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DESIGN OF BARREL (1v 2.2 x 2.

2)
LOAD CALCULATIONS

Operation Condition
0.075

0.59 kN/sq m

442.780
442.355

0.350

2.625

0.350

2.200

0.59 kN/sq m

0.350

2.200
9.46 kN/sq m

440.155
439.730

0.350

9.46 kN/sqm

2.550
2.900
Grade of Concrete
Grade of Reinforcement =
Bulk Density of Soil =
Submerged Density of soil
Angle of Internal Friction =
Density of Concrete =
Density of Wearing Coat =
Density of Water =
Coefficient of Active Earth Pressure =

Load Case 1:

M
Fe
21
11
32
25
24
10
1-sin
1+sin

20
415
kN/m3
kN/m3
Deg.
kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m3

0.307

Load on Top Slab


Selfweight of slab =
Load deu to wearing coat =

Load due to Class A Loading


Total Load =
Dispersion Area =

0.35x25=
0.075x24

8.75 kN/m2
1.8 kN/m2

Considering 2 axles of 11.4 t each, keeping the axles


close to intake well
22.8
t
=

(1.8 + 0) x (1.2 + 2 x 0)
1.2 m

1.8 m

m2

74.556 kN/m2
85.11 kN/m2

=
=
=

39.8125 kN
13.73 kN/m2
98.834 kN/m2

Pressure at C/L of Top Slab

0.307x11x0.175=

0.591 kN/m2

Pressure at C/L of Bottom Slab

0.307x11x2.8=

9.464 kN/m2

Load per m2 =
Total Load

223.668/3=
1.8+ 8.75 + 74.56

Load Case 2:
Load on Bottom slab :
Load due to Vertical Walls =
2 x 0.35 x 2.275 x 25=
39.813 / 2.9
Load per m2 =
Net upward load on Base Slab = 85.11+13.7
Load Case 3:
Submerged Earth Pressure:

Construction Condition
Load Case 1:
Q

Load on Top slab :

114
=
57
2
Effective width of the slab on which the laod acts, e

kN
=

K x (1+(x/l)) +W

x
W

Distance of C.G of point Load from the nearest support


Breadth of concentrated area of load =(g+ 2h) where g is the length of

a constant depending on L/l, where L is the width of the slab


for continuous slab =
2.6

=
=

2.6 x 0.95 x ( 1-(0.25 / 2.9))) + (0.5)


2.76
m

Load per m

57
2.76

20.7

kN/m over a contact Length of


0.25 m

Load Case 2:

Load on Bottom slab :


Net upward load on Base Slab = 13.73+ (20.68/2.9) +8.75
= 29.607 kN/m2

Load Case 3:
Saturated Earth Pressure:
Pressure at C/L of Top slab =
Pressure at C/L of Bottom Slab

0.307x21x0.175=
0.307x21x2.55=

1.129 kN/m2
16.454 kN/m2

2.9 m
0.95

1.2 m

0.25

1.8

m
Q

The vertical stress at any point z beneath the load is given by Boussinesq's equation
Lateral Pressure ( x)

P/2

(Poisson's ratio )

0.2

###

3zr2/R5

- (1-2)/R(R+z)

For wheel 1
r
R
For wheel 2
r
R
###
For wheel 1
r
R
For wheel 2
r
R
For wheel 1
###
For wheel 2
###
For wheel 1
###
For wheel 2
###

=
=

0.25
0.31

m
m

=
=

1.80
1.81

m
m

=
=

0.00
2.55

m
m

=
=

1.80
3.12

m
m

=
=

9.07
75.33

12.40 - 4.09
kN/sq m

=
=

9.07
-0.72

0.09 - 0.17
kN/sq m

=
=

9.07
-0.42

0.00 - 0.05
kN/sq m

=
=

9.07
0.45

0.08 - 0.03
kN/sq m

Resultant Load @
Resultant Load @

z=0.18
z=2.55

=
=

75.33
-0.42

-0.72
+ 0.45

=
=

74.61
0.03

kN/sq m
kN/sq m

Case-1: One axle on bund and approaching barrel


10.6 kN/m2
20.7 kN
1.13

2.550

0.350

0.350

2.200
2.200

74.61

1.13

0.03

16.45

0.350

0.075
16.45

0.350
22.478

B
kN/m2

2.550
2.900
Case-2: Both axles on barrel
###
1.13

20.7 kN
D

2.575

1.2 m
20.7 kN

0.300

0.350

2.200
2.200

1.13

0.350

0.075
16.45

0.300
29.607
2.550
2.900

B
kN/m2

16.45

Case-3:
Thickness of sealing Coat =

1.13 kN/sq m

0.075

442.780
442.355

0.350

2.625

0.350

2.200

1.13 kN/sq m

0.350

2.200
16.45 kN/sq m

0.350

440.155
439.730

16.45 kN/sqm

2.550
2.900
Saturated Earth Pressure:
Pressure at C/L of Top Slab

0.307x21x0.175=

Pressure at C/L of Bottom Slab

0.307x21x2.55=

1.129 kN/m2
16.454 kN/m2

ANALYSIS & RESULTS

Rect 0.30x1.00 = 1.3 m

Rect 0.30x1.00 = 1.5 m

Rect 0.30x1.00 = 1.5 m

Y
Z

Load 5
Rect 0.30x1.00 = 1.3 m

GEOMETRY & DIMENSION DETAILS

LOADING DIAGRAM

-122.090 kN/m
-16.900 kN/m

16.900 kN/m

LOADING DIAGRAM

Y
Z

Load 1
-22.220 kN/m

22.220 kN/m

134.050 kN/m

OPERATION CONDITION

-7.500 kN/m
kN /m
-0.970

0.970 kN/m
-0.720
kN /m

Y
Z

Load 2
-11.130 kN/m

-3.380
11.130
kN/m
kN/m

43.606 kN /m

CONSTR UCTION
CONDITION
CASE 1
-38.600 kN/m
-7.500 kN/m
-0.970 kN /m

-0.720
0.970 kN
kN/m
/m

Y
Z

Load 2
-11.130 kN/m

-3.380
11.130
kN/m
kN/m

43.606 kN /m

-38.600 kN/m
-7.500 kN/m
-0.970 kN /m

-0.720
0.970 kN
kN/m
/m

Y
Z

Load 3
-11.130 kN/m
19.453 kN/m

-3.380
11.130
kN/m
kN/m

CONSTR UCTION
CONDITION
CASE 2

-122.090 kN/m
- 31.000 kN/m

31.000 kN/m

Y
Z

Load 4
- 43.000 kN/m
134.050 kN/m

CONSTR UCTION
CONDITION
CASE 3

STAAD INPUT

STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 06-Jan-06
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 1.305 0 0; 3 0 1.305 0; 4 1.305 1.305 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 3 4; 2 1 3; 3 2 4; 4 1 2;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC CONCRETE
E 2.236e+007
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 25
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL CONCRETE ALL
MEMBER PROPERTY INDIAN
4 PRIS YD 0.3 ZD 1
1 PRIS YD 0.3 ZD 1
2 PRIS YD 0.3 ZD 1
3 PRIS YD 0.3 ZD 1
SUPPORTS
1 2 PINNED
LOAD 1 OPERATION CONDITION

