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STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT

OF
THE PROPOSED RESIDENTIAL BUILDING

Residential Building of

Mr. Dhan Bhadur Lasiwa


Byasi-10, Bhaktapur
Sep, 2016

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SN.

Title

Introduction

Page
No.
1

Design Approach and Methodology

Analysis

Analysis Inputs

Analysis Outputs

13

Design of Members

20

Annex

35

1.0
1.1

Introduction
Background
This report summarizes the structural analysis and design of the residential building.
The analysis and design has been based on the prevailing codes that are in practice in Nepal,
the National Building code of Nepal and the IS code at places. This report consists of the
design procedures adopted, the assumptions made, the inputs made in the design and the
design output.

1.2
1.2.1

1.2.2

Salient Features
Project Information
Client
Building Type
Location
Plinth Area

: Mr. Dhan Bhadur Lasiwa


: Residential
: Byasi-10, Bhaktapur
: 468.05 Sq. ft.

Building Features
Type of Structure
Storey
Storey Height
Total Height
Length
Breadth

: RCC Framed Structure


: Four
: 8.5
: 12.954 m (From Plinth level)
: 24 feet
: 18.5 feet

1.2.3

Material Specification
Concrete
: 2500 Kg/m3
Reinforcement
: 7850 Kg/m3
Brick Masonry
: 1920 Kg/m3

1.2.4

Site Condition
Soil Type
Seismic Zone Factor
Net safe bearing capacity

: Medium Soil (for seismic consideration as per IS 456)


: 0.36
: 150 KN/m2(Assumed)

Seismic Parameter
Seismic Wt.
Base Shear
Ah
Tx
Tz

: 2530.22 KN
: 227.72 KN
: 0.09
: 0.54787 sec
: 0.54787 sec

1.2.5

Column Base Identification

Grid Number according to structure modeling.

2.0

Design Approach and Methodology


2.1

General
The structure is analyzed with Finite Element Method (FEM). Beams and columns are
modeled as frame (line) elements with sufficient and appropriate meshing. Modulus of
elasticity and poissons ratio for the materials used are taken accordingly. The section
properties used are based on preliminary section sizing with consideration for deflection,
minimum sizing specified and serviceability. Computation for stiffness as a whole is carried
out using FEM based latest software.
Seismic Coefficient Method is used and it is applied for lateral seismic force distribution
generated with IS1893:2002 based.
The design horizontal seismic coefficient,
Ah = Z*I*(Sa/g) / (2R) (Cl. 6.4.2, IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002)
Where,
Z
I
R
Sa/g

= Zone factor
= Importance factor
= Response reduction factor
= average response acceleration coefficient

Design Seismic Base Shear


The total design lateral force or design seismic base shear (VB) along any principal direction is
determined by the following expression
VB = Ah*W (Cl. 7.5.3)
Where, Ah = The design horizontal seismic coefficient as above
W = Seismic weight of the building

Foundation design is carried out to satisfy strength and stability requirements.


2.2

Software used: (Introduction to Analysis software)


The analysis for the structural system was carried out using STAADPRO V8I SS, is a
product of Bentley System Inc. Exton, PA 19341, United States. It is a FEM based software
having facility of RC Design based on IS- 456:2000.
2.3

Structural Performance
Structural response under limit state of serviceability is thoroughly checked. The force
and stiffness relationship resulting the deflection under various load cases and combined action
of forces are duly evaluated. Basically short- term elastic deflection due to vertical loads and
lateral deflection due to seismic forces are of major importance along with the long-term
defection of beam elements under sustained loading condition due to shrinkage and creep are
also taken into account.
2.4

Deformation under Vertical Loads.


Maximum vertical deflection in all beam and slab elements that resulted under vertical
load of combined effect of self, imposed dead and live load are checked for critical elements
and maintained to be within permissible limit. Short-term elastic deflection and long-term
deflection due to shrinkage and creep due to sustained loads are also maintained within
permissible limits for all the elements.

3.0
Analysis
3.1

Loading details / Types of Loads.

A. Dead Load:
The Dead load comprises the loads due to the materials used in the construction
and parts or components in a building. It consists of the loads due to structural elements
like beam, column, wall, slab, staircase, etc; finishes applied in the building and some
permanent structures like water tanks etc.
B. Imposed Load:
The imposed load comprises the loads due to the physical contribution of people
and the loads due to the nature of occupancy, the furniture and other equipments which
are a part of the character of the occupancy. The imposed loads on the structural system
are based on the codal provisions as specified in IS 875(part2)-1987.
C. Earthquake load:
The Earthquake load is the horizontal /lateral load induced by the ground motion
due to earthquakes. The design lateral load / force is considered in two orthogonal
horizontal directions of the structures. The earthquake induced lateral loads on the
structural system are based on the codal provisions as specified in IS1893:2002
3.2

Material Specification
Considering Architectural, Economic and strength demands, reinforced cement
concrete (RCC) is used as the major structural material, the selected material also
confirms the availability and ease in construction. The concrete grade used is M20 as
per Indian Standard Specification. This material provides minimum grade of structural
concrete and favorable for easy production and quality control as well. Fe500 is
provided as longitudinal and Fe415 is provided as shear reinforcing in Beams,
Columns, foundations, and slabs wherever RCC is used.

