
cinema at two o'clock.
Ken Great - see you there.

Hi, JoannalWhat's up?

Joanna Nothing new. What about you?


Nigel I'm getting ready for my trip. We
for .rance

(go) to my
group this evening. Do you want
study
--

to come with me?


3

Colin

John

Hi, John! Do -you want to come to the


match with us this evening? We
(meet) outside lhe
stadium at five o'clock.
(see)
Oh no, I can'tl I
Nina at five thirty.

Joanna Do you knowwhat you(do) when you finish


- school?
(live) in France
Kate I think
for a year.
Joanna Do you speak French?
(start)
Kate No, I don't! But I
French evening classes next week.

--

1B

.-^ s ,s an international voluntary camp for young people aged


',1-18. Local Russian-speaking teenagers also attend the camp.
The main work is to restore old farm buildings in the area. 1_
The camp languages are Russian and English. This is an opportunity
io learn about the history of the area and make new frrends.
Accommodation is in a small tourist village wirh lots of sports
facilities.
For more information contact Tom Jenkins
iom. ienkins@teentravel, com

Fcr this job you must enjoy working with children and speak good
German. The work includes planning games and other activities for
the children. Volunteers also cook lunch for the children everv dav.

Accommodation is in a vouth hostel. There are twc with shared


bedrooms (one for men and one for women), two bathrooms, a

l':,

kitchen and a games room.

2_

For more information contact Stefan Schmidt


Stefanschmidt@summercamp.org

A French environmental charity is looking for volunteers to work

in

central France. This year, the volunteers are going to remove


rubbish from the Seoule River. 3_
Accommodation is in tents at a local campsite. There is a free bus
between the camosite and the river.
For more information contact Celine Debaene
c.debaene@ourworld.orq

Complete the texts with sentence A, B, C or D. There is one extra


sentence,

READING

IL W

Read the texts and rnatch


the people (1-4)with the best
workinE holiday. There is
one extra person.

1 Claire has got a German


boyfriend but she doesn't
speak German.
2 Evan is going to be a
German teacher and he likes

working with children.


3 Greg loves history. Next year,
he's going to study Russian
language and History at

London University.
4 Olivia is going to teach
German in a university but
this year she wants to
practise speaking F rench.

Estonia
F'rance

t4

T
T

Germany

A The beach is five kilometres from the campsite.


B The work is near water so volunteers must know how
to swim.
C Volunteers do not need to have anv snecial skills or
experience.
D Volunteers eat lunch with the chlldren but must cook
breakfast and dinner for themselves.
Read the sentences, Tick true and cross false.

1 You need to know Russian or Enqlish to work at the

Estonia camp.
2 The volunteers in Estonia live in tents.
3 The volunteers cook all the meals at the German camp.
4 Volunteers at the German camp all have a singie bedroom.
5 The French charity organises a camp every year.
6 Voiunteers in France sleep in tents next to the river.

tr
tr
tr
T

LISTENING

SPEAKING

&

Look at the photos. Which holiday do you think is


most exciting. Why?

Write direct questions for the answers in the


conversation. Use the underlined information to
help you.

A
B

Can I help you?


Yes, could you give me some information
about trains, please?
rWhich
?laLform do Lhe london Lraine Qo from?

A The London trains go from platform 4.


B2
A

A student ticket is S15

You can buy a ticket at the station or on

the train.
B

There's one train an hour

The trains leave on the hour

A
B

The journe5- is frft]' mrnutes.


Thank l-ou ver1- much.

Read the situations and write indirect questions.

\bu s-ant to bu1'some stamps but you don't


knorr the cit).'.
Could you Lell rne where the nearesl
ooeL oflice ia?

2 You want to buy a train ticket to Paris but


you don't know how much it costs.

You are staying in a hostei. You are going out

for the evening but you don't know what time


the hostel closes.
5&,

Listen and match the speakers with the


holiday plans and the correct picture.
Picture

Martha

is planning 1o do some
sight seeing

2
3

Peter
Ruth

is going to do a sport
is going to an unusual place
and is worried

T
T
tr

Listen to the three people again. Tick true and

4 You're on a train. You don't know the time, so


you ask another passenger.

You're going to a voluntary camp next month


You want to know what you need to take.
Ask the camp organisers.

cross false.

1 Martha is travelling

to Switzerland.

2 Martha knows what the hotel is going

to look like.
3 Peter is going to America with his family.

4 The concerts in Central Park are ouite


expensive.
5 PeLer is only going to visjt one ciLy.
6 Ruth is going to Cornwall alone.
7 Ruth is going to jump 16 metres over

the sea.

Ruth is staying in a tent.

n
tr

I
I

tr
tr
tr

6 Your penfriend's parents are taking you


sightseeing. You want to know how many
places you are going to visit.

7 You don't know when the airport bus leaves.

Ask someone at the bus stop.

15

WORD LIST

abilities

accommodation
achieve ',

activity

VOGABULARY
holiday'(brachureJ
:

honeymoon
.,
hotef :

,,,,

adventtJre"':::,:'.:.'.:.::,:

::''

airpod ';';,:,:.' ''


amazgd '
ambition : ,'
'': .'::,"

lOurngv :r

3_

teave T0r

4 combination

lectuter

,,,,,

0a0ysrr

'mduilai'.i,,shislter:',

/^ +.^i^\

r,du,r \d u dil

..

r/

'

Complete the text with words from Exercise 1.

Itn

nlane
tr*''

CIASS

nlaifnrm

coach, (bus)

0r0u0

cOilecr morey

raise

combine

relax,
,

CONIACI (V}

{money) '

reraxrng
.-^^^,^+i^^

IUSUI VdTIUI

ant tratr

resp0nse

crazy

restauranl

delayed
donart {rnm
uvPqrr
ilvrrl

:i:'1:1*
JdTIJIIUU

,:..,,,,,'

,,

',:

,,,,,,'
".'."

alaafrt^nt/

,
excavate
excited ' '
equipmeht,

"'"t'll:"

:'':,:':

iltl;o'o'n"u

.,'

Label the types of accommodation.

scefl,erv

silence

,:

sleepinq bao

sociotogy "
sp0ns0li
::

ovnitinn

expenenCe

&
I

skills

dramatic'''''

qleeL houee

:r:i"
Jtdy
,,

flioht

ffiathe

ticket .

,,,,:
,.,1 ,

tirinq

Ttv (mI

{Our

{ollow a high-protein diet,

train

traQrt,lr

traver t0

ntzctor

L-^1.

00 anrOaO
go backpackin$/climb'ingl

lnp

camping/f ishing/hiki ng/


ski n glsi$ht seei.ngl'
cnnrkollinn
i

(v)

{tuh
UNUSUAI

vtew

'

vtlla
VISII

go for a dr:iVe ,:.':':"


nn
qv tn
!v iho
rtrv nvm
uvrrl

Vdunleef i

guest house

working holidaV
youth hostel

nrgnran0s
I\JIU

My sister is going to do a charity trek in the


Arides and I'm qoing lo t eponeor her. She's
going 10 laise monev for an 2
caUed
Kids' Holidays. Her flight is '_
from
Heathrow Airport next Sunday morning. She
has a n_
in a hostel for the first
night. After that, she's camping. She's going to
walk 100 kilometres in five days so it's a great
o_
. After the trek, she's going to work
asao
at a children's home in Peru.

pick up

cnanry
city centre

TCSEIVE

'jr"'

n4rtn/eon
noa^oir rl

challenge

9 departure
10

pack {a suitcase}

I .
..:

detign"

B organisation

UI UdI IIJU

:T^::]^'d
r/dt dvdt

disabled,:

6 design
7 excavation

',,

moui,glaigg::,,
^^-- +1..^ ^^^
ngla0us 'j' ''r'

challenge

volunteer

malarb;ike

uqt r rpDrr('

16

r'

leisure activities.
16\,al

bed and bieaKast


000K a r00m
camp

Verb

accommodate

2 sponsorship

letter of complai,nX

a-+ah

Noun

l,^^^ ^,,:^+
ntrEp qurur

archaoologicai dig
arrive in/at
available
Trr

Complete with words from the Word list.

1 accomrnpiaLion

inspiration

,1:,,,,4,'

address596l!:,':::'.,,.

0e/Keep

&

,,

wheelchair

,,,.

,,l

.:
tt
r.l

Match the words to make compound nouns. There


are two extra words that don't match.

1 address
2 archaeological
3 bed

and

bag

2 We're going
3 When I usit a

a1r

high-protein

nel- cit5'. I like going

everywhere _
4 I want to go _
5 I never go _

foot.
abloacl next year.

the g1n.

6 They're going
7 I'm going to fly
B She's

backl ,ackutg next month

_
training

dig

activities

Car-Lacla in November.
the big nratch at the

weekend.
Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 4.

9 We're

Taj Mahal.

addreee book
2 My brother loves history and he's working on

this summer
3 Athletes need a

with lots of meat and fish.


4 It's lovely day! Let's go for a walk and get
some

5Mv

are reading

and going to the cinema.


6 We're going to stay in a cheap

near the airport.


Read this list and put it in the correct order.

a Get some brochures.


b Relax and enjoy the view.
c Pick up your ticket.
d Pack your rucksack.
e Get on the ferry.

f Book a ticket.

g Have a holiday romance.


h Arrive at the campsite.
:::::.:::.:::a: :4,:.:,:::::,..::::,a)t::jr:):t::.:.::::::..:.:,.:

..

T
n
T
T
T
T
tr
tr

arriving home at n-Lidrrlght.


to travel
India ancl see the

10 He wants

1 Please write ;rour phone number in m5'

&

for a swim.
coach to Amsterdam.

sea's ven- \\'arm. Let's go

7 camp
9 sleeping

&

'l The

5 lersure
6 fresh
B

prepositions.

ferry
diet
book
breakfast
centre

4 clty

Wrile by, for, on 0r f0. Three sentences don't need

Extend your vocabulary

?'

Study the travel words below.


The crasstng

*resaimg (n) a short journey on water'


about ninety mLnurcs
from Eiglartd ta France takes
S38g$tt

h) a journey.by

to paris euerJt hour

ail

There,s

aflightfrom London

ioa,lrmeg (n/ the time spent travelling from one place


to another, It's a long journey from my home to work.
to ga from one place to anothe4 I'm going to
trauel before I go to uniuersity.

&:raweY (v)
.ey4ry@@ry.-".,"//*

trirp @ a short journey


to visit a place for pleasure
or

_,-,:::,::y:::::::::i.#tr*:*:';;"

"
uoyage (n) a long journey on water,
We,ie gorry ori
rlller
uer uottgs.e
uoyqge atong the Rhine. Thefitm
,T;;;ir:;;
,Titanic,is
The'fitm
about
b_1_jya shin'sfjrst
yhip'sfirst (and tas-t)
tast) royien.

uoyiee.

....1...

.............,.,-..-,,,.,....

Complete the travel information with the correct


words from Exercise 1 above,

ferry toaeinQ from Hong Kong to


Kowloon takes only five minutes.
2 She travels to work by car, train and tube.
's a very long
Tl
_
3 The
from Milan to London takes
about two and a half hours.
4 Our ship leaves Shanghai for the two week
1o California.
5 Next time you go on a business _
,
stav at one of our international hotels.
6_
overnight on the Orient Express,
and wake un in Venice!
1 The

t7

WRITING

Read the email quickly, and tick the correct box.

i,l]'mal

informal

L-']

tr

-ileeting (formal) : If you

Explain your question in

-{1'rn- the person's name,

-.-.r:le

more detail. You can use


indirect questions to be
more polite.

Dear + ti,tle (Mr/Mrsl

+ name. You don't

l'.1s1

' -e ) jr Oreeling il vorr

dOn'l

i.rro$ their name.

5 Give any extra information

Tell them why you are

nriting: I

a'nt,

uriting
I am

to

6 Remind the person politely

osk about ... /


i.t,

that you expect an answer.

rtting to ask,Jor

ir{onnati,on about ...


7 Signature: use

a polite

phrase, egBest wi,shes I


Regards and give your

full name.

&

&

Read the sentences about writing emails. Tick true

and cross false.


1 Smileys and jokes aren't a good idea

in formal emails.
2 You can start a formal email with IICI
3 You can end an informal email with lozie.
4 You don't need to rnrite an5,'thing in the
subject box.
5 Always vse Dea'r in a formal email.
6 You can end a formal email vuith Regards

n&
T
T
T
T
T

A student wants t0 work as a volunteer at a summer


camp. Put her email in the correct order.

I am writing to ask about the sufiuner


camp in Estonia. I am interested in it
because I am a History student.
I'rom sandrews@yahoo.com
I hope you can answer some questions.
Could you teli me how many hours we
work each day?
Best wishes
Saliy Andrew-s
To: Tom Jenkins

Subject: Information about summer camp


in Estonia
Could you also give me more information
about the dates? When does the camp
start and finish?
Dear Mr Jenkins
I hope to hear from you soon.

18

u
n

T
T

I
I

tr

Look at page 14. Which advertisement is Sally


interested in?
Look at the other adverts 0n page 14. Choose one
and write a formal email to the camp organisers.
Before you start, make notes about

r why you are uriting


r why you want to go to the carLp
r two questions you want to ask
Write your email.

:,fl

.:]-:)i:irl,:r.:

t:;

,,l.L,lll.,:lll:,::::::

MENT TEST 1

t'2

:.r,::r, i

Complete the text with the verbs from the


box in the correct

&

agree

complete the

statements.

form.

(6 points)

1 She's clever and attractir.e but she's so


aboul it, nobod-v likes her.

say

2 My brother ne\,r lhinks about other people.


He's really _ .
a selfish b helpful c shy d senslble
3 I like my young cousins but they're velT
I opt rcrlkr tircd rvhen llook after them.

rude b friendly c iively

4 What a nice,

d popular

3I

boy. He always says 'please'

clever b modest c jealous

tolerant

d generous

excitrng

d generous

Complete the sentences with one word in


each gap.

,"."'-),),

-- 1 nrL

. Could you

please?

this srnemming pool. It's cold

Who

with you.
this bag

to? It's

not mine.

anybody

the ansu-et-to

this question?
to go for a rnalk. It's

7T

-too cold.
(6 points)

(6 points)

1 On holiday, we always stay in oLTr caravan


It's great, we can take it anywhere we want.

always't-

(stay) up late, packing


4_
(fly) to
(be) a great
(not speak)
holiday I love ltaly. I u(start) lessons
Italian very well but I 7nexl year.
We

7 My Iather doesn't like my clothes. my music


or my friends but my mother is more _
a lolerant c confident
b

nolll

We're reprng (go) on holiday tomorrow.


(love) the night before a holiday.
I'-

friendly b proud c\azy

Put the verbs into the correct form.

6 My uncle aiways gives us money and nice

presents. He's very

Ll

4 That's your opinion but I'm afrard

confident b polite c pulctual d helpful


5 Her bofriend hates her talking to other boys.
a

it again,

\\ al

and dirty!

and'thank you'.

He's very

at these oid p.hc ros I


this holiday in Fratr"pl
2 Excuse me. I _

confident c jealous
@arrogant d exciting

h:it

(6 points)

rrndtrl'qfrrlrd helnno

; ;;;t.

:..jt:,irrriiit,

I ffF$EHS E**

UOGABULARY AND GRAMMAR


Circle the best word, a, b, c or d, to

att...i.r.,,

,,UUUtl

and talking. Tomorrow, we


Rome at 7 o'c1ock. It 5-

Complete the questions for these

answers.

1 What do vou do?


I'm a writer.

2 I like walking holiclays. I put ever;,'thing in my


and carry il on my back.

I'm writinp a book about London.

. I put cream on, lie on the


3 I love
relax.
beach ancl

Yes,

4 My favourite place is by the Red Sea in


. I love looking
Egypt. We often go _
al the lish under the water.

(6 points)

now?

your school?

I remember it very well.


next year?

I think I'm going to go to the USA.


this evening?
I'm having some friends to dinner.

5 We're going to drive to Dover, then get the


to France. I love lookinA back
and watching England slowly disappear
behind us.

Yes,

for five hours.


6 Oh no! Our flight is _
What are we going to do in this airport?

Not really, ordy a few words

by plane?
No, I'm travelling by train.
German?

7 We're not going to have iunch or dinner at the


hoteL. ll 's just

FaW

19

1 Leicester is

LISTE}II}IG SKILLS

a ffi

a the biggest cily in England.


b the biggest cily in the Midiands.
c the biggest cily in the East Midiands.

Listen to five people talking about their

holiday plans. Match the speakers to the correct

heading. There are two extra


Speaker 1
Speaker 2
Speaker 3
Speaker 4
Speaker 5

T
T
T
T

headings.

(5 points)

2 3304 o[ the population are


d lrom ethnic mrnorities.

A A fascinating tour
B On the beach
C Better things to do
D How long to wait?
E Different from my friends
F Out in the cold
G Ready 1o eat

b Asian.
c Indran.

3 The comedy festival


a attracfs Asian comedians.
b

4 The Din-aI festiral in Leicester is

READING SKILLS
&. Read the text and circle the correct
answers: a, b 0r

a a Hindu festiral.
b the biggest festival in Enghnd.
c a Caribbean festival.

(5 points)

c"

lo
-'

CD

5 Belgrave Road is famous for


a its market.
b its shops and restaurants.

fT\

re
r\

c it s beaur y.

COMMUNIGATION
E"

Of course, Leicester also has more traditional shops and


restaurants and the best places are Stoneygate, an area of
small shops and galleries, and Leicester market which is
700 years old.

"

t-.ror"t ts r.igt-rt

next to the beach.

Thet'c lrrclzrrl
6 We're not going on holiday this year.
Why not?

Frionr

music, dance, fashion, food and crafts. In


August there is a Caribbean carnival and in
October or November ii is Diwali, the Hindu
Festival of Light. Leicester's Diwali is the
biggest in England. The Diwali lights are
switched on in Belgrave Road, one of the
most famous roads in Leicester because of
its amazing Asian shops and
restaurants. You can buy a sari. an
lndian dress, jewellery Asian books
and crafts, even Asian greetings
cards. Many people come here to
buy food in the shops and the smell
of spices is beautiful. And, of course,
if you want to eat a delicious curry.
Belgrave Road is the place to come.

ft

Great!
5 The wailress speaks excellent English.

Lvv|,

year there is a ten day comedy'estival


which atlracts up to 50.000 people and
features comedians from all over the world.
In July there rs a 'mela , a festival of Asian

(5 points)

le he? That's great.


2 I don't understand [his exercise.
I can help you.
3 MY Parents have *lrffiXfffiX"r'"

Thoro ic a lnt nainn nn in loinocior

Gomplete the gaps with the correct echo

question.

1 My brother is coming home from university


1 oday.

LLI

Leicester is the biggest city in the East Midlands and the


tenth biggest city in England with a population of 280,000.
It is a histori.r r:itv :nr^l ,^lateS baCk tO Roman timeS. lt iS nOw
one of the most multicultural cities in the country with 33% of
the population coming from different ethnic minority groups.
The biggest group is from India but there are also Pakistani,
Bangladeshi, Caribbean, African and Chinese communities.
The Indian population is the biggest of any city in the country.
LvIvvuLv|.

attracts people from all over lhe world.

c last s I err da1 s.

Circle the correct words.

1 Could you tell me what


is our plct ne leaving?

(5 points)

turr"@ pLon"Bt

2 Could you telt me how can I I I can getto


lhe beach?
3 Do you know how much
cloes tl'te holid,ay cost I the hotidag costs?
4 I'd like to know how long the joumz.eg takes I
does Lhe journeg take.
5 Could you tell me whal ore pierogi I

pierogi

re?

6 Do you know who tltis rucksack belongs


does lhis rucksctck beLong to?

iso;

Growing up
GRAMMAR
Past Simple
Yerb to be

Regular and irregular verbs*

Affirmative

I/He/She/lt was late.


We/You/They were happy.

l/You/He/She/lilVe/They smiled, (R)


l,{ou/He/She/ltAtVe/They went out, (l RR)

Negative

l/He/She/lt was not (wasn't) late.


We,{ou/They were not (weren't) happy,

l,{ou/He/She/lt/Weflhey didn't sm le
l,{ou/He/She/ll/We/They didn't go out.

0uestions

Was l/he/she/it late?


Were we/you/they late?

Did l/you/he/she/iVwe/they sm le?


Did l/you/he/she/iVwe/they go out?

Shoft answers

Yes, I/he/she/it was.

Yes, l/you/he/she/iVwe/they did.

No, l/he/she/it wasn't.


Yes, we/you/they were.

No, l/you/he/she/iVwe/they didn't.

No, we/you/they weren't.

.The

We use'the Pasl't1t:m,$'.le lo'talk':about lhings which slarted


and f i n sh ed in lh*',p1sl,, iicl1di;,"it.g;',:'',,
single events: I started school in 1993.
regular events: I walked to school qvery day.
o p?st states: / didn't undersknd my teacher.
o telling stories: I heard a loud noise and I got up.

.
.

We can add time expressions like yesterday, yesterday


morning/afternoon/even i ng, last n ight/year/weeMsaturday,
when I was five, ten years ago.

Past Simple

[t/f- questions

Where were tlou yesterdav?


When did he leave school?
Whydidl::lhev,get,bad.imaf

ksr,',,,,.:,,

Past Simple form is the same for all persons

Spelling for regular verbs


a For most verbs,

add ed'.

Iwalk'+

walked

a:

After -e, add d: we decide > we decided

a:

After a single stressed vowel and a single consonant,


double the consonant and add ed. they stop --+
they stopped

After -y, change yto i, add ed', ylu study--+ you studied

:,

ai

tn Br:itish English, after an.uniiresld,vowgl i,.,1,,Couble',


the / and add ed: I travel > | travelled
ln American English: I

travel

>

| traveled

To spell the past tense of irregular verbs, you have

to learn

each new one by heart. SorrylThere is a list on SB page'143.

Complete the text with the Past Simple form of the verbs in brackets.

letarted (start) school last year. There


(be) fifteen children in his class. In the first lesson, the

My young cousin, Ben,

'_
teacher'_

(read) a story. Then, the children n_


(look) at some pictures and 5_
(write) the alphabet

(go) into the playground.


After the lesson, the children u_
(wear) their coats because it was cold. My cousin
They t_
(think) it n_
(be) home time. He 10
'_
(walk) out of the playground and tt_
(look) for his mum.
t'tt_
(not be) there so he
(sit) on the
My aunt
grass and t'_
(wait) for a bus. Luckily, he tu_
(not have) any money and the bus driver tu_
(take) him
back to school.
That evening, his parents asked him, 'tz
(leave) the playground this morning?'
'Yes, I t'_
(do). How do you know?'
'Your teacher tn(phone) us!'

you

2l

Put the words in the correct order t0 make Past

Answer the questions, Use different time

Simnle ouestions,

expressions,

1 --,-e u-ith? / did Harrv Potter / who

1 When did you start learning English?

eLarNed

in

2OOZ

2 When did you last go on holiday?

rrrite I Did I the Harry Potter books? /


,\gatha Christie

T-in3 When did you last read a newspaper?

i-on-.

film? / the first I was I Harry Potter / When

4 When did you last clean your bedroom?

dicl / live?

T-on-

/ Oliver TWist i Where

5 When did.v*ou last go to a friend's house?


5

did / u,ryite Oliner Twist?


\\,'iren

I-on-.

/ Charles Dickens /

6 When did -vou start this exercise?

I-at

6 his / live / Oliver Th.ist / family? / Did / with

7 What thre did .vou gel up this nrorning?

I-at

&

Match the questions in Exercise 2 with the short


answers. There is one extra answer.

a No, he

dicln't. tr

the 1830s
c Yes, they drd.
d No, she clicln't.
b in

,ar

LJ
I
I

e in London

in 2001

g his aunt, uncle


and cousin

Gomplete the student reporter's questions.

tr
T
T

Use the prompts to write Past Simple sentences.

1 I / go

/ cinema on Frlday.
cinema on Friday.

I wenL Lo r,he

2 They I see ltheir friends at the weekend.


3 She / speak / her friend at eight o'clock

last night.
4 He I start / learning the guitar in Juiy
5 They / have

i a party on 5th May.

6 Last year, we / go / holiday in the autumn.


7 Yesterday,

/ do / my homework in

the morning.

Hi, I'm Paula. Do you mind if I ask you


some questions for our class magazine?
Charlie No, I don't mind.
?
OK, first question: '
Paula
Charlie My name's Chariie Hopper.
Paula Hi Charlie, I'm Pauia. Now, next
Paula

Charlie
Paula
Charlie

Underline the prepositions and time expressions in


Exercise 4.

Yes, i did. I liked it very much.


2

Paula
Charlie

I left in July after my exams.

Paula

Circle the correct prepositions.

Charlie

1 They went to a disco @t cLt / e ii Saturday.


2 Did you see your grandparents o'n / at / t'n.

Paula

My family moved here because my


mother had a new job.
Teli me a bit about your old school.

the weekend?
3 We met at I on I i,n eight o'clock outside the

Charlie

We studied the usual subjects

English, French.

cinema.

4 I learned to skr aI I in I on 200I.


5 We did a test atr I zn I on the morning.
6 I had my birthday party at I in I on
17th June last year.
7 I love going walking in I at I on the spring
and summer.

22

question: 2
My last school was in Cambridge

N{aths,

Paula
Charlie
Paula
Charlie

No, they weten'l strict - but they were


quite serious.
One more question - have you got a

girlfriend?
No, I haven't but I'm looking for one.

Complete the questions

READING

Look at the pictures. Match the people with their jobs.

film

star

singer

Chariotte

Which person, Llharlotte Church rCC I ot


Shirley Temple (ST):
1 started her career when she was twelve? aa
2 left her first career when she was
lwelve?
3 changed to a different career?
4 was a singer when she was a teenager?
5 goes to lots of parties, nightclubs and
restaurants?

6 entertained a US president?
7 worked for the US government?
Match the underlined words and phrases in the texts
to their meanings.

going to clubs, bars,

restaurants and theatres and enjoyeng

yourself
: a big government change

u,ithout violence

4
5

2 Shiriey Temple was a

: the entertainment
urdustrl' (eg TY films)
:films
: the people who make
fiLms or T\r shows
: a person who represents
country
in
another
their country

Read and match the photos (A-D)with the texts'

Textl

In

rext2

nI
The singer Charlotte Church was born in Cardiff,
Wales in 1986. ln 1998 Chadotte introduced her
aunt on TV's Btg Big Talent Shotv but the
programme's producers asked the young girl to
sing too. A show business manager heard her
and got her a recording contract with Sony. Her
career starled with a CD of classical songs, Volce
of an Angel. and she quickly became worldfamous. She toured the world with her mother
and she sang for world leaders including
President Clinton and the Pope. Now, she is a
pop singer and there are often photographs in
the newspapers of her out on the town. She is a
lively young woman and despite her fame (and
selling more than ten million records!), she
doesn't seem arrogant.

***rru*,**'*iffi?ii##
g*ffiih:*ftrf,i*,i#[#

;"ffiffiru'l;;ffiil'11'f.
,l1@.13r?,.-P.:|:||:?.....:..:......,./.......:}::.!|\\:r'

GRAMMAR
Used to
Affirmative

Negative

Yes/No questions

didn't use to ride

bike to school.

a bike to school.

Did

lffou/He/She/ r used to ride

ItAlVe/They ;

i'Jfi:',iff'"

use

to ride a bike to schoor?

Shofi answers
We use used to to talk about habits and states in the past
which are now finished. For example,
I used to read children's comics. glow, I read newspapers.)

Yes, l/you/he/she/iVwe/they did.


No, l/you/he/she/iVwe/they didn't.

':.

l/fi-

Where did they use to play?

What did you use to

Ki.xa *Ece 6rapg

questions
do?

How did he use to get to school?

Don't confuse used to for habits in the past


with the regular uerb to use.
She used to write with a red pen.
She usetl a red pen to mark my homework.

Look at the pictures of Maria. Use the prompts to

write sentences with used to and didn't use to.

have / long hair

)he

uaed Lo have lonL\air.

Write more questions to ask Maria.

'l Did you uae Lo have a qood Lob ?


Yes, I did. I was a larnyer in a big company.
2 Did

2 go / cheap caf6s

Yes,

I did. I used to earn 150,000

a year.

3 Did
3 wear / expensive clothes
4 go out \n'ith / rich boyfriend

5 drive / old car


6 wear

/ casual clothes

I did. I always ate in different


restaurants.
4 Did
No, I didn't. I'm happier now.
Yes,

Use the prompts in brackets to complete the

sentences.

didn'L uee to eat, cheese but now I love lt.


(not eat / love)
2We
with my dad's
parents but now we _
our on'n home
(Iive / have)
3 My sister and I
each
other but now we
good friends.
(not like / be)
4 Now, I _
good at English but I
very bad at it.
(be / be)
1

Translate the sentences. Which ones are about habits


in the past?

1 I used an English dictionary when I wrote

my essay.
2

\\hen I started French lessons, I used to

check every word in a dictionary.


3 We didn't use to have a computer in each
classroom.
4 I didn't use your notes to finish mv
homework.

WORD LI$T

SPEAKING
.

"

Complete the conversations.

amazedlamazing
annoved/annovino
aquanum
arnve late
astronomy
ballet Iessons

leaver school

bell

monster
nervous

listen to

lunch'break
make friends
Maths
monf inn

best friend
bored/boring
borrow
can00n

1 A Can

I sit here?

y_

B Sorry,
with a friend.
2A

I_

i_

T'm tr:rrrollino

OK if I open the

nrnmispdu ro
nlrolrp nrt
' v vl

r-{g61.

with phrases from Exercise

ptay an instrument

clao
r.tdDJlt fdtu

play truant
playground

classroom
clever

^^nl,a+
puu^trL mana,'
il rur ruy
^.i-^^,
^^h^^l
il |ldr y Jr,r
ruul
vr

cf0aKr00m

promise
ronnrd nlarrer

A?

No, I don't mind.

delicious

nng

disabilig

satisf ied/satisfuing

disappoi nted/d isappointing

scared
school bus
school uniform

br{dpu

asci nated/f asci nati n g

iorm lul0r

-?

nonil

1 A (ask if you can park your car)


B (say no and give a reason)

A
B

3 A (ask if you can borrow B's laptop)


B (say yes)
A

4 A (ask B if you can turn the radio off)


B (say no and give a reason)

stad school

ra

srars{rcaily

*u'o'

Read the instructions and write the conversations.

2 A (ask to use B's mobile phone)


B (say no and give a reason)

sOap

soun0 (n)

NANATIN

I'm afraid not, I haven't got a spare one.

B I'm afraid not.lt'e not allowed.

righ lened/f rightening

A?

AbftaKifl?arkhere?

$rng song$
sit cross-legged
DItlVI U U

experls

3 You want to borrow a pen from your teacher.

secondary school

essay
ovnitod
/ovn
itinn
v/\v|(vv/
v/\vIL|l
lq
f

u,}

qr.hnnldnrre

em barrassed/em barrassi

to share a tabie in a caf6.

2 You want to use a friend's bicycle.

regrsrer

reunion (party)

:*::?'i"
VIIUUL

1,

B Sure, no problem.

^h^^
^ ^,^r dpl
^h l
pr rur rug

check (your) email

disc0ver
drop out {of school)
dyslexialdyslexic

Read the situations and complete the conversations

1 You want

passlfail an exam

r.dubu

crime novel

BS_,nop
3AD-y-m-ifluse
BN-,p-do.

painting

crayons
creative

window?

vottr nhonc"

n0rsy

!f;f!;oo'ouo

sruOy (n)

gr0wn up
have a routine

study.(a subject) at

have (stho) in common


nt00en talent
flrsrory
house-warmrng party

study for exams


successful
surprised/surprising

unNersrry

ilno

taKe tne ltft


Iare

imagination
impressionist
intelligent
interested/interesting
invention
inventor
keep a diary
kitdg,'

'

,laig1,h,at,

nIe0

usre

(nJ

term :

|;:r;fredfterrifyins

textbook

theory.of relativity

timetable
:,

tired/tiring

IOV

laugh out loud


lawyer
leaf (p/ leaves)

u,niversi$ course
rrnnlpacant

wear lipstick

learn by hearVmemorise

25

&

VOCABULARY

Complete with words from the Word list.


Thing

deappanrpd when I failed my


driving test.
2 I hope my aunt doesn't bring her a_
children with her. I really don't like them!
3 We haven't got any homework tonight. I'm
1 I was very

Person

astronomer

aGf rAnAm\t

ru

criminal
educator
historian

3
4

Complete the sentences with adjectives ending with


-ed or -ing.

a)

5 Iaw

6 invent

mathematician

painter

aetronor$ aetronon@

5 He listened carefully because he was


in what she said.
6 My brother's buying an
new

e_

comnrrl er game nexl weekend.


7 Our hotel u-as d

Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 1.

1 Einstein was

that the whole class passed

i_

Circle the differences between the pairs of words.

maLhemalician

2 Copernicus studied
3 I never listened in
so I know nothing about

Itb .the exam.

Iessons
flrrrnno

in fha

Qth nontrrnr

i_.

in all cultures.

4 Murder is a

- it was next to a

busy road and a long way from the beach.


8 The children are e
about the
party.
9 We n'ere all s_
when we won the
competition.
10 I couldn't stop reading this book - it's very

5 George Stephenson was the

of the steam engine.

The

Dr David Starkey
presented The Si,r Wi,ues of Henry VIII on
Brltish TV
7 The
of Venice by JM Tirrner

1S

Very ramous.

When you learn a new noun, learn the verb(s)that is


usually used with it. A good dictionary will give an

example of the correct verb to use.


Tick the correct uerb, make or d0,tor each noun.

Match the nouns (1-10) to make compound nouns.


Remember. some are one word and some are two.

make
1

1 school
2
3
4
5 play

novel
room
book

days
course

6 crime
7 cloak

money
mate
ground

record \
pocket \
university \

text

school

10 class

uniform
player

Complete the dictionary definitions with the


compound nouns from Exercise 4.

1-:aplaceinapublic

building where you leave your coat


2 _:
a fiction book about
crimirals and illegai acts
: a person who is in the
same class as you at school
: special clothes worn by
school students
: a book used by students
to study a subject

26

Extend your vocabulary

4
o
8

I
10

do

TV

trT
trT
trtr

trtr
TI
Ttr
Ttr
TT
TI

a course of lessons
a decision
a

journey

a mistake

a phone call
a reservation

dinner
homework
new friends
karate

Inspiration
GRAMMAR
Past Gontinuous
Affirmative

Negative

l/He/She/lt

was working at eight o'clock yesterday.

was not (wasn't) working at eight o'clock yesterday.

Weffou/They

were working at eight o'clock yesterday

were not (weren't) working at eight o'clock yesterday

We use the Past Continuous to


talk about things which were happening at or around
a fixed time in the past: l was washrng my hair at
nine o'clock last night.
talk about temporary things in the past: My grandmother
was staying with us last month.
set the scene in a story or give background information:
I was walking alang the road ...
emphasise a continuous activity: lt was raining all.day,

Yes/No questions

Short answers
Yes, l//he/she/it was.

