CLASS X CHAPTER WISE WORKSHEETS WITH SOLUTIONS MATHEMATICS

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CLASS X CHAPTER WISE WORKSHEETS WITH SOLUTIONS MATHEMATICS

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SITAMARHI

(Affiliated up to +2 level to C.B.S.E., New Delhi)

Affiliation No. - 330419

X- S.A.- II Maths Chapterwise

Printable Worksheets with Solution

Session : 2014-15

Website: www.brilliantpublicschool.com; E-mail: brilliantpublic@yahoo.com

MATHEMATICS (Class X)

Index: S.A.-II

1.

Quadratic Equations

001

2.

Arithmetic Progressions

026

3.

Coordinate Geometry

050

4.

074

5.

Circles

096

6.

Constructions

121

7.

140

8.

170

9.

Probability

200

CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1.

(a) 7

2.

(b) 9

(c) 6

(a) x 3 x + 3 3 = 0

(c) x 2 4 3 x + 9 = 0

2

is

[1]

(d) 8

3 and 3 3 is

[1]

(b) x + 4 3 x + 9 = 0

(d) x 2 + 2 x + 3 = 0

2

3.

(b) a 2 = 4bc

(c) c 2 = 4ab

(d) b 2 = 4ac

(a) b 2 = 4bc

[1]

4.

(a) 0

(b) = 0

(c) 0

(d) >0

[1]

5.

Determine whether the given values are solution of the equation or not [2]

x 2 + 2 x 4 = 0, x = 2, x = 2 2

6.

If x = 2 and x =

[2]

1

are solution of the equation 5 x 2 + px + R = 0 find the value of P

5

and R.

7.

Find K for which the given value is solution of the equation x 2 + 3ax + k = 0, x = a

8.

If , are roots of the quadratic equation Kx 2 + 4 x + 4 = 0, find the value of K such [3]

that 2 + 2 = 24

9.

Given that one root of the quadratic equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 is three times the [3]

other, show that 3b 2 = 16ac

10.

One fourth of a herd of camels was in the forest. Twice the square root of the herd [4]

had gone to mountains and the remaining 15 camels were seen on the bank of a

river. Find the total no. of camels.

11.

A farmer wishes to grow a 100m2 rectangular vegetable garden. Since he has with [4]

him only 30 m barbed wire, he fences three sides of the rectangular garden letting

compound wall of his house act as the fourth side fence. Find the dimensions of his

garden.

12.

Some student planned a picnic. The budget for food was Rs. 500. But 5 of these [4]

failed to go and then cost of food for each member is increased by Rs 5. How many

students attended the picnic

[2]

CLASS - X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

Ans2.

Ans3.

Ans4.

(a)

(c)

(d)

(a)

Ans5.

Put x = 2

L.H.S =

( 2)

+ 2

( 2) 4

= 2+24

= 44

=0

Yes

x = 2 2

L.H.S = 2 2

+ 2 2 2 4

= 844

= 88

=0

Yes

Ans6.

1

are solution of the

5

Eq. 5 x 2 + Px + R = 0

x = 2 and x =

5 ( 2 ) + P ( 2 ) + R = 0

2

2 P + R = 20...... ( i )

2

1

1

5 + p + R = 0

5

5

1 1

R

P+ =0

5 5

1

1 P + 5R = 0

P

5 R....... ( ii )

R=2

P = 11

Ans7.

x 2 + 3ax + k = 0

x = a

( a )

+ 3a ( a ) + k = 0

a 2 3a 2 + k = 0

K = 2a 2

Ans8.

Kx 2 + 4 x + 4 = 0

4

b

+ =

[

k

a

4

c

[

=

k

a

2

2

+ = 24 (Given)

( + )

2 = 24

4

4

2 = 24

k

k

16 8

= 24

k2 k

16 8k 24

=

k2

1

2

16 8k = 24k 2

24k 2 + 8k 16 = 0

3k 2 + k 2 = 0

3k 2 + 3k 2k 2 = 0

3k ( k + 1) 2 ( k + 1) = 0

( 3k 2 )( k + 1) = 0

k=

Ans9.

2

3

Other root = 3

b

( 3 ) + =

a

b

4 =

a

b

= .......... ( i )

4a

c

a

c

3 2 =

a

c

2 =

3a

3 . =

c

b

=

4a 3a

b2

c

=

2

16a

3a

3b 2 = 16ac

2

Ans10.

[from(i)

No. of camels see in the forest =

x

4

No. of camels on the bank of river = 15

x

ATQ + 2 x + 15 = x

4

3 x 8 x 60 = 0

Put

x=y

x = y2

3 y 2 8 y 60 = 0

3 y 2 18 y + 10 y 60 = 0

3 y ( y 6 ) + 10 ( y 6 ) = 0

( y 6 )( 3 y + 10 ) = 0

y = 6, y =

10

6

x = y2

x = (6)

x = 36

Ans11.

Let length = x

Width = y

x + y + y = 30

2 y = 30 x

30 x

y=

2

xy = 100 (Given)

30 x

x

= 100

2

30 x x 2 = 200

x 2 30 x + 200 = 0

x 2 20 x 10 x + 200 = 0

x ( x 20 ) 10 ( x 20 ) = 0

( x 20 )( x 10 ) = 0

x = 20

x = 10

x = 10

y = 10 (Neglect)

x = 20

y =5

Ans12.

500

Cost per head=

x

When 5 failed to go

New cost per head =

500

x 5

500 500

=5

x 5

x

500 x 500 x + 2500 5

=

x2 5x

1

2500

x2 5x =

5

2

x 5 x = 500

ATQ

x 2 5 x 500 = 0

x 2 25 x + 20 x 500 = 0

x ( x 25 ) + 20 ( x 25 ) = 0

( x 25)( x + 20 ) = 0

x = 25, x = 20

= 25 5

= 20

CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1.

(a) x 2 x 5 x = 0

3

[1]

(b) 3 x 5 x + 9 = x 7 x + 3

2

1

1

(c) x + = 3 x + + 4

x

x

2.

3.

4.

(d) x3 + x + 3 = 0

Factor of a 2 x 2 3abx + 2b 2 = 0 is

2b b

3b a

(a)

(b)

, ,

, ,

a a

a b

[1]

(c)

b a

, ,

a b

(a) 3,2

(b) 5,2

(c) 53

Discriminate of

(a) 30

3 x 2 2 2 x 2 3 = 0 is

(b) 31

(d)

a a

, ,

b b

[2]

(d) 2,3

[2]

(c) 32

(d) 35

5.

[2]

6.

[2]

7.

Find the value of K for which the quadratic equation kx 2 + 2 x + 1 = 0, has real and [2]

distinct root.

8.

x 2 + px + k = 0 has equal root, find the value of K.

9.

Solve for x : 5 x +1 + 51 x = 26

[3]

10.

If I had walked 1 km per hr faster, I would have taken 10 mints. Less to walk 2km

[4]

11.

A takes 6 days less than the time taken by B to finish a piece of work. If both A and [4]

B together can finish it in 4 days, find the time taken by B to finish the work.

12.

A plane left 30 mints later than the schedule time and in order to reach its [4]

destination 1500 Km away in time it has to increase its speed by 250km/hr from

its usual speed. Find its usual speed.

CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(b)

Ans3.

(c)

Ans2.

(a)

Acs4.

(c)

Ans5.

12abx 2 9a 2 x + 8b 2 x 6ab = 0

( 4bx 3a )( 3ax + 2b ) = 0

4bx 3a = 0

3a

4b

3ax + 2b = 0

x=

x=

Ans6.

2b

3a

p2 x2 + ( p2 q2 ) x q2 = 0

a = p 2 , b = p 2 q 2 , c = q 2

D = b 2 4ac

= ( p 2 q 2 ) 4 p 2 ( q 2 )

= p 4 + q2 2 p 2q 2 + 4 p2q2

= ( p2 + q2 )

x=

=

=

b D

29

( p2q2 )

(p

+ q2 )

2 p2

p2 + q2 + p2 + q2

p2 + q2 p2

,

x

=

2 p2

2 p2

x=

2 p 2

2q 2

,

x

=

2 p2

2 p2

x=

q2

, x = 1

p2

Ans7.

Kx 2 + 2 x + 1 = 0

a = k , b = 2, c = 1

b = b 2 4ac

= ( 2 ) 4 k 1

2

= 4 4k

For real and distinct root

D>0

4 4k > 0

4k > 4

k <1

Ans8.

-4 is root of x 2 + px 4 = 0

( 4 ) + p ( 4 ) 4 = 0

2

16 4 p 4 = 0

4 p = 12

p =3

x 2 + px + k = 0 (Given)

x2 + 3x + k = 0

D = b 2 4ac

0 = ( 3) 4 1 k [For equal root D = 0

2

4k = 9

k=

Ans9.

9

4

5 x +1 + 51 x = 26

5 x.51 + 51.5 x = 26

5 x.5 +

51

= 26

5x

Put 5 x = y

5y 5

+ = 26

1 y

5 y 2 26 y + 5 = 0

5 y 2 25 y y + 5 = 0

5 y ( y 5 ) 1( y 5 ) = 0

( y 5)( 5 y 1) = 0

y =5

y=

1

5

1

5

x

5 = 5 1

5 x = 51

5x =

x =1

x = 1

Ans10.

Distance = 2 km

Let speed = x km/hr

New speed = ( x + 1) km/hr

Time taken by normal speed =

Time taken by new speed =

ATQ

2

hr

x

2

hr

x +1

2

2

10

=

x x + 1 60

2x + 2 2x 1

=

x2 + x

6

2

x + x = 12

x 2 + x 12 = 0

x 2 + 4 x 3 x 12 = 0

xx + 4 3 ( x + 4 ) = 0

( x + 4 )( x 3) = 0

x = 4

x = 3 Km/hr

Ans11.

Let B takes x days to finish the work then A alone can finish it in

( x 6 ) days

ATQ

1

1

1

+

=

x x6 4

x6+ x 1

=

x2 6x 4

2x 6 1

=

x2 6 x 4

x 2 6 x = 8 x 24

x 2 14 x + 24 = 0

x 2 12 x 2 x + 24 = 0

x ( x 12 ) 2 ( x 12 ) = 0

( x 12 )( x 2 ) = 0

x = 12

x = 2 (Neglect)

x = 12

Ans12.

New speed = ( x + 250 ) km/hr

Total distance = 1500 km

Time taken by usual speed =

1500

hr

x

1500

hr

x + 250

ATQ

1500 1500

1

=

x

x + 250 2

=

x 2 + 250 x

2

1500

250

x 2 + 250 x =

2

2

x + 250 x = 750000

x 2 + 250 x 750000 = 0

x 2 + 1000 x 750 x 750000 = 0

x ( x + 1000 ) 750 ( x + 1000 ) = 0

x = 750, x = 1000

x = 750

10

CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1.

(a) 2 x 2 + x 1 = 0

(b) x 2 + x + 1 = 0

(c) x 2 6 x + 6 = 0

(d) 2 x 2 + 15 x + 30 = 0

2.

Solve for x x =

(a) x = 2

3.

[1]

[1]

1

2

1

2

1

2 x

(b) x = 1

(c) x = 1

(d) x = 3

(b) = 5

(c) = 3

(a) = 4

[2]

(d) = 1

4.

Find k for which the quadratic equations 4 x 2 3kx + 1 = 0 has equal root.

3

3

4

2

(b) =

(c) =

(d) =

(a) =

4

4

3

3

5.

9a 2b 2 x 2 24abcdx + 16c 2 d 2 = 0

6.

[2]

7.

[2]

8.

1

1 1 1

= + + Solve for x by factorization method.

p+q+x p q x

[3]

9.

[3]

10.

A motor boat, whose speed is 15km/hr in still water, goes 30km down stream and [4]

the

roots

of

the

Quadratic

[2]

equation [2]

comes back in a total time of 4 hr 30 mint find the speed of the stream.

11.

A swimming pool is filled with three pipes with uniform flow. The first two pipes [4]

operating simultaneously fill the pool in the same time during which the pool is the

same time during which the pool is filled by the third pipe alone. The second pipe

fills the pool five hr. faster than the first pipe and four hr. slower than the third

pipe. Find the time required by each pipe to fill the pool separately.

12.

A two digit no. is such that the product of its digits is 18. When 63 is subtracted [4]

from the no. the digit interchange their places. Find the no.

11

CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

(b)

Ans4.

(c)

Ans5.

D = b 2 4ac

= ( 24abcd ) 4 9a 2b 2 16c 2 d 2

2

= 576a 2b 2 c 2 576a 2b 2 c 2 d 2 = 0

Ans6.

( x 1)( 2 x 1) = 0

2 x2 x 2 x + 1 = 0

2 x 2 3x + 1 = 0

a = 2, c = 3, c = 1

D = b 2 4ac

= ( 3) 4 2 1

2

= 98 =1

Ans7.

Let P ( x ) = K 2 x 2 2 x 3

P (1) = K 2 (1) 2 K (1) 3

2

0 = K 2 2k 3

K 2 3k + k 3

k ( k 3 ) + 1( k 3 ) = 0

( k 3)( k + 1) = 0

k = 3, k = 1

12

Ans8.

1

1 1 1

= + +

p+q+x p q x

1

1 1 1

= +

p+q+x x p q

x pqx p+q

=

x 2 + px + qx

pq

( p + q)

p+q

=

x + px + qx

pq

1

1

=

2

x + px + qx pq

2

x 2 + px + qx = pq

x 2 + px + qx + pq = 0

x ( x + p) + q ( x + p) = 0

( x + p )( x + q ) = 0

x = p,

Ans9.

x = q

5x2 6 x 2 = 0

6

2

x2 x = 0

5

5

2

6

3 2

x2 x + = 0

5

5 5

2

3

9 2

+

x =

5

25 5

3 9 + 10

x =

5

25

3 19

x =

5

25

3

19

=

5

5

x=

3

19

5

5

x=

3 + 19

3 19

or x =

5

5

13

Ans10.

Speed of stream = x km/hr

Speed in down word direction = 15 + x

Speed in down word direction = 15 x

ATQ

30

30

1

+

=4

15 + x 15 x

2

30 (15 x ) + 30 (15 + x ) 9

=

2

(15 + x )(15 x )

450 30 x + 450 + 30 x 9

=

225 x 2

2

2

9 ( 225 x ) = 1800

225 x 2 = 200

x=5

Speed of stream = 5 km/hr

Ans11.

Let x be the no. of hr required by the second pipe alone to till the pool and

first pipe ( x + 5 ) hr while third pipe ( x 4 ) hr

1

1

1

+ =

x+5 x x4

x+ x+5

1

=

2

x + 5x x 4

x 2 8 x 20 = 0

x 2 10 x + 2 x 20 = 0

x ( x 10 ) + 2 ( x 10 ) = 0

( x 10 )( x + 2 ) = 0

x = 10

x = 2 (Neglect)

14

Ans12.

Digit on tens place = y

xy = 18

Number = 10. y + x

18

= 10 + x

4

18

18

ATQ 10 + x 63 = 10 x +

x

x

180 x 13 10 x 2 + 18

+

=

1

x

x

2

180 + x 63 x 10 x 2 + 18

=

x

x

2

9 x + 63 x 162 = 0

9 ( x 2 + 9 x 2 x 18 ) = 0

x ( x + 9) 2 ( x + 9) = 0

x=2

x = 9

18

No. = 10 + 2

2

= 92

15

CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1.

2.

Solve by factorization

7

(a) x = 3,

3

3 x 2 + 10 x + 7 3 = 0

7

(b) x = 3,

3

[1]

(c) x = 2,

1

2

(d) 3

(a) x 2 9 = 0

(b) x 2 3 x 3 = 0

(c) x 2 2 x + 2 = 0

[1]

(d) x 2 + 9 = 0

3.

quadratic equations

(a) x 2 + x 306 = 0

(b) x 2 x + 306 = 0

(c) x 2 + 2 x 106 = 0

(d) x 2 x 306 = 0

4.

(a) x 2 + x + 2 = 0

(b) x3 + x 2 + 2 = 0

(c) x 4 + x 2 + 2 = 0

(d) x + 2 = 0

[2]

5.

1

The sum of two no. is 16. The sum of their reciprocals is . Find the no.

3

[2]

6.

Solve for x

7.

Solve for x

8.

217 x = x 7

a 2b 2 x 2 + b 2 x a 2 x 1 = 0

9 x 9 ( a + b ) x + ( 2a + 5ab + 2b

2

[2]

[3]

[3]

)=0

9.

A factory kept increasing its output by the same percent ago every year. Find the [4]

percentage if it is known that the output is doubled in the last two years.

10.

[4]

1

minute. if one pipe takes 3

13

minute more than the other to fill fit, find the time in which each pipe would fill the

cistern.

11.

( a b ) x 2 + ( b c ) x + ( c a ) = 0 are equal prove that 2a = b + c

12.

Two circles touch internally. The sum of their areas is 116 cm2 and the distance [4]

between their centres is 6 cm. find the ratio of the circles.

16

[4]

CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(a)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(a)

Ans5.

Let no. be x

ATQ

1

1

1

+

=

x 16 x 3

16

1

=

16 x x 2 3

x 2 16 x + 48 = 0

x 2 12 x 4 x + 48 = 0

x = 12 or x = 4

Ans6.

217 x = ( x 7 )

( 217 x ) = ( x 7 )

217 x = x 2 + 49 14 x

x 2 14 x + x + 49 217 = 0

x 2 13 x 168 = 0

x 2 21x + 8 x 168 = 0

x = 21 or x = 8

Ans7.

a 2b 2 x 2 + b 2 + x a 2 x 1 = 0

b 2 x ( a 2 x + 1) 1( a 2 x + 1) = 0

( a x + 1)( b x 1) = 0

2

x=

1

1

, x= 2

2

a

b

17

Ans8.

D = b 2 4ac

= ( 9 ( a + b ) ) 4 9 ( 2a 2 + 5ab + 2ab 2 )

2

= 81( a + b ) 36 ( 2a 2 + 5ab + 2b 2 )

2

= 9 9 ( a 2 + b 2 + 2ab 8a 2 20ab 8b 2 )

= 9 a 2 + b 2 2ab

= 9 ( a b)

x=

b D

2a

9 ( a + b) 9 ( a b)

29

3 ( a + b ) ( a b )

x =3

29

3

a

3

b

+

(

) ( a b)

x=

6

3a + 3b + a b

3a + 3b + a b

, x=

x=

6

6

4a + 2b

4a + 2b

, x=

=

6

6

2a + b

2a + b

=

, x=

3

3

Ans9.

ATQ 2P = p 1 +

100

2

r

= 1+

1

100

r

2 1 =

100

r=

2 1 100

18

Ans10.

Let the faster pipe takes x mint to fill the cistern and the slower pipe will

take ( x + 3) mint.

1

1

1

+

=

x x + 3 40

13

ATQ

1

1

13

+

=

x x + 3 40

x + 3 + x 13

=

x 2 + 3 x 40

13 x 2 41x 120 = 0

13 x 2 65 x + 24 x 120 = 0

13 x ( x 5 ) + 24 ( x 5 ) = 0

x = 5,

24

13

x=

x=5

Ans11.

( a b ) x2 + (b c ) x + ( c a ) = 0

D = b 2 4ac

= (b c ) 4 ( a b) (c a )

2

= b 2 + c 2 2bc 4 ( ac a 2 bc + ab )

= b 2 + c 2 2bc 4ac + 4a 2 + 4bc 4ab

= ( b ) + ( c ) + ( 2a ) + 2bc 4ac 4ab

2

= ( b + c 2a )

D=0

( b + c 2a ) = 0

( b + c 2a ) = 0

2

b + c = 2a

19

Ans12.

ATQ r12 + r2 2 = 116

r12 + r2 2 = 116........ ( i )

r2 r1 = 6 (Given)

r2 = 6 + r1

r12 + ( 6 + r1 ) = 116

2

r + 36 + r + 12r1 = 116

2

1

2

1

2r12 + 12r1 80 = 0

r12 + 6r1 40 = 0

r12 + 10r1 4r1 40 = 0

r1 ( r1 + 10 ) 4 ( r1 + 10 ) = 0

( r1 + 10 )( r1 4 ) = 0

r1 = 10 (Neglect)

r1 = 4cm

r2 = 6 + r1

= 6+4

r2 = 10cm

20

CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1.

Discriminant of x 2 +

1

(a) ,1

2

2.

(b) k = 3

5.

1

, 1

2

(d)

1 1

,

2 2

[1]

(c) k = 2

(d) k = 8

(a) x 2 4 x 1 = 0

(b) x 2 + 4 x + 1 = 0

) (

(c) x 2 + x + 5 x 2 5 = 0

4.

(c)

(a) k = 6

3.

[1]

1

1

x + = 0 is

2

2

1

(b) ,1

2

(d) x 2 4 x + 2 = 0

7

7

5

(b)

(c)

(d) 21

(a)

3

3

3

Solve by factorization

x+

[1]

[1]

[2]

1

1

= 11

x

11

6.

7.

If and are the roots of the equation x 2 + kx + 12 = 0, such that = 1 then [2]

[2]

find K.

8.

In a cricket match Kapil took one wicket less than twice the number of wickets [3]

taken by Ravi. If the product of the no. of wickets taken by these two is 15, find the

no. of wickets taken by each.

9.

10.

17

. Find the no.

4

[3]

A piece of cloth costs Rs200. If the piece was 5m longer and each metre of cloth [4]

costs Rs2 less the cost of the piece would have remained unchanged. How long is

the piece and what is the original rate per metre?

11.

ax 2 + bx + c = 0,

12.

The length of the hypotenuse of a right exceeds the length of the base by 2 cm [4]

and exceeds twice the length of the altitude by 1cm. find the length of each side of

the .

21

[4]

CLASS - X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(a)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(b)

Ans5.

x 2 + 1 122

=

x

11

11x 2 12 x + 11 = 0

11x 2 121x 1x + 11 = 0

11x ( x 11) 1( x 11) = 0

x = 11

x=

Ans6.

1

11

7 x 2 12 x + 18 = 0

b 12

=

a

7

c 18

= =

a 17

12

+ 7 12 17 34

=

= =

18 7 18 21

17

+ =

Ans7.

+ =

k

1

=1

12

1

22

( + ) = ( )

2

( k ) = (1) 2 + 4.12

2

+ 4

k 2 = 49

k = 7

Ans8.

No. of wicket taken by Kapil = 2 x 1

ATQ ( 2 x 1) .x = 15

2 x 2 x 15 = 0

x = 3, x =

5

(Neglects)

2

x=3

Ans9.

Let no. be x

ATQ

x 1 17

+ =

1 x 4

x 2 + 1 17

=

x

4

2

4 x + 4 = 17 x

4 x 2 17 x + 4 = 0

4 x 2 16 x x + 4 = 0

4 x ( x 4 ) 1( x 4 ) = 0

( x 4 )( 4 x 1) = 0

x = 4, x =

Ans10.

1

4

Rate per metre =

200

x

New length = ( x + 5 )

New rate per metre =

200

x+5

23

ATQ

200 200

=2

x

x+5

200 ( x + 5 ) 200 x 2

=

1

( x + 5)

200 x + 1000 200 x 2

=

1

x2 + 5x

2

x + 5 x = 500

x 2 + 5 x 500 = 0

x 2 + 25 x 20 x 500 = 0

x ( x + 25 ) 20 ( x + 25 ) = 0

( x + 25 )( x 20 ) = 0

x = 25, x = 20

Ans11.

ax 2 + bx + c = 0,

x2 +

b

c

x+ =0

a

a

x2 +

b b b c

x + = 0

a 2 a 2a a

b

b2 c

x

+

=

2a

4a 2 a

b b 2 4ac

x

+

=

2a

4a 2

x+

b

b 2 4ac

=

2a

4a 2

x=

b

b 2 4ac

2a

2a

x=

b b 2 4ac

2a

x=

b + b 2 4ac

,

2a

x=

b b 2 4ac

2a

24

Ans12.

Let base = x

Altitude = y

Hypotenuse = h

ATQ h = x + 2

h = 2y +1

x + 2 = 2 y +1

x + 2 1 = 2 y

x 1 = 2 y

x 1

=y

2

x2 + y 2

2

x 1

x2 +

= ( x + 2)

2

x 2 15 x + x 15 = 0

x 2 15 x + x 15 = 0

( x 15)( x + 1) = 0

x = 15, x = 1

Base = 15cm

Altitude =

x +1

= 8cm

2

Hypotenuse = 17cm

25

CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

(a) 97

2.

(b) 92

(c) 99

(d) 95

(a) 45

3.

[1]

(b) 47

[1]

(c) 48

(d) 50

[2]

1 5 9

, , ,.....

3 3 3

4.

Is

[2]

5.

6.

Find the 11th term from the lest term of the AP 10, 7, 4,,-62

7.

For what value of n are the nth term of the following two APs are same 13, 19, [3]

3, 6, 9,........ form AP

[2]

2, 8, 18, 32,........

[2]

8.

Check whether 301 is a term of the list of no. 5, 11, 17, 32,..

[3]

9.

1

1

3

Which term of the sequence 20, 19 , 18 , 17 ,...... is the first negative term?

4

2

4

[4]

10.

[4]

11.

If m times the mth term of an A.P is equal to n times its nth term, Show that the [4]

th

(m + n)

12.

th

The sum of the 4th and 8th terms of an AP is 24 and the sum of the 6th and 10th [4]

26

CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(b)

Ans3.

1 5 9

, , ,....

3 3 3

1

3

5 1 4

d= =

3 3 3

a=

Ans4.

a1 = 3, a 2 = 6, a 3 = a

d1 = 6 3

= 3

2 1

d2 = 9 6

= 3 6

Ans5.

2, 8, 18, 32,.....

d = 8 2

=2 2 2

= 2

Next term is

Ans6.

50

a = 62, d = ( 7 10 ) = 3

a11 = a + 10d

= 62 + 10 ( 3)

= 32

27

Ans7.

nth term of 13, 19, 25, = nth term of 69, 68, 67,

13+(n-1) 6 = 69+(n-1)(-1)

N=9

Ans8.

d = 11 5

=6

a =5

an = a + ( n + 1) d

301 = 5 + ( n 1) d

n = 151

So, 301 is not a term of the given list

Ans9.

an < 0

3

20 + ( n 1) . < 0

4

20 3

3

n+ <0

1 4

4

80 3n + 3

<0

4

83 3n < 0

[ d =

77

3

20 =

4

4

3n < 83

n>

83

3

Ans10.

q = a + ( p 1) d .... ( i )

_ p = _ a ( q 1) d

.... ( ii )

q p = ( p 1 q + 1) d

q p

=d

pq

d = 1

28

q = a + ( p 1)( 1)

q = a p +1

a = q + p 1

a p + q = a + ( p + q 1) d

= ( q + p 1) + ( p + q 1)( 1)

= q + p 1 p q + 1

=0

Ans11.

mam = n an

m ( a + ( m 1) d ) = n ( a + ( n 1) d )

ma + m 2 d md = na + n 2 d nd

a ( m n ) + ( m 2 n 2 ) d md + nd = 0

a ( m n ) + ( m n )( m + n ) d ( m n ) d = 0

( m n ) a + ( m + n 1) d = 0

a + ( m + n 1) d = 0

am + n = 0 Hence prove

Ans12.

a4 + a8 = 24 (Given)

a + 3d + a + 7 d = 24

2a + 10d = 24

a + sd = 12....... ( i )

a6 + a10 = 44

a + sd + a + ad = 44

2a + 14d = 44

a + 7 d = 22......... ( ii )

d = 5, a = 13

29

CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

(a) = 5

2.