Considerations of material for loading and strength parameter are as detailed below:
Structural Components:
Concrete
Grade: M20
Characteristic Compressive strength: 20 N/mm2
Unit weight: 25 KN/m3
Youngs modulus of elasticity (E) = 5000 fck N/mm2
22360680 KN/m2 (for M20)
Steel Reinforcement
(for both longitudinal and shear reinforcement)
Grade:Fe 500 Main Bar
Grade:Fe 415 for Shear
Yield stress: 500 N/mm2
Unit weight: 78.5 KN/m3

Non-Structural Components:
Brick Wall
Unit weight: 19 KN/m3
NOTE: During this design, brick is not considered as structural component and hence its strength is
not considered.

Finishing
Plaster
Unit Weight: 20.4 KN/m3
Floor Finish:
Specification:
Intensity:
Specification:
Intensity:

50mm thick screed + punning on floor


1 KN/m2
50mm thick marble on the floor
1.335 KN/m2
NOTE: During this design, a value of 1.5KN/m2is considered as floor finish load.
3.3 Loading on Structural Model
The following considerations are made during the loading on the structural model:
The loads distributed over the area are imposed on area element and that distributed
over length are imposed on line element whenever possible.
Where such loading is not applicable, equivalent conversion to different loading
distribution is carried to load the model near the real case as far as possible.
For lateral load, necessary calculations are performed to comply with the requirements
of IS1893:2002.
3.4 Load Cases
The following load cases were used for loading during the analysis:
Dead :
Self Weight of the building structural components
Finish :
Weight of the finishing of the slabs and staircases (including steps)
Wall :
Wall loads (including plaster)
Live :
Live load in the building area elements

Primary Load Cases


NUMBER
1
2
3
4
5
6

NAME
EQX
EQZ
DL
WALL LOAD
STAIRCASE LOAD
LIVE

TYPE
Seismic
Seismic
Dead
Dead
Dead
Live

3.5

Load Combination
The load combinations are based on IS456. The following load combinations are
specified by IS 456.
1) 1.5(TDL+IL)
2) 1.2(TDL+IL EQL)
3) 1.5(TDL EQL)
4) 0.9TDL 1.5EQL

3.6 Assumptions
The following assumptions are taken into consideration in the seismic resistant analysis and
design of structures:
Adequate supervision and quality systems are provided during execution of the works.
Construction is carried out by personnel having the appropriate skill and experience.
Construction materials and products confirm to the pertinent codes and specifications.
The structure is adequately maintained.
The structure is used in accordance with the design brief.
An earthquake is not likely to occur simultaneously with maximum flood, wind, waves
or tides.
Resonance as visualized under steady state sinusoidal excitation will not occur, as the
small duration of earthquake is not enough to build up resonance amplitudes.
Subsoil does not considerably settle or slide due to earthquake at the site of structure.
3.7

Load Calculations
3.7.1 Dead Load
Wall Load Calculation
Floor Height
Beam Depth
Description

SN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

2.5908
0.3556
Wall
Width(m)

Wall Plaster
Wall Plaster
Full Brick Wall
Full Brick Wall
Full Brick Wall
Full Brick Wall
Half Brick Wall
Half Brick Wall
Parapet Wall
3.7.2

Wall
Height
(m)

0.025
0.025
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.115
0.115
0.115

2.2352
0.9
2.2352
2.2352
2.2352
2.2352
2.2352
2.2352
0.9

Unit
Weight
(KN/m3)

Load
(KN/m)

20.4
20.4
19.2
19.2
19.2
19.2
19.2
19.2
19.2

1.1
0.5
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.9
4.9
4.9
2.0

Load
(KN/m)
With
Plaster

% of
opening

Final
Load

11.0
11.0
11.0
11.0
6.1
6.1
2.4

0
20
30
50
0
15
0

11.0
8.8
7.7
5.5
6.1
5.2
2.4

Live Load

Live Load
Rooms and Kitchen
Toilet and Bathroom
Corridor, passage, staircase
Balconies
Terrace

UDL (KN/m2)
2.0
2.0
3.0
3.0
1.5

3.7.3

Seismic Load
The seismic lateral load is calculated using the IS 1893:2002. The base shear
is applied with the coefficient as calculated hereunder:

SITE SUB-SOIL CATEGORY


SEISMIC ZONING FACTOR
IMPORTANCE FACTOR
STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE FACTOR
SA/G
AH

TYPE II(MEDIUM)
0.36
1.0
1.0
2.5
.09

4.0

Analysis Inputs

Job No

Bhaktapur Consult

Sheet No

Rev

1
Part

Software licensed to
Job Title

Ref
By

Client

File

Date15-Sep-16

Dhan Bdr.std

Date/Time

Chd

15-Sep-2016 23:16

Job Information
Engineer

Checked

Approved

Name:
15-Sep-16

Date:

SPACE FRAME

Structure Type
Number of Nodes
Number of Elements

75

Highest Node

78

117

Highest Beam

126

26

Highest Plate

161

Number of Plates
Number of Basic Load Cases

-2

Number of Combination Load Cases

16

Included in this printout are data for:


The Whole Structure
All
Included in this printout are results for load cases:
Type
L/C

Name

Primary

EQX

Primary

EQZ

Primary

DL

Primary

WALL LOAD

Primary

STAIRCASE LOAD

Primary

LIVE

Combination

1.5(TDL+LL)

Combination

1.2(TDL+LL)