No, l/he/she/it wasn't.


Yes, we/you/they were,
No, we/you/they weren't
l,

yesterday,

Past Continuous + Past Simple

'"."

Past Continuous

We often use these two verb tenses together. The Past


Continuous tells us the background information and the Past
Simple tells us about a shorter action or an interruption.
As I was walking along the street, I saw an old friend.
t was reading my book when t heard a knock at the door.

l'llf- questions

What was he doing yesterday?


Where were you going last night?

Circle the correct verbs.

1 The German composer Handel Li'ued

England wnen he@ottzp o s edl


was colnposi,ng his Water Must'c.
2 The 1950s singer Buddy Holly trauelled I
was trctuelling in a plane when it crash'ed /
was crashi,ng.
3 The singer Hayley Westenra sctng I was
si,ngi,ng in the streets of Christchurch, New
Zealand, when she made I was maki,ng her
first record.
4 Mick Jagger and Keith Richards of the Roiling
Stones rnet I tuere meeti,ng in 1961 when
they usaited I u;ere wai,ti,ng for a train.
Mozart
composed I was composzng music
5
before he was I was bei'ng five years old.
6 tr1vis Presley dzd I usas doi,ng national
serwice for the US army in Germany when he
met I was meeti,ng his wife, Priscilla.
@ a{Tiliildin

Complete the text with either the Past Simple or Past


Continuous form of the verbs in brackets,

This morning,I l checked (check) my homework


while I t_
(eat) my breakfast. Then I
walked to the bus stop. While I t_
(wait)
for the bus, I suddenly 4_
(remember)
my homework. It was at home in the kitchen:
(decide) what to do, the bus
As I u_
o_
(arrive). As I t_
(get on) the
(get) a lext message from my
bus, I 8_
mum: 'I n_
(find) your homeu'ork as I
(clean)
the kitchen. Wait at the bus
"_
stop.'It was too late, I was on the bus.

AsIlr
12

She
14

't_

(thrnk) about what to do, I


(see) my mum's car behind the bus.
(drive) in her pyjamas and I
(be) very embarrassed. At the next

bus stop, she 15_


(stop) her car in front
got
got
of the bus,
out and
on the bus.

It was terrible! She t6_


(u'alk) towards
me in her pyjamas so I 17_
(close) my
eyes. When I 18_
(open) my eyes I
to_
(know) it wasn't a nightmare or even

a dream. My mother'o_
(stand) on the
bus, in her pyjamas and holding my homework!
Use the prompts to write the police officer's
questions to Leo.

/ do / 8.30 yesterday?

1 What

0fficer

Leo

What were you doinq aL B3a veeLerday?


I was waiting for a friend.

/&" Complete the newspaper

repor1 with the correct form

of the verbs in the box.

;6p a;il; r.,ei' ioot pli;;;


:I.OT: II91]

t3E

y3]I

it""p

Y3lI

2 Where lyou?

0fficer

Leo

I was in a caf6 near the station.


3 Were / sit / near the window?
Officer

Leo

Yes,

I was.

ffigKY

$ffW

ffi&ffiKgwffiS$, Tffi&&$ffiegut}S

&&'f&&Y xxw &$ruffi9ffi&#effi&$e9ffi,

hx&ffiys

m&3Y xr1, tffigwm{}es

4 Tell me / exactly / where / sit


0fficer

Leo
5 What

I was sitting at a small table next to


the door.

/ do?

0fficer

Leo

I was drinking a cup of coffee and


looking lor my lriend's bus.
6 Did / hear la loud bang?
Officer

Leo
7 Did

No, I didn't.
I see / a man / drive / at high speed?

0fficer

Leo No, I didn't.


8 Did i see / an;'thing unusual?
Officer

28

when it exploded.
Several thousand people l were lravellinQ home on the
Underground when all the trains 2
. One

commuter told our reporter, 'I 3


but I
woke up because a child was crying. After an hour, the
driver said lhat rescue workers were on the train and
everyone a
. It was fantasticl'
?hings weren't much better for people above ground.
'I 5
for Christmas Dresents when the
lights went out. When I left the shop it o
so it was impossible to get a taxi. I
to
a bus stop but hundreds of people
for
?

I saw a woman get onto a school


bus in her pyjamas.
0fficer That isn't a crime.
Leo

Yesterday's power cut brought chaos to London.


Engineers were working on an electricity generaror

We1l,

the bus.
i0

lo

my son for help but he


in his car. Luckily. a

Manchester

young womanrr
me talking on the phone.
Her boyfriend came in their car and they took me home.'

Why are typical teenagers


never tired at 1'1p.m. but
they hate getting up in the
morning? Are they lazy?
No, the good news is that
it's natural.
=veryone has a natural body clock which tells them when to
,vake up and fall asleep. In teenagers, the chemicalthat
:ontrols sleep, melatonin, is in their brains between
11.00p.m. and 8.00a.m. The result is that teenagers don't
'eel tired late in the evening but. when they get up before
3a.m., their brarn is telling them to sleep. This lack of sleep
:neans they are often unhappy, angry can't learn and get
cad marks.

Read the questions. Then read the adicle again and


choose the best answers.

$" Who says these things? Write parent (P) or

1 Teenagers are

1 Didn't you hear me? It's time to get up.


2 Go to bed - you've got school tomorrow
3 I was having a loveiy dream.

t
t

4 No, I'm not tired. I'm going to watch


this film.

he
ne

Complete the definitions with underlined words from

he
nd

the article.

(n) the feeling that you


want to sleep

(n) when there is not enough


^l
tru.

of something

(u) to do things in
to
..:

particular way

(n) everl'thing in the world

fof

not made or controlled by people

he

(u) studlng carelully to tind


new information

rrZ
ne.
le.

It is difficuit for teenagers to get up early


because

they don't have clocks.


b their beds are warm.
c their body clocks are different.
d they are unhappy.
a

minutes ... Zzzz Zzzz


6 But I'm reading and it's a really
awcitino hit

o How much sleep everyone needs


b Why teenagers are tired in the morning
c School times in the USA
d The effects of sleep on our brains

II

5 Just five more

Look at the pictures and read the afticle


quickly. Choose the best title:

.or

tired in the morning because


they arelazy.
b they don't want to go to school.
c they use computers late at night.
@tirey need more sleep.
a

7M

W
|n.

Sleep scientists are researching the proolem. They say that it


is crazy to fight nature so the only answer is for schools to
start Iater. As one scientist said, 'At 7.30a.m. students are at
their desks but their brains are at home ln bed.' Luckily, some
head teachers listened to the new scientific advice and
changed their school hours. The resuits are very inieresting:
teachers and parents say students behave better, learn more,
aot hottor marlzc rnri fornror ctr .rlonrc rlrnn nr ri

READING
teenager (I). What time are they said? Write night (N)
or morning (M).

ln the US, a lot of high schools start at about 7.30 in the


morning. This means the students are at their desks after only
five or six hours' sleep. However, they need 9-1 0 hours
because their bodies and brains are still developing so they
are very tired. Tiredness means 20 per cent of high school
students fall asleep during their first two hours of school.

3 Some teenagers are

irritable c optimistic

cheerful d punctual

because they are tired.

start schooi early.


a usually b never -c sometimes d aiways

4 US school students

5 Teenagers need a lot of sleep because they


c study a lot.
a work hard
b go to school early. d are growing.

US high school students fall asleep at

school.

All b Most c Some d A lot of


7 Some _ head teachers changed the
a

school hours.
a

sensible

tolerant

selfish

d optimistic

8 The new school hours are


a successful. c mysterious.
b

disappointing. d fascinating.

29

TISTENING

SPEAKING

Put the words and phrases in order and make

sentences.

lI

llwas / home, I the


As / saw
Ae I wae walkinq home, I eaw f,he accident,.

1 accident. / walking

2 few I It I a I ago. / happened / months


3 unforgettable / an

day.

lIt

was

4 the I life. / It I best / was / dav of / mv


5 primary I

school. /

Read the questions. Then listen and choose


the best answers.

proud / I feel I of I my lTo


friend. / this

1 This is a radio
a

lesson.

c discussion.

phone-in.

d documentary.

my lfirst / was I week I at I

It

Thappy.

2 The guest talks most about


a Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

William Wordsworth.
c Dorothy Wordsworth.
d the Romantic poets.

day

/I/verylfelt

we / home. / went / Finallv. / all

You are describing a day when something

frightening, amazing or embarrassing happened to


you. Write what you say.

3 The guest thinks Dorothy Wordsworth was

boring.

Remember to:

c stupid.
b fascinating. d popular.
a

4 Dorothy wrote
a

novels. b piays. c diaries.

d poetry.

first read Kubla Khan

university.

2 He wasn't interested in Dorothy


Wordsworth when he was at school.
3 Dorothy left her parents'home when
she was twelve years old.
4 Dorothy lived with William when she
was a teenager.
5 The diaries are interesting because they
are about politics and international news.
6 Dorothy Wordsworth's life was typical
for an trngJish woman in the eighteenth
and nineteenth centuries.
7 Dorothy was jealous of William because
he was famous.
8 William died before Dorothy.
Complete the saying the radio interviewer uses.

B_euerA

great

_tlzere's

Do you think this is true?

BO

T
tr
n
II

T
T

felt

Ji,naLLy.

use the Past Continuous to say what you

were doing at the time.

cross false.
aL

say when the story happened, how you

and why it was important.


use Linking words, eg then, nent,, after [hat,

Read the sentences and listen again. Tick true and

1 The guest

VOCABULARY

WORD LIST

look into
lucky/unlucky
make a mistake

id{#'

;;*";p ffirl

ma$erplece

::13:3"
author
besVworst
biography
blind
brain
catchy
characters
structure

hoino lqto

moonlight
mysterious
mystery

3Ir

ll#,'u*

4 Please

nrneteenth century
novel
on his own

5He

:3il3::il'.

:t;Jf'
li:H,",,
:x3i:

itL$ft},

Iil,T*'*

stay up late

:l:i,

l[11l1,,.,.

fllllsTfu,.,nood
hit

unlucky
2 creative tired
3 exciting boring
4 exotic normal
1@

turn out
unforqettable

i['i,'if.'

Xi3Ifi

wll'''

knock

work (arVmusic)

lXli!1'l{L-u,,
learn by heart
literature

/rarer

dramatic
strange
shy

modest mysterious

unusual extraordinary annoYng


Thing

Person

bioaraohv

biographer

2 chemistry / chemical
3 composition
4 drum
dreamer

6 -guitar
7 science
B poem / poetry

&

Complete the sentences with nouns from Exercise 3'

1 Charlie Watts is the


Rolling Stones.
2 Meg White plays the

in the
in White

Stripes.
3 Marie Curie is the French name of the Poiish

Marie Sklodowska.
4 Plutarch was an ancient Greek
He wryote about the lives of Alexander the

wl[ii-

r#ffi

sleePY

l"f

invent (a story)

unsuccessful

Complete with words from the Word list.

il:T'*

ilii,J,?Jl'

all night on June 21st

Circle the 'odd one out'.

l[?3i'

l,.l['K:'.''

he rang eight

what time the train leaves?

stranger

idea/

pe

7 Can you phone the statron and

probrem

first of ali

phoning

6 Let's

:5fitx,

:sll;#

I can't find an5,thing tn

times last weekend.

lll'I,,

here!

realise
revise
rhapsody
Romantic
scientific
scientist
sentimental
shocked
sleep (n)

dramatic
dream

lhat I was waiting at the

wrong stationl

piano
piano keys
playful
p0em
poet
poeiry
publish

::il3lfl:

a good reason for

2 I need to

0peratrc

iimr*;

o"t k""; o" rt r.-i"t"

1 The police are lookinT inr'o the crime.

Moon

:ffiili:i

ii"o

:!1{gP l1g{.'p !yl" 99l *l!:qgl'rl

me0lcrne
melody/melodic
mem0fy
messy

XIJff-

Complete the sentences with phrasal verbs from the


box. Remember to use the correct form of the verb.
There is one extra verb.

Great and Mark Antony.


l

5 Robert Dallek wrote a verY good


ofJohn F. Kennedy.
6 Chopin was a classical

ffii!%1.,.
writer

BI

Complete the sentences with prepositions.

1 Dorothy Wordsworth

Extend your vocabulary

wrote /own everything

in her diary.

_
3 Coleridge had a dream
2 Wordsworth is famous

rnriting poetry.

Look at the nouns which go with the uerb have.


Add four nouns or phrases.

an exotic

a meal

palace.

4 Do you thurk Kubla Khan is a work


art?
5 William Wordsworth didn't

ffi

live

his oum.

First

all, you must read Wordsworth's


romantic poems.

Maggie and Pete both remember when they heard


important news. Complete what they said.
'

l ltwaa November

:-dinner
"u*"
;;;i

in;"d

i;;--

''i-,

2w-1963 and we

'l

with mv famiJy' A neighbour


President Kennedy was
that
said

a-ten

Years ord so

i didn't really understand but I still rememb-er


fu.", - Lhey were shocked and I
mv parents'
-

Mum
frishtened. s1----it r'vas
remember
I
t.irci.O on the TV news a long
for
black and white! We watched the TV
go
lo bted'
Mum told me to
time but 6 f

;i

,^_r_r1

--_-lCan when
remember exactly what I was doing
d'ied!
President KeruredY
Maggie, 54

'I-

h-

when I was about

twenfv-fourvears old. I2w


t
in a secondary school. W" *"* ir tfr" t"u.i,"rr'
room and a teacher 3w
t
Lo
his girllriend on the pho*. 'fi," prt
the phone down and said, 5't cb
it! Sue says someone shot Johr
Lennon.' I finished my classes for the day and
u
at, I went home and
played all my Beatles and John Lennon music.
It was an i ud_
because I felt
a lriend was dead.
Pete, 52

82

Complete the sentences with phrases with /raye.

1 Sorry Ben can't come to the phone. He's in


the bathroom and I think he's

2 I didn't eat anything but I


of orange juice.

3I

for my birthday
you
next week. I hope
can come.

4We
SO

this week

any

I'm relaxing.

5IknowI

an interesting

Iast night

remember it.

but I can't

: a new paragraph
.ach main idea.

is

George Stephenson
"i

by saying why
'cerson is famous

known as

The Father of the Raifways. When


he was born in 1781, his father
was working in a coal mine. Like
children
nF nnnr
(7a^Yda di dn't
nn

a lof
t i ma

at
fn

that
qehnol

and he started working at the age

- Ihe Past
r',tinuous to explain

nf
u_

ai
nhr
E_v-re

.'Dackground.

ho
frg

rranr
wCf--

Tdhi I a
f n
-V

lro
rfu

,.'^?1,i
wvr^f

'.,.waD

errani
LVLI]aIIY nd

h^
lIY,

UIqDDgD
^- ---o-

--.1
qflU

as a teenaqer he learnc Lo read


ano
tla

wr].E.e.

Lrae

f 'hi nac

rrarrr

annd

rnd

:f f or

:t

ee

m:iri

na

t!te!!4rrJ

qarrer:l

m:ehi

--^
alfu

raq

rze:r<

hc

Use adjectives to
mql-e rrnrrr uritino

-^
tL{cffurrrv
-^-it

became

the coal

more jnteresting and


to 'paint a picture' for
the reader.

mine's main engineer. While he was urnrLi nc f nr


the coal mine he became interested Ln en
devel-oped his ideas for his famous raln englne.
eft the coal mine and started working
for himself.

Next, in the 1820s,

5 Use linking words to


explain the
relationship between
the pieces of
infbrmation.

he

riecianed :nd hrrill- thc rrerrr


srrcccqscrr'l Sf enhcn<gn' g
D^^1.^^UU^Ct,

Af^-r
bLCdLLl

d^

nrl l freinc
fha
ulfs

fircf
rf_DL

l.n
LU

CIlqrlrs
^-ryiro

-hen he built

nrrhlin
Pu!-fu

r>i1...^"a
-affwoYD.

Unfortunately, che day


(-enhensnr nnercd his second
nrrhlic

r:ilr^r:rr

in 1A?O fhc

Rocket hit and kil1ed


mcmher of fhc
TJALTa\rar rrnj-il
fasfcsf
hnrco

cn

onrrelnpgnl.
1-hcr
rhc

frarsnort
waS a
rri I r^rrrrc nrri clr'l rr

her:ame nonrr'l ar.' jji]::There are

now railways everywhere: the


invention of a clever, hardu'nrki no hrrt-

^^^1 *r-^LLlffrc!

LUdf

WRITING

,%

rl s* ;a 'l sl slsd ,* , l rl rl *lq{#


ti{iit{:t,ilrtt3dl
,l di' {' &,,n,1,5.,r*
Srnnwsy_a, Lure @hetvvs+)
born pota,nj" Bbt
!y;y
fLLrney - eaLher

a the history of travel?


b a great engineer?

c British transport?

Find and underline:

.
.
.

the background
(paragraph 2)
2 two adjectives that describe

r,\athey And_ sl,ster d,ed_


wtnut" sho .JA-S

worY-ed-

'

3 two linking words


(paragraph 3)

&

v,yf l.hrd-

a*(e )-4 vuutt tc


ttu\et lrer".e. C^j,g

N;;;

a,

obrtrl_

(*ry,* to ent 0r slLL?


-satr,e+,tn\L:

{rA,.nce

aM

t,

tlne*y

dt ,c,t'ered. th_ ehu


o,w,,reA

George Slephenson
(paragraph 3)

rlneducated

^L--^^r the worfd.

ufrorf9gu

Read the notes about Marie Sklodowska Curie. Add anything else you know

Read the text. ls it about:

1 a sentence that explains

nnnr

End with a sentence


which sums up the
main ideas of the text.

>tu1 ,+-

rytt

v^Ar",ed

;',,#iflil#if'rTY',u

ya,\ lots ct{ rntc,rrwLorw)

_, ,nctua",,^oy nM Nobel
lltzo {or Rngr5res Gtna-red_,przes penej-iu1,
r,kt^
pu Nobet
ft l,ze {or Chevrl;:;try

Use the notes and your own ideas to write about her life.

BB

.1.,r,.:lali!:
:ll:lrillll:i

.:

::

.,Ul,tlll,illil:,l::::;,:

rr,l:l'|lrrlririiii.

:\'

:'a.t:1:1..:1::',ll:Ll:::::,:,::,:.:..

LF-I
.i
.:

:::::::::::::.::::::t:,:.,a,::::.,a:,;

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR


% Pul the words in brackets into the
correct form.

&

I an (embarrass)

the children u_
unfriendly. Then rn
1999, we moved from the village to another
town. It was very sad. I remember tidyrng
o_
my things and putting them into
boxes. When the men came to take everything
to our new house, I t_
sitting in my
room, crying. i still think about the oicl house
and the village, but I'm happy norn-.

4 I don't r'vant to pia}'tennis. It's (bore)


5 I love going on holiday

/t

Write a sentence which has the sarne


meaning as the one given, using the word
in

capitals.

I
It

Why a,re you (surprise)


you failed? You didn't do any work.

that

Oomplete the text with one word from each


(6 points)
box in the correct

form.
*"*" ri"o 1;;i. k;"p siuv t"t"

*i!g
14) up into out out on

dou.n

finally carre

up in'ith an idea.
2 At the end of the book, the bo5r
to be the u'oman's lost son.
3 My fiiend always
late
_
belole an exam and is always tired.
4 You can do it. Come onl

lrying!
5 Where's that telephone number? I
iL _
on a piece of paper.
6 Don't do itl You know our teacher

it

alu'a1rg

was.

7 In Science lessons this week. we are


the effects of sunlight on
different plants.

(6 points)

i played the piano wh,en I was young.

PLAY

I uaed Lo plav Lhe piano when I wae vouna.

2 Every year, we rvent on holidav to France. GO


3 We were never late for school.

BE

4 I often iistened to the radio with

my grandfather.

1 He thought for a long time and

r,vho

to iive in ir

small village. There rvasn't a school in the


village so I 3to a school in a town about
5 km away. I i
like the school because

embarrassed .
2 My brother is reall5 lanno.r)
w-hen he's with his friends.
3 I was (disappoint)
because only
three people came to m5r party.

- packing is really
(excite)
6 I was (terrify)
r,vhen the Jights
went out.
7 You must read this story. It's (amaze)

Complete the text with one word in each gap" (6 points)

\\hen Ilwas young, I'_

(7 poirrts)

1 I aiways go red when

ltl:ililllrll

LISTI]N

5 My grandmother always wore a


hat on Sundays.

WBAR

6 I used to be very shy.

\\AS

7 I didn't go to school on Saturdays.

IJSE

?.e Circle the correct answers: a, b 0r

c.

(5 points)

I was never very good at sports. I remember


one day, I 1_ cricket. I'_ a, long rn'ay from
the other players r,vlien someone hit 1,he bail to
rne. Everyone shouted but I 3_ them. The ball
n_ me on the head! Someone telephoned for
an ambulance and while the ambulance o_ me
to hospital, I woke up. I was OK but I 6_
cricket for a long time after thatl
1 a played @was playing c usecl to play
2 a stood b u'as standing c used to stand
3 a didn't hear
c didn't use to hear
b wasn't hearing
4 a hit b was hitting c used to hit
5 a took b was taking c used to take
6 a didn't play
c didn't use to play
b wasn't pla),lng

B4

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
!
I
a

I
I
0

)
o
a

a
a

I
I
il

TISTENING SKILTS

READING SKILLS

Y" ffi

&.

Listen to a university lecturer talking


about writers. Circle the correct answers:

a,borc.

(7 points)

1 The lecturer is goLng to talk about


a detective stories.
b Ra5''rnond Chandter.
c Ernest Hemingn'ay'.

2 Ra;.anond Chandler rvas born in

1808. b lBB0. c

IBBB.

3 His family rnoved to


a

England.

Chicago. c I'rance.

4 In l912 he
British citizen.
returned to America.
c joined the Canadian army.
a became a

Read the text about a conceft, Then read the


(7 points)
sentences 1-7. Tick true and cross false.

1 Aiden Jones once nrote to the girl.


2 Her mother didn't t-arrl hel to go to

the concert.
3 The girl bought trckets for the r,vhole
family.
4 Her brother was happy to go.
5 She likes what he wrote about the
concert now.
6 She remembers what songs the).- sang at
the concert
7 She didn't know her brother r.vas taking
photos ofher.

T
tr
T
T
n
n
I

5 In World War
aa

pilot.

he was

b a journalist. c a soldier.

6 His first book was called


a The Big Sleep.
b The Black Mask.
c Philip Marlowe.

7 He finished
in his life.
a eight books
b seven stories

c seven books

COMMUNIGATION
?" Complete the sentences with one word in
each

gap.

(6 points)

tCan I use your mobile phone, please?


Yes.

of

OK if I sit here?

Is3
Srrrc nn l

Do you

I'm o_
Can

I'm

t_

if I listen to some music?


I do. I'm rrying to sludy.

use my dictionary in this exam?

t_

you can't. It's not allowed

aaaoooaaaaa

a
a
O

o
a
a

to love boy bands and terrib[e pop music


and my favourite group was High Five. I used to buy a[[ of their CDs
and my bedroom was covered in posters of them. I was in Love with
Ajden Jones, the lead singer of the group. I wrote to him once but
When

was younger,

used

c
o
o
o

he didn't write back!

0nce, when I was L0 or 11, they ptayed a concert in my town. I asked


my mum if I could go but she didn't want me to. ] asked and asked and
finatly she bought tickets for the whote fami[y, my father, my brother and
me. My brother was 15 then and he didn't want to go - he djdn't want his
friends to see hjm - but final,Ly he agreed and he wrote about it for his school
magazine. He was really rude about the concert and I was angry with him but
now I think that what he wrote was very funnv.

c
O

o
o
a
a
o
o
o

At the concert I bought everything I cou[d - posters, books, badges, a T-shirt and we went to sit down. The haLL was fu[[ of young girls. I think my father was
a bit frightened because of the noise. He kept on looking at me and every time
I started to cry or shout he totd me not to be so stupid.

I don't remember

the concert much, they sang and danced and we aLl screamed
the music. My brother took his camera and I thought he was
taking photos of the band but he wasn't, he was taking them of me. Now, seven
so we cou[dn't hear

years later, when I bring a boyfriend home, my brother always shows them his
photos. It's so embarrassing!

ooaaaaaaaaoaaoooaaaoaaoaoaaoaaoaaaoaoaaaooo

aoaaoaao

o
a
a
o
a
a
o
a
o a

No place like home


GRAMMAR
Comparison of adjectives
Superlative
the youngest
the nicest
the biggest

Most one-syllable adjectives


ending in -e
one vowel + one consonant
Two-syl lable adjectives

the na!'rowest
the prettiest

ending in a vowel sound


ending in -y

the most useful


the most attractive
the most difficult

Two- or more syllable adjectives


dtLI dtJLIVU
uililuutL

the best
the worst
the fufthest

better
WOTSE

further

Comparing two

Gomparing more than two

1 We use a comparative adjective + thanlo compare two

We use a superlative adjective to compare three or more


people or things:
She's the cleverest person in our class'
This is the most expensive mobile phone in the shop.

things that are different:


Today is

colder than

The btue clress is

yesterday.

more expensive than the red

one.

2 We can also use nor as (adjective) as:


Yesterday was not as cold as today.
The red dress is not as expensive as the blue one.
3 To,compare two things which are the same, we use as
(adjective; as:
The green dress is

as expensive as the red one.

Gomparing with what's 0K

l0o means something is more than 0K:


The blue shoes are too big.
enough means something is 0K:
enough,
The
'n:,ii 6rown shoes are big"
less than 0K:

.".."ii0;dffiil;".ttLits'it

The

black shoes are not big enough.

Use the information to answer the questions.

1 Bill is older than Ben.


Karen isn't as old as Ben.

Who is the

oldest?

Sill

2 Leo is quieter than Jack.


Jack is louder than lvan.

Ivan is as quiet as Leo.


Who is the loudest?
3 The film is better than the book.
The book is worse than the TV programme
The TV progralnme is better than the film.
Is the film, the book or the TV programme
the best?

B6

4 The black trousers were too small.


The jeans were too btg.
The shorts weten't big enough.
Were the jeans, the shorts or the trousers
lhe biggesl ?
5 The train is more expensive than the plane.
The car is as expensive as the train.
The plane is less expensive than the train.
Which is the cheapest?

{W
l-

ffiW

W-

,W

ffiw

W
,M

Il-***a':*

il

%,, Use the prompts to write sentences about the

!& Complete

the conversation with words from the box.

pictures.
.?a

,,9

1 House 1 / expensive / house 2.


2 House 2 I not cheap / house 1.
3 House 1 / small / for the family.
4 House 2 /big / for the family.
5 House 2 /bigl for the old couple.
6 House 1 / big / for the old couple.
7 House 1 / old / house 2.
B House 2 / modern / house 1.

.:

;
*i
'.,,,1::

9 The garden at house I I tidy /


the garden at house 2.
10 House 1 / near / the school / house 2.

{e

Complete the questions with superlative adjectives.

5
ti'ii

1 What was Lhe mool ex?eneive (expensive)

thing you bought?


(bad) book

2 Which was

you read?

(happy) day

3 What was

for you?
(good) film

4 Which was

you saw?
5 Who was

pi"Lti*r
199

(nice) person
(boring)

thing you watched on TV?

Anna What do you think?


Ben i think the jeans are lLoo lone
Anna I like long jeans. The first pair were
Ben

Anna

(exciting)

7 What was

piece of news you heard?

(noisy) party?

What about thrs


T-shirt?
It's l
for you.
Yes, you're right. I'm going to try on a

size.

(fhrc mi,nutes Lo,ter)


Anna I like this one. It fits and the colour's
5

(far) you

travelled?

thing you learnt?

r'nurl +."1*s

6 What was

10 What was

ioo

9:P9T1r9 !99 1191

you met?

I Who had
I What was

i;;s;;

r,,-,,
^ l\
ur ruD^.,udrl
\

Ben

Anna

You've decided! Are you going to buy the


jeans and the T-shirt? Can we go now?
No, I'm not going to buy anything. This
qhnn'q

g7

ffi

READING

1 *re

Match the underlined words with the definitions.


1

Read the question and the

article quickly. Choose the best

answer.

The text is about Bill Gates

and his
a
b

forDune

business. c home.

family.

d money.

Read the phrases and put them in


the correct places in the article.

a from all over the world


b he is also very generous
c while he is driving home
d r-ith views of the lake from
many of the windows
e a Utopian dream with

perfect comfort

&

(n) a very large amount

of money
(ad7) suitable for serious occasions
(adj using the newest knowledge or materials
(n) a frightening dream
(n) a gift of money to charity
(n) a hard, natural material
(n) a piece of cloth to pull across a window

Read the article again. Tick true and cross false.

1 Bill Gates started Microsoft wrth another person.


2 Paul Allen is the richest man in the world.
3 It isn't surprising that the house is modern.
4 The house doesn't have normal rooms.
5 Biil Gates never buys old things.
6 There is a separate house for visltors.
7 Meiinda Gates has an antique wardrobe.
B The rnriter

thinks nobody wants a home like Bill Gates.

T
I
T

n
tr
tr

@Eitlcatos
ill Gates, who started
M crosoft in 1975 with Paul

Aller, s rie richesl rnar rn lhe


world He has $45 3 bilionl

1_

Although he is very rich,


his charity, the Bill and Melinda
Gates troundal ol, is o1e o-r1e
;

most generous rn the world, In


1999, the foundation gave $3 2
billion to a health charity

the

,^,^"1n,^
WUI U S '-i^^^^+
UIggEs. ,..l^^^+,^
UUI AL OT IO

AI

aid organisation
However, B Gates ras spert
some of his enormous foftune
on hlmself and his famiy. ln
the 1990s, he bu lt a house
ne>t to Lake Washington near

Seattle The house, which cost

$97 million, is in a great place,

'_

. lt is (as you'd expect


from a man whose money
cones kor corpule'sl very
moderr and has all the laresl

onr .inrronl
..fi'n, tlor vvv,|\],
r ,v, ,r, ll haS a
the normalthlngs you f nd in a
I

home iike a kitchen, bedrooms


and bathrooms ln addition, lt
has the things only very rich
neonle car
hr r'r' ua hall wn ch
vu
I uuyi
s big enough lor 2aa people,
a sw;"n'nilg pool lhal has ar'
underyvate' nus c syslem,
a sauna, a 1ibrary where he
l,^^^hueps d
^ srxreer
^i,/+^^^+ta
^^^+,.Ury
.r I Ler
Leonardo da Vinci notebook

(which he bought for $3.8 million) a theatre


w th state'of-ihe-a1 rechnology, a'orTral

OlningroorrJhafs big enough for 24 guests,


an underground garage, a boat house and
a gJesr house for VSrofS, r [acl, lhe gues
ho;se was buill 'rsr to test lhe nar iouse's
technology.

wardrobe wh ch brings the correct dress or


''^^l'^+
,*nmal
aall.,
^
l rdr uo y,
launur duLU
The archirecrs, builders and desgrers.tsed
+'-^
t-^^+
L tL uuS.

+1,-^+,
il-^+^.i^l^
ia.ur rdrs r|ar flOley Caf

OLy,

ard r 1re walls


lr ore odtn oor rre showe''curlar'is

lhere is wood o^ tre tloo's

a 225 kilo piece of stonel


The computer technology is remarkable:
all the floors the drive and the paths in ihe
garden are heated, liere are 52 miles oi
communication cables, Bill Gates can fill
his bath at the correct temperature,
ard his w[e's cories a'e r a conp;le sec

3_

Most ol us car- [ afford Lo live ,o,e Lne Gates


fam ly - but do we want to? lt depends
on your point of view:
or a sc ence
fiction n ghtmare with cornputers controlling
everything?

5_

GRAMMAR
Relative

pronouns

This is ...
,,,

For people use who or that'.


MrTodd is the rnan who that bought my,iar,

'
.
.

For things, use

whichor

That is the car

wfiich

l',

that:

George who the Colliers 1ive.


street where I take into central London.
3 Mrs Moore that baby I look after on Fridays.
4 bus
whose looks after the garden.
1

A relative pronorn introduces extra information about a


person 0r thing in a longer sentence.

Sanne took some photographs and showed them to


her family in Rotterdam. Match the phrases and write
what she says.

/ tfiat Mr Todd:'boughtfrom

ty uau,

For places, use where,


This is the tree where Mr Tadd crashed the'car.
We use whoselojoin h,vo sentences instead of his,
'
Thiq
ic uutt.
Rpn tl-li<
cicfc.r lS
! ttro ro
tto otoLut
ln

y)Uf

--+ Tltis is Ben whose slsfer ls

CIaSS.

k Wiw

class

Some words are no longer necessary whe'n we loin two


sentences in this way.
That is the car. Mr Todd bought it fram my dad.
--+ That is the car which Mr Todd bought from my dad, (#)

1 This ts Oeorqe wvo


looke afLer lhe qarden,

2 This is

3 This is

4 This is

This is the tree. Mr Todd crashed his car here,


'-+ This is the tree where Mr Tadd crashed his car. {here)

out wha, which and lbaf when they are


followed by a noun or pronoun.
This is the man whe I told you about.
I'n gaing to the part], +ha+ she invited'me

You can miss

fu

,,,,

f
-

Whose and who's


who rs both sound the
same but the spelling is different and the
words have different meanings.
Who's looking after the children?
nsl Whese lseking after t

Use the words in brackets to join the sentences.

Make any other changes necessary.

1 That's Mrs Gregory. She is my Music teacher.

(who)
That'a Mre Oreaor\t v,tho ia my Mueic Leacher,
2 That's my Maths teacher. Ybu spoke to her

last year. (that)

Write true sentences.

I'd like to ...


. have a friend who
. go to a country *n"ra ..
o meet someone whose ...
o buy a car that ...
. do something which ...
Put the correct relative pronoun in each sentence.

3 This is my brother. He rn'anted to meet you.

(who)

where
1 Those are

4 That's my cat. It caught a bird yesterday.

the stairs(I broke my arm.

2 That's the dog ate our dinner!

(which)
3 There's a shop you can buy
5 Here's your iPod. You lost it last week. (lhat)
6 This is the house.

I stayed here. (where)

D\Ds.

4 The couple live next to us have got five cats.


5 There's a shop near my home sells cheap CDs.
6 She's the woman w-as in the advertisement.

B9

WORD LIST

SPEAKING

Look at the picture and complete the conversation.


