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Lynne Scutt
Oceania Badminton
Development Officer

The badminton manual is a resource that has been created to
assist all levels of teacher, coach or interested player to learn
more about the sport that is played and enjoyed by millions around
the world.
Most basic information about badminton is covered including
strokes, footwork, latest rules and tournament ideas.
You will also be able to gain the knowledge to coach a lesson in
badminton or take a group of students or players in a session and
teach basic skills and techniques.
This information has been put together by the Oceania
Development officer and is aimed at assisting mainly the island
nations but a lot of the material will relevant to everyone who
wants to learn about badminton

4 -6
7 - 11

11 - 13
15 - 17
20 - 22

Grips forehand / backhand

Serving & Returning
Badminton Shots:
Overhead (clear, drop, smash)
Front of court (net shots, lifts)
Defence, Blocks & Drives
Feeding = hand & racket
Planning a session
Warm up & warm down / Fun games
Court playing areas for singles & doubles
Scoring new scoring system
Tournaments draw sheets / umpire sheets
The badminton court layout

Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer


To adopt the forehand grip you should shake hands with your
racket. When holding the racket out in front of you the racket
should be parallel with the floor with the racket head angled
vertically. The V produced between your finger and thumb
should be on top of the racket handle pic 1A
The grip should be relaxed, the fingers will tighten on the
handle just before impact with the shuttle the greater the
power needed the tighter the grip
Picture 1A

To us the backhand grip your thumb must sit
on the flat part of the racket handle (you
must be able to see the strings) pic 1B. The
grip must be loose to enable the thumb to
guide the racket through the shot.
The racket should be held in your fingers,
not your palm. Your fingers and thumb should
be used to control the racket and for power
Picture 1B

Picture 1C

pic 1C

Each player has a racket and a shuttle (if not enough rackets they can work in
pairs or 3s and take turns). Using a small controlled underarm stroke, hit the
shuttle about 1-2 metres in the air, using the forehand grip. This should be
continuous and the player should attempt to hit as many in a row as possible.
The racket needs to be pointed upwards and small strokes are to be used.
When the player is comfortable with the forehand try the same using the
backhand grip, and then progress to alternate forehand / backhand
Points to remember
Be aware of the surrounds eg obstacles, dangers for the group
If outside, be aware of weather (wind) try to keep in controlled
environment so not to lose shuttles.
Set targets for the good players, make sure all players attempt this skill

Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer


HIGH SERVE (Singles Serve)
The aim of the high serve is to get the shuttle as high and as far back in the
court as possible.
Forehand grip to be used
Face the direction to serve, stand side on with non-racket
leg forward (right handed players have left leg forward)
- pic 2A
Hold the shuttle with your other hand (right handed
players hold shuttle with left), above the level of your
waist in front of your body pic 2B
Hold the racket up ready to serve
Swing the racket, dropping the shuttle onto the racket to make contact pic 2C

Follow through in the intended direction of the shuttle ending up with your
racket over your opposite shoulder pic 2D
Ensure to transfer weight from racket leg to non-racket leg during the
Its important that the hand holding the shuttle be held high as this will
help making the shuttle go higher pic 2B
If contact is difficult restrict the swing eg smaller distance to the
In a game of singles, to serve the player should stand approximately 1m
from the front service line and serve on the diagonal (see page 18)
NOTE: its a fault serve if you slide or lift your feet during a serve

Picture 2A

Picture 2B

Picture 2C

Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

Picture 2D

DOUBLES SERVE (backhand)

The aim of this doubles serve is to serve as low to the net and as close to the
short single line as possible. You can use either a forehand or backhand grip, but
the easiest to learn for beginners and new players and the most consistent is
the backhand serve.

Use the Backhand grip (see above)

Stand close to the short service line, in a comfortable position.
Eg some like to stand with left foot forward, some right foot, some
face on to the net pic 3A
Have the racket against the body below the waist line
Hold the shuttle at the top by the feather in front of the racket head

pic 3B & 3C

Using the fingers and thumb push the shuttle flat over the net, keeping
the strings aimed in a flat line so the serve does not go too high pic 3C
On contact point the strings in the direction they want the serve to go.
If you hold the racket too tight the shuttle will go too high and far

Picture 3A

Picture 3B

Picture 3C

The service in singles and doubles is very important,
players who have a good service usually have a good
advantage in games. Try to include serving practice in
each session for beginners.
For practising the action a net is not important the
action without a shuttle is also very useful drill.
In pairs players can practice their serve. If they need
a target the opposing playing can put their racket on
the ground for the server to aim at
Remember the aim is to get the serve as low to the net
as possible to make it hard for the receiver to attack
Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