43.000 kN/m

*LOAD ON TOP SLAB


MEMBER LOAD
1 UNI GY -66.06
*LOAD ON BOTTOM SLAB
MEMBER LOAD
4 UNI GY 76.135
*ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE
MEMBER LOAD
2 TRAP Y -7.52 -2.873
3 TRAP Y 7.52 2.873
LOAD 2 CONSTRUCTION CONDITION-CASE-1
MEMBER LOAD
1 UNI GY -7.5
*LOAD ON BOTTOM SLAB
MEMBER LOAD
4 UNI GY 41.73
*ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE
MEMBER LOAD
2 TRAP Y -9.84 -0.968
3 TRAP Y 9.84 0.968
*LATERAL PRESSURE DUE TO IRC WHEEL LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
3 TRAP GX -4.05 -0.72
LOAD 3 CONSTRUCTION CONDITION-CASE-2
*LOAD ON TOP SLAB
MEMBER LOAD
1 UNI GY -7.5
*LOAD ON BOTTOM SLAB
MEMBER LOAD
4 UNI GY 19.453
*ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE
MEMBER LOAD
2 TRAP Y -9.84 -0.968
3 TRAP Y 9.84 0.968
*LATERAL PRESSURE DUE TO IRC AXLE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
3 TRAP GX -4.05 -0.72
*VERTICAL PRESSURE DUE TO IRC AXLE LOAD
1 UNI GY -38.6 0.525 0.775
LOAD 4 CONSTRUCTION CONDITION-CASE-3
MEMBER LOAD
1 UNI GY -66.06
MEMBER LOAD
4 UNI GY 76.135
MEMBER LOAD
2 TRAP Y -14.36 -5.5
3 TRAP Y 14.36 5.5
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE NSECTION 6 LIST 1 TO 3
FINISH

Y
Z

Load 0 : Shear Y

SHEAR FORCE ENVELOPING DIAGRAM

Y
Z

Load 0 : Shear Y

SHEAR FORCE ENVELOPING DIAGRAM

Y
Z

Load 0 : B ending Z

BEND ING MOMENT EN VELOPING DIAGR AM

DESIGN FORCES
Beam

L/C

1 OC

2 CC-1

3 CC-2

4 CC-3

1 OC

2 CC-1

d
(m)
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

Fx
(kN)
2.265
2.265
2.265
2.265
2.265
2.265
2.265
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
5.451
5.451
5.451
5.451
5.451
5.451
5.451
5.622
5.622
5.622
5.622
5.622
5.622
5.622

Fy
(kN)
108.728
72.485
36.243
0
-36.243
-72.485
-108.728
39.316
34.803
30.289
25.775
21.261
16.747
12.233
17.191
12.677
8.163
-1.526
-6.04
-10.64
-20.242
108.728
72.485
36.243
0
-36.243
-72.485
-108.728

Mz
(kNm)
23.488
-15.096
-38.246
-45.962
-38.246
-15.096
23.488
42.698
26.917
13.058
1.121
-8.894
-16.987
-23.157
5.194
-1.165
-5.602
-6.94
-5.329
-1.796
5.237
24.411
-14.173
-37.323
-45.039
-37.323
-14.173
24.411

Beam

Section @

Fx

Fy

Mz

0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027

108.728
72.485
36.243
-1.526
-36.243
-72.485
-108.728

42.698
-15.096
-38.246
-45.962
-38.246
-16.987
24.411

0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
39.316
39.316
39.316
39.316
39.316
39.316
39.316

10.574
6.861
3.777
1.322
-0.503
-1.699
-2.265
-15.569
-22.03
-27.404
-31.691
-34.89
-37.002
-38.027

29.278
25.588
23.346
22.282
22.13
22.621
23.488
-34.105
-26.061
-15.497
-2.876
11.339
26.684
42.698

Beam
2

Section @
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

Fx
108.728
112.456
116.183
119.911
123.629
127.357
131.084

Fy
17.007
10.546
5.172
1.322
-34.89
-37.002
-38.027

Mz
30.403
25.588
23.346
22.282
22.13
26.684
42.698

3 CC-2

4 CC-3

1 OC

2 CC-1

3 CC-2

4 CC-3

1 OC

2 CC-1

3 CC-2

4 CC-3

0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

17.191
17.191
17.191
17.191
17.191
17.191
17.191
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728

17.007
10.546
5.172
0.885
-2.314
-4.426
-5.451
16.836
10.375
5.001
0.714
-2.485
-4.597
-5.622

11.623
5.795
2.487
1.236
1.579
3.053
5.194
30.403
24.648
21.413
20.234
20.65
22.196
24.411

0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
-12.233
-12.233
-12.233
-12.233
-12.233
-12.233
-12.233
20.242
20.242
20.242
20.242
20.242
20.242
20.242
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728
108.728

-10.574
-6.861
-3.777
-1.322
0.503
1.699
2.265
-79.784
-70.663
-57.337
-39.805
-18.067
7.877
38.027
-17.007
-10.546
-5.172
-0.885
2.314
4.426
5.451
-16.836
-10.375
-5.001
-0.714
2.485
4.597
5.622

-29.278
-25.588
-23.346
-22.282
-22.13
-22.621
-23.488
-62.425
-30.243
-2.84
17.992
30.463
32.782
23.157
-11.666
-5.838
-2.53
-1.279
-1.622
-3.096
-5.237
-30.403
-24.648
-21.412
-20.234
-20.65
-22.196
-24.411

Beam
3

Section @
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

Fx
108.728
112.456
116.183
119.911
123.629
127.357
131.084

0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-126.255
-84.17
-42.085
0
42.085
84.17
126.255
9.063
18.635
28.208
37.781
47.353
56.926
66.499
-37.806
-25.199
-12.591
0.017
12.624
25.232
37.84
-126.255
-84.17
-42.085
0
42.085

-29.278
15.525
42.407
51.368
42.407
15.525
-29.278
34.105
28.207
18.234
4.184
-13.943
-36.146
-62.425
-11.623
1.791
9.837
12.515
9.823
1.763
-11.666
-30.403
14.4
41.282
50.243
41.282

Beam
4

Section @
0
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

Fx
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Fy
-79.784
-70.663
-57.337
-39.805
2.485
7.877
38.027

Mz
-62.425
-30.243
-23.346
-22.282
-22.13
-22.621
-24.411

Fy
Mz
-126.255 -30.403
-84.17
28.207
-42.085 42.407
0
51.368
47.353
42.407
84.17
15.525
126.255 -62.425

2.129
2.555

0
0

84.17
126.255

14.4
-30.403

DESIGN OF EXTERNAL WALL


Beam

L/C

ENV

Section @
(m)
0.000
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

Fx
(kN)
108.728
112.456
116.183
119.911
123.629
127.357
131.084

Fy
(kN)
79.784
70.663
57.337
39.805
2.485
7.877
38.027

Mz
(kNm)
62.425
30.243
23.346
22.282
22.130
22.621
24.411

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete
Grade of Reinforcement
Modular Ratio
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
Permissible stress in steel

M
Fe
13.333
7
5
150

k = m cbc/ mcbc +st


j = 1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j cbc =

MPa
MPa
MPa

0.384
0.872
1.171 MPa

Max Support Moment =


Max Span Moment =
S.F @
0.487 mm fromC/L of Sup. =
Effective Depth Required =

20
415

62.425 kNm
22.282 kNm
68.755 kN

62.425 E06
(1.171x1000)
230.9 mm

Overall depth Required =


However Provide
deff =

230.9
350
350
312

30
+
8
268.9 mm
mm thk Slab from Shear stress consideration
30
8
mm

DESIGN OF SECTION
Reinforcement at Support Section
62.425 E06
Ast =
=
150x0.873x312
Provide
16
mm bars@
131.464 mm say
Ast =
1675.5 sq.mm/m
pt =
0.537
Asmin=
0.183
Hence OK
Reinforcement at Span Portion
22.282 E06
Ast =
=
150x0.873x312
Provide
16
mm bars@
368.308 mm say
Ast =
### mm2/m
pt =
0.537
ptmin
0.183
Hence OK
Asmin = 640.000 mm2/m
Check for Shear
V=
68.755 kN
tv =
68.754817 E03
=
1000x312
Percentage Provided =
0.537 tc =
Ast =
1675.52 mm2/m
CHECK FOR COMBINED AXIAL LOAD AND BENDING