Write full sentences.

alarm clock
applfance
architont

afm6haif

in the, background/middl:e
mnovatr0n
incido/nr rtcido

''',.:.:,'....;',:,.:,::::,,:a,

kee';p,,1.i,nIOUC1

:.

aI tne D0n0m/t0p

attic

,'',-,&1'l

tawn

.....,

bacldfront door

|iVing room

look after
m0dern
move (n ano v)

netghbouftood
on the right/left
original
paint
pleasant
plumber
porch

0uil0

cfldtf

A
B

r,

remdte csntfol

com0uler

r00mv

l.arkscr ew
cne\/

rubb.isfr

nr

(i,g{\',.,,,:1111

Do you think

whv?

.,, .'1,,,,',,,,,,:.:
:,:,,.,

rnhnard
:'''::

,,

semr-oetacne0
shower
stnK

skvlioht

"',',';, ".

digta1hgd:','h, osie,

SOTA.

rlininn
rvurIr
urrilrrv rnnm

distrlct.,

,,

nnnrnAll

spact0us
stairs
statue

drnta

STUCV

Look at the picture and think of five 0r six things


to say about it. Use the questions and answers in

0usiorn

swrtcn 0n

Exercise 1 to help you.

enOffTI0US :

n\rn
prdytrl
uvu ^l^,,^.

trhla

eleqant

UAI IIUI[IUI t

fix r

i:

Itdt- ilt,

floor..
l0untaln

,,

'
frggzer ''":tl'

''i
'

ta0s
taslefut/tasteless
technoloov
terraced n0use
tiny
toilet
ugly

rfl0ge

uncomfortable
unfortunatelv

TUrnllUre

unpacK

gduguL

unusual
upstatrs/0ownsta$s
vacuum cleaner
villa
wardr0be

v.lrdgu

^^".t^^ I ,^,^ll
wdrl
vdruur
gel 0n wrm
h^ll
ilqil

have a {goodlbad)
relati0nshiB vvith'
hoctinn
hodno
hnr rcinn pcteto

4CI

ll6t

^t

Whal is Lhe woman on the ieft doing?

':',1"

00ster

c0mI0na0le

a nice place to live?

poss.ession

c0l0urTUl

'%

',1:

,:

ehesl of dfawr$
close/far

Cbtrao.e..:.:....:.:..:...:::.::.:.:..:.:.::.:.

it looks like

m!:Cr0WaVe''

cerlrng

2lt miaht be ...


What are the boys in the foreground doing?

,,,

basement
bath
bathroom

hrinhi
ur rvr rr

., ..,:

halr.nnv

bedroom
block of flats
boast
book shelf {pl shelves)

,t

letter box

bed

kitchen

average

What does the picture show?


tThe pict'tre ehowe a ef,reel wiLh hou6et.
Where do you think it might be?

With

Oflrrt:Sb;',

kettp

'.

attractive

warm

washing machine
water pipes
window

Sb/

&

VOCABULARY

1 We live in the house on the right.


the TV u.hen ]-ou go
2 Remember to switch

Complete the lists with words from the box.

a+t+e batny ceiling desk doorbell


drive floor garden wall hall hedge

to bed.

house

attic

s$ttcli
the heating.
drar.r-eLs.
4 I keep all my clothes in a chest
5 When I get home, I put m5,- coat -_ the
bottom of the stairs.
6 We get _ with our neighbours.
7 There's a comfortable sofa the middle of
the living room.
the ieft of the frldge.
8 There's a sink
3 When it's hot in the sununer, we never

u9l!l ?*\
lnside the

Complete the sentences with af, in, 0f, off or on.

Outside the house


balcony

%,

Write the names of items 1-20 in the picture.

Extend your vocabulary

&

Study the phrases with keep and their definitions.


Use them to complete sentences 1-6.

keep in tsuck: to stay in contact with another


person

k**p at s*rnek6cags to continue

to do

something difficult

keep swm**XxXmg back; to not tell someone


something

keep down; to stop something increasing


keep **wz*h*dy 6m: to make a child stay in
the house as a punishment, to make a person
stay in hospital
oSS: to stop someone or something causing
damase

keep

t
1

iouch with my friends by email.


2 Please _
the noise
- we're
fnrino fn qleenl
3 I know you aren't telling me everfihing. You
something
are _
4 In- the suruner I always wear a hat to
my head.
the Sun
us
5 If we talk in class our teacher
for fifteen minutes.
6 It's difficult to learn another language but
you must _
it!
1

keeo in

bedroom

11

12

13

14

to
16

{
a

1V

19

10

2A

18

4t

Eat up!
GRAMMAR
Countable and uncountable nouns

Countable nouns

Countable nouns are used for things


which are separate and can be
counted, one, tvvo, fhree etc. We
can use arlicles and numbers with
countable nouns: a baby, four babies,

2 Uncountable

nouns

Uncountable nouns are used for


things which are a group and
can't be counted. We can't use
a/an or numbers with uncountable
nouns: rrce not a+iee, +efr+heg.

0uestions

Affirmative

Negative

Are there any apples?


How many apples
are there?

There
There
There
There

There aren't any apples.


There aren't many apples.

0uestions

Affirmative

Negative

ls there any butter?

There
There
There
There

There isn't any butter.


There isn't much butter

How much butter


is there?

are
are
are
are

some apples.
a few apples
a lot of apples.
too many apples

is some butter.
is a littie butter.
is a lot of butter.
is too much butter.

3 Ouantifiers
ffi$ff$"m#
C

and U nouns

.}!!$am

*wrep9

Watch out for these uncountable nouns:

hair, furniture, accnmmldation, hnmework,


information, luggage
We say: The furniture in my mother's house is old.
noI The farnitares in my mether's hease i+eld,
Some uncountable nouns in English are plural:
trousers, jeans, scissors, clothes.
We say: She wears trousers to school.
nsl She wears a
.

trsaser

&

Put the nouns in the correct list.

i^;i

yooor
f.,,it oPI7
rhlo -ilL,
--Jo
\r 6r rdur(
rrllln
water red pepper cheese melon
llg!*ies bellle
1:1::@

ll ull

lln

Countable

awle

Uncountable

food

[::T
"A
42

Add two food nouns to each list.

&

Read the questionnaire and complete the questions.

rr aa&&t at * * &AAA* 6

&&&&&4&&

* * *

A&AO6

What does your fridge say about you?


Do our questionnaire and flnd out

*
&

Jpv-fr-d-_c01vere'ce

&

,ip-Celac

o_
!aine
()

!some tr
rr4ors ol nut

uice

a0r

&

ba

lot

of

c too much

2 Did you buy miik?

3 How coffee do you drink every day?


a many b much c some

*
o

4 There are grapes in the fruit bowl


a a little b a few c too many

only two.

&

there?

---- few f_l some I too many


f_l
is :hc c?
e _ a lille c iecse
!
! some I a lot
-,k s
O
-!alfile
!so-e IaloL
e
nr Jz
E:
-_-1.tnrs;
r?rr
G _
Ialrlle Isone !aor
O H----_Joriles orwate
Jt-z
Es-+
Is-o
LlrarsaQes
a

Ll-e'e?

!atew !aot
ILoomary
your
heathy?
! heathy?
@ ls diet E very
unhealthy?
f_l
! very unhealthy?
-?
&

much

asome bafew cmany

food is trete?

f sorne I a lo ! too r'cn


us
.here?
O _
Ia'ew Isone IaoL
,,,_,:r,

a c_,..

1 I've got auerA sweet tooth. Can I har e(sugar


in my coffee, please?
a

Choose the correct quantifier and put it in the correct


pface in the

sentence.

t * * * *.

vmeremffi.wK,e?Ysu

&w

*
s

5 There aren't avocadoes in the fridge.


a

some b any

6 There is fruil juice lor one person.


a too much b too many c a few
*

7 How glasses of water do you drink every day?


a many b much c any

6{}

Complete the conversation.

Doctor

Patient

Doctor

Patient

Doctor
Look at Eric's food and tick the correct answers for
him in the questionnaire.

c much

Can you teli me about your diet? For

example, thpyl mueh convenience food


do you eat?
I have two or three pizzas a week and a
burger with chips for lunch every day.
. What
That's'I_m_
about sweet things? tHmsugar do you have?
I always have four big spoons of sugar
in my tea and coffee.
m_
. T?y to
That is t_
have only one spoon. Do you eat a lot
of

fruit and vegetables?

Patient I buy a of-

apples and I eat


cabbage sometimes.
m_
apples do you
eat each week?

lDoctor tH_
o

Patient

T\,,ro

or Lhree.

tH_

m_
broccoli do
you eat?
Patient About a hundred grarrunes a month.
beer do you
Doctor nH_
m_
drink?
Patient I have three or four bottles in the
evening when I'm watching TV.
Doctor That's between 21. and 28 bottles a week
. I'm
m-That's tut_
afraid you have a very unhealthy diet.
Patient What can I do?
Doctor Here's tts_
diet information.
Read it carefully and come and see me
Doctor

qcqin

q5qrlr

navf
rr!r\u

rrraalvY LLl\.

4B

READING

Read the article quickly and choose the

best title,

a Schoois sell water to students


b Children love water'
c Drinks machines in schools
d Too thirsty to learn
Complete the article with sentence A, B, C, D or
There is one extra sentence,

E,

A The children had the last word on the subject


B Mrs Williams whose son Billy is in Year Five
said

C The bottles are 51.00 and the parents give


the school55.00 a term for the water.
D The schooi and parents are impressed by
the results.
E In Green Dale Primary School
Choose the correct answers.

1 British primary schools want children to

drink _ water.
little

aa

balotof
c more
d

2 Scientists say _
a walet' helps our brairrs
b children must get water at school
c it is difficult to make children healthier
d it's easy to pass tests u'hen you drink water
.

3 Teachers at Green Dale Primary School want


the children to drink water because it's

educational
free
c healthy
d nicer than cola
a

. all the pupils have a water bottle on their

causes bad behaviour.

mineral water

thirst

too many bottles of water


too much sugar

5 The Year Five teacher says chiidren used to


be 'ill' because lhey _ .

were naughty
went to the sick-room
c were thirsty
d were noisy
a
b

6 The chiidren are

desk. They can drink as much water as they want


and then fill up their bottle from the tap. Mrs Harris,
head teacher. told our reporter. 'Everyone needs to
drink a lot of water it's good for our bodies. our
brains and it's free. Some children drink too many
fizzy drinks; Soft drinks and colas have too much
sugar they are unhealthy and they cause discipline
problems.'

2-

scientists believe that our brains need water to send


messages etnd make connections. They say that a
bottle of water is the easiest way to improve children's
health. behaviour.learning and test results.

'-

too much

4 Mrs Harris says

Qome British primary schools are encouraging


Uthe children to drink more water. This is because

their parents and

teachers aboul the water.


a as enthusiastic as
b more enthusiastic than
c more excited tharL
d less keen than

The Year Five teacher. said, After oniy two


weeks, things were'a lot better in rny classroom.
Now. the children concentrate better and they are
more awake in the afternoons. In the past. when
they drank sugary drinks. they were much noisier
and didn't behave weII. Day after day, I used to see
tired and bad-tempered children who couldn't learn
because they were thirsty. I also saw children going

into the school sick-room with 'illnesses' which


couid be'cured'with a giass of water.'

3-

'I think it's a very good idea. Water is better for


the children and it doesn't cost anything. I now give
the children more water at home and I think they
are healthier and happier.' Another mother added,
'When you see the Prime Minister speaking. he
always has a bottle of water next to him. Why can't
our children have the same?'
.

o- '.'It's

I like cola more.' 'I don't like

water very much but I drink it.''Now we drink more


water we need more toiiets.' 'It's great - it's free and
I like it.' 'I prefer {tzzy mineral water, tap water is

boring.'

4&

OK but

LISTENING

SPEAKING

eW

&

Listen and match the conversations with the


pictures.

Match the complaints with the apologies, and


say them,
Complaint

1 Excuse me, there's a mrstake in this bill.


2 My parcel still hasn't arrived.
3 You left the window open all night.
4 I'm afraid I can't eat this - I'm vegan.
5 You're late again.
6 Someone has broken my mobile phone.
7 This custard tastes terriblel
Apology

a I'm ve4r sorry. T forgot 1o close it.


b Oh no! I'm very sorry. I put salt in it by
mistake.
c I'm sorry sir, let me check it for you.
d I'm really sorry. I sent it to the wrong address
e I'm sorry

delayed.

- it wasn't my fault.

The train was

f I'm sorry. I didn't realise. Have some

o fr*

vesetahle
g I'm sorry,

ffi

c rrv instead.
I dropped it. It was an accident.
rr

Study the situations and complete the conversations.

1 Your friend lent you a dictionary. You


on the bus.

Friend

|l---n
,l

tsi

You

left it

Have you got my dictionary? I


need it this morning

T'rn

2 Your dog ate some of your homework.

Teacher

Your homework looks terrible


- it's wet and it's got teeth marks.

You

3 You gave a waiter 10. He gave you change

for 5.
You

Waiter

ry

4 You are in an Italian caf6 and your spaghetti

Listen again and check your answers.

is cold.

Read the sentences. Listen again and tick the


phrases you hear.

1 Excuse me, you forgot to bring ...


2 Excuse me, the music is too loud.

3 I'm sorry about that. I completely

forgot about it.


4 I'm sorry but it's the wrong order.
5 I'm sorry but it was an accident.
6 I'm very sorry about that. I made a
mistake when I wrote down the order.
7 Excuse me, there's a mistake in the bill.
B Excuse me, the pizzars too spicy.
9 I am sorry, I didn't realise.
10 I'm sorry but it's the wrong price it's too much.

I'm very sorry, I made a mistake.


Here are the five euros.

You

Waitress I'm sorry, I left it in the kitchen

T
T
T

n
n

I
I

tr
T
tr

for too long.


5 You promised to meet your friend at the

cinema and you forgot.


Your friend Where were you last night? I
waited at the cinema for half an
hour!
You

6 Your friend didn't send you a birthday card.


She phones you to apologise.
Your friend I'm sorry I didn't send you a card.

I was realiy busy and I forgot to


nost it.
You

46

WORB",,LJ$
alcohol
ancest0.rs
appfe pte

archaeologist
attitude to life
avera0e
avoca"do

look after one's heatth


low fat
matn c0urse
margarine

milk
milkshake

beans
beef
beer
biil
bitter

mostly
musnr00ms
nuts

:i9!'s'
UdNU

veqetarians

The food pyramid shows what you need to eat


to have a l
Group 1: these have a lor. oI2
and sugar so they aren't good for you. Don't eat
much from this group.

niueria

cheese

quallty

cnrps

range of products
recipe
red pepper

'''"'
chicken (curry)

chocolate cake
convenience food
cookinq

refuse
rice

CTISPS

roll

crueI

salad

customer
dairv nroducts

salmon
sandwich
satisfied
sausages
seeds
service
snack bar
soft drinks
spicv
spoon
stale
starter

date lromantic)
delicious
dessert
dish

eat Out
e00s

tisi tooo restaurant


fillino
fish iand chips)
lregh

like milk and


'r
cheese have a lot of calcium so you need them
for a strong body.
Group 2:

on a diet
on offer
onion
order
pasta
peanuts
pineapple

cappuccino
cereals

Group 3: food like meat, fish and nuts contain


vitamins, minerals and protein.
can eat fish and dairy
products from Groups 2 and 3.

can eat nuts and beans


, for example,
cabbage and onions, are high in vitamins and
Low in fat and 7
. You need
Group 4:

, for example,
grapes,
bananas and
is high in r,rtamins and low
in fat. You need 2-4 pieces a day.
Group 5:

Group 6: You need

after for to in up about

SUOAT

suitable/ unsuitable

gender
qive up (eq meat)

greasy

sweet (adj)
sweets
tasty/tasteless
tomato soup
tuna

ham

turKey

have a biq appetitel


a sweei tooth
improve
insects
keep healthy

vegan
vegetables
vegetarian

lasagne

and

of (x 3)

1 A tub of ice cream.


2 She gave
cheese and milk when she
became a vegan.
3 He gave me two bars _
chocolate.
4 You need to look
yourself - you are

un heatthv

wtne
yoghurt

Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions


from the box.

garlic (bread)

waiterlwaitress ,,
whitelred:meal

to eat most from this group.


ol\rAq \/nr r An ordr/

fruit/orange juice

Irapes

Food like rice, cereal,

STEAK

3 5piecesaday.

trult

lemonade
lifestyle

iut

vegetables

mild

olives

brocc0li
butter

lamb

b;;d d;ig;';;"ii

pasta sugar vegans

mineralwater

bread

ooulash

Complete the text with words from the box.

fiuit

melon
menu

bar/carton/tub of

Label the different foods in the food pyramid on the


next page. Use words from the Word list,

b;i"";;d di";

meal

batanced diet
banana

00rl

46

VOGABULARY

:::,,

very unhealthy.
5 I love going to the market because there is a
good choice
vegetables.
6 Your diet says a lot _
your attitude to
health.
7 You need to have a diet which is suitable
your lifestyle.
8 From time _
time it's OK to have
cakes or convenience food.
9 We don't often eat
restaurants
because they are expensive.

cn6P6

&

_*-%

Complete the dictionary information with food


adjectives from the Word list.

Extend your uocabulary

X"

Study the phrasal verbs with /ook and their


definitions. Then complete the sentences.

look after: to take care of someone or something


lssk dcrnrn om: to think someone is less

important than you


a:

{
ta

t:::
':4,:

ll

think

5
6

Food from

$
ll

look round: to visit a place and look at things in it


Noek tkrcug&: read something quickly for

'4,

general information
rNp: to search for information in a reference
book or on a computer

lock

?3YW..:://..:,,

<:r.e..ww#*t

@:ta:a

'i'.

*,

".1

1 He thinks people look down on him because he

2l

food.

2 I think blue cheese is


3 The most delicious food in the world is
4 I

the facts of a

situation

comes from a poor family.

Write true sentences.


1 I love

look intor to examine or stud.y

is biand
are very bitter.

is usually spicy.

recipe books to get icleas


for healthy meals.
3 When I go on hoJiday I like to
old castles and churches.
4 Can you
the children while I
go to the shops?
5 You can
the meaning and use
of new words in a dictionary.
6 The poiice are
the robbery.

L7

WRITING

Complete the questionnaire with answers that are true for you.

FOOD SHOPPING AND EATING HABITS

O-

Ms/Mrss/Mns/Mn
Aoontss

O-

Trrep*orrrs

O--

Rrlo rnr euEsrrons. Trcr voun


Do vou r-rx=

snopprNc? vrs

ANswERs.

Ho

@ wro DoEs rHE FooD sHopprilG rN voun rorne?


mornrn

.,....

EVERY

oay

EAT

cot{vEt{trtcr rooo?

l-l

--___--.."

wrrr !
rEss rHAN THREE TrMEs n werr I

MoRE THAI{ THREE TtMEs a

revrn

:'

iii'

,'& nonr I

How rnucn

..,,.'

FRUIT Do

you

t-2 nrecrs

How

raltv

nonrI

EAT

f,

vEGETABtEs Do

rrewI

rvrny onv?
3-4 elrces

you

tlt

rvrnv

nnonr

oay?

sonnrI nlorI

Match the notes with the correct parts of the


questionnaire.

A Ask for personal information first.


B Give clear instructions.
C Make sure the word order is correct in your
questions.

D Check that your multiple choice questions


include all oossible answers.
E Only ask for information that you need.
F Your title should say what the questionnaire
is about.

48

rlcx wser?

fI

How orren Do you

spEr{D oN FooD

mnnrrr 1
orxrn I

(+
\_-/

orxrn

wnrnr Do You Buy Mosr oF youR rooo?


suernnnlnrrr !

locnlstoes

0Jr0 l-l
41+0 E

MoRr rHA!{ 120

'l''

vou

now MUcH DoEs youR FAMrry

81-120

f)

nrten

&

You want to find out which catd in your area serves

the healthiest menu.

Think about:
r the information you need to know about the
caf6 and the owner/manager
o what you want to ask about the menu
. what you want to ask about the kitchen
r how to write your questionnaire
Write your questionnaire.

Ti,p: give four possible answers so lazy people


don't just choose the middle one!

:::::,'.

.)t"',:

::t":;131:,.

::

:rlij

..:':'.:):

ffirux9ffi

Complete the text with one word in


each gap.

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR

'/.

Complete the sentences with one word in


each gap. You can see the first leiler of
each

word.

1 Would you like a cup of tea?

I'11

There are a rlotr of good restaurants in this part


of tormr but there aren't 2_
cheap ones.
One cheap restaurant you should go to is Mike's
caf6 3_
is in Orchard Street near the
Post Office. This is a great li.ttle restaurant
n_
you can buy traditionai Engiish food
like fish and chips or bacon and eggs. Mike is
the only person I know- 5
dinners are
people come here
always perfect. o_
every day for their dinner. Therc aren'f
waiters in suits, just excellent foodl

(B points)

switch the

kef,Lle on.
2 On a cold evening, I like sitting in my warm,
c_
living room.
3 Oh nol A gold fountain in the drivel How

r-

s.-kitchen, where the


whole family can ear loget her.
5 Wait a minute. Someone is ringing on the

4 There's a lovely

d_.
6 Your

'%

is very green and weli-kept.


everl. r,veek?
7'Mum! Where's my su.eater?''Look in the

Do you cut

I
%.

it

c_
of d_
in your bedroom.'
I love this room. It's nice and b_
r.vhen the sun shines through the winclorv.
Why don't you take the r_
outside
arid puL it in the duslbin?

Choose the correct word.

(4 points)

1 I can't eatlsLueet)l b'itter things like cakes.


2 Can I have a'vn'iLd I Lou Jat yogliurt, please?
3 I rvant to eal lrca\tltg I sp'icy food like fruit

allo salaOs.
4 Mmm. This pizza is tastel.ess I delicious.I'm
going to have another one next tirne we come
here.
5 [ don't likr' burgers. They're loo spicg /
greaslJ.
6 Why are you throwing that bread away?
Because it's stale lJresh.
7 I don't like hot curlies hut I like mitcl I bi,tter
ONCS.

Circle the correct answers: a, b 0r c.

(6 points)

H]'de Court is t_ hotei in Springhope and it is


'_ any hotei in the w'or1c1. It is also ]_ most
five star hotels that vou can find. \l,trat makes it
special.' The elegarrl decoralion, the
comfortable rooms and the excellent serwice.
For those srrests u.ho are' lo conre to the
dining room for dinner. \ -e can offer Lhe '_
wonderful choice of food in your room. We also
Iisten to our guests. When one guest said that
our baths weren't u- we changed them ail and
put ?-__ baths in all the rooms.
Come to Hyde Court, where rve look after you.
1 a the bigger b too big
2 a as better as b as good as
3 a cheaper as b cheaper tlLan
4 a too tired
b more tired

5atoo

big
Tabiggest
6 a enough

bmost
b too big
bbigger

'l

ethe bisgest
c as best as
c cheapest
c the tiredest
c more
c big enough

c the biggest

Write questions for these answers.

8 Are these cakes.freslt / healthg? \'es, I baked

them this morning.


9 This dinner is OK but it's a bit cleli,ci,ous I

(6 points)

(6 points)

Aow man:t ?eo?le are there here?


There are five neonle here.
,)

I've got seven apples

1as1e1ess.

I've got lots of milk.


4

There's a little

bit of butter.
sugar in the cupboard?

Yes,

there is

Yes,

there are.

Yes,

I have.

shelves in the living room?

brothers or sisters?

49

LISTEFIIHG SKILLS

GOMMUNICATION

I frn

"&

Listen to a man talking to the owner


of a restaurant. Tick true and cross

false.

(7 points)

1 \1r Johnson has come to eal ar the

resLaurant.
2 Mr Johnson wants the kitchen workers
to stop working.
3 The restauranl has two fridges and
one freezer
4 Mr Johnson sees some cheese on the
cupboards.
5 There aren't any mice in the kitchen now
6 Patrick doesn't rvash his hands.
7 Mr Johnson is going to come back to the
restaurant in one month.

I
I
I

n
n
T

text.

(7 points)

Which adverl
1 says there is more than one home for sale?
2 says there is no fridge?
3 says there isn't any furniture?
4 doesn'l say where the house is?
5 says the house is near the sea?
6 says there isn'l a garage?
7 says there are nice views?

I didn't gel my 7 o'clock alarm call.


Oh, I'm sorry. I com?letely forgot.

2 Where were you? I was waiting outside.

Oh, I'm sorry. I didn't

4 Why did you

wilh

tell them they could stay

us?

I'm sorry. ll was

rather

of me.

5 Where's my work? You lhrew j1 awayl


Oh. I'm sorry. I didn'l _
to.

7 You're lare again.


l'm sorry. but it wasn'1 my

[
t]
n

. Thc

T
T
T

rc

bedrooms upstairs and two


bathrooms. The kitchen is
modern with metal cupboards,
conker anr^l fridcrc Therc ig 911
elegant dining room with a
table and eight chairs and a
large but cosy living room with
a ,cal fira Ynr r n:n not tn the
garden from the living room
and the kitchen. There is a downstairs toilet and a garage big
enough for two cars. This is the pedect house for a family and
a bargain at only 35O'OOO.
Thiq
rca ro
ic norfant
| | ilo torrrnad
Lgr r qvgu hnr
i ruuog
l.JEt tcut

for a young family who haven t


got much money. lt is near the
centre of town and close to
shons :nd qnhnnlq Thorg g19
two bedrooms upstairs and a
kitchen and living room
downstairs. There's also a
bathroom/toilet upstairs and a
second ioilet in the garden.
^Al

I was inside.

train was late.

This is a beautiful, detached


house with a large garden.

Tha hnr ico hacn't

--

3 Ow, that hurt!


Oh, I'm sorry. It was an

P'R:9p,, ,WEX:W,
Thoro aro fnr rr cncninr

(6 points;

6 I didn't ask for ice cream.


Oh. I'm sorry. I gave you theirs by

Read the adverts for four houses. Match

the sentences to the correct

gap.

READII'IG SKILLS

&

Complete the sentences with one word in


eactr

rn'

furniture so you can furnish it in


your own style. lt is very cheap and when it has got furniture,
central heating, new windows upstairs and a new roof it will be
perfect. Only tl24,OOO

THURSDAY N/ABCH 24
This beautiful cottage is situated
in a small village next to the sea.
The outside walls are whrte and
covered with roses in the
summer. There are two small
bedrooms with views of the
harbour and a bathroom with
toilet. Downstairs, there is a
snrall traditional kitchen. There
isn't a fridge but there is a cold
room which is as good as a fridge and much bigger. The living
room rs beautiful with comfortable old furniture, fitted
bookshelves and a piano. The garden is small but full of flowers
Thp norfont hnmo fnr n roliroel nnr rnlo Thoro iqn t n narano hr rt
there is a parking space near the house. Only t24O,OOO
These are some of the most
exciting new homes we've got.
Spacious, one room flats in the
centre of the city with views of
the river with the most modern
^^^ll^^^^^
^,,-;l^h,^
dl.Jl.rilcr
ruY) ovqrlduru.
Frioniihinrr in tho flaiq iq

computer controlled and you


can change the ternperature,
switch on the lights, cook dinner
and fill your bath v.rithout
movingl These flats are seliing
quickly so confle today or you
might be disappointed.

From

SOO'OOO

Look to the future


GRAMMAR
Future wilh (be) going to
Affirmative

Negative

am ( m) going to be late,

am not ('m not) going to be late.

We/You/They

are ('re) going to be late.

are not (aren't or 're not) going to be late.

He/She/lt

is ('s) going to be late.

is not (isn't or 's not) going to be late

We use be going fo to talk about


predictions based on evidence we can see, hear or
feel now: He's a metre from the end of the race ...
he's going to win!
future plans and intentions: I'm going to buy theatre
tickets when |m in London.

Yes, I am.
No,

Are we/you/they going to be late?

I'm not.

Yes, we/you/they are.


No, weiyou/they aren't
Yes, he/she/it is.

il/tr- questions

No, he/she/it isn't.

What are you going to do at the weekend?

llow

are you going to get there?

Who is he going to invite to the

Future with

will

l/Yo u/H e/Sh e/l WVe/Th ey


tt,::,t:,t

.,

,l.t

"..,.,

partf

,i,,,,...

Affirmative

Negative

will move to another country

will not (won't) move to another country.

:l':l'.

yl!ii':i:ii,;n

Yes/No questions

Shoft answers

\^/i,
vvill

Yes, l/you/he/she/iV
we/they will.
No, l/you/he/she/iV

l/you/heishe

rVwe/they

move to another
country?

we/they won't.

f,gf,.the

ruture: tthink t,tt go to

r predlctions based on opinions or beliefs: People witt


live on Mars one dav.
. ;;krb ;ff.;, unip"orirc s: Don't worry, t'il dnve
you to schooL

Itlfi- questions
Where wlllwe be in ten years?
Who do you think will be at the meeting?

Gircle the correct future form of the verbs.

think next week i,s going to l@i,t-Ilbehot


and sunny.
2 My sister i,s goi,ttg to I ui,ll have a baby
next month.
3 I promise I'm go,ing to I 'l,l give you some
money for your birthday.
4 i know she's go'ing to I wi,LL fail her exams
because she never does any work.
5 Scientists think that cars aren't gozng to I
'tuoix't use petrol in the future.
1I

6 My brother bought some new clothes because


he's go'ing to / 'LL go to aparty.
7 Those boys are cycling too fast. They're goi,ng to I
'll hurt themselves.
B Look at the sky - it i,s goi,ng to I ui,ll be a lovely day.
9 We ctre goi,ng to I wi,LL run out of petroll There's
only one litre in the car and it's 100 kilometres

to the next petrol station.


10 Telt me your secret! i promise I o,m not goi,ng to I
laon't teil anyone.

5l

Complete the sentences with r,v//or going to and the


verbs in brackets.

1 Look al thal big black cloud.

ll'e aorqro ran

Anna and her friend Jane are going t0 London for the
weekend. Complete the text wilh gaing to or willand
the verbs in brackets.
.

Jane and Anna are at the station and they


are waitlng to buy their tickets. They
1
are Qoinq Lo caLch (catch) a train to London.

flair-L)
2

\I1 sister and her boyfrrend


fool) mrrrioel novl Qrirrrdny
udl Ul UO.y.
^'

3I think I

(buy) a new
mobile phone but I'm not sure.
4 The score is Manchester 20 - Luton 0. Luton

Jane is a big footbail fan and she bought a

ticket for Arsenal on the Internet. Stre


(watch) a match while
they're in London. Anna doesn't know r,vhat to
do il.hile Jane's at the match. Perhaps she

(win)!

5I

don'f want to

see

Pri,de a'nd Preiudice. I don't


fhe-\ rronr owcitino

think it
(help) you
6 Don't worry, I
do your homer,vork.
7 He's very excited because he
(fly) to Australia next week
(see) the Taj Mahal
SIhopeI
when I'm older.

(nrite)
Afl or tl'o

mqtnh
L !r

rrrq

r,

tharr
!r L!.1

some postcards.

l\v 4rA/

along the River Thames so they can see the


Houses of Parltament and the London Eye.

After that, they think they s


(go) for a meal. London taris are quite
(travel)
expensive so they 6
on buses or the Underground.

ii, Look at the pictures and complete the predictions.


Use willor going to.

Anna's uncle lives in London. They


(stay) u,'ith him tonight. He
has got tickets for a musical and they

(go) to see it tomorrow

"iE[F

tl

evenmg.

Ctw

"*t

Complete Anna's postcard. Use the verbs from the


box with willor going to.

buy do go ring

..t

not

......-..

be see take

\aLurd.ttqy
Doax a\iva-r,

t' w v,trrLtur thrs


Ilanchester City are
haring a good season
I thirk that they will win
the match on Saturday.

See I toid you! They


win the match.

0- oa-& w Londcw
wttln 1a,v,e \Ne 1
Lrr-

lo, a, lew tlt;l4s


irtlS ol n.rc,e +finq:l,

torrn

crrow

k:> +a s,L
a-tn

d- art Mond,nty Sute


rtew'Lre:':.e,s

I lnop,o ttteq;
t7

Lctter Lodttg,

W(L\oL\

awL f

ior
tac

,',1"'ur

wtslnes

Artvt-

\\hy don't we go? It


be great!

It_be

aterrible

concerli

62
'.wtuwreww"**r,*__

paxLy

,xP,t\ttv,!

t*ttu
,
,., wbp-.r,f f a'et
(uvL t.\\ rnu ,tll &brr,L tVre llvr1^.r,r"tt.
hest,

'w'op-re

srn/nLseertwr Perl.ATs wc
scwe tat^otl> Vettple tool Mqy

N,
:l

*n}\o

wi,rlo we'ro- taere

\noV^t

What ia climate c\anae?


The Earth's weather is always changing. In the past, natural events
caused these climatic changes but now scientists use the phrase
'climate change' to talk about changes which starled with the
growth of industry in the nineteenth century The changes people are
worried about now are the result of human behaviour
not natural
changes in the atmosphere.

We all know about the 2003 heatwave in central Europe and Hunicane
Katrina which hit the USA in 2005. Scientists are studying these events

and other evidence of climate change to predict our future weather. A


very impofiant paft of their work is looking at the long-term effects of
climate change on our environment. For example, water is extremely
important for human life. ls rainfall going to increase? 0r lvill there be
more hot weather and less rain? Some people believe that water is so
impoftant that there will be wars about it in the future.

There are a lot of things we can do to slow down climate change. Instead of using coal, oil and gas, we will
need to get more of our energy from renewable sources such as the sun, wind and water. There are already
land and sea wind farms in Europe and in the next ten years governments are going to build more. We can also
be more environmentally-friendly in our own lives. For example, when you go to bed tonight, are you going to
turn off the TV and computer or leave them on standbv? This weekend, are you going to use public transport or
drive your car? There are a lot of things we can do at home to help save energy and reduce pollution.

Do you know about the Kyoto Protocol? The countries of the United Nations met in Kyoto, Japan in i g97 and
agreed to try to control climate change. In 2005, the Protocol, 0r agreement, became international law. The

countries which signed the agreement are going to reduce their greenhouse gases by 5.2ok before the end of
2012.Ihe only two industrial countries that didn t sign the agreement are the USA, the world's biggest polluter,
and Australia.

READING

I
climate
I
c Climate and the
internalional community !
a The weather in Europe
b The world's changing

Read the article carefully and


match the headings A, B, C, D or E

with the paragraphs. There is one


extra heading.
A Changing our behaviour

Paft of

future

speech

Definition

continuing for a long period of


--a
time
in the future
\
2 long-term
something
that is replaced as
I
it is used
\
3 slow down \ nsun _____.-- a period of unusually hot

heatwave

renewable

adjective
verb

5 standby
6 protocol

7 control

weather
ready to use when needed
to have Lhe power Lo change
something
the rules for correct behaviour
to make something happen
less quickly

Climate change and the

c The importance of recycling


D International action
E

Find the words in the afticle. They are underlined. Match them with the
correct part 0f speech and definition.

Read the article quickly and

choose the best title.

ffi

Read the article again. Tick true and cross false.