2,

(b) =7

(c) .10

[1]

(d) =9

[1]

(a) 12

(b) 13

(c) 14

(d) 18

3.

[2]

4.

The 17th term of an AP exceeds its 10th term by 7. Find the common difference

[2]

5.

[2]

6.

In AP, given

7.

In a flower bed, there are 23 rose plants in the first row, 21 in the second, 19 in the [3]

, 26

[2]

third and so on. There are 5 rose plants in the last row. How many rows are there

in the flower bed?

8.

9.

10.

In an A.P, the sum of first n terms is

, 13,

, 3

3n 2 5n

+ . find its 25th term.

2

2

[3]

[4]

Which term of the arithmetic progression 8,14,20,26, will be 72 more than its [4]

41st term.

11.

The ratio of the sum of n terms of two APs is ( 5n + 4 ) : ( 9n + 6 ) , find the ratio of [4]

their 18th term.

12.

In an AP, the first term is 2 and the sum of the first five terms is one-fourth of the [4]

sum of next five terms.

Show that 20th term is 112.

30

CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(c)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

2,

, 26

a=2

a3 = 26

a + 2d = 26

2 + 2d = 26

2d = 24

d = 12

a2 = a + d

= 2 + 12

14

Ans4.

a + 16d = a + ad + 7

7d = 7

d =1

Ans5.

1, 2,3,.....n

a = 1, l = n

n

Sn = ( a + l )

2

n

n

= (1 + n ) = ( n + 1)

2

2

Ans6.

In AP given

l = 28, S=144, n = 9

31

n

(a + l )

2

9

144 = ( a + 28 )

2

a=4

S=

Ans7.

a = 23, d = 21 23 = 2, an = 5

5 = 23 + ( n 1)( 2 )

n = 10

Ans8.

a2 = 13, a4 = 3

a + d = 13......... ( i )

a + 3d = 3.......... ( ii )

On solving

d = 5

Put the value of d in eq. (i)

a 5 = 13

a = 18

a1 = 18

a3 = 13 5

=8

Ans9.

3n 2 5n

+

2

2

Put n = 1, 2, 3.......

Sn =

3 5

+ =4

2 2

3 4 10 22

S2 =

+ =

= 11

2

2

2

a1 = s1 = 4

S1 =

a2 = S 2 S1 = 11 4 = 7

d = a2 a, = 7 4 = 3

a = 25 = a + 24d

= 4 + 24 3

= 4 + 72

= 46

32

Ans10.

a = 8, d = 14 8 = 6

Let nth term of the given AP be 72 more than its 41st term

an = 72 + a41

8 + ( n 1) 6 = 72 + 8 + 40 6

6n = 318

n=

Ans11.

318

= 53

6

ATQ

n

2a1 + ( n 1) d1

5n + 4

2

=

n

2a2 + ( n 1) d 2 9n + 6

2

Put n = 35 on both side

2a1 + ( 35 1) d1 5 35 + 4

=

2a2 + ( 35 1) d 2 9 35 + 6

a1 + 17 d1 179

=

a2 + 17 d 2 321

Ans12.

179

321

a=2

1

( S10 S5 )

4

4 S5 = S10 S5

S5 =

5S5 = S10

5

10

5 2a + ( 5 1) d = 2a + (10 1) d

2

2

25

10

[ 4 + 4d ] = [ 4 + ad ]

2

2

20 + 20d = 8 + 18d

d = 6

a20 = a + 19d

= 2 + 19 ( 6 )

= 112

33

CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

(a) 28

2.

[1]

1

11th term of the AP 3, , 2,........ is

2

(b) 22

(c) -38

(d) 48

1

2

(a) 2

(b) -1

(c) 3

[1]

(d) 1

3.

[2]

4.

[2]

5.

[2]

6.

7.

Determine the AP whose third term is 16 and the 7th term exceeds the 5th term by [3]

2,3 2, 5 2........

[2]

12.

8.

[3]

9.

If the sum of n terms of an AP is 3n 2 + 5n and its mth term is 164, find the value of m

[4]

10.

If the sum of three no. in AP, be 24 and their product is 440, find the no.

[4]

11.

12.

1

1

1

,

,

are in A.P

b+c c+a a+b

S3 = 3 ( S 2 S1 )

34

[4]

CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(d)

Ans3.

2 ( 3x ) = x + 1 + 4 x + 2

6 x = 5x + 3

6 x 5x = 3

x=3

Ans4.

1, 3, 5, 7,.........

a =1

d = 3 1 = 2

n

Sn = 2a + ( n 1) d

2

n

= 2 1 + ( n 1) .2

2

n

[ 2 + 2n 2]

2

= n2

Ans5.

a = 2, d = 3 2 2 = 2 2

a12 = a + 11d

= 2 + 11 2 2

= 2 + 22 2

= 23 2

35

Ans6.

2, 6, 10,.......

a=2

d = 62 = 4

S11 =

11

2 2 + (11 1) 4

2

11

[ 4 + 40]

2

= 11 22

=

= 242

Ans7.

a3 = 16

a + 2d = 16.......... ( i )

a7 = a5 + 12

a + 6d = a + 4d + 12

2d = 12

d =6

a + 2 6 = 16

a = 16 12

a=4

4,10,16..........

Ans8.

a = 5

d = 8 ( 5 )

= 8 + 5

= 3

an = 230

an = a + ( n 1) d

230 = 5 + ( n 1)( 3)

230 = 5 3n + 3

230 + 2 = 3n

36

Ans9.

Sn = 3n 2 + 5n

Put n = 1, 2,3,....

S1 = 8,

S 2 = 3 4 + 10 = 22

a1 = S1 = 8

a2 = S 2 S1

= 22 8 = 14

d = a2 a1

= 14 8

=6

am = 164

a + ( m 1) d = 164

8 + ( m 1)( 6 ) = 164

8 + 6m 6 = 164

6m = 164 2

6m = 162

162

6

= 27

Ans10.

( a d ) + a + ( a + d ) = 24 (Given)

=8

( a d )( a )( a + d ) = 440

( 8 d ) .8. ( 8 + d ) = 440

82 d 2 = 55

d = 3

a =8

a =8

d = +3

d = 3

Then AP

Then AP

5,8,11,

11,8,5,.

37

Ans11.

Given a 2 , b 2 , c 2 are in AP

Then 2b 2 = a 2 + c 2 ......... ( i )

If

1

1

1

are in AP then

,

,

b+c c+a a+b

1

1

1

1

(b + c ) (c + a ) = (c + a ) ( a + b)

( c + a )( b + c ) ( a + b )( c + a )

ba c b

=

b+c a+b

2b 2 = c 2 + a 2 ........ ( ii )

Ans12.

S1 =

n

2a + ( n 1) d

2

2n

2a + ( 2n 1) d

2

3n

S3 =

2a + ( 3n 1) d

2

S2 =

R.H.S = 3 ( S 2 S1 )

n

2n

= 3 ( 2a + ( 2n 1) d ) ( 2a + ( n 1) d )

2

2

= 3 [ 4a + 4nd 2d 2a nd + d ]

2

= 3 ( 2a + 3nd d )

2

3n

=

2a + ( 3n 1) d

2

228

=n

3

n = 76

S76 =

=

76

[ 5 230]

2

76

[ 235] = 38 ( 235) = 8930

2

38

CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

2.

[1]

5

7

, 3, ,.

2

2

(a) 2, 4, 8, 16,

(b) 2,

(d)1, 3, 9, 27,.

(a) 3n-1

(b) 2n-1

(c) 3n-2

(d) 2n-3

[1]

3.

[2]

4.

[2]

5.

Find the common difference and write the next two terms of the AP [2]

12 ,52 , 7 2 , 73 ,........

6.

[2]

7.

[3]

8.

Find a30 a20 for the A.P in -9, -14, -19, -24,..

[3]

9.

The ratio of the sums of m and n terms of an AP is m 2 : n 2 show that the ratio of the [4]

mth and nth term is ( 2m 1) : ( 2n 1) .

10.

If the sum of first p terms of an AP is the same as the sum of its first q term, show [4]

11.

12.

a4 2

a

= find 6 .

a7 3,

a8

Prove that p ( b c ) + q ( c a ) + r ( a b ) = 0

39

[4]

[4]

CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(a)

Ans3.

a = 10, d = 10

n = 100

100

2 (10 ) + (100 1) .10

2

= 50 [ 20 + 99 10]

AP =

= 50500

Ans4.

a = 9

d = ( 14 ) ( 9 )

= 14 + 9

= 5

a30 a20 = ( a + 19d )

= a + 29d a 19d

= 10d

= 10 ( 5 )

= 50

Ans5.

12 , 52 , 7 2 , 73,......

1, 25, 49, 73,........

d = a2 a1 = 25 1 = 24

d = 49 25 = 24

d = 73 49 = 24

Hence it is AP

a5 = 73 + 24 = 97

a6 = 97 + 24 = 121

40

Ans6.

an = 3 + 2 n

So

a1 = 5, a2 = 7, a3 = 9, a4 = 11

7 5 = 9 7 = 11 9 = 2 Hence it is A.P

Ans7.

an = a + ( n 1) d

4 = a + ( n 1) . ( 2 )

a + 2n = 6......... ( i )

Sn =

n

2

n

( a + 4)

2

28 = n[6 2n + 4)

14 =

[ a = 6 2n

n 2 5n 14 = 0

n = 7, n = 2

a = 8

Ans8.

a = 9

d = 14 ( 9 )

= 14 + 9

= 5

a30 a20 = ( a + 29d ) ( a + 19d )

= 10d

= 10 ( 5 )

= 50

Ans9.

m

2a + ( m 1) d

Sm 2

=

n

Sn

2a + ( n 1) d

2

m 2 m 2a + ( m 1) d

=

n 2 n 2a + ( n 1) d

m 2a + md d

=

n 2a + nd d

41

2am 2an md + nd = 0

2a ( m n ) ( m n ) d = 0

( m n )( 2a d ) = 0

2a = d

ATQ

=

=

am a + ( m 1) d

=

an a + ( n 1) d

a + ( m 1) .2a

a + ( n + 1) .2a

a [1 + 2m 2]

a [1 + 2n 2]

2m 1

2n 1

Hence Proved

Ans10.

Sp = Sq

p

q

2a + ( p 1) d = 2a + ( q 1) d

2

2

p [ 2a + pd d ] = q [ 2a + qd d ]

2ap + p 2 d pd = 2aq + q 2 d qd

2a ( p q ) + ( p 2 q 2 ) d ( p q ) d = 0

2a ( p q ) + ( p q )( p q ) d ( p q ) d = 0

( p q ) 2a + ( p + q 1) d = 0 Sp + q = 0

Ans11.

a4 2

=

a7 3

( Given )

a + 3d 2

=

a + 6d 3

3a + 9d = 2a + 12d

a = 12d 9d

a = 3d

a6

=?

a7

a6 a + 5d

=

a7 a + 6d

42

3d + 5d

3d + 6d

8d

=

9d

= 8:9

Ans12.

A + ( p 1) D = a.........(i )

A + ( q 1) D = b.......... ( ii )

A + ( r 1) D = c.......... ( iii )

(ii ) (iii )

b c = ( q 1) D ( r 1) D

b c = D (q r )

p ( b c ) = p D ( q r ) ........ ( iv )

Similarly

q ( c a ) = q D ( r p ) .......... ( v )

r ( a b ) = r D ( p q ) ........... ( vi )

p (b c ) + q ( c a ) + r ( a b ) = 0

43

CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

(a) -3

2.

4.

5.

(c) 3

(d) 2

(a)

3.

(b) -2

[1]

n ( n 1)

,

2

(b)

n ( 2n + 1)

,

2

(c)

n ( n + 1)

2

[1]

The first term of an AP is -7 and common difference 5. Find its general term

1

18,15 ,13,......, 47

2

3n 2 13

+ n. find its 2nd term.

2

2

[2]

[2]

[2]

6.

1

1

3

Show that the progression 4, 7 ,10 ,13 ,17,...... is an AP

4

2

4

[2]

7.

[3]

8.

Find the sum of first 24 terms of the list of no. whose nth term is given by [3]

an = 3 + 2 n

9.

th

th

th

If ( p + 1) term of an A.P is twice the ( q + 1) term show that ( 3 p + 1) term is twice [4]

the ( p + q + 1) term.

th

10.

The sum of four numbers in A.P is 50 and the greatest number four times the least. [4]

11.

12.

Find the sum of all integers between 84 and 719 which are multiples of 5.

[4]

[4]

1

1

and the nth term is , show that the sum of mn term is

n

m

1

( mn + 1) .

2

44

CLASS - X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

a = 7, d = 5

an = a + ( n 1) d

= 7 + ( n 1)( 5 )

= 7 + 5n 5

an = 5n 12

Ans4.

a = 18, d =

31 18

2 1

5

2

an = 47

an = a + ( n 1) d

5

47 = 18 + ( n 1)

2

5

5

47 18 =

n+

2

2

n = 27

Ans5.

Sn =

3n 2 13

+ n

2

2

Put n = 1, 2, 3.....

16

=8

2

S 2 = 19

S1 =

a1 = s1 = 8

a2 = S 2 S1 = 19 8 = 11

45

Ans6.

29 4 29 16 13

=

=

4 1

4

4

21 29 13

=

2

4

4

17 55 13

=

1 4

4

Hence AP

Ans7.

a = 5, d = 2 5 = 3

n

2a + ( n 1) d

2

n

Sn = 2 5 + ( n 1)( 3 )

2

n

= [10 3n + 3]

2

n

[13 3n ]

2

Sn =

Ans8.

an = 3 + 2 n

Put n = 1, 2,3,........

a1 = 5, a2 = 7, a3 = a,...........

a = 5, d = 7 5 = 2

24

2 5 + ( 24 1) 2

2

= 12 [10 + 46]

S 24 =

= 672

Ans9.

a p +1 = 2

aq +1

a + ( p + 1 1) d = 2 a + ( q + 1 1) d

a + pd = 2 [ a + qd ]

a + pd = 2a + 2qd

pd 2qd = a

( p 2q ) d = a

46

a3 p +1

a p + q +1

=

=

Ans10.

a + ( 3 p + 1 1) d

a + ( p + q + 1 1) d

( p 2q ) d + 3 pd

p 2q + ( p + q ) d

=2

Let no. be ( a 3d ) , ( a d ) , ( a + d ) , ( a + 3d )

( a 3d ) + ( a d ) + ( a + d ) + ( a + 3d ) = 50

4a = 50

50

a=

4

25

=

2

ATQ ( a + 3d ) = 4 ( a 3d )

a + 3d = 4a 12d

3a = 15d

a = 5d

25

= 5d

2

5

=d

2

Numbers be 5, 10, 15, 20

Ans11.

Ans12.

a = 85, d = 5, an = 715

1

= a + ( m + 1) d .... ( i )

n

a + ( n 1) d = an

1

= a + ( n + 1) d ...... ( ii )

m

n = 127

127

S127 =

( 85 + 715)

2

= 50800

85 + ( n 1) .5 = 715

1

1

, d=

mn

mn

mn

Smn =

2a + ( mn 1) d

2

mn 1

1

=

2.

+ ( mn 1) .

2 mn

mn

1

= ( mn + 1)

2

a=

47

CLASS-X Mathematics (Circles)

1.

2.

(a) 50cm2

(b) 42cm2

(c) 52cm 2

[1]

[1]

third tangent touching the circle at Q,. If PA =

10cm and DQ = 2cm. what is length of PC?

3.

4.

(a) 8cm

(b) 7 cm

(c) 4 cm

[1]

From a point Q the length of the tangent to a circle is 24 cm and the distance of Q [1]

from the centre is 25cm. the radius of the circle is

5.

(a) 7 cm

(b) 12cm

(c) 15 cm

(d) 24.5 cm

In two con centric circle. Prove that all chords of the outer circle which touch the [2]

inner are of equal length

6.

PA and PB are tangents from P to the circle with centre O. At the Point M a tangent [2]

is drawn cutting PA at K and PB at N. Prove that KN=AK+BN

48

7.

[2]

8.

Prove that the tangents at the end of a chord of a circle make equal angles with the [2]

chord

9.

Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn from an external point T with centre O. as [3]

shown in Fig. If they are inclined to each other at an angle of 1000, then what is the

value of POQ ?

10.

Two concentric circles are of radii 5 cm and 3 cm. find the length of the chord of [3]

the larger circle which touches the smaller circle

11.

[3]

12.

intersect at point T. Find the length TP

13.

[5]

A Y

O

4

3

X'

49

Y'

Class X - Mathematics (Circles)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(D)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

inner circle at M and N

Respectively OM = ON

AB = CD [ AB and CD are two chords of larger circle]

Ans6.

We know that the lengths of the tangents drawn form an external point to a

circle are equal

PA = PB.........(i )

A

K

KA = KM ......(ii )

M

O

NB = NM .......(iii)

(ii) + (iii)

B

P

N

KA + NB = KM + NM

AK + BN = KM + MN = KN

AK + BN = KN

Ans7.

OP AB

OP bisects AB

1

1

AP = AB = 6 = 3cm

2

2

From right OAP OA2 = OP 2 + AP 2

52 = OP 2 + 32

OP = 4cm

Ans8.

BD = DC

And ADB = ADC = 90

AD = AD [Common]

ADB ADC [SAS]

ABD = ACD [By C.P.C.T.]

50

Ans9.

TP and TQ

Are tangents and O

Is the centre of the circle

OP PT , OQ QT

TPO + TQO = 180

Quadrilateral OPTQ is cyclic?

PTQ + POQ = 180

100 + POQ = 180

POQ = 180 100 = 80

Ans10.

PQ be the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle at the

point L. since PQ is tangent at the point L to the smaller circle with centre O.

OL PQ

PQ is a chord of the bigger circle and OL PQ

OL bisects PQ PQ = 2 PL

In OPL PL = OP 2 OL2

= 52 32

= 25 9 = 4

chord PQ = 2PL =8

length of chord PQ = 8 cm

Ans11.

AP, AS are tangents from a point A (Outside the circle) to the circle.

AP = AS

Similarly BP = BQ

CQ = CR

DR = DS

Now AB + CD = AP + PB + CR + RD

= AS +BQ + CQ +DS

= (AS +DS) + (BQ + CQ)

= AD + BC

AB + CD = AD + BC

Ans12.

OT PQ

And OT bisects PQ

PR = PQ = 4cm

Now OR = OP 2 PR 2

OR = 52 42 = 3cm

Now TPR + RPO = 90 [ TPO=90]

= TPR + PTR

RPO = PTR

TRP TRQ [By AA similarity]

51

TP RP

=

PO RO

TP 4

=

5 3

20

TP = cm

3

Ans13.

Join OC

In OAP and AOC we have

AP = AC [ tangents from A to the circle are equal]

AO = AO

OP = OC [radius]

OAP AOC [By C.P.C.T]

1 = 2

PAC = 2 2

Similarly CBQ = 24

Now PAC + CBQ = 180 [ XY X 1Y 1}

22 + 24 = 180

2 + 4 = 90

But in AOB

AOB + OAB + ABO = 180

AOB + 2 + 4 = 180

AOB + 90 = 180

AOB = 90

52

Class-X Mathematics (circles)

1.

(a) 1

2.

(b) 2

[1]

(c) 0

(d) infinite

If PA and PB are tangents from a point P lying outside the circle such that PA = 10 [1]

cm and APB = 60 . Find length of chord AB

(a) 10cm

3.

(b) 20cm

(c) 30cm

(d) 40cm

A tangent PQ at a point P to a circle of radius 5 cm meets a line through the centre [1]

O at a point Q so that OQ = 13cm the length of PQ.

(a) 11cm

4.

(b) 12cm

(c) 10cm

If tangents PA and PB from a point P to a circle with centre O are inclined to each [1]

(a) 50

(b) 60

(c) 70

(d) 80

5.

Find the locus of the centre of circles which touch a given line at a given point

[2]

6.

[2]

7.

If PA and PB are tangents drawn from external point P such that PA = 10cm and [2]

APB = 60 find the length of chord AB

8.

If AB, AC, PQ are tangents in the given fig and AB = 25cm find the perimeter of [2]

APQ

9.

A circle is touching the side BC of ABC at P and touching AB and AC produced at [3]

1

Q and R respectively. Prove that AQ = (perimeter of ABC )

2

10.

If PA and PB are two tangents drawn from a point P to a circle with centre o [3]

touching it at A and B. prove that OP is the perpendicular bisector of AB.

11.

In the given fig. PQ is tangent at point R of the circle with centre O. if TRQ = 30

[3]

find mPRS

12.

supplementary angles at the centre of the circle

13.

A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the [5]

segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of

lengths 8 cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the sides AB and AC

53

Class X - Mathematics (circles)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(D)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Let APB be the given line and let a circle with centre O

touch APB at P. then OPB = 90 let there be another

circle with centre O which touches the line APB at P.

Thus O ' PB = 90

OPB = O ' PB = 90

Ans6.

tangents drawn from external point to the circle are

equal

AP = AQ, BR = BP

And CR = CQ

Perimeter of ABC = AB + BC + AC

= AB + ( BR + RC ) + AC

B

P

= AB + BP + CQ + AC

= AP + AQ = 2 AP = 2 10 = 20cm

Ans7.

APB = 60

AOB = 120 [O is centre of circle]

OAB = OBA = 30 each

PAB = 60, PBA = 60

PAB is equilateral

AB = PA = 10cm

Ans8.

Perimeter of APQ = AP + AQ + PQ

= AP + AQ + PX + XQ

= ( AP + PB ) + ( AQ + QC )

P

B

= AB + AC

= 2 AB = 2 25 = 50cm

54

Q

C

Ans9.

We know that the two tangents drawn to a circle from an external point are

equal

AQ = AR, BP = BQ, CP = CR

perimeter of ABC = AB + BC + AC

= AB + BP + PC + AC

= AB + BQ + CR + AC [ BP = BQ, PC = CQ ]

= AQ + AR = 2 AQ = 2 AR [ AQ = AR]

AQ = AR =

Ans10.

1

[perimetre of ABC ]

2

ACP = BCP = 90

PA, PB are two tangents from a point P to the circle with centre O

APO = BPO [ O lies on the bisector of APB ]

In two S ACP and BCP, we have

AP = BP [ tangents from P to the circle are equal]

PC = PC [Common]

APO = BPO [proved]

ACP BCP [By SAS rule]

AC = CB [C.P.C.T]

And ACP = BCP [C.P.C.t ]

But ACP + BCP = 180

ACP = BCP = 90

Ans11.

Ans12.

Given PQ is tangent at point R and TRQ = 30

PRQ = 180

QRT = 30

TRS = 90 [ Tangent of a circle is perpendicular to Radius]

PRS = 180 120 = 60

PRS = 180 120 = 60

Let the circle touch the sides AB, BC, CD and DA at the points P, Q, R, and S

respectively. Join OP, OQ, OR and OS. Join OA, OB, OC and OD since the two

tangents drawn from an external point subtend equal angles at the centre

1 = 2, 3 = 4, 5 = 6, 7 = 8

But 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8+ = 360

[ sum of all angles around a point = 360 ]

2 [ 2 + 3 + 6 + 7 ] = 360

And 2 ( 4 + 5 + 8 + 1) = 360

( 2 + 3) + ( 6 + 7 ) = 180

And ( 4 + 5 ) + ( 8 + 1) = 180

AOB + COD = 180

55

Ans13.

Let the sides BC, CA, AB of ABC touch the in circle at D, E, F respectively. Join

the centre O of the circle with A, B, C, D, E, F

Since tangents to a circle from an external point are equal

CE = CD = 6cm

BF = BD = 8cm

AE = AF = xcm ( say )

OE = OF = OD = 4cm [Radii of the circle]

1

Area of OAB = ( 8 + x ) 4

2

2

= (16 + 2 x ) cm .....(i )

1

2

Or of OBC = 14 4 = 28cm .......(ii)

2

1

Or OCA = ( 6 + x ) 4 = 12 + 2 x........(iii )

2

or ABC = 16 + 2 x + 12 + 2 x + 28 = ( 4 x + 56 ) cm2 ........(iv)

Again perimeter of ABC = AC + AB + BC

= 6 + x + (8 + x ) + ( 6 + 8)

= 28 + 2 x = 2 (14 + x ) cm

S=

2 (14 + x )

2

= 14 + x

Area of AOC = S ( s a )( s b )( s c )

=

==

(14 + x ) 48 x

= 672 x + 48 x 2 ..........(v)

( 4 x + 56 ) 2 = 672 x + 48 x 2

16 ( x + 14 ) = 16 ( 42 x + 3 x 2 )

2

( x + 14 ) = 42 x + 3 x 2

2

x 2 + 28 x + 196 = 3 x 2 + 42 x

( x + 14 )( x 7 ) = 0

x = 7, x = 14

But x = 14 is not possible

x = 7

AB = 8 + x = 8 + 7 = 15cm

AC = 6 + x = 6 + 7 = 13cm

56

CLASS-X Mathematics (circle)

1.

The length of tangent drawn to a circle with radius 3 cm from a point 5 cm from [1]

the centre of the circle is

2.

(a) 6 cm

(b) 8 cm

(c) 4 cm

(d) 7 cm

A circle touches all the four sides of a quadrilateral ABCD whose sides AB = 6 cm, [1]

3.

(a) 2 cm

(b) 3 cm

(c) 5 cm

(d) 6cm

If a point lies on a circle, then what will be the number of tangents drawn from that [1]

4.

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) infinite

5.

(a) 7 cm

(b) 2cm

(c) 8 cm

[2]

8c

6.

CA

=?

OD

57

[2]

7.

[2]

such that ARB is a tangent to the circle prove that

XA + AR = XB + BR

8.

[2]

9.

[3]

10.

[3]

(ii) They are equally inclined to the segment joining the centre to that point

11.

Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with centre O from an external point [3]

12.

The lengths of two tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal

[3]

13.

[5]

58

Class X - Mathematics (circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(C)

Ans5.

PA.PB = PT 2

5 ( 5 + x ) = 82

25 + 5 x = 64

39

= 7.8cm

x=

8

Ans6.

Since BC is a diameter

CAB = 90

Also OD AB ODB = 90 ACB DOB [ CAB = ODB = 90 ]

ABC = DBO [common]

CA CB 2r

=

=

=2

OD OB r

Ans7.

XP = XQ........(i )

AR = AP...........(ii )

BR = BQ...........(iii )

[ length of tangents are equal from external point]

Xp = XQ

XA + AP = XB + BQ [By (ii) and (iii)]

XA + AR = XB + BR [By (ii) and (iii)]

Ans8.

Draw line OC||RS i.e. PQ. PAO + COA = 180

= 90 + COA = 180

COA = 90

Ans9.

Given ABCD is a parallelogram in which all the sides touch a given circle

59

Proof:- ABCD is a parallelogram

AB=DC and AD = BC

Again AP, AQ are tangents to the circle from the point A

AP = AQ

Similarly BR = BQ

CR = CS

DP = DS

( AP + DP ) + ( BR + CR ) = AQ + DS + BQ + CS = ( AQ + BQ ) + ( CS + DS )

AD + BC = AB + DC

BC + BC = AB + AB [ AB = DC , AD = BC ]

2 BC = 2 AB

BC = AB

Hence parallelogram ABCD is a rhombus

Ans10.