Combination

1.2(TDL+LL+EQX)

Combination

10

1.2(TDL+LL+EQZ)

Combination

11

1.2(TD+LLL-EQX)

Combination

12

1.2(TDL+LL-EQZ)

Combination

13

1.5TDL

Combination

14

1.5(TDL+EQX)

Combination

15

1.5(TDL+EQZ)

Combination

16

1.5(TDL-EQX)

Combination

17

1.5(TDL-EQZ)

Combination

18

0.9TDL+1.5EQX

Combination

19

0.9TDL+1.5EQZ

Combination

20

0.9TDL-1.5EQX

Combination

21

0.9TDL-1.5EQZ

Combination

22

FOUNDATION

1 EQX : Seismic Loading


Code

Direction
X

Factor
1.000

Job No

Bhaktapur Consult

Sheet No

Rev

2
Part

Software licensed to
Job Title

Ref
By

Client

Date15-Sep-16

File

Date/Time

Dhan Bdr.std

Chd

15-Sep-2016 23:16

2 EQZ : Seismic Loading


Code

Direction

Factor

1.000

3 DL : Floor Loads
Load

Min Ht.

Max Ht.

Min X

Max X

Min Y

Max Y

(N/mm2)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

-0.001

0.000

15.000

3 DL : Selfweight
Direction
Y

Factor

Assigned Geometry

-1.000

ALL

4 WALL LOAD : Beam Loads


Beam

Type

Direction

Fa

Da

Fb

Db

(m)

Ecc.
(m)

10

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

11

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

12

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

14

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

15

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

16

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

17

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

18

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

19

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

20

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

21

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

31

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

32

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

33

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

35

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

36

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

37

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

38

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

39

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

40

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

41

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

42

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

52

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

53

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

54

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

56

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

57

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

58

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

59

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

60

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

61

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

10

Job No

Bhaktapur Consult

Sheet No

Rev

3
Part

Software licensed to
Job Title

Ref
By

Client

Date15-Sep-16

File

Date/Time

Dhan Bdr.std

Chd

15-Sep-2016 23:16

4 WALL LOAD : Beam Loads Cont...


Beam

Type

Direction

Fa

Da

Fb

Db

(m)

Ecc.
(m)

62

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

63

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.800

73

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

74

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.400

77

UNI

kN/m

GY

-6.100

78

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.400

79

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

80

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

81

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

82

UNI

kN/m

GY

-5.200

83

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.400

84

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.400

91

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.400

93

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.400

Fb

Db

Ecc.

5 STAIRCASE LOAD : Beam Loads


Beam

Type

Direction

Fa

Da
(m)

(m)

10

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.000

12

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.000

16

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.500

18

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.500

31

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.000

33

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.000

37

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.500

39

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.500

52

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.000

54

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.000

58

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.500

60

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.500

73

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.000

75

UNI

kN/m

GY

-8.000

79

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.500

81

UNI

kN/m

GY

-2.500

6 LIVE : Floor Loads


Load

Min Ht.

Max Ht.

Min X

Max X

Min Y

Max Y

(N/mm2)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

-0.002

0.000

12.000

-0.001

0.000

12.000

0.000

4.200

3.000

5.800

-0.002

12.000

15.000

11

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS
NUMBER OF PLATES
NUMBER OF SURFACES

75
26
0

NUMBER OF MEMBERS
NUMBER OF SOLIDS
NUMBER OF SUPPORTS

117
0
9

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER


TOTAL
PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
TOTAL LOAD COMBINATION CASES =

1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =


0 SO FAR.

240

Lateral Load Summary


*********************************************************
*
*
* TIME PERIOD FOR X 1893 LOADING =
0.54787 SEC
*
* SA/G PER 1893=
2.500, LOAD FACTOR= 1.000
*
* VB PER 1893=
0.0900 X
2530.22=
227.72 KN
*
*
*
*********************************************************

*********************************************************
*
*
* TIME PERIOD FOR Z 1893 LOADING =
0.54787 SEC
*
* SA/G PER 1893=
2.500, LOAD FACTOR= 1.000
*
* VB PER 1893=
0.0900 X
2530.22=
227.72 KN
*
*
*
*********************************************************

12

5.0

Analysis Outputs
Results from Structural models and analysis

13

Job No

Bhaktapur Consult

Sheet No

Rev

1
Part

Software licensed to
Job Title

Ref
By

Client

File

Date15-Sep-16
Date/Time

Dhan Bdr.std

Chd

15-Sep-2016 23:16

Node Displacement Summary


Node

L/C

Resultant

rX

rY

rZ

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(rad)

(rad)

(rad)