In singles players should stand in the middle of the area to be served into.
See page 18. In doubles, the player can stand a little closer towards the
service line pic 4A. The player must then be ready to move fast towards
the shuttle as soon as the serve is hit. The ideal position is to stand with
your legs positioned with your non-racket leg in front (left leg for right
handers). Have your knees bent so you are ready to move with your racket
up so you can react quicker to the serve pics 4B & 4C

Picture 4A

Picture 4B

Picture 4C

Positioning for Serving / Returning in Doubles & Mixed

Picture 4D

In mens or ladies doubles, the server will

stand close to the service line and their
partner should stand in the middle of the
court behind the server so they are ready to
cover the back of the court pic 4D
Also when the pair is receiving, the partner
should stand behind the receiver in the
middle of the court pic 4E

Picture 4E

Picture 4F

In Mixed doubles its normal for the lady to

stand in front of her partner on the service
line when he is serving. She is then able to
cover the front more effectively pic 4F.
When the lady is serving the man can stand
the same as in doubles behind the server in
the middle of the court.

Picture 4G

Receiving for the lady is the same positioning for doubles, but when the man
is receiving the lady can stand just behind or along side him so that both
players arent standing at the front of the court and they are ready to
cover the entire court pic 4G. Players must always have their knees bent
and ready to move

Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

The clear is one of 4 overhead strokes played with the forehand
grip the others are the smash, drop and the snap. The aim is
to produce these shots in the same way so that the opponent
cannot pick which shot is going to be played until the last split
The action for the overhead can be broken down to 4 easy steps
and is almost exactly the same as the throwing action, eg
throwing a ball from the outfield in cricket.
This action is natural for some players. Its very useful with
beginners to practise the throwing action using the shuttle.
1. Stand side on to the net, with elbows and upper arm parallel to the ground,
racket head above the head. Right-handers will have their left shoulder
pointing towards the net. This position is important to produce the power
of the shot pic 5A
2. Bring the elbow through high and close to the head, at the same time
thrusting the hip forward pic 5B & 5C
3. Reach up high with the racket to make contact with the shuttle, making
sure they make contact in front of the head. Swing hard, making the
shuttle go to the back of the court pic 5C
4. Follow through with the racket and step forward pic 5D

Picture 5A

Picture 5B

Picture 5C

Picture 5D

FOOTWORK for this shot:

Chasse from base into position, then jump off the racket leg as the shuttle is
hit. Land on the non-racket leg and move forward towards the base.

To practise this shot the feeder can high serve to the player so they can
practise this shot in a controlled situation. You can progress to continuous
hitting and then racket feeding after the players are confident.
Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

The aim of the drop shot is to bring the opponent in close to the net so they have
to lunge down low to retrieve the shuttle.
Use the same preparation steps as the clear but:
At the last split second, take the power out of the shot by slowing the arm
action and by keeping the grip relaxed.
The contact point with the shuttle is slightly further forward than the clear,
to make the angle of the shot in a down wards position.
The player should aim to land the drop approximately on the short service
line, close to the net, so in a match the opponent would have to move a long
way to the net to retrieve the shot.

This shot can be practised the same as a clear. Partner high serves to player or by
racket feeding or continuous lifting from one person if it can be consistent enough
to practise the shot

The Smash is the most powerful and dynamic shot. It is an attacking shot that is
used a lot to put the opponent under pressure and to win rallies.
Once again the preparation for the smash is the same for all overheads.
You should only attempt a smash when you can make contact with the shuttle
in front of you, so the shuttle will go in a downward angle and with power to
the ground and your body moving forward.
Side on preparation and bent knees are important to generate the power as is
the elbow and hip coming through towards the net as seen in the sequence of
photos below pic 6
As you make contact with the shuttle you need to use your forearm and wrist
to snap down to get the power and angle
Picture 6

Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

The aim of a net shot is to play the shuttle as close as possible to the net
so that it is difficult to return. It is not so important to keep the shuttle
flat in its trajectory over the net its more important for it to be close to
the net (tight)

Stand facing the net with your racket leg forward, posture is slightly
Racket is level with the top of the net (if possible) elbow bent,
relaxed grip pic 7A
Use the fingers and wrist to initiate the striking movement its
important not to use your arm pic 7B
Racket face is slightly facing forward to the net
Slice under the shuttle (using your fingers not arm for this action)
For the backhand net shot the grip is changed but above actions are
the same using your thumb and fingers for the action pic 7C