Given on a circle C (o,r), two tangents AP and AQ are drawn from an external

point A.

To prove (i) AOP = AOQ

(ii) OAP = OAP

Construction:- Join AO, PO, QO

Proof: In APQ and AQO

AP = AQ [Length of the tangents drawn from

an external point]

PO = QO [Radii of the same circle]

AO = AO [common]

APO AQO [By sss theorem of congruence]

(i) AOP = AOQ [C.P.C.T]

(ii) OAP = QAO [By C.P.C.t.]

Ans11.

Given A circle with centre O and an external point T and two tangents TP and TQ

to the circle, where P, Q are the points of contact

To Prove: PTQ = 2OPQ

Proof: Let PTQ =

Since TP, TQ are tangents drawn from point T to the circle.

TP = TQ

TPQ is an isocler triangle

1

TPQ = TQP = (180 )

= 90

2

Since TP is a tangent to the circle at point of

contact P

OPT = 90

OPQ = OPT TPQ

60

1 1

= 90 90 = = PTQ

2 2 2

Ans12.

Given P is an external point to the circle C(o,r). PQ and PR are two tangents from

P to the circle

To Prove PQ = PR

Construction Join OP

Proof: a tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of

contact

OQP = 90 = ORP

Now in right triangles POQ and POR

OQ = OR [Each radius r]

Hyp. OP = Hyp. OP [common]

POQ POR [By RHS rule]

PQ = PR

Ans13.

Let radius of the circle = r

OT PT [ OT is radius and PT is a tangent]

OP 2 = PT 2 + OT 2 [from right OPT ]

= 62 + r 2

OP 2 r 2 = 36

OP 2 OA2 = 36...........(i ) [OA = OT = r ]

Also from right OMA

OA2 = OM 2 + AM 2

OP 2 36 = OM 2 + AM 2

OP 2 OM 2 AM 2 = 36

PM 2 AM 2 = 36

( PM + AM )( PM AM ) = 36

( PM + AM ) PA = 36

( PB )( AP ) = 36

PA ( PA + AB ) = 36

PA2 + 5 PA 36 = 0

( PA + 9 )( PA 4 ) = 0

PA = 4. or PA = 9 [it cannot be -ve]

61

CLASS-X Mathematics (circle)

1.

2.

3.

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) Infinite

[1]

(a) one

(b) two

(c) Tree

[1]

A tangent PQ at point P of a circle of radius 12 cm meets a line thro the centre O to [1]

a point Q so that OQ = 20 cm Length of PQ is

4.

(a) 14 cm

(b) 15 cm

(C) 16 cm

(d) 10 cm

(a) Tangent

(b) secant

(c) diameter

[1]

5.

[2]

6.

[2]

7.

Two chords AB and CD of a circle Intersect each other at P outside the circle. If AB [2]

= 5 cm, BP = 3 cm and PD = 2cm, find CD

62

8.

[2]

AD=AB+BC+CA

9.

The circle of ABC touches the sides BC, CA and AB at D,E,F, respectively. If AB = [3]

10.

A circle touches the side BC of a ABC at a point P and touches AB and AC when [3]

11.

1

[Perimeter of ABC ]

2

Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with centre O from an external point [3]

12.

13.

A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the [5]

segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of

length 8 cm and 6cm respectively. Find the sides AB and AC

63

[3]

CLASS X - Mathematics (Circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(D)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

AB = 2 AL = 2 OA2 OL2

= 2 132 52

= 2 169 25 = 2 144

= 2 12 = 24cm

Ans6.

BD is a diameter

BCD = 90 [Angle in the semi circle]

BCP = 180 90 40 = 50

Ans7.

PA. PB = PC. PD [Bach = length of tangent from P]

( AB + PB ) .PB = ( PD + PC ) PD

( 5 + 3) (3) = (2 + x) 2

24 = (2 + x) 2

x = 10 CD = 10cm

Ans8.

CD = CF, BE = BF

CD + BE = CF + BF = BC

Now AD = AC + CD = AC + CF

AE = AB + BE = AB + BF

AD + AE = AB + AC + BC

2 AD = AB + BC + AC

64

Ans9.

AF = AE [Tangents from A](i)

BF = BD [Tangents from B](ii)

CD = CE [Tangents from C].(iii)

Adding (i) (ii)and (iii) we get

AF + BF + CD = AE + BD + CE

AB + CD = AC + BD

But AB = AC (given)

CD = BD

Ans10.

Since the tangents from an external point to a circle are equal in length,

therefore

BP = BQ (i) [from point B]

CP = CR .(ii) [from point C]

And AQ = AR ..(iii) [From point A]

From (3) we have

AQ = AR

AB + BQ = AC + CR

Now perimeter of ABC

AB + BC +AC = AB +(BP + PC) + AC

= (AB + BP) + (AC +PC)

= 2 (AB + BP) [using 4]

=2 (AB + BQ) [using 1]

= 2 AQ

1

AQ = (perimeter of ABC )

2

Ans11.

Given A circle with centre O. an external point T and two tangents TP and TQ to

the circle, where P and Q the points of contact

To prove PTQ = 2OPQ

Proof let PTQ =

In TPQ, we have

TP = TQ [length of the tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are

equal]

So. TPQ is an isosceles triangle

TPQ = TOP..........(i )

In TPQ, we have

TPQ + TQP + PTQ = 180 [ sum of three angles of a is 180 ]

65

2TPQ + Q = 180........(i )

2TPQ = 180

1

1

TPQ = (180 ) = 90 .........(ii )

2

2

But OPT = 90........(iii) [Angle between the tangent and radius of a circle is

90 ]

1

= 90 90

2

1

1

= = PTQ

2

2

1

OPQ = PTQ

2

PTQ = 2OPQ

Ans12.

Given ABCD be the parallelogram circumscribing a circle with centre O such that

the sides AB, BC, CD and DA touch a circle at P, Q, R and S respectively.

To prove : gm ABCD is a rhombus.

Proof : AP = AS ..(i)

BP = BQ.(ii)

CR = CQ .(iii)

DR = DS (iv)

[Tangent drawn from an external point to a circle are equal]

Adding (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv), we get

Ap + BP + CR + DR = AS + BQ + CQ + DS

( AP + BP ) + ( CR + DR ) = ( AS + DS ) + ( BQ + CQ )

AB + CD = AD + BC

Ans13.

Let the sides BC, CA, AB of ABC touch the in circle at D, E, F respectively. Join

the centre O of the circle with A, B, C, D, E, F

Since tangents to a circle from an external point are equal

CE = CD = 6cm

BF = BD = 8cm

AE = AF = xcm ( say )

OE = OF = OD = 4cm [Radii of the circle]

1

(8 + x ) 4

2

2

= (16 + 2 x ) cm .....(i )

Area of OAB =

66

1

2

Or of OBC = 14 4 = 28cm .......(ii)

2

1

Or OCA = ( 6 + x ) 4 = 12 + 2 x........(iii )

2

or ABC = 16 + 2 x + 12 + 2 x + 28 = ( 4 x + 56 ) cm2 ........(iv)

Again perimeter of ABC = AC + AB + BC

= 6 + x + ( 8 + x ) + ( 6 + 8)

= 28 + 2 x = 2 (14 + x ) cm

S=

2 (14 + x )

= 14 + x

2

Area of AOC = S ( s a )( s b )( s c )

=

==

(14 + x ) 48 x

= 672 x + 48 x 2 ..........(v)

( 4 x + 56 ) 2 = 672 x + 48 x 2

xc

xc

16 ( x + 14 ) = 16 ( 42 x + 3 x 2 )

( x + 14 ) = 42 x + 3 x 2

2

6c

m

( x + 14 )( x 7 ) = 0

x = 7, x = 14

But x = 14 is not possible

x = 7

AB = 8 + x = 8 + 7 = 15cm

AC = 6 + x = 6 + 7 = 13cm

67

m

8c

x 2 + 28 x + 196 = 3 x 2 + 42 x

CLASS-X Mathematics (Circle)

1.

The length of tangent from a point A at a distance of 5 cm from the centre of the [1]

2.

(a) 1 cm

(b) 2 cm

(c) 3 cm

[1]

third tangent touching the circle at Q. If PB = 12

cm and CQ = 3 cm, what is length of PC

3.

4.

(a) 9 cm

(b) 10 cm

(c) 1 cm

(d) 13 cm

(a) 60

(b) 30

(c) 90

[1]

[1]

then what is the value of POA ?

5.

(a) 30

(b) 50

(c) 70

(d) 90

[2]

PD + DR

6.

The length of tangents from a point A at distance of 26 cm from the centre of the [2]

68

7.

[2]

8.

[2]

tangent touching the circle at Q. If PB = 10 cm and

9.

Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a chord of a circle make equal angles [3]

with chord

10.

[3]

11.

[3]

12.

[3]

cm AB = 29 cm and DS = 5 cm, find the radius of

the circle

13.

From a point P two tangents are drawn to a circle with centre O. if OP = diameter [6]

69

CLASS X- Mathematics (Circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

Since length of tangents from an external point to a circle are equal in length

PA = PB

CA = CR .(i)

And DB = DR

Now PA = PB PC + CA = PD + DB

PC + CR = PD + DR By (i)

And6.

OTA = 90

In right OTA = 90 , we have

OA 2 = OT 2 + AT 2

(26)2 = OT 2 + (10)2

T

10cm

OT 2 = 676 100

A

OT 2 = 576

26cm

OT = 24

Ans7.

Since POQ + PTO = 180[ OPT = 90, OQT = 90

110 + PTQ = 180

PTQ = 180 110 = 70

Ans8.

PA=PB=10 cm

CQ = CA = 2 cm

PC = PA CA = 10 2 = 8 cm

Ans9.

M.N meet at the point O.

Since OM is a tangent

OM CM

i.e. OMC=90

ON is a tangent

ON CN

i.e. ONC = 90

70

Again in CMN , CM = CN = r

CMN = CNM

OML = ONL

Thus tangents make equal angle with the chard

Ans10.

AD = AF ...........(i )

Similarly tangents from an exterior point B to a circle are equal in length

BD = BE............(2)

Similarly for C

CE = CF .(3)

Now AB = AC

AB AD = AC AD

AB AD = AC AF .........(by 1)

BD = CF

BE = CF .........(by 2)

BE = CE [ BD = BE , CE = CF ] (by 3)

Ans11.

Let l1 , l2 be two intersection lines. Let a circle with centre P touch the two lines l1

and l2 at M and N respectively.

PM = PN [Radii of same circle]

P is equi distance from the lines l1 and l2 similarly centre of any other circle.

Which touch the two intersecting lines l1 , l2 will be equidistant from l1 and l2

P lies on l a bisector of the angle between l1 and l2

[ the locus of points equidistant from two intersecting lines is the pair of

bisectors of the angle between the lines]

Hence locus of centre or circles which touch two intersecting lines is the pair of

bisectors of the angles between the two lines.

Ans12.

Also, OP = OQ =r

OPBQ is a square

BP = BQ =r

But DR = DS = 5 cm ..(i)

71

AR = AD DR

= 23 5 = 18cm

AQ = AR = 18cm

BQ = AB AQ

= 20 18 = 11cm

r = 11cm

Ans13.

Join OP

Suppose OP meets the circle at Q Join AQ we have

i.e. OP = diameter

OQ + PQ = diameter

PQ = Diameter radius [ OQ = r ]

PQ = radius

Thus, OQ = PQ = radius

Thus OP is the hypotenuse of right triangle

OAP and Q is the mid point of OP

OA = AQ = OQ

[ midpoint of hypotenuse of a right triangle is equidistant from the vertices]

OAQ is equilateral

AOQ = 60

So APO = 30 APB = 2APO = 60

Also PA = PB PAB = PBA

But APB = 60PAB = PBA = 60

Hence APB is equilateral c

72

CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1.

3

times the corresponding side of

2

the ABC

2.

Draw a circle of radius 4cm. from a point P,7cm from the centre of the circle, draw [6]

a pair of tangents to the circle measure the length of each tangent segment

3.

Draw a right triangle in which the sides containing the right angle are 5cm and [6]

5

times the sides of the above

3

triangle

4.

[6]

1

Construct a ABC in which CA=6cm AB=5cm and BAC = 22 then construct a

2

6

of the corresponding sides

5

of the ABC

5.

Construct a circle whose radius is equal to 4cm. Let P be a point whose distance [6]

6.

Draw a triangle ABC with sides BC = 6.3cm, AB = 5.2cm and ABC = 60 . Then [6]

4

times the corresponding sides of ABC

3

73

CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]

Ans.1

Steps of construction

1.

2.

At B construct ABX = 60

3.

cm draw an arc intersecting BX at C

4.

required triangle

5.

opposite side of vertex C of ABC

6.

that AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3

7.

Join A2 to B and draw the line through A3 Parallel to A2 B intersecting the extended

line segment AB at B

8.

C

9.

Ans.2

1.

Steps of construction

Take a point O in the plane of a paper and

draw a circle of the radius 4 cm.

2.

centre O and Join OP

3.

point of OP.

4.

Taking M as a centre and OM as radius draw a circle to intersect the given circle at

the points T and T

5.

74

Ans.3

Steps of construction

1.

2.

At B construct CBX = 90

3.

arc intersecting the line BX at A.

4.

5.

with BC on the opposite side to the vertex A

6.

that BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4 = B4 B5

7.

Join B3 to C and draw a line through B5 parallel to B3C intersecting the extended

line segment BC at C

8.

A Thus ABC is the required right triangle

Ans4.

Steps of construction

1.

2.

At A make BAY =

3.

45

2

4.

5.

with AB on the side opposite to the vertex C.

6.

so that AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3 = A3 A4 = B4 B5 = B5 B6

7.

line segment AB at B

8.

C. Then ABC is required triangle

75

Ans.5

1.

Steps of construction

Take a point O in the plane of the paper and draw

a circle of radius 4cm.

2.

centre O and join OP

3.

bisection be M.

4.

circle to intersect the given circle at the point T

and T

5.

Ans.6

Steps of construction

1.

2.

At B make CBX = 60

3.

draw an are intersecting BX at A

4.

5.

BC on the opposite side to the vertex A

6.

7.

Join B3 to C and draw al line through B4 parallel to B3C intersection the extended

line segment BC at C

8.

A Thus ABC is the required triangle.

76

CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1.

Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5cm which are inclined to each other at [6]

60

2.

Draw the tangents at the extremities of a diameter AB of a circle of radius 2cm. Are [6]

these tangents parallel. Given reasons?

3.

Construct the pair of tangents form a point 3cm away from the centre of a circle of [6]

radius 2cm and measures their tangents.

4.

Construct a ABC in which AB = 4cm, BC = 5cm and AC = 6cm. Now construct a [6]

triangle similar to

5.

AB ' C ' similar to ABC whose each side is

3

times the corresponding sides of the

2

ABC

6.

Construct a ABC whose sides are 7.5cm, 7cm, and 6.5cm. construct another

similar to ABC and with sides

2

rd of the corresponding sides of ABC

3

77

[6]

CLASS X- Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]

Ans.1

Steps of construction

1.

2.

3.

intersecting at P.

5.

Ans.2

Steps of construction

1.

2.

3.

Draw AT AB and BM AB

4.

5.

AT BM

Ans.3

Steps of construction

1.

2.

3.

4.

5cm

M

R

5.

Join PQ and PR

6.

78

Ans.4

Steps of construction

1.

2.

3.

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3

4.

Join B3C

5.

6.

Ans.5

Steps of construction

1.

B = 60 and BC = 5.5cm

2.

on the apposite side of the vertex C.

3.

6cm

O'

P

E

AX 1 = X 1 X 2 = X 2 X 3

B

4.

Join X 2 to B.

5.

6.

7.

Ans.6

1.

Steps of construction

Draw ABC with sides BC = 7.5cm AB = 7cm and AC =

6.5cm

2.

3.

4.

Join X 3C

5.

Draw X 2C ' X 3C

6.

79

C

O 8cm

CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1.

Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5cm which are inclined to each other at [6]

60

2.

Draw a circle of radius 4cm with centre O. Draw a diameter POQ. Through P or Q [6]

draw tangent to the circle

3.

Draw a circle of radius 2.3cm take a point P on it. Without using the centre of the [6]

circle. Draw tangent to it at P.

4.

Construct a triangle with sides 5cm, 6cm and 7cm and then another triangle whose [6]

sides are

5.

7

of the corresponding sides of first triangle

5

Let ABC be a right triangle in which AB = 6cm, BC = 8cm and B = 90 BD is the [6]

perpendicular from B on AC. The circle through B,C and D is drawn construct the

tangents form A to this circle.

6.

Construct a triangle of sides 4cm, 5cm and 6cm and then a triangle similar to it [6]

whose sides are

2

of the corresponding sides of the first triangle

3

80

CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]

Ans.1

Steps of construction

1.

2.

3.

4.

are the two required tangents such that

TPT ' = 60 Here PT = PT '

Ans.2

Steps of construction

1.

2.

3.

Construct PQT = 90

4.

tangent at the point Q.

Ans.3

1.

Steps of construction

on it.

2.

Draw chord PQ

3.

4.

Join PR and RQ

5.

6.

Produce TP to T ' as shown in fig then TPT ' is the required tangent at the point P.

81

T'

Ans.4

Steps of construction

C'

1.

2.

3.

AC and BC then ABC is required triangle

4.

5.

Locate 7 points A1 , A2 , A3 , A4 , A5 , A6 , A7 on AX so

7cm

6cm

B'

A

B

5cm

A1

that

A2

AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3 = A3 A4 = A4 A5 = A5 A6 = A6 A7

A3

A4

6.

A5

A6

A7

AB at B '

7.

Ans.5

1.

Steps of construction

B = 90

F

A

2.

3.

6cm

O'

P

E

4.

5.

C

O 8cm

6.

Join AP, AP and AB are required tangents drawn from A to the circle passing through

B,C and D.

82

Ans.6

1.

Steps of construction

Draw ABC with AB = 4cm, BC = 6cm and AC =

5cm.

2.

on the side opposite to the vertex A.

3.

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3

4.

5.

A ' BC ' is the required triangle

83

CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1.

triangle ABC similar to ABC whose each side is

3

times the corresponding side

2

of the ABC

2.

Draw a triangle ABC with sides BC = 6.3cm. AB = 5.2cm and ABC = 60 Then [6]

construct a triangle whose sides are

3.

Draw a right ABC with AB = 4.5cm, AC = 7.5cm and B = 90 construct a similar [6]

triangle whose sides are

4.

4

times the corresponding sides of ABC

3

4

times the sides of ABC

5

Draw a circle of radius 6cm form a point 10cm away form its centre construct the [6]

pair of tangents to the circle and measure their length

5.

Draw a ABC with side BC = 7cm, B = 45 A = 105 then construct a triangle [6]

whose sides are

6.

4

times the corresponding sides of ABC

3

Draw a circle of radius 4cm take a point P outside the circle. Without using the [6]

centre of the circle draw two tangents to the circle form point P.

84

CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]

Ans.1

1.

Steps of construction

Draw ABC in which AB = 6.5cm, B = 60 and BC

= 5.5cm

2.

Construct BAY

3.

AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3

4.

B'

5.

6.

Ans.2

1.

Steps of construction

A'

A

ABC = 60

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

6.3cm

B1

B2

B3

B4

Y

85

C'

Ans.3

1.

Steps of Construction

Draw ABC in which AB = 4.5cm, B = 90 and

AC = 7.5cm

2.

3.

7.

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4 = B4 B5

4.

5.

6.

Ans.4

A'

C'

m

5c

4.5cm

B

B1

B3

B5

B2

B4

Steps of construction

1.

2.

Join OP

3.

4.

Taking M as centre and OM radius draw a circle to intersect the given circle at point

T and T '

5.

6.

Ans.5

1.

Steps of construction

Draw line segment BC = 7cm construct

B = 45 and C = 180 ( 45 + 105 ) = 30

2.

the given triangle

3.

4.

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4

5.

6.

86

Ans.6

Steps of construction

1.

2.

secant PAB meeting the circle at A and B.

3.

at Q

4.

5.

6.

With P as centre and PD as radius draw an are to meet the given circle at T and T'

7.

Join PT and PT' then PT and PT' are the requi9red tangents

87

CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

2.

3.

4.

(a) 42cm

(b) 84cm

(c) 72cm

(d) 56cm

The circumference of a circle exceeds its diameter by 180cm. Then its radius is

(a) 32cm

(b) 36cm

(c) 40cm

(d) 42cm

(a) 52

5

cm2

21

(b) 52

(c) 52

4

cm2

21

[1]

[1]

[1]

8

cm 2

21

(a)

P

2 R

180

(b)

P

R2

180

(c)

P

2 R

360

(d)

P

2 R 2

720

[1]

5.

6.

The diameter of a circular pond is 17.5m. It is surrounded by a path of width 3.5m. [2]

[2]

7.

Find the area of a sector of a circle with radius 6cm. if angle of the sector is 60

88

[2]

8.

An arc of a circle is of length 5 cm and the sector is bounds has an area of 20 cm2

[2]

9.

The cost of fencing a circular field at the rate of Rs. 24 per metre is Rs. 5280. The [3]

field is to be ploughed at the rate of Rs. 0.50 Per m2. Find the cast of ploughing the

22

field. =

7

10.

The length of the minute hand of a clock is 14cm Find the area swept by the [3]

11.

An umbrella has 8 ribs which are equally spaced as given in the figure. Assuming [3]

umbrella to be a flat circle of radius 45cm. find the area between two consecutive

ribs of the umbrella.

12.

[3]

13.

The area of an equilateral ABC is 1732.5cm2 with each centre of the triangle as [5]

vertex a circle is drawn with radius equal to half the length of the side of triangle

find the area of the shaded region. = 3.14 3 = 1.73205

89

CLASS - Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(D)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(D)

Ans5

d = 14cm

r = 7cm

Circumference = 2 r

= 2

Ans6

22

7 = 44cm

7

R = 8.75m

Width = 3.5m

Outer radius = R = 8.75 + 3.5 = 12.25m

Now

Area of path = R 2 r 2

= [ R + r )( R r )

22

[12.25 + 8.75 )(12.25 8.75)

7

22

66 7

= 21 3.50 =

7

2

2

= 33 7 = 231m

Ans7

We know that

Area of sector =

360

r2

= 60, r = 6

90

Required area =

Ans8

60 22

2

( 6)

360 7

22 6 132

6

=

= 18 cm 2

7

7

7

Area of sector OAPB =

5

of the area of the circle

8

x

5

r 2 = 360

360

18

x = 100

Ans9

1

5280 = 220m

24

Let r be radius of the field.

2 r = 220

2 22

220 7

r = 220 r =

7

40

= 5 7 = 35m

2

Rs (1225 0.50 ) = Rs

1225 22 1

7 2

Ans10

360

= 6

60

= 30

91

We know that area swept by the minute hand during this period

=Area of sector with sector angle 30

30 22

14 14

r ) =

(

360

360 7

2

22

22 7

28 =

7

3

1 2

= 51 cm

3

=

Ans11

= Area of the sector with angle

360

made at centre

8

360 / 8

2

( 45)

360

1 22

11

2

= ( 45) = 2025cm2

8 7

28

2

= 795.58cm nearly.

=

Ans12

= Area of the semi-circle with O as centre and OQ as radius- ar of PQR.......(i )

Since QR is a diameter passing thro the centre O of the circle

QR 2 = PR 2 + PQ 2 = 7 2 + 242 = 49 + 576 = 625 = 252

QR = 25

diameter of the circle = 25cm

r=

25

cm

2

1

area of the semi circle = r 2

2

1 22 25 25

=

2 7 2 2

11 625 2

=

cm

28

92

1

PR PQ

2

1

= 7 24 = 7 12

2

= 84cm 2

Hence area of the shaded region

11 625

11 625 84 28

84 =

28

28

6875 2352 4523

=

=

28

28

2

= 126.644cm

=

Ans13

Let a be the side of the equilateral

3 2

1.73205 2

a = 17320.5 =

a = 17320.5

4

4

4 17320.5

a2 =

= 4 10000

1.73205

a = 2 100 = 200

2

60

Required area = 17320.5 3

(100 )

360

1

= 17320.5 3.14 10000

2

= 17320.5 1.57 10000

= 17320.5 15700 = 1620.5cm 2

93

CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

If the sum of the circumferences of two circles with radii R1 and R2 is equal to the [1]

circumference of a circle of Radius R1 then

2.

3.

4.

5.

(a) R1 + R2 = R

(b) R1 + R2 > R

(c) R1 + R2 < R

If the perimeter of a circle is equal to that of a square, then the ratio of their area is

(a) 22:7

(b) 14:11

(c) 7:22

(d) 11:14

(a)

P

2 R

180

(b)

P

R2

180

(c)

P

2 R

360

(d)

P

2 R 2

720

(a) 52

5

cm2

21

(b) 52

(c) 52

4

cm2

21

[1]

[1]

[1]

8

cm2

21

[2]

side 14cm

6.

The radius of a radius of a circle is 20cm Three more concentric circles are drawn [2]

inside it in such a manner that it is divided into four parts of equal area. Find the

radius of the largest of the three concentric circle

94

7.

[2]

8.

A pendulum swings through on angle of 30 and describes an arc 8.8cm in length. [2]

Find the length of pendulum.

9.

[3]

(ii) The area of the sector in cm2 correct to the nearest cm2

10.

Find the area of shaded region in the given fig. where ABCD

A

I

each side of square as diameter. [ = 3.14]

II

IV

III

D

11.

10cm

[3]

O

triangle OAB of side 12cm as centre

12.

[3]

circle of radius 4 cm and centre O. Show that the area of the

60

4

4 3 3 cm2

shaded region is

3

[3]

A

0

60

O

D

13.

right ends are semi circular the difference between

the two inner parallel line segments is 60m and

they are each 106m long. If the track is 10m wide find.

(i) The distance around the track along its inner edge

(ii) The area of the track.

95

[5]

CLASS X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3.

(D)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5

= 196cm 2

Diameter of each circle =

radius of each circle =

Ans6

14

= 7cm

2

7

cm

2

Area of largest circle =

3

[area of given circle]

4

3

2

r 2 = ( 20 )

4

r 2 = 300

r = 300 = 10 3

Ans7

90

2

(7)

360

49 22 77 2

= cm

4 7

2

OACB ar of OAD

77 1

77

49

( 7 4) =

14 =

2 2

2

2

2

= 24.5cm

=

96

Ans8

AOB = 30 =

180

30 =

l

r

8.8

=

6

r

8.8 6

r=

= 16.8cm

30

Ans9

Let O be the centre of a circle of radius 5.7m and OACB be the given sector with

perimeter 27.2m

Then OA=OB=5.7m

Now OA + OB + arc AB = 27.2m

5.7 m + 5.7 m + arc AB = 27.2m

arc AB = 27.2 11.4 = 15.8m

(ii)

2

= 5.7 15.8 cm 2

2

2

= 45.03cm

Ans10

Area of region

I + II = area of ABCD area of two semicircles of each radius 5cm

1

= 10 10 2 52

2

= 100 25 = 100 25 3.14

= 21.5cm 2

Area of region I, II, III, and IV = 2 21.5 = 43cm2

Thus area of shaded region

= Area ABCD Area of (I, II, III, IV)

= 100 43 = 57cm2

97

Ans11

= Area of major sector OPLQO + Area of equilateral OAB

300

3

2

2

(6) +

(12 )

360

4

5 22

3

660

36 +

144 =

36 3 cm 2

6 7

4

3

Ans12

In OBD

sin 60 =

Let BD = a, OB = 4cm

BD

OB

3 9

=

2

4

4 3

a=

= 2 3cm

2

BC = 2a = 2 2 3 = 4 3cm

OD

1

= cos 60 OD = 4 = 2cm

4

2

Area of shaded region = Area of sector OBPC Area of OBC

120

1

42 4 3 2

360

2

4

= 4 3 3 cm 2

3

=

Ans13(i)

= 106 + 106 + ( 30 + 30 )

= 212 +

=

(ii)

22

1320

60 = 212 +

7

7

2804

m

7

1

The area of the track = 106 80 106 60 + 2. 402 302

2

= 106 20 + ( 70 )(10 )

= 2120 + 700

22

= 2120 + 2200

7

= 4320m 2

98

CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

2.