Max X

55

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

31.490

-1.564

1.682

31.573

0.000

0.001

-0.000

Min X

55

20:0.9TDL-1.5E

-1.212

-1.337

31.266

0.000

-0.001

-0.000

Max Y

75

1:EQX

-31.214
14.472

0.926

1.550

14.584

-0.000

0.000

-0.001

Min Y

74

16:1.5(TDL-EQ

-20.448

-2.180

20.729

0.000

-0.000

0.001

Max Z

59

15:1.5(TDL+EQ

0.312

-2.614
-1.506

30.635

30.674

0.000

0.001

-0.000
-0.000

Min Z

59

21:0.9TDL-1.5E

-0.365

-0.888

-0.000

-0.001

25

15:1.5(TDL+EQ

-0.962

-0.355

-30.177
13.881

30.193

Max rX

13.919

0.002

0.000

0.000

Min rX

19

17:1.5(TDL-EQ

-1.233

-0.535

-13.744

13.809

-0.000

-0.000

Max rY

64

15:1.5(TDL+EQ

-2.070

-0.712

30.126

30.206

-0.002
0.000

0.001

-0.000

Min rY

37

21:0.9TDL-1.5E

-2.752

-0.296

-26.441

26.585

-0.001

-0.000

Max rZ

21

16:1.5(TDL-EQ

-14.175

-0.266

0.912

14.207

0.000

-0.001
-0.000

Min rZ

10

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

6.041

-0.370

0.568

6.079

0.000

0.000

Max Rst

55

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

31.490

-1.564

1.682

31.573

0.000

0.001

-0.003
-0.000

0.002

Beam Displacement Detail Summary


Displacements shown in italic indicate the presence of an offset
Beam
L/C
d
X
(m)

(mm)

Resultant

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

Max X

101

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

0.000

31.478

-1.564

1.681

31.561

Min X

111

20:0.9TDL-1.5E

0.997

-1.157

-1.956

31.309

Max Y

103

1:EQX

0.686

0.533

2.152

18.266

Min Y

73

15:1.5(TDL+EQ

1.789

-31.226
18.131
2.563

25.012

25.310

Max Z

105

15:1.5(TDL+EQ

0.686

2.782

-2.902
-2.126

30.602

30.802

Min Z

104

21:0.9TDL-1.5E

0.686

-0.369

-0.888

30.162

Max Rst

101

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

0.000

31.478

-1.564

-30.147
1.681

31.561

Beam Force Detail Summary


Sign convention as diagrams:- positive above line, negative below line except Fx where positive is compression. Distance d is given from
beam end A.
Axial
Shear
Torsion
Bending
Beam
L/C
d
Fx
Fy
Fz
Mx
My
Mz
(m)

(kN)

(kN)

(kN)

(kNm)

(kNm)

(kNm)

Max Fx

7:1.5(TDL+LL)

0.000

713.351

2.877

0.167

-0.026

-0.124

2.509

Min Fx

2:EQZ

0.000

-2.265

-25.254

-0.490

38.334

-3.243

Max Fy

31

16:1.5(TDL-EQ

0.000

-139.033
15.957

76.244

0.024

-0.228

-0.043

83.857

Min Fy

10

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

3.577

-74.892

-0.012

0.116

-0.022

77.490

Max Fz

26

17:1.5(TDL-EQ

0.000

433.079

-77.366
1.648

50.693

1.030

-66.168

2.017

Min Fz

26

19:0.9TDL+1.5

0.000

274.433

6.275

-1.100

65.553

8.152

Max Mx

120

16:1.5(TDL-EQ

0.000

53.714

-48.175

-50.147
-18.999

1.688

2.559

1.008

Min Mx

126

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

0.000

56.024

48.631

-20.034

2.496

-2.309

Max My

19:0.9TDL+1.5

0.000

322.697

-4.118

-46.282

-1.763
-0.747

Min My

17:1.5(TDL-EQ

0.000

460.324

-2.731

46.908

0.714

Max Mz

31

16:1.5(TDL-EQ

0.000

15.957

76.244

0.024

Min Mz

26

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

2.591

434.134

57.271

-2.159

67.552

-3.203

-0.228

-67.931
-0.043

83.857

-0.871

-2.723

-73.669

-2.500

14

Job No

Bhaktapur Consult

Sheet No

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Reaction Summary
Node

L/C

Horizontal
FX

Vertical
FY

Horizontal
FZ

MX

Moment
MY

MZ

(kN)

(kN)

(kN)

(kNm)

(kNm)

(kNm)

Max FX

20:0.9TDL-1.5E

44.420

360.094

1.341

1.379

0.594

-64.603

Min FX

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

579.840

-1.101

-1.195

-0.627

68.211

Max FY

7:1.5(TDL+LL)

-48.567
-2.877

713.351

0.167

0.124

-0.026

2.509

Min FY

2:EQZ

2.265

-25.254

-38.334

-0.490

-3.243

Max FZ

17:1.5(TDL-EQ

2.731

-139.033
460.324

46.908

67.931

0.714

-2.500

Min FZ

19:0.9TDL+1.5

4.118

322.697

-67.552

-0.747

-3.203

Max MX

17:1.5(TDL-EQ

2.731

460.324

-46.282
46.908

67.931

0.714

-2.500

Min MX

19:0.9TDL+1.5

4.118

322.697

-46.282

-0.747

-3.203

Max MY

21:0.9TDL-1.5E

5.481

75.083

34.792

-67.552
57.709

0.722

-6.994

Min MY

15:1.5(TDL+EQ

1.713

579.468

-38.323

-60.849

Max MZ

14:1.5(TDL+EQ

-47.307

491.358

-0.734

-0.885

-0.755
-0.627

69.002

Min MZ

20:0.9TDL-1.5E

43.739

322.798

-1.970

-1.425

0.594

-65.786

1.097

Statics Check Results


L/C

FX

FY

FZ

MX

MY

MZ

(kN)

(kN)

(kN)

(kNm)

(kNm)

(kNm)