According lo Lhe texl:


1 in the past, the world's climate didn't change.
2 nowadays, all climate change is natural.
3 scientists don't know exactly what will happen to our
weather in the future.
4 there will probably be wars about water
5 there won't be any more wind farms in Europe.
6 it's a waste of time to save energy in your home.
7 the Kyoto Protocol was an agreement between Asian

countries.

B all

the countries of the world are going to reduce their

greenhouse

gases.

tr
I
f]
tr
tr

tr
I
5B

GRAMMAR
First Conditisnal

There are h,vo parts in a conditional sentence:

1 the ffclause

gives you the condition; what may/


might happen
the willclause tells you what the result will be.

Conditional
/f + Present Simple

Result

tvl/ + infinitive

lf we take the car to the station,

we'll get the eight o'clock train.

lf we don't leave now,

we won't catch the train,

The two parts can be in any order:


lf we,don't go now. we'll be late. = We'll be late
we don't go now.

lf the car doesn't staft,

we'll be late for the train.

lf you don't drive us,

how will we get to the station?

Yes/No questions
lf we leave now, will we catch the train?

Short answers
Yes, we will,
No, we won't

Use a

corimai,l *frrn the /lclause

if

is first.

We use the First Conditional for


o situations/actions and their results: lf it's sunnv
tomorrow, we'lt go swimming.
o promises: lf you do wett in your exams, I'tl buy

.
.

you a bike,
threats: tf you do that again, l'tt phone the potice!
warnings: lf you touch that, you'll hurt yourself
offers: lf you're going away, l'll feed your cat.
.

KK&xaeX *,Kwx &wwryX


The First Conditional ffclause is about the future.
but always use the Present Simple, not will.

lf it rains later ... not if it will rain later ...

Match the actions and the results. Write First


Conditional sentences.

Look at the pictures. Use the prompts to write the


superstitions. In some sentences the lf clause is second.

1 passye+r+-exams

2 eat too much


3 don't save some money

4 see your sister


5 telephone me when your train arrives
6 cycle too fast
7 forget your homework again
B don't eat breakfast
a have an accident
b collect you from the station
G

feel ill

g not go on holiday
h teli her about the concert?
1

1 seven years'bad luck

break the mirror


You'll have eeven yeare' bad
Ieck il you break the mi,ror.

be in trouble

d S++-++r+ive+si+y
e not have enough energy in the morning

sx,eperstltisxl /su:pe strJan/ noun a traditional


belief that some things are lucky or unlucky

2 In Britain

/ see two black

and white brrds together


have good luck

be lots of fruit in autumn


be a very cold rmnter

lf vou paes vour examz. vou will ao Lo universilv.

2
3

4
6
7

see cows lying in a field

rain

64

SPEAKING

IUoRB HST

*.

Choose the correct answers to complete the

accordfng to

maylmight

predictions,

acid rain
advantage
air pollution

mobile phone
monitor {v)
national park

air travel

pale

work in offices in the


future because-thev uill tvork fronL home.
a will probably
b probably won't
c deiinitel.v aren t going to

1 I think people

2 In the future,

everyone

lrill

a it's possible
b there may

dppudr dl

astrology
^+6^^^la^.^
ou iluJpr rur E

be public phones because


have
- a mobile plrone.

that there will

have a computer
3 Every child in the world
on tlieir school desk in 2015.

might
definiteiy u-on't
c will certainl-v
a
b

prohibit
protecVdestroy/help/

chance

save the environmeni


^,,t-ti^
puulrL +,^^^^^+
Lr dr rJpur
punishment
queue {v)

'

climats
communicale

connection by 2010.
a will possibly
b certainly won't

have an Internet

computer

5 In the developing world, a iot of technolog5'


_ use solar power.
a definitely won't

B0%

unlikely

500/o

reduce.
reparr 0amage

democrat
destroy
disappear
drrrn/madinlno

electionslelection

unlikely

recycling schemes

replace

L=.
--=

= possible 99 9% =

leaf

emotion
everyday life

= quite certain

TAflI

1{}{trh

family car
forlune teller
fuel

very certain

iuture generations
OASCS

Electrtcat applratrces
(80'tzo; Iess expensive

be B
in the ruture'
t
will Prob-ably

i,"t

ji lir";m-

," *"(e!ssTo)

r,tilp,i*t"*l:9#i:1:i[J*

e tillles
safer

(80%) that more people


wrll work from home in the future.

il

gel flo 0r
get worse
greenhouse eilect
OUCSS

Scientists

{200/a)

the future

- . _
wrtre personal

(bAj/o) people not

letters in the future.

freat
n0r0scope
improve
in danqer
incrgase
independent
Industrial Revolution
instead of
introduce
it is possible that
key to (a problem)
lake/river
laptop
laser technology
lead.free petrol

limit

stop going to schools.

lower
maJor

replant
rescue
retired
revolution

OTTONT

Read the key and complete what the people say.

1% = verv

recycre

ec0n0mv

won't

c will probably

realistic
record shops

controversial
create
cut down lorests
rloncrio/nontr
vwvquv/ vvr Lu'rn I
I

c will definitely

20o/o

prrson

ceriainly/def initely/
nerhaos/orobablv
change-

4 Most homes in Europe

believe in oneself
bottle bank
Canada
car Owflers
Cpntrel Fr rrnne
,,

c lhele won't

b probably

parly/leader of a party/
join a parlyl
vote for a party
petrol
poltution
power stations
predicticn

ruE

let

rica

rol"ovnanoronot
Scandinavian
school report
sea levet
second-hand bookshop
slow down
smafl business
s0rar energy
sort domestic waste
space
support
swallow
taxes
temperature
the Arctic

the Earlh/the Moon


the lnternevlnternet cafe
trap (v)

useful

::

video-conferencing
violenVantisocial
(behaviour)

virtual reality
warn

waste (n)
weather forecast
wrl0lrle
win/lose elections
work from home
worrying

maKe pr0gress
t7

oo

Complete the sentences with compound nouns from


Exercise 4,

UOCABUI.ARY

l':'r-p ete ,'rth yrods from the Word list.


Noun

pollute

5C:,,-,i*vioft

1 Acid rain contains chemicals from factories


and cars and harms the environment.
is lhe damage chemicals do to
the atmosphere.
3A
is a small. mobile compul er.
4
are rising because the world is
getting warmer.
5
comes from the sun
6
means that businesspeople can
see and talk to people on the other side of
the world without travelling.

Adjective

Verb

polluted

appear

democratise

atmospheric
climatic
democratic

predict

predictive

controversy
8 creation
7

cleatlve
destructive

I destruction
10 independence

q&

1 According

at I oJ I i,n lf)researchers, the


Earth is getting warmeil
2 I'm not sure I believe ctt I of I in I to astrology.
3 \\re need to get fid at I of I in I to large cars
1o reduce Pollutlon.
4 Some cities are at I oJ I zn I to danger
because sea levels are rising.
5 People must use buses instead u,t I oJ I zn I to

Study the words from Exercise 1 and circle the parts


0f speech that can have these endings,

-i,c

1
2 -ance I

-iue
-i,on

3
4

-ence

Circle the correct prepositions.

noun / adjective
noun / adjective
noun / adjective
noun / adjective

Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 1.

CATS,

1 Scientists

sttdy climale changes to predict

6 The key at I oJ I i,n I to this problem rs to


study climate change.
7 Who is the leader o,t I of I ,in I to the
Green Party?

the world's weather'.


2 Pollution from industry and cars is damaging

the Earth's
3 Scientists
lhat the world's weather
will get worse.
4 A lot of countries voted for the Kyoto
Protocol so it was a _
agreement.
5 The US government's _
decision to
stay out of the Kyoto Protocol caused a lot of
disagreements between world leaders.
6 Using solar energy helps to reduce
from coal power stations.
7 If we don't stop the .-of the
rainforest, many rare animals and plants

will die.
full

B The

moon

once a month.

Match the compound nouns. Remember they are


either two words, hyphenated or one word. Then
check your answers in the Word list.

1 acid

2 air
3 car
4lap
5 mobile
6 sea
7 power

solar

9 video
10 weather

56

ltul

T
T
n
T
T
tr
tr

Extend your vooabulary

&

Study the phrasal verbs with cut and their definitions.


Use them to complete the sentences.

cut doxvn:

to cut a tree or plant so it falls to


the ground
eut eff: to stop the supply of, for example,

electricity
cert settr to stop doing or eating something,
usually because it is bad for you
e*rt ;xp; to cut something into smaller pieces
eut s?*ort: to end somethins sooner than
planned

a levels
b phone

1 My

c station
d conferencing
e rain

2 We

ov,erers

top
h forecast
i energy
j pollution
g

dad

because

the tree in our garden

it was too big.

our holiday because the


--weather was terrible.

3 If you
of money.

4 Can you
Thanks.

smoking, you'll save a lot

the onions for me?

5 The telephone company _


our
phone because I forgot to pay the bill.

1l

The world of work


GRAMMAR
Yei.b-tpai

ib

1 Verb + -ingtorm

avoid miss
can't stand not mind
enjoy practise
hate prefer
like
staft
love stop

Verb

ANTFA

decide

+ fo + infinitive

seem

learn

want

manage

wish

nee0

would like

ssxxr"^& *Kx,e

verb

should

&wWK

Some verbs can be used in more than one


pattern, but they change their meaning:
I remember
I remember
I remember
I remember

{irst verb ofte{ridedides

the form of the second one. The three verb patterns are:

Verb + infinitive without fo

can could might must

offer
promise

hope

Whenr,bruo uerbs are used together, the

-ing form:

hate getting up earty for school.


t enjoy watching W in the evening.

posting her birthday card. =


putting the card in a letter box.
to post her birthday card. = Each year
to post the card, I don't forget.

I stopped

+ to + infinitive:
lwant to study Biotogy.
We decided to talk to them later.
verb + infinitive without fo:
Vqrb

You

shoutd be more polite

speaking to her. =
I stopped being
her friend.

to your grandmother.

t can read French,

I stopped to
speak to her. =
I stopped what

was doing and we


had a conversation.

Read the sentences and put the verbs in the


correct box.

lshould study science subjects if you


2uant to be a doctor.
2l3loue working with people butl adon't Li,ke
being in an office all day -IspreJer working
1 Yott

outdoors.

3 Yot6can Tleantz

to drive more easiiy when

you are young.

4Ishope to work in Scotland this summer,


Ieneed to ljpract'ise speaking English.
5 If you send them your CV, they \tmzght
t2agree to help you.
+ -ng

+ fo + infinitive

so

+ infinitive
without fo

Match the two parts of the sentences.

1 I enjoy
2 You must

3 He promised
4 During the holidays, I miss
5

I could

6 We decided
7 She offered

tr
I
T

n
tt
tl

a seeing my schoolfriends.
b to help me find a holiday job.
c help you with your CV.
d to get jobs in the same tovm.
e to get a summer job.
f do your homework.
g going to the cinema.

ehould

-DI

ti

Circle the correct alternatives.

1 She neecis

utterdeu'.
d

a new suit for the iob

get

_
b

to

drop

T need Lo QeL a aummer ioo


2 You must phone me after the meeting.
Promise
3 Would you like working outside all the time?

ajob in another country.


c getting

to

drop

4 My uncle offered
a

@to Uuy

get

3 NIy friend might


year.
a

rench iessons next

Could you

all day?
4 She needs to practise for her exams.
She must
5 I learned to speak f'rench when I was a child.

c dropping

work experience for me.

arrange b io arrange c arranging

I could
6 I prefer rvorking in an office.

5 My cousin is going to New York so she must


_ a passport.

I u-anr

get

7 I hope to get ajob next year.

work

8 He rl.ants to work in a bank.


He hopes
9 He never wants to go to interview-s.
He can't stand

b to get c getthg
6 He hopes _ in a bank one day.
a

7 I hate

to

work

I'd like

c working

bored so I don't

mind

hard.

/ working
b to be / to work
c being / working
a be

&

Complete the second sentence so it has a similar


meaning.

1 I must get a summer job.

bu1' b buying

2 I could

ffi

Complete the tips about looking for a job. Use the


correct form of the verbs in the boxes.

Find four more wrong sentences and correct them.

1 Librarians should liking books. ,{


Librariane ahouD, like boake.
2 International reporters need to travel a lot.

3 I don't mind to work away from home.


4 She can't be a teacher! She can't stand work
with children.
5 He stops thinking about work when he leaves
his office.
6 An actor might to work on TV or in the
theatre.
7 Musicians practise playing every day.
B My mother learned draw when she trained as
an architect.

oooo

oa of

o
o
o
o

Looking for your first job isn't easy.


You need ro decide what vou are
interested in and what you are
good at. For example, rf you love
and you can't
'_outside
stand 3
at a desk all
ouy, uuoiJ L-in an officel

o
o
o
o
o
a
t
o
O

o
a
o
a
o
o
o
o
a

You will need 5-

apply be (x 2)
include see

senc

wTrte

your CV
{Curriculum Vitae)to the company.
This should
typed and
it shouldn't
than

u_
'_more

two pages. Remember I


information about your hobbies and
interests because companies want
e
that vou have interests
outside school. You must also
a letter to go with your
'u_
CV In your letter explain why you
decided "_
for the job.
lf you manage

o
o
a

""'.'

.?fj

get

do

an

interview, you should


some preparation before you go.

I
I
I
I
0

I
I
a
a

t
I
a

a
a

I
a
a
0
a
O

a
a

Also, think about what you want

I4

a
a

them at the interview.

oooo aoooooaooooooooaoa
58

2_
'3

I
I
I
I
I

oa

&

READING

Read the question. Read the afiicle quickly and

Find the words (1-5) in the article and match them with
the correcl definition (a-f). There is one extra definition.

1 out-of-work

choose the correct answer.

2 studio

The article is about


a someone slarLing their career

3 job agency
4 performing artists
5 aspiring

b careers advice for dancers


c working for an Internet company

tr
T
T
tr

a hopeful
Read the questions and underline the key words.

b actors, singers, dancers etc

Match the questions to Heidi's answers in the


article.

future?

1 What about the


2 What's a tS,pical day in your

job?

3 Why do you Like your job?


4 Why did you take the job as a personal

assistant?

5 What did you want to do when you

moved to

London?

Dancer teke,s
the righ t steps

I
I
I
I
n

c a person who answers the phone


d a room where dancers practise
e a company which matches people and jobs

&

without a job

Read the list. Put the events in order.

Heidi ...
a got a job as a personal assistant
b got a job in a dance studio
c heard about an Internet agency
d moved to London
e worked as a waitress
f worked on a children's TV progranune
g worked on a rock video

;i is very difficult for people who work in show business to find permanent
,cbs. Cui-of-work actors, srngers and dancers often work in bars or
'estaurarts whl,le fhey a"e looking lor work,

-owever wren 19-year-old Hed Caver rroved to rordon lo oui o her


.areer as a dancer, she decided not to be a waitress again, 1 I hoped to
get work as a full-ttme dancer but I knew that was an impossible dream!
I don't mind worklng in cafes and bars but I prefer being in touch with
other dancers and entertainers. I looked for jobs which are linked to show
business and I was very ucky - I got a job as an eventng manager for a
small dance studio in north London.'
/Vhile r'leidi was working tor Lne dance studio sne learned that a lor of
the teachers at the studio got therr jobs through an Internet rob agencv for
dancers. She applled for a job with the Internet company and a week tarer
she was parl of the sales team After on y a month, the manager asked
her to be his personal assistant, 2'lt was a promotron with a pay rise so
said'yesl' immedlately
I

The company is one of Britain's largest agencies for perJorming artists so


Heidi is aiways very busy 3'l look after my boss's diary make his travel
arrangements, answer the telephone. In fact, I don't mind doing anything
to help! I might take photographs of asoirlng dancers for the webs te, look
for twenty singers for a big London muslcal, find a pianist for an orchestra
or help soTneone to write thelr OV
a'l hate being bored so this
lob ls perfect for me - and it keeps me ctose
to the world of dance. I hear about dancing jobs and my boss ls very
good at letting me have time off - last month I dld a rock video and the
month before I was in a children s W programme.'
5'l still want to make my career in dancing but I m happy to wat, l'm very
rrc^y - | erjoy'ny JoD and every oay s an advenru.el',

T
tr
T

rn
n
T

LISTENING

SPEAKING

t ffip

&.'Translate' the email addresses.

Put the conversations in the


correct order. Then listen and check
y0ur answers.

&

Uv email adclress is Helen dot Jenkins


at maiinet dot net

a I'm sorry, Mr Broum isn't in


the office today. Can I take
a message?

b I'd like

to speak to

Mr Brown, please.
C His sister, of course. I'il
leave a note on his desk.
d Good morning, Barrett's
Engineering. How can
I help you?
Yes, please. Could you tell
him his sister phoned?

r
tr

at freenet dot com

tr
jim. bevan@freebeemail.net

please? I
Stella?
I
c No, it's her sister, Naomi. I
d Has she got your email
address?
f
I speak to Stella,

0 Yep, can you ask her to

mW

I
f

tr
f

Listen and write the messages.

- all lower
* at freebeemail doL neL

Jim doL 7evan


caee

rd_dawkins@bi gfoot. com

b Hi, is that

want to leave a message?

it to Len underscore Parker at

freepost dot

$ tfret new address is Family Harrod - upper case F,

now.

Please send

a Sorry Naomi - you sound the


same. It's Anna here - can

email our French


homework to me?
f Cambridge 3428933
g I'm not sure, I'il give it
to you
h Sorry, she's not here. Do you

all upper case

ELEN.JEN KlNS@nra ilnet.nei

ffi

aney. Lewis@f reepost. net

Complete the conversation with phrases from the box.

geun+*peat<+e Couldltakeamessage
Could you tell him I'11 ring back later
Mr Smythe

Hove 4577125.

Caller
Galler

rCould I epeakto Jay, piease?


Jay?
Sorry, I mean James.

Mr Smythe

I'm sorry, James isn't here this evening.

Caller

Voq nlorqp

Mr Smythe

Bee?

Caller

Sorry, Beatrice.
Is there any message?
No, it's OK thanks. a
I'li tell him that you rang.
Thank you, goodbye.
Goodbye.

Mr Smythe

Mr Smythe
Caller

Mr Smythe
Caller

Mr Smythe

Bee phoned.

Complete the information. Write the conversation.

You phone your

friend (name) to tell them about a film


(ti,tle) at (time). They aren't at home. Leave a message with
A (thei,r parent I brotlrcr I si,ster).
. say who you are
. give them the information
. give your name and phone number

Earr4

60

A
You

Hello?
Hello,

WORN

L$T

accOilnlant
dULUI

aer0btcs

applylapplication for a job)

UOCABULARY
interested in
interview
job advert
judge

artist

keen on
lawyer

audition

Ieader

avoid

librarian
manager
marital status
marketing manager

arcnrtect

banker
biologist
boss

businesswoman
candidate
can't stand
career
cashier
certificate
checkout assistant
company director
computer programmer

CV

practical knowledge

delivery driver
desiqner
0rrector

prefer
priest
pr0grammer
psychologist
quali{ications

OeI 0at0

education
employer
employment
eng neer
I

equalopportunities
eventually
experience (U)
fascrnate
Iasnron oesrgner
fill in (a form)
lrreman

sack (sb)
salesperson
save m0ney
secretary
seem

skillslsocial skills
social fife
statl
I

teacher
team worker
the centre of attention
therapist

01

fruit picker
full-time/part-time/
temporary jot:
gardener
oet a few davs off/
taKe a DreaK
qet a oromotion

translator
V presenter
unemoloved
uniform
vacancy
I

rupt

warter/wattress

graduate

weil tCIaory)-par0

nl ildo

wlsh
work

independent
insurance agent

writer

music

politics
programming
psychology
teaching
therapy
translation

Circle the differences between the words, eg

ac@

a"@

Complete the careers advice with nouns from


Exercise 1,

1 If you are good at languages, you could be


a LranelaLor

2 If you are interested in how a country is

qoverned. vou shorrld bc


is a good iob if you like
4

if you are extrovert, like being the centre


of altention and want to be a film star, you

should be _
5 If you are interested in mentai health, you
OI
should be
6 If you are good at Maths and like mone5r, you
OI
should be

r0ulne

IITNCSS INSTTUCIOT

10nd

7
8
9
10
11
12
13

children and don't mind marking homework.

takelleave a message

Ttuenl

A'LJI

4 designing
5 directing
6 managing

receptionist
reporter
resoons[ble

SITCSSTU

Person

? qnr'nr rnfirr d

quailTre0

Flrst Atd

flexible workinq hours

ActivityiSubject
1 acting

MISS

correspondence
creativity/i magination
cruise ship

doctor
driving iicence
earn money/a salary/

Comalele with words from the Word list.

3 banking

musiclan
non-smoker
not mtn0
nurse
outside
pay nse
personal in{ormation
pilot
police off1cer
politician
position

DJ

7"

tZ

Circle the correct prepositions.

'l Are you interesleci c;r,t I


Jor / @ working for
small, local company?
2 Please phone and speak at I oJ I Io the

manager.
3 Would you like to h:rve a lob;for I ilz I to a
caf6?
4 Wbrking/or I of lIo an international

company might be interesting.


A good knowledge/or I of lIo foreign
languages is useful in a lot of jobs.
6 You need to be good at I oJ l to typing if you
have to use a computer a lot.
7 If the manager phones, please take a
message at lfor I zn me.
B Some companies have vacancies i,n I to /.fot'
sludents in lhe summer.
9 We are looking for someone who is fond
5

atlinlo/children.
flll at I in I to an application

10 Please

form.

61

Use the words in the box to complete the


advedisements. There are two extra words,

Extend your vocabulary

prmo+in aerobics applicationform


companydirector equalopportunities
flexibleworkinghours psychologist
priest qualifications receptionist

Read the information from a dictionary.

..

:g:i{:\1t

:99r91?I{

bored witlr
your iob and ready
fOf ?romot'ion ?

Work is a general word to talk about

Are You

if5;"Jff:ffitr',"H:%nvorved

3#3i:';,l
manasement

rearn

"o"::rr;rt
rhe
phonr=, irir"r^lo answer
,,,s rcrtefS and
make r"o.,^r

You

r"",,r,lJttl::ffi:l
Fird*".i:1ff;,?. ,;
,"

;$)te
W*

"&i
'W :I
',.11t
4;4

is used on orricialrorms and it


tl

Please give your name, age and occupation.

fi 3lllession

i3 a j9b which needs special

ii""E:;T:::::;i}lproressions
Your career is

th-e- work you do or plan to do


for vour
workinq
o",
tlitu,JJJ"jn'u'life.
lli,
urru, i n j o u rn a t i s m.
.

1 My grandfather's first .aork ljod)l profession


was in a coal mine.
2 My grandmother had a long
job / pro;fession I career as a biologist.
3 NIy parents want me to go into the teaching
u;ork I profession ljob.

':

,r*,

in it

..,.,.t-tt'

.;:e
.tr"

4 I need to get a job I work I career during the

"*,';'l;''f
LONDON'S TOP HOTET
is looking for a part-time _
to meet
guests ind make b""kt"c-

M
'g

.-.

You

wilt

be working with the public so you


must have good
.

Please

ring

0207 63722938

for an

sumrner holidays.
5 I had to write my parents'
work / occupati,ons I ca,reers on the form.
6 Occupati,on /Work I Cu,reer in factories is
often boring and sometimes dangerous.
Complete the sentences with correct nouns.

1 Picasso had a long and successful career as

an artist.
2Mozart started
when he was
very young.
3 Part-time workers often have low paid
4 I want to find a
5 If you work in a

lot of money.

.-_

6 David Beckham's

in a bar.
, you usually earn

footbali

with Manchester United.

star.ted

WRITING

&

You want to apply for a summer job at Greenwood Camp. Complete the form for yourself. Use your imaginationl

APPLICATION FORM
Please circle the lob you are interested in: sports instruction, camp cook, lifeguard, driver
Please comolete all sections in CAPITAL LETTERS.

Personal information

- \irs,

Miss, Ms, Dr, etc

Title

Surname
First name
Sive your

full address

;rith area code.


ll you can't answer
something, write rVa.
Don't leave any gaps in
:he list.

I tnH

Address for correspondence


Contact telephone number:
Mobile number:
email address:

Education
Please list all schools, dates attended and exams passed.

School

Include skills which will


:relp your application.

Your contact number is


the one you want them
to use, for example, your
home or mobile number

Qualifications

Dates

Other skills
Please list all skills and training which are relevant to your application.
1

2..
3
4

Employment history
Please list all paid work and voluntary work done in the last three years.
Dates

Employer

Position

Declaration
I certify that the above information is true.
10 Sign and date the form.

Signature:

Date:

Please return this form to: Ms. L. Perry Greenwood Summer Camp, Hamilton House, Basildon, Essex.

Read the advertisement


and design the
application form.

Small language school in the scuth of England needs friendly easy-going


student assistants for July and August.

Must tr be over 17
f, have a clean driving licence
tr speak two European langlrages including Engljsh

,,

To apply, download an application form from www.learnenglish.co.uk


&tr,...r..*ya7...t@ttpy<r!|:.t:.:.tttst..,,.,,,,.,:,,:,.a..........:.'r:.t

4.t:

68

SEI-F-ASSESSMENT TEST

4I

ej&$-a=-S T=*ru
I

I
f

,3.

UOCABULARY AND GRAMIUAN


1i.

Complete each sentence with a word from


the box in the correct form. There are
three extra

words.
;"pi;;i ;;a"." rmit i""'"u'"
polirrte pfe+++ r'ecycle
.9u!

sorl

99*.. 11"9..

1 The government promised Io prolecL the


erullron-mentr.
2 If we .nvant a cleaner u'orld, u'e will have lo
poilrLt ion.

every year.
7 Can't you see that your factory is heiping to
the environment?

(6 points)

Circle the correct answers: a, b or c.

Last summer I had a nice r__ job in a


reslauranl. I worked four hours a da-v and

80 a rveek. The boss was very pleased rndth


me and if I go back thele next year, I'il get a
. He said I'11 gel 100 or more. It's not a
"_
r_ , it's thc same.jch, a n-ailer, jusl more
nioney. I think he was happy because he gets so
many bad workers. Some of them don't "- on
time, some of them take long 'i_ when they
should be u.orking. Last year, he 7_ three
people because they r,l'ere so bad.

1@Rart-time

2apay
3 a pay for

4
5
6
7

abreak
a turn up
a holidays
a sacked

b
b
b
b
b
b
b

off

part-pay

c time

earned
pay rise

sack

c promotion

turn out

rests
earned

c breaks
c promoted

won
c pay up

turn to

Put the verbs in brackets into the best form,

going ta or will.

(6 points)

1 Look at all these cars in front of us. We


are qQrnq_f,p_b_e (be) late.

2 Maybe, one day my parents


3

It

(buy) me a new computer.


says in the paper that in the future lve
(recycle) B0% of ail rvaste.

4 Why ale they being so str-rpid I L,{rs Green

(get) angry in

2-

(6 points)

Tomorrow night at school, there's t qainq to be a


taik b5' a famous environrnentalist. The talk is
all about the problems caused by pollution and
what lve can do about it. I read his book - lt w'as
very interesting. He says that t_
we don't
cha nge orlr \\ ays, I he green lrouse r_
will get so bad t,hat we *_
be able to
stop it. Temperatures 5_
rise too high.
He also writes about the effects of 6_
rain on our forests and says that we must use
t--free
petrol to make our cities cleaner.
I'm going lo ask him to autograph rr,3'book for mel

(6 points)

3 This notebook is rnade out of


paper.
4 We need more trees. We should
the forests.
5 i get very in'orried when i hear that people
are __
ttrre Amazon rainforesl.
6 With all the cars in the u,orld, pollution is

Complete the text with one word in


each gap.

5 Do you think

it

minute
(be) easy

to find work when you leave schooi?


(not win) this
6 Oh dear. We
game now. There are only five minutes left.
7 The Presiclent says that in the fi.rture there
(not be) any poliution.
Put the verbs into the correct form in the
three

conversations.

(6 points)

\Vlrat lwillyou zlo (you do) if it rains (rain)


on Saturday?
(stay) at home. I
I'_
(not go) shopping in the rain.

If Sleve

14

What

'_-

(ask) you to dance, w'hat

(you say')?
(not say) anything. I
(be) too cmbarrirss,'d.
(Dalren say) in the
(ask)
_

interrieu'if the manager

B
64

him about his driving licence?


(be) a
I knoll'he 6
responsible peLson, so he
(tell) the truth, of course
(not give)
If the manager ?
job,
(he be)
rvorriecl?
him the
No. He can find another iob.

n&&t:t74rtffiw,wwa.tk?4r3
Wi&{:tT {"&ffi W ffi?ery'ffiruW''i}7-.2
VqW?'8:4

TISTENING SKILLS
'A W2, Listen to a rnother and daughter

\^/h-+
i^ +hvvtrdt ro tL rg

talking about the daughter's holiday plans.


Circle the correct answers: a, b 0r

c.

(B points)

&{,&"&%Z

invention ever? The wheel?


itl pu
-^^+ r'_^^*?nt
rrruJL

LC

Electricity? The computer? There are many important


inventions and, in the future, there will be many more.

'_

. But sometlmes, we put the food in our mouths and


l'hi{^
itlL nnoq
rnrilhnr rt rc roa tnrnl nn :nn rl tL \A/all
vvoll, thiLl llD nl lllV
VUUot vvrLr lvut vJ luG J'. t l, n. J OJJJI
helps you to eat properly, As you cut your food, an alarm
is set in the knife. lf you cut another p ece of food too
soon. the alarm rings to reLr yo. t'at 1o, a'e eating too

'?_

2 Sara is travelling
a with two friends.

nr rinkhil

ANIMAL TRANSLATOR

b with three friends.

c with one friend.

first place they are going to stay rs


a France. b Germany. c Amsterdam.

3 The

4 Sara want s to go to

France

WWT

THE NOISY KNIFE

1 Sara is going on holidar


a to three counLflps.
b for three monfhs.
c for three weeks.

43,6j,1{

The Americans are known for


their animal beauty parlours,
animal psychologists and anima
nomotoriaq Thorr nan nn
--,' ,,-W go
nnc qtcn fr rrlher :nr-i talk tO their
rnimalo
qi
il rtqtD. hA nnmaanv
ttdvut I tpot iy hao

next.
b German,v
- c Holland

5 Sara's not worried about money because


a she has got a job.
b she has got a credit card.
c she has got a 1ot of money.

6 Il she's itl
a she will geL a special card.
b she'll go home.
c she'll go to a local hospital.

q646f
rpur

rL

years listening to dogs. cats.


horqcs ancl nlhcr ncls and haS
now released a dictionary with
CD-ROM of animal noises. a
EAB PHONE
What's the smallest mobile phone you knolv? 5_
German researchers are working on a phone that can be
put nside your ear. When a call comes in, only you will be
i+ ^^ + ^^^^ frnm tho oar dirccflV to vour
^A'^V -^
tV ^^^lUdl lL dJ
t gUEJ il Ur | | Lr rE sor Uil UVLry rV y
4U
brain,6
SN/ART CAN/ERA

7 She's not worried about language problems


because

girl speaks German.


they all speak German.
c they all speak three languages.
a one
b

This camera is connected to a special Internet database.


Whenever you take a photo, you can choose to send it for
analysis. '_ . lf it finds a match, a message will be sent
to you, teliing you exactly what your photo is of. lt could
be the name of a plant, a translation of a street sign, it may
even be able to lell you a stranger's name.

will eat
iot of burgers.

B She
aa

healthy food.
c only in restauranus.
b

COMMUNICATION
.z1l Complete the second sentence s0 that it
has the same meaning as the

first.

READING SKILLS

Read about these four inventions. Put the

sentences A-H in the correct place in the


text. There is one extra sentence.

(7 points)

A It might be difficult to look the'words'up,


rhoughl
B And, because of llre noise. everybody else
knows tool
G Well, in the ful ure, lhey may gel much
smallcr.
D In seconds, computer screening can match
this to any similar photos held on their
da1
E

abase.

We all know that we shouldn't eat too fast.

F But how will you talk back/


G Here are some that, in a few years, you may
want to have in yc,ur home!
H This is whv it is so useful.

(5 points)

1 People mjghl recycle more in the iulure.


Perhaps ?eo? e will recycle rrore'r t\e ftLLre.
2 I'm sure that you will pass your exams.
You

3 I don't think our city will be cleaner in the


fut ure.

Our city
4 lt's quite certain that we will go to I'rance

nexl year.
we
5 I'm sure that people won't live on the Moon

in the next five Years.


People

They might play a concert here next year.


IL

Total

150

65

Love and trust


GRAMMAR
',iiPresent',,Perte I

lflf- questions
have ('ve) won the race.

have not (haven't) won the race

has ('s) won the race,

has not (hasn t) won the race

What have you bought for

me?

Where has he been?


Why haven't you eaten anything?

Time expressions
Have

Imelvou/they

I
__""1_**_:t

We can use general time expressrons


wrln tne rresenl renect.

Yes, l/weiyou/they have.


No. l/we/youithey haven t

Already (before now; affirmative only:


I've read that book already,

won the race?


Yes, he/she/it has,
No, heisheiit hasn'1.

Never (aI no time) negative only:


I've never eaten horse meat.
Ever (any time in your lifu) questlons:
Have you ever climbed a mountain?

The Present Perfect connects past events to'ths.present. We tlie:,:::iftturt",

news: A train has crashed in London.


crashed in lhe recent Ba*t,;,:,:;ihe.,r.esullt',',t n be seen nolv.

-:lt

kitchen,,,':,

i'.'ii

Iel (now/this moment) questions and

i i

fecefit actions: The cat's been sick in the


= The cat was sick in the past,,na|lh*i, kitchgn neeOs cleaning.,,:',,,.,,,'

negative:

Have you done your homework yet?


He hasn't spoken to his parents yet.

'li I

''
finished actlons which are tlnkeO tolttlelipresent:
past
I've worked in three countries, = | worked abroad in the
but it is
impolrant in my CV nor.v.
..

W&w&

&Kaw *;:r,mp9

We cannot use exact time expressions with the Present Perfect.

I went to the bank yesterday. not

Complete the sentences with the Present Perfect


form of the verbs in brackets.

1 Aave you ever wriNten (urite) to a film

Circle the correct alternative.

_ our first date on Valentine's Day


last year.

1 We

star?

(meet) my boyfriend's
_
parents once.
(not speak)
3 My girlfriend and I _
today because we had an argument yesterday.
your sister _
(get)
4_

2I

engaged yet?

(not choose) an engagement


yet.
ring
6 Jim and Melanie aren't here today. They
(go) to their cousin's wedding.
(have) three
7 My aunt and uncle
years.
babies in three
8 My mum is furious because my dad
5 We

(forget) it's her birlhday 1oday.

@nao

2 He
a
3

b have had

her to marry him aiready.

asked

she

b has asked

_'yes'yet?

