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1.

2.

Two cars of masses m, and m2 are moving in circles of radii


rx and r2, respectively. Their speeds are such that they make
complete circles in the same time t. The ratio of their
centripetal acceleration is
(b) r, : r2
(a) mt : nh
(d) mlrl : m2r2
(2012)
(c) 1:1
A particle of mass m is at rest at the origin at time t = 0. It
is subjected to a force F(t) = F0e~k in the x direction. Its
speed v( r) is depicted by which of the following curves?

*>t
t

A ball of mass 0.2 kg is thrown vertically upwards by applying


a force by hand. If the hand moves 0.2 m which applying the
force and the ball goes upto 2 m height further, find the
magnitude of the force. Consider g = 10 m/s2
(b) 4 N
(a) 22 N
(d) 20 N.
(c) 16 N
(2006)

8.

A player caught a cricket ball of mass 150 g moving at a rate


of 20 m/s. If the catching process is completed in 0.1 s, the
force of the blow exerted by the ball on the hand of the player
is equal to
(a) 300 N (b) 150 N
(d) 30 N.
(c) 3 N
(2006)

9.

Consider a car moving on a straight road with a speed of


lOOm/s. The distance at which car can be stopped is
[M* = 0.5]
(a) 100 m (b) 400 m
(d) 1000 m
(c) 800 m
(2005)

10.

A block is kept on a frictionless


inclined surface with angle of
inclination a. The incline is given
an acceleration a to keep the block
stationary. Then a is equal to
(b) g tana
(a) g
(d) g coseca
(c) g/tana

JL

(d)

(0t

mb

o(0T

(2012)

Two fixed frictionless inclined planes making an angle 30


and 60 with the vertical are shown in the figure. Two blocks
A and B are placed on the two planes. What is the relative
vertical acceleration of A with respect to 5?

60(

30

ms~2 in vertical direction


(b) 4.9 ms~2 in horizontal direction
(c) 9.8 ms~2 in vertical direction
(d) zero
(a) 4.9

4.

7.

3.

A block of mass m is connected to another block of mass M


by a spring (massless) of spring constant k. The blocks are
kept on a smooth horizontal plane. Initially the blocks are at
rest and the spring is unstretched. Then a constant force F
starts acting on the block of mass M to pull it. Find the force
of the block of mass m.
MF
mF
(a) (m + M)
M
mF
( M + m)F
(2007)
(c)
( m+M )
m

*)t

nl

(c)

(2010)

The figure shows the position - time (x-t) graph of one


dimensional motion of a body of mass 0.4 kg. The magnitude
of each impulse is

2
(rn)

6
f(s)

10

12

14

16

(d) 1.6 Ns
(2010)

6.

mb

(b)

(c) 0.8 N s

5. A body of mass m = 3.513 kg is moving along the x-axis


with a speed of 5.00 ms-1. The magnitude of its momentum
is recorded as
(a) 17.57 kg ms-1
(b) 17.6 kg ms 1
(c) 17.565 kg ms-1
(d) 17.56 kg ms-1.
(2008)

JL

Eat
m
(a)

(a) 0.2 N s (b) 0.4 N s

ma cosa

mg sina

(2005)

A'lWXCl JEE MAIN CHAPTERWISE EXPLORER ]

10

11. A particle of mass 0.3 kg is subjected to a force F= - kx with


k = 15 N/m. What will be its initial acceleration if it is
released from a point 20 cm away from the origin?
(a) 5 m/s2 (b) 10 m/s2 (c) 3 m/s2
(d) 15 m/s2
(2005)
12. A bullet fired into a fixed target loses half its velocity after
penetrating 3 cm. How much further it will penetrate before
coming to rest assuming that it faces constant resistance to

motion?
(a) 1.5 cm

(b) 1.0 cm

13. The upper half of an inclined plane with inclination 0 is


perfectly smooth while the lower half is rough. A body starting
from rest at the top will again come to rest at the bottom if
the coefficient of friction for the lower half is given by
(d) 2cos<|)
(a) 2tan(f>
(b) tan(|)
(c) 2sin(|)
(2005)
14. A smooth block is released at rest on a 45 incline and then
slides a distance d. The time taken to slide is n times as much
to slide on rough incline than on a smooth incline. The
coefficient of friction is
1
1
= ll(b)
(a) IA = 1-

