Você está na página 1de 253

BRILLIANT PUBLIC SCHOOL ,

SITAMARHI
(Affiliated up to +2 level to C.B.S.E., New Delhi)
Affiliation No. - 330419

CBSE Board Level


X- S.A.- II Maths Chapterwise
Printable Worksheets with Solution
Session : 2014-15

Office: Rajopatti, Dumra Road, Sitamarhi(Bihar), Pin-843301


Website: www.brilliantpublicschool.com; E-mail: brilliantpublic@yahoo.com

Ph.06226-252314, Mobile: 9431636758, 9931610902

MATHEMATICS (Class X)
Index: S.A.-II

CBSE Chapter-wise Solved Test Papers


1.

Quadratic Equations

001

2.

Arithmetic Progressions

026

3.

Coordinate Geometry

050

4.

Some Applications of Trigonometry

074

5.

Circles

096

6.

Constructions

121

7.

Areas Related to Circles

140

8.

Surface Areas and Volumes

170

9.

Probability

200

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1.

If and are the roots of the equation 5 x 2 7 x + 1 = 0, then the value of


(a) 7

2.

(b) 9

(c) 6

Construct the quadratic equation whose roots are


(a) x 3 x + 3 3 = 0
(c) x 2 4 3 x + 9 = 0
2

is

[1]

(d) 8
3 and 3 3 is

[1]

(b) x + 4 3 x + 9 = 0
(d) x 2 + 2 x + 3 = 0
2

3.

If the roots of the quadratic equation. ax 2 + bx + c = 0 are equal then


(b) a 2 = 4bc
(c) c 2 = 4ab
(d) b 2 = 4ac
(a) b 2 = 4bc

[1]

4.

If the quadratic equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 has a real root, then b 2 4ac must be


(a) 0
(b) = 0
(c) 0
(d) >0

[1]

5.

Determine whether the given values are solution of the equation or not [2]
x 2 + 2 x 4 = 0, x = 2, x = 2 2

6.

If x = 2 and x =

[2]
1
are solution of the equation 5 x 2 + px + R = 0 find the value of P
5

and R.

7.

Find K for which the given value is solution of the equation x 2 + 3ax + k = 0, x = a

8.

If , are roots of the quadratic equation Kx 2 + 4 x + 4 = 0, find the value of K such [3]
that 2 + 2 = 24

9.

Given that one root of the quadratic equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 is three times the [3]
other, show that 3b 2 = 16ac

10.

One fourth of a herd of camels was in the forest. Twice the square root of the herd [4]
had gone to mountains and the remaining 15 camels were seen on the bank of a
river. Find the total no. of camels.

11.

A farmer wishes to grow a 100m2 rectangular vegetable garden. Since he has with [4]
him only 30 m barbed wire, he fences three sides of the rectangular garden letting
compound wall of his house act as the fourth side fence. Find the dimensions of his
garden.

12.

Some student planned a picnic. The budget for food was Rs. 500. But 5 of these [4]
failed to go and then cost of food for each member is increased by Rs 5. How many
students attended the picnic

[2]

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS - X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)
[ANSWERS]
Ans1.
Ans2.
Ans3.
Ans4.

(a)
(c)
(d)
(a)

Ans5.

Put x = 2
L.H.S =

( 2)

+ 2

( 2) 4

= 2+24

= 44
=0
Yes

x = 2 2

L.H.S = 2 2

+ 2 2 2 4

= 844

= 88
=0
Yes

Ans6.

1
are solution of the
5
Eq. 5 x 2 + Px + R = 0
x = 2 and x =

5 ( 2 ) + P ( 2 ) + R = 0
2

2 P + R = 20...... ( i )
2

1
1
5 + p + R = 0
5
5
1 1
R
P+ =0
5 5
1
1 P + 5R = 0
P
5 R....... ( ii )

On solving (i) and R


R=2
P = 11

Ans7.

x 2 + 3ax + k = 0
x = a

( a )

+ 3a ( a ) + k = 0

a 2 3a 2 + k = 0
K = 2a 2

Ans8.

Kx 2 + 4 x + 4 = 0
4
b
+ =
[
k
a
4
c
[
=
k
a
2
2
+ = 24 (Given)

( + )

2 = 24

4
4
2 = 24
k
k
16 8
= 24
k2 k
16 8k 24
=
k2
1
2

16 8k = 24k 2
24k 2 + 8k 16 = 0
3k 2 + k 2 = 0
3k 2 + 3k 2k 2 = 0
3k ( k + 1) 2 ( k + 1) = 0

( 3k 2 )( k + 1) = 0
k=

Ans9.

2
3

Let one root =


Other root = 3
b
( 3 ) + =
a
b
4 =
a
b
= .......... ( i )
4a

c
a
c
3 2 =
a
c
2 =
3a

3 . =

c
b
=
4a 3a
b2
c
=
2
16a
3a
3b 2 = 16ac
2

Ans10.

[from(i)

Let total no. of camels = x


No. of camels see in the forest =

x
4

No. of camels gone to mountains = 2 x


No. of camels on the bank of river = 15
x
ATQ + 2 x + 15 = x
4
3 x 8 x 60 = 0

Put

x=y

x = y2

3 y 2 8 y 60 = 0
3 y 2 18 y + 10 y 60 = 0
3 y ( y 6 ) + 10 ( y 6 ) = 0

( y 6 )( 3 y + 10 ) = 0
y = 6, y =

10
6

x = y2

x = (6)

x = 36
Ans11.

Let length = x
Width = y
x + y + y = 30
2 y = 30 x
30 x
y=
2

xy = 100 (Given)

30 x
x
= 100
2
30 x x 2 = 200
x 2 30 x + 200 = 0
x 2 20 x 10 x + 200 = 0

x ( x 20 ) 10 ( x 20 ) = 0

( x 20 )( x 10 ) = 0
x = 20
x = 10
x = 10
y = 10 (Neglect)
x = 20
y =5

Ans12.

Let no. of student = x


500
Cost per head=
x
When 5 failed to go
New cost per head =

500
x 5

500 500

=5
x 5
x
500 x 500 x + 2500 5
=
x2 5x
1
2500
x2 5x =
5
2
x 5 x = 500

ATQ

x 2 5 x 500 = 0
x 2 25 x + 20 x 500 = 0
x ( x 25 ) + 20 ( x 25 ) = 0

( x 25)( x + 20 ) = 0
x = 25, x = 20

No of student attended the picnic


= 25 5
= 20

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1.

Which of the following is quadratic equation?

(a) x 2 x 5 x = 0
3

[1]

(b) 3 x 5 x + 9 = x 7 x + 3
2

1
1

(c) x + = 3 x + + 4
x
x

2.

3.
4.

(d) x3 + x + 3 = 0

Factor of a 2 x 2 3abx + 2b 2 = 0 is
2b b
3b a
(a)
(b)
, ,
, ,
a a
a b

[1]

(c)

b a
, ,
a b

Value of x for x 2 8 x + 15 = 0 is quadratic formula is


(a) 3,2
(b) 5,2
(c) 53
Discriminate of
(a) 30

3 x 2 2 2 x 2 3 = 0 is
(b) 31

(d)

a a
, ,
b b
[2]

(d) 2,3
[2]

(c) 32

(d) 35

5.

Solve 12abx 2 9a 2 x + 8b 2 x 6ab = 0

[2]

6.

Solve for x by quadratic formula P 2 x 2 + ( p 2 q 2 ) x q 2 = 0

[2]

7.

Find the value of K for which the quadratic equation kx 2 + 2 x + 1 = 0, has real and [2]
distinct root.

8.

If -4 is a root of the quadratic equation x 2 + px 4, and the quadratic equation [3]


x 2 + px + k = 0 has equal root, find the value of K.

9.

Solve for x : 5 x +1 + 51 x = 26

[3]

10.

If I had walked 1 km per hr faster, I would have taken 10 mints. Less to walk 2km

[4]

Find the rate of my walking.


11.

A takes 6 days less than the time taken by B to finish a piece of work. If both A and [4]
B together can finish it in 4 days, find the time taken by B to finish the work.

12.

A plane left 30 mints later than the schedule time and in order to reach its [4]
destination 1500 Km away in time it has to increase its speed by 250km/hr from
its usual speed. Find its usual speed.

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(b)

Ans3.

(c)

Ans2.

(a)

Acs4.

(c)

Ans5.

12abx 2 9a 2 x + 8b 2 x 6ab = 0

3ax ( 4bx 3x ) + 2b ( 4bx 3a ) = 0

( 4bx 3a )( 3ax + 2b ) = 0
4bx 3a = 0

3a
4b
3ax + 2b = 0
x=

x=

Ans6.

2b
3a

p2 x2 + ( p2 q2 ) x q2 = 0

a = p 2 , b = p 2 q 2 , c = q 2

D = b 2 4ac

= ( p 2 q 2 ) 4 p 2 ( q 2 )

= p 4 + q2 2 p 2q 2 + 4 p2q2
= ( p2 + q2 )
x=
=
=

b D
29

( p2q2 )

(p

+ q2 )

2 p2
p2 + q2 + p2 + q2
p2 + q2 p2
,
x
=
2 p2
2 p2

x=

2 p 2
2q 2
,
x
=
2 p2
2 p2

x=

q2
, x = 1
p2

Ans7.

Kx 2 + 2 x + 1 = 0

a = k , b = 2, c = 1

b = b 2 4ac
= ( 2 ) 4 k 1
2

= 4 4k
For real and distinct root
D>0

4 4k > 0
4k > 4

k <1

Ans8.

-4 is root of x 2 + px 4 = 0
( 4 ) + p ( 4 ) 4 = 0
2

16 4 p 4 = 0
4 p = 12
p =3
x 2 + px + k = 0 (Given)
x2 + 3x + k = 0
D = b 2 4ac
0 = ( 3) 4 1 k [For equal root D = 0
2

4k = 9

k=

Ans9.

9
4

5 x +1 + 51 x = 26

5 x.51 + 51.5 x = 26
5 x.5 +

51
= 26
5x

Put 5 x = y

5y 5
+ = 26
1 y
5 y 2 26 y + 5 = 0

5 y 2 25 y y + 5 = 0
5 y ( y 5 ) 1( y 5 ) = 0

( y 5)( 5 y 1) = 0
y =5

y=

1
5

1
5
x
5 = 5 1

5 x = 51

5x =

x =1

x = 1

Ans10.

Distance = 2 km
Let speed = x km/hr
New speed = ( x + 1) km/hr
Time taken by normal speed =
Time taken by new speed =
ATQ

2
hr
x

2
hr
x +1

2
2
10

=
x x + 1 60

2x + 2 2x 1
=
x2 + x
6
2
x + x = 12
x 2 + x 12 = 0
x 2 + 4 x 3 x 12 = 0
xx + 4 3 ( x + 4 ) = 0

( x + 4 )( x 3) = 0
x = 4
x = 3 Km/hr

Ans11.

Let B takes x days to finish the work then A alone can finish it in

( x 6 ) days
ATQ

1
1
1
+
=
x x6 4

x6+ x 1
=
x2 6x 4
2x 6 1
=
x2 6 x 4
x 2 6 x = 8 x 24
x 2 14 x + 24 = 0
x 2 12 x 2 x + 24 = 0
x ( x 12 ) 2 ( x 12 ) = 0

( x 12 )( x 2 ) = 0
x = 12

x = 2 (Neglect)
x = 12

Ans12.

Let usual speed = x km/hr


New speed = ( x + 250 ) km/hr
Total distance = 1500 km
Time taken by usual speed =

1500
hr
x

Time taken by new speed =

1500
hr
x + 250

ATQ

1500 1500
1

=
x
x + 250 2

1500 x + 1500 250 1500 x 1


=
x 2 + 250 x
2
1500

250
x 2 + 250 x =
2
2
x + 250 x = 750000

x 2 + 250 x 750000 = 0
x 2 + 1000 x 750 x 750000 = 0
x ( x + 1000 ) 750 ( x + 1000 ) = 0
x = 750, x = 1000
x = 750

10

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)
1.

Which of the following have real root


(a) 2 x 2 + x 1 = 0
(b) x 2 + x + 1 = 0
(c) x 2 6 x + 6 = 0
(d) 2 x 2 + 15 x + 30 = 0

2.

Solve for x x =

(a) x = 2
3.

[1]

[1]

1
2

1
2

1
2 x
(b) x = 1

(c) x = 1

(d) x = 3

If one root of the equations 2 x 2 + ax + 3 = 0 is 1 find the value of a.


(b) = 5
(c) = 3
(a) = 4

[2]
(d) = 1

4.

Find k for which the quadratic equations 4 x 2 3kx + 1 = 0 has equal root.
3
3
4
2
(b) =
(c) =
(d) =
(a) =
4
4
3
3

5.

Determine the nature of


9a 2b 2 x 2 24abcdx + 16c 2 d 2 = 0

6.

Find the discriminant of ( x 1)( 2 x 1) = 0

[2]

7.

Find the value of K so that ( x 1) is a factor of k 2 x 2 2kx 3

[2]

8.

1
1 1 1
= + + Solve for x by factorization method.
p+q+x p q x

[3]

9.

5 x 2 6 x 2 = 0, Solve for x by the method of completing the square.

[3]

10.

A motor boat, whose speed is 15km/hr in still water, goes 30km down stream and [4]

the

roots

of

the

Quadratic

[2]

equation [2]

comes back in a total time of 4 hr 30 mint find the speed of the stream.
11.

A swimming pool is filled with three pipes with uniform flow. The first two pipes [4]

operating simultaneously fill the pool in the same time during which the pool is the
same time during which the pool is filled by the third pipe alone. The second pipe
fills the pool five hr. faster than the first pipe and four hr. slower than the third
pipe. Find the time required by each pipe to fill the pool separately.
12.

A two digit no. is such that the product of its digits is 18. When 63 is subtracted [4]
from the no. the digit interchange their places. Find the no.

11

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)
[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

(b)

Ans4.

(c)

Ans5.

D = b 2 4ac

= ( 24abcd ) 4 9a 2b 2 16c 2 d 2
2

= 576a 2b 2 c 2 576a 2b 2 c 2 d 2 = 0

Ans6.

( x 1)( 2 x 1) = 0
2 x2 x 2 x + 1 = 0

2 x 2 3x + 1 = 0

a = 2, c = 3, c = 1
D = b 2 4ac
= ( 3) 4 2 1
2

= 98 =1

Ans7.

Let P ( x ) = K 2 x 2 2 x 3
P (1) = K 2 (1) 2 K (1) 3
2

0 = K 2 2k 3
K 2 3k + k 3

k ( k 3 ) + 1( k 3 ) = 0

( k 3)( k + 1) = 0
k = 3, k = 1

12

Ans8.

1
1 1 1
= + +
p+q+x p q x
1
1 1 1
= +
p+q+x x p q
x pqx p+q
=
x 2 + px + qx
pq

( p + q)
p+q
=
x + px + qx
pq
1
1
=
2
x + px + qx pq
2

x 2 + px + qx = pq
x 2 + px + qx + pq = 0
x ( x + p) + q ( x + p) = 0

( x + p )( x + q ) = 0
x = p,

Ans9.

x = q

5x2 6 x 2 = 0

6
2
x2 x = 0
5
5
2

6
3 2
x2 x + = 0
5
5 5
2

3
9 2

+
x =
5
25 5

3 9 + 10

x =
5
25

3 19

x =
5
25

3
19
=
5
5

x=

3
19

5
5

x=

3 + 19
3 19
or x =
5
5

13

Ans10.

Speed of motor boat in still water = 15 km/hr


Speed of stream = x km/hr
Speed in down word direction = 15 + x
Speed in down word direction = 15 x
ATQ

30
30
1
+
=4
15 + x 15 x
2

30 (15 x ) + 30 (15 + x ) 9
=
2
(15 + x )(15 x )
450 30 x + 450 + 30 x 9
=
225 x 2
2
2
9 ( 225 x ) = 1800

225 x 2 = 200
x=5
Speed of stream = 5 km/hr

Ans11.

Let x be the no. of hr required by the second pipe alone to till the pool and
first pipe ( x + 5 ) hr while third pipe ( x 4 ) hr
1
1
1
+ =
x+5 x x4
x+ x+5
1
=
2
x + 5x x 4
x 2 8 x 20 = 0
x 2 10 x + 2 x 20 = 0
x ( x 10 ) + 2 ( x 10 ) = 0

( x 10 )( x + 2 ) = 0
x = 10

x = 2 (Neglect)

14

Ans12.

Let digit on unit place = x


Digit on tens place = y
xy = 18

Number = 10. y + x
18
= 10 + x
4

18
18
ATQ 10 + x 63 = 10 x +
x
x

180 x 13 10 x 2 + 18
+
=
1
x
x
2
180 + x 63 x 10 x 2 + 18
=
x
x
2
9 x + 63 x 162 = 0
9 ( x 2 + 9 x 2 x 18 ) = 0

x ( x + 9) 2 ( x + 9) = 0
x=2
x = 9

18
No. = 10 + 2
2

= 92

15

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1.

2.

Solve by factorization
7
(a) x = 3,
3

3 x 2 + 10 x + 7 3 = 0
7
(b) x = 3,
3

[1]

(c) x = 2,

1
2

(d) 3

The quadratic equation whose root are 3 and -3 is


(a) x 2 9 = 0
(b) x 2 3 x 3 = 0

(c) x 2 2 x + 2 = 0

[1]

(d) x 2 + 9 = 0

3.

The product of two Consecutive positive integers is 306. Representation is [2]


quadratic equations
(a) x 2 + x 306 = 0
(b) x 2 x + 306 = 0
(c) x 2 + 2 x 106 = 0
(d) x 2 x 306 = 0

4.

Which is quadratic equations


(a) x 2 + x + 2 = 0
(b) x3 + x 2 + 2 = 0
(c) x 4 + x 2 + 2 = 0
(d) x + 2 = 0

[2]

5.

1
The sum of two no. is 16. The sum of their reciprocals is . Find the no.
3

[2]

6.

Solve for x

7.

Solve for x

8.

Using quadratic formula solve for x

217 x = x 7
a 2b 2 x 2 + b 2 x a 2 x 1 = 0

9 x 9 ( a + b ) x + ( 2a + 5ab + 2b
2

[2]

[3]
[3]

)=0

9.

A factory kept increasing its output by the same percent ago every year. Find the [4]
percentage if it is known that the output is doubled in the last two years.

10.

[4]
1
minute. if one pipe takes 3
13
minute more than the other to fill fit, find the time in which each pipe would fill the
cistern.

11.

If the roots of the equations


( a b ) x 2 + ( b c ) x + ( c a ) = 0 are equal prove that 2a = b + c

12.

Two circles touch internally. The sum of their areas is 116 cm2 and the distance [4]
between their centres is 6 cm. find the ratio of the circles.

Two pipes running together can fill a cistern in 3

16

[4]

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(a)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(a)

Ans5.

Let no. be x
ATQ

1
1
1
+
=
x 16 x 3

16
1
=
16 x x 2 3
x 2 16 x + 48 = 0
x 2 12 x 4 x + 48 = 0

x = 12 or x = 4

Ans6.

217 x = ( x 7 )

( 217 x ) = ( x 7 )

217 x = x 2 + 49 14 x
x 2 14 x + x + 49 217 = 0
x 2 13 x 168 = 0
x 2 21x + 8 x 168 = 0
x = 21 or x = 8

Ans7.

a 2b 2 x 2 + b 2 + x a 2 x 1 = 0

b 2 x ( a 2 x + 1) 1( a 2 x + 1) = 0

( a x + 1)( b x 1) = 0
2

x=

1
1
, x= 2
2
a
b

17

Ans8.

D = b 2 4ac

= ( 9 ( a + b ) ) 4 9 ( 2a 2 + 5ab + 2ab 2 )
2

= 81( a + b ) 36 ( 2a 2 + 5ab + 2b 2 )
2

= 9 9 ( a 2 + b 2 + 2ab 8a 2 20ab 8b 2 )
= 9 a 2 + b 2 2ab
= 9 ( a b)
x=

b D
2a

9 ( a + b) 9 ( a b)

29

3 ( a + b ) ( a b )
x =3
29
3
a
3
b
+
(
) ( a b)
x=
6
3a + 3b + a b
3a + 3b + a b
, x=
x=
6
6
4a + 2b
4a + 2b
, x=
=
6
6
2a + b
2a + b
=
, x=
3
3

Ans9.

ATQ 2P = p 1 +

100

2
r
= 1+
1
100
r
2 1 =
100
r=

2 1 100

18

Ans10.

Let the faster pipe takes x mint to fill the cistern and the slower pipe will
take ( x + 3) mint.
1
1
1
+
=
x x + 3 40
13

ATQ

1
1
13
+
=
x x + 3 40
x + 3 + x 13
=
x 2 + 3 x 40
13 x 2 41x 120 = 0
13 x 2 65 x + 24 x 120 = 0
13 x ( x 5 ) + 24 ( x 5 ) = 0

x = 5,

24
13

x=

x=5

Ans11.

( a b ) x2 + (b c ) x + ( c a ) = 0
D = b 2 4ac
= (b c ) 4 ( a b) (c a )
2

= b 2 + c 2 2bc 4 ( ac a 2 bc + ab )
= b 2 + c 2 2bc 4ac + 4a 2 + 4bc 4ab
= ( b ) + ( c ) + ( 2a ) + 2bc 4ac 4ab
2

= ( b + c 2a )

For equal root


D=0

( b + c 2a ) = 0
( b + c 2a ) = 0
2

b + c = 2a

19

Ans12.

Let r1 and r2 be the radius of two circles


ATQ r12 + r2 2 = 116

r12 + r2 2 = 116........ ( i )
r2 r1 = 6 (Given)
r2 = 6 + r1

Put the value of r2 in eq. (i)

r12 + ( 6 + r1 ) = 116
2

r + 36 + r + 12r1 = 116
2
1

2
1

2r12 + 12r1 80 = 0

r12 + 6r1 40 = 0
r12 + 10r1 4r1 40 = 0

r1 ( r1 + 10 ) 4 ( r1 + 10 ) = 0

( r1 + 10 )( r1 4 ) = 0
r1 = 10 (Neglect)
r1 = 4cm
r2 = 6 + r1

= 6+4
r2 = 10cm

20

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

1.

Discriminant of x 2 +

1
(a) ,1
2
2.

(b) k = 3

5.

1
, 1
2

(d)

1 1
,
2 2
[1]

(c) k = 2

(d) k = 8

Quadratic equations whose roots are 2 + s , 2 s is


(a) x 2 4 x 1 = 0
(b) x 2 + 4 x + 1 = 0

) (

(c) x 2 + x + 5 x 2 5 = 0
4.

(c)

For equal root, kx ( x 2 ) + 6 = 0 value of k is


(a) k = 6

3.

[1]

1
1
x + = 0 is
2
2
1
(b) ,1
2

(d) x 2 4 x + 2 = 0

If and are root of the equations 3 x 2 + 5 x 7 = 0, then equal to


7
7
5
(b)
(c)
(d) 21
(a)
3
3
3
Solve by factorization

x+

[1]

[1]

[2]

1
1
= 11
x
11

6.

Find the ratio of the sum one produce of the roots of 7 x 2 12 x + 18 = 0

7.

If and are the roots of the equation x 2 + kx + 12 = 0, such that = 1 then [2]

[2]

find K.
8.

In a cricket match Kapil took one wicket less than twice the number of wickets [3]
taken by Ravi. If the product of the no. of wickets taken by these two is 15, find the
no. of wickets taken by each.

9.

10.

The sum of a no. and its reciprocal is

17
. Find the no.
4

[3]

A piece of cloth costs Rs200. If the piece was 5m longer and each metre of cloth [4]
costs Rs2 less the cost of the piece would have remained unchanged. How long is
the piece and what is the original rate per metre?

11.

ax 2 + bx + c = 0,

a 0 Solve by quadratic formula.

12.

The length of the hypotenuse of a right exceeds the length of the base by 2 cm [4]

and exceeds twice the length of the altitude by 1cm. find the length of each side of
the .

21

[4]

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS - X Mathematics (Quadratic Equation)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(a)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(b)

Ans5.

x 2 + 1 122
=
x
11
11x 2 12 x + 11 = 0

11x 2 121x 1x + 11 = 0
11x ( x 11) 1( x 11) = 0

x = 11
x=

Ans6.

1
11

7 x 2 12 x + 18 = 0

b 12
=
a
7
c 18
= =
a 17
12
+ 7 12 17 34
=
= =
18 7 18 21

17

+ =

Ans7.

+ =

k
1

=1

12
1

22

( + ) = ( )
2
( k ) = (1) 2 + 4.12
2

+ 4

k 2 = 49
k = 7

Ans8.

Let no. of wicket taken by Ravi = x


No. of wicket taken by Kapil = 2 x 1
ATQ ( 2 x 1) .x = 15
2 x 2 x 15 = 0

x = 3, x =

5
(Neglects)
2

x=3

Ans9.

Let no. be x
ATQ

x 1 17
+ =
1 x 4

x 2 + 1 17
=
x
4
2
4 x + 4 = 17 x
4 x 2 17 x + 4 = 0
4 x 2 16 x x + 4 = 0
4 x ( x 4 ) 1( x 4 ) = 0

( x 4 )( 4 x 1) = 0
x = 4, x =

Ans10.

1
4

Let the length of piece = x m


Rate per metre =

200
x

New length = ( x + 5 )
New rate per metre =

200
x+5

23

ATQ

200 200

=2
x
x+5

200 ( x + 5 ) 200 x 2
=
1
( x + 5)
200 x + 1000 200 x 2
=
1
x2 + 5x
2
x + 5 x = 500

x 2 + 5 x 500 = 0
x 2 + 25 x 20 x 500 = 0
x ( x + 25 ) 20 ( x + 25 ) = 0

( x + 25 )( x 20 ) = 0
x = 25, x = 20

Rate per metre =10

Ans11.

ax 2 + bx + c = 0,

x2 +

b
c
x+ =0
a
a

x2 +

b b b c
x + = 0
a 2 a 2a a

b
b2 c

x
+
=

2a
4a 2 a

b b 2 4ac

x
+

=
2a
4a 2

x+

b
b 2 4ac
=
2a
4a 2

x=

b
b 2 4ac

2a
2a

x=

b b 2 4ac
2a

x=

b + b 2 4ac
,
2a

x=

b b 2 4ac
2a

24

Ans12.

Let base = x
Altitude = y
Hypotenuse = h
ATQ h = x + 2
h = 2y +1

x + 2 = 2 y +1

x + 2 1 = 2 y

x 1 = 2 y
x 1
=y
2
x2 + y 2

2
x 1
x2 +
= ( x + 2)
2
x 2 15 x + x 15 = 0

x 2 15 x + x 15 = 0

( x 15)( x + 1) = 0
x = 15, x = 1
Base = 15cm
Altitude =

x +1
= 8cm
2

Hypotenuse = 17cm

25

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

The next term of the AP in 12 ,52 , 7 2 , 73.......... is


(a) 97

2.

(b) 92

(c) 99

(d) 95

The 10th term of the AP in 2, 7, 12, is

(a) 45
3.

[1]

(b) 47

[1]

(c) 48

Find the first term and the common difference

(d) 50
[2]

1 5 9
, , ,.....
3 3 3

4.

Is

[2]

5.

Which is the next term of the AP

6.

Find the 11th term from the lest term of the AP 10, 7, 4,,-62

7.

For what value of n are the nth term of the following two APs are same 13, 19, [3]

3, 6, 9,........ form AP

[2]

2, 8, 18, 32,........

[2]

25,.. and 69, 68, 67,


8.

Check whether 301 is a term of the list of no. 5, 11, 17, 32,..

[3]

9.

1
1
3
Which term of the sequence 20, 19 , 18 , 17 ,...... is the first negative term?
4
2
4

[4]

10.

The pth term of an AP is q and qth term is p. Find its ( p + q ) term.

[4]

11.

If m times the mth term of an A.P is equal to n times its nth term, Show that the [4]

th

(m + n)
12.

th

term of the AP is zero.

The sum of the 4th and 8th terms of an AP is 24 and the sum of the 6th and 10th [4]

terms is 44. Find the first three terms of the AP.

26

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)
[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(b)

Ans3.

1 5 9
, , ,....
3 3 3
1
3
5 1 4
d= =
3 3 3
a=

Ans4.

a1 = 3, a 2 = 6, a 3 = a
d1 = 6 3
= 3

2 1

d2 = 9 6
= 3 6

Since d1 d 2 Hence not A.P


Ans5.

2, 8, 18, 32,.....

d = 8 2
=2 2 2
= 2
Next term is
Ans6.

50

a = 62, d = ( 7 10 ) = 3
a11 = a + 10d

= 62 + 10 ( 3)
= 32

27

Ans7.

nth term of 13, 19, 25, = nth term of 69, 68, 67,
13+(n-1) 6 = 69+(n-1)(-1)
N=9

Ans8.

d = 11 5

=6

a =5
an = a + ( n + 1) d

301 = 5 + ( n 1) d
n = 151
So, 301 is not a term of the given list

Ans9.

For first negative term


an < 0
3
20 + ( n 1) . < 0
4
20 3
3
n+ <0
1 4
4
80 3n + 3
<0
4
83 3n < 0

[ d =

77
3
20 =
4
4

3n < 83

n>

83
3

28th term is first negative term.

Ans10.

q = a + ( p 1) d .... ( i )
_ p = _ a ( q 1) d
.... ( ii )
q p = ( p 1 q + 1) d
q p
=d
pq
d = 1

Put the value of d in eq...(i)

28

q = a + ( p 1)( 1)
q = a p +1
a = q + p 1
a p + q = a + ( p + q 1) d

= ( q + p 1) + ( p + q 1)( 1)
= q + p 1 p q + 1

=0

Ans11.

mam = n an

m ( a + ( m 1) d ) = n ( a + ( n 1) d )
ma + m 2 d md = na + n 2 d nd

a ( m n ) + ( m 2 n 2 ) d md + nd = 0

a ( m n ) + ( m n )( m + n ) d ( m n ) d = 0

( m n ) a + ( m + n 1) d = 0
a + ( m + n 1) d = 0
am + n = 0 Hence prove

Ans12.

a4 + a8 = 24 (Given)

a + 3d + a + 7 d = 24
2a + 10d = 24
a + sd = 12....... ( i )

a6 + a10 = 44
a + sd + a + ad = 44
2a + 14d = 44
a + 7 d = 22......... ( ii )

On solving eq. (i) and (ii)


d = 5, a = 13

First three terms are -13,-8,-3

29

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

If in any AP, A = -18.9, d = 2.5, an = 3.5 then the value of n is

(a) = 5
2.

2,

(b) =7

(c) .10

[1]

(d) =9
[1]

, 26 the missing term in AP is

(a) 12

(b) 13

(c) 14

(d) 18

3.

Find the missing term in the boxes of AP 2,

[2]

4.

The 17th term of an AP exceeds its 10th term by 7. Find the common difference

[2]

5.

Find the sum of first n positive integers.

[2]

6.

In AP, given

7.

In a flower bed, there are 23 rose plants in the first row, 21 in the second, 19 in the [3]

, 26

l = 28, S = 144 And there are total 9 terms. Find a

[2]

third and so on. There are 5 rose plants in the last row. How many rows are there
in the flower bed?
8.

9.

10.

In the AP, find the missing terms in the boxes.


In an A.P, the sum of first n terms is

, 13,

, 3

3n 2 5n
+ . find its 25th term.
2
2

[3]

[4]

Which term of the arithmetic progression 8,14,20,26, will be 72 more than its [4]
41st term.

11.

The ratio of the sum of n terms of two APs is ( 5n + 4 ) : ( 9n + 6 ) , find the ratio of [4]
their 18th term.

12.

In an AP, the first term is 2 and the sum of the first five terms is one-fourth of the [4]
sum of next five terms.
Show that 20th term is 112.

30

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(c)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

2,

, 26

a=2
a3 = 26
a + 2d = 26
2 + 2d = 26
2d = 24

d = 12

a2 = a + d

= 2 + 12
14

Ans4.

ATQ a17 = a10 + 7


a + 16d = a + ad + 7
7d = 7
d =1

Ans5.

1, 2,3,.....n

a = 1, l = n
n
Sn = ( a + l )
2
n
n
= (1 + n ) = ( n + 1)
2
2
Ans6.

In AP given
l = 28, S=144, n = 9

31

n
(a + l )
2
9
144 = ( a + 28 )
2
a=4
S=

Ans7.

23, 21, 19,, 5


a = 23, d = 21 23 = 2, an = 5

5 = 23 + ( n 1)( 2 )
n = 10

Ans8.

a2 = 13, a4 = 3

a + d = 13......... ( i )

a + 3d = 3.......... ( ii )
On solving
d = 5
Put the value of d in eq. (i)
a 5 = 13
a = 18
a1 = 18
a3 = 13 5
=8

Ans9.

