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DESIGN OF T-BEAB

10.7
1.600

7.500

1.600

0.250

1.500

0.50
1.125

0.50

0.50
2.500

2.500

0.50
2.500

1.125

9.75
CROSS SECTION OF DECK
Required data
Effective Span
Total length of Deck
Carriage way width
Width of Parapet including Kerb
Width of Footpath
Thickness of Slab
No of Longitudinal Girder
Hight of Longitudinal Girder
Spacing of Longitudinal Girder
Cantiliver Length
Thickness of Web
Thickness of Footpath
Thickness of Kerb
Thickness of Parapet
Hight of Parapet above Kerb
No of Cross Girder
Spacing of Cross Girder Spacing
Thickness of Cross Girder
Hight of Cross Girder
Density of RCC
Wearing Coat Thickness
Density of Wearing Coat

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

16.000
8.700
7.500
0.600
1.000
0.250
4.000
1.500
2.500
1.125
0.250
0.350
0.450
0.200
0.900
5.000
4.000
0.300
1.500
25.000
0.080
22.000

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
kN/m3
m
kN/m3

Haunches and Bulbs of Longitudinal Girder


Girder 'A' and 'D'
Bottom Bulb Width
=
Bottom Bulb Thickness
=
Bottom Haunch
0.125
x
Top Haunch
0.500
x
Girder 'B' and 'C'
Bottom Bulb Width
=
Bottom Bulb Thickness
=
Bottom Haunch
0.125
x
Top Haunch
0.150
x

0.500
0.250
0.125
0.100

m
m
m
m

0.500
0.250
0.125
0.050

m
m
m
m

DESIGN OF DECK INTERIOR SLAB PANNEL


x
x

Considering 70R Tracked vehicle,


which is placed at the centre of
pannel as shown in fig

=
=
=

6.25
1.76
8.01

B=

2.500 m

u=

1.00

4.000

Conatact ares of vehicle is,


0.84
m
in transevers direction
4.57
m
in longitudinal direction

25.000
22.000

L=

u = 0.84+2x0.08
1.00
m
v = 4.57+2x0.08
4.73
m
>
4.000 m
hence
v=
4.000 m

u/B = 1/2.5
v/L = 4/4
K = B/L =

2.5/4

=
=
=

0.4
1.00
0.625

Refering to Pigeaud's curves corresponding to 'K'=7' values,


the values of moment Co-efficients are,
m1 = 0.085
m2 = 0.034
Impact factor for 70R tracked vehicle =
as per IRC-6:2000,Cl:208.3, page No 21,
70R Tracked load for two track
70R Tracked load for one track
Total load per track including impact
Effective load on span (W)

10%

=
=
=
=
=

kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2

4.730

0.250
0.080

v=

Dead weight of slab


Dead weight of wearing coat
Total weight

700.00 kN
350.00 kN
385.00 kN
385x(4/4.73)
325.58 kN

Moment along shorter span ( MB)


MB = W*(m1+1.5*m2)
= 325.581395348837x(0.085+1.5x0.034)
= 44.279 Kn-m
Moment along longer span ( ML)
ML = W*(m2+1.5*m1)
= 325.581395348837x(0.034+1.5x0.085)
= 52.581 Kn-m
As the slab is continuous, the design bending moments are obtained by
applying the continuity factor as,
MB = 0.8x44.2790697674419
= 35.423 Kn-m
ML = 0.8x52.5813953488372
= 42.065 Kn-m
Dead load bending moments are computed using Pigeaud's Curves
Dead Load
=
8.01 kN/m2
Ttal DL on pannel
=
8.01x4x2.5
=
80.10 kN
(u/B) = (v/L)
K = B/L

=
1
as pannel is loaded with UDL
=
2.500
/
4.000
=
0.625
1/K
=
1.6
from Pigeaud's Curves read out the Co-efficients are
m1
=
0.047
m2
=
0.025
Taking the continuity effect, the design moments are,
MB = (0.8*W)*(m1+1.5*m2)
= 0.8x80.1(0.047+1.5x0.025)
= 5.4148 kN-m
ML = (0.8*W)*(m2+1.5*m1)
= 0.8x80.1(0.025+1.5x0.047)
= 6.1196 kN-m
Hence final design moments in the slabs are obtained as,
MB = 35.423
+
5.4148
=
40.838 kN-m
ML = 42.065

Design parameters
Grade of concrete
Grade of Steel Fe
According to IRC-21:2000

6.1196

=
=

48.185 kN-m

M- 35
Fe- 415

=
=

35
415

N/mm2
N/mm2

Design Constants:
cbc = 11.67 N/mm2
st = 200 N/mm2
m = 10
k = m cbc/( mcbc + st)
=
10 x 11.667
10 x 11.667 + 200
= 0.37
j = 1-(k/3)
=

1 -

0.37
3

= 0.88
Q = 0.5 x cbc x j x k
=

0.5 x 11.667 x 0.88 x 0.37

= 1.89
dreq =

48.18 x
1.89 x
= 159.9 mm

###
1000

Overall Depth Provided =


Clear Cover =
Center of reinforcement =
Effective depth Provided =

250
40
8
202

Are of Steel Required =

dia of rod =16 mm


mm
mm
mm
mm
< dreq Hence O.K.