(d) H*

= ll-

(2005)

n2

15. An annular ring with inner and outer radii Rt and R, is rolling
without slipping with a uniform angular speed. The ratio of
the forces experienced by the two particles situated on the
inner and outer parts of the ring, FX!F2 is
(a) 1

(b)

A
R2

19. A rocket with a lift-off mass 3.5 x 104 kg is blasted upwards


with an initial acceleration of 10 m/s2. Then the initial thmst

of the blast is
(d) 2.0 cm

(c) 3.0 cm

(2005)

18. A machine gun fires a bullet of mass 40 g with a velocity


1200 ms-1. The man holding it can exert a maximum force
of 144 N on the gun. How many bullets can he fire per
second at the most?
(d) three.
(b) four
(c) two
(a) one
(2004)

<c> A

(d)

*2

(2005)

16. A block rests on a rough inclined plane making an angle of


30 with the horizontal. The coefficient of static friction
between the block and the plane is 0.8. If the frictional force
on the block is 10N, the mass of the block (in kg) is
(take g = 10 m/s2)
(d) 2.5
(b) 4.0
(c) 1.6
(a) 2.0
(2004)

17. Two masses m, = 5 kg and m2= 4.8 kg tied


to a string are hanging over a light
frictionless pulley. What is the acceleration
of the masses when lift free to move?
(g = 9.8 m/s2)
(a) 0.2 m/s2
(b) 9.8 m/s2
(c) 5 m/s2
(d) 4.8 m/s2.

(a) 3.5 x 105 N


(c) 14.0 x 105 N

(b) 7.0 x io5N


(d) 1.75 x 105 N.

(2003)

20. A light spring balance hangs from the hook of the other light
spring balance and a block of mass M kg hangs from the
former one. Then the true statement about the scale reading is
(a) both the scales read M kg each
(b) the scale of the lower one reads M kg and of the upper
one zero
(c ) the reading of the two scales can be anything but the sum
of the reading will be M kg
(2003)
(d) both the scales read M/2 kg.

21. A block of mass M is pulled along a horizontal frictionless


surface by a rope of mass m. If a force P is applied at the free
end of the rope, the force exerted by the rope on the block is
Pm
Pm
(a)
(b)
M+m
M m

(c) P

(d)

PM
M+m

(2003)

22. A marble block of mass 2 kg lying on ice when given a


velocity of 6 m/s is stopped by friction in 10 s. Then the
coefficient of friction is
(b) 0.03
(d) 0.01.
(a) 0.02
(c) 0.06
(2003)
23. A horizontal force of 10 N is necessary to
just hold a block stationary against a
wall. The coefficient of friction between 10 N
the block and the wall is 0.2. The weight
of the block is
(b) 50 N
(a) 20 N
(c) 100 N
(d) 2 N.
(2003)

mx
m2

(2004)

24. A spring balance is attached to the ceiling of a lift. A man


hangs his bag on the spring and the spring reads 49 N,
when the lift is stationary. If the lift moves downward with
an acceleration of 5 m/s2, the reading of the spring balance
will be
(a) 24 N
(b) 74 N
(c) 15 N
(d) 49 N.
(2003)

11

Laws of Motion

25. Three forces start acting simultaneously on a particle moving


with velocity v These forces are represented in magnitude
and direction by the three sides of a triangle ABC (as shown).
The particle will now move with velocity
(a) less than f
ir
(b) greater than f
(c) | v | in the direction of the largest
B
force BC
(d) v , remaining unchanged.
(2003)
26. Three identical blocks of masses m = 2 kg are drawn by a
force F = 10.2 N with an acceleration of 0.6 ms-2 on a
frictionless surface, then what is the tension (in N) in the
string between the blocks B and C?

\c\
(a) 9.2

(b) 7.8

W]
(c) 4

(d) 9.8
(2002)

27. A light string passing over a smooth light pulley connects


two blocks ofmasses mx and m2 (vertically). If the acceleration
of the system is g/8, then the ratio of the masses is
(c) 4 : 3
(b) 9 : 7
(d) 5 : 3.
(a) 8 : 1
(2002)

28. One end of a massless rope, which passes over a massless


and frictionless pulley P is tied to a hook C while the other
end is free. Maximum tension that the rope can bear is 960 N.

