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International Journal of IT, Engineering and Applied Sciences Research (IJIEASR)

Volume 2, No. 4, April 2013

ISSN: 2319-4413

A Comparative and Critical technical Study of the Li-Fi (A

Future Communication) V/S Wi-Fi
Prof. (Dr.) Y.P.Singh, Director, KLS Institute of Engineering & Technology, Chandok, Bijnor U.P.

Now a days with the advent of technology,, communication
became the backbone of ICT. ICT had made our globe like
,organizations ,entreprenuers is thrust for getting right
information at the right time and right place .Which,
requires fast internet connectivity, Technology and large
spectrum of channels. Present paper reflects the Future of
Communication (LI-FI) which may affect all lives. It a
technology that may be as fast as 500MBPS (30GBPS per
minute) an alternative, cost effective and more robust and
useful than Wi-Fi. The Visible light communication which
may be the future of Internet

Wi-Fi, Li- Fi, VLC, Visible light communication, ICT.
MBPS, VLC transmitter, photo detector, amplification and
processing, data utilization, server, lamp driver, LED
based headlights, LED based backlights,
through wall

Internet services are very very highly demanding and
essential accessories in ICT. As per the Cisco Survey of
the usability of the existing spectrum, we are presently
using about 80% of the existing capabilities of the data
utilization. Presently we are utilizing the Wi-Fi services
within the campus and around the 10-100 meter distances
to connect our P.C., Laptops, palmtops and P.C. notes etc.
Present paper deals with the visible light communication
which may provide a wide and fast data rate like
something 500MBPS. Study made comparison between
WI-Fi and LI-Fi. And other important parameters of the
communication process.



It was July,2011 , Dr. Herald Hass ,Professor , mobile

communication ,University of Edinburgh, publicly
demonstrated Light fidelity for the first time, a method of
Visible light communication (VLC) technology.further

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Researchers at the Heinrich Hertz institute in Berlin,

Germany have reached data rates of over 500 MBPS using
a standard white light LED. Dr. Herald Hass also has setup
a spin-off firm to sell a VLC transmitter.Even more
sophisticated and advance techniques are undergoing
development at the University of oxford and the
University of Edinburgh. Teams from University of oxford
and University of Edinburgh are focusing on parallel data
transmission using arrays of LEDs, where each LED
transmits a different data stream while other groups are
mixtures of red, green and blue LEDs to alter the lights
frequency, with each frequency encoding a data channel.
Today researchers are working for its feasibility and
designing the hardware equipments required for making
the technology robust and usable.
Li-FI- technology has higher potential, it is very much
possible to transmit the data via light by changing the
flicker rate that provide different strings of 1 and 0, and its
intensity is modulated so quickly that the human eyes
cannot notice. There are around 19 billion light emits
worldwide. Which in turns may be replaced by LED, i.e.
potential source of transmitting data? At the heart of this
technology is a new generation of high brightness (LED)
light emitting diodes, says Herald Hass, from the
University of Edinburg, U.K. Very simply, if the LED is
on, you transmit a digital 1 if its off, you transmit a 0,
They can be switched on and off very quickly, which
gives nice opportunities for connectivity and transfer the
data very quickly, efficiently and accurate without any
external hindrances.


Diagram mentioned below shows the topological
representation how the LI-FI will work in the offices and
work place. Diagram shows that how the visual light
communication communicates to connect the different
devices and media and also shows the probable path of the
communication and of course transmitting the data and
audio-video signals. In addition to how the peripheral
devices may be utilized optimally.



International Journal of IT, Engineering and Applied Sciences Research (IJIEASR)

Volume 2, No. 4, April 2013

ISSN: 2319-4413

How Does Light Fidelity Technology work

i-Xplore International Research Journal Consortium



International Journal of IT, Engineering and Applied Sciences Research (IJIEASR)

Volume 2, No. 4, April 2013

This technology has higher potential, it is very much

possible to transmit the data via light by changing the
flicker rate that gives different stings of 1 and 0, and its
intensity is modulated so quickly that the human eyes
cannot notice.




1 High speed, as high as 500mbps or 30GB per minute

2. Li- Fi uses light rather than radio frequency signals,
3. VLC could be used safely in aircraft,
4. Integrated into medical devices and in hospitals as this
technology does not deal with radio waves, so it can easily
be used in such places where Bluetooth, infrared, Wi-Fi
and internet are banned. In this way, it will be most
helpful transferring medium for us.
5. Under water in sea Wi-Fi does not work at.
6. There are around 19 billion bulbs worldwide, they just
need to be replaced with LED ones that transmit data. We
reckon VLC is at a factor of ten, cheaper than WI-FI.
7. Security is another benefit, he points out, since light
does not penetrate through walls.
8. In streets for traffic control. Cars have LED based
headlights, LED based backlights, and Car can
communicate each other and prevent accidents in the way
that they exchange Information. Traffic light can
communicate to the car and so on.
9. By implementing the Technology worldwide every
street lamp would be a free access point.
10. Li-Fi may solve issues such as the shortage of radio
frequency bandwidth.

ISSN: 2319-4413

least because it may offer a genuine and very efficient

alternative to radio-based wireless. As a growing number
of people and their many devices access wireless internet,
on one way, it can transmit the data at higher rate and on
the other it is very cheap as compared with WI-FI .The
airwaves are becoming increasingly clogged, making it
more and more difficult to get a reliable, high-speed
signal. This may solve issues such as the shortage of radiofrequency bandwidth and also allow internet where
traditional radio based wireless isnt allowed such as
aircraft or hospitals.

[1] seminarprojects.com/s/seminar-report-on-lifi
[2] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li-Fi
/ 11/a-lifi-world/
[5] www.lificonsortium.org/
speed- Of-light/
[7] en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li-Fi
[9] dvice.com/archives/2012/08/lifi-ten-ways-i.php
[10] Will Li-Fi be the new Wi-Fi?, New Scientist, by
Jamie Condliffe, dated 28 July 2011
[11] http://www.digplanet.com/wiki/Li-Fi
[12] Visible-light communication: Tripping the light
fantastic: A fast and cheap optical version of Wi-Fi
is coming, Economist, dated 28Jan 2012



Still there are some backdrops like it can only transmit

when in the line of sight well it can be sorted out someday
I hope. There has been a lot of early hype, and there are
some very good applications.

Prof. Y.P. Singh, currently working as Director, KLS

Institute of Engg.& Technology, Chandok, Bijnor U.P. has
also worked about 27 years as Lecturer, Dean of
academics & Principal in many Engineering institutions
and organization. He has also served with Training and
Technical Deptt. Govt.Of Delhi, almost for 17 years. He
has about 33 research paper published in National and 12
papers published in international journals in his credit. He
has been selected and awarded by Govt. of Delhi as Best
Technical Teacher-2004.He is also an expert and Master
Trainer for the Teachers, empanelled by SCERT/NCERT.
He is also the guide of research scholar for almost dozen
of Universities.

The possibilities are numerous and can be explored
further. If this technology can be put into practical use,
every bulb can be used something like a Wi-Fi hotspot to
transmit wireless data and we will proceed toward the
cleaner, greener, safer and brighter future. The concept of
Li-Fi is currently attracting a great deal of interest, not

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