Picture 7A

Picture 7B

Picture 7C

FOOTWORK for this shot

Its important to have practised this shot many times with adding
the footwork
From the base chasse forward then lunge with racket leg
extended out towards the shuttle.
Practise one corner at a time, when the player has successfully
completed one corner then move on to the next, then combine the
two corners
Timing for the feeding is important

In pairs, feeder lobs (underarm) the shuttle gently
over the net and the worker players a net shot.
Practise one side at a time (forehand or backhand)
and then add progressive footwork ie. Lunge first,
adding more movement once the players have a
chance to practise the shot.
Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

The net lift is played with either the forehand or the
backhand and aims to land the shuttle in the tramlines at
the back of the court.
The idea is to hit the shuttle as early as possible on
your side of the net using as little swing as necessary
to keep control of the shot pic 8A
The racket foot is forward and the weight transfers
from the non-racket foot to the racket foot as the
shot is played.
Using mainly your forearm with a small swing, hit the
shuttle following through in the direction the shuttle
is intended to travel pic 8B
Dont get too close to the shuttle or the shot will be
too cramped and lacking in power.

Picture 8A

Picture 8B

Same as net shots, with one player hand feeding and
the other practising the shot, then change over.
Feeding must be slow with time to recover from the
previous shot.
Its important to practise the shots before adding the
footwork to it.

The basic technique for defence - this is used more in doubles
and mixed doubles.
Backhand grip to be used with the racket head pointing at
11 oclock position (or 1oclock for left handers) pics 9A &

Your body position is important face the net with both

your shoulders and feet square on to the net
The easiest and often the most effective way of returning at
smash is to play a block just over the net. The idea is to take
the pace off the smash and just block the shuttle so it lands
inside the short service line and makes it very difficult for the
opposition to keep attacking.
Important to have a very relaxed grip
A small movement of the racket is required no arm

Picture 9A

Picture 9B


Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

To defend by hitting the shuttle to the back of the court
Grips and stance as above
Knees bent and on your toes as you hit the shuttle you
will straighten your legs to get power and direction
For the shot you must lead with your elbow and flick your
wrist through towards the shuttle pic 9C
This action is short and fast make sure you to hit high
with your arm and follow through with your racket

Picture 9C

In pairs, one hand feeding overhead, throwing downwards (same angle as
a smash) towards the other person. Feeder should stand close to the net.
Timing and accuracy is important for the feeding.

A drive shot is a hard flat shot from half court to half court. This is a good shot
for beginners to start with to practise contact with the shuttle.

For the shot to be hit flat to the net the contact point for the
racket and shuttle is about the same height as the top of the net
Have the players in half court (one player v one player) stand with
the body facing the net with the racket head up and facing in the
direction they want the shuttle to go pic 10A
Ensure that only the forearm is used for this shot not the arm
Use a loose grip so the racket easily can play this shot back and
forth pics 10D
The aim is to make the shuttle go flat to the net so on contact
with the shuttle the racket head needs to be flat and pointing
towards the other side of the net
Progress then on to drives out the side of the body pics 10B &
10C hitting on the forehand and backhand sides

Development Officer Picture 10D

Picture 10B Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton

Picture 10A


An effective stance will enable players to move quickly from the base (the
central position of the court the player starts from and returns to between
shots) in any direction. Players should be ready to move quickly.
Important points to remember:
Player should stand facing forward to the
net pic 11A
Feet should be at least a shoulders width
apart pic 11B
Racket foot slightly further forward
Heels off the ground with knees bent
Trunk leaning slightly forward
Racket in front and parallel to the ground.
Picture 11A

Picture 11B


At the beginner level of badminton it is not important to spend a lot of time to

teach new players how to do proper footwork. However, there are a few
important points that a player should be aware of.
Singles the player must come back to the middle of the court (base)
ready for the next shot with the correct STANCE (see above)
The steps around the court are called chasse.
To move to the front is simply chasse from the base then a lunge
The lunge to the shuttle is to be with the racket foot (right foot for
right-handers, left foot for lefthanders) reach forward with the racket
Its important to keep your balance at all times
For the backhand you also lunge with you with your hitting foot pic 11D
To prevent injury, ensure when lunging that your knee is in line with your
big toe and doesnt go forward over your foot if not this can cause knee
problems. Always point your foot towards the shuttle, this also helps to
be able to recover from the lunge