1:EQX

Loads

227.720

0.000

0.000

0.000

767.065

-2.24E+3

1:EQX

Reactions

-227.720

0.000

0.000

-0.000

-767.065

2.24E+3

Difference

-0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.000

-0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

227.720

2.24E+3

-846.735

0.000
0.000

2:EQZ

Loads

2:EQZ

Reactions

-0.000

-0.000

-227.720

-2.24E+3

846.735

Difference

-0.000

-0.000

0.000

-0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-1.32E+3

-0.000

3.8E+3

0.000

-5.16E+3
5.16E+3

3:DL

Loads

3:DL

Reactions

-0.000

1.32E+3

0.000

-3.8E+3

-0.000

Difference

-0.000

-0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.000

0.000

-843.689

0.000

2.52E+3

0.000

-3.25E+3
3.25E+3

4:WALL LOAD

Loads

4:WALL LOAD

Reactions

-0.000

843.689

0.000

-2.52E+3

0.000

Difference

-0.000

-0.000

0.000

-0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-283.018

0.000

1.24E+3

0.000

-655.227

5:STAIRCASE LO Reactions

-0.000

283.018

0.000

-1.24E+3

0.000

655.227

Difference

-0.000

-0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.000

0.000

-378.960

0.000

1.19E+3

0.000

-1.44E+3

5:STAIRCASE LO Loads

6:LIVE

Loads

6:LIVE

Reactions

-0.000

378.960

0.000

-1.19E+3

0.000

1.44E+3

Difference

-0.000

-0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.000

15

Storey Drift Summary


STORY
HEIGHT
LOAD
AVG. DISP(CM )
DRIFT(CM )
RATIO
STATUS
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(METE)
X
Z
X
Z
BASE=

0.00

ALLOW. DRIFT = L / 250

0.00

1
2

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000 L /999999
0.0000 L /999999

PASS
PASS

2.59

1
2

0.3759
0.0033

0.0035
0.3538

0.3759
0.0033

0.0035 L /
0.3538 L /

689
732

PASS
PASS

5.18

1
2

0.8886
0.0103

0.0108
0.8223

0.5126
0.0069

0.0072 L /
0.4685 L /

505
553

PASS
PASS

7.77

1
2

1.3581
0.0171

0.0514
1.2928

0.4695
0.0069

0.0407 L /
0.4705 L /

552
550

PASS
PASS

10.36

1
2

1.7072
0.0214

0.0212
1.5623

0.3492
0.0043

0.0303 L /
0.2695 L /

742
961

PASS
PASS

12.95

1
2

1.9408
0.0231

0.0975
1.8796

0.2335
0.0017

0.0763 L /
0.3173 L /

1109
816

PASS
PASS

13.29

1
2

1.9521
0.0231

0.0976
1.8859

0.0113
0.0000

0.0001 L /
0.0063 L /

2989
5355

PASS
PASS

14.17

1
2

1.9592
0.0231

0.0978
1.8997

0.0072
0.0000

0.0002 L / 12294
0.0138 L / 6377

PASS
PASS

16

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3D Rendered View

Y
Z X

Load 7 : Axial Force

Whole Structure Fx 600kN:1m 7 1.5(TDL+LL)

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Y
Z X

Load 7 : Shear Y

Whole Structure Fy 100kN:1m 7 1.5(TDL+LL)

Y
Z X

Load 7 : Bending Z

Whole Structure Mz 55kNm:1m 7 1.5(TDL+LL)

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Y
Z X

Load 7 : Beam Stress

Whole Structure Beam Stress 9.8e+006mm:m 7 1.5(TDL+LL)

Y
Z X

Load 1 : Displacement

Whole Structure Displacements 30mm:1m 1 EQX

19

6.0

Design of Members

20

Design of Beams and Columns


The design of beams and columns are done from the software itself. However, it is to
be notified that the limitations of the design by the software have been evaluated and the
adjustments have been made accordingly. The samples (summary) of the design through the
software based on IS456: 2000 has been presented hereunder.

Design of Foundation
Modeling, analysis and design is carried out using the software. However design of the
individual elements is carried out manually. Results of the design output of beams and columns
given by the software are directly used but the design of slab, staircase and foundation is
checked manually. The sample calculation of the individual elements is presented below.
Design of Slab and Staircase
A sample design of the critical slab is carried out in Excel. Similarly, the Sample design
of Staircase with calculation of loading of staircase is also carried out in Excel. Both the
calculations are shown here under.

21

Column Reinforcement Summary


SN

Column
Name

A1

A2

A3

B1

B2

B3

C1

C2

C3

Column Size
L (in) B (in)