3n 2 5n
+
2
2
Put n = 1, 2, 3.......

Sn =

3 5
+ =4
2 2
3 4 10 22
S2 =
+ =
= 11
2
2
2
a1 = s1 = 4
S1 =

a2 = S 2 S1 = 11 4 = 7
d = a2 a, = 7 4 = 3
a = 25 = a + 24d
= 4 + 24 3
= 4 + 72
= 46

32

Ans10.

a = 8, d = 14 8 = 6

Let nth term of the given AP be 72 more than its 41st term
an = 72 + a41
8 + ( n 1) 6 = 72 + 8 + 40 6

6n = 318
n=

Ans11.

318
= 53
6

ATQ
n
2a1 + ( n 1) d1
5n + 4
2
=
n
2a2 + ( n 1) d 2 9n + 6
2
Put n = 35 on both side
2a1 + ( 35 1) d1 5 35 + 4
=
2a2 + ( 35 1) d 2 9 35 + 6
a1 + 17 d1 179
=
a2 + 17 d 2 321

Hence ratio of 18th term is

Ans12.

179
321

a=2
1
( S10 S5 )
4
4 S5 = S10 S5
S5 =

5S5 = S10
5
10
5 2a + ( 5 1) d = 2a + (10 1) d
2
2
25
10
[ 4 + 4d ] = [ 4 + ad ]
2
2
20 + 20d = 8 + 18d
d = 6
a20 = a + 19d
= 2 + 19 ( 6 )
= 112

33

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

(a) 28
2.

[1]

1
11th term of the AP 3, , 2,........ is
2

(b) 22

(c) -38

(d) 48

1
2

If 17th term of an AP exceeds its 10th term by 7. The common difference is


(a) 2

(b) -1

(c) 3

[1]

(d) 1

3.

If x + 1,3 x, and 4 x + 2 are in A.P, Find the value of x

[2]

4.

Find the sum of first n odd natural no.

[2]

5.

Find the 12th term of the AP

[2]

6.

Find the sum of first 11 terms of AP 2, 6, 10

7.

Determine the AP whose third term is 16 and the 7th term exceeds the 5th term by [3]

2,3 2, 5 2........

[2]

12.
8.

Find the sum of AP in 5 + ( 8 ) + ( 11) + ........ + ( 230 )

[3]

9.

If the sum of n terms of an AP is 3n 2 + 5n and its mth term is 164, find the value of m

[4]

10.

If the sum of three no. in AP, be 24 and their product is 440, find the no.

[4]

11.

If a 2 , b 2 , c 2 are in A.P then prove that

12.

If S1 , S 2 , S3 be the sum of n, 2n and 3n terms respectively of an AP, prove that [4]

1
1
1
,
,
are in A.P
b+c c+a a+b

S3 = 3 ( S 2 S1 )

34

[4]

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(d)

Ans3.

Since x + 1, 3 x and 4 x + 2 are in A.P


2 ( 3x ) = x + 1 + 4 x + 2

6 x = 5x + 3
6 x 5x = 3
x=3

Ans4.

1, 3, 5, 7,.........

a =1
d = 3 1 = 2
n
Sn = 2a + ( n 1) d
2
n
= 2 1 + ( n 1) .2
2
n
[ 2 + 2n 2]
2
= n2

Ans5.

a = 2, d = 3 2 2 = 2 2

a12 = a + 11d

= 2 + 11 2 2

= 2 + 22 2
= 23 2

35

Ans6.

2, 6, 10,.......

a=2
d = 62 = 4
S11 =

11
2 2 + (11 1) 4
2

11
[ 4 + 40]
2
= 11 22
=

= 242

Ans7.

a3 = 16
a + 2d = 16.......... ( i )

a7 = a5 + 12
a + 6d = a + 4d + 12
2d = 12
d =6

Put the valve of d in eq. (i)

a + 2 6 = 16
a = 16 12
a=4
4,10,16..........

Ans8.

a = 5

d = 8 ( 5 )
= 8 + 5
= 3
an = 230

an = a + ( n 1) d

230 = 5 + ( n 1)( 3)

230 = 5 3n + 3
230 + 2 = 3n

36

Ans9.

Sn = 3n 2 + 5n

Put n = 1, 2,3,....
S1 = 8,
S 2 = 3 4 + 10 = 22
a1 = S1 = 8
a2 = S 2 S1
= 22 8 = 14

d = a2 a1
= 14 8
=6
am = 164

a + ( m 1) d = 164

8 + ( m 1)( 6 ) = 164

8 + 6m 6 = 164
6m = 164 2
6m = 162
162
6
= 27

Ans10.

Let no. be a-d, a, a+d

( a d ) + a + ( a + d ) = 24 (Given)
=8

( a d )( a )( a + d ) = 440
( 8 d ) .8. ( 8 + d ) = 440
82 d 2 = 55
d = 3
a =8

a =8

d = +3

d = 3

Then AP

Then AP

5,8,11,

11,8,5,.

37

Ans11.

Given a 2 , b 2 , c 2 are in AP
Then 2b 2 = a 2 + c 2 ......... ( i )
If

1
1
1
are in AP then
,
,
b+c c+a a+b

1
1
1
1

c+a b+c a+b c+a


(b + c ) (c + a ) = (c + a ) ( a + b)
( c + a )( b + c ) ( a + b )( c + a )
ba c b
=
b+c a+b
2b 2 = c 2 + a 2 ........ ( ii )

From (i) and (ii) proved

Ans12.

S1 =

n
2a + ( n 1) d
2

2n
2a + ( 2n 1) d
2
3n
S3 =
2a + ( 3n 1) d
2
S2 =

R.H.S = 3 ( S 2 S1 )
n
2n

= 3 ( 2a + ( 2n 1) d ) ( 2a + ( n 1) d )
2
2

= 3 [ 4a + 4nd 2d 2a nd + d ]
2

= 3 ( 2a + 3nd d )
2

3n
=
2a + ( 3n 1) d
2
228
=n
3
n = 76

S76 =
=

76
[ 5 230]
2

76
[ 235] = 38 ( 235) = 8930
2

38

CBSE TEST PAPER-4


CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

2.

Which of the following list of no. does form an AP?

[1]

5
7
, 3, ,.
2
2

(a) 2, 4, 8, 16,

(b) 2,

(c) 0.22, 0.22, 0.222, ..

(d)1, 3, 9, 27,.

The nth term of the AP in 2, 5, 8, .. is

(a) 3n-1

(b) 2n-1

(c) 3n-2

(d) 2n-3

[1]

3.

Find the sum of first hundred even natural no. divisible by 5.

[2]

4.

Find a30 a20 for the A.P

[2]

5.

Find the common difference and write the next two terms of the AP [2]

9, 14, 19, 24,......

12 ,52 , 7 2 , 73 ,........

6.

Show that sequence defined by an = 3 + 2n is an AP

[2]

7.

In an AP, an = 4, d = 2, Sn = 14 find n and a

[3]

8.

Find a30 a20 for the A.P in -9, -14, -19, -24,..

[3]

9.

The ratio of the sums of m and n terms of an AP is m 2 : n 2 show that the ratio of the [4]
mth and nth term is ( 2m 1) : ( 2n 1) .

10.

If the sum of first p terms of an AP is the same as the sum of its first q term, show [4]

that the sum of the first ( p + q ) term is zero.


11.

12.

For the A.P a1 , a2 , a3 ,......if

a4 2
a
= find 6 .
a7 3,
a8

In an AP pth, qth and rth terms are respectively a, b and c.


Prove that p ( b c ) + q ( c a ) + r ( a b ) = 0

39

[4]

[4]

CBSE TEST PAPER-4


CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(a)

Ans3.

Even natural no. divisible by 5 are 10, 20, 30.


a = 10, d = 10
n = 100

100
2 (10 ) + (100 1) .10
2
= 50 [ 20 + 99 10]
AP =

= 50500

Ans4.

a = 9

d = ( 14 ) ( 9 )
= 14 + 9
= 5
a30 a20 = ( a + 19d )

= a + 29d a 19d
= 10d
= 10 ( 5 )
= 50

Ans5.

12 , 52 , 7 2 , 73,......
1, 25, 49, 73,........

d = a2 a1 = 25 1 = 24
d = 49 25 = 24
d = 73 49 = 24
Hence it is AP
a5 = 73 + 24 = 97
a6 = 97 + 24 = 121

40

Ans6.

an = 3 + 2 n

So

a1 = 5, a2 = 7, a3 = 9, a4 = 11

7 5 = 9 7 = 11 9 = 2 Hence it is A.P

Ans7.

an = a + ( n 1) d
4 = a + ( n 1) . ( 2 )

a + 2n = 6......... ( i )
Sn =

n
2

n
( a + 4)
2
28 = n[6 2n + 4)
14 =

[ a = 6 2n

n 2 5n 14 = 0
n = 7, n = 2
a = 8

Ans8.

a = 9

d = 14 ( 9 )
= 14 + 9
= 5
a30 a20 = ( a + 29d ) ( a + 19d )

= 10d
= 10 ( 5 )
= 50

Ans9.

m
2a + ( m 1) d
Sm 2
=
n
Sn
2a + ( n 1) d
2
m 2 m 2a + ( m 1) d
=

n 2 n 2a + ( n 1) d
m 2a + md d
=
n 2a + nd d

41

2am + mnd md = 2an + mnd nd


2am 2an md + nd = 0
2a ( m n ) ( m n ) d = 0

( m n )( 2a d ) = 0
2a = d
ATQ
=
=

am a + ( m 1) d
=
an a + ( n 1) d

a + ( m 1) .2a
a + ( n + 1) .2a

a [1 + 2m 2]
a [1 + 2n 2]

2m 1
2n 1
Hence Proved

Ans10.

Sp = Sq

p
q
2a + ( p 1) d = 2a + ( q 1) d
2
2
p [ 2a + pd d ] = q [ 2a + qd d ]
2ap + p 2 d pd = 2aq + q 2 d qd

2a ( p q ) + ( p 2 q 2 ) d ( p q ) d = 0

2a ( p q ) + ( p q )( p q ) d ( p q ) d = 0

( p q ) 2a + ( p + q 1) d = 0 Sp + q = 0
Ans11.

a4 2
=
a7 3

( Given )

a + 3d 2
=
a + 6d 3
3a + 9d = 2a + 12d
a = 12d 9d

a = 3d
a6
=?
a7
a6 a + 5d
=
a7 a + 6d

42

3d + 5d
3d + 6d
8d
=
9d
= 8:9

Ans12.

A + ( p 1) D = a.........(i )
A + ( q 1) D = b.......... ( ii )

A + ( r 1) D = c.......... ( iii )
(ii ) (iii )
b c = ( q 1) D ( r 1) D
b c = D (q r )

p ( b c ) = p D ( q r ) ........ ( iv )

Similarly
q ( c a ) = q D ( r p ) .......... ( v )

r ( a b ) = r D ( p q ) ........... ( vi )

Adding (iv), (v) and (vi)

p (b c ) + q ( c a ) + r ( a b ) = 0

43

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

1.

If a, ( a 2 ) and 3a are in AP than value of a is


(a) -3

2.

4.

5.

(c) 3

(d) 2

The Sum of first n positive integers is given by

(a)
3.

(b) -2

[1]

n ( n 1)
,
2

(b)

n ( 2n + 1)
,
2

(c)

n ( n + 1)
2

[1]

(d) none of these

The first term of an AP is -7 and common difference 5. Find its general term

How many terms are there in A.P?

In an A.P the sum of first n terms is

1
18,15 ,13,......, 47
2

3n 2 13
+ n. find its 2nd term.
2
2

[2]
[2]

[2]

6.

1
1
3
Show that the progression 4, 7 ,10 ,13 ,17,...... is an AP
4
2
4

[2]

7.

Find the sum to n term of the AP in 5, 2, -1, -4, -7

[3]

8.

Find the sum of first 24 terms of the list of no. whose nth term is given by [3]
an = 3 + 2 n

9.

th
th
th
If ( p + 1) term of an A.P is twice the ( q + 1) term show that ( 3 p + 1) term is twice [4]

the ( p + q + 1) term.
th

10.

The sum of four numbers in A.P is 50 and the greatest number four times the least. [4]

Find the numbers.


11.

12.

Find the sum of all integers between 84 and 719 which are multiples of 5.

If mth term of an A.P is

[4]

[4]
1
1
and the nth term is , show that the sum of mn term is
n
m

1
( mn + 1) .
2

44

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS - X Mathematics (Arithmetic Progression)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

a = 7, d = 5

an = a + ( n 1) d

= 7 + ( n 1)( 5 )
= 7 + 5n 5
an = 5n 12

Ans4.

a = 18, d =

31 18

2 1

5
2
an = 47

an = a + ( n 1) d
5
47 = 18 + ( n 1)
2
5
5
47 18 =
n+
2
2
n = 27

Ans5.

Sn =

3n 2 13
+ n
2
2

Put n = 1, 2, 3.....
16
=8
2
S 2 = 19
S1 =

a1 = s1 = 8

a2 = S 2 S1 = 19 8 = 11

45

Ans6.

29 4 29 16 13
=
=
4 1
4
4
21 29 13

=
2
4
4
17 55 13
=
1 4
4
Hence AP

Ans7.

a = 5, d = 2 5 = 3
n
2a + ( n 1) d
2
n
Sn = 2 5 + ( n 1)( 3 )
2
n
= [10 3n + 3]
2
n
[13 3n ]
2
Sn =

Ans8.

an = 3 + 2 n

Put n = 1, 2,3,........

a1 = 5, a2 = 7, a3 = a,...........

a = 5, d = 7 5 = 2
24
2 5 + ( 24 1) 2
2
= 12 [10 + 46]
S 24 =

= 672

Ans9.

a p +1 = 2

aq +1

a + ( p + 1 1) d = 2 a + ( q + 1 1) d
a + pd = 2 [ a + qd ]

a + pd = 2a + 2qd
pd 2qd = a

( p 2q ) d = a

46

a3 p +1
a p + q +1

=
=

Ans10.

a + ( 3 p + 1 1) d

a + ( p + q + 1 1) d

( p 2q ) d + 3 pd
p 2q + ( p + q ) d

=2

Let no. be ( a 3d ) , ( a d ) , ( a + d ) , ( a + 3d )

( a 3d ) + ( a d ) + ( a + d ) + ( a + 3d ) = 50
4a = 50
50
a=
4
25
=
2
ATQ ( a + 3d ) = 4 ( a 3d )
a + 3d = 4a 12d
3a = 15d
a = 5d
25
= 5d
2
5
=d
2
Numbers be 5, 10, 15, 20

Ans11.

85, 90, 95, ...... 715

Ans12.

a = 85, d = 5, an = 715

1
= a + ( m + 1) d .... ( i )
n

a + ( n 1) d = an

1
= a + ( n + 1) d ...... ( ii )
m

n = 127
127
S127 =
( 85 + 715)
2
= 50800

On solving (i) and (ii)

85 + ( n 1) .5 = 715

1
1
, d=
mn
mn
mn
Smn =
2a + ( mn 1) d
2
mn 1
1
=
2.
+ ( mn 1) .

2 mn
mn
1
= ( mn + 1)
2
a=

47

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS-X Mathematics (Circles)

1.

2.

The perimeter of a sector of a circle of radius 8 cm is 25 what is area of sector?


(a) 50cm2

(b) 42cm2

(c) 52cm 2

(d) none of these

In fig given below PA and PB are tangents to the

[1]

[1]

circle drawn from an external point P. CD is a


third tangent touching the circle at Q,. If PA =
10cm and DQ = 2cm. what is length of PC?

3.

4.

(a) 8cm

(b) 7 cm

(c) 4 cm

(d) none of these

Tangent of circle intersect the circle

[1]

(a) Only one point

(b) Two points

(c) Three points

(d) None of these

From a point Q the length of the tangent to a circle is 24 cm and the distance of Q [1]
from the centre is 25cm. the radius of the circle is

5.

(a) 7 cm

(b) 12cm

(c) 15 cm

(d) 24.5 cm

In two con centric circle. Prove that all chords of the outer circle which touch the [2]
inner are of equal length

6.

PA and PB are tangents from P to the circle with centre O. At the Point M a tangent [2]
is drawn cutting PA at K and PB at N. Prove that KN=AK+BN

48

7.

In the given Fig. O is the centre of the circle with radius 5 cm

[2]

AB||CD. AB ||CD. AB = 6cm Find OP.

8.

Prove that the tangents at the end of a chord of a circle make equal angles with the [2]
chord

9.

Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn from an external point T with centre O. as [3]
shown in Fig. If they are inclined to each other at an angle of 1000, then what is the
value of POQ ?

10.

Two concentric circles are of radii 5 cm and 3 cm. find the length of the chord of [3]
the larger circle which touches the smaller circle

11.

A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle. Prove that AB+CD=AD+BC

[3]

12.

PQ is a chord of length 8 cm of a circle of radius 5 cm. The tangents at P and Q [3]


intersect at point T. Find the length TP

13.

In the given fig XY and XY are two parallel tangents to

[5]

A Y

a circle with centre 0 and another tangent AB with


O

point of contact C intersecting XY at A and XY at B.

4
3
X'

Prove that AOB = 90

49

Y'

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


Class X - Mathematics (Circles)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(D)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

AB and CD are two chords of the circle which touch the


inner circle at M and N
Respectively OM = ON
AB = CD [ AB and CD are two chords of larger circle]

Ans6.

We know that the lengths of the tangents drawn form an external point to a
circle are equal
PA = PB.........(i )
A
K
KA = KM ......(ii )
M
O
NB = NM .......(iii)
(ii) + (iii)
B
P
N
KA + NB = KM + NM

AK + BN = KM + MN = KN
AK + BN = KN
Ans7.

OP AB
OP bisects AB
1
1
AP = AB = 6 = 3cm
2
2
From right OAP OA2 = OP 2 + AP 2
52 = OP 2 + 32

OP = 4cm

Ans8.

In ADB and ADC


BD = DC
And ADB = ADC = 90
AD = AD [Common]
ADB ADC [SAS]
ABD = ACD [By C.P.C.T.]

50

Ans9.

TP and TQ
Are tangents and O
Is the centre of the circle
OP PT , OQ QT
TPO + TQO = 180
Quadrilateral OPTQ is cyclic?
PTQ + POQ = 180
100 + POQ = 180
POQ = 180 100 = 80

Ans10.

PQ be the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle at the
point L. since PQ is tangent at the point L to the smaller circle with centre O.
OL PQ
PQ is a chord of the bigger circle and OL PQ
OL bisects PQ PQ = 2 PL

In OPL PL = OP 2 OL2
= 52 32

= 25 9 = 4
chord PQ = 2PL =8
length of chord PQ = 8 cm
Ans11.

AP, AS are tangents from a point A (Outside the circle) to the circle.
AP = AS
Similarly BP = BQ
CQ = CR
DR = DS
Now AB + CD = AP + PB + CR + RD
= AS +BQ + CQ +DS
= (AS +DS) + (BQ + CQ)
= AD + BC
AB + CD = AD + BC

Ans12.

Join OT TP = PQ [tangents from T upon the circle]


OT PQ
And OT bisects PQ
PR = PQ = 4cm
Now OR = OP 2 PR 2

OR = 52 42 = 3cm
Now TPR + RPO = 90 [ TPO=90]
= TPR + PTR
RPO = PTR
TRP TRQ [By AA similarity]

51

TP RP
=
PO RO
TP 4

=
5 3
20
TP = cm
3

Ans13.

Join OC
In OAP and AOC we have
AP = AC [ tangents from A to the circle are equal]
AO = AO
OP = OC [radius]
OAP AOC [By C.P.C.T]
1 = 2
PAC = 2 2
Similarly CBQ = 24
Now PAC + CBQ = 180 [ XY X 1Y 1}
22 + 24 = 180

2 + 4 = 90
But in AOB
AOB + OAB + ABO = 180

AOB + 2 + 4 = 180
AOB + 90 = 180
AOB = 90

52

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


Class-X Mathematics (circles)
1.

How many tangents can a circle have?


(a) 1

2.

(b) 2

[1]
(c) 0

(d) infinite

If PA and PB are tangents from a point P lying outside the circle such that PA = 10 [1]
cm and APB = 60 . Find length of chord AB
(a) 10cm

3.

(b) 20cm

(c) 30cm

(d) 40cm

A tangent PQ at a point P to a circle of radius 5 cm meets a line through the centre [1]
O at a point Q so that OQ = 13cm the length of PQ.
(a) 11cm

4.

(b) 12cm

(c) 10cm

(d) None of these

If tangents PA and PB from a point P to a circle with centre O are inclined to each [1]

other at angle of 80 then POA is equal to


(a) 50

(b) 60

(c) 70

(d) 80

5.

Find the locus of the centre of circles which touch a given line at a given point

[2]

6.

In the given fig, find the perimeter of ABC , if AP = 10 cm

[2]

7.

If PA and PB are tangents drawn from external point P such that PA = 10cm and [2]
APB = 60 find the length of chord AB

8.

If AB, AC, PQ are tangents in the given fig and AB = 25cm find the perimeter of [2]
APQ

9.

A circle is touching the side BC of ABC at P and touching AB and AC produced at [3]
1
Q and R respectively. Prove that AQ = (perimeter of ABC )
2

10.

If PA and PB are two tangents drawn from a point P to a circle with centre o [3]
touching it at A and B. prove that OP is the perpendicular bisector of AB.

11.

In the given fig. PQ is tangent at point R of the circle with centre O. if TRQ = 30

[3]

find mPRS
12.

Prove that opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend [3]


supplementary angles at the centre of the circle

13.

A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the [5]
segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of
lengths 8 cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the sides AB and AC

53

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


Class X - Mathematics (circles)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(D)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Let APB be the given line and let a circle with centre O
touch APB at P. then OPB = 90 let there be another
circle with centre O which touches the line APB at P.
Thus O ' PB = 90
OPB = O ' PB = 90

Ans6.

BC touches the circle at R


tangents drawn from external point to the circle are
equal
AP = AQ, BR = BP
And CR = CQ
Perimeter of ABC = AB + BC + AC
= AB + ( BR + RC ) + AC

B
P

= AB + BP + CQ + AC
= AP + AQ = 2 AP = 2 10 = 20cm

Ans7.

APB = 60
AOB = 120 [O is centre of circle]
OAB = OBA = 30 each
PAB = 60, PBA = 60
PAB is equilateral
AB = PA = 10cm

Ans8.

Perimeter of APQ = AP + AQ + PQ
= AP + AQ + PX + XQ

= ( AP + PB ) + ( AQ + QC )

P
B

= AB + AC
= 2 AB = 2 25 = 50cm

54

Q
C

Ans9.

We know that the two tangents drawn to a circle from an external point are
equal
AQ = AR, BP = BQ, CP = CR
perimeter of ABC = AB + BC + AC
= AB + BP + PC + AC
= AB + BQ + CR + AC [ BP = BQ, PC = CQ ]
= AQ + AR = 2 AQ = 2 AR [ AQ = AR]

AQ = AR =
Ans10.

1
[perimetre of ABC ]
2

Let OP intersect AB at a point C we have to prove that AC = CB and


ACP = BCP = 90
PA, PB are two tangents from a point P to the circle with centre O
APO = BPO [ O lies on the bisector of APB ]
In two S ACP and BCP, we have
AP = BP [ tangents from P to the circle are equal]
PC = PC [Common]
APO = BPO [proved]
ACP BCP [By SAS rule]
AC = CB [C.P.C.T]
And ACP = BCP [C.P.C.t ]
But ACP + BCP = 180
ACP = BCP = 90

Ans11.

Ans12.

Hence OP is perpendicular bisector of AB


Given PQ is tangent at point R and TRQ = 30
PRQ = 180
QRT = 30
TRS = 90 [ Tangent of a circle is perpendicular to Radius]
PRS = 180 120 = 60
PRS = 180 120 = 60
Let the circle touch the sides AB, BC, CD and DA at the points P, Q, R, and S
respectively. Join OP, OQ, OR and OS. Join OA, OB, OC and OD since the two
tangents drawn from an external point subtend equal angles at the centre
1 = 2, 3 = 4, 5 = 6, 7 = 8
But 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8+ = 360
[ sum of all angles around a point = 360 ]
2 [ 2 + 3 + 6 + 7 ] = 360
And 2 ( 4 + 5 + 8 + 1) = 360

( 2 + 3) + ( 6 + 7 ) = 180

And ( 4 + 5 ) + ( 8 + 1) = 180
AOB + COD = 180

And BOC + AOD = 180

55

Ans13.

Let the sides BC, CA, AB of ABC touch the in circle at D, E, F respectively. Join
the centre O of the circle with A, B, C, D, E, F
Since tangents to a circle from an external point are equal
CE = CD = 6cm

BF = BD = 8cm
AE = AF = xcm ( say )
OE = OF = OD = 4cm [Radii of the circle]
1
Area of OAB = ( 8 + x ) 4
2
2
= (16 + 2 x ) cm .....(i )

1
2
Or of OBC = 14 4 = 28cm .......(ii)
2
1
Or OCA = ( 6 + x ) 4 = 12 + 2 x........(iii )
2
or ABC = 16 + 2 x + 12 + 2 x + 28 = ( 4 x + 56 ) cm2 ........(iv)
Again perimeter of ABC = AC + AB + BC
= 6 + x + (8 + x ) + ( 6 + 8)

= 28 + 2 x = 2 (14 + x ) cm
S=

2 (14 + x )
2

= 14 + x

Area of AOC = S ( s a )( s b )( s c )

=
==

(14 + x )(14 + x 14 )(14 + x 6 x )(14 + x 8 x )


(14 + x ) 48 x

= 672 x + 48 x 2 ..........(v)

( 4 x + 56 ) = 672 x + 48 x 2 [By 4 and 5]


( 4 x + 56 ) 2 = 672 x + 48 x 2

16 ( x + 14 ) = 16 ( 42 x + 3 x 2 )
2

( x + 14 ) = 42 x + 3 x 2
2

x 2 + 28 x + 196 = 3 x 2 + 42 x

( x + 14 )( x 7 ) = 0
x = 7, x = 14
But x = 14 is not possible
x = 7
AB = 8 + x = 8 + 7 = 15cm
AC = 6 + x = 6 + 7 = 13cm

56

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS-X Mathematics (circle)

1.

The length of tangent drawn to a circle with radius 3 cm from a point 5 cm from [1]
the centre of the circle is

2.

(a) 6 cm

(b) 8 cm

(c) 4 cm

(d) 7 cm

A circle touches all the four sides of a quadrilateral ABCD whose sides AB = 6 cm, [1]

BC = 7 cm, CD = 4 cm Then AD = ---

3.

(a) 2 cm

(b) 3 cm

(c) 5 cm

(d) 6cm

If a point lies on a circle, then what will be the number of tangents drawn from that [1]

point to the circle?

4.

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) infinite

A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle IF AB = 4 cm, CD = 7 cm, BC [1]

= 3 cm, Then length of AD?

5.

(a) 7 cm

(b) 2cm

(c) 8 cm

(d) none of these

Find the unknown length x

[2]
8c

6.

In the given fig OD is perpendicular the chord AB of a circle

whose centre is O. if BC is a diameter. Find

CA
=?
OD

57

[2]

7.

In the given fig XP and XQ are tangents from X to

[2]

the circle with centre O. R is a point on the circle


such that ARB is a tangent to the circle prove that
XA + AR = XB + BR
8.

Prove that the segment, joining the points of contact of

[2]

two parallel tangents, passes thro the centre.

9.

Prove that parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus

[3]

10.

If two tangents are drawn to a circle from an external point then

[3]

(i) They subtend equal angles at the centre


(ii) They are equally inclined to the segment joining the centre to that point
11.

Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with centre O from an external point [3]

T. prove that PTQ = 2OPQ


12.

The lengths of two tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal

[3]

13.

In the given fig, PT is tangent and PAB in a secant

[5]

If PT = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm. Find the length PA

58

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


Class X - Mathematics (circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(C)

Ans5.

PT is tangent to a circle and PAB is a secant


PA.PB = PT 2

5 ( 5 + x ) = 82

25 + 5 x = 64
39
= 7.8cm
x=
8
Ans6.

Since BC is a diameter
CAB = 90
Also OD AB ODB = 90 ACB DOB [ CAB = ODB = 90 ]
ABC = DBO [common]
CA CB 2r

=
=
=2
OD OB r

Ans7.

In the given fig XP and XQ are tangents from external point


XP = XQ........(i )
AR = AP...........(ii )
BR = BQ...........(iii )
[ length of tangents are equal from external point]
Xp = XQ
XA + AP = XB + BQ [By (ii) and (iii)]
XA + AR = XB + BR [By (ii) and (iii)]

Ans8.

Given two parallel tangents PQ and RS of a circle with centre O


Draw line OC||RS i.e. PQ. PAO + COA = 180
= 90 + COA = 180
COA = 90

Ans9.

Given ABCD is a parallelogram in which all the sides touch a given circle

59

To prove:- ABCD is a rhombus


Proof:- ABCD is a parallelogram
AB=DC and AD = BC
Again AP, AQ are tangents to the circle from the point A
AP = AQ
Similarly BR = BQ
CR = CS
DP = DS
( AP + DP ) + ( BR + CR ) = AQ + DS + BQ + CS = ( AQ + BQ ) + ( CS + DS )
AD + BC = AB + DC
BC + BC = AB + AB [ AB = DC , AD = BC ]
2 BC = 2 AB

BC = AB
Hence parallelogram ABCD is a rhombus

Ans10.

Given on a circle C (o,r), two tangents AP and AQ are drawn from an external
point A.
To prove (i) AOP = AOQ
(ii) OAP = OAP
Construction:- Join AO, PO, QO
Proof: In APQ and AQO
AP = AQ [Length of the tangents drawn from
an external point]
PO = QO [Radii of the same circle]
AO = AO [common]
APO AQO [By sss theorem of congruence]
(i) AOP = AOQ [C.P.C.T]
(ii) OAP = QAO [By C.P.C.t.]

Ans11.

Given A circle with centre O and an external point T and two tangents TP and TQ
to the circle, where P, Q are the points of contact
To Prove: PTQ = 2OPQ
Proof: Let PTQ =
Since TP, TQ are tangents drawn from point T to the circle.
TP = TQ
TPQ is an isocler triangle
1
TPQ = TQP = (180 )

= 90

2
Since TP is a tangent to the circle at point of
contact P
OPT = 90
OPQ = OPT TPQ

60

1 1

= 90 90 = = PTQ
2 2 2

Thus PTQ = 2OPQ

Ans12.

Given P is an external point to the circle C(o,r). PQ and PR are two tangents from
P to the circle
To Prove PQ = PR
Construction Join OP
Proof: a tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of
contact
OQP = 90 = ORP
Now in right triangles POQ and POR
OQ = OR [Each radius r]
Hyp. OP = Hyp. OP [common]
POQ POR [By RHS rule]
PQ = PR

Ans13.

Join OT, OA, OP. Draw OM AB


Let radius of the circle = r
OT PT [ OT is radius and PT is a tangent]
OP 2 = PT 2 + OT 2 [from right OPT ]
= 62 + r 2

OP 2 r 2 = 36
OP 2 OA2 = 36...........(i ) [OA = OT = r ]
Also from right OMA
OA2 = OM 2 + AM 2
OP 2 36 = OM 2 + AM 2
OP 2 OM 2 AM 2 = 36
PM 2 AM 2 = 36
( PM + AM )( PM AM ) = 36
( PM + AM ) PA = 36

( PM + MB ) PA = 36 [ AM = MB, OM bisects AB]

( PB )( AP ) = 36
PA ( PA + AB ) = 36

PA2 + 5 PA 36 = 0
( PA + 9 )( PA 4 ) = 0
PA = 4. or PA = 9 [it cannot be -ve]

61

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS-X Mathematics (circle)

1.

2.

3.

How many normals can a circle have?

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) Infinite

[1]

A straight line can meet a circle in not more than points

(a) one

(b) two

(c) Tree

(d) none of these

[1]

A tangent PQ at point P of a circle of radius 12 cm meets a line thro the centre O to [1]
a point Q so that OQ = 20 cm Length of PQ is

4.

(a) 14 cm

(b) 15 cm

(C) 16 cm

(d) 10 cm

A line intersecting a circle in two points is called


(a) Tangent

(b) secant

(c) diameter

(d) none of these

[1]

5.

In fig if OL = 5 cm, OA = 13 cm, Find AB?

[2]

6.

In the given fig ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral and PQ is

[2]

a tangent to the circle at C. If BD is a diameter,

OCQ = 40 and ABD = 60 , find BCP

7.

Two chords AB and CD of a circle Intersect each other at P outside the circle. If AB [2]
= 5 cm, BP = 3 cm and PD = 2cm, find CD

62

8.