Picture 11C


Picture 11D
Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

Footwork to the back is also done with chasse steps, turning side on
to hit the shuttle pic 12A
Round the head footwork (in the backhand corner) is completed with
a rotation of the feet (pic 12B) to make it easier for the player to
return to the middle of the court, landing on your non-hitting foot to
push off back to the base pic 12C
Overhead in the forehand corner is usually with no rotation. Chasse
from the base then jump out to the forehand corner (pic 12D) landing
on your racket leg (pic 12E) then push back to the base

Picture 12A

Picture 12B

Picture 12C

Picture 12D

Picture 12E

To move to the side of the court to reach a smash or half court shot is
the same movement/ footwork as to the front fast small chasse and
Lead with your racket to move towards the shuttle with a large
wide lunge - pic 12F
If lunging down for a smash keep your body low and balanced pic

Push your racket out towards the direction of the shuttle

During the lunge point your foot towards where the shuttle is hit

Picture 12F

Picture 12G

Everybody is different and has different abilities therefore some

footwork will be slightly different for players but the basics are the same.
With large groups it is possible to have many players on each court to
practise footwork.
Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer


FEEDING for shot practice

Good feeding is vital to quality of training
TIMING the shuttle must arrive at the right time for the player
ACCURACY the shuttle must go to the right spot
CONSISTENCY so that the players can concentrate on their task
SPEED of the shuttle is important and in between each shuttle.

Hand feeding

Picture 13A

Stack the shuttles up on the non

racket arm
Take the shuttle from the bottom of
the stack pic 13A
Throw underarm or overhead, with
the cork facing the way the shuttle
is intended to go pic 13B
Try to throw the shuttle with
accuracy and to create the shot
practised. Eg underarm throw to the
net to feed net shots and lifts,
overhead feeding to practise a smash

Picture 13B

Racket feeding


Stack the shuttles up on the non racket arm

Take the shuttle from the bottom of the stack
Take the shuttle with the thumb, forefinger and
middle finger of the racket hand pic 13C
Drop, rather than throw the shuttle
Use a short grip and a short swing with your racket
Contact point high and slightly in front of the body
Watch where the shuttle goes!! As you are taking the
next shuttle
Timing is important so the shot can be practised

Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

Picture 13C


Plan the session as much as possible, taking into account the following:

Facility (if outside conditions, weather) Badminton can be taught

outside, you just have to adapt the lesson and work with the conditions
Equipment available (how many rackets, shuttles, nets) The more rackets
the better but it is not important to have one racket per person as long
as you keep sharing the equipment around, look after your equipment
throughout the session.
Group size - Ability of the group - Time for the session

For beginner groups, school groups ensure that the session is fun
and that everyone gets a turn at trying everything.
In each session or lesson try to include:

A fun game related to badminton

A skill or technique, depending on time maybe 2-3
skills maximum per session
Always try for full participation of the group
Set challenges for the players where possible
different levels of students can mean some cannot
achieve the same results as the more advanced.
Always offer positive feedback

Where possible let the players play on the court too much instruction
can be too boring and players will lose interest.
If you have a small group or one on one coaching, its important for the
player(s) to be given a variety of skills to learn each session, so not to get
bored. Sessions should vary depending on level and success of the player.
Try to end each session with something fun so that your students will want
to come back and try badminton again.


Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer



Any racket can be used for beginner or school groups. The more rackets you have
in a session the better one per person is ideal but not necessary. Make sure the
players take care of your equipment as badminton rackets can break easily. For
small children there are also available shorter handled rackets to assist with
hitting the shuttle. Lighter rackets are easier to use for all levels and tighter
strings will help with the power.
In some lessons or areas nets and posts will not be available.
This isnt a problem, many basic lessons and techniques can
be done without nets. But you can compromise by using other
materials eg. a rope across the whole area tied to the wall.
There are two types of shuttles plastic and feather
The plastic shuttle is heavier, flies differently but lasts a lot
longer than the feather, ideal for school groups, outside use and
beginners. Can also be used for training sessions if feather
shuttles are hard to come by or conditions are better suited.
The feather shuttle is used for most official tournaments.
It is much lighter and players are able to hit a wider range
of shots but the feathers break easily and the shuttle wont
last as long as the plastic.


It is important that students / players are aware the
need to warm up and warm down, however in most cases
they are not going to be playing a high level competition in
your session so a quick warm up is adequate. Some classes
spend the first 15mins warming up in a 45-minute class.
You can use a fun game as the warm up. Keep it simple and
fun. Include something new (eg a new stretch) in each
lesson in the warm up or warm down so they learn the


Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

It is important to include fun games into sessions when possible.
There are many different games that coaches and teachers use. If
possible try to make the game badminton related and always change the
game in each session unless all participants request it.
Where you have many students but only one court then badminton related
games are always good. Be sure to be clear in the instruction and keep in
mind safety of the players and equipment.