/ say b Has i said


4 My mum _ my dad to marry her when
they were both five!
a Did

asked

b has asked

_'yes'until he was twenty-seven.


a didn't say b hasn't said

5 He

6 My grandparents _ for fifty years and they


are stiil very happy.
a were married b have been married
7 Phone the vet! The dog _ my ring!
a ate b has eaten

rtr

th

Write the questions. Use the Present Perfect and ever.

&

Use the prompts to complete the conversation.


Use the Present Perfect or the Past Simple.

@p
Golden Dragon

be / engaged?

Chinese Restaura

qap / rn nnarr?

X{X

I'ave :to t ever bee"

8.00p.m. Ann and Leo ctre hctt:iitg clitzner


togetl'r,er: It's thei,r Jzrst date.
LeO 1 you / eat / here / before? I'ave -\ou ever

enQaQed?

eaLen here before

Ann

Yes, I have.

Leo 2when/come/here?

Ann

My parents brought me here for my


hirl hdar- last vear.

?
Leo rwhat / eat?
Ann i think I had fish with rice and vegetables.

read a norrel /
in a foreign language?

fa1l

in love

It was very nice.


Leo a I i not eat / Chinese food before.

at first sight?

.I

think

I'li have the chef's suggestion.


Ann That's a good idea, I'11have the same
9.00p.m.

Ann 'how

long

I you llive in Brighton?

Leo I moved here two months

ago.

6I / not meet / many people yet.


: I / join / a lennis club last monlh
^^ Tr--^
.u
I vc
,lL
:::t

Ann

fl:

eat / snails?

win / a prize for runmng?

played tennis a few times.


I like tennis too but 8I / not play /
for a long time.
eT / hc / hrrqrr rprriqino
vl4v.r

Complete the short answers and match them with


the questions in Exercise 3,

1 No,l haven'I . I haven't met the right


noTqnn \/ct
. I've never

been in a race.
. I love

classical music

I fall in love
with every goodJooking person i meet.
I I'm a vegetarian.
but I used a
dictionary a lot.
I

tr

I
I
T
T

1v

Leo

royou / finish / your exams now?

Ann

Yes, I have! 1rI / finish

Leo
Ann

r:vrl!-

/ on Sth June.

No, I haven't. A friend got hers this


morning so I hope mine wrll arrive in
tnmnrrnrrr'q nnqt

9.45p.m.
Thank you, that was a lovely meal.
I'm glad you enjoyed it.12I I have /
great time this evening.

Ann
Leo
Ann

So have

Met's

do

it apain

soon.

67

'n

READING

g, ffi

Read the two sentences. Then read the article

and choose the best answers.

artists.

extrovert and I am quite shy

c engaged.
d colleagues.

We haven't had any children yet but we're


hoping.
we left and went to a caf6.

Circle the correct alternative.


1 Yolanda and Greg have

WE'VE BEEN
TOGETHER...

since they

aa THAT'S WHEN
CHANGED _ WE
GOT TALKING
AND AT ELEVEN

O'CLOCK THE
WAITERS TOLD
LEAVET

knorm each other

met at a pafiy.
fell in love.
@were students.
d became artists.
a

EVERYTHING

us T0

in the arlicle,

getting married.

2 They are
a friends.
b married.

A he's a great

'l-5

c I went out with one or two men but no one


serious.

1 The article is about


a going to college. c failing in 1ove.
b being

Match the sentences to

gg

2 Yolanda
Greg's
a was
b didn't like
C

first girlfriencl.

wasn't

d looked

like

3 At first, Greg thought Yolanda was


a ordinary.

b exciting.
C

boring.

d horrible.

4 Greg and Yolanda left the party because


o they wanted to be alone together.
b it was very Iate.
c they weren't enjoying themselves.
d they wanted a cup of coffee.
5 Greg fell in love

Greg Howes and Yotanda Drake


Greg We first met ten years
ago. We were both art
students at Queen's Art
Schoot. At the time, I was
going out with someone else
and I definitely wasn't
looking for another

girlfriend. Yotanda was just


another person in my class -

Liked her

but she was very

quietandlF.ThataL[

changed at the end of our


second year. We were at the
same party and we were both
bored so
. That's when
everything changed - we got
talking and at eteven o'clock
the waiters told us to [eavel
We went back to her ftat and
talked a[[ night. By the next
day, I knew she was the
right woman for me - I sptit
up with my [ong-term
girtfriend and Yotanda and I
have been together ever
since. We've been married for
seven years and we've never
spent a day apart. I can't
imagine ever wanting to be
with anyone etse.

2_

68

Yolanda I've been in love


with Greg since day onel I
saw hjm during my first week
at coltege and I thought he

but 3_ so
it took a white to get to
know him. When I found out
he had a girlfriend, I was
was fantastic

a_

broken-heartedl
. We
finaLly got together after two
long years - I was at a
friend's party and Greg
suggested going for a coffee.
We ended up talking a[[
night and that was thatl
We've had smat[
disagreements over the years
but we've never had a big

fight

- I think jt's because

we are so different. He still


loves being the centre of
attention and I'm happy to
be the quiet one. I can't
beljeve I've been so lucky the man of my dreams fetl in
love with me and we've been
happy for eight years.
I

5_

a
b

during c at

after

with Yolanda _ the party.

d before

6 Yolanda fell in love


a in the caf6.

with Greg

b at first sight.
c after a few weeks.
d when they becarne friends.
7 Yolanda and Greg have
a srmilar
b interesting

personalities.

c introverted
d different
B Yoianda

other boyfriends.

a always wanted
b has never had

c has had
d never wanted

9 They have had

aalotof
b

arguments.

terrible

cafew
d serious
10 They

children.
to have
b love having
c wouldn't like to have
d wouldn't mind having
a hope

tL

GRAMMAR

Put slnce or forin the correct place in each sentence.


aince
1 N'fy parents har-e

Present Perfect with since and tor


Use slnce

universily.

l've been at this school since I was thirteen.


| started here when I lvas thrrleen, I am here now.

4 Have they been engagecl ntore than a year?

With srnce, use a point or moment inlime'. 1978,


Tuesday, last winter on my birlhday, yesterday etc

5 Have Srou been going out togethet'the


beginning of the year?

for

here(tliey nere rnarried.

3 My sister hasn't lir-ecl at honre she r,vent to

+ iime expression to show when the event

startecl:

ec1

2 My boyfriencl ancl I har-e been together 2004.

since

lii

Use forto show the amount of time between when


the event starled and now:
fve been at this school for four years.
= | started at this school four years ago and I am

6 We haven't seen each

t3

other about a n eek.

Write two answers to each question. Use srnce and for.

nere now.
With fol use an amount or period of time: five minutes.
two weeks, most of my life, a long time, ages etc

Wffi"w& &W* &ww.g*Y


We use since only with the Present Perfect:
He's worked here since 1998. not He-wsrked

here-sineeSgg&
We use forwith the Past Simple and the
Present Perfect:
My teacher has taught in this school for
ten years.
My grandmother taught in a primary schaol
thirty years.

for

We use ago only with the Past Simple:


My dad worked in that factory five years ago.
not My4ad has werked there five years age,

'l

1 How long has Washington DC been the capital


Put the time expressions in the correct parl of
the table.

+995

time a year

i"* #""it

Wednesday Easter
January last month a quarter of an hour
a long

two minutes
since

1995

for

tren minulea

of the USA? (1800)


WaehinTton DC hae been lhe capirA of the L)eA
eince 1BOO,
WaehlneLon DC hae been LAe ca?iLal of the UOA

for more than ZaO -veare.


2 How long has Alaska been a US state? (1959)
3 How long has the Statue of Liberty been in
NewYork? (1886)
4 Horv long has Number 10 Downing Street
been the home of the British prime minister?
(1 735)

5 How long has Buckingham Palace been the


home of the British king or queen? (1837)
6 How long have England and Scotland been

joined politically? (I7 07)

69

SPEAKING

WORD LIST

Use phrases from the boxes to complete the


conversations. There is an extra phrase in each box.

i #i"; *rih

;;,

no";t yo" irrt"r. ...

l" *l.g.l.lljgl: ::. . Y.9,.!il'I99

19I19":l

1 Man

children

Woman

should be seen and not heard.


I want

children to have fun. 3


it's important for children
lo be happy and free?
No, I don't. I totaiiy disagree. When
a child is in a public place it should
be quiet and polite.

Man

look after
love at first sight
married
miss {sb)

0e0

NewYears Eve

UinO Oate

n0tse

panner
passl0nate

control

recently
regrel

(v)

darkness
depressed
district
divorced
doorway
engaged
ever

fall in love/be in love


fall out (with sb)
ree0

footsteps
freedom
get an education
ger marrfe0
get on with sb

gOssrp

uct"" r'iil', tlt* toturtv. ti

seems

have a good/

i; ;*

Ben

...

I haven't got very good marks.

I should
leave school now

Mum

but I don't
think you should leave school

Ben

Dad
Ben

T'm rxnqtino

rny time. T could get r job.

you need to
work harder at school. If you get
1

|,"-;$?,ii:i,1
boring.

Dad

It
5

Mum
7A

seems to me that you are being lazy!


, dear?

Dad's right.

light up

caring
celebrate
come true
concentrate

go on a filind date
go out with sb

I see what you mean ... I'm afraid not.


If you ask me ... Personally, I think ...
That's true ... \Vhat do you think ...

kiss

fast (v)

call centre

glad

fl Or""4{g

just

accept
adult
against
already
bark
be in favour of
be in one's teens/
twenties/f ifties

successf ul relationship
have a lot in common
have an argumenVargue
help with the housework
hold hands
hold on

oiercino
pleased
ray

responsibiJity
retrre

retired
ridiculous
r0mance
romantic
roof
rule
sadness
sense of humour
share secrets
siqh

sdrt sth out


split up with
step Out
sunsh ine

teenager
tell a ioke
ilny
tolerant of

trust
turn back
turn round
unTarr

nug

Valentine's Day
weddinq anniversarv

rmagrne

weddind rinq

interrupt
irritate

t/oT

Complete the advertisement for a dating agency with


words from the Word list.

VOGABULARY

e"

Complete with words from the Word list.


Noun

'l romance

Adjective
romanf,ic

2 divorce
3 engagement
4 marriage

Is this you?

5 passion
6 tolerance

gosslpy

Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 1.

very romanl:tc person. She reads


novels and watches soap operas.
? Hannah and
2 Have you heard the _
Dave have splil up and she's going to marry
1 Lucy is a

always alone on lValentine'a Day ?


r1o one
at midrright on NewYears Eve?
noonetos
with irr the cinema?

to'_

Dontworry! You can u_

arrd our agency can

help youl
If you are looking for that special

and
vou to find

getting married.
4 My aunt and uncle wete married for four
years but sadly they are _
now.
for six years
5 My grandparents were _
before they got married.
6 Steven Spielberg. the director. is very
about his new film
is arranged by
7 In some societies
the couple's families.

phone our

andTrue Love

his brother!
3 In the 1950s, British society wasn't
of couples who lived together instead of

'-

talkto one of orlr staff-Theyrvill help

a =-'n** with two young

**
,''.''"'
ffix*x"gl'JiffJ;;i I'iino
j:"ill^i'",??1,"-*.,**kead\w
Si:';';H'.";:'
we are
Christmas and

rrue r3"rX$:l
$"rii7on,1... usor
rr,le,love rouno

share a

inlnooou for eveqAhing

@&

Extend your uocabulary


:!!L Study the definitions of phrasal verbs with gef.

Complete the phrasal verbs.

Then use them in the correct form to complete

1 NIy brother is unhappy because he split up


with his girlfriend last week.

with my mum last


f_
o_
weekend because she didn't let me go to an

sentences 1-7.

2I

get xhmu&

ali-night party.
3 My best friend spends a iot of time at my
well
ohouse because he g-

places, (2) to move without difficulty


get ahead: to be successful in your work
get awacg wXtk {sormef;*u&xr6}'s to do something
bad but avoid the punishment
get imto {sorme&h5mg}: to be interested in a

,,;rl.f^* il-,
vvtLIL --,
rrrJ aorrurJ.

4 I can't invite Anna and Erika to the same


gparty because they d_
with each other.
o_
5 Nina can't come out tonight because she

i-

a-

brother.
6 Do you know Jack? I w
with him last year.

(1) to travel to lots

of different

new activity or subject


om &*3& We* a&oxNg$: to like someone and

get

have a good relationship

ge

ea {momebmdy}: to make someone upset or


unhappy

her baby
1 I don't qeL on with my sister's boyfriend so I

never speak to him.


2 She works very hard because she wants to
and earn lots of money.
F rench literature when Ihada
I_
Frpnnh oirlfriond
4 She's verv rude but don't let her
you.
5 I broke my ieg last month so I can't
easily
6 Don't

let him

7 My uncle is a

_
piiot so he

being so rude.
a lot.
_

7l

The media
GRAMMAR
The passive
Affirmative

Negative

Present Simple
Passive

Breakfast is served from 7 to 9.30a.m.


Lunch and drnner are served in the dininq room.

Breakfast is not (isn't) served in the bar.


Meals are not served in the guest rooms.

Past Simple
Passive

Penicillin was discovered in the 20th century.


Five people were killed in an accident vesterdav

The Titanic was not (wasn't) built in the USA,

Present Perfect
Passive

My bag has been stolen.


The invitations have been sent by email.

My passport has not (hasn't) been found.


The replies have not (haven't) been received yet.

..

:::.:'

Questions

Short answers

ls this magazine bought by


young people?

No, it is not (isn't).

We form the passive with the verb to be and the past


participle of the verb. We use the passive
when the action or the object is more important than the
p!,rson q1 thing which does the action: English is spoken
all over the world
o when we don't know the subject (the person or thing
that does/did the action): The painting was stolen from
the nusuem.
to describe processes: The milk is taken to the factory
then it is nade into butter and cheese.

Was the stolen car found at


the station?

Yes, it was,

Has the door been locked?

Yes, it has

No, it was not (wasn't).

No, it has not (hasn't).

lflf-

The roads were not (weren't) opened for four hours

questions

How is pasta made?


When was America discovered?
Why has the music been turned off?

Using

fy

We use Dyto say who or what did the action, when this fact
is important:
The'best article was written by a French journalist,
Have you

&

Circle the correct alternatives.

first British newspaper, Tlte Dai,Ly


Courant, _ in London's Fieet Street in 1702.
a is pubiished c has been published
@was published

1 The

2 Until the 1980s, nearly all Britain's biggest


newspapers _ in F leet Street.
a are produced
c were produced
b have been produced
3 In the past, British newspaper production _
by the printers' unions.
a is controlled
c was controlled
b have been controlled

4 The Sun,Britatn's biggest selling tabloid, _


in 1969 by News Corporation.
a is started c has been started
b was started
5 The Ti,mes _ by News Corporation since 1981"
a is or.med c has been ov,rred
b was owned

72

been seen by a doCtor?

6 In 2005, more than 170 newspapers _ by


News Corporation in different parts of the world
a are

oumed

c were owned

b have been owned

_ News Corporation
in different parts of the world.
a are employed by c were worked for
b employed by
B F orty million newspapers _ woridwide by
News Corporation every week.
a are printed
c were printed
b have been printed
I Do you know how many newspapers _ in
India today?
a are published
c were published
b have been published
(the answer is more than 5,000 - in more than
7 Fifteen thousand peopie

1,000 ianguages!)

Same old rubbish.


We've invaded a
small island called

Complete the text with the correct


passive form of the verbs in brackets.

One of the first newspapers


wae prod-tcel ( oroduce) d u rins
the times of Julius Caesar. The
t

Acta Di,utna (Euents of the


Day) was a newsletter which
(write) by
hand and then put up in
important places in Rome.
Newspapers 3
(print) since the beginning of
lhe seventeenLh centrrrv At
firqt fhorr a

'e

Use the correct passive form to complete the second sentences.

1 The Nobel Committee has awarded the Nobei Prize for


Literature each year since 1901.
The Nobel Trize for Lit eraLure hae been awarded each 'lear
alnce 1901.

2 In 2005, the British pla;,.wright Harold Pinter won the


Nobel Prize for Literature

In 2005,
3 TWo Polish rvriters have won the Nobel Prtze for Literature.

The Nobel Prtze for Literature


4 The Nobel Committee has given J.M Coetzee the Nobel

Prize for Literature twice.

(publish) in Northern
Germany but soon the idea
5
(copy) in
other countries. These early
newspapers usuaily had only one
page and there were no pictures,
advertising or even headlines.

5 Joseph Pulitzer started the Pulitzer Prize


encourage good writing.

The oldest daiJy newspaper in

6 Each year, Columbia University in the USA gives the

Britain which 6
(print) today is The Ti,mes.It
7
(publish)
since 1785.
Today more than 18,000 different

newspapers'.
(sell) around the world

J.M. Coetzee

in

1917 to

In 1917, the
Joseph Pulitzer to encourage good writing.

Pulitzer Pri ze for Reporting to a journalist.


Each year,

Columbia lJniversity.
7 Since the Pulitzer Prize started, the committee has
increased the number of nrizes to fortv-one.
Since the Pulrtzer Prize started.
Has an American president ever won the Pulitzer Prize?

Has the

Ges, President John Kennedy was given the 1957


biography prize for Profi,Les i,n Courage.)

7g

READING
Read the sentences from the article.

A In acldition lo news, the \l,brld Serwice


broaclcasts drama, sports and educational
programnles.
B hr countries around the world where the
ner'vs is tightly controlled or censored
C The BBC is knov,rr ail over the world for
its fair and informative reporting.
D \lbrid Service radio programmes are
broadcast twenty-four hours a day. seven
clays a week.
Do you think the adicle will be about
a lelevision programmes
b radio broadcasts
c radio and television
d radio prograrrunes

BBC:

'7ffi Read the afticle quickly and check your idea.


Match the sentences in Exercise 1 with the correct
paragraphs.
'ta

Find the verbs (1-4) in the article. Match them


with the correct definition (a-e).There is one extra

definition.

'f

fund
2ban

Office. Despite this, the Wodd Service has editorial


independence which means the government can't
control what is broadcast.

I
l-l
|
a to officially *y ro^"thing can't happen
3 evacuate
4 extend
b

2-

to make longer

c to give information
d to give money
e

to move people from danger to safety

Read the article again. Tick true and cross false.

1 The BBC is famous for its independent

news

prograrrunes.

2 In Britain, BBC radio and TV aren't paid

advertising.

for by

3 The \\rorld Serwice is paid for by the

Britlsh

government

any

time.

5 You can only hear the \Vorld Ser-r,rce in

Europe.

in 1985
because they disagreed with the

6 BBC staff stopped working

government

7 Some governments don't allow

A
il
LJ

4 You can listen to the World Service at

their

citizens to listen to the BBC.


only listen to news on the
World
9 The Worid Service has been used to
B You can

Service.

n
I
Ll
I

tr

send information to British people


ar,ray from

home.

the tsunami, a few people looked


for rnforniation on the BBC w-ebslte.

10 AJter

74

'- . In the UK, BBC radio and TV is paid for from


the listeners' and viewers' licence fees. However, the
World Service, which is broadcast to almost every
country in the world, is funded by a government
department called the Foreign and Commonwealth

I
n

. The programmes are in more than forly


languages including Arabic, Greek, Mandarin
Chinese, Polish, Romanian and Spanish and they are
listened to by about '150 million people. The only time
that the service has stopped was in 1gB5 when BBC
workers r'vent on strike. The strike was because the
British government had wanted to ban a documentary
which included an interview with a member of
Sinn Fein (the political party which wants to untre

lreland).

3-

, the BBC is trusted to be honest and truthfut.


Some governments try to stop their people listening
by either blocking the radro signals or the
BBC website.

'-

, lt is also used to send emergency messages to


British people overseas. For example, in 1920, a
message told British listeners in Jordan io evacuate
the country immediately. More recently, when the
tsunami hit Asia on 26th December 2004,
programmes were extended to bring the latest news
to the people in the disaster areas. Within hours of the
tragedy, online sites were giving information to the
victims and their families and the message boards
were looked at by more ihan two million people.

TISTENING

SPEAKING

Complete the conversation between Jan the DJ and


a caller, lan.

Jan

Hi, Ian! \\&at do you want to say'/

fan rlt seema to me that the tabloid


newspapers are

Jan 'I'm n_

ge1 tLng

s_

understand. 3\Vhat

lan
Jan

m?

d_

worse.

I
y

I mean that the quality of the reporting


is shocking!
aThat's v_
but why is it
'shocking'?

lan

Jan

K W

Listen to the programme and circle the


correct answers: a, b or c.

lan

1 This is a radio
a documentary. c phone-in.

2 The subject is
a the educational value of TV.
b using the TV as a babysitter.
c the power of advertisements.
3 The callers are
a advertising executives. c news reporters.
b members of the nublic.
cross false.

lan

Jan
lan

talk about.
2 The first caller's children want the things
they see in TV advertisements.
3 She doesn't buy her children the things
they ask for.
4 She wants her children to be the same
as the other children at school.
5 The second caller, Rupert, is a teacher.
6 He agrees with the first caller.
7 Rupert thinks TV advertisements are
a good idea.

8 The DJ doesn't agree with either caller.

W$li

y_
s_
, the t_
lots of people smoke too but it isn't a
6Well,

is,

Jan tl'm s_

Read the sentences. Listen again. Tick true and

Tlrner decides what the callers wili

news and ...


uEme, cI jsay
that the tabloids are read by millions of
people every day. It seems to me that
they can't all be wrong.

good idea.

b news prograrrune.

1 Jan

All the stories are about soap opera stars


and gossip - they don't write about real

, but I don't understand


your argument. You can't die from reading
a tabloid paper.
sHow sh_
I p_
it? What I
mean is, although the tabloids are
popular, the quality papers are more
educational.
I'm sorry, I didn't ec_
that.
toCyrit, please?
Yes, I said that quality papers educate

people.

Jan

Don't be silly! People don't read to be


educated! They want to be entertained by
what they read. Let's go to the phones.

I
tr
tr
T
tr

Read the pairs of words from the listening.

Underline the stressed syllables. Listen and check


your answers.

advertise advertisement
2 educate education
1

ON THE AIR

inform information

Which two words are short forms of advertisement{?

ads advers adverts

addies

'lD
--

WORD LIST

VOGABULARY

.a^^^^^ +h^ t^+^.^^+

dr,r,u)D

|ut

tu il ttut

Lt

magazine {weekly/monthiy)
measure
media
message board
negative effect
news {sporls/travellworldl
local/i nternational news)
newsagent's
newspaper (daily)

afterwards
a0e 0r0u0
'

aiitrorgt

argument
afticle
astronomer
babysitter
be disausted with/
be shocked at
broadcast
cam0at0ner
cnannel
character
chat site (on lnternet)
come out {be published)

on the contrary
on the other hand
oroaniser
passrve

penalty
phone-in
photoqraph (vt

computer networ[</screen
connect to the Internet
consteltation

!r*fr;;'utuoumrEditor
OISCUS$ON

documentary
download

reas0n

drama
earthquake
educational

releree
reoort (v)
resemble
:

:::::.'g'^ql^
JUdI\,I I UI IUII IU

facilities
Iamrne

section
s0ap 0pera
social problem

ilnailv
alt

Ar\

srar ivl
atoronnlna

oame show

gene,railsailon

Ia0t0t0

qet out

iaKe pan In

ilamour couple

IAIK SNOW

oosstn columrl
narmtul
.: ::'

me press

'headlines , '
flgyygygl

mvtal
"

tt ]i..;:rl
israsl

eo\niqelian
ln my
influenCer,
informative
roKe (v)

IV

rv a00rcl

rv

broadcaster
campaign
discuss
penalise

4
6
7

recommendation

8 resemblance

t
?&

Tick the three nouns which are people.


Complete the sentences with the correct form of
words from Exercise 1.

brother and I always arTue about what to


watch on TV. We never have a sensible
where we both quietly say u'hat we
think!
2 There have been several
to improve
the i-orrlent of TV programmes.
3 In Britain, there are strict
if you don't
bu5' 31Y iicence
4 The _
betlveen the twins is amazing
5 I watched the programme whiclL you
- thank you, it rvas a good suggestion.
1 My

&..

Circle the correct prepositions,


1

I am shockecl@ / to I on some of the


progranunes which are on TV when children
are watching.

lrluii/d:l''|:,,t',',,,,::l
... ,

::.,,,"':::,:,.:

to connect at I on I to the
Internet, you will need a telephone line or
broadband access.
3 Would you take part tn I on I to a
docurnenlary about iamily life?
4 You say that young people are unhealthy. I
say that, at I on I to Lhe contrary, young
people exercise a lot and eal healthy food.
5 At I ltt, I On my opinion, there are too many
advertisements on TV.
6 I'm phonrng in connecLion by I ouer I u;itlt
your article about teenagers and money.
7 We were a1l disgusled on I to I u,titlz the
journaiists who waited outside the victim's
B

versr0n

vt0lence
waste time
what's more
World Wide Web
Y0urs larlnlully/
Ynr rrq cinnorplv

home.
I agree that a lot of the news is horrible but,
at I o.f I on the other hand, we need lo know
whal is happening in the world.

If you don't like the programme, why don't


you turn on I oLf /zp the TV?
10 First at I of I on aII there was radio, then
lhere was televrsion.
you ever rnritten a letter at I on I to a

11 Have

magazine?

76

argue

babysit

guroe

unnelplul

0plnlOn'' :"
:"
.,

J0urnailsI
leaf:ltet .

IUTN OTT
,,,.,,.

e;e.'

lJlf*1,''n'-"0
'rn

Verb

2 If you want

Slfl$'n''

0T

pnnt
printing press

recOmrnen0

fnrm

pnotograpner
planet
positive side

dozen

tmoA+
--n
utztuttttttv

a
L

pr0gramme
proslc0n3
pu0ilsn
quality paper
quiz/newspaper quiz
radio drama/station
reatrry sn0w

c0nvincrng

cyber cafd
daily life

Complete with words from the Word list.


Noun

next

comedy serieslroles
commercial
completety

rrrst

Don't believe everything


you read in the
tteus / goss'ip columns,
Jade.

'::L::'

7,,,t

',.,,,.rr\,
.&'"'t),1,{,::::,

Sorrl'-, but it's not


Lteadlirie I tri,'uiaL

M,,

This is the last time I u'ork


on a rect|ity / qu,iz show.

ne\\is.

This says
\tr'e're

engaged.
Tnt+r'pqtirr ol

tjj

Circle the correct alternatives in the speech bubbles


above.

Complete the sentences with the correct words from


the box. There is one extra word.

urfi"i" .rli"".ti a;;;*""i;ries

Circle the 'odd one out',

1 educational inforrnative trivial useful


2 publish broadcast report star

3 campaign argument discussion debate


4journalist photographer violence

headlines leaflet broadcast magazine

l:TryPs

Plgle

ll

ne\4'sagent

!?!191q

1 Jake always buys a quality newogaper at the

weekend and a

drama diary documentary phone-ur


headline article referee column

for the gossip

Extend your vocabulary

2 When I picked up the magazine a

about an animal charity


fel1 out.

I'll

save that long

Study the phrasal verbs with clme.Then use them in


the correct form to complete sentences 1-6.

about

Madonna and read it at the weekend.


4 l,{y dad never reads the whole newspaper

he just looks quickly at the '----_


to
get a general idea of r,vhat's in the news.
5 Now we've got satellite TV I can watch more
+trL4r
-Lr

Tit+-,
r rut.y

6 Most callers to radio


prograrunes don't have any'thing interesting

[o say.
7 When US radio
lhe drama
Wa'r oJ'the WorLds in 1938 a lot of listeners
believed aliens u'ere attacking the Earth.
B Sometimes TV journalists film in secret to
make

**iiv* #&r&sss to find something by chance


*#$?*e h**&a; to return to a place
e&6s3* ef$n to be removed
*{sf'??e txaxtl to be published
*#s?e rsgcs?d: to visit someone in their home
e*mt:l xs6x* to happen unexpectedly
1 The Sunday newspapers usually e.grrte

pul

late on Saturday night.


2I _
my old school photographs last
week.
3 We love having our holidays here so we
every year.

4 I can't drive the car

the wheel has

like to _
for dinner
--l
next Sunday?
6 I'm afraid I can't see you tomorror,v something has
at w'ork ancl
we've all got to rvork late.
5 Would you

-tl

WRITING

rn-----J
vl

?i::".:-r of

:"ut: "

Prosrammins

Broadcast Tower
Wroxham Ave.
Norwich

12th Decernber

e--fD___

Dear Sj-r or

ra-v

.11_--l
vl

Madam,

am writing in connection with the Jan Turner programme, Tltrner,s


Turning wor7d, which r l-istened to earlier today. r must say that r
found her to be rude and igrnorant..

AI
IH
vl

2008

t3vl

32 High Field Flats


morwlch noaf
^
yarmouth
Great
Norfolk

First of all, Ms T\.1rner didn,t listen to a worried


f didn't agree with the ca11er, I think
should have helped
this woman with her problem. Then-arr opert in advertising phoned the
show and she didn't fisten to his opinions seriously. Next, r heard
her talking to a yor.ng man about the tabloid newspapers and again
she_didn't listen to his argl-ments. Finally, sne lora the man he was
'si11y' so I turned off nqz radio.
I agree that Ms Turner j-s sometimes amusing but, on the other hand,
she is somet.imes rude. The phone-in is an opportr:nity for ordinary
people t.o e>qrress thej-r opinions. However, Ms Turner spoils it. when
she is impolite.
Yours faithfully,

Kapr+ fe4erS
Mr R. Peters

Match the information with the correct parts of

6p.

the letter.

1 trnd formally. IJse YoursJai,thfulty

when you don't know the person's


name, Yours si,ncerely when you do.
2 Give more details in the main paragraph
3 Order your arguments with linking
words, eg Fi,i"st, Then, Nert, Finattg.
4 Put the date when you are writing.

Read paragraph 2 and circle the four linking words.


Read paragraph 3 and underline the two words

which introduce different ideas.

tr
I

Complete notes about a programme you've seen 0r


heard recently. lf you can't remember one, use your

imagination!

I
I
5 Sign the letter and write your full name. I
6 Start by saying why you are writing.
I

7 Start formally. You can use Szr or Mad,am


if you don't know the person's name. If
you know the person's name, use it, eg
Ms Elli,s, Mr And,erson, Dr Jacobs. I
B Summarise your ideas in the last

paragraph.

9 Use wordsltke

Although and Howeuer

to compare ideas.

and the address of the


person you are rn'riting to on the left.

10 Write the name

your address but not your name at


the top right.

11 Write

78

I
tr
I
f]

f:WKWfW,W,,|.,'KWy,s*
koofrL^^" f,f,o
!1,^ 't wa,,. o,i
*htr

I6e,so,\s

wu

ti(-ed-

dtsrri,Le, ic

A
3
4

Use your notes t0 write a letter to the radio or W


station's director of programming. Remember to
arrange your letter correctly and to use linking
words and phrases.

':ll:ft:t'ttttttttttt,,

:t'',:::::''
a,::

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR

Match the words with the definitions.

(6 points)

tabloicl
2 channei
3 station
4 soap opera

U
I
I
I
5 documentary n
6 gcissip column n
7 headline n
1

a a television series, usually about


reJat ionshi ps and problems
b a new-spaper, smaller in size and, usually,
with iess serious stories
c BBC, MTV and CNN are all examples
d a programme which telis Srou something true

and educationai
e a few w-ords, printed in lar-ge t5pe, at the
start of a nervs story
f an organisation that broadcasts radio

programmes
g a part of a newspaper with stories about
peopie's prirrate lives

Complete the sentences with one word


from each box in the correct form.

rPill l?i1 q9l 99 1995 f*+t 9?!


out marrierd on out after up

(6 points)

in

1 The minute I sar,v her. I fell ir love with her.


2 I can't come out tonight. I have to

mv vounger brother.
3 I don't
We argue all the trme.
4 Sara and Karen

rrrif

Gomplete the text with one word in


(7 points)

each gap.

Chris is a student at Oxford University.


\ Aowever he's
not a normal student because
,
he is only 14 years old. He's been at university
tsk months and he is enjoying iL.
What's t, he's just passed his first
exams with the highest marks in his group. His
parents n_
knov,rr that their son is
special 5-.----- he was two years old when
they discovered that he could read. Chris
interviern'ed by a local newspaper
Iast week bul they didn't find out much. He is
happy to be 7_
university but, rvhen
plans
they asked what he
to do when he leaves,
he sard that he is stiil only 14 and he hasn't
decided s
. A ver;. sensibie boY!
Put the verbs in capital letters into the
correct form in the

text.

.,,,.-1^;- d..^-, ,-aieller. He often


1r
1r1.\ Ul L! 1g 1D 4- 51 Cd L LI
tells us stories. Last w-eek, he ltcll us
about his adventures in the USA. He
lo the USA many times and
he '_
everyl hirg t here is 1o see.
He 't ho rnosl amazing things.

He t_
famous film stars in
Holl;,'wood, he o_
dinner at the
\&rhite House with the President. The
last time he t_
was in 1998 but
he wants Lo go back again next year.

(6 points)

TtrLL
Btr
SE!]
DO

MEET
tr.{T
GO

h mrr cictor
Complete each sentence in the passive s0

because

they both liked the same boy.


you
5 You look very happy.
with Kevin tonight?
6 Jackie
wilh Dave last
month. She really misses
- him, I lhink.
7 My parents
in 1981.
The same year as Charles and Dianal

that it has the same meaning as the


sentence

given.

(5 points)

1 Sony invented the Walkman.


The Walkman was invenLeA bv )any.
2 Ian Fleming rvrote the James Bond stories.

3 ITV has broadcast this soap opera since 1985.


4 People all over Britain have bought these CDs
5 }4illions of peopie watch Bi,g Brother.
6 The Japanese make the best cars in the ivorld

79

6 The Personal Privacy Bill stopped


photographers following stars.
7 After 1999 paparazzi photographers

LISTENING SKILTS
'&.

Lislen to six people speaking on a


phone-in show about relationships. Match
the speakers to the headings. There is
one extra
tii",t:',t,3

heading.

1 Jenny

2 Daria
3 Stuart
4 Emily

5trd
6 Sam

T
T
I
T

couldl't use zoom

GOMMUNIGATION
&"

Al

READING SKILLS

(B points)

1 When paparazzi pholographers take


someone s picture Lhe person always
sees them doing
2 Paparazzi phot ographers don'L I ake

it.

photos when the stars are angry.


3 Princess Diana was wilh a paparazzi
photographer when she died.
4 George Clooney relused to do interr,rews
because the magazines didn't pay him
any
5

money.

At the opening of Tlrc Pectce'ma,ker,


the photographers wouldn't take photos
of George Clooney.

Circle the correct alternative to complete

the

E T?y To Understand
F Our Secret
G What can I say?

false.

prolection now than


they had in the past.