In the adjoining fig, if AD, AE and BC are tangents to

[2]

the circle at D, E and F respectively than 2


AD=AB+BC+CA

9.

The circle of ABC touches the sides BC, CA and AB at D,E,F, respectively. If AB = [3]

AC. Prove that BD = CD


10.

A circle touches the side BC of a ABC at a point P and touches AB and AC when [3]

produced at Q and R respectively show that AQ =


11.

1
[Perimeter of ABC ]
2

Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with centre O from an external point [3]

T. Prove that PTQ = 2OPQ


12.

Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus

13.

A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the [5]
segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of
length 8 cm and 6cm respectively. Find the sides AB and AC

63

[3]

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS X - Mathematics (Circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(D)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

AB = 2 AL = 2 OA2 OL2
= 2 132 52
= 2 169 25 = 2 144
= 2 12 = 24cm

Ans6.

BD is a diameter
BCD = 90 [Angle in the semi circle]
BCP = 180 90 40 = 50

Ans7.

Two chords AB and CD of a circle intersect each other at P


PA. PB = PC. PD [Bach = length of tangent from P]
( AB + PB ) .PB = ( PD + PC ) PD

( 5 + 3) (3) = (2 + x) 2
24 = (2 + x) 2
x = 10 CD = 10cm

Ans8.

CD = CF, BE = BF
CD + BE = CF + BF = BC
Now AD = AC + CD = AC + CF
AE = AB + BE = AB + BF
AD + AE = AB + AC + BC
2 AD = AB + BC + AC

64

Ans9.

Tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal in length


AF = AE [Tangents from A](i)
BF = BD [Tangents from B](ii)
CD = CE [Tangents from C].(iii)
Adding (i) (ii)and (iii) we get
AF + BF + CD = AE + BD + CE
AB + CD = AC + BD
But AB = AC (given)
CD = BD

Ans10.

Since the tangents from an external point to a circle are equal in length,
therefore
BP = BQ (i) [from point B]
CP = CR .(ii) [from point C]
And AQ = AR ..(iii) [From point A]
From (3) we have
AQ = AR
AB + BQ = AC + CR

AB + BP = AC + CP.........(iv) [using (i) and (ii)]


Now perimeter of ABC
AB + BC +AC = AB +(BP + PC) + AC
= (AB + BP) + (AC +PC)
= 2 (AB + BP) [using 4]
=2 (AB + BQ) [using 1]
= 2 AQ
1
AQ = (perimeter of ABC )
2
Ans11.

Given A circle with centre O. an external point T and two tangents TP and TQ to
the circle, where P and Q the points of contact
To prove PTQ = 2OPQ
Proof let PTQ =
In TPQ, we have
TP = TQ [length of the tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are
equal]
So. TPQ is an isosceles triangle
TPQ = TOP..........(i )
In TPQ, we have
TPQ + TQP + PTQ = 180 [ sum of three angles of a is 180 ]

65

2TPQ + Q = 180........(i )
2TPQ = 180
1
1
TPQ = (180 ) = 90 .........(ii )
2
2
But OPT = 90........(iii) [Angle between the tangent and radius of a circle is
90 ]

Now OPQ = OPT TPQ


1

= 90 90
2

1
1
= = PTQ
2
2
1
OPQ = PTQ
2
PTQ = 2OPQ
Ans12.

Given ABCD be the parallelogram circumscribing a circle with centre O such that
the sides AB, BC, CD and DA touch a circle at P, Q, R and S respectively.
To prove : gm ABCD is a rhombus.
Proof : AP = AS ..(i)
BP = BQ.(ii)
CR = CQ .(iii)
DR = DS (iv)
[Tangent drawn from an external point to a circle are equal]
Adding (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv), we get
Ap + BP + CR + DR = AS + BQ + CQ + DS
( AP + BP ) + ( CR + DR ) = ( AS + DS ) + ( BQ + CQ )
AB + CD = AD + BC

Ans13.

Let the sides BC, CA, AB of ABC touch the in circle at D, E, F respectively. Join
the centre O of the circle with A, B, C, D, E, F
Since tangents to a circle from an external point are equal
CE = CD = 6cm

BF = BD = 8cm
AE = AF = xcm ( say )
OE = OF = OD = 4cm [Radii of the circle]

1
(8 + x ) 4
2
2
= (16 + 2 x ) cm .....(i )
Area of OAB =

66

1
2
Or of OBC = 14 4 = 28cm .......(ii)
2
1
Or OCA = ( 6 + x ) 4 = 12 + 2 x........(iii )
2
or ABC = 16 + 2 x + 12 + 2 x + 28 = ( 4 x + 56 ) cm2 ........(iv)
Again perimeter of ABC = AC + AB + BC
= 6 + x + ( 8 + x ) + ( 6 + 8)
= 28 + 2 x = 2 (14 + x ) cm
S=

2 (14 + x )
= 14 + x
2

Area of AOC = S ( s a )( s b )( s c )

=
==

(14 + x )(14 + x 14 )(14 + x 6 x )(14 + x 8 x )


(14 + x ) 48 x

= 672 x + 48 x 2 ..........(v)

( 4 x + 56 ) = 672 x + 48 x 2 [By 4 and 5]


( 4 x + 56 ) 2 = 672 x + 48 x 2

xc

xc

16 ( x + 14 ) = 16 ( 42 x + 3 x 2 )

( x + 14 ) = 42 x + 3 x 2
2

6c
m

( x + 14 )( x 7 ) = 0
x = 7, x = 14
But x = 14 is not possible
x = 7
AB = 8 + x = 8 + 7 = 15cm

AC = 6 + x = 6 + 7 = 13cm

67

m
8c

x 2 + 28 x + 196 = 3 x 2 + 42 x

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS-X Mathematics (Circle)

1.

The length of tangent from a point A at a distance of 5 cm from the centre of the [1]

circle is 4 cm. what will be the radius of circle?

2.

(a) 1 cm

(b) 2 cm

(c) 3 cm

(d) none of these

In the fig given below, PA and PB are tangents to

[1]

the circle drawn from an external point P. CD is a


third tangent touching the circle at Q. If PB = 12
cm and CQ = 3 cm, what is length of PC

3.

4.

(a) 9 cm

(b) 10 cm

(c) 1 cm

(d) 13 cm

The tangent of a circle makes angle with radius at point of contact.

(a) 60

(b) 30

(c) 90

(d) none of these

If tangent PA and PB from a point P to a circle with

[1]

[1]

centre O are inclined to each other at an angle of 80 ,


then what is the value of POA ?

5.

(a) 30

(b) 50

(c) 70

(d) 90

In fig PA and PB are tangents from P to the circle with

[2]

centre O. R is a point on the circle Prove that PC + CR =


PD + DR

6.

The length of tangents from a point A at distance of 26 cm from the centre of the [2]

circle is 10cm what will be the radius of the circle?

68

7.

In the given fig If TP and TQ are the two

[2]

tangents to a circle with centre O so that

POQ = 110 then find PTO

8.

In the fig given below PA and PB are tangents to the

[2]

circle drawn from an external point P. CD is a third


tangent touching the circle at Q. If PB = 10 cm and

CQ = 2 cm what is length of PC?


9.

Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a chord of a circle make equal angles [3]

with chord
10.

In the given fig. if AB = AC prove that BE = EC

[3]

11.

Find the locus of centre of circle which two intersecting lines

[3]

12.

In the given fig. a circle is inscribed in a

[3]

quadrilateral ABCD in which B = 90 . If AD = 23


cm AB = 29 cm and DS = 5 cm, find the radius of
the circle

13.

From a point P two tangents are drawn to a circle with centre O. if OP = diameter [6]

of the circle, show that APB is equilateral

69

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS X- Mathematics (Circle)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

Since length of tangents from an external point to a circle are equal in length
PA = PB
CA = CR .(i)
And DB = DR
Now PA = PB PC + CA = PD + DB
PC + CR = PD + DR By (i)

And6.

Since tangents to a circle is perpendicular to radius through the point of contact


OTA = 90
In right OTA = 90 , we have
OA 2 = OT 2 + AT 2
(26)2 = OT 2 + (10)2

T
10cm

OT 2 = 676 100
A

OT 2 = 576

26cm

OT = 24

Ans7.

Hence radius of circle is 24 cm


Since POQ + PTO = 180[ OPT = 90, OQT = 90
110 + PTQ = 180
PTQ = 180 110 = 70

Ans8.

PA=PB=10 cm
CQ = CA = 2 cm
PC = PA CA = 10 2 = 8 cm

Ans9.

Let NM be chord of circle with centre C Let tangents at


M.N meet at the point O.
Since OM is a tangent
OM CM
i.e. OMC=90
ON is a tangent
ON CN
i.e. ONC = 90

70

Again in CMN , CM = CN = r
CMN = CNM

OMC CMN = ONC CNM


OML = ONL
Thus tangents make equal angle with the chard
Ans10.

Since tangents from an exterior point A to a circle are equal in length


AD = AF ...........(i )
Similarly tangents from an exterior point B to a circle are equal in length
BD = BE............(2)
Similarly for C
CE = CF .(3)
Now AB = AC
AB AD = AC AD
AB AD = AC AF .........(by 1)
BD = CF
BE = CF .........(by 2)
BE = CE [ BD = BE , CE = CF ] (by 3)

Ans11.

Let l1 , l2 be two intersection lines. Let a circle with centre P touch the two lines l1
and l2 at M and N respectively.
PM = PN [Radii of same circle]
P is equi distance from the lines l1 and l2 similarly centre of any other circle.
Which touch the two intersecting lines l1 , l2 will be equidistant from l1 and l2
P lies on l a bisector of the angle between l1 and l2
[ the locus of points equidistant from two intersecting lines is the pair of
bisectors of the angle between the lines]
Hence locus of centre or circles which touch two intersecting lines is the pair of
bisectors of the angles between the two lines.

Ans12.

In the given fig OP BC and OQ + BA


Also, OP = OQ =r
OPBQ is a square
BP = BQ =r
But DR = DS = 5 cm ..(i)

71

AR = AD DR
= 23 5 = 18cm
AQ = AR = 18cm
BQ = AB AQ
= 20 18 = 11cm
r = 11cm
Ans13.

Join OP
Suppose OP meets the circle at Q Join AQ we have
i.e. OP = diameter
OQ + PQ = diameter
PQ = Diameter radius [ OQ = r ]
PQ = radius
Thus, OQ = PQ = radius
Thus OP is the hypotenuse of right triangle
OAP and Q is the mid point of OP
OA = AQ = OQ
[ midpoint of hypotenuse of a right triangle is equidistant from the vertices]
OAQ is equilateral
AOQ = 60
So APO = 30 APB = 2APO = 60
Also PA = PB PAB = PBA
But APB = 60PAB = PBA = 60
Hence APB is equilateral c

72

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1.

Construct a ABC in which AB = 6.5cm, B = 60 and BC = 5.5cm Also construct a [6]

triangle ABC similar to ABC whose each side is

3
times the corresponding side of
2

the ABC
2.

Draw a circle of radius 4cm. from a point P,7cm from the centre of the circle, draw [6]

a pair of tangents to the circle measure the length of each tangent segment
3.

Draw a right triangle in which the sides containing the right angle are 5cm and [6]

4cm construct a similar triangle whose sides are

5
times the sides of the above
3

triangle
4.

[6]
1
Construct a ABC in which CA=6cm AB=5cm and BAC = 22 then construct a
2

triangle similar to the given triangle whose sides are

6
of the corresponding sides
5

of the ABC
5.

Construct a circle whose radius is equal to 4cm. Let P be a point whose distance [6]

from its centre is 6cm. construct two tangents to it form P.


6.

Draw a triangle ABC with sides BC = 6.3cm, AB = 5.2cm and ABC = 60 . Then [6]

construct a triangle whose sides are

4
times the corresponding sides of ABC
3

73

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]
Ans.1

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a line segment AB = 6.5cm

2.

At B construct ABX = 60

3.

With B as centre and radius BC = 5.5


cm draw an arc intersecting BX at C

4.

Join AC. Triangle so obtained is the


required triangle

5.

Construct an acute angle BAY at A on


opposite side of vertex C of ABC

6.

Locate 3 points A1 , A2 , A3 on AY such


that AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3

7.

Join A2 to B and draw the line through A3 Parallel to A2 B intersecting the extended
line segment AB at B

8.

Draw a line through B parallel to BC intersecting the extended line segment AC at


C

9.

Ans.2
1.

ABC so obtained is the required triangle


Steps of construction
Take a point O in the plane of a paper and
draw a circle of the radius 4 cm.

2.

Make a point P at a distance of 7cm from the


centre O and Join OP

3.

Bisect the line segment OP. Let M be the mid


point of OP.

4.

Taking M as a centre and OM as radius draw a circle to intersect the given circle at
the points T and T

5.

Join PT and PT Then PT and PT are required Tangents PT = PT = 5.75cm

74

Ans.3

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a line segment BC = 5cm

2.

At B construct CBX = 90

3.

Which B as centre and radius = 4cm draw an


arc intersecting the line BX at A.

4.

Join AC to obtain the required ABC

5.

Draw any ray BY making an acute angle


with BC on the opposite side to the vertex A

6.

Locate 5 points B1 , B2 , B3 , B4 , and B5 on BY so


that BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4 = B4 B5

7.

Join B3 to C and draw a line through B5 parallel to B3C intersecting the extended
line segment BC at C

8.

Draw a line through C parallel to CA intersecting the extended line segment BA at


A Thus ABC is the required right triangle

Ans4.

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a line segment AB = 5cm

2.

At A make BAY =

3.

Take A as centre and radius = AC = 6cm

45
2

draw an arc cutting AY at C.


4.

Join BC to obtain the ABC

5.

Draw any ray AX making an acute angle


with AB on the side opposite to the vertex C.

6.

Locate 6 points A1 , A2 , A3 , A4 , A5 and A6 on AX


so that AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3 = A3 A4 = B4 B5 = B5 B6

7.

Join A5 to B and draw a line through A6 parallel to A5 B intersecting the extended


line segment AB at B

8.

Draw a line through B parallel to BC intersecting the extended line segment AC at


C. Then ABC is required triangle

75

Ans.5
1.

Steps of construction
Take a point O in the plane of the paper and draw
a circle of radius 4cm.

2.

Make a point P at a distance of 6cm from the


centre O and join OP

3.

Bisect the line segment OP. Let the point of


bisection be M.

4.

Taking M as centre and OM as radius, draw a


circle to intersect the given circle at the point T
and T

5.

Ans.6

Join PT and PT to get the required tangents,

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a line segment BC = 6.3cm

2.

At B make CBX = 60

3.

With B as centre and radius equal to 5.2cm,


draw an are intersecting BX at A

4.

Join AC, Then ABC is the required triangle

5.

Draw any ray by making an acute angle with


BC on the opposite side to the vertex A

6.

Locate le points B1 , B2 , B3 , B4 , on by so that BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4

7.

Join B3 to C and draw al line through B4 parallel to B3C intersection the extended
line segment BC at C

8.

Draw a line through C parallel to CA intersecting the extended line segment BA at


A Thus ABC is the required triangle.

76

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1.

Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5cm which are inclined to each other at [6]
60

2.

Draw the tangents at the extremities of a diameter AB of a circle of radius 2cm. Are [6]
these tangents parallel. Given reasons?

3.

Construct the pair of tangents form a point 3cm away from the centre of a circle of [6]
radius 2cm and measures their tangents.

4.

Construct a ABC in which AB = 4cm, BC = 5cm and AC = 6cm. Now construct a [6]
triangle similar to

ABC such that each of its sides is two third of the

corresponding sides of ABC Also prove your assertion.


5.

Construct a ABC in which AB = 6.5cm B = 60 and BC = 5.5cm. Also construct a [6]


AB ' C ' similar to ABC whose each side is

3
times the corresponding sides of the
2

ABC

6.

Construct a ABC whose sides are 7.5cm, 7cm, and 6.5cm. construct another
similar to ABC and with sides

2
rd of the corresponding sides of ABC
3

77

[6]

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X- Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]

Ans.1

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a circle with center O and radius 5cm

2.

Draw any diameter AOC

3.

Construct BOC = 60 meeting the circle at B

4. At A and B draw perpendiculars to OA and OB


intersecting at P.
5.
Ans.2

PA and PB are required tangents and APB = 60


Steps of construction

1.

Draw a circle of radius 2cm

2.

Draw any diametre AOB

3.

Draw AT AB and BM AB

4.

AT and BM are tangents extremities of a dia AB

5.

1 = 90, 2 = 90,1 = 2 are alternate angles


AT BM

Ans.3

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a circle with centre O and radius 2cm

2.

Draw line segment OP = 5cm

3.

Bisect OP let point of bisection be M

4.

Taking M as a centre and OM radius draw a circle

5cm
M

which intersect the given circle at Q and R


R

5.

Join PQ and PR

6.

Length of tangents PQ = PR = 4.6cm

78

Ans.4

Steps of construction

1.

Draw ABC with sides BC = 5cm, AB = 4cm and AC = 6cm

2.

Below BC make acute CBX

3.

Along BX mark off three points B1 , B2 , B3 , such that

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3
4.

Join B3C

5.

Draw B2C ' B3C also C ' A ' CA

6.

BC ' A ' is required

Ans.5

Steps of construction

1.

Construct a ABC is which AB = 6.5cm,


B = 60 and BC = 5.5cm

2.

Draw a ray AX making any acute angle with AB


on the apposite side of the vertex C.

3.

6cm

O'

Cut three equal parts from AX say

P
E

AX 1 = X 1 X 2 = X 2 X 3
B

4.

Join X 2 to B.

5.

From X 3 draw X 3 B ' X 2 B at B '

6.

At B draw B ' C ' BC intersecting AY at C

7.

AB ' C ' is required triangle similar to ABC

Ans.6
1.

Steps of construction
Draw ABC with sides BC = 7.5cm AB = 7cm and AC =
6.5cm

2.

Make acute angle CBX

3.

Along BX, cut off BX 1 = X 1 X 2 = X 2 X 3

4.

Join X 3C

5.

Draw X 2C ' X 3C

6.

Draw C ' A ' CA Then A ' BC ' is required triangle

79

C
O 8cm

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1.

Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5cm which are inclined to each other at [6]
60

2.

Draw a circle of radius 4cm with centre O. Draw a diameter POQ. Through P or Q [6]
draw tangent to the circle

3.

Draw a circle of radius 2.3cm take a point P on it. Without using the centre of the [6]
circle. Draw tangent to it at P.

4.

Construct a triangle with sides 5cm, 6cm and 7cm and then another triangle whose [6]
sides are

5.

7
of the corresponding sides of first triangle
5

Let ABC be a right triangle in which AB = 6cm, BC = 8cm and B = 90 BD is the [6]
perpendicular from B on AC. The circle through B,C and D is drawn construct the
tangents form A to this circle.

6.

Construct a triangle of sides 4cm, 5cm and 6cm and then a triangle similar to it [6]
whose sides are

2
of the corresponding sides of the first triangle
3

80

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)
[ANSWERS]

Ans.1

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a circle with centre O and radius 5cm

2.

Draw any radius OT.

3.

Construct TOT ' = 180 60 = 120

4.

Draw TP OT and TP OT Then PT ' and PT


are the two required tangents such that
TPT ' = 60 Here PT = PT '

Ans.2

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a circle of radius 4cm

2.

Draw diameter POQ

3.

Construct PQT = 90

4.

Produce PQ to T ' Then TQT ' is the required


tangent at the point Q.

Ans.3
1.

Steps of construction

Draw a circle of radius 2.3cm and take a point P

on it.
2.

Draw chord PQ

3.

Mark a point R in the major arc QP

4.

Join PR and RQ

5.

Draw QPT = PRQ

6.

Produce TP to T ' as shown in fig then TPT ' is the required tangent at the point P.

81

T'

Ans.4

Steps of construction
C'

1.

Draw a line segment AB = 5cm

2.

With A as centre and radius 6cm draw an arc.

3.

Again B as centre and radius 7cm draw

another are cutting the previous are at C. Join


AC and BC then ABC is required triangle
4.

Draw any ray AX making acute angle

5.

Locate 7 points A1 , A2 , A3 , A4 , A5 , A6 , A7 on AX so

7cm
6cm

B'

A
B

5cm
A1

that

A2

AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3 = A3 A4 = A4 A5 = A5 A6 = A6 A7

A3
A4

6.

Join A5 to B and draw a line through A7 Parallel

A5
A6

to A5 B intersecting the extended line segment

A7

AB at B '
7.

Ans.5
1.

Draw B ' C ' BC then AB ' C ' is the required triangle

Steps of construction

Draw ABC with BC = 8cm, AB = 6cm and


B = 90

F
A

2.

Draw perpendicular BD from B to AC

3.

Let O be the mid point of BC. Draw a circle

6cm

O'

with centre O and radius OB = OC. This

P
E

circle will pass through the point D


4.

Join AO and bisect AO

5.

Draw a circle with centre O ' and O ' A as

C
O 8cm

radius cuts the previous circle at B and P


6.

Join AP, AP and AB are required tangents drawn from A to the circle passing through
B,C and D.

82

Ans.6
1.

Steps of construction
Draw ABC with AB = 4cm, BC = 6cm and AC =
5cm.

2.

Draw any ray BX making an acute angle with BC


on the side opposite to the vertex A.

3.

Locate 3 points B1 , B2 and B3 on BX so that

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3
4.

Join B3C and draw B2C ' B3C

5.

Draw a line through C ' such that C ' A ' CA Then


A ' BC ' is the required triangle

83

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS-X Mathematics (Construction)

1.

Construct a ABC in which AB = 6.5cm B = 60 and BC = 5.5cm. Also construct a [6]


triangle ABC similar to ABC whose each side is

3
times the corresponding side
2

of the ABC
2.

Draw a triangle ABC with sides BC = 6.3cm. AB = 5.2cm and ABC = 60 Then [6]
construct a triangle whose sides are

3.

Draw a right ABC with AB = 4.5cm, AC = 7.5cm and B = 90 construct a similar [6]
triangle whose sides are

4.

4
times the corresponding sides of ABC
3

4
times the sides of ABC
5

Draw a circle of radius 6cm form a point 10cm away form its centre construct the [6]
pair of tangents to the circle and measure their length

5.

Draw a ABC with side BC = 7cm, B = 45 A = 105 then construct a triangle [6]
whose sides are

6.

4
times the corresponding sides of ABC
3

Draw a circle of radius 4cm take a point P outside the circle. Without using the [6]
centre of the circle draw two tangents to the circle form point P.

84

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS - Mathematics (Construction)

[ANSWERS]

Ans.1
1.

Steps of construction
Draw ABC in which AB = 6.5cm, B = 60 and BC
= 5.5cm

2.

Construct BAY

3.

Locate 3 points A1 , A2 , A3 on AY such that

AA1 = A1 A2 = A2 A3
4.

Join A2 to B and draw a line through A3 parallel to

A2 B intersecting the extended line segment AB at

B'
5.

Draw B ' C ' BC

6.

AB ' C ' is the required triangle

Ans.2
1.

Steps of construction

Draw ABC is which BC = 6.3cm, AB = 5.2cm

A'
A

ABC = 60

2.

Draw any ray BY making an acute angle with BC

3.

Locate 4 Points B1 , B2 , B3 , and B4 on BY

4.

Join B3C and draw B4C ' B3C

5.

Draw C ' A ' CA

6.

A ' BC ' is required triangle

6.3cm

B1
B2
B3
B4
Y

85

C'

Ans.3
1.

Steps of Construction
Draw ABC in which AB = 4.5cm, B = 90 and

AC = 7.5cm
2.

Draw any ray BY making an acute angle ABY

3.

Locate 5 points B1 , B2 , B3 , B4 , B5 on BY so that

7.

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4 = B4 B5
4.

Join B5 to A and draw B4 A ' B5 A

5.

Now draw A ' C ' AC

6.

Ans.4

A'

C'

m
5c

4.5cm

B
B1

B3

A ' BC ' is the required right triangle

B5

B2

B4

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a circle of radius 6cm

2.

Mark a point P at a distance 10cm from centre O and


Join OP

3.

Bisect the line segment OP Let M be the mid point of OP

4.

Taking M as centre and OM radius draw a circle to intersect the given circle at point
T and T '

5.

Join PT and PT'

6.

PT and PT' are required tangents and PT = PT' =8cm

Ans.5
1.

Steps of construction
Draw line segment BC = 7cm construct
B = 45 and C = 180 ( 45 + 105 ) = 30

2.

Suppose BX and CY intersect at A then ABC is


the given triangle

3.

Construct an acute angle CBZ

4.

Locate 4 points B1 , B2 , B3 , B4 on BZ such that

BB1 = B1 B2 = B2 B3 = B3 B4
5.

Join B3 to C and draw B4C ' B3C

6.

A ' BC ' is the required triangle

86

Ans.6

Steps of construction

1.

Draw a circle of radius 4cm

2.

Take a point P outside the circle and draw a


secant PAB meeting the circle at A and B.

3.

Produce AP to C such that AP = CP bisect CB


at Q

4.

Draw a semicircle with CB as diameter

5.

Draw PD CB meeting the semi circle at D

6.

With P as centre and PD as radius draw an are to meet the given circle at T and T'

7.

Join PT and PT' then PT and PT' are the requi9red tangents

87

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

2.

3.

4.

The circumference of a circular field is 528cm. Then its radius is


(a) 42cm

(b) 84cm

(c) 72cm

(d) 56cm

The circumference of a circle exceeds its diameter by 180cm. Then its radius is

(a) 32cm

(b) 36cm

(c) 40cm

(d) 42cm

Area of the sector of angle 60 of a circle with radius 10cm is

(a) 52

5
cm2
21

(b) 52

(c) 52

4
cm2
21

(d) none of there

[1]

[1]

[1]

8
cm 2
21

Area of a sector of angle P of a circle with radius R is

(a)

P
2 R
180

(b)

P
R2
180

(c)

P
2 R
360

(d)

P
2 R 2
720

[1]

5.

Find the circumference of a circle of diameter 14cm

6.

The diameter of a circular pond is 17.5m. It is surrounded by a path of width 3.5m. [2]

[2]

Find the area of the path.


7.

Find the area of a sector of a circle with radius 6cm. if angle of the sector is 60

88

[2]

8.

An arc of a circle is of length 5 cm and the sector is bounds has an area of 20 cm2

[2]

find the radius of the circle.


9.

The cost of fencing a circular field at the rate of Rs. 24 per metre is Rs. 5280. The [3]
field is to be ploughed at the rate of Rs. 0.50 Per m2. Find the cast of ploughing the
22

field. =
7

10.

The length of the minute hand of a clock is 14cm Find the area swept by the [3]

minute hand in 5 minutes


11.

An umbrella has 8 ribs which are equally spaced as given in the figure. Assuming [3]

umbrella to be a flat circle of radius 45cm. find the area between two consecutive
ribs of the umbrella.
12.

Find the area of the shaded region if PQ = 24cm PR = 7cm and

[3]

O is the centre of the circle.

13.

The area of an equilateral ABC is 1732.5cm2 with each centre of the triangle as [5]

vertex a circle is drawn with radius equal to half the length of the side of triangle
find the area of the shaded region. = 3.14 3 = 1.73205

89

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS - Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(D)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(D)

Ans5

d = 14cm
r = 7cm

Circumference = 2 r

= 2
Ans6

22
7 = 44cm
7

Diameter of pond = 17.5cm


R = 8.75m
Width = 3.5m
Outer radius = R = 8.75 + 3.5 = 12.25m
Now
Area of path = R 2 r 2

= [ R + r )( R r )
22
[12.25 + 8.75 )(12.25 8.75)
7
22
66 7
= 21 3.50 =
7
2
2
= 33 7 = 231m

Ans7

We know that
Area of sector =

360

r2

= 60, r = 6

90

Required area =

Ans8

60 22
2
( 6)
360 7

22 6 132
6
=
= 18 cm 2
7
7
7

Let r be the radius of the circle by the given condition, we have


Area of sector OAPB =

5
of the area of the circle
8

x
5
r 2 = 360
360
18

x = 100

Ans9

since for Rs. 24 The length of fencing = 1metre

for Rs 5280, the length of fencing =

1
5280 = 220m
24

Perimeter i.e. circumference of the field = 220m


Let r be radius of the field.

2 r = 220
2 22
220 7
r = 220 r =
7
40
= 5 7 = 35m

Area of the field = r 2 = r 2 = ( 35 ) = 1225 m 2


2

Rate = Rs 0.50 Per m2

Total cast of plareghing the field


Rs (1225 0.50 ) = Rs

1225 22 1
7 2

= Rs [175 11) = Rs1925

Ans10

Angle covered by minute hand in 60 minutes = 360

Angle covered in 1 minutes =

360
= 6
60

Angle covered in 5 minutes = 6 5


= 30

91

We know that area swept by the minute hand during this period
=Area of sector with sector angle 30

30 22
14 14
r ) =
(
360
360 7
2

22
22 7
28 =
7
3
1 2
= 51 cm
3
=

Ans11

Area between two consecutive ribs of the umbrella


= Area of the sector with angle

360
made at centre
8

360 / 8
2
( 45)
360
1 22
11
2
= ( 45) = 2025cm2
8 7
28
2
= 795.58cm nearly.
=

Ans12

Area of the shaded region


= Area of the semi-circle with O as centre and OQ as radius- ar of PQR.......(i )
Since QR is a diameter passing thro the centre O of the circle

RPQ = 90 [Angle of semi-circle]


QR 2 = PR 2 + PQ 2 = 7 2 + 242 = 49 + 576 = 625 = 252
QR = 25
diameter of the circle = 25cm
r=

25
cm
2

1
area of the semi circle = r 2
2
1 22 25 25
=
2 7 2 2
11 625 2
=
cm
28

92

Also area of PQR =

1
PR PQ
2

1
= 7 24 = 7 12
2
= 84cm 2
Hence area of the shaded region
11 625
11 625 84 28
84 =
28
28
6875 2352 4523
=
=
28
28
2
= 126.644cm
=

Ans13

Area of shaded region = area of ABC 3 (Area of sector BPR)


Let a be the side of the equilateral

3 2
1.73205 2
a = 17320.5 =
a = 17320.5
4
4
4 17320.5
a2 =
= 4 10000
1.73205
a = 2 100 = 200

2
60
Required area = 17320.5 3
(100 )
360

1
= 17320.5 3.14 10000
2
= 17320.5 1.57 10000
= 17320.5 15700 = 1620.5cm 2

93

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

If the sum of the circumferences of two circles with radii R1 and R2 is equal to the [1]
circumference of a circle of Radius R1 then

2.

3.

4.

5.

(a) R1 + R2 = R

(b) R1 + R2 > R

(c) R1 + R2 < R

(d) None of these

If the perimeter of a circle is equal to that of a square, then the ratio of their area is

(a) 22:7

(b) 14:11

(c) 7:22

(d) 11:14

Area of a sector of angle p 0 of a circle with radius R is


(a)

P
2 R
180

(b)

P
R2
180

(c)

P
2 R
360

(d)

P
2 R 2
720

Area of the sector of angle 60 of a circle with radius 10cm is


(a) 52

5
cm2
21

(b) 52

(c) 52

4
cm2
21

(d) none of there

[1]

[1]

[1]

8
cm2
21

Find the area of the shaded region where ABCD is a square of

[2]

side 14cm

6.

The radius of a radius of a circle is 20cm Three more concentric circles are drawn [2]
inside it in such a manner that it is divided into four parts of equal area. Find the
radius of the largest of the three concentric circle

94

7.

OACB is a quadrant of a circle with centre O and radius 7 cm. it

[2]

OD = 4cm, then find area of shaded region.

8.

A pendulum swings through on angle of 30 and describes an arc 8.8cm in length. [2]
Find the length of pendulum.

9.

The perimeter of a sector of a circle of radius 5.7m is 27.2m calculate.

[3]

(i) The length of arc of the sector in cm.


(ii) The area of the sector in cm2 correct to the nearest cm2
10.

Find the area of shaded region in the given fig. where ABCD

A
I

is a square of side 10cm and semi-circles are drawn with


each side of square as diameter. [ = 3.14]

II

IV
III
D

11.

10cm

Find the area of the shaded region where a circular are of

[3]
O

radius 6cm has been drawn with vertex O of an equilateral


triangle OAB of side 12cm as centre

12.

[3]

In the given fig. ABC is an equilateral triangle inscribed in a


circle of radius 4 cm and centre O. Show that the area of the

60

4
4 3 3 cm2
shaded region is
3

[3]

A
0

60

O
D

13.

The given fig depicts a racing track whose left and


right ends are semi circular the difference between
the two inner parallel line segments is 60m and
they are each 106m long. If the track is 10m wide find.
(i) The distance around the track along its inner edge
(ii) The area of the track.

95

[5]

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3.