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

Reinforcement
Bars
4-20 + 4-16
8-16
4-16 + 4-12
8-12
8-12

AP
2061
1608
1257
905
905

Dia./Leg

Side

Mid

GF
1F
2F
3F
4F

AR
1559
869
869
812
440

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

GF
1F
2F
3F
4F

1720
1639
1487
1112
743

4-20 + 4-16
4-20 + 4-16
8-16
4-16 + 4-12
8-12

2061
2061
1608
1257
905

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

GF
1F
2F
3F
4F

1579
988
931
788
359

4-20 + 4-16
8-16
4-16 + 4-12
8-12
8-12

2061
1608
1257
905
905

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

GF
1F
2F
3F
4F

1719
1579
1297
827
540

4-20 + 4-16
8-16
8-16
4-16 + 4-12
8-12

2061
1608
1608
1257
905

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

GF
1F
2F
3F
4F

1872
1908
1496
860
743

4-20 + 4-16
4-20 + 4-16
8-16
4-16 + 4-12
8-12

2061
2061
1608
1257
905

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

GF
1F
2F
3F
4F

1637
1189
1032
737
392

4-20 + 4-16
8-16
4-16 + 4-12
8-12
8-12

2061
1608
1257
905
905

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

GF
1F
2F
3F
4F

1439
937
855
935

8-16
8-16
4-16 + 4-12
4-16 + 4-12

1608
1608
1257
1257

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

GF
1F
2F
3F
4F

1416
1095
981
884

8-16
8-16
4-16 + 4-12
4-16 + 4-12

1608
1608
1257
1257

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

GF
1F
2F
3F
4F

1207
879
929
966

8-16
8-16
4-16 + 4-12
4-16 + 4-12

1608
1608
1257
1257

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

8/4L

4" c/c

6" c/c

Floor

Lateral Ties

22

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Concrete Design

Beam no. 4
Design Code: IS-456

0.305

0.305 m

Design Load

Design Results

Load

15

Location

End 1

Pu(Kns)

518.450012

Mz(Kns-Mt)

4.630000

My(Kns-Mt)

67.459999

Fy(Mpa)

500

Fc(Mpa)

20

As Reqd(mm)

1720.000000

As (%)

1.948000

Bar Size

12

Bar No

16

23

BEAM DETAILS
FLOOR
Dim

Grids

REINFORCEMENT FOR BEAM

Ground Tie 9"X9" All

First

Second

Third

Forth

14"X9" All

14"X9" All

14"X9" All

14"X9" All

Roof and all 14"X9" All

no.
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

Top
no.
12
12
12
16
3
16
16
3
16
3
16
16
3
16
2
16
16
2
16
1
16
16
1
16
16
16

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

no.
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
3

Bottom

no.
12
12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
12
12
12

area total
Percent limit 2.5%
Top Bottom Ast top% Ast bot %
0.449
0.449
339.3 339.3
0.449
0.449
339.3 339.3
0.449
0.449
339.3 339.3
1.249
0.799
942.5 603.2
0.799
0.799
603.2 603.2
1.249
0.799
942.5 603.2
1.249
0.799
942.5 603.2
0.799
0.799
603.2 603.2
1.249
0.799
942.5 603.2
1.099
0.799
829.4 603.2
0.799
0.799
603.2 603.2
1.099
0.799
829.4 603.2
0.949
0.799
716.3 603.2
0.799
0.533
603.2 402.1
0.949
0.799
716.3 603.2
0.799
0.449
603.2 339.3
0.799
0.449
603.2 339.3
0.799
0.449
603.2 339.3

Stirrups

end ties
8@
120 mm
c/c
8@
100 mm
c/c
8@
100 mm
c/c
8@
100 mm
c/c
8@
100 mm
c/c
8@
100 mm
c/c

mid ties
8@
150 mm
c/c
8@
150 mm
c/c
8@
150 mm
c/c
8@
150 mm
c/c
8@
150 mm
c/c
8@
150 mm
c/c

portion of
beam
Left end
Mid
Right end
Left end
Mid
Right end
Left end
Mid
Right end
Left end
Mid
Right end
Left end
Mid
Right end
Left end
Mid
Right end

24

Job No

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Concrete Design

Beam no. 10
Design Code: IS-456
7#12 @ 324.60 0.00 To 2384.67

6#12 @ 324.60 2384.67 To 3577.00

14 # 8 c/c 125.00

14 # 8 c/c 125.00

2#16 @ 33.00 0.00 To 3577.00

at 0.000

at 1788.502

Design Load

at 3577.003

Design Parameter

Mz(Kn Met)

Dist.et

Load

45.480000

0.000000

18

-81.919998

0.000000

16

-77.489998

3.600000

14

Fy(Mpa)

500.000000

Fc(Mpa)

20.000000

Depth(m)

0.355600

Width(m)

0.228600

Length(m)

3.577003

25

A1
A2
A3
B1
B2
B3
C1
C2
C3

150 KN/m2
Isolated Square

Foundation wt.

10%

Load Combination

DL+LL
SIZE OF FOOTING

FY (kN)

308.44
374.85
260.91
395.57
475.57
360.50
186.14
263.94
195.79

AREA
m2
2.262
2.749
1.913
2.901
3.487
2.644
1.365
1.936
1.436

Name

L/W
Req.

L/B (m)
Provided

L/B (ft)

AREA (m2)

F1
F2
F1
F2
F3
F2
F1
F1
F1

1.50
1.66
1.38
1.70
1.87
1.63
1.17
1.39
1.20

1.68
1.83
1.68
1.83
1.98
1.83
1.68
1.68
1.68

5 '- 6.0''
6 '- 0.0''
5 '- 6.0''
6 '- 0.0''
6 '- 6.0''
6 '- 0.0''
5 '- 6.0''
5 '- 6.0''
5 '- 6.0''

2.8
3.3
2.8
3.3
3.9
3.3
2.8
2.8
2.8

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

Total depth at
face of
Column (mm)

Soil Bearing Capacity


Footing Type

Depth at the
edge of footing
(mm)

Grid Num

FOOTING DESIGN SUMMARY

350
350
350
350
350
350
350
350
350

Spacing

of bar

(Inch)

12

Provide Double Tie Beam along X-X direction and Z-Z direction throughout the all footing. Also provide Strap Footing for
eccentric footing.