1529.4 sq.mm
120

mm

545.9 sq.mm
120

0.220
0.307

mm

<1.8
MPa

Max Axial Load =


Moment =

131.084 kN
62.425 kNm
1000

1675.5

350

Checking stresses

1675.5
Area A
350000
22340.2
22340.2
394680

AX
AX^2
175 61250000 10718750000
30 670206.43 20106192.983
320 7148868.6 2287637957.17
69069075 13026494150

Yt=AX/A =
Itop =Iself+AX2
Ina = Itop-Ayt^2 =
Zt = Ina/Yt =
s cbc cal = M/Zt =

s cc cal =

175
16599410817
4512322683.26
25784701.0472
62425000
25784701

P
Ac + 1.5 m Asc

s cc cal
s cc

0.33
5

s cbc cal
s cbc
2.4
7.0

Iself
16667
0
0
16667
mm
mm4
mm4
mm3
=

2.421

131084.25
394680.429

<

Provide

0.183
x 350
x 1000
100
2
So, provide 640.000 mm
Ast Provided 10
mm dia bars@
10

mm dia bars@

245.437

mm c/c

160

mm c/c

0.33
MPa

0.41

Distribution Reinforcement:
Minimum reinforcement As per IS3370- PartII Para 7.1.1.1 minimum reinforcementin in case of HYSD bars is
0.24 % of Concrete section upto 100 mm thick,0.2 %for more than 500 thick
= linearly varying from 0.24 % to 0.16 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick
=

MPa

< 1

DESIGN OF BASE SLAB


Beam
4

L/C

Section @
(m)
ENVELOP 0.000
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

Fy
(kN)
126.255
84.170
42.085
0.000
47.353
84.170
126.255

Mz
(kNm)
30.403
28.207
42.407
51.368
42.407
15.525
62.425

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete
Grade of Reinforcement
Modular Ratio
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
Permissible stress in steel
k = m cbc/ mcbc +st
j = 1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j cbc =

20
415
MPa
MPa
MPa

0.384
0.872
1.171 MPa

Max Support Moment =


Max Span Moment =
S.F @
0.487 mm fromC/L of Sup.
Effective Depth Required =

M
Fe
13.333
7
5
150

62.425 kNm
51.368 kNm
78.898 kN

51.368 E06
(1.171x1000)
209.5 mm

Overall depth Required =


However Provide
deff =

209.5

+
30
+
8
247.5 mm
350 mm thk Slab from Shear stress consideration
350
30
8
312 mm

DESIGN OF SECTION
Reinforcement at Support Section
62.425 E06
Ast =
=
1529.4
150x0.873x312
Provide
16
mm bars@ 131.5 mm say
120
Ast =
1675.5 sq.mm/m pt =
0.537
Asmin=
0.183
Hence OK
(Providing Y10 @ 300 mm c/c + Y10 @ 300 mm c/c)
Reinforcement at Span Portion
51.368 E06
Ast =
=
1258.5
150x0.873x312
Provide
16
mm bars@ 159.8 mm say
120
Ast =
1675.5 sq.mm/m pt =
0.537
Asmin=
0.183
Hence OK
Check for Shear
V=
tv =

78.898 kN
78.898 E03
1000x312
Percentage Required /Provided=
Shear Strength Vs1 0.307x1000x312=

0.253

0.537 tc =
95910 kN >

sq.mm
mm

sq.mm
mm

<1.8
0.307
78898 kN

Distribution Reinforcement:
Minimum reinforcement As per IS3370- PartII Para 7.1.1.1 minimum reinforcementin in case of HYSD bars is
0.24 % of Concrete section upto 100 mm thick,0.2 %for more than 500 thick
= linearly varying from 0.24 % to 0.16 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick
=

Provide

0.183
x 350
x 1000
100
So, provide 640.000 mm2
Ast Provided 10
mm dia bars@
10

mm dia bars@

245.437 mm c/c
160

mm c/c

DESIGN OF TOP SLAB


Beam
1

L/C

Section @
(m)
ENVELOP 0.000
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.703
2.129
2.555

Fx
(kN)
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027
38.027

Fy
(kN)
108.728
72.485
36.243
-1.526
-36.243
-72.485
-108.728

Mz
(kNm)
42.698
-15.096
-38.246
-45.962
-38.246
-16.987
24.411

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete
Grade of Reinforcement
Modular Ratio
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
Permissible stress in steel

M
Fe
13.333
7
5
150

k = m cbc/(mcbc +st)
j = 1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j cbc =

MPa
MPa
MPa

0.384
0.872
1.171 MPa

Max Support Moment =


Max Span Moment =
S.F @
0.489 mm fromC/L of Sup. =
Effective Depth Required =

20
415

24.411 kNm
45.962 kNm
67.125 kN
45.962 E06
(1.171x1000)
198.1 mm

Overall depth Required =


Hence Provide
deff =

198.1

+
30
+
6
234.1 mm
350
mm thk Slab from Shear stress consideration
350
30
6
314 mm

DESIGN OF SECTION
Reinforcement required for Axial Load
Axial Load =
38.027 kN
As =T/sst =
38027
=
150

253.5 sq.mm

Reinforcement at Support Section


24.411 E06
Ast =
=
150x0.873x314
Ast for Flexure
594.3 sq.mm
Ast for Axial Load=
126.8 sq.mm
Total Ast =
594.3 sq.mm
Provide
12
mm bars@ 190.3 mm say
Ast =
754.0 sq.mm pt =
0.240
754.0 sq.mm
Asmin=
0.183
Hence OK

594.3 sq.mm

150 mm

Reinforcement at Span Portion


Moment due to Axial Load =
38.027
x
Total Span Moment
45.962
+
51.248 E06
Ast =
150x0.873x314

0.139 =
5.286 =
=

5.286 kNm
51.248 kNm
1247.6 sq.mm

Ast for Flexure


1247.6 sq.mm
Ast for Axial Load=
126.8 sq.mm
Total Ast =
1247.6 sq.mm
Provide
16
mm bars@ 161.2 mm say
150
mm
Ast =
1340 sq.mm/m pt =
0.427
Asmin=
0.183
Hence OK
1340 sq.mm
Check for Shear
V=
67.125 kN
tv =
67.125 E03
=
0.214
<1.9
1000x314
Percentage Required /Provided=
0.240 tc =
0.216
Shear Strength Vs1 0.216x1000x314=
67839 kN >
67125
Distribution Reinforcement:
Minimum reinforcement As per IS3370- PartII Para 7.1.1.1 minimum reinforcementin in case of HYSD bars is
0.24 % of Concrete section upto 100 mm thick,0.2 %for more than 500 thick
= linearly varying from 0.24 % to 0.16 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick
=

Provide

0.183
x 350
x 1000
100
2
So, provide 640.000 mm
Ast Provided 10
mm dia bars@
10

mm dia bars@

245.437 mm c/c
160

mm c/c

kN

Design of Combined footing (for column C2 & C3)


Unit Weight of Concrete

25.00

KN/m3

Unit Weight of Soil


Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Es

=
=
=
=

18.00
M 20
Fe 415
200000

KN/m3

SBS of soil
Column 1
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
65.18
=
106.20
Mx1
=
7.612 x 2.917

250

KN/m2

=
=
=
=

0.75
0.75
2.92
1.50

m
m
m

Mz1

22.20

KN-m

50.34

KN-m

Column 2
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
103.42
=
153.34
Mx1
=
6.319 x 3.55
Mz2

+
KN

25.00

x 0.75 x

=
=
=
=
+
KN

22.43

KN-m

96.34

KN-m

Consider Size of footing


Width in z-direction
Length in x-direction
Depth
center to center spacing of columns