With what value of maximum safe acceleration (in ms 2) can


a man of 60 kg climb on the rope?
p

c
(a) 16

(b) 6

(c) 4

(d) 8.
(2002)

29. When forces Fh F2, F2 are acting on a particle of mass m


such that F2 and F} are mutually perpendicular, then the
particle remains stationary. If the force Fx is now removed
then the acceleration of the particle is
(a) Fx/m
(c) (F2-F3)/m

(b)

(d)

F2F2/mFl
F2lm.

(2002)

30. A lift is moving down with acceleration a. A man in the lift


drops a ball inside the lift. The acceleration of the ball as
observed by the man in the lift and a man standing stationary
on the ground are respectively
(a) g.g
(b) g-a, g- a
(d) a, g.
(c) g - a, g
(2002)
31. The minimum velocity (in ms-1) with which a car driver must
traverse a flat curve of radius 150 m and coefficient of friction
0.6 to avoid skidding is
(d) 25.
(a) 60
(c) 15
(b) 30
(2002)

A'lWXCl JEE MAIN CHAPTERWISE EXPLORER ]

12

&X'pwa/rw/t/Uw/s/
1.

(b): Centripetal acceleration,

v
As

ac =

m2/-

Tl = T2 =>

C0i = co2

r2

(b): F(t)

6.

= Fe-bl

ma =

(a) : Momentum is mv.


m = 3.513 kg ; v = 5.00 m/s
mv = 17.57 m s-1
Because the values will be accurate up to second decimel

place only, 17.565 = 17.57.

=i

2.

S.

2n
T

(d) : Acceleration of the system a

(Given)

F0e~b'

Force on block of mass m

-hr

7.

m
dv F _bt
e or dv = e~b,dt
dtT- =
m
m
Integrating both sides, we get

"U(along vertical) "si along vertical)

= gsin260 - gsin230

Force

= -y = 4.9 m s 2 in vertical direction.


4. (c) : Here, mass of the body, m = 0.4 kg
Since position-time (.v-t) graph is a straight line, so motion is
uniform. Because of impulse direction of velocity changes as
can be seen from the slopes of the graph.
From graph,
(2-0)

= (20TlmS

Final velocity, v =

(0-2)
(4-2)

= -1 m s

9.

0.2x10x2
0.2

= 20 N.

_ Impulse _
time

3
30 N.
0.1 =

(d) : Retardation due to friction = pg

v2 = it2 + 2as
0 = (100)2 - 2(pg>
or

or 2 pgi = 100 x 100

100x100 1000 m
2x0.5x10 =

10. (b) : The incline is given an acceleration a. Acceleration


of the block is to the right. Pseudo acceleration a acts on
block to the left. Equate resolved parts of a and g along
incline.
or a = gtana.
ma cosa = mgsina
11. (b) : F =

kx

F = -15x 20 = -3 N
100
Initial acceleration is over come by retarding force.
or
m x (acceleration a) = 3
or

-.((M

Initial velocity, u

Potential energy of the ball

(d) : Force x time = Impulse = Change of momentum

3. (a) : The acceleration of the body down the smooth inclined


plane is a = gsin0
It is along the inclined plane.
where 0 is the angle of inclination
The vertical component of acceleration a is
"(along vertical) = (gsin0)sin0 = gsin20
For block A
"rialnn <: vertical) .gsiu 60
For block B
"sialong vertical) gS i ri 30
The relative vertical acceleration of A with respect to B is
along vertical)

(d) : Work done by hand =

[i -?-*']
v=[4J
mL
Jo = mb

}dvJe-b<dt

mF

= ma = m + M

mgh
FS = mgh => F = 5

8.

= m +M

or

10 ms-2 .
=m =A
0.3 =
-

12. (b) : For first part of penetration, by equation of motion,

(f]2=(l')22/(3)
or
3 u2 = 24 /
For latter part of penetration,

.... (i)

2fa

Initial momentum, />, = mu = 0.4 x 1 = 0.4 N s


Final momentum, pf= mv = 0.4 x (_)) = _ o.4 N s
Impulse = Change in momentum = P/- Pi
= - 0.4 - (0.4) N s = - 0.8 N s
|Impulse| = 0.8 N s

or

or

if = 8/.V
From (i) and (ii)
3 x (8 fa) = 24/
x = 1 cm.