3.

(a) 42cm

(b) 84cm

(c) 72cm

(d) 56cm

[1]

If the perimeter of a circle is equal to that of a square, then the ratio of their area is

(a) 22:7

(b) 14:11

(c) 7:22

(d) 11:14

(a)

P

2 R

180

(b)

P

R2

180

(c)

P

2 R

360

[1]

[1]

(d)

P

2 R 2

720

OR

(a)

4.

5.

2 RP

180

(b)

R2 P

(c)

180

2 RP

360

(d)

R2 P

360

(a) 52

5

cm2

21

(b) 52

(c) 52

4

cm2

21

[1]

8

cm2

21

The cost of fencing a circular field at the rate of Rs24 per metre is Rs 5280. The [2]

field is to be ploughed at the rate of Rs.0.50per m2 Find the cost of ploughing the

field. (Take r =

6.

22

)

7

Find the difference between the area of regular hexagonal plot each of whose side [2]

72m and the area of the circular swimming take in scribed in it. (Take r =

99

22

)

7

7.

[2]

as centers. Find the area of the shaded region.

8.

Find the area of a sector of a circle with radius 6cm if angle of the sector is 60 .

9.

The radii of two circles are 8cm and 6cm respectively. Find the radius of the circle [3]

[2]

having its area equal to the sum of the areas of the two circles.

10.

A chord of a circle of radius 10cm subtends a right angle at the centre. Find the [3]

area of the corresponding: (Use = 3.14 )

(i) minor sector (ii) major sector (iii) minor segment (iv) major segment

11.

Find the area of the shaded region in the given figure where ABCD is a square of [3]

side 10cm and semi-circus are drawn with each side of the square as diameter.

( = 3.14 )

12.

Find the area of the shaded region where a circular are of radius 6cm has been [3]

13.

Three horses are tethered with 7 metre long ropes at the three corners of a [5]

triangle field having sides 20m, 34m. Find the area of the plot which can be grazed

by the horses. Also find the area of the plot which remains ungrazed.

100

CLASS X- Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3.

(D)

Ans4.

(B)

for Rs.5280, the length fencing =

1

5280 = 220 meters

24

area of the field = r 2 = ( 35 ) = 1225 m 2

2

= Rs. (1225 0.50 ) = Rs.

1225 22 1

7 2

= Rs.1925

Area of equilateral triangle

OAB =

3

3

2

2

( side ) = ( 72 ) = 1296 3m 2

4

4

= 13468.032m 2

72

OC = OA = AC = ( 72 )

2

= 5184 1296 = 3888

2

101

22

21 2cm1

7

= 22 63 = 1386cm 2

=

360

r2

Here = 60, r = 6

required area =

60 22

2

(6)

360 7

60

A

1 22

= 36

6 7

22 6

=

7

132

6

=

= 18 cm 2

7

7

2

2

Let R be the radius of the circle with area A1 + A2

R 2 = 100 R 2 = 100 R = 10cm

360

r2

90 22

2

(10 )

360 7

1

= ( 3.14 )(100 )

4

314

=

= 78.50 = 78.5cm 2

4

=

102

(ii)

90

1

2

(10 ) = ( 3.14 )(100 ) ( 3.14 )(100 )

360

4

2

= 314 78.50 = 235.5cm

= (10 )

2

(iii)

We know that area of minor segment = Area of minor sector OAB Area of OAB

= 1 ( OA )( OB )( AOB = 90 )

Area of sector = r 2

360

1

( 3.14 )(100 ) 50 = 25 ( 3.14 ) 50

4

= 78.50 50 = 28.5cm 2

=

(iv)

= r (10 ) 25.5

2

= 314 28.5 = 285.5cm 2

Ans11 Let us mark the four unshaved regions as I, II, III and IV

Thus area of I + Area of III = Area of ABCD Area of two semi circle of each of radius 5

cm

1

= 10 10 2 52

2

= 100 25 = 100 25 3.14

= 100 78.50

= 21.5cm 2

Hence area of the unshaded region i.e

I, II, III, IV

= 2(21.5)=45cm2

Thus area of the shaded region

= Area ABCD Area of (I,II,III and IV) = 100-43 = 57cm2

103

Ans12 Area of the shaded region = Area of major sector OP L QO + Area of equilateral

triangle OAB

area of equilateral triangle with side

300

3

2

2

=

(6) +

(12 )

3 2

360

4

a=

a and POQ 300

4

5 22

3

= 36

144

6 7

4

660

=

+ 36 3 cm 2

7

Area which can be grazed by three horses = Area of sector with central angle 1 and

radius 7 cm + Area of sector with central angle 2 and radius 7 cm + Area of sector

with central angle 3 and radius 7cm

r 21 r 2 2 r23

+

+

360

360

360

r2

C1 + 2 + 3

=

360

r2

=

180

360

22 7 7 180

= 77m2

7

360

semi perimeter, s =

20 + 34 + 42

= 48m

2

= 48 28 14 6

= 336m2

Area grazed by the horses = 77m2

= 259m2

104

CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

2.

(a) 11.4cm

(b) 11.3cm

(c) 11.2cm

(d) 11.1cm

[1]

If the sum of the areas of two circles with radii R1 and R2 is equal to the area of a [1]

3.

4.

(a) R1 + R2 = R

(b) R12 + R2 2 = R 2

(c) R1 + R2 < R

(d) R 21 + R2 2 < R 2

(a)

P

2 R

180

(b)

P

R2

180

(c)

P

2 R

360

(d)

P

2 R 2

720

[1]

If the perimeter and area of circle are numerically equal, then the radius of the [1]

circle is

5.

(a) 2 units

(b) units

(c) 4 units

(d) 7 units

A wheel has diameter 84cm. find how many complete revolutions it must make to [2]

6.

22

)

7

[2]

A

0

60

105

7.

A car had two wipers which do not overlap. Each wiper has a blade of length 25cm [2]

sweeping though an angle of 115 . Find the total area cleaned at each sweep of the

blades.

8.

In the given Fig arcs have been drawn with radii 14 cm each and

[2]

9.

In Akshitas house there is a flower pot. The sum of radii of circular top and bottom [3]

of a flowerpot is 140 on and the difference of their circumference is 88cm. find the

diameter of the circular top and bottom.

10.

[3]

segments of the circle. (use = 3.14 and

11.

3 = 1.73 )

Find the area of the shaded region of the two concentric circles

[3]

12.

[3]

is cut as shown in the figure. Find the area of the remaining

portion of the square.

13.

In given figure, two circular flower beds have been shown on two

sides of a square lawn ABCD of side 56m. If the corner of each

circular flower bed is the point of enter section O of the diagonals of

the square lawn. Find the sum of the areas of the lawn and the

flower beds.

106

[5]

CLASS X- Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5

Diameter, 2r = 84cm

Distance covered in one revolution= circumference = 2 r = ( 2r ) =

22

84

7

= 22 12 = 264cm

for distance covered 792 metres = 79200cm

number of revolutions =

Ans6

1

79200 = 300

264

with radius R

P

2 R + 2r

360

required perimeter

60

60 2 22

(10.5 ) + 2 (10.5 )

360

7

1 44 21

= + 21

6 7 2

= 32cm

=

Ans7

Total area cleaned at each sweep of the blades =

115 22

2

25 25 Area =

r2

360

360 7

107

=

72 7

36 7

115 11125

18 7

158125 2

=

cm

126

= 1254.96cm 2

=

Ans8

r2

360

180

22 (14 )

=

= 11 2 14

7

2

2

= 22 14

= 308cm 2

Ans9

Let radius of top = r cm radius of bottom = (140 r ) cm

Circumference of top = 2 rcm circumference of bottom = 2 (140 r ) cm

Difference of circumference = 2 r 2 (140 r ) cm

By the given condition = 2 r 2 (140 r ) = 88

44

88 22

2 [ r 140 + r ] = 88 2r 140 =

=

= 14

2r

7

154

2r = 140 + 14 154 r =

= 77

2

Radius of top = 77cm

Diameter of top = 22 77 = 154cm

Diameter of bottom = 2 63

= 126cm

Ans10

We know that area of minor segment = Area of minor sector OAB area of

OAB

108

(1.73) 225

60

3

1

2

2

(15 )

(15 ) = ( 3.14 )( 225 )

( )

360

4

6

4

(1.73)( 225)

= (1.57 )( 75 )

4

= 117.75 97.3125 = 20.4375cm 2

Again, area of major segment = Area of the circle area of minor segment

= r (15 ) 20.4375

2

= 706.5 20.4375

= 686.0625cm 2

Ans11

= area of sector OAC area of sector OBD

4

40

2

2

(14 )

( 7 ) = (196 49 )

360

360

9

22

22 21 22 7

=

147 =

=

79

9

3

154 2

=

cm

3

1

= 51 cm 2

3

=

Ans12

(area of quadrant of a circle with radius 1) - (1)

1

2

2

= 4 4 4. (1) (1) = 16 = 16 2

4

( radius of the circle = 1cm)

= 16

Ans13

2 22 112 44 68 2

=

= cm

7

7

7

Let OA = OB = x meter

By Pythagoras theorem

109

x 2 + x 2 = 562 2 x 2 = 56 56 x 2 = 28 56........(ii)

Again area of sector OAB =

90

1

x2 = r 2

360

4

1 22

= 28 56m 2 ........(iii )[ From(ii)]

4 7

1

Also area of OAB 56 56m 2

4

[Here AOB = 90. since square ABCD is divided into 4 right triangles]

1

1 22

4

7

4

1

22

= 28 56 2

4

7

7 56 8

=

7

= 448m 2 ..........(v)

Total area of the lawn and the flowerbeds =

56 56 + 448 + 448

= 3136 + 896

= 4032m 2

110

CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

2.

3.

49

(a) 154cm 2

(b)

(c) 22 cm2

(d) 49 cm2

[1]

cm2

(a)

P

2 R

180

(b)

P

R2

180

(c)

P

2 R

360

(d)

P

2 R 2

720

[1]

The diameter of a circle whose area is equal to the sum of the area of the two [1]

(a) 31cm

(c) 62cm

4.

5.

(b) 25cm

(d) 50cm

[1]

The radii of two circles are 19cm and 9cm respectively. Find the radius of the [2]

circle which has its circumference equal to the sum of the circumference of the two

circles

6.

A car travels 0.99km distance in which each wheel makes 450 complete [2]

7.

A sector is cut from a circle of diameter 21cm. if the angle of the sector is 150 find [2]

its area

111

8.

[2]

9.

The length of the minute hand of clock is 14cm. Find the area swept by the minute [3]

hand is 5 minutes

10.

[3]

making the design at the rate of Rs.0.35 per cm2 (use

3 = 1.7 )

11.

[3]

side 14cm

12.

[3]

of the bed

13.

directly away from the centre O of the pulley until

it is at P, 10cm from O. Find the length of the best

that is in contact with the rim of the pulley. Also

find the shaded area.

112

[5]

CLASS X - Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(D)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5

C2 = circumference of the 2nd circle = 2 (19) = 18 cm

C1 C2 = 38 + 18

= 56 cm

Ans6

= 990m.

Distance travelled in one revolution =

990 11

= m

450 5

11

5

22

11

2 r =

7

5

7

r =

m

20

7 100

=

20

= 35m

2 r =

Ans7

We have

= 21cm radius =

21

cm Angle of sector = 150

2

113

150 22 21

Area of the sector = A =

r =

360

360 7 2

Ans8

5 22 21 21 5 11 21

=

= 144.38cm2

12 7 2 2

4 2

1

1

2

= ( 3.5 ) ( 2 )( 3.5 )

4

2

1 22 7 7 7

= .

4 7 2 2 2

77 7 77 28

=

=

8 2

8

49

=

= 6.125cm 2

8

Ans9

Angle covered in 1 minute =

360

= 6

60

We know that area swept by the minute hand during this period

= Area of the sector with sector angle 30

30 22

14 14 [ r = 14cm ]

r ) =

(

360

360 7

2

22

22 7

28 =

12

3

154

1

=

= 51 cm 2

3

3

=

Ans10

60

2

( 28 ) - area of OAB

360

2

3

2

( 28)

6

4

3

2

= ( 28 )

6 4

=

( 28 )

2

114

3 2

a ]

4

1.7

2 22

= ( 28 )

7 4

17

2 22

Total cost = 6 ( 28 ) 0.35

42

40

11 17 21 ( 28 ) 440 357

= 21 ( 28 ) =

100

21 40

21 40

2

28 28 83 7 28 83

=

40

1000

Rs.16.268cm2

Ans11

Diameter of each circle =

14

= 7cm

2

7

cm

2

22 7 7 2 154 77 2

cm =

= cm

7 2 2

4

2

Ans12

77 2

cm = 154cm 2

2

Area of the flower bed (i.e. shaded portion)

1

1

= R2 r 2 = ( R2 r 2 )

4

4

4

1 22

2

2

= ( 21) (14 ) m 2

[ R = 21m and r = 14m]

4 7

1 22

= ( 21 14 )( 21 14 ) m 2

4 7

1 22

= 35 7 m 2

4 7

= 192.5m 2

115

Ans13

cos =

OA 5 1

= =

OP 10 2

= 60

AOB = 20 = 120

Arc AB =

=

10

cm

3

120 2 5

cm

360

l = 360 2 r

Length of the belt that is in contact with the rim of the pulley

= Circumference of the rim length of arc AB =

2 5cm

=

10

cm

3

20

cm

3

120

25

52 cm = cm 2

360

3

2

since Area = 360 r

AP = 100 25 = 75 = 5 3cm

25

25

3 3 cm 2

3

116

CLASS X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1.

A man standing on the deck of a ship, which is 10m above the water level, observes [1]

the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60 and the angle of depression of the

base of the hill as 30 . Calculate the distance of the hill from the ship and the

height of the hill

2.

A boy is standing on the ground and flying a kite with 100m of string at an [1]

elevation of 30 Another boy is standing on the roof of a 20m high building and is

flying his kite at an elevation of 45 . Both the boys are on the opposite sides of

both the kites. Find the length of the string that the second boy must have so that

the two kites meet.

3.

The angle of elevation of the top Q of a vertical tower PQ from a point X on the [1]

ground is 60 . At a point Y 40m vertically above X, the angle of elevation is 45 find

the height of the tower PQ and the distance XQ.

4.

At the foot of a mountain the elevation of its summit is 45 . After ascending 1000m [1]

towards the mountain up a slope of 30 inclination, the elevation is found to be

60 . Find the height of the mountain.

5.

A round balloon of radius r subtends an angle at the eye of the observer while [2]

the angle of the elevation of its centre is . Prove that the height of the centre the

balloon is r sin cosec

117

6.

elevation of 60 . After 10 seconds, its elevation is observed to 30 . Find the speed

of the areoplane in km/hr.

7.

From a window (h m high above the ground) of a house in a street, the angles of [2]

elevation and depression of the top and foot of another house on the opposite side

of the street are and respectively show that the height of the opposite house is

h (1 + tan .cot ) m.

8.

A ladder rests against a wall at an angle to the horizontal. Its foot is pulled away [2]

from the wall through a distance a so that it slides a distance b down the wall

making an angle with the horizontal. Show that

9.

a cos cos

=

b sin sin

A girl who is 1.2 m tall, spots a balloon moving with the wind in a horizontal line at [3]

a height of 88.2m from the ground. The angle of elevation of the balloon from the

eye of the girl at any instant is 60 . After some time, the angle of elevation reduces

to 30 . Find the distance travelled by the balloon during the interval.

10.

From the top of a tower 96m high, the angles of depression of two cars on a road at [3]

the same level as the base of the tower and on same side of it are and , where

tan =

3

1

and tan = . Find the distance between the two cars.

4

3

118

CLASS X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

Let BD = xm in right ABD

10

= tan 30

x

10 1

=

x

3

60

30

10m

x = 10 3m

10

0

In right CEA

30

B

h

= tan 60

AE

D

x

h

3

=

1

10 3

h = 30m

=30+10 =40m.

Ans2.

Let EF = hm

In right ABE

h + 20

= sin 30

100

h + 20 1

=

100

2

h = 30m

0m

10

h

= sin 45

ED

45

D

20m

20m

30

A

30

1

=

ED

2

ED = 30 2m

119

Ans3.

In right QRY

QR

= tan 45

x

QR 1

=

x 1

QR = x

In right QPX

Q

x + 40

= tan 60

x

3

x + 40

=

1

x

3 x = x + 40

40

3 1

x=

40

3 +1

3 1

3 +1

45

x=

x = 20

x

Y

3 +1

40

0

60

X

x

= 54.64

PQ = x + 40

= 54.64 + 40

= 94.64m

In right QPX

x + 40

= sin 60

XQ

54.64 + 40

3

=

XQ

2

XQ = 109.3m

Ans4.

In right OEC

CE

= cos 30

1000

OE 1

=

1000 2

OE = 500m

120

In right ADO

h 500

= tan 60

OD

h-500

h 500

3

=

OD

1

h 500

OD =

3

0

In right ABC

= tan 45

1000

45

500

h 500

500 3 +

3

60

500

30

500

3h

1

=

1500 + h 500 1

3h = 1000 + h

100

3 1

h = 1369.86m

h=

Ans5.

In right OBD

OD

= cos ec

r

2

OD = r cos ec

In right OCD

OC

= Sin

OD

OC

sin

=

1

r cos ec

2

OC = r sin .cos ec

121

Ans6.

In right ACE

AC

= tan 60

x

1

3

=

x

1

1

x=

m

3

1km

In right BDE

1

= tan 30

x+ y

1

1

=

1

3

+y

3

60

E

1km

30

3

1

=

1+ 3y

3

1+ 3y = 3

y=

2

km

3

Speed =

distance

time

2

= 3

10

3600

= 240 3km / hr.

Ans7.

Let DE = hm

DC = xm

In right EDC

h

= tan

x

h

= x......(i )

tan

hm

D

x

In right ABE

122

H

= tan

x

H

= tan [from (i)

h

tan

H tan = h tan

H = h tan .cot

AC = H + h

= h tan .cot + h

= h ( tan .cot + 1)

Hence Proved

Ans8.

In right ACD

b+h

x

= sin and = cos

l

l

h

a+x

, cos =

l

l

cos cos

R.H .S =

sin sin

Sin =

x a+ x xa x

a

l =

l

= l

=

h b + h h b h b

l

l

l

In right HEF

87

= tan 60

x

87

3

=

x

1

87

x=

3

x=

87

3

3

3

123

Hence Proved

Ans9.

C

x

87 3

3

= 29 3m

87

In right GDF

87

= tan 30

x+ y

87

1

=

29 3 + y

3

87

88.2m

0

30 60

1.2m

1.2m

y = 87 3 29 3

= 58 3m

Ans10.

In right ABC

96

= tan

x

96 3

=

x 4

96 4

3

x=

[tan =

3

4

x = 32 4

96m

x = 128m

In right ABD

96

= tan

x+ y

96

1

1

= [ tan =

x+ y 3

3

96

1

=

128 + y 3

128 + y = 228

y = 288 128

y = 160m

124

B

X

Class X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1.

If the angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at distances a and b [1]

from the base and in the same straight line with it are complementary then the

height of the tower is

(a)

(c)

2.

(b) ab

ab

a

b

(d)

a

b

If the height of tower is half the height of the flagstaff on it and the angle of

[1]

elevation of the top of the tower as seen from a point on the ground is 30 then the

angle of elevation of the top of the flagstaff as seen from the same point is

3.

(a) 30

(b)45

(c) 60

(d) 90

As observed from the top of a 75m tall lighthouse the angles of depression of two [1]

ships are 30 and 45 . If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of

the light hours, then distance between the two ships is

(a) 75

(c) 75

4.

3 1

(b) 75 3

(d)

75

3

The angle of elevation of the top a building from the foot of the tower is 30 and [1]

the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60 if

the tower is 50m high then the height of the building is

125

5.

(a) 50

(b)

50

3

(c) 50 3

(d)

50

3

A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and surmounted by vertical flagstaff [2]

of height h. At a point on the plane, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the

top of the flagstaff are and respectively prove that the height of the tower is

[

6.

h tan

]

tan tan

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower at a point on the level ground is 30

[2]

after walking a distance of 100m towards the foot of the tower along the

horizontal line through the foot of the tower on the same level ground the angle of

elevation to the top of the tower is 60 find the height of the tower

7.

As observed from the top of light house 100m high above sea lever the angle of [2]

depression of a ship sailing directly towards it changes from 30 to 60

Determine the distance travelled by the ship during the period of observation (use

3 = 1.732 )

8.

The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points P and Q at distances [2]

of a and b respectively from the base and in the same straight line with are

complementary prove that the height of the tower is

126

ab where a>b

Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3

(A)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

Let BC = Height of flagstaff = h

In right angle triangle OAB and OAC

x

= cot

H

x = H cot

x

And

= cot x = ( H + h ) cot

H +h

Equating value of x we get

H cot = ( H + h ) cot

C

Flag Staff

h

B

H=

Ans6.

H Tower

h cot

cot cot

In BCD ,

h

= tan 60 = 3

x

h = 3 x .......(i )

In ACD,

D (Top of Tower)

h

1

= tan 30 =

100 + x

3

h=?

h 3 = 100 + x

60

30

A

Ground

h 3

= 100

3

3 1

h

= 100

3

=h=

h

h 3 = 100 +

3

100 3

= 50 3 = 50 1.732 = 86.6m

2

127

100m

Ans7.

Let PQ be the light house such that PQ = 100m. Let A.B be the positions of ship

when the angle of depression changes from 30 to 60 respectively

Let AB = xm and BP = y

Q

From right angled APQ

0

30

100

1

= tan 30 =

x + y = 100 3........(i )

x+ y

3

From right angled triangle BPQ

100

= tan 30 = 3

y

100 100

y =

=

3.......(ii)

3

3

60

h=?

60

30

A

100

x+

3 = 100 3cm

3

Ans8.

Let AB be tower of height h. let P and Q be the given points in the same straight

line with the foot B of the tower

Let BP = a, BQ = b

APB = Q, AQB = 90

From right angle APB

h

= tan

a

h = a tan .......(i )

h

= tan ( 90 )

b

h

= cot

b

b

h = b cot =

..........(ii)

tan

Multiplying (i) and (ii) we get

90-

B

Q

h 2 = ab

h = ab

128

ClassX Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1.

A 1.6m tall girl stands at a distance of 3.2m from a lamp post and casts a shadow of

4.8m on the ground then the height of the lamp post is

[1]

8

3

8

(b)

(c) 8 3

(d)

(a)

3

8

13

2.

A tree breaks due to storm and broken part bends so that the top of the tree

touches the ground making an angle of 30 with ground. If the distance between

the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8m then the

height of the tree is

8

3

8

(a)

(b)

(c) 8 3

(d)

3

8

3

3.

The angle of elevation of the sum when the length of the shadow of

a pole is 3 times the height of the pole is

(b) 45

(a) 30

(c) 60

(d) 75

[1]

[1]

4.

Shadow

(a) 30

(b) 60

(c) 45

(d) 75

[1]

50 3

50

5.

observed at a certain point on the earth to subtend an angle of 60 . After 15

seconds., its angle of elevation is observed to be 30 calculate the speed of aero

plane in km/hr.

6.

A man is standing on the deck of a ship which is 25m above water level. He [2]

observes the angle of elevation of the top of a lighthouse as 60 and the angle of

depression of the base of the light house as 45 calculate the height of the

lighthouse

7.

An aeroplane when flying at a height of 3125 m form the ground passes vertically [2]

below another plane at an instant when the angle of elevation of the two planes

from the same point on the ground are 30 and 60 respectively. Find the

distance between the two planes at that instant

8.

A boy standing on a horizontal plane finds a bird flying at a distance of 100 m from [2]

him at an elevation of 30 . A girl standing on the roof of 20m high building finds

the angle of elevation of the same bird to be 45 . Both the boy and the girl are on

opposite side of the bird. Find the distance of the bird from the girl.

129

Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5. Let O be the observation point let A be the position of aero plane such that

AOC = 60 and AC = 1.5km = BD

BOD = 30, OC = xkm, CD = ykm

In right OCA

x=

x

1

= cot 60 =

1.5

3

1.5

3

15

3

=

.......(i )

2

10 3

In right ADB

x+ y

= cot 30 = 3

1.5

x=

m

5k

1.1

x + y = 3 (1.5 )

60

3

x + y = 3 .......(ii )

2

eq.(ii ) eq.(i )

30

3 3

3

3

= ( 3 1)

= 3

2

2

2

Distance covered in 15 seconds y = 3km

y=

3

km

15

3

3600 = 240 3km

15

130

x

In right ADC

= cot 45 = 1

25

x = 25m

x

1

In right ADE = cot 60 =

h

3

25 1

=

h = 25 3

h

3

Now H = h + 25 = 25 3 + 25

= 25

60

45

3 +1 m

H=height of lighthouse

h

0

x

B

Let A1 A2 = x ?

And OM = y

y

= cot 30 = 3

3125

y = ( 3125 ) 3.......(i )

y

1

= cot 60 =

3125 + x

3

( 3125 ) 3 = 1

3125 + x

3

A1

x

Also

A2

3125m

60

3125 + x = ( 3125 )( 3)

30

A (bird)

10

0m

In ABP

AB

1

= sin 30 =

100

2

100

AD =

= 50m

2

Also BC = DQ = 20m

AC = AB BC = 50 20 = 30m

AC

In ACQ

= sin 45

AQ

30

1

=

AQ = 30 2m

AQ

2

P (Boy)

Hence the bird is 30 2 m away from the

girl.

131

45

20m

B

20m

D

Class X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1.

A person walking 20m towards a chimney in a horizontal line through its bare [1]

observer that its angle of elevation changes from 30 to 45 then height of

chimney is

20

20

(b)

(c) 20 3 1

(d) 20 3 + 1

(a)

3 +1

3 1

2.

(a) 10m

(b) 12m

(c) 20m

(d) none of these

3.

If the angles of elevation of a tower from two points at distances a and b where a>b [1]

[1]

From its foot and in the same straight line from it are 30 and 60 then height of

the tower is

a

(a) a + b

(b) ab

(c) a b

(d)

b

4.

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground which is [1]

30m away from the foot of the tower is 30 , the height of tower is

10

(a) 10

(b) 10 3

(c)

(d) 3 10

3

5.