25.00

x 0.75 x

Mpa

x 0.75 x 2.92

0.75
0.75
3.55
1.50

m
m
m

x 0.75 x 3.55

Self weight of footing

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.25
4.00
0.3
1.897
0
16
8
67.5

m
m
m
m
m
mm
mm
kN

Weight of Soil over footing

458.35

kN

Diameter of bar

along X
along Z

(Main RC)
(Distribution RC)

Z
4.00 m
D

2.25 m

A
1.05 m

CG of loading x 1

(CG from line BD)

1.897 m
=
=

CG of loading y 1

(CG from line CD)

=
=

1.05 m
1762
785
2.24

928
785
1.18

Total vertical load acting at C.G. of footing


=
=
=

Fy1 + Fy2 + Self Weight of footing +Soil Load


106.2 + 153.35 + 67.5 + 458.35
785
KN

=
=
=

Mz1 + Mz2 of Columns


785.39
x
191.39
KN-m

2.00 - 2.244

=
=
=

Mx1 + Mx2 of Columns


785.39
x
44.64
KN-m

1.125 - 1.182

Net Moment about z axis at footing bottom

Net Moment about x axis at footing bottom

Stresses at the bottom of footing Based on Net Load Intensity


Stress at point A

Stress at point B

Stress at point C

Stress at point D

=
=

P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz


79.77
+ 13.23 +

=
=

66.46
kN/m2
P/A - Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
79.77
+ 13.23 -

=
=
=

2.66
kN/m
P/A + Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
79.77
- 13.23 +

=
=

40.01
kN/m
P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
79.77
- 13.23 -

31.90 -

458.35+67.5/(2.25x4)
>0

>0
31.90 -

<0

kN/m2

96 kN m

106 kN

153 kN

1.897
B1

< SBC

458.35+67.5/(2.25x4)

50 kN m

< SBC

1.05
A1

123.07
20.96

< SBC

31.90 - 458.35+67.5/(2.25x4)

-23.79

458.35+67.5/(2.25x4)
>0

1.05
B

31.90 -

179.68

48.89

-35.64
0.52

1.378

70.79
-25.55
72.62
BMD
22.28

Hogging
Sagging

< SBC

Point of contra flexure between B1 & A1

155.24

0.5188 m from B1

-114.66
-234

-128.21

SFD

=
-38.68

Xu max/d

=
=

0.0035/(0.0055+0.87(fy/Es)
0.479

0.36 fck (Xu max/d)(1-0.42 Xu max/d) bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.76

bd2

Max. Hogging bending moment

70.79

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

107

mm

Overall depth of slab

300

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth of slab provided

242

mm

Check for One way shear

The critical section shall be taken at a distance, d from the face of column
(carrying
153 kN direct load)

Shear Force under C2 @ d from face

0.62

Shear Force at C2,

Vu

=
=

m on the left side from


column center
(-38.69 / 1.06) x (1.06 - 0.62)
-16
KN

Nominal Shear Stress, tv

-15.99 / (2.25 x 242)

=
-0.03
N/mm2
Permissible Shear Stress, tc in concrete without shear reinforcement, for percentage of reinforcement for
balenced section

0.96

N/mm2

Reinforcement along the Longitudinal direction :


@ B1(Left-Sagging)
Mu

72.62

kN m

M u / Bf d
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed in the top surface

=
=
=
=
=

0.55
0.085
463
12
4

sq mm
mm
(say 16 bars)

@ B1(Right-Sagging)
Mu

22.28

kN m

=
=
=
=
=

0.17
0.233
463
12
4

sq mm
mm
(say 8 bars)

M u / Bf d
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed in the top surface
2

>

-0.03

@ A1(Left-Hogging)
Mu

70.79

kN m

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed in the top surface

=
=
=
=
=

0.54
0.327
1781
12
16

sq mm
mm
(say 18 bars)

@ A1(Right-Hogging)
Mu

25.55

kN m

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed in the top surface

=
=
=
=
=

0.19
0.085
463
12
4

sq mm
mm
(say 6 bars)

0.75

49.62

60.01735

Reinforcement along the Transverse direction:


Width available to Left or Right side of column face

-35.6799

-25.28

4.24

20.10

-22.4542

-12.06

17.46

46.55

677

3.997137

@ C1

435

750

1234
14.39225

76.07

1147

43.91

-25.28

663
59.78

1234

-12.06

750

1234

677

435
89.30

99.69437

4.24
750
17.46

width of transverse beam under C1 & C2


Maximum Bending @ column face
Depth from max. B.M.consideration

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)

=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=

750 +
2x
1234
mm
-3.92 x 0.75 x 0.75/2
-2.20
kNm
Err:502
mm

-0.03
0.172
514

sq mm

242

Dia Of Bars Provided ( )


No. of bars uniformly distributed in the top surface

=
=

12
5

mm
(say 6 bars)

@ C2
1234
20.10
46.55

Maximum Bending @ column face

49.62
750
76.07

=
=

48.09 x 0.75 x 0.75/2


27.05
kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration


M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed in the top surface
Distribution Reinforceent

66

=
=
=
=
=

0.37
0.114
340
12
3

mm

sq mm
mm
(say 4 bars)

0.12 % of C/S area @ locations, where transverse & longitudinal reinforcement


is not provided

Ast
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
Area Of each 12 mm dia bar
Spacing of bars

=
=
=
=
=

(0.12/100) x 1000 x
290.4 sq mm
12
mm
113.04 sq mm
389
mm

242

12 mm dia bars @ 200 c/c


1234
12 mm dia bars @ 240 c/c
0.52

Top Reinforcement:
12 mm dia bars @ 240 c/c

Bottom Reinforcement
12 mm dia bars @ 270 c/c

18 bars of 12 mm dia bars @ 120 c/c

Design of Isolated footing

(for column C1)

Unit Weight of Concrete

25.00

KN/m3

Unit Weight of Soil


Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Es

=
=
=
=

18.00
M 20
Fe 415
2.E+05

KN/m3

SBS of soil
Column
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
167.53
=
184.40
Mx1
=
13.074 x 1.2

250

KN/m2

=
=
=
=

0.75
0.75
1.20
1.50

m
m
m

Mz1

+
KN

15.69

KN-m

56.02

KN-m

Consider Size of footing


Width in z-direction
Length in x-direction
Depth
Diameter of bar

25.00 x 0.75 x

(Main RC)
(Distribution RC)

Self weight of footing


Weight of Soil over footing
Z
2.00
D

2.00 m

A
0.625

0.750

0.625

Mpa

x 0.75 x 1.20

=
=
=
=
=
=

2.00
2.00
0.3
16
8
30

m
m
m
mm
mm
kN

74.25

kN

CG of loading x 1

(CG from line BD)

CG of loading y 1

(CG from line CD)

345
289
304
289

1.19

1.05

Total vertical load acting at C.G. of footing


=
=
=

Fy + Self Weight of footing +Soil Load


184.41 + 30 + 74.25
289
KN

Net Moment about z axis at footing bottom


=
=
=

Mz
289
56.02

x
KN-m

1.00 - 1.194

=
=
=

Mx
289
15.69

x
KN-m

1.00 - 1.054

Net Moment about x axis at footing bottom

Stresses at the bottom of footing Based on Net Load Intensity


Stress at point A

=
=

P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz


53.60
+ 11.77 + 42.02 -

Stress at point B

=
=
=

81.32 kN/m
P/A + Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
53.60
+ 11.77 -

Stress at point D

=
=
=

-2.71 kN/m
P/A - Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
53.60 - 11.77 -

Stress at point C

=
=
=

-26.25 kN/m
P/A - Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
53.60
- 11.77 +

42.02 -

< SBC

(30+74.25)/(2x2)
>0

< SBC

42.02 - (30+74.25)/(2x2)
>0

57.79

(30+74.25)/(2x2)
>0

42.02 -

kN/m

(30+74.25)/(2x2)
>0

< SBC

< SBC

Moment Steel :
Net cantilever on x-x

0.625

Xu max/d

=
=

0.0035/(0.0055+0.87(fy/Es)
0.479

0.36 fck(Xu max/d)(1-0.42 Xu max/d) bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.76

#REF!

bd2

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

#REF!

mm

Provided depth

300

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

234

mm

=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
0.135
632
12
6

0.625

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

#REF!