(D)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5

Area of square ABCD = 14 14cm2

= 196cm 2
Diameter of each circle =
radius of each circle =

Ans6

14
= 7cm
2

7
cm
2

Let r be the radius of the largest of the three circles


Area of largest circle =

3
[area of given circle]
4

3
2
r 2 = ( 20 )
4
r 2 = 300
r = 300 = 10 3

Ans7

Area of quadrant OACB =

90
2
(7)
360

49 22 77 2

= cm
4 7
2

Area of shaded region = Area of quadrant


OACB ar of OAD

77 1
77
49
( 7 4) =
14 =
2 2
2
2
2
= 24.5cm
=

96

Ans8

Let r be the length of pendulum

AOB = 30 =

180

30 =

l
r
8.8
=
6
r
8.8 6
r=
= 16.8cm

30

Ans9

Let O be the centre of a circle of radius 5.7m and OACB be the given sector with
perimeter 27.2m
Then OA=OB=5.7m
Now OA + OB + arc AB = 27.2m
5.7 m + 5.7 m + arc AB = 27.2m
arc AB = 27.2 11.4 = 15.8m

Length of arc AB = 15.8m


(ii)

Area of sector OACB = radius arc


2

= 5.7 15.8 cm 2
2

2
= 45.03cm

Area of sector correct to nearest cm2 = 45cm2

Ans10

Area of region
I + II = area of ABCD area of two semicircles of each radius 5cm
1
= 10 10 2 52
2
= 100 25 = 100 25 3.14
= 21.5cm 2

Similarly area of II + ar IV = 21.5cm 2


Area of region I, II, III, and IV = 2 21.5 = 43cm2
Thus area of shaded region
= Area ABCD Area of (I, II, III, IV)

= 100 43 = 57cm2

97

Ans11

Area of shaded region


= Area of major sector OPLQO + Area of equilateral OAB

300
3
2
2
(6) +
(12 )
360
4
5 22
3
660

36 +
144 =
36 3 cm 2
6 7
4
3

Ans12

In OBD
sin 60 =

Let BD = a, OB = 4cm

BD
OB

3 9
=
2
4
4 3
a=
= 2 3cm
2

BC = 2a = 2 2 3 = 4 3cm
OD
1
= cos 60 OD = 4 = 2cm
4
2
Area of shaded region = Area of sector OBPC Area of OBC
120
1
42 4 3 2
360
2
4
= 4 3 3 cm 2
3
=

Ans13(i)

The distance3 around the track along the inner edge

= 106 + 106 + ( 30 + 30 )
= 212 +
=
(ii)

22
1320
60 = 212 +
7
7

2804
m
7

1
The area of the track = 106 80 106 60 + 2. 402 302
2

= 106 20 + ( 70 )(10 )
= 2120 + 700

22
= 2120 + 2200
7

= 4320m 2

98

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

2.

3.

The circumference of a circular field is 528 cm. Then its radius is

(a) 42cm

(b) 84cm

(c) 72cm

(d) 56cm

[1]

If the perimeter of a circle is equal to that of a square, then the ratio of their area is

(a) 22:7

(b) 14:11

(c) 7:22

(d) 11:14

Area of a sector of angle p of a circle with radius R is


(a)

P
2 R
180

(b)

P
R2
180

(c)

P
2 R
360

[1]

[1]
(d)

P
2 R 2
720

OR
(a)
4.

5.

2 RP
180

(b)

R2 P

(c)

180

2 RP
360

(d)

R2 P
360

Area of the sector of angle 60 of a circle with radius 10cm is

(a) 52

5
cm2
21

(b) 52

(c) 52

4
cm2
21

(d) none of these

[1]

8
cm2
21

The cost of fencing a circular field at the rate of Rs24 per metre is Rs 5280. The [2]

field is to be ploughed at the rate of Rs.0.50per m2 Find the cost of ploughing the
field. (Take r =
6.

22
)
7

Find the difference between the area of regular hexagonal plot each of whose side [2]
72m and the area of the circular swimming take in scribed in it. (Take r =

99

22
)
7

7.

In the given Fig. areas have been drawn of radius 21cm

[2]

each with vertices A,B,C, and D of quadrilateral ABCD


as centers. Find the area of the shaded region.

8.

Find the area of a sector of a circle with radius 6cm if angle of the sector is 60 .

9.

The radii of two circles are 8cm and 6cm respectively. Find the radius of the circle [3]

[2]

having its area equal to the sum of the areas of the two circles.
10.

A chord of a circle of radius 10cm subtends a right angle at the centre. Find the [3]
area of the corresponding: (Use = 3.14 )
(i) minor sector (ii) major sector (iii) minor segment (iv) major segment

11.

Find the area of the shaded region in the given figure where ABCD is a square of [3]

side 10cm and semi-circus are drawn with each side of the square as diameter.

( = 3.14 )
12.

Find the area of the shaded region where a circular are of radius 6cm has been [3]

drawn with vertex O of an equilateral triangle OAB of side 12cm as centre


13.

Three horses are tethered with 7 metre long ropes at the three corners of a [5]

triangle field having sides 20m, 34m. Find the area of the plot which can be grazed
by the horses. Also find the area of the plot which remains ungrazed.

100

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS X- Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3.

(D)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5. Since for Rs. 24, the length of fencing = 1metre


for Rs.5280, the length fencing =

1
5280 = 220 meters
24

Perimeter i.e circumference of the field = 220meters

Let r be the radius of the field 2 r = 220


area of the field = r 2 = ( 35 ) = 1225 m 2
2

Rate = Rs.0.50 per m2 total cost of ploughing the field


= Rs. (1225 0.50 ) = Rs.

= Rs. (175 11)

1225 22 1
7 2

= Rs.1925

Ans6. Side of hexagonal plot = 72m


Area of equilateral triangle
OAB =

3
3
2
2
( side ) = ( 72 ) = 1296 3m 2
4
4

Area of hexagonal plot = 6 Area of triangle OAB

= 6 1296 3 = 7776 (1.732 )


= 13468.032m 2
72
OC = OA = AC = ( 72 )
2
= 5184 1296 = 3888
2

101

Ans7 Required area = Area of the circle with radius 21 = r ( 21)

22
21 2cm1
7
= 22 63 = 1386cm 2
=

Ans8 We know that Area of sector =

360

r2

Here = 60, r = 6
required area =

60 22
2
(6)
360 7

60
A

1 22
= 36
6 7
22 6
=
7
132
6
=
= 18 cm 2
7
7

Ans9 A1 = Area of the first circle = r ( 8 ) = 64 cm 2


2

A2 = Area of the second circle = ( 6 ) = 36 cm 2


2

A1 + A2 = Total area = 64 + 36 = 100 cm 2


Let R be the radius of the circle with area A1 + A2
R 2 = 100 R 2 = 100 R = 10cm

Hence required radius = 10cm.

Ans10 (i) Area of minor sector =

360

r2

90 22
2
(10 )
360 7
1
= ( 3.14 )(100 )
4
314
=
= 78.50 = 78.5cm 2
4
=

102

(ii)

Area of major sector = Area of circle Area of minor sector


90
1
2
(10 ) = ( 3.14 )(100 ) ( 3.14 )(100 )
360
4
2
= 314 78.50 = 235.5cm

= (10 )
2

(iii)

We know that area of minor segment = Area of minor sector OAB Area of OAB

area of OAB = 2 ( OA )( OB ) sin AOB

= 1 ( OA )( OB )( AOB = 90 )

Area of sector = r 2

360
1
( 3.14 )(100 ) 50 = 25 ( 3.14 ) 50
4
= 78.50 50 = 28.5cm 2
=

(iv)

Area of major segment = Area of the circle Area of minor segment

= r (10 ) 25.5
2

= 100 ( 3.14 ) 28.5


= 314 28.5 = 285.5cm 2
Ans11 Let us mark the four unshaved regions as I, II, III and IV
Thus area of I + Area of III = Area of ABCD Area of two semi circle of each of radius 5
cm

1
= 10 10 2 52
2
= 100 25 = 100 25 3.14
= 100 78.50
= 21.5cm 2

Similarly area of II + area of IV = 21.5cm2


Hence area of the unshaded region i.e
I, II, III, IV
= 2(21.5)=45cm2
Thus area of the shaded region
= Area ABCD Area of (I,II,III and IV) = 100-43 = 57cm2

103

Ans12 Area of the shaded region = Area of major sector OP L QO + Area of equilateral
triangle OAB
area of equilateral triangle with side
300
3
2
2
=
(6) +
(12 )
3 2
360
4
a=
a and POQ 300
4

5 22
3
= 36
144
6 7
4
660

=
+ 36 3 cm 2
7

Ans13 Let A = 1 , B = 2 and C = 3


Area which can be grazed by three horses = Area of sector with central angle 1 and
radius 7 cm + Area of sector with central angle 2 and radius 7 cm + Area of sector
with central angle 3 and radius 7cm

r 21 r 2 2 r23

+
+
360
360
360
r2
C1 + 2 + 3
=
360
r2
=
180
360

Sum of three angles of a = 180

22 7 7 180

= 77m2
7
360

Sides of plot ABC are a = 20cm, b = 34m and c = 42m


semi perimeter, s =

20 + 34 + 42
= 48m
2

Are of triangular plot = Area of ABC = s ( s a )( s b )( s c )

= 48 28 14 6
= 336m2
Area grazed by the horses = 77m2

ungrazed area = (336-77)

= 259m2

104

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

2.

The area of a circle is 394.24cm2. Then the radius of the circle is

(a) 11.4cm

(b) 11.3cm

(c) 11.2cm

(d) 11.1cm

[1]

If the sum of the areas of two circles with radii R1 and R2 is equal to the area of a [1]

circle of radius R, then

3.

4.

(a) R1 + R2 = R

(b) R12 + R2 2 = R 2

(c) R1 + R2 < R

(d) R 21 + R2 2 < R 2

Circumfuse of a sector of angle P of a circle with radius R is

(a)

P
2 R
180

(b)

P
R2
180

(c)

P
2 R
360

(d)

P
2 R 2
720

[1]

If the perimeter and area of circle are numerically equal, then the radius of the [1]
circle is

5.

(a) 2 units

(b) units

(c) 4 units

(d) 7 units

A wheel has diameter 84cm. find how many complete revolutions it must make to [2]

cones 792 meters.


6.

The given figure is a sector of a circle of radius 10.5cm. Find

the perimeter of the sector. (Take =

22
)
7

[2]

A
0

60

105

7.

A car had two wipers which do not overlap. Each wiper has a blade of length 25cm [2]

sweeping though an angle of 115 . Find the total area cleaned at each sweep of the
blades.
8.

In the given Fig arcs have been drawn with radii 14 cm each and

[2]

with centres P, Q and R. find the area of the shaped region

9.

In Akshitas house there is a flower pot. The sum of radii of circular top and bottom [3]

of a flowerpot is 140 on and the difference of their circumference is 88cm. find the
diameter of the circular top and bottom.
10.

A chord of a circle of radius 15cm subtends an angle of 60 at the

[3]

centre. Find the area of the corresponding minor and major


segments of the circle. (use = 3.14 and

11.

3 = 1.73 )

Find the area of the shaded region of the two concentric circles

[3]

with centre O are 7cm and 14cm respectively and AOC = 40

12.

From each corner of a square of side 4cm, a quadrant of a

[3]

circle of radius 1 cm is cut and also a circle of diameter 2cm


is cut as shown in the figure. Find the area of the remaining
portion of the square.

13.

In given figure, two circular flower beds have been shown on two
sides of a square lawn ABCD of side 56m. If the corner of each
circular flower bed is the point of enter section O of the diagonals of
the square lawn. Find the sum of the areas of the lawn and the
flower beds.

106

[5]

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS X- Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5

Diameter, 2r = 84cm
Distance covered in one revolution= circumference = 2 r = ( 2r ) =

22
84
7

= 22 12 = 264cm

Thus for distance covered 264cm, number of revolution = 1


for distance covered 792 metres = 79200cm
number of revolutions =

Ans6

1
79200 = 300
264

We know that circumference i.e, perimeter of a sector of angle P of a circle


with radius R

P
2 R + 2r
360

required perimeter

60

60 2 22

(10.5 ) + 2 (10.5 )
360
7
1 44 21
= + 21
6 7 2
= 32cm
=

Ans7

Radius of each wiper = 25cm Angle = 115 = 115


Total area cleaned at each sweep of the blades =

115 22

2
25 25 Area =
r2
360
360 7

107

230 22 5 25 230 11125


=
72 7
36 7

115 11125
18 7
158125 2
=
cm
126
= 1254.96cm 2
=

Ans8

Area of shaded region =

r2
360

180

22 (14 )
=
= 11 2 14
7
2
2

= 22 14
= 308cm 2

Ans9

Sum of radii of circular top and bottom = 140cm


Let radius of top = r cm radius of bottom = (140 r ) cm
Circumference of top = 2 rcm circumference of bottom = 2 (140 r ) cm
Difference of circumference = 2 r 2 (140 r ) cm
By the given condition = 2 r 2 (140 r ) = 88
44
88 22
2 [ r 140 + r ] = 88 2r 140 =
=
= 14
2r
7
154
2r = 140 + 14 154 r =
= 77
2
Radius of top = 77cm
Diameter of top = 22 77 = 154cm

Radius of bottom = 140-r=140-77=63cm


Diameter of bottom = 2 63

= 126cm

Ans10

We know that area of minor segment = Area of minor sector OAB area of
OAB

108

(1.73) 225
60
3
1
2
2
(15 )
(15 ) = ( 3.14 )( 225 )
( )
360
4
6
4

[ OAB is an equilaterl triangle]


(1.73)( 225)
= (1.57 )( 75 )
4
= 117.75 97.3125 = 20.4375cm 2

Again, area of major segment = Area of the circle area of minor segment
= r (15 ) 20.4375
2

= ( 3.14 )( 225 ) 20.4375


= 706.5 20.4375
= 686.0625cm 2

Ans11

Area of the shaded region


= area of sector OAC area of sector OBD
4
40

2
2
(14 )
( 7 ) = (196 49 )
360
360
9
22
22 21 22 7
=
147 =
=
79
9
3
154 2
=
cm
3
1
= 51 cm 2
3
=

Ans12

Area of the shaded region = Area of square ABCD -4


(area of quadrant of a circle with radius 1) - (1)

1
2
2
= 4 4 4. (1) (1) = 16 = 16 2
4
( radius of the circle = 1cm)

= 16

Ans13

2 22 112 44 68 2
=
= cm
7
7
7

Area of the square lawn ABCD = 56 56m 2 ......(i )


Let OA = OB = x meter
By Pythagoras theorem

109

x 2 + x 2 = 562 2 x 2 = 56 56 x 2 = 28 56........(ii)
Again area of sector OAB =

90
1
x2 = r 2
360
4

1 22
= 28 56m 2 ........(iii )[ From(ii)]
4 7
1
Also area of OAB 56 56m 2
4
[Here AOB = 90. since square ABCD is divided into 4 right triangles]
1
1 22

area of flowerbed AB 28 56 56 56 m 2 ( from3 & 4 ) .........(iv)


4
7
4

1
22

= 28 56 2
4
7

7 56 8
=
7
= 448m 2 ..........(v)

Similarly area of the other flowerbed = 448m2


Total area of the lawn and the flowerbeds =
56 56 + 448 + 448

= 3136 + 896
= 4032m 2

110

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS-X Mathematics (Area related to circle)

1.

2.

3.

The radius of a circle is

cm them the area of the circle is

49

(a) 154cm 2

(b)

(c) 22 cm2

(d) 49 cm2

[1]

cm2

Area of a sector of angle P of a circle with radius R is

(a)

P
2 R
180

(b)

P
R2
180

(c)

P
2 R
360

(d)

P
2 R 2
720

[1]

The diameter of a circle whose area is equal to the sum of the area of the two [1]

circles of radii 24cm and 7cm is


(a) 31cm
(c) 62cm
4.

5.

(b) 25cm
(d) 50cm

The circumference a circle is 528cm. Then its area is

(a) 22,176 cm2

(b) 22,576 cm2

(c) 23,176 cm2

(d) 24,576 cm2

[1]

The radii of two circles are 19cm and 9cm respectively. Find the radius of the [2]

circle which has its circumference equal to the sum of the circumference of the two
circles
6.

A car travels 0.99km distance in which each wheel makes 450 complete [2]

revolutions. Find the radius of its wheel


7.

A sector is cut from a circle of diameter 21cm. if the angle of the sector is 150 find [2]

its area

111

8.

In the given figure AOBCA represent a quadrant of area

[2]

9.625 cm2 . Calculate the area of the shaded portion.

9.

The length of the minute hand of clock is 14cm. Find the area swept by the minute [3]

hand is 5 minutes
10.

A round table cover has six equal designs as shown is the

[3]

figure. If the radius of the cover is 28cm. find the cost of


making the design at the rate of Rs.0.35 per cm2 (use

3 = 1.7 )
11.

Find the area of the shaded region where ABCD is a square of

[3]

side 14cm

12.

ABCD is a flower bed If OA = 21m and DC = 14m. Find the area

[3]

of the bed

13.

An elastic belt is placed round the rein of a pulley

of radius 5cm. one point on the belt is pulled


directly away from the centre O of the pulley until
it is at P, 10cm from O. Find the length of the best
that is in contact with the rim of the pulley. Also
find the shaded area.

112

[5]

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS X - Mathematics (Area related to circle)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(D)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5

C1 = circumference of the 1st circle = 2 (19) = 38 cm


C2 = circumference of the 2nd circle = 2 (19) = 18 cm
C1 C2 = 38 + 18
= 56 cm

Ans6

Distance travelled by a wheel in 450 complete revolutions = 0.99 kms


= 990m.
Distance travelled in one revolution =

990 11
= m
450 5

Let r be the radius of the wheel


11
5
22
11
2 r =
7
5
7
r =
m
20
7 100
=
20
= 35m

2 r =

Ans7

We have
= 21cm radius =

21
cm Angle of sector = 150
2

113

150 22 21
Area of the sector = A =
r =

360
360 7 2

Ans8

5 22 21 21 5 11 21
=
= 144.38cm2
12 7 2 2
4 2

Required are 9 = Area of quadrant OAB-Area of OAB

1
1
2
= ( 3.5 ) ( 2 )( 3.5 )
4
2
1 22 7 7 7
= .
4 7 2 2 2
77 7 77 28
=
=
8 2
8
49
=
= 6.125cm 2
8

Ans9

Angle covered by minute hand in 60 minutes = 360


Angle covered in 1 minute =

360
= 6
60

Angle covered in 5 minutes = 6 5 = 30

We know that area swept by the minute hand during this period
= Area of the sector with sector angle 30

30 22
14 14 [ r = 14cm ]
r ) =
(
360
360 7
2

22
22 7
28 =
12
3
154
1
=
= 51 cm 2
3
3
=

Ans10

Area of one design =

60
2
( 28 ) - area of OAB
360

( 28 ) - area of equilateral OAB


2

3
2
( 28)
6
4
3
2
= ( 28 )

6 4
=

( 28 )
2

114

[Area of equilateral triangle with side a =

3 2
a ]
4

1.7
2 22
= ( 28 )

7 4
17
2 22
Total cost = 6 ( 28 ) 0.35
42
40

11 17 21 ( 28 ) 440 357
= 21 ( 28 ) =

100
21 40
21 40
2

28 28 83 7 28 83
=
40
1000

Rs.16.268cm2

Ans11

Area of square ABCD = 14 14cm2196cm2


Diameter of each circle =

14
= 7cm
2

radius of each circle =

7
cm
2

area of one circle = r 2 =

22 7 7 2 154 77 2
cm =
= cm
7 2 2
4
2

area of the four circles = 4

Ans12

77 2
cm = 154cm 2
2

Here OA = R = 21m and OC = r = 14m


Area of the flower bed (i.e. shaded portion)

= area of quadrant of a circle of radius R of the quadrant of a circle of radius r.


1
1

= R2 r 2 = ( R2 r 2 )
4
4
4
1 22
2
2
= ( 21) (14 ) m 2
[ R = 21m and r = 14m]

4 7

1 22
= ( 21 14 )( 21 14 ) m 2
4 7
1 22
= 35 7 m 2
4 7
= 192.5m 2

115

Ans13

cos =

OA 5 1
= =
OP 10 2

= 60
AOB = 20 = 120
Arc AB =
=

10
cm
3

120 2 5
cm
360

l = 360 2 r

Length of the belt that is in contact with the rim of the pulley
= Circumference of the rim length of arc AB =
2 5cm
=

10
cm
3

20
cm
3

Now area of sector OAQB =

120
25
52 cm = cm 2
360
3

2
since Area = 360 r

Area of quadrilateral OAPB = 2 ( Area of OAP ) = 25 3cm2


AP = 100 25 = 75 = 5 3cm

Hence shaded area = 25 3

25

25
3 3 cm 2
3

116

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1.

A man standing on the deck of a ship, which is 10m above the water level, observes [1]
the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60 and the angle of depression of the
base of the hill as 30 . Calculate the distance of the hill from the ship and the
height of the hill

2.

A boy is standing on the ground and flying a kite with 100m of string at an [1]
elevation of 30 Another boy is standing on the roof of a 20m high building and is
flying his kite at an elevation of 45 . Both the boys are on the opposite sides of
both the kites. Find the length of the string that the second boy must have so that
the two kites meet.

3.

The angle of elevation of the top Q of a vertical tower PQ from a point X on the [1]
ground is 60 . At a point Y 40m vertically above X, the angle of elevation is 45 find
the height of the tower PQ and the distance XQ.

4.

At the foot of a mountain the elevation of its summit is 45 . After ascending 1000m [1]
towards the mountain up a slope of 30 inclination, the elevation is found to be
60 . Find the height of the mountain.

5.

A round balloon of radius r subtends an angle at the eye of the observer while [2]
the angle of the elevation of its centre is . Prove that the height of the centre the
balloon is r sin cosec

117

6.

An areoplane flying horizontally 1 km above the ground is observed at an [2]


elevation of 60 . After 10 seconds, its elevation is observed to 30 . Find the speed
of the areoplane in km/hr.

7.

From a window (h m high above the ground) of a house in a street, the angles of [2]
elevation and depression of the top and foot of another house on the opposite side
of the street are and respectively show that the height of the opposite house is

h (1 + tan .cot ) m.
8.

A ladder rests against a wall at an angle to the horizontal. Its foot is pulled away [2]
from the wall through a distance a so that it slides a distance b down the wall
making an angle with the horizontal. Show that

9.

a cos cos
=
b sin sin

A girl who is 1.2 m tall, spots a balloon moving with the wind in a horizontal line at [3]
a height of 88.2m from the ground. The angle of elevation of the balloon from the
eye of the girl at any instant is 60 . After some time, the angle of elevation reduces
to 30 . Find the distance travelled by the balloon during the interval.

10.

From the top of a tower 96m high, the angles of depression of two cars on a road at [3]
the same level as the base of the tower and on same side of it are and , where

tan =

3
1
and tan = . Find the distance between the two cars.
4
3

118

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS X Mathematics (Height and Distance)
[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

Let AB be the ship and CD be the hill.


Let BD = xm in right ABD

10
= tan 30
x

10 1
=
x
3

60

30
10m

x = 10 3m

10
0

In right CEA

30
B

h
= tan 60
AE

D
x

h
3
=
1
10 3
h = 30m

Height of the hill = h + 10


=30+10 =40m.

Ans2.

AE= 100m (Given) and DC= 20m (Given)


Let EF = hm
In right ABE

h + 20
= sin 30
100

h + 20 1
=
100
2
h = 30m

0m
10

Now in right EFD

h
= sin 45
ED

45

D
20m

20m

30
A

30
1
=
ED
2
ED = 30 2m

119

Ans3.

In right QRY

QR
= tan 45
x
QR 1
=
x 1
QR = x

In right QPX
Q

x + 40
= tan 60
x
3
x + 40
=
1
x
3 x = x + 40
40
3 1

x=

40
3 +1

3 1
3 +1

45

x=

x = 20

x
Y

3 +1

40
0

60
X
x

= 54.64
PQ = x + 40
= 54.64 + 40

= 94.64m

In right QPX

x + 40
= sin 60
XQ
54.64 + 40
3
=
XQ
2
XQ = 109.3m

Ans4.

In right OEC

CE
= cos 30
1000
OE 1
=
1000 2
OE = 500m

120

In right ADO

h 500
= tan 60
OD

h-500

h 500
3
=
OD
1
h 500
OD =
3
0

In right ABC
= tan 45

1000

45

500

h 500
500 3 +
3

60
500

30

500

3h
1
=
1500 + h 500 1

3h = 1000 + h
100
3 1
h = 1369.86m
h=

Ans5.

In right OBD
OD

= cos ec
r
2
OD = r cos ec

In right OCD
OC
= Sin
OD
OC
sin
=

1
r cos ec
2
OC = r sin .cos ec

121

Ans6.

In right ACE
AC
= tan 60
x
1
3
=
x
1
1
x=
m
3

1km

In right BDE

1
= tan 30
x+ y
1
1
=
1
3
+y
3

60
E

1km

30

3
1
=
1+ 3y
3

1+ 3y = 3

y=

2
km
3

Speed =

distance
time

2
= 3
10
3600
= 240 3km / hr.

Ans7.

Let DE = hm
DC = xm

In right EDC

h
= tan
x
h
= x......(i )
tan

hm

D
x

In right ABE

122

H
= tan
x
H
= tan [from (i)
h
tan
H tan = h tan
H = h tan .cot
AC = H + h

= h tan .cot + h
= h ( tan .cot + 1)

Hence Proved

Ans8.

In right ACD

b+h
x
= sin and = cos
l
l

Similarly in right BCE


h
a+x
, cos =
l
l
cos cos
R.H .S =
sin sin

Sin =

x a+ x xa x

a
l =
l
= l
=
h b + h h b h b

l
l
l

In right HEF
87
= tan 60
x
87
3
=
x
1
87
x=
3
x=

87
3

3
3

123

Hence Proved

Ans9.

C
x

87 3
3

= 29 3m

87

In right GDF
87
= tan 30
x+ y
87
1
=
29 3 + y
3

87

88.2m
0

30 60

1.2m

1.2m

y = 87 3 29 3

= 58 3m

Ans10.

In right ABC
96
= tan
x
96 3
=
x 4
96 4
3
x=
[tan =
3
4
x = 32 4

96m

x = 128m

In right ABD

96
= tan
x+ y
96
1
1
= [ tan =
x+ y 3
3
96
1
=
128 + y 3
128 + y = 228
y = 288 128
y = 160m

124

B
X

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


Class X Mathematics (Height and Distance)
1.

If the angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at distances a and b [1]
from the base and in the same straight line with it are complementary then the
height of the tower is
(a)
(c)

2.

(b) ab

ab
a
b

(d)

a
b

If the height of tower is half the height of the flagstaff on it and the angle of

[1]

elevation of the top of the tower as seen from a point on the ground is 30 then the
angle of elevation of the top of the flagstaff as seen from the same point is

3.

(a) 30

(b)45

(c) 60

(d) 90

As observed from the top of a 75m tall lighthouse the angles of depression of two [1]
ships are 30 and 45 . If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of
the light hours, then distance between the two ships is
(a) 75

(c) 75

4.

3 1

(b) 75 3

(d)

75
3

The angle of elevation of the top a building from the foot of the tower is 30 and [1]
the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60 if
the tower is 50m high then the height of the building is

125

5.

(a) 50

(b)

50
3

(c) 50 3

(d)

50
3

A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and surmounted by vertical flagstaff [2]
of height h. At a point on the plane, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the
top of the flagstaff are and respectively prove that the height of the tower is
[

6.

h tan
]
tan tan

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower at a point on the level ground is 30

[2]

after walking a distance of 100m towards the foot of the tower along the
horizontal line through the foot of the tower on the same level ground the angle of
elevation to the top of the tower is 60 find the height of the tower
7.

As observed from the top of light house 100m high above sea lever the angle of [2]
depression of a ship sailing directly towards it changes from 30 to 60
Determine the distance travelled by the ship during the period of observation (use
3 = 1.732 )

8.

The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points P and Q at distances [2]
of a and b respectively from the base and in the same straight line with are
complementary prove that the height of the tower is

126

ab where a>b

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)
[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3

(A)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

Let AB = Height of tower = H = ?


Let BC = Height of flagstaff = h
In right angle triangle OAB and OAC
x
= cot
H
x = H cot
x
And
= cot x = ( H + h ) cot
H +h
Equating value of x we get
H cot = ( H + h ) cot

C
Flag Staff
h
B

H ( cot cot ) = h cot


H=

Ans6.

H Tower

h cot
cot cot

In BCD ,

h
= tan 60 = 3
x

h = 3 x .......(i )

In ACD,

D (Top of Tower)

h
1
= tan 30 =
100 + x
3

h=?

h 3 = 100 + x
60

30
A
Ground

h 3
= 100
3

3 1
h
= 100
3
=h=

h
h 3 = 100 +
3

100 3
= 50 3 = 50 1.732 = 86.6m
2

127

100m

Ans7.

Let PQ be the light house such that PQ = 100m. Let A.B be the positions of ship
when the angle of depression changes from 30 to 60 respectively
Let AB = xm and BP = y
Q
From right angled APQ
0
30

100
1
= tan 30 =
x + y = 100 3........(i )
x+ y
3
From right angled triangle BPQ
100
= tan 30 = 3
y
100 100
y =
=
3.......(ii)
3
3

60

h=?

60

30
A

From (i) and (ii)


100
x+
3 = 100 3cm
3
Ans8.

Let AB be tower of height h. let P and Q be the given points in the same straight
line with the foot B of the tower
Let BP = a, BQ = b
APB = Q, AQB = 90
From right angle APB
h
= tan
a
h = a tan .......(i )

From right angle AQB

h
= tan ( 90 )
b
h
= cot
b
b
h = b cot =
..........(ii)
tan
Multiplying (i) and (ii) we get

90-
B
Q

h 2 = ab
h = ab

128

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


ClassX Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1.

A 1.6m tall girl stands at a distance of 3.2m from a lamp post and casts a shadow of
4.8m on the ground then the height of the lamp post is
[1]
8
3
8
(b)
(c) 8 3
(d)
(a)
3
8
13

2.

A tree breaks due to storm and broken part bends so that the top of the tree
touches the ground making an angle of 30 with ground. If the distance between
the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8m then the
height of the tree is
8
3
8
(a)
(b)
(c) 8 3
(d)
3
8
3

3.

The angle of elevation of the sum when the length of the shadow of
a pole is 3 times the height of the pole is
(b) 45
(a) 30
(c) 60
(d) 75

[1]

[1]

4.

Shadow

From the fig find the angle of elevation


(a) 30
(b) 60
(c) 45
(d) 75

[1]

50 3

50

5.

An aeroplane flying horizontally at a height of 1.5 km above the ground is [2]


observed at a certain point on the earth to subtend an angle of 60 . After 15
seconds., its angle of elevation is observed to be 30 calculate the speed of aero
plane in km/hr.

6.

A man is standing on the deck of a ship which is 25m above water level. He [2]
observes the angle of elevation of the top of a lighthouse as 60 and the angle of
depression of the base of the light house as 45 calculate the height of the
lighthouse

7.

An aeroplane when flying at a height of 3125 m form the ground passes vertically [2]
below another plane at an instant when the angle of elevation of the two planes
from the same point on the ground are 30 and 60 respectively. Find the
distance between the two planes at that instant

8.

A boy standing on a horizontal plane finds a bird flying at a distance of 100 m from [2]
him at an elevation of 30 . A girl standing on the roof of 20m high building finds
the angle of elevation of the same bird to be 45 . Both the boy and the girl are on
opposite side of the bird. Find the distance of the bird from the girl.

129

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5. Let O be the observation point let A be the position of aero plane such that
AOC = 60 and AC = 1.5km = BD

Let B the position of aero plane after 15 seconds.


BOD = 30, OC = xkm, CD = ykm

In right OCA
x=

x
1
= cot 60 =
1.5
3

1.5
3

15
3
=
.......(i )
2
10 3
In right ADB
x+ y
= cot 30 = 3
1.5

x=

m
5k
1.1

x + y = 3 (1.5 )

60

3
x + y = 3 .......(ii )
2
eq.(ii ) eq.(i )

30

3 3
3
3

= ( 3 1)
= 3
2
2
2
Distance covered in 15 seconds y = 3km
y=

Distance covered in 1 second =

3
km
15

Distance covered in 3600 seconds =

3
3600 = 240 3km
15

130

Ans6. H = Height of lighthouse = h + 25 .(i)


x
In right ADC
= cot 45 = 1
25
x = 25m
x
1
In right ADE = cot 60 =
h
3
25 1

=
h = 25 3
h
3
Now H = h + 25 = 25 3 + 25
= 25

60
45

3 +1 m

H=height of lighthouse

h
0

x
B

Ans7. Let A1 and A2 be the positions of the two aero planes


Let A1 A2 = x ?
And OM = y
y
= cot 30 = 3
3125
y = ( 3125 ) 3.......(i )
y
1
= cot 60 =
3125 + x
3
( 3125 ) 3 = 1

3125 + x
3

A1
x

Also

A2
3125m

60

3125 + x = ( 3125 )( 3)

30

x = 3125 ( 3 1) = 3125 2 = 6250m

A (bird)

10

0m

Ans8. Positions of bird at A, boy at P and girl at are as shown in figure


In ABP
AB
1
= sin 30 =
100
2
100
AD =
= 50m
2
Also BC = DQ = 20m
AC = AB BC = 50 20 = 30m
AC
In ACQ
= sin 45
AQ
30
1

=
AQ = 30 2m
AQ
2
P (Boy)
Hence the bird is 30 2 m away from the
girl.

