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22/09/2014

EEMUAseminaronstoragetanks
featuringthelaunchofEEMUA159Edition4
DavidWilkins
StorageTankSpecialist
&ConsultanttoEEMUA

EEMUAandme
ParttimeTankConsultantwithEEMUA,formerly
with BP and ExxonMobil now retired
withBPandExxonMobil,nowretired.
InvolvedwithSTCsince1995.
Writteneightnewpapersinthenew159,including
groovecorrosion,anchoringandsnowloading.
LectureronTankAssessorscourseandthenewTank
I
Intro,(October2013).
(O b 2013)
Mymaingoal?TopromoteandcontinueTank
Integritytoalllevels.Interpretationofbestpractice.
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22/09/2014

TankIntegrity
SharingtheExperience
LinkingtheEEMUAandothertankstandards
t T k
toTankcourses.
Internationalandengineeringdiversityof
participants.
Sharingpreventionmethodstoalllevelsof
personnel.
personnel
Learningfrompasttankfailures.

Prevention
Formalreviewscarriedoutatkeystages

Operationalchecksinservice.
Peerreviews,internalandexternalaudits.
PromotionofTankageTeam.Inspection,
Maintenance,Process,OperationsandSafety.

22/09/2014

Formalreviewscarriedoutatkeystages

22/09/2014

Shellrepairtostandard?
Notinthiscase!

22/09/2014

Edgesettlement
Repairatcriticalzone.

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22/09/2014

Criticalzone
Takingsimpleprecautions

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TankOperations

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22/09/2014

TankOperations.excessgassing

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TankOperations. Avgas,lowpHlevels

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22/09/2014

TankOperations.Avgas,lowpHlevels

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TankOperations
Emissions.Whatoncewasacceptable,isntanymore.

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22/09/2014

EEMUA159.NewInformation
Arcticconditions.Recentinformationonedge
settlement.
ttl
t
Inspectionintervalsandnewclimatecodeto
beintroduced?
Newproducts,(Biofuels).
Newfailures=Newrecommendations?
New failures New recommendations?

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CompaniesrepresentedinSTC

The Oil &


Pipelines
Agency

FrequentGuests

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22/09/2014

Delegates /members
AdamBirkitt
AlistairCross
A d
AndrewCross
C
AndrewDevonald
AndrewDodd
AndrewPearson
BobBaird
BobWalker
CeesVoermans
ChrisWard
CliveDrakes
DavidGalt
David Wilkins
DavidWilkins
EmmanuelHernandez
IanParke

MEMBERSofSTCandWorkGroupwho
updatedEEMUAsPublicationNo.159
Phillips66
BP
RWE
RWEnpower
Murco
NuStarEnergy
EEMUA,SecretaryofSTC
BP
Essar
Shell
RWEnpower
Phillips66
ExxonMobil
EEMUA pre io s BP and E onMobil
EEMUA,previousBPandExxonMobil
Oiltanking
EDFEnergy

JeroenLagerweij
MargitBlok
Mi h l K
MichaelKramerFreyer
F
MikeCook
OliverStanelle
PaulJames
PaulKirkup
PeterKerkhof
RenevanEerten
RobbieJohnson
RobinEssenius
SimonCook
Steve Taylor
SteveTaylor
StewartWakefield
StuartTurner

Oiltanking
VTTI
V
Vopak
k
SimonStorage
Oiltanking
BP
BGGroup
Shell
Vopak
WestwayTerminals
Vopak
OPA
Total LOR
TotalLOR
Univar
SSE

JandeJong

D&CEngineering

WalterMeinardi

FosterWheeler

FrequentGUESTS
JarrodKing

HSE

AlanWatson

RepresentingAPISCAT

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Achievements oftheSTC
Publication No.180Frangible RoofJointsfor FixedRoofStorage
Tanks,Guidefor designers and users,2nd revision publishedin2009
Publication No.154Guidance to owners onDemolition of Vertical
Cylindrical,SteelStorageTanks,2nd edition publishedin2007
Publication No.190Guidefor the Design,Construction and Use of
Mounded HorizontalCylindrical SteelVessels for Pressurised storage
of LPGatAmbient Temperatures,2nd edition publishedin2004
PublicationNo.207
Publication No 207 Double
DoubleConcreteRefrigeratedandCryogenic
Concrete Refrigerated and Cryogenic
StorageTanks(insteadof9%NIsteelsinnertank nowprestressed
concreteinnertankwithorwithoutametalliquidtightliner),1st
editionpublishedin2010.

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22/09/2014

Achievements oftheSTC
Guideline No.183DesignofTankfoundationsandguidelinefor
installing2nd lineofdefence(HPDEfoilintoplayersoffoundation
againstdoublebottomtanksinareasexpectinghighsettlements),2nd
editionpublishedin2011.
GuidelineNo.213VOCEmissionPreventionandControl,including
selectioncriteriaformostsuitabletypesofstoragetanksfor
hydrocarbonproductsbasedonTVPofproducts,1st edition
publishedin2011.
p
,
g
g
GuidelineNo.217 SafeTankOperations,aimingtobringbackto
tankoperatorsthebasicknowledgebehindtankdesign/construction.
Requiredtoreducedramaticincreaseincatastrophictankfailures
worldwide,1st editionpublishedin2011.