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

#REF!

mm

Provided depth

300

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed

sq mm
mm
(say 8 bars)

A
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
208.67

Net cantilever on z-z

D
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
47.31

Effective depth
M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed
Check for One way shear

234

=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
0.0925
433
12
4

mm

sq mm
mm
(say 8 bars)

The critical section shall be taken at a distance, d from the face of column
0.23

A
#REF!
#REF!
208.67
=

Shear Force @ d from face


Shear Force , Vu

=
=

Nominal Shear Stress, tv

0.23
#REF!
#REF!

m on the left side from


column center
KN

#REF!

=
#REF! N/mm2
Permissible Shear Stress, tc in concrete without shear reinforcement, for percentage of reinforcement for
balenced section

Distribution Rft

0.12 % of C/S area @ locations, where transverse & longitudinal reinforcement


is not provided
Ast

Dia Of Bars Provided ( )


Area Of each 12 mm dia bar
Spacing of bars

=
=
=
=
=

(0.12/100) x 1000 x
360
sq mm
12
mm
113.04 sq mm
314
mm

0.96

300

Bottom Reinforcement:

12 mm dia bars @ 240 c/c (bothways)

N/mm2

#REF!

#REF!

Design of Isolated footing

(for column C4)

Unit Weight of Concrete

25.00

KN/m3

Unit Weight of Soil


Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Es

=
=
=
=

18.00
M 20
Fe 415
2.E+05

KN/m3

SBS of soil
Column
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
0.00
=
73.13
Mx1
=
75.76

250

KN/m2

=
=
=
=

0.75
0.75
5.20
1.50

m
m
m

KN-m

Mz1

KN-m

199.89

Consider Size of footing


Width in z-direction
Length in x-direction
Depth
Diameter of bar

+
KN

25.00 x 0.75 x

Mpa

x 0.75 x 5.20

Self weight of footing

=
=
=
=
=
=

2.50
2.50
0.5
16
8
78

m
m
m
mm
mm
kN

Weight of Soil over footing

532

kN

1.54

1.36

(Main RC)
(Distribution RC)

2.50
D

2.50 m

0.875

0.750

0.875

CG of loading x 1

(CG from line BD)

CG of loading y 1

(CG from line CD)

1054
684
930
684

Total vertical load acting at C.G. of footing


=
=

Fy + Self Weight of footing +Soil Load


73.13 + 78.13 + 532.35

684

KN

Net Moment about z axis at footing bottom


=
=
=

Mz
684
199.89

x
KN-m

1.25 - 1.542

=
=
=

Mx
684
75.76

x
KN-m

1.25 - 1.361

Net Moment about x axis at footing bottom

Stresses at the bottom of footing Based on Net Load Intensity


Stress at point A

=
=

P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz


96.88
+ 29.09 + 76.76 -

Stress at point B

=
=
=

105.05 kN/m2
P/A + Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
96.88
+ 29.09 -

Stress at point D

=
=
=

-48.47 kN/m
P/A - Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
96.88
- 29.09 -

Stress at point C

=
=
=

-106.65 kN/m
P/A - Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
96.88
- 29.09 +

>0

< SBC

76.76 - (78.13+532.35)/(2.5x2.5)
>0

< SBC

76.76 - (78.13+532.35)/(2.5x2.5)
>0

46.86

(78.13+532.35)/(2.5x2.5)

< SBC

76.76 - (78.13+532.35)/(2.5x2.5)
>0

kN/m2

< SBC

Moment Steel :
Net cantilever on x-x

0.875

Xu max/d

=
=

0.0035/(0.0055+0.87(fy/Es)
0.479

0.36 fck (Xu max/d)(1-0.42 Xu max/d) bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.76

bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

83.33

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

110

mm

Provided depth

500

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

434

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.18
0.158
1714
12
15

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt required from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed

sq mm
mm
(say 16 bars)

A
-290.84
-89.3545
83.35
284.84

Net cantilever on z-z

0.875

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

-33.17

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

Err:502

mm

Provided depth

500

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

434

mm

=
=
=
=
=

-0.07
0.114
1237
12
11

D
106.09
29.72541
-35.73
-112.10

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt required from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed
Check for One way shear

sq mm
mm
(say 12 bars)

The critical section shall be taken at a distance, d from the face of column
0.43

A
-290.84
183.286

Shear Force @ d from face

284.84
=

0.43

Shear Force , Vu

=
=

m on the left side from


column center
(183.29+284.84)x(0.88-0.44)x0.5
103
KN

Nominal Shear Stress, tv

103.23 / (2.5 x 434)

=
0.10
N/mm2
Permissible Shear Stress, tc in concrete without shear reinforcement, for percentage of reinforcement for
balenced section

0.96

N/mm2

>

0.10

Design of Isolated footing

(for column C5)

Unit Weight of Concrete

25.00

KN/m3

Unit Weight of Soil


Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Es

=
=
=
=

18.00
M 20
Fe 415
2.E+05

KN/m3

SBS of soil
Column
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
0.00
=
0.00
Mx1
=
6.95

250

KN/m2

=
=
=
=

0.75
0.75
0.00
1.50

m
m
m

KN-m

Mz1

KN-m

15.57

Consider Size of footing


Width in z-direction
Length in x-direction
Depth
Diameter of bar

+
KN

25.00 x 0.75 x

Mpa

x 0.75 x 0.00

Self weight of footing

=
=
=
=
=
=

2.00
2.00
0.25
16
8
25

m
m
m
mm
mm
kN

Weight of Soil over footing

0.00

kN

1.62

(Main RC)
(Distribution RC)

2.00
D

2.00 m

0.625
CG of loading x 1

0.750
(CG from line BD)

0.625
=

41
25

CG of loading y 1

(CG from line CD)

32
25

1.28

Total vertical load acting at C.G. of footing


=
=
=

Fy + Self Weight of footing +Soil Load


0 + 25 + 0
25
KN

Net Moment about z axis at footing bottom


=
=
=

Mz
25
15.57

x
KN-m

1.00 - 1.623

=
=
=

Mx
25
6.95

x
KN-m

1.00 - 1.278

Net Moment about x axis at footing bottom

Stresses at the bottom of footing Based on Net Load Intensity


Stress at point A

P/A - Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz


6.47
kN/m2
P/A - Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz

>0

< SBC

Stress at point B

=
=

-16.88 kN/m2
P/A + Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz

>0

< SBC

Stress at point D

=
=

-6.47 kN/m2
P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz

>0

< SBC

Stress at point C

=
=

>0

< SBC

16.88

kN/m2

Moment Steel :
Net cantilever on x-x

0.625

Xu max/d

=
=

0.0035/(0.0055+0.87(fy/Es)
0.479

0.36 fck (Xu max/d)(1-0.42 Xu max/d) bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.76

bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

5.42

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

31

mm

Provided depth

250

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

184

mm

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt required from SP:1
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed

=
=
=
=
=

0.08
0.303
1115
12
10

0.625

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.42

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

21

mm

Provided depth

250

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth provided

184

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.04
0.2875
1058
12
9

sq mm
mm
(say 12 bars)

A
-35.02
-13.1342
13.13
35.02

Net cantilever on z-z

D
-15.63
-5.86012
5.86
15.63

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt required from SP:1
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed
Check for One way shear

sq mm
mm
(say 10 bars)