5

, on walking 19.2m to wards the tower, the tangent of

such that its tangent is

12

3

the angle of elevation is . Find the height of tower

4

[2]

6.

From the top of a building 60m high, the angles of depression of the top and [2]

bottom of a vertical lamp post are observed to be 30 and 60 respectively. Find

(i) the horizontal distance between the building and the lamp post

(ii) The height of the lamp post [Take 3 = 1.732 ]

7.

A man standing on the deck of a ship which is 10m above the water level observes [2]

the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60 and the angle of depression of the

base of the hill as 30 calculate the distance of the hill from the ship and the height

of the hill

8.

The angle of elevation of a jet-plane from a point P on the ground is 60 . After a [2]

flight of 15 seconds the angle of elevation (change to 30 ). If the jet plane is flying

at a constant height of1500 3 find the speed of the jet plane is km/hour

132

Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

[ANSWERS]

(B)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

In ABD

h 3

tan = = ......(i)

x 4

In ABC

h

tan =

192 + x

h

5

= ........(ii )

192 + x 12

(i ) (ii )

h

3

x

= 4 x = 240

5

h

192 + x 12

Ans6.

192

In DEB

x

= cot 30 = 3

60 h

x = ( 60 h ) 3........(i)

In right CAB

x

1

= cot 60 =

60

3

30

60

0

30

(6

0h)

Ans1.

60m

h

h

60

3

= 20 3

3

3

x = 20 (1.732 ) = 34.64m..........(ii )

By eq. (i) and (ii)

(60-h) 3 =20 3

60 h = 20

h = 40m

x=

60

C

133

Ans7.

= 10 + h........(i )

In right ADE

x

1

=

10

3

h

Hill = H

0

60

h

x=

3

In right ADC

x

= cot 30

10

10

3 x = 10 3

Equating the values of x, we wet

h

= 10 3 h = 30cm

3

From H = 10 + h = 10+30 = 40m

And x = distance of hill from ship = 10 3

Ans8.

30

10

Let A be the point on the ground E is the position of aero plane such that

EAD = 60 and ED = 1500 3 = CB

C is the position of plane after 15 sec.

CAB = 30, AB = x, AD = y

x

In right ABC.

= cot 30

E

C

1500 3

x

= 3

1500 3

x = 4500m

1500 3m

y

0

60

In ADE

= cot 60

0

1500 3

30

B

y

1

A

D

y

=

X

1500 3

3

y = 1500m

Distance BD = x y = 4500 1500 = 3000m

D

S=

T

3000

Speed =

= 200m / sec

15

200 3600

=

= 200km / hr.

1000

134

Class X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1.

(a) 30

(b) 45

(c) 60

(d) 90

2.

20

(a) 20m

(b) 20 2m

(c)

(d) 20 3m

m

3

[1]

[1]

3.

A little boy is flying a kite. The string of kite makes an angle of 30 with the [1]

ground. If length of the kite is h = 21m then length of string

(a) 63m

(b) 42m

(c)35m

(d) 21m

4.

(a) Horizontal (b) line of sight

(c) Vertical line

5.

[1]

A pole 5m high is fixed on the top of a tower. The angle of elevation of the top of [2]

pole observed from a point A on the ground is 60 and the angle of depression of

the point A from the top of the tower is 45 . Find the height of the tower. (Take

3 = 1.732 )

6.

Form a window 15m high above the ground in a street. The angles of elevation and [2]

depression of the top and foot of another house on the apposite side of the street

are 30 and 45 respectively. Show that the height of the apposite house is

23.66m [Take

3 = 1.732 ]

7.

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower as observed from a point on the ground [2]

is ' ' and on moving a metre towards the tower. The angle of elevation is

a tan tan

' ' prove that height of tower is

tan tan

8.

A TV tower stands vertically on a bank of a canal. From a point on the other bank [2]

of a canal. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of

elevation of the top of the tower is 60 from a point 20m away from this point on

the same back the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30 . Find the height

of the tower and the width of the canal.

135

Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(D)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

In ADB

AD

= cot 45

h

AD

=1

h

AD = h

C

In ADC

Pole

AD

1

= cot 60 =

h+5

3

Horizontal

B

0

45

h

1

=

h+5

3

[ AD = h]

3 1 h

5 3 + 1 5 (1.732 + 1)

h=

=

3 1

3 1 3 + 1

= 6.83m

Ans6.

60

45

h + 5 = 3h

5=

Tower

Suppose AE = hm and BC = xm

Then AB = (15 + h ) m

In AED

136

tan 30 =

h

x

1

h

=

3 x

x = 3h.........(i)

30

D

In DEB

E

0

45

x

15m

15m

tan 45 =

15

x

B

C

15

1=

x

x = 15m

Then h =

h=

15

3

by.......(i )

3

3

15 3

= 5 3m

3

= 15 + 5 3 = 15 + 5 1.732

= 15 + 8.660

= 23.66m

Ans7.

In ABC

tan =

x=

h

x

h

Tower

h

.........(i )

tan

In ABD

D

137

h

x+a

h = ( x + a ) tan

tan =

+ a tan by ..........(i )

h=

tan

h=

h tan

+ a tan

tan

h ( tan tan ) = a tan tan

h=

Ans8.

a tan tan

tan tan

In ABC

h

= tan 60

x

h = 3x

h

In ABD, + 20 = tan 30

x

=

h

x + 20

=h=

.........(ii)

3

3

x + 20

3

3 x = x + 20

3x =

60

30

D

C

20

2 x = 20

x = 10m

Put x = 10 in (i) h = 3 x

h = 10 3m

138

B

x

CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

(a)

2.

(b )

21

(c)

(d )

a 2 + b2

a+b

32

(c)

(d )

24

[1]

25

(a) 1st quadrant

4.

2 a2 b2

(a)

3.

(b)

2 a2 + b2

[1]

[1]

The distance between the points ( Cos , Sin ) and ( Sin , Cos ) is

(a)

(b )

(c) 1

(d )

[1]

5.

Find the distance between the point A ( at12 , 2at1 ) B ( at2 2 , 2at2 )

[2]

6.

[2]

7.

a + b = 1, if AB = BC

8.

[3]

9.

[3]

10.

If the points

( x, y ) is

( a + b, b a ) and ( a b, a + b )

[4]

( 2, 2 ) , ( x,8 ) and ( 6, y ) are three concyclic points whose centre is ( 2,5) . Find the

[4]

prove that bx = ay

11.

12.

Find the vertices of the the mid points of whose sides are ( 3,1) , ( 5, 6 ) and ( 3, 2 )

139

[4]

CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

(d)

Ans4.

(d)

Ans5.

AB =

(at

2

2

at12

) + (2at

2

2

2

2at12

= a2 ( t 2 t1 ) ( t2 + t1 ) + 4a2 ( t 2 t1 )

2

= a2 ( t 2 t1 ) ( t2 + t1 ) + 4a2 ( t2 t1 )

2

= a2 ( t 2 t1 ) ( ( t 2 + t1 ) + 4 )

= a ( t 2 t1 )

Ans6.

( t2 + t1 )

Let A = (1,5) ,

+4

B = ( 2,3)

AB =

( 2 1 ) + (3 5 )

BC =

( 11 3) + ( 2 2)

AC =

( 2 1) + ( 11 5)

C = ( 2, 11 )

and

= 5

2

= 212

= 265

Ans7.

AB = BC (Given)

AB 2 = BC 2

( a + 3) + ( b 2 )

2

= ( 1 a ) + ( 4 b )

2

a 2 + 9 + 6a + b 2 + 4 4b = 1 + a 2 + 2a + 16 + b 2 8b

4a + 4b = 4

a +b =1

140

Ans8.

AB = AC (Given)

AB 2 = AC 2

( 0 3) 2 + ( 2 p )

= ( p 0) + (3 2)

2

9 + 4 + p2 4 p = p2 + 1

4 p = 12

p=3

Ans9.

x1 + x2 + x3

3

49+8

=

3

3

= =1

3

x=

y1 + y2 + y3

3

8 + 7 + 13

=

3

20 8

=

3

=4

y=

Coordinate is (1, 4 )

Ans10.

Let P ( x, y ) , A ( a + b, b a ) and B ( a b, a + b )

( Given )

PA = PB

PA2 = PB 2

( a + b x ) + (b a y )

2

= (a b x) + (a + b y)

2

a 2 + b 2 + x 2 2ab + 2bx 2ax + a 2 + b 2 + y 2 + 2ab 2by 2ay

4ab 4bx 4ab = 2ay 2ay

4bx = 4ay

bx = ay

141

Ans11.

OA = OB = OC = Radius of circle

OA2 = OB 2 = OC 2

OB 2 = OA2

( x 2 ) + (8 5 )

2

= ( 2 + 2) + (5 2)

2

A (-2,2)

x 2 + 4 4 x + 9 = 16 + 9

x 2 4 x 12 = 0

O (2,5)

x 2 6 x + 2 x 12 = 0

x ( x 6) + 2 ( x 6) = 0

B

(x,8)

( x 6 )( x + 2 ) = 0

x=6

or

x = 2

OC 2 = OA2

( 6 2) + ( y 5) = ( 2 + 2) + (5 2)

2

( 4 ) + y 2 + 25 10 y = 16 + 9

2

y 2 10 y + 16 = 0

y 2 8 y 2 y + 16 = 0

y ( y 8 ) 2 ( y 8) = 0

( y 8) y 2 = 0

y =8

or

y=2

142

C

(6,y)

Ans12.

By mid points formula

x 2 + x3

2

y2 + y3

2

x3 + x1

= 3 x 2 + x3 = 6....... ( i )

= 1 y 2 + y 3 = 2......... ( ii )

= 5 x3 + x1 = 10......... ( iii )

2

y3 + y1

= 6 y1 + y3 = 12......... ( iv )

2

x1 + x2

= 3 x1 + x2 = 6......... ( v )

2

y1 + y2

= 2 y1 + y2 = 4......... ( vi )

2

(x,y)

(x2,y2)

2 ( x1 + x2 + x3 ) = 10

x1 + x2 + x3 = 5......... ( vii )

2 ( y1 + y2 + y3 ) = 18

y1 + y2 + y3 = 9....... ( viii )

We get x1 = 1, x2 = 5, x3 = 11

Subtracting (ii), (iv) and (vi) from eq. (viii)

y1 = 7, y2 = 3, y3 = 5

143

F

(-3,2)

D

(3,1)

We get

(5,6)

(x3,y3)

CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

If (1, 2 ) ( 4, y ) , ( x, 6 ) and ( 3,5 ) are the vertices of a parallelogram taken in order. [1]

Then ( x, y ) is

( a ) ( 6, 2 )

2.

( d ) ( 3, 4 )

( b ) ( 2,3)

( c ) ( 3,1)

( d ) (1,1)

The coordinates of a point A, where AB is the diameters of a circle whose centre [1]

( 2, 3) and B is (1, 4 ) is.

( a ) ( 3, 9 )

4.

( c ) ( 6, 4 )

The coordinates of the point which divides the join of ( 1, 7 ) and ( 4, 3) in the [1]

ratio 2:3. is

( a ) (1,3)

3.

( b ) ( 6,3)

( b ) ( 2,9 )

( c ) ( 3, 10 )

( d ) ( 4,5 )

If the area of a quadrilateral ABCD is zero, then the four points A,B,C,D are

(a) Collinear

[1]

5.

Prove that the points (3, 0) (4, 5) (-1, 4) and (-2,-1) taken in order form a rhombus.

[2]

6.

[2]

7.

Prove that in a right , the mid point of the hypotenuse is equidistant from the [3]

vertices.

8.

Prove that diagonals of a rectangle bisect each other and are equal.

[3]

9.

The line joining the points ( 2, 1) and ( 5, 6 ) is bisected at P. if P lies on the line [3]

2 x + 4 y + k = 0, Find the value of K.

10.

The two opposite vertices of a square are (1, 6 ) and ( 5, 4 ) . Find the coordinates of [4]

the other two vertices.

11.

Find the coordinates of the circum centre of a triangle whose vertices are [4]

12.

144

[4]

CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(a)

Ans3.

(c)

Ans4.

(a)

Ans5.

Let A (3,0 ) ,

AB =

( 4 3) + (5 0 )

BC =

( 1 4) + ( 4 5)

= 26

CD =

( 2 + 1) + ( 1 4)

DA =

( 3 + 2) + ( 0 + 1 )

= 26

2

D ( 2, 1 )

= 26

= 26

Since AB = BC = CD = DA

Hence ABCD is rhombus

Ans6.

AB2 = (3-4)2 + (5-4)2 = 2

AC2 = (-1-4)2 + (5-4)2 = 34

BC2 = (-1-3)2 + (1-5)2=32

Since AC2 = AB2 +BC2

Hence ABC is right

Ans7.

Let A ( 2a, 0 ) , B ( 0, 2b )

B

2a + 0 0 + 2b

Coordinate of C

,

2

2

(a

O

(0,0)

i.e. (a,b)

145

(0,2b)

,b)

A

(2a,0)

OC = a 2 + b 2

AC = a 2 + b 2

BC = a 2 + b 2

Ans8.

A ( 0, 0 ) , B ( a, 0 ) , C ( a, b ) , D ( o, b )

( a 0) + (b 0)

A=

= a +b

2

BD =

2

D

(0,b)

(0 a ) + (0 b)

2

= a2 + b2

AC = BD

A

(0,0)

0+a 0+b a b

Mid point of AC =

,

= ,

2 2 2

2

0+a 0+b a b

Mid point of BD =

,

= ,

2 2 2

2

Hence Proved

Ans9.

(a,b) C

A

(2,-1)

P (x,y)

(1:1)

2 + 5 1 6

Coordinate of P =

,

2

2

7 7

= ,

2 2

P lies on eq. 2 x + 4 y + k 2 x + 4 y + k = 0

7 7

2 + 4 + K = 0

2 2

7 14 + K = 0

K =7

146

B

(5,-6)

(a,o) B

AB = BC

Ans10.

(5,4) C

AB 2 = BC 2

( x 1) + ( y + 6 )

2

= ( x 5) + ( y 4 )

2

x 2 + 1 2 x + y 2 + 36 + 12 y = x 2 + 25 10 x + y 2 + 16 8 y

8 x + 20 y 4 = 0

2x + 5 y = 1

1 2x

y=

5

B

(x,y)

A (1,-6)

In right ABC

AC 2 = ( AB ) + ( BC )

2

( x 1) + ( y + 6 ) + ( x 5) + ( y 4 )

2

= ( 5 1) + ( 4 + 6 )

2 ( x 2 + y 2 6 x + 2 y ) = 38

x 2 + y 2 6 x + 2 y = 19........ ( i )

1 2x

1 2x

x +

6x + 2

= 19

5

5

29 x 2 174 x 464 = 0

2

x 2 6 x 16 = 0

x 2 8 x + 2 x 16 = 0

x ( x 8) + 2 ( x 8 ) = 0

( x 8)( x + 2 ) = 0

x=8

x = 2

Now x = 2, y = 1

And x = 8 y = 3

Let P be the circum centre of ABC then PA = PB = PC

PA2 = PB 2 = PC 2

(4

,6

PA2 = PB 2

( x 4) + ( y 6)

2

= ( x 0) + ( y 4)

2

147

2)

(x

,y)

,

(6

8 x + 4 y = 36

(0

,4

)

Ans11.

2 x + y = 9......... ( i )

PB 2 = PC 2

( x 0) + ( y 4)

2

= ( x 6) + ( y 2)

2

12 x 4 y = 24

3 x y = 6......... ( ii )

Circum radius (PA) =

( 4 3) + ( 6 3)

2

= 10

Ans12.

OA = OB = AB

OA2 = OB 2 = AB 2

OA2 = OB 2

y

A (3 3 )

x 2 + y 2 = 12....... ( i )

OB 2 = AB 2

3 x + 3 y = 6......... ( ii )

y=

(0,0)

6 3x

3

(x

,y ) B

2

6 3x

x2 +

= 12

3

x = 0 or x = 3

x=0

y=2 3

( 0, 2 3 )

x=3

y= 3

( 3, 3 )

148

CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

(a)

2.

(b)

1:2, 2:1

( b ) ( 1)

(d )

1:1, 2:1

1:2, 1:2

( c ) ( 2)

[1]

( d ) (0)

The mid-point of the line segment joining ( 2a, 4 ) and ( 2,3b ) is (1, 2a + 1) . The [1]

values of a and b is

( a ) a = 2, b = 2

4.

(c)

1:3, 3:1

( a ) (1)

3.

[1]

The ratio of the points of trisection of the line segment joining the points

A ( 2, 2 ) and B ( 7, 4 ) are

(b )

(c)

a = 1, b = 3

(d )

a = 2, b = 3

a = 1, b = 1

Coordinate of A and B are ( 3, ) and (1, + 4 ) . The mid-point of AB is ( 1,1) . The [1]

value of is

( a ) ( 1)

(b) ( 2)

( c ) ( 3)

( d ) (1)

5.

Find the coordinates of the points which divide the line segment joining the points [2]

(-2,0) and (0,8) in four equal parts.

6.

Find the area of the rhombus if its vertices are (3,0), (4,5), (-1,4) and (-2,-1) taken [2]

in order.

7.

8.

The length of a line segment is 10. If one end point is ( 2, 3) and the abscissa of the [3]

[3]

second end point is 10, show that its ordinate is either 3 or -9.

9.

Using section formula show that the points ( 1, 2 )( 5, 0 ) and ( 2,1) are collinear.

10.

If

and

are

two

points

whose

coordinates

are

( at , 2at ) and

2

[3]

[4]

1

1

a 2a

is independent

+

2 , respectively and S is the points ( a, 0 ) , show that

SP SQ

t t

of t

11.

Find the area of the quadrilateral whose vertices taken in order are [4]

( 4, 2 ) , ( 3,5 ) , ( 3, 2 ) and ( 2,3)

12.

The vertices of ABC are A ( 4, 6 ) , B (1,5 ) and C ( 7, 2 ) . A line is drawn to inter sect [4]

AD AE 1

=

= . Calculate the

AB AC 4

area of the ADE and compare it with the area of ABC .

sides AB and AC at D and E respectively such that

149

CLASS - X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(d)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(a)

Ans5.

(-2,0)

(0,8)

2 + 0 0 + 8

Coordinate of Q

,

= (-1,4)

2

2

3

Coordinate of P = , 2

2

1

Coordinate of R = , 6

2

Ans6.

AC =

( 1 3) + ( 4 0 )

BD =

( 2 4 ) + ( 1 5 )

Area of rhombus =

=4 2

2

= 36 + 36 = 6 2

1

d1 d 2

2

1

AC BD

2

1

4 2 6 2

2

= 24

150

Ans7.

For collinear

x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 ) = 0

= a ( c + a a b) + b ( a + b b c ) + c (b + c c a )

= a ( c b ) + b ( a c ) + c (b a )

= ac ab + ba bc + cb ca

=0

Ans8.

Let

A

(2,-3)

(10 2 ) + ( y + 3)

2

10

= (10 )

(10,y)

64 + y 2 + 9 + 6 y = 100

y 2 + 6 y 27 = 0

y 2 + 9 y 3 y 27 = 0

y ( y + 9) 3( y + 9) = 0

( y + 9 )( y + 9 ) = 0

y = 9

y=3

Ans9.

If points A ( 1, 2 ) , B ( 5, 0 ) and ( 2,1) are collinear then one point divides the

join of other two in the same ratio let C ( 2,1) divides the join of A ( 1, 2 )

and B ( 5, 0 ) in the ratio K:1

A

(-1,2)

2=

C (x,y)

(K:1)

B

(5,0)

5K 1

0+2

and 1 =

K +1

K +1

2 K + 2 = 5 K 1 and K + 1 = 2

K =1

K =1

Hence Proved

151

Ans10.

( at

SP =

=a

(t

a ) + ( 2at 0 )

2

1) + 4t 2

2

= a t 4 + 1 2t 2 + 4t 2

=a

(t

+ 1)

= a ( t 2 + 1)

a

2at

SQ = 2 a +

0

t

t

2

a

= 2 (1 + t 2 )

t

a

= 2 (1 + t 2 )

t

t2

1

1

1

+

=

+

SP SQ a ( t 2 + 1) a (1 + t 2 )

(1 + t )

=

a ( t + 1)

2

1

a

H .P

Ans11.

ar ( ABC ) =

1

( 20 + 6 6 ) ( 6 15 + 8 )

2

1

ar of = 2 [ x, ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 )

1

ar ( ACD ) = ( 8 + 9 4 ) ( 6 4 12 )

2

1

= [13 + 22]

2

D (2,3)

= 17.5 sq.unit

(3,-2)C

ar of quadrilateral = 10.5+17.5

= 28 sq. unit.

A(-4-2)

152

(-3-5) B

Ans12.

AD AE 1

=

=

AB AC 4

AB AC 4

=

=

AD AE 1

AD + DB AE + EC

=

=4

AD

AE

DB

EC

1+

= 1+

=4

AD

AE

DB EC

=

=3

AD AE

AD AE 1

=

=

DB EC 3

AD : DB = AE : EC = 1: 3

(4,6)

B (1,5)

13 23

19

, and ,5

4 4

4

15

32

15

ar ( ABC ) =

2

ar ( ADE ) 1

=

ar ( ABC ) 16

ar ( ADE ) =

= 1:16

153

(7,2) C

CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

(a)

2.

1

:2

2

(d )

1:1

1:2

( b ) ( 4, 2 )

( c ) ( 4, 2 )

[1]

( d ) ( 4,1)

(a)

4.

(c)

( a ) ( 4, 2 )

3.

1

:1

2

(b)

x axis

(b)

y - axis

[1]

(c)

(d )

both

none of these

(a)

53

(b)

[1]

(c)

2 13

[1]

(d )

2 12

13

5.

If the coordinates A and B are (-2,-2) and (2,-4) respectively. Find the coordinates [2]

3

of P such that AP = AB and P lies on the line segment AB.

7

6.

In what ratio is the line segment joining the points (-2,3) and (3,7) divided by the [2]

y-axis?

7.

Find the relation between x and y such that the point ( x, y ) is equidistant from the [3]

points ( 7,1) and ( 3,5 )

8.

Determine the ratio in which the line 2 x + y 4 = 0 divides the line segment joining [3]

9.

Show that the points A ( 5, 6 ) , B (1,5 ) , C ( 2,1) and D ( 6, 2 ) are the vertices of a [3]

square.

10.

( a, a ) , ( a, a ) and

11.

BC and P is a point on AD joined such that

12.

AD

= 2, find the coordinates of P.

PD

The coordinates of the vertices of ABC are A ( 4,1) , B ( 3, 2 ) and C ( O, K ) . Given [4]

that three area of ABC is 12, find the value of K.

154

CLASS - X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(b)

Ans5.

Coordinate of P are

(-2,-2)

(2,-4)

3:4

2 4 + 2 3 8 + 6 2

=

=

7

7

7

2 4 + ( 4 ) ( 3) 8 12 20

=

=

y=

7

7

7

x=

Ans6.

P (0,y) and ratio be K:1

(-2,-3)

A

P(o,y)

(3,7)

B

K:1

3k 2 7 k 3

Coordinate of P are

,

k +1 k +1

3k 2

=0

k +1

2

k=

3

or 2 : 3

155

Ans7.

AP = BP (Given)

AP 2 = BP 2

( x 7 ) + ( y 1)

2

= ( x 3) + ( y 5 )

2

x 2 + 49 14 x + y 2 + 1 2 y = x 2 + 9 6 x + y 2 + 25 10 y

x y = 2

Ans8.

3K + 2 7 K 2

Coordinate of P are

,

K +1 K +1

3K + 2 7 K 2 4

2

=0

+

K +1 K +1 1

6K + 4 + 7 K 2 4K 4 = 0

9K 2 = 0

2

9

2:9

K=

Ans9.

AB =

(1 5) + ( 5 6 )

BC =

( 2 1) + (1 5)

CD =

( 6 2 ) + (1 2 )

DA =

(5 6) + ( 6 2)

= 17

= 17

= 17

= 17

Diagonal AC =

( 2 5) + (1 6 )

= 34

Diagonal BD =

( 6 1) + ( 2 5 )

= 34

Hence proved

156

Ans10.

Let A ( a, a ) , B ( a, a ) C 3a, 3a

AB =

AB =

AC =

( a a ) + ( a a )

2

(

(

) (

3a a ) + (

2

3a + a +

2

= 8a 2 = 2 2 a

)

3a a )

3a + a

= 2 2a

= 2 2a

AB = BC = AC = 2 2a

ar ABC =

3

2

( side )

4

3

2 2a

4

= 2 3a 2

=

point of BC

AP 2

=

PD 1

AP : PD = 2 :1

(4

,8)

2

P

1

i.e ( 4,1)

2 4 + 1 4 2 1 + 1 ( 8 )

Coordinate of P are

,

2 +1

2 +1

8+ 4 2 8

i.e

,

3

3

i.e ( 4, 2 )

157

4)

,(5

3+ 5 6 4

Coordinate of D

,

2

2

(3

,6

)

Ans11.

Ans12.

A ( 4,1) , B ( 3, 2 ) and C ( 0, k )

ar ABC =

1

x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 )

2

1

4 ( 2 k ) + ( 3)( k 1) + 0 (1 2 )

2

1

[8 4k 3k + 3]

2

1

[11 7k ]

2

but ar = 12

=

1

|11 7 k |= 12

2

1

(11 7k ) = 12

2

11 7 k = 24

13

7

11 7 k = 24

k=

k =5

13

Value of k

,5

7

158

CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

The coordinates of the mid point of the line segment joining ( 5, 4 ) and ( 7, 8 ) is

( a ) (1, 2 )

2.

( b ) (1, 2 )

( c ) (1,3)

[1]

( d ) ( 1, 2 )

Two vertices of a ABC are A (1, 1) and B ( 5,1) . If the coordinates of its centroid [1]

5

be ,1 , then the coordinates of the third vertex C is

3

( a ) ( 1, 3)

3.

4.

( b ) (1,3)

( c ) ( 1, 3)

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

( d ) (1, 2 )

[1]

(d )

-1

(a)

(b)

(c)

[1]

(d )

-1

5.

For what value of P are the points (2,1) (p,-1) and (-13) collinear?

6.

Find the third vertex of a if two of its vertices are at (1,2) and (3,5) and the [2]

centroid is at the origin.

7.

A ( 3,1) , B ( 6, 4 ) and C ( 8, 6 ) respectively. Seated in line?

8.

9.

If the point P ( x, y ) is equidistant from the points A ( 5,1) and B (1,5 ) , prove that [3]

[2]

[2]

x= y

10.

Find the lengths of the medians of the triangle whose vertices are (1, 1) , ( 0, 4 ) and [4]

( 5,3) .

11.

The area of a is 5. Two of its vertices are ( 2,1) and ( 3, 2 ) . The third vertex lies on [4]

y = x + 3 . Find the third vertex.

12.

159

1 1

+ =1

a b

[4]

CLASS - X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(c)

Ans5.

For collinear

1

x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 ) = 0

2

1

2 ( 1 3) + p ( 3 1) + ( 1)(1 + 1) = 0

2

5 + p = 0

p =5

Ans6.

x +1+ 3

y +2+5

= 0,

=0

3

3

x = 4, y = 7

Hence (4, 7)

Ans7.

AB =

( 6 3) + ( 4 1)

BC =

(8 6) + ( 6 4)

AC =

(8 3) + ( 6 1)

= 18 = 3 2

= 4+4 = 2 2

= 25 + 25 = 5 2

AB + BC = AC

160

Ans8.