(ii)

13. (a) : For upper half smooth incline, component of g down


the incline = gsin(|)

13

Laws of Motion
v- = 2(gsin<t>)

M's g cos 4>

R\

g sin 4>
For lower half rough
"vl gCOSl|>
incline,
frictional
*g
retardation = |i;gcos(|)
Resultant acceleration = gsinc]) - j-ifcg-coscf)

0 = i2 + 2 (gsinc]>

or

or
or
or

ji*gcos(|>)

/
+ 2g(sin(|)
2
0 = sin(|> + sin(|) - pA.cos(|)
PJ.COS(|) = 2sinc(>
pA. = 2 tan (() .

0 = 2(gsin(]))

pt.cos(]))

.-.

|iAgcos0

or
sin0 = n- (sin0 - (tj.cos)
Putting 0 = 45
sin45 = rr (sin45 - ptcos45)
or

1
V-k =!-

n2

Fx mRxa2 Rx
Fi mR2 oy

0.2

('i ~m2)
(ml+m2)
1 _ (ml-m2)
8 (ml+m2)

,f

mgsinB

mg

9.8 x0.2 0.2


ms-2 .
9.8 =
18. (d) : Suppose he can fire n bullets per second
Force = Change in momentum per second
144 = n x 40 x (1200)
1000
144x1000
n=
or
40x1200
or
n = 3.
a

4.8

27. (b) : g

a (mx-m2) (5-4.8) 0.2


17. (a) : g = (?nx+m2) = (5 + 4.8) = 9.8

or

W2=Wxx 9.8 _

26. (b) : v Force = mass x acceleration


F TAB = ma
and TAB - TBC = ma
TBC = F - 2 ma
or
TBC = 10.2 - (2 x 2 x 0.6)
or
TBC = 7.8 N.

15. (b) : Centripetal force on particle = mRw2

16. (a) : For equilibrium of block,


/= jgsin0
10 = m x 10 X sin30
or
m = 2 kg.

a,

49x4.8
24 N.
9.8 =
25. (d) : By triangle of forces, the particle will be in equilibrium
under the three forces. Obviously the resultant force on the
particle will be zero. Consequently the acceleration will be
zero.
Hence the particle velocity remains unchanged at f.

i(gsm0)?2 =|(gsin0-pA.gcos0)2?2

or

acceleration

"

*gCOS0

or

i=72(1M

22. (c) : Frictional force provides the retarding force


(i mg = ma
a ult 6/10
n
rr;
U.UO
or
F=
10 =
S
8
23. (d) : Weight of the block is balanced by force of friction
Weight of the block = pR = 0.2 x 10 = 2 N.

24. (a) : When lift is standing, Wx = mg


When the lift descends with
W2 = m (g - a)
W2 _ m(g-a) _ 9.8-5 _ 4.8
9.8
9.8
mg
wt

or

MP
(M + m)

gsin0.

P
(M + m)

= Mass of block * a

For rough plane,


Frictional retardation up the plane = \ik (gcosO)

Kr

Force applied
Total mass

Force on block

(i)

21. (d) : Acceleration of block (a) =

d=

,0

20. (a) : Both the scales read M kg each.

or

14. (c) : Component of g down the plane = gsin0


For smooth plane.

Ri

19. (a) : Initial thrust = (Lift - off mass) x acceleration


= (3.5 x 104) x (10) = 3.5 x 105 N.

ing0050

or

mj

m2

= 1'

28. (b) : T - 60g = 60 a


or
960 - (60 x 10)= 60a
or
60a = 360
or
a = 6 ms4.
29. (a) :

= so- x 9.8

F2 and F-

have a resultant equivalent to

Ft

Acceleration

30. (c) : For observer in the lift, acceleration = (g - a)


For observer standing outside, acceleration = g.
31. (b) : For no skidding along curved track,
v=

jgRg
v = V0.6x 150x10 =30
s