The critical section shall be taken at a distance, d from the face of column
0.18

A
-35.02
19.57866

Shear Force @ d from face


Shear Force , Vu

35.02
=
=
=

0.18

m on the left side from


column center
(19.58+35.03)x(0.63-0.19)x0.5
12
KN

Design of Haunches
Choose a bearing plate size of

100

x 100 mm

Grade of Concrete ( fck )

N/mm2

20

Grade of Steel ( fy )

N/mm

415

Stress in concrete ( cbc )

N/mm

Stress in steel ( st )

N/mm2

190

Elasticity Modulus of Steel


Cover to Reinforcement ( Cmin. )

N/mm

200000

mm

25

1. Design constants :
Modular ratio ( m )

280 / (3 * cbc)

Neutral axis factor ( k )


Lever arm factor ( j )

1/ (1+(st/ (m*cbc))

13.333

1 - k/3
0.5 * cbc * j * k

M.R. factor ( Q )
w
L
Load per
0.48

0.329
0.890

=
=
m
=
=
Area of haunched portion (as cantilever) =
Self weight of haunched portion
=
=

1.026
0.00
0.48
0/0.48
0.00
0.53
0.53*25
13.25

Total load
Maximum Bending Moment
Maximum Shear Force
D reqd
Shear stress
Reuired Flexural Steel (Ast)

13.25 kN/m
2.59 kN m
4
kN
43
mm
0.01 Mpa
M / ( st * j *d )

=
=
=
=
=
=

=
No. of 20 mm dia bars
=
use
1
no's. of 20 mm dia bars
% of reinforcement (Ast / (b*d))*100 =
Permissible shear stress
=
<

31
0
0.09
0.39
0.01

750

2000

A'

700

500
B

625

B'

750

625

kN
m
kN/m
sq m
kN/m

mm2
no's
%
Mpa
Mpa

Design of Isolated footing

(for column C1)

Unit Weight of Concrete

25.00

KN/m3

Unit Weight of Soil


Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Es

=
=
=
=

18.00
M 20
Fe 415
2.E+05

KN/m3

SBS of soil
Column
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
167.53

250

KN/m2

=
=
=
=

0.75
0.75
1.33
1.50

m
m
m

=
Mx1

=
=

Mz1

186.20

+
KN

25.00 x 0.75 x

x 0.75 x 1.33

23.112 x 1.328
30.69
KN-m
56.02

Consider Size of footing


Width in z-direction
Length in x-direction
Depth
Diameter of bar

KN-m

(Main RC)
(Distribution RC)

Self weight of footing


Weight of Soil over footing
Z
2.00
D

2.00 m

A
0.625

Mpa

0.750

0.625

=
=
=
=
=
=

2.00
2.00
0.6
16
8
60

m
m
m
mm
mm
kN

82.17

kN

CG of loading x 1

(CG from line BD)

CG of loading y 1

(CG from line CD)

384
328
359
328

1.17

1.09

Total vertical load acting at C.G. of footing


=
=
=

Fy + Self Weight of footing +Soil Load


186.21 + 60 + 82.17
328
KN

Net Moment about z axis at footing bottom


=
=
=

Mz
328
56.02

x
KN-m

1.00 - 1.171

=
=
=

Mx
328
30.69

x
KN-m

1.00 - 1.093

Net Moment about x axis at footing bottom

Stresses at the bottom of footing Based on Net Load Intensity


Stress at point A

=
=

P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz


61.55
+ 23.02 + 42.02 -

(60+82.17)/(2x2)

Stress at point B

=
=
=

91.05 kN/m
P/A + Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
61.55
+ 23.02 -

(60+82.17)/(2x2)

Stress at point D

=
=
=

7.01
kN/m
P/A - Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
61.55 - 23.02 -

Stress at point C

=
=
=

-39.03 kN/m
P/A - Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
61.55
- 23.02 +

42.02 -

42.02 - (60+82.17)/(2x2)

45.01

42.02 -

(60+82.17)/(2x2)

kN/m

D
1.47
B

90.33

0.624
D -39.03

C
q max =
45.01
A

1.9

B
7.01

A
91.046

kQ/BL

= 128.01 kN/sq m

From Graph
For

y
k

=
=
=

1.9/2
0.95
2.75

=
=

0.624/2
0.312

q max

128.01

kN/sq m

=
=
=
=

128.01
1.47
0.00
90.33

kN/sq m
kN/sq m
kN/sq m
kN/sq m

Net cantilever on x-x

0.625

Xu max/d

=
=

0.0035/(0.0055+0.87(fy/Es)
0.479

0.36 fck(Xu max/d)(1-0.42 Xu max/d) bd2

Stress at point A
Stress at point B
Stress at point D
Stress at point C

&

Moment Steel :

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.76

bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

33.64

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

78

mm

Provided depth

600

mm

Diameter of bar provided

12

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

538

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.06
0.085
915
12
8

Mu / Bf d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed

A
1.47

41.02
88.47
128.01

sq mm
mm
(say 14 bars)

Net cantilever on z-z

0.625

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

0.34

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

mm

Provided depth

600

mm

Diameter of bar provided

12

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

538

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.00
0.085
915
12
8

D
0.46
1.47

0.00

1.01

Mu / Bf d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed
Check for One way shear

sq mm
mm
(say 14 bars)

The critical section shall be taken at a distance, d from the face of column
0.54

A
1.47
122.51
128.01
=

Shear Force @ d from face

0.54

Shear Force , Vu

=
=

m on the left side from


column center
(122.51+128.02)x(0.63-0.54)x0.5
11
KN

Nominal Shear Stress, tv

10.9 / (2 x 538)

=
0.01
N/mm2
Permissible Shear Stress, tc in concrete without shear reinforcement, for percentage of reinforcement for
balenced section

Distribution Rft

0.12 % of C/S area @ locations, where transverse & longitudinal reinforcement


is not provided
Ast

Dia Of Bars Provided ( )


Area Of each 12 mm dia bar
Spacing of bars

=
=
=
=
=

(0.12/100) x 1000 x
720
sq mm
12
mm
113.04 sq mm
157
mm

0.96

600

N/mm2

>

0.01

Top & Bottom Reinforcement:

12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c (bothways)

Design of Isolated footing

(for column C4)

Unit Weight of Concrete

25.00

KN/m3

Unit Weight of Soil


Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Es

=
=
=
=

18.00
M 20
Fe 415
2.E+05

KN/m3

SBS of soil
Column
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
101.33
=
174.45
Mx1
=
75.76

250

KN/m2

=
=
=
=

0.75
0.75
5.20
1.50

m
m
m

KN-m

Mz1

KN-m

199.89

Consider Size of footing


Width in z-direction
Length in x-direction
Depth
Diameter of bar

+
KN

25.00 x 0.75 x

Mpa

x 0.75 x 5.20

Self weight of footing

=
=
=
=
=
=

3.00
3.00
0.6
12
8
135

m
m
m
mm
mm
kN

Weight of Soil over footing

790

kN

(Main RC)
(Distribution RC)

3.00
D

3.00 m

1.125

0.750

1.125

Stresses at the bottom of footing Based on Net Load Intensity


Stress at point A

Stress at point B

=
=

P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz


19.38
+ 16.84 +

44.42

=
=
=

80.64 kN/m
P/A + Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
19.38
+ 16.84 -

44.42

Stress at point D

=
=
=

-8.20 kN/m2
P/A - Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
19.38
- 16.84 -

44.42

Stress at point C

=
=
=

-41.87 kN/m
P/A - Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
19.38
- 16.84 +