26

Design of Sloped Square footing


Ref

Step

Calculations

1.0 Initial Input data


Unfactored Axial load of Column:
Column Width:
Column Depth:
Concrete Grade:
Steel Grade:
Soil Bearing Capacity:

Output
475.570
304.800
304.800
20.000
500.000
150

kN
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
kN/m2

475.570
10.000
523.127
1.867
1.982

kN

2.0 Size of the Footing


Net Weight
Assumed footing weight % ,
Gross Footing weight,
Footing width
Adopted width/length
IS 456
Cl.34.2.2

Providing a square ledge

609.570 mm
around the coulmns.

3.0 Ultimate loads from column


Factored load:
Upward pressure:

SP 16

kN
m
m

4.0 Depth from moment consideration


Taking moment about face of the column
For a conservative estimate of (d)
2
Mxx= P/8L*(B-d)
B:
b:
Mxx:
Breadth Resisting Moment:
For Fe 415, Mu=0.138fckbd2

Size of Footing
Length: 6 '- 6.0'' ft
Breadth: 6 '- 6.0'' ft.
2.00

ft

713.355 kN
2
0.182 N/mm

1981.707
304.800
2
1.265E+08 N/mm
609.570 mm

For Fe 500, Mu=0.133fckbd2


d:
Provided effective depth at column face
Provide depth at edge of footing
Provided cover for steel

279.347
300.000
150.000
50.000

mm
mm
mm
mm

5.0 Check depth from one way shear


IS 456
Take section at effective depth from the face of the column
Cl 34.2.4.1 a
minimum dimension of column
304.800
Distance of section from edge of
footing equals to( Along minimum
dimension of column:
538.454 mm
o
Breadth of column face at this section with 45 diagonal
b1
904.800 mm
141.162 kN
V1
246.055 mm
effective depth of section d1

27

Design of Sloped Square footing


Ref

Step

Calculations

Output

IS 456

c(required)

2
0.634 N/mm

For Grade 20 with nominal steel


Concrete design shear strength

2
2.800 N/mm

Cl 34.2.4.1 b
From IS 456
Table 20

6.0 Check for Two way shear


Section at d/2 from face of column
d/2:
IS 456
Distance of section from edge of footin
Cl 34.2.4.1(b)
b2:
d2
V2

150.000
688.454
604.800
272.813
646911.8

mm
mm
mm
mm
N
2
0.980 N/mm

p:
IS 456
Cl 31.6.3.2

Safe in one way shear

Shear Capacity of concrete


c=0.25fck

1.118 N/mm

Safe in Two way shear

7.0 Area of steel required


For a economical solution is to take moments of the pressures
inside the diagonals
Mx=P/24LB(2L+a)(B-b)2
Mx:
2
M/(fck b d )

From Table

90.84 kN-m
2
0.083 mm

Lever Arm factor


As=Mu/0.87fydLa

0.88

Area of steel required:

2
791.0 mm

Assume bar dia meter


#of bars
Area of total bars

12.0 mm
10.0 nos.
2
1131.0 mm

8.0 Distribution of steel-Check for Spacing


Distribute total steel uniformly as per IS.
Provide cover to effective depth of
Hence, Spacing
spacing less than 300

50.000 mm
209.079 mm

no. bars sufficient


2
Steel provide 1130.97 mm

50 mm side cover
Spacing = 209.08

spacing less than 3d

9.0 Check for development Length


Required Ld:
684.000 mm
Available Length:
686.069 mm
sufficient development length

28

Design of Sloped Square footing


Ref

Step

Calculations

10.0 Overall Dimension of the footing


L=B=
at edge of footing to
at face of column

Output
1981.707 mm
200.000 mm
350.000 mm

depth of footing at the edge


200.00 mm
depth of footing at the face
of column
350.00 mm

Modifying Area of steel on full breadth and mean depth


Mean depth considering the whole wid
248.070 mm

SP 16 Table 1

M/bd2:
p:
As:
Assume bar diameter:
# of bars
Provided Area of total bars
Hence, Spacing is

0.745
0.181 %
2
889.799 mm

12.0
10.0
1131.0
209.079

mm
nos.
mm2
mm

no. bars sufficient

Spacing = 8.23

29

inch

Design of Two Way Slab


L short =
L long =
lx =
ly =
fck =
fy =
Dia. Of Bar =

2.75
3.03
2.629
2.911
20
500
8

ly/lx =

m
m
m
m
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm

1.11

Two Way Slab


Overall depth of Slab (D) =
Effective depth (d) =

127 mm
107 mm

Load Calculation
Dead Load of Slab =
Floor Finish =
Partition load =
Total Dead Load =

3.175
1.5
2
6.675

8.675 KN/m2
13.0125 KN/m2

Total Load =
Factored Load =
4

Type the Value for Slab Type =

MxMyMx+
My+

KN/m2
KN/m2
KN/m2
KN/m2

2 KN/m2

Live Load =

xyx+
y+

Status
DEPTH OK

0.054
0.047
0.041
0.035

4.9
4.2
3.7
3.1

KNm
KNm
KNm
KNm

Type of Slab
Interior Pannels
One Short Edge Discontinuous
One Long Edge Discontinuous
Two Adjacent Edge Discontinuous
Two Short Edges Discontinuous
Two Long Edges Discontinuous
Three Edge Discontinuous (One Long Edge Co
Three Edge Discontinuous (One Short Edge C
Four Edge Discontinuous