Let A (1,1) , B ( 1, 1) , C 3, 3

( 1 1) + ( 1 1)

AB =

BC =

CA =

= 8

( 3 + 1) 2 + ( 3 + 1) 2 =

(1 + 3 ) + (1 3 ) = 8

2

Ans9.

PA = PB (Given)

PA2 = PB 2

( 5 x ) + (1 y )

2

= (1 x ) + ( 5 y )

2

25 + x 2 10 x + 1 + y 2 2 y = 1 + x 2 2 x + 25 + y 2 10 y

8 x = 10 y + 2 y

8 x = 8 y

x= y

0 5 4 + 3 5 + 1 3 1

1 + 0 1 + 4

,

,

,

,

and

2 2

2

2

2

2

5 7

1 3

i.e , , ( 2,1) and ,

2 2

2 2

Length of the median AD

2

130

2

( 2 0 ) + (1 4 )

2

= 4 + 9 = 13

And length of the median CF

2

(1

,1)

E

F

130

1

3

CF = + 5 + 3 =

2

2

2

161

,3)

(-5

5 7

= 1 + + 1

2

2

(0

,4)

Ans10.

Ans11.

Let the third vertex be A ( x, y ) . Other two vertices of the are B ( 2,1) and

C ( 3, 2 )

ar of ABC = 5

1

x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 ) = 5

2

1

x (1 + 2 ) + 2 ( 2 y ) + 3 ( y 1) = 5

2

3 x + y 7 = 10

3 x + y = 17

3 x + y = 3

( x, y ) lies on eq.

y = x+3

7

13

We get x = , y =

2

2

Similarly on solving eq. 3 x + y = 3 and y = x + 3

3 3

We get ,

2 2

Ans12.

Area = 0

1

x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 ) = 0

2

1

a ( b 1) + 0 (1 0 ) + 1( 0 b ) = 0

2

ab a b = 0

ab = a + b

Dividing by ab

ab a

b

=

+

ab ab ab

1 1

+ =1

a b

162

Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

The number of solid spheres each of diameter 6cm that could be molded to form a [1]

solid metes cylinder of height 45cm and diameter 4cm is

2.

(a) 3

(b) 4

(c) 5

(d) 6

A metallic sphere of radius 10.5 cm is melted and then recast into small cones each [1]

of radius 3.5 cm and height 3cm the number of such cone is

3.

(a) 63

(b) 126

(c) 21

(d) 130

A circular test is cylindrical to a height of 4cm and conical above it. If its diameter [1]

is 105 m and its slant height is 40m, then the total area of canvas required is

4.

(a) 1760 m2

(b) 2640 m2

(c) 3960 m2

(d) 7920 m2

If the radii of the ends of a bucket are 5cm and 15cm and it is 24cm high, then its [1]

surface area is.

5.

A 20m deep well with diameter 7m is dug up and the earth from digging is evenly [2]

Spread out to form a platform 22m 14m Find the height of the platform.

163

6.

Find the maximum volume of a cone that can be carved out of solid hemisphere of [2]

radius r.

7.

Find the volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out of the cube [2]

whose edge is 7 cm

8.

A hollow cylindrical pipe is 420cm long. Its outer and inner diameter are 8 cm and [2]

6cm respectively. Find the volume of the copper used in making the pipe.

9.

A plate of metal 1 cm thick, 9 cm broad and 81cm long is melted into a cube. Find [3]

the difference in the surface area of the two solids.

10.

The difference between outside and inside surfaces of a cylindrical metallic pipe [3]

14cm long is 44 cm2. If the pipe is made of 99cu.cm of metal. Find the outer and

inner radii of the pipe.

11.

If h, C and V respectively are the height. The curved surface and volume of cone. [3]

Prove that 3 Vh3 c 2 h 2 + 9v 2 = 0

12.

A toy is in the form of a cone mounted on a hemisphere of common base radius [3]

7cm. The total height of the toy is 31cm. find the total surface area of the toy

22

use = 7

13.

The radius of a solid iron sphere is 8cm. eight rings of iron plate of external radius [5]

2

6 cm and thickness 3cm are made by melting this sphere. Find internal radius of

3

this rings.

164

Class X - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(D)

Ans4.

(D)

Ans5.

2

22 7

7

= 20 r =

7 2

2

= 22 7 5 = 770cm3

Height of the platform =

Ans6.

Area of the platform

770 70 5

=

= = 2.5m

308 28 2

Height of cone = Radius of the hemisphere

Volume of cone =

Ans7.

1 2

1

r x r = r3

3

3

For Largest right circular cone to be cut, clearly the circle will be inscribed in a

face of the cube and its height will be equal to an edge of the cube.

7

Radius of the cone r = cm

2

Volume of the cone =

1 2

r h

3

1 22 7

= = 88.83cm3

3 7 2

165

Ans8.

We have

H= Height of the cylindrical pipe = 420 cm

R= External radius =

R= internal radius =

8

cm = 4cm

2

6

cm = 3cm

2

= R2h r 2h = ( R2 r 2 ) h

=

Ans9.

22 2 2

22

4 3 ) 420cm3 = 7 420cm3 = 9240cm3

(

7

7

Let a be the edge of the cubes

a3 = 729 = 93 a = 9cm

Now surface area of the cube = 6a 2 = 6 ( 9 ) = 486cm 2

2

=

2 [81 9 + 9 1 + 1 81] cm 2

= 1638cm 2

Ans10.

We have h = Length of the pipe = 14cm

2 Rh 2 rh = 44 i.e.2 ( R r ) h = 44

22

( R r ) 14 = 44

7

1

R r = ........(i )

2

Also R 2 h r 2 h = 99 = ( R 2 r 2 ) h = 99

22

( R + r )( R r ) 14 = 99

7

166

9

R + r = ......(ii )

2

Solving (i) and (ii) we get R = 2.5cm

r=2

Hence outer radius = 2.5cm

Inner radius = 2cm

Ans11.

1

Volume of cone V = r 2 h........(ii )

3

L.H.S. = 3 vh3 c 2 h 2 + 9v 2

2

1

= 3 h r 2 h { rl} h 2 + 9 r 2 h

3

= 2 r 2 h 4 2 r 2 h 2l 2 + 9 2 r 4 h 2

9

= 2 r 2 h 4 2 r 2 h 2 ( r 2 + h 2 ) + 2 r 4 h 2 l = r 2 + h 2

= 2 r 2 h4 2 r 4 h 2 2 r 2 h 4 + 2 r 4 h 2 = 0

Ans12

T.S.A. of toy=

C.S.A of hemisphere + C.S.A. of cone = 2 r 2 + rl

r = 7cm, h = 24cm

l = r 2 + h 2 = 7 2 + 242 = 25cm

22

22

7 7 + 7 25

7

7

= 44 7 + 22 25

= 2

Ans13

2048 3

cm

3

167

4

83 cm3

3

2

External radius of each iron ring = 6 cm

3

=

20

cm

3

20 2 2

Volume of each ring = r 3cm 2

3

400 2

= 8

r 3cm 2

9

400 2 2

= 24

r cm

9

400 2 2048

24

r =

3

9

400 2 2048

1

r =

9

3

24

400 256 144

r2 =

=

= 16 r = 4cm

9

9

9

168

CLASS-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

A metallic sphere of radius 10.5cm is meted and then recast into small cones each [1]

of radius 3.5cm and height 3cm the number of such cones is

2.

(a) 63

(b) 126

(c) 21

(d)130

A solid sphere of radius r is melted and cast into the shape of a solid cone of height [1]

r, the radius of the base of the cone is

3.

(a) 2r

(b) 3r

(c) r

(d) 4r

During conversion of a solid from one shape to another, the volume of new shape [1]

will

4.

(a) increase

(b) decrease

(d) be doubled

A right circular cylinder of radius r cm and height h cm (h>2r) just encloses a [1]

sphere of diameter

5.

(a) r cm

(b) 2r cm

(c) h cm

(d) 2h cm

Determine the ratio of the volume of a cube to that of a sphere which with exactly [2]

fit inside the cube

169

6.

Find the maximum volume of a cone that can be carved out of a solid hemisphere [2]

of radius r

7.

The height of a right circular cone is 12 cm and the radius of its base is 4.5 cm. find [2]

slant height.

8.

How many balls, each of radius 1cm, can be made from a solid sphere of lead of [2]

radius 8 cm

9.

The diameter of metallic sphere in 6cm. the sphere in melted and drawn into a [3]

wire of uniform cross section. It the length of wire is 36cm. Find its radius.

10.

Water flows at the rate of 10 metre per minute through a cylindrical pipe having [3]

its diameter at 5mm. How much tine will it take to fill a conical vessel where

diameter of base is 40 cm and depth 24 cm?

11.

The radius of the base and the height of solid right cylinder are in the ratio 2:3 and [3]

22

its volume is 1617 cu.cm. Find the total surface area of the cylinder. =

7

12.

A toy is in form of a cone mounted on a hemisphere of common base radius 7cm. [3]

The total height of the toy is 31cm find the total surface area of the toy.

13.

A bucket made up of metal sheet is in the form of frustum of a cone. Its depth is 24 [5]

cm and the diameters of the top and bottom are 30 cm and 10 cm respectively.

Find the cast of milk which win completely fill the bucket at the rate Rs. 20 Per

litre and cast of metal sheet used. If it casts Rs. 10 per 100cm2 ( use = 3.14 )

170

CLASS - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

Let the radius of the sphere which fits exactly into a cube be r units Then length

of each edge of cube = 2r units

Let V1and V2 be the volumes of the cube and sphere

Then V1 = ( 2r )

4

V2 = r 3

3

V1

8r 3

6

=

=

V 2 4 r3

3

V1 : V2 = 6 :

Ans6.

Height of cone = radius of hemisphere

Volume of cone =

Ans7.

1 2

1

r r = r3

3

3

h = 12cm, r = 4.5cm

Slant height l = r 2 + h 2 =

( 4.5)

+ 122

= 12.816 ( approx )

171

Ans8.

Number of balls =

Volume of sphere of radius 1cm.

4

3

(8)

=3

= 512

4

3

(1)

3

Ans9.

r = 3cm

4

4

4

3

Volume = r 3 = r 3 = ( 3) = 36 cm3

3

3

3

Let r1 be radius of wire

Volume of wire =

4 3 4

3

r = ( 3) = 36 cm3

3

3

r12 36 = 36

r12 = 1

r1 = 1cm

Ans10

= Volume of cylinder of diametre 5mm and length 10 m.

5

1

mm = cm

2

4

h = 1000cm

r=

Volume of cylinder =

22 1 1

1000cm3

7 4 4

1 22

2

= ( 20 ) 24cm3

3 7

Suppose the conical vessel is filled in x minutes

Volume of the water flows out in x minutes

22 1 1

1 22

100 x = 202 24

7 4 4

3 7

1 400 24 4 4 512

x=

=

minutes

3

100

10

x = 51 minutes 12 seconds

172

Ans11

Let r be the radius of the base and h be the height of the solid right circular

cylinder.

r 2

2h

= r=

h 3

3

Volume of the cylinder = r 2 h =

4 2

h .h = 1617

9

9 1617

9 147 7

h3 =

7 =

4 22

4

2

21

h=

2

2h

2 4h 2

h +

3

9

2

20 h 2

h

=

+

=

12

8

[

]

9

9

20 21 21

=

= 5 22 7 = 770cm 2

9

2 2

= 2

Ans12

2 r 2 + rl

Here r = 7cm, h = 24cm

l = r 2 + h 2 = 7 2 + 242 = 25cm

T.S.A. of toy = 2

22

22

7 7 + 7 25

7

7

Ans13

h = 24cm, r1 =

30

10

= 15cm, r2 = = 5cm

2

2

l = h 2 + ( r1 r2 ) = 242 + (15 5 )

(i)

1

Volume of bucket = h ( r12 + r2 2 + r1r2 )

3

173

1

= 3.14 24 (152 + 52 + 15 5 )

3

= 3.14 8 ( 225 + 25 + 75 ) = 8164cm3

Quantity of milk =

8164

= 8.164 litres

1000

Cost of 8.164 litre milk = 8.14 20

=Rs. 163.28

(ii)

1632.8 + 78.5 = 1711.3cm 2

Cost of 100 cm2 metal sheet = Rs.10

cost of 1711.3 cm2 metal sheet =

1711.3 10

= Rs.171.13

100

174

Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

A solid sphere of radius r is melted and cast into the shape of a solid cone of height [1]

r the radius of the base of the cone is

2.

(a) 2r

(b) 3r

(c) r

(d) 4r

A reseuoir is in the shape of a frustum of a right circular cone. It is 8m across at the [1]

top and 4m across at the bottom. If it is 6m deep, then its capacity is

3.

(a) 176 m3

(b) 196 m3

(c) 200 m3

(d) 110 m3

A cone of height 24 cm and radius of base 6 cm is made up of modeling clay. A child [1]

reshapes it in the farm of a sphere the radius of the sphere is.

4.

(a) 5cm

(b) 6cm

(c) 8cm

(d) 12cm

A circular tent is cylindrical to a height of 4 m and conical alone it. If its diameter is [1]

210 m and its slant height is 40m. The total area of the canvas required in m2 is

5.

(a) 1760

(b) 15840

(c) 3960

(d) 7960

A drinking glass is in the shape of a frustum of a cone of height 14 cm. The [2]

diameter of its two circular ends one 4cm and 2cm. Find the capacity of the glass

22

=

7

175

6.

The diameter of a sphere is 6cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire of diameter [2]

2cm. what is the length of wire,

7.

An iron pipe 20cm long has exterior diameter equal to 25cm. If the thickness of the [2]

pipe is 1cm. Find the whole surface area of the pipe.

8.

9.

A well 3.5m in diameter and 20m deep into be dug in rectangular field 20m by [3]

[2]

14m. The earth taken out is spread evenly on the field. Find the level of the earth

raised in the field.

10.

A solid sphere of radius 6cm is melted into a hollow cylinder of uniform thickness. [3]

If the external radius of the base of cylinder is 5cm and its height is 32cm, Find the

uniform thickness of the cylinder.

11.

A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres. Stuck t each [3]

of its ends. The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the

capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.

12.

A per stand made of wood is in the shape of a cuboid with four conical depression [3]

to hold pens. The dimensions of the cuboid one 15cm by 10cm by 3.5cm. The

radius of each of the dimensions is 0.5cm and the depth is 1.4cm. Find the volume

of the wood in the entire stand.

13.

upright in a right circular cylinder, full of water and touches the bottom. Find the

volume of water left in the cylinder having given that the radius of the cylinder is

3cm and its height is 6cm. The radius of hemisphere is 2cm and the height of the

cone is 4cm. Give your answer to the nearest cubic centimeter = 22

176

CLASS - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5

2r2 = 4cm r2 = 2cm

h = 14cm

Capacity of glass =

r12 + r2 2 + r1r2

3

22 14 2

1 + 2 2 + 1 2

7 3

44

44

308

= [1 + 4 + 2] = 7 =

3

3

3

2 3

= 102 cm

3

=

Ans6

4

Volume of sphere = r 3

3

4

3

= ( 3) = 36 cm3

3

Let length of the wire = l cm

R= Radius of the wire = 1cm

Volume of wire = R 2 h = (1) l = l cm3

2

l = 36 l = 36cm

Ans7

R = 12.5cm

r = 12.5 1 = 11.5cm

h = 20cm

= 2

22

(12.5 + 11.5)( 20 + 12.5 11.5) = 3168cm2

7

177

Ans8.

Ratio of volumes of

1 2

r1 h1

3

Two cones =

1

r2 2 h2

3

2

r h

= 1 1

r2 h2

2

3 2

=

5 1

9 2 18

= =

25 1 25

Ans9

Radius of well =

7

m

4

Volume of earth taken out =

22 7 7

20m3

7 4 4

= 385 3

m

2

Area of field = 20m 14m = 280m2

22 7 7

7 4 4

2163 2

m

8

Area of field

385

8

m = 0.7119m

2 2163

= 71.19cm

=

Ans10

4

Volume of sphere = r 3

3

4

3

= ( 6 ) = 288 cm3

3

178

External radius R = 5cm

Volume = ( R 2 r 2 ) h = ( 52 x 2 ) 32

Volume of the hollow cylinder = Volume of sphere

32 ( 25 x 2 ) = 288

25 x 2 =

288

25 x 2 = 9

32

x 2 = 16

x = 4cm

Ans11

The length of capsule = 14mm

r=

5

mm

2

of capsule = 9mm

Total surface area = 2 r 2 + 2 rh + 2 r 2

= 4 r 2 + 2 rh

2

22 5

22 5

= 4 + 2 9

7 2

7 2

Ans12

+

=

= 220mm 2

7

7

7

2

2 1

= 15 10 3.5 4 (1.4 )

3 2

150 35 8 22 1.4

=

10

3 7

4

= 525 2.93 = 522.07cm3

179

Ans13

Volume of cylinder = ( 3) 6 = 24

2

1

16

2

Volume of cone = ( 2 ) 4 =

3

3

1 4

16

3

Volume of hemisphere = ( 2 ) =

2 3

3

Volume of water in the cylinder

16

16

3

3

162 32

162 16 16

3

=

cm3

cm =

3

3

2860 3

4

=

cm = 136 cm3

21

21

3

= 136cm

= 54

180

Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

The radii of the ends of a bucket 30cm high are 21 cm and 7cm. then its capacity in [1]

litres.

2.

(a) 19.02

(b) 20.02

(c) 21.02

(d) 19.08

A solid is hemispherical at the bottom and conical above. It the surface areas of the [1]

two parts are equal, then the ratio of its radius and the height of its conical part is

3.

(a) 1:3

(b) 1: 3

(c) 1:1

(d)

3 :1

The diameter of a sphere is 6cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire of diameter [1]

4.

(a) 12cm

(b) 18cm

(c) 36cm

(d) 66cm

If the radii of the circular ends of a bucket of height 40cn are of length 35cm and [1]

5.

(a) 60060

(b) 80080

(c) 70040

(d) 80760

A solid iron pole consists of a cylinder of height 110 cm and of base diameter [2]

24cm. Which is surmounted by a cone 9cm high, find the mass of the pole. Given

355

113

6.

2 cubes each of volume 64cm3 are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the [2]

resulting cuboid.

7.

Kuldeep mode a bird bath for his garden in the shape of a cylinder with a hemi [2]

spherical depression at one end. The height of the cylinder is 1.45cm and its radius

181

22

7

8.

A vessel is in the form of an inverted cone. Its height is 8cm and radius of its top, [2]

which is open, is 5cm. it is filled with water up to brim. When lead shots. Each of

which is a sphere of radius 0.5cm, are dropped into the vessel. One forth of the

water flows out. Find the number of lead shots dropped.

9.

A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres. Stuck to [3]

each of its ends. The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the

capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.

10.

A spherical glass vessel has a cylindrical neck 8cm long, 2m in diameter, the [3]

diameter of the spherical part 8.5 cm. by measuring the amount of water it holds, a

child finds its volume to be 345cm3 check whether she is correct, taking the above

as the is side measurements [ = 3.14]

11.

Metallic sphere of radii 6cm, 8cm and 10cm respectively are melted to form a [3]

single solid sphere. Find the radius of the resulting sphere

12.

A shuttle cock used for playing badminton has the shape of a frustum of a cone [3]

mounted on a hemisphere. The external diameter of the frustum are 5cm and 2cm.

the height of the entire shuttle cock is 7cm. find the external surface area.

13.

A farmer connects a pipe of internal diameter 20cm from a canal into a cylindrical [5]

tank in his field which is 10m in diameter and 2m deep. If water flours through the

pipe at the rate of 3 km/h in how much time will the tank be filled?

182

CLASS - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5

For cylinder r =

For cone r =

12

= 6cm. h = 110cm

2

12

= 6cm, h = 9cm

2

= r 2h +

r 2h

3

= ( 6 ) 110 +

= 36 (110 + 3) = 36

( 6) (9)

2

355

113

113

= 36 355 = 12780cm3

Ans6

l = 4 + 4 = 8cm

b = 4cm

h = 4cm

Surface area of cuboid = 2 [lb + bh + lh ]

= 2 [8 4 + 4 4 + 8 4 ]

2 [ 32 + 16 + 32]

= 2 80 = 160cm 2

Ans7

Let h be the height of cylinder and r be the common radius of the cylinder and

hemisphere

Total surface area of bird bath= C.S.A. of cylinder + C.S.A. of hemisphere

183

= 2 rh + 2 r 2 = 2 r ( h + r )

22

30 (145 + 30 ) cm 2

7

= 33000cm 2 = 3.3m 2

= 2

Ans8.

Radius of cone = 5cm

Let x be numbers of lead shots are dropped

1

xy volume of one lead shot = volume of the cone

4

4

1 1

3

2

x ( 0.5 ) = ( 5 ) 8

3

4 3

25 8

= 100

x=

3

4 4 ( 0.5 )

100 lead shots one dropped

Ans9.

r=

5

mm

2

of capsule = 9mm

Total surface area = 2 r 2 + 2 rh + 2 r 2

= 4 r 2 + 2 rh

2

= 4

Ans10.

22 5

22 5

+ 2 9

7 2

7 2

+

=

= 220mm 2

7

7

7

2

cm = 1cm

2

h = 8cm

r=

Radius (R) =

85 17

= cm

20 4

184

part

4

= r 2 h + R3 =

3

4 3

2

r h + 3 R

314 4913 3

8+

cm

100

48

cm

100

48

314 5294 1663258 3

cm

=

=

4800

4800

= 346.51cm3

=

Ans11.

Given spheres =

4 3

3

3

( 6 ) + ( 8) + (10 )

4

= [ 216 + 512 + 1000]

3

4

= 1728 = 4 576

3

= 2304 cm3

Let R be the radius of single solid sphere since volume remains the same

4

R 3 = 2304

3

R3 =

2304 3

= 576 3

4

R 3 = 1728 = (12 )

R = 12cm

Ans12.

= C.S.A. of Frustum of the come + S.A. of hemisphere

2

= ( r1 + r2 ) l + 2 r1

2

185

22 35 618

22

+ 2

7 10 100

7

11 618 44

=

+

100

7

l = h 2 + ( r1 r2 )

l = 62 + (1 2.5 )

= 6.18

= 67.98 + 6.28

= 74.26cm 2

Ans13.

3000

m / sec

60 60

5

= m / sec

6

In 1 second the water flows =

5

m

6

1

Internal diameter = 20cm = m

5

2

Volume of the water that flows through the pipe in one second = r h

2

22 1 5 110

11 3

=

=

m

7 10 6 4200 420

10

2

Volume of water in the tank = r h r = = 5m, h = 2m

2

22 10

= 2

7 2

1100 3

=

m

7

100

Time taken to fill the tank = 7

11

420

1100 420

= 100 60 Second

7 11

186

Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

The diameter of a metal lice sphere is 6cm. it is melted and drawn into a wire of [1]

diameter of the cross-section 0.2cm. then the length of wire is

2.

(a) 12m

(b) 18m

(c) 36m

(d) 66m

The ratio between the volumes of two spheres is 8:27. What is the ratio between [1]

3.

(a) 2:3

(b) 4:5

(c) 5:6

(d) 4:9

A hollow cube of internal edge 22cm is filled with spherical marbles of diameter [1]

1

space of the cube remains unfilled. Then the

8

4.

(a) 142296

(b) 142396

(c) 142496

(d) 142596

A solid is hemispherical at the bottom and conical above. It the surface areas of the [1]

two parts are equal, then the ratio of its radius and the height of its conical part is

5.

(a) 1:3

(b) 1: 3

(c) 1:1

(d)

3 :1

A cone of height 24 cm and radius of base 6 cm is made up of modeling clay. Find [2]

the volume of the cone.

6.

2 cubes each of volume 64cm3 are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the [2]

resulting cuboid.

187

7.

A vessel is in the form of a hollow hemisphere mounted by a hollow cylinder. The [2]

diameter of the hemisphere is 14cm and the total height of the Vessel is 13cm. find

inner surface Area?

8.

A spherical ball of diameter 21 cm is melted and recanted into cubes each of side [2]

22

7

9.

How many silver coins 1.75cm in diameter and of thickness 2mm must be melted [3]

to form a cuboid 5.5cm 10cm 3.5cm?

10.

A container like a right circular having diameter 12cm and height 15cm is full of [3]

ice-cream. The ice-cream is to be filled in cones of height 12cm and diameter 6cm

having a hemispherical shape on the top. Find number of such cones which can be

filled with ice-cream.

11.

Water flowing at the rate of 15 km per hour through a pipe of diameter 14cm into [3]

a rectangular tank which is 50m long and 44m wide. Find the time in which the

level of water in the tank will rise by 21cm.

12.

A solid cylinder of diameter 12cm and height 15cm is melted and recast into toys [3]

with the shape of a right circular cone mounted on a hemisphere of radius 3cm. if

the height of the boy is 12cm find the number of toys so formed.

13.

A cone of radius 10cm divided into two parts by drawing a plane through the mid- [5]

point of its axis, parallel to its base. Compare the volume of the two parts.

188

Class X - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

Ans5

(C)

Ans2. (D)

Ans3. (A)

Ans4. (B)

h = 24cm, r = 6cm

1

Volume of cone = r 2 h

3

1

2

= ( 6 ) ( 24 )

3

1

36 24 = 288 cm3

3

Ans6

l = 4 + 4 = 8cm

b = 4cm

h = 4cm

Surface area of cuboid = 2 [lb + bh + lh ]

= 2 [8 4 + 4 4 + 8 4 ]

2 [ 32 + 16 + 32]

= 2 80 = 160cm 2

Ans7

= 2 rh + 2 r 2

[ radius of base of the cylinder = radius of hemisphere]

2 22

7 (6 + 7)

7

= 44 13 = 572cm 2

= 2 r ( h + r ) =

Ans8

4

Volume of spherical ball = r 3

3

4

21 21 21

= cm3

3

2 2 2

189

required no. of cubes

Volume of ball

Volume of cube

4 22 21 21 21

3

7 2 2 2

=

1

= 4851

Ans9

= 5.5 10 3.5

385 3

cm

2

1.75

= 0.875cm

2

Volume of one coin = r 2 h =

required no. of coins =

Volume of cuboid

Volume of each coin

2 22 875 875 2

35 40 40 70

= 20 20 = 400

4 35 35 2

Volume of cylinder = r 2 h

2

12

= 15 = 540

2

12cm

Ans10

22

0.875 0.875 0.2

7

Diameter of cone = 12 cm

r = 6cm

Cone + Volume of hemispherical top of ice-cream

190

1

2

= r 2h + r 3

3

3

2

2

3

= ( 3) (12 ) + ( 3)

3

3

= 36 + 18 = 54

Ans11

Volume of cylinder

V. of icecream cone + Volume of hemisph top

540

= 10 ice-cream cones

54

1 Km = 1000m

15km = 15000m

Volume of cylinder = r 2 h

Radius =

14

= 7cm

2

7

cm

100

Volume of water flowing through the cylindrical pipe in an hour at the rate of

15km/hr

22 7

7

15000 = 231m3

7 100 100

Volume of required quantity of water in the tank.