(6 points)

A Hard Work
B You Live And Learn
C \4&ry Did It Happen?
D It Wasn't My I'ault

Read about how film stars are fighting


back against the paparazzi. Then read the
sentences 1-8. Tick true and cross

lenses.

B Stars have goL less

n
n
n

Ll
t:
I
Ll

conversation,

(6 points)

17 tna opznLon
PersonaLly lhe
ne\\''spaper article aboul our group was
completely unfair.
- You ca,t'l be serious. I I lolctltll agrp(,.
We should do something about it. We should
go to ihe police.
3
Don't you thi,nk I Do you wea,n that's a

bit dramatic? The police can't do an5,'thing.


a
OJ course not. I PersonalLy I thi,nk theg
can. Newspapers can't lie about people.
5
It seems to me I Tha,t's true but I don't
lhink the pol.ice willbe inrelestecl.
6
I see what you mean. I Ercuse ,me.
You're saying that they've got more
important things to do.
7
ll seems lo tne /l'm nol sut'e reallg LhaL
we won't find out until we talk to them.
Total

Stars against the ?aparazzi


fhe

paparazzi are photographers who take photographs of the


rich and famous, often from a long way away so that the
oerson who they are photographing doesn't know about ii. When
.ie'r are close to the people they are taking pictures of. they often
1o or say things to make them act in a way that makes a good
ohotograph. They shout things to make them angry, the person
:lrrs round and, click, a nice photo to sell to the newspapers.

I997 changed everything when Princess Diana was killed in a car


-'ash, trying to escape from paparazzi photographers with her
r : l",end, Dodi Fayed Since then, stars have srarted to fight back.

,:or'ge Clooney refused to do interviews with the magazines


-^ierlainment Tonight and Hard Copy because they used
:=Carazzi photographs of him and his girlfriend. Clooney felt that
^-.gazines like these should take some of the responsibility for
:-: death of Princess Diana because they pay a lot of money for
.-ese photos, Then, when the film The Peacemaker opened in
'.=.. vork. the paparazzi photographers refused to take pholos
:' C ooney, who starred in the film, Although film stars hate the
:,iarazzi, they also need to have their photographs in the
-r,'.spapers to give them and their f lms publicity, The difference
: i.at ihe stars would like to see only 'nice' photos in the
- : : e's but often Ihe paparazzi photos are more interesting and
-- : -e enterlaininq.

80

In 1998 a new law was introduced in the USA, the Personal


Privacy Bill. Under this law, paparazzi could slill take pholos of
stars and sell them to the newspapers but the photographers
couldn'i follow stars or use zoom lenses to look into gardens,
bedrooms or other private places. Zoom lenses can still be used
if the stars aren't in a private place so, if they are on a beach
which they think is empty, there may be someone ready to take
a photo at any time. ln 1999 the law was made stronger and
people can't be photographed if they are at a private event, such
as a wedding.
The stars are still photographed, but they have got a little more
protection than they had in the past,

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

Crime doesn't pay


GRAMMAR
,,

The Past Perfect


.,
Affirmative
llNoulHelShel
ItAffe,They
.:..):1........

.:.:::.

::::.:

had ('d) lost the luggage.

had not (hadn't) lost the tuggage.

....

:t:)

:,. Yes/No questions

Had

: l/you/he/she/iVwe/they :

lost the luggage?

Short answers

'
When we got to the station the train had teft.

Yes, l/you/he/she/iVwe/they had.

(We arrived at the station after the train had left.)

No, l/you/he/she/iVwe/they hadn't,

When we got to the station, the train left.


(We were at the station and then the train left.)

Ckcle the correct alternatives.

1 We had seen each other several times before

we_

6 Had you looked at a

lot of police photographs

a speak.

before you _ the robber?


a recognised

@spoke.
c had spoken.

c had recognised

2 I had to waik home because I


a'm missing
b miss
c had missed

the last bus.

7 The judge didn't send the burglar to prison

because he

3 My friends gave me a CD for my birthday.


Unfortunately, thieves _ our home the week
before and stolen my CD player.
a had broken into
b

left

I couldn't ring the police because the mugger

my mobile phone.
a can take
b hadn't taken
c had taken
9

the two men

police arrested them?


a Have / committed

left

c has left

5 I couldn't get into my house because I


myself out.
a've been locked
b had locked
c have locked

six months in prison waiting

broke into

4 She hadn't eaten such a bad meal since


she _ prison.

for the trial.


a hadn't spent
b has spent
c had spent

c has broken into

a had

didn't recognise

b Had

c Are

lot of crimes before the

/ committed
/ committing

_ my brother for speeding five


times before he lost his driving licence.
a had stopped
b has stopped
c hadn't stopped

10 The police

81

Circle the correct alternatives.


1 When the

burglar

LeJt

Use the prompts to write the sentences,

I lzad leJt the crime

scene he couldn't remember where he

parked I had po,rked his car.


2 The bank manager;forgot I had.forgotten

to lock the door so the robbers


didn't haue to I hctdn't ltad to break in.
3 The guard's video tape shou;ed I had shoun
that the robber u;ent I had been to the bank
several times.
4 The police caught I h,ad caugltt the art
thief because she didn't '**ear I hctdn't, u,to'r'tz
gloves.
5 When the police arrested I had a,rrested

the police / not find the rings / because /


the thief / eat them
The ?olice didn't find Lhe rinqe becauee the Lhief
nad, eater Lhern,

the international criminal they found she


used I had used several aliases.
6 The shoplifter to\d I hacl tolcl thejudge that
she slole I had sto\en the food for her famil5'.
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the
verbs in brackets,

wert (go) to prison because the


police had cauqh| (catch) her.

1 She
2 The

police

(arrest) the criminal


(watch) the house

after they
for a month.
3 He

When / the police / arrive lbank

(steal) five computers from his

the robbers / go

office before his boss

(know).
4 The detectives

(be) pleased

because the thieves

(1eave)

fingerprints ever5,where.

5 The criminal

(spend) most of his

ln prison before he
(decide) to get an education.

Life

guard
(left) his job in a
women's prison because he
(fali) in love with a prisoner.

6 The

(throw) his clothes in


(get)
the river because he
blood on them.

7 The burgiar

robbers / break in / after / guard / fall asleep

(give) a good
man
reason for having 2,000 in his pocket so
The young

(allow) him to

the police
go home.
9 The

poiice

(not recognise) the

man because in the past he


(wear) glasses and his hair
different colour.

(be)

(not know) it was my car because


10I _
(paint) it red.
the thief

82

police

I find I my

car / the thieves / crash

it

,1\ ndrew Cooper stayed at


t;,.#

AuJ

the

:,'i,,",-s ?',1J,?", |,"'i,l';

he LISA and bought the best clothes


''roney can buy. However.
.vesterday

looper exchanged his five-star hotel

for a ggl] after he was sentenced to


months in nrison.

.-.rom

.ir

nemployed Cooper. 23, liom Card

iff

n south Wales. had conned twenly-five


:reciit card companies and banks before
le was caught last December. He had
,rsed stolen account numbers to buy
Jesigner clothes, jewels and plane
ickets on the lnternet.
Cooper's life of crime finallv came to
-rn end when he was caught by detecrive

\\endy Abbolt. She had lirsr !nvesrigared

200 I when he was using the


:lias Mr Conway. After yesterday's trial,

rim in

\{s Abbott said: 'lt was a difficult


rnvestigation because

a lot of

his
crimes were committed on the Internet.
He got-aluay-\u{h his crimes for a long
:irne because he used five aliases and
'.ias alwavs travelIing.'
The coufi heard ihat Cooper had 'a

long history

ol

dishonestv': he was

Andrew Cooper leaves courl after today's judgement,

asked to leave school because he had


slolen and sold exam papers and. when
he was twenty. police had arrested him

for forging medical qualilicarions

&

Read the adicle quickly and choose the best title.

a InLernational busirressman in prison


b Mr Conway arrested
C Con man goes lo prison
d Doctor sent to prison
%

C
D

He was given a prison sentence.


He bought expensive things.
The police arrested him for forgery.
The police arrested him for using stolen

credit cards.
E He had a trial.
F He sold exam papers

ffi

cell

something
3 to give someone a second chance
with

4 a shnrt sharn slsqk


5 to learn your lesson
6 to ieanl the hard way
.t:

Read the article carefully and circle the correct


alternative,

1 The judge sent Andrew Cooper to prison for

c using the Internet.

@stealing money.
2 Ms Abbott caught Cooper

f,

a because he used lots of names.


b after a long time.

tr

c when he used the Internet.


d when she r,vas a detective.

rf

match them with the definitions (a-f).

hard way that he must be honest.'

b buying expensive clothes.

Find the words and phrases (1-O) in the article and

2 to get aw-ay

After the judge had sentenced Mr


Coopeq his parents said 'Andrew is a
good son. He has done some silly things
but he isn't violent. He's learned the

a staying in hotels.

Put the sentences aboutAndrew Cooper's life in order.

A
B

and

pretending to be a doctor. However. the


judge explained why she had given him
a short senlence. 'You are a young man
and I wanl to give vou a second chance.
I hope that your time in prison *ill be
a short. sharp. shock and that you will
change your behaviour,'she said.

READING
Wffi

Cooper's lawyer said 'My client is an


immature person. He lived in a fantasy
world and he thorrght that he could buy
lriends. Today, he is a lonely and rather
unhappy young man. I rhink he has
learned his lesson.'

U
tr
tr
l-l

Ll
I

a to help someone who has made a mistake


b to understand what you did was wrong and
change your behaviour

c a room in a prison
d to learn something through a bad experience
e to not be caught or punished for doing
something wrong
f a punishment that is quick and effective

3 The judge gave him a short sentence

because

a his crimes
b

weren't serious.

it was the end of the trial.

c she knew he wouldn't commit more crimes.


d she wanted to help him.
4 The lawlzer said Cooper's

friends.
a

had been to get

crime b con c motive

d swindle

5 The larnyer thinks Cooper is a


person.
a clever b sad c happy d terrible
6 Mr and Mrs Cooper say
behar,rour was

their son's

ingenious. c sociable.

innocent.

d stupid.

8B

GRAMMAR

A I found '@l an I the I Q purse in South


Street. I looked inside it to see if
2
a I an I the I @ ov,ner's name and address
were in it. They weren't. Then I saw
3
a I an I the l@ poiicewoman so I gave
aa I an I the I
Q purseto her. 5A I An I The I A
policewoman thanked me and told me I had
done 6o I an I the I A right thing.
B On r a I an I the I Q hot daylast year, I was
waiting for a friend outside 2a I an lthe I O
British Museum. After 3a / an I the I A hotr
he hadn't arrived and I started to get worried.
I didn't have arz, I an I the I O moblle phone
with me so I looked for 5 a I an I the I Q public
telephone. I walked along 6n, I an I the I A
Great Russell Street and turned the corner.
And there was 7 o, I an, I the I O BllIl Ihad
been at 8 a I an I the I / rnrong door.

Articfes: a/an/theand no article


a/an

'
.
.

ff,lTr'f Iil,i:T

uticte' a/an'with

';nY;!;l:;;i;\fl{;i:;

sin

g u

|ar'

for the first

lrnre:
with jobs: a doctw, an engineer, a taxi driver
to give examples: A typical English breaffiast is a

sandw,n

,r!l'*
We can use the definite article, ffie, with singular, plural,
countable and uncountable nouns. We use it
o when both people know what is being talked/written
about:

.
.
.
.
.
e

I'm going to the post office later. ftVe both know


which post office.)
Please feed the cat, (We both know which cat.)
with unique things: the Louvre Museum, the Sun,
the nicest person, the north
times of day: /he morning, the afternoon
groups of known people: the Davies family, ke first
year students
r00ms and places around the home: ffe kitchen,

Circle the correct alternatives (0 = na article).

&

Pul a, an or thein the correct place/s in the paragraph.

the garden, the balcony


geographical names: the Mississippi (River), the Alps,
the Arctic Circte

nationalities: the French, the English

no article
We don't use an article
to make general statements with plural and
uncountable. nouns: Apples are healthy. lnformation is
lree on Ine nErneL
w it h p ro p e r n o u n s f o r pe Abl,e;:Btfeffi ,,a,\oWnc,,', *nliiag
and places: Sarah, Northileld Road. Manchester,

Spain,GragS:,.,Cen,fral8tati*$Heathr1W:A[rpqrl"
)a,

't:

days, months 0r years: Monday, January, 1982

mea$i luncn.1lnner
languages: French, English

lhe
Our neighbours moved into(house next door
few years ago. They have got son and daughter.

We don't use an article with to/from/at +


school:
I went to school last week.

to/in/out of + bed, hospital:


The children went to bed early.

My grandmother is in hospital.
by + bus, car, plane elc:
She always travels by bus.

I don't like son very much but daughter's OK.


Every year, they have big party in garden.

I always get invitation to party but my parents


think it's too noisy so they always go away to
hotel. Last year, when my parents came home
in morning, they were surprised to find three
people asleep in front garden. However, they
gave them breakfast before politely asking

them to leave.

84

SPEAKING

woRE HST

&.

ACCUSC

in poor condition

admire
admit
alarm
alias
appear in c0urt
aristocrat
2 rroct

tn eanrol

Put the words in order to make short conversations,

1 A Congratulationsl / 10,000!

I won lYou've

Really! lbe IIL / truel / can't


A, Conqrat ulaLionel You' ve won |a,OaO,
B

B Keallvl Il, can'L be trlet,

I that I see / horror film /


on TV / Did
B I've / my / \-esl / been / frightened I so I in I
my lifel / never

2 A you / last night?

i / today's / badly / in / test. / think / did


B end / \yorry. / it's / rn'orld. I the I the I of I

3AI/

not / Don't

I the I

criminal {n)

worry i nothing / to / There's / about. /

dead

only/It's/the/wjnd.

deal

A
B

5Awrong?/What's
B miss / I / we're i to / going I the I plane. / think
A will / Don't / be / all i Flven''fhins I rtsht. I
worry.
A
B

Complete the conversations with appropriate phrases.

I'm realiy frightened of flying.


B (give reassurance)
Don't be eilly - it'e eafer than Lravelllnq in a

1A

car,

2 A I'm really worried about tomorrow's exam.

I don't think I've done enough work.


B (tell A not to worry)
got 100% in Maths!
B (express surprise)

A I've

4 A (ask what the problem is)


B

I think my married brolher has got a


sirl friend I saw him in a cale mth a
young woman - it definileJy wasn't my

sister-in-law.
A (give reassurance)

cheat {v}
cheer up
c0n
contain
00ntr0versial
count (n)
cnme

window'. / oulside
A

callle

commit a crime

4 A matter? I the lWhat's


B I'm scarecl. / someone / There's

be under arrest
break a wlndow/break the
laMbreak a promise
break into
burqle/burolar

demolish
desperate
detective
Dictaphone
0rsn0nest

lngenr0us
inherit
innocent
investigate
jealous
jewel
judge
lead

leather
love affair
make oneself at home
minister
motive

mugging/mugger/mug
murdererlmurder iv, n)
note
Oiler

(nJ

panrc

permanent
anai^+^^+
^^/^^-^l
pcl)ur rdr dJJr)Ld'rr
piracy {video, music,
sOilware)

polico
poilce OrTrcer
pr1s0il

pr0ve

punishment

envelope

recognise
repair {n)
rewar0

escape/run away/f1ee

rqnr

examrne

robbery/rob/robber
safety deposit box
scream
sentence sb t0
{a punishment)

ominrata

exchange
explanation
extremely
false identity
fare dodge
find sb innocenVquiltv
f inaerorints

toriei

snenTl

sn00r (s0)/snor (n)

shopliflinglshoplifter

fl2fto

$houl
silencer
speedjng

ucl lu

steal

get away withl


walk away with
gloves
grafilrl
graphic artist
guard

srucrure
suspect
swear
swindle
tape
rernne0

guilty {of a crime)

InreT/tnen

hamster
hand over

turn to

ilandgun/gun

vatua0te

illegal
imaginative
immediately
immorallwrong

vandalism/vandalisei
vandal
victim

fort'une

wallet/purse

85

&

VOGABULARY

Complete with opposite adjectives from the Word list.

Adjectives
1 legal
2 moral
3 honest

illeeal

Put the words in the correct box. Then add four more
words from the Word list to each box.

+rial burg+e swindle sheriff reward


investigate guard gang escape dodge
detective court arrest alias accuse
the legal world

the criminal world

Lrial

vur6v

uncontroversial
unimaginative

6 guilty
Complete the sentences with adjectives from
Exercise 1.
1

It isn't illegal to lie to your parents but it is


tmmoral

2 The police investigated the family but

decided that they were all


of the
grandmother's murder.
3 There was a demonstration outside the court
because of a judge's
decision to
let a chiid murderer go home.
4 Sending people to prison doesn't do any good.
If we want to change people, I think we need
some more
ideas.
5 Don't leave anlthing valuable in your car.
There are a lot of _
people about.

--

Complete the sentences with words from the box.


There is one extra word.

at away (x 2)
yl99f r9

in (x

3) on

to (x 2)

1 The robbery was planned ir secret.


2 The police announced that they had a
suspect
arrest.
3 What happens at your school if someone

cheats

an exam?
4 The thieves were never caught because they
ran _
to Brazil.
5 Don't try to steal an5,'thing. You won't get

with it.
6 When the police returned my car

it was
poor condition.
7 The burglars had made themselves
home and eaten all our fruit!
8 We all cheered
when we heard the
mugger had been arrested.
9 We were pleased when the murderer was
found guiity and sentenced _
life in
prison.
10 At the end of the trial, the judge turned
the police and thanked them for
their work.

Complete the English sayings with words from the


Word list.
1

A person is
guilty.

Let the
4 Do the

untii they are found


doesn't pay

fit the crime.

thing.

Find words in the Word list to complete the definitions.

(n) a person beionging to a high

social group, often with lots of money and land

_
building
3 -2

(v) to deliberately destroy a

(v) to go to live in another

countrv
4
5
6
7

_
_
-_
_

(n) a paper cover for a letter


(n) a large amount of money
(n) a smalt animal like a mouse
(n) the crime of copying books,

films and music illegally

Extend your vocabulary


Study the phrases with break. Then use them in the

correct form to complete sentences 1-5.

break the Eallv: do something illegal


break a record: to do something faster or
better than it has been done before
break someor:eos heart: make someone very
unhappy usually by ending a relationship

with them
break t*ze 5ae: to help people who have not
met before feel relaxed
raec*r*s to tell someone something
new (usually bad news)

1 They went to prison because they broke Lhe law


2 We introduced ourselves to the new students

andil _.
3 Tim has had a terrible accident. Who is going
to
to his wife?
4 If you finish the race in iess than a minute

you'll
5 Joe
Zara's
said he didn't love her anSrmore.

--

86

{
t

break the

when he

Entertain us!
GRAMMAR
'

reported speech
ll..1.,;,1....:
,.

:'i

i::r:a:rri

...

,.1,,,'.

li:',:l

:li::t:ai:liiitii:l:ltlt:t:lrlll

Reported speech

:t'l

l::l:::
.tirl.l,
,;;:;:;;1:l

Past Simple
Pete said (that) Barbara didn't like History.

Present Simple
'Barbara doesn't like

Continuous

Present
'The girls are having a great time in New York.'

Past Continuous
Pete said (that) the girls were having a great time in New York.

Present Perfect
'The Polish swimmer has won

Past Perfect
Pete said (that) the Polish swimmer had won the race

Past Simple

'lt didn't take much time.'

Past Pedect
Pete said (that) it hadn't taken much time.

will
'Everybody will have to take the final exam.'

wauld
Pete said (that) everybody would have to take the final exam

Circle the correct alternative.

1 Tim said, 'It's a great film.'

He told

that it was a great film.


b said it was a great film.
great film.
@me that it was a
a

2 Helena said, 'I'm seeing the film tomorrow.'

She said

5 Olivia said, 'We've seen several films in this


cinema.'
She said that _
a they saw several films in that cinema.
b they had seen several films in this cinema.
c they had seen several films in that cinema.
6 Leo said, 'You must go and see the new Star

that she was seeing the film the next day.


b she would see the film tomorrow
c that she had seen the film.
a

3 George said, 'This is my favourite film.'


He said _
a it is his favourite film.
b it was his favourite film.
c me that it was his favourite film.
4 Ben said, 'I took my sister to see the film.'
to see the film.
He told me

Wars flhnl'
He Lold me lhat _
a I must went and see the new Star Wars flIm.
b I went to see the new Star Wars filtrt.
c I had to go and see the new Star Wars film.
7 Bill said, 'The tickets in the hall are mine.'
He said that the tickets in the hall
a were mine.
b are his.

c were his.

that he had taken his sister


b he was taking his sister
c he had taken my sister
a

E7

Write the short conversations as indirect speech.

Write the famous lines in direct speech,


1 She said that tomorrow was another day.
'Tomorrow is anolher d,ay.'
(f1\m Gone Wi,tll the Wi,nd)
2 He said that he loved the smell of nanalm in

the mornins.

(filnApocalypse Nout)
3 He said that he wouid make him an offer

that he couldn't refuse.

(flm The

God;fath,er)

4 She said that she had had a farm in Africa.


(f1lm Out of

Africa)

5 He said that he had travelled each and

every highwayl.

Dan

I want to see the new cartoon.


Naomi I've seen it.
Dan Eaid he wanled Io see lhe new carloon.
Naomi Iold him that ahe had eeen iN.

Sarah I iove the new film of Prid,e and


Prejudi,ce.
it's terrible.

(song;

My Way)

6 He said that his mother had been a tailorz


and that she had seum his new blue jeans,

(song flozse of the Ri,si,ng Sun)

Harry I think

7 He said that he should have known better


than to cheat a friend.
3

Judy
Kate
Judy

We can go and see the new Men

Black film tonight.

in

I've never enjoyed a science


fiction film.
They're very funny - I'm sure you'll
like it.

(song C arele s s Whi,sp

r)

8 Dorothy said that there was no place like


home.
(f1Im The Wi,zard oJ Oz)

9 Rick told Louie that he thought that

it

was

the beginning of a beautiful friendship.


4 lan
Tara

My favourite film is The Matri,r.


It's mine too! I've seen it six times

this year!

(fiJm Casab\anca)
10 He said that he liked work and that

it

fascinated him. He could sit and watch it for


hours.
5

James You know a lot about films.

Ken

My parents gave me an encyclopaedia


of the cinema for my birthday last year!

(novel Three Man i,n a Boat)


troad
2clothes maker

Ken

I don't think the director Alfred


Hitchcock ever won an Oscar.
James I'm surprised because Hitchcock
made lots of great fihrrs.

7 Gina
Tom

88

The cinema is showing aII of the Star


Wars fllms this weekend.
I don't want to go. I've seen them all.

Each year Hollywood and movie fans turn


their attention to the Academy Awards. The
awards are for different achievements such
as best director, best actor/actress, best film
editing. best original soundtrack and best
visual effects. However, you - like most
people - probably call the awards 'Oscars'.
The reason for this nickname is that an
Academy librarian, Margaret Herrick, looked
at the statue and said, 'lt looks like my Uncle
Oscar,' and the name stuck.

When the winners collect their Oscars, they make a speech. 1_'There's a lot to say,
but l'm not going to say it tonight.' or 'l want to thank ... everybody l've met in my
whole life.' Or, unfortunately,'_When Cher won best supporting actress for
Moonstruck, she thanked her hairdresser, make-up arlist and personal assistant but
she forgot to thank the other actors or the directorl
her Oscar for playing the
given.her
-1^L^r' was
'^'^c di\/an
Fletcher
Louise
when
:
l,fi tn"
n,,r" in one
--r-r'"
'
vou'
"""!ri'*o.n"n,. of silence to
",Gr
loved being haieg by
i;"";",ror
shi p
orioinar ship
the originar
on L"
n"I oLd ::

;;;:;
ffi#:?

nz:;'5';;;;*:*::"*ff?,;*:"':'So
uho'I""i*:*f

il:'L?#H*n'

Not surprisingly, 5_ but the occasion overwhelms some of them and they
can't say anything sensible. When Gwyneth Paltrow won the best actress
Oscar for her role in Shakespeare in Love (1998) she cried throughout her
qwwsvrq,
^^^^^+^^^^,-= o1,=oih and recently said ihat she keeps the Oscar hidden at
the back of a bookshelf because it brings back unpleasant memories of the
:,, embarrassing evening.

i
.

READING

&

1 gives an example of a rude speech?


2 gives an example of an amusing speech?
3 is about someone who isn't proud of
their Oscar?
4 is about what the Oscars are?

Read the texts quickly and circle the best

answer.

The text is about


a fi-lm stars
b Holly.wood films

c Oscar speeches
d film makers
Match the sentences to the correct parts of the text.

A it can be long and embarrassing.


B It can be short and simple.
C most prize winners are newous
D Others are strange
E Some people manage to be funny

Which paragraph (A, B, C or D):

5 telis you where the name came from?

&

I
n
I
E

tr

Look at the underlined words in the text and match


them to the definitions.

momenNe

: a very short time


: a funny name used instead

of a real name

'

something good
4
5
6

rlt'lzo fnr dnino

in every part of something


difficult or
important that you do well
: if a feeling does this, you
feel it very strongly
:

: something

89

LISTENING

SPEAKING

X"

Read the information.

Complete the dialogue with phrases from the box.

go

Lanoford
Arts"Centre

u,ruif g;*g il ttr" li""*i .trv


idea my cup of tea not not to

roi

good

Do you fancy going to the jazz concert

tonight?
I'm sorry but jazz isn't really

A
B

How about 2
Hmm, I'd prefer 3
Why don't we a
watch a film on TV?

and

Veq rxrhrz 5

But

there's nothing good on right now, so let's

That's a

I T'll opt rnrr

coat.
Complete the conversation.

A H_

a_

g_

to a ciub

tonight?

I'd p_
n_
t_
. I've got a
Iot to do tomorrow. W
d
walch a D\rD instead?

A Th-agy_f_
B D_

coming to my

house or shall I come to yours?

%W

Read. Listen and match. There is one extra idea.

1 Couple

meet in the bar.

2 Couple
3 Couple 3

decide to

later.

see a film.

go to the disco.
go to the jazz concert.

cross false.
1

a He suggests going out that evening.


b He wants to see a Buster Keaton film.
c She doesn't like silent films.
d They agree to go to the jazz concert.
Couple 2

a She wants to stay in tonight.


b She doesn't know what she wants to do.
c They decide to telephone the Arts Centre.
d They affange to meet at half past six.
Couple 3

a She thinks the Arts Centre is boring.


b He says the Arts Centre has changed

recently.
c She doesn't agree to go with him.
d He doesn't say he'll pay for her meal.
e They arange to meet in the disco.
Listen again and check your answers.

90

Follow the instructions and write a conversation.


You can use the Arts Centre information or your

own ideas.

Read the sentences and listen. Tick true and

Couple

A I'11get apizza and come to yours.


gB Ths! see you

(make a suggestion)

(reject it, give a reason and suggest


qnmcthino plco'\

tr
tr
T
T

(reject it, give a reason and suggest


qornefhino olqo-\

(accept the suggestion)

I
I
I
T
I

(suggest a time and place to meet)

(agree)

t-t

T
tr

WORD LIST
abandoned
acceptable

act

UOCABULARY
librarv
limiled
literaiure
mad about
manlac
masterpiece
misunderstood
modern music
m0nument

(v)

actor/actress
admission
affection

after all
allow
ancient cultures
Aft

m0vres
l\4P (|\4ember of Pariiament)

artist
artistic merit
afts festival

musician
nroirtclub
n0nsense

aw{ul
biopic

nOI Keen 0n

black-and-white films

not my cup of tea

brilliant
building
cadoon
catastrophe

Oilrclal art

0pera
cr,vn (possess)

cete[rrig
channel

character/main character
chewing-gum
choir
crnema

classic
collectron of poetry
comedy/romantic comedy

cnme lllm
critic/theatre critic/art critic
dialogue

direct (a film)
disaster
Do you fancv

..

documentary
dull
Egyptian mummy
episode
exhibition
eviqt

express
factory

film (n, v)
film director
forlagainsVon the fence
forqettable
oalierv/art oallerv
norror lrlm
hospital costs
How about .,.?
identitv

pen0rm
piece
play {in theatre;
plot
poetry reading
political opinion
predictable
private propelry
quiz show
radical
rehearsal

Gomplete with words from the Word Iist.

1
2
3

Adjective Noun

Verb

acce?Nable acceptalice accept

admissabie _

allowable

adrnit

allou-ance

exhibit

exrstence

6 expressive

trxnt'pqql nrr

-7

forgel

8 identifiable
o

1lmit/

d on

tifrr

iimit

limitatiorr
Circle the correct parts of speech.

Adjectives / nouns can erLd with


-'torl, -cl'nce I -ence
Adjectlves / nouns can end with
-ab\r: / 'ibLe, -ir:e, -ory
Complete the sentences with the correct words frorn
Exercise 1.

1 Some parents don't allow

their chiidren to
watch horror films.
2 Julia Roberts is a popular actress because
she has a very
face. When you look
at her, you can see what she is thinking and
feeiing.

it is _
to put hidden
advertisements in films.
4 The police gave the child murderer a new
when he was released from prison.
5 There are _
of the guitars and clothes
of famous rock musicians on the walls of the
Hard Rock Caf6s.
6 I rarely go to the cinema so my knorvledge of
recent films is
3 I don't think

revenge

review (n;
risk
ruins
run out of (ideas)
salsa
science fiction
sensr0le

srlent lrlms
s0ap opera
sociologist
soundtrack
special effects
spray (paint)
stav in (not oo out)
SiUOIOS

swear words
syn0r0me
telpnlpd lertict\
terrible

the other day


theatre

rmpresse0

thriller

In use
Inciude
instead
jazz concert
jazz standards

t0lerate,
unp0purar
urban

Match the words. Some matches make one

new word.

muruny property plece effects club


e++nres gum director merit track
1 ancient

CUITUTEE

2 artistic
3 chewing
4 Egvptian
5 film
6 master
7 night
8 private

9 sound

viewers

western

fr

10 special
(n)

9l

Complete the sentences with word pairs from


Exercise 4.

Extend your vocabulary

1 The epecial effecte in the

Star Wars fihlts

are amazing.

andAlerander

2 Ttoy

are both epic films

aboul
3 Roman Polanski is a leadins

will be fined in Singapore if you spit out


in the street.
5 The Bee Gees'
for the
fllm Satzuday Night Feuer (1978) has sold
more than 30 million copies.
- had dinner in the restaurant, they
6 After they
4 You

wenttoa_.

7 Steven Spielberg has directed lots of great

films
Li,st,,

- ET, The Color Purp\e, Sclzi,nd\er's


Indiana Jones - but which one is his
2

Complete each review with the correct type of film.


Use words from the Word list,
1

A happy story ofboymeets-girl in high school


cnd qftor qnmo

misunderst andings, I hey


get married and live happiiy
ever after. Ahl A must-see
for all fans of
2

If the idea of aliens taking


over your brain frightens
you, don'1 go and see the
latest _
film from the
makers of Stctr Trek.

3 This computer-generated
is great fun

and will entertain


children aged from eight
to eighty.
4 This excel]ent

psychological
llall keep you guessing and on the edge of your
seat - until the very last

noment.
5

Stranger i,n Town has all


rhe insredienl s ol a classic
. The stranger

arrives in a one-horse

- ,rirr. he lights with

a gang of violenl
ri-Lovs and wins lhe girl in the last len
j-rutes. Good if you like that sort of thing
:r-

92

Study the sentences. Then match the underlined


words and phrases with the definitions.

1 Ask someone else - I've run out of ideas.


2 Could you run your eye over my essay and

tell me if it's OK?


3 The children have all got red, curly hair.
It runs in the family.
4 The editor decided to run the story in the
10p.m. news broadcast.
5 The play at the National Theatre is brilliant.
I think it'1l run and run.
6 NIy aunt runs a theatre company in London.
7 Don't wash my jeans with your white shirt.
The colour will run.

c-:

ri,

F
i
i

a to appear in different generations of


a Iamily. eg grandparents, parenls

and

children

b to be performed to large audiences for


q \/or'\/ I nn o tim o

c to broadcast or publish in the media


d to cause the colour to come out
e to finish, use or seil all of something
f to look quickiy at the whole fhing to
get a general idea
g to manage or organise

n
n
tr
tr

tr

Use the correct form of the words and phrases from


Exercise 1 to complete the sentences.

1 You can't have a sandwich. We have run oul of

bread.
2 Sorry your shirt is pink, Dad. I put my dress
in the washing machine at the same time and

lhe-.

3 You should

your notes

before the exam.


4We
about exam
cheating in next month's school magazine.
5 My brothers and I always get good marks for
Marhs - it must

LI

Read the information and write the notes.

WRITING

'&

Read the messages and the notes, Circle the

correct answers.
1 The messages are allfonna| I inJormal.
2 The emails are between people at work I

1 You've borrowed your mother's laptop


computer. \l'rile a note to her to say

r
r

you have taken il


why you need it
o when you uil.L bring it back

fri,ends.
3 The texts are short because the people

are rude I knout ectch other

weLI.

with a
friend. Write an email suggesting a filx.
date and time.

2 You rvant to go to the cinema


You can be informal

Hi

We're booking seats for the children's


Christmas show at the Royal Theatre
on either 14th or 2l st December.
Do you want to come with us?

so you don't need to


rrrite fhinoq lil'e
'Would you Li,ke to ...'

lf yes, email and let me know.


Love

Use imperatives

Anna

because they are


direct and clear.

PS Please use my work email as my


home address isn't working.

Atree

to a club with your


friend next door. Write a short message ro

3 You've arranged to go

Arttru is ryeLLtnry Lic,LeLs lor Lhe Xnws shornr l4tln or Als1-. tft+LYe.ste 4 CAn,.2o,^ ew\tutt heY
4 Leave out
unimportant words,

.
.

apologise

explain why you can't go (you've got to


babysit your younger sister)
suggest doing something later in the week

use key words only.

93

irl

t,

;i.

f1

';;;,t,,,t1:;,

VOCABUTARY AND GRAMMAR

rt,

Put the words in capital letters in the

c0rrect f0rm.

a muqqer

ilow terrible.

MIJG
A1l

been
T\vo

the phone boxes

have
3

VAI'IDAL
broke into our

house yesterday.
4 A --is someone who kills
someone else.
5 I'm sorry" Mr Smith is busy'. \Vould

you iike to talk lo his


6 Don't download that! Softwa.re

15 wTong.
7 Judges should send all

to prtson.

romantic comedy

cartoon horror

MURDtrR

Read what the actress said and then


repoft it.

ASSIST

r.ilne

(6 points)

western

lhriller

was brilliant.'

science fiction
1a

The actress Charlotte Connery said that

film about the police

cflme

1 ehe waa verv hagey Lo be \ere.