131

45
20m
B

20m
D

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


Class X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1.

A person walking 20m towards a chimney in a horizontal line through its bare [1]
observer that its angle of elevation changes from 30 to 45 then height of
chimney is
20
20
(b)
(c) 20 3 1
(d) 20 3 + 1
(a)
3 +1
3 1

2.

Find height of the tower if length of shadow = 10m suns altitude = 45


(a) 10m
(b) 12m
(c) 20m
(d) none of these

3.

If the angles of elevation of a tower from two points at distances a and b where a>b [1]

[1]

From its foot and in the same straight line from it are 30 and 60 then height of
the tower is
a
(a) a + b
(b) ab
(c) a b
(d)
b
4.

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground which is [1]
30m away from the foot of the tower is 30 , the height of tower is
10
(a) 10
(b) 10 3
(c)
(d) 3 10
3

5.

At a point on level ground, the angle of a elevation of a vertical tower is found to be


5
, on walking 19.2m to wards the tower, the tangent of
such that its tangent is
12
3
the angle of elevation is . Find the height of tower
4

[2]

6.

From the top of a building 60m high, the angles of depression of the top and [2]
bottom of a vertical lamp post are observed to be 30 and 60 respectively. Find
(i) the horizontal distance between the building and the lamp post
(ii) The height of the lamp post [Take 3 = 1.732 ]

7.

A man standing on the deck of a ship which is 10m above the water level observes [2]
the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60 and the angle of depression of the
base of the hill as 30 calculate the distance of the hill from the ship and the height
of the hill

8.

The angle of elevation of a jet-plane from a point P on the ground is 60 . After a [2]
flight of 15 seconds the angle of elevation (change to 30 ). If the jet plane is flying
at a constant height of1500 3 find the speed of the jet plane is km/hour

132

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)
[ANSWERS]
(B)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

Suppose height of tower is h mtr


In ABD
h 3
tan = = ......(i)
x 4
In ABC
h
tan =
192 + x
h
5
= ........(ii )
192 + x 12
(i ) (ii )
h
3
x
= 4 x = 240
5
h
192 + x 12

Ans6.

192

Suppose height of lamppost h mtr.


In DEB
x
= cot 30 = 3
60 h
x = ( 60 h ) 3........(i)
In right CAB

x
1
= cot 60 =
60
3

30

60
0

30

(6
0h)

Ans1.

60m

h
h

60
3

= 20 3
3
3
x = 20 (1.732 ) = 34.64m..........(ii )
By eq. (i) and (ii)
(60-h) 3 =20 3
60 h = 20
h = 40m

x=

60
C

133

Ans7.

Let H= Height of hill CE = CD + DE


= 10 + h........(i )
In right ADE
x
1
=
10
3

h
Hill = H
0

60

h
x=
3
In right ADC

x
= cot 30
10

10

3 x = 10 3
Equating the values of x, we wet
h
= 10 3 h = 30cm
3
From H = 10 + h = 10+30 = 40m
And x = distance of hill from ship = 10 3

Ans8.

30

10

Let A be the point on the ground E is the position of aero plane such that
EAD = 60 and ED = 1500 3 = CB
C is the position of plane after 15 sec.
CAB = 30, AB = x, AD = y
x
In right ABC.
= cot 30
E
C
1500 3
x
= 3
1500 3
x = 4500m
1500 3m
y
0
60
In ADE
= cot 60
0
1500 3
30
B
y
1
A
D
y
=
X
1500 3
3
y = 1500m
Distance BD = x y = 4500 1500 = 3000m
D
S=
T
3000
Speed =
= 200m / sec
15
200 3600
=
= 200km / hr.
1000

134

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


Class X Mathematics (Height and Distance)

1.

If height of the tower = shadow of the tower then angle of elevation


(a) 30
(b) 45
(c) 60
(d) 90

2.

If length of shadow = 20m and angle of elevation = 60 . Then height of tower.


20
(a) 20m
(b) 20 2m
(c)
(d) 20 3m
m
3

[1]

[1]

3.

A little boy is flying a kite. The string of kite makes an angle of 30 with the [1]
ground. If length of the kite is h = 21m then length of string
(a) 63m
(b) 42m
(c)35m
(d) 21m

4.

Line joining on eye and the object to be viewed is called


(a) Horizontal (b) line of sight
(c) Vertical line

5.

[1]

(d) None of these

A pole 5m high is fixed on the top of a tower. The angle of elevation of the top of [2]
pole observed from a point A on the ground is 60 and the angle of depression of
the point A from the top of the tower is 45 . Find the height of the tower. (Take

3 = 1.732 )
6.

Form a window 15m high above the ground in a street. The angles of elevation and [2]
depression of the top and foot of another house on the apposite side of the street
are 30 and 45 respectively. Show that the height of the apposite house is

23.66m [Take

3 = 1.732 ]

7.

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower as observed from a point on the ground [2]
is ' ' and on moving a metre towards the tower. The angle of elevation is
a tan tan
' ' prove that height of tower is
tan tan

8.

A TV tower stands vertically on a bank of a canal. From a point on the other bank [2]
of a canal. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of
elevation of the top of the tower is 60 from a point 20m away from this point on
the same back the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30 . Find the height
of the tower and the width of the canal.

135

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


Class - X Mathematics (Height and Distance)
[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(D)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

In ADB
AD
= cot 45
h
AD
=1
h
AD = h
C

In ADC

Pole

AD
1
= cot 60 =
h+5
3

Horizontal
B
0

45

h
1
=
h+5
3

[ AD = h]

3 1 h

5 3 + 1 5 (1.732 + 1)
h=
=

3 1
3 1 3 + 1
= 6.83m
Ans6.

60

45

h + 5 = 3h
5=

Tower

Suppose AE = hm and BC = xm
Then AB = (15 + h ) m
In AED

136

tan 30 =

h
x

1
h
=
3 x

x = 3h.........(i)

30
D

In DEB

E
0

45

x
15m

15m

tan 45 =

15
x

B
C

15
1=
x
x = 15m

Then h =

h=

15
3

by.......(i )
3
3

15 3
= 5 3m
3

Height of another house


= 15 + 5 3 = 15 + 5 1.732
= 15 + 8.660
= 23.66m

Ans7.

Let AB b tower and height of tower = hm

In ABC
tan =
x=

h
x

h
Tower

h
.........(i )
tan

In ABD
D

137

h
x+a
h = ( x + a ) tan
tan =

+ a tan by ..........(i )
h=
tan

h=

h tan
+ a tan
tan

h tan = h tan + a tan tan


h ( tan tan ) = a tan tan
h=

Ans8.

a tan tan
tan tan

Let h be the height of tower and x be the width of the river


In ABC

h
= tan 60
x

h = 3x
h
In ABD, + 20 = tan 30
x
=

h
x + 20
=h=
.........(ii)
3
3

Equating (i) and (ii)


x + 20
3
3 x = x + 20
3x =

60

30
D

C
20

2 x = 20
x = 10m

Put x = 10 in (i) h = 3 x
h = 10 3m

138

B
x

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

The distance between the point ( a, b ) , ( a, b ) is

(a)
2.

(b )

21

(c)

(d )

a 2 + b2

a+b

32

(c)

(d )

24

[1]

25

The point ( 5, 3) lies in


(a) 1st quadrant

4.

2 a2 b2

The area of whose vertices are (1, 1) , ( 4, 6 ) and ( 3, 5 ) is

(a)
3.

(b)

2 a2 + b2

[1]

[1]

(b) 2nd quadrant

(c) 3rd quadrant

(d) 4th quadrant

The distance between the points ( Cos , Sin ) and ( Sin , Cos ) is

(a)

(b )

(c) 1

(d )

[1]

5.

Find the distance between the point A ( at12 , 2at1 ) B ( at2 2 , 2at2 )

[2]

6.

Determine if the points (1,5 ) , ( 2,3) and ( 2, 11) collinear

[2]

7.

If A ( 3, 2 ) , B ( a, b ) and C ( 1, 4 ) are the vertices of a isosceles show that [3]


a + b = 1, if AB = BC

8.

Find the value of P if the point A ( 0, 2 ) is equidistant from ( 3, p ) and ( p,3)

[3]

9.

Find the centroid of the whose vertices are ( 4, 8 )( 9, 7 ) and ( 8,13)

[3]

10.

If the points

( x, y ) is

( a + b, b a ) and ( a b, a + b )

[4]

( 2, 2 ) , ( x,8 ) and ( 6, y ) are three concyclic points whose centre is ( 2,5) . Find the

[4]

equidistant from the points

prove that bx = ay
11.

possible value of x and y.


12.

Find the vertices of the the mid points of whose sides are ( 3,1) , ( 5, 6 ) and ( 3, 2 )

139

[4]

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

(d)

Ans4.

(d)

Ans5.

AB =

(at

2
2

at12

) + (2at
2

2
2

2at12

= a2 ( t 2 t1 ) ( t2 + t1 ) + 4a2 ( t 2 t1 )
2

= a2 ( t 2 t1 ) ( t2 + t1 ) + 4a2 ( t2 t1 )
2

= a2 ( t 2 t1 ) ( ( t 2 + t1 ) + 4 )
= a ( t 2 t1 )

Ans6.

( t2 + t1 )

Let A = (1,5) ,

+4

B = ( 2,3)

AB =

( 2 1 ) + (3 5 )

BC =

( 11 3) + ( 2 2)

AC =

( 2 1) + ( 11 5)

C = ( 2, 11 )

and

= 5
2

= 212
= 265

AB + BC AC hence not colliner

Ans7.

AB = BC (Given)

AB 2 = BC 2

( a + 3) + ( b 2 )
2

= ( 1 a ) + ( 4 b )
2

a 2 + 9 + 6a + b 2 + 4 4b = 1 + a 2 + 2a + 16 + b 2 8b

4a + 4b = 4
a +b =1

140

Ans8.

Let B ( 3, p ) and C ( p,3)


AB = AC (Given)
AB 2 = AC 2

( 0 3) 2 + ( 2 p )

= ( p 0) + (3 2)
2

9 + 4 + p2 4 p = p2 + 1
4 p = 12
p=3

Ans9.

Let ( x, y ) be the coordinate of centroid

x1 + x2 + x3
3
49+8
=
3
3
= =1
3

x=

y1 + y2 + y3
3
8 + 7 + 13
=
3
20 8
=
3
=4

y=

Coordinate is (1, 4 )

Ans10.

Let P ( x, y ) , A ( a + b, b a ) and B ( a b, a + b )

( Given )

PA = PB

PA2 = PB 2

( a + b x ) + (b a y )
2

= (a b x) + (a + b y)
2

a 2 + b 2 + x 2 + 2ab 2ax 2ax + b 2 + a 2 + y 2 2ab + 2ay 2by =


a 2 + b 2 + x 2 2ab + 2bx 2ax + a 2 + b 2 + y 2 + 2ab 2by 2ay
4ab 4bx 4ab = 2ay 2ay

4bx = 4ay

bx = ay

141

Ans11.

OA = OB = OC = Radius of circle
OA2 = OB 2 = OC 2

OB 2 = OA2

( x 2 ) + (8 5 )
2

= ( 2 + 2) + (5 2)
2

A (-2,2)

x 2 + 4 4 x + 9 = 16 + 9
x 2 4 x 12 = 0

O (2,5)

x 2 6 x + 2 x 12 = 0
x ( x 6) + 2 ( x 6) = 0

B
(x,8)

( x 6 )( x + 2 ) = 0
x=6
or
x = 2

OC 2 = OA2

( 6 2) + ( y 5) = ( 2 + 2) + (5 2)
2
( 4 ) + y 2 + 25 10 y = 16 + 9
2

y 2 10 y + 16 = 0
y 2 8 y 2 y + 16 = 0
y ( y 8 ) 2 ( y 8) = 0

( y 8) y 2 = 0
y =8
or
y=2

142

C
(6,y)

Ans12.

Let vertices of ABC be A ( x1 y1 ) , B ( x2 y2 ) and C ( x3 , y3 )


By mid points formula

x 2 + x3
2
y2 + y3
2
x3 + x1

= 3 x 2 + x3 = 6....... ( i )
= 1 y 2 + y 3 = 2......... ( ii )

= 5 x3 + x1 = 10......... ( iii )
2
y3 + y1
= 6 y1 + y3 = 12......... ( iv )
2
x1 + x2
= 3 x1 + x2 = 6......... ( v )
2
y1 + y2
= 2 y1 + y2 = 4......... ( vi )
2

(x,y)

(x2,y2)

Adding (i), (iii) and (v)


2 ( x1 + x2 + x3 ) = 10

x1 + x2 + x3 = 5......... ( vii )

Adding (ii),(iv)and (vi)


2 ( y1 + y2 + y3 ) = 18

y1 + y2 + y3 = 9....... ( viii )

Subtracting (i), (iii) and (v) from (vii)


We get x1 = 1, x2 = 5, x3 = 11
Subtracting (ii), (iv) and (vi) from eq. (viii)
y1 = 7, y2 = 3, y3 = 5

143

F
(-3,2)

D
(3,1)

We get

(5,6)

(x3,y3)

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

If (1, 2 ) ( 4, y ) , ( x, 6 ) and ( 3,5 ) are the vertices of a parallelogram taken in order. [1]
Then ( x, y ) is

( a ) ( 6, 2 )
2.

( d ) ( 3, 4 )

( b ) ( 2,3)

( c ) ( 3,1)

( d ) (1,1)

The coordinates of a point A, where AB is the diameters of a circle whose centre [1]
( 2, 3) and B is (1, 4 ) is.

( a ) ( 3, 9 )
4.

( c ) ( 6, 4 )

The coordinates of the point which divides the join of ( 1, 7 ) and ( 4, 3) in the [1]
ratio 2:3. is
( a ) (1,3)

3.

( b ) ( 6,3)

( b ) ( 2,9 )

( c ) ( 3, 10 )

( d ) ( 4,5 )

If the area of a quadrilateral ABCD is zero, then the four points A,B,C,D are
(a) Collinear

(b) Not collinear

(c) Nothing can be said

[1]

(d) None of these

5.

Prove that the points (3, 0) (4, 5) (-1, 4) and (-2,-1) taken in order form a rhombus.

[2]

6.

Show that (4,4) (3,5) (-1.,1) are vertices of a right

[2]

7.

Prove that in a right , the mid point of the hypotenuse is equidistant from the [3]
vertices.

8.

Prove that diagonals of a rectangle bisect each other and are equal.

[3]

9.

The line joining the points ( 2, 1) and ( 5, 6 ) is bisected at P. if P lies on the line [3]
2 x + 4 y + k = 0, Find the value of K.

10.

The two opposite vertices of a square are (1, 6 ) and ( 5, 4 ) . Find the coordinates of [4]
the other two vertices.

11.

Find the coordinates of the circum centre of a triangle whose vertices are [4]

A ( 4, 6 ) , B ( 0, 4 ) and C ( 6, 2 ) Also find its circum radius.


12.

If two vertices of an equilateral triangle be ( 0, 0 ) 3, 3 , Find the third vertex.

144

[4]

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(a)

Ans3.

(c)

Ans4.

(a)

Ans5.

Let A (3,0 ) ,

B ( 4,5) , C ( 1,4 ) and

AB =

( 4 3) + (5 0 )

BC =

( 1 4) + ( 4 5)

= 26

CD =

( 2 + 1) + ( 1 4)

DA =

( 3 + 2) + ( 0 + 1 )

= 26
2

D ( 2, 1 )

= 26

= 26

Since AB = BC = CD = DA
Hence ABCD is rhombus

Ans6.

Let A (4,4) B (3,5) C (-1,1)


AB2 = (3-4)2 + (5-4)2 = 2
AC2 = (-1-4)2 + (5-4)2 = 34
BC2 = (-1-3)2 + (1-5)2=32
Since AC2 = AB2 +BC2
Hence ABC is right

Ans7.

Let A ( 2a, 0 ) , B ( 0, 2b )

O ( 0, 0 ) are the vertices of right


B

2a + 0 0 + 2b
Coordinate of C
,

2
2

(a

O
(0,0)

i.e. (a,b)

145

(0,2b)

,b)
A
(2a,0)

OC = a 2 + b 2
AC = a 2 + b 2
BC = a 2 + b 2

Hence C is Equidistant from the vertices.

Ans8.

Let ABCD be a rectangle take A as origin the vertices of a rectangle are

A ( 0, 0 ) , B ( a, 0 ) , C ( a, b ) , D ( o, b )

( a 0) + (b 0)

A=

= a +b
2

BD =

2
D

(0,b)

(0 a ) + (0 b)
2

= a2 + b2
AC = BD

A
(0,0)

0+a 0+b a b
Mid point of AC =
,
= ,
2 2 2
2
0+a 0+b a b
Mid point of BD =
,
= ,
2 2 2
2

Mid point of AC = Mid point of BC


Hence Proved

Ans9.

(a,b) C

A
(2,-1)

P (x,y)

(1:1)

2 + 5 1 6
Coordinate of P =
,

2
2
7 7
= ,
2 2

P lies on eq. 2 x + 4 y + k 2 x + 4 y + k = 0
7 7
2 + 4 + K = 0
2 2
7 14 + K = 0
K =7

146

B
(5,-6)

(a,o) B

AB = BC

Ans10.

(5,4) C

AB 2 = BC 2

( x 1) + ( y + 6 )
2

= ( x 5) + ( y 4 )
2

x 2 + 1 2 x + y 2 + 36 + 12 y = x 2 + 25 10 x + y 2 + 16 8 y
8 x + 20 y 4 = 0
2x + 5 y = 1
1 2x
y=
5

B
(x,y)

A (1,-6)

In right ABC
AC 2 = ( AB ) + ( BC )
2

( x 1) + ( y + 6 ) + ( x 5) + ( y 4 )
2

= ( 5 1) + ( 4 + 6 )

2 ( x 2 + y 2 6 x + 2 y ) = 38

x 2 + y 2 6 x + 2 y = 19........ ( i )

Put the value of y in eq. (i)


1 2x
1 2x
x +
6x + 2
= 19
5
5
29 x 2 174 x 464 = 0
2

x 2 6 x 16 = 0

x 2 8 x + 2 x 16 = 0
x ( x 8) + 2 ( x 8 ) = 0

( x 8)( x + 2 ) = 0
x=8
x = 2

Now x = 2, y = 1
And x = 8 y = 3
Let P be the circum centre of ABC then PA = PB = PC
PA2 = PB 2 = PC 2

(4
,6

PA2 = PB 2

( x 4) + ( y 6)
2

= ( x 0) + ( y 4)
2

147

2)

(x
,y)

,
(6

8 x + 4 y = 36

(0
,4
)

Ans11.

2 x + y = 9......... ( i )
PB 2 = PC 2

( x 0) + ( y 4)
2

= ( x 6) + ( y 2)
2

12 x 4 y = 24
3 x y = 6......... ( ii )

On solving eq. (i) and (ii) x = 3, y = 3


Circum radius (PA) =

( 4 3) + ( 6 3)
2

= 10

Ans12.

OA = OB = AB

OA2 = OB 2 = AB 2
OA2 = OB 2

y
A (3 3 )

x 2 + y 2 = 12....... ( i )

OB 2 = AB 2
3 x + 3 y = 6......... ( ii )

y=

(0,0)

6 3x
3

(x
,y ) B

Put the value of y in eq. (i)


2

6 3x
x2 +
= 12
3
x = 0 or x = 3

x=0

y=2 3

( 0, 2 3 )
x=3
y= 3

( 3, 3 )

148

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

(a)

2.

(b)

1:2, 2:1

( b ) ( 1)

(d )

1:1, 2:1

1:2, 1:2

( c ) ( 2)

[1]

( d ) (0)

The mid-point of the line segment joining ( 2a, 4 ) and ( 2,3b ) is (1, 2a + 1) . The [1]
values of a and b is
( a ) a = 2, b = 2

4.

(c)

1:3, 3:1

The valve of K if the points A ( 2,3) , B ( 4, K ) and C ( 6, 3) are collinear is

( a ) (1)

3.

[1]

The ratio of the points of trisection of the line segment joining the points
A ( 2, 2 ) and B ( 7, 4 ) are

(b )

(c)

a = 1, b = 3

(d )

a = 2, b = 3

a = 1, b = 1

Coordinate of A and B are ( 3, ) and (1, + 4 ) . The mid-point of AB is ( 1,1) . The [1]

value of is
( a ) ( 1)

(b) ( 2)

( c ) ( 3)

( d ) (1)

5.

Find the coordinates of the points which divide the line segment joining the points [2]
(-2,0) and (0,8) in four equal parts.

6.

Find the area of the rhombus if its vertices are (3,0), (4,5), (-1,4) and (-2,-1) taken [2]
in order.

7.

Show that the points ( a, b + c ) , ( b, c + a ) and ( c, a + b ) are collinear.

8.

The length of a line segment is 10. If one end point is ( 2, 3) and the abscissa of the [3]

[3]

second end point is 10, show that its ordinate is either 3 or -9.
9.

Using section formula show that the points ( 1, 2 )( 5, 0 ) and ( 2,1) are collinear.

10.

If

and

are

two

points

whose

coordinates

are

( at , 2at ) and
2

[3]
[4]

1
1
a 2a
is independent
+
2 , respectively and S is the points ( a, 0 ) , show that
SP SQ
t t
of t

11.

Find the area of the quadrilateral whose vertices taken in order are [4]
( 4, 2 ) , ( 3,5 ) , ( 3, 2 ) and ( 2,3)

12.

The vertices of ABC are A ( 4, 6 ) , B (1,5 ) and C ( 7, 2 ) . A line is drawn to inter sect [4]

AD AE 1
=
= . Calculate the
AB AC 4
area of the ADE and compare it with the area of ABC .
sides AB and AC at D and E respectively such that

149

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS - X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)
[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(d)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(a)

Ans5.

Q is the mid point of AB


(-2,0)

(0,8)

2 + 0 0 + 8
Coordinate of Q
,
= (-1,4)
2
2
3
Coordinate of P = , 2
2
1
Coordinate of R = , 6
2

Ans6.

Let A (3,0) B (4,5) C (-1,4) and D (-2,-1)


AC =

( 1 3) + ( 4 0 )

BD =

( 2 4 ) + ( 1 5 )

Area of rhombus =

=4 2
2

= 36 + 36 = 6 2

1
d1 d 2
2

1
AC BD
2
1
4 2 6 2
2
= 24

150

Ans7.

For collinear
x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 ) = 0

= a ( c + a a b) + b ( a + b b c ) + c (b + c c a )

= a ( c b ) + b ( a c ) + c (b a )
= ac ab + ba bc + cb ca
=0

Ans8.

Let
A

(2,-3)

(10 2 ) + ( y + 3)
2

10

= (10 )

(10,y)

64 + y 2 + 9 + 6 y = 100

y 2 + 6 y 27 = 0
y 2 + 9 y 3 y 27 = 0
y ( y + 9) 3( y + 9) = 0

( y + 9 )( y + 9 ) = 0
y = 9
y=3

Ans9.

If points A ( 1, 2 ) , B ( 5, 0 ) and ( 2,1) are collinear then one point divides the
join of other two in the same ratio let C ( 2,1) divides the join of A ( 1, 2 )
and B ( 5, 0 ) in the ratio K:1
A
(-1,2)

2=

C (x,y)

(K:1)

B
(5,0)

5K 1
0+2
and 1 =
K +1
K +1

2 K + 2 = 5 K 1 and K + 1 = 2
K =1

K =1

Hence Proved

151

Ans10.

( at

SP =
=a

(t

a ) + ( 2at 0 )
2

1) + 4t 2
2

= a t 4 + 1 2t 2 + 4t 2
=a

(t

+ 1)

= a ( t 2 + 1)

a
2at

SQ = 2 a +
0
t
t

2
a
= 2 (1 + t 2 )
t
a
= 2 (1 + t 2 )
t

t2
1
1
1
+
=
+
SP SQ a ( t 2 + 1) a (1 + t 2 )

(1 + t )
=
a ( t + 1)
2

1
a
H .P

Ans11.

ar ( ABC ) =

1
( 20 + 6 6 ) ( 6 15 + 8 )
2

= 10.5 sq. unit


1

ar of = 2 [ x, ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 )
1
ar ( ACD ) = ( 8 + 9 4 ) ( 6 4 12 )
2
1
= [13 + 22]
2
D (2,3)
= 17.5 sq.unit

(3,-2)C

ar of quadrilateral = 10.5+17.5
= 28 sq. unit.
A(-4-2)

152

(-3-5) B

Ans12.

AD AE 1
=
=
AB AC 4
AB AC 4
=
=
AD AE 1
AD + DB AE + EC
=
=4
AD
AE
DB
EC
1+
= 1+
=4
AD
AE
DB EC
=
=3
AD AE
AD AE 1
=
=
DB EC 3
AD : DB = AE : EC = 1: 3

(4,6)

B (1,5)

Now coordinate of D and E are


13 23
19
, and ,5
4 4
4

15
32
15
ar ( ABC ) =
2
ar ( ADE ) 1
=
ar ( ABC ) 16

ar ( ADE ) =

= 1:16

153

(7,2) C

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

The ratio n which the points ( 2, 3) and ( 5, 6 ) divided by the x - axis is

(a)
2.

1
:2
2

(d )

1:1

1:2

( b ) ( 4, 2 )

( c ) ( 4, 2 )

[1]

( d ) ( 4,1)

On which axes point ( 4, 0 ) lie

(a)
4.

(c)

The distance between P ( a, 7 ) and Q (1, 3) is 5. The value of a is

( a ) ( 4, 2 )
3.

1
:1
2

(b)

x axis

(b)

y - axis

[1]

(c)

(d )

both

none of these

The distance of the point ( 4, 6 ) from the origin is

(a)

53

(b)

[1]

(c)

2 13

[1]

(d )

2 12

13

5.

If the coordinates A and B are (-2,-2) and (2,-4) respectively. Find the coordinates [2]
3
of P such that AP = AB and P lies on the line segment AB.
7

6.

In what ratio is the line segment joining the points (-2,3) and (3,7) divided by the [2]
y-axis?

7.

Find the relation between x and y such that the point ( x, y ) is equidistant from the [3]
points ( 7,1) and ( 3,5 )

8.

Determine the ratio in which the line 2 x + y 4 = 0 divides the line segment joining [3]

the points A ( 2, 2 ) and B ( 3, 7 ) ?


9.

Show that the points A ( 5, 6 ) , B (1,5 ) , C ( 2,1) and D ( 6, 2 ) are the vertices of a [3]
square.

10.

Prove that the points

( a, a ) , ( a, a ) and

3a, 3a are the vertices of an [4]

equilateral . Calculate the area of this .


11.

A A ( 4, 8 ) , B ( 3, 6 ) and C ( 5, 4 ) are the vertices of a ABC , D is the mid point of [4]


BC and P is a point on AD joined such that

12.

AD
= 2, find the coordinates of P.
PD

The coordinates of the vertices of ABC are A ( 4,1) , B ( 3, 2 ) and C ( O, K ) . Given [4]
that three area of ABC is 12, find the value of K.

154

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS - X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(b)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(b)

Ans5.

Coordinate of P are

(-2,-2)

(2,-4)

3:4

2 4 + 2 3 8 + 6 2
=
=
7
7
7
2 4 + ( 4 ) ( 3) 8 12 20
=
=
y=
7
7
7

x=

Ans6.

Let A (-2,-3) and B (3,7)


P (0,y) and ratio be K:1

(-2,-3)
A

P(o,y)

(3,7)
B

K:1

3k 2 7 k 3
Coordinate of P are
,

k +1 k +1
3k 2
=0
k +1
2
k=
3
or 2 : 3

155

Ans7.

Let P ( x, y ) be equidistant from the points A ( 7,1) and B ( 3, 5 )

AP = BP (Given)
AP 2 = BP 2

( x 7 ) + ( y 1)
2

= ( x 3) + ( y 5 )
2

x 2 + 49 14 x + y 2 + 1 2 y = x 2 + 9 6 x + y 2 + 25 10 y
x y = 2

Ans8.

Let the ratio be K :1


3K + 2 7 K 2
Coordinate of P are
,

K +1 K +1

P lies on the line 2 x + y 4 = 0


3K + 2 7 K 2 4
2
=0
+
K +1 K +1 1
6K + 4 + 7 K 2 4K 4 = 0

9K 2 = 0
2
9
2:9
K=

Ans9.

AB =

(1 5) + ( 5 6 )

BC =

( 2 1) + (1 5)

CD =

( 6 2 ) + (1 2 )

DA =

(5 6) + ( 6 2)

= 17

= 17

= 17
= 17

Diagonal AC =

( 2 5) + (1 6 )

= 34

Diagonal BD =

( 6 1) + ( 2 5 )

= 34

Hence proved

156

Ans10.

Let A ( a, a ) , B ( a, a ) C 3a, 3a
AB =

AB =
AC =

( a a ) + ( a a )
2

(
(

) (
3a a ) + (
2

3a + a +
2

= 8a 2 = 2 2 a

)
3a a )

3a + a

= 2 2a

= 2 2a

AB = BC = AC = 2 2a
ar ABC =

3
2
( side )
4

3
2 2a
4
= 2 3a 2
=

Let A ( 4, 8 ) , B ( 3, 6 ) and C ( 5, 4 ) are the vertices of ABC , D is the mid


point of BC
AP 2
=
PD 1
AP : PD = 2 :1

(4
,8)

2
P
1

i.e ( 4,1)

2 4 + 1 4 2 1 + 1 ( 8 )
Coordinate of P are
,

2 +1
2 +1

8+ 4 2 8
i.e
,

3
3
i.e ( 4, 2 )

157

4)
,(5

3+ 5 6 4
Coordinate of D
,

2
2

(3
,6
)

Ans11.

Ans12.

A ( 4,1) , B ( 3, 2 ) and C ( 0, k )
ar ABC =

1
x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 )
2

1
4 ( 2 k ) + ( 3)( k 1) + 0 (1 2 )
2

1
[8 4k 3k + 3]
2

1
[11 7k ]
2
but ar = 12
=

1
|11 7 k |= 12
2
1
(11 7k ) = 12
2
11 7 k = 24
13
7
11 7 k = 24
k=

k =5
13
Value of k
,5
7

158

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

1.

The coordinates of the mid point of the line segment joining ( 5, 4 ) and ( 7, 8 ) is

( a ) (1, 2 )
2.

( b ) (1, 2 )

( c ) (1,3)

[1]

( d ) ( 1, 2 )

Two vertices of a ABC are A (1, 1) and B ( 5,1) . If the coordinates of its centroid [1]
5
be ,1 , then the coordinates of the third vertex C is
3

( a ) ( 1, 3)
3.

4.

( b ) (1,3)

( c ) ( 1, 3)

The abscissa of every point on y-axis is


(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2

( d ) (1, 2 )
[1]

(d )

-1

The ordinate of every point on x -axis is

(a)

(b)

(c)

[1]

(d )

-1

5.

For what value of P are the points (2,1) (p,-1) and (-13) collinear?

6.

Find the third vertex of a if two of its vertices are at (1,2) and (3,5) and the [2]
centroid is at the origin.

7.

In a seating arrangement of desks in a classroom three students are seated at [2]


A ( 3,1) , B ( 6, 4 ) and C ( 8, 6 ) respectively. Seated in line?

8.

Show that (1,1) , ( 1, 1) ,

9.

If the point P ( x, y ) is equidistant from the points A ( 5,1) and B (1,5 ) , prove that [3]

3, 3 are the vertices of an equilateral triangle

[2]

[2]

x= y

10.

Find the lengths of the medians of the triangle whose vertices are (1, 1) , ( 0, 4 ) and [4]

( 5,3) .
11.

The area of a is 5. Two of its vertices are ( 2,1) and ( 3, 2 ) . The third vertex lies on [4]
y = x + 3 . Find the third vertex.

12.

Prove that the point ( a, o ) , ( a, b ) and (1,1) are collinear if

159

1 1
+ =1
a b

[4]

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS - X Mathematics (Coordinate Geometry)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(a)

Ans2.