M x 106
j x st x d

For Shorter span


Are of Steel Required = 40.84 x 1000000
0.877 x 200 x 202
= 1152.4 mm2/m
Minimum reinforcement required = 0.12 % of cross sectional area
= 0.12% x 1000 x 250
Astreq
Hence required Ast =
Steel Provided =
Provide

16 mm dia

300 mm2/m
Astmin
>
1152.4 mm2/m

150

mm c/c

Total Steel Provided on Embankment Face = 1340.41 mm2/m


OK and SAFE

Pro steel/m =
1340.41

For Longer span


Are of Steel Required = 48.18 x 1000000
0.877 x 200 x 202
= 1359.7 mm2/m
Minimum reinforcement required = 0.12 % of cross sectional area
= 0.12% x 1000 x 250
300 mm2/m
Astmin
>

Astreq
Hence required Ast =
Steel Provided =
Provide

16 mm dia

1359.7 mm2/m

150

Pro steel/m =
1340.41

mm c/c

Total Steel Provided on Embankment Face = 1340.41 mm2/m


NOT OK
DESIGN OF CANTILIVER SLAB
Bellow figure shows the cantiliver portion of the Tee beam and slab bridge deck with
dimensional details of cantiliver projection, kerb, hanrails and footpath.
0.20

1.00

0.60
0.90

0.35

0.45
0.25
0.50
0.50 x 0.10
1.00

CROSS SECTIONAL DETAILS OF CANTILIVER SLAB


a). Dead Load Calculation
i) Dech slab
ii) Haunch at sopprt
iii) Foot path
iv) Kerb above Footpath
v) Parapet

=
=
=
=
=

0.25
0.10
0.35
0.10
0.90

x 1.00 x
x
x 1.00 x
x 0.60 x
x 0.20 x

25
25
25
25
25

=
=
=
=
=

6.25
2.5
8.75
1.5
4.5

kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m

2.5 kN/m
4.5 kN/m
1.5 kN/m
6.25 kN/m
8.75 kN/m

0.20 m

0.50 m
0.60 m
1.00 m

LOADING DETAILS OF CANTILIVER SLAB

Taking Moments at the support


i) Dech slab
ii) Haunch at sopprt
iii) Foot path
iv) Kerb above Footpath
v) Parapet
Total Moment at support

=
=
=
=
=

6.25
0.5
8.75
1.5
4.5

x 1.00 x 0.50
x 1.25 x 0.17
x 1.00 x 0.50
x 0.60 x 0.70
x 0.20 x 0.90

3.13
0.10
4.38
0.63
0.81
9.04

=
=
=
=
=

kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m

b). Live Load Calculation


Here only footpath live load is considered, becouse footpath is covering the
whole cantiliver portion.
According to IRC-6:2010, Cl:209.4(b)
Footpath load is taken
5.00 kN/m2
5.00 x 0.40 =

kN/m

0.40 m
Taking Moments at the support

c). Maximum Bending Moment at Support


i) Dead Load Moment
=
ii) Live Load Moment
=
Toatl Moment
=
Design parameters
Grade of concrete
=
Grade of Steel Fe
=
According to IRC-21:2000
Design Constants:
cbc = 11.67 N/mm2
st = 200 N/mm2
m = 10
k = 0.37
j = 0.88
Q = 1.89
dreq =
=

9.20 x
1.89 x
69.9 mm

0.40 x 0.2

0.16 kN-m

9.04 kN-m
0.16 kN-m
9.20 kN-m

M- 35
Fe- 415

=
=

35
415

N/mm2
N/mm2

###
1000

dia of rod =10 mm


Overall Depth Provided = 350.00 mm
Clear Cover =
40 mm
Center of reinforcement =
5
mm
Effective depth Provided = 305 mm
< dreq Hence O.K.
Are of Steel Required =

For Shorter span


Are of Steel Required =

M x 106
j x st x d

9.20 x 1000000
0.877 x 200 x 305

= 172.0 mm2/m
Minimum reinforcement required = 0.12 % of cross sectional area
= 0.12% x 1000 x 350
420 mm2/m
Astmin
<

Astreq
Hence required Ast =
Steel Provided =
Provide

10 mm dia

420.0 mm2/m

150

Pro steel/m =
523.60

mm c/c

Total Steel Provided on Embankment Face = 523.60 mm2/m


OK and SAFE
DESIGN OF LONGITUDINAL GIRDER
Using Courbon's theory, IRC Class 70R Tracked vehicle loads are arranged
for maximum eccentricity as shown in bellow figer.
Wheel position of vehicle is taken as per IRC-6:2000.
e = 1.10
1.62