Races - using 1 racket and shuttle per person

Group / team relays - with many rackets and

given different challenges for each race

Round the world (round the house) players line

up at one end of the court, hit one shot and
run to the back of the line this game can be
played with a coach at the other end or in
teams against each other

Rob the nest 4 teams (each team on a corner of a half of a court, with
shuttles in a circle in the middle of the 4 teams. Players are given a
number in their team. When the number is called they must pick up a
shuttle and take it back to their corner. They can steal from another
team when a team has 3 in their corner they win. One shuttle at a time,
Lunge to pick up the shuttle.

King of the court many shuttles needed. A team on each side of the
net. The idea of this game is for the players to throw as many shuttles
over the net one at a time, until time is called. Winning team has the
least shuttles left. This game is used to practice the throwing
technique, which is used for all overhead shots.


Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer



This page shows you the areas for a player to serve into and playing areas for a
game in singles and doubles. Something easy to help you remember for playing
areas - Singles court is long and skinny, the doubles area is wide and fat.
Server Stands in area
The serve must land in area
Area of play after service


In Singles

During the rally the outside

tramlines are out
At all times if the shuttle
hits on the line in the shaded
area it is called in

In Doubles


During the rally the whole

court is in
At all times if the shuttle
hits on the line in the shaded
area it is called in

Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

Since January 2006 World Badminton Federation changed the scoring system so now
points are scored after all rallies. Games are played to 21 with advantage of 2 and
breaks are only at 11 or 21. Below is a basic explanation for the new scoring system.
For further details see www.internationalbadminton.org
Scoring System
A match consists of the best of 3 games of 21 points.
The side winning a rally adds a point to its score.
At 20 all, the side which gains a 2 point lead first, wins that game.
At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th point, wins that game.
The side winning a game serves first in the next game.
Intervals and Change of Ends
When the leading score reaches 11 points, players have a 60 second interval.
A 2-minute interval between each game is allowed.
In the third game, players change ends when a side scores 11 points.
At the beginning of the game and when the score is even, the server serves
from the right service court. When it is odd, the server serves from the left
service court.
If the server wins a rally, the server scores a point and then serves again from
alternate service court.
If the receiver wins a rally, the receiver scores a point and becomes the new
There is only one serve in doubles.
At the beginning of the game and when the score is even, the server serves
from the right court. When it is odd, the server serves from the left court.
If the serving side wins a rally, the serving side scores a point and the same
server serves again from the alternate service court.
If the receiving side wins a rally, the receiving side scores a point. The
receiving side becomes the new serving side.
The player of the receiving side who served last stays in the same service court
from where he served last. The reverse pattern applies to the receivers
The players do not change their respective service courts until they win a point
when their side is serving.
If players commit an error in the service court, the error is corrected when the
mistake is discovered
Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer


There are many different ways to set up a tournament at your club or school
depending on numbers of entrants, time and courts available. Below is an
example of an empty draw sheet for a maximum amount of 16 players.
For more information and exact details on seed placement and byes go to the

Round 1


Semi finals




Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer



Another option for a tournament is to have a round robin draw format. This
again will depend on time and player numbers. Below are two examples of this
format diagram 1 with 6 players and the winners of each group playing off in
the final diagram 2 with 11 players, then including a semi final.
You can decide to play a full game or for time (eg 10mins) then you add all
the scores for that person.
The options are endless but this format is more for local tournaments or
fun tournaments.
International events must be played in accordance with the WBF
regulations see page 22 for details
Ensure you separate the top players in your tournament so they are
spread around the groups, this will help for an even tournament.
Group A

Diagram 1

Winner Group A



Group B


Winner Group B

Group A


Diagram 2

Winner Group A

Group B



Winner Group B

Group C

Winner Group C

Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer


With the scoring system changing so have the official umpire sheets below is
a copy of the new umpire sheet. If you need more information on how to use
this umpire sheet contact BOCTOC at Badminton Oceania.

For further general information on tournament regulations and laws of badminton go to

the link below at the World Badminton Federation


Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer




Diagonal length of full court = 14.723m

Court as shown above can be used for both singles and doubles play

Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer


Badminton Oceania Confederation

15/8 Techno Park Drive
Williamstown 3016
ph. +61 3 93974722


Created by Lynne Scutt Badminton Oceania Development Officer

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