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Distance Vector Routing

1. What are the two ways that routing table updates occur in a distance vector protocol?
2. What does a router send to its adjacent routers when it updates?
3. What occurs when inconsistent routing tables are not updated due to slow convergence in a
changing network?
4. What is the term when all routers have consistent knowledge or the NW(network) and correct
routing tables?
5. What is the term loops packets continuously around the network even when the destination
network is down?
6. Why do packets loop through the network ?
7. If a hop count metric is set to 15, what will happen when the packet hops to 16?
8. What is the term for a situation when incorrect information has been sent back to the router that
originally sent the information and its not accurate?
9. What two things are reduced by split horizon?
10. How can large routing loops be avoided?
11. Do routers have to wait 30 seconds before advertising poisoned routes?
12. Router-A is running RIP. Router-B detects that Router-A is down. It advertises the NW for
this link with a hop count metric of 16. What routing loop prevention method is en effect?
13. How often does RIP send updated routing tables?
14. When is a triggered update sent?
15. What causes a triggered update?
16. Who sends a triggered update?
17. When does a distance vector routing protocol set a hold-down timer on a route?
18. What does a router do when it receives an update from a neighbor router with a better metric
than it had originally recorded?
19. What is the maximum number of hops in a path?
20. What happens when the hop count is incremented +1 every hop and reaches 16?
21. What mode must you be in to set these two commands?
22. What is the term to indicate that all the routers in the internetwork have the same routing
23. What causes routing loops and counting to infinity in RIP routers?

24. What is the default hold-down time for RIP?

25. How RIP routes are indicated when you key the show ip route command?
26. The following line was shown in the output of the show ip route command. What is the
administrative distance of the routing protocol?
27. What is the maximum paths RIP can load balance over?
28. What is the term used when routers take turn load balancing?
29. If using RIP, which path will be given preference a 56Kbps or a 155 Mbps?
30. How many default static routes are installed when load balancing?
31. What are the 2 methods of load balancing IOS offers?
32. What is IGRPs default administrative distance?
33. What is RIPs default administrative distance?
34. Why would a static route be chosen over a RIP route?
35. How would an administrator configure a static route for use if a primary route failed?
36. When an interface goes down, what happens to all static routes pointing out that interface?
37. How often does IGRP send updates?