= 50 44

21

21

=

21

cm

m = 462m3

100

100

6cm

H=15cm

12cm

Ans12

191

1

462 = 2 hours

231

Number of toys =

=

R2 H

Volume of one toy

R2 H

2 3 1 2

1 2

r + r h

r ( 2r + h )

3

3

3

6 6 15

6 6 15

=

=

= 12

1

3 15

3 3 ( 6 + 9)

3

Ans13

Let OAB be the cone and OQ be its axis and P be the midpoint of OQ

Let OQ = h cm

O

h

Then OP = PQ = cm

2

And QB = 10cm

Also OPD OQB

OP PD h / 2

PD

=

=

=

OQ QB

h

10cm

PD = 5cm

(i)

(ii)

h

R = 10cm, r = 5cm, height = cm

2

1

h

5 5

3

2

25 h 3

cm

6

1 h

2

2

Volume of frustum of the cone = (10 ) + ( 5 ) + 10 5 cm3

3 2

175 h 3

=

cm

6

25 h 175 h

:

6

6

= 25 :175 = 1: 7

192

Class-X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

Cards each marked with one of the numbers 4,5,6,,20 are placed in a box and [1]

mixed. Thoroughly, One card is drawn at random from the box. What is the

probability of getting an even prime number?

(a) 0

2.

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

A bag contains 5 red and 4 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. [1]

(a)

3.

1

3

(c)

4

9

(a) 1

4.

2

9

(b)

(b)

1

2

(c)

3

2

[1]

(d) 0

What is the probability that a number selected from the numbers 1,2,3,,15 is [1]

a multiple of 4?

(a)

5.

1

5

(b)

1

2

(c)

2

3

(d) 1

Why is tossing a coin considered is be way of deciding which team should get the [2]

6.

[2]

7.

Two unbiased coins are tossed simultaneously find the probability of getting two [2]

heads.

8.

One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of [2]

9.

18 cards numbered 1, 2, 3, ,18 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. A card [3]

is drawn at random from the box. Find the probabilities that the card bears

(i) an even number

(ii) a number divisible by 2 or 3

193

10.

A bag contains 5 red balls, 4 green balls. and 7 white balls. A ball is drawn at [3]

random from the box. Find the probability that the ball drown is

(a) white

(b) neither red nor white

11.

random from the box what is the probability that the number on the ball is.

12.

(i)

an odd number

(ii)

Divisible by 2 or 3

(iii)

Prime number

[3]

(i) If probability of drawing a blue ball from the bag is twice that of a red ball.

Find the number of blue balls in the bag.

(ii) If probability of drawing a blue ball from the bag is four times that of a red

ball. Find the number of blue balls in the bag.

13.

A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled deck of playing cards. Find the [5]

(i) a card of spades of an ace

(ii) a red king

(iii) neither a king nor a queen

(iv) either a king or a queen

(v) a face card

(vi) cards which is neither king nor a red card.

194

Class X - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Probability of head

1

P( H ) =

2

Probability of tail P (T ) =

1

2

1

2

Probability of getting head and tail both are same tossing a coin considered to

be fair way.

i.e. P(T ) = P( H ) =

Ans6.

Total number of outcomes are 1,2,3,4,5,6 which are 6 in number favourable case

= 1 [ 2 is the only even prime]

required probability =

1

6

Ans7.

HH, HT, TH, TT which are 4 in numbers

Favorable outcomes = HH which is only

1

required probability =

4

Ans8.

Favorable cares = 1 [There is only one Jack of hearts]

1

required probability =

52

Ans9.

(i)

Favorable cases are 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18 i.e.9 number

9 1

=

Required probability =

18 2

195

(ii)

12 2

=

Required probability =

18 3

Ans10.

total number of possible outcomes = 16

(a)

Favorable outcomes for a white ball = 7

7

Required probability =

16

(b)

Favorable outcomes for neither red nor white ball=Number of green

balls =4

4 1

=

Required probability =

16 4

Ans11.

(i)

Favorable outcomes are 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19 i.e. 10 in number.

10 1

=

required probability =

20 2

(ii)

Number divisible by 2 are 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20 i.e. 10 in number

Numbers divisible by 3 are 3,6,9,12,15,18. i.e. 6 in number

Numbers divisible by 2 or 3 are 6,12,18 i.e. 3 in number.

numbers divisible by 2 or 3

=10+6-3=13

Favorable outcomes = 13

13

required probability =

20

(iii)

Prime numbers are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19 i.e.8 in number

Favorable outcomes = 8

8 2

=

Required probability =

20 5

Ans12.

Total number of balls = 5 + x

5

Probability of red ball =

5+ x

x

Probability of blue ball =

5+ x

By given condition

x

5

= 2.

5+ x

5+ x

x = 10

196

5

x

= 4.

(ii)

Here

5+ x

5+ x

x = 20

Hence number of blue balls = 20

Ans13.

(i)

no. of spade = 13

No. of ace = 4

1 card is common [ace of spade]

Favorable outcomes = 13+4-1=16

16 4

=

required probability =

52 13

(ii)

no. of red kings = 2

Favorable outcomes = 2

2

1

=

required probability =

52 26

(iii)

no. of king and queen = 4+4=8

Favorable outcomes = 52-8=44

44 11

=

Required probability =

52 13

(iv)

no. of king and queen =4+4=8

8

2

=

Required probability =

52 13

(v)

no. of face cards = 4+4+4=12 [Jack, queen and king are face card]

12 3

=

Required probability =

52 13

(vi)

The no. of cards which are neither red cards nor kings = 52-(26+4-2)

=52-28=24

24 6

=

required probability =

52 13

197

Class- X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

Cards marked with the numbers 2 to 51 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly [1]

one card is drawn from this box. Find the probability that the number on the card

is an even number

(a)

2.

1

2

(b) 1

3

2

(c)

The king, queen and jack of clubs are removed from a deck of 52 playing cards and [1]

then well shuffled. One card is selected from the remaining cards. Finds the

probability of getting a king

(a)

3.

(b) 1

(c)

7

17

(a)

4.

3

49

1

2

(b) 0

(c) 1

[1]

One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of [1]

(a)

5.

1

26

(b) 1

(c)

1

2

(d) 0

A game consists of tossing a one-rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each [2]

time. Hanif wins it all the tosses give the same result i.e. three heads or three fails

and loses otherwise. Calculate the probability that hanif will lose the game

6.

Gopy buys a fish a fish from a shop for his aquarium. The shopkeeper taker out one [2]

fish at random from a tank containing 5 male fish and 8 female fish. What is the

probability that the fish taken out is a male fish?

7.

A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are food. [2]

Arti will buy a pen if it is good but will not buy if it is defective. The shopkeeper

draws one pen at random and gives it to her. What is the probability that

198

8.

Harpreet tosses two different coins simultaneously (say one is of Rs 1 and other is [2]

9.

A box contains 3 blue marble, 2 white marbles, if a marble is taken out at random [3]

from the box, what is the probability that it will be a white one? Blue one? Red

one?

10.

The Integers from 1 to 30 inclusive are written on cards ( one number on one [3]

card). These card one put in a box and well mixed. Joseph picked up one card.

What is the probability that his card has

(i) number 7

(ii) an even number

(iii) a prime number

11.

A bag contains lemon flavored candies only. Malini takes out one candy without [3]

looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out

(i) an orange flavored candy?

(ii) a lemon flavored candy?

12.

A bag contains 6 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue [3]

ball from the bag is twice that of a red, find the number of blue balls in the bag.

13.

Cards marked with numbers 1,2,3,..25 are placed in a box and mixed [5]

thoroughly and one card is drawn at random from the box what is the probability

that the number on the card is

(i) a prime number?

(ii) a multiple of 3 or 5?

(iii) an odd number?

(iv) neither divisible by 5 nor by 10?

(v) perfect square

(vi) a two digit number.

199

CLASS - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Ans6.

Ans7.

Ans8.

possible outcomes are = {HHH,HHT,HTH,THH,HTT,THT,TTH,TTT}

x ( s) = 8

3 heads and 3 tails {HHH,TTT}

x (3 heads and 3 tail) = 2

2 1

P(Hanif will win the game) = =

8 4

1 3

P ( Hanif will lose the game) = 1 =

4 4

Total no. of fishes = 5+8=13

No. of male fish = 5

5

P(male fish) =

13

Total no. of ball pens = 144

Number of defective pens = 20

number of good pens = 144-20=124

124 31

=

(i)

P(she will buy it) =

144 36

20

5

=

(ii)

P (she will not buy) =

144 36

For tossing 2 coins

Total possible outcomes are

= {HH,TT,TH,HT}

=4

Favorable outcomes = at least one head

= {TH,HT,HH}

=3

3

Required probability =

4

200

Ans9.

The no. of favorable outcomes for white marbles = 2

2

Required probability =

9

The no. of favorable outcomes for blue marbles = 3

3 1

Required probability = =

9 3

The no. of favorable outcomes for red marbles =4

4

Required probability =

9

Ans10.

1

(i)

P (the no.7) =

30

(ii)

Even no. are 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22,24,26,28,30

Favorable outcomes = 15

15 1

=

Required probability =

30 2

(iii)

Prime numbers from 1 to 30

{2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29}

No. of favorable outcomes = 10

10 1

=

Required probability =

30 3

Ans11.

0

(i)

P(an orange flavored candy) = = 0

1

1

(ii)

P (a lemon flavor ) = = 1

1

Ans12.

Total no. of balls = ( x + 6 )

x

x+6

6

Probability of red balls =

x+6

Acc. to. question

x

6

= 2.

6+ x

6+ x

x = 12

Hence no. of blue balls = 12

Probability of blue balls =

201

Ans13.

(i)

favorable cases are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23 which are 9 in number

9

req. probability =

25

(ii)

Multiple of 3 or 5

Favorable cases are 3,5,6,9,10,12,15,18,20,21,24,25 which are 12 in

number

12

required probability =

25

(iii)

favorable cases are 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23,25 which are 13 in

number

13

required probability =

25

(iv)

favorable cases are 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9,11,12,13,14,16,17,18,19,21,22,23,24

which are 20 in number

20 4

=

Required probability =

25 5

(v)

Perfect square no. are

(1,4,9,16,25)

Favorable cases are = 5

5 1

=

Required probability =

25 5

(vi)

A two digit no. are

{10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25}

=16

16

Required probability =

25

202

CLASS- X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

Cards marked with the numbers 2 to 31 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly [1]

one card is drawn from the box. Find the probability that the number on the card is

a prime number less than 18.

(a) 1

2.

(b)

7

30

(c) 1

Two dice are thrown simultaneously. Find the probability that the total of the [1]

(a) 1

3.

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 0

A bag contains 5 red balls. 8 white balls 4 green balls and 7 black balls. A ball is [1]

drawn at random from the bag. Find the probability that it is not green

(a)

4.

5

6

(b)

7

6

(c)

1

2

(d) 1

1000 tickets of a lottery of a lottery were sold and there are 5 prizes on these [1]

tickers. If a man has purchased one lottery ticket. What is the probability of

winning a prize

(a) 0.002

5.

(b) 0.003

(c) 0.0005

One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 playing cards. Find the [2]

probability of getting (i) a non-face card (ii) a black king or a red queen

6.

A child has a die whose six faces show the letters as given below

A

[2]

The die is thrown once what is the probability of getting (i) A ? (ii) D ?

7.

(i) if one ball is drown at random, what is the probability that it will be a blue ball?

(ii) if 7 more blue balls are put in the bag. The probability of drawing a blue ball

will be double than in (i) find x

203

[2]

8.

[2]

8

equally likely outcomes. What is the probability that it will point

1

2

6

5

number less than 9?

9.

A box contains 90 dicer which are numbered from 1 to 90. If one disc is drawn at [3]

random from the box, find the probability that it bears (i) a two digit number (ii) a

perfect square number (iii) a number divisible by 5.

10.

A box contains 5 red marbles, 8 white marbles and 4 green marbles, one marble is [3]

taken out of the box at random what is the probability that the marble out will be

(i) red? (ii) white? (iii) not green?

11.

Five cards- the ten, Jack, queen, king and ace of diamonds are well shuffled with [3]

(i) What is the probability that the card is the queen? (ii) if the queen is drawn and

put aside what is the probability that the second card picked up is (a) an ace? (ii) a

queen?

12.

13.

Savita and kavita are friends. What is the probability that both will have

(i)

different birthdays?

(ii)

(i)

a prime number

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

an odd number

(vi)

a no. divisible by 2

204

[3]

[5]

CLASS - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(D)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(C)

Ans5.

(i)

(ii)

Ans6.

Jacks = 12

Number of non face cards in a deck of 52 playing cards = total no. of

cards No. of face cards = 52-12=40

40 10

=

probability of getting a non face card =

52 13

As there are two black kings and 2 red queens in a deck of 52 playing

cards.

No. of a black king or a red queen = 2+2=4

4

1

=

Probability of getting a black king or a red queen =

52 13

The number of all possible outcomes =6

A

B

C

D

E

A

Favorable outcomes = A A =2

2 1

P(A) = =

6 3

(ii)

Favorable outcomes for letter D = 1

1

P (D) =

6

Ans7.

(i)

(ii)

Total no. of possible outcomes = 35

No. of blue balls = x

Favorable outcomes = x

x

P (drawing blue balls) =

35

When 7 more blue balls are put in the bag then total no. of balls =

35+7=42

205

P(drawing blue balls) =

x+7

42

Acc. to question

x+7

x

= 2

42

35

x + 7 2 42

=

x

35

After solving x=5

Ans8.

The total number of possible outcomes = 8

(i)

Let A be the event the arrow will point at 8

no. of favorable outcomes = 1

1

P(A) =

8

(ii)

Odd numbers are {1,3,5,7}

Favorable outcomes = 4

required probability

4 1

P(E) = =

8 2

(iii)

The no. greater than 2 are

{3,4,5,6,7} = 6

Favorable outcomes = 6

6 3

Required probability = 8 = 4

(iv)

The no. less than 9 are {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,}

Favorable outcomes = 8

8

Required probability = = 1

8

Ans9.

Total no. of outcomes = 90

(i)

Let A be the event that the disc drawn at random bears a two digit

number

Two digit numbers are (10,11,12,..to 90)

favorable outcomes = 81

81 9

=

So P(E) =

90 10

(ii)

Perfect square numbers are = {12 , 22 ,32 , 42 ,52 , 62 , 7 2 ,82 ,92 }

(iii)

Favorable outcomes = 9

9

1

=

P (E) =

90 10

The number divisible by 5 are

(5,10,15,85,90)

206

Favorable outcomes = 18

18 1

=

Required probability =

90 5

Ans10.

No. of green marbles = 4

No. of white marbles = 8

Total no. of marbles = 17

Total no. of possible outcomes = 17

(i)

no. of red marbles = 5

5

P(R) =

17

(ii)

No. of white marbles = 8, Favorable outcomes = 8

8

P(W) =

17

(iii)

No. of green marbles = 4

4

P(G) =

17

4

P(Not green marbles ) = 117

17 4 13

=

=

17

17

Ans11.

[Ten, Jack, queen, King and ace]

(i)

no. of favorable out comes = 1[queen]

1

P(Queen)=

5

(ii)

when queen is drawn and put aside then remaining no. of cards

=5-1=4 [ten + Jack + king + ace]

Then total possible outcomes = 4

(a)

The second card picked up is an ace

Favorable outcomes = 1

1

P(E) =

4

(b)

The second card picked up is queen

Queen is already removed

No. of favorable outcomes = 0

0

P(E) = = 0

4

207

Ans12.

Savita birthday can be any day of the year now Kavita birthday can also be any

day of 365 days in the year.

(i)

It Kavita birthday is different from Savitas birthday

Than number of favorable outcomes = 365-1=364

364

P ( Kavitas birthday different from Savitas birthday )=

365

(ii)

P (Savita and Kavita have the same birthday)

364

1

= 1

=

365 365

Ans13.

A prime number are {2,3,5}

Favorable outcomes = 3

3 1

Required probability = =

6 2

(ii)

No. between 2 and 6 {3,4,5}

favorable outcomes = 3

3 1

Required probability = =

6 2

(iii)

No. greater than 4 are {5,6}

No. of favorable outcomes = 2

2 1

Required probability = =

6 3

(iv)

No. less than or equal to 4 are = {1,2,3,4}

Favorable outcomes = 4

4 2

Required probability = =

6 3

(v)

Odd number = {1,3,5}

Favorable outcomes = 3

3 1

Required probability = =

6 2

(vi)

Number divisible by = {2,4,6}

Favorable outcomes = 3

3 1

Required probability = =

6 2

208

CLASS- X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

One card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of 52 cards. What is the probability of [1]

(a)

2.

1

26

(b)

1

2

3

2

(c)

Two dice are thrown simultaneously. What is the probability of getting an even [1]

(a)

3.

1

2

(b)

3

2

(c)

1

4

(d) 1

A bag contains lemon flavored can dies only. Malini takes out one candy without [1]

looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out an orange flavored

candy?

(a) 1

4.

(c) 3

(d)0

(a) 1

5.

(b) 2

(b) 0

[1]

(c) 2

[2]

shown in the fig. what is the probability that it will land inside

the circle with diameter 1m?

6.

(i) A lot of 20 bulbs contain 4 defective ones. One bulb is drawn at random fro the [2]

(ii) Suppose the ball drawn in (i) is not defective and is not replaced. Now one bulb

is drawn at random from the rest. What is the probability that the bulb is not

defective?

7.

A bag contains 5 red balls, 8 white balls 4 green balls and 7 black balls. If one ball is [2]

drawn at random, find the probability that it is (i) black (ii) red

8.

A carton consists of 100 shirts of which 88 are good, 8 have minor defects and 4 [2]

209

have major defects Jimmy a trader. Will only accept the shirts which are good, but

sujatha, another trades, will only reject the shirts which have major defects. One

shirt is drawn at random from the carton. What is the probability that

(i) It is acceptable to Jimmy?

(ii) It is acceptable to Sujatha?

9.

17 cards numbered 1,2,3,16,17 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. One [3]

person draws a card from the box. Find the probability that the no. on the card is

(i) odd (ii) divisible by 2 (iii) divisible by 2 and 3 both

10.

A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the [3]

card drawn is (i) a black queen (ii) a Jack a queen or a king (iii) neither an ace nor

a king

11.

There are 401 students in class X of whom 25 are girls and 15 are boys. The class [3]

teacher has to select one student as a clan representative. She writer the name of

each student on a separate card. The card being identical and she puts cards in a

bag and stirs thoroughly she then draws one card from the bag. What is the

probability that the name written on the card is the name of a

(i) girl (ii) boy?

12.

A piggy bank contains hundred 50P coins, fifty Rs 1 coins, twenty Rs 2 coins and [3]

ten Rs 5 coins. If it is equally likely that one of the coins will fall out when the hand

is turned upside down. What is the probability that the coin

(i) will be a 50P. coin (ii) will not be a Rs 5 coin?

13.

(a) A black die and a white die are thrown at the same time. Write all the possible [5]

outcomes. What is the probability that the sum of the two numbers that turn up is

8? (b) Find the probability of obtaining (i) a total of 6 (ii) a total of 10 (iii) The

same no. on both dice

210

CLASS - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(D)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Area of rectangle = 3 2 = 6m 2

1

Area of circle = r =

2

m2

4

P (die will land inside the circle)

Area of circle

=

= 4 =

Area of rectangle 6 24

Ans6.

Ans7.

Ans8.

(i)

Number of defective bulbs

=

Total number of bulbs in a lot

4 1

=

=

20 4

(ii)

No. of good bulbs = 20-4=16

One bulb is drawn and not replaced then no. of good bulbs = 16-1=15

Total no. of bulbs = 20-1=19

15

Required probability =

19

Total number of outcomes =5+8+4+7=24

(i)

Favorable outcomes =7

7

Required probability =

24

(ii)

favorable outcomes = 5

5

required probability =

24

Total no. of shirts = 100

Total no. of possible outcomes = 100

211

(i)

Ans9.

Ans10.

Ans11.

88

= 0.88

P (shirt is acceptable to Jimmy ) =

100

(ii)

The no. of outcomes favorable to Sujatha = 88+8=96

96

= 0.96

Required probability =

100

Total no. of possible outcomes =17

(i)

For odd no. favorable cases

1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17 =9

9

Required probability =

17

(ii)

Divisible by 2

{2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16} = 8

Favorable cases = 8

8

Required probability =

17

(iii)

Divisible by 2 and 3 both i.e. divisible by 6

{6,12}

Favorable cases = 2

2

Required probability =

17

Total no. of possible outcomes = 52

(i)

No. of black queen = 2

Favorable outcomes = 2

2

1

=

P (a black queen) =

52 26

(ii)

No. of Jack = 4 queen = 4 King =4 12

No. of favorable outcomes = 12

12 3

=

Required probability =

52 13

(iii)

Ace = 4, King = 4

Total = 4+4=8

Neither an ace not a king = 52-8=44

44

P(Neither an ace nor a king) =

52

11

=

13

Total no. of possible outcomes = 40

(i)

No. of outcomes favorable for girls = 25

25 5

=

P(card with name girl) =

40 8

(ii)

No. of boys = 15

no. of favorable outcomes = 15

15 3

=

P (card with name of a boy) =

40 8

212

Ans12.

Ans13.

(i)

No. of 50p coin = 100

100 5

=

Required probability =

180 9

(ii)

No. of Rs 5 coin = 10

No. of coin which is not Rs.5

= 180-170

17 0 17

P (Not Rs 5 coin) =

=

18 0 18

When a black die and a white die are thrown

Total no. of possible outcomes

( 6,1) , (1, 2 ) , (1,3) , (1, 4 ) , (1,5 ) , (1, 6 )

( 2,1) , ( 2, 2 ) , ( 2, 3) , ( 2, 4 ) , ( 2,5 ) , ( 2, 6 )

3,1 , 3, 2 , 3,3 , 3, 4 , 3, 5 , 3, 6

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( 4,1) , ( 4, 2 ) , ( 4, 3) , ( 4, 4 ) , ( 4,5 ) , ( 4, 6 )

( 5,1) , ( 5, 2 ) , ( 5, 3) , ( 5, 4 ) , ( 5,5 ) , ( 5, 6 )

( 6,1) , ( 6, 2 ) , ( 6,3) , ( 6, 4 ) , ( 6, 5 ) , ( 6, 6 )

Outcomes in which sum of two numbers is 8 are (2,6),(3,5),(4,4),(5,3),(6,2)

which are 5 in number

5

Required probability =

36

(i)

For total 6

Favorable outcomes are (1,5),(2,4),(3,3),(4,2),(5,1)

favorable no. of outcomes = 5

5

Required probability =

36

(ii)

For a total of 10, we have (4,6),(5,5), (6,4)

Favorable outcomes = 3

3

1

=

Required probability =

36 12

(iii)

For

same

no.

on

both

dice

or

no.

of

doublets

(1,1),(2,2),(3,3),(4,4),(5,5),(6,6)

Favorable outcomes = 6

6 1

=

Required probability =

36 6

213

CLASS- X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

2.

3.

(b) 0 P( E ) < 1

(c) 0 P( E ) 1

(D) 0 P( E ) 2

(a) (1,1)

(b) (1,0)

(c) (0,1)

[1]

[1]

An unbiased die is thrown. What is the probability of getting an even number or a [1]

multiple of 3?

(a)

2

3

(c) 1

4.

(b)

3

2

(a) 1

(b) 0

(c) 3

(d)

[1]

1

2

5.

[2]

6.

A card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of playing cards. Find the probability of a [2]

face card

7.

[2]

8.

Cards bearing numbers 3 to 20 are placed in a bag and mixed thoroughly. A card is [2]

taken out from the bag at random what is the probability that the number on the

card taken out is an even number?

9.

A bag contains 5 red 4 black and 3 green balls. A ball is taken out of the bag at [3]

random find the probability that the selected ball is

(i) of red colour (ii) not of green colour

214

10.

From a well shuffled pack of 52 cards black aces and black queens are removed. [3]

From the remaining cards a card is drawn at random find the probability of

drawing a king or a queen

11.

[3]

(i) a driver attempts to start a car. The car starts or does not start. (ii) A player

attempts to shoot a basket ball she/he shoots or misses the shot (iii) A baby is

born. It is a boy or a girl.

12.

Find the probability that a number selected at random from the numbers [3]

1,2,3,..,35 is a

(i) Prime number (ii) multiple of 7 (iii) multiple of 3 or 5

13.

From a pack of 52 playing cards, Jacks, queens, kings and aces of red colour are [5]

removed. From the remaining a card is drawn at random. Find the probability that

the card drawn is (i) a black queen (ii) a red card (iii) a black Jack (iv) a honorable

card

215

Class X - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Number of outcomes of getting 9 i.e.

(3+6),(4+5),(5+4),(6+3) = 4

The required probability =

Ans6.

4 1

=

36 4

Favorable out comes = 4+4+4=12

[4 Jack, 4 queen, 4 king]

required probability =

Ans7.

12 3

=

52 13

This contains 52 weeks and 2 days

The remaining two days may be

MT, TW,WTh, Th.F, FS, SS, SM

Favorable cases are MT, SM i.e. 2 out of 7 cases

required probability =

Ans8.

2

7

Cards in the box having even numbers are 4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20. What are 9 in

number

favorable outcomes in this care = 9

P (an even number) =

9

17

216

Ans9.

total number of outcomes = 12

(i)

the required probability for a red ball =

(ii)

5

12

the required probability for a non green ball =

Ans10.

9 3

=

12 4

Number of black aces = 2

Number of black queens = 2

Cards left = 52-2-2=48

Total number of equally likely cases = 48

Favorable cases = 6 required probability =

Ans11.

(i)

6 1

=

48 6

A driver attempts to start a car the can starts or does not start are not

equally likely

(ii)

shoot are not equally likely

Ans12.

(iii)

(i)

Total number of outcomes = 35

P (Prime number) =

(ii)

P (a multiple of 7) =

(iii)

11

35

5 1

=

35 7

Multiple of 5 are 5,10,15,,35 = 7

217

Multiple of 3 or 5 = 11+7-2=16

16

35

P (Multiple of 3 or 5) =

Ans13.

Cards removed = 2+2+2+2 = 8

[2 Jack, 2 queens, 2 kinks and 2 aces of red colour]

remaining number of cards = 52-8=44

Total number of outcomes = 44

(i)

required probability =

(ii)

2

1

=

44 22

Probability for a red card =

(iii)

required probability =

(iv)

18 9

=

44 22

2

1

=

44 22

Number of picture cards left =2+2+2 [Jacks, queens, Kings are picture

cards]

required probability =

(v)

6

3

=

44 22

No. of honorable cards left = 2+2+2+2=8

required probability =

8

2

=

44 11

218

Time :-1.5. Hrs.

M.M. :- 40

7

(1 + sin )(1-sin ).

, evaluate:

8

(1 + cos )(1-cos )

1.

If cos =

2.

A ladder 10m long reaches a window 8m above the ground. Find the distance

[1]

[1]

3.

[1]

4.

[2]

5.

Find the length of the medians of the whose vertices are (1, -1), (0. 4) and (-

[2]

5, 3).

6

The co ordinates of one and point of a diameter of a circle are (4, -1) and the

[2]

co ordinates of the centre of the circle (1, -3) Find the co ordinates of the

other end of the diameter.

cos 2 400 + cos 2 500

Sin 2 400 + sin 2 500

7.

8.

Find the co ordinates of the points of trisection of the line joining (4, -1) and

[2]

[2]

(-2, -3).