Value
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Check for Depth Due to Moment


d=
Check

42.73 mm
OK

30

Calculation of Area of Steel Required


Area

Check
Calculated
For
mm2
Min. Area
107
FALSE
93
FALSE
81
FALSE
69
FALSE

AstxAstyAstx+
Asty+

Area
Req
mm2
153
153
153
153

Dia. Of bar
Used
mm
8
8
8
8

Suggestted
Spacing
mm
329
329
329
329

Provide
Spacing
mm
150
150
150
150

Provided
Area
mm2
335
335
335
335

Minimum Area of Steel


Ast,min

152.4 mm2
Check for Shear Force

Maximum Shear Force =

Overall Depth
300 or More
275
250
225
200
175
150 or Less

17.10 KN/m

Nominal Shear Stress, Tv =

0.16 N/mm2

Pecent of Steel, p% =

0.32 %

Shear Strength of Concrete, Tc =

0.39 N/mm2

k=
1.3
Shear Strength in Slabs, Tc'=
Check
OK

0.51 N/mm2

K
1.00
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.25
1.3

Check for Deflection

=
=
=

133 N/mm2

Steel Stresss of Service Loads, fs =


Modification Factors
23
1.070
2

Type

Allowable Value =
Actual Value (Ls/Deff)=

49.2
24.6

Check
OK
Depth from Deflection =

53.4 mm

Cantilever
Simply Supported
Continuous
One side continuous

Value of
7
20
26
23

31

STAIRCASE DESIGN CALCULATION


230
230
1143

LANDING B

LANDING A

LANDING A

254
1143
1.358

1143

1270

1143

914.4
15
254
15
182.9
313
Material Properties
Fc
Fy
wconc
k
kxm

20
500
25
0.133
0.46

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

Step section
Inclined Slab
Finish
Total Area
DL of step section, 1m in width

0.023
0.039
0.007
0.069

m2
m2
m2
m2

DL per m2 on plan
LL per m2 on plan

1.723
6.782
3

kN/m
kN/m2
kN/m2

Total Load
Factored Load
Per m run

9.782
14.673
16.771

kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m

125
Dimensions
As shown
Cover

15

mm

LOADS
Dead Load of flight

6.8
7.8 Load applied in
model

32

STAIRCASE DESIGN CALCULATION


Landing A
Self weight of slab 3.125
Finish 0.375
Live Load 3.000
Total Load 6.500
Factored Load 9.750
Per m run 11.144
Load per m. run on Land. A for whole length
5.6

kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m

3.5
4.0
2.0 Load applied in
model

kN/m

Landing B
Per m run 11.144 kN/m
Factored load same as Landing A up to of B
0.763 m
Load per m. run on Land. B whole length
kN/m
5.6
As per clause 33.2 of IS456, in a distance of 150mm from wall, there will be no live load
In a distance equal to 150mm from the wall and a distance of 75mm inside the wall only dead load
will be considered
Total factored load in this region
6.001

kN/m

Design of stair flight


16.8 KN/m
5.6 KN/m

5.6
KN/m

A
1.143
cumulative Distance (for X)
cumulative Distance (for Z)
Reaction at support B,
Rb
Ra

1.27
1.14
1.14
16.53
17.61

1.143

2.41 3.56
1.40 2.5
KN
KN

Let point of zero shear force occurs at distance x from A


x,
1.81
m
Max. BM occur at this distance 20.21 kNm
Effective depth of slab is
Adopted overall depth,D
d
At required
At provided

82
125
104
554

562

mm
mm
mm
mm2
12
mm2

mm C/C
230
OK SAFE
33

STAIRCASE DESIGN CALCULATION

CHECK
Check for shear
Nominal shear stress tv
% steel
tc

0.15
0.47
0.56

N/mm2
N/mm2
OK SAFE

Check for development length


Tbd
1.2
Multiplication factor for Ld 56.641
Ld 679.688 mm
z

Moment of resistance,M1
V
Let Lo
1.3M1/V + Lo
Max. Dia of bar

Bottom bar along Stair


Distribution bar

20.50
16.53
0.00
1.61
28.47

DESIGN
12
12

kNm
kN
mm
m
mm

mm
mm

OK SAFE

230 c/c per metre


230 c/c per metre

34

Annex
References
IS: 456 2000

Code of Practice for Plain and Reinforced Concrete

IS: 875 (Parts 1-5)

NBC 105: 1994

Code of practice for design loads (other than earthquake) for buildings and
structures (second revision)
Part 1 Dead loads
Part 2 Imposed loads
Code of practice for Seismic Design of Buildings in Nepal

IS: 1893 2002

Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures

IS: 13920 - 1993


SP: 16 1980

Ductile Detailing of Reinforced Concrete Structures subjected to Seismic


forces - Code of Practice
Design Aids for Reinforced Concrete to IS: 456 1978

SP: 34 1987

Handbook on Concrete Reinforcement Detailing

Pillai

Pillai, S. Unnikrishna, Marie A. Erki, and Donald Wayne Kirk. Reinforced


concrete design. Whitby, Ont.: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1999.

Sinha, S.N.

Sinha, S. N. (2002). Reinforced concrete design. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.

35