2.06

C/L of Bridge deck


W1

W1

3.750

W
W

3.750

1.25
1.25
TRANSVERSE POSITION OF IRC CLASS 70R TRACKED VEHICLE
W=
W1 =

700 kN
350 kN

a). Reaction Factors


The reaction factor for outer girder 'A' and 'D' is given by
2W1
neX1
RA =
1 + X
n
Wheare,
W=
n=
e=
X1 =

the eccentric concentrated load


The number of longitudinal girder
the eccentricity of the wheel load from the centre line of the deck
the distance of the girder under consideration from the central
axis of the deck.
X the sum of the distances of longitudinal girders from the centre line
of the deck.

RA =
=

2 x 350
4
267.4 kN

1 +
2 x

4 x 1.10 x 3.750
3.750 x 3.750 + 1.25 x

1.25

The reaction factor for inner girder 'B' and 'C' is given by
2W1
neX1
RA =
1 + X
here X1 is 0
n

=
=

2 x 350
4
175

1 +
2 x

4 x 1.10 x 0.0
3.750 x 3.750 + 1.25 x

kN

b). Dead load from slab per girder


Dead load of slab is calculated as bellow,
1) Parapet railing
0.20 x 0.90 x
2) Kerb and deck slab
0.70 x 0.60 x
3) Foot path
0.35 x 1.00 x
Total
Total Dead load of Deck
=
2 x 23.8
=

1.25

7.500 x

25
25
25

=
=
=
=

4.5
10.5
8.75
23.75

kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m

8.01

107.58 kN/m

It is assumed that the dead load of deck is shared equally by all the
four girders.
There fore Dead load per girder =
107.58 / 4
=
26.894 kN/m
c). Live Load Bending Moment in Girder-'A'
Effective span of girder
=
Impact factor for 70R tracked vehicle
=

16.00 m
0.10

The live load is placed centrally as shown in figer,


4.57 m

a=

8m

1.143

4.000

1.143

700.00 kN

b=

8m

d). Dead load Bending Moment in girder 'A' and 'D'


0.25
0.15
1.50

0.25
0.05

0.25
0.125

0.250
0.50
Girder 'B' and 'C' C/S

1.50
0.125

0.25

0.50 x 0.10
0.125 x 0.125
0.250

0.50
Girder 'A' and 'D' C/S

Self weight of girder 'A' and 'D'


Top haunch
2 x 0.5 x
Bottom haunch
2 x 0.5 x
Web
1 x
Bottom bulb
1 x
Total

0.50 x
0.125 x
0.25 x
0.50 x

0.10 x
0.125 x
1.00 x
0.25 x

16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00

x
x
x
x

25
25
25
25

=
=
=
=

20
6.25
100
50
176.25
11.016

kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN/m

Self weight of girder 'B' and 'C'


Top haunch
2 x 0.5 x
Bottom haunch
2 x 0.5 x
Web
1 x
Bottom bulb
1 x
Total

0.15 x
0.125 x
0.25 x
0.50 x

0.05 x
0.125 x
1.00 x
0.25 x

16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00

x
x
x
x

25
25
25
25

=
=
=
=

3
6.25
100
50
159.25
9.9531

kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN/m

Weight of each Cross Girder =


0.30 x 1.250 x 25 = 9.375 kN/m
Reaction on Main Girder
=
9.375 x 2.50 = 23.438 kN
Reaction from Dead load on each girder
= 26.894 kN/m
There fore total Dead load on girder 'A' & 'D' =
There fore total Dead load on girder 'B' & 'C' =

26.894 + 11.016 =
26.894 + 9.9531=

37.91 kN/m
36.85 kN/m

Maximum Bending Moment for Girder 'A' and 'D'


23.44 kN

23.44 kN

23.44 kN
37.91 kN/m

4m

4m

4m

4m

16.00 m
Mmax =

37.91x16.00x16.00/8+
23.44x16.00/4.00+
23.44x16.00/4.00

1213.1
93.75
93.75

1400.6 kN-m

Maximum Bending Moment for Girder 'B' and 'C'


23.44 kN

23.44 kN

23.44 kN
36.85 kN/m

4m

4m

4m

4m

16.00 m
Mmax =

36.85x16.00x16.00/8+
23.44x16.00/4.00+
23.44x16.00/4.00

1179.1
93.75
93.75

1366.6 kN-m

e). Design Moment


Design Moments in Girder 'A' and 'D'
Dead Load Moment
Live Load Moment
Total design Moment

=
=
=

1400.6 kN-m
kN-m
1400.6 kN-m

Design Moments in Girder 'A' and 'D'


Dead Load Moment
Live Load Moment
Total design Moment

=
=
=

1366.6 kN-m
kN-m
1366.6 kN-m

f). Design of Reinforcement in Girder