(c)

Ans3.

(a)

Ans4.

(c)

Ans5.

For collinear
1
x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 ) = 0
2
1
2 ( 1 3) + p ( 3 1) + ( 1)(1 + 1) = 0
2
5 + p = 0
p =5

Ans6.

Let third vertex of the be ( x, y )

x +1+ 3
y +2+5
= 0,
=0
3
3
x = 4, y = 7
Hence (4, 7)

Ans7.

AB =

( 6 3) + ( 4 1)

BC =

(8 6) + ( 6 4)

AC =

(8 3) + ( 6 1)

= 18 = 3 2

= 4+4 = 2 2
= 25 + 25 = 5 2

AB + BC = AC

Hence they seated in a line.

160

Ans8.

Let A (1,1) , B ( 1, 1) , C 3, 3

( 1 1) + ( 1 1)

AB =
BC =
CA =

= 8

( 3 + 1) 2 + ( 3 + 1) 2 =
(1 + 3 ) + (1 3 ) = 8
2

Since AB = BC = CA, the ABC is equilateral

Ans9.

PA = PB (Given)

PA2 = PB 2

( 5 x ) + (1 y )
2

= (1 x ) + ( 5 y )
2

25 + x 2 10 x + 1 + y 2 2 y = 1 + x 2 2 x + 25 + y 2 10 y
8 x = 10 y + 2 y
8 x = 8 y
x= y

Coordinates of points D, E and F are


0 5 4 + 3 5 + 1 3 1
1 + 0 1 + 4
,
,
,

,
and

2 2
2
2
2
2
5 7
1 3
i.e , , ( 2,1) and ,
2 2
2 2
Length of the median AD
2

130
2

( 2 0 ) + (1 4 )
2

= 4 + 9 = 13
And length of the median CF
2

(1
,1)

Length of the median BE

E
F

130
1
3
CF = + 5 + 3 =
2
2
2

161

,3)
(-5

5 7
= 1 + + 1
2
2

(0
,4)

Ans10.

Ans11.

Let the third vertex be A ( x, y ) . Other two vertices of the are B ( 2,1) and

C ( 3, 2 )
ar of ABC = 5

1
x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 ) = 5
2
1
x (1 + 2 ) + 2 ( 2 y ) + 3 ( y 1) = 5
2
3 x + y 7 = 10
3 x + y = 17
3 x + y = 3

( x, y ) lies on eq.

y = x+3

On solving eq. 3 x + y = 17and y = x + 3

7
13
We get x = , y =
2
2
Similarly on solving eq. 3 x + y = 3 and y = x + 3
3 3
We get ,
2 2

Ans12.

Since ( a, 0 ) , ( 0, b ) and (1,1) are collinear


Area = 0
1
x1 ( y2 y3 ) + x2 ( y3 y1 ) + x3 ( y1 y2 ) = 0
2
1
a ( b 1) + 0 (1 0 ) + 1( 0 b ) = 0
2
ab a b = 0
ab = a + b

Dividing by ab
ab a
b
=
+
ab ab ab
1 1
+ =1
a b

162

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

The number of solid spheres each of diameter 6cm that could be molded to form a [1]
solid metes cylinder of height 45cm and diameter 4cm is

2.

(a) 3

(b) 4

(c) 5

(d) 6

A metallic sphere of radius 10.5 cm is melted and then recast into small cones each [1]
of radius 3.5 cm and height 3cm the number of such cone is

3.

(a) 63

(b) 126

(c) 21

(d) 130

A circular test is cylindrical to a height of 4cm and conical above it. If its diameter [1]
is 105 m and its slant height is 40m, then the total area of canvas required is

4.

(a) 1760 m2

(b) 2640 m2

(c) 3960 m2

(d) 7920 m2

If the radii of the ends of a bucket are 5cm and 15cm and it is 24cm high, then its [1]
surface area is.

5.

(a) 1815.3 cm2

(b) 1711.3 cm2

(c) 2025.3 cm2

(d) 2360 cm2

A 20m deep well with diameter 7m is dug up and the earth from digging is evenly [2]
Spread out to form a platform 22m 14m Find the height of the platform.

163

6.

Find the maximum volume of a cone that can be carved out of solid hemisphere of [2]
radius r.

7.

Find the volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out of the cube [2]
whose edge is 7 cm

8.

A hollow cylindrical pipe is 420cm long. Its outer and inner diameter are 8 cm and [2]
6cm respectively. Find the volume of the copper used in making the pipe.

9.

A plate of metal 1 cm thick, 9 cm broad and 81cm long is melted into a cube. Find [3]
the difference in the surface area of the two solids.

10.

The difference between outside and inside surfaces of a cylindrical metallic pipe [3]
14cm long is 44 cm2. If the pipe is made of 99cu.cm of metal. Find the outer and
inner radii of the pipe.

11.

If h, C and V respectively are the height. The curved surface and volume of cone. [3]
Prove that 3 Vh3 c 2 h 2 + 9v 2 = 0

12.

A toy is in the form of a cone mounted on a hemisphere of common base radius [3]
7cm. The total height of the toy is 31cm. find the total surface area of the toy
22

use = 7

13.

The radius of a solid iron sphere is 8cm. eight rings of iron plate of external radius [5]

2
6 cm and thickness 3cm are made by melting this sphere. Find internal radius of
3
this rings.

164

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


Class X - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(D)

Ans4.

(D)

Ans5.

Volume of earth dug out = r 2 h


2

22 7
7

= 20 r =
7 2
2

= 22 7 5 = 770cm3

Area of the platform = 22 14 = 308m2


Height of the platform =

Ans6.

Volume of the earth dug out


Area of the platform

770 70 5
=
= = 2.5m
308 28 2

Clearly radius of the base of the cone = radius of hemisphere = r


Height of cone = Radius of the hemisphere
Volume of cone =

Ans7.

1 2
1
r x r = r3
3
3

For Largest right circular cone to be cut, clearly the circle will be inscribed in a
face of the cube and its height will be equal to an edge of the cube.

7
Radius of the cone r = cm
2
Volume of the cone =

1 2
r h
3

1 22 7
= = 88.83cm3
3 7 2

165

Ans8.

We have
H= Height of the cylindrical pipe = 420 cm
R= External radius =
R= internal radius =

8
cm = 4cm
2
6
cm = 3cm
2

Volume of the copper used in making the pipe


= R2h r 2h = ( R2 r 2 ) h
=

Ans9.

22 2 2
22
4 3 ) 420cm3 = 7 420cm3 = 9240cm3
(
7
7

Volume of the plate = 1 9 81 = 729cm3


Let a be the edge of the cubes

a3 = 729 = 93 a = 9cm
Now surface area of the cube = 6a 2 = 6 ( 9 ) = 486cm 2
2

Surface area of the plate = 2 [ lb + bh + lh ]


=

2 [81 9 + 9 1 + 1 81] cm 2
= 1638cm 2

difference in the surface area of the two solids

= (1638 486 ) cm2 = 1152cm2

Ans10.

Let R cm and r cm be external and internal radii of the metallic pipe


We have h = Length of the pipe = 14cm
2 Rh 2 rh = 44 i.e.2 ( R r ) h = 44

22
( R r ) 14 = 44
7
1
R r = ........(i )
2

Also R 2 h r 2 h = 99 = ( R 2 r 2 ) h = 99

22
( R + r )( R r ) 14 = 99
7

166

9
R + r = ......(ii )
2
Solving (i) and (ii) we get R = 2.5cm
r=2
Hence outer radius = 2.5cm
Inner radius = 2cm

Ans11.

C.S.A. of cone C = rl........(i)

1
Volume of cone V = r 2 h........(ii )
3
L.H.S. = 3 vh3 c 2 h 2 + 9v 2
2
1

= 3 h r 2 h { rl} h 2 + 9 r 2 h
3

= 2 r 2 h 4 2 r 2 h 2l 2 + 9 2 r 4 h 2
9

= 2 r 2 h 4 2 r 2 h 2 ( r 2 + h 2 ) + 2 r 4 h 2 l = r 2 + h 2

= 2 r 2 h4 2 r 4 h 2 2 r 2 h 4 + 2 r 4 h 2 = 0
Ans12

T.S.A. of toy=
C.S.A of hemisphere + C.S.A. of cone = 2 r 2 + rl

r = 7cm, h = 24cm
l = r 2 + h 2 = 7 2 + 242 = 25cm

22
22
7 7 + 7 25
7
7
= 44 7 + 22 25
= 2

= 308 + 550 = 858cm 2

Ans13

We have volume of solid iron sphere =

2048 3
cm
3

167

4
83 cm3
3

2
External radius of each iron ring = 6 cm
3
=

20
cm
3

Let internal radius of each ring be r cm

20 2 2
Volume of each ring = r 3cm 2
3

Volume of 8 such rings

400 2
= 8
r 3cm 2
9

400 2 2
= 24
r cm
9

Volume of 8 rings = volume of sphere


400 2 2048
24
r =

3
9

400 2 2048
1

r =
9
3
24
400 256 144
r2 =

=
= 16 r = 4cm
9
9
9

168

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

A metallic sphere of radius 10.5cm is meted and then recast into small cones each [1]
of radius 3.5cm and height 3cm the number of such cones is

2.

(a) 63

(b) 126

(c) 21

(d)130

A solid sphere of radius r is melted and cast into the shape of a solid cone of height [1]
r, the radius of the base of the cone is

3.

(a) 2r

(b) 3r

(c) r

(d) 4r

During conversion of a solid from one shape to another, the volume of new shape [1]
will

4.

(a) increase

(b) decrease

(c) remain unaltered

(d) be doubled

A right circular cylinder of radius r cm and height h cm (h>2r) just encloses a [1]
sphere of diameter

5.

(a) r cm

(b) 2r cm

(c) h cm

(d) 2h cm

Determine the ratio of the volume of a cube to that of a sphere which with exactly [2]
fit inside the cube

169

6.

Find the maximum volume of a cone that can be carved out of a solid hemisphere [2]
of radius r

7.

The height of a right circular cone is 12 cm and the radius of its base is 4.5 cm. find [2]
slant height.

8.

How many balls, each of radius 1cm, can be made from a solid sphere of lead of [2]
radius 8 cm

9.

The diameter of metallic sphere in 6cm. the sphere in melted and drawn into a [3]
wire of uniform cross section. It the length of wire is 36cm. Find its radius.

10.

Water flows at the rate of 10 metre per minute through a cylindrical pipe having [3]
its diameter at 5mm. How much tine will it take to fill a conical vessel where
diameter of base is 40 cm and depth 24 cm?

11.

The radius of the base and the height of solid right cylinder are in the ratio 2:3 and [3]
22

its volume is 1617 cu.cm. Find the total surface area of the cylinder. =
7

12.

A toy is in form of a cone mounted on a hemisphere of common base radius 7cm. [3]
The total height of the toy is 31cm find the total surface area of the toy.

13.

A bucket made up of metal sheet is in the form of frustum of a cone. Its depth is 24 [5]
cm and the diameters of the top and bottom are 30 cm and 10 cm respectively.
Find the cast of milk which win completely fill the bucket at the rate Rs. 20 Per
litre and cast of metal sheet used. If it casts Rs. 10 per 100cm2 ( use = 3.14 )

170

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5.

Let the radius of the sphere which fits exactly into a cube be r units Then length
of each edge of cube = 2r units
Let V1and V2 be the volumes of the cube and sphere
Then V1 = ( 2r )

4
V2 = r 3
3
V1
8r 3
6
=
=
V 2 4 r3
3

V1 : V2 = 6 :

Ans6.

Radius of cone = radius of hemisphere = r


Height of cone = radius of hemisphere
Volume of cone =

Ans7.

1 2
1
r r = r3
3
3

h = 12cm, r = 4.5cm
Slant height l = r 2 + h 2 =

( 4.5)

+ 122

= 20.25 + 144 = 164.25


= 12.816 ( approx )

171

Ans8.

Number of balls =

Volume of sphere of radius 8cm


Volume of sphere of radius 1cm.

4
3
(8)
=3
= 512
4
3
(1)
3
Ans9.

Diametre of sphere = 6cm


r = 3cm

4
4
4
3
Volume = r 3 = r 3 = ( 3) = 36 cm3
3
3
3
Let r1 be radius of wire
Volume of wire =

4 3 4
3
r = ( 3) = 36 cm3
3
3

r12 36 = 36
r12 = 1
r1 = 1cm
Ans10

we have volume of the water that flows out in one minute


= Volume of cylinder of diametre 5mm and length 10 m.
5
1
mm = cm
2
4
h = 1000cm
r=

Volume of cylinder =

22 1 1
1000cm3
7 4 4

Volume of conical vessel r = 20cm and h = 24cm

1 22
2
= ( 20 ) 24cm3
3 7
Suppose the conical vessel is filled in x minutes
Volume of the water flows out in x minutes

= Volume of conical vessel

22 1 1
1 22
100 x = 202 24
7 4 4
3 7

1 400 24 4 4 512
x=
=
minutes
3
100
10
x = 51 minutes 12 seconds

172

Ans11

Let r be the radius of the base and h be the height of the solid right circular
cylinder.

r 2
2h
= r=
h 3
3
Volume of the cylinder = r 2 h =

4 2
h .h = 1617
9

9 1617
9 147 7
h3 =
7 =
4 22
4
2
21
h=
2

Surface area of cylinder = 2 rh + 2 r 2

2h
2 4h 2
h +
3
9
2
20 h 2
h
=
+
=
12
8
[
]
9
9
20 21 21
=
= 5 22 7 = 770cm 2
9
2 2
= 2

Ans12

Total surface area of toy = C.A.S. of hemisphere C.S.A. of cone

2 r 2 + rl
Here r = 7cm, h = 24cm

l = r 2 + h 2 = 7 2 + 242 = 25cm
T.S.A. of toy = 2

22
22
7 7 + 7 25
7
7

= 308 + 550 = 858cm2

Ans13

h = 24cm, r1 =

30
10
= 15cm, r2 = = 5cm
2
2

l = h 2 + ( r1 r2 ) = 242 + (15 5 )

= 576 + 100 = 676 = 26cm

(i)

1
Volume of bucket = h ( r12 + r2 2 + r1r2 )
3

173

1
= 3.14 24 (152 + 52 + 15 5 )
3
= 3.14 8 ( 225 + 25 + 75 ) = 8164cm3
Quantity of milk =

8164
= 8.164 litres
1000

Cast of 1 litre of milk = Rs.20


Cost of 8.164 litre milk = 8.14 20

=Rs. 163.28
(ii)

T.S.A. of bucket (excluding the upper end)

= l ( r1 + r2 ) + r2 2 = 3.14 26 (15 + 5 ) + 3.14 52


1632.8 + 78.5 = 1711.3cm 2
Cost of 100 cm2 metal sheet = Rs.10
cost of 1711.3 cm2 metal sheet =

1711.3 10
= Rs.171.13
100

174

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

A solid sphere of radius r is melted and cast into the shape of a solid cone of height [1]
r the radius of the base of the cone is

2.

(a) 2r

(b) 3r

(c) r

(d) 4r

A reseuoir is in the shape of a frustum of a right circular cone. It is 8m across at the [1]
top and 4m across at the bottom. If it is 6m deep, then its capacity is

3.

(a) 176 m3

(b) 196 m3

(c) 200 m3

(d) 110 m3

A cone of height 24 cm and radius of base 6 cm is made up of modeling clay. A child [1]
reshapes it in the farm of a sphere the radius of the sphere is.

4.

(a) 5cm

(b) 6cm

(c) 8cm

(d) 12cm

A circular tent is cylindrical to a height of 4 m and conical alone it. If its diameter is [1]
210 m and its slant height is 40m. The total area of the canvas required in m2 is

5.

(a) 1760

(b) 15840

(c) 3960

(d) 7960

A drinking glass is in the shape of a frustum of a cone of height 14 cm. The [2]
diameter of its two circular ends one 4cm and 2cm. Find the capacity of the glass
22

=
7

175

6.

The diameter of a sphere is 6cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire of diameter [2]
2cm. what is the length of wire,

7.

An iron pipe 20cm long has exterior diameter equal to 25cm. If the thickness of the [2]
pipe is 1cm. Find the whole surface area of the pipe.

8.

Find the ratio of the volumes of two circular cones. If r1 : r2 = 3 : 5 and h1 : h2 = 2 :1

9.

A well 3.5m in diameter and 20m deep into be dug in rectangular field 20m by [3]

[2]

14m. The earth taken out is spread evenly on the field. Find the level of the earth
raised in the field.
10.

A solid sphere of radius 6cm is melted into a hollow cylinder of uniform thickness. [3]
If the external radius of the base of cylinder is 5cm and its height is 32cm, Find the
uniform thickness of the cylinder.

11.

A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres. Stuck t each [3]
of its ends. The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the
capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.

12.

A per stand made of wood is in the shape of a cuboid with four conical depression [3]

to hold pens. The dimensions of the cuboid one 15cm by 10cm by 3.5cm. The
radius of each of the dimensions is 0.5cm and the depth is 1.4cm. Find the volume
of the wood in the entire stand.
13.

A solid consisting of a right circular cone. Standing on a hemisphere, is placed [5]

upright in a right circular cylinder, full of water and touches the bottom. Find the
volume of water left in the cylinder having given that the radius of the cylinder is
3cm and its height is 6cm. The radius of hemisphere is 2cm and the height of the
cone is 4cm. Give your answer to the nearest cubic centimeter = 22

176

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5

2r1 = 2cm r1 = 1cm


2r2 = 4cm r2 = 2cm
h = 14cm

Capacity of glass =

r12 + r2 2 + r1r2
3

22 14 2
1 + 2 2 + 1 2
7 3
44
44
308
= [1 + 4 + 2] = 7 =
3
3
3
2 3
= 102 cm
3
=

Ans6

Radius of sphere r = 3cm

4
Volume of sphere = r 3
3
4
3
= ( 3) = 36 cm3
3
Let length of the wire = l cm
R= Radius of the wire = 1cm
Volume of wire = R 2 h = (1) l = l cm3
2

l = 36 l = 36cm

Ans7

R = 12.5cm

r = 12.5 1 = 11.5cm

h = 20cm

Total surface area of pipe = 2 ( R + r )( h + R r )

= 2

22
(12.5 + 11.5)( 20 + 12.5 11.5) = 3168cm2
7

177

Ans8.

Ratio of volumes of

1 2
r1 h1
3
Two cones =
1
r2 2 h2
3
2

r h
= 1 1
r2 h2
2

3 2
=
5 1
9 2 18
= =
25 1 25

Ans9

Radius of well =

7
m
4

Depth of well = 20m


Volume of earth taken out =

22 7 7
20m3
7 4 4

= 385 3
m
2
Area of field = 20m 14m = 280m2
22 7 7

Area of field excluding well = 280 m 2


7 4 4

2163 2
m
8

Level of earth raised =

volume of earh taken out


Area of field

385
8

m = 0.7119m
2 2163
= 71.19cm
=

Ans10

4
Volume of sphere = r 3
3
4
3
= ( 6 ) = 288 cm3
3

178

Let the internal radius of cylinder r = x cm


External radius R = 5cm
Volume = ( R 2 r 2 ) h = ( 52 x 2 ) 32
Volume of the hollow cylinder = Volume of sphere
32 ( 25 x 2 ) = 288
25 x 2 =

288
25 x 2 = 9
32

x 2 = 16
x = 4cm

Ans11

Uniform thickness of cylinder = 5-4=1cm


The length of capsule = 14mm

r=

5
mm
2

Length of cylindrical portion = 14 5


of capsule = 9mm
Total surface area = 2 r 2 + 2 rh + 2 r 2
= 4 r 2 + 2 rh
2

22 5
22 5
= 4 + 2 9
7 2
7 2

Ans12

550 990 1540


+
=
= 220mm 2
7
7
7

Required volume = volume of cuboids 4 [V. of one depression]


2

2 1
= 15 10 3.5 4 (1.4 )
3 2
150 35 8 22 1.4
=

10
3 7
4
= 525 2.93 = 522.07cm3

179

Ans13

Volume of cylinder = ( 3) 6 = 24
2

1
16
2
Volume of cone = ( 2 ) 4 =
3
3
1 4
16
3
Volume of hemisphere = ( 2 ) =
2 3
3
Volume of water in the cylinder

16
16

3
3
162 32
162 16 16
3
=
cm3
cm =
3
3

2860 3
4
=
cm = 136 cm3
21
21
3
= 136cm

= 54

180

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

The radii of the ends of a bucket 30cm high are 21 cm and 7cm. then its capacity in [1]

litres.

2.

(a) 19.02

(b) 20.02

(c) 21.02

(d) 19.08

A solid is hemispherical at the bottom and conical above. It the surface areas of the [1]

two parts are equal, then the ratio of its radius and the height of its conical part is

3.

(a) 1:3

(b) 1: 3

(c) 1:1

(d)

3 :1

The diameter of a sphere is 6cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire of diameter [1]

2cm. The length of the wire is

4.

(a) 12cm

(b) 18cm

(c) 36cm

(d) 66cm

If the radii of the circular ends of a bucket of height 40cn are of length 35cm and [1]

14cm. then volume of the bucket in cubic centimeter is

5.

(a) 60060

(b) 80080

(c) 70040

(d) 80760

A solid iron pole consists of a cylinder of height 110 cm and of base diameter [2]
24cm. Which is surmounted by a cone 9cm high, find the mass of the pole. Given
355

that 1cm3 of iron has 8g mass approx. =


113

6.

2 cubes each of volume 64cm3 are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the [2]
resulting cuboid.

7.

Kuldeep mode a bird bath for his garden in the shape of a cylinder with a hemi [2]
spherical depression at one end. The height of the cylinder is 1.45cm and its radius

181

22

is 30cm. find the total surface area of the bird-bath =


7

8.

A vessel is in the form of an inverted cone. Its height is 8cm and radius of its top, [2]
which is open, is 5cm. it is filled with water up to brim. When lead shots. Each of
which is a sphere of radius 0.5cm, are dropped into the vessel. One forth of the
water flows out. Find the number of lead shots dropped.

9.

A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres. Stuck to [3]
each of its ends. The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the
capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.

10.

A spherical glass vessel has a cylindrical neck 8cm long, 2m in diameter, the [3]
diameter of the spherical part 8.5 cm. by measuring the amount of water it holds, a
child finds its volume to be 345cm3 check whether she is correct, taking the above
as the is side measurements [ = 3.14]

11.

Metallic sphere of radii 6cm, 8cm and 10cm respectively are melted to form a [3]
single solid sphere. Find the radius of the resulting sphere

12.

A shuttle cock used for playing badminton has the shape of a frustum of a cone [3]
mounted on a hemisphere. The external diameter of the frustum are 5cm and 2cm.
the height of the entire shuttle cock is 7cm. find the external surface area.

13.

A farmer connects a pipe of internal diameter 20cm from a canal into a cylindrical [5]
tank in his field which is 10m in diameter and 2m deep. If water flours through the
pipe at the rate of 3 km/h in how much time will the tank be filled?

182

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(B)

Ans5

For cylinder r =
For cone r =

12
= 6cm. h = 110cm
2

12
= 6cm, h = 9cm
2

Volume of pope = volume of cylindrical portion + volume of cone


= r 2h +

r 2h
3

= ( 6 ) 110 +

= 36 (110 + 3) = 36

( 6) (9)
2

355
113
113

= 36 355 = 12780cm3

Ans6

Two cubes joined end to end we get cuboid

l = 4 + 4 = 8cm
b = 4cm
h = 4cm
Surface area of cuboid = 2 [lb + bh + lh ]
= 2 [8 4 + 4 4 + 8 4 ]

2 [ 32 + 16 + 32]

= 2 80 = 160cm 2

Ans7

Let h be the height of cylinder and r be the common radius of the cylinder and
hemisphere
Total surface area of bird bath= C.S.A. of cylinder + C.S.A. of hemisphere

183

= 2 rh + 2 r 2 = 2 r ( h + r )

22
30 (145 + 30 ) cm 2
7
= 33000cm 2 = 3.3m 2
= 2

Ans8.

Radius of lead shot = 0.5cm


Radius of cone = 5cm
Let x be numbers of lead shots are dropped
1
xy volume of one lead shot = volume of the cone
4
4
1 1
3
2
x ( 0.5 ) = ( 5 ) 8
3
4 3
25 8
= 100
x=
3
4 4 ( 0.5 )
100 lead shots one dropped

Ans9.

The length of capsule = 14mm

r=

5
mm
2

Length of cylindrical portion = 14 5


of capsule = 9mm
Total surface area = 2 r 2 + 2 rh + 2 r 2
= 4 r 2 + 2 rh
2

= 4

Ans10.

22 5
22 5
+ 2 9
7 2
7 2

550 990 1540


+
=
= 220mm 2
7
7
7

For cylindrical part


2
cm = 1cm
2
h = 8cm
r=

For spherical part:


Radius (R) =

85 17
= cm
20 4

184

Volume of glass solid = Volume of cylindrical part + Volume of the spherical


part
4
= r 2 h + R3 =
3

4 3
2
r h + 3 R

314 4913 3
8+
cm
100
48

314 384 + 4913 3


cm
100
48
314 5294 1663258 3
cm
=
=
4800
4800
= 346.51cm3
=

Ans11.

Sum of the volumes of three


Given spheres =

4 3
3
3
( 6 ) + ( 8) + (10 )

4
= [ 216 + 512 + 1000]
3
4
= 1728 = 4 576
3
= 2304 cm3

Let R be the radius of single solid sphere since volume remains the same

4
R 3 = 2304
3
R3 =

2304 3
= 576 3
4

R 3 = 1728 = (12 )

R = 12cm

Ans12.

External surface area


= C.S.A. of Frustum of the come + S.A. of hemisphere
2
= ( r1 + r2 ) l + 2 r1

= [ 3.5] ( 6.2 ) + 2 (1) [ r1 = 1, r2 = 2.5, h = 7 1 = 6cm ]


2

185

22 35 618
22

+ 2
7 10 100
7
11 618 44
=
+
100
7

l = h 2 + ( r1 r2 )

l = 62 + (1 2.5 )

= 6.18
= 67.98 + 6.28
= 74.26cm 2

Ans13.

Rate of water flowing =

3000
m / sec
60 60

5
= m / sec
6
In 1 second the water flows =

5
m
6

1
Internal diameter = 20cm = m
5
2
Volume of the water that flows through the pipe in one second = r h
2

22 1 5 110
11 3
=
=
m
7 10 6 4200 420
10

2
Volume of water in the tank = r h r = = 5m, h = 2m
2

22 10
= 2
7 2
1100 3
=
m
7

100
Time taken to fill the tank = 7
11
420

1100 420
= 100 60 Second
7 11

= 100 minutes = 1hr. 40 minutes

186

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


Class-X Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

1.

The diameter of a metal lice sphere is 6cm. it is melted and drawn into a wire of [1]
diameter of the cross-section 0.2cm. then the length of wire is

2.

(a) 12m

(b) 18m

(c) 36m

(d) 66m

The ratio between the volumes of two spheres is 8:27. What is the ratio between [1]

their surface areas?

3.

(a) 2:3

(b) 4:5

(c) 5:6

(d) 4:9

A hollow cube of internal edge 22cm is filled with spherical marbles of diameter [1]

0.5cm and it is assumed that

1
space of the cube remains unfilled. Then the
8

number of marbles that the cube can accommodate is

4.

(a) 142296

(b) 142396

(c) 142496

(d) 142596

A solid is hemispherical at the bottom and conical above. It the surface areas of the [1]
two parts are equal, then the ratio of its radius and the height of its conical part is

5.

(a) 1:3

(b) 1: 3

(c) 1:1

(d)

3 :1

A cone of height 24 cm and radius of base 6 cm is made up of modeling clay. Find [2]
the volume of the cone.

6.

2 cubes each of volume 64cm3 are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the [2]
resulting cuboid.

187

7.

A vessel is in the form of a hollow hemisphere mounted by a hollow cylinder. The [2]
diameter of the hemisphere is 14cm and the total height of the Vessel is 13cm. find
inner surface Area?

8.

A spherical ball of diameter 21 cm is melted and recanted into cubes each of side [2]
22

1cm. find the no. of cubes thus formed =


7

9.

How many silver coins 1.75cm in diameter and of thickness 2mm must be melted [3]
to form a cuboid 5.5cm 10cm 3.5cm?

10.

A container like a right circular having diameter 12cm and height 15cm is full of [3]
ice-cream. The ice-cream is to be filled in cones of height 12cm and diameter 6cm
having a hemispherical shape on the top. Find number of such cones which can be
filled with ice-cream.

11.

Water flowing at the rate of 15 km per hour through a pipe of diameter 14cm into [3]
a rectangular tank which is 50m long and 44m wide. Find the time in which the
level of water in the tank will rise by 21cm.

12.

A solid cylinder of diameter 12cm and height 15cm is melted and recast into toys [3]
with the shape of a right circular cone mounted on a hemisphere of radius 3cm. if
the height of the boy is 12cm find the number of toys so formed.

13.

A cone of radius 10cm divided into two parts by drawing a plane through the mid- [5]
point of its axis, parallel to its base. Compare the volume of the two parts.

188

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


Class X - Mathematics (Surface area and Volume)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

Ans5

(C)

Ans2. (D)

Ans3. (A)

Ans4. (B)

h = 24cm, r = 6cm
1
Volume of cone = r 2 h
3
1
2
= ( 6 ) ( 24 )
3
1
36 24 = 288 cm3
3

Ans6

Two cubes joined end to end we get cuboid

l = 4 + 4 = 8cm
b = 4cm
h = 4cm
Surface area of cuboid = 2 [lb + bh + lh ]
= 2 [8 4 + 4 4 + 8 4 ]

2 [ 32 + 16 + 32]

= 2 80 = 160cm 2

Ans7

Inner surface area

= 2 rh + 2 r 2
[ radius of base of the cylinder = radius of hemisphere]

2 22
7 (6 + 7)
7
= 44 13 = 572cm 2

= 2 r ( h + r ) =

Ans8

4
Volume of spherical ball = r 3
3
4
21 21 21
= cm3
3
2 2 2

189

Volume of each cube = 111cm3


required no. of cubes

Volume of ball
Volume of cube

4 22 21 21 21

3
7 2 2 2
=
1
= 4851

Ans9

Volume of the cuboid


= 5.5 10 3.5

385 3
cm
2

Radius of the coin = r =

1.75
= 0.875cm
2

Thickness h = 2mm = 0.2cm


Volume of one coin = r 2 h =
required no. of coins =

Volume of cuboid
Volume of each coin

385 1000 1000 10 7


2 22 875 875 2

35 40 40 70
= 20 20 = 400
4 35 35 2

Volume of cylinder = r 2 h
2

12
= 15 = 540
2
12cm

Ans10

22
0.875 0.875 0.2
7

Diameter of cone = 12 cm
r = 6cm

Volume of ice cream = Volume of ice-Cream


Cone + Volume of hemispherical top of ice-cream

190

1
2
= r 2h + r 3
3
3
2
2
3
= ( 3) (12 ) + ( 3)
3
3
= 36 + 18 = 54

No. of ice-Cream cones =

Ans11

Volume of cylinder
V. of icecream cone + Volume of hemisph top

540
= 10 ice-cream cones
54

1 Km = 1000m
15km = 15000m

Volume of cylinder = r 2 h
Radius =

14
= 7cm
2

7
cm
100

Volume of water flowing through the cylindrical pipe in an hour at the rate of
15km/hr

22 7
7

15000 = 231m3
7 100 100

Volume of cuboid = lbh


Volume of required quantity of water in the tank.

= 50 44

21
21

=
21
cm
m = 462m3

100
100

Since 231m3 of water falls into tank in 1 hour

462m3 of water falls into tank in =

6cm

H=15cm

12cm

Ans12

191

1
462 = 2 hours
231

Number of toys =
=

R2 H

Volume of the cylinder


Volume of one toy

R2 H

2 3 1 2
1 2
r + r h
r ( 2r + h )
3
3
3
6 6 15
6 6 15
=
=
= 12
1
3 15
3 3 ( 6 + 9)
3

Ans13

Let OAB be the cone and OQ be its axis and P be the midpoint of OQ
Let OQ = h cm
O

h
Then OP = PQ = cm
2

And QB = 10cm
Also OPD OQB

OP PD h / 2
PD
=
=
=
OQ QB
h
10cm

PD = 5cm

(i)

A smaller cone of radius = 5cm and height = h/2cm

(ii)

Frustum of a cone in which


h
R = 10cm, r = 5cm, height = cm
2

Volume of smaller cone =

1
h
5 5
3
2

25 h 3
cm
6

1 h
2
2
Volume of frustum of the cone = (10 ) + ( 5 ) + 10 5 cm3

3 2
175 h 3
=
cm
6

Ratio of required volume =

25 h 175 h
:
6
6

= 25 :175 = 1: 7

192

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


Class-X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

Cards each marked with one of the numbers 4,5,6,,20 are placed in a box and [1]

mixed. Thoroughly, One card is drawn at random from the box. What is the
probability of getting an even prime number?
(a) 0
2.

