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INTRODUCTION OF WELDING & NDT

FOR OIL & GAS OFFSHORE


INFRASTRUCTURE AND ITS CAREER
PROSPECTS
PRESENTED BY
KOMUNITAS MIGAS INDONESIA (KMI) BATAM
PREPARED BY : MIRAWATI LESTARI S.
PRESENTED BY : DENY MULYA NUGRAHA

KMI Batam Goes To Campus


2004

OFFSHORE INFRASTRUCTURE

Jay Ray McDermott

Jay Ray McDermott

OFFSHORE INFRASTRUCTURE

Jay Ray McDermott

Jay Ray McDermott


Jay Ray McDermott

Living quarter
crane
helideck
bridge
Process
module
crane

Platform
Groups

Flare boom

OFFSHORE PIPELINE

OFFSHORE PIPELINE

JOINT PROCESS
FOR OFFSHORE STEEL STRUCTURAL
JOINT PROCESS
WELDING

BRAZING

BOANDING

WELDING PROCESS

Jay Ray McDermott

KIND OF WELDING PROCESS

SMAW (SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING)


GTAW (GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING)
FCAW (FLUX CORE ARC WELDING)
SAW (SUBMERGE ARC WELDING)
GMAW (GAS METAL ARC WELDING)

SMAW PROCESS
Stick Welding Benefits
Equipment used is simple,
inexpensive, and portable
Electrode provides and
regulates its own flux
Lower sensitivity to wind and
drafts than gas shielded
welding processes
All position capability

GTAW PROCESS
TIG Welding Benefits
Superior quality welds
Welds can be made with or
without filler metal
Precise control of welding
variables (heat)
Free of spatter
Low distortion

SAW PROCESS
SAW Benefits

Extremely high deposition rates


possible
High quality welds
Easily automated
Low operator skill required

GMAW PROCESS
MIG Welding Benefits

All position capability

Higher deposition rates than


SMAW
Less operator skill required
Long welds can be made
without starts and stops
Minimal post weld cleaning is
required

FCAW PROCESS
FCAW Welding Benefits

All position capability

Higher deposition rates than


SMAW
Lower sensitivity to wind and
drafts than SMAW

APPLICABLE STANDARD / CODE


1.
2.
3.

ASME IX BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE


AWS D1.1 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE-STEEL
API 1104 WELDING OF PIPE LINE AND RELATED FACILITIES

WELDING STANDARD OR CODE


WELDING SPECIFICATION
WELDER QUALIFICATION
WELDING QUALITY ASSURANCE

KIND OF NDT FOR WELDING JOINT

UT (ULTRASONIC TESTING)
RT (RADIOGRAPHY TESTING)
MPI (MAGNETIC PARTICKEL INSPECTION)
DP (DYE PENETRANT)

ULTRASONIC TESTING
Session 6: Non-destructive testing

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

W orld Centre for M aterials Joining Technology

RADIOGRAPHY TESTING

PIPELINE INSTALLATION
PIPELAY

Jay Ray McDermott

Max Pipe OD40,


Stations
welding (5)
repair (1)
x-ray (1)
Min Pipelay water depth
6.5meters
Automatic welding
equipment provided as
required

PIPELINE INSTALLATION

Jay Ray McDermott

Jay Ray McDermott

PIPELINE INSTALLATION

Jay Ray McDermott

Jay Ray McDermott

PIPELINE INSTALLATION

Jay Ray McDermott

Jay Ray McDermott

Case study: assessm ent of tearing


during pipe reeling

2.4% strain

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

W orld Centre for M aterials Joining Technology

CAREER PROSPECT
WELDING ENGINEER
WELDING INSPECTOR
CERTIFIED NDT TECHNICIAN