44.42

46.97

kN/m2

140.71

174.45

B
C
A
1.47
D

C
-41.87

46.97

-8.20

2.07

A
80.64

From Graph
eL/L

0.38

eB/B

0.14

k
q max

=
=

9.00
174.45

kN/sq m

Stress at point A

174.45

kN/m2

Stress at point C

140.71

kN/m2

Net cantilever on x-x

1.125

Xu max/d

=
=

0.0035/(0.0055+0.87(fy/Es)
0.479

0.36 fck (Xu max/d)(1-0.42 Xu max/d) bd2

For

&

Moment Steel :

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.76

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

144.89

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

132

mm

bd2

Provided depth

600

mm

Diameter of bar provided

12

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

538

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.17
0.085
1372
12
12

1.125

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

137.56

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

129

mm

Provided depth

600

mm

Diameter of bar provided

12

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

538

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.16
0.085
1372
12
12

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt required from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed

sq mm
mm
(say 16 bars)

A
0.00
65.41875
109.03

174.45

Net cantilever on z-z

C
161.796

153.36

140.71

174.45

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt required from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed

sq mm
mm
(say 16 bars)

Check for One way shear

The critical section shall be taken at a distance, d from the face of column
0.54

A
0.00
140.32
174.45
=

Shear Force @ d from face

0.54

Shear Force , Vu

=
=

m on the left side from


column center
(140.32+174.45)x(1.13-0.54)x0.5
92
KN

Nominal Shear Stress, tv

92.39 / (3 x 538)

=
0.06
N/mm2
Permissible Shear Stress, tc in concrete without shear reinforcement, for percentage of reinforcement for
balenced section

Distribution Rft

0.12 % of C/S area @ locations, where transverse & longitudinal reinforcement


is not provided
Ast

=
=
=
=
=

Dia Of Bars Provided ( )


Area Of each 12 mm dia bar
Spacing of bars

(0.12/100) x 1000 x
720
sq mm
12
mm
113.04 sq mm
157
mm

0.96

600

Top & Bottom Reinforcement:

12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c (Transverse)

12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c (Longitudinal)

N/mm2

>

0.06

Design of Isolated footing

(for column C5)

Unit Weight of Concrete

25.00

KN/m3

Unit Weight of Soil


Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Es

=
=
=
=

18.00
M 20
Fe 415
2.E+05

KN/m3

SBS of soil
Column
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
-17.15
=
69.15
Mx1
=
75.76

250

KN/m2

=
=
=
=

0.75
0.75
6.14
1.50

m
m
m

KN-m

Mz1

KN-m

199.89

Consider Size of footing


Width in z-direction
Length in x-direction
Depth
Diameter of bar

+
KN

25.00 x 0.75 x

Mpa

x 0.75 x 6.14

Self weight of footing

=
=
=
=
=
=

2.00
2.00
0.6
16
8
60

m
m
m
mm
mm
kN

Weight of Soil over footing

379.73

kN

(Main RC)
(Distribution RC)

2.00
D

2.00 m

0.625

0.750

0.625

Stresses at the bottom of footing Based on Net Load Intensity


Stress at point A

Stress at point B

=
=

P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz


2.29
+ 149.92 +

56.82

=
=
=

209.02 kN/m
P/A + Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
2.29
- 149.92 +

56.82

Stress at point D

=
=
=

-90.81 kN/m2
P/A - Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
2.29
- 149.92 -

56.82

Stress at point C

=
=
=

-204.45 kN/m
P/A - Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
2.29
+ 149.92 -

56.82

95.38

kN/m2

26.49

32.85

B
C
A
0.72
D

C
-204.45

95.38

-90.81

1.59

A
209.02

From Graph
For

=
=

Net cantilever on x-x

0.625

Xu max/d

=
=

0.0035/(0.0055+0.87(fy/Es)
0.479

0.36 fck (Xu max/d)(1-0.42 Xu max/d) bd2

k
q max

=
=
=
=

Stress at point A

Stress at point C

199.89/69.
&
1.45
1.90
32.85 kN/sq m
32.85

75.77/69.16
0.55

kN/m2
kN/m2
m

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.76

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

119.84

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

147

mm

bd2

Provided depth

600

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

534

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.21
0.085
908
12
8

0.625

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

20.89

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

62

mm

Provided depth

600

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt required from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed

sq mm
mm
(say 12 bars)

A
0.00
142.6914
313.92
456.61

Net cantilever on z-z

C
322.2003

160.91

26.49

456.61

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth provided

534

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.04
0.085
908
12
8

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt required from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed
Check for One way shear

sq mm
mm
(say 12 bars)

The critical section shall be taken at a distance, d from the face of column
0.53

A
0.00
435.84
456.61
=

Shear Force @ d from face

0.53

Shear Force , Vu

=
=

m on the left side from


column center
(435.84+456.62)x(0.63-0.54)x0.5
41
KN

Nominal Shear Stress, tv

40.61 / (2 x 534)

=
0.038 N/mm2
Permissible Shear Stress, tc in concrete without shear reinforcement, for percentage of reinforcement for
balenced section

Distribution Rft

0.96

N/mm2

>

0.038

0.12 % of C/S area @ locations, where transverse & longitudinal reinforcement


is not provided
Ast

=
=
=
=
=

Dia Of Bars Provided ( )


Area Of each 12 mm dia bar
Spacing of bars

(0.12/100) x 1000 x
720
sq mm
12
mm
113.04 sq mm
157
mm

Top & Bottom Reinforcement:

12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c (B/W)

12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c(B/W)

600

Design of Isolated footing

(for column C1)

Unit Weight of Concrete

25.00

KN/m3

Unit Weight of Soil


Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Es

=
=
=
=

18.00
M 20
Fe 415
2.E+05

KN/m3

SBS of soil
Column
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
167.53
+
=
186.20
KN
Mx1
=
23.112 x 1.328

250

KN/m2

=
=
=
=

0.75
0.75
1.33
1.50

m
m
m

Mz1

30.69

KN-m

56.02

KN-m

Consider Size of footing


Width in z-direction
Length in x-direction
Depth
Diameter of bar

25.00 x 0.75 x

(Main)
(Distribution)

Self weight of footing


Weight of Soil over footing
Z
2.00
D

2.00 m

A
0.625

0.750

0.625

Stresses at the bottom of footing Based on Net Load Intensity

Mpa

x 0.75 x 1.33

=
=
=
=
=
=

2.00
2.00
0.6
12
8
60

m
m
m
mm
mm
kN

82.17

kN

Stress at point A

=
=

P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz


26.01
+ 23.02 +

Stress at point B

=
=
=

91.05 kN/m
P/A + Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
26.01
+ 23.02 -

Stress at point D

=
=
=

7.01
kN/m
P/A - Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
26.01
- 23.02 -

=
=
=

-39.03 kN/m2
P/A - Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
26.01
- 23.02 +

Stress at point C

=
D

42.02

< SBC

>0

< SBC

<0

< SBC

>0

< SBC

42.02

45.01

>0

42.02

42.02

kN/m

1.47
B

90.33

0.624
D -39.03

C
q max =

kQ/BL

45.01
A
1.9

B
7.01

A
91.046

From Graph
For

y
k

=
=
=

1.9/2
0.95
2.75

q max

128.01

kN/sq m

=
=
=
=

128.01
1.47
0.00
90.33

kN/sq m
kN/sq m
kN/sq m
kN/sq m

Stress at point A
Stress at point B
Stress at point D
Stress at point C

&

=
=

0.624/2
0.312

= 128.01 kN/sq m

Moment Steel :
Net cantilever on x-x

0.625

Xu max/d

=
=

0.0035/(0.0055+0.87(fy/Es)
0.479

0.36 fck(Xu max/d)(1-0.42 Xu max/d) bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.76

bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

33.64

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

78

mm

Provided depth

600

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

534

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.06
0.085
908
12
8

0.625

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed

sq mm
mm
(say 12 bars)