2 a cowboy film
3 an exciting film, maybe about
qnioq nr lalrnricl

2
3
4

4 a lrighlerring tilm about monsters


or ghosls
5 a film about space or the future
6 a filrn aboul love which is funly
7 a film about a famous person's life
Compfete the text with a, an, the or
(no article) in each gap.

6
A

LISTENING SKITLS

(6 points)

I went to see I a film yesterday. '_film


was
about two men who were planning the perfect
crime. t_
crime films are often predictable
but 1_ plot ol lhis lilrn was very good.

'_

direclor has made a lot olgood frJms and

he realJy knows how Lo keep the excitentenl


golng. One tlring annoyed me. There was '_
o1d man sitting near me in the cinema who was
eating sw'eets and making a lot of noise. That's
mosl anno)ing thing in the world when
''.-ou are watching a iilm.

9{

(6 points)

The actress Charlotte Connerl,'. from Austraiia,


arrived in Britain yesterday. This is lvhat she
said at the airport.
'I am very happy to be here. I har,'e nevel been
to England before. I'm going to be in London
for three weeks. I'm making a new film. I'm
sure it i,vill be a great film. The director is one
of the best in the worid. The last film he made

CRIlVItr

Match the words in the box with the


definitions. There is one extra word.

biopic

BURGLE

PIRATE

--

(6 points)

My friend rwae arresNed, (arrest) iast week. IIe


2
(finish) work late and
(sit) in his office, packing his
things au.ay lr,.hen the police a
(come) in. An alarm 5
(go) off in
(sec) thc
the buiiding and theyti
light in his office ancl thought he was a burglar.
The;v- took him to tire poiice station but they
soon realised that thev;
(make)
a mistake, and ther'let him go.

(6 points)

1 I w-as attacked in the street by

Put the verbs in brackets into the


correct f0rm.

W"

WW Listen to a film director being


interviewed. Tick true and cross false.

(7 points)

1 Andy F awkes is famous.


2 At high schooi, he liked different films

from his friends,


3 His family didn't have a video player.
4 After school, he studied English at college.
5 European films are often shown
in the LiSA.
6 He has stiltgot a film he made at college.
7 His new film is a western.

I
IT
T

n
T

ffi

Eutch Oassidy and


the Sundance Kid
Ane

;
ffi:,::,,:ffi,,::,ffi

of the best films about


ever made was the 1969
story of Butch Cassidy and the
Sundance Kid.
There is a story
that Butch Cassidy's first crime was to
steal some clothes. He had gone io
town to buy a suit but, when he got
there, the shop was shut. 2_ . This
qtnnr mav not ho lrr ro hgl it ShOWS that
he was a 'gentieman criminal' who
liked stealing money but always tried
not to hurl anybody.

crime. After that, nobody heard of


Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
again so everybody thinks they were
the robbers but nobody really knows.

He and his gang robbed banks and


trains and, in 1900, he met up with
Harry Longabaugh, alias the Sundance
Kid. They kept on robbing trains. In one
robbery, they killed someone who
worked on the railway. 3_ For a few

The director was George Roy Hill. He


made the film so that the two criminals
were the heroes. 6_ One famous part
is when Butch Cassdy rides a bicycle
while the song Raindrops Keep Falling
on my Head plays on the soundtrack
enrJ
ir a 2lmn o+ ^ aa-^n',
ur
ru. ilin| narte
uul lluuy
l.,or Lot '- o qrr rrvol d
with some clever diaiogue. The film is
also famous for its ending where, as
the two criminals are shot dead, the
film stops so that you don't actually see

\-/criminals

_.

years they lived normal lives but then they

stafted robbing banks again. Nobody


knows why. '_ . In 1908, there was a
bank robbery in Bolivia and the police
shot two men who had committed the

E?ar1fnrr1 rnraq

l-le did this by making rL clear rhat they didn't


want to hurt anybody and showing their life
away from crime.
It won four Oscars and made Robert Redford
a sLar.

c He broke in and stole the clothes he wanted


but he left a note to say that he wouid come
and pay for them the next day.
Maybe they needed the money or maybe
they were bored.
E They were real people who hved in the

fjl11.

norfont

sentence.

:nnthor cnmor'hr-nrima

Redford was almost unknown. 5_ .


He thought about Marlon Brando or
Steve McQueen. In the end, Robed

the Sundance Kid.PutsentencesA-H in the


correct places in the text. There is one
(7 points)
extra

them die. The film was very successful.


7 Tha irnin ac'rnrq ininor-l rrn rriith tha
same director in 1973Ior The Sting.

The film starred Paul Newman and


Robert Redford. Paul Newman was
already very famous but Robert

READING SKITLS
&, Aead about the story 0f Butch Cassidy and

ffiffi

GOMMUIIICATION
B, Put the phrases from the box into the
gaps to complete the conversation.

(6 points)

I'm terrified! Don't panic. What's wrong?


lhere's nothing to worry about.
There's probably a simple explanalion.
Well, it's nol t he end of t he world.
rdfr+++ive+tL
A

tl don't,

believe if,.

My bike's gone.

Yes, there is. Someone's stolen it!

laLe 1800s.

Nobody is sure how lhey mel.


At first the director wanted a more famous
actor to piay with Paul Nerlr''man.
AJter this they left America and went to live
in Buenos Aires in Argentma.

A
B
A

It's only a bike


What will my dad say?
You're not worried about your dad, are you?
Worried? u
He'lI go mad.
I'm sure 7
Your dad will understand. It's not your fault.

ffiffi"ffi
95

Health matters
GRAMMAR
Second Gonditional
Condition
/f + Past Simple

Result

l'|lf- questions

would = infinitive without fo

Where would you live if you could live

lf the weather was good,


lf you didn't watch so much TV,
lf they trained more,

we would ('d) go swlmming.


you would ('d) have more time for sport,
they wouldn't lose so many games.

Yes/No questions

Shoft answers

Would you run a marathon


you had the chance?
lf you wanted to be fitter,
would you join a gym?

anywhere?
lf you were an 0hlmpic athlete,
would you do?

what

sport

M:iiKffi *;Kae *rmpw':":::''::''::'"::

Yes, I would./No, I wouldn't.

With the uerb be, we use ryas in


informal speech and writing but
were in formal speaking and

Yes, I would./No, I wouldn't.

writing.
For example, student

Jane says:

yffiJli:fiil1;;:H:i::T

n,he presen,:

.,1H,{'J,',-:{::,::J,tr::,!,X::'^i^:::::;..at'team
lf Sydney got the 2016 )lympic Games, l would be very surprised.

to give advice
lf,,i:r,rere
'

lat

l,'d'telt my parents the truth.

{arcwvtaw*we$l,

In a conditional sentence, the two palts of the_sentence can be in any


order, We use a,comma when the ffclause is first.

lf you exercised more, you'd feel h.ealtltier

Circle the correct answers to form Second


Conditional sentences.

1 If

it

zs

/[Dnd sunny, we zai,ll pLaa l@outa

Complete the Second Conditional sentences with the


correct form of the verbs in brackets.

pnD

2I'd go I zaent skiing lf it be I were \ess


expensive.
3 If I meet I met a successful sportsperson,

I'd ask I

'LL ask them about their training


prograirune.

uouLdn't lose I won't lose so many


matches 1f we trai,n I trained more.

4 We

5 If we dzdn't enjoy I don't enjoy volleybail,

we

LLtotz,'t

1 I'd help (helo) vou rf I had (have) the time


(be) windier, we
2 If it

tennis.

p\ay / wouldn't play

1t.

6 I'd go I went horse-riding if horses are I were


smaller and slower.

(go) sailing.
(do) an extreme sport,
3 If you
(be)?
which one _
it _
(go)
4I _
surfing every day if I
(live) in California.
(be) better at judo, you
5 If you
(have) a biack belt.
(run) a kilometre, it
6 If I _

(kill)

mountains, I

you.

96

me.

(not live) so far from the


(go) skiing more often.
_
you
B Which martial art _
(do) il you _
(have) the time?
you _
(feel) if you
9 How
(win) an Ol5.'rnpic medal?
(relax) more if I _
(be)
10 I _
7 It I

&

,t9

Complete the Second Conditional sentences with the


correct form of the verbs in brackets.

I broke my leg, fAphge- for an ambulance.


(break / phone)
2I _
better at rock climbine if I
more.
(be / practise)
If
3 I_
enough time, I
to the
fitness centre every day.
(have / go)
4 They
cycling this weekend if the
weather
better.
(go / be)
5 If you
an international footballer,
which team _
you _
for?
(be / play)
you _
6
scuba diving if you
to the Barrier Reef in Australia?
1

Match the two pafts of the First and Second


Conditional sentences.

If

1 If I win a gold medal at the next Ol;.anpics,

2 If I won a medai at the Olj.'rnpics,

3 If I'm Minister for Education,


4 If I were Minister for Education,
5 If you want to be healthier,
6 If I were you,

T
tr

I'11 make all students do regular exercise.


you
b
will need to eat less and exercise more.
c I'd try to eat less fat.
d I'll retire from international sport.
e I'd be very proud.
f I'd build a swimming pool for each school.

&

Decide who said each sentence in Exercise 5.

(go / go)

a politician

7 She
aerobics if it
- _
boring.
(do / not be)
8If I
to be stronger, I

weight-training.
(want / try)
9 Even if you _
my birthday, I _
(pay / refuse)

tr

I
I
n

a friend

for a bungee jump for


to gol

Use the prompts in the box to form First or Second

9:i9ilir'r:ill9i99l:

play / Iend

Ps{ls!cls

be /

send

ne+-epen-fge

want,&relp not

be / not be

1 The swimming pool isn't open yet. If it


doean't o?en soon, we'll Ao to the g;,'rn.

2 ElIa is the best basketball player in our


school. If she
the best player,
she
captain of the school

a secondary
school student

team.
3 Tomas hasn't got his tennis racket with him.
He
with us if I
him my spare racket.
4 Leanne is good at horse-riding. If you

to learn to ride, she

an international

you.

athlete

When people do extreme sports, they often


have accidents. If I _
Minister
for Health, I
them their

hospital bills.
6 It's our sports lesson this afternoon. If it
too wet to go outside, we
football.
.,,,,,

'.qa:i*.

:., ::a;::\)::,11::::::::::,,r;*

:::::,..,,

:..

....

::;s:;$t)r:::::.1::.:.l..

a six-year-old
runner

97

* @,

READING
Quickly read the other paragraphs and check your
answer to Exercise 1.

religious group/
nflonk (n) a man who lives in a
community

wplritaa| (adl) related


and

feelings

This level of difficulty means that only thirty

to

monks completed the challenge in the whole of the


twentieth century In previous centuries, men died
and their sraves are along the route of the race. For
the monks who enter the race, there is no room for
faiiure: if they don't complete the course, they have
to kill themselves (although there haven't been any
suicides since the nineteenth centurv).

your religious thoughts


,

*-

Below are the first and last paragraphs of an article,


Read them and complete the sentence.

I think the missing paragraphs will be about


a the New York Marathon
b Greek history and iegends
c religious men in Japan
d keeping fit

For the first three years of training, the monks run


40 kilometres a day for 100 days. In years four and
five, they have to run the same distance but for 200
days. In the last two years of training, things get

even more arduous. By the sixth year, they have


enough stamina to run 60 kilometres a day for 100
days and this is increased to 84 kilometres - or two
marathons - a day in the seventh year. To add to the
difficulty of the test, they must stop and pray at 260
temples on the route which means the run can take
20 hours so they have very little time for sleep.
c
These Japanese monks complete a challenge in
which they run two marathons every day for one

hundred days. They do this incredible test of


strength to increase their spiritual knowledge. To
have the right level of fitness for this extraordinary
challenge, they have to train for seven years.
&

&

Put the three paragraphs, A, B and C in the correct


order in the article, Then read and check.

Match the underlined words in the text to the

definitions.
1
2
3

_
_
_

(2,) to promise something


(adl needing a lot of hard work

(n) the physical or mental


strength to do something for a long time
(n) the place in the ground
4_
where a dead body is put

eend of the

&

first marathon: aman

1 The city of Marathon was named after

vr
X"""t-Tt1il'liJ,lH'ii*
-i:''qit""''
"i"tl1l
y1"t9'ly:-Nowadays'
ut*v't'
ir'"
ot
brins news

$sfu ffi:il"*ffiHriei1*-+"1$*fq"qg11
il#;;;;"i;":*I,"*';"::11*i,1Y'T*."l"fffJlffi
of men in a rert
look like beginners'
world's top *""iio" "tt"tt

Read the sentences. Tick true and cross false.

the

reasons.

3 The Japanese monks run for the sanLe


reason as top athletes.
4 The monks don't do much special

training.

al

WJ

,.
',

w3
wn
g rnu
""'Ht: r'; *'lYllll
liJtfftnHiJ"'i:;
1"T{Tt Ti*l'",'i',1u"
lH#1?:1?1
:*;-:1 ff;'1

i3',;':fi b"=ii!i:ii'e!'.-t'l-:1:'*"i?1'#J't
i'i'ri1o 1"-1 i:::l*:l :,:* ;lffi :?
L%?'ffi';;'c9-q':iil:"1"Ii.."roi

5 The monks are very healthy but the


challenge is not easy for them.
6 In the twentieth century, thirty monks
killed themselves because they didn'l

finish.
7 The monks sometimes enter normai

marathons.

ffi

won't b9
?lH'-:X1ft1:";;''ii1i.-.^;*y:"Jl:1"'*"*'""'T3:,it
they
in-" *onks, the
twelu- v-tli,^i-..'t
the mountain for

H:,#:i:fT:i""'il;'il"1;-belier'
athlete.

to be a top
not ro

race.

2 People run marathons for different

The monks run for pleasure.

Ll
tr
Ll

T
tr
T

GRAMMAR
Modal verbs
musf and have to

should

1 must and have tomodify the main verb to mean that

Iil,-Jl|:illffi:i";,

obrisation comes rrom the

t must talk to Jim taday.(it's irnporlant for me to talk

orlfu'H)n

hone by nidnishtJthe speaker thint(S

it is important for Anna to be home at that ttme)


l)se have to/havegof to when the obligation comes
from another person.
We have to wilte an essay every week. (it's my
teacher's rule)
ln Britain, you have to be seventeen before you can
take your driving test. (it's a larru)
I've got to be hone by midnight. (it's my parents' rule)

nustn'tmeans that somethinq isn't allowed. We use it for

rules: You nustn't bring your mobile phone into an

obligations: You nustn't forget to send your mother a

exam,

We use should and shouldn'tto give advice, make


suggestions and to say what is right or wrong.

t
o
o

The! should work less and rest more, (it's a good idea to
balance work and relaxation)
The children should be in bed at this time. (they are up
too late, the right thing is for them to be in bed)
You shouldn't eat s0 many sweets. (a suggestion that it
isn't healthy to eat a lot of sugar)

you this every time we meet.


(it is bad that you don't remember what I say)
I shouldn't need to tell

W&$ffi& *Xme

6rap$

of mustand have to is musfn'f not


don't have to.
You mustn't walk on the grass. nol

The opposite

birthday card,

Circle the correct alternative.

1 A I've got a headache.

BUou9doutdl must take an aspirin.


2AI

think she's broken her leg so we should

move her.
B No! Don't be stupidl We must I should wait
for the ambuiance to arrive.
3 A I never go to the dentist but I don't have

any problems with my teeth.


not a good idea. You should I haue to
see a dentist twice a year.

B That's

4 A Why aren't you going

to school tomorrow?
must I haue to be at the hospital at 9.00
for a minor operation.

BI

5 A I feel great now.

I'11

stop taking these

antibiotics.

BYoudon't haue to lmustn't do that. You


have to take all of them.
6 A I've got a cold. I think I'll go and see a

doctor.

shou\dn't I shoulrl go and see a doctor


with a cold! It's a waste of time.

B You

7 A Can I buy some aspirin at the supermarket?


B Yes, you can. You don't haue to I mustn't
go to a chemist's for them.
8 A Shouldn't you be at the doctor's now?
B No, I'm going later.

I don't, haue to I haue to

be there until midday.

Choose the correct modal verb to complete the


advice for travellers.

Ttavelling'6nouta-lt must I shoulcl,n't be


relaxing and fun. However, holidays
2
can't I can I must be terrible if you have a
bad stomach, too much sun or pick up a
tropical disease. Before you leave home, you
3
don't haue to I mustn't I must buy health
insurance and you ashouldn't I mustn't I sltould
check if you need to take any health precautions.
For example, if you are going to a country
which has malaria, yolt5 dorlt haue to I
shou\d / must take malaria pills before you go
because it is a very dangerous ilkress. In some
countries, yott'must I haue to I should carry a
certificate from your doctor to show you have
had your typhoid, yeilow fever and hepatitis
injections. If you don't have the certificate, you
won't be allowed into the country.
In hot countries, you7 don't haue to I m,ust I
shouldn't drink lots of water but to avoid
stomachaches, you B don't lzaue to I mustn't I
should use bottled water. Also, remember the
sun is very strong so you e must I don't ho,ue to I
shouldn't spend too long in the sun. Skin
cancer is becoming more coflunon for northern
Europeans so you 10 should I haue to I ryrust
use a sunscreen to protect your skin at all
times.

99

WORD IIST

SPEAKING
Put the words in order and complete the conversations.

1 about / ideas / you got / Have / any / how

I / you

lIf lwere

A lave you qot, any ideae abouL how to get fit?


a

I'd do a little exercise every day.


I some / you / advice? / Couid / give
think / don't / should /I lyott

2 me
A
B

What about?
feli over and hurt my leg badly pla;ring
volleyball.

AI
B

/ on / you / tips / to / Have I any I got

don't/Why/you
relax?

listen to some quiet music?

4 do?

lI

/ should / What

toibetter/It's/not

A I've got a terrible headache and sore throat

Insnrn n0

acluall\/

J0ggrng

a0vrce

kick-boxing
lie down
lose nope/wergnt

aer0bics
ambulanceicall for
an ambulance
AnIarcItc
antibiotics
aspriln
backache

llP:g,:^^^,,.
UU/gUUr\trUp llL
hravo

brisk
brochure
bunoee iumoino
cancer

Use the prompts to write the conversations.


Use different expressions in each conversation,

1 (you don't have enough money, ask for advice)


A I haven't, qot enouqh money. what ahould I do?
(advise them ro get a weekend job)
B

2 (you have flve big exams next week, ask your


friend for tips on revising)
A

(suggest one usefill way to revise)


B

mndinl

n*a

il tclt Udt dl tD

Minister of Education
modest
North/South Pole

0peral0n
^^i^
udlt

painkiller
patient
',/;h!sical ed ucation

prevFUs

r0cK cilm0rng

challenge
cheer sb up
chemist's

scu0a,0tung

c0ast
conditions
confident
c0pe
cvcltn0
donflef
nonroQeon
0esprre

,+
h^i^h+^
^^^"
JUdrou ^+
ur iltrruilLD

^^+ UUt
^, '+ 1^^
^ rr,^ll1\
JUt
Vvdtn/
tUI{ d

snerrer u)
sKrng
snowboarding
sore throat
sporting event
stay in bed/indoors
stomachache
storm
stressed out

sufler

disabled
energeilc
exercise
exhausted

suocestion
surirng

expe0ru0n

swap

explorer
fall behind (with a task)
fame
fever
fitness club

swimming pool

crlrallnrnr

symparneifc
table tennis
take time off work
raKe up (a sporr)
takelget some exercise

I0renea0

teamlindoor/

your frjpnd fnr :drrinol

3n,****'

tocthache

goalf(eeper

rreK (n)

ilay tever

unambitious
unassisted
unbearable
unbelievable

3 (you have lost your brother's MP3 player, ask

(tell your friend what they should do)


B

ttAU ut

ilea0acne

heail attack
hero

tu Dpur

LD

varn

4 (you are not very fit, ask your friend for advice)
A

(give your friend one piece of adr,ece)


B

100

(P E)

BIACME
p16scription

calch ilp wlth

CNEST

go out
in the cold. Stay at home and keep warm.

incredible
indiqestion

accidenl

booklet
hnvinn

play again until if's berler.


3 how

a cOld
a iomnoratr
u
ru,r ,Pwr uLu,rra
u

li5''n

virus/catch a virus

horrendous

v0iley0arr

L^"^^.i,{i^^
r rur JU-r rurr ru

rnroinht-tre
lrwrvr rt (r srrininn
rD rv

hypochondriac

WIIO

Circle the 'odd one out'.

VOCABULARY

Fanda-gd antibiotics aspirin painkiller


dentist patlent flu nurse
3 sore throat ambulance virus fever
4 hiking fitness aerobics cycling
5 booklet brochule operation newspaper
6 stressed out inspit"iug depressed exhausted
1

W. WriIe the adjectives from the Word list.


Verb

r&

Noun

Adjective

1 depress

depression

depreeaed

2 disable
3 energise
4 exhaust
5 inspire
6 s5.'mpathise

li^-l^lli+-UTJd

UTlL,Y

energy
exhaustion
inspiratron

Complete the entry from a hypochondriac's diary.

I woke up this morning nth a terrrble


ra_
and
'hpaAache . I took trn'o
decided to lie down on the sofa. A btt later, I
got very hot and then cold - I had a
! I was verl'u-on'ied. Perhaps I
'f_
i-1.;-^
had caught a t
^^r +1
. lT Ddt
LrttltNutS
about all the horrendous ilinesses I had read
about in my medical encyclopaedra and I
became very worried and 5d_
. N{y
father came home at six o'clock and I told him I
had malaria or, possibly, black death. He tvasn't
very 6s_
- he told me to get up and
do something useful. When I stood up, I fell
over my medical encyclopaedia and hit my
head on the glass coffee table. I woke up in
hospital with a large white 7b
around my head. Before I left the hospital, the
doctor wrote a 8p-for some very

s1rnpathy

Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 1.


1

I can't run

as fast as you. You've got a

lot of

enerQ:/

felt a lot of
their mother died.

2I

for them when

3 He's had a 1ot of personal problems this year

and he's feeiing very


4 The Para Ol;anpics are for

athletes.
5 The children are very

- thev

play all day and never sit dorm.


We
6
were all
after w-e'd run the
maralhon.

*&

Use the words in the box to label the picture. Write


the parts of the body on the left and the names of
illnesses on the right,

strong'p_s.

ur* u**t rrift ilr'," fn"rt

iooit
headahe

forehead hand head


heart alack hip indigestion

mouth neck

sore

throat

leg

stomach

stomachache toothache

Extend your vocabulary

'E
13

headache

Study the phrases with stay, then complete


sentences 1-6 with the correct prepositions.

stalr ewfey; to not go near someone or something


xtay b*kfrnd; to stay in a place after the other
people have left
i*x: to stay in your home and not go out
selr exx to stay to do ajob or study after the
other people have finished
stagr oxxtr to stay away from your home during

stxy

the evening or night


se3r arpr to not go to bed at the normal time
*txgr wfittN: to visit someone for a period of time
1 Her parents were very
stayed ouN all night.

2 I'm going

to

stay

end of the film.


3 This is my niece. She's

worried when she


late to watch the

staying

me for

the holidays.
at school
_
because she had to leave and get ajob.
5 Stay
from my sisterl She doesn't
you.
like
6 Let's stay _
tonight and watch TV
4 My mother didn't stay

101

trurop, Europe
GRAMMAR
0uestion tags
Affirmative sentence +
negative question tag

Negative sentence +
aff

Vnr r

Your friends are coming tomorrow, aren't they?

Sally isn t do ng he. hoflework now is she?

The conced was great, wasn't it?


The Browns moved here two years ago,
didn't they?

The Jacksons weren't very nice, were they?


You didn't tell her the truth did you?

*of,.irq h.rrtl rhri

hur f,nbhrd

We had visited them before, hadn't we?

Jim hadn't seen it before, had he?

You will come back, won't you?

The operation won't take long, will it?

You can swim, can't you?

The dog can't hear us can it?


Cathy shouldn't talk to me like that,
should she?

To rnake a question tag, we use an auxiliary verb {be, have,


da, will), and a pronoun {you, he, she, it) to match the

subject of the sentence.

Intonation and queslion tags

To know if a question tag is asking for agreement or asking

a question, listen care{ully to the speaker's intonation.

lf there is a modal auxiliary (can, shoutd, must) in the first


part of the sentence we repeat ii in tne iag.

We add q0estion tags to the end of sentences to

'wqvyr

Andy doesr t wart to go. does he?

The boys haven't done their homework,


have they?

lan and Helen should be here soon,


shouldn't they?

qro vntt2
aron't
roqd,tt q,u
I L
Jvut

Anna is very nice, isn't she?


The children staft school at 8.30. don't they?

euibi"

irmative question tag

check and ask for agreement:


Bill doesn't eat meat, does he?
(the expected answer is 'No, he doesn't.')
l
l

make a polite, informal request for help (always negative


affirmative tag):
You can't give me a tift to the station, can you?

you

I'm worse at French than you, aren't l?


a Let's have dinner later, shallwe?
a There's a bank nea{ here, isn't there?
a Somebody will help you, won't they?
a Everybody's had dinner.

a Nobody likes

haven't they?

her do they?

Match the sentences with the correct question tags.

1 Becky did the quiz weth Kie-ran,

2 Countries hold the EU presrdency for six months,


3 You know how many countries use the euro,
4 There are twenty official EU languages,
5 Nobody in Europe should be hungry,
6 The trU was slarted by six countries,
7 \bu learned a lot about Europe from the quiz,
8 i m able to rvork in other European countries,
9 The EU parliament has aiways been in Brussels,
:0 3r-',.irr didn't join the EU until 1973,

n02

it !

asking a question:
You dan't use the euro in Pafand, do

2 lrregular or unusual qusstion tags

ask for an answel when we afe not sure:


You haven't been''Io Malta, have
(the answer is either'Yes, I have.'or'No, I haven't.')

you?

asking for agreement:


It s aheautiiul' day taday. isn't

tr

T
T
n
tr
I
T

a aren't there?
b don't you?
c didn't you?
d aren't I?
e hasn't it?

didn't she?

g don't they?
h did it?
i should they?
j wasn't it?

Write the question tags and shod answers,


1

Look at the pictures and write the requests for help.

Victor Hugo talked about a United States of


Europe in 1851, didn'Lhe ?

,/

SIII

Yea, he did.

64,^3
\

2 Eight Central and Eastern European countries

weren't in the ELr in the 1980s,

\-\

,fu1-r,.-f, t ,
.,(lill/i I i :tt

will be more countries in the trU in


the future, _?

3 There

'r/73

r/
4 Everyone in the EU should speak another

European language,

/_

5 Turkey wanls to

_?
I'm too short. You can'L reach

join the EU,

Yes,

,/

1I, can,Jou

lthinklcan.

6 The EU had existed for several decades

before the euro was introduced,

7 I've got a British passport so I won't need a


f^* T+^l--;^v rDd rur
r Ldl.) ,

I
I

,?

x-?

I have a Spanish passport. I'm an EU cilizen,

Not all European countries are members of


the EU, _?

x-?

10 There are more people in the USA than rn

the EU,

I can't find my bag anl.where! You

ir)

rut

No, I haven't. Sorry.

_'l

x
ffi

Use the prompts to write the sentences and add the


correct question tags.

1 Vatican City / not be / member of the trU


Valican Cit,,t 'ten't a member of the EU, ie iL?

2 Latvia

I ioin IEU in 2004

3 undemocratic

i countries / can't ioin / the EU

4 some EU countries / not use / the euro


5 EMU / mean / European Monetary Union
6 there / be / two major European wars
in the twentieth cerLtury

Britain / ioin / the euro in the f'uture

EU passport holders
freely in Europe

You won'l tell Mum and Dad,

No, I won't if you give me 5rour iPod.

canf,ravel /

more than a million EU students / study /


abroad since the 1980s

Vnrr
Yes,

drirrino mo io thc

I am. And Mum's coming too.

7"tu,

READING
Read the questions from the text.

Can I do my whole degree in another country?


B Can I get help with language learning?
C How can I find out more about ERASMUS?
D How does it work?
E How much does it cost?
F Who can take part?
G Why is the scheme called ERASMUS?
H Wi1l my studies abroad go towards my degree?

will be about:
o European politics?
b education on the Internet?
c popuiation growth and health care?
d an exchange programme?
Do you think the text

Have you ever wanted to live and study abroad?


Are you interested in learning about other cultures,
meeting new friends, learning another language ...
all at the same time?
lf your answer is 'yes', then ERASMUS is what you

Read and check your idea.

are looking for!

What is ERASMUS?

Complete the text with the questions from


Exercise 1. Then read and check,

Find the words (1-6) in the text and match them with
the definitions (a-0.

(ri)
2linancial (orlj)

1 scheme
3 hosL

(r-;

I
I

4partiestn)(formall f
5 r'harler 1r)
6 context (ir

a a formal list of beliefs, responsibilities and

duties
b the people involved in an agreement
C the situation in which something happens
d connected with money
e the country, city or organisation that gives the
space, equipment etc for something to happen
f a plan to help people
Write short answers to the questions about
ERASMUS, using information from the text.
1

I am a nineteen-year-old business studies


student from France. Can I do part of my
degree in Spain?
\ee. vou can.

2 My cousin has a Canadian passport and wants

to study at my university. Can she come on


the ERASN{US scheme?

ERASMUS is a scheme which allows EU studenrs to


study in another European country.

'r?

Any EU university student who is interested in living and


studying abroad.
'/-

U'

No, you can't on the ERASMUS scheme, Students on


the ERASMUS scheme can only study for between three
and twelve months in another country.
rf-t
U'

Don't worryl You don't have to pay university fees abroad!


lf necessary you can get financial help with your day-today living expenses,

OJ?
You have to have a Learning Agreement. lt describes
your programme of studies and it is agreed (in writing)
between your home university, your host university and
yourself. lf you want to change the Agreement, the
changes have to be agreed in writing by all three parlies.
Also, before you leave home, you are given ERASMUS
Student Charler. This tells you everything you need to
know while you are studying abroad.

'T?
Yes. if you meet all the requirements of your Learning
Agreement, the work you do at the foreign university is
part of your degree.

on?
Yes, you can. You can improve your language skills on

in studying Engineering in
Britain but will I have to nav for the course?

3 I'm interested

4 I'm spending three months at Athens

University studying History. I want to change


to anolher subject - do I have to tell anyone?
5 I'm going

to study in Germany for six months


but my German isn't very good. Do I have to
he fluenl hefore I po?

104

one of the EFASMUS lntensive Language Courses


(ElLCs) at your host universityl

'n?

lf you're interested, the iniernational relations office of


your home university will be able to help you. You can
also find information on the Internet.

'[?
Erasmus was a Dutch priest and academic who lived

from 1466 to 1536.


In this context, the letters stand for European Community
Action Scheme for the Mobilitv of Universitv Students

TISTENING

SPEAKING
&^

Put the sentences in order to make shoft

conversati0ns,
1

a I want to lake a vear- off hefore

T Bo to
university.
b I'm planning to get a job so I can save
some money and travei.
c Sounds coo1. What are you going to do?
d What are your plans for next l eall

You are going to listen to a radio feedback


programme with listeners' comments.
Read the list of listeners' names. Listen and number
them in the order in which you hear them.

a Derek Howes
b Gregory Thompson

c Helen

Witkins
Parker

d Tamsin

a job in
the USA.
d Why do you want to do that?

c My biggesl dream is lo get

ffi

Read the sentences. Listen and circle the correct


alternative.

_ progranunes aboul the


European Union this week.
a some b a few c one or two @iots of

1 There have been

2 The radio station had asked listeners to


a write a letter.
c email them.
b leave a message. d get in touch.

4 Mr Howes has watched the Eurovision Song

with iots of different people.


b every year since it started.
c since his parents bought a TV.
d since he met his wife.
a

6 Ms Parker thinks that Junior Eurovision Song

better

than the adult contest.

than

than

c as good as
d more interesting than

7 She likes Saue ALL Your Kisses for Me


because

1 A What are you planning

to do when you
finish school?
go to
B_
I pass all my exams, _
university.

2 A What are your career plans?

M_
is to work for an
a_
international aid charity.
A That sounds serious.
B Yes, i w_
t_
study medicine
and when I qualify, I'm g_
t
get a job with a medical charity.
3 A Have you got any short-term plans?
B Yes, I have.
on a six-month trip to Spain.

a it's got good words.

p_

t_

go

That sounds great. What are you going to


do there?
g_
B I_
t_
study Spanish
in Granada.
A Why are you doing that?
A

BM_b_

The Young Musi,ci,an of the Year contest.


a want to iearn about
b won't be interested in
c wanted to discuss
d know a lot about

Complete the conversations,

I_

c it's boring.
d she likes Wo,terloo.

Contest is

T
T
T
T

3 The first listener thinks the Eurovision Sons


Contest is popular because _
a it's good entertainment.
b the music js good.

a more boring

tr

a I'd really love to iive and work in New'York.


b What are your ambitions?

pr0gramme.

5 The radio announcer thinks her listeners

rT

I
I
tr
I

Listen again. Tick the people who enjoy the

Contest

South America. I w_
the Andes mountains, if

istogoto
love to climb

i h_

Write true answers.


1 What are you going to do next summer?
I'm Qoinq Na work on a fruil farm and lhen Qo on
holiday with my fnends,
2 What are you planning

to do when you

leave school?
3 What

will you do if you don't pass your exams?

4 What's

your career ambition?

b it's by her favourite band.

c it was the winner


d it's a

in

1976.

5 What's your biggest dream?

typical Eurovision song.

105

ruoRD HsT
absurd
academrc
d9ruu

beibecome a member of
0e In rulns
become an expert in
border
Brussels
calculate

UOCABULARY
t00K

iorwaro

^^^^^h
il rdnu ^d Jpuuur

0n benall 0l
nrnenico
parliament

cOrnmrilee

passoort

compete
competition
competitive
conference
c0nstrtutr0nal m0narcny
consultation
co-ooerate
currency
debate
decision

peacelul
politician
politics
population

Oeoree (acaOemrc cOursel

relatrves

dehocratic

repu0ilc
scenery
sefl0us

Eurovlsion

exchange programme
experiment
famine
flag
free market

fl:x:'lffl#h.,.,.
(0n sD/srn)

have the right (to do sth)


ntslonan
nlslonc
homeless
nunger
lD card '
international law
ioin (an oroanisation)
law

UUI

diplomacy

6 economist

history

ler,rr

Complete the definitions with adjectives from the


Word list,

1 compel,iLive
2

00wenul

pr00um0n

rearrry

referendum

_
5_
6_
4

sign (an agreemenVtreaty)


speech
-

start a lamily

il;l:::t:"'
tdnu d ut uclt\

tne uommon MarKet


the European Court
the European Economic
C0mmunity

the European Parliament


the [uropean Union
+L^ il^+h^-l^^f,^
U dutt
tradition
ireaty

un ited,

a Derson who rvants to be more


successful than other people
a country where the people

vote for the government they


want.
related to the \vay a country
makes money from industry-,
business etc.

regulate

tI IU,I\dUU IUI IdI IUb

acaderny

3 consuitant
4 democrat

UUU

naqq

Place / Thing

Person

1 academic
2 monarch

national anthem
niqhtlife
noltce

coal

Furopean

naII0n

caprtai

diptomat
divided in two
dominated
economic
economicallv
em0lt0nal
enquiry
environment
eur0

31. Complete with words from the Word list,

10

6^t'^

important in history
calm and quiet
somethrng or someone who is
very strong and / or has
influence
something that probably won't
happen

Complete the sentences with words from the Word


list and Exercises 1 and 2.

