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TUTORIAL JAN 2016

REACTION ENGINEERING (CKB 20104)

REACTION ENGINEERING (CKB 20104)


TUTORIAL 6
CHAPTER 6: NONISOTHERMAL REACTOR DESIGN
1.

Given the irreversible liquid phase reaction as following:

A + B 2C
The reaction is carried out non-adiabatically in a flow reactor. Equal molar of A and B enters the system
at 70C and the flow rate is 60 dm3/s with initial concentration of A as 18.5 mol/dm3. Calculate the exit
reaction temperature at which the reaction is conducted when given the conversion of reactant A as
65%.
Additional Information:
Steam Jacket area: 18dm2
Overall heat transfer coefficient, U = 23 cal/dm2.s.K
Saturation temperature = 350K

C p,A = 23cal / mol.K


C p,B = 28cal / mol.K
C p,C = 38cal / mol.K
H Rx (273) = 70,000 cal/mol
2.

Given the irreversible liquid phase reaction as following:

A B + 2C
The reaction is carried out adiabatically in a flow reactor. Pure A enters the system at 30oC and the
volumetric flow rate is 20 dm3/s with initial concentration of A is 10.5 mol/dm3. Calculate the conversion
of A, X at which the reaction is conducted when the outlet reaction temperature as 150oC.
Additional Information:

H Ao (273K ) = 20,000cal / mol


H Bo (273K ) = 15,000cal / mol
H Co (273K ) = 41,000cal / mol
C pA = 15cal / mol.K
C pB = 20cal / mol.K
C pC = 30cal / mol.K

DR. KELLY 2016

TUTORIAL JAN 2016

3.

REACTION ENGINEERING (CKB 20104)

The endothermic liquid-phase reaction

A + 2B C + 2D
proceeds in a single steam jacketed continuous stirred tank reactor, CSTR at inlet temperature of
80F.
You are required to design a CSTR (VCSTR) to accommodate the requirement as given above For the
conditions similar to those at which this CSTR are operating, it is found that the reaction is first order
with respect to A and first order with respect to B.
a)

From the following data given below, calculate the exit temperature at which the reaction is
conducted and subsequently evaluate the CSTR volume if the desired conversion of A is 50%.
Assume that it is a non-adiabatic system.

b)

Now, calculate the exit temperature at which the reaction is conducted and subsequently evaluate
the CSTR volume if the desired conversion of A is 50%. Assume that it is an adiabatic system.

Additional information
Steam jacket area: 10 ft2
Overall heat-transfer coefficient of jacket, U: 120 Btu/hr.ft2.F
Jacket steam saturation temperature: 310.5 F
Feed flow rate = 200 ft3/hr
7

Specific reaction rate constant,k = 9.99 10 e

18000
)
RT

ft 3 / lb mol.hr : Ea are in Btu / lb mol

Table 1
Component
Data

15

30

Enthalpy of formation, Hio (68F), Btu/lb mol

66,000

123,000

226,000

50,000

Constant heat capacity, Cpi (Btu/lb mol. F)

51.0

44.0

47.5

24.0

Feed molar flow rate (lb mol/hr)

DR. KELLY 2016

TUTORIAL JAN 2016

4.

REACTION ENGINEERING (CKB 20104)

Normal butane (n-C4H10) is to be isomerized to isobutene. The reaction is to be carried out adiabatically
in the liquid phase under high pressure with specific reaction rate of 31.1 h-1 at 360 K.
nC4H10 iC4H10
Calculate the continuous stirred tank reactor volumes necessary to process 163 kmol total/hr of the inlet
mixture consists of 90 mol% n-butane and 10 mol% i-pentane, which is considered as inert. The feed
enters at 330 K and 60% conversion of n-C4H10 were achieved in the reaction.

C PA = 141J / mol.K
C Pi = 161J / mol.K
C PB = 141J / mol.K
H Rx (273) = 6900J / mol
) H # 1
1 &,
Rx
KC (T ) = 3.03exp +

%
(.
* R $ 333K T '-

DR. KELLY 2016