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

A bag contains 5 red and 4 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. [1]

What is the probability of getting a black ball?


(a)
3.

1
3

(c)

4
9

(d) None of these

A dice is thrown once what is the probability of getting a prime number?

(a) 1
4.

2
9

(b)

(b)

1
2

(c)

3
2

[1]

(d) 0

What is the probability that a number selected from the numbers 1,2,3,,15 is [1]

a multiple of 4?
(a)
5.

1
5

(b)

1
2

(c)

2
3

(d) 1

Why is tossing a coin considered is be way of deciding which team should get the [2]

ball at the beginning of a football match?


6.

An unbiased die is thrown what is the probability of getting an even number

[2]

7.

Two unbiased coins are tossed simultaneously find the probability of getting two [2]

heads.
8.

One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of [2]

getting a Jack of hearts


9.

18 cards numbered 1, 2, 3, ,18 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. A card [3]

is drawn at random from the box. Find the probabilities that the card bears
(i) an even number
(ii) a number divisible by 2 or 3

193

10.

A bag contains 5 red balls, 4 green balls. and 7 white balls. A ball is drawn at [3]

random from the box. Find the probability that the ball drown is
(a) white
(b) neither red nor white
11.

A box contains 20 balls bearing numbers 1,2,3,4,,20. A ball is drawn at [3]

random from the box what is the probability that the number on the ball is.

12.

(i)

an odd number

(ii)

Divisible by 2 or 3

(iii)

Prime number

A bag contains 5 red and some blue balls

[3]

(i) If probability of drawing a blue ball from the bag is twice that of a red ball.
Find the number of blue balls in the bag.
(ii) If probability of drawing a blue ball from the bag is four times that of a red
ball. Find the number of blue balls in the bag.
13.

A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled deck of playing cards. Find the [5]

probability that the card drawn is


(i) a card of spades of an ace
(ii) a red king
(iii) neither a king nor a queen
(iv) either a king or a queen
(v) a face card
(vi) cards which is neither king nor a red card.

194

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


Class X - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(C)

Ans3.

(B)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Probability of head
1
P( H ) =
2

Probability of tail P (T ) =

1
2

1
2
Probability of getting head and tail both are same tossing a coin considered to
be fair way.
i.e. P(T ) = P( H ) =

Ans6.

Total number of outcomes are 1,2,3,4,5,6 which are 6 in number favourable case
= 1 [ 2 is the only even prime]
required probability =

1
6

Ans7.

Total number of outcomes are


HH, HT, TH, TT which are 4 in numbers
Favorable outcomes = HH which is only
1
required probability =
4

Ans8.

Total number of outcomes = 52


Favorable cares = 1 [There is only one Jack of hearts]
1
required probability =
52

Ans9.

Total no. of possible outcomes = 18


(i)
Favorable cases are 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18 i.e.9 number
9 1
=
Required probability =
18 2

195

(ii)

Favorable cares are 2,3,4,6,8,9,10,12,14,15,16,18 i.e. 12 in number.


12 2
=
Required probability =
18 3

Ans10.

Total number of balls in the bag = 5+4+7=16


total number of possible outcomes = 16
(a)
Favorable outcomes for a white ball = 7
7
Required probability =
16
(b)
Favorable outcomes for neither red nor white ball=Number of green
balls =4
4 1
=
Required probability =
16 4

Ans11.

Total number of outcomes = 20


(i)
Favorable outcomes are 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19 i.e. 10 in number.
10 1
=
required probability =
20 2
(ii)
Number divisible by 2 are 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20 i.e. 10 in number
Numbers divisible by 3 are 3,6,9,12,15,18. i.e. 6 in number
Numbers divisible by 2 or 3 are 6,12,18 i.e. 3 in number.
numbers divisible by 2 or 3
=10+6-3=13
Favorable outcomes = 13
13
required probability =
20
(iii)
Prime numbers are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19 i.e.8 in number
Favorable outcomes = 8
8 2
=
Required probability =
20 5

Ans12.

Let number of blue balls = x


Total number of balls = 5 + x
5
Probability of red ball =
5+ x
x
Probability of blue ball =
5+ x
By given condition
x
5
= 2.
5+ x
5+ x
x = 10

196

No. of blue balls = 10


5
x
= 4.
(ii)
Here
5+ x
5+ x
x = 20
Hence number of blue balls = 20
Ans13.

Total possible outcomes = 52


(i)
no. of spade = 13
No. of ace = 4
1 card is common [ace of spade]
Favorable outcomes = 13+4-1=16
16 4
=
required probability =
52 13
(ii)
no. of red kings = 2
Favorable outcomes = 2
2
1
=
required probability =
52 26
(iii)
no. of king and queen = 4+4=8
Favorable outcomes = 52-8=44
44 11
=
Required probability =
52 13
(iv)
no. of king and queen =4+4=8
8
2
=
Required probability =
52 13
(v)
no. of face cards = 4+4+4=12 [Jack, queen and king are face card]
12 3
=
Required probability =
52 13
(vi)
The no. of cards which are neither red cards nor kings = 52-(26+4-2)
=52-28=24
24 6
=
required probability =
52 13

197

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


Class- X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

Cards marked with the numbers 2 to 51 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly [1]

one card is drawn from this box. Find the probability that the number on the card
is an even number
(a)
2.

1
2

(b) 1

3
2

(c)

(d) None of these

The king, queen and jack of clubs are removed from a deck of 52 playing cards and [1]

then well shuffled. One card is selected from the remaining cards. Finds the
probability of getting a king
(a)
3.

(b) 1

(c)

7
17

(d) none of these

What is probability of getting a number less than 7 in a single throw of a die

(a)
4.

3
49

1
2

(b) 0

(c) 1

[1]

(d) none of these

One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of [1]

drawing 10 of a black suit.


(a)
5.

1
26

(b) 1

(c)

1
2

(d) 0

A game consists of tossing a one-rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each [2]

time. Hanif wins it all the tosses give the same result i.e. three heads or three fails
and loses otherwise. Calculate the probability that hanif will lose the game
6.

Gopy buys a fish a fish from a shop for his aquarium. The shopkeeper taker out one [2]

fish at random from a tank containing 5 male fish and 8 female fish. What is the
probability that the fish taken out is a male fish?
7.

A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are food. [2]

Arti will buy a pen if it is good but will not buy if it is defective. The shopkeeper
draws one pen at random and gives it to her. What is the probability that

198

(i) She will buy it

(ii) she will not buy it?


8.

Harpreet tosses two different coins simultaneously (say one is of Rs 1 and other is [2]

Rs 2) what is the probability that she gets at least one head?


9.

A box contains 3 blue marble, 2 white marbles, if a marble is taken out at random [3]

from the box, what is the probability that it will be a white one? Blue one? Red
one?
10.

The Integers from 1 to 30 inclusive are written on cards ( one number on one [3]

card). These card one put in a box and well mixed. Joseph picked up one card.
What is the probability that his card has
(i) number 7
(ii) an even number
(iii) a prime number
11.

A bag contains lemon flavored candies only. Malini takes out one candy without [3]

looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out
(i) an orange flavored candy?
(ii) a lemon flavored candy?
12.

A bag contains 6 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue [3]

ball from the bag is twice that of a red, find the number of blue balls in the bag.
13.

Cards marked with numbers 1,2,3,..25 are placed in a box and mixed [5]

thoroughly and one card is drawn at random from the box what is the probability
that the number on the card is
(i) a prime number?
(ii) a multiple of 3 or 5?
(iii) an odd number?
(iv) neither divisible by 5 nor by 10?
(v) perfect square
(vi) a two digit number.

199

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(C)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Ans6.

Ans7.

Ans8.

Since a coin is tossed 3 times


possible outcomes are = {HHH,HHT,HTH,THH,HTT,THT,TTH,TTT}
x ( s) = 8
3 heads and 3 tails {HHH,TTT}
x (3 heads and 3 tail) = 2
2 1
P(Hanif will win the game) = =
8 4
1 3
P ( Hanif will lose the game) = 1 =
4 4
Total no. of fishes = 5+8=13
No. of male fish = 5
5
P(male fish) =
13
Total no. of ball pens = 144
Number of defective pens = 20
number of good pens = 144-20=124
124 31
=
(i)
P(she will buy it) =
144 36
20
5
=
(ii)
P (she will not buy) =
144 36
For tossing 2 coins
Total possible outcomes are
= {HH,TT,TH,HT}
=4
Favorable outcomes = at least one head
= {TH,HT,HH}
=3
3
Required probability =
4

200

Ans9.

Total no. of possible outcomes = 3+2+4 = 9


The no. of favorable outcomes for white marbles = 2
2
Required probability =
9
The no. of favorable outcomes for blue marbles = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
9 3
The no. of favorable outcomes for red marbles =4
4
Required probability =
9

Ans10.

Total no. of possible outcomes = 30


1
(i)
P (the no.7) =
30
(ii)
Even no. are 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22,24,26,28,30
Favorable outcomes = 15
15 1
=
Required probability =
30 2
(iii)
Prime numbers from 1 to 30
{2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29}
No. of favorable outcomes = 10
10 1
=
Required probability =
30 3

Ans11.

the bag has lemon flavored candies only.


0
(i)
P(an orange flavored candy) = = 0
1
1
(ii)
P (a lemon flavor ) = = 1
1

Ans12.

Suppose no. of blue bolls = x


Total no. of balls = ( x + 6 )

x
x+6
6
Probability of red balls =
x+6
Acc. to. question
x
6
= 2.
6+ x
6+ x
x = 12
Hence no. of blue balls = 12
Probability of blue balls =

201

Ans13.

Total no. of possible outcomes = 25


(i)
favorable cases are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23 which are 9 in number
9
req. probability =
25
(ii)
Multiple of 3 or 5
Favorable cases are 3,5,6,9,10,12,15,18,20,21,24,25 which are 12 in
number
12
required probability =
25
(iii)
favorable cases are 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23,25 which are 13 in
number
13
required probability =
25
(iv)
favorable cases are 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9,11,12,13,14,16,17,18,19,21,22,23,24
which are 20 in number
20 4
=
Required probability =
25 5
(v)
Perfect square no. are
(1,4,9,16,25)
Favorable cases are = 5
5 1
=
Required probability =
25 5
(vi)
A two digit no. are
{10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25}
=16
16
Required probability =
25

202

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS- X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

Cards marked with the numbers 2 to 31 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly [1]

one card is drawn from the box. Find the probability that the number on the card is
a prime number less than 18.
(a) 1
2.

(b)

7
30

(c) 1

(d) none of these

Two dice are thrown simultaneously. Find the probability that the total of the [1]

numbers on the dice is 13


(a) 1
3.

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 0

A bag contains 5 red balls. 8 white balls 4 green balls and 7 black balls. A ball is [1]

drawn at random from the bag. Find the probability that it is not green
(a)
4.

5
6

(b)

7
6

(c)

1
2

(d) 1

1000 tickets of a lottery of a lottery were sold and there are 5 prizes on these [1]

tickers. If a man has purchased one lottery ticket. What is the probability of
winning a prize
(a) 0.002
5.

(b) 0.003

(c) 0.0005

(d) none of these

One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 playing cards. Find the [2]

probability of getting (i) a non-face card (ii) a black king or a red queen
6.

A child has a die whose six faces show the letters as given below
A

[2]

The die is thrown once what is the probability of getting (i) A ? (ii) D ?
7.

A bag contains 35 balls out of which x are blue

(i) if one ball is drown at random, what is the probability that it will be a blue ball?
(ii) if 7 more blue balls are put in the bag. The probability of drawing a blue ball
will be double than in (i) find x

203

[2]

8.

A game of chance consist of spinning an arrow which comes to

[2]
8

rest pointing at one of the numbers 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 and these are


equally likely outcomes. What is the probability that it will point

1
2

6
5

at (i) 8? (ii) an odd number? (iii) a number greater than 2? (iv) a


number less than 9?
9.

A box contains 90 dicer which are numbered from 1 to 90. If one disc is drawn at [3]

random from the box, find the probability that it bears (i) a two digit number (ii) a
perfect square number (iii) a number divisible by 5.
10.

A box contains 5 red marbles, 8 white marbles and 4 green marbles, one marble is [3]

taken out of the box at random what is the probability that the marble out will be
(i) red? (ii) white? (iii) not green?
11.

Five cards- the ten, Jack, queen, king and ace of diamonds are well shuffled with [3]

their face downwards. One card is than picked up at random


(i) What is the probability that the card is the queen? (ii) if the queen is drawn and
put aside what is the probability that the second card picked up is (a) an ace? (ii) a
queen?
12.

13.

Savita and kavita are friends. What is the probability that both will have

(i)

different birthdays?

(ii)

The same birthday? (ignoring a leap year)

A die is thrown once find the probability of getting

(i)

a prime number

(ii)

a number between 2 and 6

(iii)

a number greater than 4

(iv)

a number less than or equal to 4

(v)

an odd number

(vi)

a no. divisible by 2

204

[3]

[5]

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(B)

Ans2.

(D)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(C)

Ans5.

(i)

(ii)

Ans6.

Number of face cards in a dock of 52 playing cards = 4 king + 4 queen +4


Jacks = 12
Number of non face cards in a deck of 52 playing cards = total no. of
cards No. of face cards = 52-12=40
40 10
=
probability of getting a non face card =
52 13
As there are two black kings and 2 red queens in a deck of 52 playing
cards.
No. of a black king or a red queen = 2+2=4
4
1
=
Probability of getting a black king or a red queen =
52 13

When a die is thrown once


The number of all possible outcomes =6
A
B
C
D
E
A
Favorable outcomes = A A =2
2 1
P(A) = =
6 3
(ii)
Favorable outcomes for letter D = 1
1
P (D) =
6

Ans7.

(i)

(ii)

Total no. of balls = 35


Total no. of possible outcomes = 35
No. of blue balls = x
Favorable outcomes = x
x
P (drawing blue balls) =
35
When 7 more blue balls are put in the bag then total no. of balls =
35+7=42

205

No. of blue balls = x+7


P(drawing blue balls) =

x+7
42

Acc. to question
x+7
x
= 2
42
35
x + 7 2 42
=
x
35
After solving x=5
Ans8.

arrow comes to rest pointing any numbers 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8


The total number of possible outcomes = 8
(i)
Let A be the event the arrow will point at 8
no. of favorable outcomes = 1
1
P(A) =
8
(ii)
Odd numbers are {1,3,5,7}
Favorable outcomes = 4
required probability
4 1
P(E) = =
8 2
(iii)
The no. greater than 2 are
{3,4,5,6,7} = 6
Favorable outcomes = 6
6 3
Required probability = 8 = 4
(iv)
The no. less than 9 are {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,}
Favorable outcomes = 8
8
Required probability = = 1
8

Ans9.

Total no. of dices which are numbered from 1 to 90 are 90


Total no. of outcomes = 90
(i)
Let A be the event that the disc drawn at random bears a two digit
number
Two digit numbers are (10,11,12,..to 90)
favorable outcomes = 81
81 9
=
So P(E) =
90 10
(ii)
Perfect square numbers are = {12 , 22 ,32 , 42 ,52 , 62 , 7 2 ,82 ,92 }

(iii)

Favorable outcomes = 9
9
1
=
P (E) =
90 10
The number divisible by 5 are
(5,10,15,85,90)

206

Favorable outcomes = 18
18 1
=
Required probability =
90 5

Ans10.

No. of red marbles = 5


No. of green marbles = 4
No. of white marbles = 8
Total no. of marbles = 17
Total no. of possible outcomes = 17
(i)
no. of red marbles = 5
5
P(R) =
17
(ii)
No. of white marbles = 8, Favorable outcomes = 8
8
P(W) =
17
(iii)
No. of green marbles = 4
4
P(G) =
17
4
P(Not green marbles ) = 117
17 4 13
=
=
17
17

Ans11.

Total no. of possible outcomes = 5


[Ten, Jack, queen, King and ace]
(i)
no. of favorable out comes = 1[queen]
1
P(Queen)=
5
(ii)
when queen is drawn and put aside then remaining no. of cards
=5-1=4 [ten + Jack + king + ace]
Then total possible outcomes = 4
(a)
The second card picked up is an ace
Favorable outcomes = 1
1
P(E) =
4
(b)
The second card picked up is queen
Queen is already removed
No. of favorable outcomes = 0
0
P(E) = = 0
4

207

Ans12.

Savita birthday can be any day of the year now Kavita birthday can also be any
day of 365 days in the year.
(i)
It Kavita birthday is different from Savitas birthday
Than number of favorable outcomes = 365-1=364
364
P ( Kavitas birthday different from Savitas birthday )=
365
(ii)
P (Savita and Kavita have the same birthday)
364
1
= 1
=
365 365

Ans13.

All possible outcomes = {1,2,3,4,5,6} = 6


A prime number are {2,3,5}
Favorable outcomes = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
6 2
(ii)
No. between 2 and 6 {3,4,5}
favorable outcomes = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
6 2
(iii)
No. greater than 4 are {5,6}
No. of favorable outcomes = 2
2 1
Required probability = =
6 3
(iv)
No. less than or equal to 4 are = {1,2,3,4}
Favorable outcomes = 4
4 2
Required probability = =
6 3
(v)
Odd number = {1,3,5}
Favorable outcomes = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
6 2
(vi)
Number divisible by = {2,4,6}
Favorable outcomes = 3
3 1
Required probability = =
6 2

208

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS- X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

One card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of 52 cards. What is the probability of [1]

getting red face card


(a)
2.

1
26

(b)

1
2

3
2

(c)

(d) none of these

Two dice are thrown simultaneously. What is the probability of getting an even [1]

number as the sum


(a)
3.

1
2

(b)

3
2

(c)

1
4

(d) 1

A bag contains lemon flavored can dies only. Malini takes out one candy without [1]

looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out an orange flavored
candy?
(a) 1
4.

(c) 3

(d)0

The maximum value of probability

(a) 1
5.

(b) 2

(b) 0

[1]

(c) 2

(d) None of these

Suppose you drop a die at random on the rectangular region

[2]

shown in the fig. what is the probability that it will land inside
the circle with diameter 1m?
6.

(i) A lot of 20 bulbs contain 4 defective ones. One bulb is drawn at random fro the [2]

lot. What is the probability that this bulb is defective?


(ii) Suppose the ball drawn in (i) is not defective and is not replaced. Now one bulb
is drawn at random from the rest. What is the probability that the bulb is not
defective?
7.

A bag contains 5 red balls, 8 white balls 4 green balls and 7 black balls. If one ball is [2]

drawn at random, find the probability that it is (i) black (ii) red
8.

A carton consists of 100 shirts of which 88 are good, 8 have minor defects and 4 [2]

209

have major defects Jimmy a trader. Will only accept the shirts which are good, but

sujatha, another trades, will only reject the shirts which have major defects. One
shirt is drawn at random from the carton. What is the probability that
(i) It is acceptable to Jimmy?
(ii) It is acceptable to Sujatha?
9.

17 cards numbered 1,2,3,16,17 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. One [3]

person draws a card from the box. Find the probability that the no. on the card is
(i) odd (ii) divisible by 2 (iii) divisible by 2 and 3 both
10.

A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the [3]

card drawn is (i) a black queen (ii) a Jack a queen or a king (iii) neither an ace nor
a king
11.

There are 401 students in class X of whom 25 are girls and 15 are boys. The class [3]

teacher has to select one student as a clan representative. She writer the name of
each student on a separate card. The card being identical and she puts cards in a
bag and stirs thoroughly she then draws one card from the bag. What is the
probability that the name written on the card is the name of a
(i) girl (ii) boy?
12.

A piggy bank contains hundred 50P coins, fifty Rs 1 coins, twenty Rs 2 coins and [3]

ten Rs 5 coins. If it is equally likely that one of the coins will fall out when the hand
is turned upside down. What is the probability that the coin
(i) will be a 50P. coin (ii) will not be a Rs 5 coin?
13.

(a) A black die and a white die are thrown at the same time. Write all the possible [5]

outcomes. What is the probability that the sum of the two numbers that turn up is
8? (b) Find the probability of obtaining (i) a total of 6 (ii) a total of 10 (iii) The
same no. on both dice

210

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(A)

Ans2.

(A)

Ans3.

(D)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Area of rectangle = 3 2 = 6m 2
1
Area of circle = r =
2

m2

4
P (die will land inside the circle)

Area of circle

=
= 4 =
Area of rectangle 6 24

Ans6.

Ans7.

Ans8.

(i)

P (The bulb is defective)


Number of defective bulbs
=
Total number of bulbs in a lot
4 1
=
=
20 4
(ii)
No. of good bulbs = 20-4=16
One bulb is drawn and not replaced then no. of good bulbs = 16-1=15
Total no. of bulbs = 20-1=19
15
Required probability =
19
Total number of outcomes =5+8+4+7=24
(i)
Favorable outcomes =7
7
Required probability =
24
(ii)
favorable outcomes = 5
5
required probability =
24
Total no. of shirts = 100
Total no. of possible outcomes = 100

211

(i)

Ans9.

Ans10.

Ans11.

The no of outcomes favorable to jimmy = 88


88
= 0.88
P (shirt is acceptable to Jimmy ) =
100
(ii)
The no. of outcomes favorable to Sujatha = 88+8=96
96
= 0.96
Required probability =
100
Total no. of possible outcomes =17
(i)
For odd no. favorable cases
1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17 =9
9
Required probability =
17
(ii)
Divisible by 2
{2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16} = 8
Favorable cases = 8
8
Required probability =
17
(iii)
Divisible by 2 and 3 both i.e. divisible by 6
{6,12}
Favorable cases = 2
2
Required probability =
17
Total no. of possible outcomes = 52
(i)
No. of black queen = 2
Favorable outcomes = 2
2
1
=
P (a black queen) =
52 26
(ii)
No. of Jack = 4 queen = 4 King =4 12
No. of favorable outcomes = 12
12 3
=
Required probability =
52 13
(iii)
Ace = 4, King = 4
Total = 4+4=8
Neither an ace not a king = 52-8=44
44
P(Neither an ace nor a king) =
52
11
=
13
Total no. of possible outcomes = 40
(i)
No. of outcomes favorable for girls = 25
25 5
=
P(card with name girl) =
40 8
(ii)
No. of boys = 15
no. of favorable outcomes = 15
15 3
=
P (card with name of a boy) =
40 8

212

Ans12.

Ans13.

Total no. of coins = 100+50+20+10=180


(i)
No. of 50p coin = 100
100 5
=
Required probability =
180 9
(ii)
No. of Rs 5 coin = 10
No. of coin which is not Rs.5
= 180-170
17 0 17
P (Not Rs 5 coin) =
=
18 0 18
When a black die and a white die are thrown
Total no. of possible outcomes
( 6,1) , (1, 2 ) , (1,3) , (1, 4 ) , (1,5 ) , (1, 6 )

( 2,1) , ( 2, 2 ) , ( 2, 3) , ( 2, 4 ) , ( 2,5 ) , ( 2, 6 )
3,1 , 3, 2 , 3,3 , 3, 4 , 3, 5 , 3, 6
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( 4,1) , ( 4, 2 ) , ( 4, 3) , ( 4, 4 ) , ( 4,5 ) , ( 4, 6 )
( 5,1) , ( 5, 2 ) , ( 5, 3) , ( 5, 4 ) , ( 5,5 ) , ( 5, 6 )

( 6,1) , ( 6, 2 ) , ( 6,3) , ( 6, 4 ) , ( 6, 5 ) , ( 6, 6 )

Total no. of possible outcomes = 6 6 = 36


Outcomes in which sum of two numbers is 8 are (2,6),(3,5),(4,4),(5,3),(6,2)
which are 5 in number
5
Required probability =
36
(i)
For total 6
Favorable outcomes are (1,5),(2,4),(3,3),(4,2),(5,1)
favorable no. of outcomes = 5
5
Required probability =
36
(ii)
For a total of 10, we have (4,6),(5,5), (6,4)
Favorable outcomes = 3
3
1
=
Required probability =
36 12
(iii)
For
same
no.
on
both
dice
or
no.
of
doublets
(1,1),(2,2),(3,3),(4,4),(5,5),(6,6)
Favorable outcomes = 6
6 1
=
Required probability =
36 6

213

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS- X Mathematics (Probability)

1.

2.

3.

If E be any event the value of P(E)lie in between

(a) 0 < P( E ) < 1

(b) 0 P( E ) < 1

(c) 0 P( E ) 1

(D) 0 P( E ) 2

Maximum and minimum value of probability is

(a) (1,1)

(b) (1,0)

(c) (0,1)

(d) none of these

[1]

[1]

An unbiased die is thrown. What is the probability of getting an even number or a [1]

multiple of 3?
(a)

2
3

(c) 1
4.

(b)

3
2

(d) none of these

Let E be any event then the value of P(E) + P (not E) equals to


(a) 1

(b) 0

(c) 3

(d)

[1]

1
2

5.

If two dice are thrown one find the probability of getting 9

[2]

6.

A card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of playing cards. Find the probability of a [2]
face card

7.

What is the probability of having 53 Mondays in a leap year?

[2]

8.

Cards bearing numbers 3 to 20 are placed in a bag and mixed thoroughly. A card is [2]

taken out from the bag at random what is the probability that the number on the
card taken out is an even number?
9.

A bag contains 5 red 4 black and 3 green balls. A ball is taken out of the bag at [3]
random find the probability that the selected ball is
(i) of red colour (ii) not of green colour

214

10.

From a well shuffled pack of 52 cards black aces and black queens are removed. [3]

From the remaining cards a card is drawn at random find the probability of
drawing a king or a queen
11.

Which of the following experiments have equally likely outcomes? Explain.

[3]

(i) a driver attempts to start a car. The car starts or does not start. (ii) A player
attempts to shoot a basket ball she/he shoots or misses the shot (iii) A baby is
born. It is a boy or a girl.
12.

Find the probability that a number selected at random from the numbers [3]

1,2,3,..,35 is a
(i) Prime number (ii) multiple of 7 (iii) multiple of 3 or 5
13.

From a pack of 52 playing cards, Jacks, queens, kings and aces of red colour are [5]
removed. From the remaining a card is drawn at random. Find the probability that
the card drawn is (i) a black queen (ii) a red card (iii) a black Jack (iv) a honorable
card

215

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


Class X - Mathematics (Probability)

[ANSWERS]

Ans1.

(C)

Ans2.

(B)

Ans3.

(A)

Ans4.

(A)

Ans5.

Total number of possible outcomes of throwing two dice = 6 6 = 36


Number of outcomes of getting 9 i.e.
(3+6),(4+5),(5+4),(6+3) = 4
The required probability =

Ans6.

4 1
=
36 4

Total number of possible outcomes = 52


Favorable out comes = 4+4+4=12
[4 Jack, 4 queen, 4 king]
required probability =

Ans7.

12 3
=
52 13

Total number of days in a leap year = 366


This contains 52 weeks and 2 days
The remaining two days may be
MT, TW,WTh, Th.F, FS, SS, SM
Favorable cases are MT, SM i.e. 2 out of 7 cases
required probability =

Ans8.

2
7

Total number of outcomes = 20-3=17


Cards in the box having even numbers are 4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20. What are 9 in
number
favorable outcomes in this care = 9
P (an even number) =

9
17

216

Ans9.

Total number of balls in the bag = 5+4+3


total number of outcomes = 12

(i)

No. of red balls = 5


the required probability for a red ball =

(ii)

5
12

favorable cases for non green ball = 12-3=9


the required probability for a non green ball =

Ans10.

9 3
=
12 4

Total number of cards = 52


Number of black aces = 2
Number of black queens = 2
Cards left = 52-2-2=48
Total number of equally likely cases = 48

Number of kings and queens left in the 48 cards = 4+2=6


Favorable cases = 6 required probability =

Ans11.

(i)

6 1
=
48 6

A driver attempts to start a car the can starts or does not start are not
equally likely

(ii)

A player attempts to shoot a basket ball she/he shoots or misses the


shoot are not equally likely

Ans12.

(iii)

A baby is born It is a boy or a girl is an equally likely event

(i)

Prime number are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29,31 = 11


Total number of outcomes = 35

P (Prime number) =
(ii)

Multiples of 7 are 7,14,21,28,35 =5


P (a multiple of 7) =

(iii)

11
35

5 1
=
35 7

Multiple of 3 are 3,6,9,33=11


Multiple of 5 are 5,10,15,,35 = 7

217

Multiple of 3 and 5 are 1530 = 2


Multiple of 3 or 5 = 11+7-2=16

16
35

P (Multiple of 3 or 5) =

Ans13.

Total number of outcomes = 52


Cards removed = 2+2+2+2 = 8
[2 Jack, 2 queens, 2 kinks and 2 aces of red colour]
remaining number of cards = 52-8=44
Total number of outcomes = 44

(i)

Favorable outcomes = 2 [There are 2 black queen]


required probability =

(ii)

2
1
=
44 22

Favorable outcomes = number of red cards left = 26-8=18


Probability for a red card =

(iii)

Favorable outcomes = number of black Jacks = 2


required probability =

(iv)

18 9
=
44 22

2
1
=
44 22

Number of picture cards left =2+2+2 [Jacks, queens, Kings are picture
cards]
required probability =

(v)

6
3
=
44 22

Honorable cards [ace, Jack, Queen and king]


No. of honorable cards left = 2+2+2+2=8
required probability =

8
2
=
44 11

218

CBSE TEST PAPERClass X Mathematics


Time :-1.5. Hrs.

M.M. :- 40

7
(1 + sin )(1-sin ).
, evaluate:
8
(1 + cos )(1-cos )

1.

If cos =

2.

A ladder 10m long reaches a window 8m above the ground. Find the distance

[1]

[1]

of the foot of the ladder from the base of the wall.


3.

Find the co Ordinates of a point A, where AB is the diameter of a circle is (2, -

[1]

3) and B is (1, 4).


4.

Show that: (sin + cosec )2 +(cos + sec ) 2 = 7 + tan 2 + cot 2 .

[2]

5.

Find the length of the medians of the whose vertices are (1, -1), (0. 4) and (-

[2]

5, 3).
6

The co ordinates of one and point of a diameter of a circle are (4, -1) and the

[2]

co ordinates of the centre of the circle (1, -3) Find the co ordinates of the
other end of the diameter.
cos 2 400 + cos 2 500
Sin 2 400 + sin 2 500

7.

Evaluate: cos(400 ) sin(500 + ) +

8.

Find the co ordinates of the points of trisection of the line joining (4, -1) and

[2]

[2]

(-2, -3).
9.

Evaluate without using trigonometric tables.

[3]

cot tan(900 - ) - sec (900 - ) cosec + sin 2 650 + 3 (tan 50 tan450 tan 850 ) .

10.

If sec = x+

11.

Prove the following trigonometric Identities:

1
1.
x prove that sec + tan = 2xor
4
2x

[3]

[3]

1
1
1
1
=
cos ecA - cot A sin A sin A cos ec A + cot A

12.

The angles of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30

219

[3]

and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building

is 60. If the tower is 50m high. Find the height of the building.
13.

Find the area of a triangle whose vertices are (3, 8) (-4, 2) and (5, - 1).

[3]

14.

The angle of elevation of a jet plane from point A on the ground is 60. After a

[6]

flight of 15 seconds the angle of elevation changes to 30. If the jet plane is
flying at a constant height of 1500
15.

3m , find the speed of the jet plane.

If the angles of the elevation of a cloud from a point h meters above a lake is a

and the angle of depression of its reflection in the lake is , prove that the
height of the cloud is h

(tan + tan )
(tan tan )

220

[6]

CBSE TEST PAPERClass X Mathematics


Time :-1.5. Hrs.

1.

M.M. :- 40

The sum and product of zeros of the polynomial are -1/2 and -3 respectively. [1]

What is the quadratic polynomial?


2.

Determine the nature of the roots of the equation 4x2 12x -9 = 0.

[1]

3.

Find the 12th term of an A.P with first term and common difference 1/12.

[1]

4.

For what value of K the numbers 3K + 4, 7K + 1, 12K 5 are in A.P.

[1]

5.

What type of graph following pair of lines represent 2x + 7x = -3 and 6x + 2y =15.

[1]

How many two digit numbers are divisible by 3.

[2]

7.

Solve. 4x + 3y = 1.7 , 7x 2y =0.8

8.

Which term of the sequence 114, 109, 104 is the first negative term.

[2]

9.

Find the zeros of the polynomial 8x2 22x 21.

[2]

10. If two zeroes of the polynomial x4 + 3x3 20x2 6x + 36 are

2 and -

2.