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Achievements oftheSTC
WORKINPROGRESS:
UpdatingexistingPublicationNo.147onClassification onRGL
tanksnow incorporating doubleconcrete tanks and RGLtankI&M
tasks,I&Mmethodologies and available techniques.
newGuideline No.225:GuidetotheInspectionandMaintenance
ofPlasticTanks.

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22/09/2014

RelationbetweenNormsand
Institutes
ISO / IEC
ISO/IEC

International

Viennaagreement
CEN/
CENELEC

S
T
A
T
U
S

National

Industry

Companies

ANSI

API

USERS

Japan
etc.

ASME

Other
European
Countries

BSI,DIN,
NNI

EEMUA

CONTRACTORS

MOVEMENT

L
E
G
A
L

UKOOA

SUPPLIERS

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TheroleofEEMUA

CEN

Design
Structural Conceptional Calculations
Detailengineering
Construction /Finalhandover test

EEMUA

Which phases fallunder which norms?And which


institute is responsible for properinformation?
proper information?

Maintenance,Inspection &Repair
Operations
Demolitionafterreachingendoflifecycle
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22/09/2014

RevisionofEEMUA159
Theoryonrejectionlimitscoveringtanksdesignedinacc.with
EN 14015 is now fully incorporated (was previously
EN14015isnowfullyincorporated(was
previously mainly
mainly
basedontanksdesignedinacc.withBS2654andAPI650).
Ofallmaintankcomponentsrejectionlimitsundergeneral
corrosionandunderdifferentsettlementdegradationsare
detailed(eitherbyspecifyingcalculationroutinesorbystating
fixed limits).
fixedlimits).
Behaviour ofFloatingroofsundernormativeloadsandthe
relatedrejectionlimitsaremoreexplicitlyexplainedand
addressed.
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RevisionofEEMUA159
Tankcomponents addressed intheory for assessing rejection limits:
Corrosion:

Tankbottom

Tankshell

Tankroofs

Appurtenances

Bottomplates,annularplatesinbottom,cornerweld
bottom/shellconnection,toeofbottomprotrudingthe
tankshell.
Shellplates,stiffenersofshellplatesandtopcurb
angle.
Roofplatesinfixedroofs,roofsupportingstructures,
platesinfloatingroofs(innerrimplates,outerrim
plates,topdeckplatespontoons,bottomdeckplates
pontoons,centraldeckplates)
Internalandexternalpiping(withintankpit).

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22/09/2014

RevisionofEEMUA159
Tankcomponents addressed intheory for assessing rejection limits:
SSettlements:
ttl
t

Differentialsettlementalongcircumference.

Radialdifferentialsettlementintankbottom.

Edgesettlement.

Ripplesinbottomplatesandbulges/deformationsinbottomplates.

Planar tiltand limiting induced moments intankshellby tilting oftanks

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RevisionofEEMUA159
Detailed NDT inspection lists are now incorporatedfor allmain tank
components,based onastatistical approach and onthe criticality of the
component.
component
Informationabout differentavailable NDTtechniques and their possibilities
have been updated.
Newand additionaltheory onRCMmethodology has been incorporated(with
linkto Risk AssessmentMatrixof EEMUAs RBImethodology).
Theory of rejection limits ondifferentialcircumferential settlement and linkto
planar tilt of tanks has been updated and reducing moments intnk shell is now
to be evaluated based onthe h/dratioof tanks.
Windinduced suction over fixed curved and doublecurved roofs is brought in
line with EN19914(requires alsochanging theory explained inTankAssessorTM
courses).

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22/09/2014

RevisionofEEMUA159
Newand additionalcalculation routines have been incorporatedwith respect to
addressing:Operationalintegrity,Structural integrity and Safety integrity of
tanks and their components
Evaluationofpitting corrosion isnow better described with specifying the
rejection limits ofpitting inmain tankcomponents (bottom,shelland roofs).
Newand additional samplecalculations ofrejection limits ofmain tank
components havebeenincorporated.
Evaluationof membrane roofs and column supported roofs is now incorporated.
R
Requirements
i
f anchoring
for
h i systems,under
d uplift
lif (by
(b internal
i
l pressure and
d
induced vacuum over curved and doublecurved fixed roofs)and overturning
(by wind)are brought inline with EN14015.

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RevisionofEEMUA159
DetailedflowchartsonFitforPurposeassessmentsoftankshellplates
andtankbottomplatesarenowincorporated.
Theseflow charts give guidance to assess the status of these
components under general corrosion as wel as under pitting corrosion.

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22/09/2014

RevisionofEEMUA159
Warning:
ThefirstreleaseofPublication4,didnotoriginallyreceiveanunanimous
approvalofallmembercompanies,whoserepresentativeswereworkinginthe
WGthatcompiledthisupdatedversionofthePublicationNo.159.
ThismeantthattheSTCarrangedforanumberofmeetings,whichwas
completedinAugustwhereagreementondisputedtextsections,and
addressedtheoriesonlimitsofsometankcomponentsunderprogressing
degradations was reached
degradations,wasreached.
Thesemeetingshavenowconcludedthatanerratumorcorrigendumofthis
publicationwillbecomeavailablelaterthisyear.

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