A
1.47

41.02
88.47
128.01

Net cantilever on z-z

C
45.01
91.05

76.66

59.39

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

23.86

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

66

mm

Provided depth

600

mm

Diameter of bar provided

16

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth

534

mm

=
=
=
=
=

0.04
0.085
908
12
8

M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Required Steel (Ast req)
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
No. of bars uniformly distributed
Check for One way shear

sq mm
mm
(say 12 bars)

The critical section shall be taken at a distance, d from the face of column
0.53

A
1.47
122.26

Shear Force @ d from face

128.01
=

0.53

Shear Force , Vu

=
=

m on the left side from


column center
(122.26+128.02)x(0.63-0.54)x0.5
11
KN

Nominal Shear Stress, tv

11.39 / (2 x 534)

=
0.01
N/mm2
Permissible Shear Stress, tc in concrete without shear reinforcement, for percentage of reinforcement for
balenced section

0.96

N/mm2

>

0.01

Distribution Rft

0.12 % of C/S area @ locations, where transverse & longitudinal reinforcement


is not provided
Ast

=
=
=
=
=

Dia Of Bars Provided ( )


Area Of each 12 mm dia bar
Spacing of bars

(0.12/100) x 1000 x
720
sq mm
12
mm
113.04 sq mm
157
mm

600

Top & Bottom Reinforcement:

12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c (bothways)

Design of Combined footing (for column C2 & C3)


Unit Weight of Concrete

25.00

KN/m3

Unit Weight of Soil


Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Es

=
=
=
=

18.00
M 20
Fe 415
200000

KN/m3

SBS of soil
Column 1
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
65.18
=
108.31
Mx1
=
8.916 x 3.067

250

KN/m2

=
=
=
=

0.75
0.75
3.07
1.50

m
m
m

Mz1

+
KN

27.35

KN-m

50.34

KN-m

25.00

Column 2
Width in z-direction zd
Width in x-direction xd
Height of column
Load factor
Design Forces
Fy 1
=
103.42
+
=
155.44
KN
Mx1
=
14.317 x 3.699
Mz2

52.96

KN-m

96.34

KN-m

Consider Size of footing


Width in z-direction
Length in x-direction
Depth
center to center spacing of columns

x 0.75 x

=
=
=
=
25.00

x 0.75 x

Mpa

x 0.75 x 3.07

0.75
0.75
3.70
1.50

m
m
m

x 0.75 x 3.70

Self weight of footing

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.25
4.00
0.6
1.897
0
12
8
135

m
m
m
m
m
mm
mm
kN

Weight of Soil over footing

479.54

kN

Diameter of bar

along X
along Z

(Main RC)
(Distribution RC)

Z
4.00 m
D

2.25 m

A
1.05 m

CG of loading x 1

(CG from line BD)

1.897 m
=
=

CG of loading y 1

(CG from line CD)

=
=

1.05 m
719
264
2.73

377
264
1.43

Total vertical load acting at C.G. of footing


=
=
=

Fy1 + Fy2
108.31 + 155.44
264
KN

=
=
=

Mz1 + Mz2 of Columns


263.75
x
191.38
KN-m

2.00 - 2.726

=
=
=

Mx1 + Mx2 of Columns


263.75
x
80.30
KN-m

1.125 - 1.429

Net Moment about z axis at footing bottom

Net Moment about x axis at footing bottom

Stresses at the bottom of footing Based on Net Load Intensity


Stress at point A

=
=

P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz


29.31
+ 23.79 +

31.90

Stress at point B

=
=
=

85.00
kN/m2
P/A - Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
29.31
+ 23.79 -

31.90

Stress at point C

=
=
=

21.20
kN/m
P/A + Mx/Zx - Mz/Zz
29.31
- 23.79 +

Stress at point D

=
=
=

37.41
kN/m
P/A + Mx/Zx + Mz/Zz
29.31
- 23.79 -

31.90

-26.39

31.90

kN/m2
D

22.92
B
0.67
-26.39

43.00

C
65.94

0.707

37.41

B
21.20

A
85.00

From Graph
For

y
k

=
=
=

0.707/2.25
0.31
2.25

&

Stress at point A

65.94

kN/m2

Stress at point B

22.92

kN/m2

Stress at point C

43.00

kN/m2

Stress at point D

0.00

kN/m2

=
=

0.67/4
0.1675

50 kN m

96 kN m

108 kN

155 kN

1.05

1.897

1.05

B1

34.23

A1

44.55

22.92

54.63
0.96

65.94

0.937

61.97
34.37

Hogging

-14.75

Sagging
BMD

-65.09
Point of contra flexure between B1 & A1

0.9600

m from B1

78
92.05

30.04

SFD
63.39

Xu max/d

=
=

0.0035/(0.0055+0.87(fy/Es)
0.479

0.36 fck (Xu max/d)(1-0.42 Xu max/d) bd2

Absolute maximum factored design bending moment


M

2.76

bd2

Max.Sagging bending moment

97.64

kNm

Depth from max. B.M.consideration

125

mm

Overall depth of slab

600

mm

Diameter of bar provided

12

mm

Clear cover

50

mm

Effective depth of slab provided

544

mm

Check for One way shear

The critical section shall be taken at a distance, d from the face of column

(carrying

155 kN

direct load)

Shear Force under C2 @ d from face

0.92

Shear Force at C2,

Vu

=
=

m on the left side from


column center
(63.39 / 1.06) x (1.06 - 0.92)
12
KN

Nominal Shear Stress, tv

11.99 / (2.25 x 544)

=
0.01
N/mm2
Permissible Shear Stress, tc in concrete without shear reinforcement, for percentage of reinforcement for
balenced section
Reinforcement along the Longitudinal direction :
@ B1(Left-Sagging)
Mu
M u / Bf d
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
2

0.96

N/mm2

22.13

kN m

=
=

@ B1(Right-Sagging)
Mu

0.03
Provide Minimum Reinforcement

M u / Bf d
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
2

97.64

=
=

@ A1(Left-Hogging)
Mu
M u / Bf d
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16

92.95

=
=

@ A1(Right-Hogging)
Mu
M u / Bf d
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16

kN m

0.14
Provide Minimum Reinforcement

=
2

kN m

0.15
Provide Minimum Reinforcement

=
2

51.55

=
=

kN m

0.08
Provide Minimum Reinforcement

Reinforcement along the Transverse direction:


Width available to Left or Right side of column face

0.00

1.42

21.19

21.82

7.64

9.06

28.83

37.10

677

22.92

@ C1

133

750

1838
24.34
1.42

1147

44.11
1838

59
44.74
21.19
750

>

0.75

41.58

43.00

56.87

750

1838

677

133
64.51

65.94

0.01

9.06

28.83

width of transverse beam under C1 & C2


Maximum Bending @ column face
Depth from max. B.M.consideration
M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
@ C2

=
=
=
=
=

750 +
2x
1838
mm
15.13 x 0.75 x 0.75/2
12.76
kNm
45
mm

544

=
=

0.02
Provide Minimum Reinforcement

1838
21.82

41.58
750
56.87

37.10

Maximum Bending @ column face


Depth from max. B.M.consideration
M u / B f d2
% of steel Pt reqd from SP:16
Distribution Reinforceent

Ast
Dia Of Bars Provided ( )
Area Of each 12 mm dia bar
Spacing of bars

=
=
=

39.35 x 0.75 x 0.75/2


22.13
kNm
60
mm

=
=

0.04
Provide Minimum Reinforcement

0.12 % of C/S area @ locations, where transverse & longitudinal


reinforcement is not provided
=
=
=
=
=

(0.12/100) x 1000 x
720
sq mm
12
mm
113.04 sq mm
157
mm

600

12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c


12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c

12 mm dia bars @ 150 c/c