9.

[3]

cot tan(900 - ) - sec (900 - ) cosec + sin 2 650 + 3 (tan 50 tan450 tan 850 ) .

10.

If sec = x+

11.

1

1.

x prove that sec + tan = 2xor

4

2x

[3]

[3]

1

1

1

1

=

cos ecA - cot A sin A sin A cos ec A + cot A

12.

The angles of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30

219

[3]

and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building

is 60. If the tower is 50m high. Find the height of the building.

13.

Find the area of a triangle whose vertices are (3, 8) (-4, 2) and (5, - 1).

[3]

14.

The angle of elevation of a jet plane from point A on the ground is 60. After a

[6]

flight of 15 seconds the angle of elevation changes to 30. If the jet plane is

flying at a constant height of 1500

15.

If the angles of the elevation of a cloud from a point h meters above a lake is a

and the angle of depression of its reflection in the lake is , prove that the

height of the cloud is h

(tan + tan )

(tan tan )

220

[6]

Time :-1.5. Hrs.

1.

M.M. :- 40

The sum and product of zeros of the polynomial are -1/2 and -3 respectively. [1]

2.

[1]

3.

Find the 12th term of an A.P with first term and common difference 1/12.

[1]

4.

[1]

5.

[1]

[2]

7.

8.

Which term of the sequence 114, 109, 104 is the first negative term.

[2]

9.

[2]

2 and -

2.

[3]

11. Draw the graph of

x + 3y = 6, 2x 3y = 12

[3]

12. Some students arranged a picnic. The budget for food was Rs. 240. Because 4 [3]

students of the group failed to go the cost of food to each students got increased

by Rs. 5. How many students went for the picnic?

13. If the mth term of an A.P is 1/n and nth term is 1/m show that sum of (mn) term is [3]

(mn + 1).

14. Two pipes running together can fill a cistern in 3 1/13 minutes. If one pipe takes [3]

3 minutes more than other to fill it. Find the time in which each pipe would fill

the cistern.

15. One fourth of a herd of camel was seen in the forest twice the square root of the

herd gone to mountain and the remaining 15 were seen on the bank of a river.

221

[6]

16. A boat goes 12km upstream and 40km down stream in 8 hours. It can go 16km [6]

upstream and 32km down stream in the same term. Find the speed of the boat

and speed of the stream.

SECTION C

16. Using division algorithm, find the HCF of three numbers 240, 672, and 768.

17. For what values of a and b the following system of linear equations have an

18. For what values of K does the quadratic equation

19. A two digit number is such that product of its digit is 35 when 18 is added to the

20. How many terms of the AP. 72 , 69, 66,..make the sum 897 explain the double

answer.

21. As observed form top of a light house, 100 m high above sea level, the angle of

Determine distance traveled by ship during period of observation (Take

3 =

1.732)

22.

25

find value of k.

36

23. Equilateral triangles are drawn on the sides of a right triangle. Show that area of

the triangle on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of areas of triangles on the other

two sides.

24. A pole has to be erected at a point on the boundary of a circular park of diameter

13 metres in such a way that the differences of its distance from two

diametrically opposite fixed gates A and B on the boundary is 7 mt. Is it possible

to do so? If yes, at what distances from the two gates should the pole be erected.

222

SECTION - D

26. Prove that in a right angle triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to sum

of squares on other two sides using above prove the following in ABC, A =

90o and AD BC.

Prove that AB2 + CD2 = BD2 + AC2.

27. If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h metres above a lake is and

the angle of depression of its reflection in lake is . Prove that height of cloud is

h(tan + tan )

tan - tan

28. Solve graphically the following system of linear equations.

3x + y + 1 = o

2x 3y + 8 = o

Shade the area of region bounded by the lines and x-axis.

29. A passenger train takes 2 hours less for a journey of 300 km, if its speed is

increased by 5km/hr from its original speed find the original speed of the train.

30. Find the other zeros of the polynomial x4 5x3 + 2x2 + 10x 8 if it is given that

2 and

2.

223

Time :-1.5. Hrs.

M.M. :- 40

1.

[1]

2.

[1]

3.

[1]

4.

[1]

5.

[1]

[2]

7.

[2]

8.

Prove that tangents from an external point to the same circle are equal.

[2]

9.

A vertical stick 10m long casts a shadow 8m long. At the same a tower casts a

shadow 30m long. Determine the height of the tower.

[2]

10.

Construct a circle whose radius is equal to 4 cm. Let P be a point whose distance

from its centre is 7 cm. Constructs two tangents from P.

[3]

11.

[3]

12.

Show that square of any positive integer is of the form 3m or 3m + 1 for some

integer m

[3]

13.

O is any point inside a rectangle ABCD. Prove that OB2 + OD2 = OA2 + OC2.

[3]

14.

If all the sides of a parallelogram touch a circle, show that the parallelogram is a

rhombus.

[3]

15.

Prove that the ratio of areas of two similar s is equal to the square of the ratio

of their corresponding sides. Use the about theorem in the following. The area

of two similar s are 81 cm2 and 144 cm2. If the largest side of the smaller is 27

cm, find the largest side of larger .

[6]

16.

In an equilateral ABC,D is a point on side BC such the BD = 1/3 BC. Prove that

9AD2 = 7 AB2.

[6]

224

M.M. :

General Instructions.

1.

All questions are compulsory.

2.

The question paper consists of 30 questions divided into four section A, B C and D.

Section A comprises ten questions of 1 mark each, Section B comprises of five

questions of 2 marks each, Section C comprises of ten questions of 3 marks each and

Section D comprises of five questions of 6 marks each.

3.

All question in section-A are to be answered in one sentence or as per the exact

requirement of the question.

4.

There is no overall choice. However an internal choice has been provided in one

question of 2 marks, three question of 3 marks each and two question of 6 marks each.

You have attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.

SECTION A

10 MARKS

1.

If 17th term of an A.P exceeds the 10th term by 7. Find the common difference.

[1]

2.

[1]

3.

The perimeters of two similar triangles ABC and PQR are respectively 32 cm.

[1]

4.

ABCD is a trapezium.

[1]

5.

6.

Check whether

60

has terminating decimal representation.

150

225

[1]

[1]

7.

[1]

Write zeros and number of zeros in fig. 2 ,for the polynomial y=p(x)

8.

1

=0

2

9.

For what value of A, trigonometric ratios tan A and cot A are equal?

10.

[1]

[1]

[1]

1

, O0 < <900

2

SECTION B

11.

OR

[2]

If the 9th term of an A.P is zero. Prove that its 29th term is double of 19th term.

12.

that

13.

[2]

1

1

1

=

+

2

2

BD

BC

AB 2

If (1, 2), (4, y), (x, 6) and (3, 5) are the vertices of parallelogram taken in order.

[2]

14.

The length of a line segment is 10 unit. If one end is at (2, -3) and abscissa of the

[2]

15.

11Sin700 4

cos 530 . cosec 37 0

226

[2]

SECTION C 30 MARKS

16.

If Band Q are acute angles such that Sin B= Sin Q then prove that B = Q.

[3]

OR

If Sin (A B) =

1

1

and Cos (A + B) =

2

2

17.

18.

Prove that

=

.

cos 1 + sin

sin

[3]

If the sum of first P terms of an A. P is q and sum of q terms of the A.P is P. Find

[3]

19.

The line segment joining the points (2,1) and (5, - 8) is trisected by the points P

[3]

OR

If A and B are ( -2, _2) and (2, -4) respectively. Find the coordinates of P, if p lies

on AB and

20.

AP 3

=

AB 7

If the vertices of ABC are A (8, 1). B (K, -4) and C (2, -5) are area of ABC is 12

[3]

21.

In the given fig. 3. PQRS is a rhombus and QRC = BAC. Prove that PQ2 = AP.

[3]

QC.

22.

OR

In the given figure 4.

227

[3]

AB r AC , EF r AC, DC r AC, AB = x, EF = y, CD = z

Prove that

23.

1 1 1

= +

y x z

Use Euclid Division algorithm to show that the square of any positive integer is

[3]

24.

[3]

zeros.

25.

SECTION D

26.

b2 x a 2 y

= ab(a + b) and b 2 x - a 2 y = 2a 2 b 2

a

b

30 MARKS

Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of

[6]

Using above result prove that

In ABC.

AB = (2 + 2) BX ; Give that XY BC. Where X and Y are the points on the sides

AB and AC respectively.

27.

AOC = 900 ,AB = 12 cm. OA = 3 cm. and OC = 4 cm.

228

[6]

28.

The students of a class are made to stand in rows. If three students are extra in a

[6]

row, there would be one row less. If three students one less in a row, would be

two rows more. Find the number of students in the class.

29.

An aeroplane left 30 minutes later than its scheduled time and in order to reach

[6]

the destination 1500 km away in time, it has to increase its speed by 250 km/hr

from the usual speed. Determine its usual speed.

OR

Speed of a boat in still water is 11km/hr. It can go 12 km upstream and return

downstream to the original points in 2 hours 45 minutes. Find the speed of the

stream.

30.

The angles of depression of the top and bottom of an 8 meter tall building from

the top of a multi-storeyed building are 300 and 450 respectively. Find the

height of the multi-storeyed building and the distance between the two

buildings.

OR

An aeroplane when 3000 m high, passes vertically above another aeroplane at

an instant, when the angles of elevation of the two aeroplanes from the point, on

the ground are 600 and 450 respectively. Find the vertical distance between the

aeroplanes.

229

[6]

M.M. :-

Section A consists of 10questions of 1 mark each (1 to 10)

Section B consists of 5 questions of 2 marks each (11 to 15)

Section C consists of 10 questions of 3 marks each (16 to 25)

Section D consists of 5 questions of 6 marks each (26 to 30)

Section A

1.

Given that LCM (150, 100) = 300 find HCF (150, 100)

2.

3.

4x2 -8

x +3=0

4.

The 8th term of an AP is 35 and its 102nd term is 317. Find the AP.

5.

Find the sum of all odd integers between 2 and 100 divisible b 3.

230

.

7.

8.

9.

Prove that

cos 2

+ sin = cosec

sin

3x 4y = 1

4x 3y = 6

10.

Without actual division state if the following rational numbers will have

32

1250

Section B

11.

x + 1 y 1

x 1 y + 1

+

=8 and

+

=9

2

3

3

2

12.

13.

Using Basic proportionality theorem prove that the lines drawn through the points

of trisection of one side a triangle parallel to another side trisect the third side.

231

14.

+ cos 400 cosec 500

cot 400 + cosec 400

15.

SECTION C

16.

Using division algorithm, find the HCF of three numbers 240, 672, and 768.

17.

For what values of a and b the following system of linear equations have an infinite

number of solutions.

2x + 3y = 7

(a b) x + (a + b) y = 3a + b 2.

18.

19.

A two digit number is such that product of its digit is 35 when 18 is added to the

20.

How many terms of the AP. 72 , 69, 66,..make the sum 897 explain the double

answer.

21.

As observed form top of a light house, 100 m high above sea level, the angle of

depression of a ship, sailing directly towards it changes from 30o to 45o Determine

distance traveled by ship during period of observation (Take

22.

3 = 1.732)

25

find value of

36

k.

23.

Equilateral triangles are drawn on the sides of a right triangle. Show that area of

the triangle on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of areas of triangles on the other

two sides.

24.

13 metres in such a way that the differences of its distance from two diametrically

232

opposite fixed gates A and B on the boundary is 7 mt. Is it possible to do so? If yes,

at what distances from the two gates should the pole be erected.

25.

SECTION - D

26.

Prove that in a right angle triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of

squares on other two sides using above prove the following in ABC, A = 90o

and AD BC.

Prove that AB2 + CD2 = BD2 + AC2.

27.

If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h metres above a lake is and the

h(tan + tan )

tan - tan

28.

3x + y + 1 = o

2x 3y + 8 = o

Shade the area of region bounded by the lines and x-axis.

29.

A passenger train takes 2 hours less for a journey of 300 km, if its speed is

increased by 5km/hr from its original speed find the original speed of the train.

30.

Find the other zeros of the polynomial x4 5x3 + 2x2 + 10x 8 if it is given that

2 and

2.

233

CLASS - X (MATHEMATICS)

M.M.

Time : 3 Hours

2. There are four section A,B, C and D

Section A contains 10 questions of 1 mark each

Section B contains 5 questions of 2 marks each

Section C contains 10 questions of 3 marks each and

Section D contains 5 questions carrying 6 marks each

3. There is one internal choice in section B, three in section C and two in section D.

4. Use of calculator and mobile phone is not permitted

SECTION A

1.

2.

The graph of y = f (x) is given below. Find the number of zeroes of f (x)

3.

4.

5.

2 and

234

6.

The length of tangent from a point A at a distance of 5cm from centre of a circle is 4cm.

What will be radius of the circle?

7.

intersection of the more then ogive and less than ogive?

8.

A bag contains 5 red and 5 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. What is

the probability of getting a red ball?

9.

What is the distance between two parallel tangents of a circle of radius 4cms?

10.

The height of a tower is 10m. Find the altitude of sun if the shadow of the tower is

equal to the height of the tower.

SECTION B

11.

From pocket money, child saves Re 1 first day, Re 2 second day, Re 3 third day and so

on in a month. How much money will the child save in the month of February 2008?

12.

45o

OR

A

B + C

If A,B and C are interior angles of a ABC then show that Cos

= sin

2

2

13.

in the figure given below, DE ll BC and DE : BC =4:5 then find the ratio of the areas of

ADE and ABC

235

14

All the Queens, Jacks and diamonds have been removed from a pack of 52 cards. The

remaining cards have been reshuffled and a card is drawn at random. Find the

probability that it is a 1)

15.

face card

2)

black card.

Find the value of x for which the distance between the points P (2,-3) and Q (x,5) is

10 units.

SECTION D

2 is irrational.

16.

Prove that 3-

17.

Draw the graph of equations x+y=3and 2x+5y=12. Does their point of intersection lie

on the x-axis? Find the area of the triangle formed by these lines and the line y=o.

18.

(a-b) x+ (a+b) y=a2-2ab-b2

(a+b)(x+y)=a2+b2

OR

Solve the pair of linear equations for x and y

47x+53y=41

53x+47y=59

19.

The sum of first n terms an A.P is 3n2 +n. Find the A.P and also the nth term. OR

Find the sum of all three digit number which leave remainder 3 when divided by 5.

SecA 1

+

SecA + 1

Sec A+1

=

Sec A-1

20

Prove that

2cosecA

21.

Find out if the points A (-3,2), B (1,-3) and C (4,1) are the vertices of an isosceles right

triangle?

22.

In what ratio does the points P (2,-5) divide the line segment joining A (-3,5) and B

(4,-9).

23

Construct a right angled ABC right angled at B with AB =4cms and BC=6cms. Now

draw a circle with AB as diameter. From C, draw tangents to this circle. OR

Construct a right angled ABC in which AB=4cms,BC=6cms and ABC=60o such that

each side of new triangle is 4/3 of the corresponding side of ABC

24.

In the given figure, AB, AC and PQ are tangents to a circle and AB=5 cm. Find the

perimeter of APQ.

236

25.

Find the area and perimeter of the shaded region in figure given below, where

AP=PQ=QR=14 cm.

26.

27.

In a right angled triangle, prove that the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum

of the squares on other two sides. Prove.

Using the above, in the given figure, find the length of PQ if angle QPR = angle POR=90o

OP= 6 cm, OR=8 cm and QR= 26 cm

237

.

28.

Two ships sailing on the sea are on either side of the light house. The angles of

depression of the two ships as observed from the top of the light house are 60o and

3 + 1

45o respectively. If the distance between the two ships is 200

m, find the

3

OR

From the top of the tower, the angles of depression of two object on the same side of

tower are a & B, (where a >B). If the distance between the objects are x m, show that

x tan a tan b

height of the tower is

m

tan a - tan b

29.

A group of girls planned a picnic. The budget for food was Rs.2400. Due to illness, 10

girls couldnt go to the picnic and cost of food for each girl increased by Rs.8. How

many girls had planned for picnic?

OR

A train travels 360 km at a uniform speed. If the speed of the train had been 5 km / hr

more, it would have taken one hour less for the same journey. Find the original speed

of the train.

30.

The slant height of a frustum of a cone is 4cm and the perimeters of its circular ends

are 18cm and 6cm. Find the curved surface area of the frustum.

238

M.M.

Time : 3 Hours

2.

Section A comprises of 10 questions of 1 mark each, section B comprises of 5

questions of 2 marks each, Section C comprises of 10 question of 3 marks each and

Section D comprises of 5 questions of 6 marks each.

3.

All questions in section A are to be answered in one word, one sentence on as per the

exact requirement of the question.

4.

There is on overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in one

question of 2 marks, three question of 3 marks and two question of 6 marks. You have

to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.

5.

In the question on construction, the drawing should be neat and exactly as per the

given requirements.

6.

SECTION A

1.

2.

If the less than and the more than ogives of a distribution intersect at (34, 56) then

find the median of the distribution.

3.

Three horses are tethered at the corners of a triangular plot having sides 20 m 30 m

and 40 m with ropes of length 7 m each. Find the area of the plot which can be grazed

by the horses.

11

10

= 1m find x.

5 x 4 4 5x

4.

If

5.

Two APs have the same common difference. The first terms of the APs are 15 and 8

respectively. What is the difference between their 4oth terms?

6.

If tan (3A+15o ) =

239

7.

8.

The volume and surface area of a sphere are numerically equal, find the radius of the

sphere.

9.

pair of parallel lines?

10.

F is a point on AB such that AF = 3FB, find the ratio of the areas of the equilateral

triangles ADF and BEF.

SECTION B

sin 36o

+ cos 36o cos54o + 2cot 15o cot45ocot75o.

cos 54o

11.

Evaluate :

12.

13.

Find the value of p for which the points (-1, 3), (2, p) and (5, -1) are collinear.

14.

D and E are two points on sides AB and AC of triangle ABC. DE ll BC, DC and BE

intersect at a point F such that AD : BD = 5:4, find area DFE : area CFB.

OR

A circle is inscribed in the quadrilateral ABCD. Given BC = 38 cm, BQ = 27 cm, CD = 25

cm and ADC = 90o, find the radius of the circle.

240

15.

thoroughly. A card is drawn is (i) odd (ii) divisible by 3..

SECTION C

16.

How many terms of the AP 24, 21, 18, .must be taken so that the

sum is 78? Explain the double answer.

17.

The sum of the first 30 terms of an AP is equal to the sum of its first 20 terms.

Show that the sum of the first 50 terms of the same AP is zero.

OR

A boy chimbing a hill covers 60 m during the first minute, 54 m during the

second minute and 48 m during the next miunte and so on. How many

metres will he climb in the eighth minute? Also find the distance climbed by

him in 8 minutes.

18.

Find all the zeroes of the polynomial 3x4 4x3 14x2 + 20x 5 given two of its zeroes

as

19.

5 and -

5.

Find theratio in which the join of the points (3, -1) and (8, 9) is divided by the line y x

+2=0

20.

Find the third vertex of a triangle if its two vertices are (- 1,4)and (5,2)and midpoint of

one side is (0,3).

OR

Show that the points (5, 6), (1, 5), (2, 1) and (6, 2) are the vertices of a square.

cot + cos ec 1 1 + cos

=

cot -cos ec +1

sin

21.

Prove that :

22.

intersection.

OR

Solve

23.

x3

x 1

1

+

= 3 , x 2, 4

x2 x4

2

Construct ABC in which BC = 4.2 cm, AC = 5.8 cm and ABC = 60o. Now construct

ABC similar to ABC where each side of ABC is

ABC.

241

5

of the corresponding side of

3

24.

It is proposed to add to a square lawn of side 42 m, two circular ends. The centre of

each circle being the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square. Find the area

of the whole lawn.

25.

Prove that the opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend a pair

of supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.

SECTION D

26

If a line is drawn parallel to a side of a triangle intersecting the other two sides at

distinct points, then it divides them in the same ratio Prove.

OR

D and E are points on the side AB and AC respectively of ABC suck that DE || BC . If

AD = 4x 3, AE = 8x 7, BD= 3x 1 and CE = 5x 3, find the value of x.

27.

Some amount is distributed equally among a certain number of students. If there are

8 students less, everyone will get Rs 10 more. If there are 16 students more, everyone

will ret Rs 10 less. What is the number of students and how much dose each get?

OR

If twice the area of the smaller of two squares is subtracted from the area of the larger

square, the result is 14 cm2. However, if twice the area of the larger square is added to

three times the area of the smaller square, the result is 203 cm2. Determine the sides

of the squares.

28.

Median of the following frequency distribution is 46. Find the missing frequencies.

29.

The height of a cone is 32 cm. A small cone is cut off at the top by a plane parallel to its

base. If its volume be

1

of the volume of the given cone, find at what height above

64

242

M.M. :-

All the questions are compulsory.

Section A is of 1 mark each.

Section B has 5 questions of 2 marks each.

Section C has 4 questions of 3 marks each.

Sections D has 2 questions of 6 marks each.

Section A

1.

2.

If , are the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial ax2 + bx + c, then find the

p is an . Number.

value of

+ + .

3.

4.

5.

ax + by + 3 = 0

2x + 5y + 6 = 0.

has infinitely many solutions.

6

Section B

1.

If and are two zeros of the quadratic polynomial p (x) = 2x2 3x + 7 find

+

2.

3.

Sum of two numbers is 35 and their difference is 13. Find the numbers.

4.

243

5.

Section C

1.

Find the zeros of the polynomial f (x) = x3 5x2 16x + 80 if its two zeros are

2.

X + y =7

5x + 12y = 7.

3.

The some of two natural numbers is 8. Determine the numbers if the sum of their

reciprocals is

4.

8

.

15

Find the zeros of the quadratic polynomial x2 + 11x + 30 and verify relation

Section - D

1.

Xy=1

2x+y=8

Shade area bound by these two lines and y axis. Also determine this area.

2.

3 and

244

3.

M.M. :-

Section A consists of 10questions of 1 mark each (1 to 10)

Section B consists of 5 questions of 2 marks each (11 to 15)

Section C consists of 10 questions of 3 marks each (16 to 25)

Section D consists of 5 questions of 6 marks each (26 to 30)

Section A

1.

Given that LCM (150, 100) = 300 find HCF (150, 100)

2.

3.

4x2 -8

x +3=0

4.

The 8th term of an AP is 35 and its 102nd term is 317. Find the AP.

5.

Find the sum of all odd integers between 2 and 100 divisible b 3.

245

.

7.

8.

9.

Prove that

cos 2

+ sin = cosec

sin

3x 4y = 1

4x 3y = 6

10.

Without actual division state if the following rational numbers will have

32

1250

Section B

11.

x + 1 y 1

x 1 y + 1

+

=8 and

+

=9

2

3

3

2

12.

13.

Using Basic proportionality theorem prove that the lines drawn through the points

of trisection of one side a triangle parallel to another side trisect the third side.

246

14.

+ cos 400 cosec 500

cot 400 + cosec 400

15.

SECTION C

16.

Using division algorithm, find the HCF of three numbers 240, 672, and 768.

17.

For what values of a and b the following system of linear equations have an infinite

number of solutions.

2x + 3y = 7

(a b) x + (a + b) y = 3a + b 2.

18.

19.

A two digit number is such that product of its digit is 35 when 18 is added to the

20.

How many terms of the AP. 72 , 69, 66,..make the sum 897 explain the double

answer.

21.

As observed form top of a light house, 100 m high above sea level, the angle of

depression of a ship, sailing directly towards it changes from 30o to 45o Determine

distance traveled by ship during period of observation (Take

22.

3 = 1.732)

25

find value of

36

k.

23.

Equilateral triangles are drawn on the sides of a right triangle. Show that area of

the triangle on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of areas of triangles on the other

two sides.

24.

13 metres in such a way that the differences of its distance from two diametrically

247

opposite fixed gates A and B on the boundary is 7 mt. Is it possible to do so? If yes,

at what distances from the two gates should the pole be erected.

25.

SECTION - D

26.

Prove that in a right angle triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of

squares on other two sides using above prove the following in ABC, A = 90o

and AD BC.

Prove that AB2 + CD2 = BD2 + AC2.

27.

If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h metres above a lake is and the

h(tan + tan )

tan - tan

28.

3x + y + 1 = o

2x 3y + 8 = o

Shade the area of region bounded by the lines and x-axis.

29.

A passenger train takes 2 hours less for a journey of 300 km, if its speed is

increased by 5km/hr from its original speed find the original speed of the train.

30.

Find the other zeros of the polynomial x4 5x3 + 2x2 + 10x 8 if it is given that

2 and

2.

248

Time : 1.5 Hrs.

1.

M.M. :- 40

The diameter of a sphere is 6 cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire of diameter 2 [1]

2.

A bag contains 4 white, 3 Black and 5 red balls. What is the probability of getting a [1]

green ball?

3.

Find the area of a ring shaped region bounded between two concentric circles of [1]

4.

In a single throw of two dice, find the probability of getting 12 as the product.

[1]

5.

A Cylinder, a cone and a hemisphere are of equal base and have the same height. [1]

6

One card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of 52 playing cards. Find the [2]

probability of getting.

7.

i)

A non-face card.

ii)

A square field and an equilateral triangular park have equal perimeters. If the cost of [2]

ploughing the field at the rate of Rs. 5 per m2 is Rs. 720 find the cost of maintaining

the park at the rate of Rs. 10 per m2.

8.

PQRS is a square land of side 28 m. Two semicircular grass covered, portions are to [2]

be made on two of its opposite sides, as shown in the adjoining figure. How much

area will be left uncovered? [Take = 22/7]

9.

249

[2]

10.

Marks

Frequency

0-100

100-200

200-300

300-400

12

400-500

17

500-600

20

600-700

15

700-800

800-900

900-1000

A Cylindrical can of internal diameter 21 cm contains water. A solid sphere whose [3]

diameter is 10.5 cm is lowered into the Cylindrical can. The sphere is completely

immersed in water. Calculate the rise in the water level, assuming that no water

overflows.

11.

A vessel is in the form of an inverted cone. Its height is 8 cm and the radius of its top, [3]

which is open is 5cm. It is filled with water up to the brim. When lead shots, each of

which is a sphere of radius 0.5 cm, are dropped into the vessel, one fourth of the

water overflows. Find the number of lead shots dropped in to the vessel.

12.

Class

10-30

30-50

50-70

70-90

90-110

[3]

110-

Total

130

Frequency 5

13.

12

20

50

Water is flowing at 5 km/h through a pipe of radius 7 cm into a rectangular tank 50 [3]

m x 44 m. Find the time in which the level of water in the tank will rise by 21 cm.

14.

A box contains 100 discs which are numbered from 1 to 100. If one disc is

Drawn at random from the box. Find the probability that it bears.

(i)

A 2 digit number

250

[3]

15.

A container ( Open at the top) made up of a metal sheet is in the form of a frustum of

a cone of height 16 cm, with radii of its lower and upper ends as 8cm and 20cm cm

respectively. Find.

i) The cost of milk when it is completely filled with milk at the rate of Rs. 15 per litre.

ii) The cost of metal sheet used it costs Rs. 5 per 100 cm2 (Take =3.14)

16.

The median of the following data is 20.75, find the missing frequencies x and y,

Class

0-5

5-10

10-15

15-20

20-25

25-30

30-35

10

13

10

14

35-40

Interval

Frequency

251

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