It will change our country's ecoronry if w-e


have the euro.
2 At the end of World War I, European leaders
the Treaty of Versailles
1

3 Czechoslovakia's 1989 Velvet Revolution


started with a
student
demonstration. Although the students
weren't violent, the police attacked lhem.
4 I'm fascinated by the past so I'd love to be

IDd

vtst0n
vote

walking boots
waste money
waterproof (jacket)
worth

5 Like Britain, The Netherlands is a


constitul ional _
government made some good _
The
6
decisions so there was more money for health
and education.
7 At the Yalta Conference in 1945 the leaders of
Britain, the USA and the Soviet Union srgned

a_.

to become a
the party to vole.
All trLI citizens have the
and work in other EU countries.

B You don't have

106

un ilKery

of
to live

&

Look at the pictures and complete the captions with


words from the Word list.

&

Circle the 'odd one out'.

t hnrder G;;;;;port caprtal


2 currency free market enquiry trade
3 visa passport diplomal ID card
4 treaty agreement decision pariiament
5 vote nightlife referendum politics
6 conference committee pariiament
government
7
B

agree calculate debale

steel coal oil

argue

1aw

Extend your vocabulary


'You're workrng too hard. Why don't you
a

1t

for half an hour?'

Study the information about types of government.


Then complete the sentences with the correct type
of government.
a political system where everyone
vote to choose the government

d*rRo*racar
"- -..* w

@%t't.''/'1'

@4,@@.w

can

z'""t"t'ry.t-"'

repzNfuEfi* a

country which has an elected government


and does not have a king or queen

mor:xreky a country that has a king or queen


of state and may or may not have an elected

as head

government

political system where the leader


power to control the country
complete
(dictator) has

dE*tatorship
'He's going to make a
'Oh no! The last one was three hours long.'

tatale"tax"dem *ate
a country where the government

controls everything

1 Eire or The Kepublic of Ireland became an

'Well, some people ljke ir. but


of public money.'

think it's

independent country in 1921. It is a


democracy and the head of state is an elected
president.
2 George Orwell's novel 1984 describes a
where the government (Big
Brother) controls every-thing and the peopie
have no freedom.
. There
3 India rs the world's biggest
are 668 million voters.
. There are
4 North Korea is a _
nini rrrac nf t hp cnr rnl rrr'q lordor in ovpnr

:**.1

.1r'*#

promise
'If I had a pound for every
at election time, I'd be a very rich woman.'

-'s

home, office. classroom and public place.


The

5 Japan is the r,vorld's oldest

rov:l familr line poes back through


emperors lo 660BC.

125

6 The British monarch used to be the head of

state in North America. However, when the


Declaration of Independence was signed, The
. Now the head of
USA became a
state is the elected presrdent.
since Tsar
7 Russia hasn't been a
Nicolas II was killed in 1918.

107

InvergiorJon Higk S"h""l


I'{s Lourdes Lopez
International School

Invergordon High School


17 Blackwood Road
Invergordon

Avenida Tiafalgar

IV18 9GK

Madrid
Spain

OO-

Thank for

e-

You- asked about accommodation: your students

G-

I look forward to meeting you ;JFui

O-

Yours sincerely

Dear Ms Lourdes,
y-our. 1ettel d-ate{ 14th June. I am writiilf on behalf of Invergordon High School's exchange
committee. \A/e're
\A/e're delighted that you are bringing a group of trnglish language sfudents
students to Scotland ih
this
autumn. I hope to answer your questions in this letter.

will stay with our Spanish language students. A11 of the


students' host families live within walking distance of the school. Inlome ."sei, th. students will have\
to share a bedroom but in others they will have their own room. The visiting students should live by the
hostfamily's rules an-d,shouldn't, for example, smoke or bring strangers into the house. You will stay with
our Spanish teacher, Mr Duncan McGowan, and his tamlly. Of course, you will have your own room ar
Mr McGowan's home.

tober 16th.

Dou1l*> Ca".eu:ell
Douglas Campbell

WRITING

Read the letter and match the notes to the correct parts.

It is useful to say
when they wrote it.
2 The address (but not the name) of the person writing
the letter.
3 In a formal letter, write the name and address of the
person you are writing to at the top.
4 Invite them to contact you with any more questions
1 Start by thanking them for their letter.

they have.
5 Always start'Dear +

title and name'. If you don't know


if a woman uses the titie MCss or Mrs, use Ms. If you
don't know the person's title, you can use their full

name, eg Dear ALer CLay.


6IJse Yours s'incerely when you know the person's name
or Yours Jcti,thJu\Ly if you start wllh Dear Si,r or Mado,m.
7 Repeat what the person asked you about and then reply
to their questions.
B Give additional information.
9 Use a phrase llke Please fi,nd enclosed if you are sending
extra information (eg a map or a leaflet) with the letter.
10 Don't give instructions. Use polite, indirect phrases like
we hope to, shouldlshou\dn't, ,it's a good 'idea to,
p\ease remember fo to talk about arrangements.
11 Finish with a polite, friendly sentence.
12 If necessary, explain who you are and why you are writing.

108

Read the notes below and write


a letter answering Mr Stevens'
questions. Remember to lay out
your letter correctly and to use

polite, formal language.

A class of studenls is comtng


to your school from Moor
Tov,n High Schooi, Barnsley

T
T

Road, Leeds, LS7 5GH,


UK. Their teacher, Mr Glen
Stevens, wrote asking these
questions:

will we get from the


station to the school?
2 What arrangements
have you made for our
1 How

I
tr
tr

n
tr
T
T

accommodation?
3 What is the social
programme?
4 What is the local currency?

How much pockel money

will my students need for


the week?

TESTT I E]NITS 13*E

VOGABULARY AND GRAMMAR

Gomplete the text with musLnustn't,


should/shauldn't or have taidan't have

22. Match the spofis (1-7)with the types of


activity (A-G).

Now, Mr Smith. I'r-e erar-,,:.: l ..-,r i at-Li1 1-onve


got a virus. Listen caleiii ,,- r':':a'-ise it coulcl be
quite dangerous. \bri ''. ,.:. tar: lils n'recllcrne
for five days. It is l'el1' irul oltl,r-.-. -,.,r'L'r: \i'ot"l'y.
go to hospital \b,.1il !e OK at
You '_
home. You "-sta-v il beci t-t'ic,st crf the
tLme. You can get up ii yorr riarl LLt ,,rt ll fepl
clrrnk an1' alcol'rol
better in bed. You nrvhile you are taking this medicine. It corfci be
go outsicie too
very dangerous. You -_
much. Again, you can if you want but 1-o,-t nugirt
go to a confet'ence
get tired. Now, i oin Germany this week but, if you need Ine. )-ou
can cail me on my mobile. Here's the numbet'.
worry too nLuch. If 1'ou do
Now, you '-

(6 points)

kick-boxing E

1
2 bungee

jumping

aerobics
4 scuba dil'ing
5 volleyball
6 tennis
7 skiing
3

I
n
I
I
tr
n

A activity

cione incloors that isn't martial arts


and doesn't use a ball
B game played with a bal,l but no racket

C martial arts
D game played with a racket and ball
E activity done under rn'ater

F activity done in the snow


G dangerous activity not done in snow or lr,'ater

ll:,

Complete the fact file with the words from

box.
-^' l^- pvp.*uin
^^^,,r^,
orlurrErLr

(6 Points)

the

flag capital borders

cunency membgr

ta.

i6 points)

r,vhat I tell you, lrou'll be alright.

Complete each sentence s0 that it has


a similar meaning to the one

given.

(6 points)

I don't feel ill so I'm not going to go to the


doctor.

If

to Lhe d,ocLor.
2 You're not here so you can't eat the fooo.
I

telr, ill" I would qo

You wonld

3 I'm not a politician so


money on hospitals.
II

I can't spend more

4 I can't swim so I'rn not going scuba diving


I wouid
5 England doesn't use the euro so lve have lo
change our money wherr. lve go to France.

if England
&$m&ce*

1
2

Sm*e mf &mer*ca

6 You're noi

ill

so I'm not worried about you.

t1

oooularior 250 million

Washington DC

stars and siripes

'Tho Siar Sn:nnlod


Banner'
,:r,vv
L
vvq,

with Canada and Mexico

the dollar
of NATO, the UN, NAFIA

I don't have lo stay tn bed so I'm not bored.


I u'ould

Complete the tagged questions with the


correct tag.

1 They've eaten dinner, haven'I;Lhey


2 You rvenl lo Russia lasl year,
3 It hasn't rained for a long time,
4 You'll send us a card, .**-.,------5 You were at school logether,

(6 points)
?
2
?
?

6 She doesn't look very we1l,


7 I'nr doing very well,

-?

109

LISTENING

SKItts

READING SKILTS

;:.7i& Listen to a tour guide taking some


tourists round Strasbourg. Circle the correct

d.
1 The speaker is a _

answers:a, b, c or
a tour

guide

tourisl

(Z points)

A ln Lhe middle of nowhere I


B Three important buildings I
C Destroyed in a fire
I
D It all sounds old 1o me
I
E Given as a present
f]
F A kind man
I

c teacher

b
d architect
2 The Council of Europe building was designed

by a _ architect.

Spanish b f'rench c German d Su,rss


3 Which of these groups is NOT allowed inside
a

the Council building?


a students c youth groups
b teenagers d young children
4 One of the buiidings was named after a
famous European _
a architect c writer
b composer d scient ist
5 Some people thought that the new
parliament building _
a looked expensive. b cost too much.
c was a complete waste of money.
d didn't have enough showers.
6 The round shape of the buildings is meant to
show _ between counlries.

Read about some of the UNESG0 sights in


Britain. Match the places (1-6) to the correct
headings (A-G). There is one extra heading. (6 points)

G There's nobody

left

COMMUNIGATION

Complete the words.

(7 points)

a
b
7

co-operalion

strength

1 I'm goinq to study French in Paris this year.


2 What's your biggest d

? Is it to travel
around lhe world?
3 If I had the c_
, I would love to act
4 My a-is to be a famous doctor.
5 I've bought some guide books because I'm
p_
to go to AJiica this summer
6

Iw

compeLition

d rradilion

After lhe tour. t-he visilors are goilg to _


d have a drink
C go to a restaurant
b visit the cathedral d go to a hotet

to be happy.
I get a good job this 1,'s21',
have a long holiday next summer.

BIw--r--1--togoto
Ausf ralia one day.

Tea!

_lw'

sites in the united Kingdom and British overseas territories


There are 26 UNESCO World Heritage sites in Great Britain and its overseas territories. Many are world famous,
such as
Stonehenge. Others are less well known and we are going to look at a few of these here.

iir;,,f Saltaare. In the 19th century, many people lived and worked in terrible conditions. Sir Titus Salt owned mills where cotton
was made but he was different to other bosses. He built a complete village for his workers with pleasant houses ano green

(rt
:*rl

spaces. This village is Saltaire and it is now a living museum where peopie still live and work.
Henderson lsland. This island is about as far from people as it is possible to get, lying halfwa,
between South America and Australia. Nobody lives here and the isiand is important-foiscientisrs
to see how animals and plants grow and live when they are left completely on their own.
':ffi, Blenheim Palace. This has been the home of the Churchill family since 1722. The land hao
been given to John Churchill by the government after he fought and won in a war. Sir Winsron
Churchill was born here. The palace is now open to visitors.
':::::,1:*: Ournam Gastle and Cathedral. Durham is a small city in the north of England with the third
oldest university in England after Oxford and Cambridge. The cathedral and casfle date back to
William the first, and were built in the late eleventh century.
St Kilda is a small island off the north west coast of Scotland. lt was home to a small population for about 2,000 years but
the last people left the island in 1930. St Kilda is also the most important sea bird colony in north west Europe.
6 Edinburgh old and new town. Edinburgh has been the capital of Scotland since 1437. The old town refers to the area on top
of the hill where the castle stands. There have been castles here for thousands of years but the oldest part of the present castle
dates back to the twelfth century. The new town was built in the 18th century and its most famous street is princes Streer.

SELF-ASSESSMENT TESTS ANSWER KEY


I UN]TS 1 2
'A 2a 3c 4b 5c 6d

TEST1

COMMUNICATION
& 2 vtll defit-iite1-1'

7a

/ certainiy pass your exams


3 probabll n-on't be cleaner ln thc future
4 r,r-i11 probabl)- go to France next year
5 c.Lefinitels- / celtalnll'u'on't Live on the moon

'2 2rucksac:k 3sunbathing 4snorkclling 5lerry


6

delayed

7 bed and breakfast

2 don't understand 3 hate 4 don't agree


5 does,&elong 6 Does/knou, 7 clon't uant
4 2love 3 st,ay 4 are flying 5 is going to be
6 don't speak 7 am going to start
7a ZWltat are you doing 3 Do 1-ou lemember
4 What are you going to r1o 5 ,\re 5'611 doing alything

&

6 Are you travelling 7 Do 1-ou speak


LISTENING SKILLS

A1D 2E 3G 4A

arc

6 this rucksack belongs

ferrified

&

5exciting

6a

7c

e 1x 2,/ 3x 4x 5,/ 6X 7,/


9 2corrse 3it 4problem 5mind 6afraid

2cosy 3tasteless 4spacious 5doorbell 6lav'n


drawers 8 bright 9 rubbish
?., 2low fa| 3 healthy 4 delicious 5 greasy 6 stale
7 mild 8 fresh 9 tasteless
t& 2 many 3 which 4 where 5 whose 6 Some 7 any
7 chcst of

7b

many apples have you got?


How much milk have you got?
Hor,v much butter is there? 5 Is there any
Are there any 7 Have you got any
Hor,v

LISTENING SKILLS

41X 2X 3,/ 4X 5/ 6X 7X
READING SKILLS
B lD 28 3C 4A 58 68 TBID

COMMUNICATION

*.2realise 3accident 4stupld 5mean 6mistake


fault

lvin 7 won't be
to 3 asks, will you say
4 u'on't say, wili be 5 will Darren say, asks
6 is, rvill tell 7 doesn't give, will he be

LISTENING SKILLS

&1b 2a 3c 4b 5b 6c 7a

READING SKILLS

&1G 2E 38 4A 5C 6F

8b

thriller 4 horror

romantic comedy

5 science fiction

biopic

e 1,/ 2,/ 3/ 4x 5x 6,/ 7x

READING SKILLS

ElE 2C 3H 4D 5G 6A

78

COMMUNICATION
2 \Vhat's wrong? 3

Don't panic.
4 There's probably a simple explanation.
5

Well, it's not the end of the world.


I'm terrified. 7 there's nothing to rvorry about.

I UNITS 13-14
92G 3A 4E 58 6D 7F
* 2capttal 3flag 4anthem 5borders 6culrency
7 mernber
& 2 don't have to 3 shoulcl 4 mustn't 5 shouldn t
6 have to 7 mustn't/shouldn't

TESTT

I UNITS 7-8

sta5r, v76t,'1

7 criminals

LISTENING SKILLS

6 increasing 7 pollute
'e 2b 3b 4c 5a 6c 7a
& zif 3effect 4won't 5wi]] 6acld Tlead
'4 2 will buy 3 will recycle 4 is going to get 5 will be

2*:rll

piracy

3 she was going to be in Lonclon for three weeks.


4 she r,vas making a new film
5 she u'as sure that it would be a great film
6 the director was one of the best in the lvorld
7 tire last film he had rnade had been brilliant

&

6 aren't going to

8X

2 I totally agree. 3 Dcrn't you think


4 Personaily, I think they can. 5 That's trne but
6 I see rvhat you mean. 7 It seems to me

? 2 reduce 3 rec)'cled 4 replant 5 cutting dourr

'{6

1x 2x 3x 4x 5./ 6./ 7x

7sorry

'&

TEST4

The James Bond stories n'ele rrrltten br. Ian F lerning.


This soap opera has been blotrclcast b1'IT\- since 1985.
These CDs have been bought bi'people all over Rritain.
5 Bi,g Brother ls r'vatcired b-u- rnillioirs of people.
6 The best cars in the world ale made br"the .Iapanese.

7, 2t,-esleur

TEST3IUNITSs-6

5 has ntet

TEST6 I UNITS T7-12


2vandalised 3burglars 4mrrderer 5assistant

COMMUNICATION

2b 3b 4a 5b 6c

clone

'3 2Tlrc 3 (no article) 4 the 5 The 6 an 7 tlie


& 2had finished 3 was sitting 4 came 5 haci gone
6 had seen 7 had made
& 2 she had never been to England before.

READING SKILLS

& 2
3
4
6

3 has seeu 4 has


7 rvent

READING SKILLS

LISTENING SKILLS

&

eaten

COMMUNICATION

3 \Ve never used to be late for school.


4 I often used to listen to the radio tn.th my grandfather.
5 M1, grandmother always used to lr.ear a hat on Sundays
6 I w-as very shy.
7 I didn t lrse to go ro school trn SaturdaSs.

e1b 2c 3a 4b 5c 6a

has

A1E 2C 3A 4F 5G 68

7 araazing B surprised
2trrnsltrrned out 3 stays up 4 Keep on
5 u'rote/clowrr 6 flnds out 7 looking into

2b 3a 4a 5b

6
2
3
4

LISTENING SKILLS

i3 2used 3',vent 4didn't 5r,vere 6up Twas


4. 2Dvery year lve used to go on holiciay to France.

'e

Are (you) going out 6 spiit up 7 got marriec.l


2for 3more 4l-iale 5since 6uas 7aI Syet

4, 2hasbeen

TESTzIUNITSs-4
? 2annoying 3disappointed 4boring
6

TESTS IUNIITS9 10
fi. 2c 3f 4a 5d 6g 7e
9, 2\ook afLer 3 get on 4 fcll out
5

&1c2a3c4a5b
COMMUNICATION
I 2 Don't you'? 3 Have they? 4 Is it? 5 Does she?
6 Aren't you?
* 2I can 3 the holiday costs 4thejourneytakes
pierogi

that thel'uill pla1' a r:oncert here next year

6 is possible

X&

5C

READING SKILLS

in the next

live vears

&

2You u,ould eat the food if you rvere here.


3 If I was/were a politician, I noulcl spencl mot'e monelon hospitals.
4 I would go scuba diving if I could swim.
5 If England used the euro, we n'ouldn't have t, r chattge
our money when lve go to France.
6 If you w-ere ill, I wottld worry about you.
7 I would be bored if I had lo stay in bed.
2

you 3 has it
she 7 aren't I

didn't

6 does

won't 1'ou 5 r,r'eren't

1-on

LISTENING SKILLS

%1a2b3d4c5b6a7c
e1F2 3E48 5G6D

READING SKILLS

COMMUNICATION
7D

4"

2dream 3chance 4arnbition 5plannilg


7 If /

'11

will

6r,vant

r'vould reallv lor-e

lll

SELF-ASSESSMENT TESTS TAPESCRIPTS


TEST1
Woman

I UNITS 1-2
I don't know when we're leaving. The plane

R0 Of course.

is

delayed, so we're waiting to find out what time the flight ls


going to be. Right now we're going to sit in a restaurant and
eat lunch. We've got some money from the airline because
we're late.
I hope we're not too late because our hotel is a long way
from the airport and lhe children are tired.
Girl I'm going to go camping this year. I've got a new tent,
a rucksack and a nice, warm sleeping bag. My friends don't
want to come with me - they like sunbathing and relaxing
but I think that's a boring way to spend your time. I want to
walk in the mountains. I'm not sure where I'm going to go
yet Poland looks interesting, or maybe the P;,'renees.
Man 1 This is great! We're leaving in about an hour. I can
see the ferry and I'm waiting to drive on. There's a man
checking tickets and a passport control and then we can go.
I'm hungry now. When I get on the boat, i'm going to find a
seat in the restaurant next to a window and eat breakfast.
My last English breakfast for two weeksl
Woman 2 This is so exciting. This afternoon, we're going to
go to the travel agent's and book our holiday. We're going to
have a month in India. I can't believe it! The price includes
flights, hotels and travel in India and we're going to see
eve4,thilg - the Himalayas, the Taj Mahal, The Rlver Ganges.
I want to ride on an elephant in the jungle and see a tiger.
Man 2 I'm not going anywhere this year. I've got two weeks'
holiday in July but I know what I'm going to do. I'm going to
paint the house, work in the garden and relax. I like holidays
but when I come home I'm always more tired than before I
leave. I hate flying, and holidays in England are very
expensive. I might go cycling at the weekend but nothing else.

J Thank you. Now, could you show me the way?


R0 Through here.
J OK, piease tell your cooks and kitchen workers
R0
J
RO

RO

J
RO

J
BO

J
RO

J
RO

J
RO

TEST2IUNITS3-4
Lecturer Good morning. Now, as you should remember, last
week we were looking at the works of Ernest Hemingway. Did
you all do your homework? Good. I'11 collect it in at the end
of the lesson. Now today, we're going to look at some of the
greatest writers of detective stories. Later I'11 tell you about
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle who u,'rote the Sherlock Holmes
books but first I want to look at an American writer, Ra).mond
Chandler. Does anybody know him? ... No? Well, never mind.
He was born in 1888 and spent the first few years of his life
in Chicago but, when he was a child, his family moved to
England. He went to school at Dulwich College, that's an
expensive private school in south London, but he also
studied in F rance. He became a British cltizen but he
moved back to America in 1912.
During the First World War he was a soldier in the Canadian
army. After the war, he went to live in southern California
where he had many jobs. He worked as a journalist, teacher
and pilot. He also wrote books, of course and all his stories
were about Philip Marlowe. Marlowe was a private detective
in Los Angeles, a tough but very honest man. All of these
stories were also made into films, perhaps the best and
most famous is Ttrc Bi,g S\ee'p starring Humphrey Bogart
and Lauren Bacall.
He wrote his first story in The Black Mctsk magazine tn
1933 and wryote hls first book in 1939. That was The Big
Sleep. He only rnrote seven books but an eighth , Poodle
Springs, was unfinished and, finally, in 1989, a u,riter
named Robert B Parker finlshed it.
For this week's homework, I have got some of Chandler's
work for you to read and we will talk about it next lesson.
Here you are ...

RO

not to
stop working. I don't want to disturb them. Now, flrst,
can you show me where you keep your meat, please?
Here it is. We've got two large fridges for meat and a
freezer here.
Aha, mmm.
What are you writing? Is eveqthing OK? These fridges
are very new. We bought them last year and we clean
them every day.
OK, thank you. Now, I'd like to look at the cupboards ...
yes, I see ... pots and pans, knives and forks, very good.
Wait a minute. What's that? On the floor? Cheese?
Oh that, er well you see we had mice in the kitchen and
we put those near the cupboards to try to catch them.
Oh dear, mice Don't worry we haven't got any mice now. This cheese
is old. We've got a cat that lives in the kitchen. He
catches the mice, look.
A cat? In the kitchen?
Is that bad? He's very clean.
You can't have a cat in ihe kitchen. Now, these sinks.
Are they for rvashirg vegeiables or diny plates?
Er ... Both.
Both? You wash vegetables in the same sink that you
wash dirty dishes. You can't do that.
But we clean them very we1l. Hello, Patrick. Patrick
works here.
Wait a minute. He's washing his hands in that sink.
Oh yes, he's very clean.
But it's the same sink. Oh dear, oh dear ... We]l, the
inspection is finished now. I'11 send you a fu1l report in a
few days but I can tell you some ofthe things I saw today
which aren't good enough: Animals in the kitchen, only
one sink, dlrty fridges, cooked and uncooked meat in
the same frldge, dairy foods not put away in the fridge,
food on the floor, two workers tasting the soup and
putting the dirty spoon back into the soup ... I'm golng
to come back again in one month and I want to see this
place cleaner and better organised than now. Goodbye
Goodbye.

TEST4IUNITST-8
S-Sara,M-Mum

S
M
S
M
S

M
S

M
S

We11,

I'm all ready to go. This is so exciting, three

mnnihc
lllvlllllJ,

qrnrrnd F'rrrnnel
1-.^1'
-.^l-ia6
Nll'b u'vu"u
Lu'vy\
Udr N-pd(

Oh, I'm so worriedl Are you sure you'll be alright?


Yes, Mum. Don't worry i told you. Eveq'thing is
oroanised. T'll he fine. I'll be with Jill and Fran. Thev'll
look after me.
Have you got your mobiie phone?
Yes, of course.
And where are you going?
Mum! You know this. You've got a map in the kltchen
with everJ,'thing on it. We're getting the ferry to Holland
and we're going to stay in Amsterdam for a week. Then
we might go to France or maybe to Germany. We'lI see.
I want to go to Germany but Jill's got a friend in France.
What wiil you do if you lose your money?
I've got my credit card. if I lose that, I will ring the bank
I've got their number on my mobile phone. They will
stop the card and I can get a new one in a few days. I'11
bonow money from Ji11 and tr'ran and then give it back

to them later. And we'Il probably get part-time jobs


somewhere. We can work in a restaurant. We all speak
French.

TESTS
R0

R0

ttz

IUNITS5-6

Restaurant Owner, J - Johnson


Good afternoon, can I help you?
Good afternoon, sir. My name's Johnson. I'm from the
Public Health Department. Here's my card. I'm here to
look at your kitchens to check that they are clean and
lhal evendhino is OK. Can I come in?

M
S

Wrat about if you're ill? What will you do?


Mum, I told you. We've got these cards, EHIC cards. If

we're sick we can go to any hospital in Europe and we


won't have to pay any money.
But you won't be able to understand the doclors.
I'm sure they'll probably speak English or F-rench. Fran

speaks German too.


What will you eat? Will you cook?

M
S
M
S
M
S

Well stay on campsites or in hostels. We'll probably eat


in restauranls bul, if not. ne'll bu5 lood in
supermarkets. And don't u-orry, I'11 eat lots of fruit and

vegetables, it rvon't he burgers and chips every day!


Now, I must go, the taxi's here.
Will you corne home lf you're unhappy?
Yes, Mum.
Have a lovely time and be careful.
i will. See you in September.
Will you phone?
Yes, I'll phone you from Amsterdam. Just stop worr1ling,
Mum! Bye.

TESTs

IUNITS9

P-Presenter,

10

Jenny-,

D-Daria,

Stuart,

E-Emily

Good morning ancl w-elcome to Network South's


Monday morrung phone-in show. Today u.e're lalking
about relationships and we want you to telephone with
your probiems, advice, stories, happy or sad. Whatever
you want to talk about, jLrst pick up the phone and call
01616 328415, that's 01616 328115. And our first caller
is Jenny. Hi, Jenny.
Yes, I

just wanted to phone to say that my advice for

anyone who has problems r,vith relationships is to listen


to each other. It's very easy to think you are right but
there must be some reason lvhy the other person sees

P
D

P
S

P
E

Ed

things diflerently.
Thank you, Jenny, that's a good point. I'm sure we all
agree. Now, Daria, you have a sad story, I believe.
Yes. Weli, not very sad now. I was going out u-ith my
boyfriend for trvo years when he suddenly left me. We
were always happy, never argued, never hacl any
problems and I don't think he had another girlfriend.
He just suddenly finished the relationship and never
told me what was wrong.
If Daria's ex-boyfriend is listening, can you telephone and
tell us why you left her! Stuart. What do you want to say.
I've just split up with my girlfriend. She wanted to go
out all the time and she didn't like me playing computer
games uith m1r friends. You have to put a lot of effort
into having a girlfriend, thinking of what to wear, where
to go, what to say. It r,vas too much for me.
I knor,v what you mean, Stuart! Now, here's some good
advice, flum Enri11, T thinkl Emilyl
Yes. I just u'ant to say, that I've been married for 40
years and n-e're still very happy. I'11 tell you why. We
have always had two days a week u'hen we do what we
want. I go to my friends, my husband goes to the pub
or the football with his friends. We can come home
anytlrne u'e want. The other five days we're together.
That's what everybody should do.
Good advice. Nou', here's a question from Ed.
Yes. lve got a bit of a problem. I've done somet hing a
bit stupici, I r,r.on't tel1 you w-hat it was and my girlfriend
is very angrv ll'ith me. We haven't split up but I'm
u-orried that rve misht. I r,vant her back but I don't
knorv horv to tell her 'I'm sorry' so that she will believe
me.

Aly

ideas?

I'm sure somebody u.ill telephone to help, so keep on

listening. Ed. Non-, one last caller before the ner,vs and
r,r'eather. Over to you Sam ...
Sam I don't knou n-h:rt Ed did but i've also made a few
mistakes ancl lost some ver1- nice girlfriends because of
them. \\hen I u-as 1'ounger. I thoLrght I could do u-hat I
r,vantecl ancl the girlfriend lr-ould still be there r'vailing
for me ri-hen I got home. Nou. I'm older, I knorv lhis
isn't true. \on'I'r-e met the pel'fect grrl and I think I'm
lhe perfect nan, \\'e11. almost!
P OK. thank 5 ou San. \\'e'll be back nith more calls in
tu'o nrinutes so clon't go a\1-aJ'.

TEST6

P
P

UNITS 11-12

Presenier'. A - -\icllToclal- on Filn File. r-e are luc$'to hate uith us in the
studio ,\lcl1- Fari kes. one of Holl)-\\-ooci s best knouri

clilectors. \\'elc:one,\rdr.

It's great to be here,


Now, before u'e talk dbout y611 latest filrn, I'd llke tcr
ask you a fer,v questions about horv 1,611 started in film.
Well, I was ah.vays a film fan. \\herL I n-rs at hrgh school

I loved going to mor-res bui n'hile m1- friends just


wanted to see the latest blockbnsters at the cinema, I
u'as alrvays more interestecl rn olcl films and films from
other countries. Of course s'heu l u-as growing up.
video r,vas only just starting. \11'faml11-didn't have one
and there weren't so man)- charrr els on T\: but you
could still see a feil'good fihrs er-er1- n eek.
Who were your lavouritc actor"s.l
Well, even then I rvas more itlterestecl irr the clirector. It
didn't really matter r,i-ho the actors \rere. -\ good
director could makc an actor good ancl a bacl direclor
can nlake even the best actor look bacl. So I loved the
masters, Hitchcock, John fold. 81111-\\11cler of course.
And because they often l-orked ujth the same actors, I
sorl of liked them but then I l'as often disappointed
u''hen I sar'v them in films by' othel clirectors. \\rhen I left
school I stttdied fiirn at collcge arLd of coulsp. the first
thing I bought rvas a video pla;-er. Suciclenil- I coulcl
wa1,ch all those films I'd heard about but I'cl ner,er seen
like The Seren Sa'm'urcrl ancl lots of European fihns
that don't get shorvn much in America. At college n-e
had to make a short film as part of our course anci nfne
\\'as a sort of mixture of all the styles I likccl. It rvasn't
very good - I've still got it someu-liere but I har-en't
u''atched it for a long timc - but it \\.as a ne\\ rclea and
now I love mixing styles in strange \l'ays.
So, your new film. \\hat's that about?
Well, it's a thriller. the main plot is about terrorists in
the USA trying lo kill the President but there are some
places where the plot changes and makes you think
'Woah, what's going on!?'Well, I hope that's what il does.
And what styles can we look oul for?
l'here are a leu parts rr here you can seo a westent
influence, especially the soundtrack, the guitar r,vork is
very like a western. Some of the camera work too.
Well, we can see a little of the film now ...

TESTT I UNITS 13-14


guide Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen.

Tour

Welcome

to the beautiful, historic city of Strasbourg. I hope you


enjoyed your tour of the Champagne district yesterday and
that you had a goodiourney here today. We are going to
start our tour at the Council of Europe buiiding. This was
designed by the architect Henry Bernard from France.
Yes, sir', I can spell that for you. Henry, H-E-N-R-Y Bernard.
B-E-R-N A-R-D. It was built in 1.977 . \\re aren't going intcr
the building today but you can anangc tours, The onll'r"u1e
is that no children under the age of 14 are allo\\ed.
In 1999 the European Parliament mcivecl to a ne\\' Luiliurg
which we can see ahead of us. This is the Louise \\-eiss
building named after the r,witer and committe(l ELI'opean
r,vho died in 1983 at the age of 90.
This buiiding has been much talked about sjnce it opcnecl.
mainly because of the very great costs of building ii.

approximately $400 million in total lli,urf i,f ihe {r,-,rnplairts

were caused u'-hen it rvas founcl that each \len-,L,er' ,,i ific
European Parliament hac'l a shouel built in ilrtil',,,ifice ar a
cost of $12000 each. ,\nother t:on-rplaini i.c lhr..r. iie 1,ir1, lilg
is only used for one neck each nonfh arr.1-i r.,-, rri a-- '1-lrrrg
August.
Nor,v, you'Il see there are t\\o oiher LrL|r, iu-,g: j r'kr !:,, lrL|
T.ouise Wp'.s i'li',rtrrQ Otrp i. al t j r );.. r I t'
Xhdariaga buiJditrg atll tlr- 'rr.},.1 '- : \'.''r -' : ' : : : '..
building. \bu'11 noticc that all ihe i',-r'r,-h-.ls r.r'=:' :-.r i. TrLt
: :,.
Shlpe \fas lO 1pl,fp:-il1 rlr.:l 't . :., '- -r'. .''betneen countries.
:

After l-e have s-alkecl aroiin'l :ir- i,'-l- :"


taking the tour bus back t,-' ih. 'r,.-, -.r.
ditLtret lt ilrP f:rnrull: t*- j:t:::
raLhedla-. \bu'l lri,r r' -1.r 'i : r- .-- '.
bear-rtifuLlr' cooke,l

WWWWWWW
Pre-l ntermed iate Workbook

Students

will

...

enjoy their course with the inspiring and up-to-date topics


and'Culture Shock' sections.
be motivated and confident
For further reading at this
Ievel see Anne of Green Gables
and other level 2 readers.

with activities that help learners

both understand and internalise srammar rules and avoid


common mistakes.

with a syllabus that focuses on


communication in real-world contexts and vocabulary.
be able to speak easily

be extensively prepared for school-leaving exams with a clear


syllabus supported by exam practice and exam strategies.

Teachers...
can make every lesson different with the variety of material in
the Students' Book, the video, the CD-ROM, photocopiables
and tests.
can easily adapt lessons and tests with photocopiables and

the Testmaster CD-ROM.

It's all in the name!


With

Success we recommend
the Longman Wordwise

Dictionary.

I S BN 978-0-582-85552-6

www.rongman.com

llil lllLl |

illljllllllil

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