[3]

Find the other zeroes of the polynomial.


11. Draw the graph of

x + 3y = 6, 2x 3y = 12

[3]

Find the area of x = 0, y = o and 2x 3y = 12.


12. Some students arranged a picnic. The budget for food was Rs. 240. Because 4 [3]

students of the group failed to go the cost of food to each students got increased
by Rs. 5. How many students went for the picnic?
13. If the mth term of an A.P is 1/n and nth term is 1/m show that sum of (mn) term is [3]

(mn + 1).
14. Two pipes running together can fill a cistern in 3 1/13 minutes. If one pipe takes [3]

3 minutes more than other to fill it. Find the time in which each pipe would fill
the cistern.
15. One fourth of a herd of camel was seen in the forest twice the square root of the

herd gone to mountain and the remaining 15 were seen on the bank of a river.

221

[6]

Find the total number of camels.

16. A boat goes 12km upstream and 40km down stream in 8 hours. It can go 16km [6]

upstream and 32km down stream in the same term. Find the speed of the boat
and speed of the stream.
SECTION C
16. Using division algorithm, find the HCF of three numbers 240, 672, and 768.
17. For what values of a and b the following system of linear equations have an

infinite number of solutions. 2x + 3y = 7, (a b) x + (a + b) y = 3a + b 2.


18. For what values of K does the quadratic equation

9x2 + 8kx + 16 = 0 have equal roots.


19. A two digit number is such that product of its digit is 35 when 18 is added to the

number, the digits interchange their places find the number.


20. How many terms of the AP. 72 , 69, 66,..make the sum 897 explain the double

answer.
21. As observed form top of a light house, 100 m high above sea level, the angle of

depression of a ship, sailing directly towards it changes from 30o to 45o


Determine distance traveled by ship during period of observation (Take

3 =

1.732)
22.

If the sum of the squares of zeros of polynomial 6x2 + x + k is

25
find value of k.
36

23. Equilateral triangles are drawn on the sides of a right triangle. Show that area of

the triangle on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of areas of triangles on the other
two sides.
24. A pole has to be erected at a point on the boundary of a circular park of diameter

13 metres in such a way that the differences of its distance from two
diametrically opposite fixed gates A and B on the boundary is 7 mt. Is it possible
to do so? If yes, at what distances from the two gates should the pole be erected.

222

25. Write prime factorization of 103428 by using the factorization tree.


SECTION - D
26. Prove that in a right angle triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to sum

of squares on other two sides using above prove the following in ABC, A =
90o and AD BC.
Prove that AB2 + CD2 = BD2 + AC2.

27. If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h metres above a lake is and

the angle of depression of its reflection in lake is . Prove that height of cloud is
h(tan + tan )
tan - tan
28. Solve graphically the following system of linear equations.

3x + y + 1 = o
2x 3y + 8 = o
Shade the area of region bounded by the lines and x-axis.
29. A passenger train takes 2 hours less for a journey of 300 km, if its speed is

increased by 5km/hr from its original speed find the original speed of the train.
30. Find the other zeros of the polynomial x4 5x3 + 2x2 + 10x 8 if it is given that

two of its zero are -

2 and

2.

223

CBSE TEST PAPERClass X Mathematics


Time :-1.5. Hrs.

M.M. :- 40

1.

State fundamental theorem of Arithmetic.

[1]

2.

In ABC. DE || BC =3cm. DB = 7 cm. What is the ratio of ABC to area of DEF.

[1]

3.

The length of tangent from a point A at a distance of 25 cm from the centre of

[1]

the circles is 24 cm. Find the radius of the circle.


4.

Stare Euclids Division lemma.

[1]

5.

Write 45360 as product of product of prime factors.

[1]

Find the HCF of 96 and 404. Hence, find their LCM.

[2]

7.

Check whether 6n end with O or not.

[2]

8.

Prove that tangents from an external point to the same circle are equal.

[2]

9.

A vertical stick 10m long casts a shadow 8m long. At the same a tower casts a
shadow 30m long. Determine the height of the tower.

[2]

10.

Construct a circle whose radius is equal to 4 cm. Let P be a point whose distance
from its centre is 7 cm. Constructs two tangents from P.

[3]

11.

State and prove Basic Proportionality Theorem.

[3]

12.

Show that square of any positive integer is of the form 3m or 3m + 1 for some
integer m

[3]

13.

O is any point inside a rectangle ABCD. Prove that OB2 + OD2 = OA2 + OC2.

[3]

14.

If all the sides of a parallelogram touch a circle, show that the parallelogram is a
rhombus.

[3]

15.

Prove that the ratio of areas of two similar s is equal to the square of the ratio
of their corresponding sides. Use the about theorem in the following. The area
of two similar s are 81 cm2 and 144 cm2. If the largest side of the smaller is 27
cm, find the largest side of larger .

[6]

16.

In an equilateral ABC,D is a point on side BC such the BD = 1/3 BC. Prove that
9AD2 = 7 AB2.

[6]

224

CBSE TEST PAPERClass X Mathematics


M.M. :

Time :-3 Hrs.

General Instructions.
1.
All questions are compulsory.
2.
The question paper consists of 30 questions divided into four section A, B C and D.
Section A comprises ten questions of 1 mark each, Section B comprises of five
questions of 2 marks each, Section C comprises of ten questions of 3 marks each and
Section D comprises of five questions of 6 marks each.
3.
All question in section-A are to be answered in one sentence or as per the exact
requirement of the question.
4.
There is no overall choice. However an internal choice has been provided in one
question of 2 marks, three question of 3 marks each and two question of 6 marks each.
You have attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.
SECTION A

10 MARKS

1.

If 17th term of an A.P exceeds the 10th term by 7. Find the common difference.

[1]

2.

The three consecutive terms of an A.P are 2P + 4, 13 and 5P 3. Find a term

[1]

other than 13.


3.

The perimeters of two similar triangles ABC and PQR are respectively 32 cm.

[1]

and 24 cm. If PQ = 12 cm. find the length of side AB.


4.

ABCD is a trapezium.

[1]

AB  CD ,If OA = 3 ,OC = x-3, OB = x-5, OD = 3x 19. Find the value of x.

5.

6.

Check whether

60
has terminating decimal representation.
150

State Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic.

225

[1]

[1]

7.

[1]

Write zeros and number of zeros in fig. 2 ,for the polynomial y=p(x)
8.

Find the discriminant of the quadratic equation X2 + x -

1
=0
2

9.

For what value of A, trigonometric ratios tan A and cot A are equal?

10.

Find the value of . If 2 cos

[1]

[1]
[1]

1
, O0 < <900
2

SECTION B
11.

If an = 5-2n. Find the sum of n term of A.P.

OR

[2]

If the 9th term of an A.P is zero. Prove that its 29th term is double of 19th term.
12.

In right angled ABC : B = 90, from the vertex B. BD AC is drown. Prove

that
13.

[2]

1
1
1
=
+
2
2
BD
BC
AB 2

If (1, 2), (4, y), (x, 6) and (3, 5) are the vertices of parallelogram taken in order.

[2]

Find the value of x and y.


14.

The length of a line segment is 10 unit. If one end is at (2, -3) and abscissa of the

[2]

second end is 10. Find the ordinate of the other end.


15.

Without using the trigonometric table evaluate the following:


11Sin700 4
cos 530 . cosec 37 0

7Cos 200 7 tan150.tan 350.tan550 .tan750

226

[2]

SECTION C 30 MARKS
16.

If Band Q are acute angles such that Sin B= Sin Q then prove that B = Q.

[3]

OR
If Sin (A B) =

1
1
and Cos (A + B) =
2
2

O < A + B 900 and A > B. Find A. and < B.


17.

18.

Prove that

1 + cos sin 1 + cos


=
.
cos 1 + sin
sin

[3]

If the sum of first P terms of an A. P is q and sum of q terms of the A.P is P. Find

[3]

the sum of (p + q) terms.


19.

The line segment joining the points (2,1) and (5, - 8) is trisected by the points P

[3]

and Q. If p lies on the line 2x y + k = 0. Find the possible values of K.


OR
If A and B are ( -2, _2) and (2, -4) respectively. Find the coordinates of P, if p lies
on AB and
20.

AP 3
=
AB 7

If the vertices of ABC are A (8, 1). B (K, -4) and C (2, -5) are area of ABC is 12

[3]

square units. Find the values of K.


21.

In the given fig. 3. PQRS is a rhombus and QRC = BAC. Prove that PQ2 = AP.

[3]

QC.

22.

ABCD is a parallelogram. M is the mid-point of CD. The line BM is drawn

intersecting AC at L and AD produced to E prove that EL = 2 BL


OR
In the given figure 4.

227

[3]

AB r AC , EF r AC, DC r AC, AB = x, EF = y, CD = z

Prove that

23.

1 1 1
= +
y x z

Use Euclid Division algorithm to show that the square of any positive integer is

[3]

either of the form 3m or 3m+1 for some integer m.


24.

If two zeros of the polynomial x 4 6 x 3 + 138 x 35 26 x 2 are2 3. Find other

[3]

zeros.
25.

Solve the system of equations for x


SECTION D

26.

b2 x a 2 y

= ab(a + b) and b 2 x - a 2 y = 2a 2 b 2
a
b
30 MARKS

Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of

[6]

the squares of their corresponding sides.


Using above result prove that
In ABC.
AB = (2 + 2) BX ; Give that XY  BC. Where X and Y are the points on the sides
AB and AC respectively.
27.

State and prove converse of Pythagoras theorem.

Using above theorem. Find area of ABC if BC 13 cm.


AOC = 900 ,AB = 12 cm. OA = 3 cm. and OC = 4 cm.

228

[6]

28.

The students of a class are made to stand in rows. If three students are extra in a

[6]

row, there would be one row less. If three students one less in a row, would be
two rows more. Find the number of students in the class.
29.

An aeroplane left 30 minutes later than its scheduled time and in order to reach

[6]

the destination 1500 km away in time, it has to increase its speed by 250 km/hr
from the usual speed. Determine its usual speed.
OR
Speed of a boat in still water is 11km/hr. It can go 12 km upstream and return
downstream to the original points in 2 hours 45 minutes. Find the speed of the
stream.
30.

The angles of depression of the top and bottom of an 8 meter tall building from

the top of a multi-storeyed building are 300 and 450 respectively. Find the
height of the multi-storeyed building and the distance between the two
buildings.
OR
An aeroplane when 3000 m high, passes vertically above another aeroplane at
an instant, when the angles of elevation of the two aeroplanes from the point, on
the ground are 600 and 450 respectively. Find the vertical distance between the
aeroplanes.

229

[6]

CBSE TEST PAPERClass X Mathematics


M.M. :-

Time :-3. Hrs.

All the questions are compulsory.


Section A consists of 10questions of 1 mark each (1 to 10)
Section B consists of 5 questions of 2 marks each (11 to 15)
Section C consists of 10 questions of 3 marks each (16 to 25)
Section D consists of 5 questions of 6 marks each (26 to 30)
Section A

1.

Given that LCM (150, 100) = 300 find HCF (150, 100)

2.

Find the number of zeros for p(x).

3.

Is the following equation quadratic? Give reasons :

4x2 -8

x +3=0

4.

The 8th term of an AP is 35 and its 102nd term is 317. Find the AP.

5.

Find the sum of all odd integers between 2 and 100 divisible b 3.

Is MNP similar to EFG

230

.
7.

Evaluate in simplest form.

cos 60o cos 30o + sin 60o sin 30o


8.

9.

Prove that

cos 2
+ sin = cosec
sin

Given the following equations solve for x and y.

3x 4y = 1
4x 3y = 6
10.

Without actual division state if the following rational numbers will have

terminating or non terminating repeating decimal expansion


32
1250

Section B
11.

Solve for x and y


x + 1 y 1
x 1 y + 1
+
=8 and
+
=9
2
3
3
2

12.

In an AP the sum of its first n terms is n2 + 2x

Find its 18th term.


13.

Using Basic proportionality theorem prove that the lines drawn through the points

of trisection of one side a triangle parallel to another side trisect the third side.

231

14.

Without using trigonometric tables find value of

tan 500 + sec 500


+ cos 400 cosec 500
cot 400 + cosec 400

15.

State euclids dirsion lemma.


SECTION C

16.

Using division algorithm, find the HCF of three numbers 240, 672, and 768.

17.

For what values of a and b the following system of linear equations have an infinite

number of solutions.
2x + 3y = 7
(a b) x + (a + b) y = 3a + b 2.
18.

For what values of K does the quadratic equation

9x2 + 8kx + 16 = 0 have equal roots.


19.

A two digit number is such that product of its digit is 35 when 18 is added to the

number, the digits interchange their places find the number.


20.

How many terms of the AP. 72 , 69, 66,..make the sum 897 explain the double

answer.
21.

As observed form top of a light house, 100 m high above sea level, the angle of

depression of a ship, sailing directly towards it changes from 30o to 45o Determine
distance traveled by ship during period of observation (Take
22.

3 = 1.732)

If the sum of the squares of zeros of the polynomial 6x2 + x + k is

25
find value of
36

k.
23.

Equilateral triangles are drawn on the sides of a right triangle. Show that area of

the triangle on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of areas of triangles on the other
two sides.
24.

A pole has to be erected at a point on the boundary of a circular park of diameter

13 metres in such a way that the differences of its distance from two diametrically

232

opposite fixed gates A and B on the boundary is 7 mt. Is it possible to do so? If yes,

at what distances from the two gates should the pole be erected.
25.

Write prime factorization of 103428 by using the factorization tree.


SECTION - D

26.

Prove that in a right angle triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of

squares on other two sides using above prove the following in ABC, A = 90o
and AD BC.
Prove that AB2 + CD2 = BD2 + AC2.

27.

If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h metres above a lake is and the

angle of depression of its reflection in lake is . Prove that height of cloud is


h(tan + tan )
tan - tan
28.

Solve graphically the following system of linear equations.

3x + y + 1 = o
2x 3y + 8 = o
Shade the area of region bounded by the lines and x-axis.
29.

A passenger train takes 2 hours less for a journey of 300 km, if its speed is

increased by 5km/hr from its original speed find the original speed of the train.
30.

Find the other zeros of the polynomial x4 5x3 + 2x2 + 10x 8 if it is given that

two of its zero are -

2 and

2.

233

CBSE UNIT TEST PAPER-05


CLASS - X (MATHEMATICS)
M.M.

Time : 3 Hours

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS :1. All questions are compulsory.


2. There are four section A,B, C and D
Section A contains 10 questions of 1 mark each
Section B contains 5 questions of 2 marks each
Section C contains 10 questions of 3 marks each and
Section D contains 5 questions carrying 6 marks each
3. There is one internal choice in section B, three in section C and two in section D.
4. Use of calculator and mobile phone is not permitted

SECTION A

1.

State the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetics.

2.

The graph of y = f (x) is given below. Find the number of zeroes of f (x)

3.

Write a rational number between

4.

What is the nature of roots of quadratic equation 4x2 12x+9 = 0?

5.

Find perimeter of the given shaded region.

2 and

234

6.

The length of tangent from a point A at a distance of 5cm from centre of a circle is 4cm.
What will be radius of the circle?

7.

Which measure of central tendency is given by x-coordinate of the point of


intersection of the more then ogive and less than ogive?

8.

A bag contains 5 red and 5 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. What is
the probability of getting a red ball?

9.

What is the distance between two parallel tangents of a circle of radius 4cms?

10.

The height of a tower is 10m. Find the altitude of sun if the shadow of the tower is
equal to the height of the tower.

SECTION B

11.

From pocket money, child saves Re 1 first day, Re 2 second day, Re 3 third day and so
on in a month. How much money will the child save in the month of February 2008?

12.

Express Sin65o + Cos75o in terms of trigonometric ratios of angles between 0o and


45o

OR

A
B + C
If A,B and C are interior angles of a ABC then show that Cos
= sin
2
2

13.

in the figure given below, DE ll BC and DE : BC =4:5 then find the ratio of the areas of
ADE and ABC

235

14

All the Queens, Jacks and diamonds have been removed from a pack of 52 cards. The
remaining cards have been reshuffled and a card is drawn at random. Find the
probability that it is a 1)

15.

face card

2)

black card.

Find the value of x for which the distance between the points P (2,-3) and Q (x,5) is
10 units.

SECTION D

2 is irrational.

16.

Prove that 3-

17.

Draw the graph of equations x+y=3and 2x+5y=12. Does their point of intersection lie
on the x-axis? Find the area of the triangle formed by these lines and the line y=o.

18.

Solve following for x and y


(a-b) x+ (a+b) y=a2-2ab-b2
(a+b)(x+y)=a2+b2
OR
Solve the pair of linear equations for x and y
47x+53y=41
53x+47y=59

19.

The sum of first n terms an A.P is 3n2 +n. Find the A.P and also the nth term. OR
Find the sum of all three digit number which leave remainder 3 when divided by 5.
SecA 1
+
SecA + 1

Sec A+1
=
Sec A-1

20

Prove that

2cosecA

21.

Find out if the points A (-3,2), B (1,-3) and C (4,1) are the vertices of an isosceles right
triangle?

22.

In what ratio does the points P (2,-5) divide the line segment joining A (-3,5) and B
(4,-9).

23

Construct a right angled ABC right angled at B with AB =4cms and BC=6cms. Now
draw a circle with AB as diameter. From C, draw tangents to this circle. OR
Construct a right angled ABC in which AB=4cms,BC=6cms and ABC=60o such that
each side of new triangle is 4/3 of the corresponding side of ABC

24.

In the given figure, AB, AC and PQ are tangents to a circle and AB=5 cm. Find the
perimeter of APQ.

236

25.

Find the area and perimeter of the shaded region in figure given below, where
AP=PQ=QR=14 cm.

26.

27.

Find the mean, mode and median of the following data.

In a right angled triangle, prove that the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum
of the squares on other two sides. Prove.
Using the above, in the given figure, find the length of PQ if angle QPR = angle POR=90o
OP= 6 cm, OR=8 cm and QR= 26 cm

237

.
28.

Two ships sailing on the sea are on either side of the light house. The angles of
depression of the two ships as observed from the top of the light house are 60o and
3 + 1
45o respectively. If the distance between the two ships is 200
m, find the
3

height of the light house.

OR

From the top of the tower, the angles of depression of two object on the same side of
tower are a & B, (where a >B). If the distance between the objects are x m, show that
x tan a tan b
height of the tower is
m
tan a - tan b

29.

A group of girls planned a picnic. The budget for food was Rs.2400. Due to illness, 10
girls couldnt go to the picnic and cost of food for each girl increased by Rs.8. How
many girls had planned for picnic?

OR

A train travels 360 km at a uniform speed. If the speed of the train had been 5 km / hr
more, it would have taken one hour less for the same journey. Find the original speed
of the train.
30.

The slant height of a frustum of a cone is 4cm and the perimeters of its circular ends
are 18cm and 6cm. Find the curved surface area of the frustum.

238

CBSE UNIT TEST PAPERCLASS - X (MATHEMATICS)


M.M.

Time : 3 Hours

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS :1.

All questions are compulsory.

2.

The question paper consists of 30 questions divided into 4 sections A, B, C and D.


Section A comprises of 10 questions of 1 mark each, section B comprises of 5
questions of 2 marks each, Section C comprises of 10 question of 3 marks each and
Section D comprises of 5 questions of 6 marks each.

3.

All questions in section A are to be answered in one word, one sentence on as per the
exact requirement of the question.

4.

There is on overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in one
question of 2 marks, three question of 3 marks and two question of 6 marks. You have
to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.

5.

In the question on construction, the drawing should be neat and exactly as per the
given requirements.

6.

This paper has 4 printed sides.

SECTION A
1.

What is the probability for a leap year to have 53 Sundays?

2.

If the less than and the more than ogives of a distribution intersect at (34, 56) then
find the median of the distribution.

3.

Three horses are tethered at the corners of a triangular plot having sides 20 m 30 m
and 40 m with ropes of length 7 m each. Find the area of the plot which can be grazed
by the horses.
11
10
= 1m find x.
5 x 4 4 5x

4.

If

5.

Two APs have the same common difference. The first terms of the APs are 15 and 8
respectively. What is the difference between their 4oth terms?

6.

If tan (3A+15o ) =

3 , find the value of A.

239

7.

If HCF (72,120) = 24, then what is the LCM (72,120)?

8.

The volume and surface area of a sphere are numerically equal, find the radius of the
sphere.

9.

For what value of m will the equations 4x + my -8 = 0 and 3x 5y + 7 = o represent a


pair of parallel lines?

10.

F is a point on AB such that AF = 3FB, find the ratio of the areas of the equilateral
triangles ADF and BEF.

SECTION B

sin 36o
+ cos 36o cos54o + 2cot 15o cot45ocot75o.
cos 54o

11.

Evaluate :

12.

Prove that 3-5 11 is an irrational number.

13.

Find the value of p for which the points (-1, 3), (2, p) and (5, -1) are collinear.

14.

D and E are two points on sides AB and AC of triangle ABC. DE ll BC, DC and BE
intersect at a point F such that AD : BD = 5:4, find area DFE : area CFB.
OR
A circle is inscribed in the quadrilateral ABCD. Given BC = 38 cm, BQ = 27 cm, CD = 25
cm and ADC = 90o, find the radius of the circle.

240

15.

Cards numbered 4, 5, 6, ....., 50 are place in a box and are mixed


thoroughly. A card is drawn is (i) odd (ii) divisible by 3..

SECTION C
16.

How many terms of the AP 24, 21, 18, .must be taken so that the
sum is 78? Explain the double answer.

17.

The sum of the first 30 terms of an AP is equal to the sum of its first 20 terms.
Show that the sum of the first 50 terms of the same AP is zero.
OR
A boy chimbing a hill covers 60 m during the first minute, 54 m during the
second minute and 48 m during the next miunte and so on. How many
metres will he climb in the eighth minute? Also find the distance climbed by
him in 8 minutes.

18.

Find all the zeroes of the polynomial 3x4 4x3 14x2 + 20x 5 given two of its zeroes
as

19.

5 and -

5.

Find theratio in which the join of the points (3, -1) and (8, 9) is divided by the line y x
+2=0

20.

Find the third vertex of a triangle if its two vertices are (- 1,4)and (5,2)and midpoint of
one side is (0,3).
OR
Show that the points (5, 6), (1, 5), (2, 1) and (6, 2) are the vertices of a square.
cot + cos ec 1 1 + cos
=
cot -cos ec +1
sin

21.

Prove that :

22.

Draw the graph of 5x 4y 20 = 0 and 5x + 3y +15 = 0. Also write their point of


intersection.
OR
Solve

23.

x3
x 1
1
+
= 3 , x 2, 4
x2 x4
2

Construct ABC in which BC = 4.2 cm, AC = 5.8 cm and ABC = 60o. Now construct
ABC similar to ABC where each side of ABC is
ABC.

241

5
of the corresponding side of
3

24.

It is proposed to add to a square lawn of side 42 m, two circular ends. The centre of
each circle being the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square. Find the area
of the whole lawn.

25.

Prove that the opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend a pair
of supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.

SECTION D
26

If a line is drawn parallel to a side of a triangle intersecting the other two sides at
distinct points, then it divides them in the same ratio Prove.
OR
D and E are points on the side AB and AC respectively of ABC suck that DE || BC . If
AD = 4x 3, AE = 8x 7, BD= 3x 1 and CE = 5x 3, find the value of x.

27.

Some amount is distributed equally among a certain number of students. If there are
8 students less, everyone will get Rs 10 more. If there are 16 students more, everyone
will ret Rs 10 less. What is the number of students and how much dose each get?
OR
If twice the area of the smaller of two squares is subtracted from the area of the larger
square, the result is 14 cm2. However, if twice the area of the larger square is added to
three times the area of the smaller square, the result is 203 cm2. Determine the sides
of the squares.

28.

Median of the following frequency distribution is 46. Find the missing frequencies.

29.

The height of a cone is 32 cm. A small cone is cut off at the top by a plane parallel to its
base. If its volume be

1
of the volume of the given cone, find at what height above
64

the base is the section made?

242

CBSE TEST PAPERClass X Mathematics


M.M. :-

Time :-1.5 Hrs.


All the questions are compulsory.
Section A is of 1 mark each.
Section B has 5 questions of 2 marks each.
Section C has 4 questions of 3 marks each.
Sections D has 2 questions of 6 marks each.
Section A
1.

If p is a prime number then

2.

If , are the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial ax2 + bx + c, then find the

p is an . Number.

value of

+ + .
3.

What is the common difference of an AP in which

a23 a18 = 45.


4.

If one root of quadratic equation 3x2 kx + 6 = 0 is 2, what is the value of k.

5.

State the condition so that the pair of linear equation

ax + by + 3 = 0
2x + 5y + 6 = 0.
has infinitely many solutions.
6

State the fundamental theorem of Arithmetic.


Section B

1.

If and are two zeros of the quadratic polynomial p (x) = 2x2 3x + 7 find
+

2.

Find HCF of 650 and 1170 by uclid algorithm.

3.

Sum of two numbers is 35 and their difference is 13. Find the numbers.

4.

Find value of k for which the quadratic equation.

( k + 4 ) x2 + ( k + 1 ) x + 1 = 0 has equal roots.

243

5.

Simplify the equation and show that it is not a quadratic equation

(2x 1)2 4x2 + 5 = 0.


Section C
1.

Find the zeros of the polynomial f (x) = x3 5x2 16x + 80 if its two zeros are

equal in magnitude but opposite in sign.


2.

Solve by method of cross multiplication

X + y =7
5x + 12y = 7.
3.

The some of two natural numbers is 8. Determine the numbers if the sum of their

reciprocals is
4.

8
.
15

Find the zeros of the quadratic polynomial x2 + 11x + 30 and verify relation

between zeros and coefficient of the polynomial.


Section - D
1.

Solve the following system of linear equations graphically.

Xy=1
2x+y=8
Shade area bound by these two lines and y axis. Also determine this area.
2.

Find all Zeros of the polynomial x4 + x3 9x2 3x + 18,

if it is give that two of its zeros are -

3 and

244

3.

CBSE TEST PAPERClass X Mathematics


M.M. :-

Time :-3. Hrs.

All the questions are compulsory.


Section A consists of 10questions of 1 mark each (1 to 10)
Section B consists of 5 questions of 2 marks each (11 to 15)
Section C consists of 10 questions of 3 marks each (16 to 25)
Section D consists of 5 questions of 6 marks each (26 to 30)
Section A

1.

Given that LCM (150, 100) = 300 find HCF (150, 100)

2.

Find the number of zeros for p(x).

3.

Is the following equation quadratic? Give reasons :

4x2 -8

x +3=0

4.

The 8th term of an AP is 35 and its 102nd term is 317. Find the AP.

5.

Find the sum of all odd integers between 2 and 100 divisible b 3.

Is MNP similar to EFG

245

.
7.

Evaluate in simplest form.

cos 60o cos 30o + sin 60o sin 30o


8.

9.

Prove that

cos 2
+ sin = cosec
sin

Given the following equations solve for x and y.

3x 4y = 1
4x 3y = 6
10.

Without actual division state if the following rational numbers will have

terminating or non terminating repeating decimal expansion


32
1250

Section B
11.

Solve for x and y


x + 1 y 1
x 1 y + 1
+
=8 and
+
=9
2
3
3
2

12.

In an AP the sum of its first n terms is n2 + 2x

Find its 18th term.


13.

Using Basic proportionality theorem prove that the lines drawn through the points

of trisection of one side a triangle parallel to another side trisect the third side.

246

14.

Without using trigonometric tables find value of

tan 500 + sec 500


+ cos 400 cosec 500
cot 400 + cosec 400

15.

State euclids dirsion lemma.


SECTION C

16.

Using division algorithm, find the HCF of three numbers 240, 672, and 768.

17.

For what values of a and b the following system of linear equations have an infinite

number of solutions.
2x + 3y = 7
(a b) x + (a + b) y = 3a + b 2.
18.

For what values of K does the quadratic equation

9x2 + 8kx + 16 = 0 have equal roots.


19.

A two digit number is such that product of its digit is 35 when 18 is added to the

number, the digits interchange their places find the number.


20.

How many terms of the AP. 72 , 69, 66,..make the sum 897 explain the double

answer.
21.

As observed form top of a light house, 100 m high above sea level, the angle of

depression of a ship, sailing directly towards it changes from 30o to 45o Determine
distance traveled by ship during period of observation (Take
22.

3 = 1.732)

If the sum of the squares of zeros of the polynomial 6x2 + x + k is

25
find value of
36

k.
23.

Equilateral triangles are drawn on the sides of a right triangle. Show that area of

the triangle on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of areas of triangles on the other
two sides.
24.

A pole has to be erected at a point on the boundary of a circular park of diameter

13 metres in such a way that the differences of its distance from two diametrically

247

opposite fixed gates A and B on the boundary is 7 mt. Is it possible to do so? If yes,

at what distances from the two gates should the pole be erected.
25.

Write prime factorization of 103428 by using the factorization tree.


SECTION - D

26.

Prove that in a right angle triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to sum of

squares on other two sides using above prove the following in ABC, A = 90o
and AD BC.
Prove that AB2 + CD2 = BD2 + AC2.

27.

If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h metres above a lake is and the

angle of depression of its reflection in lake is . Prove that height of cloud is


h(tan + tan )
tan - tan
28.

Solve graphically the following system of linear equations.

3x + y + 1 = o
2x 3y + 8 = o
Shade the area of region bounded by the lines and x-axis.
29.

A passenger train takes 2 hours less for a journey of 300 km, if its speed is

increased by 5km/hr from its original speed find the original speed of the train.
30.

Find the other zeros of the polynomial x4 5x3 + 2x2 + 10x 8 if it is given that

two of its zero are -

2 and

2.

248

CBSE TEST PAPERClass X Mathematics


Time : 1.5 Hrs.

1.

M.M. :- 40

The diameter of a sphere is 6 cm. It is melted and drawn into a wire of diameter 2 [1]

mm. Find the length of the wire.


2.

A bag contains 4 white, 3 Black and 5 red balls. What is the probability of getting a [1]

green ball?
3.

Find the area of a ring shaped region bounded between two concentric circles of [1]

radii 20 cm and 15 cm.


4.

In a single throw of two dice, find the probability of getting 12 as the product.

[1]

5.

A Cylinder, a cone and a hemisphere are of equal base and have the same height. [1]

What is the ratio of their volume?


6

One card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of 52 playing cards. Find the [2]

probability of getting.

7.

i)

A non-face card.

ii)

A black king or a red queen.

A square field and an equilateral triangular park have equal perimeters. If the cost of [2]

ploughing the field at the rate of Rs. 5 per m2 is Rs. 720 find the cost of maintaining
the park at the rate of Rs. 10 per m2.
8.

PQRS is a square land of side 28 m. Two semicircular grass covered, portions are to [2]

be made on two of its opposite sides, as shown in the adjoining figure. How much
area will be left uncovered? [Take = 22/7]

9.

Find the median of the following frequency distribution.

249

[2]

10.

Marks

Frequency

0-100

100-200

200-300

300-400

12

400-500

17

500-600

20

600-700

15

700-800

800-900

900-1000

A Cylindrical can of internal diameter 21 cm contains water. A solid sphere whose [3]

diameter is 10.5 cm is lowered into the Cylindrical can. The sphere is completely
immersed in water. Calculate the rise in the water level, assuming that no water
overflows.
11.

A vessel is in the form of an inverted cone. Its height is 8 cm and the radius of its top, [3]

which is open is 5cm. It is filled with water up to the brim. When lead shots, each of
which is a sphere of radius 0.5 cm, are dropped into the vessel, one fourth of the
water overflows. Find the number of lead shots dropped in to the vessel.
12.

Calculate the mean of the following grouped distribution.


Class

10-30

30-50

50-70

70-90

90-110

[3]
110-

Total

130
Frequency 5
13.

12

20

50

Water is flowing at 5 km/h through a pipe of radius 7 cm into a rectangular tank 50 [3]

m x 44 m. Find the time in which the level of water in the tank will rise by 21 cm.
14.

A box contains 100 discs which are numbered from 1 to 100. If one disc is

Drawn at random from the box. Find the probability that it bears.
(i)

A 2 digit number

(ii) A perfect square number.

250

[3]

15.

A container ( Open at the top) made up of a metal sheet is in the form of a frustum of

a cone of height 16 cm, with radii of its lower and upper ends as 8cm and 20cm cm
respectively. Find.
i) The cost of milk when it is completely filled with milk at the rate of Rs. 15 per litre.
ii) The cost of metal sheet used it costs Rs. 5 per 100 cm2 (Take =3.14)
16.

The median of the following data is 20.75, find the missing frequencies x and y,

if the total frequency is 100.


Class

0-5

5-10

10-15

15-20

20-25

25-30

30-35

10

13

10

14

35-40

Interval
Frequency

251